1st Issue of 10th National Selection Conference of EYP Georgia
TABLE OF CONTENTS Editorial Letter Newcomersâ€™ Guide to EYP Forewarned, Forearmed Win-Win? What You Seed is What You Get Test For The Willingness Divided We Fall Imagine, Establish, Accomplish How to Stay Safe Within our Borders Interview with the President Interview with the Head-Organisers Their Majesty - The Jury #BASES
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EDITORIAL LETTER Dear participant, Now you are reading the first issue provided by the Media Team of 10th National Selection Conference of EYP Georgia. We tried, to come up with the title that would suit the sessionâ€™s theme. The air, itself, resembles freedom and willingness for new opportunities. The air, which constantly changes its directions, cannot be tamed, as the spirit of every delegate here presented. The sole of every EYPer, filled with ambitions and challenges, always seeks for the highest point that is out of rich, reminds ferris wheel up in the air, which never seems to stop circling. That change of the atmosphere above keeps on growing the higher you go. Having eyes only for the blue skies, that is the spirit of EYP. Whenever you feel exhausted from the endless debates during the committee work or whenever you begin questioning the reasoning behind coming to the session and sacrificing so much of your free time, go over our issue as we want these next few pages to be a reminder of why you applied to an EYP session in the first place. In this newspaper covers every committee topic of the session and serves as an additional source of knowledge and inspiration for further discussions. Furthermore, it gives you a chance to learn something new about the session and European Youth Parliament, generally. Have a great session! Sincerely, Zura, Elene and Tamar. Journalists: Tato Garuchava Ana Kantaria Anastasia Koval Rusa Manveli Veronika Mchedlishvili David Robakidze Sopiko Tsertsvdze
NEWCOMERS' GUIDE TO EYP Being a newcomer, you may start over thinking the idea, that EYP is not the right for you, may creep in your mind. If you feel this way, you may want to go over these couple of questions to keep your EYP spirit up and alive: Do you… - Have strong interest in International Politics? - Care about Europe and its current political challenges? - Have a passion for discussing and debating? - Want to make an inspirational speech in front of the audience or maybe you want to overcome the fear of public speaking? - Want to make friends with students from all over Europe? - Enjoy working in a team and socialising with the people who share your interests? - Have an interest to debate in English, thus improve your language skills? - Love to party after a tedious academic work? If your answers are affirmative to these questions,, then EYP is a right place for you!
Welcome to the 10th National Selection Conference of EYP Georgia! Here are a few Dos and Dont’s that might come in handy at the session:. DO’s: - Speak English all the time - Listen to everybody - Try to be as active as you can - Listen all instructions given by the officials - Dress properly - Be a team player - Be nice to everyone - Watch your language - Be yourself - Enjoy! DO NOT’s: - Be late - Be arrogant - Make decisions independently - Judge anyone (we have a team of jury members for that) - Pressure your team members - Pressure yourself So, keep it professional both in terms of manner and attire and try to make the most of the session! Trust me. Using these tips you will make your EYP experience a success.
By Sopiko Tsertsvadze 4
FOREWARNED, FOREARMED Most of the women encounter problems concerning their sexuality at some point in their lives. Unfortunately, however, female sexuality is still deemed a taboo subject in today’s “ever progressing” society. One day, every young woman will have to make life-changing decisions about her sexual and reproductive health. Yet, research shows, that the majority of adolescents lack the knowledge required to make those decisions reasonably, leaving them vulnerable to coercion, sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Sexual education aims to provide children, teenagers and young adults with information about the protection of health and prevention of unwanted pregnancies. While sexual education is mandatory and enforced by law,the content and the quality of the sex-ed varies in different member states of the European Union. For instance, Nordic and Benelux countries are known for offering high-quality sexual education, while Eastern and Southern European States have deficient or nonexistent sexual education programs. Experts have stated in numerous studies and reports, that a flawed or insufficient sexual education leads to an increase in teenage pregnancy rate, a higher amount of people suffering from AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. According to Sexologists and Psychologists in Europe, sexual education is very essential part of child’s development and that is the very reason behind sexual education still remaining in curriculum. Switzerland serves a perfect example of a well-implemented sexual education at school, and thereby stands out with the world’s lowest rates of abortion and teen pregnancy. Teenagers in Sweden and the Netherlands, have easy access to contraceptives, confidential health care and comprehensive sex education,which enables them to make safe choices. Teenage pregnancy is often connected to economic and social issues, such as alcohol and drug misuse, not to mention, that across 13 Member States, women, who gave birth as teenagers, were twice as likely to be living in poverty, compared to those, who first gave birth, when they were over 20. In Europe, 30% of all pregnancies were terminated In 2015, according to the Department of Health statistics. The immediate consequence of abortion is the risk of damage to a woman’s reproductive organs and her future ability to have children. The hurtful consequences also include Post-Abortion Syndrome which may be emotional, physical, psychological, social, moral, or medical. It is our responsibility to provide the future generations with better living and the freedom of obtaining scientifically accurate, nonjudgmental information regarding safe sexual life. Every female is entitled to receive sexual education, so as to be given an opportunity to make conscious sexual decisions. Being forewarned means being forearmed.
By Veronika Mchedlishvili 5
WIN-WIN? 60 billion euros sound like a lot of money and I guess every reader, starting even from Bill Gates would be interested in getting it. Why not, right? Extra money is always wonderful. But what if I say that this money is not a big deal for trade between the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), because each day they trade goods and services worth 2 billion euros. No, it’s not a typing mistake and it is definitely happening every day. Of course it has some effect on the world’s GDP as well as they together account 47% of it. I’m still not done with big numbers, because impressively, 15 million jobs depend on this trade relationship. You are probably wondering why I started throwing all these numbers. Main story takes roots back in the year of 2011, when the EU together with the US decided that it would be beneficial for them to establish a trade agreement by tasking the Transatlantic Economic Council (TEC) to form a High Level Working Group on Jobs and Growth. The parties were launching negotiations throughout years and in February 2015, 8th round of them took place in Brussels. Both sides agreed on certain areas of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). But negotiations haven’t touched the matter of Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), allowing investors to use dispute settlement proceedings against a foreign government. This issue also raised concerns within EU residents. Mainly, they were addressing EU’s standards, which people thought can be under the danger of degradation. In 2014 European Commission uploaded a video, stating that all the worries were merely a “pure fantasy” and European Union strongly protects its citizens health, safety,employee rights, privacy, financial security and environment. The ISDS, the only chapter left out from negotiations,is a matter of considerable public concern. Keeping in mind, that numerous activists deem ISDS as great means for US companies to put frighteners on elected governments. US and European regulatory mechanisms are among the most advanced ones worldwide, yet they often differ. Finding the golden ratio between them means a lot of withdrawal from both sides and for the next negotiation round main question remains, how can they make sure to work effectively towards global cooperation?
By Tato Garuchava 6
WHAT YOU SEED IS WHAT YOU GET Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) vary from size to capacity for growth. Although every SME has a different style of development, organisational structure and freedom of independent action, they still face same problems during their stages of development. What are these phases and what is needed for SME to go to another level of development? The first step is the Pre-Seed phase, when there is a need to find the funder, family, or friends. This is the first institutional capital into a company, whose product is mid-built or just launched. The ones, who survive this stage, move to the following step. The second,Seed, and third,Start-up, are phases, where the SME should find a business angel, a wealthy individual, but not an institution, who invests his/her personal capital in the start-up company. The most common expectation of a business angel is to get a return on their investment of 2 to 40 times their investment within three to eight years. This may mean, that the business angel will want to have a place in the board of the company. However, some still want to become sleeping partners and simply provide the company with the capital. The fourth phase, Early Growth is for searching for the venture capital. This is a very important source of funding for startups, which do not have access to capital markets. Even though thereâ€™s a high risk of not getting any advantage in funding the company, it typically results in having impressive returns, a portion of equity, and influence on the companyâ€™s future development. The fifth,Sustained Growth step, considered as very important step, is said to be, when the company exits Initial Public Offering (IPO) or Trade sale etc. The IPO is the first sale of stock by the private company to the public. IPOs are issued by smaller, younger companies that are seeking to expand the capital. But sometimes IPOs are also used by larger companies, who are willing to become publicly traded. The issuer has priority to define the best offering price and the time of bringing the company on the market. The risk is the highest on the first two stages, where the company starter cannot give any insurance to the business angel. But even after the success of the company, the founder thinks that there is no long-term potential he/she can leave the company with x% more than the first investment, for instance, if the first investment was 100k and the Return on Investment (ROI) was 50%, the investor leaves with 150k. So the path from the start-up to the wanted company on the market is very long, but before these development stages come on the way company starter should make sure, that he/she has an ambitious management team that can achieve the growth, unique selling point, and way back. This path is risky and unstable. However, reaching the top of it gives the ability to the company owners to start fighting in a whole new league.
By Rusa Manveli 7
TEST FOR THE WILLINGNESS
WHAT ARE THE RISKS FOR THE EAP COUNTRIES? While it is almost impossible that Azerbaijan, Belarus and Armenia will sign the Association Agreement (AA) and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) with the European Union (EU), Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine have effectively used the chance given by the Eastern Partnership (EaP). This clear split means the end of an illusion that the EU can pursue the same policy for all six countries with the same, positive attitude. Obviously, it would be an unforgivable mistake for the three countries that have signed the AAs and the DCFTAs to stop at the halfway point between a post-Soviet corrupt state and a mature democracy with the rule of law. The decision to go towards the EU was an extremely difficult and a painful one, especially in the case of Ukraine, however, there are still a lot of challenges to overcome: · The implementation of the AA and the DCFTA. It is clear, that to take a decision is not enough to make it work, however, successful implementation would mean de facto candidate status for the associated countries in their efforts to join the EU. · Overcoming the supporters of the status quo, who are still very influential and powerful within the political forces, declaring to be pro-European. Unfortunately, it seems that there is not a critical mass amongst the political elite in these three countries, especially in Ukraine and Moldova, to undertake genuine reforms. · A genuine anti-corruption policy. It looks like the reform of the judicial system will be an extremely painful and complicated process, because the highly-corrupt judiciary should, frankly speaking, be rebuilt from scratch. · The risk of the radicalisation of society, due to a lack of sufficient reforms implemented by authorities, who have declared their pro-European stance, will increase. Moldova and Ukraine (with the so-called Maidan 3.0, the next protest) are especially at risk. · It cannot be ruled out that the authorities of the three associated countries will try to control the media more rigorously and influence different civil society groups, including watchdog-type organisations. · A rise in anti-liberal, anti-European sentiments and views in some parts of society, especially in Georgia and Moldova, is likely to happen. These people may support so-called traditional values, frequently mentioned by the orthodox church,especially in Georgia, but also in Moldova, which is firmly against liberal values. These anti-liberal and anti-European sentiments are supported and sometimes even provoked by Russia, using its soft power. · Russia is still one of the most influential players on this stage considering its aggression in Ukraine and the various actions taken against Georgia and Moldova. Russian authorities are ready to undertake all possible efforts to prevent even the partial integration of the EaP countries with the EU, and the West as a whole. EU relations with the EaP countries do not exist in vacuum and there still are too many crucial factors, which shape those relationships. The question remains open: how far can Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine go towards the European Union, with their current realities taken into account.
By Anastasia Koval 8
DIVIDED WE FALL Every day, all over the world people make the most difficult decision of their lives and leave their homes in search of a better life. Throughout the history, migration has become a part of life. The reasons why people migrate are often complex. So many people leave their country to escape human rights abuse, such as torture, persecution, armed conflict, extreme poverty, and even death. Refugees and asylum seekers have become one of the greatest issues for the whole world. The following issue has touched European Union (EU) member states as well. Traditionally, each EU member state would build its own policies regarding these sensitive areas. Today, however, with the removal of internal border control in place, refugees and asylum seekers concern the EU on whole. Thereby, cooperations between the member states are in order, to further develop EU frameworks, including legally binding documents, such as Common European Asylum System. How should the EU progress towards better living conditions for asylum seekers and address fair burden-sharing amongst member states? The EU has been working on the granting fair and equal treatment to asylum seekers across the Union. For 2007-2013 the EU established four different funds, to support the internal dimension of this policy area financially. Under the umbrella of a programme on solidarity and management of migration flows (SOLID), their resources amounted 4 billion euros. Examining the European Refugee Fund and the Integration Fund, the European Court of Auditors noted that most audited projects promised a positive outcome, but highlighted a number of weaknesses to be addressed. Therefore, European Union still requires progress towards asylum seekersâ€™ conditions as well as new regulations on fair burden-sharing among member states. For 2014-2020 European Commission has proposed to simplify funding programmes in this area. The European Parliament and the Council of EU have agreed to establish an asylum, migration and integration fund and an international Security Fund with a specific instrument for external borders, whilst liberalising visa-granting process.. The European Union can claim to be a leading donor when it comes to migration and development and will continue to provide substantial support in the years to come. The EU has committed almost 1 billion euros to more than 400 projects focused on migration. The majority of these projects have focused on improving migration management in partner countries, which will remain a priority in the future. However, the EU Member States do not seem to be well prepared for the massive influx of asylum seekers. Instead of coming together and act as a united front before the common problem, they have become more divided. Some countries refused to accept refugees leaving the burden of managing the situation to bordering states. Individual states will hardly be able to solve the problem on their own, thus the more intense European cooperation is of a high importance. And it is the first minute problem for the EU to decide on how it will further cope with the illegal immigration, resettle and relocate asylum seekers between the Member States as well as guarantee the rights and freedoms of refugees and migrants to be secured.
By Sopiko Tsertsvadze 9
IMAGINE, ESTABLISH, ACCOMPLISH What does the word ‘’development’’ mean to you? How do you imagine life in a developed, groundbreaking country? For some people, development is associated with a high education standards, for others, with the number of zeros on the prices of cars that drive around the given country/city. Imagine living in a country that literally has everything: educational institutions with an international recognition, satisfactory health insurance… Imagine a heavenly place, completely spared from terrible accidents, a place that is entirely based on peace and nothing but peace. A place where a mother can take her children to school and rest assured, that in a couple of years, the educational system will turn their offspring into successful and responsible adults. Now, picture the pain that the citizens of the less developed countries may feel. Imagine the fear they feel when taking their children to school and not knowing if they can even make it home safe.. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations. Its Goals are set to expire in 2015, thereby, never before has a combination of global goals motivated the world to fight poverty, autoimmune disease and hunger by the end of the year. The Millennium Development Goals by 2015 included achieving universal primary education,promoting gender equality, reducing child mortality,improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensuring environmental sustainability, and developing a global partnership for development. Some say that the less developed countries need to be integrated with general EU standards as soon as possible. They need to mobilise and identify their problems, thus work out specific solutions. But what do you think? What should European Union’s (EU) next step be in ensuring, that the less developed countries are supported on their way to a thriving future, with significantly higher levels of development. Everybody agrees that EU needs to eliminate hunger and extreme poverty, reduce the number of child mortality, and ensure environmental sustainability. But the question is: how? The answer to this exact question is going to be debated and judged over and over again in the next couple of days, The main issues that need urgent solving are right in front of us, as are the solutions to them, we just need to open our eyes and think, and come up with the best strategy, if we truly feel the need to help. Over to you, now, do you truly feel that all of the set goals are achieved? Or do you think that there’s more to be done? The three following days are at your disposal until you identify every single problem and come up with all the necessary solutions. So think, get into those heated debates and remember, every single solution you think of, revolving around this topic, is going to help someone who’s now in need of your help.
By Ana Kantaria 10
SOFT VS HARD
HOW TO STAY SAFE WITHIN OUR BORDERS
In a rapidly changing world, the European Union (EU) faces security challenges both in its neighbourhood and further afield. The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) enables the Union to take a leading role in peacekeeping operations, conflict prevention and strengthening of the international security. It is an integral part of the EU’s comprehensive approach towards crisis management, drawing on civilian and military assets. Since 2003, the EU has launched some 30 peace missions, as well as operations contributing to stabilisation and security in Europe and beyond. In a time of limited resources, Europe also needs to do better with less resources. The CSDP allows EU Member States to pool their resources and build stronger defence capabilities in order to act rapidly and effectively. The problem with which the committee on Security and Defence has been presented, consists mainly of elaboration on the CSDP values for EU, how those values can affect EU’s position, and preserve its border security. At this point, with regards to hard and soft power comparisons, United States (USA) seems to be hard power incarnate and Europe the embodiment of soft power. USA has military capabilities second to none. It is not just that the US defence budget is equal to the sum of the defence budgets of the majority of EU member countries since it grows all the time, nor that its supplementary estimates often turn out to be greater than the total defence expenditure of some of its more capable partners. The sum of defence expenditure is always greater than its parts economies of scale and the ability to focus resources mean that the United States possesses military assets that others cannot dream of. The military world divides neatly into two classes: the USA and everyone else. The gap between the two is growing. By contrast, Europe has been seen as a civilian power. The European Union has no army, although this is one of the areas, where unity would bring obvious increase in efficiency. Its relationships are often in the form of “contractual agreements”itself a revealing phrase. It seems a model of soft power, as America is of hard power. However, these concepts require a closer look: neither hard power, nor soft power is so straightforward, as it seems at first glance. Moreover, despite many perplexing definitions, it is still evident by today’s problems, that installment of hard power, is more likely to succeed. EU has been facing lots of border issues in recent months. Tension has been growing between European Union and its neighbors, military conflicts have been rising, and so has been the terrorism threat. It is a major quandary and an inevitable problem to solve-does or does not EU need to turn to a more US style of hard power, and therefore, establish stricter regulations on things such as border control and military acts.
By David Robakidze 11
DARE TO BE THE WAY YOU HAVE NEV
AND MORE SIGNIFICANTLY, DARE TO FALL IN LO Ms. Ia Tserodze is presiding 10th National Selection Conference of EYP Georgia. Her enthusiasm, knowledge and joy of doing work, have made EYP Georgia even more colorful and bright. Due to her hard work, there is no doubt, why she is the president of this particular session. I would like to share, short, but yet very enjoyable interview with the president of the session, in order for all of us, to get to know her better. -MS. IA, HOW DID YOU DISCOVER EYP? - I discovered EYP, when I was a clueless fifteen-year-old, roaming the halls of a high school in Tbilisi. I remember, walking into my first ever interview, not knowing what to say. The minute the interviewer asked me to tell them something about myself, I froze! But then, I took a deep breath and, pretty much, have not stopped talking ever since. -WHAT WAS YOUR FIRST IMPRESSION? - My first impression was pure adrenaline rush! I had never been this challenged before, but I was, for sure, ready to throw myself into uncomfortable situations, as many times, as I would be given the opportunity to. Soon, afterwards, those puzzling scenarios were turned into my all-time favorite occasions. -WHAT WOULD YOU SUGGEST TO NEWCOMERS? - Dare to be the way, you have never yet been. And more significantly, dare to fall in love with that version of yourself. -WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE ROLE YOU HAVE HELD IN EYP? I believe, I have discovered myself best, as a Chairperson. However, serving as the President every now and then doesnâ€™t hurt! (laughs) -WHAT ARE YOUR EXPECTATIONS FROM THE SESSION? I want it to be a colorful roller-coaster! I want it to be one of the many adventures the participants will set to embark on! - IS THERE ANYTHING YOU WOULD LIKE TO ADD? I really hope, that the future President of a Georgian National Selection Conference, be it the one in five years time, is reading this interview right now and if he/she really is, then there is only one thing I could tell you: I was just as nervous, as you, probably, are right now. But, in case you really are scared and anxious, appreciate the feeling, because this is one of the very few moments in life, when your passion burns so strong that it lets you be afraid. Cherish every string of the feeling and please, pass it on.
By Rusa Manveli 12
VER YET BEEN.
OVE WITH THAT VERSION OF YOURSELF Not everyone can have an honor to brag about being a Head-Organiser and not everybody knows what it is like to be one. It takes a lot of bravery, time and energy to create the session out of nothing, and I am sure looking back at all sleepless nights and anxious moments, this two special people will be proud of the special moments they gifted all of us. This two aspirators to the perfection are Ms. Elene Minashvili and Mr. Amil Karaev who finally found few seconds in their tight schedule to chat and to answer some of our questions: IT’S YOUR FIRST TIME HEAD-ORGANISING THE SESSION ARE YOU EXCITED? WHAT ARE YOUR EXPECTATIONS? Amil - I’m super excited about it and i hope it will meet everyone’s expectations and hard work of the whole Organising Team will be evaluated. Elene - I’m more than excited, but also nervous, we live in Georgia, anything can happen. I know it will be memorable and challenging, it already is. I hope to see some of my organisers as Head-Organisers in the future. WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO HAVE A FERRIS WHEEL AS A SESSION LOGO? Elene - We wanted to choose something that represents Tbilisi, and there’s a big ferris wheel in Mtatsminda Park, on the mountain that every Georgian knows. Plus it looked cool and represents number “10”. WHY RED? Elene - It’s deep red, crimson, my favorite color so obviously that was my choice instantly; Amil agreed. WHAT IS YOUR GUILTIEST PLEASURE? Elene - Late night sweets and karaoke-dance-parties when I’m alone. Amil - I watch Georgian TV show called my wife’s best friends. WHAT SUPERPOWER DO YOU WANT TO HAVE? Amil - teleportation and reading people’s minds. Elene - Mind control. IF YOU HAD MILLION DOLLARS TO SPEND ON THE SESSION WHAT WOULD IT BE LIKE? Elene - We would invite a lot of foreigner officials and reimburse all of their travel expenses, also the session would have a fancy hotel and a huge party in the end. Amil - Absolutely insane gigantic party in Luxury hotel with limousines, fancy dresses, Victoria Secret models, Red carpet, paparazzis. It would be a dream come true.
By Veronika Mchedlishvili 13
THEIR MAJESTY THE JURY
We all know what they are here for. We’ve heard about them. Each and every one of the delegates, inherently, knows who they are facing. But this sounds way too obscure to define these people and what they are here for. Who we are really talking about here, are the same kind of people, with whom you’d want to attend a halloween party, comic-con, or just go hang out with. The members of the jury are like all of us. Sure, they have a huge task and responsibility in front of them, but at the end of the day, they also unwind like normal people do. What exactly is the role of the jury team at the NSC? Well, the answer can be both, very simple and straightforward, and very complicated and ambiguous. So let’s keep it simple, ambiguous and exciting. The jury is here to select those individuals, who are not just outstanding delegates for their academic backgrounds, but also are very driven and authentic. I got lucky enough to ask some of the members of jury a couple of questions, about the types of delegates they want to see. ‘’There is not a single perfect delegate, but looking back at my past experiences in EYP, I think, the most impressive delegates have been those, that are authentic. At some point, it becomes obvious, if a delegates puts on an act to impress the jury.’’ This is what Lukas Rosenkranz had to say about his way of seeing a perfect delegate. ‘’Drive and common sense - in many senses this is oversimplifying the complex criteria with which we will be assessing the delegates overall performance, But for me these are the main two pillars that are essential not only for delegates of International Sessions but any good EYP-er.’’ So said the only female member of jury, Nia Chigogidze. Truth is, Jury members have a humongous responsibility on them. But despite such tasks, they are not here to intimidate delegates and make them appear fakely impressive. These talented people are here to help bring the best out of delegates, and to choose the best qualities for the upcoming International Sessions which loom large on the horizon.
By David Robakidze 14
#BASES National Committees (NCs) in European Youth Parliament (EYP) are responsible to organise multiple activities throughout each year and often core problem they are facing is to find a financial support. This year the National Committee of European Youth Parliament Georgia was supported by the BASES project, which stands for “Building a Strong European Society”. It is one of the biggest projects in EYP, focusing on development of NCs in Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries except Moldova, which is not a member of one of the biggest youth platforms in Europe. It all started when German Federal Foreign Office approached Schwarzkopf foundation and EYP with interest in supporting youth organisation, civil citizenship and EaP countries. And they thought that Schwarzkopf would be an excellent partner for that. International Office approved their proposal and after one year of partnership they continued cooperation. Monika Seidel, project manager of International Office currently takes care of the BASES project. She tries to attend at least one event in each EaP country. She visited Georgia twice this year and attended the 9th National Selection Conference and the 6th International Forum. “We asked these countries to have ideas that we would like to put in our project. We are working with the NCs to develop and to put together a strategy how to make their dream come true,” says Monika. EYP is getting more accessible for people who couldn’t take participation due to the economic situations in their countries. It mainly focuses on boosting inter-cultural dialogue between European countries and BASES is a big step towards achieving it.
By Tato Garuchava 15