Issuu on Google+

16

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

Natural foods retailer to farmers: Let cows graze M.L. JOHNSON COLLEEN SLEVIN Associated Press DENVER — Cows should be outside. That's the position of a Colorado-based g ro c e r y s to re c h a i n t h a t re c e n t l y announced it will carry only dairy products from farms where cows graze in pastures. Natural Grocers by Vitamin Cottage claims grazing improves the health of cows, consumers and the environment, and it hopes to expand an ongoing, national debate over how to best care for livestock. The American Grassfed Association, which helped Natural Grocers develop its rules, said it is the first retail chain to carry only pastured dairy products; many already have rules barring suppliers from such things as keeping chickens and pregnant pigs in cramped cages. But the issue isn't as straightforward as it might seem as weather prevents most farms in the United States from grazing year-round. With no clear guidelines on what qualifies as "pasture-raised," consumers paying a premium for grass-fed milk might be confused about what they are buying. And a dairy nutrition expert says he sees the store's policy as mostly a marketing gimmick. Natural Grocers was one of the first retailers in the 1990s to ban dairy products from farms that used growth hormones or excessive antibiotics, said Heather Isely, whose parents founded the business in 1955. Over time, the family decided that wasn't enough because cows that were drug- and hormone-free still might not go outside. "Consumers are buffeted with all these image of cows grazing on pasture when it comes to dairy," Isely said. "When you talk to most people, that's what comes to mind ... and we wanted to become completely transparent and lift that veil away and say, you know, that's not always the case and you really do need to take a more careful look at your dairy products." The company announced in late April that it would require all dairy products at its nearly 90 stores in western and Plains states to be made with milk from cows that grazed at least 120 days per year, mirroring federal organic standards. To be organic, cows also cannot consume hay or grain produced with genetically modified seed, pesticides or herbicides. A spokeswoman for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration

says the agency does not set standards for pasture-raised or grass-fed products, but labels cannot be misleading. Customers at a Natural Grocers store in Denver said they didn't know how much time cows typically spend outside and the limited information on labels made it hard to tell how animals were treated. Josh Milligan, who picked up a gallon of Organic Valley milk for $6.15, said he thought cows should be allowed spend every day outside, but Natural Grocers' policy was better than those of larger grocery chains. Few farms in the United States can graze animals year-round because of the weather. Snow covers northern pastures in the winter and summer heat dries those in the South. D a n Pe a rs o n c o n ve r t e d h i s d a i r y farm in River Falls, Wisconsin, to a grass-fed operation by growing extra h ay t h a t h e s t o r e s fo r w i n t e r. H e believes it is a healthier system for cows and workers because both spend more time outside. Also, he said he has become a better steward of the land because he has had to learn to grow healthy, lush grass for his 100 cows. "Healthy soils, healthy animals, healthy food and healthy people," Pearson said. But Tom Overton, a Cornell University professor who specializes in dairy cow nutrition, sees the grocery's push for pasture-raised dairy as mostly a marketing strategy. Most farmers who graze supplement their cows' diet with grain to ensure they get proper nutrition, Overton said. If they don't, the cows can produce less milk, undercutting any environmental benefit. "If it takes 15 to 20 cows to produce the same amount of milk as 10 in a different system, that makes a big difference in terms of how much manure is produced," Overton said. Overton says grazing doesn't significantly change the nutritional value of milk, but a nutritionist at the Medical College of Wisconsin says there's some science that suggests milk from pasture-fed cows has higher levels of linoleic acid, which has anti-inflammatory properties. Andrea Moosreiner said she wouldn't read too much into the studies, but thinks Natural Grocers' policy makes sense. "We are what we eat," she said, "and that goes for our livestock too."

Montana Range Days Hands-on experience on the high plains

2

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

June 23-25 Pam Burke community@havredailynews.com No rt h-c ent ra l Mon ta na you ths a nd adults, from 4 years old to 94, have one more chance June 23-25 to take advantage of a premiere rangelands educat i o n o p p o r t u n i t y w h i c h m ay n eve r return to their backyard during their lifetime. Montana Range Days is a traveling educational event, held in different conservation districts around the state for the past 38 years. Range Days stays in an area for two years in a row before moving on to the next conservation district that applies for and is granted the hosting privileges, said Hill County Conservation District Administrator Jennifer Kenck, the organizer of this year’s event in Havre. Range Days offers courses and activities covering plant and weed identification, plant anatomy, range sites and soils, range plant inventory and monitoring, stocking rate and utilization, and range planning. Havre Daily News/File photos Participants in the 2013 Montana Range Days, held in the badlands northwest of Havre, learn about plant identification.

15

Hi-Line

June 2014

features of an extensive array of plants, said Kenck. “There is a fellow by the name of Jack Norris out of Browning that has put together plant pressings for decades,” she said. “I don’t know if he’s going to make it this year, but he always has his plant collection there. It’s one of the best anyone has ever seen.” Many of the instructors will be on hand registration day to work with people at the practice site. Also that first day any participants from 4-19 who wish to do so can give an illustrated talk on any range-related topic. All ages compete in the same category, Kenck said, adding that “you’d be amazed at some of the topics.” Other competitions, both individual and team, include plant and weed collections and range displays, on-site plant anatomy and identification testing and range management testing. Many of the youth participants are FFA and 4-H members who use this opportunity to advance their learning and presentation skills, she said, as well as to advance to national competitions. Adults attending Range Days can choose to participate in as many of the workshops and in testing as they wish. They and any family members or chaperons traveling to the event can go on guided tours of Wahkpa Chu’gn Buffalo Jump, Havre Beneath the Streets, Blaine County Museum and Bear Paw Battlefield. For the Blaine County tours, North Central Montana Transit will provide a bus and local teacher and historian Jim Magera will give historical presentations on the way to and at the museum and historical site. Registration is Monday, June 23, from noon to 6 p.m. at Camp Kiwanis about 25 miles south of Havre. Starting at 1 p.m.

FARM & RANCH participants can work through the practice site or tour dalmation toadflax bio-control plots and that evening is the time for illustrated presentations. Tuesday, June 24, will have day-long instruction and the Blaine County tours. Evening entertainment includes a beef banquet and a dance. Wednesday, June 25, activities will include the testing, a youth educational program for those kids not testing and the Havre museum tours, followed by lunch and an awards ceremony. “They’re getting good information and the enrollment price is really good,” Kenck said. “I don’t know of another program out there that kids only have to pay — kids and adults — $50 per person to come for three days, have really good food, meet other people that do the same thing and take in as much information as they can absorb for those three days.” Deadline for the early registration discount is past, so the price, which includes all educational materials, three meals Tuesday and two meals Wednesday, is $55 for individuals and $110 for families. “I would just really encourage everyone to come. I know that falls right into trying to finish up the last push of field work and everything that goes with living in northern Montana, but I don’t know if this will ever come back to the area again,” she added. “I would encourage everyone to come and do it while it’s here and learn from these amazing resources that we are being blessed to bring for these three days.” For more information, contact Jennifer Kenck at the Hill County Conservation District at 406-265-6792, ext. 101 or by email Jennifer.kenck@mt.nacdnet.net or go online to www.montanarangedays.org, and click the Montana Range Days link.

www.havredailynews.com

14

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

“Then you go out to the Bear Paws and we have a bigger variety of berry-producing shrubs like the service berry, lots of poplar trees, lots of odd little trees that have sprouted up all over of different types,” Kenck added. “There’s a much … larger diversity of little meadow flowers, larger diversity of grasses and, with the past couple years of heavier moisture, what is already there seems to be a little larger, which helps with identifying. It’s much easier to identify a larger robust plant.” Due to the expected increase in variety of plants, the participants’ plant lists this year are extensive, Kenck said.

June 2014

The program was developed to help preserve rangelands across Montana, and courses are held on-site in various parts of the state to give hands-on, real-world examples along with the classroom academics, said Kenck. “This is about teaching all ages the principles of healthy rangeland, how to identify all of the forbs, the flowers, the little shrubs and then all the grasses you commonly see in a rangeland,” she said. The 2014 Montana Range Days will be held south of Havre in Beaver Creek Park, using Camp Kiwanis as a base of operations and taking advantage of the variety of rangeland plants in the lower hills of the Bear Paw Mountains. While identification of the plants is a central part of the Range Days activities, participants will also learn the significance of the vegetation and be given assessment tools to take home and use on their own land or on other rangelands. “Most all of the philosophies that are taught, and the tools used to do the range-

How it works Montana Range Days is, at heart, an educational event, but it also has a competition element for those who wish to enter into that portion of the activities. To improve the educational value of Range Days participants are divided into age groups: 4-6 years old, 7-8, 9-11, 12-13, 14-19 and adult. Each age group has a curriculum geared toward their learning level with experienced instructors and support volunteers to guide them through activities. The 4- to 6-year-olds have a lot of fun range-oriented activities, as do the 7- to 8-year-olds who also will learn a short list of important range plants and start to learn about specific soils. The 9- to 11-year-old group is where the curriculum starts to get more in-depth over a broader range of topics and the opportunity for competition begins.

3

Hi-Line

Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Early spring vegetation growth in Beaver Creek Park shows hay grounds and hillier grazing areas turning green in May. The 2014 Montana Range Days will be held in the park, based at Camp Kiwanis. Participants 9 and older have a plant list to study beforehand and are tested the final day on what they learned over the two previous days. 9- to 11-year-olds start to learn about ecology and basic plant identification methods, while the 12- to 13-year-olds add plant anatomy and introduction to range sites, proper

grazing use and stocking rates. All these younger age groups have a team of instructors and staff working with them, but the 14- to 19-year-olds and the adults rotate through a series of workshops led by specialists in the areas of plant anatomy and identification, range sites and soils, plant inventory and monitoring, stocking rate and

utilization and range planning. To help participants learn all this information and prepare for the test, a plant identification practice site is set up with flagged plants from their study lists, and a display of plant pressings from a renowned private collection will be set up to give participants an in-depth look at the defining

■ Continued on page 4 Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Cattle graze in the foothills of the Bear Paw Mountains in a pasture with vegetation similar to what 2014 Montana Range Days participants will study June 23-25. Range Days workshops are designed to teach key factors for determining the number of cattle a pasture can accommodate without harming the vegetation or soil.

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

4

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com land measuring and all that, were developed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and it’s all shown over the years to work,” Kenck said.

Background NRCS was originally formed as the U.S. Soil Conservation Service in 1933, primarily by the urging of its first chief, Hugh Hammond Bennett, who studied and wrote and lectured about soil erosion in the late 1920s. By 1935, SCS was moved under the U.S. Department of Agriculture, largely in response to effects of the Dust Bowl era, says the NRCS website. Renamed Natural Resources Conservation Service in 1994, its mission has remained the same since first formed: to help guide decisions about conservation of the nation's soil and water resources, working “in close partnerships with farmers and ranchers, local and state governments, and other federal agencies to maintain healthy and productive working landscapes,” the website says.

■ Continued on page 13 Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Farm equipment sits idle in fields in the foothills of the Bear Paw Mountains. 2014 Montana Range Days participants, who will study similar vegetation and soils in nearby Beaver Creek Park, will learn how to identify plants and to determine the best types of vegetation to grow in different soils.

13

Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH

June 2014

Montana Range Days ■ Continued from page 4 As part of NRCS’s nationwide effort, each state has conservation districts, which generally fall along county lines and carry out natural resource management programs at the local level, working with local producers and government entities. Montana state law mandated development of conservation districts in 1939. They work under the guidance of a board comprising five elected officials and two appointed urban supervisors as well as any number of locals serving as associate supervisors. In addition to working with local producers, conservation districts work closely with other agencies, including Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, weed districts, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, agriculture associations and Montana Extension offices, to further the conservation efforts. A Range Days Committee, with members from all over the state including private ranchers and employees of the different range-related agencies, oversees general organization and administrative matters concerning the event. A booster club within the committee raises donations to help fund portions of the event tax dollars can’t cover and money for scholarship awards, Kenck said. Many of the 40-some instructors at Range Days also will come from these agencies and organizations, as well as local producers who have garnered a wealth of knowledge about local rangelands over the years, she said. “It’s the only program I’ve ever seen

where people — who don’t already work for an agency like DNRC or NRCS or Montana Extension or (other agriculture agencies) — can come and work with just a s m a l l a r my o f p e o p l e w h o a re t h e experts in their field,” said Kenck. “I think the closest thing would be if you could take college courses for free for a whole quarter. “It’s a really amazing program. It’s amazing what they teach the kids,” she added. “They learn all about soil health, key features for identifying plants and ... how to establish proper stocking rates, so when they go back home to their own farms and ranches they can try to figure out if they have too many grazing animals in a certain pasture of if they can put more out. The indicators for plant health information passed down from older ranchers to younger ranchers at home is good, but this adds a whole new level.” This second year in the Hill County Conservation District will be a change from the 2013 Range Days, which were held in the badlands just northeast of Havre, with about 250 people in attendance. “Last year out at the badlands (there were) not as many trees, not as many shrubs, more of the grasses that can handle the soil that is over there which, to me,” she said, “is maybe not as heavy i n n u t r i e n t s a n d t h e n d r i e r, s o t h a t brings in a whole different set of grass species.

■ Continued on page 14

Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Rangeland along the border of Beaver Creek Park shows equal usage on both sides of the fence. 2014 Montana Range Days participants will learn proper rangeland management to avoid overgrazing.

www.havredailynews.com

June 2014 June 2014 1212June 12 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM RANCH FARM RANCH FARM &&& RANCH

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

5 55

June 2014 June 2014 June 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM& RANCH FARM &&RANCH RANCH FARM

Beef prices remain on a bull run. These bulls come out of the arena after being sold this spring at the Glasgow stockyards. Beef prices remain on a bull run. These bulls come out of the arena after being sold this spring at the Glasgow stockyards.

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE GLASGOW COURIER

BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE GLASGOW COURIER

Beef eefm market arketsstrong, trong,ssteady, teady,rrising ising B ripple effect Being felt With increasing Prices in the swine, Poultry & fish markets

ripple effect Being felt With increasing Prices in the swine, Poultry & fish markets

By Bonnie DaviDson local ranchers are seeing is that it's a good tana add up to $4.2 billion. While that's not GlasGow Courier year for beef. that is rise in it's the amarket alladd livestock – it also includes it's By The Bonnie DaviDson local ranchers areBut seeing that good tana up to $4.2 billion. Whilefarms that's–not hile all markets is for seeing a ripple effect poultry and all safe to say–that it's includes a big yearfarms for cattle. The GlasGow Courierhave their ups year beef. But that rise across in the market livestock it also – it's The downs, this year is ups a good is seeing swine as well. As the across demand has in-and safe report also thatyear even theThe price hileand all markets have their a ripple effect poultry to say thatshowed it's a big forwith cattle. year to be in the meat market. creased, along with the prices, consumers of beef soaring, the cost to raise livestock and downs, this year is a good swine as well. As the demand has inreport also showed that even with the price The final 2012 agin census report was have been at prices, other alternatives. alsosoaring, going up. of feed, gas and year to be the meat market. creased, alonglooking with the consumers of is beef the The costcost to raise livestock released county was on have been Whilelooking increases currently seen, the othergoing expenses havecost gone to an The final and 2012one agMontana census report was at are other alternatives. is also up. The of up feed, gasaverage and the top of one the nation forcounty beef cows. USDAincreases reported that the Economic of 47 percent.have gone up to an average released and Montana was While on While are currently seen,Rethe other expenses wasn't countyfor on beef the Hi-Line, Beaver- USDA search Servicethat (ERS) is forecasting prices are expected to continue to the ittop of thea nation cows. While reported the Economic Re-that the of 47 Beef percent. head County ranked fifth in the nation with food price inflation will range closer to the increase andare have risen 10topercent in 2014 it wasn't a county on the Hi-Line, Beaversearch Service (ERS) is forecasting that the Beef prices expected continue to 77,086 beef cows. historical normal than it did in 2013. Since so far. Another 5.5 percent to 6.5 percent head County ranked fifth in the nation with food price inflation will range closer to the increase and have risen 10 percent in 2014 the beef industry is only a portion historical 1990 grocery have risen an aver- so increase is expected in 2014. 77,086While beef cows. normalstore than prices it did in 2013. Since far. Another 5.5 percent to 6.5 percent of agriculture, it will be playing a role age of 2.8 percent each year. Swine Market While the beef industry is only a portion 1990 grocery store prices have risen an aver- increase is expected in 2014. as the usualitshopper to athe groMarket All that demand in beef with the declinof agriculture, will be heads playing role age of 2.8 percentCattle each year. Swine Market cery story to pick up a pound of beef or Droughts have caused ranchers in the ing number of cattle has caused perfect as the usual shopper heads to the groCattle Market All that demand in beef with thethe declina chicken breast for dinner. Earlier this West to cut back their herds. Cattle invenstorm for those in the meat market. The cery story to pick up a pound of beef or Droughts have caused ranchers in the ing number of cattle has caused the perfect year thebreast U.S. for Department of Agriculture tory steady decline since 1995, swine seen a steepThe climb a chicken dinner. Earlier this West to has cut seen backatheir herds. Cattle invenstorm formarket those inhas thealso meat market. (USDA) released a report that the soaring and those numbers are still dropping. The in demand. The swine market has seen year the U.S. Department of Agriculture tory has seen a steady decline since 1995, swine market has also seen a steep climb an beef prices have to do with an increase cattle supply is lower than it's been since the increase starting January of has this seen year.an The (USDA) released a report that the soaring and those numbers are still dropping. The in demand. The swine market in demand and a decrease in supply. The early 1950s. Mix that with a rise in exports price started around 79 cents per pound beef prices have to do with an increase cattle supply is lower than it's been since the increase starting January of this year. The and consumer price index has seen a 1.9 for1950s. beef, particularly to China. hasstarted gone up to $1.17 a pound. largest in demand and a decrease in supply. The early Mix that with a rise inExports exportswent price around 79 cents per The pound and percent increase from last year's levels. up 4 percent in 2013 and are expected to jump came in March with an increase consumer price index has seen a 1.9 for beef, particularly to China. Exports went has gone up to $1.17 a pound. The largestof Evenincrease restaurant purchases have seen a 2.2 up increase thisand year. more thanin31 percent. percent from last year's levels. 4 percentagain in 2013 are expected to jump came March with an increase of increase since last year. While the final ag report for 2012 is According to the USDA, ham was selling Even restaurant purchases have seen a 2.2 increase again this year. more than 31 percent. So where is all the food inflation combehind a little on what's going on now, it somewhere between $75 and $100 last year increase since last year. While the final ag report for 2012 is According to the USDA, ham was selling ing from? Several factors are contributing does show a some interesting figures. The in the Weekly National P.M. Weighted AverSo where is all the food inflation combehind a little on what's going on now, it somewhere between $75 and $100 last year to the rise in costs. One of the areas that markets for all agriculture products in Monage. The overall five year average sits being from? Several factors are contributing does show a some interesting figures. The in the Weekly National P.M. Weighted Averto the rise in costs. One of the areas that markets for all agriculture products in Monage. The overall five year average sits be-

W W

tween $70 and $85. This year started fairly normal jump,year selling as high as tween $70but andtook $85.a This started fairly $125 this spring. normal but took a jump, selling as high as you look at percentages, the $125 When this spring. increase in midWhen you pork look in at mid-March percentages,tothe April is the largest increase seen in increase in pork in mid-March to midporkisprices since increase 1996. Pork exports are April the largest seen in alsoprices increasing, with aPork rise in domestic pork since 1996. exports are demand as well. Thea Porcine Epidemic also increasing, with rise in domestic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) has also taken out demand as well. The Porcine Epidemic a small percentage of the swine supply, Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) has also taken out it's also possibly causing swinesupply, producers a small percentage of the swine to reduce their supply in order to reduce it's also possibly causing swine producers their risk. Pork prices are still forecast to reduce their supply in order to reduce to increase, the forecast ERS, by 3 their risk. Porkaccording prices aretostill percent to 4 percent this year. to increase, according to the ERS, by 3 Poultry, Alternative percent to 4Fish, percent this year.Meats Market It only makes sense thatMeats with two meat Poultry, Fish, Alternative Market markets battling supply and demand issues, It only makes sense that with two meat other markets feeland the demand ripple effect. You markets battling will supply issues, might expect to see a rise in chicken, turkey, other markets will feel the ripple effect. You fish and other alternative as consummight expect to see a rise inmeats chicken, turkey, ers try to dodge the rising costs. will fish and other alternative meats as This consumput more pressure on supply demands for ers try to dodge the rising costs. This will those raising poultry. An expected increase put more pressure on supply demands for of 3 percent to 4.5 percent is projected this those raising poultry. An expected increase year. of 3 percent to 4.5 percent is projected this year.

June 2014 June 2014 2014 66 6 June

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM RANCH FARM && RANCH FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews.com

FARM & RANCH FARM && RANCH FARM RANCH

peatedly goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced • Reduced activity pleasure in usualingness ingness to initiate contact the community peatedly meetmeet theirtheir goals, so their self-esteem activity and and pleasure in usual to initiate contact withwith the community deci-stays istays high. is important because activities: “Doing anything is just muchresource resource (“How do you about seeking high. ThisThis is important because the theactivities: “Doing anything is just too too much (“How do you feel feel about seeking helphelp greater conďŹ dence, the more likely an effort.â€? person/agency?â€?) greater youryour conďŹ dence, the more likely you youof anofeffort.â€? fromfrom this this person/agency?â€?) n,sion,are to areuse to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t anyone 6. Where the person or family is unwilling available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t wantwant anyone to to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling td and SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel so lonely.â€? to take initiative or where is some SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel so lonely.â€? to take the the initiative or where therther is some Those successful stress manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems,danger danger if action is taken, not taken, should Those whowho are are successful stress managproblems: Sleeping problems, if action is not you you should taketake y,t say,ers: ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: ’t .. I ... • Are • Are self-aware. Know strengths, • Guilt • Guilt esteem: all my CallCall agency to speak to the self-aware. Know youryour strengths, and and low low self self esteem: “It’s“It’s all my the the agency and and ask ask to speak to the skills, weaknesses. Know is impor-fault,â€? fault,â€? “I should be punished.â€? intake worker (if there is one). skills, and and weaknesses. Know whatwhat is impor“I should be punished.â€? intake worker (if there is one). to you. Know where going. Signs of suicidal intent include: Identify yourself relationship tant tant to you. Know where you you are are going. Set Set Signs of suicidal intent include: Identify yourself and and youryour relationship withwith toll it itpriorities priorities Never off more • Anxiety or depression: Severe, intensethe person the person or family. and and plan.plan. Never bite bite off more thanthan • Anxiety or depression: Severe, intense or family. ns ofyou you of chew. down ondemands the demands madefeelings feelings of anxiety or depression. the person’s or famcan can chew. Cut Cut down on the made of anxiety or depression. StateState whatwhat you you thinkthink the person’s or famon you in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn,ily’sily’s needs (needs immediate protection on you untiluntil you you feel feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn, needs are are (needs immediate protection i-indi- • Are • Are relaxed. walks. Spend alone, of friends supports. suicidal needs an appointment relaxed. TakeTake walks. Spend timetime on onalone, lacklack of friends and and supports. fromfrom suicidal acts,acts, needs an appointment for for LORELLE BERkELEy MSU NEWS SERVICE BERkELEy / MSU/ NEWS SERVICE more e hobbies. hobbies. to others. naps. • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of completecounseling, counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). LORELLE TalkTalk to others. TakeTake naps. PrayPray or or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). in demand: Four male sage grouse tryattract to attract the lone female sage grouse at left. in demand: Four male sage grouse try to the lone female sage grouse at left. Three e meditate. meditate. Read Breathe deeply powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. the person’s or famRead for for fun.fun. Breathe deeply and andpowerlessness, a hopeless feeling. StateState whatwhat you you thinkthink the person’s or famne arecount count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link needs (needs immediate protection to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link be- be-ily’sily’s needs are are (needs immediate protection ighly y involved. Draw on several sources tween alcoholism suicide. suicidal needs an appointment • Are• Are involved. Draw on several sources of oftween alcoholism and and suicide. fromfrom suicidal acts,acts, needs an appointment for for ave a apersonal personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). nities. s. and and recreation. previous attempts of low to high lethality. Provide agency background recreation. previous attempts of low to high lethality. Provide the the agency withwith background in- inng of • Are of • Are active productive. Make things • Suicidal • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constantformation formation (name, address phone; active and and productive. Make things plan: Frequent or constant (name, address and and phone; age age and and ength h happen. happen. Practice stress management duringthoughts thoughts a speciďŹ c in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; Practice stress management during withwith a speciďŹ c planplan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any any pers, crickets, butterflies, moths and ants.withwith the Montana Department of Fish, By evelyn pers, crickets, butterflies, moths ants.informathe Montana Department of Fish, urage By help: evelyn Boswell e goodgood times. right, exercise, Cries for Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of;and further and and bad bad times. Eat Eat right, exercise, and and Cries for help: Making a Boswell will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informaSome will fall into the plastic drinking Wildlife and Parks. Goosey’s project Msu news serviCe Some will fall into the plastic drinking Wildlife and Parks. Goosey’s project and and Msu news serviCe nd the e get enough get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements as “I’mtiontion as called sleep. • sions away, making statements suchsuch as “I’m as called for).for). other scientific studies have been orgacups he buries up to the rims. Others will Armed with butterfly nets and red Solo other scientific studies have been orgacups he buries up to the rims. Others will Armed with butterfly nets and red Solo • Use support. Develop friend-calling calling it quits,â€? or “Maybe my family would AskAsk the agency follow-up action • Use and and givegive support. Develop friendit quits,â€? or “Maybe my family would the agency whatwhat follow-up action theythey get caught up in the nets he sweeps across nized to help analyze the effectiveness cups, Hayes Goosey will soon return to get caught up in the nets he sweeps across nized to help analyze the effectiveness of of cups, Hayes Goosey will soon return to satthatshipsships for help comfort during periods be better off without will take: for help and and comfort during periods of ofbe better off without me.â€?me.â€? will take: sage brush and grass. the Sage Grouse Initiative (SGI), a fedcentral Montana to capture more insects sage brush and grass. the Sage Grouse Initiative (SGI), a fedcentral Montana to capture more insects ccess. s. stress. stress. HOW TO REFER A PERSON FOR HELP • When they actthe on the referral? HOW TO REFER Ashare PERSON HELP • When williswill they act on referral? Goosey conducting a four-year program administered by Natural the Natural spiders that theFOR range with sage Goosey is conducting a four-year eraleral program administered by the and and spiders that share theagencies range with sage ye life • Spend • Spend time with the family. Talk to each 1. Be aware of the and resources • Who will be the person for you toofcontactResources Conservation Service. The goal time with the family. Talk to each grouse. 1.grouse. Be aware of the agencies and resources study • Who the person for you toofcontact study ofwill thebeabundance diversity of the abundance and and diversity Resources Conservation Service. The goal e theotherother really listen. Express appreciationavailable available in your community - rewhat later ifand necessary? and and really listen. Express appreciation in Montana your community - what services later ifand necessary? insects spiders in Montana’sis toisevaluate to evaluate grazing a management State University re-services insects spiders thatthat livelive in Montana’s grazing as aas management TheThe Montana State University there e for each for each often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will beOne theOne cost thesage service (attool otherother often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will be the cost ofseveral the service (attool for maintaining or improving grouse territory. ofofseveral sage searcher watch for rattlesnakes the rattlesnakes sagesage for maintaining or improving sagesage grouse territory. of searcher willwill watch for the of is his • Think • Think positively. Encourage an overridingthat 2. have Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? positively. Encourage an overriding 2.that Listen signs andgaiters, symptoms fee/sliding scale)? grouse research projects across the west- grouse grouse habitat. him wearing but hethat exgrouse research projects across the westhabitat. have himfor wearing gaiters, but he exsense things for the the or family needs help which • you DoStates, you need toanything anything to com-“We’re sense that that things willwill workwork out out for the best,best,the person family needs helpgrasshopwhich you you • DoUnited need to do elseelse to com“We’re all looking for ways to keep States, his is a collaboration pects toorcatch beetles, spiders, grasshopall looking for ways to keep the the ern ern United his is ado collaboration pects toperson catch beetles, spiders, ae-life-no matter no matter happens. Know eventscan’tcan’t provide, ďŹ nancial, or personalpleteplete the referral? grouse population healthy so they whatwhat happens. Know thatthat events provide, i.e., i.e., ďŹ nancial, legallegal or personal the referral? sagesage grouse population healthy so they don’t become included on Endanthe Endanehaverarely rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactionscounseling. counseling. 7. Make the person or family referdon’t become included on the destroy people--it is people’s reactions 7. Make suresure the person or family and and referit Species List,â€? Goosey “Once l, all,to events Species List,â€? Goosey said.said. “Once to events cause the problems. 3. Assess agency or community ral agency connect get together. Make onegered that that cause the problems. 3. Assess whatwhat agency or community re- re-ral agency connect and and get together. Make onegered a species is on the list, it creates a lot of a species is on the list, it creates a lot of ehave SIGNSSIGNS OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if regulatory burden on agriculture, energy regulatory burden on agriculture, energy ene?â€? â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. The greater the number of signs or symp- the person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. sportsmen. Keeping the birds and and eveneven sportsmen. Keeping the birds off off ed oldtomstoms a ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss 4. Discuss referral person Roubie Younkin, MSU Extension a ranch or farm family is experiencing, the the referral withwith the the person or or Roubie Younkin, an an MSU Extension the list is good for the grouse and good the list is good for the grouse and good est justthe greater the greater concern should be.addition, In addition,family family sounds/looks are feelingagent agent in Valley County, compiled youryour concern should be. In (“It (“It sounds/looks like like you you are feeling in Valley County, compiled thisthis re- re-for people using the land.â€? for people using the land.â€? â€? if family if family members are exhibiting the follow-_____. _____. I think _____ could Extension sources. members are exhibiting the followI think _____ could helphelp you you dealdeal withwithportport fromfrom Extension sources. SheShe cancan be beAs part As part of SGI, the SGI, Montana ranchers of the Montana ranchers ntrol, l, ing signs ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, situation.â€?) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ of depression or suicidal intent, it is it isyouryour situation.â€?) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ can voluntarily sign three-year concan voluntarily sign three-year conuryourimportant important connect profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s that that you you connect themthem withwith profesthe individual’s or family’s will-will-valleycountymt.net. valleycountymt.net. tracts. to keep livestock tracts. TheThe goalgoal is toiskeep livestock on on ears? ? sional sional as soon as possible. helphelp as soon as possible. All All criescries for for the landscape grouse determine the landscape withwith grouse and and determine goalshelphelp ls should be taken seriously. should be taken seriously. grazing systems be modified howhow grazing systems can can be modified to to . • Signs of depression include: • Signs of depression include: improve habitat for grouse, FWP improve habitat for grouse, saidsaid FWP Re- Rentwant • Appearance: • Appearance: movements, Sad Sad face,face, slowslow movements, search Wildlife Biologist Lorelle Berkesearch Wildlife Biologist Lorelle BerkePeerless Peerless ojects ts unkempt unkempt look. ley. Landowners must change the timing look. ley. Landowners must change the timing 893-4398 893-4398 eople of grazing every so that grass e • Unhappy feelings: Feeling hopeless, of grazing every year,year, so that grass has has a a • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad,sad, hopeless, ically chance to reproduce and set seed in some y discouraged, chance to reproduce and set seed in some discouraged, listless. listless. Richland Richland years. This allows vegetation to recover goalsyears. This allows vegetation to recover s• Negative thoughts: a failure,â€? • Negative thoughts: “I’m“I’m a failure,â€? “I’m“I’m 724-3353 724-3353 grazing provide more cover fromfrom grazing and and provide more cover for for rs re-no good,â€? eno good,â€? cares.â€? “No“No one one cares.â€? SE"WF4t(MBTHPX .5 SE"WF4t(MBTHPX .5

nelson, koenig, fahlgren auctions featured may; top selling mcrae Bull goes for $16,000 nelson, koenig, fahlgren auctions featured inin may; top selling mcrae Bull goes for $16,000

By Bonnie DaviDson one one day,day, MayMay 8. 8. By Bonnie DaviDson Koenig Angus Ranch, of WinGlasGow Courier Koenig RedRed Angus Ranch, of WinThe The GlasGow Courier its fifth annual It was an exciting season for buyers nett,nett, heldheld its fifth annual salesale and and soldsold It was an exciting season for buyers 38 bulls an average of $3,013. sellers at Glasgow the Glasgow Stockyards 38 bulls at anataverage of $3,013. TheThe and and sellers at the Stockyards in $4,750, the top bullbull tooktook in $4,750, and and the top 10 10 bullbull salessales this this year.year. TheThe top top bullbull soldsold top top averaged at $4,060. Thirty for $16,000 in April during the McRaes'bullsbulls averaged at $4,060. Thirty red red for $16,000 in April during the McRaes' Angus heifers averaged $1,394, annual production auction for their Angus heifers averaged $1,394, withwith the the annual production auction for their heifer bringing in $1,570. Angus Ranch in Jordan. heifer bringing in $1,570. Big Big DryDry Angus Ranch in Jordan. TheThe top top Fahlgren Angus, of Glasgow remaining three didn’t Fahlgren Angus, of Glasgow had had its its remaining three locallocal bullbull salessales didn’t annual auction 20 bulls catch prices as high, a good thirdthird annual auction and and soldsold 20 bulls at at catch prices as high, but but it’s it’s stillstill a good an average of $3,518. a seller of bulls. an average of $3,518. TheThe top top bullbull soldsold yearyear to betoabe seller of bulls. for $5,000, the top averwork of Nelson the Nelson Ranch, for $5,000, and and the top fivefive bullsbulls averTheThe hardhard work of the Ranch, at $4,540. of Glasgow, brought an average agedaged at $4,540. of Glasgow, brought an average salesale wrapped up the for the price of $3,670 forbulls 67 bulls on their bullbull salessales wrapped up for price of $3,670 for 67 on their bullbull TheThe season prices remaining strong place 1. The withwith prices remaining strong and and salesale thatthat tooktook place MayMay 1. The top top bullbull season steady in beef the beef market. brought in $5,750, the top ten av- steady in the market. brought in $5,750, withwith the top ten avAn increase in demand for export eraging at $4,925. Heifers between An increase in demand for export eraging at $4,925. Heifers soldsold between of beef, a combination of drought $2,575 $2,950. of beef, withwith a combination of drought $2,575 and and $2,950. lowering the supply, caused of season the season at the lowering the supply, has has caused beefbeef TheThe last last bullbull salesale of the at the prices to remain high. Glasgow Stockyards to remain high. Glasgow Stockyards had had two two salessales on on prices

agegg rousecc ountry:tt hess tudy ssage rouse ountry: he tudy

offer a full WeWe offer a full lineline of of research research aims keep grouse Population healthy, off endangered List aims toto keep grouse Population healthy, off endangered List Printing Services! AgAg Printing Services!

Catalogs tt BullBull SaleSale Catalogs Auction Posters tt Auction Posters Letterhead & Envelopes tt Letterhead & Envelopes Livestock Record Sheets tt Livestock Record Sheets Business Cards tt Business Cards Spreadsheets tt Spreadsheets YouYou CanCan Actually Write Actually Write On On Even Labels tt Even Labels ForFor YourYour Pickle Jars! Really! Pickle Jars! Really!

LOWEST PRICES LOWEST PRICES ININ VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY VALLEY

ror o F F s s U CaClal lUl eseCrCorpop lusl u P P r r u YoYuo eeededCrCorpop Sl S l i i O O && ses e c c i i r r PP

Stan Man CallCall Stan TheThe Man at at 406-228-9301 406-228-9301

WeWe putput a a little magic little magic in in everything everything we we do!do!

MOTORS,INC INC MOTORS,

NMOTORS, MOTORS, INC. INC. DTRUCKS TRUCKS &CARS CARS &More We’re Than A Newspaper! We’re More Than A Newspaper!

1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Opheim 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless Richland • •Opheim ••Buying Four Buttes Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes Opheim • Richland • •Opheim Four Buttes ••Richland Opheim Four Buttes tPeerless Grain Feed Seed t and tPeerless Grain Feed Seed t••Buying and 762-3231 762-3231 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 -724-3353 724-3353 -Merchandising 762-3231 - 783-5519 893-4398 762-3231 893-4398 -724-3353 762-3231 -783-5519 783-5519 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 - -783-5519 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 t Fertilizer Merchandising Grain t Fertilizer Grain FourFour t Ag Chemicals t Agronomist t Ag Chemicals t Agronomist Buttes Buttes t(SBJO'FFE4FFE t(SBJO'FFE4FFE t Petroleum Services t Petroleum Services 783-5519 783-5519

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

That’sAAWrap: Wrap:Bullish BullishSale SaleSeason SeasonEnds EndsAtAtGlasgow GlasgowStockyards Stockyards That’s

ILYSTRESS STRESSISISINEVITABLE, INEVITABLE,BUT BUTITS ITSTOLL TOLLISISNOT NOT LY

atat CourierPrinting Printing Courier Glasgow ininGlasgow

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

11June 11 June 2014 2014 June 2014 11

grouse. grouse. “This improves habitat,� Berkeley “This improves habitat,� Berkeley “It has shown managed said.said. “It has beenbeen shown thatthat managed grazing result in habitat benefits grazing can can result in habitat benefits for for multiple species.� multiple species.� More 108,000 acres in Montana More thanthan 108,000 acres in Montana are enrolled in SGI grazing plans are enrolled in SGI grazing plans for for ConTinueD on PaGe ConTinueD on PaGe 7 7

• t'FSUJMJ[FS GrainFeed FeedSeed Seed • t'FSUJMJ[FS Grain &USED USED CARS CARS The Glasgow Courier • t"H$IFNJDBMT The Glasgow Courier • t"H$IFNJDBMT Fertilizer Fertilizer CHEVROLET CHEVROLET you’re reaDinG hi-line FarM & ranCh – THE aG MonThly norTheasT & norTh CenTral MonTana you’re reaDinG hi-line FarM & ranCh – THE aG MonThly ForFor norTheasT & norTh CenTral MonTana Serving Proudly The Voice Of Valley County Serving Proudly As TheAsVoice Of Valley County Since Since 1913 1913 • t1FUSPMFVN AgChemicals Chemicals • t1FUSPMFVN Ag Convenient Location. onvenient Location • t#VZJOH onvenient Location. nvenient Location • t#VZJOH Petroleum Petroleum

Glasgow Stockyards, Inc. Glasgow Stockyards, Inc.

BONNIE DAVIDSON THE GLASGOW COURIER BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE/GLASGOW COURIER

Pat olson rounds up bulls atGlasgow the Glasgow stockyards the nelson ranch production Pat olson rounds up bulls at the stockyards afterafter the nelson ranch production sale sale May May 1. 1. Selling Private Treaty at the Ranch Selling Private Treaty at the Ranch

Registered Commercial Registered oror Commercial BULLS BULLS

We provide you with a choice. and atake and you We provide you with a choice. ComeCome and take looka look and you will top findquality top quality yetwill youalso will find also very find very reasonwill find bulls,bulls, yet you reasonable prices. Our bulls are grass raised hayWe fed.raise We raise able prices. Our bulls are grass raised - hay -fed. themthem honest to provide bull won’t that won’t fall apart on you. honest to provide a bulla that fall apart on you.

Ranch Ranch s s u u g g n AAn

Brown Brown

BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACK ANGUS BULLS

at InďŹ nity Angus Ranch at InďŹ nity Angus Ranch InďŹ nity Angus InďŹ nity Angus

June 2014 June 2014

July 2014 July 2014

Thursday, June Thursday, June 5 5

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 3 3

All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

4BUVSEBZ +VOFtQN 4BUVSEBZ +VOFtQN

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 10 10

Rod Rust Apartments Property Auction Rod Rust Apartments Property Auction & 206A Street, Oie Addition, Scobey, 202, 202, 204 &204 206A Street, Oie Addition, Scobey, Mt. Mt.

All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Cow/Calf Pair Special All Class Auction Cow/Calf Pair Special & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, June Thursday, June 19 19 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, June Thursday, June 26 26 PreDry 4thCow Dry Special Cow Special Auction Pre 4th Auction All Class Auction & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Ranch Ranch

+$64.26 +58 +58 +106+106 +$64.26 -1.7 -1.7

InďŹ nitys Upward 2300 InďŹ nitys InďŹ nitys Answer 2700 owned InďŹ nitys Upward 2300 Answer 2700 owned Hilltop Angus withwith Hilltop Angus Edwin Miner Edwin Miner Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 semen available semen available

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 17 17 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 24 24 NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 31 31 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

August 2014 August 2014 Thursday, August Thursday, August 7 7

Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Alliance 9205

By Private Treaty at the ranch By Private Treaty at the ranch 15 miles south of Peerless, 15 miles south of Peerless, MT MT Private Treaty By By Private Treaty Edwin Miner Edwin Miner at Haaland the ranch 15 miles at Haaland the ranch 15 miles Dr. Monica Dr. Monica $BEEF south of Peerless, 893-7788 • home 893-4456 south of Peerless, MT MT BW BWWN WNYR YR$BEEF cell cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456

Monica Haaland Dr. Dr. Monica Haaland 893-7788 cellcell 893-7788 home 893-4456 home 893-4456

SERVING SERVING AREAAREA âœŻ âœŻ 2014 2014 PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK Y!EARS! FORY68 EARS Summer Schedule FOR 68 Summer Schedule 1946 1946 - 2014- 2014 June – July – August June – July – August

Thursday, June Thursday, June 12 12

25 miles north of Wolf Point on Hwy 25 miles north of Wolf Point on Hwy 25025038913891 • Wolf Point, MT 59201 RoadRoad 10781078 • Wolf Point, MT 59201 (going to Lustre) (going to Lustre) 406-392-5300 days, 406-392-5300 days, 406-392-5201 evenings 406-392-5201 evenings or or 406-392-7201 406-392-7201 askJason for Jason Brown ask for Brown Registered Registered BlackBlack brownangusranch@nemont.net brownangusranch@nemont.net

at at BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACK ANGUS BULLS

& Mark Nielsen, LindaLinda & Mark Nielsen, Owners Owners Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager 263-7529 263-7529 Barnes, Manager DeanDean Barnes, Yard Yard Manager 263-1175 263-1175 Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer 783-7285 783-7285

NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, August Thursday, August 14 14 PLEASE CALL IN CONSIGNMENTS PLEASE CALL IN CONSIGNMENTS SO BUYERS BE NOTIFIED. SO BUYERS CANCAN BE NOTIFIED.

406-228-9306 406-228-9306

10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN

Yearling Special All Class Auction EarlyEarly Yearling Special & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, August Thursday, August 21 21 NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, August Thursday, August 28 28 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

knowledge, further said that she beliewed or ranch without restrictions – unless it’s Labor’s proposed rules will destroy job opFOR HI-LINE & RANCH FORFARM HI-LINE FARM & RANCH “conservation programs will be awill large their parents’ place. place. portunities for young damage the “conservation programs bepart a large part their parents’ portunities forpeople youngand people and damage the What’s going happen thewith Farmthe Farm What’stogoing to with happen with reductions in Conservation aunts, economy. of the cuts, with reductions in Conservation“That leaves “Thatout leaves outuncles, aunts, granduncles, grand-nation’s nation’s economy. Bill andBill the Department of Labor’s over- over-of the cuts, and the Department of Labor’s Hi-Line Hi-Line ProgramProgram land. There land inisHi-Line CRP parents, parents, or even or having neighbor kid overkid over“The Department of Labor’s reasoning land.isHi-Line There land in CRP evenahaving a neighbor “The Department of Labor’s reasoning reach onreach “childonlabor” hotwere topics “childwere labor” hot topics ReserveReserve Hi-Line Hi-Line that isn’tthat erodible and should evennot be even be to help stack hay bales,” Thatcher. new policies is that kids likekids me,like me, isn’t erodible andnot should to help stack hay notes bales,” notes Thatcher.for thesefor these new policies is that during June the Montana Farm Bureau during the Montana Farm ConvenBureau ConvenJune 2014 2014 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com part of the There may be some cuts proposed rules kids under under 16, lack cognitive ability toability to June June 2014 partprogram. of the program. There may be some“Under cuts the “Under the proposed rules kidsthe under thethe onesthe ones under 16, lack cognitive tion Nov. 6-9Nov. in2014 Missoula. American Farm Farm June June 2014 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com tion 6-9 in2014 Missoula. American www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com lands programs. Right now there age of 16 wouldn’t be able to milk performperform these tasks. working in working lands programs. Right now there age of 16 wouldn’t bebale ablehay, to bale hay, milk theseI have tasks.been I have been working Bureau Public Mary Kay BureauPolicy PublicDirector Policy Director Mary Kayin working are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves orcalves suckling with animals, operating machinery and rid- and ridare 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn or suckling with animals, operating machinery ThatcherThatcher covered covered the ever-changing infor- inforthe ever-changing has longhas been a proponent of combining even or rideeven a horse gathertocattle. ing horses my life suddenly my age my age long been a proponent of combiningpiglets, or piglets, ride to a horse gather cattle. ingall horses all and my life and suddenly mation about Farmthe Bill. mationtheabout Farm Bill. them.ofI suspect when thewhen dust the dust FarmersFarmers and ranchers need to speak and up and is what determines my ‘cognitive ability,’”ability,’” them. I that suspect that and ranchers need toupspeak is what determines my ‘cognitive Although the so-called congressional Although the so-called congressionalsome ofsome will be five say howsay outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. clears, there willor beless fiveprograms.” or less programs.” how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “Super Committee” after theafter convention “Super Committee” the conventionclears, there explained a FarM proposal for comlations.gov to file onUsers the rule.” Prince ofout.” the work agwork kids ag kids The Tongue River Association in orsaid going out.” explained proposal for comlations.gov to fileWater comments onUsers the rule.” Prince said because of the Thecomments Tongue River Water Association inbecause or going For hi-line & aranCh failed tofailed cometo upcome with up a deficit For hi-line FarM & ranCh with areduction deficit reduction ThatcherThatcher A gathering of WIFEof(Women InvolvedInvolved room, atroom, the back of the main dining andarea,ent are welcome. Please share A gathering WIFE (Women at the back of the mainarea, dining andmembers ent members are welcome. Pleasetheshare the programs, noting that the cuts, Even youth who would be affected do at a young have a strong work has a the contract with DNRC for 40,000 A at local trucking business has asprung modity programs, noting that the cuts,agriEven youth who would be affected do aage, young age, they have strong work up. has a the contract with DNRC foracre-feet 40,000 acre-feet Athey local trucking business hasup. sprung plan as some expected, its earlier to cut does irrigation do forwith Montana’s agriplan as some expected, itsidea earlier idea tomodity cut What What does irrigation do forwith Montana’s ConTinueD FroM PaGe 8 ConTinueD FroM PaGe 8 in Farm Economics) members – past and members will order from the menu. information with other members. No letters in Farm Economics) members – past and members will order from the menu. information with other members. No letters if cultural it’s done right, there canathere still beaatrip safety these arelaws speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. of stored for irrigation. Art Hayes Jr., needed toneeded purchase customized trail- trailif economy? it’s done right, can still be a safety bylaws these are for speaking out.Art During ethic,also resourcefulness and ofwater stored water irrigation. Hayes Jr., Hirsch Hirsch also toresponsibility. purchase customized $23 billion of the Take trip down thedown Tongue $23out billion outUSDA of thebudget USDAdrew budget drew cultural economy? Take the by Tongue present – will take place on Saturday, June Bring your memories, pictures, mementoes will be sent. present – will take place on Saturday, June Bring your memories, pictures, mementoes will be sent. 2014. Another 95,000 acres that used to 2014. Another 95,000 acres that used to netRiver for agriculture. the President Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s a time when country isare battling of the Water Users Association, says“In says ers“In and and there 2 or is 3are families in the in the netRiver for where agriculture. the President Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s a trucks, time when our and country battling of the Water Users Association, comments from Thatcher. ersour and trucks, there 2 or 3 families Valley, find about 25,000 comments from Thatcher. Valley,you’ll where you’ll find about 25,000 Motor Inn in Wolf Point and planand to reminisce. To RSVP, Wanda 406-77314,Sherman at the Sherman Motor Inn in Wolf Point plan to reminisce. Tocall RSVP, call Zuroff WandaatZuroff at 406-773be enrolled will continue to operate as be enrolled will continue to operate as 14, at the Another topicalong ofacres discussion the was DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince unemployment, a struggling economy and reservoir operations are managed by afrom commitAnother topic of discussion the DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince unemployment, struggling economy and area providing thesea services. reservoir operations are managed by afrom commit“Agriculture is definitely going togoing be takarea providing these services. irrigated acres itsalong 190-mile length. “Agriculture is definitely to be takirrigated itswas 190-mile length. a.m. While this gathering is focused on the on5825 at 406-785-4731, or e-mailor e-mail 10:30 a.m. While this gathering is focused the or Shirley 5825 orBall Shirley Ball at 406-785-4731, they were enrolled, show- show- at 10:30 at theystill were still enrolled, partment of Labor’s proposed restrictions on Drummond hadthat a lot to asay on exact generation unmotivated youth, our govtee that includes himself, DNRC, representapartment of Labor’s restrictions on Drummond had lot to that sayaDNRC, on thata exact generation ofdollar unmotivated youth, our gov“Aofdollar turns over about seven times here,” ing a good ofshare cuts,”ofshe said.she “Howtee includes himself, representa“A turns over about seven times here,”though though With 130 frost-free days proposed per year,per high qualingshare a good cuts,” said. “HowWith 130 frost-free days year, high qualA no-host lunch will be will in the Northeast MontanaMontana area, allarea, past all andpast preswiz@midrivers.com or sball@nemont.net A no-host lunch bebanquet in the banquet Northeast and preswiz@midrivers.com or sball@nemont.net ing thating thethat landowners believe believe in the in the the landowners children working in agriculture. Under subject. ernment is going un-employ thousands of tive from thefrom Bureau IndianofAffairs, member children working infeatures agriculture. Under subject. istogoing to un-employ thousands of heernment says. ever, it’sever, better deal with thiswith nowthis in this tive theof Bureau Indian aAffairs, a member he says. ity soils, andsoils, a climate hot the days it’stobetter to deal now in this ity and athat climate that features hot the days benefits, Berkeley said. benefits, Berkeley said. rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t of the Northern Cheyenne Indian tribe, and one John Hamilton is a local innovator. “This committee than waiting until next year.” of the Northern Cheyenne Indian tribe, and one John Hamilton is a local innovator. “This committee than waiting until next year.”proposed and warm nights, growing conditions are nearly and warm nights, growing conditions are nearly have a good of idea how of how Biologists have aidea good would not beCalifornia’s able any onlabor a farm ranch that has beenhas in my overfor over make area sense. I area hope the Department of Labor would not to bedo able tolabor do any on Valley. a farm ranch that beenfamily in myfor family make sense. Iabout hope the Department of Labor at-large member. grows just anything you can you grow in grow in Biologists Thatcher, basing her comments on current at-large member. grows just about anything can Thatcher, basing her comments on current identical to San Joaquin Valley. identical California’s San Joaquin Stop Stop by and with with us us by visit and visit grouse in Montana, but many sage live grouse live in Montana, but 140any years,” in his speech up and California,” realizes thathe kids who start 140 Prince years,” Prince said in his speech wakes up he andsays. realizes that kids whoit,start Art’s great-grandfather came to that the Tongue California,” To prove it, Hamilton in Art’ssaid great-grandfather came to that thewakes Tongue says. To prove Hamilton in many sage Apples, pears, melons, squash –squash just about any Apples, pears, melons, – just about they cannot give an give exactanpopulation they cannot exact population won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are River Valley in 1884, and two years later was 2007 designed an orchard with 105 fruit trees. River Valley in 1884, and two years later was 2007 designed an orchard with 105 fruit trees. crop grown in the Golden State can be grown crop grown in the Golden State can be grown aboutabout your your Spring Needs Spring Needs to partfirst ofato the agricultural the ones who are not standing in apples, the unem“I remain plan to aremain part ofcattle the agricultural the ones who are not standing incherries, the unemestimate. among the first settlers bring into the into growing plums, pears, among the settlers to bring cattle theHe’s He’s growing plums, pears, apples, cherries, estimate. here. There’s vineyard in Miles in City. here. aThere’s a vineyard Miles City. “I plan * Fertilizers * Fertilizers industry and hope to continue my involveployment line peaches. by the industry and to continue involveployment lineage by of the25.” age of 25.” They doThey know popu- popuregion. He also made one of the earliest dofrom knowmonitoring from monitoring peaches. region. Hehope also made one ofmy thewater earliest water “We have an image says Johnsays John “We have anproblem,” image problem,” ment in my family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button issues during the conment in my family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button issues during the conright claims. lation trends that sage grouse numbers “I’m growing about 25 different varieties of right claims. lation trends that sage grouse numbers “I’m growing about 25 different varieties of Hamilton, whose thriving new orchard includes Hamilton, whose thriving new orchard includes * Soil *Sampling Soil Sampling scares me torealized think my future career and the and were–the proposal tomid move Yellowscares me think my future career the apples vention were proposal to move Yellow“He nobody was going to going survive early, mid and late season varieties,” “Heto realized nobody was to vention survive Berkeley said. Sage apples –the early, and late season varieties,” are declining, 25 varieties of apples.of“People think of eastern are declining, Berkeley said. Sage 25 varieties apples. “People think of eastern *Chemicals *Chemicals future offuture myhere family’s ranch may besays on the stone National ParkHamilton. bison to four locations ofirrigation,” my family’s ranch may be on the stone National Park bison to four locations here without says Art. “Our family says Hamilton. “This year it was phenomenal. without irrigation,” Art. “Our family says “This year it was phenomenal. grouse used MontanaMontana as a wasteland. They don’t realize to used live in states, states, as a wasteland. They don’twhat realize what grouse to 11 livewestern in 11 western line has today.” aroundSome Montana, risk and line has today.” around Montana, management quite a few of athe early water rights.” ofSome the Honeycrisp apples weighed half quite few of the early water rights.” ofmanagement the risk Honeycrisp applesand weighed half but theybut down here.” have down here.” have disappeared from more they have disappeared from more *Seed*Seed & Seed Treatments & Seed Treatmentswe havewe Prince believes theBrown Department ofCattle Company planning. Prince believes the Department ofoper-estate estate tax planning. Today Hayes’ Cattle Company atax pound This wasThis my first of full Today Hayes’ Brown operaeach. pound each. was year my first year of full It all starts with the with DNRC-owned Tongue Tongue It all starts the DNRC-owned than 50than percent of theirof historic range range 50 percent their historic We are dealer for forRiver Reservoir, Weyour are your dealer 500 of which irproduction.” ates onacres, 10,000 acres, 500 ofproduce which produce irproduction.” which stores 56,000 of atesofon 10,000 River Reservoir, which storesacre-feet 56,000 acre-feet over theover pastthe several decades.decades. past several rigated alfalfa hay. A portion of the crop feeds his Hamilton is known in Miles City as The rigated alfalfa hay. A portion of the crop feeds his Hamilton is known in Miles City as The water. A major upgrade of the dam was comwater. A major upgrade of the dam was com“Even though it (population numbers) “Even though it (population numbers) seedseed corn corn & alfalfa & alfalfa pleted in 1999. The work included adding four cows andcows the remainder is sold. Aistypical Watermelon Man. “AMan. lot of“A people here out here and the remainder sold. Adryland typical dryland Watermelon lot ofout people pleted in 1999. The work included adding four seems like a basic have,toit’s seems like athing basictothing have, it’s © © – Round-Up ReadyReady Varieties – – Round-Up Varieties – to the alfalfa yield is 1-2 tons per tons acre;per irrigated, the tasted vine-ripened fruit,” hefruit,” says. he says. very complicated alfalfa yield is 1-2 acre; irrigated, thehave never have never tasted vine-ripened feet height theCHEVROLET structure, which added feet toCHEVROLET theofheight of the structure, which added and notand easily very complicated notattaineasily attainyield rises to 7-10 “There’s“There’s no comparison to a watermelon you yield risestons. to 7-10 tons. no comparison to a watermelon you able, Berkeley 20,000 acre-feet of water of storage. 20,000 acre-feet water storage. said. “Lek able, Berkeley said.counts “Lek monitor counts monitor In 2013,In agriculture in the Tongue Valbuy at the supermarket. Those are picked 2013, agriculture in the River Tongue River Valbuy at the supermarket. Those aregreen picked green population trends and canand detect population trends canchanges detect changes ley was analyzed by Montana State University’s and theyand ripen during Mine areMine picked ley was analyzed by Montana State University’s they ripentransport. during transport. are pickedin populations, All In One Convenient Location. but a more All In One Convenient Location. in populations, but aintensive more intensive Agricultural Marketing Policy Center. ripe and ripe soldand fresh offfresh the truck.” Agricultural Marketing Policy Center. sold off the truck.” FOR SALE: researchresearch effort iseffort needed to estimate FOR SALE: is needed to estimate 228-2571 440–Hwy 2 W–Hwy ~228-2571 Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds 440 2 W ~ Glasgow ~440 Across from Fairgrounds Highway #2Highway W. • Glasgow “Agriculture in the valley produces $22 mil#2 W. • Glasgow He also raises squash, cantaloupe, and pumpGMCGlasgow “Agriculture in the valley produces $22 milHe also raises squash, cantaloupe, and pump-population GMCGlasgow size. FWP is in the process population size. FWP is in the process 2009 JD 4895 SWATHER. 2009 JD 4895 SWATHER. Across from Fairgrounds from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ Across 406-228-4381 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 Sales: Gilbert – 263-2571 Sales: Gilbert – 263-2571 lion in revenue each year,” says Hayes, 40 “andkins. a fixture the Miles City Farmer’s lion in revenue each year,” says“and Hayes, 40 He’s kins. He’s aatfixture at the Miles City Farmer’s of designing Certified Certified this type of study with thewith the 406-228-9326 of designing this type of study 406-228-9326 16 Foot 895 HDR. 330 Engine 16 Foot 895 HDR. 330 Engine Family owned byowned the 1-800-255-1472 Newton Family by the•Boys Newton Boys percent of that production comes from irrigated Market. Market. percent of that production comes from irrigated Josh Josh – 785-7006 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 – 785-7006 • 406-228-4381 University of Montana.” University of Montana.” Service Service Hrs. LIKE NEW CONDITION. Hrs. LIKE NEW CONDITION. Rent A Car Rent A Car Auto Parts & Parts Repair Auto &Center Repair Center See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted FamilyAndy, owned byowned theKenny Newton See Doug, Terry, orBoys Ted Boys Family by the Newton land, even though one-sixth of the total acrecrops arecrops grown ir- with irland, evenit’s though it’s one-sixth of the total acre-All of Hamilton’s All of Hamilton’s arewith grown Goosey,Goosey, who is about begintohis who istoabout begin his Your Customer OwnedOwned Co-op Co-op Your Customer - Two- Two Airplanes & Three Ground Rigs Rigs Airplanes & Three Ground Call 406-963-2239. Call 406-963-2239. age.” age.” rigation water. rigation water. third field season, said he said will he collect third field season, will collect Alfalfa hay is thehay most prevalent crop, ac-crop, ac- “You can“You get by for one for one Alfalfa is the most prevalent canwithout get by irrigation without irrigation insects insects and spiders from classic sage sage and spiders from classic countingcounting for $5.5 for to 7$5.5 million the valley’s says. he “The other 19 other years19 years to 7of million of the valley’sin twentyinyears,” twentyhe years,” says. “The All GPS Equipped And And Ready To Help You In Your BusyBusy Spraying Season All GPS Equipped Ready To Help You In Your Spraying Season grouse habitat – the rolling hills around grouse habitat – the rolling hills around annual gross revenues. Les Hirsch thistakes thisyou’ll getyou’ll nothing. We can regulate the flow the to flow to annual gross revenues. Lestakes Hirsch get nothing. We can regulate Roundup and Lewistown where sage Roundup and Lewistown where sage abundantabundant local resource and turnsand it into a valuewhere we get irrigation water allwater summer. It’s a It’s a local resource turns it into a valuewhere we get irrigation all summer. brush, juniper trees and different types types brush, juniper trees and different added product pellets livestock. system we have.” added –feed product –feedfor pellets for livestock. tremendous tremendous system we have.” of bunch grass grow. of bunch grass grow. FarmersFarmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers He got interested in making alfalfa alfalfaOn his Cedar Ranch, also Elevator in Glasgow has answers He got interested in pelletized making pelletized On hisHills Cedar HillsHamilton Ranch, Hamilton also -Two Two-Two Airplanes & Three Three Ground Two Airplanes & Three Three Ground Airplanes & Ground Rigs Rigs Airplanes & Ground collectscollects insects insects and spiders He mostly and spiders 14 years ago. “I knew that if we could find a way raises cattle and grows spring wheat, barley and 14 years ago. “I knew that if we could find a way raises cattle and grows spring wheat, barley and He mostly to yourtofeed, grain, grain marketing and your feed, grain, grain marketing and on private property, but he sometimes on private property, but he sometimes to put it into pellets, couldwe add valueadd andvalue not andalfalfa. to put it intowe pellets, could not alfalfa. agronomy questions. We have full line works on public generally sets a sets a agronomy questions. Wea have a full line works on land. publicHeland. He generally be so dependent on the sale round soils, wonderful grass, wonderful AllGPS GPS Equipped AndAnd Ready ToHelp Help YouIn In Your BusyBusy Spraying Season be so dependent on of thea sale of bale.” a round bale.” “Wonderful “Wonderful soils, wonderful grass, wonderful AllGPS GPS Equipped And Ready ToHelp Help You InYour Your Busy Spraying Season All Equipped And Ready To You Your Busy Spraying Season All Equipped Ready To You In Spraying Season total of 60 traps (10 traps in six pastures) total of 60 traps (10 traps in six pastures) Hirsch grows about 1,200-1,500 tons of water,” Hamilton says. “We have some incredof feedof products and a knowledgeable Hirsch grows about 1,200-1,500 tons of water,” Hamilton says. “We have some incredfeed products and a knowledgeable sweeps per visitper with hiswith his and 600 makes 600 sweeps visit alfalfa each yeareach on 320 acres. Heacres. He ibly valuable natural resources in this valley.” alfalfa yearirrigated on 320 irrigated ibly valuable natural resources in this valley.” and makes team ofteam feedof consultants ready to helptoyou feed consultants ready help you nets (100 sweeps per pasture). His field nets (100 sweeps per pasture). His field purchases additional alfalfa from local farms water users areusers determined to keep to keep purchases additional alfalfa from local farms All threeAll three water are determined PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein with your nutrition needs. needs. FarmersFarmers Elevator provides essential withlivestock your livestock nutrition Elevator provides essential season runs from May through early early season runslate from late May through and ranches, along with dried shelled thepeas; the things that way.that They sayThey energy in and ranches, along with driedpeas; shelled things way. saydevelopment energy development in Ted Welchlin Roy Mehling Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Mehling Opheim grouse nesting. July,sage when sage are grouse are nesting. peas, richpeas, in protein, combined with alfalfa theto Tongue watershed impacts water qualrich in are protein, are combined withtoalfalfa the River Tongue River watershed impacts water qual-July, when suppliessupplies to the Hi-Line and rural Call usCall at 228-4422. to the Hi-Line andAmerica. rural America. us at 228-4422. Peerless 406-893-4398 Home:Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 His MSU are Kevin Hiscollaborators MSU collaborators are Kevin make themake pellets. year, he purchases about about ity and threatens the valley’s theEach pellets. Each year, he purchases ity and threatens the vibrant valley’seconomy. vibrant economy. We areWe hereareforhere you.for you. an entomologist in the Dean entomologist in the De50,000 bushels peas within 60-milea radius Water discharged from coalbed drilling drillingO’Neill,O’Neill, 50,000 of bushels of peasa within 60-mile radius Water discharged from methane coalbed methane Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 of LandofResources and Envipartment Land Resources and Enviof his farm. “It’s great forgreat the local economy,” containscontains elevatedelevated sodium levels. says it says partment of his farm. “It’s for the local economy,” sodiumHamilton levels. Hamilton it Sciences, Greg Johnson, a ronmental Sciences, Greg Johnson, a he says. he says. doesn’t take much to much disrupttosoil productivity. doesn’t take disrupt soil productivity. ronmental 1st Ave.1st North Ave. North PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein entomologist in the DepartTri StateTri Alfalfa pelletized feed Jeff Winkler these arecrops sensitive to salt. to salt. veterinary veterinary entomologist in the DepartStateCubes Alfalfasells Cubes sells pelletized feed “A lot of“A Jeff Winkler lot crops of these are sensitive Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 across northern Wyoming and the northern tier We’ve always highhad quality in water the in the ment ofment Animal and Range across northern Wyoming and the northern tier We’vehad always highwater quality of Animal and Sciences, Range Sciences, Ted Welchlin RoyMehling Mehling Opheim Ted Welchlin RoyMehling Mehling Opheim Opheim Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Opheim Fertilizer Plant • 228-2571 Fertilizer Plant • 228-2571 of Montana. “It’s turned a product fits that fits Tongue River until energy With With and research of Montana. “It’sinto turned into a that product associate Marni Rolston in Tongue River untildevelopment. energy development. and research associate Marni Rolston in Peerless 406-893-4398 Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 Home:Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 the marketplace,” says Hirsch. family naturallynaturally occurringoccurring salts in the ecosystem, you the marketplace,” says“Our Hirsch. “Ourbusifamily busisalts in the ecosystem, you animal animal and range GooseyGoosey said. said. andsciences, range sciences, Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 ness has ness grown salesinto of 7,000 tons per tons year.”per year.” start adding little more andmore you and can you tip the hasinto grown sales of 7,000 Cell 406-724-7171 startaadding a little can tip the MSU undergraduate Cell406-724-7500 406-724-7171 EmmettEmmett Wester Wester of MSU undergraduate of Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Les has lived andlived worked thealong Tongue balance.” Saturday Les has and along worked the Tongue balance.” - Saturday 215 4th St S.4th 215 St S. Monday -Monday Livingston and graduate student student Sean Sean Livingston and graduate 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 8:30 a.m. to has 5:00been p.m. MT says Glasgow, MT River hisRiver entirehis life. For life. the past he years hasGlasgow, the balance has already entire For 25 theyears past 25 he hasHayes Hayes says the balance already been McKenzie from San Francisco also have McKenzie from San Francisco also have Jeff Winkler JeffHubbard Winkler Open Sundays -Sundays Noon toof Openof - Noon to at Kent Hubbard Kent also served vice-chair of the Tongue higher levels salinity. “We’re alsoasserved as vice-chair of the River Tongue Rivertipped toward tipped4:00 toward higher levels salinity. “We’re athelped Hayes Jeff Winkler Jeff Winkler with field work in the past. helped Hayes with field work in the past. p.m. through Christmas 4:00 p.m. through Christmas (406) 228-9363 (406) 228-9363 Water Users Association. the pointthe now where needwe a strong Water Users Association. Opheim point nowwe where need aflushing strong flushing Opheim Richland Richland GooseyGoosey will give a full his on his will givereport a fullon report Opheim Opheim “My mother before the dam the came flow each spring mitigate it.” “Myremembers mother remembers before dam came flow eachtospring to mitigate it.” findingsfindings when hewhen completes his study. he completes hisIn study. In 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 in, without storage were several 21 water21 projects supportssupports the meantime, in, any without anythere storage there wereyears several yearsEach of DNRC’s Each of DNRC’s water projects Berkeley said a prethe meantime, Berkeley said a preCell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-230-0920 Cell that producers ran out ofran irrigation water,” he economy. IrrigationIrrigation water generthat producers out of irrigation water,” hean agricultural an agricultural economy. water gener-liminaryliminary Cell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-230-0920 406-724-7171 look suggests that sage grouse look suggests that sage grouse says. “Around here we’d probably get one cutates direct economic benefits by directly says. “Around here we’d probably get one cutates direct economic benefits by increasdirectly increas-benefit benefit from SGI grazing systems.systems. from SGI grazing ting of alfalfa With it, we getit, we ing / or value of value some of crops, ting ofwithout alfalfa irrigation. without irrigation. With get the supply ing theand supply and / or someand crops, and GooseyGoosey added that taller added thatgrass tallerprograss proKent Hubbard Kent Hubbard Kent Hubbard three.” three.” in the process jobs andjobs income. And Kent Hubbard in the generating process generating and income. And vides better the nesting sage sage videscover betterfor cover for the nesting Richland Richland Hirsch’sHirsch’s businessbusiness has led tohas further like the Tongue Valley, all most irrigationled toeconomic further economic like the River Tongue Rivermost Valley, all irrigation-grouse and Richland more insects insects and Richland grouse andabundant more abundant and 440 Highway 2 West2•West Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds 440 Highway • Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds development in the area. driven economies produce produce a ripple or multiplier development in the area. driven economies a ripple or multiplierspiders spiders 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 for sagefor grouse The sage chicks. grouse chicks. The 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 “We buy“We 12 semi-loads of binderoftobinder make to makeeffect, making overall buy 12 semi-loads effect, the making theimpact overalllarger: impactfarmers larger: farmerschicks rely upon insects and spiders chicks relythe upon the insects and spiders Cell406-230-0920 406-230-0920 Cell406-230-0920 406-230-0920 our pellets,” he says. he “We buy“We a lotbuy of diesel fuel spend a portion their income our pellets,” says. a lot of dieseland fuelranchers and ranchers spend aof portion of their on income onthe first three or four weeks after hatchFamilyFamily ownedowned by the by Newton Boys! Boys! the Newton Cell Cell the first three or four weeks after hatchfacility. In any given year goods and services in the local area, supporting run our production facility. In any given year goods and services in the local area, supporting See Doug, Andy, Andy, Terry, Terry, KennyKenny or Ted!or Ted! Rent A CarRent A Car to run ourtoproduction See Doug, ing. ing. we’ve got 425 semi loads of loads ingredients coming coming local businesses and theirand workers. we’ve got 425 semi of ingredients local businesses their workers.

FARM RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM & RANCH

10 10 10

add Water: irrigation makes allall TheThe difference add Water: irrigation makes difference AG AG PARTNERS LLCLLCJustJust PARTNERS

7

7

7

SageSage Grouse Grouse Resarch Resarch

FARM &&RANCH FARM & RANCH FARM RANCH

WIFE Members, PastPast AndAnd Present, To Gather JuneJune 14 In14Wolf Point WIFE Members, Present, To Gather In Wolf Point

ToTo Better Serve Our Customers Better Serve Our Customers

Has Teamed Has Teamed To Better Serve Our Customers Better Serve Our Customers ToTo Better Serve Our To Better Serve Our

UpUp With With Has Teamed Has Teamed UpUp With With

NEWTON MOTORS, INCINC NEWTON MOTORS,

NEWTON MOTORS, NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEW & USED TRUCKS & CARS NEW & USED TRUCKS &INC. CARS NEW & USED CARS NEW & USED CARS

AG All PARTNERS LLCConvenient AG In PARTNERS LLC One Convenient Location All In One Location

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Aerial andand Ground Application Aerial Ground Application

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Attention Ranchers: Attention Ranchers:

Contact PROPRO Coop Or Our Partners Contact Coop Or Our Partners Aerial andand Ground Application Aerial and Ground Application Aerial and Ground Application - Up- Up Aerial Ground Application To Line To Line All Your Fungicide and and Deficating Needs All Your Fungicide Deficating Needs Contact PRO Coop Or Our Our Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Our Our Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Partners ToLine Line Up Up ToLine Line Up To Up To AllYour Your Fungicide andand Deficating Needs Desiccating Needs AllYour Your Fungicide and Deficating Needs Desiccating Needs All Fungicide and Deficating Needs All Fungicide Deficating Needs

Farmers Elevator Farmers Elevator

PRO Coop PRO Coop

Seasons Greetings! Seasons Greetings! NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEWNEW & USED TRUCKS ANDAND CARS & USED TRUCKS CARS All In Convenient Location AllOne In One Convenient Location

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Tim Stenglein Tim Stenglein

SPORTS & & SPORTS WESTERN WESTERN

Peerless Peerlessl 893-4398 893-4398

l l Richland Richland 724-3353 724-3353

l Opheim Opheim l 762-3231 762-3231

FourFour Buttes l Buttes 783-5519 783-5519

June 2014 8 88 June June2014 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM

June 2014 9 99 June June2014 2014

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

READY, SET, SET, MOW! MOW! READY, National Scholarships Awarded to Local Students National FFA FFA Scholarships Awarded to Local Students

The National FFA Organization awarded $2,000 Company/Farm The National FFA Organization awarded $2,000 John John DeereDeere Company/Farm Equipment Sales, Inc. scholarships to 4 local students. These scholarships Equipment Sales, Inc. scholarships to 4 local students. These scholarships and John Deere Company through a special are from and John Deere Company through a special are from project of the National FFA Foundation. project of the National FFA Foundation.

Johnson the Hinsdale HS FFA. BradyBrady Johnson of theofHinsdale HS FFA. Johnson to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree Johnson plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at Montana University -Bozeman. Montana StateState University -Bozeman. Nicole the Medicine HS FFA. Nicole KirbyKirby of theofMedicine LakeLake HS FFA. to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree KirbyKirby plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at Miles Community College (MT). Miles Community College (MT). the Divide CoFFA. HS FFA. HaleyHaley LundLund of theofDivide Co HS to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree LundLund plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at University of North Dakota. University of North Dakota. Sorum the Divide CoFFA. HS FFA. CiaraCiara Sorum of theofDivide Co HS Sorum plans to use the funds to pursue a degree Sorum plans to use the funds to pursue a degree at at Williston State College (ND). Williston State College (ND). scholarships 4 of 1,781 awarded through the National FFA Organization’s TheseThese scholarships are 4 are of 1,781 awarded through the National FFA Organization’s scholarship program this Currently, year. Currently, 126 sponsors contribute more than scholarship program this year. 126 sponsors contribute more than $2.2 million to support scholarships for students. 30 years, scholarships $2.2 million to support scholarships for students. For 30For years, scholarships have have been made available through funding secured the National FFA Foundation. been made available through funding secured by theby National FFA Foundation. This generous funding from individuals, businesses and corporate sponsors This generous funding comescomes from individuals, businesses and corporate sponsors to encourage excellence and enable students to pursue their educational to encourage excellence and enable students to pursue their educational goals.goals. Scholarship recipients were selected from 6,315 applicants from across the country. Scholarship recipients were selected from 6,315 applicants from across the country. Selections were based the applicant's leadership, academic FFAother and other Selections were based on theon applicant's leadership, academic record,record, FFA and and community activities, supervised agricultural or experience work experience schoolschool and community activities, supervised agricultural or work in agricultural education and future in agricultural education and future goals.goals. The National FFA Organization provides leadership, personal and career The National FFA Organization provides leadership, personal growthgrowth and career success training through agricultural education to 579,678 student members in success training through agricultural education to 579,678 student members in 12belong who belong of 7,570 localchapters FFA chapters throughout the U.S., gradesgrades 7- 12 7who to onetoofone 7,570 local FFA throughout the U.S., Ricothe and the Virgin Islands. PuertoPuerto Rico and Virgin Islands.

About National FFA Organization About National FFA Organization The National FFA Organization is a national youth organization of 579,678 student members as part of 7,570 local FFA chapters The National FFA Organization is a national youth organization of 579,678 student members as part of 7,570 local FFA chapters in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The FFA mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of students in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The FFA mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. The by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. The National FFA Organization operates under a federal charter granted by the 81st United States Congress and it is an integral part National FFA Organization operates under a federal charter granted by the 81st United States Congress and it is an integral part of public instruction in agriculture. The U.S. Department of Education provides leadership and helps set direction for FFA as a of public instruction in agriculture. The U.S. Department of Education provides leadership and helps set direction for FFA as a service to state and local agricultural education programs. For more, visit the National FFA Organization online at FFA.org, on service to state and local agricultural education programs. For more, visit the National FFA Organization online at FFA.org, on Facebook, Twitter and the official National FFA Organization blog. Facebook, Twitter and the official National FFA Organization blog.

About National FFA Foundation About National FFA Foundation The National FFA Foundation builds partnerships with industry, education, government, other foundations and individuals

The National FFA Foundation builds partnerships with industry, education, government, other foundations and individuals to secure financial resources that recognize FFA member achievements, develop student leaders and support the future of to secure financial resources that recognize FFA member achievements, develop student leaders and support the future of agricultural education. Governed by a 19-member board of trustees comprised of educators, business leaders, individual donors agricultural education. Governed by a 19-member board of trustees comprised of educators, business leaders, individual donors and FFA alumni, the foundation is a separately-registered nonprofit organization. About 82 percent of every dollar received by the and FFA alumni, the foundation is a separately-registered nonprofit organization. About 82 percent of every dollar received by the foundation supports FFA members and agricultural education opportunities. foundation supports FFA members and agricultural education opportunities. For more, visit FFA.org/Give. For more, visit FFA.org/Give.

In Glasgow In Plentywood In Culbertson In Glasgow In Plentywood In Culbertson In CircleIn Circle HWY 2 East 804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave 1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St. Hwy 200 East MT 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT 59254Culbertson, Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow,Glasgow, MT 59230 MT 59254 MT 59218 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145

ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: MIKE SCHMITZ MIKE SCHMITZ HAS JOINED FES GLASGOW ANNOUNCES: HAS JOINED FESROGER GLASGOW ANNOUNCES: ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER A SERVICE TECHNICIAN. AS AS A SERVICE TECHNICIAN. BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD ROGER ASSHOP THE NEW AS THE NEW AS THE AS THE NEW NEW SHOP SHOP ROGER AS THE NEW SHOP AS THE NEW SHOP AS THE ASSHOP THE NEW NEW SHOP SHOP ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN FOREMAN AT AT FES CIRCLE. CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN FOREMAN AT FES AT FES FES CIRCLE. CIRCLE. BORUD BORUD AS THE SHOP AS THE NEWNEW SHOP ROGER ROGER FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. MIKE WILCOX MIKE WILCOX BORUD BORUD HAS JOINED GLASGOW HAS JOINED FESFES GLASGOW AS AS A A

a Home Hoy me Buy aBu enan intce Kitce Kit enan MaintMa r, wer, mourwemo ur yo for yofor pair of a FR ir of paEE FREE a ive ivece ReceRe Gl!oves! oves ereDeGlere Dehn JohnJo

Drivea aJohn JohnDeere DeereFree FreeForForA AYear Year Drive

No Interest for Months 12 Months No Interest for 12 on Select Lawnmowers on Select Lawnmowers

Originally from Oregon City, Oregon, Mike holds a degree in Diesel Originally from Oregon City, Oregon, Mike holds a degree in Diesel Technology from Wyotech University in Laramie, Wyoming. Mike recently Technology from Wyotech University in Laramie, Wyoming. Mike recently to Glasgow joinFES theteam FES and teambegin and begin his career movedmoved to Glasgow to jointothe his career in the inun-the unparalleled Montana Ag Industry. his spare time, enjoys Mike enjoys shooting, If paid full within 12 months paralleled Montana Ag Industry. In his In spare time, Mike shooting, If paid in fullinwithin 12 months and riding quads. fishing,fishing, and riding quads. Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger Roger grew up grew in Kenmare, up inNDKenmare, ND and ND has and has Offer 7/31/2014. ends 7/31/2014. Subject to approved credit on Revolving plan, a service of Deere John Deere Financial, f.s.b. Some restrictions apply; other special ratesterms and terms may be available, Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger Roger grew up grew in Kenmare, up in Kenmare, and ND has and has Offer ends Subject to approved credit on Revolving plan, a service of John Financial, f.s.b. Some restrictions apply; other special rates and may be available, Mikebecan beover reached atGlasgow, FES Glasgow, atworking 406-228-2496. For After Mike can reached at at 406-228-2496. For After over 17 years of experience working 17FES years of experience in17 over over years 17 of years experience ofinworking experience working working inin in soyour seedealer your dealer for details and other financing options. Available at participating dealers. Prices and models mayby vary by dealer. For consumer use Interest only. Interest will be charged over 17 years of experience working in over 17 years of experience working in over 17 over years 17 of years experience of experience working in so see for details and other fi nancing options. Available at participating dealers. Prices and models may vary dealer. For consumer use only. will be charged to to Service, call 406-263-2581. HoursHours Service, call 406-263-2581. John Deere dealerships in parts both parts John Deere dealerships in parts both parts John Deere John Deere dealerships dealerships ininparts both inparts both parts your account from the purchase at 17.9% if the purchase balance notinpaid full within 12 months or ifaccount your account is otherwise in default. John Deere dealerships in both John Deere dealerships in both John Deere John Deere dealerships dealerships in both both parts your account from the purchase date atdate 17.9% APR. ifAPR. the purchase balance is not ispaid full in within 12 months or if your is otherwise in default. and service related roles. Roger is related very and service related roles. Roger isand very service and service roles. roles. Roger isisvery and service related roles. Roger isrelated very and service related roles. Roger isand very service and service related related roles. Roger roles.Roger Roger is very veryis very Roger grew up in Kenmare, NDright and has knowledgeable in fi nding the right part knowledgeable in fi nding the part knowledgeable knowledgeable in fi nding in fi nding the right the part right part Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has finding the right knowledgeable inknowledgeable finding the rightin part knowledgeable knowledgeable in fipart nding in finding the right thepart right part over 17 right years of experience working in andright the right solution to limit down time. Roger and the service solution toservice limit down time. Roger and the and right the service right service solution solution to limit todown limit time. down time. overthe 17 years of experience working in and the solution to limit down time. Roger and right service solution toservice limit down time. Roger and the and right the service right service solution solution to limit todown limit time. down Roger time.Roger RogerRoger John Deere dealerships in both is excited to beparts aisis part ofbe the Circle community and can becommunity reached at is excited beexcited aof part ofCircle the and can reached excited excited to be ato be abe of part the of Circle theat Circle community and be reached be reached at John Deere dealerships in both parts AS THE NEW SHOP to be aisCircle part ofcommunity the Circle community and can be reached atand is excited to be to a is part the community and can reached excited excited tois atopart be abe ofpart part the of Circle theat Circle community community and can and becan can reached becan reached at at at AS THE NEW SHOP PARTS SPECIALIST TRAINEE. and service related roles. Roger is very PARTS SPECIALIST TRAINEE. 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 at the at Circle the Circle store or store 406-941-0526 or 406-941-0526 on his on mobile his mobile phone. and service related roles. Roger is very 406-485-2145 the Circle store or on406-941-0526 hisormobile phone. 406-485-2145 at the Circle storeator 406-941-0526 his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 at on the406-941-0526 at Circle the Circle store or store 406-941-0526 on his on mobile his mobile phone.phone.phone. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. knowledgeable in fiGallatin nding the right part and farming knowledgeable in fi nding the right part Raised in Three Forks, MT in a Valley ranching Raised in Three Forks, MT ininaup Gallatin Valley ranching and farming Roger grew in Kenmare, NDto and has Roger grew upservice Kenmare, NDBozeman has and right service solution limit down time. Roger Mike moved tothe Glasgow from the in 2013. Mike’s and right solution toand limit down Roger family,family, Mike moved tothe Glasgow from of the Bozeman area inarea 2013. Mike’s over 17 years experience working intime. over 17 years of experience working in is excited to be a part of the Circle community and can be reached at wife, Sheena, is employed at Irle Elementary in the Glasgow School Disis excited to be a part of the Circle community and can wife, Sheena, is employed atDeere Irle Elementary in in theboth Glasgow School Dis- be reached at John dealerships parts John Deere dealerships in both parts 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile trict. Outside of work, Mike enjoys hunting, fishing, and generally anything 406-485-2145 athunting, the Circle storeRoger or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone.phone. trict. Outside of work, Mike enjoys fishing, and generally anything and service related roles. istovery X300 Series Mowers and service related roles. Roger is very X300 Series Mowers that involves the great outdoors. Mike looks forward further developing X500 Series Mowers that involves the greatknowledgeable outdoors. Mike looks forward further developing X500 Series Mowers Z Trak Mowers in settling finding thetothe right part Z Trak Mowers D Series Mowers knowledgeable in fi nding the right part his agriculture knowledge base & to into Glasgow community! D Series Mowers X300 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$3,335 . . $3,335X500X500 . . . . . . . . . .$6,615 his agriculture knowledge base & to settling into the Glasgow community! X300 . . . . . . . . . . . . .$6,615 Zero Turn Mower and the right service solution to limit down time. Roger Zero Turn Mower and thereached right service to limit down time. Roger Mikebecan be atGlasgow, FESsolution Glasgow, at 406-228-2496. For After . . $4,190X530X530 $1,499 HP deck 42” deckX304X304 . . .$7,050 Mike can reached at FES at 406-228-2496. For After . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$4,190 D105D105 $1,499 17.5 17.5 HP 42” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$7,050 is406-263-2499. excited to be aofpart ofCircle the Circle community andbecan be reached at Z235 . . . . . . . . .$2,499 . . $2,499 Hours Parts, call is excited to be a part the community and can reached at Z235 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4,399X534. $1,699 HP deck 42” deckX310X310 Hours Parts, call 406-263-2499. X534. . . $7,775 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$4,399 D110D110 $1,699 19.5 19.5 HP 42” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $7,775 Z255 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$2,999 . . $2,999 406-485-2145 atCircle the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Z255 . . . AS THE AS THE NEW NEW LEAD LEAD PARTS PARTS 406-485-2145 at the store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. X320 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,720 X540 . . . . . . . . . . .$8,175 ASLEAD THE NEW PARTS AS THE NEW PARTS AS LEAD THE AS THE NEW NEW LEADLEAD PARTS PARTS D125 $1,799 20.0 HP 42” deckX320 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,720

TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN TODD TODD ROGER ATSPECIALIST FESAT FES SPECIALIST AT FES SPECIALIST AT AT FES ROGER BORUD SPECIALIST ATBORUD FES SPECIALIST AT SPECIALIST FES SPECIALIST SPECIALIST AT FES FES SHERMAN AS THE NEW SHOP SHERMAN CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. AS THE NEW SHOP CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. ASFOREMAN THE LEAD PARTS AT FES CIRCLE. ASFOREMAN THE NEWNEW LEAD PARTS AT FES CIRCLE. TODD TODD SPECIALIST AT FES SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. SHERMAN SHERMAN

X540 . . . . . . . . . . .$8,175 D125 $1,799 20.0 HP 42” deck . . $3,899 Z425Z425 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$3,899 . . $5,150 $1,899 HP deck 48” deckX324X324 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$5,150 - 54” mower deck D130D130 $1,899 22.0 22.0 HP 48” Z445 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,799 54” mower deck Z445 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,799 . . $6,250 - 25-hp V-Twin, air-cooled, John Deere . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$6,250 $1,999 HP deck 48” deckX360X360 - 25-hp V-Twin, air-cooled, John Deere D140D140 $1,999 22.0 22.0 HP 48” Z465 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$5,499 . . $5,499 Z465 . . . iTorque” Power System (which provides 17-hp V-twin air-cooled John Deere iTorque” iTorque” Power System (which provides - 17-hp V-twin air-cooled John Deere iTorque” $2,599 HP deck 48” deck Z645 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,099 more lugging ability, full pressure Power System (which provides more D160D160 $2,599 24.0 24.0 HP 48” Z645 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,099 more lugging ability, full pressure Power System (which provides more lubrication, cooling, and durability) full pressure lubrication lubrication, $2,799 HP deck 54” decklugginglugging Z655 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$6,299 . . $6,299 even even cooling, and durability) ability,ability, full pressure lubrication D170D170 $2,799 26.0 26.0 HP 54” Z655 . . . even cooling, and durability) provides excellent even cooling, and durability) provides excellent powerpower and and Z665 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,499 provides excellent power and performance, performance, easy starts and smooth Z665 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,499 - Horsepower ranges 17.5 performance, easy starts and smooth - Horsepower ranges 17.5 to 26to 26 provides excellent power and performance,

Todd previously worked the Culbertson Todd previously forCulbertson the Culbertson Todd Todd previously worked worked for the Culbertson the Culbertson Toddworked previously worked forpreviously theforCulbertson Todd previously worked for the Todd previously Todd previously worked worked for the for Culbertson thefor Culbertson Implement and Sales Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Implement Implement and Farm and Equipment Farm Equipment Sales Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement Implement and Farm and Equipment Farm Equipment Sales Sales grew up in Kenmare, NDhas andover has17 over 17 years of experience RogerRoger grew up in Kenmare, ND and years of experience Parts Departments for over 11 years, and Parts Departments for11 over 11 years, and Parts Departments Parts Departments for over for11 over years, 11 years, and and Parts Departments for over 11 years, and Parts Departments for over years, and Parts Departments Parts Departments for over for 11 over years, 11 years, and and working in John Deere dealerships in both parts and service related roles. working in John Deerehas dealerships in after bothhas parts and service related roles. easy starts and smooth operation. - Briggs & Stratton V-Twin, air-cooled operation. - 5 speed transmissions returned after seven years away. returned seven years away. has returned has returned after seven after seven years away. years away. easy starts and smooth operation. - Briggs & Stratton V-Twin, air-cooled engineengine operation. - 5 speed transmissions to to has returned after seven years away. hasknowledgeable returnedinafter years away. has returned has returned after seven after seven years away. years away. very inseven finding thepart right part and the right service -Touch” Twin Touch” auto transmission - 5gallon U.S. gallon fuel tank RogerRoger is veryisknowledgeable finding the right and the right service - Heavy-duty pump and wheel-motor drive automatic 2-pedal transmission Twin auto transmission 5 U.S. fuel tank Todd previously worked for the Culbertson Heavy-duty pump and wheel-motor drive automatic 2-pedal transmission Todd and his wife Joni, the Assistant Toddhis and his wifeand Joni, the Assistant Todd and Todd his and wife histhe Joni, wife the Joni, Assistant the Assistant Todd previously worked forhis the Culbertson - Tight 16-inch provides Twin Touch automatic transmission Todd wife Joni, the Assistant Todd and wife Joni, the Assistant solution limit time. down time. Todd and Todd his and wife his Joni, wife Joni, Assistant the Assistant for durability extra durability andlife; long life; turningturning radiusradius provides - Single throttle/choke - Twin- Touch automatic transmission Foot Footsystemsystem solution to limittodown for extra and long AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS - Single leverlever throttle/choke on on - Tight 16-inch Implement and Farm Equipment Sales excellent maneuverability and improved operated traction assist locks rear AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Manager for Dry Prairie Rural Water, Manager for Dry Prairie Rural Water, Manager Manager for Dry for Prairie Dry Prairie Rural Water, Rural Water, Implement and Farm Equipment Sales excellent maneuverability and improved operated traction assist locks rear is excited be aof part theforCircle community and can - Kanzaki pump; Parker wheel motors Manager DryManager Prairie Rural Water, Manager Dry Prairie Rural Water, all Series 100 Series Models Manager forcan Dry for Prairie DrybePrairie Rural Water, Rural Water, RogerRoger is excited to befor atoDepartments part theof Circle community and be all 100 Models mowing performance wheels together for increased traction - Kanzaki pump; Parker wheel motors Parts for over 11 years, and mowing performance wheels together for increased traction make their home in Culbertson. Their make their home in Culbertson. Their make their make home their in home in Culbertson. - Large 13-inch front caster wheels - Ignition switch and mower Parts Departments for over 11 years, and SPECIALIST AT FES reached at 406-485-2145 atCircle Circle store or on his make their home in 406-941-0526 Culbertson. Their make theirathome inthe Culbertson. Their make their make home their in home Culbertson. inCulbertson. Culbertson. Their Their Their Their - Edge Xtra Cutting System Large 13-inch front caster wheels for a for a - Ignition switch and mower Low-effort manual steering provides a SPECIALIST AT FES reached at 406-485-2145 the store or 406-941-0526 on his Edge Xtra Cutting System - Low-effort manual steering provides a has returned after seven years away. engagement controls arethe on the smoother ride; 22-inch large 22-inch drivefor tires for -available Also available 42-inch Edge Xtra mower tight 22-inch daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, daughter, Kayla, Kayla, lives inin lives Billings inthis Billings and will and graduate will graduate this summer this summer has returned after seven years away. tight 22-inch turning radius and excellent engagement controls are on smoother ride; large drive tires Also 42-inch Edge Xtra mower daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate summer daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, daughter, Kayla, Kayla, lives in lives Billings Billings and will and graduate will graduate this summer this summer turning radius and excellent mobilemobile phone.phone. CULBERTSON. dash for ease of use better traction and slope performance deck or 42-inch Edge mulching mower deck CULBERTSON. maneuverability Toddhis and hisJoni, wifeBlanco Joni,Assistant the Assistant dash for ease of use better traction and slope performance deck or 42-inch Edge mulching mower deck from the Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is from the Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is from the from Blanco the Blanco Blanco Blanco school school of cosmetology. of cosmetology. Their son, Their Lane, son, is Lane, is maneuverability Todd and wife the fromworked the Blanco Blanco school ofBlanco cosmetology. son, Lane,Their is son, from the Blanco Blanco school offrom cosmetology. son, Lane,school isTheir the from Blanco the Their Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. of cosmetology. TheirLane, son, is Lane, is Todd previously for the Culbertson Todd previously worked for theRural Culbertson Manager for DryFreshman Prairie Water, completing his year of study inof Civil Engineering at in MSU completing his year ofFreshman study inEngineering Civil Engineering at MSU completing completing his Freshman his year of year study ofatin study Civil Engineering Civil Engineering at at MSU Manager forhis Dry Prairie Rural Water, GLASGOW: PLENTYWOOD: PLENTYWOOD: CULBERTSON: CULBERTSON: CIRCLE: CIRCLE: completing his Freshman year of study in year Civil Engineering MSU completing Freshman year of study in Civil atFreshman MSU completing completing his Freshman his Freshman year study of in study Civil in Engineering Civil Engineering at MSU atMSU MSU GLASGOW: Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Equipment Sales make theirFarm home in be Culbertson. Their Bozeman. Todd can be reached at :406-787-6201 FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or406-787-6201 on 406-787-6201 Todd can reached at :reached FES Culbertson orCulbertson on Bozeman. Bozeman. Todd can Todd be can reached beor:reached at : :FES atCulbertson : FESorCulbertson or on or on makeBozeman. their home in Culbertson. Their (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 Bozeman. Todd can be at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 on Bozeman. Todd can be reached at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 on Bozeman. Bozeman. Todd can Todd be can reached be reached at FES at FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 or on or on (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 Parts Departments forin over 11LEAD years, andPARTS Parts Departments forin over 11 years, and AS THE NEW daughter, Kayla, lives Billings and will graduate this summer Salesmen: AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: daughter, Kayla, lives Billings and will graduate this summer his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile his mobile phone phone 406-480-3384 406-480-3384 Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile his mobile phone phone 406-480-3384 406-480-3384 has returned after seven years away. has seven yearsschool away. MIKE, SHAD fromBlanco theafter Blanco Blanco of cosmetology. son, Lane, is MIKE, SHAD fromreturned the Blanco school ofAssistant cosmetology. Their Their son, Lane, is SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. DJ DJ MIKEMIKE or or MIKE, MIKE, ROBROB SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. Todd and his wife Joni, the or OLE Todd and his wife Joni, the Assistant completing his Freshman year of study in Civil Engineering at MSU LUKE COEL or WADE or OLE completing hisfor Freshman yearRural of study in Civil and Engineering at MSU LUKE COEL or WADE Todd previously worked for the Culbertson Implement Manager Dry Prairie Water, Todd previously worked for Culbertson Implement and Culbertson Farm Farm Manager for Drythe Prairie Rural Water, Bozeman. Todd be reached at Culbertson : FES 406-787-6201 Bozeman. Todd can becan reached at :years, FES 406-787-6201 or on or on Equipment Sales Parts Departments for over 11 and has returned make their home in Culbertson. Their Equipment Salesmake Partshis Departments for over 11 years, and has returned their homephone in Culbertson. Their mobile 406-480-3384 hisyears mobile phone 406-480-3384 after seven away. Todd and hisJoni, wife Joni,Assistant the Assistant Manag-this summer after seven years away. Todd and his wife the Managdaughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer Dry Prairie Rural Water, make their home in Culbertson. Their Behind X500-X700 Z TRAC D Series Series er for er DryforPrairie Rural Water, make their home in Culbertson. Their WalkWalk Behind X500-X700 Z TRAC fromBlanco the Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is D Series X300X300 Series from the Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer from the Mowers Mowers daughter, Kayla, lives completing in Billings andhiswillFreshman graduate this summer from the Engineering at MSU Mowers Mowers Mowers Mowers Mowers year of study in Civil Mowers Mowers Mowers completing his Freshman year ofLane, study incompleting Civil Engineering at MSU School of Cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is completing BlancoBlanco BlancoBlanco School of Cosmetology. Their son, 54275 HWY 2 East 804 East Ave 21 West 2nd St. Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 804 Aveis 21 West 2nd St. Hwy 200 54275 HWY 54275 221st East HWY 2Hwy East 804 East 804 1st East Ave 1st Ave200 21 West 21 2nd West St. 2nd200 St. Hwy 200 Hwy East 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East East 804 East 1st Ave 21 West 2nd St. Hwy East 54275 HWY 2 East 804 East 1st Ave 1st 21 West 2nd St. 200 54275 HWY 54275 2 East HWY East 804 East 804 1st East Ave 1st Ave 21 West 21 2nd West St. 2nd St. Hwy Hwy East 200 East Bozeman. Todd can be reached at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or on ASAS LOW AS Bozeman. can be reached at FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or on his Freshman ofMTTodd study in59230 Civil Engineering at MSU Bozeman. ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS Glasgow, MT:MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 MT Circle, Glasgow, MT Plentywood, 59254 Culbertson, MTMT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, Glasgow, MT 59230 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT MT Culbertson, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 MT Circle, 59215 MT 59215 AS LOW his Freshman year ofyear study in Civil Engineering at MSU Bozeman. AS LOW AS LOW AS LOW AS LOW Glasgow, MTMT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, 59230 Plentywood, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT Glasgow, Glasgow, MT 59230 MT 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT59215 59254 MT59254 Culbertson, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 MT59218 Circle, 59218 MT Circle, 59215 MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 $90.00 $160.00 $195.00 $205.00 $175.00 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 Toddbecan be reached at: FES406-228-2496 Culbertson 406-787-6201 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 $90.00 $160.00 $195.00 $205.00 $175.00 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 Todd can reached at: FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or406-228-2496 on or hison his406-765-1531 406-480-3384. mobilemobile phonephone 406-480-3384.

TODD SHERMAN TODD SHERMAN

FARMEQUIPMENT EQUIPMENTSALES SALES FARM

SPRING MOWER SERVICE SPECIALS! SPRING MOWER SERVICE SPECIALS!

54275 HWY 2 East804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St.Hwy 200 East Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201

54275 HWY 2 East804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St.Hwy 200 East Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE Change Change engineengine Oil Oil Check mower Drive Belts Check mower Drive Belts Linkage Adjustment CheckCheck Linkage Adjustment Sharpen Blades Sharpen Blades Underside of Deck Clean Clean Underside of Deck

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

air Clean underside deck Check/tighten engine Oil Clean & Filterunderside (X465, X475, X485) or replace clamps airclamps (X465, of deck ofCheck/tighten Blades Blades Change Change Change Change engine oilengine oilSharpenSharpen engine Oil & Filter X485) or replace Change Change engine oilengine oilSharpenSharpen intake &systems cooling systemsX475, Checkdrive mower filter mower Check/tighten Replace spark plugsCheck tire & cooling Check tire pressure intake beltdrive belt Replace Replace engine oilengine filter oilCheck Check/tighten loose loose blades Replace spark plugs Replace spark plugs pressure Change engine oil & filter blades Replace spark plugs Cleandeck mower deck (if equipped) Clean mower Change oil & filter (if equipped) hardwarehardware (2WD) (2WD) Cleancooling enginefins cooling fins engine Replace Clean underside air filter air filter Clean engine & leveldeck mowerReplace deck Replace Clean/replace filter &Check Clean/level Replace fuel filter fuel filter Clean/level of deck of deck Replace Replace air filter air filter Clean underside level mower Clean/replace air filter air Check mowing mowing Check/Clean battery & elements, both foam(air cooled) (air cooled) Check/Clean Check and adjust mower precleaner battery & deck & check tire elements, both foam Check tire pressure elements, bothCheck foamtire Check and adjust mower precleaner deck & check tire safety systems pressure elements, both foam systems belt tension and paper. and paper. air filter element Clean fins radiator fins safety pressure deck beltdeck tension Replace Replace air filter element Lubricate Clean radiator Cleancooling engine cooling and paper Clean engine spindles,spindles, pivots, pivots, pressure (3-in-1 deck) Cleancooling enginefins cooling (3-in-1 fins deck) and paper Clean engine (liquid cooled)Lubricate Sharpen Sharpen blades blades Replace Replace fuel filterfuel filter & cylinder& cylinder (liquid cooled) Check and adjust mower fins (air cooled) Replace fuel filter fuel filter Cleanfins, radiator fins,Replace Replace Change paper air cleaner Check and adjust mower Check mower fins (air cooled) Replace fuel filter fuel filter Check mower belt Clean radiator Tighten clamps radiator clamps Change paper air cleaner belt deckbrakes spindle brakes spark plugs deck spindle Tighten radiator element Check mower belt Replace Replace spark plugs screens screens (3-in-1 deck) SharpenSharpen Cleanterminals battery terminals(3-in-1 deck) (liquid cooled)element Replace spark plugs & check fan belt Check mower belt Blades Blades Clean battery (liquid cooled)

Replace spark plugs & check fan belt See Travis In See See Bruce In See In Scott In See Travis In See Jim InJim In See Bruce In See Scott GLASGOW PLENTYWOOD CULBERTSON CIRCLE GLASGOW PLENTYWOOD CULBERTSON CIRCLE 54275 HWY 2 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE 21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 54275 HWY 2 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE 21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 EAST EAST (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 (406) 485-2145 (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201

FARMEQUIPMENT EQUIPMENTSALES SALES FARM

June 2014 8 88 June June2014 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM

June 2014 9 99 June June2014 2014

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

READY, SET, SET, MOW! MOW! READY, National Scholarships Awarded to Local Students National FFA FFA Scholarships Awarded to Local Students

The National FFA Organization awarded $2,000 Company/Farm The National FFA Organization awarded $2,000 John John DeereDeere Company/Farm Equipment Sales, Inc. scholarships to 4 local students. These scholarships Equipment Sales, Inc. scholarships to 4 local students. These scholarships and John Deere Company through a special are from and John Deere Company through a special are from project of the National FFA Foundation. project of the National FFA Foundation.

Johnson the Hinsdale HS FFA. BradyBrady Johnson of theofHinsdale HS FFA. Johnson to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree Johnson plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at Montana University -Bozeman. Montana StateState University -Bozeman. Nicole the Medicine HS FFA. Nicole KirbyKirby of theofMedicine LakeLake HS FFA. to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree KirbyKirby plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at Miles Community College (MT). Miles Community College (MT). the Divide CoFFA. HS FFA. HaleyHaley LundLund of theofDivide Co HS to the usefunds the funds to pursue a degree LundLund plansplans to use to pursue a degree at at University of North Dakota. University of North Dakota. Sorum the Divide CoFFA. HS FFA. CiaraCiara Sorum of theofDivide Co HS Sorum plans to use the funds to pursue a degree Sorum plans to use the funds to pursue a degree at at Williston State College (ND). Williston State College (ND). scholarships 4 of 1,781 awarded through the National FFA Organization’s TheseThese scholarships are 4 are of 1,781 awarded through the National FFA Organization’s scholarship program this Currently, year. Currently, 126 sponsors contribute more than scholarship program this year. 126 sponsors contribute more than $2.2 million to support scholarships for students. 30 years, scholarships $2.2 million to support scholarships for students. For 30For years, scholarships have have been made available through funding secured the National FFA Foundation. been made available through funding secured by theby National FFA Foundation. This generous funding from individuals, businesses and corporate sponsors This generous funding comescomes from individuals, businesses and corporate sponsors to encourage excellence and enable students to pursue their educational to encourage excellence and enable students to pursue their educational goals.goals. Scholarship recipients were selected from 6,315 applicants from across the country. Scholarship recipients were selected from 6,315 applicants from across the country. Selections were based the applicant's leadership, academic FFAother and other Selections were based on theon applicant's leadership, academic record,record, FFA and and community activities, supervised agricultural or experience work experience schoolschool and community activities, supervised agricultural or work in agricultural education and future in agricultural education and future goals.goals. The National FFA Organization provides leadership, personal and career The National FFA Organization provides leadership, personal growthgrowth and career success training through agricultural education to 579,678 student members in success training through agricultural education to 579,678 student members in 12belong who belong of 7,570 localchapters FFA chapters throughout the U.S., gradesgrades 7- 12 7who to onetoofone 7,570 local FFA throughout the U.S., Ricothe and the Virgin Islands. PuertoPuerto Rico and Virgin Islands.

About National FFA Organization About National FFA Organization The National FFA Organization is a national youth organization of 579,678 student members as part of 7,570 local FFA chapters The National FFA Organization is a national youth organization of 579,678 student members as part of 7,570 local FFA chapters in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The FFA mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of students in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The FFA mission is to make a positive difference in the lives of students by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. The by developing their potential for premier leadership, personal growth and career success through agricultural education. The National FFA Organization operates under a federal charter granted by the 81st United States Congress and it is an integral part National FFA Organization operates under a federal charter granted by the 81st United States Congress and it is an integral part of public instruction in agriculture. The U.S. Department of Education provides leadership and helps set direction for FFA as a of public instruction in agriculture. The U.S. Department of Education provides leadership and helps set direction for FFA as a service to state and local agricultural education programs. For more, visit the National FFA Organization online at FFA.org, on service to state and local agricultural education programs. For more, visit the National FFA Organization online at FFA.org, on Facebook, Twitter and the official National FFA Organization blog. Facebook, Twitter and the official National FFA Organization blog.

About National FFA Foundation About National FFA Foundation The National FFA Foundation builds partnerships with industry, education, government, other foundations and individuals

The National FFA Foundation builds partnerships with industry, education, government, other foundations and individuals to secure financial resources that recognize FFA member achievements, develop student leaders and support the future of to secure financial resources that recognize FFA member achievements, develop student leaders and support the future of agricultural education. Governed by a 19-member board of trustees comprised of educators, business leaders, individual donors agricultural education. Governed by a 19-member board of trustees comprised of educators, business leaders, individual donors and FFA alumni, the foundation is a separately-registered nonprofit organization. About 82 percent of every dollar received by the and FFA alumni, the foundation is a separately-registered nonprofit organization. About 82 percent of every dollar received by the foundation supports FFA members and agricultural education opportunities. foundation supports FFA members and agricultural education opportunities. For more, visit FFA.org/Give. For more, visit FFA.org/Give.

In Glasgow In Plentywood In Culbertson In Glasgow In Plentywood In Culbertson In CircleIn Circle HWY 2 East 804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave 1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St. Hwy 200 East MT 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT 59254Culbertson, Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow,Glasgow, MT 59230 MT 59254 MT 59218 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145

ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: MIKE SCHMITZ MIKE SCHMITZ HAS JOINED FES GLASGOW ANNOUNCES: HAS JOINED FESROGER GLASGOW ANNOUNCES: ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER ROGER A SERVICE TECHNICIAN. AS AS A SERVICE TECHNICIAN. BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD BORUD ROGER ASSHOP THE NEW AS THE NEW AS THE AS THE NEW NEW SHOP SHOP ROGER AS THE NEW SHOP AS THE NEW SHOP AS THE ASSHOP THE NEW NEW SHOP SHOP ANNOUNCES: ANNOUNCES: FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN FOREMAN AT AT FES CIRCLE. CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN FOREMAN AT FES AT FES FES CIRCLE. CIRCLE. BORUD BORUD AS THE SHOP AS THE NEWNEW SHOP ROGER ROGER FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. MIKE WILCOX MIKE WILCOX BORUD BORUD HAS JOINED GLASGOW HAS JOINED FESFES GLASGOW AS AS A A

a Home Hoy me Buy aBu enan intce Kitce Kit enan MaintMa r, wer, mourwemo ur yo for yofor pair of a FR ir of paEE FREE a ive ivece ReceRe Gl!oves! oves ereDeGlere Dehn JohnJo

Drivea aJohn JohnDeere DeereFree FreeForForA AYear Year Drive

No Interest for Months 12 Months No Interest for 12 on Select Lawnmowers on Select Lawnmowers

Originally from Oregon City, Oregon, Mike holds a degree in Diesel Originally from Oregon City, Oregon, Mike holds a degree in Diesel Technology from Wyotech University in Laramie, Wyoming. Mike recently Technology from Wyotech University in Laramie, Wyoming. Mike recently to Glasgow joinFES theteam FES and teambegin and begin his career movedmoved to Glasgow to jointothe his career in the inun-the unparalleled Montana Ag Industry. his spare time, enjoys Mike enjoys shooting, If paid full within 12 months paralleled Montana Ag Industry. In his In spare time, Mike shooting, If paid in fullinwithin 12 months and riding quads. fishing,fishing, and riding quads. Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger Roger grew up grew in Kenmare, up inNDKenmare, ND and ND has and has Offer 7/31/2014. ends 7/31/2014. Subject to approved credit on Revolving plan, a service of Deere John Deere Financial, f.s.b. Some restrictions apply; other special ratesterms and terms may be available, Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has Roger Roger grew up grew in Kenmare, up in Kenmare, and ND has and has Offer ends Subject to approved credit on Revolving plan, a service of John Financial, f.s.b. Some restrictions apply; other special rates and may be available, Mikebecan beover reached atGlasgow, FES Glasgow, atworking 406-228-2496. For After Mike can reached at at 406-228-2496. For After over 17 years of experience working 17FES years of experience in17 over over years 17 of years experience ofinworking experience working working inin in soyour seedealer your dealer for details and other financing options. Available at participating dealers. Prices and models mayby vary by dealer. For consumer use Interest only. Interest will be charged over 17 years of experience working in over 17 years of experience working in over 17 over years 17 of years experience of experience working in so see for details and other fi nancing options. Available at participating dealers. Prices and models may vary dealer. For consumer use only. will be charged to to Service, call 406-263-2581. HoursHours Service, call 406-263-2581. John Deere dealerships in parts both parts John Deere dealerships in parts both parts John Deere John Deere dealerships dealerships ininparts both inparts both parts your account from the purchase at 17.9% if the purchase balance notinpaid full within 12 months or ifaccount your account is otherwise in default. John Deere dealerships in both John Deere dealerships in both John Deere John Deere dealerships dealerships in both both parts your account from the purchase date atdate 17.9% APR. ifAPR. the purchase balance is not ispaid full in within 12 months or if your is otherwise in default. and service related roles. Roger is related very and service related roles. Roger isand very service and service roles. roles. Roger isisvery and service related roles. Roger isrelated very and service related roles. Roger isand very service and service related related roles. Roger roles.Roger Roger is very veryis very Roger grew up in Kenmare, NDright and has knowledgeable in fi nding the right part knowledgeable in fi nding the part knowledgeable knowledgeable in fi nding in fi nding the right the part right part Roger grew up in Kenmare, ND and has finding the right knowledgeable inknowledgeable finding the rightin part knowledgeable knowledgeable in fipart nding in finding the right thepart right part over 17 right years of experience working in andright the right solution to limit down time. Roger and the service solution toservice limit down time. Roger and the and right the service right service solution solution to limit todown limit time. down time. overthe 17 years of experience working in and the solution to limit down time. Roger and right service solution toservice limit down time. Roger and the and right the service right service solution solution to limit todown limit time. down Roger time.Roger RogerRoger John Deere dealerships in both is excited to beparts aisis part ofbe the Circle community and can becommunity reached at is excited beexcited aof part ofCircle the and can reached excited excited to be ato be abe of part the of Circle theat Circle community and be reached be reached at John Deere dealerships in both parts AS THE NEW SHOP to be aisCircle part ofcommunity the Circle community and can be reached atand is excited to be to a is part the community and can reached excited excited tois atopart be abe ofpart part the of Circle theat Circle community community and can and becan can reached becan reached at at at AS THE NEW SHOP PARTS SPECIALIST TRAINEE. and service related roles. Roger is very PARTS SPECIALIST TRAINEE. 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 at the at Circle the Circle store or store 406-941-0526 or 406-941-0526 on his on mobile his mobile phone. and service related roles. Roger is very 406-485-2145 the Circle store or on406-941-0526 hisormobile phone. 406-485-2145 at the Circle storeator 406-941-0526 his mobile phone. 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 at on the406-941-0526 at Circle the Circle store or store 406-941-0526 on his on mobile his mobile phone.phone.phone. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. FOREMAN AT FES CIRCLE. knowledgeable in fiGallatin nding the right part and farming knowledgeable in fi nding the right part Raised in Three Forks, MT in a Valley ranching Raised in Three Forks, MT ininaup Gallatin Valley ranching and farming Roger grew in Kenmare, NDto and has Roger grew upservice Kenmare, NDBozeman has and right service solution limit down time. Roger Mike moved tothe Glasgow from the in 2013. Mike’s and right solution toand limit down Roger family,family, Mike moved tothe Glasgow from of the Bozeman area inarea 2013. Mike’s over 17 years experience working intime. over 17 years of experience working in is excited to be a part of the Circle community and can be reached at wife, Sheena, is employed at Irle Elementary in the Glasgow School Disis excited to be a part of the Circle community and can wife, Sheena, is employed atDeere Irle Elementary in in theboth Glasgow School Dis- be reached at John dealerships parts John Deere dealerships in both parts 406-485-2145 at the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile trict. Outside of work, Mike enjoys hunting, fishing, and generally anything 406-485-2145 athunting, the Circle storeRoger or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone.phone. trict. Outside of work, Mike enjoys fishing, and generally anything and service related roles. istovery X300 Series Mowers and service related roles. Roger is very X300 Series Mowers that involves the great outdoors. Mike looks forward further developing X500 Series Mowers that involves the greatknowledgeable outdoors. Mike looks forward further developing X500 Series Mowers Z Trak Mowers in settling finding thetothe right part Z Trak Mowers D Series Mowers knowledgeable in fi nding the right part his agriculture knowledge base & to into Glasgow community! D Series Mowers X300 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$3,335 . . $3,335X500X500 . . . . . . . . . .$6,615 his agriculture knowledge base & to settling into the Glasgow community! X300 . . . . . . . . . . . . .$6,615 Zero Turn Mower and the right service solution to limit down time. Roger Zero Turn Mower and thereached right service to limit down time. Roger Mikebecan be atGlasgow, FESsolution Glasgow, at 406-228-2496. For After . . $4,190X530X530 $1,499 HP deck 42” deckX304X304 . . .$7,050 Mike can reached at FES at 406-228-2496. For After . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$4,190 D105D105 $1,499 17.5 17.5 HP 42” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$7,050 is406-263-2499. excited to be aofpart ofCircle the Circle community andbecan be reached at Z235 . . . . . . . . .$2,499 . . $2,499 Hours Parts, call is excited to be a part the community and can reached at Z235 . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4,399X534. $1,699 HP deck 42” deckX310X310 Hours Parts, call 406-263-2499. X534. . . $7,775 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$4,399 D110D110 $1,699 19.5 19.5 HP 42” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $7,775 Z255 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$2,999 . . $2,999 406-485-2145 atCircle the Circle store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Z255 . . . AS THE AS THE NEW NEW LEAD LEAD PARTS PARTS 406-485-2145 at the store or 406-941-0526 on his mobile phone. X320 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,720 X540 . . . . . . . . . . .$8,175 ASLEAD THE NEW PARTS AS THE NEW PARTS AS LEAD THE AS THE NEW NEW LEADLEAD PARTS PARTS D125 $1,799 20.0 HP 42” deckX320 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,720

TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD TODD SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN SHERMAN TODD TODD ROGER ATSPECIALIST FESAT FES SPECIALIST AT FES SPECIALIST AT AT FES ROGER BORUD SPECIALIST ATBORUD FES SPECIALIST AT SPECIALIST FES SPECIALIST SPECIALIST AT FES FES SHERMAN AS THE NEW SHOP SHERMAN CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. AS THE NEW SHOP CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. ASFOREMAN THE LEAD PARTS AT FES CIRCLE. ASFOREMAN THE NEWNEW LEAD PARTS AT FES CIRCLE. TODD TODD SPECIALIST AT FES SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. CULBERTSON. SHERMAN SHERMAN

X540 . . . . . . . . . . .$8,175 D125 $1,799 20.0 HP 42” deck . . $3,899 Z425Z425 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$3,899 . . $5,150 $1,899 HP deck 48” deckX324X324 . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$5,150 - 54” mower deck D130D130 $1,899 22.0 22.0 HP 48” Z445 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,799 54” mower deck Z445 . . . . . . . . . . . $4,799 . . $6,250 - 25-hp V-Twin, air-cooled, John Deere . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$6,250 $1,999 HP deck 48” deckX360X360 - 25-hp V-Twin, air-cooled, John Deere D140D140 $1,999 22.0 22.0 HP 48” Z465 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$5,499 . . $5,499 Z465 . . . iTorque” Power System (which provides 17-hp V-twin air-cooled John Deere iTorque” iTorque” Power System (which provides - 17-hp V-twin air-cooled John Deere iTorque” $2,599 HP deck 48” deck Z645 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,099 more lugging ability, full pressure Power System (which provides more D160D160 $2,599 24.0 24.0 HP 48” Z645 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,099 more lugging ability, full pressure Power System (which provides more lubrication, cooling, and durability) full pressure lubrication lubrication, $2,799 HP deck 54” decklugginglugging Z655 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .$6,299 . . $6,299 even even cooling, and durability) ability,ability, full pressure lubrication D170D170 $2,799 26.0 26.0 HP 54” Z655 . . . even cooling, and durability) provides excellent even cooling, and durability) provides excellent powerpower and and Z665 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,499 provides excellent power and performance, performance, easy starts and smooth Z665 . . . . . . . . . . . $6,499 - Horsepower ranges 17.5 performance, easy starts and smooth - Horsepower ranges 17.5 to 26to 26 provides excellent power and performance,

Todd previously worked the Culbertson Todd previously forCulbertson the Culbertson Todd Todd previously worked worked for the Culbertson the Culbertson Toddworked previously worked forpreviously theforCulbertson Todd previously worked for the Todd previously Todd previously worked worked for the for Culbertson thefor Culbertson Implement and Sales Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Implement Implement and Farm and Equipment Farm Equipment Sales Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement Implement and Farm and Equipment Farm Equipment Sales Sales grew up in Kenmare, NDhas andover has17 over 17 years of experience RogerRoger grew up in Kenmare, ND and years of experience Parts Departments for over 11 years, and Parts Departments for11 over 11 years, and Parts Departments Parts Departments for over for11 over years, 11 years, and and Parts Departments for over 11 years, and Parts Departments for over years, and Parts Departments Parts Departments for over for 11 over years, 11 years, and and working in John Deere dealerships in both parts and service related roles. working in John Deerehas dealerships in after bothhas parts and service related roles. easy starts and smooth operation. - Briggs & Stratton V-Twin, air-cooled operation. - 5 speed transmissions returned after seven years away. returned seven years away. has returned has returned after seven after seven years away. years away. easy starts and smooth operation. - Briggs & Stratton V-Twin, air-cooled engineengine operation. - 5 speed transmissions to to has returned after seven years away. hasknowledgeable returnedinafter years away. has returned has returned after seven after seven years away. years away. very inseven finding thepart right part and the right service -Touch” Twin Touch” auto transmission - 5gallon U.S. gallon fuel tank RogerRoger is veryisknowledgeable finding the right and the right service - Heavy-duty pump and wheel-motor drive automatic 2-pedal transmission Twin auto transmission 5 U.S. fuel tank Todd previously worked for the Culbertson Heavy-duty pump and wheel-motor drive automatic 2-pedal transmission Todd and his wife Joni, the Assistant Toddhis and his wifeand Joni, the Assistant Todd and Todd his and wife histhe Joni, wife the Joni, Assistant the Assistant Todd previously worked forhis the Culbertson - Tight 16-inch provides Twin Touch automatic transmission Todd wife Joni, the Assistant Todd and wife Joni, the Assistant solution limit time. down time. Todd and Todd his and wife his Joni, wife Joni, Assistant the Assistant for durability extra durability andlife; long life; turningturning radiusradius provides - Single throttle/choke - Twin- Touch automatic transmission Foot Footsystemsystem solution to limittodown for extra and long AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS - Single leverlever throttle/choke on on - Tight 16-inch Implement and Farm Equipment Sales excellent maneuverability and improved operated traction assist locks rear AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Manager for Dry Prairie Rural Water, Manager for Dry Prairie Rural Water, Manager Manager for Dry for Prairie Dry Prairie Rural Water, Rural Water, Implement and Farm Equipment Sales excellent maneuverability and improved operated traction assist locks rear is excited be aof part theforCircle community and can - Kanzaki pump; Parker wheel motors Manager DryManager Prairie Rural Water, Manager Dry Prairie Rural Water, all Series 100 Series Models Manager forcan Dry for Prairie DrybePrairie Rural Water, Rural Water, RogerRoger is excited to befor atoDepartments part theof Circle community and be all 100 Models mowing performance wheels together for increased traction - Kanzaki pump; Parker wheel motors Parts for over 11 years, and mowing performance wheels together for increased traction make their home in Culbertson. Their make their home in Culbertson. Their make their make home their in home in Culbertson. - Large 13-inch front caster wheels - Ignition switch and mower Parts Departments for over 11 years, and SPECIALIST AT FES reached at 406-485-2145 atCircle Circle store or on his make their home in 406-941-0526 Culbertson. Their make theirathome inthe Culbertson. Their make their make home their in home Culbertson. inCulbertson. Culbertson. Their Their Their Their - Edge Xtra Cutting System Large 13-inch front caster wheels for a for a - Ignition switch and mower Low-effort manual steering provides a SPECIALIST AT FES reached at 406-485-2145 the store or 406-941-0526 on his Edge Xtra Cutting System - Low-effort manual steering provides a has returned after seven years away. engagement controls arethe on the smoother ride; 22-inch large 22-inch drivefor tires for -available Also available 42-inch Edge Xtra mower tight 22-inch daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, daughter, Kayla, Kayla, lives inin lives Billings inthis Billings and will and graduate will graduate this summer this summer has returned after seven years away. tight 22-inch turning radius and excellent engagement controls are on smoother ride; large drive tires Also 42-inch Edge Xtra mower daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate summer daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer daughter, daughter, Kayla, Kayla, lives in lives Billings Billings and will and graduate will graduate this summer this summer turning radius and excellent mobilemobile phone.phone. CULBERTSON. dash for ease of use better traction and slope performance deck or 42-inch Edge mulching mower deck CULBERTSON. maneuverability Toddhis and hisJoni, wifeBlanco Joni,Assistant the Assistant dash for ease of use better traction and slope performance deck or 42-inch Edge mulching mower deck from the Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is from the Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is from the from Blanco the Blanco Blanco Blanco school school of cosmetology. of cosmetology. Their son, Their Lane, son, is Lane, is maneuverability Todd and wife the fromworked the Blanco Blanco school ofBlanco cosmetology. son, Lane,Their is son, from the Blanco Blanco school offrom cosmetology. son, Lane,school isTheir the from Blanco the Their Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. of cosmetology. TheirLane, son, is Lane, is Todd previously for the Culbertson Todd previously worked for theRural Culbertson Manager for DryFreshman Prairie Water, completing his year of study inof Civil Engineering at in MSU completing his year ofFreshman study inEngineering Civil Engineering at MSU completing completing his Freshman his year of year study ofatin study Civil Engineering Civil Engineering at at MSU Manager forhis Dry Prairie Rural Water, GLASGOW: PLENTYWOOD: PLENTYWOOD: CULBERTSON: CULBERTSON: CIRCLE: CIRCLE: completing his Freshman year of study in year Civil Engineering MSU completing Freshman year of study in Civil atFreshman MSU completing completing his Freshman his Freshman year study of in study Civil in Engineering Civil Engineering at MSU atMSU MSU GLASGOW: Implement and Farm Equipment Sales Implement and Equipment Sales make theirFarm home in be Culbertson. Their Bozeman. Todd can be reached at :406-787-6201 FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or406-787-6201 on 406-787-6201 Todd can reached at :reached FES Culbertson orCulbertson on Bozeman. Bozeman. Todd can Todd be can reached beor:reached at : :FES atCulbertson : FESorCulbertson or on or on makeBozeman. their home in Culbertson. Their (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 Bozeman. Todd can be at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 on Bozeman. Todd can be reached at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 on Bozeman. Bozeman. Todd can Todd be can reached be reached at FES at FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 or on or on (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 Parts Departments forin over 11LEAD years, andPARTS Parts Departments forin over 11 years, and AS THE NEW daughter, Kayla, lives Billings and will graduate this summer Salesmen: AS THE NEW LEAD PARTS Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: daughter, Kayla, lives Billings and will graduate this summer his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile his mobile phone phone 406-480-3384 406-480-3384 Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: Salesmen: his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 his mobile his mobile phone phone 406-480-3384 406-480-3384 has returned after seven years away. has seven yearsschool away. MIKE, SHAD fromBlanco theafter Blanco Blanco of cosmetology. son, Lane, is MIKE, SHAD fromreturned the Blanco school ofAssistant cosmetology. Their Their son, Lane, is SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. DJ DJ MIKEMIKE or or MIKE, MIKE, ROBROB SPECIALIST AT FES CULBERTSON. Todd and his wife Joni, the or OLE Todd and his wife Joni, the Assistant completing his Freshman year of study in Civil Engineering at MSU LUKE COEL or WADE or OLE completing hisfor Freshman yearRural of study in Civil and Engineering at MSU LUKE COEL or WADE Todd previously worked for the Culbertson Implement Manager Dry Prairie Water, Todd previously worked for Culbertson Implement and Culbertson Farm Farm Manager for Drythe Prairie Rural Water, Bozeman. Todd be reached at Culbertson : FES 406-787-6201 Bozeman. Todd can becan reached at :years, FES 406-787-6201 or on or on Equipment Sales Parts Departments for over 11 and has returned make their home in Culbertson. Their Equipment Salesmake Partshis Departments for over 11 years, and has returned their homephone in Culbertson. Their mobile 406-480-3384 hisyears mobile phone 406-480-3384 after seven away. Todd and hisJoni, wife Joni,Assistant the Assistant Manag-this summer after seven years away. Todd and his wife the Managdaughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer Dry Prairie Rural Water, make their home in Culbertson. Their Behind X500-X700 Z TRAC D Series Series er for er DryforPrairie Rural Water, make their home in Culbertson. Their WalkWalk Behind X500-X700 Z TRAC fromBlanco the Blanco Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is D Series X300X300 Series from the Blanco school of cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is daughter, Kayla, lives in Billings and will graduate this summer from the Mowers Mowers daughter, Kayla, lives completing in Billings andhiswillFreshman graduate this summer from the Engineering at MSU Mowers Mowers Mowers Mowers Mowers year of study in Civil Mowers Mowers Mowers completing his Freshman year ofLane, study incompleting Civil Engineering at MSU School of Cosmetology. Their son, Lane, is completing BlancoBlanco BlancoBlanco School of Cosmetology. Their son, 54275 HWY 2 East 804 East Ave 21 West 2nd St. Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 804 Aveis 21 West 2nd St. Hwy 200 54275 HWY 54275 221st East HWY 2Hwy East 804 East 804 1st East Ave 1st Ave200 21 West 21 2nd West St. 2nd200 St. Hwy 200 Hwy East 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East East 804 East 1st Ave 21 West 2nd St. Hwy East 54275 HWY 2 East 804 East 1st Ave 1st 21 West 2nd St. 200 54275 HWY 54275 2 East HWY East 804 East 804 1st East Ave 1st Ave 21 West 21 2nd West St. 2nd St. Hwy Hwy East 200 East Bozeman. Todd can be reached at : FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or on ASAS LOW AS Bozeman. can be reached at FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or on his Freshman ofMTTodd study in59230 Civil Engineering at MSU Bozeman. ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS ASAS LOW AS Glasgow, MT:MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 MT Circle, Glasgow, MT Plentywood, 59254 Culbertson, MTMT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, Glasgow, MT 59230 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT MT Culbertson, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 MT Circle, 59215 MT 59215 AS LOW his Freshman year ofyear study in Civil Engineering at MSU Bozeman. AS LOW AS LOW AS LOW AS LOW Glasgow, MTMT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, 59230 Plentywood, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT Glasgow, Glasgow, MT 59230 MT 59230 Plentywood, Plentywood, MT59215 59254 MT59254 Culbertson, 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 MT59218 Circle, 59218 MT Circle, 59215 MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 $90.00 $160.00 $195.00 $205.00 $175.00 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 Toddbecan be reached at: FES406-228-2496 Culbertson 406-787-6201 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 $90.00 $160.00 $195.00 $205.00 $175.00 his mobile phone 406-480-3384 Todd can reached at: FES Culbertson 406-787-6201 or406-228-2496 on or hison his406-765-1531 406-480-3384. mobilemobile phonephone 406-480-3384.

TODD SHERMAN TODD SHERMAN

FARMEQUIPMENT EQUIPMENTSALES SALES FARM

SPRING MOWER SERVICE SPECIALS! SPRING MOWER SERVICE SPECIALS!

54275 HWY 2 East804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St.Hwy 200 East Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201

54275 HWY 2 East804 East 804 West Hwy 200 East 54275 HWY 2 East 1stEast Ave1st Ave 21 West21 2nd St. 2nd St.Hwy 200 East Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 Glasgow, MT 59230 Plentywood, MT 59254 Culbertson, MT 59218 Circle, MT 59215 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145 406-228-2496 406-765-1531 406-787-6201 406-485-2145

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE Change Change engineengine Oil Oil Check mower Drive Belts Check mower Drive Belts Linkage Adjustment CheckCheck Linkage Adjustment Sharpen Blades Sharpen Blades Underside of Deck Clean Clean Underside of Deck

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

INSPECTION & SERVICE INSPECTION & SERVICE

air Clean underside deck Check/tighten engine Oil Clean & Filterunderside (X465, X475, X485) or replace clamps airclamps (X465, of deck ofCheck/tighten Blades Blades Change Change Change Change engine oilengine oilSharpenSharpen engine Oil & Filter X485) or replace Change Change engine oilengine oilSharpenSharpen intake &systems cooling systemsX475, Checkdrive mower filter mower Check/tighten Replace spark plugsCheck tire & cooling Check tire pressure intake beltdrive belt Replace Replace engine oilengine filter oilCheck Check/tighten loose loose blades Replace spark plugs Replace spark plugs pressure Change engine oil & filter blades Replace spark plugs Cleandeck mower deck (if equipped) Clean mower Change oil & filter (if equipped) hardwarehardware (2WD) (2WD) Cleancooling enginefins cooling fins engine Replace Clean underside air filter air filter Clean engine & leveldeck mowerReplace deck Replace Clean/replace filter &Check Clean/level Replace fuel filter fuel filter Clean/level of deck of deck Replace Replace air filter air filter Clean underside level mower Clean/replace air filter air Check mowing mowing Check/Clean battery & elements, both foam(air cooled) (air cooled) Check/Clean Check and adjust mower precleaner battery & deck & check tire elements, both foam Check tire pressure elements, bothCheck foamtire Check and adjust mower precleaner deck & check tire safety systems pressure elements, both foam systems belt tension and paper. and paper. air filter element Clean fins radiator fins safety pressure deck beltdeck tension Replace Replace air filter element Lubricate Clean radiator Cleancooling engine cooling and paper Clean engine spindles,spindles, pivots, pivots, pressure (3-in-1 deck) Cleancooling enginefins cooling (3-in-1 fins deck) and paper Clean engine (liquid cooled)Lubricate Sharpen Sharpen blades blades Replace Replace fuel filterfuel filter & cylinder& cylinder (liquid cooled) Check and adjust mower fins (air cooled) Replace fuel filter fuel filter Cleanfins, radiator fins,Replace Replace Change paper air cleaner Check and adjust mower Check mower fins (air cooled) Replace fuel filter fuel filter Check mower belt Clean radiator Tighten clamps radiator clamps Change paper air cleaner belt deckbrakes spindle brakes spark plugs deck spindle Tighten radiator element Check mower belt Replace Replace spark plugs screens screens (3-in-1 deck) SharpenSharpen Cleanterminals battery terminals(3-in-1 deck) (liquid cooled)element Replace spark plugs & check fan belt Check mower belt Blades Blades Clean battery (liquid cooled)

Replace spark plugs & check fan belt See Travis In See See Bruce In See In Scott In See Travis In See Jim InJim In See Bruce In See Scott GLASGOW PLENTYWOOD CULBERTSON CIRCLE GLASGOW PLENTYWOOD CULBERTSON CIRCLE 54275 HWY 2 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE 21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 54275 HWY 2 EAST 804 EAST 1ST AVENUE 21 W. 2ND STREET HWY 200 EAST EAST (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201 (406) 485-2145 (406) 485-2145 (406) 228-2496 (406) 765-1531 (406) 787-6201

FARMEQUIPMENT EQUIPMENTSALES SALES FARM

knowledge, further said that she beliewed or ranch without restrictions – unless it’s Labor’s proposed rules will destroy job opFOR HI-LINE & RANCH FORFARM HI-LINE FARM & RANCH “conservation programs will be awill large their parents’ place. place. portunities for young damage the “conservation programs bepart a large part their parents’ portunities forpeople youngand people and damage the What’s going happen thewith Farmthe Farm What’stogoing to with happen with reductions in Conservation aunts, economy. of the cuts, with reductions in Conservation“That leaves “Thatout leaves outuncles, aunts, granduncles, grand-nation’s nation’s economy. Bill andBill the Department of Labor’s over- over-of the cuts, and the Department of Labor’s Hi-Line Hi-Line ProgramProgram land. There land inisHi-Line CRP parents, parents, or even or having neighbor kid overkid over“The Department of Labor’s reasoning land.isHi-Line There land in CRP evenahaving a neighbor “The Department of Labor’s reasoning reach onreach “childonlabor” hotwere topics “childwere labor” hot topics ReserveReserve Hi-Line Hi-Line that isn’tthat erodible and should evennot be even be to help stack hay bales,” Thatcher. new policies is that kids likekids me,like me, isn’t erodible andnot should to help stack hay notes bales,” notes Thatcher.for thesefor these new policies is that during June the Montana Farm Bureau during the Montana Farm ConvenBureau ConvenJune 2014 2014 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com part of the There may be some cuts proposed rules kids under under 16, lack cognitive ability toability to June June 2014 partprogram. of the program. There may be some“Under cuts the “Under the proposed rules kidsthe under thethe onesthe ones under 16, lack cognitive tion Nov. 6-9Nov. in2014 Missoula. American Farm Farm June June 2014 www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com tion 6-9 in2014 Missoula. American www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com lands programs. Right now there age of 16 wouldn’t be able to milk performperform these tasks. working in working lands programs. Right now there age of 16 wouldn’t bebale ablehay, to bale hay, milk theseI have tasks.been I have been working Bureau Public Mary Kay BureauPolicy PublicDirector Policy Director Mary Kayin working are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves orcalves suckling with animals, operating machinery and rid- and ridare 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn or suckling with animals, operating machinery ThatcherThatcher covered covered the ever-changing infor- inforthe ever-changing has longhas been a proponent of combining even or rideeven a horse gathertocattle. ing horses my life suddenly my age my age long been a proponent of combiningpiglets, or piglets, ride to a horse gather cattle. ingall horses all and my life and suddenly mation about Farmthe Bill. mationtheabout Farm Bill. them.ofI suspect when thewhen dust the dust FarmersFarmers and ranchers need to speak and up and is what determines my ‘cognitive ability,’”ability,’” them. I that suspect that and ranchers need toupspeak is what determines my ‘cognitive Although the so-called congressional Although the so-called congressionalsome ofsome will be five say howsay outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. clears, there willor beless fiveprograms.” or less programs.” how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “Super Committee” after theafter convention “Super Committee” the conventionclears, there explained a FarM proposal for comlations.gov to file onUsers the rule.” Prince ofout.” the work agwork kids ag kids The Tongue River Association in orsaid going out.” explained proposal for comlations.gov to fileWater comments onUsers the rule.” Prince said because of the Thecomments Tongue River Water Association inbecause or going For hi-line & aranCh failed tofailed cometo upcome with up a deficit For hi-line FarM & ranCh with areduction deficit reduction ThatcherThatcher A gathering of WIFEof(Women InvolvedInvolved room, atroom, the back of the main dining andarea,ent are welcome. Please share A gathering WIFE (Women at the back of the mainarea, dining andmembers ent members are welcome. Pleasetheshare the programs, noting that the cuts, Even youth who would be affected do at a young have a strong work has a the contract with DNRC for 40,000 A at local trucking business has asprung modity programs, noting that the cuts,agriEven youth who would be affected do aage, young age, they have strong work up. has a the contract with DNRC foracre-feet 40,000 acre-feet Athey local trucking business hasup. sprung plan as some expected, its earlier to cut does irrigation do forwith Montana’s agriplan as some expected, itsidea earlier idea tomodity cut What What does irrigation do forwith Montana’s ConTinueD FroM PaGe 8 ConTinueD FroM PaGe 8 in Farm Economics) members – past and members will order from the menu. information with other members. No letters in Farm Economics) members – past and members will order from the menu. information with other members. No letters if cultural it’s done right, there canathere still beaatrip safety these arelaws speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and responsibility. of stored for irrigation. Art Hayes Jr., needed toneeded purchase customized trail- trailif economy? it’s done right, can still be a safety bylaws these are for speaking out.Art During ethic,also resourcefulness and ofwater stored water irrigation. Hayes Jr., Hirsch Hirsch also toresponsibility. purchase customized $23 billion of the Take trip down thedown Tongue $23out billion outUSDA of thebudget USDAdrew budget drew cultural economy? Take the by Tongue present – will take place on Saturday, June Bring your memories, pictures, mementoes will be sent. present – will take place on Saturday, June Bring your memories, pictures, mementoes will be sent. 2014. Another 95,000 acres that used to 2014. Another 95,000 acres that used to netRiver for agriculture. the President Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s a time when country isare battling of the Water Users Association, says“In says ers“In and and there 2 or is 3are families in the in the netRiver for where agriculture. the President Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s a trucks, time when our and country battling of the Water Users Association, comments from Thatcher. ersour and trucks, there 2 or 3 families Valley, find about 25,000 comments from Thatcher. Valley,you’ll where you’ll find about 25,000 Motor Inn in Wolf Point and planand to reminisce. To RSVP, Wanda 406-77314,Sherman at the Sherman Motor Inn in Wolf Point plan to reminisce. Tocall RSVP, call Zuroff WandaatZuroff at 406-773be enrolled will continue to operate as be enrolled will continue to operate as 14, at the Another topicalong ofacres discussion the was DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince unemployment, a struggling economy and reservoir operations are managed by afrom commitAnother topic of discussion the DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince unemployment, struggling economy and area providing thesea services. reservoir operations are managed by afrom commit“Agriculture is definitely going togoing be takarea providing these services. irrigated acres itsalong 190-mile length. “Agriculture is definitely to be takirrigated itswas 190-mile length. a.m. While this gathering is focused on the on5825 at 406-785-4731, or e-mailor e-mail 10:30 a.m. While this gathering is focused the or Shirley 5825 orBall Shirley Ball at 406-785-4731, they were enrolled, show- show- at 10:30 at theystill were still enrolled, partment of Labor’s proposed restrictions on Drummond hadthat a lot to asay on exact generation unmotivated youth, our govtee that includes himself, DNRC, representapartment of Labor’s restrictions on Drummond had lot to that sayaDNRC, on thata exact generation ofdollar unmotivated youth, our gov“Aofdollar turns over about seven times here,” ing a good ofshare cuts,”ofshe said.she “Howtee includes himself, representa“A turns over about seven times here,”though though With 130 frost-free days proposed per year,per high qualingshare a good cuts,” said. “HowWith 130 frost-free days year, high qualA no-host lunch will be will in the Northeast MontanaMontana area, allarea, past all andpast preswiz@midrivers.com or sball@nemont.net A no-host lunch bebanquet in the banquet Northeast and preswiz@midrivers.com or sball@nemont.net ing thating thethat landowners believe believe in the in the the landowners children working in agriculture. Under subject. ernment is going un-employ thousands of tive from thefrom Bureau IndianofAffairs, member children working infeatures agriculture. Under subject. istogoing to un-employ thousands of heernment says. ever, it’sever, better deal with thiswith nowthis in this tive theof Bureau Indian aAffairs, a member he says. ity soils, andsoils, a climate hot the days it’stobetter to deal now in this ity and athat climate that features hot the days benefits, Berkeley said. benefits, Berkeley said. rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t proposed rules, youth under the age of 16 “I am only 12 years old and I help run the hard-working individuals? That just doesn’t of the Northern Cheyenne Indian tribe, and one John Hamilton is a local innovator. “This committee than waiting until next year.” of the Northern Cheyenne Indian tribe, and one John Hamilton is a local innovator. “This committee than waiting until next year.”proposed and warm nights, growing conditions are nearly and warm nights, growing conditions are nearly have a good of idea how of how Biologists have aidea good would not beCalifornia’s able any onlabor a farm ranch that has beenhas in my overfor over make area sense. I area hope the Department of Labor would not to bedo able tolabor do any on Valley. a farm ranch that beenfamily in myfor family make sense. Iabout hope the Department of Labor at-large member. grows just anything you can you grow in grow in Biologists Thatcher, basing her comments on current at-large member. grows just about anything can Thatcher, basing her comments on current identical to San Joaquin Valley. identical California’s San Joaquin Stop Stop by and with with us us by visit and visit grouse in Montana, but many sage live grouse live in Montana, but 140any years,” in his speech up and California,” realizes thathe kids who start 140 Prince years,” Prince said in his speech wakes up he andsays. realizes that kids whoit,start Art’s great-grandfather came to that the Tongue California,” To prove it, Hamilton in Art’ssaid great-grandfather came to that thewakes Tongue says. To prove Hamilton in many sage Apples, pears, melons, squash –squash just about any Apples, pears, melons, – just about they cannot give an give exactanpopulation they cannot exact population won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are won him second place in the junior division. working long before turning 16 years old are River Valley in 1884, and two years later was 2007 designed an orchard with 105 fruit trees. River Valley in 1884, and two years later was 2007 designed an orchard with 105 fruit trees. crop grown in the Golden State can be grown crop grown in the Golden State can be grown aboutabout your your Spring Needs Spring Needs to partfirst ofato the agricultural the ones who are not standing in apples, the unem“I remain plan to aremain part ofcattle the agricultural the ones who are not standing incherries, the unemestimate. among the first settlers bring into the into growing plums, pears, among the settlers to bring cattle theHe’s He’s growing plums, pears, apples, cherries, estimate. here. There’s vineyard in Miles in City. here. aThere’s a vineyard Miles City. “I plan * Fertilizers * Fertilizers industry and hope to continue my involveployment line peaches. by the industry and to continue involveployment lineage by of the25.” age of 25.” They doThey know popu- popuregion. He also made one of the earliest dofrom knowmonitoring from monitoring peaches. region. Hehope also made one ofmy thewater earliest water “We have an image says Johnsays John “We have anproblem,” image problem,” ment in my family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button issues during the conment in my family’s ranching operation. It Other hot button issues during the conright claims. lation trends that sage grouse numbers “I’m growing about 25 different varieties of right claims. lation trends that sage grouse numbers “I’m growing about 25 different varieties of Hamilton, whose thriving new orchard includes Hamilton, whose thriving new orchard includes * Soil *Sampling Soil Sampling scares me torealized think my future career and the and were–the proposal tomid move Yellowscares me think my future career the apples vention were proposal to move Yellow“He nobody was going to going survive early, mid and late season varieties,” “Heto realized nobody was to vention survive Berkeley said. Sage apples –the early, and late season varieties,” are declining, 25 varieties of apples.of“People think of eastern are declining, Berkeley said. Sage 25 varieties apples. “People think of eastern *Chemicals *Chemicals future offuture myhere family’s ranch may besays on the stone National ParkHamilton. bison to four locations ofirrigation,” my family’s ranch may be on the stone National Park bison to four locations here without says Art. “Our family says Hamilton. “This year it was phenomenal. without irrigation,” Art. “Our family says “This year it was phenomenal. grouse used MontanaMontana as a wasteland. They don’t realize to used live in states, states, as a wasteland. They don’twhat realize what grouse to 11 livewestern in 11 western line has today.” aroundSome Montana, risk and line has today.” around Montana, management quite a few of athe early water rights.” ofSome the Honeycrisp apples weighed half quite few of the early water rights.” ofmanagement the risk Honeycrisp applesand weighed half but theybut down here.” have down here.” have disappeared from more they have disappeared from more *Seed*Seed & Seed Treatments & Seed Treatmentswe havewe Prince believes theBrown Department ofCattle Company planning. Prince believes the Department ofoper-estate estate tax planning. Today Hayes’ Cattle Company atax pound This wasThis my first of full Today Hayes’ Brown operaeach. pound each. was year my first year of full It all starts with the with DNRC-owned Tongue Tongue It all starts the DNRC-owned than 50than percent of theirof historic range range 50 percent their historic We are dealer for forRiver Reservoir, Weyour are your dealer 500 of which irproduction.” ates onacres, 10,000 acres, 500 ofproduce which produce irproduction.” which stores 56,000 of atesofon 10,000 River Reservoir, which storesacre-feet 56,000 acre-feet over theover pastthe several decades.decades. past several rigated alfalfa hay. A portion of the crop feeds his Hamilton is known in Miles City as The rigated alfalfa hay. A portion of the crop feeds his Hamilton is known in Miles City as The water. A major upgrade of the dam was comwater. A major upgrade of the dam was com“Even though it (population numbers) “Even though it (population numbers) seedseed corn corn & alfalfa & alfalfa pleted in 1999. The work included adding four cows andcows the remainder is sold. Aistypical Watermelon Man. “AMan. lot of“A people here out here and the remainder sold. Adryland typical dryland Watermelon lot ofout people pleted in 1999. The work included adding four seems like a basic have,toit’s seems like athing basictothing have, it’s © © – Round-Up ReadyReady Varieties – – Round-Up Varieties – to the alfalfa yield is 1-2 tons per tons acre;per irrigated, the tasted vine-ripened fruit,” hefruit,” says. he says. very complicated alfalfa yield is 1-2 acre; irrigated, thehave never have never tasted vine-ripened feet height theCHEVROLET structure, which added feet toCHEVROLET theofheight of the structure, which added and notand easily very complicated notattaineasily attainyield rises to 7-10 “There’s“There’s no comparison to a watermelon you yield risestons. to 7-10 tons. no comparison to a watermelon you able, Berkeley 20,000 acre-feet of water of storage. 20,000 acre-feet water storage. said. “Lek able, Berkeley said.counts “Lek monitor counts monitor In 2013,In agriculture in the Tongue Valbuy at the supermarket. Those are picked 2013, agriculture in the River Tongue River Valbuy at the supermarket. Those aregreen picked green population trends and canand detect population trends canchanges detect changes ley was analyzed by Montana State University’s and theyand ripen during Mine areMine picked ley was analyzed by Montana State University’s they ripentransport. during transport. are pickedin populations, All In One Convenient Location. but a more All In One Convenient Location. in populations, but aintensive more intensive Agricultural Marketing Policy Center. ripe and ripe soldand fresh offfresh the truck.” Agricultural Marketing Policy Center. sold off the truck.” FOR SALE: researchresearch effort iseffort needed to estimate FOR SALE: is needed to estimate 228-2571 440–Hwy 2 W–Hwy ~228-2571 Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds 440 2 W ~ Glasgow ~440 Across from Fairgrounds Highway #2Highway W. • Glasgow “Agriculture in the valley produces $22 mil#2 W. • Glasgow He also raises squash, cantaloupe, and pumpGMCGlasgow “Agriculture in the valley produces $22 milHe also raises squash, cantaloupe, and pump-population GMCGlasgow size. FWP is in the process population size. FWP is in the process 2009 JD 4895 SWATHER. 2009 JD 4895 SWATHER. Across from Fairgrounds from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ Across 406-228-4381 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 Sales: Gilbert – 263-2571 Sales: Gilbert – 263-2571 lion in revenue each year,” says Hayes, 40 “andkins. a fixture the Miles City Farmer’s lion in revenue each year,” says“and Hayes, 40 He’s kins. He’s aatfixture at the Miles City Farmer’s of designing Certified Certified this type of study with thewith the 406-228-9326 of designing this type of study 406-228-9326 16 Foot 895 HDR. 330 Engine 16 Foot 895 HDR. 330 Engine Family owned byowned the 1-800-255-1472 Newton Family by the•Boys Newton Boys percent of that production comes from irrigated Market. Market. percent of that production comes from irrigated Josh Josh – 785-7006 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 – 785-7006 • 406-228-4381 University of Montana.” University of Montana.” Service Service Hrs. LIKE NEW CONDITION. Hrs. LIKE NEW CONDITION. Rent A Car Rent A Car Auto Parts & Parts Repair Auto &Center Repair Center See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted FamilyAndy, owned byowned theKenny Newton See Doug, Terry, orBoys Ted Boys Family by the Newton land, even though one-sixth of the total acrecrops arecrops grown ir- with irland, evenit’s though it’s one-sixth of the total acre-All of Hamilton’s All of Hamilton’s arewith grown Goosey,Goosey, who is about begintohis who istoabout begin his Your Customer OwnedOwned Co-op Co-op Your Customer - Two- Two Airplanes & Three Ground Rigs Rigs Airplanes & Three Ground Call 406-963-2239. Call 406-963-2239. age.” age.” rigation water. rigation water. third field season, said he said will he collect third field season, will collect Alfalfa hay is thehay most prevalent crop, ac-crop, ac- “You can“You get by for one for one Alfalfa is the most prevalent canwithout get by irrigation without irrigation insects insects and spiders from classic sage sage and spiders from classic countingcounting for $5.5 for to 7$5.5 million the valley’s says. he “The other 19 other years19 years to 7of million of the valley’sin twentyinyears,” twentyhe years,” says. “The All GPS Equipped And And Ready To Help You In Your BusyBusy Spraying Season All GPS Equipped Ready To Help You In Your Spraying Season grouse habitat – the rolling hills around grouse habitat – the rolling hills around annual gross revenues. Les Hirsch thistakes thisyou’ll getyou’ll nothing. We can regulate the flow the to flow to annual gross revenues. Lestakes Hirsch get nothing. We can regulate Roundup and Lewistown where sage Roundup and Lewistown where sage abundantabundant local resource and turnsand it into a valuewhere we get irrigation water allwater summer. It’s a It’s a local resource turns it into a valuewhere we get irrigation all summer. brush, juniper trees and different types types brush, juniper trees and different added product pellets livestock. system we have.” added –feed product –feedfor pellets for livestock. tremendous tremendous system we have.” of bunch grass grow. of bunch grass grow. FarmersFarmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers He got interested in making alfalfa alfalfaOn his Cedar Ranch, also Elevator in Glasgow has answers He got interested in pelletized making pelletized On hisHills Cedar HillsHamilton Ranch, Hamilton also -Two Two-Two Airplanes & Three Three Ground Two Airplanes & Three Three Ground Airplanes & Ground Rigs Rigs Airplanes & Ground collectscollects insects insects and spiders He mostly and spiders 14 years ago. “I knew that if we could find a way raises cattle and grows spring wheat, barley and 14 years ago. “I knew that if we could find a way raises cattle and grows spring wheat, barley and He mostly to yourtofeed, grain, grain marketing and your feed, grain, grain marketing and on private property, but he sometimes on private property, but he sometimes to put it into pellets, couldwe add valueadd andvalue not andalfalfa. to put it intowe pellets, could not alfalfa. agronomy questions. We have full line works on public generally sets a sets a agronomy questions. Wea have a full line works on land. publicHeland. He generally be so dependent on the sale round soils, wonderful grass, wonderful AllGPS GPS Equipped AndAnd Ready ToHelp Help YouIn In Your BusyBusy Spraying Season be so dependent on of thea sale of bale.” a round bale.” “Wonderful “Wonderful soils, wonderful grass, wonderful AllGPS GPS Equipped And Ready ToHelp Help You InYour Your Busy Spraying Season All Equipped And Ready To You Your Busy Spraying Season All Equipped Ready To You In Spraying Season total of 60 traps (10 traps in six pastures) total of 60 traps (10 traps in six pastures) Hirsch grows about 1,200-1,500 tons of water,” Hamilton says. “We have some incredof feedof products and a knowledgeable Hirsch grows about 1,200-1,500 tons of water,” Hamilton says. “We have some incredfeed products and a knowledgeable sweeps per visitper with hiswith his and 600 makes 600 sweeps visit alfalfa each yeareach on 320 acres. Heacres. He ibly valuable natural resources in this valley.” alfalfa yearirrigated on 320 irrigated ibly valuable natural resources in this valley.” and makes team ofteam feedof consultants ready to helptoyou feed consultants ready help you nets (100 sweeps per pasture). His field nets (100 sweeps per pasture). His field purchases additional alfalfa from local farms water users areusers determined to keep to keep purchases additional alfalfa from local farms All threeAll three water are determined PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein with your nutrition needs. needs. FarmersFarmers Elevator provides essential withlivestock your livestock nutrition Elevator provides essential season runs from May through early early season runslate from late May through and ranches, along with dried shelled thepeas; the things that way.that They sayThey energy in and ranches, along with driedpeas; shelled things way. saydevelopment energy development in Ted Welchlin Roy Mehling Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Mehling Opheim grouse nesting. July,sage when sage are grouse are nesting. peas, richpeas, in protein, combined with alfalfa theto Tongue watershed impacts water qualrich in are protein, are combined withtoalfalfa the River Tongue River watershed impacts water qual-July, when suppliessupplies to the Hi-Line and rural Call usCall at 228-4422. to the Hi-Line andAmerica. rural America. us at 228-4422. Peerless 406-893-4398 Home:Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 His MSU are Kevin Hiscollaborators MSU collaborators are Kevin make themake pellets. year, he purchases about about ity and threatens the valley’s theEach pellets. Each year, he purchases ity and threatens the vibrant valley’seconomy. vibrant economy. We areWe hereareforhere you.for you. an entomologist in the Dean entomologist in the De50,000 bushels peas within 60-milea radius Water discharged from coalbed drilling drillingO’Neill,O’Neill, 50,000 of bushels of peasa within 60-mile radius Water discharged from methane coalbed methane Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 of LandofResources and Envipartment Land Resources and Enviof his farm. “It’s great forgreat the local economy,” containscontains elevatedelevated sodium levels. says it says partment of his farm. “It’s for the local economy,” sodiumHamilton levels. Hamilton it Sciences, Greg Johnson, a ronmental Sciences, Greg Johnson, a he says. he says. doesn’t take much to much disrupttosoil productivity. doesn’t take disrupt soil productivity. ronmental 1st Ave.1st North Ave. North PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein PRO Coop Mehling Spraying Service Tim Stenglein entomologist in the DepartTri StateTri Alfalfa pelletized feed Jeff Winkler these arecrops sensitive to salt. to salt. veterinary veterinary entomologist in the DepartStateCubes Alfalfasells Cubes sells pelletized feed “A lot of“A Jeff Winkler lot crops of these are sensitive Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 across northern Wyoming and the northern tier We’ve always highhad quality in water the in the ment ofment Animal and Range across northern Wyoming and the northern tier We’vehad always highwater quality of Animal and Sciences, Range Sciences, Ted Welchlin RoyMehling Mehling Opheim Ted Welchlin RoyMehling Mehling Opheim Opheim Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Opheim Ted Welchlin Roy Opheim Fertilizer Plant • 228-2571 Fertilizer Plant • 228-2571 of Montana. “It’s turned a product fits that fits Tongue River until energy With With and research of Montana. “It’sinto turned into a that product associate Marni Rolston in Tongue River untildevelopment. energy development. and research associate Marni Rolston in Peerless 406-893-4398 Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 Home:Home: 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 Peerless 406-893-4398 406-747-3021 406-762-3231 the marketplace,” says Hirsch. family naturallynaturally occurringoccurring salts in the ecosystem, you the marketplace,” says“Our Hirsch. “Ourbusifamily busisalts in the ecosystem, you animal animal and range GooseyGoosey said. said. andsciences, range sciences, Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 ness has ness grown salesinto of 7,000 tons per tons year.”per year.” start adding little more andmore you and can you tip the hasinto grown sales of 7,000 Cell 406-724-7171 startaadding a little can tip the MSU undergraduate Cell406-724-7500 406-724-7171 EmmettEmmett Wester Wester of MSU undergraduate of Cell 406-724-7500 Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Cell Cell: 406-480-5907 Cell 406-724-7272 Les has lived andlived worked thealong Tongue balance.” Saturday Les has and along worked the Tongue balance.” - Saturday 215 4th St S.4th 215 St S. Monday -Monday Livingston and graduate student student Sean Sean Livingston and graduate 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 8:30 a.m. to has 5:00been p.m. MT says Glasgow, MT River hisRiver entirehis life. For life. the past he years hasGlasgow, the balance has already entire For 25 theyears past 25 he hasHayes Hayes says the balance already been McKenzie from San Francisco also have McKenzie from San Francisco also have Jeff Winkler JeffHubbard Winkler Open Sundays -Sundays Noon toof Openof - Noon to at Kent Hubbard Kent also served vice-chair of the Tongue higher levels salinity. “We’re alsoasserved as vice-chair of the River Tongue Rivertipped toward tipped4:00 toward higher levels salinity. “We’re athelped Hayes Jeff Winkler Jeff Winkler with field work in the past. helped Hayes with field work in the past. p.m. through Christmas 4:00 p.m. through Christmas (406) 228-9363 (406) 228-9363 Water Users Association. the pointthe now where needwe a strong Water Users Association. Opheim point nowwe where need aflushing strong flushing Opheim Richland Richland GooseyGoosey will give a full his on his will givereport a fullon report Opheim Opheim “My mother before the dam the came flow each spring mitigate it.” “Myremembers mother remembers before dam came flow eachtospring to mitigate it.” findingsfindings when hewhen completes his study. he completes hisIn study. In 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 406-762-3231 406-762-3231 in, without storage were several 21 water21 projects supportssupports the meantime, in, any without anythere storage there wereyears several yearsEach of DNRC’s Each of DNRC’s water projects Berkeley said a prethe meantime, Berkeley said a preCell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-230-0920 Cell that producers ran out ofran irrigation water,” he economy. IrrigationIrrigation water generthat producers out of irrigation water,” hean agricultural an agricultural economy. water gener-liminaryliminary Cell 406-724-7171 Cell 406-230-0920 406-724-7171 look suggests that sage grouse look suggests that sage grouse says. “Around here we’d probably get one cutates direct economic benefits by directly says. “Around here we’d probably get one cutates direct economic benefits by increasdirectly increas-benefit benefit from SGI grazing systems.systems. from SGI grazing ting of alfalfa With it, we getit, we ing / or value of value some of crops, ting ofwithout alfalfa irrigation. without irrigation. With get the supply ing theand supply and / or someand crops, and GooseyGoosey added that taller added thatgrass tallerprograss proKent Hubbard Kent Hubbard Kent Hubbard three.” three.” in the process jobs andjobs income. And Kent Hubbard in the generating process generating and income. And vides better the nesting sage sage videscover betterfor cover for the nesting Richland Richland Hirsch’sHirsch’s businessbusiness has led tohas further like the Tongue Valley, all most irrigationled toeconomic further economic like the River Tongue Rivermost Valley, all irrigation-grouse and Richland more insects insects and Richland grouse andabundant more abundant and 440 Highway 2 West2•West Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds 440 Highway • Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds development in the area. driven economies produce produce a ripple or multiplier development in the area. driven economies a ripple or multiplierspiders spiders 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 for sagefor grouse The sage chicks. grouse chicks. The 406-724-3353 406-724-3353 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 “We buy“We 12 semi-loads of binderoftobinder make to makeeffect, making overall buy 12 semi-loads effect, the making theimpact overalllarger: impactfarmers larger: farmerschicks rely upon insects and spiders chicks relythe upon the insects and spiders Cell406-230-0920 406-230-0920 Cell406-230-0920 406-230-0920 our pellets,” he says. he “We buy“We a lotbuy of diesel fuel spend a portion their income our pellets,” says. a lot of dieseland fuelranchers and ranchers spend aof portion of their on income onthe first three or four weeks after hatchFamilyFamily ownedowned by the by Newton Boys! Boys! the Newton Cell Cell the first three or four weeks after hatchfacility. In any given year goods and services in the local area, supporting run our production facility. In any given year goods and services in the local area, supporting See Doug, Andy, Andy, Terry, Terry, KennyKenny or Ted!or Ted! Rent A CarRent A Car to run ourtoproduction See Doug, ing. ing. we’ve got 425 semi loads of loads ingredients coming coming local businesses and theirand workers. we’ve got 425 semi of ingredients local businesses their workers.

FARM RANCH FARM &&RANCH FARM & RANCH

10 10 10

add Water: irrigation makes allall TheThe difference add Water: irrigation makes difference AG AG PARTNERS LLCLLCJustJust PARTNERS

7

7

7

SageSage Grouse Grouse Resarch Resarch

FARM &&RANCH FARM & RANCH FARM RANCH

WIFE Members, PastPast AndAnd Present, To Gather JuneJune 14 In14Wolf Point WIFE Members, Present, To Gather In Wolf Point

ToTo Better Serve Our Customers Better Serve Our Customers

Has Teamed Has Teamed To Better Serve Our Customers Better Serve Our Customers ToTo Better Serve Our To Better Serve Our

UpUp With With Has Teamed Has Teamed UpUp With With

NEWTON MOTORS, INCINC NEWTON MOTORS,

NEWTON MOTORS, NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEW & USED TRUCKS & CARS NEW & USED TRUCKS &INC. CARS NEW & USED CARS NEW & USED CARS

AG All PARTNERS LLCConvenient AG In PARTNERS LLC One Convenient Location All In One Location

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Aerial andand Ground Application Aerial Ground Application

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Attention Ranchers: Attention Ranchers:

Contact PROPRO Coop Or Our Partners Contact Coop Or Our Partners Aerial andand Ground Application Aerial and Ground Application Aerial and Ground Application - Up- Up Aerial Ground Application To Line To Line All Your Fungicide and and Deficating Needs All Your Fungicide Deficating Needs Contact PRO Coop Or Our Our Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Our Our Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Partners Contact PRO Coop Or Partners ToLine Line Up Up ToLine Line Up To Up To AllYour Your Fungicide andand Deficating Needs Desiccating Needs AllYour Your Fungicide and Deficating Needs Desiccating Needs All Fungicide and Deficating Needs All Fungicide Deficating Needs

Farmers Elevator Farmers Elevator

PRO Coop PRO Coop

Seasons Greetings! Seasons Greetings! NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEWTON MOTORS, INC. NEWNEW & USED TRUCKS ANDAND CARS & USED TRUCKS CARS All In Convenient Location AllOne In One Convenient Location

Mehling Spraying Service Mehling Spraying Service

Tim Stenglein Tim Stenglein

SPORTS & & SPORTS WESTERN WESTERN

Peerless Peerlessl 893-4398 893-4398

l l Richland Richland 724-3353 724-3353

l Opheim Opheim l 762-3231 762-3231

FourFour Buttes l Buttes 783-5519 783-5519

June 2014 June 2014 2014 66 6 June

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM RANCH FARM && RANCH FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews.com

FARM & RANCH FARM && RANCH FARM RANCH

peatedly goals, so their self-esteem • Reduced • Reduced activity pleasure in usualingness ingness to initiate contact the community peatedly meetmeet theirtheir goals, so their self-esteem activity and and pleasure in usual to initiate contact withwith the community deci-stays istays high. is important because activities: “Doing anything is just muchresource resource (“How do you about seeking high. ThisThis is important because the theactivities: “Doing anything is just too too much (“How do you feel feel about seeking helphelp greater conďŹ dence, the more likely an effort.â€? person/agency?â€?) greater youryour conďŹ dence, the more likely you youof anofeffort.â€? fromfrom this this person/agency?â€?) n,sion,are to areuse to use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t anyone 6. Where the person or family is unwilling available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t wantwant anyone to to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling td and SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel so lonely.â€? to take initiative or where is some SUCCESSFUL STRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel so lonely.â€? to take the the initiative or where therther is some Those successful stress manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems,danger danger if action is taken, not taken, should Those whowho are are successful stress managproblems: Sleeping problems, if action is not you you should taketake y,t say,ers: ers: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: decreased sexual interest, headaches. the initiative: ’t .. I ... • Are • Are self-aware. Know strengths, • Guilt • Guilt esteem: all my CallCall agency to speak to the self-aware. Know youryour strengths, and and low low self self esteem: “It’s“It’s all my the the agency and and ask ask to speak to the skills, weaknesses. Know is impor-fault,â€? fault,â€? “I should be punished.â€? intake worker (if there is one). skills, and and weaknesses. Know whatwhat is impor“I should be punished.â€? intake worker (if there is one). to you. Know where going. Signs of suicidal intent include: Identify yourself relationship tant tant to you. Know where you you are are going. Set Set Signs of suicidal intent include: Identify yourself and and youryour relationship withwith toll it itpriorities priorities Never off more • Anxiety or depression: Severe, intensethe person the person or family. and and plan.plan. Never bite bite off more thanthan • Anxiety or depression: Severe, intense or family. ns ofyou you of chew. down ondemands the demands madefeelings feelings of anxiety or depression. the person’s or famcan can chew. Cut Cut down on the made of anxiety or depression. StateState whatwhat you you thinkthink the person’s or famon you in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn,ily’sily’s needs (needs immediate protection on you untiluntil you you feel feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn, needs are are (needs immediate protection i-indi- • Are • Are relaxed. walks. Spend alone, of friends supports. suicidal needs an appointment relaxed. TakeTake walks. Spend timetime on onalone, lacklack of friends and and supports. fromfrom suicidal acts,acts, needs an appointment for for LORELLE BERkELEy MSU NEWS SERVICE BERkELEy / MSU/ NEWS SERVICE more e hobbies. hobbies. to others. naps. • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of completecounseling, counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). LORELLE TalkTalk to others. TakeTake naps. PrayPray or or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). in demand: Four male sage grouse tryattract to attract the lone female sage grouse at left. in demand: Four male sage grouse try to the lone female sage grouse at left. Three e meditate. meditate. Read Breathe deeply powerlessness, a hopeless feeling. the person’s or famRead for for fun.fun. Breathe deeply and andpowerlessness, a hopeless feeling. StateState whatwhat you you thinkthink the person’s or famne arecount count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link needs (needs immediate protection to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link be- be-ily’sily’s needs are are (needs immediate protection ighly y involved. Draw on several sources tween alcoholism suicide. suicidal needs an appointment • Are• Are involved. Draw on several sources of oftween alcoholism and and suicide. fromfrom suicidal acts,acts, needs an appointment for for ave a apersonal personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). nities. s. and and recreation. previous attempts of low to high lethality. Provide agency background recreation. previous attempts of low to high lethality. Provide the the agency withwith background in- inng of • Are of • Are active productive. Make things • Suicidal • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constantformation formation (name, address phone; active and and productive. Make things plan: Frequent or constant (name, address and and phone; age age and and ength h happen. happen. Practice stress management duringthoughts thoughts a speciďŹ c in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; Practice stress management during withwith a speciďŹ c planplan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any any pers, crickets, butterflies, moths and ants.withwith the Montana Department of Fish, By evelyn pers, crickets, butterflies, moths ants.informathe Montana Department of Fish, urage By help: evelyn Boswell e goodgood times. right, exercise, Cries for Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of;and further and and bad bad times. Eat Eat right, exercise, and and Cries for help: Making a Boswell will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informaSome will fall into the plastic drinking Wildlife and Parks. Goosey’s project Msu news serviCe Some will fall into the plastic drinking Wildlife and Parks. Goosey’s project and and Msu news serviCe nd the e get enough get enough sleep. • sions away, making statements as “I’mtiontion as called sleep. • sions away, making statements suchsuch as “I’m as called for).for). other scientific studies have been orgacups he buries up to the rims. Others will Armed with butterfly nets and red Solo other scientific studies have been orgacups he buries up to the rims. Others will Armed with butterfly nets and red Solo • Use support. Develop friend-calling calling it quits,â€? or “Maybe my family would AskAsk the agency follow-up action • Use and and givegive support. Develop friendit quits,â€? or “Maybe my family would the agency whatwhat follow-up action theythey get caught up in the nets he sweeps across nized to help analyze the effectiveness cups, Hayes Goosey will soon return to get caught up in the nets he sweeps across nized to help analyze the effectiveness of of cups, Hayes Goosey will soon return to satthatshipsships for help comfort during periods be better off without will take: for help and and comfort during periods of ofbe better off without me.â€?me.â€? will take: sage brush and grass. the Sage Grouse Initiative (SGI), a fedcentral Montana to capture more insects sage brush and grass. the Sage Grouse Initiative (SGI), a fedcentral Montana to capture more insects ccess. s. stress. stress. HOW TO REFER A PERSON FOR HELP • When they actthe on the referral? HOW TO REFER Ashare PERSON HELP • When williswill they act on referral? Goosey conducting a four-year program administered by Natural the Natural spiders that theFOR range with sage Goosey is conducting a four-year eraleral program administered by the and and spiders that share theagencies range with sage ye life • Spend • Spend time with the family. Talk to each 1. Be aware of the and resources • Who will be the person for you toofcontactResources Conservation Service. The goal time with the family. Talk to each grouse. 1.grouse. Be aware of the agencies and resources study • Who the person for you toofcontact study ofwill thebeabundance diversity of the abundance and and diversity Resources Conservation Service. The goal e theotherother really listen. Express appreciationavailable available in your community - rewhat later ifand necessary? and and really listen. Express appreciation in Montana your community - what services later ifand necessary? insects spiders in Montana’sis toisevaluate to evaluate grazing a management State University re-services insects spiders thatthat livelive in Montana’s grazing as aas management TheThe Montana State University there e for each for each often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will beOne theOne cost thesage service (attool otherother often. they offer and what their limitations are. • What will be the cost ofseveral the service (attool for maintaining or improving grouse territory. ofofseveral sage searcher watch for rattlesnakes the rattlesnakes sagesage for maintaining or improving sagesage grouse territory. of searcher willwill watch for the of is his • Think • Think positively. Encourage an overridingthat 2. have Listen for signs and symptoms that fee/sliding scale)? positively. Encourage an overriding 2.that Listen signs andgaiters, symptoms fee/sliding scale)? grouse research projects across the west- grouse grouse habitat. him wearing but hethat exgrouse research projects across the westhabitat. have himfor wearing gaiters, but he exsense things for the the or family needs help which • you DoStates, you need toanything anything to com-“We’re sense that that things willwill workwork out out for the best,best,the person family needs helpgrasshopwhich you you • DoUnited need to do elseelse to com“We’re all looking for ways to keep States, his is a collaboration pects toorcatch beetles, spiders, grasshopall looking for ways to keep the the ern ern United his is ado collaboration pects toperson catch beetles, spiders, ae-life-no matter no matter happens. Know eventscan’tcan’t provide, ďŹ nancial, or personalpleteplete the referral? grouse population healthy so they whatwhat happens. Know thatthat events provide, i.e., i.e., ďŹ nancial, legallegal or personal the referral? sagesage grouse population healthy so they don’t become included on Endanthe Endanehaverarely rarely destroy people--it is people’s reactionscounseling. counseling. 7. Make the person or family referdon’t become included on the destroy people--it is people’s reactions 7. Make suresure the person or family and and referit Species List,â€? Goosey “Once l, all,to events Species List,â€? Goosey said.said. “Once to events cause the problems. 3. Assess agency or community ral agency connect get together. Make onegered that that cause the problems. 3. Assess whatwhat agency or community re- re-ral agency connect and and get together. Make onegered a species is on the list, it creates a lot of a species is on the list, it creates a lot of ehave SIGNSSIGNS OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL INTENT source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if regulatory burden on agriculture, energy regulatory burden on agriculture, energy ene?â€? â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. The greater the number of signs or symp- the person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. sportsmen. Keeping the birds and and eveneven sportsmen. Keeping the birds off off ed oldtomstoms a ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss 4. Discuss referral person Roubie Younkin, MSU Extension a ranch or farm family is experiencing, the the referral withwith the the person or or Roubie Younkin, an an MSU Extension the list is good for the grouse and good the list is good for the grouse and good est justthe greater the greater concern should be.addition, In addition,family family sounds/looks are feelingagent agent in Valley County, compiled youryour concern should be. In (“It (“It sounds/looks like like you you are feeling in Valley County, compiled thisthis re- re-for people using the land.â€? for people using the land.â€? â€? if family if family members are exhibiting the follow-_____. _____. I think _____ could Extension sources. members are exhibiting the followI think _____ could helphelp you you dealdeal withwithportport fromfrom Extension sources. SheShe cancan be beAs part As part of SGI, the SGI, Montana ranchers of the Montana ranchers ntrol, l, ing signs ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, situation.â€?) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ of depression or suicidal intent, it is it isyouryour situation.â€?) reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ can voluntarily sign three-year concan voluntarily sign three-year conuryourimportant important connect profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s that that you you connect themthem withwith profesthe individual’s or family’s will-will-valleycountymt.net. valleycountymt.net. tracts. to keep livestock tracts. TheThe goalgoal is toiskeep livestock on on ears? ? sional sional as soon as possible. helphelp as soon as possible. All All criescries for for the landscape grouse determine the landscape withwith grouse and and determine goalshelphelp ls should be taken seriously. should be taken seriously. grazing systems be modified howhow grazing systems can can be modified to to . • Signs of depression include: • Signs of depression include: improve habitat for grouse, FWP improve habitat for grouse, saidsaid FWP Re- Rentwant • Appearance: • Appearance: movements, Sad Sad face,face, slowslow movements, search Wildlife Biologist Lorelle Berkesearch Wildlife Biologist Lorelle BerkePeerless Peerless ojects ts unkempt unkempt look. ley. Landowners must change the timing look. ley. Landowners must change the timing 893-4398 893-4398 eople of grazing every so that grass e • Unhappy feelings: Feeling hopeless, of grazing every year,year, so that grass has has a a • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad,sad, hopeless, ically chance to reproduce and set seed in some y discouraged, chance to reproduce and set seed in some discouraged, listless. listless. Richland Richland years. This allows vegetation to recover goalsyears. This allows vegetation to recover s• Negative thoughts: a failure,â€? • Negative thoughts: “I’m“I’m a failure,â€? “I’m“I’m 724-3353 724-3353 grazing provide more cover fromfrom grazing and and provide more cover for for rs re-no good,â€? eno good,â€? cares.â€? “No“No one one cares.â€? SE"WF4t(MBTHPX .5 SE"WF4t(MBTHPX .5

nelson, koenig, fahlgren auctions featured may; top selling mcrae Bull goes for $16,000 nelson, koenig, fahlgren auctions featured inin may; top selling mcrae Bull goes for $16,000

By Bonnie DaviDson one one day,day, MayMay 8. 8. By Bonnie DaviDson Koenig Angus Ranch, of WinGlasGow Courier Koenig RedRed Angus Ranch, of WinThe The GlasGow Courier its fifth annual It was an exciting season for buyers nett,nett, heldheld its fifth annual salesale and and soldsold It was an exciting season for buyers 38 bulls an average of $3,013. sellers at Glasgow the Glasgow Stockyards 38 bulls at anataverage of $3,013. TheThe and and sellers at the Stockyards in $4,750, the top bullbull tooktook in $4,750, and and the top 10 10 bullbull salessales this this year.year. TheThe top top bullbull soldsold top top averaged at $4,060. Thirty for $16,000 in April during the McRaes'bullsbulls averaged at $4,060. Thirty red red for $16,000 in April during the McRaes' Angus heifers averaged $1,394, annual production auction for their Angus heifers averaged $1,394, withwith the the annual production auction for their heifer bringing in $1,570. Angus Ranch in Jordan. heifer bringing in $1,570. Big Big DryDry Angus Ranch in Jordan. TheThe top top Fahlgren Angus, of Glasgow remaining three didn’t Fahlgren Angus, of Glasgow had had its its remaining three locallocal bullbull salessales didn’t annual auction 20 bulls catch prices as high, a good thirdthird annual auction and and soldsold 20 bulls at at catch prices as high, but but it’s it’s stillstill a good an average of $3,518. a seller of bulls. an average of $3,518. TheThe top top bullbull soldsold yearyear to betoabe seller of bulls. for $5,000, the top averwork of Nelson the Nelson Ranch, for $5,000, and and the top fivefive bullsbulls averTheThe hardhard work of the Ranch, at $4,540. of Glasgow, brought an average agedaged at $4,540. of Glasgow, brought an average salesale wrapped up the for the price of $3,670 forbulls 67 bulls on their bullbull salessales wrapped up for price of $3,670 for 67 on their bullbull TheThe season prices remaining strong place 1. The withwith prices remaining strong and and salesale thatthat tooktook place MayMay 1. The top top bullbull season steady in beef the beef market. brought in $5,750, the top ten av- steady in the market. brought in $5,750, withwith the top ten avAn increase in demand for export eraging at $4,925. Heifers between An increase in demand for export eraging at $4,925. Heifers soldsold between of beef, a combination of drought $2,575 $2,950. of beef, withwith a combination of drought $2,575 and and $2,950. lowering the supply, caused of season the season at the lowering the supply, has has caused beefbeef TheThe last last bullbull salesale of the at the prices to remain high. Glasgow Stockyards to remain high. Glasgow Stockyards had had two two salessales on on prices

agegg rousecc ountry:tt hess tudy ssage rouse ountry: he tudy

offer a full WeWe offer a full lineline of of research research aims keep grouse Population healthy, off endangered List aims toto keep grouse Population healthy, off endangered List Printing Services! AgAg Printing Services!

Catalogs tt BullBull SaleSale Catalogs Auction Posters tt Auction Posters Letterhead & Envelopes tt Letterhead & Envelopes Livestock Record Sheets tt Livestock Record Sheets Business Cards tt Business Cards Spreadsheets tt Spreadsheets YouYou CanCan Actually Write Actually Write On On Even Labels tt Even Labels ForFor YourYour Pickle Jars! Really! Pickle Jars! Really!

LOWEST PRICES LOWEST PRICES ININ VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY VALLEY

ror o F F s s U CaClal lUl eseCrCorpop lusl u P P r r u YoYuo eeededCrCorpop Sl S l i i O O && ses e c c i i r r PP

Stan Man CallCall Stan TheThe Man at at 406-228-9301 406-228-9301

WeWe putput a a little magic little magic in in everything everything we we do!do!

MOTORS,INC INC MOTORS,

NMOTORS, MOTORS, INC. INC. DTRUCKS TRUCKS &CARS CARS &More We’re Than A Newspaper! We’re More Than A Newspaper!

1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Opheim 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless Richland • •Opheim ••Buying Four Buttes Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes Opheim • Richland • •Opheim Four Buttes ••Richland Opheim Four Buttes tPeerless Grain Feed Seed t and tPeerless Grain Feed Seed t••Buying and 762-3231 762-3231 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 -724-3353 724-3353 -Merchandising 762-3231 - 783-5519 893-4398 762-3231 893-4398 -724-3353 762-3231 -783-5519 783-5519 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 - -783-5519 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 t Fertilizer Merchandising Grain t Fertilizer Grain FourFour t Ag Chemicals t Agronomist t Ag Chemicals t Agronomist Buttes Buttes t(SBJO'FFE4FFE t(SBJO'FFE4FFE t Petroleum Services t Petroleum Services 783-5519 783-5519

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

That’sAAWrap: Wrap:Bullish BullishSale SaleSeason SeasonEnds EndsAtAtGlasgow GlasgowStockyards Stockyards That’s

ILYSTRESS STRESSISISINEVITABLE, INEVITABLE,BUT BUTITS ITSTOLL TOLLISISNOT NOT LY

atat CourierPrinting Printing Courier Glasgow ininGlasgow

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

11June 11 June 2014 2014 June 2014 11

grouse. grouse. “This improves habitat,� Berkeley “This improves habitat,� Berkeley “It has shown managed said.said. “It has beenbeen shown thatthat managed grazing result in habitat benefits grazing can can result in habitat benefits for for multiple species.� multiple species.� More 108,000 acres in Montana More thanthan 108,000 acres in Montana are enrolled in SGI grazing plans are enrolled in SGI grazing plans for for ConTinueD on PaGe ConTinueD on PaGe 7 7

• t'FSUJMJ[FS GrainFeed FeedSeed Seed • t'FSUJMJ[FS Grain &USED USED CARS CARS The Glasgow Courier • t"H$IFNJDBMT The Glasgow Courier • t"H$IFNJDBMT Fertilizer Fertilizer CHEVROLET CHEVROLET you’re reaDinG hi-line FarM & ranCh – THE aG MonThly norTheasT & norTh CenTral MonTana you’re reaDinG hi-line FarM & ranCh – THE aG MonThly ForFor norTheasT & norTh CenTral MonTana Serving Proudly The Voice Of Valley County Serving Proudly As TheAsVoice Of Valley County Since Since 1913 1913 • t1FUSPMFVN AgChemicals Chemicals • t1FUSPMFVN Ag Convenient Location. onvenient Location • t#VZJOH onvenient Location. nvenient Location • t#VZJOH Petroleum Petroleum

Glasgow Stockyards, Inc. Glasgow Stockyards, Inc.

BONNIE DAVIDSON THE GLASGOW COURIER BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE/GLASGOW COURIER

Pat olson rounds up bulls atGlasgow the Glasgow stockyards the nelson ranch production Pat olson rounds up bulls at the stockyards afterafter the nelson ranch production sale sale May May 1. 1. Selling Private Treaty at the Ranch Selling Private Treaty at the Ranch

Registered Commercial Registered oror Commercial BULLS BULLS

We provide you with a choice. and atake and you We provide you with a choice. ComeCome and take looka look and you will top findquality top quality yetwill youalso will find also very find very reasonwill find bulls,bulls, yet you reasonable prices. Our bulls are grass raised hayWe fed.raise We raise able prices. Our bulls are grass raised - hay -fed. themthem honest to provide bull won’t that won’t fall apart on you. honest to provide a bulla that fall apart on you.

Ranch Ranch s s u u g g n AAn

Brown Brown

BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACK ANGUS BULLS

at InďŹ nity Angus Ranch at InďŹ nity Angus Ranch InďŹ nity Angus InďŹ nity Angus

June 2014 June 2014

July 2014 July 2014

Thursday, June Thursday, June 5 5

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 3 3

All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

4BUVSEBZ +VOFtQN 4BUVSEBZ +VOFtQN

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 10 10

Rod Rust Apartments Property Auction Rod Rust Apartments Property Auction & 206A Street, Oie Addition, Scobey, 202, 202, 204 &204 206A Street, Oie Addition, Scobey, Mt. Mt.

All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Cow/Calf Pair Special All Class Auction Cow/Calf Pair Special & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, June Thursday, June 19 19 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, June Thursday, June 26 26 PreDry 4thCow Dry Special Cow Special Auction Pre 4th Auction All Class Auction & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Ranch Ranch

+$64.26 +58 +58 +106+106 +$64.26 -1.7 -1.7

InďŹ nitys Upward 2300 InďŹ nitys InďŹ nitys Answer 2700 owned InďŹ nitys Upward 2300 Answer 2700 owned Hilltop Angus withwith Hilltop Angus Edwin Miner Edwin Miner Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Trojan 8245 BDAR New Day Y100 semen available semen available

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 17 17 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 24 24 NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, Thursday, JulyJuly 31 31 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

August 2014 August 2014 Thursday, August Thursday, August 7 7

Hilltop Alliance 9205 Hilltop Alliance 9205

By Private Treaty at the ranch By Private Treaty at the ranch 15 miles south of Peerless, 15 miles south of Peerless, MT MT Private Treaty By By Private Treaty Edwin Miner Edwin Miner at Haaland the ranch 15 miles at Haaland the ranch 15 miles Dr. Monica Dr. Monica $BEEF south of Peerless, 893-7788 • home 893-4456 south of Peerless, MT MT BW BWWN WNYR YR$BEEF cell cell 893-7788 • home 893-4456

Monica Haaland Dr. Dr. Monica Haaland 893-7788 cellcell 893-7788 home 893-4456 home 893-4456

SERVING SERVING AREAAREA âœŻ âœŻ 2014 2014 PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK Y!EARS! FORY68 EARS Summer Schedule FOR 68 Summer Schedule 1946 1946 - 2014- 2014 June – July – August June – July – August

Thursday, June Thursday, June 12 12

25 miles north of Wolf Point on Hwy 25 miles north of Wolf Point on Hwy 25025038913891 • Wolf Point, MT 59201 RoadRoad 10781078 • Wolf Point, MT 59201 (going to Lustre) (going to Lustre) 406-392-5300 days, 406-392-5300 days, 406-392-5201 evenings 406-392-5201 evenings or or 406-392-7201 406-392-7201 askJason for Jason Brown ask for Brown Registered Registered BlackBlack brownangusranch@nemont.net brownangusranch@nemont.net

at at BLACK ANGUS BULLS BLACK ANGUS BULLS

& Mark Nielsen, LindaLinda & Mark Nielsen, Owners Owners Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager 263-7529 263-7529 Barnes, Manager DeanDean Barnes, Yard Yard Manager 263-1175 263-1175 Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer 783-7285 783-7285

NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, August Thursday, August 14 14 PLEASE CALL IN CONSIGNMENTS PLEASE CALL IN CONSIGNMENTS SO BUYERS BE NOTIFIED. SO BUYERS CANCAN BE NOTIFIED.

406-228-9306 406-228-9306

10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5tHTJ!OFNPOUOFU XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN

Yearling Special All Class Auction EarlyEarly Yearling Special & All &Class CattleCattle Auction

Thursday, August Thursday, August 21 21 NO AUCTION NO AUCTION

Thursday, August Thursday, August 28 28 All Class Auction All Class CattleCattle Auction

June 2014 June 2014 1212June 12 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM RANCH FARM RANCH FARM &&& RANCH

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

5 55

June 2014 June 2014 June 2014

Hi-Line Hi-Line Hi-Line

FARM& RANCH FARM &&RANCH RANCH FARM

Beef prices remain on a bull run. These bulls come out of the arena after being sold this spring at the Glasgow stockyards. Beef prices remain on a bull run. These bulls come out of the arena after being sold this spring at the Glasgow stockyards.

www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com www.havredailynews.com

BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE GLASGOW COURIER

BONNIE DAVIDSON / THE GLASGOW COURIER

Beef eefm market arketsstrong, trong,ssteady, teady,rrising ising B ripple effect Being felt With increasing Prices in the swine, Poultry & fish markets

ripple effect Being felt With increasing Prices in the swine, Poultry & fish markets

By Bonnie DaviDson local ranchers are seeing is that it's a good tana add up to $4.2 billion. While that's not GlasGow Courier year for beef. that is rise in it's the amarket alladd livestock – it also includes it's By The Bonnie DaviDson local ranchers areBut seeing that good tana up to $4.2 billion. Whilefarms that's–not hile all markets is for seeing a ripple effect poultry and all safe to say–that it's includes a big yearfarms for cattle. The GlasGow Courierhave their ups year beef. But that rise across in the market livestock it also – it's The downs, this year is ups a good is seeing swine as well. As the across demand has in-and safe report also thatyear even theThe price hileand all markets have their a ripple effect poultry to say thatshowed it's a big forwith cattle. year to be in the meat market. creased, along with the prices, consumers of beef soaring, the cost to raise livestock and downs, this year is a good swine as well. As the demand has inreport also showed that even with the price The final 2012 agin census report was have been at prices, other alternatives. alsosoaring, going up. of feed, gas and year to be the meat market. creased, alonglooking with the consumers of is beef the The costcost to raise livestock released county was on have been Whilelooking increases currently seen, the othergoing expenses havecost gone to an The final and 2012one agMontana census report was at are other alternatives. is also up. The of up feed, gasaverage and the top of one the nation forcounty beef cows. USDAincreases reported that the Economic of 47 percent.have gone up to an average released and Montana was While on While are currently seen,Rethe other expenses wasn't countyfor on beef the Hi-Line, Beaver- USDA search Servicethat (ERS) is forecasting prices are expected to continue to the ittop of thea nation cows. While reported the Economic Re-that the of 47 Beef percent. head County ranked fifth in the nation with food price inflation will range closer to the increase andare have risen 10topercent in 2014 it wasn't a county on the Hi-Line, Beaversearch Service (ERS) is forecasting that the Beef prices expected continue to 77,086 beef cows. historical normal than it did in 2013. Since so far. Another 5.5 percent to 6.5 percent head County ranked fifth in the nation with food price inflation will range closer to the increase and have risen 10 percent in 2014 the beef industry is only a portion historical 1990 grocery have risen an aver- so increase is expected in 2014. 77,086While beef cows. normalstore than prices it did in 2013. Since far. Another 5.5 percent to 6.5 percent of agriculture, it will be playing a role age of 2.8 percent each year. Swine Market While the beef industry is only a portion 1990 grocery store prices have risen an aver- increase is expected in 2014. as the usualitshopper to athe groMarket All that demand in beef with the declinof agriculture, will be heads playing role age of 2.8 percentCattle each year. Swine Market cery story to pick up a pound of beef or Droughts have caused ranchers in the ing number of cattle has caused perfect as the usual shopper heads to the groCattle Market All that demand in beef with thethe declina chicken breast for dinner. Earlier this West to cut back their herds. Cattle invenstorm for those in the meat market. The cery story to pick up a pound of beef or Droughts have caused ranchers in the ing number of cattle has caused the perfect year thebreast U.S. for Department of Agriculture tory steady decline since 1995, swine seen a steepThe climb a chicken dinner. Earlier this West to has cut seen backatheir herds. Cattle invenstorm formarket those inhas thealso meat market. (USDA) released a report that the soaring and those numbers are still dropping. The in demand. The swine market has seen year the U.S. Department of Agriculture tory has seen a steady decline since 1995, swine market has also seen a steep climb an beef prices have to do with an increase cattle supply is lower than it's been since the increase starting January of has this seen year.an The (USDA) released a report that the soaring and those numbers are still dropping. The in demand. The swine market in demand and a decrease in supply. The early 1950s. Mix that with a rise in exports price started around 79 cents per pound beef prices have to do with an increase cattle supply is lower than it's been since the increase starting January of this year. The and consumer price index has seen a 1.9 for1950s. beef, particularly to China. hasstarted gone up to $1.17 a pound. largest in demand and a decrease in supply. The early Mix that with a rise inExports exportswent price around 79 cents per The pound and percent increase from last year's levels. up 4 percent in 2013 and are expected to jump came in March with an increase consumer price index has seen a 1.9 for beef, particularly to China. Exports went has gone up to $1.17 a pound. The largestof Evenincrease restaurant purchases have seen a 2.2 up increase thisand year. more thanin31 percent. percent from last year's levels. 4 percentagain in 2013 are expected to jump came March with an increase of increase since last year. While the final ag report for 2012 is According to the USDA, ham was selling Even restaurant purchases have seen a 2.2 increase again this year. more than 31 percent. So where is all the food inflation combehind a little on what's going on now, it somewhere between $75 and $100 last year increase since last year. While the final ag report for 2012 is According to the USDA, ham was selling ing from? Several factors are contributing does show a some interesting figures. The in the Weekly National P.M. Weighted AverSo where is all the food inflation combehind a little on what's going on now, it somewhere between $75 and $100 last year to the rise in costs. One of the areas that markets for all agriculture products in Monage. The overall five year average sits being from? Several factors are contributing does show a some interesting figures. The in the Weekly National P.M. Weighted Averto the rise in costs. One of the areas that markets for all agriculture products in Monage. The overall five year average sits be-

W W

tween $70 and $85. This year started fairly normal jump,year selling as high as tween $70but andtook $85.a This started fairly $125 this spring. normal but took a jump, selling as high as you look at percentages, the $125 When this spring. increase in midWhen you pork look in at mid-March percentages,tothe April is the largest increase seen in increase in pork in mid-March to midporkisprices since increase 1996. Pork exports are April the largest seen in alsoprices increasing, with aPork rise in domestic pork since 1996. exports are demand as well. Thea Porcine Epidemic also increasing, with rise in domestic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) has also taken out demand as well. The Porcine Epidemic a small percentage of the swine supply, Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) has also taken out it's also possibly causing swinesupply, producers a small percentage of the swine to reduce their supply in order to reduce it's also possibly causing swine producers their risk. Pork prices are still forecast to reduce their supply in order to reduce to increase, the forecast ERS, by 3 their risk. Porkaccording prices aretostill percent to 4 percent this year. to increase, according to the ERS, by 3 Poultry, Alternative percent to 4Fish, percent this year.Meats Market It only makes sense thatMeats with two meat Poultry, Fish, Alternative Market markets battling supply and demand issues, It only makes sense that with two meat other markets feeland the demand ripple effect. You markets battling will supply issues, might expect to see a rise in chicken, turkey, other markets will feel the ripple effect. You fish and other alternative as consummight expect to see a rise inmeats chicken, turkey, ers try to dodge the rising costs. will fish and other alternative meats as This consumput more pressure on supply demands for ers try to dodge the rising costs. This will those raising poultry. An expected increase put more pressure on supply demands for of 3 percent to 4.5 percent is projected this those raising poultry. An expected increase year. of 3 percent to 4.5 percent is projected this year.

4

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com land measuring and all that, were developed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and it’s all shown over the years to work,” Kenck said.

Background NRCS was originally formed as the U.S. Soil Conservation Service in 1933, primarily by the urging of its first chief, Hugh Hammond Bennett, who studied and wrote and lectured about soil erosion in the late 1920s. By 1935, SCS was moved under the U.S. Department of Agriculture, largely in response to effects of the Dust Bowl era, says the NRCS website. Renamed Natural Resources Conservation Service in 1994, its mission has remained the same since first formed: to help guide decisions about conservation of the nation's soil and water resources, working “in close partnerships with farmers and ranchers, local and state governments, and other federal agencies to maintain healthy and productive working landscapes,” the website says.

■ Continued on page 13 Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Farm equipment sits idle in fields in the foothills of the Bear Paw Mountains. 2014 Montana Range Days participants, who will study similar vegetation and soils in nearby Beaver Creek Park, will learn how to identify plants and to determine the best types of vegetation to grow in different soils.

13

Hi-Line

FARM & RANCH

June 2014

Montana Range Days ■ Continued from page 4 As part of NRCS’s nationwide effort, each state has conservation districts, which generally fall along county lines and carry out natural resource management programs at the local level, working with local producers and government entities. Montana state law mandated development of conservation districts in 1939. They work under the guidance of a board comprising five elected officials and two appointed urban supervisors as well as any number of locals serving as associate supervisors. In addition to working with local producers, conservation districts work closely with other agencies, including Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, weed districts, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, agriculture associations and Montana Extension offices, to further the conservation efforts. A Range Days Committee, with members from all over the state including private ranchers and employees of the different range-related agencies, oversees general organization and administrative matters concerning the event. A booster club within the committee raises donations to help fund portions of the event tax dollars can’t cover and money for scholarship awards, Kenck said. Many of the 40-some instructors at Range Days also will come from these agencies and organizations, as well as local producers who have garnered a wealth of knowledge about local rangelands over the years, she said. “It’s the only program I’ve ever seen

where people — who don’t already work for an agency like DNRC or NRCS or Montana Extension or (other agriculture agencies) — can come and work with just a s m a l l a r my o f p e o p l e w h o a re t h e experts in their field,” said Kenck. “I think the closest thing would be if you could take college courses for free for a whole quarter. “It’s a really amazing program. It’s amazing what they teach the kids,” she added. “They learn all about soil health, key features for identifying plants and ... how to establish proper stocking rates, so when they go back home to their own farms and ranches they can try to figure out if they have too many grazing animals in a certain pasture of if they can put more out. The indicators for plant health information passed down from older ranchers to younger ranchers at home is good, but this adds a whole new level.” This second year in the Hill County Conservation District will be a change from the 2013 Range Days, which were held in the badlands just northeast of Havre, with about 250 people in attendance. “Last year out at the badlands (there were) not as many trees, not as many shrubs, more of the grasses that can handle the soil that is over there which, to me,” she said, “is maybe not as heavy i n n u t r i e n t s a n d t h e n d r i e r, s o t h a t brings in a whole different set of grass species.

■ Continued on page 14

Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Rangeland along the border of Beaver Creek Park shows equal usage on both sides of the fence. 2014 Montana Range Days participants will learn proper rangeland management to avoid overgrazing.

www.havredailynews.com

14

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

“Then you go out to the Bear Paws and we have a bigger variety of berry-producing shrubs like the service berry, lots of poplar trees, lots of odd little trees that have sprouted up all over of different types,” Kenck added. “There’s a much … larger diversity of little meadow flowers, larger diversity of grasses and, with the past couple years of heavier moisture, what is already there seems to be a little larger, which helps with identifying. It’s much easier to identify a larger robust plant.” Due to the expected increase in variety of plants, the participants’ plant lists this year are extensive, Kenck said.

June 2014

The program was developed to help preserve rangelands across Montana, and courses are held on-site in various parts of the state to give hands-on, real-world examples along with the classroom academics, said Kenck. “This is about teaching all ages the principles of healthy rangeland, how to identify all of the forbs, the flowers, the little shrubs and then all the grasses you commonly see in a rangeland,” she said. The 2014 Montana Range Days will be held south of Havre in Beaver Creek Park, using Camp Kiwanis as a base of operations and taking advantage of the variety of rangeland plants in the lower hills of the Bear Paw Mountains. While identification of the plants is a central part of the Range Days activities, participants will also learn the significance of the vegetation and be given assessment tools to take home and use on their own land or on other rangelands. “Most all of the philosophies that are taught, and the tools used to do the range-

How it works Montana Range Days is, at heart, an educational event, but it also has a competition element for those who wish to enter into that portion of the activities. To improve the educational value of Range Days participants are divided into age groups: 4-6 years old, 7-8, 9-11, 12-13, 14-19 and adult. Each age group has a curriculum geared toward their learning level with experienced instructors and support volunteers to guide them through activities. The 4- to 6-year-olds have a lot of fun range-oriented activities, as do the 7- to 8-year-olds who also will learn a short list of important range plants and start to learn about specific soils. The 9- to 11-year-old group is where the curriculum starts to get more in-depth over a broader range of topics and the opportunity for competition begins.

3

Hi-Line

Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Early spring vegetation growth in Beaver Creek Park shows hay grounds and hillier grazing areas turning green in May. The 2014 Montana Range Days will be held in the park, based at Camp Kiwanis. Participants 9 and older have a plant list to study beforehand and are tested the final day on what they learned over the two previous days. 9- to 11-year-olds start to learn about ecology and basic plant identification methods, while the 12- to 13-year-olds add plant anatomy and introduction to range sites, proper

grazing use and stocking rates. All these younger age groups have a team of instructors and staff working with them, but the 14- to 19-year-olds and the adults rotate through a series of workshops led by specialists in the areas of plant anatomy and identification, range sites and soils, plant inventory and monitoring, stocking rate and

utilization and range planning. To help participants learn all this information and prepare for the test, a plant identification practice site is set up with flagged plants from their study lists, and a display of plant pressings from a renowned private collection will be set up to give participants an in-depth look at the defining

■ Continued on page 4 Havre Daily News/Eric Seidle Cattle graze in the foothills of the Bear Paw Mountains in a pasture with vegetation similar to what 2014 Montana Range Days participants will study June 23-25. Range Days workshops are designed to teach key factors for determining the number of cattle a pasture can accommodate without harming the vegetation or soil.

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

2

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

June 23-25 Pam Burke community@havredailynews.com No rt h-c ent ra l Mon ta na you ths a nd adults, from 4 years old to 94, have one more chance June 23-25 to take advantage of a premiere rangelands educat i o n o p p o r t u n i t y w h i c h m ay n eve r return to their backyard during their lifetime. Montana Range Days is a traveling educational event, held in different conservation districts around the state for the past 38 years. Range Days stays in an area for two years in a row before moving on to the next conservation district that applies for and is granted the hosting privileges, said Hill County Conservation District Administrator Jennifer Kenck, the organizer of this year’s event in Havre. Range Days offers courses and activities covering plant and weed identification, plant anatomy, range sites and soils, range plant inventory and monitoring, stocking rate and utilization, and range planning. Havre Daily News/File photos Participants in the 2013 Montana Range Days, held in the badlands northwest of Havre, learn about plant identification.

15

Hi-Line

June 2014

features of an extensive array of plants, said Kenck. “There is a fellow by the name of Jack Norris out of Browning that has put together plant pressings for decades,” she said. “I don’t know if he’s going to make it this year, but he always has his plant collection there. It’s one of the best anyone has ever seen.” Many of the instructors will be on hand registration day to work with people at the practice site. Also that first day any participants from 4-19 who wish to do so can give an illustrated talk on any range-related topic. All ages compete in the same category, Kenck said, adding that “you’d be amazed at some of the topics.” Other competitions, both individual and team, include plant and weed collections and range displays, on-site plant anatomy and identification testing and range management testing. Many of the youth participants are FFA and 4-H members who use this opportunity to advance their learning and presentation skills, she said, as well as to advance to national competitions. Adults attending Range Days can choose to participate in as many of the workshops and in testing as they wish. They and any family members or chaperons traveling to the event can go on guided tours of Wahkpa Chu’gn Buffalo Jump, Havre Beneath the Streets, Blaine County Museum and Bear Paw Battlefield. For the Blaine County tours, North Central Montana Transit will provide a bus and local teacher and historian Jim Magera will give historical presentations on the way to and at the museum and historical site. Registration is Monday, June 23, from noon to 6 p.m. at Camp Kiwanis about 25 miles south of Havre. Starting at 1 p.m.

FARM & RANCH participants can work through the practice site or tour dalmation toadflax bio-control plots and that evening is the time for illustrated presentations. Tuesday, June 24, will have day-long instruction and the Blaine County tours. Evening entertainment includes a beef banquet and a dance. Wednesday, June 25, activities will include the testing, a youth educational program for those kids not testing and the Havre museum tours, followed by lunch and an awards ceremony. “They’re getting good information and the enrollment price is really good,” Kenck said. “I don’t know of another program out there that kids only have to pay — kids and adults — $50 per person to come for three days, have really good food, meet other people that do the same thing and take in as much information as they can absorb for those three days.” Deadline for the early registration discount is past, so the price, which includes all educational materials, three meals Tuesday and two meals Wednesday, is $55 for individuals and $110 for families. “I would just really encourage everyone to come. I know that falls right into trying to finish up the last push of field work and everything that goes with living in northern Montana, but I don’t know if this will ever come back to the area again,” she added. “I would encourage everyone to come and do it while it’s here and learn from these amazing resources that we are being blessed to bring for these three days.” For more information, contact Jennifer Kenck at the Hill County Conservation District at 406-265-6792, ext. 101 or by email Jennifer.kenck@mt.nacdnet.net or go online to www.montanarangedays.org, and click the Montana Range Days link.

www.havredailynews.com

16

Hi-Line

June 2014

FARM & RANCH

www.havredailynews.com

Natural foods retailer to farmers: Let cows graze M.L. JOHNSON COLLEEN SLEVIN Associated Press DENVER — Cows should be outside. That's the position of a Colorado-based g ro c e r y s to re c h a i n t h a t re c e n t l y announced it will carry only dairy products from farms where cows graze in pastures. Natural Grocers by Vitamin Cottage claims grazing improves the health of cows, consumers and the environment, and it hopes to expand an ongoing, national debate over how to best care for livestock. The American Grassfed Association, which helped Natural Grocers develop its rules, said it is the first retail chain to carry only pastured dairy products; many already have rules barring suppliers from such things as keeping chickens and pregnant pigs in cramped cages. But the issue isn't as straightforward as it might seem as weather prevents most farms in the United States from grazing year-round. With no clear guidelines on what qualifies as "pasture-raised," consumers paying a premium for grass-fed milk might be confused about what they are buying. And a dairy nutrition expert says he sees the store's policy as mostly a marketing gimmick. Natural Grocers was one of the first retailers in the 1990s to ban dairy products from farms that used growth hormones or excessive antibiotics, said Heather Isely, whose parents founded the business in 1955. Over time, the family decided that wasn't enough because cows that were drug- and hormone-free still might not go outside. "Consumers are buffeted with all these image of cows grazing on pasture when it comes to dairy," Isely said. "When you talk to most people, that's what comes to mind ... and we wanted to become completely transparent and lift that veil away and say, you know, that's not always the case and you really do need to take a more careful look at your dairy products." The company announced in late April that it would require all dairy products at its nearly 90 stores in western and Plains states to be made with milk from cows that grazed at least 120 days per year, mirroring federal organic standards. To be organic, cows also cannot consume hay or grain produced with genetically modified seed, pesticides or herbicides. A spokeswoman for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration

says the agency does not set standards for pasture-raised or grass-fed products, but labels cannot be misleading. Customers at a Natural Grocers store in Denver said they didn't know how much time cows typically spend outside and the limited information on labels made it hard to tell how animals were treated. Josh Milligan, who picked up a gallon of Organic Valley milk for $6.15, said he thought cows should be allowed spend every day outside, but Natural Grocers' policy was better than those of larger grocery chains. Few farms in the United States can graze animals year-round because of the weather. Snow covers northern pastures in the winter and summer heat dries those in the South. D a n Pe a rs o n c o n ve r t e d h i s d a i r y farm in River Falls, Wisconsin, to a grass-fed operation by growing extra h ay t h a t h e s t o r e s fo r w i n t e r. H e believes it is a healthier system for cows and workers because both spend more time outside. Also, he said he has become a better steward of the land because he has had to learn to grow healthy, lush grass for his 100 cows. "Healthy soils, healthy animals, healthy food and healthy people," Pearson said. But Tom Overton, a Cornell University professor who specializes in dairy cow nutrition, sees the grocery's push for pasture-raised dairy as mostly a marketing strategy. Most farmers who graze supplement their cows' diet with grain to ensure they get proper nutrition, Overton said. If they don't, the cows can produce less milk, undercutting any environmental benefit. "If it takes 15 to 20 cows to produce the same amount of milk as 10 in a different system, that makes a big difference in terms of how much manure is produced," Overton said. Overton says grazing doesn't significantly change the nutritional value of milk, but a nutritionist at the Medical College of Wisconsin says there's some science that suggests milk from pasture-fed cows has higher levels of linoleic acid, which has anti-inflammatory properties. Andrea Moosreiner said she wouldn't read too much into the studies, but thinks Natural Grocers' policy makes sense. "We are what we eat," she said, "and that goes for our livestock too."

Montana Range Days Hands-on experience on the high plains


Hi-Line Farm & Ranch ~ June 2014