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SATURDAY 07June | 2014 | 08 Shaban, 1435 AH | PAGES 12|


Football World Cup: England in toughest Poll

A minor girl found in Srinagar Srinagar, June 6 (KNS): A 10 year old girl Rubeena student of 5th class resident of Alipore Bengal as per her statement was found by Srinagar police near Jahangir Chowk.According to a police statement issued to KNS, if anybody has any information regarding the whereabouts of her parents, may please intimate Police Station Shergarhi on 9419000508 or Police Control Room Srinagar on Dial 100. (KNS)

All involved in eve teasing and assault incident arrested Srinagar, June 06: A complaint was lodged by Principal Girls Higher Secondary School, Verinag at Police station Dooru that on 4/6/2014 some boys eve teased the girl students of the school while returning from picnic at Nowgam, Verinag and injured one girl.A case Fir No 25 of 2014 under section 294,323 RPC has been registered and all the 7 accused have been arrested and investigation is on fast track mode.

Police distributes Cricket kits in Baramulla Baramulla, June 6: In order to enhance the sports talent among the youth, state Police, under the Civic Action Programme today distributed cricket kits among twenty teams of District Baramulla.To build healthy Police-Public relations and to promote sports activities in the District, a function was today held at District Police Lines Baramulla, wherein cricket kits were distributed among the twenty most deserving cricket clubs of District Baramulla.




Largely Circulated, No. 1 Bilingual Daily of J&K

Strawberry keeps away several diseases >>>>> PG 06

>>>>> PG 11

Omar reiterates demand for transfer of HEPs to J&K Centre Sector HEPs in the State. “The Rangarajan Committee has recommended certain hydroelectric projects to the State free of cost. We reiterate this demand and request that requisite compensation to NHPC for such projects be paid by the Centre Government”, he said and sought compensation to the State for Indus Water Treaty that restricts Jammu and Kashmir from exploiting hydel power and irrigation potential in full measure. The Chief Minister in his speech while welcoming the Chairman and the Members of the 14th Finance Commission expressed the hope that the Memorandum submitted

by the State Government to the Commission will fully depict the financial difficulties of the State and the Finance Commission will be able to take a liberal and pragmatic

Pandits pray for K- resolution on Kheer Bhawani Festival

Muslims arrange for Puja

Noise pollutionA ticking time–bomb

See More On Pg 09



Zabarwan Times requires the services of four reporters- two for Srinagar, one each for Baramulla & Anantnag. The aspirants should be qualified journalists with command over English and Urdu languages.

Salary negotiable Send your C.V. on

FORECAST FOR NEXT 24 HRS: Light to moderate rain/ Thundershower would

FORECAST OF SRINAGAR: Possibility of Rain/Thundershower.Maximum & Minimum temperatures will be around 28°C & 10°C respectively.



Srinagar, June 6 : The religious harmony was clearly seen in the Tulmula temple on the eve of Kheer Bhawani Festival on Friday with the pundits holding prayers for Kashmir resolution and Muslims making arrangements for the same.

22.7 C 11.9 C 07:38PM 05:21AM

According to the KNS district correspondent, Kashmir’s pandit community in large number paid obeisance at the Kher Bavani temple at central Kashmir’s Ganderbal district. The devotees prayed for peace and the See Puja on pg 11

Mirwaiz to present road map for Kashmir on June 20 detailed road map of Kashmir resolution and also a policy statement about the stand of his amalgam will be presented before the masses on June 20 at Municipal park of Srinagar. Hurriyat (M) already had announced a mega rally on June 20 over the completion of 50 years of Awami Action Committee (AAC). A party established by Hurriyat chief’s father during the agitation of Moi-e-Muqadas in 1964.Mirwaiz See Mirwaiz on pg 11

Terms both sides of Kashmir disputed Srinagar, Jun 6: Chairman Hurriyat Conference (M) Mirwaiz Umar Farooq Friday said that his amalgam will present a detailed road map on Kashmir resolution on June 20 at Srinagar. According to the KNS correspondent, Mirwaiz while delivering Friday sermon at Kashmir’s grand mosque stated that his faction of Hurriyat will present a

Sumitra Mahajan unanimously elected Speaker of Lok Sabha New Delhi, June 06: Eight-term member Sumitra Mahajan was today unanimously elected Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha, becoming the second woman presiding officer of the Lower House after her predecessor Meira Kumar. 71-year-old Mahajan, the longest-serving woman MP, was elected after a motion moved by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and seconded by BJP veteran L K Advani was adopted by voice vote called by Protem Speaker Kamal Nath. 13 similar motions proposed and seconded by several parties in the ruling NDA as also in the opposition supporting Mahajan were also approved by the House. Mahajan was led to the Speaker’s Chair by the Prime Minister, Advani, Anant Geete, M Thambidurai as also a number of opposition leaders including Mallikarjun

Kharge, Mulayam Singh Yadav and Sudip Bandyopadhyay, besides Parliamentary Affairs Minister M Venkaiah Naidu. Interestingly, the official name of 71-year-old Mahajan, the eldest and senior-most among women Members of Parliament, in the 16th Lok Sabha MPs’ list is also mentioned as “Sumitra Mahajan (Tai)”. Mahajan will be the second woman after Meira Kumar to be elected as Lok Sabha Speaker. Starting her political life at the age of 39, Mahajan became the See Sumitra on pg 11

Gunmen attack police party at Pakherpora Cop injured critically. attackers decamp with 3 rifles Srinagar, June 06: A policeman was injured seriously after unknown gunmen attack police party at Pakherpora in central Kashmir’s Budgam district Friday evening. Official sources told GNS that unknown gunmen believed to be three in

Srinagar, June 6 : Handwara police busted an extortionist gang by arresting its three members and recovered cash looted from a victim. According to a police statement issued to KNS, a driver of a Sumo vehicle bearing registration number JK05A/1588 was stopped by four masked extortionists in the late evening hours at Patchkoot on 22/05/2014. Rs. 13,500 was looted from him on a knife point. The driver of the vehicle informed the police. A case FIR no. 20/2014 under section 341, 392/RPC was registered in police station Vilgam and See Handwara on pg 11

Staff Nurse accuses them of sexual harassment Srinagar, June 6: Police Friday registered a formal case against Director Health Services Kashmir and other three Health officials for

Srinagar, Jun 6 : As the government ordered probe into a compliant of sexual assault against Director Health Services Kashmir, Dr Saleem-u-Rehamn against whom the complaint has been filed has decided to file a defamation suit against the complainant nurse today.

See Nurse on pg 11

Kabul, June 06: The front-runner in Afghan’s presidential election, Abdullah Abdullah, has survived bomb attack targeted at his convoy at rally site in Kabul on Friday. Police say that there were several casualties suspected when two blasts

Extortionist gang busted in Handwara

Director Health Service and other three officials in dock

Director Health to file defamation suit against Nurse


view in this regard. “We in Jammu and Kashmir have passed through difficult times and faced daunting challenge of See Commission on pg 11

>>>>> PG 06

number barged inside a police barrack who were guarding the shrine at Pakherpora in the district. The gunmen attacked a policeman on his head with an iron rod and then fired upon him before fleeing from the spot.

The injured cop has been identified as Constable Shabir Ahmad Mir belt no. 1120/BD of Chotipora Shopian. He was immediately shifted to the nearby hospital where from he was removed to SKIMS Soura in critical conditions, sources said.

They said that the gunmen also managed to decamp with three S L R rifles from the police post. Soon after the incident army’s 35 RR and SOG cordoned off the whole area and launched massive searches to nab the assailants. (GNS)

Afghan Presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah survives bombs attack

On Edit Page Kashmir, the land of Sufis and Saints, is known for peace and tranquillity since centuries together. It was treated as an ideal place for medication and spiritual attainment. With the passage of time, it has lost its pristine glory and its tranquillity has been replaced by noise pollution. Constant excessive displeasing noise is disrupting the activities of human beings. The unwanted sound released into environment causes adverse effect on the health of human beings, birds and animals. The sound beyond permitted decibels can lead to permanent loss of hearing. As per studies, fifty million people are

Advise to organize Hockey Tournaments

14th Finance Commission interacts with State Govt SRINAGAR, JUNE 06: Reiterating the demand for transferring back the Central Sector Hydroelectric Projects to the State, as recommended by Rangarajan Committee, Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah Friday strongly advocated transfer of Salal and Dulhasti Power Projects to J&K free of cost making an appropriate provision for compensation to be paid by the Central Government to NHPC. Addressing the joint meeting of 14th Finance Commission and State Government top level officers here this morning, the Chief Minister made a strong case for raising free power quota from existing 12 percent to 30 percent in all



allegedly trying to molest a staff nurse from South Kashmir’s Pahalgam area. Sources told CNS that a staff nurse from Pahalgam deputed in one of the Primary Health Centre in South Kashmir’s Mattan Block Thursday evening approached police station Shaheed Ganj Srinagar and lodged a formal complaint against the Director Health Services Dr Saleem-ur-Rehman, Chief Medical Officer Anantnag Dr Nazir Ahmed, Medical Superintendent Seer Dr Muhammad Ashraf Paddar and Block Medical Officer Sallar Dr Arshid Tak alleging that they tried to molest her in Director’s office chamber in Srinagar. Reports said that police accordingly registered an FIR against See Dock on pg 11

hit the site of a rally. Abdullah Abdullah says several of his bodyguards were among the injured. The final round of the presidential election takes place next week. No group has said it carried out the attack but the Taliban have repeatedly threatened to target the

poll campaign. The first blast was detonated by a suicide bomber in a car, a Kabul police spokesman told a news agency. The spokesman said the second explosion was probably caused by what he described as a “sticky bomb”.

Mehbooba calls for national consensus on Kashmir Delhi, June 6 : Calling for a national consensus on resolution of Kashmir and the issues of Jammu & Kashmir, Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) president, Mehbooba Mufti, today urged the speaker of the Lok Sabha (LS), Sumitra Mahajan, to provide adequate space to the representatives from Jammu & Kashmir to connect with the parliament and rest of the country with their accumulated problems. According to a statement issued to

NC hallmark of Dev: Dr. Farooq Meets workers at Nawa-e-Subah Srinagar, June 6 (KNS): National Conference President Dr. Farooq Abdullah has said that National Conference has been the hallmark of development and prosperity in the State and would continue to steer J&K towards economic growth and progress. According to a statement issued to KNS, while speaking to numerous delegations of public and party workers at NC Headquarters at Nawa-e-Subah Complex in Srinagar, Dr. Farooq Abdullah said that National Conference has rendered its services to the common masses through the ups and downs of history and has never absolved itself of the role of being the bulwark that protects the political, social, cultural and economic interests of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Dr. Farooq Abdullah said that the Omar Abdullah led government had made huge strides in areas of See NC on pg 11

KNS, while speaking on the election of, Mahajan, as the Speaker of the parliament, Mehbooba said though J&K is electorally a small state with just six members in the LS, it deserves greater accommodation in view of the problems this state has been facing ever since independence. “Though we are a small state, but it faces more problems than the rest of the country,” said Mehbooba. The PDP president said the See Mehbooba on pg 11

‘Congress yet to come out from the shock of Azad’s defeat’

the Cabinet of which ‘Soz was not alert when Omar held by Congress is a part, “so meet with employees’: Fotedar it is obvious the credit Srinagar, June 6: Senior Congress leader and former Union Minister, Makhan Lal Fotedar Friday said that the State Congress president Prof Saif-u-Din Soz was taken unaware and he had no idea what was happening on the ground when Chief Minister Omar Abdullah held a meeting with state employees and made a declaration about the enhancement of retirement age. “Soz was not alert and I think he was in deep slumber when National Conference made an announcement and tried to take credit of that important decision,” Fotedar told Srinagar based news gathering agency CNS adding that all the important decisions are taken

should go to Coalition government and not a single party for any decision that is taken in the State of Jammu of Kashmir.” Responding to a query, Fotedar said that there is political uncertainty in Jammu and Kashmir and hence it is difficult for Congress party to decide with which party it is going to forge an alliance. “The Parliament election results indicated that National Conference has lost ground in all the three divisions of the state and thus we can’t say with authority that this party will form the next ground. It is not only the National Conference, which has lost ground, See Azad on pg 11


Srinagar, Saturday 07 June 2014


Commission reconstruction of an insurgency battered economy. Also since inclusive and equitable development of the three regions of the State stands at the core of our government’s agenda, the delivery of basic services and public goods across the diversity and remoteness of the State requires generous and sympathetic financial support”, he said and expressed thankfulness to the Planning Commission and the Centre Government for their support during the last five years period. “The 13th Finance Commission indeed gave us a very generous award. We are hopeful that the new Government at the Centre and you as the 14th Finance Commission would view our constraints, concerns and expectations through a positive and sympathetic lens and help us in carrying forward our development agenda of building on peace dividends”, he said and mentioned the saga of long years of militancy which brought enormous burden on the scarce resources of the State. Omar Abdullah dwelt in detail on the increase in expenditure on security related aspects including police in the State during the last about 25 years and underlined the need for compensating the State fully on this account by the Centre Government. The Chief Minister made the mention of the State Government’s initiatives to harness vast hydel power potential to upgrade State’s financial position and said “we have started indigenous projects of over 1400 MWs in this tenure against 750 MWs launched in last 60 years. Edifice stands laid to generate 9000 MWs of energy over the next seven years. With this kind of generation, we cannot only be self-sufficient for our energy requirements but can also have a considerable surplus income for the State”. He urged the Finance Commission to also strongly recommend transfer of Central Sector Hydroelectric Projects to the State after expiry of 30 years in each case and in the interim raising of free power quota from 12 percent to 30 percent in respect of Central Sector Projects.On delivery of social services to people living in extreme climatic and geographical conditions and to the cold desert of Ladakh, Omar Abdullah said that this is a big challenge of governance and to bridge the administrative outreach gaps, the State Government has recently created 46 Sub-Divisions, 135 Tehsils, 177 CD Blocks, 301 Niabats and 2526 Patwar Halqas. He said that creating necessary infrastructure and manpower for these units in short span of time demands availability of ample financial resources and “we look to your help and support in this regard”.The Chief Minister mentioned the initiatives taken by the government to provide responsive, transparent and accountable administration and referred to the enactment of Legislations like J&K Public Service Guarantee Act 2011, establishment of Institutions of State Information Commission and Vigilance Commission and added that eleven new services have been added to PSGA taking the number of total services under its ambit to 80.“Suitable amendments are being proposed in the J&K Prevention of Corruption Act to make it more stringent for carrying forward the crusade against corruption. The government have also introduced 3rdParty Monitoring of development programmes to ensure complete transparency and accountability. The State won accolades at the National level for implementing the Results Framework Document (RFD) aimed at making governance result-oriented.

Sumitra deputy mayor and then an MP from Indore in Madhya Pradesh. She was a Minister of State in the Atal Behari Vajpayee cabinet from 1999 to 2004, holding different portfolios of Human Resources, Communications and IT and Petroleum and Natural Gas. A lawyer-turned-politician, Mahajan is known for her trademark simplicity, honesty and clean image besides her impeccable winning record at the hustings. An active parliamentarian, she has not only headed important committees, but has also been a keen debater and avid questioner inside the House, often seen putting ministers on the mat with her calm but firm interventions.The mild-mannered Mahajan has over the years emerged as a force to reckon with in Indore where she never lost since she first became an MP in 1989 and a generation of opposition leaders have been waiting to trounce her. She, however, had lost the Indore Assembly election thrice before becoming an MP.Mahajan won her Lok Sabha seat for the eighth consecutive time in this election by an impressive margin of 4.67 lakh votes.Born on April 12, 1943 in Chiplun of Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra, Mahajan became a municipal corporator in 1982.Within the BJP, Mahajan has grown from being President of the BJP Mahila Morcha in Madhya Pradesh in 1990 to being the national general secretary in 1998. Mahajan was vice president of the party’s Madhya Pradesh unit in 1992 and later Secretary of BJP’s MP unit before becoming chairperson of the BJP Parliamentary Party in the state in 1995. Besides, she was BJP Mahila Morcha head in 2005.As a Parliamentarian, Mahajan has been a member of various Committees including those on Human Resource Development and its Sub-Committee on Value-based Education.

Public Notice


My name is wrongly entered in school records as Tashfeen Lateef Ganie instead of Karib Hussain Ganie. Now I have applied for its correction. If any person has any objection/objections in this regard may please submit their objection/ objections to principal Hanfia Islamic Institute Kralpora within seven days. No objection will be entertained after the due date. Karib Hussain Ganie S/o Lateef Ahmad Ganie R/o Kralpora



I have lost my 9th Pass (Session Annual Regular 1979) certificate somewhere. Now I have applied for its duplicate. Anybody having objection in this regard may file the same in the office of the Principal, Govt. Boys Higher Secondary School, Nagam within 7 days after that no objection will be entertained. Bashir Ahmad Ganie, S/o Mohda Ganie, R/o Nagam, Chadoora

Zabarwan Times

Puja resolution of Kashmir at an earliest. They also expressed their desire to return to their native places with honor and dignity. “We want to live here as we used to be in the past. We have our roots in the land and we know that our identity lies with this great soil,” said a Kashmiri pandit after paying obeisance. Reports also maintained that the local Muslims were all busy in making arrangement for the special prayers and also the refreshment was made available by the local Muslims. The Muslims had set up stalls selling flowers and other material for the devotees to offer at the temple. Walking barefoot and carrying rose petals, the devotees, mostly Kashmiri Pandits, throng the temple every year to pay obeisance while offering milk and kheer (rice-pudding) to the sacred spring within the complex. Meanwhile, Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah Friday could not visit the Kheer Bhawani Temple due to official engagements however, he extended greetings to the Kashmiri Pandit community on the Kheer Bhawani Festival. “Warm greetings to the members of the Kashmiri Pandit community on the occasion of the Kheer Bhavani Mela,” Omar tweeted. “I regret that the presence of and meetings with the 14th Finance Commission has meant, I haven’t been able to visit Tulmullah (Kheer Bhawani temple) today,” he said on the micro-blogging site. Omar said he was looking forward to work with the new government at the Centre on return of Kashmiri Pandits to the Valley. “I look forward to working with the new government as they unveil their plans for the honourable return of the displaced Pandit community,” Omar wrote on Twitter. State Congress chief, Srinagar member parliament Tariq Qarra, Inspector general of Police besides several others visited the shrine of Mata Kheer Bavani on Friday (KNS)


while demanding the restoration of pre-1947 status of Jammu and Kashmir stated that all the region of both the sides of the divided line are disputed and need to be resolved in accordance to the wishes and aspirations of the people of the region. “I want to clear that all the five regions of Jammu and Kashmir including Azad Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan, Ladakh and Jammu region are as much disputed in nature as is the Kashmir valley.” The Hurriyat (M) chief further cautioned that Jammu and Kashmir is being polarized on religious and ethical line and that the same must be opposed with the scorn it merits. “On Religious, ethical and linguistic grounds, the state is being divided by the communal forces. We will not allow this to happen. We will oppose every such move that is aimed to change the dimensions of Kashmir dispute. We want to have the region that existed on August 14, 1947.” Kashmir’s chief religious cleric maintained that the people here are striving for their birth right and the ongoing resistance is not against any country or its people. “The Kashmir dispute must be looked on the humanitarian ground.” Mirwaiz remarked that the Jammu region will not be allowed to get polarized by the vested interests as the same is the very vital part of the ‘disputed’ territory. “We have seen that how communal fires were fanned in Jammu and history bears witness that how hatred was developed against one particular community in the region and how massacre was carried out after the partition. I want to ask those divisive forces that are they hell bent upon taking the state on the brink of communal tension. Jammu and Kashmir is the one entity and when we say so, we also talk about the areas that are on the other side of the divided line. We cannot ignore even a single area of disputed Jammu and Kashmir.” Maintaining that terminology cannot change the reality of the dispute, Mirwaiz rebuked the comments of BJP wherein it was demanded that word Jammu be added to the Kashmir that is under the control of Pakistan. “These games of words cannot change the disputed status of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the reality and can neither be undermined nor denied.” (KNS)

Handwara investigation was taken up. Handwara police detained many suspects for questioning. During questioning of the suspects police zeroed in on four persons involved in the extortion. Among them three accused including two brothers Tanveer Ahmad, Altaf Ahmad sons of Ghulam Rasool War and Mohammad Akbar Mir sonin-law of Abdul Gaffar Bhat residents of Patchkoot were arrested while the forth accused is absconding. Police has launched man hunt to nab him. Rs. 1800 and a knife used in the commission of the extortion has been recovered from them. (KNS)


representatives from J&K are charged with greater responsibilities as the people who vote for them face tremendous odds in doing so. She said the recent elections have particularly generated a new atmosphere of hope in the state and people at large expect their representatives to deliver in terms of filling the trust deficit with rest of the country, resolving their problems and bringing a positive change in their lives. Mehbooba said with more than 350 first time members in the LS the House reflects the change in the country and we expect that this freshness of representation also proves refreshing for the biggest challenges that the country faces in J&K. She expressed the hope that a new and positive approach towards the problems of J&K would mark the change in the complexion of the House. Mehbooba said Kashmir faces acute problems of development deficit and unemployment which need to be addressed with understanding and considerationReferring to Prime Minister, Narendra Modi’s, remarks that he would follow the Vajpayee line in dealing with J&K; Mehbooba said the strong mandate that he has received in the LS elections should hopefully help his government in adopting a bold approach to the problems of the state.

Dock the all the accused. “We have registered an FIR vide number 46/20014 under section 354A against Director Health Services Kashmir and three other officers,” Station House Officer Shaheed Gunj Nissar Ahmad told CNS adding that an Investigating Officer has taken up the investigation.

The copy of FIR lying with CNS reads that the CMO Anantnag informed the complainant that Director Health Services wanted to see her in his office chamber on Thursday. “When I enquired from the Director Health Services why he called me, the Director caught hold my hand and tried to touch my breasts. I tried my best to save myself but he threatened me of dire consequences,” the FIR reads adding that, “three months before BMO Sallar Dr Arshid Tak, CMO Anantnag Dr Nazir Shadad in booze arrived at our Pahalgam quarter and tried to assault me sexually. When they failed, next day they leveled false charges on my husband and get him transferred. Not only this, they also transferred me to Seer Anantnag. I knocked at the doors of every political leader but all proved in vain. I even approached to Dr Farooq Abdullah who requested the concerned Minister to look into the matter. The Minister first called me to Jammu and then in Kashmir. The Minister told me and my husband that he can’t go against his own CMO and BMO. Being poor and un-influential, we both (couple) bore all hardships but today Dr Saleem-ur-Rehman crossed his limits and had planned to rape me. I somehow managed to free myself and there I appeal to the police to lodge a formal case against Dr Saleem and other debaucshe,” the FIR reads adding that, “Saleem is telling me that I will lose nothing if share bed with all four of us. Chief Medical Officer Anantnag Dr Nazir Shadad told CNS that there is no truth in these allegations. “Her husband who is a doctor was demoted a few years back and the woman is now trying to defame us,” he said.

Nurse “I have decided to file a defamation suit against the nurse who has tried to malign my image,” Director Health services Kashmir told KNS. Following a complaint of alleged sexual assault against him the police station Shaheed Gunj has registered an FIR number 46/2014 under section 354 (A) RPC against the director health. Sources told KNS that the complainant has alleged that she was sexually assaulted by the director when she went to his office in Srinagar for her transfer from south Kashmir. The female nurse has stated in her complaint that she had some problems at her place of posting and wanted the same to get resolved by the director.Reliable sources told KNS that the complainant nurse was posted in South Kashmir in the past and had sought transfer from the place. Some months earlier, the nurse had complained the issue of official apathy her work place during the visit of the minister to South Kashmir.Sources have informed KNS that during the initial investigations into the complaint lodged by the female nurse against the director health, some eight to ten officials at directorate of health have been questioned. The initial findings of the probe have revealed that more than five persons were present in the room of the director health when the female nurse entered with her application for transfer.The witnesses present during the meet have informed that the director talked to the nurse for nearly 30 seconds at the distance of some eight to 10 meters. The director, according to the witnesses has asked the nurse to discharge her duty with ease and the issues related shall be resolved in the near future.


infrastructural development and economic growth in the last five and a half years, in line with NC’ glorious, unquestionable track-record of working relentlessly for the interests of the common-man. Stating that while the growth rate of the economy at the national level had declined to 5 percent in the past, the growth rate of J&K’s economy had crossed 7 percent during the same time, Dr. Farooq Abdullah said that industries, commerce, health-infrastructure and education sector had seen remarkable growth during the last five and a half years.


but the negative results for Congress party in Jammu were unexpected. Keeping in view the present scenario, it is difficult to predict which party or parties will form the next government,” he said. Fotedar said that the biggest shock for Congress party was the defeat of Ghulam Nabi Azad from Doda-Udhampur Constituency. “Congress party in state is yet to come out from that shock. The party will certainly chalk out future strategy once things will get better and smooth,” he said. Replying to a question, Fotedar told CNS that it is will not be Farooq Abdullah or any other person who can decide the fate of the youth arrested on the charges of stone-pelting. “Only law of the land can grant general amnesty to these youth who have been detained on charges of violence. It is not in the hands of Farooq Abdullah or National Conference but only law can decide it,” he said. (CNS)

Public Notice I have applied for Date of Birth certificate from Tehsil Office, Awantipora. My date of birth is 3rd March, 1977. Anybody having objection in this regard may file the same in the office of the Tehsildar, Tehsil Office, Awantipora within 7 days after that no objection will be entertained. Ali Mohammad Wani S/o Gh. Mohammad Wani R/o Dangerpora, Patgampora, Awantipora, Pulwama




Applications on the prescribed form which can be had from office of the Registrar Academic of this College on production of a bank receipt for Rs,300/-(Rupees three hundred only) from J&K Bank, GMC, Srinagar pledged to the Principal, Govt. Medical College, Srinagar are invited from the in-service /non PSC doctors who are permanent residents of J&K State for tenure posts of Demonstrators/Field Demonstrators in the following disciplines for a tenure period of three years for Postgraduate/Ph.D and two years for M.Phil and one year for MBBS/M.Sc Candidates:Demonstrators 1. Pathology 5. Pharmacology 8. Biochemistry 2. Physiology 6. SPM 3. Anatomy 4. Microbiology 7. Forensic Medicine Category

Designation of the Post


Minimum teaching/Research experience.


Demonstrator Para Clinical except Microbiology & Pharmacology

Possession of Recog. Medical qualification included in the first or second Schedule (other than licentiate qualifications) to the Indian medical Council Act, 1956. Holders of educational qualifications included in Part-II of the 3rd Schedule fulfill the conditions stipulated in sub-section 3 of section 13 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.

One year experience as a House Officer or equivalent recognized experience


Demonstrator Basic Sciences Microbiology & Pharmacology

3) For Medical persons Same as for (i) above. 4) For non-Medical persons. Post Graduate qualifications in the concerned subject from a recognized University or Institution, Preference will be given to M.Scr-Ph.D, MBBS, M.S, M.D in the Subject

-do-Note 1:- For basic Science Departments one year research experience/work done in any recognized Institution in lieu of House job. Note 2:- preference to be given to MBBS candidates and in no case more than 30% of vacancies shall be filled from Non- Medicos.

CONDITIONS AND ELIGIBILITY: d. For in-services candidates:4. The in-service doctors shall carry the pay scale of Rs.9300-34800 plus grade pay as admissible under rules 5. The in-service doctor should have rendered at-lest two years service in the Health Department on 31 -05- 2014. 6. The in-service doctors shall be allowed to participate in the Selection process only with the prior permission of the Administrative Department. For the purpose they should route their application form through Administrative Department. No advance copy shall be entertained. e. For Non-PSC candidates:3. The Non-PSC doctors shall be appointed on academic arrangement basis and shall be paid a consolidated pay equal to the revised basic pay which corresponds to the minimum of the pre-revised scale for the post of Assistant Surgeons in Health Department as per SRO 93 dated 15-04-09 plus DA and HRA as applicable to in-service doctors and no other monetary benefit whatsoever. 4. Maximum age for eligibility to apply shall be 50 years as on 31-05-2014 f. General conditions of eligibility for all candidates:3. Those doctors who were earlier appointed as Demonstrators but had left service before completing their tenure need not apply. 4. Those doctors who have already completed their tenure-ship as Demonstrator/Field Demonstrator in any discipline need not apply and their application forms shall not be considered, however this restriction shall not be applicable in respect of such doctors who have done their tenure-ship in the discipline prior to the passing of their post-graduation. The application forms should be accompanied by the attested copies of the following documents :9. MBBS Degree and internship completion certificate or equivalent thereof for nonmedicos. 10. Physical active field service certificate after PG/Rural service prior to PG certificate issued by the Director, Health Services, Jammu/ Srinagar in respect of inservice doctors. 11. Attempt certificates, 1st, 2nd, Pre-final and Final MBBS examination issued by the University concerned. For non medicos total duration taken in competition of post graduation course. 12. Distinction/National scholarship during MBBS/M.Sc/Honors/ Medal/ Academic merit certificate. 13. House Officer experience certificate issued by the Principal concerned or equivalent recognized experience. For non medicos certificate of research work done in a teaching Institution for a period of one year. 14. Diploma certificate/ Post-graduate Degree/Ph.D. 15. Professional Publications in a standard Medical Journal, if any„ 16. Affidavit duly attested by the Notary declaring that the applicant has not done Registrarship/ Demonstrator-ship/Sr. Residency earlier within or outside the J&K State. The selection of the candidates will be made on the basis of combined academic merit and performance at the interview. No TA/DA will be admissible for appearing in interview. The schedule for issue of forms and their receipt is as under:Sale of forms 05-06-2014 Last date of sale of forms 20-06-2014 Last date of receipt of forms 30-06-2014 Sd/- Principal/Dean DIPK. NO.1521 Govt. Medical College Srinagar

Owner , Printer & Publisher: Suhail Malik Editor -in-Chief: Shahana Malik Legal Advisor: Syed Reyaz Hussain RNI NO. JKBII/2011/39764, Email: Publised at Govt. Quarters , M-13 Magarmal Bagh Srinagar-190001 J&K, Printed at:- Sangarmal Offset Press Humhama Sheikhpora Tele/Fax: 2478370 Cell No. 09999964750, 9796 787844




Arvind Kejriwal refuses to withdraw statement against Nitin Gadkari, put on trial NEW DELHI: Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Arvind Kejriwal was on Friday put on trial by a Delhi court on charges of defamation on a complaint filed against him by BJP leader Nitin Gadkari. Metropolitan magistrate Gomati Manocha framed the notice under Section 251 of the CrPC (dealing with issuance of summons in such complaints) against Kejriwal and fixed the matter for recording of evidence of Gadkari and his witnesses on August 2. The court framed the charge after Kejriwal, former Delhi chief minister, refused to heed to the magistrate’s suggestion to amicably resolve the case filed against him by Gadkari, even after the Union minister indicated that if the AAP leader was ready to withdraw his alleged defamatory statement he would drop Lone News Agency Kangan Khan News Agency Ganderbal his complaint. That on JanuaryGulzar 30, 2014, News Agency Soura Zahid Book Depot Chadoora see whether they should vote....,” ance. you made and published Tariq impuNews Agency Hawal Bashir News Agency Nowhatta the magistrate said in the order. the court framed the notice, tations/statements against Muzaffarthe Ali NewsThe Agency Alamgari Bazar Budshah News pleaded Agency Lal court, however, allowed Kejriwal notChowk guilty of complainant Nitin Gadkari in the Abdullah News Agency Lal Chowk Sikendar News Agency Lal Chowk the plea of Kejriwal seeking exthe offence and claimed trial. media stating that he is a corrupt emptionLal from personal appearTheAgency court, inGund the morning Gupkari News Agency Chowk Raina News Kangansespolitician and that people should

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Khan News Agency Regal Chowk Sheikh News Agency Hyderpora Lone News Agency Tangmarg Bhat News Agency Magam Dar News Agency Beerwah Reshi News Agency Safapora Basharat News Agency Bandipora Altaf News Agency Pulwama Jeelani News Baramulla At least 19 people were detained by Agency Amritsar Police on Friday over clashes between Shah task force of the Shiromani Newsvolunteers Agency Kupwara Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) and radical Sikh activYounis News Agency Langate ists on Friday during theReshi 30th anniversary of theIslamabad army’s Operation News Agency Blue Star at the Golden Temple. The military’s 1984 assault on the Turray News Agency Tralholed up inGolden Temple was aimed at flushing out militants Rahi News Agency Kulgam side demanding an independent Sikh homeland. Rah Newsand Agency Byepass “We have detained eight persons more such detentions are

Radical groups clash at Golden Temple on 30th anniversary of Operation Blue Star

likely. Nobody is allowed to force the residents for bandh,” Amritsar police commissioner Jatinder Singh Aulakh told Hindustan Times earlier. At least 12 people were injured in the fighting. The situation took an ugly turn when Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar) head Simranjit Singh Mann along with his supporters allegedly forcibly tried to deliver a message from the rostrum of Akal Takht, police commissioner Aulakh told PTI.. SAD (Amritsar), is a splinter group of the Shiromani Akali Dal, led by Simranjit Singh Mann which advocates formation of Khalistan, an independent state for the Sikhs through democratic process. Mann was prevented from delivering the speech following which a clash broke out between SAD (Amritsar) activists and guards of Shiromani Gurudwara Parbhandhak Committee (SGPC) task force, he said.

Rashid News Agency Dalgate Hilal News Agency Budgam Bhat News Agency Chadoora Zargar News Agency Kunzar Bashir News Agency Sumbal Saleem News Agency Pattan Reyaz News Agency Pampore Javaid News Agency Qazigund G.M News Agency Sopore Sultan News JUNE Agency Handwara TULMULLA, 06: Minister forSheikh Housing, Horticulture, Culture News Agency Islamabad andThree Youth Services & Sports, Way News Agency TralMr. Raman Bhalla visited TulmulBadru Newstoday Agency Bijbehara la Ganderbal and paid obeisance at News Agency Arwani theMalik temple of Khir Bhawani. Shaheen News Agencythe Kargil Mr. Bhalla felicitated devo-

sion on Friday, had advised Kejriwal to bury the hatchet and amicably settle the issue with Gadkari. “Why don’t you both shake hands before the court and finish the matter on an amicable note? Why don’t you bury your hatchet and utilize time in a more productive manner?” the court said. “You both are renowned politicians, people look up to you,” the court added. Gadkari, who appeared before the court in the case, told the court that honesty is his political strength and his reputation is his capital. “I am an honest politician and

damage has been caused to my reputation by the defamatory allegation levelled agaisnt me by Kejriwal. I don’t have any personal enmity against Kejriwal,” Gadkari said. Gadkari also told the court that he was ready to resolve the issue if Kejriwal withdraws his statement. “I am ready to fight the legal battle. Let the inquiry against me proceed and charges be proved against me in public,” he said., however, refused to withdraw his statement and allegations which he had levelled against Gadkari. “I can’t withdraw my statement and allegation. I have documentry proof for all the allegations,” Kejriwal said. On May 27, Kejriwal had obtained bail from the trial court by furnishing a personal bond. Kejriwal was earlier summoned as an accused by the court in the defamation complaint in which Gadkari had alleged that he was defamed by the AAP leader who had included his name in the party’s list of “India’s most corrupt”.

Bhalla pays obeisance at Khir Bhawani Felicitates people on eve of Mela, prays for peace, progress & prosperity of the State

tees on the eve of the Mela and prayed for peace, harmony, progress and development in the State besides wished prosperity and well-being to the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The Minister took stock of arrangements made for ensuring smooth Mela besides interacted with the devotees and local people. Kashmiri Pandits, who had come from Delhi, Jammu and other parts of the country, complimented Mr. Bhalla for good arrangements made in and around the temple

NEW DELHI: After spending a decade in government, defeated Congress ministers are now picking up the threads of life bereft of power. While many would certainly be struggling to find their feet in the mundane world, the few lawyers have made the switch from corridors of power to the precincts of justice. Former external affairs minister Salman Khurshid raised quite a few eyebrows when he entered the Supeme Court earlier this week to plead for extension of interim bail for rape accused Tarun Tejpal, former editor-in-chief of Tehelka. The man who lost his deposit from Farrukhabad successfully argued in his clipped Oxford accent, managing extension of bail till June 27. Tejpal was earlier represented by senior advocate Harish Salve and Geeta Luthra. Khurshid’s former colleague Kapil Sibal too did not waste time in getting his bar license renewed. He was in Kolkata on Thursday fighting his first case since he lost elections from Chandni Chowk.Like his high-profile career in

government, the gregarious lawyer landed a high-profile case. He is representing the Birlas in their controversial dispute with the Lodhas. Asked about his foray back into the courtroom, Sibal told ET, “it is always good to do different things.” He said that he had other plans for himself too. “Writing a book, writing songs, composing music... there are so many things to be done,” he said.Though former finance minister P Chidambaram did not contest elections, choosing to opt out in his son’s favour, he had indicated to his party colleagues that he was headed back to his legal practice. In the run-up to the elections, BJP leader Ravi Shankar Prasad, now law minister, could not resist a barb at Chidambaram. On his decision of not contesting, Prasad had said that the tottering Congress had no will to fight. “Mr Chidambaram will soon be self-employed. He will start a legal practice. I wish him very well. I hope he will do very well after a gap of 10 years,” Prasad had said.

Taurus April 20-May 20

This is a terrific day for you, Taurus. You should find that your relationships, especially with men, go exceptionally well. Your tender and extremely sensitive nature is finally being recognized as the treasure chest it is. There are many times in which this type of personality is seen as weak, yet today is one of those times in which you’re given the full credit you deserve.

Gemini May 21-June 21

A selfish attitude on your part won’t be tolerated today, regardless of the circumstances, Gemini. Don’t make it worse for yourself by pretending that you don’t notice others’ hurt feelings. People are likely to be extra sensitive today, so be careful about trying to impose your will on someone who really wants nothing more than an ear to talk to and a shoulder to cry on.

Cancer June 22-July 22

You could find the hardest person to face is you, Cancer. You tend toward introspection, and you may find yourself shrinking into self-recrimination. You could analyze the important people in your life and yet fail to address the one you really need to look at – you. As you continually strive for perfection, give yourself proper credit. Do something nice for yourself today.



August 23-September 22

and expressed their gratitude. Mr. Bhalla expressed his happiness and said that the festival is a shining example of communal

them to work hard as Parliamentarians. “Don’t touch my feet,” was Modi’s directive to the new MPs, in an apparent dig at the Con-

Congress’s lawyer-leaders Khurshid, Sibal, Chidambaram and Moily back in courts

Allow your eager and restless nature to express itself in ways other than through the spoken word, Aries. Show someone that you care through your gentle touch or a big bear hug. Hold on a little bit more tightly than you might normally. There’s an unspoken understanding that comes when you communicate through nothing but pure silence. Work on developing this kind of connection with those closest to you.

Take advantage of the creative energy in the air today, Leo. Keep your hands moving and your imagination flowing toward something fun and artistic. If you begin to doubt your work, you may fall down a spiral of creative blockage. Don’t get into the habit of constantly judging the quality or outcome of your work. Give yourself free rein to open up and explore whatever comes to mind.

gress, which the BJP has often targeted for the alleged “sycophancy” surrounding the Gandhi family, and some regional parties steered by political families where such practices are prevalent. The Prime Minister also asked MPs to help in the smooth running of the House and attend the sessions of Parliament fulltime while maintaining its dignity. tice of touching his feet and that of other leaders. Sources said Modi was referring to new MPs touching his feet when they met him and asked


March 21-April 19

July 23-August 22

harmony, amity and brotherhood, which are the hallmark of the glorious pluralistic ethos of Jammu and Kashmir.

PM Narendra Modi to BJP MPs: Stop touching feet, be regular in Parliament NEW DELHI: Sounding a word of caution to ruling BJP MPs, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday asked them to remain connected to the ground and not let any complacency eclipse the party that was catapulted to power. In a clear message to his party’s newly-elected lawmakers, Modi said as BJP was no longer in the opposition, its MPs had a far bigger responsibility in taking the message of the government to the grassroots level and highlight its programmes. In his 20-minute speech in the Central Hall of Parliament, Modi exhorted the MPs to remain in touch with the people at the grassroots and not lower their guard. Don’t touch my feet, Modi tells MPs Hitting out at the culture of sycophancy, Narendra Modi asked BJP MPs to shun the prac-


Sources said the Prime Minister also asked the MPs not to talk to the media as spokespersons of the party but raise the issues of their own area and constituency

with them instead. He also urged them to come armed with knowledge and do their homework properly before participating in Parliament debates. He said being present during debates will be a good learning ground for them on various issues. BJP patriarch L K Advani, in his address, also asked BJP MPs to continue to work for the welfare of the common people and consolidate on the gains as the party had come a long way from mere two MPs to the 282-member strong force with a majority of its own in the 2014 Lok Sabha election. BJP president and home minister Rajnath Singh also welcomed the new party MPs and asked them to work hard for further success of the party and uplift of common people.

India’s defence budget is one-third of China: Pentagon

WASHINGTON: India’s annual defence budget is just one-third of that of China despite the tensions that remain along their shared border, according to a Pentagon report.The official annual defence budget of China in the year 2013 was $119.5 billion against India’s $39.2 billion, the Pentagon said on Thursday in its annual report on China, which was submitted to the Congress. For comparison, the national defence budget of Russia in the year 2013 was $69.5 followed by that of Japan — $56.9 billion. The annual budget of South Korea was $31 billion, the Pentagon said adding that tensions remain along the India-China border.“Despite improving political and economic relations between China and India, tensions remain along their shared 4,057-km border,

most notably over Arunachal Pradesh, which China asserts is part of Tibet, and over the Aksai Chin region at the western end of the Tibetan Plateau,” the Pentagon said.“In 2009, China and India said they would establish a hotline between their prime ministers after exchanging barbs over the status of the border region of Arunachal Pradesh,” said the report titled “Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2014”, that runs into over 90 pages.“By 2011, however, progress still lagged as India reportedly found trouble obtaining suitable encryption technology to establish the hotline. Chinese and Indian officials met in late September 2013 to finalize the text of the Border.

Your sixth sense is right on target, Virgo, so trust your instincts today. You’re likely to connect with someone in a wonderful partnership that will help you foster the very plan you want to develop now. Stay close to those things that resonate strongly with your morals. The answer is in front of you; you don’t have to search too far afield in order to find it.


September 23-October 23 Take a break from your routine, Libra. You might feel like you’re leading an army into battle as you strive for new adventures and conquer new realms. Make sure you take a bit of time out today to stop and let your troops rest. You deserve a little rest yourself. Use this moment of stillness to form your plan of attack so you’re sure about how to proceed.


October 24-November 21 The key for you is to minimize your daily drama as much as possible, Scorpio. You may not realize how much you cripple yourself by the way you exaggerate every aspect of your life. Try not to give so much of your attention to things that really don’t matter much. Petty jealousy and gossip about other people’s lives are especially irrelevant in your world.

Sagittarius November 22-December 21

Be careful of advertising yourself as someone who is so strong and mentally competent that you’re capable of handling everything, Sagittarius. Take note that the strongest mule on the trail usually ends up carrying the most weight. Your emotions are more sensitive than you may think, and certainly more than you demonstrate to others. Be honest about the way you feel and not just the way you think.

Capricorn December 22-January 19

Things should flow well for you today with very little effort on your part, Capricorn. Take note that if any quarrel arises, it’s an indication that the person you’re arguing with isn’t necessarily the right person to deal with or confide in. Emotional issues are likely to be the hardest ones to overcome, but this shouldn’t be a problem for you. You have the ability to work through these like a pro.

Aquarius January 20-February 18

This is meant to be a nice, relaxing day, so treat it as such, Aquarius. There’s no need for you to plan any great strategy at this time. Try to take it easy and not indulge in any unnecessary stress. This is your time to enjoy the moment. Don’t tax your mind by overanalyzing everything that comes your way. Go with the flow and have a great time regardless of what you end up doing.


February 19-March 20 Your sensual nature is heightened, Pisces, and you’ll find yourself engaged in tender moments and languid peacefulness in the company of others. Soothe your soul by letting yourself slip into situations that give you the emotional freedom to do or say whatever comes to mind. Life should be like a love poem written by a great master. Accept the good energy that comes your way.

EDITORIAL/ OPINION QUOTE OF THE DAY I am not upset that you lied to me, I am upset that from now on I cannot believe you.” Friedrich Nietzsche

Noise pollution A ticking time–bomb


ashmir, the land of Sufis and Saints, is known for peace and tranquillity since centuries together. It was treated as an ideal place for medication and spiritual attainment. With the passage of time, it has lost its pristine glory and its tranquillity has been replaced by noise pollution. Constant excessive displeasing noise is disrupting the activities of human beings. The unwanted sound released into environment causes adverse effect on the health of human beings, birds and animals. The sound beyond permitted decibels can lead to permanent loss of hearing. As per studies, fifty million people are adversely affected in terms of health in country due to noise pollution. Any noise beyond 120 decibels can affect memory power, nervous system results in hypertension, ulcer, heart attacks and behavioural changes due to insomnia, irritability, headache, rise in blood pressure etc.Pollution in varied forms is causing environmental degradation in the state and consequently glaciers are melting at a faster pace. The industrialization has led to deforestation and rampant use of fossil fuels. Lungs of cities, green belt are shrinking and concrete jungles are symbol of modern and developed cities. The noises at construction sites are disturbing the peace of the inhabitants of that particular area. The increase in number of mobiles is a great source of noise as well as air pollution. They continue to spew carbon, lead and other oxides disturbing heat and radiation balance of earth’s atmosphere. Not only this ear piercing horns disturb the minds of the people living by the main road side. The use of electric gadgets, installation of loud speakers at worship places emanates loud voices. No festival or ceremony is complete without high pitched music system, beating of drums or blowing of crackers which makes the life of the people miserable. The patients in the hospitals find difficult to coup with the noise coming out of pressure horns and noise created by poorly maintained vehicles. It has also been observed that due to noise pollution, pregnant women give birth to premature children. The urban man is worst hit by noise pollution. The use of blasting materials for construction of roads, quarries and civil works causes a lot of noise pollution. The aircraft, supersonic aeroplanes and test firing by security forces take away the peace of mind of the people. It not only affects human beings it also the animals and the birds who shift to other places in search of lesser noisy places.The glaring adverse effects of displeasing sound are grave. Every sensible member of the society should strive hard to beat the noise pollution. The pollution control agencies should take stringent measures to lower down the noise emanating from factories, electric gadgets automobiles etc to allow the citizens to lead healthy life.


Zabarwan Times

Srinagar, Saturday 07 June 2014

Drug Abuse -A Holistic Approach


rug abuse, also called substance abuse or chemical abuse, is a disorder that is characterized by a destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems or distress. Teens are increasingly engaging in prescription drug abuse, particularly narcotics (which are prescribed to relieve severe pain), and stimulant medications, which treat conditions like attention deficit disorder and narcolepsy. Long ago… Initially, drug users were look down upon as those lacking in moral values that accounted for this strange consumption (of the drug) and it was more often held that a person was not “man enough” to get away from addiction. It was first recognized to be a disease like any other, by Alcoholics Anonymous, who did pioneering work in this field as an organization, delving deep into the reasons why a person fell into and subsequently in short time lost control of himself on such usage. Dr.Jellinek’s path-breaking studies helped change the very orientation one hitherto had about these alcohol/drug users (abusers). Further with the advancement of neuro-physiological science, more importantly after 1956, one came to the conclusion that drug abuse is a chronic disease, could trouble a person for his entire life and was ultimately, curable by proper treatment. The disease of addiction was thus much better understood than in the past. What was needed therefore, more than the sympathy towards such affected persons, a due recognition and systematic treatment appropriate for such cases. These could be akin to treating patients with other health problems like sugar-control or hyper-tension, to name a few. Types of Drugs Drugs drastically put to wrong use are brown sugar (its inferior version is heroin) cannabis (ganja, bangh and other such categories) and even alcohol which qualifies to fall under the drug category, for the reason that it is merely a chemical in liquid form that is used to give a “high”. Even thinners usable with paints and other such common material could be called drugs. There could also be a case of drug abuse, where a medically prescribed item

is consumed frequently, in increased quantity and violates the prescribed amount. Persons recognize that this produces a sensation that “puts them up” and they therefore start using these constantly, not when it is actually needed as a medicine. WHO Reports The yearly report released by bodies like WHO normally indicates an increase/decrease in pattern of drug in use, wherein sometimes what could be more prevalent would be smoking heroin; at other times it could be injecting cannabis. All these are to be seen more as fluctuations in drug abuse, than anything else. There are many criteria to determine whether a person is addicted or not. These could range from physical warning signs, emotional signs to an abrupt or gradual change in the family dynamics that lead to marked changes in social behaviour. The person exhibits red and glazed eyes with poor eating and sleeping habits and may also show general lack of interest and become a victim of sudden mood changes. He may develop a strange secretiveness that keeps him away from the family. On the social side he would try to become a truant with an altogether negative attitude. But as a thumb rule it would be better if one stuck to repeated usages as a symptom, where the user is fully aware of the consequences and but is prevented by a strange inability to restrict or stop the consumption of the drug in terms of quantity, frequency and be inclined towards an insurmountable urge towards drug usage. Vulnerability Instead of looking at the causes for drug addiction per se’, it is better to understand it as a vulnerability to addiction. That would a better term. Genetic make-up plays a vital part in forming this habit, the family and friends around a person may serve as a deterrent or cause further usage of the drug(s) thereby increasing the positive expectancy that is to be derived out of it. If there is tacit approval by those around him, then it is held as a normal habit. It is no more drug abuse ; it is only rightful “use”. It is “taken” in its stride. Psycho-social factors, lack of coping skills, the mechanism of a backup of friends during immense emotion-

al pain - any or all these may be the causes for the above-mentioned vulnerability. Withdrawal Symptoms Withdrawal symptoms create an uncomfortable feeling and will depend more on the drug which is consumed. The body and mind become restless, become more and more irritable, all parts of the body could be affected and there is pronounced sleep disturbance. It is similar to a pair of physical balances where one scale is at its extreme and what is strictly happening is a process of re-adjustment. If the patient goes back wanting to consume only a small quantity then the brain recalls the experiences it has had in the past and forces him to consume more and more till it provides complete satisfaction. This is a state that has to be completely avoided. It would be a reminder here that substitution of one drug by another is neither the solution nor the cure. Treatment Drug abuse, then is the disease of the body, the mind and the soul. Though treatment may begin medically but that alone is not enough and the patient would need an enormous amount of psychological help. If, a person gets cornered and conquered by an intake for three valium tablets, for instance, he should be taught and educated how to pass his time without these three. It requires long-term treatment, a change in lifestyle and the involvement of the family becomes cardinal in these kinds of treatments. Care should be taken to see that the patients dignity is preserved and he should always be respected. Prevention Prevention is a community process and not a one-time affair or a single day affair, of taking vows and the like. Instilling mere knowledge that drugs are bad alone may not also work. Developing of coping skills, learning to say a firm “no” to drugs even when repeatedly persuaded, a good support system, echoing the message against drug addiction repeatedly at different points of time, involving all sectors of the society are some of the preventive measures to be taken, all in a truly holistic manner, if results are to be seen. Government Initiatives

The Union Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, as the focal point for drug demand reduction programmes in the country, has been implementing the Scheme for Prohibition and Drug Abuse Prevention since the year 1985-86. As implementation of programmes for de-addiction and rehabilitation of drug addicts require sustained and committed/involved effort with a great degree of flexibility and innovation, a State-community (voluntary) partnership appears to be particularly strong mechanism for service delivery. Accordingly, under the Scheme, while major portion of the cost of services is borne by the Government, the voluntary organisations provide actual services through the Counselling and Awareness Centres; Deaddiction cum Rehabilitation Centres, Deaddiction Camps, and Awareness Programmes. The Ministry is assisting 361 voluntary organisations for maintaining 376 De-addiction-cum-Rehabilitation Centres and 68 Counselling and Awareness Centres all over the country. The basic objective in creating facilities for treatment, at Centres run through voluntary organisations, is to ensure that the support of the family and the community is mobilized to the maximum. To facilitate the medical treatment of hardcore addicts who require intensive long-term medical attention, 100 De-addiction Centres are being run in Government hospitals/ Primary Health Centres, etc. The initiatives from the Government include maintaining of Quality Assurance and Minimum Standards ensured by developing a Manual of Minimum Standards of Services, Professional Manpower Development where National Centre for Drug Abuse Prevention (NCDAP) as an apex institution has the necessary mandate for training, research and development in the drug sector and Focused Interventions for Vulnerable Targets where The Workplace Prevention Programme (WPP), a collaborative effort of the Government, ILO, NGOs and corporate sector has come up as a result. This collaboration has led to the formation of an effective group of various stakeholders, known as ARMADA, the Association of Resource Managers against Alcohol and Drug Abuse.

Social Costs of Climate Change


limate Change projections are based on specific models which have assessed future climate. They show consistent rise in temperature. However, the projections of rainfall vary across models. Impact studies begin with an inventory of the effects on multiple criteria -typically lives lost, the burden of disease on humans, species lost, crippling large infrastructures like dams, roads, bridges due to cyclones, heavy rains, floods etc. Negotiating global climate change targets has tended to recognize such multiple effects, corresponding to an informal multi-criteria approach. To maintain consistency in policy evaluation on climate change mitigation, a common metric is desirable and the most common of all metric is monetary. A monetary metric particularly well suited to measure market impacts. For example, the cost of sea level rise could be expressed as the capital cost of protection and the economic value of land and structures lost in the absence of protection, agriculture impact can be expressed as costs or benefits to producers and consumers, and changes in water runoff might be expressed in new flood damage estimates. There is a broad valuation theory and its application, including studies on the monetary value of lower mortality risk, eco-systems, quality of life, etc. However, economic valuation, especially in the area of climate change, is often particularly controversial, because of ecosystems and socially contingent effects, the potential magnitude of major impacts including irreversible climate shifts, and because of issues with intergenerational and international equity. Numerous studies have estimated the costs of climate change. The social cost in key areas is stated below. Sea Level Rise Sea level rise leads to costs of additional protection, or otherwise loss of dry land and wetland. The balance depends upon future decision about what protection is justified. Costs of protection are relatively well known, but other costs like rising sea levels increases the likelihood of storm surges, enforces landward intrusion of salt water and endangers coastal ecosystems and wetlands are more uncertain. They are often excluded or only partially captured in terms of valuation. Populations that inhabit small islands and/ or low-lying coastal areas are at particular risk of severe social and economic effects from sea-level rise and storm surges. This raises the issues of migration, the costs of which depend on diverse social and political factors. Energy

Energy use impacts will depend on average temperatures and range, but there will be a combination of increases and decreases in demand for heating (both in terms of overall energy supplied, and to meet peak demands). Benefits from increased winter temperatures that reduce heating needs may be offset by increases in demand for summer air conditioning, as average summer temperatures increase. Agriculture Agricultural impacts depend upon regional changes in temperature and rainfall, as well as atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and fertilization. The key impacts will be to crops and changes in the cultivated area and yields. These effects depend on many factors and in some areas; the area suitable for cultivation and potential yields will increase. Climate variability, as well as mean climate change, is an important consideration. Adaptive responses will be important –choice of crop, development of new cultivars and other technical changes, especially irrigation. Most valuation studies capture the direct impacts, but it is important to note these do not fully determine damages-these will also depend on changes in demand and trade patterns driven by socio-economic factors-but also complex responses to climate changes variability, pests and diseases, etc. Water Supply Water supply impacts depends on changes in rates of precipitation and evapo-transpiration and demand changes including those driven by climate change. The water demand of biological systems is affected by various climatic factors including temperature and humidity. Water supply systems are usually optimized to meet extreme supply/demand conditions and the costs of shortage can be very high. Climate variability is therefore important in determining damages. There is the potential for water scarcity and severe socially contingent damages. Health Health impacts include both an increase in heat stress, longer and severe summer and a reduction in winter cold stress i.e. less cold and shorter period of winter, though as these are in opposite directions the net mortality impact (global) of direct temperature changes may be quite small. Direct health impacts form temperature changes are included and valued in many studies. The area amenable to parasitic and vector borne diseases, such as malaria, will expand and impacts could be large. The area inclusion of diseases burden has been advanced through specific studies. Socially contingent damages to health, via other impacts such as food production water resources

and sea level rise, in vulnerable communities are difficult to estimate but could be very large. Increased threats to human health, particularly in lower income populations, predominantly within tropical/subtropical countries will be considerable. Ecosystems Ecosystems and biodiversity impacts are amongst the most complex and difficult to evaluate. Ecological productivity and biodiversity will be alerted by climate change and sea level rise, with an increased risk of extinction of some vulnerable species. Most of the major ecosystem types are likely to be affected, at least in parts of their range. Some isolated systems are particularly at risk, including unique and valuable systems, e.g. coral reefs. Recent evidence has also identified acidification of the oceans, which is an observable consequence of rising CO2 levels in the atmosphere. This will have potentially large impacts on marine ecosystems and fluxes of greenhouse gases between the ocean and the atmosphere. The analysis of ecosystem effects is one of the most problematic areas, in terms of a comprehensive or reliable assessment of the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and its valuations. Extreme Weather Extreme weather events are also likely to increase, with heat waves, drought, floods, and storms, tropical cyclones and even super-typhoons. However, the frequency and severity for extreme events may not be linearly dependent on average climate. Climate variability will also be important and there is no consensus on how this will change. Impacts damages will also depend on the location and timing and the hazard and adaptive responses. For example, cyclone damage to property will tend to rise with wealth but mortality effects may fall considerably. Major Events Major events, i.e. the risk of major effects – potentially catastrophic effects or major climate discontinuities are the most uncertain category. Loss of coral reefs and mangroves, melting of glaciers, cyclones, Indian monsoon transformation etc. are recent events. The major events include loss of the West Antarctic ice sheet; loss of the Greenland ice sheet; methane outbursts(including runway methane hydrates); instability or collapse of the Amazon Forests, changes in the thermo-haline circulation, loss or reversal of the gulf stream, changes in Atlantic deep water formation, changes in southern ocean upwelling, change in circumpolar deep water formation, change in stability of Saharan vegetation, reduced carbon sink capacity and other events.

Disclaimer : The contents and comments appearing in any article published in this paper are purely the personal opinion of the writer

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 07 June 2014  

14th Finance Commission interacts with State Government Omar reiterates demand for transfer of HEPs to J&K

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 07 June 2014  

14th Finance Commission interacts with State Government Omar reiterates demand for transfer of HEPs to J&K