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Middlebury College Annual Report

Geonomics Center for International Studies Annual Report 1 9 9 9 - 2 0 0 0

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Academic year 1999-2000 was a year of transition for Geonomics. In December 1999, I assumed the directorship of the Center from Kathryn Wittneben. Charlotte Tate, previously Development and Events Coordinator, was promoted to the position of Assistant Director. Concurrently, Martha Baldwin was promoted to the position of Program Coordinator. Carolann Davis has subsequently joined us to pro-

eminent curricular and co-curricular areas on which the College would focus its efforts to maintain and build its national and international reputation (for an elaboration of that vision, see http:// www.middlebury.edu/~admaff/vision.html). Middlebury College thus strives to be “a place that insists upon, and teaches, a global understanding that radiates from a core linguistic and cultural competence.” Spanning the humanities and social sciences, the International Peak Committee was assigned the task of advancing that agenda across the curriculum. The members of that committee in 1999-2000 were: Pieter Broucke (History of Art and Architecture), David Castronuovo (Italian),

Allison Stanger

Director’s Report vide support for the international studies and international politics and economics majors, as well as for our resident faculty. As a result of these changes and the related redistribution of responsibilities and duties, we have modified some of our previous practices and launched new ones. In an effort to take advantage of the information revolution in keeping readers such as yourself apprised of our activities, as well as to conserve trees, we will launch a new and improved web site in September 2000 (http://www.middlebury.edu/~geonomic/ ). There you will find a constantly updated calendar of events, as well as interim reports on the various programs you may choose to explore in the pages that follow. We have also initiated an annual report series, the first issue of which you hold in your hands. The new web site and the annual report were designed to replace the bi-annual international studies newsletter. In the future, you should consult our web site for our work in progress and our year-end annual report for a hard-copy summary of the year that was. For those interested in more specific information on Middlebury’s international politics and economics (IP&E) and international studies (IS) majors, you are advised to consult (http:// www.middlebury.edu/~is/ipe.html) and (http:// www.middlebury.edu/~is/), respectively. There you will also find the relevant contact information for getting in touch with the 2000-2001 directors of the IP&E major (Allison Stanger) and the IS major (Ted Perry). In conjunction with the changes outlined above, the College’s Provost Ronald Liebowitz in January 2000 revived the multidisciplinary International Peak Committee. The word “peak” refers to President John McCardell’s conceptualization in a 1994 address of international studies as one of those pre-

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Stephen Donadio (Comparative Literature), Michael Kraus (Political Science), David Macey (Director of Off-Campus Study), Tamar Mayer (Geography), Ted Perry (Film/Video), Sunder Ramaswamy (Economics), Allison Stanger (Chair), Charlotte Tate (Geonomics), and Neil Waters (History). The committee will continue and accelerate its work in 2000-2001. As our activities indicate, Geonomics is committed to promoting international co-curricular activities in the humanities as well as in the social and natural sciences, especially those that aspire to bridge traditional academic disciplines. With our new team fully in place, we look forward with great anticipation to academic year 2000-2001, where we hope to develop and extend the internationally- and globally-oriented programs on which you will find more information in the pages that follow. Allison Stanger Director of the Geonomics Center for International Studies and Associate Professor of Political Science

Geonomics Center for International Studies

International Symposia

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International Lectures and Events

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Northern New England Research Group

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An internationally oriented resource and research center, the Geonomics Center for International Studies supports the College’s goal of advancing global understanding that radiates from a core linguistic and cultural competency. The Center works with a faculty committee to create co-curricular programming that expands opportunities for students

About Geonomics “International Studies and Environmental Studies: Building the Connection” U.S. Department of Education Title VI Grant

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Scholar-in-Residence Program

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and supports faculty in their teaching and professional development. Programs include Executive-in-Residence, Scholar-in-Residence, international symposia and lectures, International Studies Colloquium, Nationalism Colloquium, K-12 teacher training workshops, and other outreach activities. Geonomics also prepares proposals and administers grants in international studies. We work with the Career Services Office and other campus organizations to expand opportunities for internships and other types of direct experience that give students a sense of how the world looks and works from perspectives other than their own.

Getting in Touch

International Colloquia

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The Ford Foundation “Crossing Borders” Initiative

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International Theses

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Internships

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Selected International Studies Faculty Publications 1999-2000

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Allison Stanger Director, Geonomics Center for International Studies and Associate Professor of Political Science Tel: 802-443-5023 Fax: 802-443-2050 e-mail: stanger@middlebury.edu Charlotte Tate Assistant Director, Geonomics Center for International Studies Tel: 802-443-5795 Fax: 802-443-2050 e-mail: tate@middlebury.edu Martha Baldwin Program Coordinator, Geonomics Center for International Studies Tel: 802-443-5324 Fax: 802-443-2050 e-mail: baldwin@middlebury.edu

Visit our web page http://www.middlebury.edu/~geonomic/

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Bicentennial International Studies Symposium “Twenty-first Century: Integration or Disintegration?” November 1999

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An important part of Middlebury College’s celebration of the two-hundredth anniversary of its founding is a series of academic symposia that bring together faculty members and visitors to address questions that are not only current today but whose answers will affect the future. Bicentennial Symposia topics range across the liberal arts spectrum, from environmental studies to literature to athletics. The College’s Bicentennial International Studies Symposium, “Twenty-first Century: Integration or Disintegration?” brought together a number of experts in different regions of the world. They

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Charles P. Scott Symposium “Causes and Cures: World Religions and World Conflicts” January 2000

Charles P. Scott was Chaplain of Middlebury College from 1951 to 1986 and a professor of religion from 1951 to 1990. In 1986, a number of Middlebury alumni and friends established the Charles P. Scott Fund to provide resources for conferences and lectures on religious, social, and ethical issues. The fund’s intent is to see that the spirit of Chaplain Scott will be forever commemorated with this well-deserved recognition.

International Symposia looked at the kinds of changes that may be expected in the future as the nation-state, which has dominated at least the international politics of the West, finds itself subject, on the one hand, to the pressures of increasing commonality through globalization, and on the other, to the centrifugal pressures of ethnic and cultural difference.

“Can Religion and Culture Explain International Affairs?” by Fareed Zakaria, Managing Editor, Foreign Affairs

“Preparing for Globalization: A Critique” by Ezra F. Vogel, Director, Harvard University Asia Center

“Religion and Nation: Competitors or Reinforcers” by Walker Connor, Visiting Professor of Political Science and Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence, Middlebury College

“Standing Alone: Switzerland in the Holocaust” by Madeleine M. Kunin, Bicentennial Scholar-in-Residence, Middlebury College; former Ambassador to Switzerland and Governor of Vermont “What Lies Ahead, Integration or Disintegration”; panelists: Lisa Giuffra de Diaz ’84, Vice President for Latin American Equity Sales, Goldman Sachs; James S. Gibney ’82, Managing Editor, Foreign Policy; Charles A. James ’49, former Ambassador to the Republic of Niger; Jeffrey W. Legro ’82, Associate Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia; and Karen A. Stolley ’77, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Spanish, Emory University “Globalization and the University” by Olin C. Robison, President, Salzburg Seminar, and President Emeritus, Middlebury College, followed by a panel discussion featuring Middlebury seniors who had studied abroad: Negar Ashtari - University of Nottingham (UK), Colleen Bramhall Middlebury College school in Madrid, Spain / Universidad Carlos III, Lei Chen - Kansai Gaidai University (Japan), Melanie Curtis - James Cook University (Australia), Lucy Roberts - Middlebury College school in Irkutsk, Russia, Kendra Sewall - SIT Madagascar

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“Human Rights, Religion, and U.S. Foreign Policy: A Retrospective” by Olin C. Robison, President, Salzburg Seminar and President Emeritus, Middlebury College

“Religion and Statecraft” by Douglas M. Johnston, President, International Center for Religion and Diplomacy

Bicentennial Symposium on World Affairs “Human Rights in the 21st Century” March 30, 2000 New York Public Library SPEAKERS Oscar Arias Sánchez, 1987 Nobel Peace Prize recipient Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs MODERATOR Frank Sesno ’77, Vice President of CNN, Washington Bureau PANELISTS Andrea Koppel ’85, State Department Correspondent for CNN, Washington, DC Allison Stanger, Director of Geonomics Center for International Studies and Associate Professor of Political Science, Middlebury College

“Peace and the Golan Heights: Prospects and Implications for the Syria-Israel Negotiations” March 29, 2000

Raghida Dergham

Itzhak Levanon

ROUND TABLE MODERATOR Tamar Mayer, Professor and Chair of Geography, Middlebury College

Hisham Melhem

PANELISTS Raghida Dergham, Senior Diplomatic Correspondent, Al Hayat; Topics: “The current state of SyrianIsraeli peace negotiations, and the impact of the Syrian-Israeli negotiations on the Israeli-Lebanese track.”

Aaron T. Wolf

Itzhak Levanon, Consul General of Israel to New England; Topic: “The Israeli perspective on the role of the Golan Heights in Syrian-Israeli peace agreements.” Hisham Melhem, Correspondent, As-Safir, Al-Qabas, Radio Monte Carlo; Topic: “The Syrian perspective on the role of the Golan Heights in Syrian-Israeli peace agreements.” Aaron T. Wolf, Assistant Professor of Geography, Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University; Topic: “Hydrostrategic” Territory in the Upper Jordan Basin: Water, Wars, and Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations.”

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“Peoples Republic of China After 50 Years” with Middlebury College roundtable panelists John D. Berninghausen, Charles A. Dana Professor of Chinese; Junh Li, Class of 2000; Ellen D. Oxfeld, Professor of Sociology/Anthropology; David A. Rosenberg, Professor of Political Science; and roundtable moderator Thomas E. Moran, Assistant Professor of Chinese (October 1, 1999)

“Massacre and Memory: Ethnic Cleansing on the Dominican-Haitian Border in 1937” by Michele Wucker, author of Why the Cocks Fight (March 9, 2000) International Students’ Organization Symposium “The ‘New World Disorder?’” - a student-organized event (March 10-11, 2000)

Sub-Saharan Africa Symposium “What Direction Will African Women Take in the New Millennium?” - a student-organized event (October 28-29, 1999)

“Go Girls, Go: Female Student Performance in the French Education System” - a lecture in English on girls’ success or lack thereof in the French education system by Christian Beaudelot, the foremost French sociologist of education (March 31, 2000)

“Overseas Internships: Presentations by Dillon Dunwalke Fellows from France, Italy, Spain, and Russia” (‘98-’99)

“The Dilemma of Power: Poland’s Solidarity Movement

International Lectures and Events David Babington, Marisa Budwick, Jennifer Carlile, Benjamin Golnick, Emily Hillenbrand, Roza Ibragimova, Noelle Kvasnosky, Ian McGuire, Lucy Roberts, Ivana Siric, Jennifer Stroud, John Tobin, Julia Topalian, Kara Tsuboi, Justin Twitchell (November 3, 1999) “The Politics of Identity in Western Europe” by Erik Bleich, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Middlebury College (November 9, 1999) “Nation or Plantation: Paradoxes of Modernization in Cuba, 1763-1844” by Eugenio Ballou, Professor of General Studies, University of Rio Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico (November 22, 1999) “Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust” by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, Assistant Professor of Government and Social Studies, Harvard University and author of Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust (February 14, 2000) “Translating Christianity: Counter-Reformation Europe and the Catholic Mission in China, 1580-1770” by R. PoChia Hsia, Professor of History, New York University (February 21, 2000) “Boxers, Christians, and the Gods: the Boxer Conflict of 1900 as a Religious War” by Paul A. Cohen, Edith Stix Wasserman Professor of Asian Studies and History, Wellesley College (February 29, 2000)

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in the Postcommunist Era” by Steven Stoltenberg, analyst for the Foreign Service Institute, Poland Research Analyst for the State Department (March 31, 1999) “The Facts of Life on the Hyphen” by author Gustavo Perez Firmat - organized by Alianza Latinoamericana y Caribena (ALC), a student organization (April 7, 2000) “The Transforming Power of Immigration” by Roberto Suro, Washington Post Staff Writer - organized by OLE (Organizacion Latinamericana y Espanola), a student organization (April 8, 2000) “Civil Society in Japan” by Robert Pekkanen, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Government, Harvard University (April 12, 2000) Peace Symposium “Respect and Social Action” featuring Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot, Professor of Education, Harvard University; and Dr. Bernard LaFayette, an authority on the strategy of nonviolent social change - a student-organized event (April 13-15, 2000) “Sects, Sex and Texts, or Who Was Afraid of Nastassia Filippovna” by Professor Aleksandr Etkind of New York University and Petersburg, Russia (April 17, 2000) “So Far From God: The United States and the Fin-deSiècle Cultural Imaginary of Spanish America” by Carlos Alonso, Professor and Chair, Department of Spanish, Emory University (April 18, 2000) “Why Good Things Go Together: Democratization, Economic Reform, and Stable Growth” by David Deese, International Studies Department Chairman, Boston College (April 19, 2000)

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The Northern New England Research Group (NNERG) is a consortium made up of Geonomics Center for International Studies at Middlebury College, the International Affairs Council of the University of Vermont, and the Atlantic Council of the United States, whose purpose is to encourage the development of a community of scholars on international studies at Middlebury and UVM, and to introduce students interested in international studies at the two campuses to each other. During the 19992000 academic year, the NNERG hosted three public lectures by international specialists, followed by dinner seminars.

Northern New England Research Group

Richard Butler

“NATO After the Kosovo Crisis” by Michael Ruhle, Senior Planning Officer in the Policy Planning and Speechwriting Section of the Political Affairs Division, NATO Headquarters in Brussels - October 12, 1999

“Preventing Deadly Conflicts: U.S. Leadership in a Global Context” by Esther Brimmer, U.S. State Department Policy Planning Staff; former Senior Associate, Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflicts; former Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs - December 3, 1999 “Disarming Iraq: Reflections of a Policy Practitioner” by Ambassador Richard Butler, Visiting Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations; former Director, United Nations Special Commission on the Disarmament of Iraq (UNSCOM). Comments by Russell Leng, James Jermain Professor of Political Economy and International Law, Middlebury College, and Richard Wolfson, Professor of Physics, Middlebury College - March 30, 2000

Esther Brimmer

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Based on the long recognition that most environmental issues are by their very nature international, Middlebury College has initiated an International Studies/Environmental Studies (IS/ES) joint major with strong linkages to foreign languages. The goal is to offer an innovative IS/ES curricular and cocurricular program that encourages students to see environmental issues in an international, interdisciplinary context. Partial funding for this project is provided by a grant from the U.S. Department of Education Title VI “Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program.” The two-year grant is overseen by Allison Stanger and Charlotte Tate of Geonomics, with the advice of a multidisciplinary IS/ES advisory committee. The IS/ES program supports a variety of curricular and co-

representatives from the Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) and Middlebury College faculty December 14, 1999 “Environmental Issues in International Waterways” round table for winter-term students studying marine fisheries in “Old Men and the Sea” and those studying in “The South China Sea: Oceanic Hub of the Industrial Revolution of Asia” - January 26, 2000 “The African Subcontinent: Environmental, Political Ecological, and Political Economy Issues” dinner seminar with Padraig Carmody, Geography Department and African Studies Program, University of Vermont - March 8, 2000

“International Studies and Environmental Studies: Building The Connection” U.S. Department of Education Title VI Grant curricular initiatives at Middlebury. Among these are the development of three new IS/ES courses and three new Foreign Language Across the Curriculum (FLAC) courses; co-curricular activities to support IS/ES, such as seminars, executives-in-residence, and career conversations; investigations to explore/develop new IS/ES site(s) abroad; development of new IS/ES overseas internship opportunities for undergraduates; and the expansion of library and teaching resources in IS/ES.

SELECTED “IS/ES: BUILDING THE CONNECTION” ACTIVITIES “Economics for the 21 st Century” in-service training seminar for junior high and high school social studies and math teachers conducted by Middlebury College Economics David C. Colander, Christian A. Johnson Professor of Economics, and Patrick Crowley, Assistant Professor of Economics, Middlebury College - September 24, 1999 Foreign Language Across the Curriculum (FLAC) Seminar in German with Michael Ruhle, Senior Planning Officer in the Policy Planning and Speechwriting Section of the Political Affairs Division, NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium (co-sponsored by The Atlantic Council of the U.S. and the University of Vermont) October 13, 1999

“Conflict or Cooperation on International Water Issues: Middle East, Africa, East Asia, Pacific Northwest” lunch seminar with IS/ES Executive-in-Residence Aaron T. Wolf, Assistant Professor of Geography in the Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University - March 29, 2000 “Environmental Problems in Developing Countries: What You Can Do About Them” lecture and dinner seminar with Marylou Foreward, Madagascar Field Instructor, School for International Training; co-hosted by the Rainforest Action Group - April 10, 2000 “Global CPR and the Fate of the Earth” public lecture by environmentalist David Ross Brower, Founder of Global Conservation, Preservation and Restoration (CPR); three-time nominee for Nobel Peace Prize - April 11, 2000

L to R: Allison Stanger, Mrs. KWAAK

Roundtable discussion focusing on the best methods of incorporating cultural, spiritual, and/or literacy traditions into community strengthening projects in order to deepen public commitment to protecting locally-based community values, designed for

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“International Environmental Career Opportunities in the Former Soviet Union, Central Asia, and Central and Eastern Europe” career conversation with Aleg Cherp and Julia Bonde, who hold degrees in Pollution and Environmental Control from the University of Manchester, England, and have extensive overseas experience in both the public and non-profit sectors working on environmental issues - March 9, 2000

“A More Harmonious Global Village Civilization: How Do We Get There?” lunch seminar with KWAAK YoungHoon, 1999-2000 Fellow at the Center for the Study of Values in Public Life at Harvard Divinity School; Founder, World Peace Cities Network and the World Citizens Organization - April 28, 2000

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Through the Scholar-in-Residence and Executivein-Residence Programs, scholars and distinguished business leaders visit the Middlebury College campus to share practical knowledge and insights on current and future international issues and trends. In light of the expanding global economy, these programs provide an invaluable and unique opportunity for visiting scholars and professionals to exchange views on developing international concerns with College faculty and students. Over an intensive two- tothree-day period, scholars and executives participate in the stimulating life at Middlebury College by lecturing in college classes, leading policy seminars, and conducting career conversations. Each program is tailored to the strengths and experience of the scholar or business leader.

Emmanuel Dongala

(Congo) until 1996. Founder and former director of the Théâtre de L’Eclair, Dongala has been awarded the honor of Chevalier des Lettres et des Arts de la République Française. He is the author of three novels, which have received numerous prestigious literary prizes, and a collection of short stories. Building on Middlebury’s growing African studies curriculum, Dongala gave a public lecture focusing on “Language, Literature, and Political Consciousness in Africa,” and discussion was carried on into an engaging dinner seminar. The following

Scholar-In-Residence Program SCHOLARS-IN-RESIDENCE 1999-2000 In March, Aaron T. Wolf, Assistant Professor of Geography in the Department of Geosciences at Oregon State University, spent two days in Middlebury. A specialist on the interaction between water science and water policy, particularly as related to conflict prevention and resolution, Professor Wolf has acted as consultant to the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and the World Bank on various aspects of transboundary water resources and dispute resolution. He coordinates the Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, an electronic compendium of case studies of water conflicts and conflict resolution, international treaties, national compacts, and indigenous methods of water dispute resolution. During his Middlebury residency, Wolf led a lunchtime policy discussion on “Conflict or Cooperation on International Water Issues: Middle East, Africa, East Asia, Pacific Northwest.” He also served as a panelist on the roundtable discussion “Peace and the Golan Heights: Prospects and Implications for the Syria-Israel Negotiations.” Through presenting the roundtable topic “‘Hydrostrategic’ Territory in the Upper Jordan Basin: Water, Wars, and Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations,” Professor Wolf highlighted the critical importance of water and other natural resources in international agreements. Emmanuel Dongala, Professor of Chemistry and Francophone African Literature at Simon’s Rock College of Bard and at Bard College visited in April. Prior to his current appointment, Dr. Dongala was the President of the Association Nationale des Ecrivains du Congo and the President of the Congolose Chapter of International PEN from 1990 to 1996. He was also a Professor of Chemistry and the Dean of Academic Affairs at the Université de Brazzaville

day, students and faculty met with Professor Dongala over lunch to discuss the topic “An African Intellectual Reflects Upon Four Decades of African Independence.” During his residency, Dongala also lectured in the upper-level French class (Re)Constructing Identities: Francophone Colonial and Postcolonial Fiction, with Assistant Professor of French Armelle Crouzières-Ingenthron. Toward the end of Spring Semester, Award-winning author John W. Dower, the Elting E. Morison Professor of History at M.I.T., visited Middlebury as the International Studies Scholar-in-Residence. Dower is an expert on modern Japanese history John W. Dower and U.S.-Japanese relations; he has written numerous books, many of which have won awards. Dower’s most recent book is Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II, which won the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for general non-fiction and the 1999 National Book Award for nonfiction. While on campus, Professor Dower shared new research through his lecture “Imperial Democracy in Postwar Japan: The American Decision to Retain the Emperor.” He also met with students and faculty from international studies, history, and Japanese classes to discuss topics that included Japanese memories of World War II.

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International Colloquia INTERNATIONAL STUDIES COLLOQUIUM Now in its third year, the monthly International Studies Faculty Colloquium enables Middlebury faculty to share their current research with colleagues and advanced students. International Studies Faculty Colloquium 1999-2000 October: Su Lian Tan, Associate Professor of Music, and David Castronuovo, Assistant Professor of Italian, “Music East and West: Collaborative Teaching and the Possibilities of Collaborative Research”

NATIONALISM COLLOQUIUM Meeting on a monthly basis, the Nationalism Colloquium provides an interdisciplinary forum for faculty to discuss the complex subject of nationalism. Led by Walker Connor, Visiting Professor of Political Science and Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence and faciliated by Michael Kraus, Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science, the 19992000 Nationalism Colloquium centered on the following works. Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding by Walker Connor

November: Tatiana Smorodinskaya, Assistant Professor of Russian, “Sons in Search of Fathers: The Case of Contemporary Russian Cinema”

Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism by Benedict Anderson

December: David Stahl, Assistant Professor of Japanese, “The Burdens of Survival: Ooka Shohei’s Pacific War Memoirs”

Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen

February: Saadia Pekkanen, Assistant Professor of Political Science, “Playing by the Rules: The WTO and Japan’s New Foreign Trade Strategy”

Buddhism Betrayed?: Religion, Politics, and Violence in Sri Lanka by Stanley Jeyaraja Tambiah, Lal Jayawardena

March: Marc Garcelon, Assistant Professor of Sociology/ Anthropology, “Autocracy by Plebiscite: Vladimir Putin and the Future of Russian Democracy” May: Cynthia Atherton, Associate Professor of History of Art and Architecture, “Time’s Baby: What To Do With An Extra Month in the Hindu Calendar”

Explaining Northern Ireland: Broken Images by John McGarry, Brendan O’Leary “The Clash of Civilizations?” by Samuel P. Huntington in Foreign Affairs, 1993

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Middlebury College’s Crossing Borders initiative encourages students and faculty to cross geographic, disciplinary, and intellectual boundaries to gain a deeper sense of the global context that shapes and is shaped by individual societies. Supported by The Ford Foundation, Crossing Borders features specially designed, team-taught International Studies Seminars, which are enhanced by a rich array of international co-curricular programs. The three-year grant is overseen by Allison Stanger and Charlotte Tate of Geonomics.

Crossing Borders Faculty Residency Winter Term 2000

the Second World War in Asia and Europe: 1945-1995,” which was team taught by Charles A. Dana Professor of History Marjorie Lamberti and Assistant Professor of Japanese David Stahl. The author and editor of many books and articles, Professor Maier’s work has made a major contribution to our historical understanding of and reflections on the significance and consequences of some of the most momentous events in the twentieth century. Of particular note are his books The Unmasterable Past: History, Holocaust, and German National Identity; Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy After World War I; and Dissolution: the Crisis of Communism and the End of East Germany.

With generous funding from The Ford Foundation’s Crossing Borders initiative, Professor Jacques Rupnik’s campus

The Ford Foundation’s Crossing Borders Initiative residency during Winter Term 2000 offered Middlebury faculty and students the opportunity for in-depth engagement with a Paris-based colleague. He is Executive Director of Research at the Center for International Studies and the National Foundation for Political Science and a professor at the Institute of Political Studies in Paris. Rupnik is a specialist on Eastern European Affairs for the BBC World Service and an adviser to Václav Havel, President of the Czech Republic. The focus of Professor Rupnik’s faculty residency was to teach the course “East-Central Europe Revisited: A Comparative Assessment of the Post-Communist Transition Ten Years After.” During his residency, Professor Rupnik also participated in the month-long Charles P. Scott Symposium “Causes and Cures: World Religions and World Conflicts,” in which he joined Middlebury faculty and students as well as experts from areas in government, business, academia, and other fields. Professor Rupnik’s symposium lecture, “Religion and Conflict in the Balkans,” was broadcast live on the web, and archived audio may be found at http:// www.middlebury.edu/~its/IT/relcon/.

Crossing Borders Lecture “Memory Work: Balancing Conciliation and Commemoration After Historical Atrocities” April 14, 2000 Charles S. Maier, Director of the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University, spoke to faculty, students, and the public on the topic “Memory Work: Balancing Conciliation and Commemoration After Historical Atrocities.” Part of the Crossing Borders initiative, Maier’s lecture greatly enhanced the International Studies Seminar “The Politics of Collective Memory after

Crossing Borders International Studies Seminars Introduced 1998-2000 “Development and Democracy” (Associate Professor of Economics Sunder Ramaswamy and Assistant Professor of Political Science Jeffrey Cason) - Development and Democracy starts with a simple pair of questions: Is liberal democracy a prerequisite for liberal democracy? Or is economic development a prerequisite for liberal democracy? Political scientists and economists have offered a variety of answers to these questions, emphasizing such issues as institutionalization, government policy, political parties, and economic development strategies. This course considers theoretical models from these disciplines and case studies drawn from different parts of the world to investigate the relationships between politics, economics, and culture in the developing world. The web site for this IS seminar is http:// cweb.middlebury.edu/f98/is451a. “Leadership: Politics and Psychology” (Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science Michael Kraus and Professor of Psychology Marc Riess) - Are leaders born or made? Does the answer to this question change when the social, cultural, and political context varies? This seminar approaches the subject of leadership from a multidisciplinary (politics and psychology) perspective, focusing on (1) the individual personalities and values of leaders; (2) the relationship of leaders to the institutions they serve; (3) the role of the state and cultural context in which the leadership is exercised; and (4) the process of leading. Case studies include the U.S. (Wilson), Germany (Hitler), the Czech Republic (Havel), Russia (Stalin), South Africa (Mandela), and the U.K. (Thatcher). The web site for this seminar is http:// cweb.middlebury.edu/s99/is454a.

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“Imperialism and Culture” (College Professor of French Edward Knox and Assistant Professor of History Ian Barrow) - This course examines both the culture of imperialism and the many counter-cultures under colonial and postcolonial rule. We concentrate on the ways in which the British rule in India, the Caribbean, and Western Africa prompted political and cultural responses that eventually resulted in independence. A central aim is to explore the many meanings of culture as expressed by those who sought to transform dominant colonial perspectives while enhancing more local ones. We use literature, films, essays, and histories to look at such themes as the appropriation and subversion of the English language, the success of liberation movements, and the expression of postcolonial identities.

economic, and political analysis, we consider the degree to which the experiences of reform in these different societies have any commonality and whether or not these societies have entered a new phase of development. Topics include transformations in social and cultural values and their impact on generational and gender roles; theories of “civil society” and the emergence of new social and class hierarchies including the “new rich”; changing perceptions of law and authority and the role of corruption; and the impact of ethnic and cultural nationalisms. “The Politics of Collective Memory after the Second World War in Asia and Europe: 1945-1995” ( Charles A. Dana Professor of History Marjorie Lamberti and Assistant Professor of Japanese David Stahl) - This course is a

The Ford Foundation’s Crossing Borders Initiative “Ethnicity, Nationalism, and the State: Voices and Responses” (Professor of Geography Ronald Liebowitz and Associate Professor of Political Science Allison Stanger) This seminar explores the nexus between ethnicity and politics from multiple disciplinary perspectives, focusing on the often

overlooked differences between nationalism (allegiance to one’s “nation” or cultural group) and patriotism (allegiance to one’s state or political entity), and the conflicts these differences can create in multi-national states. Special attention is paid to the origins of ethnic challenges to existing state structures, as well as to subsequent state efforts to contain ethnic strife. We also explore the myths and realities of group identification and solidarity, and how tensions between the multiple loyalties required in the modern state system have exacerbated ethnic tension in some states and ameliorated it in others. Examples are drawn from both the industrialized and developing worlds. The web site for this IS seminar is http://cweb.middlebury.edu/s00/is445a/. “Post-Communist Society? China and Russia” (Professor of Sociology/Anthropology Ellen Oxfeld and Cornelius V. Starr Professor of Russian and East European Studies David Macey) - This seminar explores the social and cultural ramifications associated with the end of Communist rule in Russia and the emergence of a reformist Communist regime in China. Utilizing recent ethnographic, literary, sociological,

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comparative study of the construction of the collective memories of the Second World War in countries that were the aggressors and countries that experienced defeat and occupation in the wars in the Pacific and in Europe. Special attention is given to West and East Germany, France, and Japan in the postwar period. The course begins with a study

of the theoretical literature on the construction of collective memory and then examines the diverse ways in which societies have faced and reconciled themselves to, as well as constructed interpretations and representation of, their wartime past. “The Aesthetic Principles of Musical Theatre in Asia and Western Europe” (Assistant Professor of Italian David Castronuovo and Associate Professor of Music Su Lian Tan) - This course investigates the basic elements of musical theatre (performance practice, the “balance of power” between music and text, set and costume design, movement, instrumentation, the spoken word) as they have been used in Asian and Western European cultures. Formal musical training is not a prerequisite. Students with specific knowledge of either European or Asian languages are encouraged to study appropriate texts (e.g., operatic librettos, critical works) in the original language. Those with expertise in the social sciences are asked to consider the historical function of opera and other musical theatre in geographic areas they have studied or visited. The web site for this seminar is http:// cweb.middlebury.edu/s00/is458a/.

Crossing Borders International Studies Conference “Empire, Culture, and Globalization” April 28-30, 2000 An interdisciplinary conference, “Empire, Culture, and Globalization” re-examined the subjects of empire and culture through the lens of globalization. The conference papers focused on the British Indian Empire in the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. The idea of the conference sprang from the interdisciplinary International Studies Seminar “Imperialism and Culture,” co-taught by Ed Knox, College Professor of French, and Ian Barrow, Assistant Professor of History, in Fall 1999.

Panel 3 Presenters: Anjali Arondekar (Assistant Professor of Women’s Studies, Smith College): “Queering the Nation: ‘Fire’ and the Crisis of History”; Lindsey Harlan (Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Connecticut College): “On Rajput Heroes: Deploying Virility in Contemporary Rajasthan” Discussant: Timothy Billings (Assistant Professor of English, Middlebury College)

The Ford Foundation’s Crossing Borders Initiative “The beginning of the twenty-first century offers a good opportunity to reconsider the most momentous and farreaching political, military and cultural phenomenon of the past three centuries. However defined, imperialism has changed the cultures of the world.” - Ian Barrow

Panel 4 Presenters: Pika Ghosh (Assistant Professor of the History of Art, University of North Carolina): “Transformations of a Genre: Collecting Kalighat Paintings in Nineteenth-Century Calcutta”; Rebecca Brown (Assistant Professor of Art History, St. Mary’s College of Maryland): “Imperial/ Colonial: Cities on the Indian

Inaugural Lecture: “Globalization as a Regime of Knowledge” by Ajay Skaria (Assistant Professor of History, University of Minnesota)

Subcontinent” Discussant: Cynthia Atherton (Associate Professor of History of Art and Architecture)

Panel 1 Presenters: William Pinch (Associate Professor ofHistory, Wesleyan University): “Some Possible Implications of ‘Same Difference in India and Europe’”; Sudipta Sen (Assistant Professor of History, Syracuse University): “Colonial Aversions & Domestic Desires: Blood, Race, Sex and the Decline of Intimacy in Early British-India” Discussant: Douglas Haynes (Associate Professor of South Asian History, Dartmouth College)

Panel 5 Presenters: Veena Oldenburg (Associate Professor of History, The City University of New York, Baruch College): “Globalizing Property and the Creation of the Second Sex in India”; Durba Ghosh (Five College Fellow at Amherst College in the Department of History, Amherst College): “Whose Family?: Custom and Law in Early Colonial India” Discussant: Michelle Morton (Major in History and English, Middlebury College ’01)

Panel 2 Presenters: Sumathi Ramaswamy (Associate Professor of History, University of Michigan): “The Idolatry of Geography? Imperial Cartographies, National Territories, Popular Imaginations”; Manu Goswami (Assistant Professor of Politics, UCSC): “Producing a National Spatio-Temporal Matrix in Colonial India: Territorial Nativism and Its Limits” Discussant: Paul Monod (Professor of History, Middlebury College)

Panel 6 Presenters: Andrew Cook (Map Archivist, India Office Records, Oriental and India Office Collections, British Library): “Did the East India Company Make Britain a Global Empire?” Discussant: Sunder Ramaswamy (Associate Professor of Economics, Middlebury College)

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SENIOR HONORS INTERNATIONAL THESIS PRESENTATIONS

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Middlebury College’s annual Senior Honors International Thesis Presentations create a forum for Middlebury and UVM students to showcase their international research to an audience of faculty, staff, and students. Although seniors’ work must be on an international topic, the students may be majors in any department or program. The result is a rich array of honors-level international theses.

Opposition Whitney S. Tremaine (International Politics and Economics): Information & Communication Technologies: A Theoretical Analysis of Their Effect on the Development Gap May 4 David Jankowsky (Political Science, Double with Italian): In Mussolini’s Shadow: The Ebb and Flow of the Radical Right in Italy Merle Maigre (European Studies): NATO Expansion and the Baltics Nikolas Win Myint (Political Science): Deepening and Widening: The Politics of European Integration Michael Wiser (Philosophy, Joint with Studio Art): The Realism of a Realistic Utopia: An Analysis of John Rawls’

International Theses May 1 Abigail Butler (Russian and East European Studies): Christian Russia in the Communist Regime: National Russian and Christian Motives in Soviet Camp, War, and Village Prose Gregory Ferguson-Cradler (Political Science, Double with Russian): Nationalism and Conflict in the Caucasus Patrick Joy: The Cold, Dark Matter of Contemporary Russia: Cohesive Forces in the Post-Soviet Motherland (University of Vermont) Aleksander Wolski (German, Double with Economics): Diverging Memories in East and West Germany: Remembering the Nazi Past in Sachsenhausen and Dachau May 2 Amelia Berry (East Asian Studies, Joint with Women’s and Gender Studies): Lin Shi, Dai Fenglian, and the Nameless Women of Xu Family Village: The Representation of Sexual Violence in Modern Chinese Literature Gwynn Guilford (Chinese): Nature Abhors Extremes: Constructions of Gender through a Cosmological Lens Kristen Loring (East Asian Studies): Nostalgia in Chinese Ink Painting Anne McDonough (East Asian Studies): Zhang Ailing’s Fiction May 3 Jennifer Ashlock (French): The Myth of Napoleon Nakhia Goulbourne (Spanish): Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude and Biblical Intertextuality Jeffrey Kendig (European Studies): Chianti: Post War Transformation of the Italian Wine Industry Laura Reznick (International Politics and Economics): International Labor Standards: Understanding China’s

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The Law of Peoples

INTERNATIONAL THESIS AWARDS The Senior Honors Thesis Award in International Politics and Economics was established by the Geonomics Center for International Studies and is awarded annually for the best senior thesis in international politics and economics. 2000 Senior Honors Thesis Award in International Politics and Economics Laura Reznick (International Politics and Economics): International Labor Standards: Understanding China’s Opposition. The International Studies Award is presented to the graduating senior who, in the judgement of the International Peak Committee, has written the best senior thesis in the area of international studies, broadly conceived. Eligible students include majors in International Politics and Economics, International Studies, and majors in other disciplines whose theses have an international focus. 2000 International Studies Award Brian Deese (Political Science): The Fate of Regional Integration in Argentina: Historical Perspectives and Future Prospects Kristin Loring (East Asian Studies): Nostalgia in Chinese Ink Painting

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Sponsored by the Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust, the Office of Off-Campus Study in Conjunction with Geonomics offer credit-bearing internships for Middlebury students at the C.V. Starr Middlebury Schools Abroad. In addition, non-credit-bearing internships are offered for Middlebury and non-Middlebury students on our programs abroad. Overseas internships provide a unique opportunity for students to increase immersion and enhance their cultural and language learning. While abroad, Middlebury students pursue internships in fields as diverse as banking, law, environmental policy, journalism, cinema, and international finance, to name a few.

Dillon Dunwalke Fellows 1998-1999

Internships DILLON DUNWALKE OVERSEAS INTERNSHIPS 1999-2000 Dillon Dunwalke Fellows Paris, France Mariah McKechnie — Greens’ Conseil Régional d’Ile de France Andrea Newsom — Assemblée Nationale Ebru Uras — Fondation Jean-Jaurès

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GEONOMICS STUDENT INTERN PROGRAM

The Geonomics Student Intern program offers Middlebury students the opportunity to collaborate closely with faculty members on international research and to assist in the design and implementation of co-curricular programs that support the College’s global focus.

Florence, Italy Kari Nygaard — U.S. Consulate Emily Sharkey — Museum of the Horne Foundation

Academic Year 1999-2000 Kevin Coll, ‘01; Peter Dixon, ‘01; Benjamin Golnick, ‘00; Roza Ibragimova, ‘00; Sebastian Koby SpioGarbrah, ‘01; Aleksander Wolski, ‘00

Yaroslavl, Russia Alexandra Dumouchel — Yaroslavl School #4 Arlette Foy — International Investment Center Pauline Gaden — International Investment Center Madrid, Spain Zachary Bourque — FUNDESO (Fundacion Desarrollo Sostenido) Wai Yee Chiong — WWB (Women’s World Banking) David Daniel — Hilti Española S.A., Madrid Amy Wales — ACNUR (Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para Refugiados)

Geonomics Interns Summer 1999 Timothy Hannan, ‘00; Mindy Olson, ‘00; Sumit Rouchoudhury, ‘01

Summer 2000 Vinay Jawahar, ‘03; Kartik Raj, ‘02; Lorinc Redei, ‘01 Vinay Jawahar, Kartik Raj Geonomics Interns Summer

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Geonomics Center for International Studies Middlebury College Middlebury, Vermont 05753

Nonprofit Organization U.S. Postage PAID Middlebury College

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Selected International Studies Faculty Publications 1999-2000 Béjar, Eduardo and Pedro Barreda. Poética de la Nación: Poesía Romántica en Hispanoamérica (Crítica y Antología). Boulder, CO: Society of Spanish and Spanish-American Studies. Editor.

Kraus, Michael and Allison Stanger; foreword by Václav Havel. Irreconcilable Differences: Explaining Czechoslovakia’s Dissolution. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Editors and Translators.

Chiang, Gregory. Language of the Dragon: A Classical Chinese Reader. Boston: Cheng & Tsui Co.

Ladimer, Bethany. Colette, Beauvoir, and Duras: Age and Women Writers. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press.

Davis, Darién J. Afro-Brazilians: Time for Recognition. London: Minority Rights Group. Avoiding the Dark: Race and the Forging of National Culture in Modern Brazil. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Herb, Guntram H. and David H. Kaplan. Nested Identities: Nationalism, Territory, and Scale. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Editor.

Leng, Russell J. Bargaining and Learning in Recurring Crises: The Soviet-American, Egyptian-Israeli, and IndoPakistani Rivalries. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Matthias, Bettina. Masken des Lebens — Gesichter des Todes: Zum Verhältnis von Tod und Darstellung im erzählerischen Werk Arthur Schnitzlers. Wûrzburg, Germany: Kõnigshausen und Neumann.

Kelly, Thomas J. The Effects of Economic Adjustment on Poverty in Mexico. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Mayer, Tamar. Gender Ironies of Nationalism: Sexing the Nation. London: Routledge. Editor.

Kenna, Constance. Homecoming The GDR Kids of Namibia. Windhoek, Namibia: New Namibia Books. Editor.

Monod, Paul Kléber. The Power of Kings: Monarchy and Religion in Europe, 1589-1715. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Stanger, Allison. See: Kraus, Michael.

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RCFIA Annual Report 1999-2000