Boise Weekly Vol. 21 Issue 08
Idaho's Only Alternative
LOCAL, INDEPENDENT NEWS, OPINION, ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT WWW.BOISEWEEKLY.COM VOLUME 21, ISSUE 08 AUGUST 15�21, 2012 TAK EE E ON E! FEATURE 15 FR DANGER AROUND US Everyday products may be major health risks NOISE 28 LICENSE TO HILL Freeloaders pack Foothills for Outlaw Concert Series ARTS 32 HIGH HORSE Pot-smoking atheist Bill Maher trots into town FOOD 38 BEACH HUT How does the Sandbar stack up? "It's not as if we're taking away Santa." NEWS 12 2 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M BW STAFF Publisher: Sally Freeman Sally@boiseweekly.com Office Manager: Shea Sutton Shea@boiseweekly.com Editorial Editor: Rachael Daigle Rachael@boiseweekly.com Features Editor: Deanna Darr Deanna@boiseweekly.com Arts & Entertainment Editor: Tara Morgan Tara@boiseweekly.com News Editor: George Prentice George@boiseweekly.com New Media Czar: Josh Gross Josh@boiseweekly.com Copy Datatante: Sheree Whiteley Sheree@boiseweekly.com Reporter: Andrew Crisp Andrew@boiseweekly.com Listings: firstname.lastname@example.org Copy Editor: Jay Vail Contributing Writers: Harrison Berry, Bill Cope, Michael Lafferty, Ted Rall, Trevor Villagrana, Catie Young Advertising Advertising Director: Lisa Ware Lisa@boiseweekly.com Account Executives: Sabra Brue, Sabra@boiseweekly.com Karen Corn, Karen@boiseweekly.com Jessi Strong, Jessi@boiseweekly.com Doug Taylor, Doug@boiseweekly.com Nick Thompson, Nick@boiseweekly.com Jill Weigel, Jill@boiseweekly.com Classified Sales Classifieds@boiseweekly.com Creative Art Director: Leila Ramella-Rader Leila@boiseweekly.com Graphic Designers: Jen Grable, Jen@boiseweekly.com Jennie Jorgenesen, Jennie@boiseweekly.com Contributing Artists: Derf, Jeremy Lanningham, Laurie Pearman, E.J. Pettinger, Ted Rall, Tom Tomorrow, Ben Wilson Circulation Shea Sutton Shea@boiseweekly.com Apply to Shea Sutton to be a BW driver. Man About Town: Stan Jackson Stan@boiseweekly.com Distribution: Tim Anders, Jason Brue, Andrew Cambell, Tim Green, Shane Greer, Stan Jackson, Barbara Kemp, Michael Kilburn, Amanda Noe, Northstar Cycle Couriers, Steve Pallsen, Elaynea Robinson, Jill Weigel Boise Weekly prints 30,000 copies every Wednesday and is available free of charge at more than 750 locations, limited to one copy per reader. Additional copies of the current issue of Boise Weekly may be purchased for $1, payable in advance. No person may, without permission of the publisher, take more than one copy of each issue. Subscriptions: 4 months-$40, 6 months-$50, 12 months-$95, Life-$1,000. ISSN 1944-6314 (print) ISSN 1944-6322 (online) Boise Weekly is owned and operated by Bar Bar Inc., an Idaho corporation. To contact us: Boise Weekly's office is located at 523 Broad St., Boise, ID 83702 Phone: 208-344-2055 Fax: 208-342-4733 E-mail: email@example.com www.boiseweekly.com Address editorial, business and production correspondence to: Boise Weekly, P.O. Box 1657, Boise, ID 83701 The entire contents and design of Boise Weekly are �2012 by Bar Bar, Inc. Editorial Deadline: Thursday at noon before publication date. Sales Deadline: Thursday at 3 p.m. before publication date. Deadlines may shift at the discretion of the publisher. Boise Weekly was founded in 1992 by Andy and Debi Hedden-Nicely. Larry Ragan had a lot to do with it too. Boise weekly is an independently owned and operated newspaper. NOTE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE News broke last week that Fareed Zakaria, multimedia columnist for CNN, The Washington Post and Time magazine, plagiarized the work of New Yorker writer Jill Lepore in a recent Time column on gun control. Even if you're not familiar with this name, chances are you know Zakaria's work if you follow politics in national media at all. He's one of those media superstars who seemingly churns out gobs of smart, intellectual copy in every medium weekly, prodding even those who don't drink the same flavor of Kool-Aid to mull over his arguments. As of press time, Zakaria had been suspended from all of his regular gigs, pending reviews of his work, and he's offered a brief apology accepting the blame entirely. However, new questions have also been raised, including a charge that Zakaria lifted a quote that appears in his book The Post-American World. In an interview with the Post earlier this week, Zakaria defended himself, saying that particular practice is quite common. But does that make it OK? Regular Citydesk readers will notice that we often publish posts with headlines that begin "Press-Tribune Report" or "Report from Times-News." We'll publish a few sentences that sum up another outlet's story, attribute the reporting to them and kick in some link love to drive readers to the original report. It's good for the original reporting outlet's traffic, and it's good for our readers. Several local blogs take this approach, sometimes linking back to Boise Weekly stories. What I've been noticing lately, however, is what I refer to as subtle content theft. For example, I've written more than one email to reporters at a local television station after it has hopped on a Boise Weekly story--the kind that originated from good, old-fashioned, source-working reporting--and broken it as its own without any attribution to our story. And then there's the online theft. We've threatened legal action against one magazine, which ironically likes to sell itself as the newer, better version of us, for posting the work of our writers as though it were its own, a violation of not only journalistic ethics but also copyright infringement. On the other hand, I've personally thanked Boise State Public Radio News Director Sadie Babits for attributing stories to us that show up on air. Zakaria's plagiarism cannot be tolerated, but is his lack of attribution a gray area? Guess that depends on who you ask. --Rachael Daigle COVER ARTIST ARTIST: Laurie Blakeslee TITLE: When I Grow Up I Want To Be A Snowbird MEDIUM: Found photographic fabric, thread, vintage postcard and some sparkle on wood panel. ARTIST STATEMENT: I have lived in the desert of Southwest Idaho for most of my life. I went to graduate school in Tucson, Ariz., where I fell in love with the cactus-filled landscape. When I returned, I realized that the City of Trees with the Boise River and green lawns was also a desert. Tucson taught me to appreciate what is here. SUBMIT Boise Weekly pays $150 for published covers. One stipulation of publication is that the piece must be donated to BW's annual charity art auction in November. Proceeds from the auction are reinvested in the local arts community through a series of private grants for which all artists are eligible to apply. To submit your artwork for BW's cover, bring it to BWHQ at 523 Broad St. All mediums are accepted. Thirty days from your submission date, your work will be ready for pick up if it's not chosen to be featured on the cover. Work not picked up within six weeks of submission will be discarded. WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 3 WWW.BOISEWEEKLY.COM What you missed this week in the digital world. S HER EE W HITELEY INSIDE EDITOR'S NOTE MAIL BILL COPE TED RALL 3 6 8 9 NEWS Meet the company behind some of Boise's biggest building projects 10 CITIZEN 13 15 20 21 22 24 ARMED AND READY One national champion about take on the world, a former world champ and his son--another former national champ. A welcome home gathering for Olympians? Nope, just a quiet night in Emmett as a couple of dudes arm wrestle. That story at Cobweb. FEATURE The Poison Among Us BW PICKS FIND 8 DAYS OUT SUDOKU NOISE The secret world of the hill people MUSIC GUIDE ARTS Bill Maher, the man behind the image SCREEN Ruby Sparks REC Video game companies ready their end-of-year releases FOOD REVIEW The Sandbar WINE SIPPER CLASSIFIEDS NYT CROSSWORD FREEWILL ASTROLOGY HANDS OFF OUR PILLS A group of mostly women--which included a pack of walking birth control pills--flash mobbed Grove Plaza during the thick of Saturday's market to say they're not going to take it anymore. Watch the video on Citydesk or scan the QR code to the right with your mobile device. 28 30 32 34 LEGAL BILL GOES NUCLEAR Alternate Energy Holdings, the company that's been trying to build a nuclear power facility in Payette County, allegedly owes $700,000 in legal bills to the firm that's been representing it against charges brought by the SEC. 36 38 38 41 43 46 ART ON THE WALL More than 100 artists spent a few nights painting in the dark last week, putting 76 new murals in Freak Alley and the adjacent parking lot. The gallery opened Aug. 11 and now, in addition to Margaret Lawrence, Coach Pete smiles from the side of a brick building. 4 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 5 MAIL LOVE ANNUAL MANUAL We recently moved in to Boise from way out in Canyon County. We've just had a ball trying out the great restaurants and events that are always ready for us. One night, we had the pleasure of eating at Mazzah (yum!) and found your wonderful guide to everything: Annual Manual. Now, my question: When can we expect another edition? What a wonderful way to get to know our diverse area. Thanks so much for the massive effort it must take to put out such a quality publication. P.S. We went page by page through Annual Manual, and we found Pizzalchick among your selections on State Street, and since it was close to home, we gave it a try. Oh my ... wonderful. If we miss a week, we feel "deprived." Thanks again! --Ann Beebe, Boise *Editor's Note: Thanks, Ann. Annual Manual is an annual publication so you'll see the next installment on stands in summer 2013. " SHARES IN THIS `COMPANY' ARE WORTH LESS THA N A LAY ' S P OTATO C HIP, A K LEENEX OR A TU MS TA BLE T. " --HisDudeness (boiseweekly.com, Citydesk, "Alternate Energy Holdings Alleged to Owe $700,000 in Legal Bills," Aug. 11, 2012) country's future, and I will be watching for our congressional delegation's leadership on this issue. --Lisa Bain, Idaho state director, Parkinson's Action Network, Meridian are co-mingled is when one follows the religious definition of life rather than the scientific one. If you leave religion out of public policy, there is no confusion whatsoever. --politigal It was great to see the outpouring of support for women at the flash mob! We are standing up for our right to make our own decisions about our own bodies and we will not let anyone take away our rights! --cindygross PILL POPPING The following comments were posted at boiseweekly. com regarding the story "Video: Planned Parenthood Flash Mob, Pillamina, `Not Going to Take It Anymore'" (Citydesk, Aug. 11, 2012): "And luckily we were able to kill House Bill 530, which would have allowed employers to choose whether or not to include birth control in employee insurance plans." Abortion is included in the birth control for employers. Employers don't mind paying for birth control, just don't want to pay for their abortions. They don't mind preventing pregnancy, just don't want to pay to kill babies --A real woman I'm afraid "A real woman" has been fed some bad information. Birth control has nothing to do with abortion. Birth control prevents pregnancy; abortion ends pregnancy. By including contraceptives in insurance plans, we are decreasing the need for abortion by preventing an unintended pregnancy from occurring. At no time has an effort been made at the state or federal level to mandate abortion care in employee insurance plans. The only time the two KEEP FUNDING NIH As Congress works on the Fiscal Year 2013 budget and the threat of sequestration looms, I urge Reps. Raul Labrador and Mike Simpson and Sens. Jim Risch and Mike Crapo to support not cutting biomedical research at the National Institutes of Health. Sequestration could result in an 8 percent cut to the NIH budget, which means 25 percent of the NIH 2013 research grants will lose funding. As one of the 500,000 to 1.5 million Americans living with Parkinson's disease, these cuts would be devastating to me. NIH needs $32 billion in FY 2013 to continue research toward much needed treatments for people like my dad and those with other chronic diseases. NIH research funding is an investment in our S U B M I T Letters must include writer's full name, city of residence and contact information and must be 300 or fewer words. OPINION: Lengthier, in-depth opinions on local, national and international topics. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for guidelines. Submit letters to the editor via mail (523 Broad St., Boise, Idaho 83702) or e-mail (email@example.com). Letters and opinions may be edited for length or clarity. NOTICE: Ever y item of correspondence, whether mailed, e-mailed, commented on our Web site or Facebook page or left on our phone system's voice-mail is fair game for MAIL unless specifically noted in the message. 6 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 7 OPINION/BILL COPE TSK-TSK, IEA With friends like these ... One of the deepest frustrations I have with my side of the modern political teeter-totter is that there remain scads of progressives who continue to believe, in spite of all evidence to the contrary, that conservative leaders might still be persuaded to behave like civilized human beings. Our president is one of the worst offenders in this hopeless snipe hunt for Republican graciousness. Even now, after almost four years of the slathered right swatting away his every extended hand, spitting on his visage and vision, wishing him failure at every juncture of his administration, regarding not only him but his family as squatters in a house that should have never been theirs, Barack Obama continues to voice the possibility that, for the sake of something dear to all of us (our children? our country? our Earth? our future?), some of the more rational Republicans might swab the spittle from their lips and work with him. It amazes me that as far back as his first year in office, Obama, as smart as he is, didn't realize there would be no accommodation from this senseless mob the moment they hooted like howler monkeys over Michelle's failure to convince the Olympic Committee to let Chicago host the 2016 Games. Remember that? It was the day I understood the true depth and toxicity of the right's dementia. Lately, we've seen a more local example of this misbegotten impulse to stroke the rabid animal's belly. I speak of the Idaho Education Association's absurd decision to endorse Rep. Mike Simpson at the expense of his challenger, Nicole LeFavour. Before we go any further, in the interest of full disclosure, I must remind you that LeFavour was once my boss. The most avid LeFavour fans will know this, but long before she was a legislator or candidate for Congress, she was first a reporter, then an editor in the lofty halls of Boise Weekly. In matters political and social, I came to consider her an ally. And, for about 15 years, she's been a friend. I know her as a remarkably intelligent, passionate and committed person with an unlimited reservoir of patience, without which she could not have tolerated working for long either with me or that clutch of legislative hayseeds who rule over our state. Right here and right now, I announce that I endorse her without reservation. As a member of Congress, she would make smart Idahoans once again proud to be Idahoans. But that's not why I'm writing this particular column. A month ago, the IEA announced it was not endorsing LeFavour, but instead was endorsing Simpson. The politically minded understand why the IEA would strike such a pose as pretending it would rather have an off-the-rack Republican representing Idaho than a person who has repeatedly demonstrated her dedication to public education. It wants to appear not overly partial or beholding to one political party over the other. And to do so, every election season, it goes fishing through the candidate pool, looking for the least offensive Republicans to endorse. I imagine it also hopes the endorsee might one day return the favor and support it on some issue or the other. Of course, the joke is anymore, the IEA is the only one playing at this masquerade, for there is no longer any hope whatsoever that any of its GOP endorsees will support it on anything. There are no least offensive Republicans left. Take Simpson. There was a time before the entire GOP was commandeered by shuffling zombie cannibals whose only function in the universe is to destroy all good things when Simpson might have been considered a reasonable man. No longer. There is no place in today's GOP for reasonable men. And for those who abhor the thought of returning to their pre-Congressional lives--forever gone from the cold glow of Washington, D.C., prestige, once more pursuing their puny early careers as pig farmers, bug exterminators or dentists--they will suppress any hint of reasonableness, or it's back to Blackfoot. Simpson has already had a challenge from the right, and in Republican primaries, the only way to survive the threat of being replaced by a stupid gob of tea bag effluvium is to get even stupider than the gob. The old Simpson is gone and will never again dare let his reasonable side out into the fresh air where a comrade might see it. Yet this is the man the IEA chose as a more suitable advocate for public education. When BW first reported this unnatural and entirely one-sided alliance, a representative of the IEA questioned how this paper could be so shocked at the endorsement. "I thought you were our ally," she complained to the reporter. She was partially right. BW reporters stay purposely unallied, but as the longest running opinion columnist, I have steadily promoted and defended whatever progressive spirit rises in the otherwise stony desert of Idaho conservatism. That makes me a natural ally of both the IEA and public education in general. But it also means I'm an ally of those politicians who support the same institutions as I do. When one ally is dumped in the pursuit of political expediency, is it any wonder that their other allies are offended? And come November, when the biggest threat to both Idaho educators and Idaho education to ever come crawling out of the corporate Republican collective--those Tom Luna reforms--are at last before the people for a final decision, can there be any question who will stand with the IEA in spite of its betrayal, and who will be snickering along with his allies that the IEA was naive enough to have endorsed him? WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 8 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly TED RALL/OPINION A PEN AT A GUNFIGHT Gun-control advocates look foolish, weak You know the ritual: gunman goes berserk, liberals call for gun control, regulation eventually ensues. The modern gun-control movement began in 1981 after the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan. Press Secretary James Brady, shot and paralyzed in the same incident, successfully lobbied for the passage of the Brady Law, which imposed a background check and waiting period of up to three days for gun buyers. The 1999 shooting spree at Columbine High School resulted in new laws making it illegal to buy a gun on behalf of a criminal or a child seeking to evade the Brady Law requirements. Congress funded state-run databases of the mentally ill, also prohibited under Brady, after the 2007 massacre at Virginia Tech. On July 20, a man used multiple weapons--including a semi-automatic rifle with a 100-round magazine--to murder 12 filmgoers in Aurora, Colo. (The clip jammed after he fired 30 rounds.) Last week, a white supremacist and washed-up U.S. soldier mowed down six people attending services at a Sikh temple in Wisconsin. Every day, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg reminded us, 34 Americans are shot to death. So what new gun-control laws can we expect? None. Neither the White House nor Congressional Democrats have any appetite for taking on the powerful NRA during a close election year. Polls show the public sharply split on the issue. After the shooting at the Sikh temple President Barack Obama offered nothing more than pabulum: "Terrible, tragic events are happening with too much regularity for us not to do some soul-searching to examine additional ways that we can reduce violence." Either you're serious about eliminating gun violence, or you're not. "Soul-searching" isn't going to block the next bullet fired by a madman--but the law, coupled with rigorous enforcement, can. I am a pro-gun leftie. Here's why: 60 million Americans own 200 million firearms. Who are they? Right-wingers, mostly. There are about 25 percent more gun-owning Republicans than gun-owning Democrats. Some of these conservatives send me death threats. As long as they are allowed to buy and possess guns, I'll be damned if I let the government pass a law that stops me from defending myself if one of them comes after me. This is an arms race. The only way I'll turn against the Second Amendment is if the cops go door-to-door, confiscate and destroy everybody's guns. All of them. Even the tiny little lady pistols. Even then, I'd still be nervous. Because state security apparatus would then have a monopoly on firepower. We're not there yet, but given the relentless rightward drift of our politics from democracy into police state authoritarianism toward neofascism, and given what we're already seeing--legalized torture, concentration camps, police department drone planes, a president who says he has the right to assassinate U.S. citizens without trial--one can easily foresee the day when we might be forced to fend off the jack-booted thugs of a future rogue American state. But that's my personal, possibly paranoid, take about a possible dys14 topian future. As a nation, here and WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 9 CITYDESK/NEWS LEILA R AM ELLA- R ADER NEWS LAU R IE PEAR M AN BUILDING BLOCKS The view of downtown and the Foothills from the Boise Depot is obscured by poor air quality. DIRTYING IDAHO AIR, WATER: EPA FINES NINE GEM STATE CITIES, BUSINESSES Attention, Caldwell residents. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has its eye on you. In particular, it's worried about your water. In December 2011, the City of Caldwell was placed on the EPA's watch list for "unacceptably high levels of nitrogen and ammonia registered in the city's water." "I have no idea what you're talking about," Gary Shoemaker, Caldwell's Water Department director told Citydesk at the time. "I'm not sure why we would be on that list." But Shoemaker's department received a fine June 11 for what the EPA said were even more problems at the Canyon County wastewater treatment plant. Caldwell was fined $11,000 for violations of the Clean Water Act for discharge of solids and ammonia. In fact, another Caldwell business, Rhodes International--maker of frozen cinnamon rolls--had an ammonia problem of its own earlier this year. Rhodes was slapped with an $84,484 fine for "failure to properly report the storage of ammonia" at its Canyon County facility. Agency officials said Rhodes failed to notify local, state or federal officials that it was storing anhydrous ammonia at its facility, a chemical that attacks the skin, eyes, throat and lungs, according to the EPA. The City of Wilder's wastewater treatment facility was also recently cited by the EPA and fined $3,100 for its own violations of the Clean Water Act, for what feds said were improper discharges of E.coli and chlorine. The EPA fined six other Idaho locations in its second quarter of 2012, including: U� $51,000 fine against the Idaho Department of Correction for violating the Clean Water Act at its North Idaho Correctional Institution in Cottonwood; U� $15,000 fine against Fish Breeders of Idaho's catfish aquaculture facility in Buhl for exceeding its phosphorous discharge limits; U� $4,260 fine against Brewster West, a cheese processing facility in Rupert, for violating the Clean Air Act; U� $3,000 fine against City Service Valcon for spilling 950 gallons of fuel in Idaho County in April; U� $1,000 fine against the City of Culdesac for violating the Clean Water Act; and U� $694 fine against the tiny Clearwater County town of Ahsahka for violating the Clean Water Act. The EPA notes when laws are broken, "it puts people's health at risk. Those who don't comply with the laws also gain an unfair business advantage over those who have invested in pollution controls." --George Prentice ESI's man with a plan to build new Boise landmarks ANDREW CRISP The patio of Gene Hutchison's restaurant and bar on Eighth Street overlooks a Boise eyesore. But now The Piper Pub and Grill owner has what he calls "a front row seat" to the evolution of what will become Idaho's tallest building. "We've been dealing with the hole for so many years," said Hutchison. "A lot of people say `Oh, they're actually working on it?' or `They're really going to do it this time?'" That's why Hutchison launched a daily "Fill the Hole" lunch special, advertised ESI project manager David Bowar said the Eighth and Main streets project, better known as the "Boise by a sign hanging above Eighth Street. The Hole," should take 80 percent of his time for the next three years. menu rotates daily: a fried ham and cheese sandwich one day, philly cheesesteak the next. He also offers a "contractor special" Idaho but it's Bowar's third construction time for the next three years," Bowar said. on Mondays in an effort to lure the scores of "You'll see a structural steel skeleton coming project for the Whole Foods corporation. construction workers building up their apBowar said the Boise location is on target. In out of the ground this fall, eventually going petites as they build a new landmark. fact, it's a bit ahead of schedule. Originally up about 280 feet by January or February David Bowar, the project manager for slated for a spring 2013 opening, the store is of next year. Next, the skin will move up the Boise-based Engineered Structures Inc., said expected to swing open its doors in time for building, and that will start this year as well. the two biggest items on his plate, figuraThanksgiving. Once the skin is on the building, then the tively, were a pair of high-profile construc"We plan to deliver that," he said. "We inside work can begin." tion jobs: one at Eighth and Main streets, haven't failed them yet." After sitting empty in Boise's downtown another less than one-tenth of a mile away, at Bowar suggested that ESI's track record in for 25 years, filling the hole is Broadway Avenue and Front building other Whole Foods locations helped an emotional project for ESI, Street, home of the soon-tosecure the company's expansion into Boise. Bowar said. open Whole Foods Market In addition to its projects "We were always with Whole Foods along "That's a lot of blood and and Walgreens Pharmacy. constructing a new tower at Eighth and Main streets, the way to get them in town," he said. sweat down there," he said, "Whole Foods will employ Whole Foods Markets at Concrete was already drying under triplepointing to the now infamous about 150 people over the Broadway Avenue and Front digit temperatures at Broadway Avenue and hole. course of the project," Bowar Street and Scentsy's new Front Street during the first week of August It hits close to home for told Boise Weekly. "And the headquarters off of Eagle Road in Meridian, ESI conas Bowar's crews began preparing the ground Bowar, as well. For more than Tower will bring between 300 structed: for new sod, to be rolled out in the coming a decade, he worked with and 400 more jobs, total." U���i�-�>�i���V�� weeks. Both Whole Foods and the adjacent Mortenson Construction, the Wearing his trademark and Economics and Walgreens lifted new signage into place to company contracted by Rick brown ESI hardhat, Bowar Environmental Research trumpet their arrival to the thousands of Peterson's Boise Tower Associbeamed like a proud parentbuildings ates to build the once-promised vehicles that pass by on any given weekday. to-be as public and private U�ʫi�*>�>ʫ>��i��� ESI has a sign or two of its own at the but ill-fated 25-story Boise officials crawled down a flight in Caldwell site, not simply to say it was on the job but Tower at that location. of makeshift metal stairs into U��*� ���>�i�i>`more importantly to advertise what Bowar For more than a decade, the "Boise Hole" on July 12. quarters in Meridian Boiseans were promised a tow- said was ESI's commitment to the local comThey broke ground for what U�6i�>>�i`V>�*>�>�� munity after pouring so much of its recent er that never was, tangled in will be an 18-story structure, Nampa efforts into projects outside of the area. ESI legal and financial skirmishes, to serve as Zions Bank's new bankruptcies and an unfinished maintains offices in Arizona and Missouri Idaho headquarters. The day and has worked on Home Depot, Kohl's and hole of rebar. after the groundbreaking, Walmart retail projects nationwide. "It's really kind of ironic and poetic to be scaffolding and stage had been replaced by But the company is particularly excited working on this project after working with CAT backhoe loaders. By August, workers Mortenson on the Boise Tower," said Bowar. about its Treasure Valley projects, including a had already begun laying rebar and pouring new 47-acre campus off of Eagle Road, which Ultimately, Mortenson's project fizzled, concrete for the building's foundation. leaving a prominent, historic parcel of down- will house the headquarters, manufacturing ESI could finish a floor per week, guessed and distribution operations for Scentsy, maker town Boise empty for years. President and CEO Neil Nelson, with a tarof wickless candles heated in candle But the hole isn't Bower's only major geted ribbon cutting of January 2014. project. In fact, he doesn't have to shuttle too warmers. Scentsy even required ESI to Bowar said his plans include a lot more design and construct its own rail spur so 11 far between his two biggest projects. time in the hole. that railroad tracks would lead right up The Whole Foods store will be a first for "This project will be 80 percent of my WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 10 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly NEWS STILL FRUSTRATED Five months after ultrasound bill, ACLU Idaho keeps focus on reproductive rights TABITHA BOWER After examining immigration and capital punishment earlier this summer, the ACLU of Idaho slid the topic of women's reproductive rights into the spotlight Aug. 9 to wrap up its first-ever Law and Liberty Lecture Series, a trio of noontime panel discussions held at the Idaho State Bar's Boise headquarters. Although Senate Bill 1387, mandating an ultrasound procedure for any Idaho woman seeking an abortion, erupted into a Statehouse showdown (and its ultimate withdrawal of the measure) in May, the controversial legislation was Exhibit A as panelists considered current reproductive laws in Idaho and the possibility of future restrictions. "I don't think we've ever had a single year in the past 10 or 15 years that we haven't seen attacks on reproductive rights," said Hannah Brass, legislative director of Planned Parenthood Northwest. "We expect to see something, or something like this [in the near future]. But I'm sure [legislators] are having conversations about bringing it back." Brass joined Dr. Darin Weyhrich, a Boise OBGYN, and attorney Alan Herzfeld of the Boise-based Herzfeld and Piotrowski law firm on the panel for the event, dubbed "Women's Equality and Reproductive Rights." "What was wrong with this bill?" Brass asked about SB 1387. "Everything. At a broad level, it was demeaning and shamed women seeking legal and safe reproductive health care." Additionally, according to Brass, the measure included no exceptions for instances of rape, incest or fetal anomalies. "If you need to terminate because it is not a viable pregnancy, when you go in for the abortion, you would have had to undergo another ultrasound that you would pay for again before the abortion," said Brass. "There was no exception." The Idaho Senate passed the controversial measure 23-12, though five Republican members joined all seven Democrats in opposition. Two days later, the bill was abruptly pulled from a scheduled hearing before a House committee. Though the measure died before reaching a final vote in the House, abortion exception issues already exist within Idaho law. According to Weyhrich, under the jurisdiction of the so-called fetal pain bill, abortions cannot be administered in the state after 20 gestational weeks. "Because there is what I would refer to as `some relatively fringe science that a fetus can perceive pain beginning at 20 weeks,' that restrains the right of a woman to be able to terminate her pregnancy," he said. Weyhrich also pointed to what he called a "very large gaping exception" of fetuses with medical anomalies that deem them incompatible with life, something he said occurs four to six times a year in Idaho. "The current law will not consider the exception," he said. "In every single one of those cases, if you wanted to end the pregnancy early, you would have to leave this state. I find that deeply disturbing." Panelists pointed to other Idaho reproductive laws, which they said limited women's access to reproductive health care. "Whether or not the legislature and specifically these specific legislators are courageous enough to bring back [the ultrasound measure], I don't know," said Brass. "It would have to look different. Really, the only way they could water it down would be not to mandate an ultrasound. But then they wouldn't have a bill." pleted Micron Business and Economic and to the manufacturing operation where Environmental Research buildings--both at massive storage tanks will accommoBoise State--should dramatically increase date up to 1 million pounds of wax. ESI's construction "We have footprint on the team meetregion. But for ings where our team now, Bowar gets is just so emotional excited about the and so driven," said little things, too. Bowar. "There's a "We'll have high level of emotion a crane up there and pride for us in all with an ESI logo," of our projects." Bowar said pointThe Eighth and ing to the empty Main tower, Whole space at Eighth and Foods, Scentsy Main streets. "That headquarters and will be pretty unother local projects ESI has crafted its own street sign at Eighth and forgettable." such as the just-comMain streets. 10 WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 11 NEWS ANDR EW C R IS P Orange marks the spot: CCDC has begun cutting down existing trees along south Ninth Street in favor of a more porous service and low-water plants to reduce storm water runoff. WINNERS AND LOSERS CCDC earmarks more money for neighborhoods, less for Christmas lights, Bronco shuttle GEORGE PRENTICE The Capital City Development Corporation's proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2013 ($23.4 million) pales in comparison to the City of Boise's proposed spending plan ($350 million) or the budget for the Ada County Highway District ($89 million), but CCDC's fiscal wish list reveals big plans for Boise's urban core and is telling in what it includes and what's left out. In fact, 56 percent of the agency's variable budget is set aside for funding neighborhood projects. "This is one of the quickest evolutions I've ever been a part of," said Lauren McLean, Boise City Council member and CCDC commissioner, at the agency's Aug. 13 board meeting. In May, CCDC commissioners chose to steer Boise's urban renewal agency onto a new path by "pulling back from those activities best served by others" in order to focus on "more development and less corporation." As a result, its proposed 2013 budget includes a 57 percent cut in consultant costs, a 15 percent drop in staffing expense, and a whopping 72 percent cut in support for other organizations. Among the cuts is $5,000 for the Bronco shuttle, which transports Boise State football fans from downtown to Bronco Stadium on game days, and $20,000 for holiday decorations. "These are high-profile items," said David Eberle, Boise City Council member and CCDC commissioner. "Before our support goes away, I want to make sure we're talking with the Downtown Boise Association to explore sponsorship opportunities from others. It's not as if we're taking away Santa." CCDC Vice Chair Phil Reberger said the cuts were appropriate, part of what he called "right-sizing for CCDC." "I'm glad we're going in this direction," he said. CCDC Chair John May said a number of groups and businesses got "very comfortable over the years" with CCDC subsidizing decorations and courtesy shuttles. Eberle said he agreed, but added, "I just don't know who else is going to get it done." Meanwhile, the urban renewal agency is wrapping up FY 2012 with its most aggressive schedule to-date of streetscaping, giving facelifts to five areas of the downtown core over the next three months. "All of these projects should be wrapped up by late November," said Katina Dutton, CCDC development manager. She pointed to south Ninth Street, where a broken irrigation system and existing trees are being ripped out in favor of a moreporous surface and low-water plants to reduce storm water runoff. The pilot project is designed to test a more drought-tolerant streetscape. More importantly, it's expected to improve the connection to Ninth Street to Boise State. Instead of being destroyed, some existing trees may be evaluated for potential relocation to a park in order to make way for newer appropriate trees, which would thrive better within a modernized urban setting. CCDC is also set to install new sidewalks, trees, benches, bike racks and historic streetlights at several other locations, including Idaho Street between 14th and 15th streets and north Main, Bannock and 10th streets, all before Thanksgiving. WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 12 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly CITIZEN GARY JOHNSON Fixing faucets, climbing mountains and running for president GEORGE PRENTICE JER EM Y LANNINGHAM Gary Johnson is not a typical candidate for president of the United States. Walking into a BODO coffeeshop for a conversation with Boise Weekly, the 59-year-old Libertarian Party standardbearer was traveling solo, sans entourage. "Ask me anything you want," said the two-term New Mexico governor, beginning a freewheeling dialogue that included economics, the war on drugs, televised debates and the highs and lows of his personal life. What were your dreams as a young man? I went to the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque and studied political science and English. I thought I would run for political office at some point in my life. Where did that come from? I remember when I was a young boy, my fourth-grade teacher held a class election to decide who would become United States president someday. Out of the blue, I won. Were there political leaders that you considered ideals? Not really. They all seemed impressive at first, but nobody is what they appear to be. There is no Santa Claus. But you didn't start out as a professional politician. By the time I was 21, I started a one-man handyman business in Albuquerque. I grew that business to employ over 1,000 people. Did you hold all of the skill sets it took to be a plumber, mechanic or electrician? I'm the handiest guy that you've ever met. So is that how voters first got to know you when you first ran for governor in 1993? Actually, no. The first headlines said, "Triathlete Gary Johnson Running for Governor." I thought that was pretty cool. How accomplished an athlete are you? I've been the overall winner in several triathlon events. I competed in the Iron Man championship in Hawaii four times, and I've won something called the Ridge-A-Thon in Taos, N.M., where you have to hike and ski as many runs as possible in two days. You also climb mountains. I summited Mt. Everest in 2003. I want to climb the highest mountain of each continent. Democrats outnumber Republicans in New Mexico two-to-one. Why did you run for New Mexico's governor on the GOP ticket? I've always been in synch with what Republicans say they're about: dollars and sense. But I'm not a social conservative, never have been. I think the majority of Americans are fiscally responsible and socially accepting. I don't even like to use the world "tolerant." I was the most outspoken governor in the country on issues like school choice and the war on drugs. It's my understanding that you think the war on drugs is a farce. Absolutely. A total failure. Marijuana should be legalized and we should adopt a rational drug policy. Fifty percent of Americans support the legalization of marijuana, and that number is going up, not down. People are talking about it like never before, and I like to think that I have contributed to that. Let's talk about the nation's economy. Both President Barack Obama and Mitt Romney say that we need to cut taxes to create jobs. But it's your desire to gut the tax code entirely. The system is rife with cronyism; both political parties are selling tax loopholes. I'm embracing the fair tax. I support a consumption tax in lieu of federal income tax and corporate tax, and yes, that means abolishing the Internal Revenue Service. Would that mean an end to payroll deductions? Absolutely. No more federal withholdings: no Social Security, Medicare or even unemployment. All of that would come out of the proceeds from the consumption tax. Help me reconcile that. Let's say you paid $1 for your cup of coffee. Embedded in that $1 is 23 cents of non-transparent taxes on the ingredients and services that made up that cup of coffee. I'm saying do away with those taxes and then implement a 23 percent consumption tax. Why is it 23 percent? It's a proposal. But it must have penciled out somewhere. Somewhere, I don't know where. But we're talking about a zero corporate 14 WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 13 CITIZEN 13 tax rate, and if the private sector can't create tens of millions of jobs, I don't know what else it would take. But that's the private sector. Meanwhile, you'll have to make wholesale cuts to hundreds of thousands of public sector jobs. I'm promising to submit a balanced budget in 2013, which would see a 43 percent reduction in federal spending. So let's start at the top, including the Pentagon budget. Absolutely, a 43 percent cut in military spending. We can provide a strong national defense but we have to end nation building. But wouldn't that 43 percent cut include significant cuts to veterans benefits? No, we've made those commitments and should honor them. I'm talking about reducing our nuclear warheads from 2,300 to 500 and extricating ourselves from all military interventions. Do you know for a fact that you'll be on the ballot in all 50 states or is that your hope? That's the plan. We have a couple of states with issues, but Idaho is not a problem. What do you know about Idaho? I lived two winters up in Northern Idaho-- skiing Schweitzer Mountain--when I was in college. I've been to Idaho many, many times. A fair number of Idaho politicians say they lean toward Libertarianism. A lot more people describe themselves as Libertarian than vote that way. alongside Obama and Romney? I have to be in the polls that determine who gets to participate. Of the 18 national polling organizations, I'm only included in three of them. Are you saying there's an active collusion among mainstream media to keep you out of the polls and out of this campaign? Absolutely. It's a gamed system. We're asking all of my supporters to call the polling organizations to include my name. We get into the polls and then we get into the debates. How vibrant is your campaign? You need two things, otherwise you're dead in the water. No. 1: You have to exceed expectations. Well, my expectations were zero. I got it covered. No. 2: You have to have momentum, which I've had since day one. But in order to have any showing whatsoever, you have to be on the stage for the debates. You're right. It's the only way I can win. I know you have two grown children. Are you married? One of the casualties of my being governor was a divorce after almost 30 years of marriage. She died of heart failure after I left office. It was the worst thing in my life. And today? I'm engaged to a lovely woman named Kate. How did you meet? Cycling. We're been together for four years. Do you have a wedding date? We'll have a White House wedding. Sun Valley On Ice runs Saturday nights through September 1 promising a dazzling new spin on our traditional outdoor ice show under the stars. For show tickets or buffet and show tickets go to seats.sunvalley.com or call 208.622.2135. How will you get on the stage to participate in the televised presidential debates RALL now, there's a valid argument to be made that we've outgrown the right to 9 bear arms. We're no longer a frontier society. We're urban and suburban, not rural; less than 2 percent of Americans still live on farms; 95 percent of us don't hunt; those who still hunt do it for fun not food. We haven't had to repel a land invasion by foreign troops since 1812. Why do we need guns? The NRA may sound hysterical--it's certainly opportunistic, having called for donations three days after Aurora--but it's right about gun-control advocates. Anti-gun liberals say they favor "common-sense measures that protect the Second Amendment rights of lawabiding citizens but make it harder and harder for those who should not have weapons under existing law to obtain them, " as White House Press Secretary Jay Carney says Obama wants. Proposals to tighten controls on automatic assault rifles and reduce the number of bullets per clip merely nibble around the edges of a serious issue. There are too many guns already out there, too many legally purchased weapons that can be sold privately without being subjected to the Brady Law, for such half-measures to have any effect beyond possibly reducing the body count of the next group killing. If you're serious about putting an end to America's bloody love affair with guns, you're going to have to repeal the Second Amendment. Everyone, including Democrats, knows that. But it's hard to get behind a gun ban that's only supported by 26 percent of the public (a record low, down from 60 percent in 1959). Liberal gun opponents must either embrace a radical and unpopular measure-- the only one that might stand a chance of having the desired effect--or keep proposing wimpy changes that make them look foolish half-assed and intellectually dishonest. WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M August 18 Evan Lysacek 2010 Olympic Gold Medalist World Champion 2X US Gold Medalist 2012 US Junior Men's Gold Medalist September 1 Meryl Davis & Charlie White 2012 World Silver Medalists 2011 World Champions 2010 Olympic Silver Medalists 4X US Gold Medalists (2009�2012) Nathan Chen August 25 Brian Boitano Olympic Gold Medalist 2X World Champion 4X US Champion 14 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly E V E R Y D A Y L I FNEG E R S I N A F F E CT I N G Y O U M A Y B E R H E A LT H W A R NING: HIDDEN DA THE POISON AMONG US HORMONE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS POSE POSSIBLE RISK TO WOMEN LINDSEY KONKEL, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH NEWS | ILLUSTRATIONS BY JEN GRABLE hortly after moving to Canada's Okanagan Valley, Patricia Lee started experiencing severe irregularities in her menstrual cycle. She had one period that lasted two and a half months. The bleeding was so intense that at one point, doctors recommended a blood transfusion. "I couldn't sleep--it was excruciatingly painful and I grew quite weak," said Lee, now 47. Her diagnosis: a fibroid, or benign tumor, the size of a ping-pong ball in her uterus, and two cysts in her ovaries. At the time, Lee lived in a long, slender valley through the center of British Columbia that produces nearly all of the province's tree fruits and grapes. Agriculture is intensive there, as is pesticide use. Lee will never know what role, if any, her environment played in causing her uterine fibroids. But scientists have long suspected a link between hormone-disrupting chemicals in S WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 15 the environment and gynecological diseases. Research investigating these links has had mixed results. Now several new studies are adding to the evidence that some estrogenmimicking pesticides and industrial chemicals may increase women's risk of uterine and ovarian diseases--helping to solidify a theory that emerged two decades ago. "Our studies are beginning to corroborate the idea that environmental estrogen may be associated with endometriosis," said Germaine Buck-Louis, director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's epidemiology division in Maryland. Back in 1993, a connection between endometriosis and environmental chemicals was discovered. Rhesus monkeys fed food contaminated with dioxins--hormone-disrupting pollutants created by waste incinerators and other industries--developed endometriosis 10 years later. Endometriosis, when uterine tissue grows in the ovaries or other parts of the body, often causes pelvic pain and infertility. An estimated 10 to 20 percent of reproductiveage women in the United States suffer from it, according to the Endometriosis Foundation of America. In a major new study, two groups of women in the Salt Lake City and San Francisco areas--one group with pelvic pain and the other with no symptoms--were more likely to be diagnosed with endometriosis if they had high blood levels of the estrogenlike pesticide hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) than women with low levels. HCH has been banned as a crop pesticide in the United States but it builds up and persists in the environment, so it remains in some food supplies. Calling the research "revolutionary," Buck-Louis said that finding the link in both groups of women "is a pretty strong signal" that the connection between endometriosis and the pesticide is real. Also, women in the same group with the highest level of a sunscreen chemical, benzophenone, in their urine had a 19 percent higher risk of endometriosis than women with the lowest levels, according to research published in Environmental Science and Technology. And in Italy, women had endometriosis more often if they had higher levels of two banned chlorinated chemicals that can disrupt hormones--polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) or residue of the insecticide DDT, according to a 2009 study of 158 women. Recent research has uncovered links to other gynecological problems, too. Women in Greece diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)--which causes irregular menstrual periods, infertility, weight gain and excessive hair growth--were more likely " Our studies are beginning to corroborate the idea that environmental estrogen may be associated with endometriosis " -Germaine Buck-Louis to have higher blood levels of the estrogenmimicking chemical bisphenol A than women without the disease, according to a study published last year. "It's certainly plausible that any outside source that alters estrogen levels, even slightly, could contribute to gynecological diseases," said Dr. Megan Schwarzman, a family physician at San Francisco General Hospital and an environmental health scientist at the University of California, Berkeley. Exposure to many hormone-disrupting chemicals starts in the womb, and some scientists suspect the timing may be important in determining reproductive disease risk later in life. "We know from animal models that there are critical periods during early development when cells are rapidly dividing and forming the circuitry through which cells will communicate with each other to form various tissues of the body," said Retha Newbold, a reproductive biologist at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in North Carolina. "When chemicals alter this set-up, the changes may not be reversible." Future generations of females may be at risk, too, according to new animal research by Washington State University scientists. Female rats exposed in the womb to high doses of several chemicals--including pesticides and plasticizers--developed cysts resembling human polycystic ovarian syndrome and premature menopause, according to the study published in PLoS One in July. Those changes were passed down through three generations--great-granddaughters of the exposed rats also developed cysts and other ovarian problems, even though they were not directly exposed. Seeking to learn how the chemicals were able to harm future generations, the Washington State researchers examined the DNA of the ones whose mothers were exposed to vinclozolin, an estrogenic fungicide commonly used in the wine industry. They found that the chemical had reprogrammed genes as the rat fetuses developed. Other chemicals in the study that had the multigenerational effects were dioxins, a pesticide mixture including permethrin and DEET and a plastic mixture including BPA and two widely used phthalates. "What we are seeing in animal models is sobering," said John McLachlan, a biomedical scientist at Tulane University in New Orleans. The gene mechanisms responsible for transmitting such harmful effects across generations are essentially the same in humans, he said. In the case of uterine fibroids, the body's natural estrogens turn genes on and off in the smooth muscle of the uterus that allow the tumors to grow, according to research by McLachlan and col18 leagues. They are now investigating WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 16 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly BITTER TASTE DOCTORS LOOK AT CHEMICAL LINK TO DIABETES CRYSTAL GAMMON, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH NEWS group of chemicals found in household plastics and medical supplies is linked to higher rates of diabetes in women--up to double the rate for women with the highest levels, according to new research led by Harvard scientists. Blacks and Mexican Americans and women living in poverty are exposed to the highest levels of some of these compounds, called phthalates, the scientists reported. Whether these chemicals actually cause diabetes in women, however, remains unclear. "These findings are important clues, but it's only a first step," said Richard Stahlhut, an environmental health researcher at the University of Rochester Medical Center who co-authored the study. "It's extremely likely that phthalates and other chemical contaminants will turn out to be a big part of the obesity and diabetes epidemic, but at this point we really don't know how these chemicals are interacting with each other, or with the human body." Phthalates make plastics such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) more flexible, and they are added to some cosmetics, perfumes and other personal care products to stabilize colors and fragrances. A wide variety of household goods rely on phthalates, including vinyl flooring, adhesives and shower curtains. More than 75 percent of Americans have phthalates in their urine. Until now, most phthalate research has focused on reproductive consequences because these compounds seem to disrupt male hormones. Boys exposed to phthalates in the womb had signs of feminized genitalia, which may lead to fertility problems. Researchers also have found neurological effects, including reduced IQs and attention problems in boys. The new study examined diabetes and phthalate concentrations in 2,350 women who participated in 18 a national survey by the Centers for A 9:30AM - 1:30PM 8th Street from Bannock to Main Street & on the Grove Plaza Chef Abbigail Carlson - Cooking with fresh, seasonal produce from the Market - Saturdays Q 10am to Noon This Week at the Market Fresh Roasted Peppers � Local Bi-Color Sweet Corn � Idaho Grown Strawberries, Blueberries & Raspberries � Organic Gourmet Melons � Locally Grown Peaches, Plums & Nectarines * Fresh locally grown produce, herbs, & flowers * Idaho Specialty Foods & Wines * Great Selection of Local Artwork THIS SATURDAY - VEGGIE DERBY WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 17 whether estrogen-mimicking chemicals in the environment affect these same genes. The danger of estrogen-like chemicals already has been welldocumented with DES, or diethylstilbestrol, a drug that was prescribed to millions of women at risk of miscarriages from 1940 through 1971. Daughters and granddaughters of the pregnant women who took the potent estrogenic drug had an increased risk of endometriosis, uterine fibroids and rare reproductive cancers. But pesticides, sunscreen ingredients and PCBs are less potent hormone mimics than DES. The effects on women's health are not as clear. Some studies have found no connection between women's exposure to environmental chemicals and gynecological diseases. For instance, among several hundred women in Italy highly exposed to dioxins from a 1976 factory explosion, UC Berkeley scientists found no significant increase in endometriosis linked to their contaminant levels. And in Japan, there was no increased rate of the disease among 139 infertile women with higher exposures to hormone-disrupting compounds including PCBs and dioxins, according to a 2005 study. Newbold said because decades can pass between exposure during fetal development or early childhood and the manifestation of the disease in adult life, it can be difficult to nail down a link. "Only recently are studies starting to focus on developmental risk factors in relation to adult disease," she said. Endometriosis and fibroids are referred to as "benign uterine diseases," characterized mostly by painful periods, according to McLachlan. "Because these growths are not life-threatening or malignant, traditionally, these diseases haven't garnered the attention they should," he said. But the disorders sometimes are linked to fertility problems, and researchers also are beginning to realize that such symptoms can 16 be a sign of serious diseases to come. "Gynecological problems during the reproductive years may be a predictor of diseases, such as cancer, later in life," said Barbara Cohn, a reproductive health scientist and director of Child Health and Development Studies at the Public Health Institute in Berkeley, Calif. Endometriosis has been associated with an increased risk of some ovarian cancers. However, the risk remains small, according to a study published in Lancet Oncology in May. Women with endometriosis have a 1.5 percent lifetime chance of developing ovarian cancer compared with 1 percent in the general female population. The research is less clear on a link between cancer and other gynecological diseases, such as uterine fibroids. Lee was terrified that her fibroids and extreme menstrual periods were signs of cervical or ovarian cancer. Several doctors recommended that she have her uterus removed--standard treatment for severe fibroids. But she refused. "You wouldn't cut your nose off because you got frequent nose bleeds," said Lee. "No one seemed concerned with trying to figure out why I was having such heavy periods." Pesticides and other environmental chemicals may not have contributed to Lee's gynecological problems, since other factors, such as age and genetic predisposition, also increase a woman's risk. Nevertheless, since leaving the Okanagan in 2010 and moving to Nova Scotia, Lee has seen a marked decrease in her symptoms. She now avoids processed foods and buys only organic produce. The fibroid is no longer growing. In fact, according to Lee, it has shrunk in size. "I can no longer feel it, but I know it is still there," she said. "I worry constantly what the health effects will be down the road." Disease Control and Prevention from 2001 through 2008. 17 Diabetes, an endocrine disease marked by problems with insulin production or insulin resistance, affects nearly 26 million Americans, or 11 percent of the population older than 20, according to CDC data. Blacks have a 19 percent chance of developing diabetes--a rate 77 percent higher than that of whites-- and Hispanics have a 66 percent higher rate than whites. Although obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, nearly a quarter of normal-weight adults have diabetes or other metabolic disorders. Experts say chemical contaminants such as phthalates could play an important role in this disconnect between obesity and type 2 diabetes rates. In the new research, certain phthalates--dibutyl phthalates (DBP), which are primarily used in adhesives and lacquer finishes, and benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), a component of vinyl flooring, caulks and sealants--were linked to double the rate of diabetes in women with the highest levels of phthalate markers in their urine, accord- ing to the report published this month in Environmental Health Perspectives. DBP and Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), a plasticizer found in vinyl products including IV bags and tubing, were also linked to higher blood glucose levels and insulin resistance, two common precursors of type 2 diabetes, according to the study. No relationship was found between diabetes and diethyl phthalate (DEP), according to the study, which was led by Tamarra James-Todd of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. That phthalate is found in high concentrations throughout the U.S. population and it is the phthalate most commonly associated with personal care products. Other recent studies also have found similar links between phthalates and metabolic disorders. Certain phthalates doubled the risk of diabetes in older Swedish adults, according to research published in April. And DEHP, the phthalate in flexible vinyl and medical supplies, was linked to higher rates of diabetes in a 2011 study of 19 Mexican women. Higher levels of WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 18 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly Pht halat es ma k e p l a sti c s s u c h a s p o ly v i n y l ch lori d e ( PV C) m ore fl exib le, and t he y ar e a d d e d to s o m e c o s m e ti cs, pe rf u m es a n d oth e r perso n a l care p r o d u cts to sta b i l i z e c o lors a n d f ra gra n ces. phthalates were also associated with greater waist circumference and insu18 lin resistance, two major risk factors for type 2 diabetes, in a 2007 study of U.S. men. Industry groups are skeptical of the significance of the new findings. "The phthalate data are derived from a single (spot) sample. For substances like phthalates that are rapidly broken down and eliminated from the body, depending on a spot urine sample is a significant design flaw," said Steve Risotto, senior director of the American Chemistry Council, a trade association for chemical manufacturers. A group representing cosmetics and fragrance manufacturers doubts personal care products have a role in diabetes. "Diethyl phthalate, also known as DEP, is the only phthalate with significant use in cosmetics. The study found no association between DEP and diabetes," noted Linda Loretz, a director of the Personal Care Product Council. Nail polish used to contain high levels, but most manufacturers voluntarily eliminated phthalates in recent years. The chemicals also have been banned in children's toys. Black women in the study had more than double the concentrations of DEP, the phthalate in cosmetics, and DBP, the phthalate in adhesives and lacquers that was linked to a double rate of diabetes, when compared with white women. Mexican-American women had 75 percent higher concentrations of DEP. Poor women had up to 78 percent higher levels of BBP--the phthalate in vinyl flooring that was associated with a double rate of diabetes--than women living above poverty level. The racial and economic trends were in line with another recent study. Published in April, it found that women ranking lowest in socioeconomic status (based on race, education, income and food security measurements) had up to 83 percent more BBP than women with the highest socioeconomic status. Non-white women had significantly more DBP, the phthalate in adhesives and lacquers that was linked to diabetes in the new research, and DEP, the primary phthalate associated with cosmetics, than their white counterparts. Women with lower levels of education and income had more BBP, the WWW. B OISEWEEKLY.C O M vinyl flooring phthalate linked to diabetes in the study. Consumer behavior patterns might explain these disparities, Stahlhut said. For example, if black women use more hair care products or cosmetics, they would likely have higher levels of DEP in their bodies. But it's impossible to distill trends like these from the current data, Stahlhut said. "It's difficult to interpret these patterns," said Roni Kobrosly, an epidemiology researcher at the University of Rochester who led the socioeconomic study published in the journal Environmental Research. "They suggest that, on a large public health level, patterns of phthalate exposure vary with socioeconomic factors. But it's premature to talk about the implications on an individual or cultural level." Because neither study included long-term follow-up with the women, the researchers cannot determine whether high phthalate concentrations actually led the women to develop diabetes or other diseases. Still, the findings are an important first step in sorting out the relationships between these chemicals and chronic diseases such as diabetes, experts say. Several other pollutants have been linked to type 2 diabetes risks. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and bisphenol A (BPA) are thought to disrupt the endocrine system by interfering with hormone signals. Studies suggest that phthalates may hinder glucose metabolism and stimulate fat cell production. "With phthalates, the story is really still emerging," said Kristina Thayer, a researcher with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the National Toxicology Program. "Studies like these are considered exploratory, but they seem to be consistent." "More needs to be done to really fill in this question of potential causality, and the roles that specific phthalates may play," she added. Stahlhut noted that product formulations are often trade secrets, making it difficult for scientists and consumers to know which phthalates are in specific products. "Figuring this out for sure either way will take a long time, unfortunately," he said. "So what's our best strategy in the meantime?" BOISEweekly | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | 19 BOISEvisit WEEKLY PICKS boiseweekly.com for more events PATR IC K S W EENEY What's better than beer and bikes? Maybe beer, bikes, live music and costumes? Boiseans will be able to get RAW with live music, pole dancing, fashion and assorted visual art at Radiate. FRIDAY-SATURDAY AUG. 17-18 bikes TOUR PRE/DE FAT Fort Collins, Colo., brewers New Belgium Brewing Company will bring the all-out, costumebike-beer party Tour de Fat to Boise Saturday, Aug. 18, for a daylong celebration in Ann Morrison Park. Festivities include live music, a parade and a two-wheeled group ride. Side effects may include a newfound love of bicycles, pictures in a ridiculous costume and a hangover. Attendees are encouraged to dress up--and they tend to take it very seriously. This year's theme calls for "wild animal" duds. Integral to the day's events is the car sacrifice, in which one willing participant gives up his or her car for charity. The car trader is rewarded with a tricked-out bicycle, which must be used to commute for one year. Proceeds from the event benefit the Southwest Idaho Mountain Biking Association, the Treasure Valley Cycling Association and the Boise Bicycle Project. Registration begins at 9 a.m., with the parade beginning promptly at 10 a.m. The party begins when the parade arrives at the Tour de Fat stage, with live music by Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars, Sean Hayes, Yo-Yo People and Sssnakenstein. Can't wait for Saturday? You're not alone. A warm-up party, called Tour PRE-Fat, begins at 3 p.m. Friday, Aug. 17, and will take over Eighth Street between Idaho and Bannock streets for a block party with Crooked Fence and New Belgium beer sales benefiting Radio Boise. Finn Riggins, Brainstorm, Buster Blue and Ssssnake will play live music, with Radio Boise DJs spinning between sets. Local bike shops will be on hand to help attendees make pre-parade adjustments. Buy a raffle ticket and you could score a Trek Cocoa bicycle or limited-edition New Belgium 2012 Anniversary bike. Tour PRE-Fat: Friday, Aug. 17, 3-10 p.m., FREE. Eighth Street between Idaho and Bannock streets. Tour de Fat: Saturday, Aug. 18, 10 a.m.-4 p.m., FREE admission, $5 suggested donation for parade participation. Ann Morrison Park, 1000 Americana Blvd., newbelgium.com. THURSDAY AUG. 16 art RAW ARTISTS: RADIATE Boise artists will get RAW once again Thursday, Aug. 16, with Radiate, the next iteration of the RAW Artists visual arts series at the Powerhouse Event Center. RAW showcases local talent in a variety of media, including film, fashion, music, and visual and performance arts. Events occur monthly and feature different up-and-coming artists. Host Dylan Haas will present the evening's combination of music, dance and entertainment, including the short film Crawlspace by All Fools Productions. The inaugural RAW showcase in Boise took place May 17 and featured a catwalk for models to strut, Red Light burlesque, comedians and a host of attendees dressed to the nynes. This month's installment will feature the astounding acrobatic abilities of Ophidia Studio's pole artists, Native fashion design, hair styling by Lunatic Fringe Salon, visual art by Alexandria Claar, photography by Sour Bamboo Pictures and a whole bunch of other neat-o artists. Music by SXSW music fest veteran Muffalo, singer and guitarist Cassie Lewis and electronica beatmaker Mike "DJ Myko" Olivieri will round out the evening. Cocktail attire is requested and the event is for ages 18 and older. Alcohol will be available with ID. 8 p.m.-2 a.m., $10 adv., $15 door. Powerhouse Event Center, 621 S. 17th St., rawartists.org. FRIDAY AUG. 17 vino BASQUE MUSEUM AND CULTURAL CENTER'S WINEFEST Dealing with constant complaints from a spouse, cries of "we're bored" from out-of-school-for-the-summer children and stories of miserable dates from friends? Blow off some steam and trade the ever yday whine- fest for a winefest that only happens once a year--and is a lot more fun. The Basque Museum and Cultural Center will host the 15th installment of its annual Winefest fund-raising event Friday, Aug. 17, on the Basque Block. A slew of local wineries and distributors will pour tasters of domestic and imported varieties of adult grape drinks, and if you like what you taste--or have a few too many tasters and get the buzzed-buying itch-- bottles and cases will be available for purchase. Soak up the booze sloshing around in your gut with tapas from Basque Block restaurants, and then take part in the thrilling action of a live auction. Or, if competitive paddle raising isn't your bag, cruise by and bid on goodies during the silent auction. Entertainment will be provided by Basque event staples the Oinkari Basque Dancers. Proceeds from the event support the Basque Museum and Cultural Center's education and cultural programs. Tickets are available in advance (and at a discount) by calling the Basque Museum. 5:30-9:30 p.m., $27 adv., $30 day-of. Basque Block, 601 Grove St., 208343-2671, basquemuseum. com. SATURDAY AUG. 18 music PICNIC AT THE POPS Feel like soaking in some stellar philharmonic music but unhappy with the idea of spending a few hours in a dark theater when the sun is shining and a summer breeze is blowing? Well, that conundrum is solved, thanks to Boise Philharmonic's brand-spanking new Picnic at the Pops series, which will kick off Saturday, Aug. 18, at Eagle River Pavilion. The Picnic at the Pops series invites attendees to a more relaxed philharmonic WWW. B O I S E WE E KLY. C O M 20 | AUGUST 15�21, 2012 | BOISEweekly FIND LAU R IE PEAR M AN Kyle Kinane offers a little of the brighter side of the dark side. SUNDAY AUG. 19 Feel the urge to eat a corndog and then get on a spinning ride? You're in luck, the Western Idaho Fair is here. funny KYLE KINANE'S KEEP MISTAKIN' TOUR Comedian Kyle Kinane is a little dark. For starters, he's sure his alarm clock is heckling him. "When it flashes 8 a.m., it's like it's saying, "boo, boo, boo," he says. Then there was his job selling cake decorations, which left him with the impression that if he were hit by a bus and killed on his way home, the world might be a better place. Even his onstage gait is more like that classic street dance, the drunken hobo shuffle. Were he to ask you for change through the mic, you might offer it up. Why? Sure, he looks downtrodden and in need--like a serial killer on the Appalachian trail, as he puts it--but mostly because it's hysterical. Kinane has done appearances on Comedy Central Presents, The Very Funny Show and Last Call with Carson Daly, and is currently gigging everywhere from the West Coast to Ireland as part of his Keep Mistakin' Tour. He'll be in Boise for one night only with openers Ian Karmel from Portland, Ore., and Seattle comic Bryan Cook. Boise's own Olek Szewczyk will host. Kinane will headline, because as he puts it: "Every train wreck needs a caboose." Tickets can be purchased by telephone, or at Liquid or Solid. 8 p.m., $10. Liquid, 405 S. Eighth St., Ste. 110, 208-941-2459, liquidboise.com. GOT FIXED? MOBILE BIKE REPAIR After leaving his post as lead mechanic at Boise Bicycle Project, Andrew Little launched Got Fixed?, a new mobile bike repair service. But while we-come-to-you bike repair isn't new in the Treasure Valley, Little practices what he preaches--he trucks his tools around on two wheels. For more info on "I haven't owned a car in five Got Fixed?, call years," he said. 208-319-4708 Little has tricked out his personal steed with a trailer full of tools and painting supplies, even a special rig that allows him to pull up to three bikes behind his own. "If I'm carrying a full set of tools on my bike, it will weigh 80 pounds," Little said. "I've carried up to almost 200 pounds at one time. It's difficult to walk, but once you get up on the bike, it's easier to ride." Little offers bike painting, including pinstriping, alongside full-service bike repair and the occasional run to pick up a bike a tipsy customer left at a downtown venue. He said it's not uncommon for a group to call him to work on all of its bikes at once. In addition to affording him the opportunity to do what he loves, Little said his method is also practical. "It gives you advantages. Say somebody broke down on a trail up in the Foothills, you could go fix a bike up there. Your response time is generally faster than other people who are mobile," Little said. --Andrew Crisp FRIDAY AUG. 17 corndogs WESTERN IDAHO FAIR Certain things are required in order to enjoy a complete Treasure Valley summer: One must float the Boise River, attend some sort of outdoor musical performance, have a drink on a patio, and journey to Expo Idaho to witness the craziness that is the annual Western Idaho Fair. The event that brings about corn dogs, funnel cakes and the choicest people watching in the valley kicks off Friday, Aug. 17, and continues through Sunday, Aug. 26. Idahoans can flock to Garden City beginning at noon every day in search of tasty gut-bombs and carnival rides. The event will feature the 4-H and Future Farmers of America exhibitors who have become fair staples. Peruse the selection of raised-with-care livestock and blue-ribbon-winning produce, and then catch one of the unique competitions, such as the Iron Flower Arranger Design Competition, Kids' Pedal Tractor Pull, Lego Sumo Bot Challenger or Women's Skillet Toss. Per formances will include a battle of the bands, comedian/juggler Steve Russell, Knights of the Realm theatrical jousting show and canines catching Frisbees, in addition to myriad other acts. And of course, what would the fair be without an odd mash-up of headlining musicians? This year features Weird Al Yankovic, Chris Young, Creedence Clearwater Revisited, STYX and X-Factor finalist Chris Rene.