Harvard Public Health Review, Winter 2011
Happiness & Health: Are good moods good medicine?
Harvard Public Health Review Winter 2011 happiness & health Are good moods good medicine? Also Inside: Biofuels from Algae Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic Alumni Winners: What They Learned During Their Careers 2010 Gift Report HARVARD School of Public Health Dean’s Message The Multiplying Effect “P hilanthropy” comes to us from the ancient The scientific insights sown at the School take root Greek word “philanthropos,” which means around the world. Whether it be the designated driver pro- “loving humankind.” gram, limiting trans fats in food, developing better treat- Loving humankind. As flowery as that may sound ment programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of today, it is the animating mission of the Harvard School of AIDS, or analyzing the effects of health reforms around the Public Health. All the work we do—from research to edu- world, research at the School is saving lives and improving cation to policy translation—has that value at its core. the health of millions. And as the School has shown, philanthropy has a Over the centuries, philanthropy has taken different proven multiplicative effect. It is an investment that pays off forms. What began as charity is now seen as a practical again and again—in the lives and dreams of individuals, in means to create a better life. Today’s idea of civic invest- the aspirations and well-being of societies. ment—in which enlightened citizens invest in a worthy This issue of the Review includes our annual reporting of those who have donated their time and their treasure to furthering the School’s mission. Their contributions help fund the training of 500 new social cause—is one that I especially like. The returns are almost incalculable: the greater good of humankind. I would like to thank all those listed in this report for your philanthropy and for your investment in the health of graduates who go out into the world each spring, fueled by the world. Together with our students, faculty, and staff, passion and knowledge, to make a difference. you are truly contributing to that greater good. Their donations finance early stages of research on an innovative idea, ultimately building a priceless scientific base. Their gifts enable the facts about “what works” in public health to find their way to key decision makers. Philanthropy’s multiplying effect can be seen at the highest echelons of global and national health policy. Six of the last 10 directors of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are HSPH alums. So is Gro Harlem Brundtland, the former prime minister of Norway, who served as director-general of the World Health Organization from 1998 to 2003. So is Suraya Dalil, acting minister of public health in Afghanistan. So are countless others ocglobal organizations, and business. 2 Harvard Public Health Review Julio Frenk Dean of the Faculty and T & G Angelopoulos Professor of Public Health and International Development, Harvard School of Public Health Kent Dayton/HSPH cupying influential positions in government, civil society, Harvard Public Health Review Winter 2011 8 Happiness & Health The biology of emotion—and what it may teach us about helping people to live longer 4 2 Dean’s Message The Multiplying Effect 4 From Pond to Pump HSPH student sees the future of energy production—and cleaner, healthier skies—in tiny green algae. 14 Also in this Issue 28 Harvard School of Public Health Annual Gift Report 2010 30 Event Highlights The Gift Report 34 Alumni 14 Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic If we can’t stop Americans from getting heavier, can we at least prevent them from getting sick with obesity-related diseases? 40 Individuals 20 Alumni Weekend 2010 54 Founders Circle 21 Shattuck International House Nurturing an Extended Family 56 Faculty, Staff, and Faculty Emeriti 22 Alumni Award of Merit Our 2010 winners offer surprising lessons from their careers. 61 Financial Highlights 46 Corporations, Foundations, and Organizations 49 Annual Giving 53 Tribute Gifts 57 Volunteers 26 The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health Launching a high-tech, global conversation Image Credits: top, Kent Dayton/HSPH; center, Daniel Aguilar/Reuters; bottom, ©Ocean/Corbis Environmental Health 4 Harvard Public Health Review B irds no longer fall dead out of the sky in Mexico City. One of the most polluted spots on Earth 20 years ago—when it was dubbed “Makesicko City” by novelist Carlos Fuentes—Mexico City is emerging from the thick blanket of smog that afflicted residents with ailments ranging from irritated eyes and headaches to asthma, heart disease, and lung cancer. Actions taken by the Mexican government to reduce emissions have been praised by international experts as a model for the rest of the developing world. But as this sprawling metropolis of 20 million people—and 4 million vehicles—continues to grow, new solutions must be found to keep it moving in a healthy and sustainable direction. Harvard School of Public Health doctoral student Ramon Sanchez, who will graduate in 2011 with a degree in environmental health, sees hope for the massive energy needs of Mexico City, and the rest of the world, in a new and sustainable source of biofuel: algae. Air Pollution: 2 million deaths yearly handle, Getty Images; pond, Kent Dayton/HSPH at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University According to the World Health Organization, air pollution causes approximately 2 million premature deaths worldwide each year. More than half of the disease burden from air pollution strikes in developing countries. WHO recommends lowering concentrations of several of the most common air contaminants emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels to reduce air pollution and improve health. Converting to cleaner-burning fuels derived from biomass such as algae, fermented corn and soybeans, or recycled cooking oil would help achieve this goal. In Mexico City, changing fuel for 165,000 diesel vehicles to biodiesel would go a long way toward reducing the amount of dangerous airborne From Pond to Pump particulates breathed in by its residents. For his thesis, Sanchez is using pollutant emissions and statistical models to study the potential health effects of such a change. Even increasing the proportion of biodiesel by just 20 percent, he says, would make a dramatic difference in the prevention of cardiopulmonary diseases and lung cancer, which could save the Mexican health system approximately $90 million annually. With Mexico pledging to reduce its carbon footprint by 50 percent by 2050 and having just hosted the December 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference, the political climate could be ripe for such a change. Acquiring data is key to making an objective case for changing energy policy, says Sanchez. A mechanical engineer, he took up the cause of biofuels while working in the automotive industry. But he lacked the tools continued HSPH student sees the future of energy production— and cleaner, healthier skies— in tiny green algae. Winter 2011 5 Ramon Sanchez, SD ’11, holds a flask filled with algae—a potential source of biofuel. to quantify why switching to cleaner fuel made good public health and economic sense. “It’s not enough to say, ‘I’m eating organic,’ or, ‘I’m changing my lightbulbs.’ Give me a number,” says Sanchez. “Only an accounting process can tell you what you are really accomplishing.” Renewable energy may be more expensive now, but when taking into account the longterm costs to society in health and environmental damage, petroleum is actually more expensive, he says. 6 Harvard Public Health Review Game Changer “Ramon’s work is a game changer,” says his adviser, John Spengler, Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation. “Nobody else is looking at the production, cost, and health benefits of biofuels and quantifying them for Mexico.” This is important now, Spengler says, because in addition to the direct health consequences of air pollution, such as cardiovascular and respiratory ailments, the climate warming caused by pollution triggers additional health problems. According to Spengler, the recent uptick in extreme weather events and record temperatures has brought flooding to Pakistan, for example. It has also increased the risk of heatstroke and expanded the habitats of diseasespreading mosquitoes and ticks. “Public health is all about preventing disease,” Sanchez says. “I intend to prevent disease, but over a long time frame. Reducing carbon dioxide emissions today could prevent someone in Microalgae produce six times more ethanol than corn and 40 times more biodiesel than soy. tial added benefit, an algae farm built near a high-polluting power plant or oil refinery could scrub the CO2 and other pollutants from the air, making the operation carbon-neutral with significant reductions in other pollutants. Corporations dipping their toes The United States Department of Energy recently recognized the promise This page, Kent Dayton/HSPH at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University; opposite, REUTERS/Daniel Aguilar Unlike biofuel from corn and soybeans, algae farming doesn’t imperil the food supply and uses far fewer resources for a far higher yield. It can be produced on marginal lands such as deserts and supplied with wastewater. Bangladesh from getting sick 40 years from now.” While he has been completing his studies at HSPH, Sanchez and his twin brother, Jose, who earned an SM in Environmental Health Management from HSPH in 2005, have been laying the groundwork for a microalgae farming operation back home in Mexico. Grown in ponds or other aquatic systems, microalgae thrive on carbon dioxide while pumping oxygen into the atmosphere. Unlike biofuel derived from corn and soybeans, algae farming doesn’t imperil the food supply. It uses far fewer resources—operations can be launched on marginal lands such as deserts and supplied with wastewater—for a far higher yield. Microalgae produce six times more ethanol than corn, for example, and 40 times more biodiesel than soy. The high-protein residue left behind after the oil is extracted can be used as animal feed. Some strains can be processed to produce oil for human consumption that is rich in healthy omega-3 fatty acids. And as a substan- of microalgae, awarding $24 million in grants in June to three research groups exploring how to make algaebased biofuels commercially viable. Large corporations are also dipping their toes in the algae pond, in some cases even looking at genetically modified algae to increase production. According to WHO, air pollution causes about 2 million premature deaths worldwide each year. Sanchez, who questions what the potential consequences to marine ecosystems could be if genetically modified algae were to escape the production fields, chooses instead to work with local algae strains. This keeps production costs lower and reduces environmental risk, he says. He believes that microalgae currently are capable of supplying 5 percent of the world’s energy within 15 years—if substantial investment were made in infrastructure starting today. But in reality, he predicts it will take between 25 to 30 years. Developing countries may leapfrog ahead Real innovation in the use of biofuel is likely to happen in the developing world, Sanchez says. With less invested in the fossil fuels infrastructure than in the U.S., countries Estimated annual drop in health problems in Mexico City by substituting 20% of diesel fuel with biodiesel 136 Premature deaths from air pollution 21,440 Asthma attacks 10,523 Acute bronchitis episodes 398,050 Work days lost by adults because of health problems triggered by air pollution 558,737 Work days lost for women because their children’s activities are restricted due to air pollution Mexico City’s Reforma Boulevard disappears into a haze of smog as the capital’s air quality descended to unhealthy levels in 1999. Developing nations are more apt to adopt new energy technologies. like Mexico are more open to new solutions for providing much needed energy to their citizens. Just as many consumers in China and Africa bypassed land lines and went straight to cell phones, developing countries may leapfrog the rest of the world into a clean energy future, according to Sanchez. If the United States develops the political will to expand its use of biofuel from nonedible crops, Sanchez plans to be ready. Pointing to a raised floor in HSPH’s Department of Environmental Health, which houses its energy-saving heating and cooling system, he says, “This is what your experience of biofuel will be like 50 years from now—you won’t notice the difference. It will be seamless.” But the health benefits will be striking. Amy Roeder is assistant editor of the Review. Winter 2011 7 Society, Human Development, & Health The biology of emotionâ€” and what it may teach us about helping people to live longer 8 Harvard Public Health Review happiness & health fewer colds and less heart C detailed how negative emotions harm explains that early childhood “toxic disease? the body. Serious, sustained stress or stress”—the sustained activation of fear can alter biological systems in a the body’s stress response system protect against hypertension, diabetes, way that, over time, adds up to “wear resulting from such early life experi- and respiratory tract infections? and tear” and, eventually, illnesses ences as chronic neglect, exposure to such as heart disease, stroke, and dia- violence, or living alone with a parent betes. Chronic anger and anxiety can suffering severe mental illness—has disrupt cardiac function by changing harmful effects on the brain and oth- that researchers are asking as they the heart’s electrical stability, hasten- er organ systems. Among these effects explore a new—and sometimes con- ing atherosclerosis, and increasing is a hair-trigger physiological response troversial—avenue of public health: systemic inflammation. to stress, which can lead to a faster ould a sunny outlook mean Do hope and curiosity somehow Do happier people live longer— and, if so, why? These are the kinds of questions documenting and understanding the A vast scientific literature has Jack P. Shonkoff, Julius B. link between positive emotions and Richmond FAMRI Professor of good health. Child Health and Development at Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, heart rate, higher blood pressure, and a jump in stress hormones. continued HSPH and at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, and Professor of Kent Dayton/HSPH Winter 2011 9 Focusing on the Positive a mystery. But when we understand “But negative emotions are only the set of processes involved, we will Keys To one-half of the equation,” says have much more insight into how Laura Kubzansky, HSPH associate health works.” A Happier, Healthier Life professor of society, human develop- Kubzansky is at the forefront of ment, and health. “It looks like there such research. In a 2007 study that is a benefit of positive mental health followed more than 6,000 men and that goes beyond the fact that you’re women aged 25 to 74 for 20 years, for not depressed. What that is is still example, she found that emotional Long-term stress and negative moods alter biology in ways that, over time, add up to “wear and tear” on biological systems and, eventually, to illness. vitality—a sense of enthusiasm, of hopefulness, of engagement in life, and the ability to face life’s stresses with emotional balance—appears to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. The protective effect was distinct and measurable, even when taking into account such wholesome behaviors as not smoking and regular exercise. Among dozens of published papers, Kubzansky has shown that children who are able to stay focused on a task and have a more positive outlook at age 7 report better general health and fewer illnesses 30 years later. She has found that optimism cuts the risk of coronary heart disease by half. Kubzansky’s methods illustrate the creativity needed to do research at the novel intersection of experimental psychology and public health. In the emotional vitality study, for example, she used information that had originally been collected in the massive National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, or NHANES, an ongoing program that assesses the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Starting with the NHANES measure known as the “General Well-Being Schedule,” Kubzansky crafted an adaptation that instead 10 Harvard Public Health Review Research suggests that certain personal attributes— whether inborn or shaped by positive life circumstances— help some people avoid or healthfully manage diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and depression. These include: • Emotional vitality: a sense of enthusiasm, hopefulness, engagement • Optimism: the perspective that good things will happen, and that one’s actions account for the good things that occur in life • Supportive networks of family and friends • Being good at “selfregulation,” i.e.: Bouncing back from stressful challenges and knowing that things will eventually look up again Choosing healthy behaviors such as physical activity and eating well Avoiding risky behaviors such as unsafe sex, drinking alcohol to excess, and regular overeating Laura Kubzansky doesn’t want her research on positive emotions to be used to blame people for getting sick. reflected emotional vitality, and then negative moods and self-destructive up period, an effect unrelated to scientifically validated her new mea- habits. Kubzansky and others behaviors such as smoking, drinking, sure. Her research has also drawn on disagree. They believe that there is and physical activity. Social ties in- preexisting data from the Veterans more to the phenomenon—and that cluded marriage, contact with friends Administration Normative Aging scientists are only beginning to glean and relatives, organizational and Study, the National Collaborative the possible biological, behavioral, church membership. Perinatal Project, and other decades- and cognitive mechanisms. long prospective studies. In essence, Kubzansky is leveraging gold-standard epidemiological methods to ask new public health questions. “I’m being opportunistic,” Kubzansky is drawing on preexisting data to ask new public health questions. “I’m being opportunistic,” she says. “I don’t want to wait 30 years for an answer.” she says. “I don’t want to wait 30 years for an answer.” State of Mind = State of Body Some public health professionals contend that the apparent beneficial effects of positive emotions do not Kent Dayton/HSPH stem from anything intrinsically protective in upbeat mind states, but rather from the fact that positive emotions mark the absence of Previous work supports this A Happiness Policy? contention. In 1979, Lisa Berkman, If scientists proved unequivocally that director of the Harvard Center for positive moods improve health, would Population and Development Studies, policymakers act? Some observe that, co-authored a seminal study of nearly in the U.S., we define “happiness” in 7,000 adults in Alameda County, economic terms—the pursuit of mate- California. Participants who reported rial goods. They contend that even an fewer social ties at the beginning of continued the survey were more than twice as likely to die over the nine-year followWinter 2011 11 avalanche of research showing that of chronic diseases related to these emotional well-being protected health conditions is enormous. “Imagine if late to cultivate these qualities, she would have no traction in the policy we could enact a policy that would says. While psychotherapy or medita- world. Many Americans believe, after reduce heart disease by just 1%,” sug- tion may work for one person, some- all, that people are responsible for gests Shonkoff. “How many billions one else may prefer faith-based activi- their own lives. of dollars and how many lives would ties, sports, or simply spending time that save? Now what if we could also with friends. “My guess is that many implications. “In public health, it’s reduce diabetes—which is growing of the people who are chronically dis- important to understand how we can in epidemic proportions—and even tressed never figured out how to come translate guidelines into behavior,” stroke?” The point, Shonkoff says, is back from a bad experience, focus on notes Eric Rimm, HSPH associ- that society pays a considerable cost something different, or change their ate professor in the Departments of for treating chronic diseases in adult- perspective.” Epidemiology and Nutrition, and hood, and reducing toxic stress early director of the program in cardiovas- in life may actually get out in front of Mapping Happiness cular epidemiology. “Seventy to 80 these diseases to prevent them. Drawing on recently compiled data But others see direct policy Even in adulthood, it’s not too from a nationally representative study percent of heart attacks in this coun- Kubzansky concedes that psy- try occur not because of genetics nor chological states such as anxiety or of older adults, Kubzansky is begin- through some mysterious causative depression—or happiness and opti- ning to map what she calls “the social factors. It’s through lifestyle choices mism—are forged by both nature and distribution of well-being.” She is people make: diet, smoking, exercise. nurture. “They are 40–50 percent working with information collected Why are people choosing to do these things? Does mood come into play?” The toll of toxic stress goes far beyond poorer health for individuals—population-wide, the cost One study showed that children able to stay focused on a task had a more positive outlook at age 7—and reported better health and fewer illnesses 30 years later. heritable, which means you may be born with the genetic predisposition. But this also suggests there is a lot of room to maneuver.” Her “dream prevention”: instill emotional and social competence in children—with Jack Shonkoff’s research at HSPH shows that chronic stress in children creates a hair-trigger physiologic response to stress that includes a faster heart rate, higher blood pressure, and a jump in stress hormones. 12 Harvard Public Health Review the help of parents, teachers, pediatricians, sports coaches, school counselors, mental health professionals, and policy makers—that would help confer not only good mental health but also physical resilience for a lifetime. on participants’ sense of meaning and purpose, life satisfaction, and positive mood. By tracking how these measures and health fall out across traditional demographic categories such as race and ethnicity, education, income, gender, and other categories, she hopes to understand in a finegrained way what it is about certain social environments that confers better frame of mind and better physical health. The last thing she wants, Kubzansky says, is for her research to be used to blame people for not simply being happier—and therefore healthier. Referring to one of her first major studies, which found a link between worry and heart disease, she said: “My biggest fear was that journalists would pick it up and the headlines would be, ‘Don’t worry, be happy.’ That’s useless. Not everyone lives in an environment where you can turn off worry. When you take this research out of the social context, it has the potential to be a slippery slope for victim blaming.” Being in the moment Kubzansky, who is married and has A st r ess test o f a di f f e r e nt so r t two young children, says her work In Laura Kubzansky’s Society and Health Psychophysiology Lab— has made her think a lot more about modest and neutral as the blandest therapy office—volunteers re- finding balance in her own life. To sponding to a Craigslist ad for a research study are in for a surprise. that end, she says, she recently signed First, they are rigged up to a tangle of electrodes, which continu- up for a yoga class. She also plays ously monitor heart rate, cardiac output, and other measures. A cuff measures blood pressure. Test tube spittoons collect saliva to be tested for stress-related hormones such as cortisol and DHEA. Then comes the fun. The volunteers must give a five-minute improvised speech on a knotty topic, such as the gasoline tax or welfare reform. Next, they are asked to perform a complicated math exercise, such as counting backward from 2,027 by 13—swiftly, and with “Not everyone lives in an environment where they can turn off worry.” —Laura Kubzansky a loud buzzer signaling a faulty calculation, after which they must start over. Two lab assistants occasionally toss off challenging re- classical piano—both chamber music marks. And the nerve-wracking performance is videotaped. with friends and solo hours at the The experiment gauges the potentially beneficial effects on heart health of oxytocin, a natural hormone that acts as a neurotransmit- keyboard for her own enjoyment. “When I’m playing piano,” she ter and is thought to be both a cause and effect of positive social explains, “I’m in the moment. I’m relationships. Kubzansky manipulates three variables: oxytocin lev- not worrying or thinking or trying els, stress, and social support. She administers oxytocin—a prescrip- to work out a problem. I’m just doing tion drug that cannot be purchased in a conventional drug store— this thing that takes all my attention.” through a nasal spray. She induces stress by asking the volunteers to publicly perform. And she creates social support by having some participants bring an encouraging friend with them, while others are instructed to show up alone. That insight is also at the center of her research. “Everyone needs to find a way to be in the moment,” she says, “to find a restorative state that allows them Bill Varle/Workbook Stock The experiment is designed to answer several questions: How do the to put down their burdens.” stress-reduction benefits of oxytocin compare to those of social sup- Sara Rimer is a Boston-based journalist and author. Madeline Drexler is editor of the Review. port? Does oxytocin offer the same protective effects in women as in men? Most important, does oxytocin tamp down the damage from toxic stress hormones that course through the body under duress, causing corrosive effects over time? Winter 2011 13 14 Harvard Public Health Review Genetics & Complex Diseases Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic If we can’t stop Americans from getting heavier, can we at least develop drugs that prevent them from getting sick with obesity-related diseases? The research career of Gökhan Hotamisligil, chair of the Harvard School of Public Health Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, has circled around that question for more than two decades. Today, with findings from his lab poised to be translated into new drugs, the goal of averting long-term medical complications in an increasingly overweight population may be closer than ever. Since arriving at the School in 1995, Hotamisligil has pursued with Captain Ahab–like intensity one of the most important biomedical problems of our time: the spiraling epidemic of “metabolic” diseases, ©Ocean/Corbis such as Type 2 diabetes and heart disease, associated with the relentless rise of obesity in America and, increasingly, around the world. continued Winter 2011 15 In October, his 2006 article in Nature, racing against a surging epidemic “Inflammation and Metabolic Disorders,” was named When Hotamisligil launched his research here 15 years the most-cited paper in clinical medicine research. ago, the U.S. rate of overweight and obesity was already Hotamisligil has “catalyzed a paradigm shift in our 56 percent; in lock step, the prevalence of diabetes was understanding of the nature of metabolic disease,” said surging. Today, the overweight rate is 66 percent, and the International Association for the Study of Obesity, the paired epidemics are rising so rapidly that, if current which named him the 2010 winner of its prestigious trends continue, by 2015, a shocking three of every four Wertheimer Award, given every four years for outstand- Americans will be overweight (and 41 percent obese) while ing basic science contributions to the field. 15 percent of adults will be living with diabetes and its Given the lack of success in curbing obesity, a bigger public health payoff may come in finding ways to blunt the body’s harmful responses to excess weight. often-devastating complications. (Normal weight is a body mass index—BMI—of under 25; overweight is 25 to 29.9, and a BMI exceeding 30 is considered obese. Obesity is also associated with a disproportionate amount of body fat.)* Given the lack of success in curbing obesity, a bigger public health payoff may come in finding better ways to blunt the body’s many harmful responses to excess weight. That means gaining a much more detailed understanding of the underlying pathology of chronic metabolic illnesses. At HSPH, Hotamisligil has doggedly hunted the complex and elusive biological links between obesity and insulin resistance—the first stage in developing metabolic illness. He has uncovered new molecular pathways and identified control points that may prove to be valuable targets for short-circuiting the connection between obesity and poor health. A New Picture of the Body Over the years, Hotamisligil has expanded his investigations of the mechanisms behind inflammation—the 16 Harvard Public Health Review body’s complex biological response to injury, infection, and to the cellular stress caused by obesity. He has also *Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on height and weight in adults. To compute your BMI, go to wwww.nhlbisupport.com/bmi Kent Dayton/HSPH When Gökhan Hotamisligil began his career at HSPH 15 years ago, the overweight and obesity rate in the U.S. was 56 percent, and Type 2 diabetes was surging. Today, the overweight rate is 66 percent. By 2015, 75 percent of Americans will be overweight, and 41 percent obese. Obesity: A Global Snapshot Worldwide, there are more than 1 billion overweight adults. An estimated 22 million children under five are overweight. urrent obesity levels range from below 5% in China, Japan, and certain African nations to C more than 75% in urban Samoa. Americans walk just 5,117 steps per day. By contrast, adults in western Australia average 9,695 steps; the Swiss average 9,650 steps; and the Japanese average 7,168 steps. A severely obese person is likely to die 8-10 years earlier than a person of normal weight. In 1997, the World Health Organization formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic. Sources: World Health Organization; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, October 2010; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development delved into the role of lipid-binding proteins. Most The Path from Obesity to Disease recently, Hotamisligil has woven these discoveries into In a recent interview, Hotamisligil reflected on the a cohesive new picture of how the body normally main- trajectory and implications of his prolific research. His tains a healthy energy balance—and how so many bad spacious office is artistically decorated and obsessively things happen when the metabolic machinery becomes neat, with piles of manuscripts and journals squared overwhelmed by excess nutrients and fat and starts to up perfectly at attention. A native of Turkey, he is, not break down. surprisingly, a lover of strong coffee, and although it’s In his view, the metabolic balance of fuel and en- late in the afternoon, he produces cups of espresso for ergy in the body is regulated by two systems that have himself and a visitor. “From the beginning,” he explains, been intertwined through evolution. One is made up of “The big question for me was why, in the presence of networks of proteins that sense levels of nutrients and even a few extra pounds of accumulated fat, do you adjust their processing into energy; the other is the im- become prone to so many different diseases, including mune system cells that detect microbes and fight them insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, asthma, off. This integration of the two systems, according to neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer?” He likens this Hotamisligil, accounts for the inflammatory response to condition to an accelerated form of aging of the body. overweight and obesity, although this particular form of inflammation—he calls it “metaflammation”—is not the The general idea is that when individuals gain and retain excess pounds, dietary fats are no longer safely result of infection and does not resemble the classic fea- continued tures of inflammation at all. Winter 2011 17 stored in cells called adipocytes. As a result, lipids— weight, providing solid evidence that erroneous immune blood-borne fats—spill into the circulation and deposit response is triggered by excess nutrients and energy. themselves in skeletal muscles, the liver, the heart, and He later showed that mice lacking a particular fatty blood vessels. There, through biochemical actions, the acid binding protein (FABP) didn’t develop insulin re- lipids throw a wrench into the normal uptake of glucose sistance even when eating a high-fat diet. These escort into muscle and other body cells by making the cells’ re- proteins or “lipid chaperones” latch onto fat molecules ceptors “deaf” to insulin signals. Insulin resistance creates and transport them within cells and dictate their biologi- a pre-diabetic state of rising blood sugar levels, triggering a cal effects. Hotamisligil reported that when these FABP- cascade of tissue-damaging events. deficient mice were fed on high-fat diets, they were pro- Hotamisligil and other scientists had discovered that tected from diabetes, fatty liver, and heart disease. adipocytes are not simply passive fat-storing cells; they also emit metabolic and hormonal signals, some of which help Convincing the skeptics regulate the immune system. During his earliest work at These and other early discoveries began to implicate the School, he attracted attention with a finding that when immune system overreaction and inflammation as trig- he knocked out one of these immune-activating signals in gers of metabolic disease. But the upstart ideas ruffled obese mice, they were less prone to the ill effects of excess some feathers in the mainstream obesity community. Hotamisligil’s research has created a cohesive picture of how the body normally maintains a health energy balance—and has identified a number of potential drug targets against obesity-triggered biological networks. “Many people were not convinced,” he says, referring to the early ’90s. Thus, Hotamisligil was gratified when he won the 2007 Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment Award of the American Diabetes Association for discovering the inflammatory basis of obesity and Type 2 diabetes. The award recognizes “independence of thought, originality, significance of discovery, and impact on his/her area of research.” Many more findings on this theme were to follow, and not just in mice. In 2006, Hotamisligil and HSPH Associate Professor Eric Rimm reported that obese individuals who had inherited another variation of a fatty acid binding protein gene were much less prone to Type 2 Normal healthy mouse, on left, and genetically modified obese supermouse—which, while massively overweight from a highfat diet, suffers no diabetes, heart disease, or liver disease. diabetes, heart disease, and elevated triglycerides. In 2008, it was reported that blocking an inflammatory cytokine in humans treats insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. 18 Harvard Public Health Review Research suggests that aspirin-like anti-inflammatory drugs could blunt Type 2 diabetes and that a rare nutrient in nuts called palmetoleate might reverse insulin resistance and other complications of obesity. And in 2010, scientists at Harvard-affiliated Joslin rare nutrient in nuts and other foods called palmetoleate. Diabetes Center reported that an aspirin-like drug im- Because it is a natural substance without known adverse proved insulin function and other complications in dia- effects, he says that if funding can be obtained, a clini- betic patients, raising the prospect of treating diabetes cal trial could happen “at any moment.” In collaboration with off-the-shelf anti-inflammatory drugs. with HSPH Professor Dariush Mozaffarian, recent work Next: Drug Treatments showed that people with high levels of this lipokine have Although there is still much more to be unraveled, marked protection against Type 2 diabetes. Hotamisligil’s discoveries have already produced a Obviously these efforts to combat obesity-related number of targets within the obesity-triggered networks diseases are very early and the outlook uncertain. Yet that drug-makers have in their sights. Some potential the groundwork being laid by Hotamisligil and others drugs would hinder the action of fatty acid binding in the field is promising, and the potential for reducing proteins; others would inhibit molecular signals that rev the insidious and extraordinarily worrying toll of obe- up inflammation in response to cellular stress caused sity is enormous. by overburdened fat cells. This type of stress affects the “Ten years from now, I hope that there will be “minifactories” called endoplasmic reticulum within drugs on the shelves emerging from this research—not cells where proteins are made. In his most recent work, necessarily from what we are doing, but related to it,” Hotamisligil is developing strategies to beef up the mini- he says. “I predict that such drugs will not be toxic to factories’ ability to absorb the extra demands of obesity the heart and have other bad side effects, which cur- without sounding an inflammatory alarm. A prototype rent diabetes medications do. I also hope that at least medicine to fix the problem in endoplasmic reticulum some of these drugs will be affordable and reach the and reduce its stress also works in humans, as shown by mass populations with desperate needs.” Looking farther collaborative work published this year with Professor ahead, Hotamisligil, who calls himself “pathologically Samuel Klein at Washington University in St. Louis. optimistic,” sees a future in which the food industry can Now the hunt is on for new and more powerful mole- tinker with thousands of individual nutrients in foods to cules to replicate these early findings. enhance their healthful properties. “That,” he says, “is None of the newly developing compounds has yet reached clinical trials, but may in the next few years, Hotamisligil says. Another strategy that may bear fruit sooner involves hormones—which he calls “lipokines”— the next frontier.” Richard Saltus has written about science, medicine, and public health for the Associated Press, the Boston Globe, the San Francisco Examiner, and The New York Times. that Hotamisligil has identified in mice that halt or even reverse insulin resistance and other complications related to obesity and Type 2 diabetes. One such lipokine is a Winter 2011 19 Alumni Weekend Alumni Weekend Friends and Colleagues Gather from around the World I n a festive annual reunion, more than 100 Harvard School of Public Health alumni returned to the School on September 24–26 to reconnect with former classmates, network, and engage with current topics in public health. At the Alumni Weekend Symposium, Hamish Fraser, of Partners in Health, told attendees about the impact of building e-health systems in developing countries. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Director Michael VanRooyen discussed academic and research engagement in war and conflict. And Leo Celi, MPH ’10, described Sana wireless technology, a groundbreaking project that he and other members of the HSPH class of 2010 developed to strengthen health systems in resource poor settings. (To see videos of these sessions, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/alumni/alumni-weekend/ alumni-weekend-2010/index.html.) Alumni also honored the 2010 recipients of the Harvard School of Public Health Alumni Award of Merit—the highest honor presented to an alumna/us. The award is given each year to up to four individuals whose leadership, community service, contributions, and commitment to the field of public health exemplify the School’s ideals (see profiles, page 22). Attendees also celebrated with brunch and camaraderie the 50th anniversary of Shattuck International House (see story page 21). To view a slideshow of the Alumni Weekend, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/multimedia/ slideshows/2010/alumniweekend/. 2010 Alumni Award of Merit winners, from left, Lynn Rosenberg, SM ’72, SD ’78; Fernando Guerra, MPH ’83; James Dalen, SM ’72; David Schottenfeld, SM ’63 Left to right: Slawa Rokicki, SM ’12; Chander Kapasi, MPH ’75; Yifan Lu, MPH ’11; Maliha Ali, MPH ’11; Alexander Yu, MPH ’11 Sarah Hogan; Martha Collins, MPH ’72; Jill Morris; Rita Pope, SM ’67 Left to right, Edmond Feeks, MPH ’96; Alumni Council President Royce Moser, Jr., MPH ’65, and Cecilia Gerard, SM ’09 Tola Ladejobi, MPH ’09, and Olumide Faniyan, MPH’11 20 Harvard Public Health Review Alumni Weekend Shattuck International House Nurturing an Extended Family W ith no room left at his cousin’s milestones and holidays together, stage here once till 4 a.m.,” Lambrou confessed), house, Punyamurtula Kishore, talent and fashion shows showcasing their a landscaped garden and playground, a MPH’79, went searching for someplace to diversity, and throw potluck meals featur- well-stocked children’s playroom, a recy- live in Boston. Kishore was a surgeon who ing everything from homemade Japanese cling center, and round-the-clock security. had come from India to pursue his master’s sushi to Mongolian meat stew to flaky degree at the Harvard School of Public Greek desserts. About 60 percent of its of social and intellectual community that Health. An administrator pointed him to- residents are international students from Shattuck House fosters. In addition to ex- ward Shattuck International House, a com- Asia, Africa, and Europe. ploring each other’s cultures, residents from plex of furnished apartments for HSPH stu- In the 1960s, when the class was dents and families. It was a perfect match. smaller, the students enjoyed lots of inter- “You can’t beat it, especially for action, with many taking the same courses. What time hasn’t changed is the sense different disciplines and life stages discuss issues and careers within public health. Current resident Ramon Sanchez, someone new to the U.S.,” says Kishore. One alumnus (Royce Moser Jr., AB’57, SM’07, an engineer pursuing his doctor- “Without the camaraderie here, it would MD’61, MPH’65, and his wife, Lois, of Salt ate in environmental health [see page 4], Former Shattuck International House residents celebrated the 50th anniversary of this home away from home. Shattuck House residents in 1967 Left, Kent Dayton/HSPH; right, Harvard School of Public Health 1967 Yearbook have been very hard to survive. We all studied together and had so much fun. I Lake City) did not live in Shattuck House, but experienced that fellowship palpably last he and his wife attended events there about fall. After he and his fiancée, Ana, married met people from 60 or 70 countries at a monthly. They recalled the time a class- in Brookline, they threw a small reception time. This became my family here—a fam- mate from Kuwait arranged a lavish Middle in Shattuck House’s Gund Room; residents ily of choice.” Eastern feast, complete with his favorite chef helped with decorations, appetizers, and a and belly dancers flown in from other cities. wedding cake. Kishore, now a Brookline physician focusing on addiction medicine, gathered “It was like a night in Arabia,” Lois remem- with two dozen alumni, guests, and stu- bers. “Royce and I were used to hot dogs areas here, so we toasted with sparkling dents on September 26, 2010, to celebrate and macaroni casseroles.” cider,” Sanchez recalls. “It felt like the best the 50th anniversary of Shattuck House’s Angeliki Lambrou, of Athens, a doc- “We can’t have alcohol in common champagne in the world because we were opening. The informal reunion capped toral candidate in epidemiology and a resi- surrounded by all our friends.” Alumni Weekend and drew people from as dent community advisor at Shattuck House, close as upstairs (current residents) and as led a tour that underscored how much far away as London and Salt Lake City. has changed over the years, thanks in part Debra Bradley Ruder is a Boston-based freelance writer and editor specializing in health care and education. Over brunch, attendees traded stories to generous donors. The four-story brick of this home-away-from-home on Park building now has an exercise room, a com- Drive. Shattuck House residents mark puter lab with flat-screen units (“I stayed Winter 2011 21 Alumni Weekend Alumni Award Winners: What We Know Now We asked this year’s winners: What do you know now about improving the public’s health that you didn’t when you started out in your career? My research is not on behavioral change, but increasingly I believe that this is where the action should be. We know how to prevent so many illnesses. For example, we know how to prevent a high proportion of diabetes and hypertension: get people to maintain a healthy weight. But we don’t know how to get people to change their behaviors. Our society has become toxic in so many ways: Kids go to school all day and don’t have a recess where they can exercise, some areas are too unsafe for people to go out for a walk, and people live in neighborhoods where they don’t have access to decent foods or can’t afford to buy them (and some of the worst foods are subsidized by our B ack in the very earliest days of my career, all the epide- government). In my view, more work should be done on miologic studies and randomized trials were of men. how to effect institutional changes that would help rather People finally realized that there were women as well, that than hinder individual behavioral changes. effects might be different in women than in men, and that women should be studied. There is always an accepted wisdom that people might be unaware of, but which is shaping their thinking. For “Be skeptical of the conventional wisdom.” example, back then, the common wisdom was that female Lynn Rosenberg SM ‘72, SD ‘78 hormone supplements were a good thing, based on the fact that women get heart disease later than men. People thought: What’s the main difference between men and women? It’s female hormones. That was the mind-set. It wasn’t easy to get a study funded to look at female hormone supplements in relation to heart disease because belief in their benefits was so strong. Although there had been studies showing adverse effects of hormone supplements, it took the Women’s Health Initiative to turn those beliefs around. Thus, if I were to give advice to someone starting out in the field today, I would say: Be skeptical of the conventional wisdom. 22 Harvard Public Health Review Career Highlights Currently associate director of the Slone Epidemiology Center and professor of epidemiology at the Boston University School of Public Health. Principal investigator of the Black Women’s Health Study, which aims to elucidate the causes of breast cancer, other cancers, diabetes, lupus, and other serious illnesses, many of which occur disproportionately in black women. Conducted studies that established a link between oral contraceptives and heart attacks in female smokers, suggested that alcohol consumption increases the incidence of breast cancer, and tied aspirin to decreased incidence of large bowel cancer. “Be creative, be a risk-taker, be adventuresome.” Fernando Guerra MPH ‘83 I was sent to Vietnam as a partially trained pediatri- But public health cannot improve conditions by itself. cian. I became a battalion surgeon with one of the combat Government policy, economic development, education units. I was also responsible for working in the villages are crucial. When you look at countries that have made of the Vietnamese people—and I saw conditions that I incredible progress—Singapore, for example—they in- thought I would never see again: plague, tuberculosis, any corporate changes in the social welfare system, education, number of infectious diseases, and other life-threatening economic development, and political leadership. illnesses. Even at that time, I recognized that these condi- A career in public health is an opportunity to be tions could have been prevented with investments in infra- creative, to be a risk taker, to be adventuresome, to enjoy structure, plumbing, indoor sanitary facilities, potable intellectual stimulation and curiosity. You start your day water, things like that. feeling good about what you hope to accomplish, and usu- I came back to my own community, San Antonio, in ally finish the day feeling pretty good, because maybe a the early ’70s. And I saw cases of classical diphtheria— little bit of what you’ve done has had some benefit. Would right here in San Antonio, not unlike what I had seen in I do it again? Absolutely. the Republic of Vietnam. I thought: this just shouldn’t happen. Public health has to do better. Career Highlights Currently director of health for the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District (Metro Health), the largest public health agency in San Antonio, Texas. In 2008, oversaw an unprecedented merger of medicine and public health. Working with Metro Health and the county hospital, integrated prevention, early detection, and continuity of care into clinical care services. Focuses on improving health care access for infants, women, children, and the elderly; has overseen efforts to prevent HIV infection, teen pregnancy, and vaccine-preventable diseases; has worked to prevent domestic and child abuse. All photos, Kent Dayton/HSPH In 1971, as a practicing pediatrician, founded the Barrio Comprehensive Child and Family Health Care Center in San Antonio. continued Winter 2011 23 Alumni Weekend F rom my vantage point, I’ve always been very curious about disease mechanisms and understanding causal pathways. You can’t proceed on the basis of what you knew 20 years ago. I’ve come to appreciate how complicated human biology is, and how necessary it is for each of us to be well schooled in the fundamental disciplines of human biology, pathology, molecular sciences, human genetics, and of nutrition in health and disease. The long-lasting thing that I learned at HSPH was to be a critical thinker. It was more of an attitude than a body of knowledge, because the body of knowledge was going to change dramatically over time. It was stimulating for me to take the knowledge that I had in medicine and human biology, and the attitude we have in med- “Never stop being a student.” David Schottenfeld SM ‘63 icine—which is really a one-on-one, Good Samaritan approach—and look at the impact I might have on the population burden of disease. If I had to encapsulate what my life has been, it’s that — not to sound corny, but it’s been the joy of learning and never stopping being a student, while at the same time being a teacher, a mentor, and hopefully a leader. Even though you may reach retirement age or become emeritus, if you still have a passion for what you’re doing and the energy to pursue it, you shouldn’t stop. Career Highlights Currently John G. Searle Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology and professor emeritus of internal medicine at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. From 1959 to 1961, served as a commissioned officer in the Epidemic Intelligence Service at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Research interests have included epidemiologic studies of breast, endometrial, prostate, testicular, colorectal, and lung cancers, and of the epidemiology of second primary cancers. In 2007, received the John Snow Award from the Epidemiology Section of the American Public Health Association. 24 Harvard Public Health Review “The people are ahead of their doctors.” James Dalen SM ‘72 I n 1970, I was an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School and director of the cardiac catheterization lab at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. I was doing all the things you’re supposed to do: writing papers, getting grants. But I was bored, because I was doing the same thing every day. I felt isolated from what was really going on in the world. I enrolled at HSPH. The Harvard School of Public Health changed my whole orientation toward medicine. I continued to be a cardiologist, but instead of being an invasive cardiologist, I focused on preventive cardiology. One of the reasons that U.S. health parameters are so poor is that we don’t emphasize prevention. That ties therapists—chiropractors, acupuncturists, nutrition in with one of my strong interests: integrative medicine, therapists, massage therapists—in addition to their which combines conventional allopathic medicine with physicians. But they don’t tell their physicians about it, some unconventional approaches. I’m a conventional because they think their physicians will say, “Don’t do physician. I’ve had conventional training, conventional that.” The people are ahead of their doctors. schools. So why am I a supporter of integrative medicine? For two reasons. One is that integrative medicine is all Career Highlights about prevention. The second is that I have a master’s Currently professor emeritus of medicine and public health at the University degree in psychology, and the mind/body connection is of Arizona. From 1988 to 2001, served as dean of the University of Arizona College of Medicine. pretty obvious to me. In the field of cardiology, we have recently discovered that people who are depressed are more likely to have heart attacks. Well, that’s not rocket science. Laymen figured out this kind of connection 20 years ago. Nearly 50 percent of all Americans now go to unconventional Established MPH programs at the University of Massachusetts at Worcester and the University of Arizona, and helped establish a college of public health at the University of Arizona. In 1972, became Harvard’s principal investigator of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, aimed at decreasing risk of coronary heart disease by controlling key risk factors for the disease. In 1999, helped found the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine. To view a video of this year’s Alumni Award of Merit winners, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/multimedia/video/2010/alumniweekend/. Winter 2011 25 Policy Translation The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health I n November, the School presented a preview of The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health, featuring high-definition, broadcast-quality webcasts on key public health issues. From a new state-of-the-art studio, each webcast focus- es on a critical health-related policy issue or science controversy faced by global decision makers in government, business, NGOs, foundations, and other areas The Forum will convene leading scientific and academic experts with those in positions to change policy. of leadership. Using the unique convening power of Harvard, The Forum brings together leading scientific and academic experts from around the world with those in positions to address the issues, change policy, and initiate action. The Forum events will take place year-round, and will include both panel discussions and keynote addresses in front of large in-person audiences. The Forum is a flagship initiative of the new division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development. The Forum’s webcasts—which can be viewed live and on-demand on all ForumHSPH.org. The Web site features videos of The Forum events on-demand, expert written commentary on a separate “Decision of the Week” blog, and practical resources for decision makers and their staffs. Online viewers are encouraged 26 Harvard Public Health Review Ned Brown/HSPH types of video devices—can be seen on a lively new interactive Web site, www. School sets stage for global conversation with state-of-the-art webcasts. to become members of The Forum community, allowing them to join the discus- The Forum’s preview event, sion and post their own commentary on the health issues addressed. “The Impact of the 2010 Elections The Forum director is Robin Herman, assistant dean for research communications on U.S. Health Care Reform.” From at HSPH, who previously reported on health and social issues for The New York Times left, moderator Maggie Fox, health and the Washington Post. The chair of The Forum program planning committee is Jay and science editor, Reuters; Douglas Winsten, director of the Center for Health Communication at HSPH. Holtz-Eakin of the American Action “The Forum is a 21st-century venue for quickly communicating informa- Forum and advisor on domestic tion about evidence-based solutions among decision makers and scientists who and economic policy to the 2008 are grappling with new and re-emerging health issues,” says Herman. “Modern John McCain presidential campaign; health challenges cross boundaries of geography and responsibility, requiring an David Cutler, Harvard professor of unprecedented cooperative response from leaders. In a technologically advanced applied economics and advisor on world, our ambition is to create a global virtual venue, enabling this community to health policy to the 2008 Barack more easily share information and experiences.” Obama campaign; and Robert J. The Forum’s Preview Event—which took place in November 2010 in collabora- Blendon, HSPH professor of health tion with Reuters news service—featured policy experts who discussed the impact policy and political analysis, whose of the 2010 congressional elections on the implementation of health care reform. expertise focuses on public opinion Panelists included Douglas Holtz-Eakin of the American Action Forum, David Cutler, polling. Harvard professor of applied economics, and Robert J. Blendon, HSPH professor of health policy and political analysis. Winter 2011 27 HARVARD School of Public Health 2010 Gift Report 28 Harvard Public Health Review A Personal Thanks T Scenes from the year’s events he cover story in this issue of the Review describes innovative research at the School on the links between happiness and health. I must confess that nothing puts me in a better frame of mind than seeing how much our donors care about today’s most urgent public health challenges. In fiscal year 2010, HSPH received $26.7 million in new gifts, pledges, and non-federal sponsored research grants from generous alumni, individuals, corporations, foundations, Ellie Starr, Vice Dean for External Relations, Harvard School of Public Health and other organizations committed to our work. As the generous individuals and institutions highlighted in these pages well know, one gift really makes a difference. Helping to fund pilot studies on AIDS changes the contours of this tragic epidemic. Helping to untangle the effects of big-city air pollution boosts quality of life for all urban dwellers. Helping to subsidize research on nutrition gives everyone a chance at a healthy diet. That our distinguished alumni continue to give back to HSPH says a great deal about the School’s pivotal place in the field of public health. On this note, I also want Leadership Council members Prudence Crozier, left, and Eliot Snider to congratulate this year’s Alumni Award of Merit winners, whose work has been transformative. And I want to congratulate Roslyn Payne, winner of the HSPH Volunteer Leadership Award, for her farseeing efforts and dedication. Finally, in the midst of the holiday season, I want to personally thank each and every individual, corporate, and foundation entity that stepped up and made a difference. In these pages we gratefully recognize gifts, pledges, and pledge payments made between July 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010. I invite you to join the ranks of these generous donors in the coming year. Just as every great idea radiates out and makes the world a better place, so every gift to the School ripples out across the globe, in both research and practice. I am deeply grateful for your openhearted engagement with the HSPH mission. Susan Orkin and Leadership Council member Fredrick Orkin, SM ’01 Ellie Starr, Vice Dean for External Relations, Harvard School of Public Health Kent Dayton/HSPH, Steve Gilbert John Danilovich; Mara Hansen, SM ’11; Martín Lajous, SM ‘04, SD ’11 Irwin Schneiderman, LLB ’48, and Leadership Council member Roberta Schneiderman Winter 2011 29 Event Highlights HSPH Leadership Council Annual Meeting: A New Agenda for Women and Health October 6–7, 2010 Left to right, Leadership Council member Ron Curhan, MBA ’57, DBA ’71; Robin LaFoley Dong, Joan Curhan O n October 6–7, the Leadership Council annual meeting explored a new agenda for women and health. Dean Julio Frenk described his vision for such an agenda: one that would address all forms of disease and disability that women face throughout their lives, including chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease, and a broad spectrum of sexual and reproductive health issues. It Mara Hansen, SM ’11, left, and Roslyn Payne, MBA ’70, Volunteer Leadership Award recipient would also encompass the experiences that shape women’s health, women’s unique health risks and sometimes unequal access to quality care, and the roles that women play as health care decision makers for families and society. Robert Blendon, senior associate dean for policy translation and leadership development, discussed how the School is working to create for leaders outside of public health evidence-based solutions for global health problems. These include The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health, which launched in 2010 elections will affect U.S. health care reform. 30 Harvard Public Health Review Kent Dayton/HSPH, Steve Gilbert November with a webcast discussion of how the Leadership Council members Kristin Snow, SM ‘93, SD ‘00 and Therus Kolff, MPH ‘79 Dickerman Hollister, SM ’04, left, and Laurence Hagerty Left to right, Paula Sneddon; Ron Marrocco, MPH ’05; Steven Sneddon, SM ’77, SD ’79; and Eleanor Shore, AB ’51, MD ’55, MPH ’70 Karell Pelle, PhD ‘13 and Adeoye Olukotun, MPH ’83 Healthy Cup Award Presentation O Dean Julio Frenk, Iowa Senator Tom Harkin, and Walter Willett, MPH ’73, DPH ’80, chair, Department of Nutrition n May 17th the HSPH Nutrition Round Table honored Iowa Senator Tom Harkin with its Healthy Cup Award. The award cited Harkin for his leadership in developing policies that support and promote good nutrition, healthier lifestyles, and disease prevention. The award also noted his efforts to address obesity issues in children, cardiovascular disease, women’s health issues, and other efforts to lead the way towards a healthier country. Harkin helped create the Prevention and Public Health portion of the national health care reform bill and a program to provide free fresh fruit and vegetables to schoolchildren. Winter 2011 31 Dean Frenk Joins World Leaders at United Nations Summit O n September 20-22, Dean Julio Frenk participated in the United Nations Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which are a series of global health and anti-poverty targets. Frenk is a member of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s MDG Advocacy Group, a task force of global leaders charged with building political will and mobilizing action around the MDGs. The task force includes two philanthropists Bill Gates and Ted Members of the U.N. Millennium Development Goal Advocacy Group, meeting in September in New York. Dean Frenk is in the top row, third from left. Turner. ©The Lancet Nobel laureates, businessmen, and Event Launches New Book, Saturday Is for Funerals M 32 Harvard Public Health Review From left, Florence Koplow, Unity Dow, Max Essex, Beth Martignetti, and Julie Henry, MPH ’91. Koplow, Martignetti, and Henry are members of the HSPH Leadership Council. From left, Christopher Chenard, Cynthia Essex, Holly Steiger, and John Steiger Steve Gilbert ax Essex, chair of the Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative and Mary Woodard Lasker Professor of Health Sciences, kicked off the book tour for Saturday Is for Funerals on May 17 at the Harvard Club. He was joined by co-author Unity Dow, author of four novels and the first woman to sit on Botswana’s High Court. The book explores both the science behind the AIDS epidemic in southern Africa and the epidemic’s profound consequences for individuals and entire societies. The event was co-hosted by HSPH Leadership Council Members Florence Koplow, Beth Martignetti, and Julie Henry, MPH ’91. See www.hsph.harvard.edu/ news/features/features/saturday-is-forfunerals.html for more about the book. The Inaugural Thomas H. Weller Lecture and Award Presentation Ancient Diseases, Modern Killers: The Eradication of Infectious Disease O From left, HSPH Dean Julio Frenk; William Foege, MPH ’65, SD ’97; Dyann Wirth, AM ’90, chair, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases; and Peter Weller, professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and son of Thomas Weller Leadership Council member Joel Lamstein, left, speaks with Marcia Castro, assistant professor of demography, Department of Global Health and Population, and Grace Wyshak, SM ’56, associate professor in the Department of Biostatistics and the Department of Global Health and Population. ©Bethany Versoy/V2Visuals Leadership Council member, Steven Phillips, director, Global Issues and Projects, ExxonMobil Corporation (left) with Donald R. Hopkins, MPH ’70 n May 3, public health leaders discussed the profound impact infectious diseases have made on the history of humankind and on today’s global health picture at a symposium honoring the late Harvard School of Public Health Professor Thomas H. Weller, who died in 2008. A physician and virologist, Weller shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1954 for his work in culturing the polio virus, making it possible to create safe polio vaccines. William Foege, MPH ’65, received the first annual Thomas H. Weller Prize. Foege, a senior fellow in the Global Health Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, was honored as “one of the most influential figures in the modern fight against infectious diseases—from helping to eradicate smallpox, to raising worldwide rates of childhood vaccinations, to bringing attention to neglected infectious diseases in the developing world.” “I’m pleased to have been a mentee of Tom Weller,” Foege said in his acceptance speech. “I’m pleased to have been able to be a part of this moment, and I’m pleased that you’re keeping Tom’s contribution flowing on forever.” Joseph Feczko, former chief medical officer, Pfizer Inc. (left) and Emilio Emini, chief scientific officer of vaccine research, Pfizer Inc. Winter 2011 33 Alumni The School is profoundly grateful for contributions from alumni, unsung heroes who are now working around the world to improve the lives of millions of people. Their generosity is a testament to their confidence in the School’s ability to train generations of public health leaders. We thank all alumni for their support and recognize in the following list those who made cumulative gifts of $100 and above during the 2010 fiscal year. 1942 1955 James H. Steele Joyce W. Hopp 1961 1966 Yvonne M. Bishop Stephen J. Garza Thomas L. Hall Ralph E. Miller, Jr. George C. Mohr William M. Moore Stephen J. Plank William P. Reagan James F. Wittmer James H. Warram, Jr. Dorothy L. Wilson 1962 Harold N. Colburn 1967 Kenneth H. Cooper Myron Allukian, Jr. C. Richard Dorn Dorothy J. Ganick Robert H. Neill Judith D. Goldberg Carlton J. Peterson Frederick C. Hoesly Jesse W. Tapp, Jr. Charles T. Kaelber George W. Mathews, Jr. Craig S. Lichtenwalner 1963 Richard R. Monson 1943 Leonard C. Mandell Theodor Abelin Raymond K. Neff Helen M. Wallace Saul T. Wilson Earle R. Heine Anthony N. Tse 1944 1956 Muhammad K. Muzayyin 1968 Catherine H. Petrou Kenneth I. Chapman Donald J. Rosato N. Bruce Chase David Schottenfeld Joseph A. Cook 1948 1957 Bernard Shleien Ronald D. Eckoff Doris Wilson Saovanee S. Chakpitak Samuel Levey 1949 1964 Ralph L. Kent, Jr. Lewis E. Patrie Kathleen H. Acree Leonard J. Kirschner Martin P. Hines Hyman Israel Douglas I. Hammer Lenore Harney Stanley L. Dryden Gopal C. Pain 1958 Warren W. Hodge Ronald T. Rozett Eilert H. Eilertsen Hope H. Snider 1950 Marion E. Highriter W. Harding Le Riche Ruth B. Kundsin 1965 Lynne M. Ausman Arlene R. Warren Justin L. Conrad Charles J. Gibson 1951 1969 Johanna T. Dwyer Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr. Augusta F. Law 1959 Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr. Cedric W. Porter, Jr. Joseph Puleo, Jr. Robert T. Cutting Theodore Georgiadis Henry W. Vaillant Christian M. Hansen † Elihu York 1952 1960 Tomio Hirohata Mary Breed Brink J. Robert Dille Wayne A. Johnson 1970 James C. Roumas Vaun A. Newill Catherine C. Lastavica Jane H. Chretien Royce Moser, Jr. Glenn E. Haughie 1953 Vern L. Schramm Ralph H. Henderson Isabelle Valadian John J. Speidel Margaret T. Howe continued 34 Harvard Public Health Review † deceased A s a student in the Health Policy and Management program, I took courses from an amazing group of faculty who really knew their stuff and who brought their knowledge of the real world into the classroom at every opportunity. I owe my career to HSPH and, even in my current role as Vice President for Human Resources at Brown University, I continue to use the skills and knowledge gained in my graduate program. I hope that my support helps to sustain HSPH—its students and its faculty—through good times and bad. One thing that makes the School such a special place is the interdisciplinary nature of its work. I’m particularly interested in the work the School does in health policy and the translation of health policy research into practice. This interest stems from my work over the years in a variety of U.S. settings, including a state health department, a city hospital system, several medical schools, and, most recently, in higher education. HSPH faculty and students do cutting-edge research on the priority public health issues of our time. Our alums provide public health leadership in a variety of settings around the world. How exciting is that! Kent Dayton/HSPH —Karen Davis, SM ’78 Vice President, Human Resources, Brown University Winter 2011 35 Jennifer Leaning Arthur R. Rhodes 1976 Milford W. Greene Barry S. Levy Fred G. Rueter Kay W. Bander Peter C. Karalekas, Jr. Bess I. Miller Stephen L. Silberman Amy C. Barkin James M. Laster J. Dennis Mull Alexander M. Walker Patricia L. Brown Louise Park MacMillan Scott H. Nelson Walter C. Willett Stanley G. Burchfield James Harvey Maguire R. Heather Palmer Beverly Winikoff Phillip G. Clark Daniel J. Nadler Kenneth E. Powell Gail E. Costa John T. Nagurney Gloria A. Rudisch 1974 Ileana M. Fajardo Susan W. Robbins Eleanor G. Shore Louis M. Alpern Henry Falk Claudia R. Sanders Gary F. Stein Michael C. Alpert Homero R. Garza Phyllis D. Sims Richard A. Bienia Patricia Hartge Charles P. Spickert 1971 Maura Bluestone Richard A. Kaslow Eileen Storey Kenneth Bridbord John D. Blum Sew-Leong C. Kwa Connie J. Evashwick John D. Boice, Jr. Barbara N. Lubash 1979 Jonathan E. Fielding Irene Y. Cheung Beth Myers Debra D. Carey Katherine A. Forrest Douglas W. Dockery Helen H. Wang Lynne M. Cavanaugh Carol A. Greenfield Patricia T. Gabbe William H. Hollinshead III Siew-Ean Khoo 1977 William C. Feng John C. Kepper Mary Ann Lavin Anonymous Eileen P. Hayes John C. Leadbeater Harold L. May Marcia J. Armstrong Judith Izen William V. Lipton Barbara E. Millen Rita D. Berkson James M. Jaranson Rudolph W. Pierce Nancy E. Mueller Judith B. Colla Stephen P. Kelly James M. Taylor Philip T. Nicholson Malcolm J. Curtis Harold B. Leabman William H. Wiese Michael R. Pollard Samuel A. Forman Jeanne E. Loughlin Daniel W. Rosenn Mari Ito Sue M. Marcus 1972 Stephen C. Schoenbaum Andrew M. Jaffe Maria E. Mazorra Joseph A. Burke Steven K. Shama Thomas W. Kalinowski Eileen D. Pearlman Andrew G. Dean Cynthia E. Winne Walter H. McDonald Johannes Plugge Linda C. Niessen Jo A. Shifrin James D. Felsen Cynthia J. Dutton Joyce E. Gibson 1975 Bernard M. Olsen Mark S. Siskind Leslie J. Graitcer Robert Berke Barbara A. Ormond Marcia L. Weisman Philip L. Graitcer Louis J. DiBerardinis Philip E. Palmer Georgiana K. White Allen J. Herbert Abby G. Ershow Jonathan M. Samet Joel Kavet Carol W. Garvey Steven L. Sneddon 1980 Walter L. Pelham Daniel P. Greenfield Jeffrie R. Strang Elie M. Abemayor Loren H. Roth Christopher T. Hitt Jay S. Weisfeld Richard C. Antonelli Susan S. Schermerhorn Craig N. Melin Scott T. Weiss Virginia W. Arnold Ronald A. Walter Ann E. Moran Earnestine Willis Catherine S. Berkey Camille L. Orso Joseph C. dâ€™Oronzio 1973 Harvey E. Pies 1978 Viola L. Dwight Jennie A. Duffy Kathleen M. Rasmussen Elizabeth N. Allred Kim Enomoto Edward M. Elkin Carol H. Rice Sheila R. Bloom Robert I. Field David H. Gundy Deborah Rose Melanie C. Clarke Rose H. Goldman Maria P. Liteplo William B. Stason Karen L. Davis Raymond S. Greenberg John C. Perry Howard R. Steinberg Eric E. Fortess 36 Harvard Public Health Review Bernard Guyer Julie A. Goldstein Tammy C. Harris Marjorie A. Green Lynn W. Herzog Douglas N. Klaucke Alice J. Hausman Michelle G. Hutchinson Chung-Cheng Hsieh Eugene A. Mickey David J. Hunter Joanne A. Kimata Carole L. Ju Stephen E. Piwinski Raja Iglewicz Thomas H. Lee, Jr. Linda W. Kalinowski Virginia A. Rauh Patrick L. Kirsop Robert L. Mittendorf Charles H. Klippel III Abby L. Resnick Vera R. Kurlantzick Susan W. Peck Robert B. Lutes Wendy G. Rockefeller Nancy T. McCall John D. Piette Candace G. Mandel Daniel E. Singer Nancy N. Menzel Diane L. Rowley James A. Manganello Elizabeth A. Vanner Donald K. Milton Roderick N. Seamster Charles B. Millstein Carolyn A. Webster Dale L. Morse Darvin S. Smith Carl M. Reddix Anne E. Trontell Garrett R. Tucker III Patrick J. Nalbone Jane W. Newburger 1983 Gary L. Rosner Ann E. Spangler Olayiwola B. Ayodeji Elizabeth F. Ryder Nancy Ung Edwin S. Spirer Julie E. Buring Catherine A. Spino Leonel Vela Meir J. Stampfer J. Jacques Carter Paul J. Styrt Kristian Vetlesen Brent C. Williams Albert S. Yeung Yung-Cheng J. Chen Carol Jean W. Suitor 1981 Fernando A. Guerra Margaret M. Sullivan Stanley M. Aronson Patricia L. Moody Susan P. Wood Lisa S. Barnes Thomas D. Polton 1988 DeWayne M. Pursley 1986 Jesse A. Berlin Anthony J. Santangelo, Jr. David W. Archibald Roger B. Davis Marilyn A. Fingerhut Richard W. Steketee Christina I. Braun Elizabeth E. Drye Elizabeth E. Hatch Michael J. Thun James J. Crall Thomas B. Hanley Nancy J. Fox Paul K. Henneberger Arthur E. Brown Alan B. Dash Sonny V. Joseph Amy F. Judd 1984 Patricia A. Fraser Mimi Y. Kim M. Honor Keegan Chantal Z. Buchanan Unae K. Han Michael D. Kneeland Carol I. Master Bettina Burbank Leslie A. Kalish John W. Lehmann William P. Naylor Jennifer S. Cassells Wyman W. Lai Stuart R. Lipsitz Richard W. Rowe Chau-Shyong D. Chen Michael F. Mayo-Smith Daniel R. Lucey Stephen H. Soboroff Roger S. Day Thomas J. McElligott, Jr. James C. Lynch Doris N. Wong Ruth E. Gold Kimberly J. Oka Koji Miura Danielle E. Wuchenich G. Rita Dudley-Grant Deborah A. Roth Donna S. Neuberg Marvin Zatz Katherine T. Halvorsen Kevin G. Rowe Bonnie M. Norton JoAnn E. Manson Joseph A. Stankaitis Linda T. Poggensee 1982 Matthew P. Moeller Maxine A. Whittaker Eric Ruder Phyllis S. Baer George C. Piper Barbara S. Wrightson Barbara V. Schroeder Stuart G. Baker William M. Zinn Kathleen H. Blandford Heejoon Y. Sun 1987 Phyllis C. Tien 1985 Richard H. Aubry Joel Tsevat Mary E. Chamberland Kevin C. Chang Paul H. Campbell Ulla-Birgitta Wallin Rowland W. Chang Walter K. Clair Charles Deutsch Elizabeth A. Wuerslin Graham A. Colditz Maria C. Plaus Alison M. Dorries Ronald D. Deprez Joan C. Downey Adam M. Finkel Carole R. Dichter Gina A. Dunston-Boone Judy E. Garber Paul R. Branch continued Winter 2011 37 1989 Christopher T. Spina A. E. C. Rietveld Joshua P. Metlay Susan G. Albert Masahiro Takeuchi Steven M. Rudd Howard H. Moffet Jerry D. Beavers Man-Sung Yim Deborah L. Snyder Siobhan M. Oâ€™Connor Alison Cullen Carol R. Regueiro Kirsten E. Frederiksen 1992 1995 Jean-Marc R. Saffar Kimberlee K. Gauvreau Amy C. Benson Elizabeth A. Bancroft Mikhail P. Salganik Courtney A. Jennings Deborah L. Blacker Michael A. Bolton Allyn E. Segelman Brinda R. Kamat Lauren A. Dame Su-chun Cheng Laurie Sprung Georgia Karapanos Erica L. Drazen Jay A. Clemens Matthew P. Longnecker Jeffery S. Garland Karen Donelan 1998 Nancy J. Heidorn Stephen N. Kales Alison E. Field Jennifer A. Hanner Suresh Santanam Paul M. LeVine Amy W. Grace Chung-Ming Hsieh Jill S. Schield Risa C. Shames Hyungjin M. Kim Simon D. Spivack Priscilla Szneke Stephen H. MacDonald Shari Michelle Kessel Schneider Fair H. Wang William B. MacLeod Roderick K. King Peter A. Merkel Kathleen M. Koehler 1990 Ian S. Ahwah 1993 Laury E. Saligman Michael P. Lazarski Gilbert Burgos Anonymous Kevin J. Schwartzman Charles Lu Deborah G. Chamblee Linda G. Baer Stanley E. Chartoff Gabrielle Bercy 1996 Mark E. Ralston Mark S. Clanton Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart David J. Berck Jennifer Retsinas Kenneth M. Davis Marian G. Ewell Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson Tabitha L. Rice Russ B. Hauser Virginia L. Hood Peter Cardiello Donald C. Simonson Sarah A. Marshall Ping Hu Richard H. Chapman Xiaolin Wang Srinivas M. Sastry Soyeon Kim Mary Cushman Yongyu Wang Robert M. Segal Qing Liang Mei Sheng Duh Robert G. Travnicek Gregg S. Meyer Terrence R. Gillen 1999 Jane R. Zucker Judith Pinsker Lynn M. Marshall Stuart M. Berman Phillip W. Sarocco Joy R. Mockbee Robert A. Bethel 1991 Kristin K. Snow Constantia P. Petrou Tianxi Cai Terry A. Adirim Sharon L. Swindell Margaret B. Ruttenberg Debbie Mien-Pay Cheng Michele C. Aviles John J. Whyte Ibou Thior Eunyoung Cho Michiko Nakayama Susan M. Duty Bonnie B. Blanchfield Peter W. Choo 1994 1997 Sudhanva S. Hegde Gary C. Curhan Pamela A. Berenbaum Andrea J. Apter Jessica Kahn Jo Ann David-Kasdan Meghan B. Bishop Patrick A. Bovier James A. Kaye Joel Diringer Jeanine Boyle Steven B. Duff Jenny Lo Julie E. Henry Joanna Buffington David N. Hayes Sidney W. Rosen Marjorie E. Kanof Eugenie H. Coakley Liza M. Hayes Sarah L. Sinha Tse-Jen Kao Christopher P. Duggan Nancy E. Isaac Mary E. Wewers Shirley Montini Mawaheb T. El-Mouelhy Robert S. Kahn Ying Zhu Farzad Mostashari Shari I. Gelber Satoshi Kaneko Abbe F. Rosenbaum Kathy L. Jenkins Qian H. Li 2000 Thomas M. Slyter David P. Kraft Vicki E. Light Jill E. Appel Nanette E. Moss 38 Harvard Public Health Review Josh Benner Debra Buchan John R. Madril 2005 Beverly J. Loudin Jonathan L. French Andrew T. McAfee Edward J. Alfrey Mark Phillippe Jennifer N. Greenberg Beth G. Raucher Andrew B. Ashcroft Lorenz Risch Ellen S. Lerner James M. Steven Jeffrey B. Cohn Arathi R. Setty Eileen E. Ming Nak Jin Sung William R. DeFoor Jonathan M. Spector Tina T. Powderly Takahiro Uchida Bethany L. Hedt Sherilyn Wheaton Joel Yohai Jennifer L. Kowalski Xiaotian Zhong Michael S. Radeos Timothy J. Mahoney Carla A. Romney Janet Y. Schrodi 2003 Maritza Morell 2008 Beverly G. Siegal William R. Berry Michael T. Rowland Zeina N. Chemali Gary M. Strauss Raymond C. Chan I-Fong Joanne Sun Lindsey A. Cole Tonya L. Villafana Cheryl R. Clark Boyd V. Washington Herbert O. Davies Robert O. Wright Susanna J. Jacobus Janice L. Weiner Sean M. Dunbar Elizabeth E. Powell Anson Wright Sean E. Hunt 2001 Cyril S. Rakovski Mary T. Brophy Jennifer A. Schumi 2006 Stephen J. Meraw Mary L. Brown Lon Gary Sherman Angela M. Bader Kelli N. McCartan Oâ€™Laughlin Humayun J. Chaudhry Monica L. Stallworth Anthony L-T Chen Anna Lai Choi Ann M. Thomas Lucy Y. Chie 2009 Shannon M. Escalante Lujing Wang Sharon G. Curhan Greg A. Burnett Victoria R. Hopkins Bonnie R. Weinbach Victoria P. de Menil Cecilia Gerard Patrik L. Johansson Thomas W. White Michelle A. DeNatale Lyndon V. Hernandez Soichi Koike Erik J. Won Kelly J. Dougherty Benjamin M. Howard Theodore W. Marcy Summer L. Zheng Walter D. Fitzhugh III Morgan H. Jones Oemer N. Goek Katherine E. Kobus 2004 Wendy M. Golden Ning Lu William T. Peruzzi Clement A. Adebamowo Lorine W. Housworth Khaled J. Saleh Juliet V. Porch Amy A. Adome Jim M. John Kate W. Sedgwick Jeffrey L. Schnipper Ruth S. Arestides Elizabeth A. Kurs Lisa V. Stone Alfred J. Capelli Timothy L. Mah 2010 Eugene D. Choi Robert I. McCaslin Jane Scott Lloyd Anthony Dias Scott W. McPhee 2002 Stacey J. Drubner Yutaka Niihara Rajalakshmi Balasubramanium Ira R. Horowitz Yuji Otake William E. Downey Caroline T. Korves Lee S. Prisament Joseph C. Finetti Caron M. Lee Natasa Rajicic Camilla S. Graham Patricia A. Moran Stephanie Rosborough Alan D. Guerci Thomas R. Mote Rebecca J. Wexler Ming-Rong Harn Erinn T. Rhodes Afsaneh R. Zolfaghari Ka He John W. Robinson Sok-Ja K. Janket Kelly Claire Simon 2007 Carolyn M. Kaelin Andrew M. Wiesenthal Sanjay Aurora Fredrick K. Orkin David Paniagua Yoshio Uetsuka Lisa M. Letourneau John McNelis Beatriz Casado James M. Grebosky Jay Won Lee Winter 2011 39 Individuals $10,000–$24,999 The generosity of individuals is vital to the School’s mission Anonymous of pursuing new knowledge, educating public health’s future Christine Allen * leaders, and communicating health messages to the public. Roger L. Barnett The following list acknowledges individuals who made Lynne and Roger S. Berkowitz cumulative contributions of $250 or more during fiscal year James J. Bochnowski 2010. An asterisk indicates individuals who have made a gift David Cohen for five or more consecutive years. Howard E. Cox, Jr. Joan P. and Ronald C. Curhan * $1,000,000+ $50,000–$99,999 Deborah Rose, SM’75 Anonymous Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Lammot du Pont Copeland, Jr. * $500,000–$999,999 George D. Behrakis Roslyn B. Payne Penny S. Pritzker and Bryan Traubert * Evelyn Byrd Donatelli and Mike M. Donatelli Nicholas Galakatos Dorothy J. Ganick, SM’67 * Martin and Enid Gleich Ruth F. Lazarus and Michael S. Feldberg Laurence J. Hagerty Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 and Bayard Henry * Mark E. Jennings Chung-Ming Hsieh, SD’98 Stephen B. Kay * $250,000–$499,999 Jorge P. Lemann James E. Issler * Xiao Liang Joel E. Smilow Ronay A. and Richard L. Menschel* Richard W. Smith Mary Revelle Paci * Deanne and Herbert S. Winokur, Jr. Nathalie and Stephen R. Wong $100,000–$249,999 $25,000–$49,999 Judy and Russell L. Carson * Anonymous Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 and John H. MacMillan IV Phyllis D. Collins * Daniel Branton Kristin W. and Stephen A. Mugford Frank Denny Thorley D. Briggs Carol Paraskevas * Sarah B. and Seth M. Glickenhaus * Annette B. and Joseph A. Burke, SM’72 Irene Pollin Mala G. Haarmann Anthony Chase Robert O. Preyer * James M. Usdan * Ambika Collins Jeannine M. Rivet * Christopher W. Walker Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 * Leni and Adam D. Sender J. Frederick Weintz, Jr. * Ellen Feldberg Gordon Charles B. Sheppard II Mary M. and Jeffrey Zients Sofia M. Gruskin William A. Haseltine Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 and Miles F. Shore Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II * Richard M. Smith * Florence R. Koplow James A. Star John L. McGoldrick Irene M. Stare * William A. Oates * Howard H. Stevenson * Barbara J. Wu and Eric C. Larson * Lucian L. Leape Arthur L. Loeb * Per Lofberg Francisco A. Lorenzo * Nancy T. Lukitsh Herbert W. Richards Gloria and Bernard Salick * Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 and Ambassador Theodore Sedgwick * Eliot I. Snider Fair H. Wang, SM’92 * 40 continued * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years Harvard Public Health Review Edwin Jay Taff * Linda Tao Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 * Louisa von Clemm * Charlotte von Clemm Iselin Stefanie C. von Clemm Rui Wang Barbara G. and Henry S. White Mary Stare Wilkinson Doris Wilson, ‘48 Jason Yeung $5,000–$9,999 Loreen J. Arbus Mortimer Berkowitz III Jane Carpenter Bradley and John M. Bradley * Rosemary and John W. Brown Tianxi Cai, SD’99 Carrie S. Cox I have supported Harvard for many years and have focused more recently on the Harvard School of Public Health. Why? HSPH programs have immediate applications in areas of dire need. I have a special interest in African issues, due largely to my travels on that continent. The range of problems is infinite—education, sanitation, water quality, living conditions, high mortality, and, of course, the subjugation of women. Therefore, I want African graduate students to come to HSPH to acquire as much knowledge as possible and then go back home and apply what they have researched, studied, and learned. They can then identify and eradicate disease and associated problems. The HSPH program educates and trains problem-solvers who will also become leaders in their respective countries. The Briggs Scholarship program provides funds for African students to come to HSPH. Madison Cox Erica L. Drazen, SD’92 and Jeffrey M. Drazen Samuel A. Forman, MPH’77, SM’80 John H. Foster Larry S. Gage Alice Galakatos Katie H. Gambill Serena M. Hatch and Francis W. Hatch, Jr. † Holly D. Hayes and Carl W. Stern, Jr. * Kathryn and Ned Hentz James J. Hummer Joyce and Anthony Kales Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 Beth V. and Carmine A. Martignetti * Sue and Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 * Armene L. Milliken —Thorley “Ted” D. Briggs, AB ’53, MBA ’55 Retired Chairman and former President and CEO of EMCON Associates, an environmental consulting firm Winter 2011 41 Susan W. Peck, SM’87, SD’91 * Susan and Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 Graham A. Colditz, MPH’82, DPH’82 Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Susan Butler Plum Gail E. Costa, SM’76 Denise Sobel Carol Raphael Norma Dana Natasha P. and Richard H. Stowe Charles A. Sanders Kenneth M. Davis, SM’90 Irene M. and Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. * Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 * Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth * David I. Scheer Mei Sheng Duh, SD’96 Stephen H. Wise Roberta Schneiderman * Myron E. Essex Migs S. Woodside Helen Bowdoin Spaulding Harvey V. Fineberg * George H. Strong Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Adam M. Finkel, SD’87 Arthur Bugs Baer * Carol Jean W. Suitor, SM’85, SD’88 and Richard Suitor Ruth A. Barron Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 * Frederick Frank * James D. Blum John J. Whyte, MPH’93 Jeffrey J. Fredberg Aliki and Franz Brandenberg Joan L. Kittredge Wyon * Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk $2,500–$4,999 Justin Campbell Fred N. Fishman * Niki and A. Alan Friedberg * Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 $1,000–$2,499 Paula and Jose Garber Su-chun Cheng, SD’95 Clement A. Adebamowo, SD’04 M. Dozier Gardner Lucy Y. Chie, MPH’06 Paula Alprin * Cheryl R. Clark, SD’03 Mary Ellen Avery Shari I. Gelber, SM’94 and Richard D. Gelber Kenneth C. Cox Rajalakshmi Balasubramanium, SD’02 Susan M. Guillory * Prudence S. Crozier * Barbara D. Beck and Robert M. Bahn Doreen and Charles Gumas Karen L. Davis, SM’78 * David J. Berck, MPH’96 * David W. Haartz Jean George Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Carol Haber * Richard A. Bienia, MPH’74 Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Irene Tilenius Bloom† and Barry R. Bloom * Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Gerald H. Blum * Carol L. and William E. Hiller Joshua A. Bookin Christopher T. Hitt, SM’75 Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Mary B. and Kenneth D. Holmes Irene S. and John Briedis Joan X. Hu and Boxin Tang Nancy Budge Robert Hyatt Debra H. and Kim J. Burchiel Mari Ito, SM’77 Hossam Maksoud Alfred J. Capelli, SM’04 Truda C. Jewett Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 * Peter Cardiello, MPH’96 Carole C. and William M. Moore, MPH’66 * Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 * Linda W. Kalinowski, SM’80 and Thomas W. Kalinowski, SM’77, SD’81 * Kevin C. Chang, MPH’85 Tse-Jen Kao, MPH’91 Wanda Olsen and Michael E. Jacobson * Eugene D. Choi, SM’04 * Ellen L. Kaplan Stephanie and Peter W. Choo, MPH’91, DPH’96 Hyungjin M. Kim, SD’95 Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Judith E. and Laurence J. Hicks Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 and Barry D. Jennings James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 * Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 Barbara N. Lubash, SM’76 and Paul A. Moses Deborah Hartnett Soyeon Kim, SM’93, SD’96 Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Melanie C. Clarke, SM’78 42 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Simeon M. Kriesberg * Phillip W. Sarocco, SM’93 Mary E. Chamberland, MPH’82 Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 Valentine Schaffner Raymond C. Chan, SM’03 Caroline R. Le Feuvre Renate and Jack W. Schuler * Jenny Cheuk Sarah L. and John C. Lechleiter * Nina F. Simonds Walter K. Clair, MPH’85 Elizabeth K. Liao * Sarah L. Sinha, SM’99 John A. Clements Marguerite Littman Alix and Joseph I. Smullin Joseph A. Cook, MPH’68 Uri Loewenstein Kristin K. Snow, SM’93, SD’00 Marcia Cross Stephen H. Loring Robert Snyder Adam Cuddy Jeanne E. Loughlin, SM’79 Naomi Sobel Mary Cushman, SM’96 * Daniel R. Lucey, MPH’88 Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Robert T. Cutting, MPH’59 Timothy J. Mahoney, SM’05 Cheryl and Kenneth Stanley Herbert O. Davies, SM’08 Isabel W. and Peter L. Malkin * Ellie Starr Dennis O. Dixon James A. Manganello, MPH’80 Howard R. Steinberg, MPH’75 Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart, MPH’93 * JoAnn E. Manson, MPH’84, DPH’87 * Eilert H. Eilertsen, MPH’58 T. John Martin Phyllis C. Tien, SM’88 and D. Scott Smith, SM’87 Linda D. Masiello Ming Tsai Barbara J. Friedberg Carol I. Master, SM’81, DPH’89 and Sherry Mayrent Gerald Tulis * Koene and John R. Graves Katherine J. and John L. Vahle Jennifer N. Greenberg, SM’00 Maria E. Mazorra, SM’79 * Kelly Victory Bernard Guyer, MPH‘80 William Shaw McDermott * Tammy C. Harris, MPH’85 * Nicholas P. McGrane Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 * Dorothea P. Mead Virginia G. Watkin Lisa F. Miao Mary Weinmann Leah Modigliani Andrew M. Wiesenthal, SM’04 * Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Wing H. Wong Thomas P.C. Monath David A. Woodruff * Ann E. Moran, MPH’75, DPH’80 Anson Wright, SM’05 Donna S. Neuberg, SD’88 Ellen M. Zane * Thomas L. P. O’Donnell * Alison E. Field, SD’95 Earle R. Heine, MPH’63 * Tomio Hirohata, SM’65, SD’68 Warren W. Hodge, MPH’64 Ping Hu, SM’93, SD’96 Michael D. Hughes Andrea M. Jacobs Patrik L. Johansson, MPH’01 Marjorie E. Kanof, MPH’91 * Stephen P. Kelly, SPH’79 William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 $500–$999 Stephen J. Plank, MPH’61, DPH’64 Elie M. Abemayor, SM’80 * Muriel K. Pokross * Kathleen H. Acree, MPH’64 Ruth S. and Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 * Terry A. Adirim, MPH’91 Dorina Radeos Laura and Louis M. Alpern, MPH’74 * Justice E. Chouteau Levine and William M. Levine * Michael S. Radeos, MPH’00 Jill E. Appel, SM’00 Leonard C. Mandell, SM’55 * Mani Ramamurthy Robert Berke, MPH’75 Bonnie Marcus Donald J. Rosato, MPH’63 Paul Biddinger Sarah A. Marshall, SM’90 * Margaret B. Ruttenberg, SM’96 Yvonne M. Bishop, SM’61 * Maurice McGregor Jean-Marc R. Saffar, SM’97 Michael A. Bolton, SM’95 Jane and Brian D. McAuley Mimi Y. Kim, SM’88, SD’90 Martha P. Leape John W. Lehmann, MPH’88 Patricia L. Brown Sheila A. Campbell J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 * continued Winter 2011 43 Alexander McCall Smith Jeffrie R. Strang, MPH’77 Gilbert Burgos, MPH’90 * Philip E. Miles Jr. Masahiro Takeuchi, SD’91 Paul H. Campbell, SD’87 * Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 James M. Taylor, MPH’71 Stephen Hugh Campbell Catherine M. and Matthew P. Moeller, SM’84 Leonel Vela, MPH’87 Debra D. Carey, SM’79 Helen H. Wang, MPH’76, DPH’79 * Kiera and James C. Carlisle Mark T. Munger * Xiaolin Wang, SD’98 Beatriz Casado, MPH’07 Beth Myers, SM’76 Boyd V. Washington, SM’05 N. Bruce Chase, MPH‘68 John T. Nagurney, MPH’78 Deborah C. Webster-Clair Zeina N. Chemali, MPH’08 Michiko Nakayama, MPH’98 Jay S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 * Chau-Shyong D. Chen, MPH’84 Jane W. Newburger, MPH’80 Mary E. Wewers, MPH’99 * Yung-Cheng J. Chen, MPH’83 Elizabeth M. and Philip T. Nicholson, SM’74 * Walter C. Willett, MPH’73, DPH’80 Irene Y. Cheung, SM’74, SD’77 Paige L. Williams Jane H. Chretien, MPH’70 * Dorothy L. Wilson, MPH’66 Jeffrey B. Cohn, SM’05 Lee S. Prisament, MPH’06 Beverly Winikoff, MPH’73 and Michael C. Alpert, MPH’74 * Lindsey A. Cole, SM’08 Shanna K. Quigley James F. Wittmer, MPH’61 * Carl M. Reddix, MPH’85 Victoria P. de Menil, SM’06 Erik J. Won, MPH’03 Arthur R. Rhodes, MPH’73 * Charles Deutsch, SD’87 Danielle E. Wuchenich, MPH’81 * Carol H. Rice, SM’75 Joseph C. d’Oronzio, MPH’80 * Shirley and David R. Younkin Kelly J. Dougherty, SM’06 Linda C. Niessen, MPH’77 Stephen E. Piwinski, MIH’82 * A. E. C. Rietveld, MPH’94 Penelope and Andrei Constantinidi Stanley L. Dryden, SM’64 * Christy Robson $250–$499 Abbe F. Rosenbaum, MPH’91 Anonymous Jennie A. Duffy, SM’73 and Robert T. Duffy * Daniel W. Rosenn, SM’74 Theodor Abelin, MPH’63 Viola L. Dwight, MPH’80 Deborah A. Roth, SM’86 * R. Siisi Adu-Gyamfi Kim Enomoto, MPH’80 Steven M. Rudd, MPH’94 Elizabeth N. Allred, ‘78 * Marian G. Ewell, SD’93 Jonathan M. Samet, SM’77 * Virginia W. Arnold, ‘80 James D. Felsen, MPH’72 * Suresh Santanam, SD’89 * Ruth and Herbert Aschkenasy Jonathan E. Fielding, MPH’71 Tedd R. Saunders Sanjay Aurora, MPH’07 Bertha B. Fitzer Stephen C. Schoenbaum, MPH’74 Walter D. Fitzhugh III, MPH’06 Janet Y. Schrodi, MPH’00 Linda G. Baer, SM’93 and Alvin W. Lee Jennifer A. Schumi, ‘03 Elizabeth A. Bancroft, SM’95 Nancy J. Fox, SM’86 Norman C. Severo Robert B. Banzett Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr., SM’65 Steven K. Shama, MPH’74 Lisa S. Barnes, SM’81 * Jonathan L. French, SD’00 Bernard Shleien, SM’63 * Josh Benner, SM’00, SD’02 Shoichi Fukayama Donald C. Simonson, MPH’98, SM’99, SD’06 Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold * Patricia T. Gabbe, MPH’74 * Hope H. Snider, MPH’64 * Bonnie B. Blanchfield, SM’91, SD’95 Richard W. Steketee, MPH’83 Sheila R. Bloom, SM’78 * Eileen Storey, MPH’78 Paul R. Branch, SM’82 Laurence B. Flood * Jeffery S. Garland, SM’92 * Homero R. Garza, MPH’76 Rebecca S. Gelman Theodore Georgiadis, SM’65 Mary Breed Brink, MPH’52 Arthur E. Brown, Jr., MPH’81 * Joanna Buffington, MPH’94 * 44 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years Harvard Public Health Review Joyce E. Gibson, SM’72, SD’74 and Steven H. Gibson * Robert B. Lutes, SM’80 B. Katherine Swartz Stephen H. MacDonald, MPH’95 Roy N. Tamura Terrence R. Gillen, SPH’96 Nancy J. Marr, SM’89 Robert G. Travnicek, MPH’90 * Judith D. Goldberg, SM’67, SD’72 * Lynn M. Marshall Henry W. Vaillant, SM’69 Rose H. Goldman, MPH’80, SM’81 Nancy T. McCall, SM’85, SD’93 Elizabeth A. Vanner, SM’82 * James M. Grebosky, SM’07 John McNelis, SM’08 Michael W. Voligny Alan D. Guerci, SM’02 * Peter A. Merkel, MPH’95 * Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Fernando A. Guerra, MPH’83 Gregg S. Meyer, SM’93 Carolyn A. Webster, SM’82 Lan Jiang Guo Patricia A. Moran, MPH’04 Bonnie R. Weinbach, SM’03 Christian M. Hansen, MPH’65 * † Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 * Marcia L. Weisman, SD’79 Ming-Rong Harn, ‘02 Soomi and Yutaka Niihara, MPH’06 Georgiana K. White, SM’79 Patricia Hartge, SM’76, SD’83 * Victoria Nourafchan Lynn F. and John A. Wilkes Elizabeth E. Hatch, SM’81 and Francis W. Hatch III * Bernard M. Olsen, SM’77 Earnestine Willis, MPH’77 Eileen D. Pearlman, SM’79 * Saul T. Wilson, MPH’55 J. Christopher Perry, MPH’73 Cynthia E. Winne, MPH’74 Constantia P. Petrou, SD’96 Edward Yeh Mark Phillippe, SM’07 Albert S. Yeung, SM’87, SD’92 * Margaret T. Howe, SM’70, SD’75 Linda T. Poggensee, SM’88 and Robert R. Poggensee Joel Yohai, SM’02 Raja Iglewicz, ‘85 and Boris Iglewicz Cedric W. Porter, Jr., MPH’69 * Susanna J. Jacobus, SM’03 Sok-Ja K. Janket, MPH’02 * Tina T. Powderly, SM’00 and Tom Powderly * Kathy L. Jenkins, MPH’94 Beth G. Raucher, SM’02 Vida T. and Dean R. Johnson Michael Reid Wayne A. Johnson, MPH’65 Erinn T. Rhodes, MPH’04 * Joel Kavet, SD’72 Susan W. Robbins, MPH’78 Patrick L. Kirsop, SM’85 John W. Robinson, SM’04 Soichi Koike, MPH’01 Sheila C. Rocchio Ruth B. Kundsin, SD’58 * Wendy G. Rockefeller, SM’82 * Augusta F. Law, MPH’51 Stephanie Rosborough, MPH’06 Russ B. Hauser, MPH’90, SD’94 * Ka He, SM’02, SD’03 Patricia M. and David C. Hinkle Benjamin M. Howard John C. Leadbeater, MPH’71 * Sidney W. Rosen, MPH’99 * Caron M. Lee, SM’04 David Rosenstein Lisa M. Letourneau, MPH’02 Mikhail P. Salganik, SM’97, SD’06 Samuel Levey, SM’63 * Laury E. Saligman, SM’95 Paul M. LeVine, SM’92 Jill S. Schield, SM’89 * Qian H. Li, SD’97 Kevin J. Schwartzman, MPH’95 * Janet Scott Lloyd, MPH’10 Patricia A. Shea Summer L. Zheng, ‘03 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years † deceased Kelly Claire Simon, SM’04, SD’07 and John Simon Edwin S. Spirer, MPH’80 Simon D. Spivack, MPH’89 James H. Steele, MPH’42 * James M. Steven, SM’02 * Winter 2011 45 Corporations, Foundations and Organizations The School gratefully acknowledges the invaluable support of its many corporate, foundation, and institutional partners. Through their engagement, these organizations are helping to improve the health of people around the world. The following lists recognize organizations that, in fiscal year 2010, have provided grants of $1,000 and above or have made matching gifts to the School. $50,000–$99,999 American Federation for Aging Research The Brinson Foundation Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Burroughs Wellcome Fund GDS Services International Limited Healthways Howard Hughes Medical Institute Raymond P. Lavietes Foundation $1,000,000+ African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS $100,000–$249,999 American Heart Association, Inc. Accelerated Cure Project Government of the Republic of Cyprus Action on Smoking and Health International Estate of Diana P. Reeve Leukemia Society of America, Inc. Medtronic, Inc. Margaret T. Morris Foundation New Horizon Foundation Oxfam America Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute Alfred P. Sloan Foundation The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Cabot Family Charitable Trust $500,000–$999,999 Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust American Diabetes Association William J. Clinton Foundation Towers Perrin Forster & Crosby Behrakis Foundation The Ellison Foundation Wong Family Foundation Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Ellison Medical Foundation ExxonMobil Foundation Energy Foundation $25,000–$49,999 Fidelity Non-Profit Management Foundation Francis Family Foundation California Walnut Commission Frontier Science & Technology Research Foundation Charles A. King Trust Glickenhaus Foundation David Bohnett Foundation W. K. Kellogg Foundation Harbor Lights Foundation Dillon Fund Ambrose Monell Foundation The William & Flora Hewlett Foundation Genzyme Corporation Open Society Institute GTN Holdings Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturing of America Japan Foundation for the Promotion of International Medical Research Cooperation Risk Management Foundation A. G. Leventis Foundation The Medtronic Foundation North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International $250,000–$499,999 Arthritis Foundation American Institute for Cancer Research Pfizer, Inc. Press Ganey Associates, Inc. The Rockefeller Foundation Sanofi Pasteur Searle Scholars Program The TriZetto Group Commonwealth Fund Charles H. Hood Foundation Massachusetts General Hospital Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation Parkinson Study Group University of Maine Philips Healthcare R3i Foundation $10,000–$24,999 Schering-Plough Research Institute Abbott Laboratories Scleroderma Research Foundation Aquidneck Foundation H.H. Brown J.T. Tai and Company Foundation, Inc. Boys and Girls Club of Lawrence Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Teikyo University Chevron Energy Technology Company The Merck Company Foundation Thrasher Research Fund Population Reference Bureau V Foundation for Cancer Research Breast Cancer Research Foundation Footwear Association Charity Event, Inc. John Templeton Foundation, Inc. 46 Harvard Public Health Review continued T he rise of a global economy, with the concurrent increase in the amount and speed of international transportation, has led to a spread of diseases worldwide. The Harvard School of Public Health has been front and center in addressing this threatening development. The School has been fortunate to have outstanding leaders, including former Deans Harvey Fineberg and Barry Bloom, and the current Dean, Julio Frenk. It is for these reasons that the Monell Foundation has consistently supported the School’s Dean’s Discretionary Fund. Kent Dayton/HSPH — George Rowe, Jr. President and Director of The Ambrose Monell Foundation. Rowe is a senior partner in the law firm of Fulton, Rowe & Hart in New York City. Winter 2011 47 Estate of Dr. Frank L. Babbott $1,000–$4,999 Tulis, Miller & Company Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research Aetna Uno Restaurants, LLC Affymetrix, Inc. Valley Anesthesiology Foundation Genentech, Inc. Applied Biosystems Victory Health, LLC Estate of Marshall J. Hanley The Loreen Arbus Foundation Victory Partners, LLP Institute of International Education AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, LP White Mountains Regional High School Leape Foundation for Patient Safety ATV Capital Management, Incorporated Leaves of Grass Fund Biogen Idec, Incorporated Matching Gift Organizations Arthur L. Loeb Foundation Blum Family Foundation, Inc. Amgen Foundation, Inc. Medco Health Solutions Chinese-American Biomedical Association Andersen Consulting Foundation Oncology-Hematology Clinic Pinkerton Foundation Concentra Health Services Dow Jones & Company Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance Consulting in Healthcare Strategies, LLC Eli Lilly and Company Foundation U. S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation Corners Fund Elizabeth Doolittle Charitable Trusts Cytel, Inc. Michael & Louisa von Clemm Foundation Exelon Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ExxonMobil Foundation David W. Haartz Trust Fidelity Foundation Dossia Service Corporation GlaxoSmithKline Foundation $5,000–$9,999 The Foundation for Enhancing Communities IBM International Foundation 5 for Fairness GlaxoSmithKline American Statistical Association Goldman Sachs & Co. The Boston Foundation, Inc. Haber Family Charitable Fund Clarus Ventures, LLC Harvard Club of New York Foundation Combined Jewish Philanthropies Illumina, Inc. Cooper Clinic International Rescue Committee Dayton Foundation Johnson & Johnson Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation JPC Support Services Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Incorporated Iacocca Foundation John Snow, Inc. Northern Lights Foundation Ropes & Gray LLP Safe Futures Fund of The Foundation for Enhancing Communities Sanofi-Aventis K.K. Schering-Plough Pharmaceuticals Tishri Fund Madison Cox Design, Inc. Maksoud Pharm, Inc. Massachusetts Medical Society MSFS Student Association NeuroPhage Pharmaceuticals Oak Fund of Triangle Community Foundation Pointcross, Inc. The Adolphe Quetelet Society SAS Institute Schwab Fund for Charitable Giving Sinco, Inc. 48 Harvard Public Health Review Burness Communications Lone Pine Foundation, Inc. Novartis Pfizer Schering-Plough Foundation, Inc. Wachovia Foundation Annual Giving The success of Annual Giving in fiscal year 2010 was the result of hard work on the part of many loyal HSPH alumni and friends. These donors understand that annual giving plays a critical role in meeting ongoing needs for student financial aid, seed funding for innovative research, and general operating support. Henry Pickering Walcott Society ($25,000 +) Thorley D. Briggs Judy and Russell L. Carson Anthony Chase Ambika Collins Phyllis D. Collins Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 Sarah B. and Seth M. Glickenhaus Ellen Feldberg Gordon Sofia M. Gruskin Mala G. Haarmann Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 and Bayard Henry James E. Issler Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II Xiao Liang John L. McGoldrick William A. Oates Roslyn B. Payne Gloria and Bernard Salick Richard W. Smith James M. Usdan Christopher W. Walker Fair H. Wang, SM’92 Nathalie and Stephen R. Wong A s chief executive of the leading natural nutrition company in the United States, I have a deep interest in helping people live healthier lives. I think the HSPH is a fantastic institution that engages in cutting-edge research and provides proven solutions to challenges in critical areas of health. The School has the capacity to educate and inform the public in part because of its credibility as a Harvard institution. A personal passion of mine is to help eradicate under-nutrition in the world. There is simply no reason it should exist. I also want to educate people about the dangers of exposure to chemicals through products in their homes and workplaces. The faculty at HSPH is truly doing groundbreaking work in these and other fields. It is a privilege to be able to spend time with them and to support their mission. —Roger L. Barnett, MBA ’91 Chairman and CEO, Shaklee Corporation James Steven Simmons Society ($10,000–$24,999) Christine Allen Roger L. Barnett Lynne and Roger S. Berkowitz Winter 2011 49 James J. Bochnowski Shattuck Family Society Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 Howard E. Cox, Jr. ($5,000–$9,999) James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Loreen J. Arbus Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Mortimer Berkowitz III Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 Estate of Dr. Frank L. Babbott Katie H. Gambill Jane Carpenter Bradley and John M. Bradley Barbara N. Lubash, SM’76 and Paul A. Moses Dorothy J. Ganick, SM’67 Rosemary and John W. Brown Hossam Maksoud Martin and Enid Gleich Carrie S. Cox Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 Laurence J. Hagerty Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation Carole C. and William M. Moore, MPH’66 Samuel A. Forman, MPH’77, SM’80 Susan and Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 John H. Foster Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 Larry S. Gage David I. Scheer Serena M. Hatch and Francis W. Hatch, Jr. † Roberta Schneiderman Holly D. Hayes and Carl W. Stern, Jr. George H. Strong Kathryn and Ned Hentz James J. Hummer Carol Jean W. Suitor, SM’85, SD’88 and Richard Suitor Anthony Kales Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 Beth V. and Carmine A. Martignetti John J. Whyte, MPH’93 Sue and Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Mark E. Jennings Stephen B. Kay Florence R. Koplow Barbara J. Wu and Eric C. Larson Lucian L. Leape Arthur L. Loeb Per Lofberg Francisco A. Lorenzo Nancy T. Lukitsh Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 and John H. MacMillan IV Kristin W. and Stephen A. Mugford Mary Revelle Paci Irene Pollin Robert O. Preyer Carol Raphael Jeannine M. Rivet Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 and Ambassador Theodore Sedgwick Leni and Adam D. Sender Charles B. Sheppard II Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 and Miles F. Shore Helen Bowdoin Spaulding Susan W. Peck, SM’87, SD’91 Penelope and Michael R. Pollard, MPH’74 Jonathan M. Mann Society Denise Sobel Clement A. Adebamowo, SD’04 Natasha P. and Richard H. Stowe Mary Ellen Avery Irene M. and Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. David J. Berck, MPH’96 Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth Stephen H. Wise Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Migs S. Woodside Richard A. Bienia, MPH’74 ($1,000–$2,499) Gerald H. Blum Richard M. Smith Milton J. Rosenau Society Joshua A. Bookin David B. Snow ($2,500–$4,999) Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Howard H. Stevenson Arthur Bugs Baer Irene S. and John Briedis Edwin Jay Taff Ruth A. Barron Nancy Budge Linda Tao James D. Blum Kim J. Burchiel Louisa von Clemm Justin Campbell Alfred J. Capelli, SM’04 Barbara G. and Henry S. White Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 Jared S. White Lucy Y. Chie, MPH’06 Kevin C. Chang, MPH’85 Jason Yeung Madison Cox Prudence S. Crozier Stephanie and Peter W. Choo, MPH’91, DPH’96 Karen L. Davis, SM’78 Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Graham A. Colditz, MPH’82, DPH’82 Judith E. and Laurence J. Hicks Gail E. Costa, SM’76 Wanda Olsen and Michael E. Jacobson 50 Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Norma Dana Renate and Jack W. Schuler Barbara J. Friedberg Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 Nina F. Simonds Koene and John R. Graves Harvey V. Fineberg Kristin Kendall Snow, SM’93, SD’00 Jennifer N. Greenberg, SM’00 Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Robert Snyder Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Adam M. Finkel, SD’87 Naomi Sobel Tomio Hirohata, SM’65, SD’68 Fred N. Fishman Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Andrea M. Jacobs Frederick Frank Ellie Starr Susanna J. Jacobus, SM’03 Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk Howard R. Steinberg, MPH’75 Patrik L. Johansson, MPH’01 Niki and A. Alan Friedberg Stephen P. Kelly, SPH’79 Paula and Jose Garber Phyllis C. Tien, SM’88 and D. Scott Smith, SM’87 M. Dozier Garnder Ming Tsai Susan M. Guillory Gerald Tulis Justice E. Chouteau Levine and William M. Levine Carol Haber Kelly Victory Timothy J. Mahoney, SM’05 Carol L. Hiller Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 Bonnie Marcus Mari Ito, SM’77 Virginia G. Watkin Maria E. Mazorra, SM’79 Truda C. Jewett Mary Weinmann Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 Linda W. Kalinowski, SM’80 and Thomas W. Kalinowski, SM’77, SD’81 Andrew M. Wiesenthal, SM’04 Anson Wright, SM’05 Catherine M. and Matthew P. Moeller, SM’84 Tse-Jen Kao, MPH’91 Ellen M. Zane Mark T. Munger John W. Lehmann, MPH’88 Beth Myers, SM’76 Ellen L. Kaplan Simeon M. Kriesberg Alice Hamilton Society Michiko Nakayama, MPH’98 Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 ($500–$999) Caroline R. Le Feuvre Kathleen H. Acree, MPH’64 Elizabeth M. and Philip T. Nicholson, SM’74 Sarah L. and John C. Lechleiter Laura and Louis M. Alpern, MPH’74 Elizabeth K. Liao Jill E. Appel, SM’00 Daniel R. Lucey, MPH’88 Robert Berke, MPH’75 Isabel W. and Peter L. Malkin Paul Biddinger James A. Manganello, MPH’80 Yvonne M. Bishop, SM’61 JoAnn E. Manson, MPH’84, DPH’87 Michael A. Bolton, SM’95 Linda D. Masiello Patricia L. Brown, MPH’76 Carol I. Master, SM’81, DPH’89 and Sherry Mayrent J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 William Shaw McDermott Nicholas P. McGrane Leah Modigliani Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Thomas P.C. Monath Ann E. Moran, MPH’75, DPH’80 Thomas L. P. O’Donnell William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 Michael S. Radeos, MPH’00 Donald J. Rosato, MPH’63 Margaret B. Ruttenberg, SM’96 Jean-Marc R. Saffar, SM’97 Valentine Schaffner Mary Eileen Chamberland, MPH’82 Raymond C. Chan, SM’03 Jenny Cheuk Walter K. Clair, MPH’85 Melanie C. Clarke, SM’78 Joseph A. Cook Marcia Cross Linda C. Niessen, MPH’77 Stephen E. Piwinski, MIH’82 Stephen J. Plank Ruth S. and Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 Lee S. Prisament, MPH’06 Shanna K. Quigley Carl M. Reddix, MPH’85 Carol H. Rice, SM’75 Abbe F. Rosenbaum, MPH’91 Daniel W. Rosenn, SM’74 Steven M. Rudd, MPH’94 Jonathan M. Samet, SM’77 Suresh Santanam, SD’89 Stephen C. Schoenbaum, MPH’74 Steven K. Sham, MPH’74 Adam Cuddy Donald C. Simonson, MPH’98, SM’99, SD’06 Mary Cushman, SM’96 Sarah L. Sinha, SM’99 Herbert O. Davies, SM’08 Hope H. Snider, MPH’64 Kenneth M. Davis, SM’90 Richard W. Steketee, MPH’83 Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart, MPH’93 Eileen Storey, MPH’78 Mei Sheng Duh, SD’96 Jeffrie R. Strang Eilert H. Eilertsen, MPH’58 continued Winter 2011 51 Leonel Vela, MPH’87 Charles Deutsch, SD’87 Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 Helen H. Wang, MPH’76, DPH’79 Joseph C. d’Oronzio, MPH’80 John T. Nagurney, MPH’78 Boyd V. Washington, SM’05 Kelly J. Dougherty, SM’06 Jane W. Newburger, MPH’80 Jason S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 Stanley L. Dryden, SM’64 Soomi and Yutaka Niihara, MPH’06 Dorothy L. Wilson, MPH’66 Kim Enomoto, MPH’80 Victoria Nourafchan Beverly Winikoff, MPH’73 and Michael C. Alpert, MPH’74 Jonathan E. Fielding, MPH’71 Bernard M. Olsen, SM’77 Bertha B. Fitzer J. Christopher Perry, MPH’73 James F. Wittmer, MPH’61 Laurence B. Flood Erik J. Won, MPH’03 Nancy J. Fox, SM’86 Linda T. Poggensee, SM’88 and Robert R. Poggensee Danielle E. Wuchenich, MPH’81 Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr., SM’65 Cedric W. Porter, Jr., MPH’69 Shirley and David R. Younkin Jeffery S. Garland, SM’92 Tina T. Powderly, SM’00 and Tom Powderly Homero R. Garza, MPH’76 Beth G. Raucher, SM’02 Cecil K. and Philip Drinker Society Theodore Georgiadis, SM’65 ($250–$499) Terrance R. Gillen, SPH’96 Anonymous Judith D. Goldberg, SM’67, SD’72 Theodor Abelin, MPH’63 Rose H. Goldman, MPH’80, SM’81 Terry A. Adirim, MPH’91 James M. Grebosky, SM’07 R. Siisi Adu-Gyamfi Alan D. Guerci, SM’02 Elizabeth N. Allred, ‘78 Fernando A. Guerra, MPH’83 Virginia W. Arnold, ‘80 Bernard Guyer, MPH‘80 Ruth and Herbert Aschkenasy Ming-Rong Harn, ‘02 Sanjay Aurora, MPH’07 Tammy C. Harris Elizabeth A. Bancroft, SM’95 Patricia Hartge, SM’76, SD’83 Lisa S. Barnes, SM’81 Elizabeth E. Hatch, SM’81 and Francis W. Hatch III Josh Brenner Arthur Russell Rhodes, MPH’73 Erinn T. Rhodes, MPH’04 A. E. C. Rietveld, MPH’94 John W. Robinson, SM’04 Christy Robson Sheila C. Rocchio Wendy G. Rockefeller, SM’82 Stephanie Rosborough, MPH’06 David Rosenstein Deborah A. Roth Jill S. Schield, SM’89 Janet Y. Schrodi, MPH’00 Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold Ka He, SM’02, SD’03 Kevin J. Schwartzman, MPH’95 E. Rodman Heine Bernard Shleien, SM’63 Bonnie B. Blanchfield, SM’91, SD’95 Warren W. Hodge, MPH’64 Sheila R. Bloom, SM’78 Benjamin M. Howard Kelly Claire Simon, SM’04, SD’07 and John Simon Paul R. Branch, SM’82 Ping Hu, SM’93, SD’96 Arthur E. Brown, Jr., MPH’81 Sok-Ja K. Janket, MPH’02 Gilbert Burgos, MPH’90 Vida T. and Dean R. Johnson Sheila A. Campbell Wayne A. Johnson, MPH’65 Debra D. Carey, SM’79 Marjorie E. Kanof Kiera and James C. Carlisle Joel Kavet, SD’72 Beatriz Casado, MPH’07 Soichi Koike, MPH’01 N. Bruce Chase, MPH’68 Ruth B. Kundsin, SD’58 Zeina N. Chemali, MPH’08 Augusta F. Law, MPH’51 Chau-Shyong D. Chen, MPH’84 John C. Leadbeater, MPH’71 Yung-Cheng J. Chen, MPH’83 Caron M. Lee, SM’04 Irene Y. Cheung, SM’74, SD’77 Samuel Levey, SM’63 Eugene D. Choi Stephen H. MacDonald, MPH’95 Jeffrey B. Cohn, SM’05 Leonard C. Mandell Robert T. Cutting, MPH’59 Nancy J. Marr, SM’89 Victoria P. de Menil, SM’06 Nancy T. McCall, SM’85, SD’93 John McNelis, SM’08 52 Harvard Public Health Review James H. Steele, MPH’42 James M. Steven, SM’02 J. Michael Taylor Robert G. Travnicek, MPH’90 Henry W. Vaillant, SM’69 Elizabeth Anne Vanner, SM’82 Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Bonnie R. Weinbach, SM’03 Marcia L. Weisman, SD’79 Mary E. Wewers, MPH‘99 Georgiana K. White, SM’79 Lynn F. and John A. Wilkes Earnestine Willis, MPH’77 Saul T. Wilson, MPH’55 Cynthia E. Winne, MPH’74 Joel Yohai Tribute Gifts Tribute Gifts offer a meaningful way to advance public health while also recognizing a beloved family member, special friend, or colleague. Individuals who were honored or memorialized with a tribute gift in fiscal year 2010 are listed below. The names of their corresponding donors appear throughout this report. Honored Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr. Barry R. Bloom Marcia Cross Myron E. Essex Mary Revelle Paci Louise M. Ryan Shan V. Sayles Janine E. Luke and Melvin R. Seiden Stephen Lagakos, HSPH professor of biostatistics and international leader in biostatistics and AIDS research, who died in 2009 Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Nancy Turnbull Thelma and Marvin Zelen Memorialized Don Berry James W. Bridges Richard B. Gamble Helen Lagakos Regina Lagakos Stephen W. Lagakos Alan S. Morrison, SM’69, SD’72 O n October 12, 2009, the HSPH community lost a beloved longtime faculty member and an international leader in biostatistics and AIDS research when Stephen Lagakos, 63, died in a tragic auto collision in Peterborough, N.H. Lagakos helped develop intellectual foundations for clinical and epidemiological research on AIDS that had great impact on science and on public health during his lifetime. He also educated several generations of students, who were devoted to him as an inspirational teacher and mentor. The Lagakos Family Fund was established in memory of the Lagakos family to support the Department of Biostatistics. Ralph S. Paffenbarger, Jr. Samuel Serino Frances Skornik William A. Skornik Armen H. Tashjian, Jr. Winter 2011 53 Founders Circle The Harvard School of Public Health deeply appreciates members of the Founders Circle, who demonstrate special foresight by making gifts to the School through their wills or estate plans. Their planned gifts help ensure that HSPH faculty and students will continue their pioneering work for decades to come. Theodore A. Montgomery, MPH’55 Richard Ng, SM’74 Chong Moo Park, MPH’54 George Putnam Kakaraparti V. Rao, SM’72 Helen Z. Reinherz, SM’62, SD’65 Margo C. and August T. Rossano, SM’41, SD’54 Anonymous Virginia O. Fine Ida E. Rubin † and Jerome S. Rubin Joan M. Altekruse, MPH’65 and Ernest B. Altekruse Katherine A. Forrest, MPH’71 Louise M. and Paul R. Schloerb Niki and A. Alan Friedberg Dorothy Q. and David B. Arnold, Jr. The Estate of Kate and Murray Seiden Barbara Gales, SM’91 Nelson K. Aweh III Janine E. Luke and Melvin R. Seiden Vida and Arthur L. Goldstein Katherine L. Rhyne and Charles W. Axten Adnan Shakir, SM’54 G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Marjorie W. and Mitchell B. Sharmat Peter O. Haughie, SM’98 Bernard Shleien, SM’63 Francis J. Helminski, MPH’85 Joel E. and Joan Smilow Terry M. Bennett, MPH’69 Maria Helena F.T. Henriques-Mueller, SD’84 Ruth and Eliot I. Snider Eugene P. Berg, Jr. Robin C. Herman and Paul F. Horovitz Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold Jose R. Hernandez-Montoya, MPH’80 Joan R. and Arthur Bugs Baer Amy Claire Barkin, MPH’76 Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr. Marie C. McCormick and Robert Blendon Olive W. Holmes Lilli and Donald F. Hornig Howard Hu, MPH’82, SM’86, SD’90 Stanley P. Bohrer, MPH’75 Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II Gary P. Bond, SM’76 Marion A. Jordan, SM’77 Daniel and Lana Branton Apa Juntavee, MPH’95 Robert D. Brodley Maurice E. Keenan, MPH’77 Annette B. and Joseph A. Burke, SM’72 Karim F. Lalji, SM’91 Deanna Lee Byck, SD’98 Stanley N. Lapidus Steven D. Colome, SD’98 Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 Johanna F.H. Coy, ‘48 Paul S. Lee, Jr. Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Ann M. Lewicki, MPH’76 Frank Denny Nancy J. Heidorn, SM’89 Jean M. Doherty-Greenberg, MPH’79 and David A. Greenberg, MPH’80 Keitaro Matsuo, SM’03 Mary Kerr Donaldson Patricia A. and William B. Donovan, SM’70 Sumner Feldberg Peter B. Strong Lee L. and Marvin S. Traub Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Hasi Venkatachalam, MPH’43 Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Marilyn and Ronald Walter SM’72 Jason S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 Thomas G. White, SM’52 Doris Wilson, ‘48 Enid Wilson Chunhua Liu, SM’98, SD’00 Walter F. Mazzone, SM’64 Steven U. McKane, MPH’79 Marjorie J. McLemore Jeffrey W. Mecaskey, SM’90 Diana H. and S. Noel Melvin Roger J. Meyer, MPH’59 Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 54 Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth Elihu York, MPH’69 Anthony J. Zangara, MPH’62 T Kent Dayton/HSPH here is a similarity between the oil business, in which I have spent most of my life, and the Harvard School of Public Health. They both engage in exploration. They both seek to find something that hasn’t been discovered before and, if successful, will help mankind. There is, however, one major difference: The oil business seeks profits; the School seeks to make people healthier and therefore needs some of the business “profits.” One way to fund the School is through a charitable remainder trust. With the Barrie M. Damson 2006 Charitable Remainder Unitrust, I was able to give a specific amount that would not be dependent upon events in the future, such as a change in my will or my net worth. I received a tax benefit and an annual income based on the donated amount. Upon my demise, the trust will continue to pay my wife, Joan, an income during her lifetime. I did not specify the use of the proceeds, as I believe the School will be in a far better position to determine its needs at the time of receipt. Dean Frenk has clearly set the guidelines for the School’s success with his concept of a “Circle of Knowledge.” I believe in the Dean’s concept—and it can only be achieved by our continuing to strengthen the Harvard School of Public Health. — Barrie Damson, AB ’56, President and Chairman, Damson Financial Resources, Inc., Westport, CT Winter 2011 55 Faculty, Staff, and Faculty Emeriti Deep gratitude is due to members of the faculty and staff who extended their already extraordinary commitment to the School with contributions of financial support. We thank all members of our HSPH community who work to make a difference every day and recognize those who made gifts of $100 or more in fiscal year 2010 in the following list. Anonymous Robert B. Banzett Paul Biddinger Deborah L. Blacker Barry R. Bloom Julie E. Buring, SD’83 Tianxi Cai, SD’99 Sheila A. Campbell Paul H. Campbell, SD’87 Graham A. Colditz, DPH’86 Gary C. Curhan, SD’96 Roger B. Davis, SD’88 Charles Deutsch, SD’87 I n every HSPH department, people are working on the most important public health issues in the world: malaria, HIV, genetics, environmental health, nutrition. What’s unique here at the School is that every topic is both fascinating and morally urgent. The School is a global gathering place. The brightest minds— young scientists and public health leaders from around the world— come here to understand how to improve the health and well-being of the human population, in every setting. We gain insights from their views of issues and problems. As a faculty member, this is the best possible place to be. Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 Jeffrey M. Drazen Johanna T. Dwyer, SM’65, SD’69 Myron E. Essex — Walter Willett, MPH ’73, DPH ’80 Chair, Department of Nutrition and Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition Harvey V. Fineberg Lucian L. Leape Alix Smullin Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk Thomas H. Lee, Jr., SM’87 Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Kimberlee K. Gauvreau, SM’89, SD’92 JoAnn E. Manson, SM’67, SD’80 Kenneth Stanley Richard D. Gelber Kenneth McIntosh Ellie Starr Rebecca S. Gelman Michael F. McNally B. Katherine Swartz Rose H. Goldman, MPH’90, SD’94 Cyrus Mehta Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Sofia M. Gruskin Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 Michael W. Voligny Russ B. Hauser, MPH’90, SD’94 Thomas P.C. Monath Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 Martin S. Hirsch Richard R. Monson, SM’67, SD’69 Rui Wang Chung-Cheng Hsieh, SM’80, SD’85 Nancy E. Mueller, SM’74, SD’80 Scott T. Weiss, SM’77 David J. Hunter, MPH’85, SD’88 Donna S. Neuberg, SD’88 Walter C. Willett, MPH’73, DPH’80 Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 R. Heather Palmer, SM’70 Paige L. Williams Joel Lamstein Patricia A. Shea Dyann F. Wirth Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 Daniel E. Singer Robert O. Wright, MPH’00 56 Harvard Public Health Review Kent Dayton/HSPH Jeffrey J. Fredberg Volunteers The School is tremendously grateful to the many Board of Dean’s Advisors (as of November 1, 2010) Melinda A. Cavicchia volunteers who, in partnership with faculty Jeanne Bari Ackman members and staff, are helping to advance the Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 Theodore Angelopoulos field of public health. The following people are George D. Behrakis Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 recognized for their service and commitment to Katherine States Burke Tammy S. Ching HSPH and the committees on which they serve. Jack Connors, Jr. Bernard K. Chiu Jamie A. Cooper-Hohn Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Antonio O. Garza Lawrence H. Cohn Mala Gaonkar Haarmann Ambika Collins Walter Channing, Jr. Visiting Committee Alumni Council C. Boyden Gray Phyllis D. Collins Jeffrey P. Koplan, MPH’78, Chair Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65, President Rajat K. Gupta Francis L. Coolidge Alejandro Ramirez Tyler C. Cooper, MPH’05 Ruth L. Berkelman Elsbeth Kalenderian, MPH’89, President-Elect Richard Menschel, Emeritus Anthony Dias, MPH’04, Secretary Roslyn B. Payne Lammot du Pont Copeland, Jr. Swati A. Piramal Gail E. Costa, SM’76 Carlos E. Represas Howard E. Cox, Jr. Tore Godal Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90, Immediate Past President Richard W. Smith Prudence S. Crozier Jo Handelsman Teresa Chahine, SD’10 Howard H. Stevenson Joan P. Curhan Risa J. Lavizzo-Mourey Sameh El-Saharty, MPH’91 Samuel O. Thier Bancroft Littlefield, Jr. Chandek Ghosh, MPH’00 Lawrence J. D’Angelo, MPH’72 Nancy T. Lukitsh Marina Anderson, MPH’03 Vickie M. Mays Rey de Castro, ScD’00 HSPH Leadership Council Executive Committee Michael H. Merson Cecilia Gerard, SM’09 Barrie M. Damson Rey de Castro Anne Mills Mitchell L. Dong Alan Doft Kenneth Olden G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 John W. Rowe Sean Dunbar, SM’08 Paula K. Ivey Henry, SM’95 Jean M. Doherty-Greenberg, MPH’79 Bernard Salick Maxine Whittaker, MPH’86 Beth V. Martignetti Burton R. Singer Roderick King, MPH’98 Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 Monisha Machado-Pereira, SM’07 HSPH Leadership Council Gloria Rudisch, MPH’70 G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Christine Allen Sean M. Dunbar, SM’08 Marina G. Anderson, MPH’03 Harvard Alumni Association Appointed Directors Michael S. Feldberg Loreen J. Arbus Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Arthur Bugs Baer Paul J. Finnegan J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 Roger L. Barnett Fred N. Fishman Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Sloan Barnett James W. Fordyce Mortimer Berkowitz III Elizabeth R. Foster Roger S. Berkowitz John H. Foster Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Frederick Frank Jane Carpenter Bradley Robert B. Fraser Katherine States Burke A. Alan Friedberg Gilbert Butler, Jr. Michael E. A. Gellert J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 Cecilia Gerard Joshua S. Boger Walter K. Clair Nicholas N. Eberstadt, ‘77 Barrie M. Damson Karen L. Davis, SM’78 Mike M. Donatelli Mitchell L. Dong Robin LaFoley Dong Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 Winter 2011 continued 57 M ore than a decade ago, we attended a Harvard program on interdisciplinary initiatives, featuring faculty collaborations across schools at the University. We noted that HSPH was represented on every panel. The School touches so many global health issues—from AIDS to nutrition to the environment—and does so in an interdisciplinary way. We focus our philanthropic efforts on three areas of scientific interests that we have shared for decades: discovery and exploration, health, and environment. At HSPH, all three areas are well served. We look at early stage research projects like a venture capital investment. After some discussions with Max Essex, chair of the HSPH AIDS Initiative and the Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, we realized that a little seed money for some pilot studies would easily translate to subsequent support from the National Institutes of Health. And indeed, that has happened. This makes giving to HSPH so appealing. It is targeted seed money that propels research to the next level. HSPH is a place where basic research provides policymakers with evidence-based data. It gives us a good feeling to have an impact on public health globally. And we love the fact that people who choose to study public health do so with their hearts. 58 Harvard Public Health Review Kent Dayton/HSPH —Barbara (B) Wu, PhD ’81, and Eric Larson, AB ’77 Wilmette, IL Sarah B. Glickenhaus HSPH AIDS Initiative International Advisory Council Charles A. Sanders Seth M. Glickenhaus Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Maxine W. Goldenson Per Lofberg Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 C. Boyden Gray Nancy T. Lukitsh David I. Scheer David A. Greenberg, MPH’80 Monisha R. MachadoPereira, SM’07 Ruth C. Scheer Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr., Co-Chair Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 Roberta Schneiderman Susan M. Guillory Bruce A. Beal Thomas A. Scully Peter A. Chernin Beth V. Martignetti Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 Joanne M. Cipolla David H. M. Matheson Risa C. Shames, SM’92 Susan M. Curren William Shaw McDermott Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 Norma Dana John L. McGoldrick Charlotte V. Smith Ambassador John Danilovich Robin B. McLay Richard W. Smith Mitchell L. Dong Richard L. Menschel Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Robin LaFoley Dong Rajat K. Gupta Laurence J. Hagerty Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Holly D. Hayes Bayard Henry Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 Judith E. Hicks Christopher T. Hitt, SM’75 Olive W. Holmes Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 Phillip W. Sarocco, SM’93 Eliot I. Snider Helen Bowdoin Spaulding Carl W. Stern, Jr. James J. Hummer Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Joseph A. Ierardi, SM’80 Ahmed Mohiuddin Natasha Pearl Stowe Paula K. Ivey Henry, SM’95 James F. Moore Richard H. Stowe Joan L. Jacobson William M. Moore, MPH’66 George H. Strong Julius H. Jacobson II Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 James M. Usdan Anula K. Jayasuriya Mark O’Friel Randall G. Vickery Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 William A. Oates Kelly Victory Thomas L. P. O’Donnell Robert C. Waggoner Mark E. Jennings Adebayo O. Ogunlesi Michael P. Walsh G. Timothy Johnson, MPH’76 Adeoye Y. Olukotun, MPH’83 Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 Elsbeth G. Kalenderian, MPH’89 Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 Ruth J. Katz, MPH’80 Stephen B. Kay James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 Mary Revelle Paci Carol Paraskevas Dinesh Patel Roslyn B. Payne Maurice E. Keenan, MPH’77 William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 Rachel K. King Steven C. Phillips Roderick K. King, MPH’98 Muriel K. Pokross Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Michael R. Pollard, MPH’74 Therus C. Kolff, MPH’79 Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 Florence R. Koplow Robert O. Preyer Daman M. Kowalski James H. Rand IV Joel Lamstein Jeannine M. Rivet William C. Landreth Deborah Rose, SM’75 Eric C. Larson Jerome S. Rubin Howard H. Stevenson Fair H. Wang, SM’92 Irene M. Weigel Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. J. Frederick Weintz, Jr. Maxine A. Whittaker, MPH’86 Maurice Tempelsman, Chair Pierre G. Durand Douglass B. Given Cathy Graham David A. Hamburg Lisa M. Henson John A. Lithgow Marguerite Littman Vincent P. McCarthy Mary Revelle Paci Susan B. Plum Sidney Poitier Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 Richard M. Smith Salwa J. Smith Victoria Brooks Stafford Barbara J. Wu Soon-Young Yoon John J. Whyte, MPH’93 China Initiative Advisory Council Herbert S. Winokur, Jr. Tammy S. Ching Stephen H. Wise Bernard K. Chiu Migs S. Woodside Phyllis D. Collins Barbara J. Wu James E. Issler Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Mark P. Lindberg Bertram A. Yaffe Linda Tao Ellen M. Zane M. T. Geoffrey Yeh Paul J. Zofnass Gloria A. Rudisch, MPH’70 continued Bernard Salick Winter 2011 59 HSPH-Cyprus International Initiative Executive Council Abdulatif Y. Al-Hamad S. John Brademas Philip Christopher Harriet M. Fulbright Walid Khadduri Achilleas Kyprianou Kenan Sahin Martin E. Segal Stanley S. Shuman Richard M. Smith Ann Tenenbaum Grant A. Tinker Ruth A. Wooden Nutrition Round Table Steering Committee Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 Roger S. Berkowitz Carmine A. Martignetti Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 Linda D. Masiello Joan P. Curhan Robin LaFoley Dong Susan M. Guillory Barbara J. Lind Ted Mayer Ahmed Mohiuddin Patricia Mohiuddin William A. Oates Muriel K. Pokross Nikos Mouyiaris Health Policy and Management Executive Council Nicholas V. Papadopoulos Jeannine M. Rivet, Chair Peter Papanicolaou Kenneth S. Abramowitz Nutrition Round Table Efthyvoulos Paraskevaides James J. Bochnowski Edwin Jay Taff, Chair Harris Pastides John W. Brown Roger S. Berkowitz Photos Photiades Walter Channing, Jr. Jane Carpenter Bradley Demetrius C. Trakatellis Carrie S. Cox Martin T. Breslin John T. Triphyllis Howard E. Cox Jr. Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 Thomas Daschle Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 John H. Foster Prudence S. Crozier Larry S. Gage Joan P. Curhan Katie H. Gambill Ronald C. Curhan Laurence J. Hagerty Mitchell L. Dong Mark E. Jennings Robin LaFoley Dong Stephen B. Kay Frank Guidara Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Susan M. Guillory Unfinished Agenda of Infectious Diseases Executive Committee Per Lofberg Holly D. Hayes David I. Scheer, Chair Carol Raphael Ned Hentz Thomas A. Scully Thomas Herskovits Adeoye Y. Olukotun, MPH’83 David B. Snow Judith E. Hicks Richard H. Stowe Lee A. Iacocca James M. Usdan Michael E. Jacobson Josef H. von Rickenbach Ellen L. Kaplan Michael P. Walsh Louisa Kasdon Ellen M. Zane Mollie Katzen Dimitrios Linos Center for Health Communications Advisory Board Daniel H. Adler Raymond G. Chambers Megan Chernin Barry Diller Lindsay Doran Daniel R. Glickman Michael A. Helfant Howard H. Hiatt Arianna Huffington Jeffrey Jacobs Quincy D. Jones, Jr. Thomas H. Kean Frank W. Marshall Newton N. Minow Irene Pollin Charles Rosin Peter Roth Irene Pollin Edwin Jay Taff Irene Pollin Gloria W. Sakata Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 Nina F. Simonds Jennifer W. Steans Ming Tsai Randall G. Vickery Robert C. Waggoner Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Bertram A. Yaffe Peter M. Yeracaris, MPH’98 Youko Yeracaris Marc Zammit Steven C. Phillips Stephen H. Wise Eric C. Larson Barbara J. Lind Francisco A. Lorenzo Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the 2010 Volunteer and Gift Report. We apologize for any errors. Please report any discrepancies to Andrew Yakoobian, Assistant Director of Donor Relations. phone: (617) 998-1059 email: firstname.lastname@example.org 60 Harvard Public Health Review Financial Highlights July 1, 2009–June 30, 2010 Fiscal Year 2010 Sources of Revenue M anagement at Harvard School of Public Health worked to weather the global financial downturn in fiscal 2010 through a combination of strategies that seek to 50.9% Federal Sponsored Research balance declines in endowment income with efforts to contain costs and attract additional research funding from government and other sources. HSPH closed fiscal 2010 with total operating revenues of $333.9 million, a 3.4% decline from the prior year. This decline is predominantly due to the impact of the University’s decision to reduce amounts distributed to endowment accounts for operating support, as well as reduced interest earned on deposits, 7.8% Non-federal Sponsored Research 9.5% Tuition & Executive Education 13.2% Endowment Income 12.7% Research Facility & Administrative Costs Recovery 5.9% Gifts & Other Revenue resulting in a combined decrease of $11.6 million year-over-year. The School was successful in securing $44.0 million in grants through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA); $7.5 million of this was recorded in fiscal 2010, and an additional $36.5 million is expected over the next three years. While revenues declined, expenses remained flat. The School maintained a commitment to growing financial aid, as well as investing in junior faculty recruitment. To offset this expense growth, opportunities for more efficient and effective use of resources were identified, yielding savings in such areas as utilities costs and building maintenance. FUNDRAISING HIGHLIGHTS New gifts and pledges from generous alumni, individuals, corporations, foundations, and other organizations totaled nearly $11.0 million in fiscal year 2010. In addition, $15.7 million was generated from research grants from corporations, foundations, and other non-federal sponsors. Together, gifts, non-federal grants, and endowment income advanced research in Fiscal Year 2010 Expenses areas such as HIV/AIDS, health care reform, obesity, environmental threats to health, and global health security. While somewhat less than in the prior year, funding generated through 50.2% Federal Sponsored Research philanthropy continues to be a critical resource for seed funding, junior faculty support, student financial aid and other unrestricted areas. Notable gifts to the School in fiscal year 2010 included a $1.5 million pledge from Deborah Rose, SM’75, to endow the Rose Traveling Fellowship program, a fund that supports 8.4% Non-federal Sponsored Research international travel and research for graduate and postdoctoral students in the Departments 2.4% University Assessment $600,000 pledge. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Roslyn Payne renewed her commitment to Project Antares, a cross-University program addressing poverty and health in developing countries, with a The School also continues to benefit from our corporate and foundation partners. ExxonMobil sustained its generosity towards malaria research and training at the School 19.3% Academic Support 9.4% Administration & Development 10.3% Facilities with a $710,000 contribution. In addition, the Monell Foundation continued its invaluable unrestricted support with a $500,000 grant to the Dean’s Discretionary Fund. Our faculty play a critical role in attracting resources through non-federal sponsored research grants. With a $6.8 million multi-year grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the School is pioneering research in a number of areas to improve health in developing countries and combat tuberculosis, malaria, and malnutrition. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation continued its support of the School at the $1.0 million level, providing Fiscal Year 2010 operating expenses were $338 million. funding for multiple areas, such as postdoctoral training at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies and research regarding the effect of neighborhoods on health. Winter 2011 61 Harvard Public Health Review Dean of the Faculty Julio Frenk Alumni Council As of November 2010 Officers Royce Moser, Jr., mph ’65 President Elsbeth Kalenderian, mph ’89 President-Elect Anthony Dias, mph ’04 Secretary Mark S. Clanton, mph ’90 Immediate Past President Alumni Councilors 2008-2011 G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH ‘84 Sean Dunbar, SM ‘08* Maxine Whittaker, MPH ‘86 Visiting Committee Jeffrey P. Koplan, MPH’78 Chair Ruth L. Berkelman Joshua Boger Walter Clair Nicholas N. Eberstadt, ’77 Tore Godal Jo Handelsman Risa Lavizzo-Mourey Bancroft Littlefield Nancy T. Lukitsh Vickie M. Mays Michael H. Merson Anne Mills Kenneth Olden John W. Rowe Bernard Salick Burton Singer Board of Dean’s advisors Jeanne B. Ackman Theodore Angelopoulos George D. Behrakis Katherine S. Burke Jack Connors, Jr. Jamie A. Cooper-Hohn Antonio O. Garza C. Boyden Gray Rajat K. Gupta Mala Gaonkar Haarmann Richard L. Menschel emeritus Roslyn B. Payne Swati A. Piramal Alejandro Ramirez Carlos E. Represas Richard W. Smith Howard Stevenson Samuel O. Thier 2009-2012 Marina Anderson, mph ’03 Rey de Castro, SD ’00 Cecilia Gerard, SM ’09* 2010-2013 Teresa Chahine, SD ’10 Sameh El-Saharty, MPH ‘91 Chandek Ghosh, MPH ‘00 The Harvard Public Health Review is published three times a year for supporters and alumni of the Harvard School of Public Health. Its readers share a commitment to the School’s mission: advancing the public’s health through learning, discovery, and communication. Harvard Public Health Review Harvard School of Public Health Office for External Relations Third Floor, East Atrium 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (617) 384-8991 Please visit www.hsph.harvard.edu/review and email comments and suggestions to email@example.com. Dean of the Faculty Julio Frenk T & G Angelopoulos Professor of Public Health and International Development Vice Dean for External Relations Ellie Starr Associate Vice Dean for Communications Julie Fitzpatrick Rafferty Editor Madeline Drexler Senior Art Director Anne Hubbard Assistant Editor Amy Roeder *Class Representative Principal Photographer Kent Dayton For information about making a gift to the Harvard School of Public Health, please contact: Contributing Writers Sara Rimer, Debra Bradley Ruder, Richard Saltus Ellie Starr Vice Dean for External Relations Office for External Relations Harvard School of Public Health Third Floor, East Atrium 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (617) 384-8970 or firstname.lastname@example.org For information regarding alumni relations and programs, please contact, at the above address: Jim Smith, Assistant Dean for Alumni Affairs (617) 998-8813 or email@example.com www.hsph.harvard.edu/give Cover Kent Dayton/HSPH © 2010–2011 President and Fellows of Harvard College Meet Madina. Her work will change the world. Name: Madina Agénor Place of birth: Schoelcher, Martinique Degree Program: ScD, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health Focus: Social inequalities in cervical cancer screening among women of color Mission: “I want to stop tens of thousands of women worldwide from dying of cervical cancer—a disease that is almost entirely preventable.” Madina is able to pursue her mission thanks to the generosity of Steve Kay and the Kay Family Scholarship in Public Health. 350 students just as promising as Madina just entered HSPH. They need your support. Every gift, of any size, can help change the world. Please give to the HSPH Annual Fund today. www.hsph.harvard.edu/give Nonprofit Org. U.S. Postage PD Burlington, VT Permit No. 586 Office for External Relations East Atrium, Third Floor 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 Change Service Requested Continuing Professional Education Programs, 2011 Where theory informs practice and practice informs theory January 2011 January 9–21 Program for Chiefs of Clinical Services January 24–28 & May 16-20 Leadership Strategies for Information Technology in Health Care February/March 2011 February 28–March 3, 2011 Safety in Design and Construction: A Lifecycle Approach March 14–16 Basic Hands-On CAMEO Training March 21–24 Analyzing Risk: Science, Assessment, and Management March 28–30 Management and Leadership Skills for Environmental Health and Safety Professionals April 2011 April 25–28 Principles and Practices of Radiation Safety: Occupational and Environmental Radiation Protection May 2011 May 16–18 Effective Risk Communication: Theory, Tools, and Practical Skills for Communicating about Risk June 2011 June 6–10 Radiation Safety Officer Training for Laboratory Professionals June 6–8 Advanced Hands-On CAMEO Training June 13–17 Comprehensive Industrial Hygiene: The Applications of Basic Principles June 20–24 Guidelines for Laboratory Design: Health and Safety Considerations Customized programs are also available. All programs are held in Boston unless otherwise noted. Contact: Deputy Director Paul Tumolo (617) 384-8675 firstname.lastname@example.org For additional information or to register, contact: (617) 384-8692 email@example.com https://ccpe.sph.harvard.edu Harvard School of Public Health Center for Continuing Professional Education 677 Huntington Ave. CCPE-Dept. A Boston, MA 02115