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THURSDAY 10 April | 2014 | 09 Jamadi-Ul-Thani 1435 AH | PAGES 12 |

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Unhappy over poor performance

Kishtwar, Apr 9 (KNS): Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad today paid rich tributes to his friend and senior Congress leader Thakur Jughal Bhandari who died last month due to cardiac arrest. According to a statement issued to KNS, Azad who toady visited the house of deceased leader said that his late friend Thakur Jughal Bhandari always played an important role in maintaining peace and communal harmony in the area. He termed the deceased as symbol of secularism who always prefer to stand against the decisive forces throughout See Azad On Page 11..

Taj addresses election rally in Uri Srinagar, Apr 9 : Minister of Health and Medical Education Taj Mohiuddin addressed an election rally at Chandanwari Uri Today. He was accompanied by Mir Mushtaq Nowsherry District President Baramulla and others. According to a statement issued to KNS, speaking on the occasion Taj Mohiuddin told the Congress Party activists to vote and support Coalition Candidates (NC) and ensure their victory. He told the workers they all have to abide by the directive of the Party High Command and work hard for ensuring the victory of Coalition Candidates. Taj Mohiuddin explained to the gathering in detail that the manifesto issued by the BJP, long last, was nothing short of spreading falsehood. Giving an example of the falsehood of BJP, See Taj On Page 11..

Inside story Modi is being projected as a magician: Sonia KOLAR, KARNATAKA: Training her guns on BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, Congress president Sonia Gandhi on Wednesday charged that he was being projected with his “true face” hidden behind a mask and as a “magician” who could cure all ills of the country. Without naming Modi, Gandhi also made a stinging attack on the Gujarat model of development being touted

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On Edit Page Public Libraries- Store Home of knowledge Public libraries are store home of knowledge as books are the best source of enlightment and are genuine friends of hu-man beings. Before the advent of television services in the coun-try people would either listen to radio not only for entertainment but for seeking information and knowledge on various issues. The motto of All India Radio was enter-tainment and information. People would tune to Radio with great en-thusiasm and radio news and spe-cial audience programmes would charm listen-

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WEATHER FORECAST FOR NEXT 24 HRS: Light Rain/Snow would occur at a few places over the state.

FORECAST OF SRINAGAR:

Partly cloudy sky. Maximum & Minimum temperatures will be around 15°C & 04°C respectively.

C TEMPERATURE M MAXIMUM Y MINIMUM K

SUNSET ON(THURSDAY) SUNRISE ON (FRIDAY)

19.50C 6.2 0C 06:58PM 06:08 AM

Jus

tice

Largely Circulated, No. 1 Bilingual Daily of J&K

Arrangements for Baisakhi festival finalized

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Azad pays tributes to Bhandari

VOL NO: 4 | ISSUE NO: 99 | RS: 2/- (AIR SURCHARGE FOR JAMMU /DELHI/LEH 50 Paisa)

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Not to marry Ranbir PG 06

PG 10

Stinking garbage dumps, dirty drains, depleted lanes and water logged areas Proud SMC shouts, “Clean Srinagar, Green Srinagar SMC de-seals 41 ‘illegal’ structures in Srinagar Srinagar, Apr 9 : In pursuance to the moratorium put by the state government on demolition of illegal structures in Summer capital of the state and in compliance to the High Court orders, the Srinagar Municipal Corporation (SMC) on Wednesday issued orders of de-sealing of 41 structures presently under custody of Joint Commissioner Planning, chief enforcement officers and the concerned police stations. The order bearing number SMC/ Enf/692-741 dated April 7, 2014 has been issued by the Commissioner SMC Dr G N Qasba wherein 41 sealed structures have been de-sealed till March 31, 2015 or till the government formulates a policy See SMC On Page 11..

From our special correspondent Srinagar, April 09: Obnoxious smell from stinking garbage dumps, broken drains flooded with human waste, deadly manholes, depleted lanes and by lanes, stagnated waterlogged areas with every ingredient to spread deadly disease is what is

Omar addresses public meeting at Ramsoo Says Parliamentary polls direct contest between secular, communal forces Ramsoo-Ramban, Apr 9: Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah, who is also the Working President of National Conference, Wednesday said that current Parliamentary elections have placed India on a crucial crossroad where the people of the country have to decide between the two ideologies of communal divide, represented by BJP and its Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, and the inclusiveness and harmony, symbolized by Rahul Gandhi. According to a statement issued to KNS, while addressing a mammoth election rally at Ramsoo and various welcome rallies at Tikri, Udhampur, Chenani, Batote and Chanderkote en-

route, the Chief Minister said that every vote in favour of NC-Congress candidates in the State will strengthen the roots of communal amity, brotherhood and ensure equal opportunities of growth and development for all sections of the society, irrespective of any consideration of religion, region, caste or colour. Omar Abdullah said that BJP is polarizing the society to nurture its ideology of dividing the society for vote bank politics. He said Jammu and Kashmir is ‘Miniature India’ where people of different sections of the society and various shades of faith co-exist in an environment of love and brotherhood since See Omar On Page 11..

Mirwaiz’s letter a big step forward: Mufti 'Common approach to resolution emerging' Srinagar, Apr 9: People's Democratic Party (PDP) patron Mufti Mohammad Sayeed has said a common approach was emerging to the resolution of Kashmir issue which could prove vital to the efforts at ending the 67 year long conflict. Welcoming the initiative taken by the Mirwaiz Umar Farooq to address the people of India in an open letter published in media, Mufti said it could prove a big step forward which has the potential of being the basis of a major political initiative. In a brief chat with media here today on the occasion of PDP Lok Sabha candidate Tariq Hameed Karra's filing of nomination papers Mufti said his party endorses and supports the sentiment and the substance of the Mirwaiz’s letter, which can prove to be a historic document if responded appropriately by the national level leadership. Mufti said PDP believes that peace and resolution process based on dialogue will have to be inclusive of all political formations, including the Hur-

riyat. “Our manifesto states that involving Hurriyat will increase the legitimacy of the resolution process and widen its acceptability”, he said. The PDP patron said that he was very happy to see that the position of the Hurriyat and the proposals that have been

the performance card of SMC which mans the Srinagar City declared as one of the dirtiest cities of the country. Srinagar city offers everything but civic amenities to its dwellers. The Srinagar Municipal Corporation which was once considered to be amongst the best has gone from bad to worse during last three to four years as the people at the

helm of affairs have no time to attend to its problems as they consume most of their time in the service of their masters on whose backing they get plumb postings, despite the fact that they are facing severe corruption charges and one of them is serving on a court stay as the state See Proud On Page 11..

Jammu goes for polls today Srinagar, Apr 9 : A day before Meanwhile, police and other the Lok Sabha polls are sched- security forces on Wednesday uled to be held in Jammu Par- launched a massive search opliamentary constituency the eration in Rajouri town and area, the director General of other places of the district to Police on Wednesday said that prevent an untoward incident despite a considerable level of on the day of polling in the improvement in security situ- Jammu Lok Sabah constituenation, the security forces does cy. not want to take any chances Sources told KNS that the secuthis time. rity has been Police sources beefed up in told KNS that the Security beefed up the entire relevel of threat gion particufrom the militants is similar to larly with massive search operthat was in 2008 general elec- ations launched by the security tions but the police and other forces in Rajouri area. With security agencies have taken barricades kept at several placcertain measures to make fool- es in the area, the vehicles were proof security arrangements thoroughly checked throughthis time. out the day. Also security was He said: “We have a coordina- increased in various towns in tion committee of various se- Jammu region. Reports maincurity agencies who take deci- tained that security was raised sions on deployment of forces. on Rajouri-Jammu and RaBut one thing is sure that we do jouri-Poonch highways and not want to take any chances the vehicles are being checked this time.” thoroughly. (KNS)

Rs 22, 25,000 is being spend on sterilization of stray dogs 5000 stray dogs to be treated in first phase

Srinagar, Apr 9 : Just to give some relief to people from alarming number of stray dogs in Srinagar city, the state government has decided to spend fifty per cent of Rs 22, 25,000 on the sterilization process. According to the KNS correspondent, the process of sterilization will start by April 14 with the authorities to target 5000 stray dogs in the first phase.

The reports informed that after a gap of eight months, the process will be restarted in the Srinagar city. The cost of the sterilization per dog is estimated to be Rs 445. Veterinary officer Dr Javed Iqbal told KNS over phone that the process of sterilization of the stray dogs will be kick started on April 14 and that all the necessary arrangements for the same have been completed. He said that the state government See Dogs On Page 11..

Accompanied by PDP patron, Tariq Qarra files nomination Srinagar, Apr 9: Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) senior leader and former finance minister Tariq Hamid Qarra on Wednesday filed nomination papers from Srinagar Lok Sabha seat scheduled to go for polls on April 30. According to KNS correspondent, Qarra was accompanied by PDP patron and former chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed to the office deputy commissioner Srinagar who is also the Returning officer for the Srinagar Parliamentary constituency. Mufti while talking to reporters on the sidelines of event said his party candidates if elected will vehemently raise the issues of public importance particularly See Tariq On Page 11..

BJP's manifesto has made Modi's intentions about J&K clear: Kamal Srinagar, Apr 9 : National Conference Additional General Secretary, Dr. Sheikh Mustafa Kamal has said that National Conference is a people's movement that emerged 83 years ago when it stood up to fight against autocracy and feudalism. National Conference has rendered innumerable sacrifices to bring about a socio-political and economic change in J&K including the historic agrarian reforms heralded by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. According to a statement issued to KNS, Dr. Kamal said that National See Kamal On Page 11..

PDP creation of forces inimical to State’s unique character: Sagar

made are very similar to that discussed in PDP’s manifesto for the parliamentary elections that was released last month. Pertinently, in the letter Mirwaiz has suggested that, “The good intentions of your prime ministers aside, we regret that the peace initiatives See Mufti On Page 11..

Srinagar, Apr 9: Maintaining that the PDP was created to scuttle the Autonomy resolution passed by the state assembly for making the state more autonomous and self reliant, , Minister for Rural Development Ali Mohammad Sagar today said they are a creation of the forces inimical to unique character of the state and its Autonomy and now the party is trying to mislead the people by spreading false propaganda for their ulterior motives.

According to a statement issued to KNS, Sagar was addressing a huge gathering at Pampore, today. Senior leaders of National Conference, District President, G.N.Niloora Panch/ Sarpanchs and other prominent persons from different fields of life present on the occasion. While referring to the role of PDP in scuttling the Autonomy Resolution, Sagar said that the forces which are inimical to the unique nature of the

state created this party for trading the interests of the state as the leaders of this particular party have always been involved in conspiracies to tarnish the special status of the state and have even tried to dilute it. He said now they are trying to project themselves as well wishers of the state which speaks a lot about their dubious character and double speak.“The people of the state are well aware See Sagar On Page 11..

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Srinagar, Thursday 10 April 2014

FROM THE FRONT PAGE

SMC whichever is earlier.Pertinently, on February 25 this year the Legislative Assembly passed a law to put moratorium on demolition of illegal structures which have come up in Srinagar, Jammu and Katra in violation of master plans. According to KNS correspondent, under the Act-J&K Civic Laws (Special Provision) Act 2014 - a High Power Committee will prepare a roadmap for regularizing the unauthorized structures, both residential and commercial, against a penalty. In defense of this controversial law, the Government had said the “issues involved were many and highly complex and the magnitude of the problem was too huge to be solved through sealing/demolition/forcible action alone though it admitted that a large number of residential/commercial buildings had come up illegally in violation of master plans. Last year in October under High Court directions, the SMC had sealed 19 out of 45 identified ‘illegal’ structures in Srinagar city. She said the illegal structures at Jawahar Nagar had become a nuisance for the general public and the same were sealed with the help of police in presence of the executive magistrate. Pertinently, on September 30, 2013 a division bench of J&K High Court comprising Chief Justice M M Kumar and Justice Ali Muhammad Magrey asked SMC to seal as many as 45 illegal structures within the City that have come up, over the years, in violation of the Srinagar Master Plan. The Court had directed the Corporation to swing into action and take appropriate steps for sealing buildings belonging to any violators as per the show-cause notices and the demolition orders passed (by the Corporation) on March 16, 2009 or thereafter. Pertinently, an official panel on Master Plan violations constituted by the state government in 2010 has identified around 2500 illegal structures in and around the Srinagar city falling in SMC and SDA local areas. (KNS)

Proud Accountability Commission has recommended his ouster. God alone knows for how long the people of this city will be left to the mercy of the God. One can imagine the fate of this city that gets marooned by just some hours of rainfall and there are areas, like Mehjoor Nagar, Shivpora, India Nagar, Bemina and even Civil Lines area which remain reeling under rain waters for several days. There are countless areas which face the water logging problem and when the rain waters get mixed with the drains full of human waste due to faulty drainage system it becomes almost impossible for people to walk around. However, the masters of Srinagar Municipal Corporation without getting ashamed of their performance continue to publicize the things which are hardly seen on the ground level. For example, during the last snow and rainfall, the corporation claimed to have dewatered almost 100% of Srinagar’s water logged areas but on the ground level the claims were rubbished by the residents of several areas. Similarly, people even staged protests in some areas but of no avail as the authorities of SMC hardly bother about public problems and their settlements. They always remain busy with VIPs who tour different areas so that their faces are seen on the TV Screens. They have no vision nor sincerity, so dedication and no interest to mitigate the problems of the people. The depleted lanes and by lanes, the condition of drains, open manholes and the garbage dumps seen everywhere speak volumes of their performance. The corporation needs a complete overhauling and in the present dispensation one cannot expect it as nobody in the government has time to spend to evaluate the performance of Srinagar Municipal Corporation. The illegal constructions and the erosion of construction rules, the mismanagement of its resources and work force and the unending permissions of constructions on encroached government land and its regularization still continues unabated. On one side the govt went all out to provide relief to those hundreds of violators who had illegally erected several buildings, shopping malls and commercial structures and almost legalizing their actions and on the other side, the influential people are ruling the roost through corrupt officials in SMC to get their illegal plans through. The Govt went for a hasty legislation which was not meant to protect the public interests but to make the decision of the Hon’ble High Court Resident which had directed for sealing of all illegal constructions which had been erected with the convince of corrupt officials of SMC. This decision in no way helped the cause of the people but only served the interested of a particular group of influential people. Though this legislation will have to face the test of the law still it has proved as a big relief for those who violated all the rules and who helped them in this violation The present situation in the city is really grim and several areas where the rain waters are logged have already started becoming a breeding place for mosquitoes which can spread malaria like diseases. Some people fed up with the false assurances of SMC have hired private pumps and are trying their best to drain out the rain waters. There are no arrangements for at least some anti-virus sprays so that the spread of potential viral diseases like malaria and other water borne diseases is avoided. Despite this dismal performance and pathetic condition of those areas who are still water logged and despite the sticking garbage dumps seen everywhere in the city, the Srinagar Municipal Corporation proudly says clean Srinagar, Green Srinagar.

Omar centuries. “BJP, like always, is bent upon wedging apart the people and divide them to grab power”, he said and maintained that people of Jammu and Kashmir are wise enough to read between the lines and vote in large numbers in favour of NC-Congress candidates. “This is all the more necessary for Jammu and Kashmir to preserve its rich pluralistic ethos, communal harmony and ensure equitable and holistic development in an atmosphere of inclusiveness and justice”,

Zabarwan Times Omar Abdullah said asking for wholehearted support in favour of NC-Congress candidate from Udhampur-Doda Parliamentary Constituency, Ghulam Nabi Azad, describing him a real friend of the people and torchbearer of secular democratic credentials of the State and the country. Omar Abdullah said that a person like Mr. Modi who has not shown a courtesy to apologise or even regret for the killings of innocents in Gujarat and is a culprit in the eyes of public so far as Gujarat riots are concerned cannot suit to be the Prime Minister of a great country like India, which is abode of pluralistic ethos. “As against this, Rahul Gandhi symbolizes the unity and brotherhood of India and is champion of inclusiveness and communal harmony. He possesses unblemished characteristic and is true friend of the Country and its people. In Rahul Gandhi Jammu and Kashmir has also found its sincere and trusty friend who has always came forward to help the State to come out of difficulties and he is determined to continue this trait”, Omar Abdullah said and added that Rahul Gandhi will be the right choice for Prime Ministership of the Country. He asked the people to vote in favour of Mr. Azad as it will pave the way to make Rahul Gandhi Prime Minister of the Country. The Working President National Conference said that PDP like parties are fighting the Election just to provide tactical support to Narendra Modi and BJP by attempting to divide the voters. He said despite knowing its fate in the Elections, PDP has fielded its candidates for helping Narendra Modi to exhibit its friendship and loyalty with the BJP. He asked the people to understand this nexus and foil the conspiracy hatched by the PDP and BJP to divide the society for political gains. Omar Abdullah said that tactful fielding of candidates in Jammu-Poonch and Udhampur-Doda Parliamentary Constituencies by the PDP to attempt at dividing votes and help communal forces unveils the clandestine liaison and friendship between BJP and PDP about which Narendra Modi has openly said that he has found new friends (PDP leadership) in Jammu and Kashmir to help him in his mission. The Working President National Conference said that Pen-Inkpot Party can stoop low to any extent and trade every interest of the State and its people for being in limelight not to talk of power. He said this was the party which opposed tooth and nail the historic decision of Ghulam Nabi Azad regarding creation of eight new districts in the State. “PDP leadership tried their best to browbeat Mr. Azad on this count and threatened to topple the government”, he said and elaborated that Mr. Azad did not succumbed to their pressure and exhibited his people-friendly and historic gesture. Omar Abdullah said that PDP also could not digest yet another decision taken by NC-Congress coalition government in the State to create more than 650 administrative units and tried its best to mislead people about this extra-ordinary measure. He said fooling people and flaring up emotions on different issues and polarizing situation to get political benefits is the trait of both the BJP and the PDP. He said the fact of the matter is that PDP in the State acts as a State Unit of BJP as is evident by its acts to help Mr. Modi and attempt at dividing voters in the State. Omar Abdullah said that Ghulam Nabi Azad as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir and as the Union Minister has shown his capacity and keenness to bring about revolutionary changes in the development scenario and remained always at the beck and call of people in the hour of need. He said Mr. Azad’s victory in the election will be the victory of common masses and that of the State as a whole. “Azad is the right person to highlight the issues of Jammu and Kashmir and help the people particularly living in backward pockets for development and socio-economic welfare”, he said and listed the measures Azad has taken in various capacities to benefit Jammu and Kashmir and its people. Omar Abdullah referred to the all round development that has taken place in the State during last five years and mentioned the unprecedented help provided by Mr. Azad in upgrading the health sector in particular and strengthening other social sectors in general in the State. He said no one can compete with the competence, sincerity, honesty and keenness of Mr. Azad to deliver for the good of the Country and the State. Omar Abdullah cautioned the people against the elements bent upon to disturb the State’s communal harmony and create divide between various sections of people. He asked them to be united to defeat such attempts by politicians with vested interests. The elections rally was also addressed by NC-Congress joint candidate for Udhampur-Doda Parliamentary Constituency Ghulam Nabi Azad and Provincial President National Conference Jammu, Devender Singh Rana while various leaders of the NC and Congress were present on the occasion. (KNS)

Tariq the issues being faced by the Kashmiri youth. “People know us by our brief period of governance from 2002. Youth were not jailed and there were no political prisoners in the state. We tried our best to carry forward peace process to normalize the situation in the state,” the PDP patron told reporters.(KNS)

Mufti proved to be too fragile and the process too vulnerable”. He goes on to say that, “In order to resolve the Kashmir issue, your elected prime ministers need the consistent support of the opposition parties and they also need active support from all of you – the people of India.” The PDP manifesto, Mufti said also states the same: “All the political and economic initiatives have been led by the leadership at individual level; be it the P V Narasimha Rao’s “sky is the limit for autonomy”, or Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s “insaniyat kay dairay main” or Manmohan Singh’s “making borders irrelevant”. All these well-meaning initiatives need to be institutionalized for them to have an impact on the ground. Unless these approaches, which are broadly similar, get sanctified and authorized by the Parliament, there cannot be any headway as far as the resolution is concerned”. Indeed, as stated by the Mirwaiz, our manifesto states that “finding a resolution in J&K is not only the Government’s responsibility".

Mufti said PDP believes that the opposition and other political parties have an equal responsibility and stake in the well-being of J&K. Meanwhile, Tariq Hameed Karra, the party’s candidate for Srinagar parliamentary constituency filed his nomination papers before the returning officer in the afternoon. Besides Mufti he was accompanied by senior party leaders from the constituency including Qazi Mohammad Afzal, Ghulam Nabi Lone Hanjura, Mohammad Ashraf Mir MLC, Mohammad Shafi Wani MLA, Saifudin Bhat, Ms Asiea Naqash, Mohammad Khurshid Alam, Nisar Ahmad Mandoo, Ab Rouf Bhat, Dr Ali MOhd Wani, Haji Parvez Ahmad, Ab Rahim Kuchai, Mudasir Ahmad Khan, Nazir Ahamd Yatoo and others. A large number of workers followed the candidate and other leaders and later drove through the city up to Hazratbal, where Karra addressed a gathering. (KNS)

Dogs has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Hyderabad based NGO for this initiative. “Some 5000 dogs will be sterilized here and 50 percent of the cost will be borne by the state government and 50 by the Animal Welfare Board, GOI,” Dr Javed added. (KNS)

Kamal Conference is in the hearts of the people of J&K and despite repeated and frequent conspiracies against this institution of reform, National Conference has survived, grown and sustained as a party that does not treat power as an end in itself but as an effective tool to bring about change and reform in the system. Speaking on the occasion Dr. Kamal said that PDP was one of the many chapters of sabotage unleashed on the people of J&K by covert interests who aim at fragmenting the identity, voice and representation of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. It is this party that ran away from its responsibilities in 2008 after being guilty of transferring land to the Shrine Board. Dr. Kamal said that till yesterday PDP leaders were praising Narendra Modi and equating him with Atal Bihari Vajpayee's record viz-a-viz Kashmir. PDP actually covertly and unofficially ran a sustained campaign in favor of Narendra Modi in J&K by trying to convince the people that an NDA government would be a better option for J&K than a UPA government. These lies, dramas and canards are the hallmarks of PDP's politics. Stating that the BJP manifesto and its communal and anti-J&K points should embarrass PDP and its leaders who have praied Modi, Dr. Kamal said that the BJPPDP nexus stood exposed beyond any reasonable doubt and the people of this State would give a resounding answer to this unholy alliance of convenience in the coming Parliamentary Elections. Now, putting a stone on his heart, Mufti Mohammad Sayeed has forced his instincts in issuing a statement condemning BJP's call for the abrogation of Article 370. Where was Mufti Sahab's concern for Article 370 till now, especially when he has himself been a part of various conspiracies to dilute the special status of this State? (KNS)

Sagar of the fact the patron of the PDP during his tenure as the Union Home Minister was responsible for the enactment of provisions of certain draconian Acts to the state , which have been responsible for inflicting miseries and hardships on the people”, Sagar said and added that the onus lies on the PDP leadership to explain their double standards, hypocritical attitude and come with clean hands as they are masters in spreading lies, false propaganda and are real enemies of the state and its people as they enjoy a cozy relationship with the rightist forces in India, who have a history of being anti Kashmiri. Sagar said that the people are aware of the work done by present coalition for the overall and sustained development of the state by introducing innumerable programmes and schemes, which have resulted in ensuring the elevation of the socio-economic profile of the people, besides ensuring that the people get all the requisite basic and modern facilities. He said several developmental initiatives have been undertaken for bringing the rural areas at par with the urban ones. He said that people should ratify their belief in the present dispensation by coming out in large numbers, exercising their franchise and a give a befitting reply to the parties who are spreading rumors and false hood for their political and personal gains. (KNS)

Azad his life.He also expressed his grief and sorrow with family members of deceased Congress leader. Azad advised Thakur Randeep Bhandari and Amman Bhandari, both sons of the deceased leader to follow the foot prints of his late father and hope that following his advices, they will achieve success in his life. Azad assured the family members of the deceased Congress leader that he along with party leadership will always be ready for their help in the need of the hour. He also advice the elder son of the deceased who is also a Youth Congress member to carry out the legacy of his late father forward with zeal and zest. On this occasion Thakur Madan Bhandari, elder brother of the deceased, beside MLA Inderwal Ghulam Mohammad Saroori, Former Minister Babu Singh, Mahinder Singh Parihar and other leaders were also present. (KNS)

Taj He emphasized the fact that building of Ram Temple, abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India and Common Civil Code had been mentioned in all the manifestoes during the last 20 years, but BJP had failed to take any action in this behalf. It was falsehood then and it is falsehood today. He reminded the gathering that the BJP was in power at the centre for more than six (6) years, and they did not do any thing to achieve this goal. He told the audience that it is the BJP’s slogan-mongering, otherwise, this party knows that these are not achievable goals.He (Taj) told the rally that victory of coalition candidates is the victory of Secularism and it will be a befitting reply to those who believe in communalism. (KNS)

Dr. Beg asks people to vote for secularism and inclusiveness Srinagar, Apr 9: NC-Congress Coalition Candidate from Anantnag Dr. Mehboob Beg, NC Provincial President Nasir Aslam Wani and Senior NC Leader and Cabinet Minister Sakina Ittoo held an impressive roadshow in Noorabad Kulgam today in continuation of the party's campaign for the coming Parliamentary Elections. According to a statement issued to KNS, while speaking on the occasion, Dr. Mehboob Beg asked the people of Noorabad to vote for the NC-Congress Coalition so that the secular ethos of this country and of the State of J&K could be protected against divisive designs and forces. Dr. Beg said that BJP's manifesto had made it amply clear that Narendra Modi aims at diluting the State's special status - a daydream that has no legal or constitutional possibility. Dr. Beg asked the people to beware of PDP's tactical alliance with BJP, which is now a matter proven beyond any reasonable doubt. The same people who are now run-

ning the charade of PDP have been involved in sabotaging democratically elected governments in J&K, in bringing draconian laws to the State and have supervised some of the most gruesome incidents of violence and human rights abuses that J&K has witnessed. Nasir Aslam Wani and Sakina Ittoo also addressed people at various places during the roadshow and asked people to vote in large numbers for the NC-Congress Coalition Candidate so that their voice could continue to be represented in Delhi without any inhibition or reluctance. The NC leaders said that Mehbooba Mufti during her tenure in the Parliament had refused to stand up and speak on behalf of the people of J&K and had rather opted to remain a mute spectator. Unlike Mehbooba Mufti, NC leaders have spoken on behalf of their people with poise and conviction at every available opportunity. Thousands of people participated in the roadshow and raised slogans in favor of National Conference. (KNS)

BJP retaliatory ideology dangerous for country: ANC Srinagar, Apr 9 : The President of Awami National Conference (ANC) Begum Khalida Shah has said that as the date of the parliamentary elections were coming closer the political parties were also speeding up their activities to lure the common people to vote for them. According to a statement issued to KNS, Begum Shah said that in this backdrop every political party releases its elections manifesto which enunciates the plans and programmes that the party is going to work upon if they are voted to power. All this is done to impress the voters to cache in their votes. Begum Shah said that no individual person possessed a panacea to the serious issues which ailed India in the present time. Lambasting the stand of BJP, Begum Shah

lamented that BJP took pride in saying that they would target certain areas if voted to power. She further maintained that such retaliatory ideology was not only harmful and disastrous for those areas but for the entire nation at large. She further maintained that BJP must never forget that the common people of the areas which they aim to target out of vengeance had already suffered loads at the hands of leaders from time to time and had no strength to bear more. She further maintained that such negative ideas should never get any space or encouragement in the country and the need of the hour was to weld entire India inclusive of its communal diversity in to a unity and that was the only way towards the progress and prosperity of the nation.

2 injured in road accidents

Srinagar, Apr 9 (KNS): Two persons were injured in two different road accidents in Anantnag. According to a police statement issued to KNS, an unknown vehicle hit and injured a girl Naseeba daughter of Bashir Ahmed Ganie resident of Reshipora Nanil, Anantnag at Nanil near Islamia Hanfia School. The injured was shifted to hospital for treatment. Police has registered a case in this regard. Meanwhile, a vehicle bearing registration number JK03d/832 turned turtle in between Thejwara and Kenalwan, Anantnag. In this accident one passenger Shabir Ahmed Lone son of Akram Lone resident of Kanelwan got injured. The injured was shifted to SKIMS Soura for treatment. Police has registered a case in this regard. (KNS)

OFFICE OF THE DEAN FACULTY OF ARTS

UNIVERSITY OF KASHMIR ADMISSION NOTICE NO: IV It is notified for the information of all the candidates who have applied for admission to M.A programme in Hindi of the faculty of Arts for the academic session 2014-2015 are hereby provisionally selected. The selection of the candidates is purely on merit and subject to the verification of original certificates / documents by Head of the Department concerned. The admission shall also be subject to verification of their academic merit by reference to the original marks sheets and result gazette. The candidates who have obtained qualifying degrees from Universities / Institutions other than the University of Kashmir shall obtain clearance from the academic section before the grant of their admission to the programme. The candidates shall submit an affidavit to the effect: (a) that they are not working at any Govt. / Semi Govt. / Private Institutions. (b) that they have not migrated from this University and are not enrolled with any other course in this University or any other University / Institution. The admission forms are available on the official University Website ww.kashmir university.net and the last date for completion of admission formalities is by or before April 16, 2014. The admission forms in complete form are to be submitted in the concerned departments. No: F(PG-Admission)DFA/KU/2014 Dated: 09-04-2014

Sd/- Prof. Bashir Ahmad Nahvi Dean, Faculty of Arts

Owner , Printer & Publisher: Suhail Malik Editor -in-Chief: Shahana Malik RNI NO. JKBII/2011/39764, Email: zabarwantimes@gmail.com Publised at Govt. Quarters , M-13 Magarmal Bagh Srinagar-190001 J&K, Printed at:- Sangarmal Offset Press Humhama Sheikhpora Tele/Fax: 2478370 Cell No. 09999964750, 9796 787844


NEWS

Daily ZABARWAN TIMES

SRINAGAR | THURSDAY, APRIL | 10| 2014

SKUAST-J Council meets

Introduce area specific and job oriented courses: Governor JAMMU, APRIL 9: The Gover- to ensure optimum utilization gard should be analyzed and folnor, Mr. N.N Vohra, Chancellor of of physical infrastructure, man- low up action should be taken on the Sher-i-Kashmir University of power and other logistics and re- a regular basis. Agricultural Sciences and Tech- sources available with the Farm The Chancellor asked Mr. Asnology- Jammu emphasized the Universities and also focus on gar Hassan Samoon, Commisimportance of all existing courses being critically reviewed to introduce modified or new courses, as required, keeping in view the geographical and climatic conditions of the State and the emerging job markets. He said this while chairing the 11th Council meeting of SKUAST-Jammu at Raj Bhavan, today. The Chancellor said that every effort must be made to ensure that no seat, in any discipline, remains unfilled in the ensuing Academic Session. Keeping in view the decision of ICAR’s team for selecting the sites for establishing Krishi Vigyan Kendras, the Governor asked the Vice Chancellor, Dr. Pradeep K. Sharma, to most urgently follow up with all the concerned authorities for securing possession of suitably located lands for the KVKs to be set up at Samba, Ramnagar (District-Udhampur), and Ramban. He said that KVKs areAgency Kangan Lone News Khan News Agency Ganderbal the nerve centres for the transGulzar News Agency Soura Zahid sioner, Book Depot ChadooraProduction fer of agricultural technologies to developing strong linkages beAgriculture Tariq News Hawal BashirDepartment News Agency the farmers and thus act as cru-Agency tween the two Farm Universities, to Nowhatta formulate an Accial instruments forMuzaffar enhancing line Agency departments and Bazar extension tionNews Plan Agency to increase producAli News Alamgari Budshah Lalthe Chowk agri-productivity andAbdullah production of the Government. Sikendar He tionNews of meat, poultry, fish and Newsagencies Agency Lal Chowk Agency Lal Chowk in the State on a sustained basis. observed that the actual outcome dairy products in the State. He Gupkari Lal Chowk Newsemphasized Agency Gund The Chancellor urged theNews VC Agency of the decisions taken in this Raina re- also the Kangan importance

of collecting data related to suitability and acceptance of new varieties of seeds at micro level and to prioritize the value addition

Zabarwan Times is available at

Khan News Agency Regal Chowk Sheikh News Agency Hyderpora Lone News Agency Tangmarg Bhat News Agency Magam Dar News Agency Beerwah Reshi News Agency Safapora Basharat News Agency Bandipora KATHUA APRIL 09:-Altaf In the weekly event Pulwama of the district adNews Agency ministration Kathua to attend to the grievances of the public Jeelani Agency Baramulla telephonically as many as 18News callers registered their comNews AgencySingh Kupwara plaints with the ADDCShah Kathua, S. Narinder Bali today. The callers while interacting with Additional Younis News Agency LangateDistrict Development Commissioner S. Narinder Singh Bali projected Reshi News Agency Islamabad issues mainly related to the civic amenities in their respective Turray Newson Agency Tral issued on areas.ADDC Kathua while speaking the occasion Rahi the spot instructions to the News districtAgency officersKulgam to address grievances and advised theRah callers thatAgency they may call back again News Byepass

Callers register grievances under ‘Paryas’

in ‘Prayas’ if their complaints are not redressed satisfactorily. He directed the officers to redress the problems projected by the callers on priority.

Condolence meeting held JAMMU, APRIL, 09:- A condolence meeting of staff was held in Directorate of Indian System of Medicine under the chairmanship of Director ISM, Dr. Ab. Kabir Dar in which deep grief and sorrow was expressed on the demise of Dr. Ali Baksh, Ex. Director General Health Services and brother of Minister for Health and Medical Education, Taj Mohi-u-Din. The staff members prayed to almighty to bestow peace upon the departed soul and patience to the bereaved family to bear the irreparable loss.

Rashid News Agency Dalgate Hilal News Agency Budgam Bhat News Agency Chadoora Zargar News Agency Kunzar Bashir News Agency Sumbal Saleem News Agency Pattan Reyaz News Agency Pampore Javaid News Agency Qazigund G.M News Agency Sopore ComJAMMU, APRIL 9: Divisional Sultan News Agency Handwara missioner, Jammu Shantmanu took stock of theNews preparations made Sheikh Agencybeing Islamabad for Three the Baisakhi Festival commencing Way News Agency Tral from April 12 to 16 in a meeting of ofBadru News Agency Bijbehara ficers convened here today. Malik News Agency Commissioner, JammuArwani Municipal Corporation, KiranAgency Wattal, Kargil Director Shaheen News

of the local agricultural products along with introduction of the substantial agricultural brands in the market. He urged the VC to see that the achievements of progressive farmers are properly

documented and their success stories given wide spread publicity. The Chancellor observed that the Picanut Mission should be taken up on an extensive scale in the State under Horticulture Technology Mission to benefit the farmers. He asked the VCs of both the Universities to motivate the people towards community participation for the total eradication of Lantana weed. Regarding the revision of Statutes of the State Agricultural Universities, the Chancellor asked the Vice Chancellors of both the Universities to jointly review the Statutes and list the provisos which require to be amended on a time bound basis. It was urged upon both the Universities to propose establishment of new schools and courses, preferably on self sustainable basis. The meeting was attended by Dr. Pradeep K. Sharma, Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-Jammu, Dr. Tej Partap, Vice Chancellor, SKUAST-Kashmir, Dr. A. R. Trag, Vice Chancellor, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipore, Mr. B. R. Sharma, Principal Secretary, Planning and Development, Mr. B. B. Vyas, Principal Secretary to the Chief Minister and Principal Secretary.

Arrangements for Baisakhi festival finalized

Tourism, Soujanaya Sharma, Director Health, B.S. Pathania, ADC Jammu K.S. Parihar, Superintendent Engineer M&RE, K.K. Raina, senior officers of Police and Traffic, President of various Trade and Bazar Associations, Ravi Mahajan, Kuldeep Wahi, Inderjeet Khajuria, Jatinder Koul, Vijay Gupta, V.K. Sehgal, Chairman Tourism Promotion Council, representative of Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangreholaya Bhopal besides others were present on the occasion. Finalizing the arrangements for the Baisakhi Festival, the Divisional Commissioner stressed for proper co-

ordination between various agencies associated with the Mela for smooth conduct of the event. He said adequate arrangements should be made well before time for the convenience of visitors and to make the prestigious event a success. Director Tourism apprised during the meeting that Tourism department in collaboration with other departments and representatives of different private organization would be organizing the festival at Mubarak Mandi, Akhnoor, Surinsar/ Mansar and Kanak Mandi, Veermarg/ Raghunath Bazar. On the inaugural day i.e April 12 free Tonga ride has been organized from Kanak Mandi, Veermarg and Raghunath Bazar for the first time thus reviving the cultural tradition of city of temples. Various Associations related to Tourism Trade industry and Associ-

ated Bazars have also announced attractive discounts for the visitors. Every item would be sold at Rs. 10 at Kanak Mandi stalls besides all retail items would be offered on wholesale rates. The Virmarg Traders Association has announced 20 percent discount on hotels and lodges besides special discount by Raghunath Bazar Association has also been offered. The festival days would include cultural programmes, food stalls on subsidized rates at all the venues particularly at Mubarak Mandi besides J&K Indian Style Wrestling Competition will also be held at Surinsar on April 14, Aarti at Jio Potho, Akhnoor besides other alluring events. On the occasion, the other arrangements discussed and finalized included sanitation in and around the venue, security, traffic fire Safety, PHE, PDD and Medicare facilities.

Modi is being projected as a magician: Sonia KOLAR, KARNATAKA: Training her guns on BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi, Congress president Sonia Gandhi on Wednesday charged that he was being projected with his “true face” hidden behind a mask and as a “magician” who could cure all ills of the country. Without naming Modi, Gandhi also made a stinging attack on the Gujarat model of development being touted by him, saying some people had the habit of projecting “small things in a big” way as if no good work is happening in other states. “These days you can see all over the country huge and costly advertisements are being showcased and an attempt is being made by them to hide the truth,” the UPA chairperson said at an election rally here. She said, “An attempt is being made to hide the true face of one person with a mask; he is being

projected as a cure for all ills and as a magician for the country.”

Tearing into the Gujarat model, she said, “Some people have this

habit of projecting small things in a big way. These days similar picture

is being shown about the development in Gujarat as though no good

All vehicles to ply, both ways, on Jammu-Srinagar NHW-IA from April 10 JAMMU, APRIL 09: According to Inspector General of Police Traffic, J&K Jammu, all types of vehicles shall be allowed to ply, both ways, on NHW-IA (Viz from Jammu to Srinagar and vice versa), every day, w.e.f 10.04.2014, round the clock in view of improved weather conditions and condition of road. However, keeping in view the ongoing work on NHW, damage to the road narrow width of road formation at some stretches (due to prolonged winters) and to avoid any inconvenience to the passengers, the people have been suggested to follow some advisories. The passengers/commuters have been advised to cross TCP Nagrota upto 0900 hours (when plying from Jammu side towards Valley) and Qazigund upto 1000 (when plying from Srinagar towards Jammu) on daily basis in order to avoid jamming and correlated inconvenience. Besides, all types of PSVs have been advised to avoid cross the stretch be-

tween Ramban and Ramsoo after the sunset to avoid accidents as the road is still difficult, narrow and prone to shooting stones etc. In case of bad weather and shooting stones, the PSVs have been advised to avoid to venture and cross the landslide/shooting stone prone areas to avoid any eventuality. They shall get updates regarding road condition etc. from the concerned traffic police officials. All the concerned have been asked to observe utmost driving discipline and avoid overloading, over speeding/rash driving, overtaking, stopping en-route etc while plying on National Highway to ensure their own as well as safety of others. However, the general public has been informed to contact the Traffic Control Rooms at TCU Ramban 9419993745, TCU Jammu 0191-2459048, 9419147732 and TCU Srinagar 0194-2450022, 01942485396 on daily basis before embarking on NHW for the purpose.

work is happening in other states.” Gandhi said it was a “different thing altogether” that the poor, downtrodden and minorities had made enough sacrifices for “this development...children are dying of malnutrition in poor man’s house, tribals are facing problems in leading their daily lives.” Charging that farmers’ lands were being forcefully acquired in Gujarat, she said, “If we talk about the condition of women in Gujarat, there are different types of harassment. This is their true picture.” “....they don’t believe in unity in diversity, they divide hearts, they make brothers to fight against each other. Please tell me can you expect nation building from such people who don’t believe in our fundamentals of secular principles.” “We cannot have expectations from such people about nation building.,” Gandhi said, as she canvassed support for Union Minister

K H Muniyappa who is contesting from Kolar (Reserved) constituency. “We have two options in front of us. On one side we have BJP and its divisive communal agenda, on the other side there is Congress which has always stood for brotherhood and unity...,” Gandhi said. “This is the same BJP that talks of Dharma and morality, but you are witness to the fact of how women were treated during their rule, it was a kind of national embarrassment,” she said hitting out at the previous BJP government in Karnataka. She said, “It was the time in Karnataka when all kinds of developmental activities had come to halt, and with conspiracy and collusion your mineral resources were being looted.” Expressing happiness about developmental works undertaken by Siddaramaih-led Government, she said.

HOROSCOPE Aries

March 21-April 19

Allow your eager and restless nature to express itself in ways other than through the spoken word, Aries. Show someone that you care through your gentle touch or a big bear hug. Hold on a little bit more tightly than you might normally. There’s an unspoken understanding that comes when you communicate through nothing but pure silence. Work on developing this kind of connection with those closest to you.

Taurus April 20-May 20

This is a terrific day for you, Taurus. You should find that your relationships, especially with men, go exceptionally well. Your tender and extremely sensitive nature is finally being recognized as the treasure chest it is. There are many times in which this type of personality is seen as weak, yet today is one of those times in which you’re given the full credit you deserve.

Gemini May 21-June 21

A selfish attitude on your part won’t be tolerated today, regardless of the circumstances, Gemini. Don’t make it worse for yourself by pretending that you don’t notice others’ hurt feelings. People are likely to be extra sensitive today, so be careful about trying to impose your will on someone who really wants nothing more than an ear to talk to and a shoulder to cry on.

Cancer June 22-July 22

You could find the hardest person to face is you, Cancer. You tend toward introspection, and you may find yourself shrinking into self-recrimination. You could analyze the important people in your life and yet fail to address the one you really need to look at – you. As you continually strive for perfection, give yourself proper credit. Do something nice for yourself today.

Leo

July 23-August 22 Take advantage of the creative energy in the air today, Leo. Keep your hands moving and your imagination flowing toward something fun and artistic. If you begin to doubt your work, you may fall down a spiral of creative blockage. Don’t get into the habit of constantly judging the quality or outcome of your work. Give yourself free rein to open up and explore whatever comes to mind.

Virgo August 23-September 22

Your sixth sense is right on target, Virgo, so trust your instincts today. You’re likely to connect with someone in a wonderful partnership that will help you foster the very plan you want to develop now. Stay close to those things that resonate strongly with your morals. The answer is in front of you; you don’t have to search too far afield in order to find it.

Libra

September 23-October 23 Take a break from your routine, Libra. You might feel like you’re leading an army into battle as you strive for new adventures and conquer new realms. Make sure you take a bit of time out today to stop and let your troops rest. You deserve a little rest yourself. Use this moment of stillness to form your plan of attack so you’re sure about how to proceed.

Scorpio

October 24-November 21 The key for you is to minimize your daily drama as much as possible, Scorpio. You may not realize how much you cripple yourself by the way you exaggerate every aspect of your life. Try not to give so much of your attention to things that really don’t matter much. Petty jealousy and gossip about other people’s lives are especially irrelevant in your world.

Sagittarius November 22-December 21

Be careful of advertising yourself as someone who is so strong and mentally competent that you’re capable of handling everything, Sagittarius. Take note that the strongest mule on the trail usually ends up carrying the most weight. Your emotions are more sensitive than you may think, and certainly more than you demonstrate to others. Be honest about the way you feel and not just the way you think.

Capricorn December 22-January 19

Governor launches first phase of Rs. 45 crore project for stabilization of Trikuta mountain slopes to ensure against falling stones and landslides KATRA, APRIL 09 - As a long term measure to ensure against falling stones and land-slides for the safety of pilgrims, Mr. N. N. Vohra, Governor, launched the work for implementation of the first phase of a very important project for the protection, treatment and stabilization of 5 of the most vulnerable sites between Katra and Shri Mata Vaishno Deviji Shrine. The first phase of the project is estimated to cost nearly Rs. 12 crore and will be completed within a time frame of 21 months. The Governor, who is Chairman of the Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board, launched the work on this crucial Project, close to the Battery Car Stand near Shrine on the Lower Track. Dr. Mandeep K. Bhandari, Chief Executive Officer, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board, giving details, said that the work on this important project to ensure safety of the pilgrims, is being executed in consultation with and under supervision of M/s Tehri Hydro Development Corporation India Ltd (THDCIL), an Undertaking of Government of India and UP. He stated that the executing agency for the first phase of the Project is a consortium of M/s Geobrugg AG, Switzerland and M/s Pioneer Foundation Engineers, India. The Governor was briefed by Mr. Lawrence Zorde, CEO of M/s Geobrugg AG, Switzerland and Mr. Niraj Agrawal, Deputy General Manager, THDCIL, about the salient features of the Project and the interventions which shall be taken up as part of the project meant for the protection and treatment of slopes. The 5 sites to be treated in the first phase are located one each close to Inderprastha View Point near Adhkuwari (chainage 5.275 to 5.330 km), in the Shrine area to stabilise over-hanging rock structures and 3 other sites located on the Lower Track between Adhkwari and the Shrine at chainage 0.925 to 1.000 km, near Panchhi Staff Colony (chainage 3.850 to 4.250 km) and before the Battery Car Stand (chainage 5.075 to 5.375 km).

Things should flow well for you today with very little effort on your part, Capricorn. Take note that if any quarrel arises, it’s an indication that the person you’re arguing with isn’t necessarily the right person to deal with or confide in. Emotional issues are likely to be the hardest ones to overcome, but this shouldn’t be a problem for you. You have the ability to work through these like a pro.

Aquarius January 20-February 18

This is meant to be a nice, relaxing day, so treat it as such, Aquarius. There’s no need for you to plan any great strategy at this time. Try to take it easy and not indulge in any unnecessary stress. This is your time to enjoy the moment. Don’t tax your mind by overanalyzing everything that comes your way. Go with the flow and have a great time regardless of what you end up doing.

Pisces

February 19-March 20 Your sensual nature is heightened, Pisces, and you’ll find yourself engaged in tender moments and languid peacefulness in the company of others. Soothe your soul by letting yourself slip into situations that give you the emotional freedom to do or say whatever comes to mind. Life should be like a love poem written by a great master. Accept the good energy that comes your way.


EDITORIAL/ OPINION Public LibrariesStore Home of knowledge

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ublic libraries are store home of knowledge as books are the best source of enlightment and are genuine friends of human beings. Before the advent of television services in the country people would either listen to radio not only for entertainment but for seeking information and knowledge on various issues. The motto of All India Radio was entertainment and information. People would tune to Radio with great enthusiasm and radio news and special audience programmes would charm listeners like anything. The community radio listening at one time was very popular and listeners clubs would in turn advised programme planner with their latest ideas about improvement in the programmes. Other than radio people in general would read books for gaining knowledge and fictions for entertainment. One would come across many vendors on the roads where reader would get books and magazines by depositing nominal money and return the books or magazines after reading them. There was a chain of public libraries in the country where rare books were available. Readers would sit in the libraries and go through these rare reference books. Public libraries were very useful for the aspirants preparing for competitive examinations. With the advent of television and computers the visit to public libraries has become out of fashion, but in our state people do need public libraries though the infrastructural facilities available before 1990 are now in shambles. The two decades of uncertainty made these libraries suffer a lot, as books and buildings were torched and the staff abandoned these libraries. The government machinery pre-occupied with other prioritized issues did not pay any attention to these libraries. At present these libraries are in awful condition, with no books around, no news paper or magazine available and the staff missing. The students appearing for competitive examinations do not get the required and latest books, newspapers, magazines or information. The Information Centre, run by Government of India in the heart of the Srinagar city too is closed for the last so many years. This centre once upon a time used to be a hub for readers and students to get latest information. Now there is a need that this important facility is revived and revamped in conformity with modern requirements. The library information ought to be computerized so that people can get information on line as well. The reading habits should again be promoted by instituting public libraries. These public libraries should be consolidated and updated with the latest facilities. A new concept should be infused so that treasure of knowledge is saved.

Daily

Zabarwan Times Times Zabarwan

Srinagar, Tuesday Thursday April 2014 Srinagar, 1110February 2014

APEDA: Helping Farmers to Look Outwards

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ight from the moment when a produce is harvested from the farm to the time it takes to be on board for moving to its desired destination, the life of the agricultural produce gets battered at various stages. It is estimated that almost 30-40 per cent of the produce of fruits and vegetables is wasted due to lack of adequate infrastructure for post-harvest handling, transportation and storage. The inadequacy of post-harvest infrastructure facilities and wastage has persistently been underlined as a major bottleneck in boosting export of perishable products from India. Apart from it, the country’s agriculture export policy sometimes gets affected by short term interventions or restraints like ban on export of farm produce in the times of sudden price rise or supply constrictions. Whenever such restraints are imposed, processed and/ or value added products have to bear the brunt. Processed food sector and value addition in India forms but a minuscule portion of the overall agri economy and accounts for a small fraction of export of their commodities. Requirement of continuity in policy regime for encouraging investment in processed food sector is therefore an imperative. In the light of all these problems, the Government, in coordination with Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), has been providing necessary technical inputs and financial assistance. APEDA has taken several initiatives for promoting export of perishable commodities. APEDA has set up common infrastructure facilities like Centres for Perishable Cargo (CPC) at various international airports like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bagdogra, Amritsar, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Goa, Nashik, Vapour Heat Treatment facilities for

export of mangoes to Japan and Australia, Irradiation facilities for export of mangoes to USA, integrated pack houses, pre-cooling facilities, high humidity cold stores, Asceptic Packaging Unit and collection centres among others. In addition, exporters, through Scheme of Infrastructure Development, are encouraged for purchase of reefer vans, setting up integrated pack houses, pre-cooling facilities, high humidity cold stores etc. so as to maintain cool chain which ultimately helps in maintaining the quality of the produce exported from India. Appropriate market intelligence in terms of reliable trade data on demand, supply, season, process etc. is another critical requirement of the exporters to diversify and explore new markets. APEDA has achieved market access for various products in hitherto inaccessible markets such as mango to USA, Japan, Australia and China; grapes and bitter gourd to China, basmati rice to Japan, Mexico and China; mango products to Mexico, livestock products to Algeria, Syria, Egypt, Morocco etc. Packaging is critical for delivery of product in good condition. APEDA has got developed packaging standards and specifications for various fruits, vegetables, cut flowers etc. Exporters using packaging of these standards and specifications are also given financial assistance to the tune of a maximum of Rs. 5 lakhs per annum. Food safety is a primary concern in international trade. There is an increasing need to provide greater assurance about the safety and quality of food to the end consumers. Paying heed to the concerns of food safety and traceability shown by importing countries, APEDA has introduced traceability system for export of grapes to the EU countries via GrapeNet, pomegranates to EU via AnarNet and or-

ganic products via TraceNet. APEDA has encouraged and provided financial assistance to exporters for implementation of food safety standards in various sectors such as meat, poultry and dairy manufacturing units, units manufacturing mango pulp, pickles, dehydrated products etc. APEDA has also introduced a stringent system for recognition of export testing laboratories (23 at present), which has helped in upgrading their testing capabilities in terms of human skills and testing infrastructure. Research & Development is an important activity with the objective of export enhancement programme. For the benefit of processors/exporters, APEDA gets R&D work conducted through expert institutions in accordance with trade requirement for development of value added products, improvement in processing technologies, development of new varieties etc. High airfreight cost has been a persistently inhibiting factor in enhancing export potential and erodes the production cost advantage in India. High storage and inland transportation costs further aggravate the situation impeding growth in export of agricultural and processed food exports. Through the scheme for Transport Assistance, aid to exporters of horticultural, floriculture, processed food and animal products is extended. To further facilitate the export of perishable agri produce, the Government through the Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14 made a provision for introduction of a Single Window System. Apart from these initiatives, APEDA has also taken several other export promotion measures for fruits and vegetables from time to time. A number of agri export zones for fruits and vegetables have been set up in different parts of the country. AEZs entail focused channelisation

of efforts and assistance in a converged fashion for the overall development of supply and value chain of the identified produce. APEDA also encourages exporters to participate with it in various international trade fairs which offers opportunity to the participants to get exposure and access to business channels overseas, thus augmenting export opportunities. APEDA has initiated a programme for integrated training of horticulture produce for some identified fruits like grapes, mangoes, litchis in selected regions. In the first step, APEDA has selected certain varieties of mangoes from the major producing belt i.e. Alphonso mangoes from Ratnagiri, Kesar mangoes from Aurangabad. APEDA has implemented the Integrated Training Programme in identified mango areas, response of which have been encouraging. APEDA has also made efforts to establish a semi-commercial facility in India to meet the commercial requirement. In this direction, APEDA received a 1.5 tonne capacity machine to treat 20 feet containers (8-10 tonnes in one-day treatment). This facility has been established by Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board (MSAMB) at Vashi, Mumbai. APEDA has also initiated experiments of Controlled Atmosphere containers for the sea transportation of mangoes to various countries. APEDA has also been providing financial assistance to exporters for packaging, infrastructure development like packhouses, pre-cooling facilities, reefer vans etc, brand publicity through advertisement, purchase of laboratory testing equipment and implementation of quality systems etc. In this way, efforts for upgradation of post-harvest handling, distribution and marketing facilities have been able to cut down on wastages and for preserving the quality of fresh produce.

Micronutrient Mixture for Mega Harvest

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ndia - the land of spices is the biggest producer, consumer and exporter of spices. The country grows over 50 different varieties of spice and produces around 2.7 million tones of spices. Around 0.25 million tons of our total produce (8-10%) is exported and the Indian share of the world trade in spices is 45-50% by volume and 25% in value. In other words, spices sector account for 6% of the agricultural GDP of the country. No wonder, spices plays a pivotal role in Indian economy. The flavor and fragrance of spices depend on the soil on which they are grown. Continuous exploitation of this precious soil without replenishing the nutrients, especially micronutrients, results in low yield, poor quality of the produce besides making the crop susceptible to pests and diseases. Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR) in Kozhikode, a premier research organization on spices under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi has developed a nutrient mixture which recharges the soil with essential elements and ensures high yield from spice crops. In India, spices are grown mainly in red and laterite soil of South India, Western Ghats and North Eastern states where soil is highly weathered and low in nutrient status. The productivity is found to be one of the lowest compared to other competing countries and the reason is mainly attributed to improper management. In spices, quality of the produce, amount of oil, oleoresin, curcumin etc are more important as the export basket is mainly concentrating on value added products of spices.

Soil under Pressure

“Adoption of high production technology and cultivation of high biomass producing high yielding varieties have put enormous pressure on soil nutrient reserve and this has led to great imbalance in nutrient pools in the soil,” says Dr. M Anandaraj, Director of Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR), Kozhikode. “A large chunk of soil has been rendered deficient in micronutrients, which is one of the major reasons that our crops have stopped responding to high analysis NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium)

fertilizers. Low pH, Phosphorous toxicity, limited use of micronutrients, chemical fertilizers and application of inadequate quantities of organic manures have made the situation more complex,” says Dr. V Srinivasan, Senior Scientist, Soil Science, IISR. Studies showed that 40-55% of Indian soil is moderately deficient in Zn (Zinc), while 25-30% is deficient in B (Boron). Deficiency of other micronutrients occurs under 15% of soil. These deficiencies/limitations reduce yield significantly.

Micronutrients

Micronutrients are those essential elements like copper, manganese, zinc, iron, boron, molybdenum sulfur etc which are required by plants in very small amounts. Besides promoting plant metabolic activities and growth of the plants, they play a major role in improving quality, size, color, taste, earliness, input use efficiency of NPK fertilizers, water, disease resistance etc. A lesser-understood phenomenon is their role in determining quality and the post harvest life of harvested produce. As these nutrients are costly and needed in very small amounts normally a fertilizer dealer will not stock them like other bulk fertilizers and hence farmers find it very difficult to correct micronutrient deficiencies. “In order to find a solution for this serious problem, scientists at IISR have developed crop specific, soil pH based micronutrient mixtures for foliar application in black pepper, cardamom, ginger, and turmeric crops which guarantees 15 to 25% increase in yield and quality,” adds Dr. M Anandaraj. An innate advantage of these mixtures is that they can also be used in organic agriculture and therefore are gentle and environment friendly. While organic manures enhance soil microbial activity and therefore nutrient transformation or mobilization, these mixtures are guaranteed to enhance both yield and quality of the crop produce. “The technology is a low cost one and hence farmer friendly. For one acre crop, about 2 kg micronutrient mixtures costing approximately Rs 400 per spray are needed. For each crop two sprays at specific growth stages are recommended,” says Dr. S Hamza, Chief

Technical Officer, IISR.

Crop Specific

The scientists also have standardized its application for various crops. For black pepper foliar spray @ 5g per liter water should be given once during spike initiation with the onset of monsoon and another after two months. For cardamom foliar spray @ 5g per liter water should be given once during panicle initiation and another after three months. For ginger and turmeric foliar spray @ 5g per liter water once during 60 days after planting and another 90 days after planting is recommended. The mixtures are soil pH based and are tailor made for acid soil (pH <7.0) and for neutral to alkaline/ sodic soils (pH >7.0). While increased yield and growth is possible due these mixtures, it is important to note that these mixtures should not be mixed with any other chemicals to save labour and time. Though these mixtures are essentially for spice crops, these can be used for increased yield in fruit and vegetable crops as well.The mixtures were tested in six farmers’ fields in various parts of the country. Field trials in ginger were carried out in Kerala and Karnataka while turmeric was done in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The micro nutrient mixture for black pepper was tested in Kerala and Karnataka states and cardamom in Madikeri, Karnataka.

Entrepreneurship Opportunities

The products are in the process of patent protection and commercialization. Entrepreneurs who want to produce and market these mixtures on a commercial scale can approach the institute for getting non-exclusive licenses. The Institute Technology Management and Business Planning and Development Unit (ITM-BPD Units) at IISR also help the entrepreneurs to prepare business plans for establishing manufacturing units. BPD unit also provides consultancy services for commercial production. The mixtures are available at IISR Chelavoor campus as well as at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Peruvannamuzhi.

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Zabarwan Times E-Paper English, 10 April, 2014