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December 07 | 2013 | 03 Safar 1435 AH | PAGES 12 |






Largely Circulated, No. 1 Bilingual Daily of J&K

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n de d i e orb a f Phon m a IOb use o t

les ott b tic las alth p in he ter us to a w ed zardo r o St ha

Life partner should be my best friend See More On Page 06

Congress will never win from Kashmir: Kamal Srinagar, December 06: Reacting to the recent statement of Congress leader Muzaffar Parray wherein he had stated that National Conference ‘backstabbed’ Congress by nominating candidates for Kashmir valley for the forthcoming parliamentary polls, NC general secretary Dr Shiekh Mustafa Kamal Friday claimed that Congress can never win the parliamentary polls from Kashmir province. Talking to KNS, Kamal said that the statement of Parray, senior vice president of Congress is his personal opinion and not of that of the Congress party. “He (Parray) has said this as he went upset that the NC nominated its candidates.” Kamal said,” Congress will never win any parliamentary seat from valley and that during the previously held assembly elections, it won only three seats. This is clear Mathematics that prove that it is almost See Kamal on Pg. 11

Govt tightens noose around private schools Srinagar, December 06: Tightening its noose around the private schools of the valley involved in violating the government order for winter vacation, the Jammu and Kashmir Government Friday directed the Authorities to cancel the registration of the schools which have paid no heed to the order. The move comes in the backdrop of strong resentment from parents that certain private schools are yet to announce See Govt. on Pg. 11

Inside story Akhoon, Sadiq reviews power scenario in the Valley A high level meeting of Power Development Department functionaries was held here today to review the measures being made for improving the present scenario of power supply, unscheduled power cuts and

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On Edit Page Media and its responsibilities In every society the media plays a vital role not only in disseminating the information but also in building a healthy, positive and responsible society

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Light rain/snow may occur at isolated places over higher reaches of the state.


Generally cloudy Sky. Maximum & Minimum temperatures will be around 13°C & 01°C respectively.



Preservation of heritage a national responsibility

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Why 2012 BOPEE scam only, What about 2013 paper leakage scam? Will it take another decade to punish 2013 culprits? From our special correspondent Srinagar, December 06: The 2013 medical papers scam involving the former BOPEE Chairman Mushtaq Ahmad Peer who was subsequently arrested provided an opportunity for everybody from politician to media persons who rose to the occasion and brought to light several new aspects of the scandal. It was after persistent media reports that crime branch acted promptly and brought to book the culprits involved in this scam. The scam has exposed the dubious way of functioning in BOPEE which has lost its credibility due to its own deeds. But unfortunately the media and the politicians including the Chief Minister have perhaps forgotten the 2013 paper leakage which spoiled the future of many capable and intelligent aspirants.

This leakage was taken very lightly by the BOPEE authorities till the PDP President Mehbooba Mufti took up the issue and demanded a probe in this scam. Under public pressure and constant media reports the BOPEE authorities were compelled to cancel the leaked papers which were sold in open market in the similar way Mushtaq Peer provided and sold the MBBS papers in 2013. The matter came before the Hon’ble High Court which also expressed its concern and ultimately the government announced one man enquiry committee headed by secretary GDA to probe the matter and report back to the state. Though the committee is reported to have submitted its report to the government of Jammu and Kashmir through Chief Secretary but it has not so far seen the light of the day. In view of the arrest

NUHM to start in 779 cities and town of the country Gh. Nabi Azad discusses threadbare its implementation in a high level meeting New Delhi, December 06: The first meeting of National Health Mission Steering committee was today held at New Delhi under the chairmanship of Union Health Minister Gh. Nabi Azad. The committee took a threadbare review of the National Urban Health Mission for which the Union Cabinet has already given its consent. While taking to Zabarwan Times, Mr. Azad said that 779 cities and town of the country will be covered under this mission in the first instance. He said that National Urban Health Mission will be on the pattern of NRHM which has proved a grand success in the rural India. The steering committee also deliberated on different aspects of the mis-

sion which is perhaps the first of its kind in Asia. The meeting was also attended by Human Resources Development

steps in the heath sector which have succeeded to provide most modern healthcare facilities even in the farthest places of

Minister Dr. Palam Raju, Mister of Social Justice and Empowerment Kr. Sailja and Minister of Housing, Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation Girija Vyas. It may be recalled here that Gh. Nabi Azad has initiated many revolutionary

the country. The Urban Health Mission will be started very soon and it will be extended to the entire country providing the healthcare facilities at their door step of the people particularly the poor and lower middle class.

Militants will make their presence felt before polls: GoC 15 Corps Srinagar, Dec 06: Stating that militants could revive fresh attacks on security forces ahead of forthcoming parliamentary and assembly polls, General Officer Commanding (GOC) 15th corps Lt. General Gurmeet Singh Friday said the infiltration bids on LoC are expected ahead of the snowfall in Kashmir valley. Singh said ahead of polls, militants will try their best to make their presence felt and that the forces here are ready to face any kind of situation. While showing reluctance in providing the actual number of militants

operating in the state, Singh said that the due to the security situations, the actual number of the militants could not be made public. While talking to reporters, Singh said that the coming time would be a big challenge for the security forces, stationed in the state due to the forthcoming parliamentary and assembly polls. He stated that the militants could launch the fresh attacks in the state and that the security establishment here is competent in facing the major militant threats.” There is a better understanding See Militants on Pg.11

of Former BOPEE Chairman along with some brokers, the authorities should have immediately acted on the report, made it public and take prompt action against the officers who are involved in the paper leakage scam. If this would have been the case in any state other than Jammu and Kashmir, those at the helm of affairs in BOPEE would have immediately been shown the door. However Jammu and Kashmir is a unique state and the political backings play a major role even in routine enquiries against corrupt officials, not the question of those whose appointment itself is made on the recommendations of the politicians. In fact the 2013 probe should have been clubbed with 2012 investigations and simultaneously action should have been taken against those involved in the paper leakage

of 2013. The Chief Minister Omar Abdullah has openly criticized the happenings in BOPEE and has assured the people in several public meetings that action will be taken and no guilty will be spared. But the Chief Minister should now keep to his words and order a full investigation by crime branch in 2013 paper leakage scam also. Besides this the whole BOPEE organization should be revamped and overhauled and as recommended by the experts brought under the system of board of Directors so that the monitoring and checks and balances are put n place so that an eye is kept on the activities of black sheep who have destroyed the image of BOPEE once considered one of the best credible and transparent organization. In addition to this the present examination system needs to be dispensed

with and a system similar to such professional bodies in other parts of the county needs to be adopted, if the government wants to restore its lost credibility and pristine. The Chairman of this organization needs to be the most honest person who should be selected by a highest body in which the Chief Vigilance commission and organizations like that should play the major role so that a person of eminence heads BOPEE. At present BOPEE is at the lowest ebb of its credibility like BOSE which has this year reportedly claimed the lives of two innocent students. Now the question arises will Chief Minister Omar Abdullah rise to the occasion and clean the BOPEE from the black sheep and corrupt officials who are still rolling the roast as no action has been See Why 2012 on Pg. 11

Nelson Mandela dies, 5-day state mourning in India New Delhi, December 06: Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first elected black president and a global anti-apartheid icon died early Friday, at his home in the suburb of Houghton in Johannesburg, following a lengthy illness. The Indian government has announced a five-day state mourning. The elder statesman was receiving medical care from a leading team since September after spending three months in a Pretoria hospital for a recurrent lung ailment. "Fellow South Africans, our beloved Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, the founding president of our democratic nation, has departed," Zuma said in a nationally televised address. He passed away peacefully at 20:50 (local time), 5th December, Zuma said. "He is now resting. He is now at peace...Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father," he said. Zuma announced that there would be a state funeral for the departed world leader. Details of the funeral have not been announced yet, but all flags will fly at half-mast until the funeral. Zuma said Mandela's tireless struggle for freedom earned him the respect of the world, "His humility, his compassion, and his humanity earned him their love."

"Our thoughts are with the South African people who today mourn the loss of the one person who, more than any other, came to embody their sense of a common nationhood. Our thoughts are with the millions of people across the world who embraced Madiba as their own, and who saw his cause as their cause, Zuma said. "Let us reaffirm his vision of a society in which none is exploited, oppressed or dispossessed by another. Let us commit ourselves to strive together sparing neither strength nor courage to build a united, nonracial, non-sexist, democratic and prosperous South Africa," he said. Hundreds of South Africans all over the country huddled in groups from the early hours of this morning to mourn the death of founding father of the democratic nation. The government has also set up a special tribute website at See Nelson Mandela on Pg. 11

Communal Violence Bill not a vote-catching gimmick: PM New Delhi, December 06: Faced with stiff opposition from BJP and some non-Congress parties over the Communal Violence Bill, PM Manmohan Singh rejected the charge that it was a vote-catching gimmick and said it was time to control aberrations like the Muzaffarnagar riots. "It is not a vote-catching gimmick.....What happened in Muzaffarnagar and some other parts of our country is a reminder that although as a country, we can take pride in our ability to protect all the people of our country, yet there are times when aberrations take place. "This bill, if it is passed by Parliament, will help to control those aberrations," the Prime Minister said replying to a question at the Hindustan Times Leadership Summit in New Delhi on Friday. Singh noted that in the last five or six years, the country has been grappling with the problem of

communal riots in some parts of the country. "And our effort has been to create an environment where officers would have the responsibility to look after the law and order situation as effectively as is humanly possible. "Plus also if riots cannot be prevented, there should be adequate compensation for the victims of the riots. These are two basic principles, which underlines

what is the purpose of the Communal Violence Bill. I think it is a bill, whose time has come," the Prime Minister said. His remarks came amid Centre's move to drop several provisions to ensure that the legislation is neutral between communities. Singh had on Thursday said that government will try to evolve a broad-based consensus on issues which are of great legislative importance. BJP's Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi had on Thursday dubbed the bill as a "recipe for disaster". Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde had said the government will bring the 'Prevention of Communal and Targeted Violence (Access to Justice and Reparations) Bill, 2013 in the Winter See PM on Pg. 11

‘People’s issues sound like ‘Laila Majnu drama’ to Dr. Farooq’ Srinagar, December 06: Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) president, Mehbooba Mufti Friday said projection of public issues sound like ‘Laila Majnu Ki Kahani’ to the National Conference leadership and that explains why the state has become almost dysfunctional, disempowered and disturbed, whereas, the personal assets of the ruling elite have immeasurably grown in the last few decades. Addressing a well attended public meeting at Chokibal in Kupwara constituency, she said Dr Farooq See People’s Issues on Pg. 11


11 Saturday, 07 December 2013 From Front Page........

Why 2012.........

initiated in 2013 paper leakage scam. Meanwhile special anti corruption court reserved its orders on bail play of Sajad Hussain one of the accused in common entrance test scam till 10th of December. The argument in the bail play of the Former Chairman BOPEE Mushtaq Peer will also continue on 9th of December. The lawyers of Mushtaq Peer have argued that crime branch has no jurisdiction to probe the matter sighting and earlier decision of the honorable high court. The expose of BOPEE scandal has once again proved that our judiciary is supreme in real sense as it was due to the proceedings initiated in Hon’ble High Court that a scandal like this is being dealt in a proper way. Long live judiciary is the only thing which comes on the lips of the common citizens.

Nelson Mandela..........

Meanwhile the Indian government has announced a fiveday state mourning as a mark of respect to Nelson Mandela. A decision to this effect was taken at a special meeting of the Union Cabinet, which condoled the death of the icon. "Mandela was the tallest leader of not only his generation but possibly this entire paradigm. The role that he personally played in dismantling the apartheid is something exemplary," Information and Broadcasting Minister Manish Tewari said after the meeting. A prisoner of conscience for over 20 years, the South African leader played an extremely vital role in giving a moral leadership to the world, he said. "The entire nation is one with the South African people in condoling his sad demise. "The Cabinet met today and passed a resolution condoling the death of Dr Nelson Mandela and it has been decided that there would be five days' state mourning...," he added. During the period of state mourning beginning Friday, the national flag will be flown at half mast all over the country and there will be no official entertainment. The state mourning will be observed till December 10, a government notification said. Mandela spent 27 years in prison, most of them on Robben Island, after being convicted in the Rivonia trial with several others 50 years ago. He stepped down after serving one term as President following the first democratic elections in 1994. He had been in and out of hospital for the past two years with a range of medical problems. Tributes and condolences from many world leaders have been pouring in from all corners of the world after the tragic news. India to send high-level delegation to Mandela's funeral India will be represented by a "high-level" delegation at the funeral of South African anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela who died early morning in Johannesburg, the Ministry of External Affairs said today. "Both Prime Minister and President have indicated the reverence that we in India hold Nelson Mandela in. His death is not only a loss for South Africa but for India and the world too. It is certain that a very high-level delegation will go from India," spokesperson in MEA said. "There is still sometime between the funeral is officially held and visiting dignitaries are being asked to attend that...Our High Commission is in touch with South African government (on the issue)...," he added. The anti-apartheid icon served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 and was recipient of the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award and a well-known Gandhian. In his condolence message, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh described his as a "giant among men" who not only represented the conscience of the world, but also remained a beacon of hope for those struggling against oppression and injustice long after he had led his own people to victory over such ills." Mandela died early today at his home in the suburb of Houghton in Johannesburg following protracted illness. He was 95. Separatists pay tributes to Mandela Kashmir’s Pro-freedom camp while expressing grief over the demise of South African President Nelson Mandela, termed him the great inspiration for the suppressed people across the globe including the people of Kashmir. Huriyat Conference (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani told KNS that Mandela was the great leader for his country and his innumerous sacrifices rendered for his people have made history and provided inspiration to the people who are fighting for their rights in every corner of the world.


between the various intelligence agencies of the state due to which the forces had successful operations against the militants in North Kashmir during the recent past.” “There was only the first round of snowfall on the line of control and all the routes have not been closed still. There could be fresh infiltration bids but the forces here are ready to face any situation,” said Singh, adding that the militant leaders have visited LOC recently and that intelligence inputs have alerted the security establishment in the state. During the passing out parade of Border Security force (BSF), Singh while lauding the services of the force said that BSF has done commendable job in the stability and peace of the state.

People's Issues..........

Abdulla’s recent insinuation that the people of the state take money for votes is an ultimate insult to their (people’s) sense of discretion and integrity. “It also is a further proof of the fact, that National Conference leadership has turned everything into a commodity including the electoral process, where everything can be bought and sold in political bazaar that they have setup,” she added. Mehbooba said what Dr Farooq Abdulah has arrogantly described as ‘Laila Majnu drama’, is, actually, the story of misery, disempowerment, corruption, mis-governance and atrocities inflicted on the people of the state by his party throughout its post-independence history and more so, during the last five years. “He (Dr Farooq Abullah) is rattled by the fact that a party (the PDP) has emerged within the constitutional system, that is generalizing the problems of people and the NC is feeling the heat of real electoral competition in which people, who have a clear choice to make” she said. The PDP president said NC has brought the state to a position where everything, from a state subject certificate

Daily to a transfer of a government employee, is on sale. Backdoor recruitments are made against huge amounts, forcing people to sell their small holdings to secure a job, whereas, the transparent system of recruitment that has been completely subverted. Government contracts are sold or given to the ruling party agents and relatives of the politicians who are running a construction mafia across the state. Mehbooba said work on the genuine projects of public utility is suspended citing the lack of funds as a reason. But the government agents in the construction business conceive and execute projects in league with government politicians for which funds are provided under the table. “Even at the treasuries, money has been converted into commodity bought and sold,” she said. Mehbooba said this government has not spared even the selection process for entrance into the professional institutions and the recent BOPEE scandal should have been enough for the present rulers to retire from politics and hide themselves from public gaze. Instead of doing that, the Chief Minister is claiming credit for the arrest of Mushtaq Peer and his gang of thugs. He (Mushtaq Peer) has been handpicked repeatedly, for various assignments by the Chief Minister himself. “The scandal has been in the public domain since June 2012, and the police could proceed against the culprits only under the orders of the court, after they (Mushtaq Peer and company) enjoyed protection from political masters, for so long. Mehbooba said the actual ‘Laila Majnu Ki Kahani’ in Kashmir politics was enacted by the NC leadership to hoodwink the well meaning people of the state, for decades. She said story of their ‘Laila Majnu drama’ had many acts, like autonomy, Rawalpindi road, AFSPA revocation and green cloth and rock salt. It all had come in handy for the party (NC) in their attempt to mislead the people. But in the process the people of the state had to wade through pools of their own blood creating thousands of tragedies in the shape of widows, orphans, destitute and countless martyrs’ graveyards. The PDP president said the state is ripe for a change and the NC leadership is clearly frustrated by the prospects of a rout. This, she said, is clear from the antigovernment sentiments prevailing in areas like Kupwara, which the NC has treated as an inalienable part of its ‘political empire’. She said and added the youth of the area had seen through the tricks and deception employed by the party (NC), for decades. She said Kupwara and other border areas had been kept in the perpetual bondage by the NC, but it is now evident that the simple, sincere and noble residents of these areas are ready for getting themselves liberated from the NC misrule and exploitation.


Session of Parliament. Government sources said the fresh initiative to amend the provisions of the draft Bill has been taken in the wake of criticism by BJP, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa. The draft bill is now made neutral between all groups or communities and the Central government will not have any perceived overriding powers anywhere. The earlier version of bill specifically mentioned that the onus of riots lay on the majority community. The fresh draft says, "If the state government is of the opinion that assistance of the Central government is required for controlling communal violence, it may seek the assistance of the Central government to deploy armed forces of the Union for such purposes.. "Earlier, the Centre was given unilateral powers to send central paramilitary forces during the outbreak of communal violence without consulting the state government. BJP has maintained it will oppose the legislation when it comes up for discussion in Parliament on the ground that it would be a "threat to India's communal harmony."


Killing of youth by stray bullet in 2008

disobeyed the government orders and did not announce vocations though it was prominently published in all newspapers.

‘Despite HC directions, sister of NC responsible for political, deceased not given Govt job’

economical exploitation of Kashmir: Mirwaiz

Srinagar, December 06: Holding Government of India and the pro-India National Conference party directly responsible for the political and economical exploitation of Kashmiris, Hurriyat (M) Chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq Friday said the recent statement of Chief Minister Omar Abdullah whereby he defended his grandfather decision to accede to India was contrary to the historical and political realities. APHC Chairman said the onus of political and economic exploitation of Kashmiris falls equally on both Indian rulers and National conference for being remaining in power most of the time

since 1947. Hence, he said that NC was directly responsible for the interminable sufferings and oppression faced by Kashmiris. Addressing Juma Congregation at the Historic Jamia Masjid and later the activists, and delegates of Awami Action Committee at historic Mirwaiz Manzil, Mirwaiz said from day one the entire leadership of NC had remained involved in unleashing terror, torture and gross human rights violations on defenseless Kashmiris. He said that NC left no stone unturned to exploit the Kashmiri resources whereby it sold them for peanuts just for its petty vested interests.

Srinagar, December 06: The family of the deceased youth of Bemina who was killed by a stray bullet in 2008 has alleged that even after the directions passed by Jammu and Kashmir High Court to appoint the sister of deceased youth in some Government Department, the District Administration is delaying the process and is not keen to confer Government job to the sister of the deceased. The Jammu and Kashmir High Court has directed the State Government in October this year to accord consideration to compassionate appointment of the sister of the deceased within four weeks from the date she approaches the office his with necessary papers in support of her claim. “We approached District administration with completer papers but no step has been taken in this regard so far,” the father of the deceased

youth Habibullah Mandoo told CNS. A Bemina resident, Habib-ullah Mandoo father of deceased Imtiyaz Ahmad Mandoo had filed petition in the High Court stating that he lost his only son at hands of state in 2008 and he is suffering from cardiac ailment and is exclusively dependent on his daughter for livelihood. “Even if stand taken by respondents in the petition as also their status report is taken at face value, petitioner's son has not been part of the crowd that attacked the constable or made an effort to snatch his service rifle. He has been hit by the gunshot once an attempt was made to snatch the service rifle of the constable,” bench of Justice Hasnain Massodi had said in its order adding that the sister of the deceased youth should be given a government job on compassionate grounds.

Office of the Executive Engineer, Civil Maintenance Division LJHP Gantmulla Fresh E-Tender N.I.T No: CMD/LJHP/12 of 2013 Dated: 30- 11- 2013

For on behalf of Managing Director Jammu & Kashmir State Power Development Corporation Limited, e-tenders (in single cover) are invited on item rates from Registered PWD Contractors of J&K State for the following work:-

S. No


Name of work Stabilization / Renovation of Tail race by way of restoring of damaged Pitching, Masonry and Providing of crates on Right Side of Tail Race at warikah Lower Jhelum Hydel Project Gantamulla (LJHP).

Estt. Cost (Rs. In Lacs)

Cost of Tender Document

Rs. 13.10 lacs

Rs. 500.00

Earnest Money

Time of completion

Rs. 0.26 lacs

1 month

Time & Date of opening of Bid 23-12-2013 at 1 PM

Class of contractor

“BEE” ”CEE” & “DEE”

Position of AAA/TS: Submitted Position of Funds: Available 01. The bidding documents consisting of quantities (B.O.Q), set of terms and conditions of contract and other details can be seen / downloaded from the departmental website

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Date of issue of Tender Notice Period of downloading of bidding documents Bid submission start date Bid submission end date Deadline for receiving the hard copy (original DD & EMD) Date & time of opening of Bids (online)

30-11-2013 01-12-2013 from 10 AM to 19-12-2013 upto 6 PM 01-12-2013 from 10 AM 20-12-2013 upto 6 PM 21-12-2013 upto 3 PM 23- 12-2013 at 1:00PM

Bids must be accompanied with cost of tender documents in shape of demand draft in favour of “Executive Engineer Civil Maintenance Division LJHP Gantamulla” (tender inviting authority) and Earnest money / Bid security in shape of CDR/FDR pledged to “Chief Engineer Civil Investigation and Design Wing, PDC Bemina Srinagar” (tender receiving authority). The date and time of opening of bids shall be notified on website / and conveyed to bidders automatically through an e-mail message on their e-mail address. The bids of Responsive bidders shall be opened on same website in the office of the Chief Engineer Civil Investigation and Design Wing, PDC Bemina, Srinagar (tender receiving authority). The bids for the work shall remain valid for a period of 120 days from the date of opening of bids. The earnest money shall be fortified if: a. Any bidder/tenderer who withdraws his bid/tender during the period of bid validity or made modification in the terms and conditions of the bid. b. Failure of successful bidder to furnish the required performance security within the specified time as per clause d. c. Failure of successful bidder to execute the agreement within 28 days after fixation of contract. d. Incase bid of the lowest bidder is found unbalanced i.e. 15% below than advertised cost, the bidder shall have to produce additional performance security of 3% of contract in shape of CDR/FDR before issuing of Contract allotment. Which shall be released after completion of the work. DIPJK-NB: 2339 Sd/- Executive Engineer


impossible for Congress to win any parliamentary seat from Kashmir valley.” He further stated that Kashmir has asked one parliamentary seat from valley only to show to the party high command that they have some base in Kashmir. Kamal said that it would have been difficult for NC to surrender any seat from valley and that it has the strong base and following in the province. “Those who vote for NC will never vote for any other party and our supporters always have given us the suggestions to fight from Kashmir as we have done in the past,” said Kamal adding that NC has no reason to surrender any constituency of Kashmir province to the state congress. Commenting over the pre-poll alliance with Congress, Kamal said that NC in near future will take the final call on the issue and that the decision about the same will be made public. Reportedly that state Congress has asked NC to keep one seat for Congress in Kashmir Valley for the forthcoming parliamentary polls.


winter vacations and their children are studying in icecold classrooms. “I have discussed the matter with the authorities and stern action will be taken against the schools violating the government order. Government will not see as a mute spectator, whosoever is violating the order will be dealt severely. I have directed the Director School Education Kashmir to cancel the registration of those schools which are violating the government order for winter vacation, “Deputy Chief Minister and Minister for School education Tara Chand told KNS. He further said, “The authorities of these institutions will have to face the consequences for acting irresponsibly. Schools which are functional despite the government order should have adhere to the order as the rules are meant for adherence. We will initiate a stern action so that nobody violates the government order again.” Pertinently despite the government announcement for winter vacation up to class 8th, there had been little follow-up by the private schools. The private schools

DIPJK-NB: 2360

Owner, Printer & Publisher : Suhail Malik, Editor-n-Chief : Shahana Malik, RNI No: JKBIL/2011/39764, Email: Published from: Govt. Quarters (M-13) Magarmal Bagh Srinagar -190001, J&K, Printed at: Sangarmal Offset Press Humhama Sheikhpora Tele/Fax: 2478370 Cell No: 09999964750, 9796787844




Chairs MMJHS governing body meeting

Preservation of heritage a national responsibility: Omar

Jammu, December 06:

be performed in a national spirit. Highlighting the heritage importance of Mubarak Mandi Complex, the Chief Minister said that the Mubarak Mandi Heritage Society and the Department of Tour-

certaining the feasibility the Power Development Department would take urgent steps in this regard. He said that the amount required for the purpose would be made available to the department.

Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah Friday said that the preservation of heritage and historic monuments is a stupendous task for which the society and the government are equally responsible. Chairing the 5th Governing Body Meeting of Mubarak Mandi Jammu Heritage Society (MMJHS) here, the Chief Minister who is also the Chairman of the Society said that the ancient monuments and archaeological artefacts are depository of values and status of a civilization and these act as agents of vital information and education for the younger generation. Omar said that knowledge about the past makes the society ism and Culture need to work in Omar Abdullah approved strong and more capable of taking close co-ordination to implement Rs.9.97 lakh for completion of the News Kangan Khan ongoing News Agency decisions and carryingLone forward theAgency the mega programme launched for water Ganderbal supply restoration process of development alongwith restoration of the historic complex. the Chadoora complex for which Gulzar News Agency Soura Zahidwork Book in Depot shaping human resources a bet-Agency The meeting discussed mathave Nowhatta already been reTariqinNews Hawal BashirRs.10 Newslakh Agency ter perspective. He said all the citi- ters pertaining to shifting of LT/HT leased and spent by the PHE deAli News Alamgari Budshah News Agency LalMinister Chowk dizens are stakeholdersMuzaffar in the preslines Agency and substation fromBazar the compartment. The Chief Abdullah Newsplex Agency Chowk Sikendar News Agency Lal Chowk ervation and protection of heritage to theLal new identified site. The rected that the restoration work and history as such this task hasNews to Agency Chief Minister said that after asby Tourism Gupkari Lal Chowk Rainaunder News execution Agency Gund KanganDe-

Zabarwan Times is available at

Khan News Agency Regal Chowk Rashid News Agency Dalgate Sheikh News Agency Hyderpora Hilal News Agency Budgam Lone News Agency Tangmarg Bhat News Agency Chadoora Bhat News Agency Magam Zargar News Agency Kunzar Dar News Agency Beerwah Bashir News Agency Sumbal Reshi News Agency Safapora Saleem News Agency Pattan Basharat News Agency Bandipora Reyaz News Agency Pampore Altaf News Agency Pulwama Javaid News Agency Qazigund Jeelani News Agency Baramulla G.Minspection News Agency Sopore Srinagar, December 06: the Valley and the people are enjoyso that hooking and theft Shah News Agency Kupwara NewsisAgency ing better power supply as compar-Sultan of power stopped.Handwara He, however, A high level meeting of Power ing to lastLangate year. The constructions ofSheikh advised them to convenience peoYounis News Agency News Agency Islamabad Development Department Grid Stations at Delina and ShopianThree ple Way with good Reshi funcNews Agency Islamabad Newsattitude, Agencyadding Tral that tionaries was held here today to re- and increasing capacity position of good attitude is the only strategy to Turray News Agency Bijbehara view the measures being madeNews for Agency receivingTral station have improvedBadru overpower the public resentment. News Kulgam News Agency Arwani improving the present Rahi scenario of Agency the power position a lot.The meet-Malik He said involvement of public reppower supply, unscheduled powerAgency ing was informed that an amountShaheen resentatives, Imams and poRah News Byepass News Masjid Agency Kargil

Akhoon, Sadiq reviews power scenario in the Valley

cuts and replacement of damaged transformers.The meeting was chaired by the Advisor to Chief Minister, Mr. Qamar Ali Akhoon while the Chief Minister’s Political Secretary, Mr. Tanvir Sadiq were also present, besides Development Commissioner Power and Chief Engineers and a galaxy of Power Development Department Engineers of the Valley.The meeting was informed that concerted efforts are on to improve the power scenario in

of Rs. 428 crore have been realized as power tariff from the consumers of the Valley till ending November during current financial year which is Rs. 84 crore more against last year. Speaking on the occasion, the Advisor enjoined upon the Engineers to strictly adhere to the curtailment schedule and make sure that people should not come on street for power crisis.Mr. Akhoon directed Engineers to ensure mobilization of field functionaries to ensure proper

litical activities can play a vital role for ensuring judicious use of power. Mr. Akhoon said that people are sensitive towards power supply and what irritates people is damage of transformers, which he said should be replaced with the shortest possible time.The Chief Minister’s Political Secretary, Mr. Tanvir Sadiq exhorted upon the officers to redouble their efforts in the field and ensure that there should be no power cuts during peak hours.

partment should necessarily be in consonance with heritage norms and as per the specification laid down for restoration of heritage works. The meeting also discussed restoration of Raja Amar Singh

Palace involving Rs.24 crores, Dogra Art Museum, Badi Deodi, Royal Court and Gadvi Khana costing Rs.20 crores besides Mahal of Raja Ram Singh’s Queen involving Rs.9.95 crores. It was stated that Archaeological Survey of India has been entrusted the restoration work of these ancient monu-

Reconstructed Dastgeer Sahib (RA), Naqashband Sahib (RA) Shrines to be made functional during Urs Srinagar, December 06: The Minister for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Mr. Ali Mohammad Sagar convened high level meeting of officers here today to review the ongoing work on Dastgeer Sahib (RA), Naqshband Sahib (RA) shrines besides the other developmental initiatives undertaken by the Government for the sustained development and beautification of Srinagar city. The Minister was informed that reconstruction work on the Dastgeer Sahib Shrine (RA) is nearing completion and is going to be made functional for devotees on the eve of Urs Dastgeer Sahib (RA). He was further informed that the Masjid near the shrine would also be thrown open for prayers.

SLMC under Cable Television Network Act meets

Principal Secretary Information for putting provisions of Act in public domain Jammu, December 06: The re-constituted State Level Monitoring Committee (SLMC) under the Cable Television Network (Regulation Act 1995 read with Amendment Act 2011) met here today under the Chairmanship of Principal Secretary Information Department, B. B. Vyas. The meeting discussed in detail various aspects of the Act and functioning of Private Cable Television Network in the State. The meeting also reviewed the action taken on the decisions made in the last meeting of the Committee. The Members put forth various suggestions for upgrading the monitoring mechanism and ensuring sharing of information received from various quarters. The Principal Secretary directed for creating an e-group of the Members of the Committee so that they are in a position to share their views and the status of complaints and suggestions received from the public relating to the functioning of Private Cable Television Network in the State. He also directed for updating the existing e-mail portal for receiving

the complaints and views of the people relating to the programmes and other aspects pertaining to the functioning of private cable televisions. He also directed for placing the Cable Television Network Act and other relevant notifications and rules in the public domain through a dedicated Web Portal to be constructed by the National Informatics Centre J&K for the purpose.The meeting emphasized the need for regularly obtaining feedbacks from the District Level Monitoring Committees headed by District Magistrates. He said the feedback received should be shared with the Members of State Level Monitoring Committee. He directed for arranging the video conferencing of the State Level Monitoring Committee with the District Level Committees so that necessary information is shared and monitoring process made cohesive and dynamic.The Members of the re-constituted State Level Monitoring Committee headed by Principal Secretary Information, are representative of the Director General of J&K Police, Secretary to Government, Social Welfare Department, Director Information, Prof. Satnam Kour

(Academician) Department of English, Jammu University, Dr. Showkat Ahmad Shah, (Psychologist) Head of the Department Psychology, Kashmir University, Tariq A. Rather (Sociologist) Centre of Central Asian Studies and Renu Nanda, NGO.The nominated Members under the Act have a term of two years and are not eligible for re-nomination. The Director Information for the J&K and District Magistrates within their jurisdictions has been nominated as Authorized Officers. The Monitoring Committees will review and deliberate on the litany of complaints received and take decisions on the matters referred to them in accordance with the opinion of majority of the members present in the meeting. The Committees will determine whether a violation of the codes has taken place and render advice on the further action to be taken in the matter. The Complaints against the satellite channels will be forwarded to the Secretary to Government of India, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to look into the violations of the programmes and advertisement codes.

Govt. formulates new master plan for development of urban, rural centres: Bhalla Jammu, December 06

Minister for Housing, Horticulture and Culture, Mr. Raman Bhalla has said that Government is working on a comprehensive plan to develop every colony of urban as well as rural centres of the State on modern lines with all basic amenities. The Minister said this while interacting with the people after launching various development works at Ward No. 55 of Sainik Colony, here today. Managing Director Jammu and Kashmir Housing Board (JKHB) Mr. Ram Pal Sharma besides officers from JMC, PHE, PDD, R&B and JKHB accompanied the Minister. Mr. Bhalla asked the JMC to complete the development projects within stipulated time frame. He asked the offi-

cers to personally monitor the quality of ongoing works adding the Government was committed to provide concrete assets to the people across the State. Later, the Minister also visited Channi Himmat Sector No. 3, 4 and 7 and inspected the upgradation works of lanes, drains besides macademisation of link roads. Mr. Bhalla informed that for macademisation and modernisation of lanes and drains Government has earmarked Rs. 1.25 crore. The Minister asked JKHB to complete the work within 15 days to avoid inconvenience to the residents. He said Government was committed to develop every newly developed housing colonies of the State with all basic amenities like recreational park, safe drinking water, electricity and

education, healthcare besides better roads, lanes and drains. He called upon the people to keep the surroundings clean and hygienic. Mr. Bhalla asked the JKHB to issue notices to those residents who put their building materials on road side or in recreational parks, adding that such practices not only make the area unhygienic but also create problems for passerby.The Minister said that Government has earmarked Rs. 3 crore for channelization of existing primary drains and construction of new secondary drains in Channi Himmat under JKUSDIP package. He said 3287 meter long R2 surface drain at Channi Himmat Sector-3 is under progress by Economic Reconstruction Agency and would be completed within stipulated time frame.

ments. The meeting discussed the project for restoration of Raja Ram Singh Palace, Darbar Hall and Central Courtyard involving Rs.24.92 crores. Matters relating to new museum and upgradation of Dogra Art Museum also came up for discussion.The Executive Director, Mubarak Mandi Jammu Heritage Society, Soujanya Sharma in a power point presentation explained the agenda items and presented resume of the measures under implementation for restoration of Mubarak Mandi Complex. The Minister for Tourism, G. A. Mir, Minister for Housing, Horticulture and Culture, Mr. Raman Bhalla, Legislator, Ashok Khajuria, Principal Secretary, Planning, B. R. Sharma, Principal Secretary, Finance, B. B. Vyas, Secretary, Tourism, Zaffar Ahmad, various heads of the departments and senior officers besides the Members of Mubarak Mandi Heritage Society were present in the meeting.

While reviewing the under construction Naqashband Sahib (RA) shrine, the Minister was told that work on Khankahi-Faiz-ePanah is also nearing completion and would be thrown open for devotees during Urs Naqashband Sahib (RA). It was given out that an amount of Rs. 21 crore and Rs. 4 crore are being expended on the twin shrines out of which Rs. 19 crore have been expended on Dastgeer Sahib (RA) shrine and Rs. 3.90 crore have been expended on Naqashband Sahib (RA) shrine so far.The Minister was also told that the work on Daulatabad and Koolipora Khanyar community centres is apace. Mr. Sagar instructed the concerned officers to expedite work on these projects so that locals can avail benefits of the same.

Suspension of license from offenders for violation of PNDT Act Srinagar, December 06:In connection with pre-natal sex determination and to review the functioning of Sonography Centres operational in district Srinagar, a meeting of officers was held at D.C’s office, Srinagar today. The meeting was apprised that two Diagnostic Centres namely Classic Diagnostic Centre, Hyderpora and Pulse Diagnostic Centre, Karan Nagar has violated the rules. These two diagnostic centres have not maintained the records properly as was found by National Inspection and Monitoring Committee (NIMC), Government of India. In view of this, their licenses have been temporarily suspended.

MG NREGA generates 3.83 lakh mandays in Bandipora

Bandipora, December 06: As many as 736 development schemes out of a target of 1290 have been completed during the first six months of this fiscal in Bandipora district under MG NREGA. An amount of about Rs. 10 crore stand utilized on these works, generating 3.83 lakh mandays for unemployed youth while 28,751 job cards were also distributed under the scheme. Similarly, Rs. 44.23 lakh against an availability of Rs. 61.78 lakh were spent under Indira Awas Yojana under which construction and upgradation of 303 low cost houses was taken up.

Shabir inaugurates free medical camp at Katra

Inspected Rs 36.69 cr under execution SDH, ANTM complexs at Reasi Jammu, December 06

Minister of State for Health, Mr. Shabir Ahmad Khan today inaugurated 2-day free health camp at Katra.The health camp was organized by Rotary Club in collaboration with Sudarshan Trust and Health Department. During the camp the patients will be provided free health care facilities including artificial lambs/

accessories to the disabled persons. Member legislative Council, Mr. Jugal Kishore Sharma, representatives of Rotary Club, Sudarshan Trust and senior functionaries of Health Department were also present on the occasion. Lauding the role of the Rotary International and Rotary Club, Jammu for its philanthropic activities across the country, the Minister said that the Club is doing yeoman’s service to the mankind in various fields and supplementing government efforts. He said Club is always on the forefront to render its services during the crisis and extending helping hand to the needy. He said that Government wants to work in close coordination with the voluntary organizations, who are

engaged in extending welfare services to the society, adding that the representatives of these NGOs should maintain close liaison with the health department in highlighting various government schemes and creating awareness of various dreaded diseases among the masses in the rural and far-flung areas.Appreciating the gesture of the Rotary International for providing free artificial limbs to the disabled persons, the Minister asked them to cover more areas in the remotest pockets of Jammu division to help the deserving patients. He assured all necessary assistance to the Club for speeding up its activities in different sectors.Later the Minister also took stock of the functioning of SDH Katra and old hospital Reasi.

07. 12 .2013


March 21-April 19

You might feel like doing something different today, Aries. Everyone needs a break from the regular grind and this is a good time to try something new. Perhaps you feel like varying your routine. If this is your day off, you might spend the day doing whatever strikes your fancy. Try a new wardrobe style. Go to a movie. Do something to spice up your life today.

Taurus April 20-May 20

Start your day writing in a journal, Taurus. This provides an avenue to communicate and connect with your inner being. Things you need to do, ambitions, and even challenges can appear while you’re writing, providing a map that you can follow. Even if starting is difficult, stick with it. The words will come if you give it a chance. It can make your day much easier.

Gemini May 21-June 21

You might find it hard to get going, Gemini. Taking direction could rub you the wrong way, especially if you’re set on doing something different. Communicate your ideas and how you want to approach things rather than let irritation get to you. Your approach will be better received if you leave emotions out of it. You may even get kudos for staying calm and collected.

Cancer June 22-July 22

You might feel cheerful and generous today, Cancer. Helping others will probably suit you, and matters will move along smoothly. If there are outstanding projects from earlier, tackle them first. It’s an opportune time to get caught up on challenges. Don’t hesitate to lend a hand if you’re approached or notice someone in need. This will benefit them as well as you.


July 23-August 22 Make an effort to connect with someone you miss today, Leo. Even if it feels painful at first, you’ll feel a lot better once you do. Pick up the phone, write a note, or send an email. Let the person know you miss and care about him or her. Expressing yourself is often far better than stuffing your feelings. The person may be missing you just as much.

Virgo August 23-September 22

Today may be a time of heightened reasoning and judgment for you, Virgo. What a great way to get things done! Pull out unfinished projects and get going. Tackle issues or problems that have surfaced recently by facing them directly. Make the most of this day’s energy by thinking about ways to do things more efficiently. Be confident that you can handle anything.


September 23-October 23 Feed your mind today, Libra. The day’s energy supports growth and expansion, so why not see about learning about something you’re interested in? Challenge yourself by reading or taking a class. There are plenty of online subjects to engage you. Find something that interests you that you can do in your own time.


October 24-November 21 You’re more into socializing today than anything else, Scorpio. This could be great providing you don’t have a heavy workload. See who’s available and go for it. If you need to get something done, you’ll have to resist the temptation to chat too long. Use breaks for this and keep your focus on getting done what you’ve taken on. There’s always the evening to get together with friends.

Sagittarius November 22-December 21

You may find it hard to admit that you can’t do everything, Sagittarius. There are some jobs that you aren’t cut out to do. Why pretend when a better option would be to delegate the task to someone else? If you don’t feel a strong connection with something or someone, don’t force it. Pretending that you’re capable of something will only cause frustration for you and everyone else.

Capricorn December 22-January 19

Don’t be surprised if you’re pensive, Capricorn. It’s one of those days when daydreaming can happen more readily. Your imagination may also be at a peak. Rather than fighting this so you can be more productive, jot your ideas down. It may be to your advantage, as better and innovative ways of doing things can pop into your mind. Take time to ponder. It can bring great results.

Aquarius January 20-February 18

Chatting with your loved ones may be more appealing to you today than any other day, Aquarius. It may be important to curb this desire if there are many things that need your attention. If you’re at home, don’t spend all your time on the phone or loafing. Consider tending first to things that need to get done. Socializing will be far more enjoyable without guilty feelings about what you should be doing.


February 19-March 20 Pisces, you can expect to feel a little more energetic today. In fact, you may run circles around everyone. What a great way to start the day. Head out with the confidence that you can easily handle anything that comes your way. Take time to enjoy the company of others as much as possible. If there are meetings on the agenda, handle them right away.

Editorial/Opinion The Daily

Zabarwan Times Saturday, 07 December 2013

Media and its responsibilities


n every society the media plays a vital role not only in disseminating the information but also in building a healthy, positive and responsible society besides creating awareness and playing its part in the reformation. In the whole of the world media has assumed the role of fourth pillar after legislature, judiciary and executive. Its responsibilities have grown many fold and its duties towards the society have assumed larger importance. There is no doubt that media has in real terms made world a global village and has minimized the distances. It is media which has brought people closer to each other and has opened new roots and mediums of communication. Its role in the social and political arena has become so vital that without media one cannot even imagine any success in the nation building. Its positive role cannot be denied and its contribution towards social awareness, expose of scandals and corruption, and its part in the strengthening of democratic institutions is of paramount importance. However with the passage of time the media has perhaps lost its track due to certain constraints or has been derailed deliberately by unscrupulous elements and those alien forces which have the grip over the media and have made it sub-servant to their interests and whims. The print media and the electronic media both have fallen prey to what we call mafia in the media. The exploitation of political system, the hunger for fast buck and the personal animosities have over taken the very purpose of the media across the world. Its pertinent to say that those persons who could not get the govt. job or who have not even distant relation with the field have become the masters in the field and are having dozens of news papers and channels because of their money power and crafty ways of exploitation. The objectivity and credibility of media has been eroded and everybody thinks that the arrogance and blackmailing has taken the place of the former. There was a time when a report or a news item appearing in a paper would result in the fall of a govt. and heads would roll. But that is the thing of past and today even the banners and the scopes do not have any impact and hardly anybody takes the cognizance of these. It is because the media whether print or electronic has lost its credibility and nobody believes a news item or report in the first instance. Still it is not too late if the professionals realize their responsibilities and duties and if they clean the profession from vested interests and only after that is done the media can again become a force to reckon with.



Saturday, 07 December 2013

Opportunities of Education for the Disabled Children


he Right of Children to Free & Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 came into force w.e.f. 1st April, 2010. The RTE Act provides for free and compulsory education to children including children with disabilities as mentioned in Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) (PwD) Act, 1995 and the National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 namely, i) Blindness, ii) Low vision, iii) Leprosy cured, iv) Hearing impairment, v) Locomotor disabilities, vi) Mental retardation, vii) Mental Illness, viii) Autism, and ix) Cerebral Palsy, and eventually covers Speech impairment, Learning Disabilities, etc. in the age group of 6-14 years at elementary level in a neighbourhood school. The Government has also aligned the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) norms with the provisions of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan ensures that every child with special needs, irrespective of the kind, category and degree of disability, is provided meaningful and quality education. Hence, SSA has adopted a zero rejection policy. This

means that no child having special needs should be deprived of the right to education and taught in an environment, which is best, suited to his/her learning needs. SSA provides upto Rs. 3000 per child for the inclusion of disabled children, as per specific proposal, per year. District plan for children with special needs is formulated within the Rs. 3000 per child norm, with Rs. 1000 earmarked exclusively for engagement of resource teachers. The interventions under SSA for inclusive education are identification, functional and formal assessment, appropriate educational placement, preparation of Individualised Educational Plan, provision of aids and appliances, teacher training, resource support, removal of architectural barriers, research, monitoring and evaluation and a special focus on girls with special needs. The Scheme of Inclusive Education for Disabled at Secondary Stage (IEDSS) was launched in 2009-10 replacing the earlier scheme of Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC). It provides assistance for the inclusive education of the disabled children in classes IX-XII. The aim of the Scheme is to enable all students with disabilities, after completing eight years of elementary schooling, to pursue further four years of secondary

schooling (classes IX to XII) in an inclusive and enabling environment. The scheme covers all children passing out of elementary schools and studying at secondary and higher secondary stage in Government, local body and Government-aided schools, with one or more disabilities as defined under the PwD Act, 1995 and the National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999. The components of the scheme include : i) assessment of medical / educational needs, ii) provision of student specific facilities, iii) development of learning material, iv) support services like special educators, v) construction and equipping of resource rooms, vi) training of general school teachers to build their capacity to fulfill the needs of children with special needs vii) make schools barrier free. Setting up of Model inclusive schools in every State is also envisaged. Girls with disabilities receive special focus and efforts made under the scheme to help them gain access to secondary schools, as also to information and guidance for developing their potential. There is a provision of a monthly stipend of Rs.200/- for the disabled girls. Central assistance for all items covered in the scheme is on 100 per cent basis. The

School Education Department of the State Governments/ Union Territory Administrations is the implementing agency. They may involve Non Governmental Organisations having experience, in the field of education of the disabled, in the implementation of the scheme. Under the National Scholarship Scheme which is funded from Trust Fund for Empowerment of PwDs financial assistance is provided to students with disabilities to enable them to pursue professional or technical courses from recognized institutes and get employed/self employed. Under the Scheme every year 1000 scholarships are provided to the students with disabilities through out the country. 30% scholarships are reversed for girls. Only Indian nationals are eligible for scholarships. The National Sample Survey conducted by SRI-IMRB in 2009, it is estimated that there are 81 lakh children, who are outof-school. This represents 4.28% of the total child population in the 6-13 age group. The SRI-IMRB survey of 2009 has also estimated that there were 28.97 lakh children with disabilities, representing 1.52% of the total child population. Of children with disabilities, 34.12% children are estimated to be out-ofschool.

Biomass-A Storehouse of Clean Energy


griculture continues to be the main source of livelihood for a large part of population in the country. Biomass, thus, is readily available widely across the country, thereby, overcoming regional limitations. Biomass, which implies biological material from living or recently living organisms, can be used as an important source of energy. It is a renewable and carbon natural source of energy. Biomass resources in India are estimated to be about 565 million tonnes per year. It includes agriculture residues and forest residues. Agriculture residues result from crop harvesting and processing. They include rice husk, bagasse, sugar cane tops and leaves, groundnut shells, cotton stalks and mustard stalks. Forest residues result from logging and wood processing. They include small trees, branches, tops and unmerchantable wood left in the forest. The surplus biomass resources available for power generation annually are about 189 million tonnes, which could support roughly 25 GW of installed capacity. Further, co-generation plants provide both heat energy, used in the mill, and electricity, which is typically sold to the grid. It is estimated that about 15 GW of electricity generating capacity could be achieved through adding cogeneration capabilities in various industries including sugar mills, breweries, textile mills, distilleries, fertilizer plants, pulp and paper mills, and rice mills. In addition, there exists a potential of setting up 12 million family type biogas plants. Types of Biomass Biomass includes three distinct categories: · Solid Biomass, which includes tree, crop residues like rice husk, bagasse, coconut shells, jute waste, etc. and animal and human waste. · Biogas which is obtained by anaerobically digesting organic material to produce combustible gas methane. · Liquid biofuels which are obtained by subjecting organic materials to one of various chemical or physical processes to produce usable combustible liquid fuels. Biomass Conversion To Useful Energy A number of technological options are available to make use of a wide variety of biomass types as a renewable energy source. Conversion may release energy directly in the form of heat/electricity or, may convert it into another form such as liquid biofuels or combustible biogas. There are basically three types of conversions: · Thermal Conversion- A process in which heat is used to convert biomass into another chemical form. · Chemical Conversion- A range of chemical processes may be used to convert biomass into other forms so that fuel may be used more conveniently, transported or stored. · Biochemical Conversion- It involves

anaerobic digestion fermentation and composting. Benefits of Using Biomass · It reduces air pollution as biomass emits less Sulphur dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide than fossil fuels. Further, biomass fuels recycle atmospheric carbon, minimizing global warming impacts since zero net Carbon dioxide is emitted during biomass growth phase. Amount of carbon dioxide emitted is equal to the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed from atmosphere during growth phase of biomass. · Using biomass decreases animal and municipal waste. Through anaerobic digestion process biomass in the form of waste is converted into useful energy. · Using biomass as fuel reduces the landfill space required to dump the woody biomass, lumber mill waste, etc. · It helps in creating local jobs in a rural areas. Presently, biomass contributes to around 30% of the total primary energy supply in the country. The major source of energy for cooking for 85% of households in rural India includes firewood, chips, dung cake, etc. Moreover 20% of urban households still rely primarily on traditional fuels to meet their cooking needs. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has initiated various schemes and also promoted various NGOs to work in the field of energy from biomass. The initiatives can broadly be classified into two categories: · Rural Areas Initiatives: National Biomass Cookstove Initiative(NBCI); Family Type Biogas Plant; Biomass Gasification System. · Urban Areas Initiatives: Programme for Energy Recovery from Urban Waste; Biomass Gasifiers and Biomass Cogeneration (Non-Bagasse) Projects. Rural Areas Initiatives National Biomass Cookstove Initiative(NBCI): In rural areas a large percentage of population continues to depend on biomass. Clean and efficient energy is provided for energy deficient section of population through smokeless chulha, where different types of fixed and portable cookstoves are made available to rural household. In a case study on various Dhabas and roadside hotels in Andhra Pradesh, it was observed that fuel efficient stoves installed were able to conserve about 50-60% of fuel as compared to traditional stoves. There was reduction of smoke and thus increase in productivity with a positive impact on environment. Family Type Biogas Plant: In family type biogas plants cattle and other organic wastes are used to produce energy and manure. India supports the largest cattle wealth and this scheme helps to answer the growing energy crisis. In this technology, anaerobic fermentation of biodegradable materials such as biomass, sewage, green waste, etc. is done to produce biogas which mainly comprises of methane

and carbon dioxide. This biogas is used for cooking purposes in the households. The National Programme on biogas development has multiple benefits. It helps to save tonnes of fuel wood every year. Biogas technology provides energy in a clean and unpolluted form and makes available enriched organic manure as a byproduct for supplementing and optimizing the use of chemical fertilizers. Now-a-days institutional and night-soil-based biogas plants are being deployed increasingly. Toilet linked biogas plants are coming up in places like bus stands and educational institutions. Biomass Gasification System: In the scheme various biomass gasification systems are set up in rural areas to provide electricity supply in villages as well as develop the industries there. Various gasifiers fed on rice husk, wheat husk, maze, etc are set up in the area depending on the sustainable source of supply available from agriculture or plantation. In gasification process organic material is converted into methane, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, carbon dioxide. It is obtained by reacting the material at high temperature (>7000C) without combustion with a controlled amount of oxygen/ steam and the resulting gas mixture is called Syngas or Producer Gas which itself is a fuel. India is known as an acknowledged leader in conversion of solid biomass into clean gaseous fuel. Small-scale biomass gasifiers of upto 500-600 KW capacity are eminently suited for off-grid electricity supply in our rural areas. A number of projects have already been initiated with private sector participation for supply of 68 hrs electricity daily through gasification for domestic lighting and 6-8 hrs for other commercial activities like water pumping for irrigation purposes and to micro enterprises and telecom towers. Projects are being carried out in Araria and Purnea districts of Bihar where Daincha/Ipomoea, maize residues and hardwood ensure perennial supply of feedstock. Rice Husk based power generating units in the villages of West Champaran district in Bihar have been lighting up around 500700 households spread over 20 villages in the district, and changing the profile of cluster altogether. The west Champaran experiment is supported by the Ministry and implemented by Husk Power System(HPS), an NGO. The technology employed is simple: It uses the Husk based gasifier technology to provide electricity using 32kWe ‘mini power plants’ that deliver power on a ‘pay-for-use’ basis to households in rice producing belt of India. The price paid to procure electricity generated by these mini power plants is very low, Rs 2 per day per household, located within a radius of 1.5 km. It results in a reduction of consumption of kerosene by as much as two thirds. Power is supplied from 5 pm till midnight each day. Success

of this initiative has led to further planning for installation of such plants in Samastipur and Lakhisarai. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has now plans to take up the rice husk based electricity systems on a ‘Mission Mode’. It has enormous potential and even some of the larger rice mills can feed power to grid as well as distribute locally. More than 5000 to 10,000 industries can be benefitted in the next 2-3 years. These systems can lead to saving diesel to the tune of 200-250 million litres annually. Urban Areas Initiatives Biomass In Urban Areas and Commercial Applications: Crop residues and agro industrial wastes are used through biomass gasification technique for both electrical and thermal energy. Several industries like sugar, paper and pulp, fertilizers, food processing, etc. Require electrical as well as thermal energy for their operations. These requirements can be met through different energy sources or a single source. The simultaneous production of power and thermal energy from a single source is termed as Cogeneration. The Government is providing assistance for setting up of Biomass Gasification and Biomass Cogeneration (Non-Bagasse) Projects. Programme For Energy Recovery From Urban Waste: According to a recent estimate, about 42 million tons of solid waste and 6000 million cubic meters of liquid waste are generated every year by our urban population. A total of 8 projects for energy recovery from urban waste i.e. an aggregate capacity of 19.05 MWeq have already been set up. Biofuels Biofuels are a type of fuel whose energy is derived from biological carbon fixation. It includes fuels derived from biomass conversion as well as solid biomass,liquid fuels and various bagasses. Biodiesel and bio-ethanol can be used as diesel additive and gasoline additive respectively. Biofuel development in India mainly centres around the cultivation and processing of JATROPHA plant seeds which are very rich in oil (40%). Jatropha oil can be used directly in diesel generators and engines. While a target of 20% blending of biofuels in diesel and petrol by the year 2017 has been indicated in the National policy on Biofuels announced in December 2009, a mandatory target of 5% blending of ethanol with petrol and recommendatory target of 5% blending of bio-diesel with diesel is in force since October 2009. Indian Railways has already started using Jatropha oil mixed with diesel for meeting the fuel requirements. The potential of biomass energy is yet to be exploited fully for India. Considering the nature and current growth of economy and the future trajectory of growth, optimal exploitation of biomass energy will offer a great respite to India at energy front.

Disclaimer : The contents and comments appearing in any article published in this paper are purely the personal opinion of the writer.

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 07 December  

Why 2012 BOPEE scam only, What about 2013 paper leakage scam? Will it take another decade to punish 2013 culprits?

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 07 December  

Why 2012 BOPEE scam only, What about 2013 paper leakage scam? Will it take another decade to punish 2013 culprits?