Harvard Public Health Review, Winter 2011
Happiness & Health: Are good moods good medicine?
Harvard Public Health Review Winter 2011 happiness & health Are good moods good medicine? Also Inside: Biofuels from Algae Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic Alumni Winners: What They Learned During Their Careers 2010 Gift Report HARVARD School of Public Health Dean’s Message The Multiplying Effect “P hilanthropy” comes to us from the ancient Greek word “philanthropos,” which means “loving humankind.” The scientific insights sown at the School take root around the world. Whether it be the designated driver program, limiting trans fats in food, developing better treatment programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of AIDS, or analyzing the effects of health reforms around the world, research at the School is saving lives and improving the health of millions. Over the centuries, philanthropy has taken different forms. What began as charity is now seen as a practical means to create a better life. Today’s idea of civic investment—in which enlightened citizens invest in a worthy social cause—is one that I especially like. The returns are almost incalculable: the greater good of humankind. I would like to thank all those listed in this report for your philanthropy and for your investment in the health of the world. Together with our students, faculty, and staff, you are truly contributing to that greater good. Loving humankind. As flowery as that may sound today, it is the animating mission of the Harvard School of Public Health. All the work we do—from research to education to policy translation—has that value at its core. And as the School has shown, philanthropy has a proven multiplicative effect. It is an investment that pays off again and again—in the lives and dreams of individuals, in the aspirations and well-being of societies. This issue of the Review includes our annual reporting of those who have donated their time and their treasure to furthering the School’s mission. Their contributions help fund the training of 500 new graduates who go out into the world each spring, fueled by passion and knowledge, to make a difference. Their donations finance early stages of research on an innovative idea, ultimately building a priceless scientific base. Their gifts enable the facts about “what works” in public health to find their way to key decision makers. Philanthropy’s multiplying effect can be seen at the highest echelons of global and national health policy. Six of the last 10 directors of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are HSPH alums. So is Gro Harlem Brundtland, the former prime minister of Norway, who served as director-general of the World Health Organization from 1998 to 2003. So is Suraya Dalil, acting minister of public health in Afghanistan. So are countless others occupying influential positions in government, civil society, global organizations, and business. Julio Frenk Dean of the Faculty and T & G Angelopoulos Professor of Public Health and International Development, Harvard School of Public Health Kent Dayton/HSPH 2 Harvard Public Health Review Harvard Public Health Review Winter 2011 8 Happiness & Health The biology of emotion—and what it may teach us about helping people to live longer 4 2 Dean’s Message The Multiplying Effect 4 From Pond to Pump HSPH student sees the future of energy production—and cleaner, healthier skies—in tiny green algae. 14 Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic If we can’t stop Americans from getting heavier, can we at least prevent them from getting sick with obesity-related diseases? 20 Alumni Weekend 2010 21 Shattuck International House Nurturing an Extended Family 22 Alumni Award of Merit Our 2010 winners offer surprising lessons from their careers. 26 The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health Launching a high-tech, global conversation Also in this Issue 28 Harvard School of Public Health Annual Gift Report 2010 30 Event Highlights The Gift Report 34 Alumni 40 Individuals 46 Corporations, Foundations, and Organizations 49 Annual Giving 53 Tribute Gifts 54 Founders Circle 56 Faculty, Staff, and Faculty Emeriti 57 Volunteers 61 Financial Highlights 14 Image Credits: top, Kent Dayton/HSPH; center, Daniel Aguilar/Reuters; bottom, ©Ocean/Corbis Environmental Health 4 Harvard Public Health Review B irds no longer fall dead out of the sky in Mexico City. One of the most polluted spots on Earth 20 years ago—when it was dubbed “Makesicko City” by novelist Carlos Fuentes—Mexico City is emerging from the thick blanket of smog that afflicted residents with ailments ranging from irritated eyes and headaches to asthma, heart disease, and lung cancer. Actions taken by the Mexican government to reduce emissions have been praised by international experts as a model for the rest of the developing world. But as this sprawling metropolis of 20 million people—and 4 million vehicles—continues to grow, new solutions must be found to keep it moving in a healthy and sustainable direction. Harvard School of Public Health doctoral student Ramon Sanchez, who will graduate in 2011 with a degree in environmental health, sees hope for the massive energy needs of Mexico City, and the rest of the world, in a new and sustainable source of biofuel: algae. Air Pollution: 2 million deaths yearly According to the World Health Organization, air pollution causes approximately 2 million premature deaths worldwide each year. More than half of the disease burden from air pollution strikes in developing countries. WHO recommends lowering concentrations of several of the most common air contaminants emitted during the combustion of fossil fuels to reduce air pollution and improve health. Converting to cleaner-burning fuels derived from biomass such as algae, fermented corn and soybeans, or recycled cooking oil would help achieve this goal. In Mexico City, changing fuel for 165,000 diesel vehicles to biodiesel would go a long way toward reducing the amount of dangerous airborne particulates breathed in by its residents. For his thesis, Sanchez is using pollutant emissions and statistical models to study the potential health effects of such a change. Even increasing the proportion of biodiesel by just 20 percent, he says, would make a dramatic difference in the prevention of cardiopulmonary diseases and lung cancer, which could save the Mexican health system approximately $90 million annually. With Mexico pledging to reduce its carbon footprint by 50 percent by 2050 and having just hosted the December 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference, the political climate could be ripe for such a change. Acquiring data is key to making an objective case for changing energy policy, says Sanchez. A mechanical engineer, he took up the cause of biofuels while working in the automotive industry. But he lacked the tools continued handle, Getty Images; pond, Kent Dayton/HSPH at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University From Pond to Pump HSPH student sees the future of energy production— and cleaner, healthier skies— in tiny green algae. Winter 2011 5 Ramon Sanchez, SD ’11, holds a flask filled with algae—a potential source of biofuel. Unlike biofuel from corn and soybeans, algae farming doesn’t imperil the food supply and uses far fewer resources for a far higher yield. It can be produced on marginal lands such as deserts and supplied with wastewater. to quantify why switching to cleaner fuel made good public health and economic sense. “It’s not enough to say, ‘I’m eating organic,’ or, ‘I’m changing my lightbulbs.’ Give me a number,” says Sanchez. “Only an accounting process can tell you what you are really accomplishing.” Renewable energy may be more expensive now, but when taking into account the longterm costs to society in health and environmental damage, petroleum is actually more expensive, he says. Game Changer “Ramon’s work is a game changer,” says his adviser, John Spengler, Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation. “Nobody else is looking at the production, cost, and health benefits of biofuels and quantifying them for Mexico.” This is important now, Spengler says, because in addition to the direct health consequences of air pollution, such as cardiovascular and respiratory ailments, the climate warming caused by pollution triggers additional health problems. According to Spengler, the recent uptick in extreme weather events and record temperatures has brought flooding to Pakistan, for example. It has also increased the risk of heatstroke and expanded the habitats of diseasespreading mosquitoes and ticks. “Public health is all about preventing disease,” Sanchez says. “I intend to prevent disease, but over a long time frame. Reducing carbon dioxide emissions today could prevent someone in Bangladesh from getting sick 40 years from now.” While he has been completing his studies at HSPH, Sanchez and his twin brother, Jose, who earned an SM in Environmental Health Management from HSPH in 2005, have been laying the groundwork for a microalgae farming operation back home in Mexico. Grown in ponds or other aquatic systems, microalgae thrive on carbon dioxide while pumping oxygen into the atmosphere. Unlike biofuel derived from corn and soybeans, algae farming doesn’t imperil the food supply. It uses far fewer resources—operations can be launched on marginal lands such as deserts and supplied with wastewater—for a far higher yield. Microalgae produce six times more ethanol than corn, for example, and 40 times more biodiesel than soy. The high-protein residue left behind after the oil is extracted can be used as animal feed. Some strains can be processed to produce oil for human consumption that is rich in healthy omega-3 fatty acids. And as a substan- This page, Kent Dayton/HSPH at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University; opposite, REUTERS/Daniel Aguilar Microalgae produce six times more ethanol than corn and 40 times more biodiesel than soy. tial added benefit, an algae farm built near a high-polluting power plant or oil refinery could scrub the CO2 and other pollutants from the air, making the operation carbon-neutral with significant reductions in other pollutants. Corporations dipping their toes The United States Department of Energy recently recognized the promise 6 Harvard Public Health Review of microalgae, awarding $24 million in grants in June to three research groups exploring how to make algaebased biofuels commercially viable. Large corporations are also dipping their toes in the algae pond, in some cases even looking at genetically modified algae to increase production. According to WHO, air pollution causes about 2 million premature deaths worldwide each year. Sanchez, who questions what the potential consequences to marine ecosystems could be if genetically modified algae were to escape the production fields, chooses instead to work with local algae strains. This keeps production costs lower and reduces environmental risk, he says. He believes that microalgae currently are capable of supplying 5 percent of the world’s energy within 15 years—if substantial investment were made in infrastructure starting today. But in reality, he predicts it will take between 25 to 30 years. Developing countries may leapfrog ahead Real innovation in the use of biofuel is likely to happen in the developing world, Sanchez says. With less invested in the fossil fuels infrastructure than in the U.S., countries Mexico City’s Reforma Boulevard disappears into a haze of smog as the capital’s air quality descended to unhealthy levels in 1999. Developing nations are more apt to adopt new energy technologies. Estimated annual drop in health problems in Mexico City by substituting 20% of diesel fuel with biodiesel 136 Premature deaths from air pollution 21,440 Asthma attacks 10,523 Acute bronchitis episodes 398,050 Work days lost by adults because of health problems triggered by air pollution 558,737 Work days lost for women because their children’s activities are restricted due to air pollution like Mexico are more open to new solutions for providing much needed energy to their citizens. Just as many consumers in China and Africa bypassed land lines and went straight to cell phones, developing countries may leapfrog the rest of the world into a clean energy future, according to Sanchez. If the United States develops the political will to expand its use of biofuel from nonedible crops, Sanchez plans to be ready. Pointing to a raised floor in HSPH’s Department of Environmental Health, which houses its energy-saving heating and cooling system, he says, “This is what your experience of biofuel will be like 50 years from now—you won’t notice the difference. It will be seamless.” But the health benefits will be striking. Amy Roeder is assistant editor of the Review. Winter 2011 7 Society, Human Development, & Health The biology of emotionâ€” and what it may teach us about helping people to live longer 8 Harvard Public Health Review happiness & health C ould a sunny outlook mean fewer colds and less heart disease? A vast scientific literature has detailed how negative emotions harm the body. Serious, sustained stress or fear can alter biological systems in a way that, over time, adds up to “wear and tear” and, eventually, illnesses such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Chronic anger and anxiety can disrupt cardiac function by changing the heart’s electrical stability, hastening atherosclerosis, and increasing systemic inflammation. Jack P. Shonkoff, Julius B. Richmond FAMRI Professor of Child Health and Development at HSPH and at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, and Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, explains that early childhood “toxic stress”—the sustained activation of the body’s stress response system resulting from such early life experiences as chronic neglect, exposure to violence, or living alone with a parent suffering severe mental illness—has harmful effects on the brain and other organ systems. Among these effects is a hair-trigger physiological response to stress, which can lead to a faster heart rate, higher blood pressure, and a jump in stress hormones. continued Do hope and curiosity somehow protect against hypertension, diabetes, and respiratory tract infections? Do happier people live longer— and, if so, why? These are the kinds of questions that researchers are asking as they explore a new—and sometimes controversial—avenue of public health: documenting and understanding the link between positive emotions and good health. Kent Dayton/HSPH Winter 2011 9 Focusing on the Positive a mystery. But when we understand the set of processes involved, we will have much more insight into how health works.” Kubzansky is at the forefront of such research. In a 2007 study that followed more than 6,000 men and women aged 25 to 74 for 20 years, for example, she found that emotional vitality—a sense of enthusiasm, of hopefulness, of engagement in life, and the ability to face life’s stresses with emotional balance—appears to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. The protective effect was distinct and measurable, even when taking into account such wholesome behaviors as not smoking and regular exercise. Among dozens of published papers, Kubzansky has shown that children who are able to stay focused on a task and have a more positive outlook at age 7 report better general health and fewer illnesses 30 years later. She has found that optimism cuts the risk of coronary heart disease by half. Kubzansky’s methods illustrate the creativity needed to do research at the novel intersection of experimental psychology and public health. In the emotional vitality study, for example, she used information that had originally been collected in the massive National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, or NHANES, an ongoing program that assesses the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Starting with the NHANES measure known as the “General Well-Being Schedule,” Kubzansky crafted an adaptation that instead “But negative emotions are only one-half of the equation,” says Laura Kubzansky, HSPH associate professor of society, human development, and health. “It looks like there is a benefit of positive mental health that goes beyond the fact that you’re not depressed. What that is is still Keys To A Happier, Healthier Life Research suggests that certain personal attributes— whether inborn or shaped by positive life circumstances— help some people avoid or healthfully manage diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and depression. These include: • Emotional vitality: a sense of enthusiasm, hopefulness, engagement • Optimism: the perspective that good things will happen, and that one’s actions account for the good things that occur in life • Supportive networks of family and friends • Being good at “selfregulation,” i.e.: Bouncing back from stressful challenges and knowing that things will eventually look up again Choosing healthy behaviors such as physical activity and eating well Avoiding risky behaviors such as unsafe sex, drinking alcohol to excess, and regular overeating Long-term stress and negative moods alter biology in ways that, over time, add up to “wear and tear” on biological systems and, eventually, to illness. 10 Harvard Public Health Review Laura Kubzansky doesn’t want her research on positive emotions to be used to blame people for getting sick. reflected emotional vitality, and then scientifically validated her new measure. Her research has also drawn on preexisting data from the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study, the National Collaborative Perinatal Project, and other decadeslong prospective studies. In essence, Kubzansky is leveraging gold-standard epidemiological methods to ask new public health questions. “I’m being opportunistic,” she says. “I don’t want to wait 30 years for an answer.” State of Mind = State of Body negative moods and self-destructive habits. Kubzansky and others disagree. They believe that there is more to the phenomenon—and that scientists are only beginning to glean the possible biological, behavioral, and cognitive mechanisms. up period, an effect unrelated to behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and physical activity. Social ties included marriage, contact with friends and relatives, organizational and church membership. Kubzansky is drawing on preexisting data to ask new public health questions. “I’m being opportunistic,” she says. “I don’t want to wait 30 years for an answer.” Previous work supports this contention. In 1979, Lisa Berkman, director of the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, co-authored a seminal study of nearly 7,000 adults in Alameda County, California. Participants who reported fewer social ties at the beginning of the survey were more than twice as likely to die over the nine-year followWinter 2011 A Happiness Policy? If scientists proved unequivocally that positive moods improve health, would policymakers act? Some observe that, in the U.S., we define “happiness” in economic terms—the pursuit of material goods. They contend that even an continued Some public health professionals contend that the apparent beneficial effects of positive emotions do not stem from anything intrinsically protective in upbeat mind states, but rather from the fact that positive emotions mark the absence of Kent Dayton/HSPH 11 avalanche of research showing that emotional well-being protected health would have no traction in the policy world. Many Americans believe, after all, that people are responsible for their own lives. But others see direct policy implications. “In public health, it’s important to understand how we can translate guidelines into behavior,” notes Eric Rimm, HSPH associate professor in the Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, and director of the program in cardiovascular epidemiology. “Seventy to 80 percent of heart attacks in this country occur not because of genetics nor through some mysterious causative factors. It’s through lifestyle choices people make: diet, smoking, exercise. Why are people choosing to do these things? Does mood come into play?” The toll of toxic stress goes far beyond poorer health for individuals—population-wide, the cost of chronic diseases related to these conditions is enormous. “Imagine if we could enact a policy that would reduce heart disease by just 1%,” suggests Shonkoff. “How many billions of dollars and how many lives would that save? Now what if we could also reduce diabetes—which is growing in epidemic proportions—and even stroke?” The point, Shonkoff says, is that society pays a considerable cost for treating chronic diseases in adulthood, and reducing toxic stress early in life may actually get out in front of these diseases to prevent them. Kubzansky concedes that psychological states such as anxiety or depression—or happiness and optimism—are forged by both nature and nurture. “They are 40–50 percent Even in adulthood, it’s not too late to cultivate these qualities, she says. While psychotherapy or meditation may work for one person, someone else may prefer faith-based activities, sports, or simply spending time with friends. “My guess is that many of the people who are chronically distressed never figured out how to come back from a bad experience, focus on something different, or change their perspective.” Mapping Happiness Drawing on recently compiled data from a nationally representative study of older adults, Kubzansky is beginning to map what she calls “the social distribution of well-being.” She is working with information collected on participants’ sense of meaning and purpose, life satisfaction, and positive mood. By tracking how these measures and health fall out across traditional demographic categories such as race and ethnicity, education, income, gender, and other categories, she hopes to understand in a finegrained way what it is about certain social environments that confers better frame of mind and better physical health. The last thing she wants, Kubzansky says, is for her research to be used to blame people for not simply being happier—and therefore healthier. Referring to one of her first major studies, which found a link between worry and heart disease, she said: “My biggest fear was that One study showed that children able to stay focused on a task had a more positive outlook at age 7—and reported better health and fewer illnesses 30 years later. heritable, which means you may be born with the genetic predisposition. But this also suggests there is a lot of room to maneuver.” Her “dream prevention”: instill emotional and social competence in children—with Jack Shonkoff’s research at HSPH shows that chronic stress in children creates a hair-trigger physiologic response to stress that includes a faster heart rate, higher blood pressure, and a jump in stress hormones. the help of parents, teachers, pediatricians, sports coaches, school counselors, mental health professionals, and policy makers—that would help confer not only good mental health but also physical resilience for a lifetime. 12 Harvard Public Health Review journalists would pick it up and the headlines would be, ‘Don’t worry, be happy.’ That’s useless. Not everyone lives in an environment where you can turn off worry. When you take this research out of the social context, it has the potential to be a slippery slope for victim blaming.” Being in the moment Kubzansky, who is married and has A st r ess test o f a di f f e r e nt so r t In Laura Kubzansky’s Society and Health Psychophysiology Lab— modest and neutral as the blandest therapy office—volunteers responding to a Craigslist ad for a research study are in for a surprise. First, they are rigged up to a tangle of electrodes, which continuously monitor heart rate, cardiac output, and other measures. A cuff measures blood pressure. Test tube spittoons collect saliva to be tested for stress-related hormones such as cortisol and DHEA. Then comes the fun. The volunteers must give a five-minute improvised speech on a knotty topic, such as the gasoline tax or welfare reform. Next, they are asked to perform a complicated math exercise, such as counting backward from 2,027 by 13—swiftly, and with a loud buzzer signaling a faulty calculation, after which they must start over. Two lab assistants occasionally toss off challenging remarks. And the nerve-wracking performance is videotaped. The experiment gauges the potentially beneficial effects on heart health of oxytocin, a natural hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter and is thought to be both a cause and effect of positive social relationships. Kubzansky manipulates three variables: oxytocin levels, stress, and social support. She administers oxytocin—a prescription drug that cannot be purchased in a conventional drug store— through a nasal spray. She induces stress by asking the volunteers to publicly perform. And she creates social support by having some participants bring an encouraging friend with them, while others are instructed to show up alone. The experiment is designed to answer several questions: How do the stress-reduction benefits of oxytocin compare to those of social support? Does oxytocin offer the same protective effects in women as in men? Most important, does oxytocin tamp down the damage from toxic stress hormones that course through the body under duress, causing corrosive effects over time? Bill Varle/Workbook Stock two young children, says her work has made her think a lot more about finding balance in her own life. To that end, she says, she recently signed up for a yoga class. She also plays “ Not everyone lives in an environment where they can turn off worry.” —Laura Kubzansky classical piano—both chamber music with friends and solo hours at the keyboard for her own enjoyment. “When I’m playing piano,” she explains, “I’m in the moment. I’m not worrying or thinking or trying to work out a problem. I’m just doing this thing that takes all my attention.” That insight is also at the center of her research. “Everyone needs to find a way to be in the moment,” she says, “to find a restorative state that allows them to put down their burdens.” Sara Rimer is a Boston-based journalist and author. Madeline Drexler is editor of the Review. Winter 2011 13 14 Harvard Public Health Review Genetics & Complex Diseases Shrinking the Effects of the Obesity Epidemic If we can’t stop Americans from getting heavier, can we at least develop drugs that prevent them from getting sick with obesity-related diseases? The research career of Gökhan Hotamisligil, chair of the Harvard School of Public Health Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, has circled around that question for more than two decades. Today, with findings from his lab poised to be translated into new drugs, the goal of averting long-term medical complications in an increasingly overweight population may be closer than ever. Since arriving at the School in 1995, Hotamisligil has pursued with Captain Ahab–like intensity one of the most important biomedical problems of our time: the spiraling epidemic of “metabolic” diseases, such as Type 2 diabetes and heart disease, associated with the relentless rise of obesity in America and, increasingly, around the world. continued ©Ocean/Corbis Winter 2011 15 In October, his 2006 article in Nature, “Inflammation and Metabolic Disorders,” was named the most-cited paper in clinical medicine research. Hotamisligil has “catalyzed a paradigm shift in our understanding of the nature of metabolic disease,” said the International Association for the Study of Obesity, which named him the 2010 winner of its prestigious Wertheimer Award, given every four years for outstanding basic science contributions to the field. racing against a surging epidemic When Hotamisligil launched his research here 15 years ago, the U.S. rate of overweight and obesity was already 56 percent; in lock step, the prevalence of diabetes was surging. Today, the overweight rate is 66 percent, and the paired epidemics are rising so rapidly that, if current trends continue, by 2015, a shocking three of every four Americans will be overweight (and 41 percent obese) while 15 percent of adults will be living with diabetes and its Given the lack of success in curbing obesity, a bigger public health payoff may come in finding ways to blunt the body’s harmful responses to excess weight. often-devastating complications. (Normal weight is a body mass index—BMI—of under 25; overweight is 25 to 29.9, and a BMI exceeding 30 is considered obese. Obesity is also associated with a disproportionate amount of body fat.)* Given the lack of success in curbing obesity, a bigger public health payoff may come in finding better ways to blunt the body’s many harmful responses to excess weight. That means gaining a much more detailed understanding of the underlying pathology of chronic metabolic illnesses. At HSPH, Hotamisligil has doggedly hunted the complex and elusive biological links between obesity and insulin resistance—the first stage in developing metabolic illness. He has uncovered new molecular pathways and identified control points that may prove to be valuable targets for short-circuiting the connection between obesity and poor health. A New Picture of the Body Over the years, Hotamisligil has expanded his investigations of the mechanisms behind inflammation—the When Gökhan Hotamisligil began his career at HSPH 15 years ago, the overweight and obesity rate in the U.S. was 56 percent, and Type 2 diabetes was surging. Today, the overweight rate is 66 percent. By 2015, 75 percent of Americans will be overweight, and 41 percent obese. body’s complex biological response to injury, infection, Kent Dayton/HSPH and to the cellular stress caused by obesity. He has also * Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on height and weight in adults. To compute your BMI, go to wwww.nhlbisupport.com/bmi 16 Harvard Public Health Review Obesity: A Global Snapshot Worldwide, there are more than 1 billion overweight adults. An estimated 22 million children under five are overweight. urrent obesity levels range from below 5% in China, Japan, and certain African nations to C more than 75% in urban Samoa. Americans walk just 5,117 steps per day. By contrast, adults in western Australia average 9,695 steps; the Swiss average 9,650 steps; and the Japanese average 7,168 steps. A severely obese person is likely to die 8-10 years earlier than a person of normal weight. In 1997, the World Health Organization formally recognized obesity as a global epidemic. Sources: World Health Organization; Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise , October 2010; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development delved into the role of lipid-binding proteins. Most recently, Hotamisligil has woven these discoveries into a cohesive new picture of how the body normally maintains a healthy energy balance—and how so many bad things happen when the metabolic machinery becomes overwhelmed by excess nutrients and fat and starts to break down. In his view, the metabolic balance of fuel and energy in the body is regulated by two systems that have been intertwined through evolution. One is made up of networks of proteins that sense levels of nutrients and adjust their processing into energy; the other is the immune system cells that detect microbes and fight them off. This integration of the two systems, according to Hotamisligil, accounts for the inflammatory response to overweight and obesity, although this particular form of inflammation—he calls it “metaflammation”—is not the result of infection and does not resemble the classic features of inflammation at all. The Path from Obesity to Disease In a recent interview, Hotamisligil reflected on the trajectory and implications of his prolific research. His spacious office is artistically decorated and obsessively neat, with piles of manuscripts and journals squared up perfectly at attention. A native of Turkey, he is, not surprisingly, a lover of strong coffee, and although it’s late in the afternoon, he produces cups of espresso for himself and a visitor. “From the beginning,” he explains, “The big question for me was why, in the presence of even a few extra pounds of accumulated fat, do you become prone to so many different diseases, including insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, asthma, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer?” He likens this condition to an accelerated form of aging of the body. The general idea is that when individuals gain and retain excess pounds, dietary fats are no longer safely continued Winter 2011 17 stored in cells called adipocytes. As a result, lipids— blood-borne fats—spill into the circulation and deposit themselves in skeletal muscles, the liver, the heart, and blood vessels. There, through biochemical actions, the lipids throw a wrench into the normal uptake of glucose into muscle and other body cells by making the cells’ receptors “deaf” to insulin signals. Insulin resistance creates a pre-diabetic state of rising blood sugar levels, triggering a cascade of tissue-damaging events. Hotamisligil and other scientists had discovered that adipocytes are not simply passive fat-storing cells; they also emit metabolic and hormonal signals, some of which help regulate the immune system. During his earliest work at the School, he attracted attention with a finding that when he knocked out one of these immune-activating signals in obese mice, they were less prone to the ill effects of excess weight, providing solid evidence that erroneous immune response is triggered by excess nutrients and energy. He later showed that mice lacking a particular fatty acid binding protein (FABP) didn’t develop insulin resistance even when eating a high-fat diet. These escort proteins or “lipid chaperones” latch onto fat molecules and transport them within cells and dictate their biological effects. Hotamisligil reported that when these FABPdeficient mice were fed on high-fat diets, they were protected from diabetes, fatty liver, and heart disease. Convincing the skeptics These and other early discoveries began to implicate immune system overreaction and inflammation as triggers of metabolic disease. But the upstart ideas ruffled some feathers in the mainstream obesity community. Hotamisligil’s research has created a cohesive picture of how the body normally maintains a health energy balance—and has identified a number of potential drug targets against obesity-triggered biological networks. “Many people were not convinced,” he says, referring to the early ’90s. Thus, Hotamisligil was gratified when he won the 2007 Outstanding Scientific Accomplishment Award of the American Diabetes Association for discovering the inflammatory basis of obesity and Type 2 diabetes. The award recognizes “independence of thought, originality, significance of discovery, and impact on his/her area of research.” Many more findings on this theme were to follow, and not just in mice. In 2006, Hotamisligil and HSPH Associate Professor Eric Rimm reported that obese individuals who had inherited another variation of a fatty acid binding protein gene were much less prone to Type 2 Normal healthy mouse, on left, and genetically modified obese supermouse—which, while massively overweight from a highfat diet, suffers no diabetes, heart disease, or liver disease. diabetes, heart disease, and elevated triglycerides. In 2008, it was reported that blocking an inflammatory cytokine in humans treats insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. 18 Harvard Public Health Review Research suggests that aspirin-like anti-inflammatory drugs could blunt Type 2 diabetes and that a rare nutrient in nuts called palmetoleate might reverse insulin resistance and other complications of obesity. And in 2010, scientists at Harvard-affiliated Joslin Diabetes Center reported that an aspirin-like drug improved insulin function and other complications in diabetic patients, raising the prospect of treating diabetes with off-the-shelf anti-inflammatory drugs. rare nutrient in nuts and other foods called palmetoleate. Because it is a natural substance without known adverse effects, he says that if funding can be obtained, a clinical trial could happen “at any moment.” In collaboration with HSPH Professor Dariush Mozaffarian, recent work Next: Drug Treatments showed that people with high levels of this lipokine have marked protection against Type 2 diabetes. Obviously these efforts to combat obesity-related diseases are very early and the outlook uncertain. Yet the groundwork being laid by Hotamisligil and others in the field is promising, and the potential for reducing the insidious and extraordinarily worrying toll of obesity is enormous. “Ten years from now, I hope that there will be drugs on the shelves emerging from this research—not necessarily from what we are doing, but related to it,” he says. “I predict that such drugs will not be toxic to the heart and have other bad side effects, which current diabetes medications do. I also hope that at least some of these drugs will be affordable and reach the mass populations with desperate needs.” Looking farther ahead, Hotamisligil, who calls himself “pathologically optimistic,” sees a future in which the food industry can tinker with thousands of individual nutrients in foods to enhance their healthful properties. “That,” he says, “is the next frontier.” Richard Saltus has written about science, medicine, and public health for the Associated Press, the Boston Globe, the San Francisco Examiner, and The New York Times. Although there is still much more to be unraveled, Hotamisligil’s discoveries have already produced a number of targets within the obesity-triggered networks that drug-makers have in their sights. Some potential drugs would hinder the action of fatty acid binding proteins; others would inhibit molecular signals that rev up inflammation in response to cellular stress caused by overburdened fat cells. This type of stress affects the “minifactories” called endoplasmic reticulum within cells where proteins are made. In his most recent work, Hotamisligil is developing strategies to beef up the minifactories’ ability to absorb the extra demands of obesity without sounding an inflammatory alarm. A prototype medicine to fix the problem in endoplasmic reticulum and reduce its stress also works in humans, as shown by collaborative work published this year with Professor Samuel Klein at Washington University in St. Louis. Now the hunt is on for new and more powerful molecules to replicate these early findings. None of the newly developing compounds has yet reached clinical trials, but may in the next few years, Hotamisligil says. Another strategy that may bear fruit sooner involves hormones—which he calls “lipokines”— that Hotamisligil has identified in mice that halt or even reverse insulin resistance and other complications related to obesity and Type 2 diabetes. One such lipokine is a Winter 2011 19 Alumni Weekend Alumni Weekend Friends and Colleagues Gather from around the World n a festive annual reunion, more than 100 Harvard School of Public Health alumni returned to the School on September 24–26 to reconnect with former classmates, network, and engage with current topics in public health. At the Alumni Weekend Symposium, Hamish Fraser, of Partners in Health, told attendees about the impact of building e-health systems in developing countries. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Director Michael VanRooyen discussed academic and research engagement in war and conflict. And Leo Celi, MPH ’10, described Sana wireless technology, a groundbreaking project that he and other members of the HSPH class of 2010 developed to strengthen health systems in resource poor settings. (To see videos of these sessions, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/alumni/alumni-weekend/ alumni-weekend-2010/index.html.) Alumni also honored the 2010 recipients of the Harvard School of Public Health Alumni Award of Merit—the highest honor presented to an alumna/us. The award is given each year to up to four individuals whose leadership, community service, contributions, and commitment to the field of public health exemplify the School’s ideals (see profiles, page 22). Attendees also celebrated with brunch and camaraderie the 50th anniversary of Shattuck International House (see story page 21). To view a slideshow of the Alumni Weekend, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/multimedia/ slideshows/2010/alumniweekend/. I 2010 Alumni Award of Merit winners, from left, Lynn Rosenberg, SM ’72, SD ’78; Fernando Guerra, MPH ’83; James Dalen, SM ’72; David Schottenfeld, SM ’63 Left to right: Slawa Rokicki, SM ’12; Chander Kapasi, MPH ’75; Yifan Lu, MPH ’11; Maliha Ali, MPH ’11; Alexander Yu, MPH ’11 Sarah Hogan; Martha Collins, MPH ’72; Jill Morris; Rita Pope, SM ’67 Left to right, Edmond Feeks, MPH ’96; Alumni Council President Royce Moser, Jr., MPH ’65, and Cecilia Gerard, SM ’09 Tola Ladejobi, MPH ’09, and Olumide Faniyan, MPH’11 20 Harvard Public Health Review Alumni Weekend Shattuck International House Nurturing an Extended Family W ith no room left at his cousin’s house, Punyamurtula Kishore, milestones and holidays together, stage talent and fashion shows showcasing their diversity, and throw potluck meals featuring everything from homemade Japanese sushi to Mongolian meat stew to flaky Greek desserts. About 60 percent of its residents are international students from Asia, Africa, and Europe. In the 1960s, when the class was smaller, the students enjoyed lots of interaction, with many taking the same courses. One alumnus (Royce Moser Jr., AB’57, MD’61, MPH’65, and his wife, Lois, of Salt here once till 4 a.m.,” Lambrou confessed), a landscaped garden and playground, a well-stocked children’s playroom, a recycling center, and round-the-clock security. What time hasn’t changed is the sense of social and intellectual community that Shattuck House fosters. In addition to exploring each other’s cultures, residents from different disciplines and life stages discuss issues and careers within public health. Current resident Ramon Sanchez, SM’07, an engineer pursuing his doctorate in environmental health [see page 4], MPH’79, went searching for someplace to live in Boston. Kishore was a surgeon who had come from India to pursue his master’s degree at the Harvard School of Public Health. An administrator pointed him toward Shattuck International House, a complex of furnished apartments for HSPH students and families. It was a perfect match. “You can’t beat it, especially for someone new to the U.S.,” says Kishore. “Without the camaraderie here, it would Former Shattuck International House residents celebrated the 50th anniversary of this home away from home. Shattuck House residents in 1967 Left, Kent Dayton/HSPH; right, Harvard School of Public Health 1967 Yearbook have been very hard to survive. We all studied together and had so much fun. I met people from 60 or 70 countries at a time. This became my family here—a family of choice.” Kishore, now a Brookline physician focusing on addiction medicine, gathered with two dozen alumni, guests, and students on September 26, 2010, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Shattuck House’s opening. The informal reunion capped Alumni Weekend and drew people from as close as upstairs (current residents) and as far away as London and Salt Lake City. Over brunch, attendees traded stories of this home-away-from-home on Park Drive. Shattuck House residents mark Lake City) did not live in Shattuck House, but experienced that fellowship palpably last he and his wife attended events there about fall. After he and his fiancée, Ana, married monthly. They recalled the time a classmate from Kuwait arranged a lavish Middle in Brookline, they threw a small reception in Shattuck House’s Gund Room; residents Eastern feast, complete with his favorite chef helped with decorations, appetizers, and a and belly dancers flown in from other cities. wedding cake. “It was like a night in Arabia,” Lois remembers. “Royce and I were used to hot dogs and macaroni casseroles.” Angeliki Lambrou, of Athens, a doctoral candidate in epidemiology and a resident community advisor at Shattuck House, led a tour that underscored how much has changed over the years, thanks in part to generous donors. The four-story brick building now has an exercise room, a computer lab with flat-screen units (“I stayed 21 “We can’t have alcohol in common areas here, so we toasted with sparkling cider,” Sanchez recalls. “It felt like the best champagne in the world because we were surrounded by all our friends.” Debra Bradley Ruder is a Boston-based freelance writer and editor specializing in health care and education. Winter 2011 Alumni Weekend Alumni Award Winners: What We Know Now We asked this year’s winners: What do you know now about improving the public’s health that you didn’t when you started out in your career? My research is not on behavioral change, but increasingly I believe that this is where the action should be. We know how to prevent so many illnesses. For example, we know how to prevent a high proportion of diabetes and hypertension: get people to maintain a healthy weight. But we don’t know how to get people to change their behaviors. Our society has become toxic in so many ways: Kids go to school all day and don’t have a recess where they can exercise, some areas are too unsafe for people to go out for a walk, and people live in neighborhoods where they don’t have access to decent foods or can’t afford to buy them (and some of the worst foods are subsidized by our government). In my view, more work should be done on how to effect institutional changes that would help rather than hinder individual behavioral changes. People finally realized that there were women as well, that effects might be different in women than in men, and that women should be studied. There is always an accepted wisdom that people might be unaware of, but which is shaping their thinking. For example, back then, the common wisdom was that female hormone supplements were a good thing, based on the fact that women get heart disease later than men. People thought: What’s the main difference between men and women? It’s female hormones. That was the mind-set. It wasn’t easy to get a study funded to look at female hormone supplements in relation to heart disease because belief in their benefits was so strong. Although there had been studies showing adverse effects of hormone supplements, it took the Women’s Health Initiative to turn those beliefs around. Thus, if I were to give advice to someone starting out in the field today, I would say: Be skeptical of the conventional wisdom. B ack in the very earliest days of my career, all the epidemiologic studies and randomized trials were of men. “ Be skeptical of the conventional wisdom.” Lynn Rosenberg SM ‘72, SD ‘78 Career Highlights Currently associate director of the Slone Epidemiology Center and professor of epidemiology at the Boston University School of Public Health. Principal investigator of the Black Women’s Health Study, which aims to elucidate the causes of breast cancer, other cancers, diabetes, lupus, and other serious illnesses, many of which occur disproportionately in black women. Conducted studies that established a link between oral contraceptives and heart attacks in female smokers, suggested that alcohol consumption increases the incidence of breast cancer, and tied aspirin to decreased incidence of large bowel cancer. 22 Harvard Public Health Review “Be creative, be a risk-taker, be adventuresome.” I was sent to Vietnam as a partially trained pediatrician. I became a battalion surgeon with one of the combat units. I was also responsible for working in the villages of the Vietnamese people—and I saw conditions that I thought I would never see again: plague, tuberculosis, any number of infectious diseases, and other life-threatening illnesses. Even at that time, I recognized that these conditions could have been prevented with investments in infrastructure, plumbing, indoor sanitary facilities, potable water, things like that. I came back to my own community, San Antonio, in the early ’70s. And I saw cases of classical diphtheria— right here in San Antonio, not unlike what I had seen in the Republic of Vietnam. I thought: this just shouldn’t happen. Public health has to do better. Career Highlights Currently director of health for the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District (Metro Health), the largest public health agency in San Antonio, Texas. In 2008, oversaw an unprecedented merger of medicine and public health. Working with Metro Health and the county hospital, integrated prevention, early detection, and continuity of care into clinical care services. Focuses on improving health care access for infants, women, children, and the elderly; has overseen efforts to prevent HIV infection, teen pregnancy, and vaccine-preventable diseases; has worked to prevent domestic and child abuse. In 1971, as a practicing pediatrician, founded the Barrio Comprehensive Child and Family Health Care Center in San Antonio. All photos, Kent Dayton/HSPH Fernando Guerra MPH ‘83 But public health cannot improve conditions by itself. Government policy, economic development, education are crucial. When you look at countries that have made incredible progress—Singapore, for example—they incorporate changes in the social welfare system, education, economic development, and political leadership. A career in public health is an opportunity to be creative, to be a risk taker, to be adventuresome, to enjoy intellectual stimulation and curiosity. You start your day feeling good about what you hope to accomplish, and usually finish the day feeling pretty good, because maybe a little bit of what you’ve done has had some benefit. Would I do it again? Absolutely. continued Winter 2011 23 Alumni Weekend F rom my vantage point, I’ve always been very curious about disease mechanisms and understanding causal pathways. You can’t proceed on the basis of what you knew 20 years ago. I’ve come to appreciate how complicated human biology is, and how necessary it is for each of us to be well schooled in the fundamental disciplines of human biology, pathology, molecular sciences, human genetics, and of nutrition in health and disease. The long-lasting thing that I learned at HSPH was to be a critical thinker. It was more of an attitude than a body of knowledge, because the body of knowledge was going to change dramatically over time. It was stimulating for me to take the knowledge that I had in medicine and human biology, and the attitude we have in med- “Never stop being a student.” icine—which is really a one-on-one, Good Samaritan approach—and look at the impact I might have on the population burden of disease. If I had to encapsulate what my life has been, it’s that — not to sound corny, but it’s been the joy of learning and never stopping being a student, while at the same time being a teacher, a mentor, and hopefully a leader. Even though you may reach retirement age or become emeritus, if you still have a passion for what you’re doing and the energy to pursue it, you shouldn’t stop. Career Highlights Currently John G. Searle Professor Emeritus of Epidemiology and professor emeritus of internal medicine at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. From 1959 to 1961, served as a commissioned officer in the Epidemic Intelligence Service at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Research interests have included epidemiologic studies of breast, endometrial, prostate, testicular, colorectal, and lung cancers, and of the epidemiology of second primary cancers. In 2007, received the John Snow Award from the Epidemiology Section of the American Public Health Association. David Schottenfeld SM ‘63 24 Harvard Public Health Review “ The people are ahead of their doctors.” James Dalen SM ‘72 at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. I was doing all the things you’re supposed to do: writing papers, getting grants. But I was bored, because I was doing the same thing every day. I felt isolated from what was really going on in the world. I enrolled at HSPH. The Harvard School of Public Health changed my whole orientation toward medicine. I continued to be a cardiologist, but instead of being an invasive cardiologist, I focused on preventive cardiology. One of the reasons that U.S. health parameters are so poor is that we don’t emphasize prevention. That ties in with one of my strong interests: integrative medicine, which combines conventional allopathic medicine with some unconventional approaches. I’m a conventional physician. I’ve had conventional training, conventional schools. So why am I a supporter of integrative medicine? For two reasons. One is that integrative medicine is all about prevention. The second is that I have a master’s degree in psychology, and the mind/body connection is pretty obvious to me. In the field of cardiology, we have recently discovered that people who are depressed are more likely to have heart attacks. Well, that’s not rocket science. Laymen figured out this kind of connection 20 years ago. Nearly 50 percent of all Americans now go to unconventional Career Highlights Currently professor emeritus of medicine and public health at the University of Arizona. From 1988 to 2001, served as dean of the University of Arizona College of Medicine. Established MPH programs at the University of Massachusetts at Worcester and the University of Arizona, and helped establish a college of public health at the University of Arizona. In 1972, became Harvard’s principal investigator of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, aimed at decreasing risk of coronary heart disease by controlling key risk factors for the disease. In 1999, helped found the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine. I n 1970, I was an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School and director of the cardiac catheterization lab therapists—chiropractors, acupuncturists, nutrition therapists, massage therapists—in addition to their physicians. But they don’t tell their physicians about it, because they think their physicians will say, “Don’t do that.” The people are ahead of their doctors. To view a video of this year’s Alumni Award of Merit winners, go to www.hsph.harvard.edu/multimedia/video/2010/alumniweekend/. Winter 2011 25 Policy Translation The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health es on a critical health-related policy issue or science controversy faced by global decision makers in government, business, NGOs, foundations, and other areas of leadership. Using the unique convening power of Harvard, The Forum brings together leading scientific and academic experts from around the world with those in positions to address the issues, change policy, and initiate action. The Forum events will take place year-round, and will include both panel discussions and keynote addresses in front of large in-person audiences. The Forum is a flagship initiative of the new division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development. The Forum’s webcasts—which can be viewed live and on-demand on all Ned Brown/HSPH I n November, the School presented a preview of The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health, featuring high-definition, broadcast-quality webcasts on key public health issues. From a new state-of-the-art studio, each webcast focus- The Forum will convene leading scientific and academic experts with those in positions to change policy. types of video devices—can be seen on a lively new interactive Web site, www. ForumHSPH.org. The Web site features videos of The Forum events on-demand, expert written commentary on a separate “Decision of the Week” blog, and practical resources for decision makers and their staffs. Online viewers are encouraged 26 Harvard Public Health Review School sets stage for global conversation with state-of-the-art webcasts. to become members of The Forum community, allowing them to join the discussion and post their own commentary on the health issues addressed. The Forum director is Robin Herman, assistant dean for research communications at HSPH, who previously reported on health and social issues for The New York Times and the Washington Post. The chair of The Forum program planning committee is Jay Winsten, director of the Center for Health Communication at HSPH. “The Forum is a 21st-century venue for quickly communicating information about evidence-based solutions among decision makers and scientists who are grappling with new and re-emerging health issues,” says Herman. “Modern health challenges cross boundaries of geography and responsibility, requiring an unprecedented cooperative response from leaders. In a technologically advanced world, our ambition is to create a global virtual venue, enabling this community to more easily share information and experiences.” The Forum’s Preview Event—which took place in November 2010 in collaboration with Reuters news service—featured policy experts who discussed the impact of the 2010 congressional elections on the implementation of health care reform. Panelists included Douglas Holtz-Eakin of the American Action Forum, David Cutler, Harvard professor of applied economics, and Robert J. Blendon, HSPH professor of health policy and political analysis. The Forum’s preview event, “The Impact of the 2010 Elections on U.S. Health Care Reform.” From left, moderator Maggie Fox, health and science editor, Reuters; Douglas Holtz-Eakin of the American Action Forum and advisor on domestic and economic policy to the 2008 John McCain presidential campaign; David Cutler, Harvard professor of applied economics and advisor on health policy to the 2008 Barack Obama campaign; and Robert J. Blendon, HSPH professor of health policy and political analysis, whose expertise focuses on public opinion polling. Winter 2011 27 HARVARD School of Public Health 2010 Gift Report 28 Harvard Public Health Review A Personal Thanks happiness and health. I must confess that nothing puts me in a better frame of mind than seeing how much our donors care about today’s most urgent public health challenges. In fiscal year 2010, HSPH received $26.7 million in new gifts, pledges, and non-federal sponsored research grants from generous alumni, individuals, corporations, foundations, Ellie Starr, Vice Dean for External Relations, Harvard School of Public Health T he cover story in this issue of the Review describes innovative research at the School on the links between Scenes from the year’s events and other organizations committed to our work. As the generous individuals and institutions highlighted in these pages well know, one gift really makes a difference. Helping to fund pilot studies on AIDS changes the contours of this tragic epidemic. Helping to untangle the effects of big-city air pollution boosts quality of life for all urban dwellers. Helping to subsidize research on nutrition gives everyone a chance at a healthy diet. That our distinguished alumni continue to give back to HSPH says a great deal about the School’s pivotal place in the field of public health. On this note, I also want to congratulate this year’s Alumni Award of Merit winners, whose work has been transformative. And I want to congratulate Roslyn Payne, winner of the HSPH Volunteer Leadership Award, for her farseeing efforts and dedication. Finally, in the midst of the holiday season, I want to personally thank each and every individual, corporate, and foundation entity that stepped up and made a difference. In these pages we gratefully recognize gifts, pledges, and pledge payments made between July 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010. I invite you to join the ranks of these generous donors in the coming year. Just as every great idea radiates out and makes the world a better place, so every gift to the School ripples out across the globe, in both research and practice. I am deeply grateful for your openhearted engagement with the HSPH mission. Ellie Starr, Vice Dean for External Relations, Harvard School of Public Health Susan Orkin and Leadership Council member Fredrick Orkin, SM ’01 Leadership Council members Prudence Crozier, left, and Eliot Snider Kent Dayton/HSPH, Steve Gilbert John Danilovich; Mara Hansen, SM ’11; Martín Lajous, SM ‘04, SD ’11 Irwin Schneiderman, LLB ’48, and Leadership Council member Roberta Schneiderman Winter 2011 29 Event Highlights HSPH Leadership Council Annual Meeting: A New Agenda for Women and Health October 6–7, 2010 Left to right, Leadership Council member Ron Curhan, MBA ’57, DBA ’71; Robin LaFoley Dong, Joan Curhan women and health. Dean Julio Frenk described his vision for such an agenda: one that would address all forms of disease and disability that women face throughout their lives, including chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease, and a broad spectrum of sexual and reproductive health issues. It would also encompass the experiences that shape women’s health, women’s unique health risks and sometimes unequal access to quality care, and the roles that women play as health care decision makers for families and society. Robert Blendon, senior associate dean for policy translation and leadership development, discussed how the School is working to create for leaders outside of public health evidence-based solutions for global health problems. These include The Forum at Harvard School of Public Health, which launched in November with a webcast discussion of how the 2010 elections will affect U.S. health care reform. Leadership Council members Kristin Snow, SM ‘93, SD ‘00 and Therus Kolff, MPH ‘79 Kent Dayton/HSPH, Steve Gilbert O n October 6–7, the Leadership Council annual meeting explored a new agenda for Mara Hansen, SM ’11, left, and Roslyn Payne, MBA ’70, Volunteer Leadership Award recipient 30 Harvard Public Health Review Dickerman Hollister, SM ’04, left, and Laurence Hagerty Left to right, Paula Sneddon; Ron Marrocco, MPH ’05; Steven Sneddon, SM ’77, SD ’79; and Eleanor Shore, AB ’51, MD ’55, MPH ’70 Karell Pelle, PhD ‘13 and Adeoye Olukotun, MPH ’83 Healthy Cup Award Presentation n May 17th the HSPH Nutrition Round Table honored Iowa Senator Tom Harkin with its Healthy Cup Award. The award cited Harkin for his leadership in developing policies that support and promote good nutrition, healthier lifestyles, and disease prevention. The award also noted his efforts to address obesity issues in children, cardiovascular disease, women’s health issues, and other efforts to lead the way towards a healthier country. Harkin helped create the Prevention and Public Health portion of the national health care reform bill and a program to provide free fresh fruit and vegetables to schoolchildren. O Dean Julio Frenk, Iowa Senator Tom Harkin, and Walter Willett, MPH ’73, DPH ’80, chair, Department of Nutrition Winter 2011 31 Dean Frenk Joins World Leaders at United Nations Summit the United Nations Summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which are a series of global health and anti-poverty targets. Frenk is a member of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s MDG Advocacy Group, a task force of global leaders charged with building political will and mobilizing action around the MDGs. The task force includes two Nobel laureates, businessmen, and philanthropists Bill Gates and Ted Members of the U.N. Millennium Development Goal Advocacy Group, meeting in September in New York. Dean Frenk is in the top row, third from left. ©The Lancet O n September 20-22, Dean Julio Frenk participated in Turner. Event Launches New Book, Saturday Is for Funerals M ax Essex, chair of the Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative and Mary Woodard Lasker Professor of Health Sciences, kicked off the book tour for Saturday Is for Funerals on May 17 at the Harvard Club. He was joined by co-author Unity Dow, author of four novels and the first woman to sit on Botswana’s High Court. The book explores both the science behind the AIDS epidemic in southern Africa and the epidemic’s profound consequences for individuals and entire societies. The event was co-hosted by HSPH Leadership Council Members Florence Koplow, Beth Martignetti, and Julie Henry, MPH ’91. See www.hsph.harvard.edu/ news/features/features/saturday-is-forfunerals.html for more about the book. From left, Florence Koplow, Unity Dow, Max Essex, Beth Martignetti, and Julie Henry, MPH ’91. Koplow, Martignetti, and Henry are members of the HSPH Leadership Council. From left, Christopher Chenard, Cynthia Essex, Holly Steiger, and John Steiger Steve Gilbert 32 Harvard Public Health Review The Inaugural Thomas H. Weller Lecture and Award Presentation Ancient Diseases, Modern Killers: The Eradication of Infectious Disease n May 3, public health leaders discussed the profound impact infectious diseases have made on the history of humankind and on today’s global health picture at a symposium honoring the late Harvard School of Public Health Professor Thomas H. Weller, who died in 2008. A physician and virologist, Weller shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1954 for his work in culturing the polio virus, making it possible to create safe polio vaccines. William Foege, MPH ’65, received the first annual Thomas H. Weller Prize. Foege, a senior fellow in the Global Health Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, was honored as “one of the most influential figures in the modern fight against infectious diseases—from helping to eradicate smallpox, to raising worldwide rates of childhood vaccinations, to bringing attention to neglected infectious diseases in the developing world.” “I’m pleased to have been a mentee of Tom Weller,” Foege said in his acceptance speech. “I’m pleased to have been able to be a part of this moment, and I’m pleased that you’re keeping Tom’s contribution flowing on forever.” O From left, HSPH Dean Julio Frenk; William Foege, MPH ’65, SD ’97; Dyann Wirth, AM ’90, chair, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases; and Peter Weller, professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and son of Thomas Weller Leadership Council member Joel Lamstein, left, speaks with Marcia Castro, assistant professor of demography, Department of Global Health and Population, and Grace Wyshak, SM ’56, associate professor in the Department of Biostatistics and the Department of Global Health and Population. ©Bethany Versoy/V2Visuals Leadership Council member, Steven Phillips, director, Global Issues and Projects, ExxonMobil Corporation (left) with Donald R. Hopkins, MPH ’70 Joseph Feczko, former chief medical officer, Pfizer Inc. (left) and Emilio Emini, chief scientific officer of vaccine research, Pfizer Inc. Winter 2011 33 Alumni The School is profoundly grateful for contributions from alumni, unsung heroes who are now working around the world to improve the lives of millions of people. Their generosity is a testament to their confidence in the School’s ability to train generations of public health leaders. We thank all alumni for their support and recognize in the following list those who made cumulative gifts of $100 and above during the 2010 fiscal year. 1961 Yvonne M. Bishop Thomas L. Hall George C. Mohr Stephen J. Plank James F. Wittmer 1962 Harold N. Colburn Kenneth H. Cooper C. Richard Dorn Robert H. Neill Carlton J. Peterson 1942 James H. Steele 1943 Helen M. Wallace 1944 Catherine H. Petrou 1948 Doris Wilson 1949 Martin P. Hines Hyman Israel 1950 W. Harding Le Riche 1951 Augusta F. Law Joseph Puleo, Jr. 1952 Mary Breed Brink James C. Roumas 1953 Isabelle Valadian 1959 Robert T. Cutting 1960 J. Robert Dille Vaun A. Newill 1958 Eilert H. Eilertsen Marion E. Highriter Ruth B. Kundsin Arlene R. Warren 1965 Justin L. Conrad Johanna T. Dwyer Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr. Theodore Georgiadis Christian M. Hansen † Tomio Hirohata Wayne A. Johnson Catherine C. Lastavica Royce Moser, Jr. Vern L. Schramm John J. Speidel 1970 Jane H. Chretien Glenn E. Haughie Ralph H. Henderson Margaret T. Howe 1955 Joyce W. Hopp Craig S. Lichtenwalner Leonard C. Mandell Saul T. Wilson 1956 Kenneth I. Chapman 1957 Saovanee S. Chakpitak Lenore Harney Lewis E. Patrie 1964 Kathleen H. Acree Stanley L. Dryden Warren W. Hodge Hope H. Snider 1969 Lynne M. Ausman Charles J. Gibson Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr. Cedric W. Porter, Jr. Henry W. Vaillant Elihu York 1963 Theodor Abelin Earle R. Heine Samuel Levey Muhammad K. Muzayyin Donald J. Rosato David Schottenfeld Bernard Shleien 1968 N. Bruce Chase Joseph A. Cook Ronald D. Eckoff Douglas I. Hammer Ralph L. Kent, Jr. Leonard J. Kirschner Gopal C. Pain Ronald T. Rozett Jesse W. Tapp, Jr. 1967 Myron Allukian, Jr. Dorothy J. Ganick Judith D. Goldberg Frederick C. Hoesly Charles T. Kaelber George W. Mathews, Jr. Richard R. Monson Raymond K. Neff Anthony N. Tse 1966 Stephen J. Garza Ralph E. Miller, Jr. William M. Moore William P. Reagan James H. Warram, Jr. Dorothy L. Wilson continued † deceased 34 Harvard Public Health Review A s a student in the Health Policy and Management program, I took courses from an amazing group of faculty who really knew their stuff and who brought their knowledge of the real world into the classroom at every opportunity. I owe my career to HSPH and, even in my current role as Vice President for Human Resources at Brown University, I continue to use the skills and knowledge gained in my graduate program. I hope that my support helps to sustain HSPH—its students and its faculty—through good times and bad. One thing that makes the School such a special place is the interdisciplinary nature of its work. I’m particularly interested in the work the School does in health policy and the translation of health policy research into practice. This interest stems from my work over the years in a variety of U.S. settings, including a state health department, a city hospital system, several medical schools, and, most recently, in higher education. HSPH faculty and students do cutting-edge research on the priority public health issues of our time. Our alums provide public health leadership in a variety of settings around the world. How exciting is that! Kent Dayton/HSPH — Karen Davis, SM ’78 Vice President, Human Resources, Brown University Winter 2011 35 Jennifer Leaning Barry S. Levy Bess I. Miller J. Dennis Mull Scott H. Nelson R. Heather Palmer Kenneth E. Powell Gloria A. Rudisch Eleanor G. Shore Gary F. Stein 1971 Kenneth Bridbord Connie J. Evashwick Jonathan E. Fielding Katherine A. Forrest Carol A. Greenfield William H. Hollinshead III John C. Kepper John C. Leadbeater William V. Lipton Rudolph W. Pierce James M. Taylor William H. Wiese 1972 Joseph A. Burke Andrew G. Dean James D. Felsen Joyce E. Gibson Leslie J. Graitcer Philip L. Graitcer Allen J. Herbert Joel Kavet Walter L. Pelham Loren H. Roth Susan S. Schermerhorn Ronald A. Walter 1973 Jennie A. Duffy Edward M. Elkin David H. Gundy Maria P. Liteplo John C. Perry 36 Harvard Public Health Review Arthur R. Rhodes Fred G. Rueter Stephen L. Silberman Alexander M. Walker Walter C. Willett Beverly Winikoff 1974 Louis M. Alpern Michael C. Alpert Richard A. Bienia Maura Bluestone John D. Blum John D. Boice, Jr. Irene Y. Cheung Douglas W. Dockery Patricia T. Gabbe Siew-Ean Khoo Mary Ann Lavin Harold L. May Barbara E. Millen Nancy E. Mueller Philip T. Nicholson Michael R. Pollard Daniel W. Rosenn Stephen C. Schoenbaum Steven K. Shama Cynthia E. Winne 1975 Robert Berke Louis J. DiBerardinis Abby G. Ershow Carol W. Garvey Daniel P. Greenfield Christopher T. Hitt Craig N. Melin Ann E. Moran Camille L. Orso Harvey E. Pies Kathleen M. Rasmussen Carol H. Rice Deborah Rose William B. Stason Howard R. Steinberg 1976 Kay W. Bander Amy C. Barkin Patricia L. Brown Stanley G. Burchfield Phillip G. Clark Gail E. Costa Ileana M. Fajardo Henry Falk Homero R. Garza Patricia Hartge Richard A. Kaslow Sew-Leong C. Kwa Barbara N. Lubash Beth Myers Helen H. Wang 1977 Anonymous Marcia J. Armstrong Rita D. Berkson Judith B. Colla Malcolm J. Curtis Samuel A. Forman Mari Ito Andrew M. Jaffe Thomas W. Kalinowski Walter H. McDonald Linda C. Niessen Bernard M. Olsen Barbara A. Ormond Philip E. Palmer Jonathan M. Samet Steven L. Sneddon Jeffrie R. Strang Jay S. Weisfeld Scott T. Weiss Earnestine Willis 1978 Elizabeth N. Allred Sheila R. Bloom Melanie C. Clarke Karen L. Davis Eric E. Fortess Milford W. Greene Peter C. Karalekas, Jr. James M. Laster Louise Park MacMillan James Harvey Maguire Daniel J. Nadler John T. Nagurney Susan W. Robbins Claudia R. Sanders Phyllis D. Sims Charles P. Spickert Eileen Storey 1979 Debra D. Carey Lynne M. Cavanaugh Cynthia J. Dutton William C. Feng Eileen P. Hayes Judith Izen James M. Jaranson Stephen P. Kelly Harold B. Leabman Jeanne E. Loughlin Sue M. Marcus Maria E. Mazorra Eileen D. Pearlman Johannes Plugge Jo A. Shifrin Mark S. Siskind Marcia L. Weisman Georgiana K. White 1980 Elie M. Abemayor Richard C. Antonelli Virginia W. Arnold Catherine S. Berkey Joseph C. dâ€™Oronzio Viola L. Dwight Kim Enomoto Robert I. Field Rose H. Goldman Raymond S. Greenberg Bernard Guyer Lynn W. Herzog Chung-Cheng Hsieh Carole L. Ju Linda W. Kalinowski Charles H. Klippel III Robert B. Lutes Candace G. Mandel James A. Manganello Charles B. Millstein Patrick J. Nalbone Jane W. Newburger Ann E. Spangler Edwin S. Spirer Meir J. Stampfer 1981 Stanley M. Aronson Lisa S. Barnes Arthur E. Brown Alan B. Dash Marilyn A. Fingerhut Elizabeth E. Hatch Sonny V. Joseph Amy F. Judd M. Honor Keegan Carol I. Master William P. Naylor Richard W. Rowe Stephen H. Soboroff Doris N. Wong Danielle E. Wuchenich Marvin Zatz 1982 Phyllis S. Baer Stuart G. Baker Kathleen H. Blandford Paul R. Branch Mary E. Chamberland Rowland W. Chang Graham A. Colditz Ronald D. Deprez Carole R. Dichter Julie A. Goldstein Douglas N. Klaucke Eugene A. Mickey Stephen E. Piwinski Virginia A. Rauh Abby L. Resnick Wendy G. Rockefeller Daniel E. Singer Elizabeth A. Vanner Carolyn A. Webster 1983 Olayiwola B. Ayodeji Julie E. Buring J. Jacques Carter Yung-Cheng J. Chen Fernando A. Guerra Patricia L. Moody Thomas D. Polton DeWayne M. Pursley Anthony J. Santangelo, Jr. Richard W. Steketee Michael J. Thun 1984 Chantal Z. Buchanan Bettina Burbank Jennifer S. Cassells Chau-Shyong D. Chen Roger S. Day Ruth E. Gold G. Rita Dudley-Grant Katherine T. Halvorsen JoAnn E. Manson Matthew P. Moeller George C. Piper William M. Zinn Tammy C. Harris Alice J. Hausman David J. Hunter Raja Iglewicz Patrick L. Kirsop Vera R. Kurlantzick Nancy T. McCall Nancy N. Menzel Donald K. Milton Dale L. Morse Carl M. Reddix Gary L. Rosner Elizabeth F. Ryder Catherine A. Spino Paul J. Styrt Carol Jean W. Suitor Margaret M. Sullivan Susan P. Wood Marjorie A. Green Michelle G. Hutchinson Joanne A. Kimata Thomas H. Lee, Jr. Robert L. Mittendorf Susan W. Peck John D. Piette Diane L. Rowley Roderick N. Seamster Darvin S. Smith Anne E. Trontell Garrett R. Tucker III Nancy Ung Leonel Vela Kristian Vetlesen Brent C. Williams Albert S. Yeung 1988 1986 David W. Archibald Christina I. Braun James J. Crall Nancy J. Fox Patricia A. Fraser Unae K. Han Leslie A. Kalish Wyman W. Lai Michael F. Mayo-Smith Thomas J. McElligott, Jr. Kimberly J. Oka Deborah A. Roth Kevin G. Rowe Joseph A. Stankaitis Maxine A. Whittaker Barbara S. Wrightson 1987 Jesse A. Berlin Roger B. Davis Elizabeth E. Drye Thomas B. Hanley Paul K. Henneberger Mimi Y. Kim Michael D. Kneeland John W. Lehmann Stuart R. Lipsitz Daniel R. Lucey James C. Lynch Koji Miura Donna S. Neuberg Bonnie M. Norton Linda T. Poggensee Eric Ruder Barbara V. Schroeder Heejoon Y. Sun Phyllis C. Tien Joel Tsevat Ulla-Birgitta Wallin Elizabeth A. Wuerslin 1985 Kevin C. Chang Walter K. Clair Maria C. Plaus Joan C. Downey Gina A. Dunston-Boone Richard H. Aubry Paul H. Campbell Charles Deutsch Alison M. Dorries Adam M. Finkel Judy E. Garber continued Winter 2011 37 1989 Susan G. Albert Jerry D. Beavers Alison Cullen Kirsten E. Frederiksen Kimberlee K. Gauvreau Courtney A. Jennings Brinda R. Kamat Georgia Karapanos Matthew P. Longnecker Nancy J. Heidorn Suresh Santanam Jill S. Schield Simon D. Spivack 1990 Ian S. Ahwah Gilbert Burgos Deborah G. Chamblee Stanley E. Chartoff Mark S. Clanton Kenneth M. Davis Russ B. Hauser Sarah A. Marshall Srinivas M. Sastry Robert M. Segal Robert G. Travnicek Jane R. Zucker 1991 Terry A. Adirim Michele C. Aviles Bonnie B. Blanchfield Peter W. Choo Gary C. Curhan Jo Ann David-Kasdan Joel Diringer Julie E. Henry Marjorie E. Kanof Tse-Jen Kao Shirley Montini Farzad Mostashari Abbe F. Rosenbaum Thomas M. Slyter Christopher T. Spina Masahiro Takeuchi Man-Sung Yim 1992 Amy C. Benson Deborah L. Blacker Lauren A. Dame Erica L. Drazen Jeffery S. Garland Stephen N. Kales Paul M. LeVine Risa C. Shames Priscilla Szneke Fair H. Wang 1993 Anonymous Linda G. Baer Gabrielle Bercy Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart Marian G. Ewell Virginia L. Hood Ping Hu Soyeon Kim Qing Liang Gregg S. Meyer Judith Pinsker Phillip W. Sarocco Kristin K. Snow Sharon L. Swindell John J. Whyte 1994 Pamela A. Berenbaum Meghan B. Bishop Jeanine Boyle Joanna Buffington Eugenie H. Coakley Christopher P. Duggan Mawaheb T. El-Mouelhy Shari I. Gelber Kathy L. Jenkins David P. Kraft Nanette E. Moss A. E. C. Rietveld Steven M. Rudd Deborah L. Snyder 1995 Elizabeth A. Bancroft Michael A. Bolton Su-chun Cheng Jay A. Clemens Karen Donelan Alison E. Field Amy W. Grace Hyungjin M. Kim Stephen H. MacDonald William B. MacLeod Peter A. Merkel Laury E. Saligman Kevin J. Schwartzman 1996 David J. Berck Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson Peter Cardiello Richard H. Chapman Mary Cushman Mei Sheng Duh Terrence R. Gillen Lynn M. Marshall Joy R. Mockbee Constantia P. Petrou Margaret B. Ruttenberg Ibou Thior 1997 Andrea J. Apter Patrick A. Bovier Steven B. Duff David N. Hayes Liza M. Hayes Nancy E. Isaac Robert S. Kahn Satoshi Kaneko Qian H. Li Vicki E. Light Joshua P. Metlay Howard H. Moffet Siobhan M. Oâ€™Connor Carol R. Regueiro Jean-Marc R. Saffar Mikhail P. Salganik Allyn E. Segelman Laurie Sprung 1998 Jennifer A. Hanner Chung-Ming Hsieh Shari Michelle Kessel Schneider Roderick K. King Kathleen M. Koehler Michael P. Lazarski Charles Lu Michiko Nakayama Mark E. Ralston Jennifer Retsinas Tabitha L. Rice Donald C. Simonson Xiaolin Wang Yongyu Wang 1999 Stuart M. Berman Robert A. Bethel Tianxi Cai Debbie Mien-Pay Cheng Eunyoung Cho Susan M. Duty Sudhanva S. Hegde Jessica Kahn James A. Kaye Jenny Lo Sidney W. Rosen Sarah L. Sinha Mary E. Wewers Ying Zhu 2000 Jill E. Appel Josh Benner 38 Harvard Public Health Review Debra Buchan Jonathan L. French Jennifer N. Greenberg Ellen S. Lerner Eileen E. Ming Tina T. Powderly Michael S. Radeos Carla A. Romney Janet Y. Schrodi Beverly G. Siegal Gary M. Strauss Tonya L. Villafana Robert O. Wright 2001 Mary T. Brophy Mary L. Brown Humayun J. Chaudhry Anna Lai Choi Shannon M. Escalante Victoria R. Hopkins Patrik L. Johansson Soichi Koike Theodore W. Marcy Fredrick K. Orkin David Paniagua William T. Peruzzi Juliet V. Porch Jeffrey L. Schnipper Lisa V. Stone Yoshio Uetsuka 2002 Rajalakshmi Balasubramanium William E. Downey Joseph C. Finetti Camilla S. Graham Alan D. Guerci Ming-Rong Harn Ka He Sok-Ja K. Janket Carolyn M. Kaelin Lisa M. Letourneau John R. Madril Andrew T. McAfee Beth G. Raucher James M. Steven Nak Jin Sung Takahiro Uchida Joel Yohai 2003 William R. Berry Raymond C. Chan Cheryl R. Clark Susanna J. Jacobus Elizabeth E. Powell Cyril S. Rakovski Jennifer A. Schumi Lon Gary Sherman Monica L. Stallworth Ann M. Thomas Lujing Wang Bonnie R. Weinbach Thomas W. White Erik J. Won Summer L. Zheng 2004 Clement A. Adebamowo Amy A. Adome Ruth S. Arestides Alfred J. Capelli Eugene D. Choi Anthony Dias Stacey J. Drubner Ira R. Horowitz Caroline T. Korves Caron M. Lee Patricia A. Moran Thomas R. Mote Erinn T. Rhodes John W. Robinson Kelly Claire Simon Andrew M. Wiesenthal 2005 Edward J. Alfrey Andrew B. Ashcroft Jeffrey B. Cohn William R. DeFoor Bethany L. Hedt Jennifer L. Kowalski Timothy J. Mahoney Maritza Morell Michael T. Rowland I-Fong Joanne Sun Boyd V. Washington Janice L. Weiner Anson Wright 2006 Angela M. Bader Anthony L-T Chen Lucy Y. Chie Sharon G. Curhan Victoria P. de Menil Michelle A. DeNatale Kelly J. Dougherty Walter D. Fitzhugh III Oemer N. Goek Wendy M. Golden Lorine W. Housworth Jim M. John Elizabeth A. Kurs Timothy L. Mah Robert I. McCaslin Scott W. McPhee Yutaka Niihara Yuji Otake Lee S. Prisament Natasa Rajicic Stephanie Rosborough Rebecca J. Wexler Afsaneh R. Zolfaghari 2007 Sanjay Aurora Beatriz Casado James M. Grebosky Jay Won Lee Beverly J. Loudin Mark Phillippe Lorenz Risch Arathi R. Setty Jonathan M. Spector Sherilyn Wheaton Xiaotian Zhong 2008 Zeina N. Chemali Lindsey A. Cole Herbert O. Davies Sean M. Dunbar Sean E. Hunt John McNelis Stephen J. Meraw Kelli N. McCartan Oâ€™Laughlin 2009 Greg A. Burnett Cecilia Gerard Lyndon V. Hernandez Benjamin M. Howard Morgan H. Jones Katherine E. Kobus Ning Lu Khaled J. Saleh Kate W. Sedgwick 2010 Jane Scott Lloyd Winter 2011 39 Individuals The generosity of individuals is vital to the School’s mission of pursuing new knowledge, educating public health’s future leaders, and communicating health messages to the public. The following list acknowledges individuals who made cumulative contributions of $250 or more during fiscal year 2010. An asterisk indicates individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years. $10,000–$24,999 Anonymous Christine Allen * Roger L. Barnett Lynne and Roger S. Berkowitz James J. Bochnowski David Cohen Howard E. Cox, Jr. Joan P. and Ronald C. Curhan * $1,000,000+ Deborah Rose, SM’75 $500,000–$999,999 George D. Behrakis Roslyn B. Payne Penny S. Pritzker and Bryan Traubert * $250,000–$499,999 James E. Issler * Joel E. Smilow Richard W. Smith Deanne and Herbert S. Winokur, Jr. $100,000–$249,999 Judy and Russell L. Carson * Phyllis D. Collins * Frank Denny Sarah B. and Seth M. Glickenhaus * Mala G. Haarmann James M. Usdan * Christopher W. Walker J. Frederick Weintz, Jr. * Mary M. and Jeffrey Zients $50,000–$99,999 Anonymous Lammot du Pont Copeland, Jr. * Evelyn Byrd Donatelli and Mike M. Donatelli Ruth F. Lazarus and Michael S. Feldberg Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 and Bayard Henry * Jorge P. Lemann Xiao Liang Ronay A. and Richard L. Menschel* Mary Revelle Paci * Nathalie and Stephen R. Wong $25,000–$49,999 Anonymous Daniel Branton Thorley D. Briggs Annette B. and Joseph A. Burke, SM’72 Anthony Chase Ambika Collins Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 * Ellen Feldberg Gordon Sofia M. Gruskin William A. Haseltine Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II * Florence R. Koplow John L. McGoldrick William A. Oates * Herbert W. Richards Gloria and Bernard Salick * Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 and Ambassador Theodore Sedgwick * Eliot I. Snider Fair H. Wang, SM’92 * Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Nicholas Galakatos Dorothy J. Ganick, SM’67 * Martin and Enid Gleich Laurence J. Hagerty Chung-Ming Hsieh, SD’98 Mark E. Jennings Stephen B. Kay * Barbara J. Wu and Eric C. Larson * Lucian L. Leape Arthur L. Loeb * Per Lofberg Francisco A. Lorenzo * Nancy T. Lukitsh Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 and John H. MacMillan IV Kristin W. and Stephen A. Mugford Carol Paraskevas * Irene Pollin Robert O. Preyer * Jeannine M. Rivet * Leni and Adam D. Sender Charles B. Sheppard II Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 and Miles F. Shore Richard M. Smith * James A. Star Irene M. Stare * Howard H. Stevenson * continued * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years 40 Harvard Public Health Review Edwin Jay Taff * Linda Tao Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 * Louisa von Clemm * Charlotte von Clemm Iselin Stefanie C. von Clemm Rui Wang Barbara G. and Henry S. White Mary Stare Wilkinson Doris Wilson, ‘48 Jason Yeung $5,000–$9,999 Loreen J. Arbus Mortimer Berkowitz III Jane Carpenter Bradley and John M. Bradley * Rosemary and John W. Brown Tianxi Cai, SD’99 Carrie S. Cox Madison Cox Erica L. Drazen, SD’92 and Jeffrey M. Drazen Samuel A. Forman, MPH’77, SM’80 John H. Foster Larry S. Gage Alice Galakatos Katie H. Gambill Serena M. Hatch and Francis W. Hatch, Jr. † Holly D. Hayes and Carl W. Stern, Jr. * Kathryn and Ned Hentz James J. Hummer Joyce and Anthony Kales Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 Beth V. and Carmine A. Martignetti * Sue and Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 * Armene L. Milliken have supported Harvard for many years and have focused more recently on the Harvard School of Public Health. Why? HSPH programs have immediate applications in areas of dire need. I have a special interest in African issues, due largely to my travels on that continent. The range of problems is infinite—education, sanitation, water quality, living conditions, high mortality, and, of course, the subjugation of women. Therefore, I want African graduate students to come to HSPH to acquire as much knowledge as possible and then go back home and apply what they have researched, studied, and learned. They can then identify and eradicate disease and associated problems. The HSPH program educates and trains problem-solvers who will also become leaders in their respective countries. The Briggs Scholarship program provides funds for African students to come to HSPH. — Thorley “Ted” D. Briggs, AB ’53, MBA ’55 Retired Chairman and former President and CEO of EMCON Associates, an environmental consulting firm I Winter 2011 41 Susan W. Peck, SM’87, SD’91 * Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Denise Sobel Natasha P. and Richard H. Stowe Irene M. and Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. * Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth * Stephen H. Wise Migs S. Woodside $2,500–$4,999 Arthur Bugs Baer * Ruth A. Barron James D. Blum Aliki and Franz Brandenberg Justin Campbell Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 Su-chun Cheng, SD’95 Lucy Y. Chie, MPH’06 Cheryl R. Clark, SD’03 Kenneth C. Cox Prudence S. Crozier * Karen L. Davis, SM’78 * Jean George Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Judith E. and Laurence J. Hicks Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 and Barry D. Jennings James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 * Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 Barbara N. Lubash, SM’76 and Paul A. Moses Hossam Maksoud Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 * Carole C. and William M. Moore, MPH’66 * Wanda Olsen and Michael E. Jacobson * Susan and Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 Susan Butler Plum Carol Raphael Charles A. Sanders Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 David I. Scheer Roberta Schneiderman * Helen Bowdoin Spaulding George H. Strong Carol Jean W. Suitor, SM’85, SD’88 and Richard Suitor Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 * John J. Whyte, MPH’93 Joan L. Kittredge Wyon * $1,000–$2,499 Clement A. Adebamowo, SD’04 Paula Alprin * Mary Ellen Avery Rajalakshmi Balasubramanium, SD’02 Barbara D. Beck and Robert M. Bahn David J. Berck, MPH’96 * Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Richard A. Bienia, MPH’74 Irene Tilenius Bloom† and Barry R. Bloom * Gerald H. Blum * Joshua A. Bookin Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Irene S. and John Briedis Nancy Budge Debra H. and Kim J. Burchiel Alfred J. Capelli, SM’04 Peter Cardiello, MPH’96 Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 * Kevin C. Chang, MPH’85 Eugene D. Choi, SM’04 * Stephanie and Peter W. Choo, MPH’91, DPH’96 Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Melanie C. Clarke, SM’78 Graham A. Colditz, MPH’82, DPH’82 Gail E. Costa, SM’76 Norma Dana Kenneth M. Davis, SM’90 Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 * Mei Sheng Duh, SD’96 Myron E. Essex Harvey V. Fineberg * Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Adam M. Finkel, SD’87 Fred N. Fishman * Frederick Frank * Jeffrey J. Fredberg Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk Niki and A. Alan Friedberg * Paula and Jose Garber M. Dozier Gardner Shari I. Gelber, SM’94 and Richard D. Gelber Susan M. Guillory * Doreen and Charles Gumas David W. Haartz Carol Haber * Deborah Hartnett Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Carol L. and William E. Hiller Christopher T. Hitt, SM’75 Mary B. and Kenneth D. Holmes Joan X. Hu and Boxin Tang Robert Hyatt Mari Ito, SM’77 Truda C. Jewett Linda W. Kalinowski, SM’80 and Thomas W. Kalinowski, SM’77, SD’81 * Tse-Jen Kao, MPH’91 Ellen L. Kaplan Hyungjin M. Kim, SD’95 Soyeon Kim, SM’93, SD’96 42 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Simeon M. Kriesberg * Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 Caroline R. Le Feuvre Sarah L. and John C. Lechleiter * Elizabeth K. Liao * Marguerite Littman Uri Loewenstein Stephen H. Loring Jeanne E. Loughlin, SM’79 Daniel R. Lucey, MPH’88 Timothy J. Mahoney, SM’05 Isabel W. and Peter L. Malkin * James A. Manganello, MPH’80 JoAnn E. Manson, MPH’84, DPH’87 * T. John Martin Linda D. Masiello Carol I. Master, SM’81, DPH’89 and Sherry Mayrent Maria E. Mazorra, SM’79 * William Shaw McDermott * Nicholas P. McGrane Dorothea P. Mead Lisa F. Miao Leah Modigliani Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Thomas P.C. Monath Ann E. Moran, MPH’75, DPH’80 Donna S. Neuberg, SD’88 Thomas L. P. O’Donnell * William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 Stephen J. Plank, MPH’61, DPH’64 Muriel K. Pokross * Ruth S. and Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 * Dorina Radeos Michael S. Radeos, MPH’00 Mani Ramamurthy Donald J. Rosato, MPH’63 Margaret B. Ruttenberg, SM’96 Jean-Marc R. Saffar, SM’97 Phillip W. Sarocco, SM’93 Valentine Schaffner Renate and Jack W. Schuler * Nina F. Simonds Sarah L. Sinha, SM’99 Alix and Joseph I. Smullin Kristin K. Snow, SM’93, SD’00 Robert Snyder Naomi Sobel Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Cheryl and Kenneth Stanley Ellie Starr Howard R. Steinberg, MPH’75 Phyllis C. Tien, SM’88 and D. Scott Smith, SM’87 Ming Tsai Gerald Tulis * Katherine J. and John L. Vahle Kelly Victory Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 * Virginia G. Watkin Mary Weinmann Andrew M. Wiesenthal, SM’04 * Wing H. Wong David A. Woodruff * Anson Wright, SM’05 Ellen M. Zane * $500–$999 Elie M. Abemayor, SM’80 * Kathleen H. Acree, MPH’64 Terry A. Adirim, MPH’91 Laura and Louis M. Alpern, MPH’74 * Jill E. Appel, SM’00 Robert Berke, MPH’75 Paul Biddinger Yvonne M. Bishop, SM’61 * Michael A. Bolton, SM’95 Patricia L. Brown Sheila A. Campbell J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 * Mary E. Chamberland, MPH’82 Raymond C. Chan, SM’03 Jenny Cheuk Walter K. Clair, MPH’85 John A. Clements Joseph A. Cook, MPH’68 Marcia Cross Adam Cuddy Mary Cushman, SM’96 * Robert T. Cutting, MPH’59 Herbert O. Davies, SM’08 Dennis O. Dixon Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart, MPH’93 * Eilert H. Eilertsen, MPH’58 Alison E. Field, SD’95 Barbara J. Friedberg Koene and John R. Graves Jennifer N. Greenberg, SM’00 Bernard Guyer, MPH‘80 Tammy C. Harris, MPH’85 * Earle R. Heine, MPH’63 * Tomio Hirohata, SM’65, SD’68 Warren W. Hodge, MPH’64 Ping Hu, SM’93, SD’96 Michael D. Hughes Andrea M. Jacobs Patrik L. Johansson, MPH’01 Marjorie E. Kanof, MPH’91 * Stephen P. Kelly, SPH’79 Mimi Y. Kim, SM’88, SD’90 Martha P. Leape John W. Lehmann, MPH’88 Justice E. Chouteau Levine and William M. Levine * Leonard C. Mandell, SM’55 * Bonnie Marcus Sarah A. Marshall, SM’90 * Maurice McGregor Jane and Brian D. McAuley continued Winter 2011 43 Alexander McCall Smith Philip E. Miles Jr. Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 Catherine M. and Matthew P. Moeller, SM’84 Mark T. Munger * Beth Myers, SM’76 John T. Nagurney, MPH’78 Michiko Nakayama, MPH’98 Jane W. Newburger, MPH’80 Elizabeth M. and Philip T. Nicholson, SM’74 * Linda C. Niessen, MPH’77 Stephen E. Piwinski, MIH’82 * Lee S. Prisament, MPH’06 Shanna K. Quigley Carl M. Reddix, MPH’85 Arthur R. Rhodes, MPH’73 * Carol H. Rice, SM’75 A. E. C. Rietveld, MPH’94 Christy Robson Abbe F. Rosenbaum, MPH’91 Daniel W. Rosenn, SM’74 Deborah A. Roth, SM’86 * Steven M. Rudd, MPH’94 Jonathan M. Samet, SM’77 * Suresh Santanam, SD’89 * Tedd R. Saunders Stephen C. Schoenbaum, MPH’74 Janet Y. Schrodi, MPH’00 Jennifer A. Schumi, ‘03 Norman C. Severo Steven K. Shama, MPH’74 Bernard Shleien, SM’63 * Donald C. Simonson, MPH’98, SM’99, SD’06 Hope H. Snider, MPH’64 * Richard W. Steketee, MPH’83 Eileen Storey, MPH’78 Jeffrie R. Strang, MPH’77 Masahiro Takeuchi, SD’91 James M. Taylor, MPH’71 Leonel Vela, MPH’87 Helen H. Wang, MPH’76, DPH’79 * Xiaolin Wang, SD’98 Boyd V. Washington, SM’05 Deborah C. Webster-Clair Jay S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 * Mary E. Wewers, MPH’99 * Walter C. Willett, MPH’73, DPH’80 Paige L. Williams Dorothy L. Wilson, MPH’66 Beverly Winikoff, MPH’73 and Michael C. Alpert, MPH’74 * James F. Wittmer, MPH’61 * Erik J. Won, MPH’03 Danielle E. Wuchenich, MPH’81 * Shirley and David R. Younkin $250–$499 Anonymous Theodor Abelin, MPH’63 R. Siisi Adu-Gyamfi Elizabeth N. Allred, ‘78 * Virginia W. Arnold, ‘80 Ruth and Herbert Aschkenasy Sanjay Aurora, MPH’07 Linda G. Baer, SM’93 and Alvin W. Lee Elizabeth A. Bancroft, SM’95 Robert B. Banzett Lisa S. Barnes, SM’81 * Josh Benner, SM’00, SD’02 Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold * Bonnie B. Blanchfield, SM’91, SD’95 Sheila R. Bloom, SM’78 * Paul R. Branch, SM’82 Mary Breed Brink, MPH’52 Arthur E. Brown, Jr., MPH’81 * Joanna Buffington, MPH’94 * Gilbert Burgos, MPH’90 * Paul H. Campbell, SD’87 * Stephen Hugh Campbell Debra D. Carey, SM’79 Kiera and James C. Carlisle Beatriz Casado, MPH’07 N. Bruce Chase, MPH‘68 Zeina N. Chemali, MPH’08 Chau-Shyong D. Chen, MPH’84 Yung-Cheng J. Chen, MPH’83 Irene Y. Cheung, SM’74, SD’77 Jane H. Chretien, MPH’70 * Jeffrey B. Cohn, SM’05 Lindsey A. Cole, SM’08 Penelope and Andrei Constantinidi Victoria P. de Menil, SM’06 Charles Deutsch, SD’87 Joseph C. d’Oronzio, MPH’80 * Kelly J. Dougherty, SM’06 Stanley L. Dryden, SM’64 * Jennie A. Duffy, SM’73 and Robert T. Duffy * Viola L. Dwight, MPH’80 Kim Enomoto, MPH’80 Marian G. Ewell, SD’93 James D. Felsen, MPH’72 * Jonathan E. Fielding, MPH’71 Bertha B. Fitzer Walter D. Fitzhugh III, MPH’06 Laurence B. Flood * Nancy J. Fox, SM’86 Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr., SM’65 Jonathan L. French, SD’00 Shoichi Fukayama Patricia T. Gabbe, MPH’74 * Jeffery S. Garland, SM’92 * Homero R. Garza, MPH’76 Rebecca S. Gelman Theodore Georgiadis, SM’65 44 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years Harvard Public Health Review Joyce E. Gibson, SM’72, SD’74 and Steven H. Gibson * Terrence R. Gillen, SPH’96 Judith D. Goldberg, SM’67, SD’72 * Rose H. Goldman, MPH’80, SM’81 James M. Grebosky, SM’07 Alan D. Guerci, SM’02 * Fernando A. Guerra, MPH’83 Lan Jiang Guo Christian M. Hansen, MPH’65 * † Ming-Rong Harn, ‘02 Patricia Hartge, SM’76, SD’83 * Elizabeth E. Hatch, SM’81 and Francis W. Hatch III * Russ B. Hauser, MPH’90, SD’94 * Ka He, SM’02, SD’03 Patricia M. and David C. Hinkle Benjamin M. Howard Margaret T. Howe, SM’70, SD’75 Raja Iglewicz, ‘85 and Boris Iglewicz Susanna J. Jacobus, SM’03 Sok-Ja K. Janket, MPH’02 * Kathy L. Jenkins, MPH’94 Vida T. and Dean R. Johnson Wayne A. Johnson, MPH’65 Joel Kavet, SD’72 Patrick L. Kirsop, SM’85 Soichi Koike, MPH’01 Ruth B. Kundsin, SD’58 * Augusta F. Law, MPH’51 John C. Leadbeater, MPH’71 * Caron M. Lee, SM’04 Samuel Levey, SM’63 * Paul M. LeVine, SM’92 Qian H. Li, SD’97 Janet Scott Lloyd, MPH’10 Lisa M. Letourneau, MPH’02 Robert B. Lutes, SM’80 Stephen H. MacDonald, MPH’95 Nancy J. Marr, SM’89 Lynn M. Marshall Nancy T. McCall, SM’85, SD’93 John McNelis, SM’08 Peter A. Merkel, MPH’95 * Gregg S. Meyer, SM’93 Patricia A. Moran, MPH’04 Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 * Soomi and Yutaka Niihara, MPH’06 Victoria Nourafchan Bernard M. Olsen, SM’77 Eileen D. Pearlman, SM’79 * J. Christopher Perry, MPH’73 Constantia P. Petrou, SD’96 Mark Phillippe, SM’07 Linda T. Poggensee, SM’88 and Robert R. Poggensee Cedric W. Porter, Jr., MPH’69 * Tina T. Powderly, SM’00 and Tom Powderly * Beth G. Raucher, SM’02 Michael Reid Erinn T. Rhodes, MPH’04 * Susan W. Robbins, MPH’78 John W. Robinson, SM’04 Sheila C. Rocchio Wendy G. Rockefeller, SM’82 * Stephanie Rosborough, MPH’06 Sidney W. Rosen, MPH’99 * David Rosenstein Mikhail P. Salganik, SM’97, SD’06 Laury E. Saligman, SM’95 Jill S. Schield, SM’89 * Kevin J. Schwartzman, MPH’95 * Patricia A. Shea Kelly Claire Simon, SM’04, SD’07 and John Simon Edwin S. Spirer, MPH’80 Simon D. Spivack, MPH’89 James H. Steele, MPH’42 * James M. Steven, SM’02 * B. Katherine Swartz Roy N. Tamura Robert G. Travnicek, MPH’90 * Henry W. Vaillant, SM’69 Elizabeth A. Vanner, SM’82 * Michael W. Voligny Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Carolyn A. Webster, SM’82 Bonnie R. Weinbach, SM’03 Marcia L. Weisman, SD’79 Georgiana K. White, SM’79 Lynn F. and John A. Wilkes Earnestine Willis, MPH’77 Saul T. Wilson, MPH’55 Cynthia E. Winne, MPH’74 Edward Yeh Albert S. Yeung, SM’87, SD’92 * Joel Yohai, SM’02 Summer L. Zheng, ‘03 * individuals who have made a gift for five or more consecutive years † deceased Winter 2011 45 Corporations, Foundations and Organizations The School gratefully acknowledges the invaluable support of its many corporate, foundation, and institutional partners. Through their engagement, these organizations are helping to improve the health of people around the world. The following lists recognize organizations that, in fiscal year 2010, have provided grants of $1,000 and above or have made matching gifts to the School. $50,000–$99,999 American Federation for Aging Research The Brinson Foundation Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Burroughs Wellcome Fund GDS Services International Limited Healthways Howard Hughes Medical Institute $1,000,000+ African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS American Heart Association, Inc. Government of the Republic of Cyprus Estate of Diana P. Reeve Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Robert Wood Johnson Foundation $500,000–$999,999 American Diabetes Association Behrakis Foundation Doris Duke Charitable Foundation ExxonMobil Foundation Fidelity Non-Profit Management Foundation Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International W. K. Kellogg Foundation Ambrose Monell Foundation Open Society Institute Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturing of America Risk Management Foundation The Medtronic Foundation $250,000–$499,999 Arthritis Foundation Breast Cancer Research Foundation Footwear Association Charity Event, Inc. H.H. Brown Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation The Merck Company Foundation Population Reference Bureau John Templeton Foundation, Inc. 46 Harvard Public Health Review Raymond P. Lavietes Foundation $100,000–$249,999 Accelerated Cure Project Action on Smoking and Health International Alfred P. Sloan Foundation American Institute for Cancer Research Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Cabot Family Charitable Trust Clarence and Anne Dillon Dunwalke Trust William J. Clinton Foundation The Ellison Foundation Ellison Medical Foundation Energy Foundation Francis Family Foundation Frontier Science & Technology Research Foundation Glickenhaus Foundation Harbor Lights Foundation The William & Flora Hewlett Foundation Japan Foundation for the Promotion of International Medical Research Cooperation A. G. Leventis Foundation North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System Pfizer, Inc. Philips Healthcare R3i Foundation Schering-Plough Research Institute Scleroderma Research Foundation J.T. Tai and Company Foundation, Inc. Teikyo University Thrasher Research Fund V Foundation for Cancer Research $10,000–$24,999 Abbott Laboratories Aquidneck Foundation Boys and Girls Club of Lawrence Chevron Energy Technology Company $25,000–$49,999 California Walnut Commission Charles A. King Trust Commonwealth Fund David Bohnett Foundation Dillon Fund Genzyme Corporation GTN Holdings Charles H. Hood Foundation Massachusetts General Hospital Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation Parkinson Study Group University of Maine Leukemia Society of America, Inc. Medtronic, Inc. Margaret T. Morris Foundation New Horizon Foundation Oxfam America Press Ganey Associates, Inc. The Rockefeller Foundation Sanofi Pasteur Searle Scholars Program The TriZetto Group Towers Perrin Forster & Crosby Wong Family Foundation continued T he rise of a global economy, with the concurrent increase in the amount and speed of international transportation, has led to a spread of diseases worldwide. The Harvard School of Public Health has been front and center in addressing this threatening development. The School has been fortunate to have outstanding leaders, including former Deans Harvey Fineberg and Barry Bloom, and the current Dean, Julio Frenk. It is for these reasons that the Monell Foundation has consistently supported the School’s Dean’s Discretionary Fund. — George Rowe, Jr. President and Director of The Ambrose Monell Foundation. Rowe is a senior partner in the law firm of Fulton, Rowe & Hart in New York City. Kent Dayton/HSPH Winter 2011 47 Estate of Dr. Frank L. Babbott Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research Genentech, Inc. Estate of Marshall J. Hanley Institute of International Education Leape Foundation for Patient Safety Leaves of Grass Fund Arthur L. Loeb Foundation Medco Health Solutions Oncology-Hematology Clinic Pinkerton Foundation Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance U. S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation Michael & Louisa von Clemm Foundation Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Incorporated $5,000–$9,999 5 for Fairness American Statistical Association The Boston Foundation, Inc. Clarus Ventures, LLC Combined Jewish Philanthropies Cooper Clinic Dayton Foundation Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation Iacocca Foundation John Snow, Inc. Northern Lights Foundation Ropes & Gray LLP Safe Futures Fund of The Foundation for Enhancing Communities Sanofi-Aventis K.K. Schering-Plough Pharmaceuticals Tishri Fund $1,000–$4,999 Aetna Affymetrix, Inc. Applied Biosystems The Loreen Arbus Foundation AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, LP ATV Capital Management, Incorporated Biogen Idec, Incorporated Blum Family Foundation, Inc. Chinese-American Biomedical Association Concentra Health Services Consulting in Healthcare Strategies, LLC Corners Fund Cytel, Inc. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute David W. Haartz Trust Dossia Service Corporation The Foundation for Enhancing Communities GlaxoSmithKline Goldman Sachs & Co. Haber Family Charitable Fund Harvard Club of New York Foundation Illumina, Inc. International Rescue Committee Johnson & Johnson JPC Support Services Madison Cox Design, Inc. Maksoud Pharm, Inc. Massachusetts Medical Society MSFS Student Association NeuroPhage Pharmaceuticals Oak Fund of Triangle Community Foundation Pointcross, Inc. The Adolphe Quetelet Society SAS Institute Schwab Fund for Charitable Giving Sinco, Inc. Tulis, Miller & Company Uno Restaurants, LLC Valley Anesthesiology Foundation Victory Health, LLC Victory Partners, LLP White Mountains Regional High School Matching Gift Organizations Amgen Foundation, Inc. Andersen Consulting Foundation Burness Communications Dow Jones & Company Eli Lilly and Company Foundation Elizabeth Doolittle Charitable Trusts Exelon ExxonMobil Foundation Fidelity Foundation GlaxoSmithKline Foundation IBM International Foundation Lone Pine Foundation, Inc. Novartis Pfizer Schering-Plough Foundation, Inc. Wachovia Foundation 48 Harvard Public Health Review Annual Giving The success of Annual Giving in fiscal year 2010 was the result of hard work on the part of many loyal HSPH alumni and friends. These donors understand that annual giving plays a critical role in meeting ongoing needs for student financial aid, seed funding for innovative research, and general operating support. Henry Pickering Walcott Society ($25,000 +) Thorley D. Briggs Judy and Russell L. Carson Anthony Chase Ambika Collins Phyllis D. Collins Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 Sarah B. and Seth M. Glickenhaus Ellen Feldberg Gordon Sofia M. Gruskin Mala G. Haarmann Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 and Bayard Henry James E. Issler Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II Xiao Liang John L. McGoldrick William A. Oates Roslyn B. Payne Gloria and Bernard Salick Richard W. Smith James M. Usdan Christopher W. Walker Fair H. Wang, SM’92 Nathalie and Stephen R. Wong James Steven Simmons Society ($10,000–$24,999) Christine Allen Roger L. Barnett Lynne and Roger S. Berkowitz A s chief executive of the leading natural nutrition company in the United States, I have a deep interest in helping people live healthier lives. I think the HSPH is a fantastic institution that engages in cutting-edge research and provides proven solutions to challenges in critical areas of health. The School has the capacity to educate and inform the public in part because of its credibility as a Harvard institution. A personal passion of mine is to help eradicate under-nutrition in the world. There is simply no reason it should exist. I also want to educate people about the dangers of exposure to chemicals through products in their homes and workplaces. The faculty at HSPH is truly doing groundbreaking work in these and other fields. It is a privilege to be able to spend time with them and to support their mission. — Roger L. Barnett, MBA ’91 Chairman and CEO, Shaklee Corporation Winter 2011 49 James J. Bochnowski Howard E. Cox, Jr. Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Estate of Dr. Frank L. Babbott Katie H. Gambill Dorothy J. Ganick, SM’67 Martin and Enid Gleich Laurence J. Hagerty Mark E. Jennings Stephen B. Kay Florence R. Koplow Barbara J. Wu and Eric C. Larson Lucian L. Leape Arthur L. Loeb Per Lofberg Francisco A. Lorenzo Nancy T. Lukitsh Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 and John H. MacMillan IV Kristin W. and Stephen A. Mugford Mary Revelle Paci Irene Pollin Robert O. Preyer Carol Raphael Jeannine M. Rivet Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 and Ambassador Theodore Sedgwick Leni and Adam D. Sender Charles B. Sheppard II Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 and Miles F. Shore Richard M. Smith David B. Snow Howard H. Stevenson Edwin Jay Taff Linda Tao Louisa von Clemm Barbara G. and Henry S. White Jared S. White Jason Yeung Shattuck Family Society ($5,000–$9,999) Loreen J. Arbus Mortimer Berkowitz III Jane Carpenter Bradley and John M. Bradley Rosemary and John W. Brown Carrie S. Cox Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation Samuel A. Forman, MPH’77, SM’80 John H. Foster Larry S. Gage Serena M. Hatch and Francis W. Hatch, Jr. † Holly D. Hayes and Carl W. Stern, Jr. Kathryn and Ned Hentz James J. Hummer Anthony Kales Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 Beth V. and Carmine A. Martignetti Sue and Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 Susan W. Peck, SM’87, SD’91 Penelope and Michael R. Pollard, MPH’74 Denise Sobel Natasha P. and Richard H. Stowe Irene M. and Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth Stephen H. Wise Migs S. Woodside Milton J. Rosenau Society ($2,500–$4,999) Arthur Bugs Baer Ruth A. Barron James D. Blum Justin Campbell Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 Lucy Y. Chie, MPH’06 Madison Cox Prudence S. Crozier Karen L. Davis, SM’78 Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Judith E. and Laurence J. Hicks Wanda Olsen and Michael E. Jacobson Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 Barbara N. Lubash, SM’76 and Paul A. Moses Hossam Maksoud Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 Carole C. and William M. Moore, MPH’66 Susan and Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 David I. Scheer Roberta Schneiderman Helen Bowdoin Spaulding George H. Strong Carol Jean W. Suitor, SM’85, SD’88 and Richard Suitor Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 John J. Whyte, MPH’93 Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Jonathan M. Mann Society ($1,000–$2,499) Clement A. Adebamowo, SD’04 Mary Ellen Avery David J. Berck, MPH’96 Alice J. Hausman, MPH’85 and Jesse A. Berlin, SD’88 Richard A. Bienia, MPH’74 Gerald H. Blum Joshua A. Bookin Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Irene S. and John Briedis Nancy Budge Kim J. Burchiel Alfred J. Capelli, SM’04 Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 Kevin C. Chang, MPH’85 Stephanie and Peter W. Choo, MPH’91, DPH’96 Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Graham A. Colditz, MPH’82, DPH’82 Gail E. Costa, SM’76 50 Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Norma Dana Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 Harvey V. Fineberg Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Adam M. Finkel, SD’87 Fred N. Fishman Frederick Frank Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk Niki and A. Alan Friedberg Paula and Jose Garber M. Dozier Garnder Susan M. Guillory Carol Haber Carol L. Hiller Mari Ito, SM’77 Truda C. Jewett Linda W. Kalinowski, SM’80 and Thomas W. Kalinowski, SM’77, SD’81 Tse-Jen Kao, MPH’91 Ellen L. Kaplan Simeon M. Kriesberg Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 Caroline R. Le Feuvre Sarah L. and John C. Lechleiter Elizabeth K. Liao Daniel R. Lucey, MPH’88 Isabel W. and Peter L. Malkin James A. Manganello, MPH’80 JoAnn E. Manson, MPH’84, DPH’87 Linda D. Masiello Carol I. Master, SM’81, DPH’89 and Sherry Mayrent William Shaw McDermott Nicholas P. McGrane Leah Modigliani Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Thomas P.C. Monath Ann E. Moran, MPH’75, DPH’80 Thomas L. P. O’Donnell William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 Michael S. Radeos, MPH’00 Donald J. Rosato, MPH’63 Margaret B. Ruttenberg, SM’96 Jean-Marc R. Saffar, SM’97 Valentine Schaffner Renate and Jack W. Schuler Nina F. Simonds Kristin Kendall Snow, SM’93, SD’00 Robert Snyder Naomi Sobel Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Ellie Starr Howard R. Steinberg, MPH’75 Phyllis C. Tien, SM’88 and D. Scott Smith, SM’87 Ming Tsai Gerald Tulis Kelly Victory Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 Virginia G. Watkin Mary Weinmann Andrew M. Wiesenthal, SM’04 Anson Wright, SM’05 Ellen M. Zane Alice Hamilton Society ($500–$999) Kathleen H. Acree, MPH’64 Laura and Louis M. Alpern, MPH’74 Jill E. Appel, SM’00 Robert Berke, MPH’75 Paul Biddinger Yvonne M. Bishop, SM’61 Michael A. Bolton, SM’95 Patricia L. Brown, MPH’76 J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 Mary Eileen Chamberland, MPH’82 Raymond C. Chan, SM’03 Jenny Cheuk Walter K. Clair, MPH’85 Melanie C. Clarke, SM’78 Joseph A. Cook Marcia Cross Adam Cuddy Mary Cushman, SM’96 Herbert O. Davies, SM’08 Kenneth M. Davis, SM’90 Lena E. Dohlman-Gerhart, MPH’93 Mei Sheng Duh, SD’96 Eilert H. Eilertsen, MPH’58 Barbara J. Friedberg Koene and John R. Graves Jennifer N. Greenberg, SM’00 Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Tomio Hirohata, SM’65, SD’68 Andrea M. Jacobs Susanna J. Jacobus, SM’03 Patrik L. Johansson, MPH’01 Stephen P. Kelly, SPH’79 John W. Lehmann, MPH’88 Justice E. Chouteau Levine and William M. Levine Timothy J. Mahoney, SM’05 Bonnie Marcus Maria E. Mazorra, SM’79 Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 Catherine M. and Matthew P. Moeller, SM’84 Mark T. Munger Beth Myers, SM’76 Michiko Nakayama, MPH’98 Elizabeth M. and Philip T. Nicholson, SM’74 Linda C. Niessen, MPH’77 Stephen E. Piwinski, MIH’82 Stephen J. Plank Ruth S. and Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 Lee S. Prisament, MPH’06 Shanna K. Quigley Carl M. Reddix, MPH’85 Carol H. Rice, SM’75 Abbe F. Rosenbaum, MPH’91 Daniel W. Rosenn, SM’74 Steven M. Rudd, MPH’94 Jonathan M. Samet, SM’77 Suresh Santanam, SD’89 Stephen C. Schoenbaum, MPH’74 Steven K. Sham, MPH’74 Donald C. Simonson, MPH’98, SM’99, SD’06 Sarah L. Sinha, SM’99 Hope H. Snider, MPH’64 Richard W. Steketee, MPH’83 Eileen Storey, MPH’78 Jeffrie R. Strang continued Winter 2011 51 Leonel Vela, MPH’87 Helen H. Wang, MPH’76, DPH’79 Boyd V. Washington, SM’05 Jason S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 Dorothy L. Wilson, MPH’66 Beverly Winikoff, MPH’73 and Michael C. Alpert, MPH’74 James F. Wittmer, MPH’61 Erik J. Won, MPH’03 Danielle E. Wuchenich, MPH’81 Shirley and David R. Younkin Cecil K. and Philip Drinker Society ($250–$499) Anonymous Theodor Abelin, MPH’63 Terry A. Adirim, MPH’91 R. Siisi Adu-Gyamfi Elizabeth N. Allred, ‘78 Virginia W. Arnold, ‘80 Ruth and Herbert Aschkenasy Sanjay Aurora, MPH’07 Elizabeth A. Bancroft, SM’95 Lisa S. Barnes, SM’81 Josh Brenner Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold Bonnie B. Blanchfield, SM’91, SD’95 Sheila R. Bloom, SM’78 Paul R. Branch, SM’82 Arthur E. Brown, Jr., MPH’81 Gilbert Burgos, MPH’90 Sheila A. Campbell Debra D. Carey, SM’79 Kiera and James C. Carlisle Beatriz Casado, MPH’07 N. Bruce Chase, MPH’68 Zeina N. Chemali, MPH’08 Chau-Shyong D. Chen, MPH’84 Yung-Cheng J. Chen, MPH’83 Irene Y. Cheung, SM’74, SD’77 Eugene D. Choi Jeffrey B. Cohn, SM’05 Robert T. Cutting, MPH’59 Victoria P. de Menil, SM’06 Charles Deutsch, SD’87 Joseph C. d’Oronzio, MPH’80 Kelly J. Dougherty, SM’06 Stanley L. Dryden, SM’64 Kim Enomoto, MPH’80 Jonathan E. Fielding, MPH’71 Bertha B. Fitzer Laurence B. Flood Nancy J. Fox, SM’86 Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr., SM’65 Jeffery S. Garland, SM’92 Homero R. Garza, MPH’76 Theodore Georgiadis, SM’65 Terrance R. Gillen, SPH’96 Judith D. Goldberg, SM’67, SD’72 Rose H. Goldman, MPH’80, SM’81 James M. Grebosky, SM’07 Alan D. Guerci, SM’02 Fernando A. Guerra, MPH’83 Bernard Guyer, MPH‘80 Ming-Rong Harn, ‘02 Tammy C. Harris Patricia Hartge, SM’76, SD’83 Elizabeth E. Hatch, SM’81 and Francis W. Hatch III Ka He, SM’02, SD’03 E. Rodman Heine Warren W. Hodge, MPH’64 Benjamin M. Howard Ping Hu, SM’93, SD’96 Sok-Ja K. Janket, MPH’02 Vida T. and Dean R. Johnson Wayne A. Johnson, MPH’65 Marjorie E. Kanof Joel Kavet, SD’72 Soichi Koike, MPH’01 Ruth B. Kundsin, SD’58 Augusta F. Law, MPH’51 John C. Leadbeater, MPH’71 Caron M. Lee, SM’04 Samuel Levey, SM’63 Stephen H. MacDonald, MPH’95 Leonard C. Mandell Nancy J. Marr, SM’89 Nancy T. McCall, SM’85, SD’93 John McNelis, SM’08 Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 John T. Nagurney, MPH’78 Jane W. Newburger, MPH’80 Soomi and Yutaka Niihara, MPH’06 Victoria Nourafchan Bernard M. Olsen, SM’77 J. Christopher Perry, MPH’73 Linda T. Poggensee, SM’88 and Robert R. Poggensee Cedric W. Porter, Jr., MPH’69 Tina T. Powderly, SM’00 and Tom Powderly Beth G. Raucher, SM’02 Arthur Russell Rhodes, MPH’73 Erinn T. Rhodes, MPH’04 A. E. C. Rietveld, MPH’94 John W. Robinson, SM’04 Christy Robson Sheila C. Rocchio Wendy G. Rockefeller, SM’82 Stephanie Rosborough, MPH’06 David Rosenstein Deborah A. Roth Jill S. Schield, SM’89 Janet Y. Schrodi, MPH’00 Kevin J. Schwartzman, MPH’95 Bernard Shleien, SM’63 Kelly Claire Simon, SM’04, SD’07 and John Simon James H. Steele, MPH’42 James M. Steven, SM’02 J. Michael Taylor Robert G. Travnicek, MPH’90 Henry W. Vaillant, SM’69 Elizabeth Anne Vanner, SM’82 Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Bonnie R. Weinbach, SM’03 Marcia L. Weisman, SD’79 Mary E. Wewers, MPH‘99 Georgiana K. White, SM’79 Lynn F. and John A. Wilkes Earnestine Willis, MPH’77 Saul T. Wilson, MPH’55 Cynthia E. Winne, MPH’74 Joel Yohai 52 Harvard Public Health Review Tribute Gifts Tribute Gifts offer a meaningful way to advance public health while also recognizing a beloved family member, special friend, or colleague. Individuals who were honored or memorialized with a tribute gift in fiscal year 2010 are listed below. The names of their corresponding donors appear throughout this report. Honored Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr. Barry R. Bloom Marcia Cross Myron E. Essex Mary Revelle Paci Louise M. Ryan Shan V. Sayles Janine E. Luke and Melvin R. Seiden Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Nancy Turnbull Thelma and Marvin Zelen Memorialized Don Berry James W. Bridges Richard B. Gamble Helen Lagakos Regina Lagakos Stephen W. Lagakos Alan S. Morrison, SM’69, SD’72 Ralph S. Paffenbarger, Jr. Samuel Serino Frances Skornik William A. Skornik Armen H. Tashjian, Jr. Stephen Lagakos, HSPH professor of biostatistics and international leader in biostatistics and AIDS research, who died in 2009 O n October 12, 2009, the HSPH community lost a beloved longtime faculty member and an international leader in biostatistics and AIDS research when Stephen Lagakos, 63, died in a tragic auto collision in Peterborough, N.H. Lagakos helped develop intellectual foundations for clinical and epidemiological research on AIDS that had great impact on science and on public health during his lifetime. He also educated several generations of students, who were devoted to him as an inspirational teacher and mentor. The Lagakos Family Fund was established in memory of the Lagakos family to support the Department of Biostatistics. Winter 2011 53 Founders Circle The Harvard School of Public Health deeply appreciates members of the Founders Circle, who demonstrate special foresight by making gifts to the School through their wills or estate plans. Their planned gifts help ensure that HSPH faculty and students will continue their pioneering work for decades to come. Theodore A. Montgomery, MPH’55 Richard Ng, SM’74 Chong Moo Park, MPH’54 George Putnam Kakaraparti V. Rao, SM’72 Helen Z. Reinherz, SM’62, SD’65 Margo C. and August T. Rossano, SM’41, SD’54 Anonymous Joan M. Altekruse, MPH’65 and Ernest B. Altekruse Dorothy Q. and David B. Arnold, Jr. Nelson K. Aweh III Katherine L. Rhyne and Charles W. Axten Joan R. and Arthur Bugs Baer Amy Claire Barkin, MPH’76 Terry M. Bennett, MPH’69 Eugene P. Berg, Jr. Rita D. Berkson, SM’77 and Randolph B. Reinhold Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr. Marie C. McCormick and Robert Blendon Stanley P. Bohrer, MPH’75 Gary P. Bond, SM’76 Daniel and Lana Branton Robert D. Brodley Annette B. and Joseph A. Burke, SM’72 Deanna Lee Byck, SD’98 Steven D. Colome, SD’98 Johanna F.H. Coy, ‘48 Joan Selig Damson and Barrie M. Damson Frank Denny Jean M. Doherty-Greenberg, MPH’79 and David A. Greenberg, MPH’80 Mary Kerr Donaldson Patricia A. and William B. Donovan, SM’70 Sumner Feldberg Virginia O. Fine Katherine A. Forrest, MPH’71 Niki and A. Alan Friedberg Barbara Gales, SM’91 Vida and Arthur L. Goldstein G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Peter O. Haughie, SM’98 Francis J. Helminski, MPH’85 Maria Helena F.T. Henriques-Mueller, SD’84 Robin C. Herman and Paul F. Horovitz Jose R. Hernandez-Montoya, MPH’80 Olive W. Holmes Lilli and Donald F. Hornig Howard Hu, MPH’82, SM’86, SD’90 Joan L. and Julius H. Jacobson II Marion A. Jordan, SM’77 Apa Juntavee, MPH’95 Maurice E. Keenan, MPH’77 Karim F. Lalji, SM’91 Stanley N. Lapidus Mary Ann Lavin, SM’74, SD’78 Paul S. Lee, Jr. Ann M. Lewicki, MPH’76 Chunhua Liu, SM’98, SD’00 Nancy J. Heidorn, SM’89 Keitaro Matsuo, SM’03 Walter F. Mazzone, SM’64 Steven U. McKane, MPH’79 Marjorie J. McLemore Jeffrey W. Mecaskey, SM’90 Diana H. and S. Noel Melvin Roger J. Meyer, MPH’59 Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 Ida E. Rubin † and Jerome S. Rubin Louise M. and Paul R. Schloerb The Estate of Kate and Murray Seiden Janine E. Luke and Melvin R. Seiden Adnan Shakir, SM’54 Marjorie W. and Mitchell B. Sharmat Bernard Shleien, SM’63 Joel E. and Joan Smilow Ruth and Eliot I. Snider Peter B. Strong Lee L. and Marvin S. Traub Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Hasi Venkatachalam, MPH’43 Helen M. Wallace, MPH’43 Marilyn and Ronald Walter SM’72 Jason S. Weisfeld, MPH’77 Thomas G. White, SM’52 Doris Wilson, ‘48 Enid Wilson 54 Harvard Public Health Review † deceased Dyann F. and Peter K. Wirth Elihu York, MPH’69 Anthony J. Zangara, MPH’62 T here is a similarity between the oil business, in which I have spent most of my life, and the Harvard School of Public Health. They both engage in exploration. They both seek to find something that hasn’t been discovered before and, if successful, will help mankind. There is, however, one major difference: The oil business seeks profits; the School seeks to make people healthier and therefore needs some of the business “profits.” One way to fund the School is through a charitable remainder trust. With the Barrie M. Damson 2006 Charitable Remainder Unitrust, I was able to give a specific amount that would not be dependent upon events in the future, such as a change in my will or my net worth. I received a tax benefit and an annual income based on the donated amount. Upon my demise, the trust will continue to pay my wife, Joan, an income during her lifetime. I did not specify the use of the proceeds, as I believe the School will be in a far better position to determine its needs at the time of receipt. Dean Frenk has clearly set the guidelines for the School’s success with his concept of a “Circle of Knowledge.” I believe in the Dean’s concept—and it can only be achieved by our continuing to strengthen the Harvard School of Public Health. Kent Dayton/HSPH — Barrie Damson, AB ’56, President and Chairman, Damson Financial Resources, Inc., Westport, CT Winter 2011 55 Faculty, Staff, and Faculty Emeriti Deep gratitude is due to members of the faculty and staff who extended their already extraordinary commitment to the School with contributions of financial support. We thank all members of our HSPH community who work to make a difference every day and recognize those who made gifts of $100 or more in fiscal year 2010 in the following list. Anonymous Robert B. Banzett Paul Biddinger Deborah L. Blacker Barry R. Bloom Julie E. Buring, SD’83 Tianxi Cai, SD’99 Sheila A. Campbell Paul H. Campbell, SD’87 Graham A. Colditz, DPH’86 Gary C. Curhan, SD’96 Roger B. Davis, SD’88 Charles Deutsch, SD’87 Douglas W. Dockery, SM’74, SD’79 Jeffrey M. Drazen Johanna T. Dwyer, SM’65, SD’69 Myron E. Essex Harvey V. Fineberg Jeffrey J. Fredberg Felicia M. Knaul and Julio J. Frenk Kimberlee K. Gauvreau, SM’89, SD’92 Richard D. Gelber Rebecca S. Gelman Rose H. Goldman, MPH’90, SD’94 Sofia M. Gruskin Russ B. Hauser, MPH’90, SD’94 Martin S. Hirsch Chung-Cheng Hsieh, SM’80, SD’85 David J. Hunter, MPH’85, SD’88 Stephen N. Kales, MPH’92 Joel Lamstein Jennifer Leaning, SM’70 56 Harvard Public Health Review I n every HSPH department, people are working on the most important public health issues in the world: malaria, HIV, genetics, environmental health, nutrition. What’s unique here at the School is that every topic is both fascinating and morally urgent. The School is a global gathering place. The brightest minds— young scientists and public health leaders from around the world— come here to understand how to improve the health and well-being of the human population, in every setting. We gain insights from their views of issues and problems. As a faculty member, this is the best possible place to be. — Walter Willett, MPH ’73, DPH ’80 Chair, Department of Nutrition and Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition Lucian L. Leape Thomas H. Lee, Jr., SM’87 JoAnn E. Manson, SM’67, SD’80 Kenneth McIntosh Michael F. McNally Cyrus Mehta Donald K. Milton, MIH’85, DPH’89 Thomas P.C. Monath Richard R. Monson, SM’67, SD’69 Nancy E. Mueller, SM’74, SD’80 Donna S. Neuberg, SD’88 R. Heather Palmer, SM’70 Patricia A. Shea Daniel E. Singer Alix Smullin Meir J. Stampfer, MPH’80, DPH’85 Kenneth Stanley Ellie Starr B. Katherine Swartz Isabelle Valadian, MPH’53 Michael W. Voligny Alexander M. Walker, MPH’73, DPH’81 Rui Wang Scott T. Weiss, SM’77 Kent Dayton/HSPH Walter C. Willett, MPH’73, DPH’80 Paige L. Williams Dyann F. Wirth Robert O. Wright, MPH’00 Volunteers The School is tremendously grateful to the many volunteers who, in partnership with faculty members and staff, are helping to advance the field of public health. The following people are recognized for their service and commitment to HSPH and the committees on which they serve. Board of Dean’s Advisors (as of November 1, 2010) Jeanne Bari Ackman Theodore Angelopoulos George D. Behrakis Katherine States Burke Jack Connors, Jr. Jamie A. Cooper-Hohn Antonio O. Garza Mala Gaonkar Haarmann Visiting Committee Jeffrey P. Koplan, MPH’78, Chair Ruth L. Berkelman Joshua S. Boger Walter K. Clair Nicholas N. Eberstadt, ‘77 Tore Godal Jo Handelsman Risa J. Lavizzo-Mourey Bancroft Littlefield, Jr. Nancy T. Lukitsh Vickie M. Mays Michael H. Merson Anne Mills Kenneth Olden John W. Rowe Bernard Salick Burton R. Singer Alumni Council Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65, President Elsbeth Kalenderian, MPH’89, President-Elect Anthony Dias, MPH’04, Secretary Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90, Immediate Past President Teresa Chahine, SD’10 Sameh El-Saharty, MPH’91 Chandek Ghosh, MPH’00 Marina Anderson, MPH’03 Rey de Castro, ScD’00 Cecilia Gerard, SM’09 G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Sean Dunbar, SM’08 Maxine Whittaker, MPH’86 Roderick King, MPH’98 Monisha Machado-Pereira, SM’07 Gloria Rudisch, MPH’70 Harvard Alumni Association Appointed Directors J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 HSPH Leadership Council Executive Committee Barrie M. Damson Mitchell L. Dong Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 Paula K. Ivey Henry, SM’95 Beth V. Martignetti Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 HSPH Leadership Council Christine Allen Marina G. Anderson, MPH’03 Loreen J. Arbus Arthur Bugs Baer Roger L. Barnett Sloan Barnett Mortimer Berkowitz III Roger S. Berkowitz Jeanine Boyle, MPH’94 Jane Carpenter Bradley Katherine States Burke Gilbert Butler, Jr. J. Jacques Carter, MPH’83 Lynne M. Cavanaugh, SM’79 C. Boyden Gray Rajat K. Gupta Alejandro Ramirez Richard Menschel, Emeritus Roslyn B. Payne Swati A. Piramal Carlos E. Represas Richard W. Smith Howard H. Stevenson Samuel O. Thier Melinda A. Cavicchia Walter Channing, Jr. Humayun J. Chaudhry, SM’01 Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 Tammy S. Ching Bernard K. Chiu Mark S. Clanton, MPH’90 Lawrence H. Cohn Ambika Collins Phyllis D. Collins Francis L. Coolidge Tyler C. Cooper, MPH’05 Lammot du Pont Copeland, Jr. Gail E. Costa, SM’76 Howard E. Cox, Jr. Prudence S. Crozier Joan P. Curhan Lawrence J. D’Angelo, MPH’72 Barrie M. Damson Karen L. Davis, SM’78 Rey de Castro Alan Doft Jean M. Doherty-Greenberg, MPH’79 Mike M. Donatelli Mitchell L. Dong Robin LaFoley Dong G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH’84 Sean M. Dunbar, SM’08 Michael S. Feldberg Marilyn A. Fingerhut, SM’81 Paul J. Finnegan Fred N. Fishman James W. Fordyce Elizabeth R. Foster John H. Foster Frederick Frank Robert B. Fraser A. Alan Friedberg Michael E. A. Gellert Cecilia Gerard continued Winter 2011 57 ore than a decade ago, we attended a Harvard program on interdisciplinary initiatives, featuring faculty collaborations across schools at the University. We noted that HSPH was represented on every panel. The School touches so many global health issues—from AIDS to nutrition to the environment—and does so in an interdisciplinary way. We focus our philanthropic efforts on three areas of scientific interests that we have shared for decades: discovery and exploration, health, and environment. At HSPH, all three areas are well served. We look at early stage research projects like a venture capital investment. After some discussions with Max Essex, chair of the HSPH AIDS Initiative and the Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute Partnership, we realized that a little seed money for some pilot studies would easily translate to subsequent support from the National Institutes of Health. And indeed, that has happened. This makes giving to HSPH so appealing. It is targeted seed money that propels research to the next level. HSPH is a place where basic research provides policymakers with evidence-based data. It gives us a good feeling to have an impact on public health globally. And we love the fact that people who choose to study public health do so with their hearts. Kent Dayton/HSPH M — Barbara (B) Wu, PhD ’81, and Eric Larson, AB ’77 Wilmette, IL 58 Harvard Public Health Review Sarah B. Glickenhaus Seth M. Glickenhaus Maxine W. Goldenson C. Boyden Gray David A. Greenberg, MPH’80 Susan M. Guillory Rajat K. Gupta Laurence J. Hagerty Glenn E. Haughie, MPH’70 Eileen P. Hayes, SD’79 Holly D. Hayes Bayard Henry Julie E. Henry, MPH’91 Judith E. Hicks Christopher T. Hitt, SM’75 Olive W. Holmes James J. Hummer Joseph A. Ierardi, SM’80 Paula K. Ivey Henry, SM’95 Joan L. Jacobson Julius H. Jacobson II Anula K. Jayasuriya Courtney A. Jennings, SM’89 Mark E. Jennings G. Timothy Johnson, MPH’76 Elsbeth G. Kalenderian, MPH’89 Ruth J. Katz, MPH’80 Stephen B. Kay James A. Kaye, MPH’99, DPH’01 Maurice E. Keenan, MPH’77 Rachel K. King Roderick K. King, MPH’98 Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Therus C. Kolff, MPH’79 Florence R. Koplow Daman M. Kowalski Joel Lamstein William C. Landreth Eric C. Larson Catherine C. Lastavica, MPH’65 Per Lofberg Nancy T. Lukitsh Monisha R. MachadoPereira, SM’07 Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 Beth V. Martignetti David H. M. Matheson William Shaw McDermott John L. McGoldrick Robin B. McLay Richard L. Menschel Eugene A. Mickey, MPH’82 Robert L. Mittendorf, MPH’87, DPH’91 Augustine E. Moffitt, Jr., SM’69, SD’73 Ahmed Mohiuddin James F. Moore William M. Moore, MPH’66 Royce Moser, Jr., MPH’65 Mark O’Friel William A. Oates Thomas L. P. O’Donnell Adebayo O. Ogunlesi Adeoye Y. Olukotun, MPH’83 Fredrick K. Orkin, SM’01 Mary Revelle Paci Carol Paraskevas Dinesh Patel Roslyn B. Payne William T. Peruzzi, SM’01 Steven C. Phillips Muriel K. Pokross Michael R. Pollard, MPH’74 Thomas D. Polton, SM’83 Robert O. Preyer James H. Rand IV Jeannine M. Rivet Deborah Rose, SM’75 Jerome S. Rubin Gloria A. Rudisch, MPH’70 Bernard Salick Charles A. Sanders Phillip W. Sarocco, SM’93 Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 David I. Scheer Ruth C. Scheer Roberta Schneiderman Thomas A. Scully Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 Risa C. Shames, SM’92 Eleanor G. Shore, MPH’70 Charlotte V. Smith Richard W. Smith Steven L. Sneddon, SM’77, SD’79 Eliot I. Snider Helen Bowdoin Spaulding Carl W. Stern, Jr. Howard H. Stevenson Natasha Pearl Stowe Richard H. Stowe George H. Strong James M. Usdan Randall G. Vickery Kelly Victory Robert C. Waggoner Michael P. Walsh Ronald A. Walter, SM’72 Fair H. Wang, SM’92 Irene M. Weigel Lynn B. Weigel, Jr. J. Frederick Weintz, Jr. Maxine A. Whittaker, MPH’86 John J. Whyte, MPH’93 Herbert S. Winokur, Jr. Stephen H. Wise Migs S. Woodside Barbara J. Wu Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Bertram A. Yaffe Ellen M. Zane Paul J. Zofnass HSPH AIDS Initiative International Advisory Council Maurice Tempelsman, Chair Mrs. William McCormick Blair, Jr., Co-Chair Bruce A. Beal Peter A. Chernin Joanne M. Cipolla Susan M. Curren Norma Dana Ambassador John Danilovich Mitchell L. Dong Robin LaFoley Dong Pierre G. Durand Douglass B. Given Cathy Graham David A. Hamburg Lisa M. Henson John A. Lithgow Marguerite Littman Vincent P. McCarthy Mary Revelle Paci Susan B. Plum Sidney Poitier Kate W. Sedgwick, MPH’09 Richard M. Smith Salwa J. Smith Victoria Brooks Stafford Barbara J. Wu Soon-Young Yoon China Initiative Advisory Council Tammy S. Ching Bernard K. Chiu Phyllis D. Collins James E. Issler Mark P. Lindberg Linda Tao M. T. Geoffrey Yeh continued Winter 2011 59 HSPH-Cyprus International Initiative Executive Council Abdulatif Y. Al-Hamad S. John Brademas Philip Christopher Harriet M. Fulbright Walid Khadduri Achilleas Kyprianou Dimitrios Linos Nikos Mouyiaris Nicholas V. Papadopoulos Peter Papanicolaou Efthyvoulos Paraskevaides Harris Pastides Photos Photiades Demetrius C. Trakatellis John T. Triphyllis Center for Health Communications Advisory Board Daniel H. Adler Raymond G. Chambers Megan Chernin Barry Diller Lindsay Doran Daniel R. Glickman Michael A. Helfant Howard H. Hiatt Arianna Huffington Jeffrey Jacobs Quincy D. Jones, Jr. Thomas H. Kean Frank W. Marshall Newton N. Minow Irene Pollin Charles Rosin Peter Roth Kenan Sahin Martin E. Segal Stanley S. Shuman Richard M. Smith Ann Tenenbaum Grant A. Tinker Ruth A. Wooden Health Policy and Management Executive Council Jeannine M. Rivet, Chair Kenneth S. Abramowitz James J. Bochnowski John W. Brown Walter Channing, Jr. Carrie S. Cox Howard E. Cox Jr. Thomas Daschle John H. Foster Larry S. Gage Katie H. Gambill Laurence J. Hagerty Mark E. Jennings Stephen B. Kay Charles H. Klippel III, SM’80 Per Lofberg Carol Raphael Thomas A. Scully David B. Snow Richard H. Stowe James M. Usdan Josef H. von Rickenbach Michael P. Walsh Ellen M. Zane Nutrition Round Table Steering Committee Roger S. Berkowitz Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 Joan P. Curhan Robin LaFoley Dong Susan M. Guillory Barbara J. Lind Irene Pollin Edwin Jay Taff Nutrition Round Table Edwin Jay Taff, Chair Roger S. Berkowitz Jane Carpenter Bradley Martin T. Breslin Lilian W. Cheung, SM’75, SD’78 Kenneth H. Cooper, MPH’62 Prudence S. Crozier Joan P. Curhan Ronald C. Curhan Mitchell L. Dong Robin LaFoley Dong Frank Guidara Susan M. Guillory Holly D. Hayes Ned Hentz Thomas Herskovits Judith E. Hicks Lee A. Iacocca Michael E. Jacobson Ellen L. Kaplan Louisa Kasdon Mollie Katzen Eric C. Larson Barbara J. Lind Francisco A. Lorenzo Louise Park MacMillan, SM’78 Carmine A. Martignetti Linda D. Masiello Ted Mayer Ahmed Mohiuddin Patricia Mohiuddin William A. Oates Muriel K. Pokross Irene Pollin Gloria W. Sakata Srinivas M. Sastry, MPH’90 Nina F. Simonds Jennifer W. Steans Ming Tsai Randall G. Vickery Robert C. Waggoner Joan L. Kittredge Wyon Bertram A. Yaffe Peter M. Yeracaris, MPH’98 Youko Yeracaris Marc Zammit Unfinished Agenda of Infectious Diseases Executive Committee David I. Scheer, Chair Adeoye Y. Olukotun, MPH’83 Steven C. Phillips Stephen H. Wise Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the 2010 Volunteer and Gift Report. We apologize for any errors. Please report any discrepancies to Andrew Yakoobian, Assistant Director of Donor Relations. phone: (617) 998-1059 email: firstname.lastname@example.org 60 Harvard Public Health Review Financial Highlights July 1, 2009–June 30, 2010 Fiscal Year 2010 Sources of Revenue 50.9% Federal Sponsored Research balance declines in endowment income with efforts to contain costs and attract additional research funding from government and other sources. HSPH closed fiscal 2010 with total operating revenues of $333.9 million, a 3.4% decline from the prior year. This decline is predominantly due to the impact of the University’s decision to reduce amounts distributed to endowment accounts for operating support, as well as reduced interest earned on deposits, resulting in a combined decrease of $11.6 million year-over-year. The School was successful in securing $44.0 million in grants through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA); $7.5 million of this was recorded in fiscal 2010, and an additional $36.5 million is expected over the next three years. While revenues declined, expenses remained flat. The School maintained a commitment to growing financial aid, as well as investing in junior faculty recruitment. To offset this expense growth, opportunities for more efficient and effective use of resources were identified, yielding savings in such areas as utilities costs and building maintenance. FUNDRAISING HIGHLIGHTS New gifts and pledges from generous alumni, individuals, corporations, foundations, and other organizations totaled nearly $11.0 million in fiscal year 2010. In addition, $15.7 million was generated from research grants from corporations, foundations, and other non-federal sponsors. Together, gifts, non-federal grants, and endowment income advanced research in M anagement at Harvard School of Public Health worked to weather the global financial downturn in fiscal 2010 through a combination of strategies that seek to 7.8% Non-federal Sponsored Research 9.5% Tuition & Executive Education 13.2% Endowment Income 5.9% Gifts & Other Revenue 12.7% Research Facility & Administrative Costs Recovery Fiscal Year 2010 Expenses 50.2% Federal Sponsored Research areas such as HIV/AIDS, health care reform, obesity, environmental threats to health, and global health security. While somewhat less than in the prior year, funding generated through philanthropy continues to be a critical resource for seed funding, junior faculty support, student financial aid and other unrestricted areas. Notable gifts to the School in fiscal year 2010 included a $1.5 million pledge from Deborah Rose, SM’75, to endow the Rose Traveling Fellowship program, a fund that supports 8.4% Non-federal Sponsored Research 2.4% University Assessment 9.4% Administration & Development international travel and research for graduate and postdoctoral students in the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Roslyn Payne renewed her commitment to Project Antares, a cross-University program addressing poverty and health in developing countries, with a $600,000 pledge. The School also continues to benefit from our corporate and foundation partners. ExxonMobil sustained its generosity towards malaria research and training at the School with a $710,000 contribution. In addition, the Monell Foundation continued its invaluable unrestricted support with a $500,000 grant to the Dean’s Discretionary Fund. Our faculty play a critical role in attracting resources through non-federal sponsored research grants. With a $6.8 million multi-year grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the School is pioneering research in a number of areas to improve health in developing countries and combat tuberculosis, malaria, and malnutrition. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation continued its support of the School at the $1.0 million level, providing 19.3% Academic Support 10.3% Facilities Fiscal Year 2010 operating expenses were $338 million. funding for multiple areas, such as postdoctoral training at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies and research regarding the effect of neighborhoods on health. Winter 2011 61 Harvard Public Health Review Dean of the Faculty Julio Frenk Alumni Council As of November 2010 Officers Royce Moser, Jr., mph ’65 President Elsbeth Kalenderian, mph ’89 President-Elect Anthony Dias, mph ’04 Secretary Mark S. Clanton, mph ’90 Immediate Past President Alumni Councilors 2008-2011 G. Rita Dudley-Grant, MPH ‘84 Sean Dunbar, SM ‘08* Maxine Whittaker, MPH ‘86 2009-2012 Marina Anderson, mph ’03 Rey de Castro, SD ’00 Cecilia Gerard, SM ’09* 2010-2013 Teresa Chahine, SD ’10 Sameh El-Saharty, MPH ‘91 Chandek Ghosh, MPH ‘00 *Class Representative Visiting Committee Jeffrey P. Koplan, MPH’78 Chair Ruth L. Berkelman Joshua Boger Walter Clair Nicholas N. Eberstadt, ’77 Tore Godal Jo Handelsman Risa Lavizzo-Mourey Bancroft Littlefield Nancy T. Lukitsh Vickie M. Mays Michael H. Merson Anne Mills Kenneth Olden John W. Rowe Bernard Salick Burton Singer Board of Dean’s advisors Jeanne B. Ackman Theodore Angelopoulos George D. Behrakis Katherine S. Burke Jack Connors, Jr. Jamie A. Cooper-Hohn Antonio O. Garza C. Boyden Gray Rajat K. Gupta Mala Gaonkar Haarmann Richard L. Menschel emeritus Roslyn B. Payne Swati A. Piramal Alejandro Ramirez Carlos E. Represas Richard W. Smith Howard Stevenson Samuel O. Thier The Harvard Public Health Review is published three times a year for supporters and alumni of the Harvard School of Public Health. Its readers share a commitment to the School’s mission: advancing the public’s health through learning, discovery, and communication. Harvard Public Health Review Harvard School of Public Health Office for External Relations Third Floor, East Atrium 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (617) 384-8991 Please visit www.hsph.harvard.edu/review and email comments and suggestions to email@example.com. Dean of the Faculty Julio Frenk T & G Angelopoulos Professor of Public Health and International Development Vice Dean for External Relations Ellie Starr Associate Vice Dean for Communications Julie Fitzpatrick Rafferty Editor Madeline Drexler Senior Art Director Anne Hubbard Assistant Editor Amy Roeder Principal Photographer Kent Dayton Contributing Writers Sara Rimer, Debra Bradley Ruder, Richard Saltus Cover Kent Dayton/HSPH © 2010–2011 President and Fellows of Harvard College For information about making a gift to the Harvard School of Public Health, please contact: Ellie Starr Vice Dean for External Relations Office for External Relations Harvard School of Public Health Third Floor, East Atrium 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (617) 384-8970 or firstname.lastname@example.org For information regarding alumni relations and programs, please contact, at the above address: Jim Smith, Assistant Dean for Alumni Affairs (617) 998-8813 or email@example.com www.hsph.harvard.edu/give Meet Madina. Her work will change the world. Name: Madina Agénor Place of birth: Schoelcher, Martinique Degree Program: ScD, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health Social inequalities in cervical cancer screening among women of color Mission: Focus: “I want to stop tens of thousands of women worldwide from dying of cervical cancer—a disease that is almost entirely preventable.” Madina is able to pursue her mission thanks to the generosity of Steve Kay and the Kay Family Scholarship in Public Health. 350 students just as promising as Madina just entered HSPH. They need your support. Every gift, of any size, can help change the world. Please give to the HSPH Annual Fund today. www.hsph.harvard.edu/give Office for External Relations East Atrium, Third Floor 401 Park Drive Boston, Massachusetts 02215 Nonprofit Org. U.S. Postage PD Burlington, VT Permit No. 586 Change Service Requested Continuing Professional Education Programs, 2011 Where theory informs practice and practice informs theory January 2011 January 9–21 Program for Chiefs of Clinical Services January 24–28 & May 16-20 Leadership Strategies for Information Technology in Health Care February/March 2011 February 28–March 3, 2011 Safety in Design and Construction: A Lifecycle Approach March 14–16 Basic Hands-On CAMEO Training March 21–24 Analyzing Risk: Science, Assessment, and Management March 28–30 Management and Leadership Skills for Environmental Health and Safety Professionals June 2011 June 6–10 Radiation Safety Officer Training for Laboratory Professionals June 6–8 Advanced Hands-On CAMEO Training June 13–17 Comprehensive Industrial Hygiene: The Applications of Basic Principles June 20–24 Guidelines for Laboratory Design: Health and Safety Considerations Customized programs are also available. All programs are held in Boston unless otherwise noted. Contact: Deputy Director Paul Tumolo (617) 384-8675 firstname.lastname@example.org For additional information or to register, contact: (617) 384-8692 email@example.com https://ccpe.sph.harvard.edu Harvard School of Public Health Center for Continuing Professional Education 677 Huntington Ave. CCPE-Dept. A Boston, MA 02115 April 2011 April 25–28 Principles and Practices of Radiation Safety: Occupational and Environmental Radiation Protection May 2011 May 16–18 Effective Risk Communication: Theory, Tools, and Practical Skills for Communicating about Risk