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September 02 | 2013 | 25 Shawal 1434 AH | PAGES 8 |




Srinagar, September 01: A mysterious explosion occurred in the residential house of Manzoor Ahmad Khan at Ali Masjid, Eidgah near the CRPF camp, in the jurisdiction of Police Station Safakadal, Srinagar. Two persons Ashia and her daughter Arfa received injuries in the explosion. Both the injured were shifted to SKIMS Soura Srinagar for treatment. Safakadal police has registered a case in this regard.

5 injured in road mishaps Srinagar, September 01: Five persons including a SMC worker was injured in two separate road accidents across the valley. Four persons were injured when a Tata Sumo bearing registration number Jk01C/0841 and a Tata 407 bearing registration number Jk04/1361 collided near Ompora, Budgam. Police has registered a case in this regard. Meanwhile, a Scorpio bearing registration number DL3CL/AJ2876 hit and injured a SMC worker Bashir Ahmad Malik resident of Watergam, Kreeri at Lawaypora, in the jurisdiction of Police Station Parimpora, Srinagar. Police has registered a case in this regard.

Conductor drowns in Kulgam Srinagar, September 01: A conductor of a trailer was drowned while washing clothes on a canal in Kulgam. 40 years old Baja son of Basant Singh Jatt resident of Kot Kapoor, Faridekot Punjab conductor of bearing registration number PB04N/9813 was drowned in a Canal at Harnag railway crossing, in the jurisdiction of Police station Kulgam while washing his cloths. However, he was rescued and shifted to the hospital where he expired.

House damaged in fire Anantnag, September 01: A residential house was damaged in fire in Achabal area of Anantnag district last evening. Fire broke out in the residential house of Mohammad Maqbool Sheikh at Trehpoo Anantnag, resulting in partial damage to the house. Fire was brought under control with the help of fire tenders and local police.

Bung cultivation destroyed in Anantnag Anantnag ,September 01: Anantnag Police alongwith Revenue officials and locals destroyed Bung cultivation Ashmuqam area of Anantnag. SHO Ashmuqam, Mohammad Muzaffer Khan along with Naib Tehsildar Pahalgam and local respectable yesterday launched an anti bung cultivation drive in Ashmuqam area. Bung cultivation spread over 40 Kanals of the land was destroyed in Hapathnard village. A case was also registered in this regard in police station Ashmuqam.



Light Rain/ Thundershowers may occur at isolated places over J&K division.


Mainly Clear Sky. Maximum & Minimum temperatures will be around 29°C & 17°C respectively.



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Union Health Minister G. N Azad visits Guwahati Launches various new health initiatives

Guwahati, September 01: Ghulam Nabi Azad, Union Health Minister launched various schemes worth 500 crores under NRHM for the strengthening of healthcare services in Assam. The new initiatives that have been launched are: Free Generic Drug Service, Rashtriya Bal Swasthya karyakaram(RBSK), National iron Plus Initiative, Fleet of 359 New Ambulances for National Ambulance Service. In addition, Azad also inaugurated Mother & Child Tracking System Call Centre and TeleRadiology Project that

have been set up under NRHM. Earlier, Azad laid foundation stone of 14 MCH Wings of various District Hospitals which are being constructed at the cost of more than Rs. 320 crores to cater to the

increased demand of institutional deliveries, as also improve the maternal & child health. These MCHs wings upon becoming functional, will provide 1400 additional beds to the health system of Assam.

Nurturing horticulture means nurturing economy: Omar

‘Horticulture, handicrafts, tourism backbone of State’s economy’

Shopian, September 01:

Controlled Atmosphere Storage and inaugurating a similar one established in private sector at Lassipora Industrial Estate, the Chief Minister said that Controlled At-

PSA slapped on Imam for inciting violence Srinagar, Sep 01: Scores of people staged a protest in Chowgam Qazigund against police for booking the Imam of the area under Public Safety Act. Reports said that Imam Jamia Masjid Chowgam Qazigund, Hafiz, Syed Kifayat from Dhandal Doda was arrested by police for his alleged role in instigating people against Kishtwar communal violence. People said that Imam is innocent and he was targeted on the behest of few political workers having affiliation

Speaking on the occasion Azad said that the aim of UPA Govt is to upgrade and strengthen healthcare systems at all levels across the country and to achieve that objective of providing accessible, equitable and affordable health care services across the country. He said that so far more than Rs 96000 crores have been released to the States under NRHM and more than 54000 new constructions or renovations of public health facilities have been taken up in the country. Highlighting the achievements of Assam in health sector, Azad See Azad on Pg. 11

with the ruling party. “We demand his immediate release as he is innocent. The day Chowgam witnessed protests against communal violence in Kishtwar area, Imam Hafiz Kifatyat had gone to his native village in Doda. He is innocent and has nothing to do with all these protests,” Hafiz Abdul Rehman Ashrafi of Darul Aloom Syed Almarsuleen told CNS. Reports said that Imam has been booked for instigating people to protest and indulge in stone pelting. A See PSA on Pg. 11

mosphere Storage facility would help regulating the market and ensuring remunerative price for Kashmir horticulture produce. See Omar on Pg. 11

PDP’s roadmap for K-resolution is workable, achievable: Mehbooba Srinagar, September 01: Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) president, Mehbooba Mufti Sunday said that the party’s roadmap for the resolution of Jammu & Kashmir issue, under the leadership of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, was clear, practicable and achievable in the present geo-political scenario. Addressing a public meeting at Kilam in Devsar constituency, she said the action in this regard was, in fact, started in 2002 itself, even the party having only 16 members in the Legislative Assembly, and it is under implementation. “If the party gets a decisive mandate, it will carry forward its policies and agenda for resolution, reconciliation and reconstruction with the help of people

only and hopefully leaving no role for discredited politicians who enriched themselves for decades over miseries of people,” she said. Mehbooba added it is PDP’s vision to get the

state out of this morass without indulging in hoax slogans and blood-bath. “The party stands for what is practically possible without emotionally black mailing people with the lofty promises of plebiscite and au-

tonomy which were ultimately sold out for power. To bring Jammu & Kashmir out of the uncertainty and resultant darkness that has engulfed it for the last 65 years was the party’s core agenda, and we had attempted this during our brief tenure in the government and achieved a breakthrough,” she said and added this process will be carried forward with support from people. The PDP president said any headway in Jammu and Kashmir issue is impossible without people being fully empowered; who have faced the maximum brunt of tumultuous times and of the present repressive regime, and PDP believes it is possible to do in an environment, where there is no fear, threat to See Mehbooba on Pg. 11

Police evicts Sumos from TRC Govt hell bent to make us suffer: Sumo Drivers

Srinagar, September 01:

Chief Minister, Omar Abdullah Sunday emphasized the need of nurturing horticulture industry and the growers associated with it to nurture State’s economy. He said horticulture, handicrafts and tourism are the resourceful sectors in Jammu and Kashmir which can catapult financial status of the State and uplift the lot of the people associated with these sectors. Addressing a function after laying foundation of a


Resenting the action of District administration, TRC sumo stand members Sunday said that government is hell bent to make them and their families suffer. “It was a cowardice act on part of the government to vacate off us during the dead of the night. They knew that it would be difficult for them to vacate us from the stand during the day. We condemn this action of the government,” one of the drivers

told CNS. Pertinently, the district administration in presence of DC Srinagar, Farooq Ahmed Shah and Senior Superintendet of police Srinagar in a late night operation sealed TRC Sumo stand and vacated off all the sumo’s and other cabs. A police official said that they acted on Court directions. “The Court has clearly directed us to shift the stand to Pantha Chowk. We did nothing but followed court directions,” a police official told CNS. See Sumos on Pg. 11

KHARA asks J&K Bank to lay bare its policies towards local investors Srinagar, September 01: While appreciating the works of the J&K Bank for the upliftment of economic sectors in the state, the Valley hoteliers have asked the Bank to come clean on the recent reports of high rate of interest being charged by the bank from local investors. Kashmir Hotels and Restaurant Association (KHARA) said when other banks including nationalized banks have minimal contribution towards developing economy of the state and helping the local industries, the J&K Bank has come forward in a big way.

“We appreciate the works of the J&K Bank in the state and towards helping local industries. But at the same time it should not overcharge local borrowers,” said KHARA President Showkat Chowdhary. Notably, Kashmir Economic Alliance had recently accused the J&K Bank of charging high interest rates of around 15 to 16 per cent from the locals while charging low rate of interest from outside customers. KHARA said that if J&K Bank was not charging high rate of interest from locals it should not have maintained silence so far. “We can’t rule out the con-

tribution of the J&K Bank for boosting the J&K’s economic sectors. But it also owes responsibility to lay bare its policies towards its own investors and barrowers. The locals have reposed faith in the J&K Bank and their faith has to be respected,” said Chowdhary. KHARA said J&K Bank has an important role to play for the economic development of the state while also taking locals on board in all its policies. “If this is the people’s bank, then people should also have right to know everything about the bank’s policies towards See KHARA on Pg. 11

Allegations against BoPEE & Government's silence thereof Mushtaq Ahmad Srinagar, September 01: Board of Professional Entrance Examinations (BOPEE) is under scanner from the time it has conducted CET on 22 & 23 June 2013.Nowadays almost every paper publishes the wrong doings of the board. However this test was cancelled later on and re-conducted on 27 and 28 July 2013. On June 2013 while students had to appear in chemistry, the biology pa-

pers were leaked out that led to the miseries of thousands of students, because next day, biology and chemistry papers were cancelled by BOPEE authorities, and later whole test was cancelled even students had appeared in Mathematic paper also, thereby delaying the admission process in various medical and engineering colleges. This whole process gave rise to many questions, all against BOPEE and other officials involved in the conduc-

tion of CET. On the examination day i.e 22nd June 2013, biology papers were found in chemistry packets in three examination centres of Government Girls Higher secondary school Kothi bagh, Srinagar. Who is responsible for packing the wrong question papers in these packets. Naturally there was deficit of papers at these centres. How BOPEE managed the situation there that is another story. The papers are printed with

colour coding .The packing of question papers used to be done by illiterate persons in order to preserve the confident status of the papers. But this year colour coding was avoided. Why this was done, it is beyond the scope of a common man. The question papers for CET should be sealed to preserve the confidentiality of the test but a big blunder that BOPEE did this year was that question papers were stapled and not See BoPEE on Pg. 11


7 Monday, 02 September 2013 From Front Page........


appreciated the creativity and initiative of State Govt for taking full advantage of the funding that the Health Ministry, GOI has made available to the States under NRHM. He said that State Govt has so far utilized more than Rs. 5700 Crores under NRHM and another 1150 crores have been approved for the year 2013-14 to the State. Explaining the role played by JSY and JSSK, Sh Azad said that these two important interventions have attracted pregnant women towards health facilities like a magnet. In Assam alone, about 24 lakh women have been covered under JSY by incurring an expenditure of Rs 466 crores. Under JSSK, Rs 66 crores have been approved for the State for the year 2013-14. “To improve new-born care in the State, 16 SNCUs, 136 NBSUs and 692 NBCCs have been set up under NRHM and these facilities will help to reduce neo-nate & infant deaths substantially, as also spruce up the new born care”, said Azad. Azad said that comprehensive infrastructure strengthening has been taken up under NRHM in the State, with thousands of health facilities being constructed or renovated. Health Ministry has so far sanctioned 3212 new constructions and 2048 renovations/upgradations in the State of Assam. In addition, “Augmentation of human resources is one of cornerstones of our policy under NRHM and we are liberally supporting the States to enhance the availability of human resources in the health institutions at all levels”, said Azad. In the State of Assam alone more than 25000 healthcare functionaries which includes specialists, doctors, nurses, paramedics and AYUSH professionals have been added to the health systems. Explaining the importance of Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakaram(RBSK), Azad said that this unique initiative can lay the foundation of a healthy nation as it signals a leap towards universal health coverage. He said that though a school health program existed but that was too weak and under-funded to help us realize the goal of securing the health of our children. This is what prompted the Health ministry to come up with a comprehensive and broad-based programme, namely RBSK that aims to screen 27 crore children upto the age of 18 years across the country for 4 Ds- viz. Diseases & disabilities, defects & disorders. RBSK was launched by Mrs Sonia Gandhi on 6th February, 2013 from Thane District of Maharashtra. Azad said that all expenses on the treatment and management of specified medical conditions of screened children, upto the tertiary level, will be borne by Union Health Ministry under NRHM. He exuded confidence that this will lead to improvement in the quality of life enabling all persons to realize their full potential. While launching a fleet of 359 new 108 Ambulances under National Ambulance Service of NRHM, Azad expressed the hope that this will lend strength to referral and emergency transport facility in the State, adding that 50 Mobile Medical Units(MMUs) have also been funded Under NRHM in the State. Sh Azad said that NRHM has injected about 18000 ambulances into the health system of the country with the aim of expanding the referral and emergency transport services. These functions were attended by Chief Minister, Assam and Health Minister, Assam.


Daily fun of the PDP, when in 2004, the idea of opening up of LoC for travel and trade with Srinagar-Muzzafarbad road, was introduced, through banners and hoardings. However, what NC had described as a pipe dream was realized only in less than one year, with the introduction of cross-LoC ‘Karvan-e-Amn’ and followed up with the opening of Poonch-Rawalalot road. By contrast NC has been unable to have implemented any of its promises throughout its history and is, therefore, trying to trivialize serious issues like resolution of J&K problem and governance through meaningless statement,” she added.


The Chief Minister said that the glut created in the terminal markets by the bulk supply of fruit from the Valley in the fruit season reduces the prices causing economic losses to the fruit growers. He said setting up of infrastructure like Controlled Atmosphere Storages in the Valley and regulating the market by dispatching fruit as per the demand in the terminal markets would benefit growers in a larger extent. “This will also check the sudden fall in prices of fruit in the markets due to the glut”, he said. Omar Abdullah also laid stress on increasing per hectare production and productivity and said that as per present analysis report per hectare production of apple in the Valley is 9.5 tones as compared to 70 tons per hectare in Austria. He said the growers and Horticulture Department have to work together to work out a strategy of enhancing productivity. He said, if the per hectare production of fruit is raised up to 25 tons per hectare in the State, Jammu and Kashmir would be able to produce 35 lakh tons of apple annually. He said this would not only generate economic activities and jobs but help to strengthen the economy.


The drivers of the Sumo stand alleged that the present government is hell bent to make them suffer and come on roads with a begging bowl. They threatened that if they would not be allowed to ply from Srinagar, they would come on roads.


police official told CNS that Imam Kifayat goaded people in Chowgam and soon after his arrival in the area, “we arrested him and slapped PSA on him,” he said adding that he was booked vide FIR number 152/2013 under section 147,148,149,295,307,336 and 427. “We have shifted him to Khutwa Jail,” he said. People of Chowgam warned that Imam would not be released they would start an agitation against the police.


its own people. If the bank doesn’t charge higher rate of interest from locals, then it should restore the confidence of the people by making facts public. Maintaining silence only makes people suspicious of its policies,” questioned KHARA President. KHARA also questioned the recent statement of the J&K Bank chairman wherein he had assured the local business delegation that the rate of interest would be decreased.


Zabarwan Times that the papers were stapled at these justice M.M Kumar and Justice D.S Thakur asked centres. Why has this happened, the Board administra- Advocate General Mr.M.I. Qadri to produce the report in a sealed cover on the next date of hearing. Probably the next tion has to answer the general public. After the CET was over, the BOPEE asked the aspirants hearing date is scheduled to be on September 11. to file objections regarding the answers. According to Government has also ordered a probe against BOPEE the sources more than 400 representations were Secretary and the officials involved in paper leakage vide received by the BOPEE where it was claimed that some Government order no. 1047-GAD of 2013 dated 22-07options in the answer key were wrong. These aspirants 2013 where M.A.Bukhari Secratary to Government General requested the board officials to correct the answers Administration Department Civil Secretariat, Srinagar has before evaluation of answer sheets. BOPEE consulted been appointed as Inquiry Officer. But from 24 July 2013 till its expert team which accepted` that maximum number now, nothing has been revealed. Even recently on 31st of marks sent by students were appropriate. But the August 2013 it was seen in some newspapers, Inquiry Officer board kept the students in dark and the new answer key saying that very little public response has been received and was not updated on the board's website. These students that too vague abstract and without any supporting material. believe this attempt done by the board officials was to The allegations against BOPEE are being published by benefit vested interests because aspirants lost 8 to 11 various newspapers almost on alternate days since the time, crucial points which could have helped them to get the papers were leaked, with proof, even there are queries about last years CET that papers were sold, yet inquring Officer seat in the professional colleges of the state. The cancellation and delay in re- examination of CET needs the material from public is undigestable. It is amazing 2013 has caused severe losses to the desirous candi- to observe as if government deliberately shields the guilty. dates. If paper leakage could not have happened, the Public demands fair probe, but does Government fulfill their CET could have been conducted in time that could have demand or conceal the reality? benefited hundreds of students. Due to the delay in CET, the candidates already selected for various Engineering courses through AIEEE did not get admission in NIT, as the admission process was closed at that time when CET results were declared on 06th August 2013. Thus CET has fallen axe on the careers of these aspirants. These students did not get berth in NIT and other professional colleges even they had qualified for the engineering courses through AIEEE. At present according to sources, there are almost more than 60 seats vacant in NIT. These seats will not be fulfilled for next 4 years resulting in loss to the states share. One more controversy was seen in Kothi bagh Girls Higher Secondary School centre where seven papers were short after the leakage of biology papers. A student from this centre told our correspondent that they had to wait for more than 20 minutes. These students were later given photocopies of question papers which had same OMR codes as the original ones Office of the Registrar Births and Deaths which resulted in the cancellation of whole test. Majority of students revealed that they had done better in the chemistry paper, but all in vein. PRESS RELEASE After CET mess, and hue and cry by the public at large, High Court asked Secretary BOPEE to submit report in It is impressed upon all general pubaccordance with the paper leakage, and cancellations of lic/Govt./Semi Govt, /Private school authorities, all papers. In response to High Court directives, the that some scrupulous elements are scanning the report sent by BOPEE was termed as "mere frictions original certificates and them make changes to the story''. A division bench comprising Justice Verinder Singh and Justice Muzzaffar Hussain Ataar observed said certificates and produce fraud certificates for that the court was not satisfied with the report. Later the their personal gains, it is requested to checked the Jammu & Kashmir High Court has directed the authenticity of these Date of birth certificates Advocate General to produce a report depicting the submitted by the candidate on our official web names of those found site or contact the office of indulging in villainous the Registrar birth and deaths SMC for any activities in CET-2013.A clarification regarding any doubtful certificate. Division bench of the High Sd/- Registrar, Births and Deaths Court comprising Chief DIPJK-NB: 1433 SMC

Srinagar Municipal Corporation

life and unnecessary intimidation from the state. Urging people to make it a point that they elect the politicians based on their performance only, she said, in the given circumstances, it is necessary to do to pave a way for the honorable resolution of political problem. She said a decisive mandate will provide legitimacy to the party’s resolution efforts. Mehbooba said PDP will usher in sealed, which created a new era of peace, prosperity and development in the state doubts among the aspirants and will pick up the threads again, from where it left, when against the BOPEE. Many it had catalysed the process of reconciliation within the students appeared for this state and between India and Pakistan. “Failure of the years CET were surprised present government has squeezed space of dignity for all to see the unsealed question section of society, and all the positive initiatives taken by papers. As many as five to the previous government have been reversed and the t e n s t u d e n t s f r o m atmosphere of hope that was generated, in the state, has G o v e r n m e n t Wo m e n disappeared,” the PDP president claimed. college, Maulana Azad She said creating an atmosphere conducive to the resolu- R o a d , S r i n a g a r t o l d tion had been made in 2003 with the memorable Atal Government of Jammu & Kashmir Bihari Vajpayee visit. “His Office of the Executive Engineer Urban Local Bodies Kashmir (Vajpaiee’s) statement was historical in its nature as no Tender Notice less than PM of India declared S. No: 53 of 2013-14 among thousands of people Head of Account: UDS- 2013-14 that Kashmir issue is to be For and on behalf of the Governor of J&K State, sealed tenders affixed with two rupees revenue stamps are invited from the Registered Contractors/Firms of resolved within the ambit of J&K State for the execution of the following works: S. Name of Work App. E. Cost of Class Time humanity. Inspite of the forces, No Cost Money Documents from both countries having Construction of lane/drain from Old Bazar to H/o Rafiq Ahmad Bhat at Reshi 1. 0.88 880/50/SHG 10 Days Mohalla at MC Tral. been in a combat position, Re-Construction of lane/ repairs of edge wall from H/o Wali Mohd. Nath to H/o hand of friendship was 2. 1.21 2420/150/DEE 20 Days Haji Mohd. Khalil Naik at Akrajpora Tral at M C Tral. extended to Pakistan from the Re-Construction of lane from H/o Fayaz Ahmad Najar to culvert at Nick 3. 1.09 2180/100/DEE 15 Days Mohalla Tral at M C Tral. soil of Kashmir,” she said Construction of lane / drain near H/o Muma Bhat at Khapti Mohalla Tral at MC 4. 1.07 2140/100/DEE 15 Days adding the opening of Tral. 5. Construction of lane/drain from Masjid Sharief Nai Basti Tral Bala at M C Tral. 1.06 2120/100/DEE 15 Days Srinagar-Muzaffarabad road Re-Construction of lane/drain from H/o Farooq Ahmad Jan to H/o Bashir was a historical Confidence 6. 1.01 2020/100/DEE 15 Days Ahmad Bhat at Kadi Mohalla at MC Tral. Building Measure (CBM) and Re- Construction of lane/Edge Wall from H/o Bashir Ahamd Trag at Gun 7. 1.15 2300/100/DEE 15 Days Kocha upper Tral at MC Tral. start for resolution of Kashmir Construction of protection Bund near H/o Master Mohd. Sidiq Naik at Ara 8. 0.73 730/50/SHG 10 Days issue. “And, two rounds of Mohalla Tral Payeen at M C Tral. unconditional talks, between Construction of lane/drain from H/o Syed Hyder Shah to H/o Mohd. Sidiq Bhat 9. 1.19 1190/100/SHG 20 Days at Bon Mohalla Tral Bala at M C Tral . separatists and then deputy Total 9.39 prime minister L K Advani, The tenders for the execution of the above mentioned works should be addressed to the Executive Officer, MC Tral. The tender documents will be issued by the were initiated during that time. Executive Officer, MC Tral up to 06-09-2013 up to 2 pm against cash payment of the amount indicated above and should reach to the office of the Executive Restoring sense of security, Officer MC Tral on or before 07-09-2013 up to 2 pm. The tenders will be, opened by the undersigned on the same day or any other subsequent day convenient to the opening authority in presence of the Contractors who wish to be present. The tenders should be sent through post/personally. In case of these days or any one transparency in the system and of the day falls holiday or if the office shall happen to remain closed due to some unavoidable circumstance. The dates shall be reckoned to be the next working good governance were the day. The rates should be mentioned both in words as well as in figures in legible handwriting. No separate correction slip shall be entertained. The tender documents should be accompanied with a CDR from registered bank pledged to the Executive Officer MC Tral without which the tenders shall not be hallmark of PDP govt,” entertained in any case. The terms and conditions will remain same as per previous NIT No. LB/EEK/1104 dated: 10.08.1984. The rates should be inclusive of Mehbooba added. The PDP Income tax, Service tax and service charge/sales tax etc. The tender forms will be rejected subject to following conditions:1. If transparent tape is not found over rates/items tenders shall be rejected. president alleged National 2. Released CDR shall not be accepted, if so, the tender shall be rejected. Conference’s thinking is 3. Any tenders quote "Rebate" on comparative cost or on item of rate will be rejected. clouded by the fact that they 4. The contractor should adjust this within the quoted rate structure. Any tender having not fixed revenue stamps should be rejected. measure every other party by 5. 6. If the rates are found dubious the tender forms will be rejected. their own standards of 7. The tenderer should not quote rate (Split items) henceforth, if so the tender shall be rejected. hypocrisy and duality. “This 8. The Defective liability period shall be of six months. Sd/- Executive Engineer party (NC) had publicly made DIPJK: 6759 Urban Local Bodies Kashmir


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Editorial/Opinion Monday, 02 September 2013

Junk Food and Health Hazards


ost of the young parents are heard of saying-our children eat everything except proper food that is rice, Dal, Chapatti, Vegetables. Instead they would love to have junk foods like chowmen, Burger, French Fries, Pizzas etc. Today their lunch boxes for school are not stuffed with rice, bread or homemade delicacies, but with maggi, pasta, potato chips and what not, at least never heard of in our childhood. Children and teenagers are craving for cold drinks and even so called energy boosters which are available in abundance without any check or accountability. Some reports say outdated cold drinks are on tremendous sale. All these habits do lead to serious health problems which right now parents may not understand. Credit also goes to media hype which helps to popularize as well as glamorize these packed junk foods in such a manner that these look to be only magic wands which can make children healthy and strong. For the sake of few bucks, national and international companies are playing with the lives of young generation. Even the mothers or women in homes are swayed by such media campaign to prepare such items at the very first demand of their kids. Moreover the role of house wife changing to working women has also added the new dimension to our lifestyle and food habits. Easy to cook, easy to eat, easy to clean-is the modern “Funda� which we are learning from other cultures without hesitation. Not only this there is one more health hazard which is surfacing, speedily spreading and poisoning the health sector. In order to get good money by selling fruits out of season, fruit ripening chemicals are used to make them look ripe, attractive and lucrative for consumer to buy at the first instance. The chemicals used to ripen fruits and injections into water melons and melons can lead to mental illness, mouth ulcers, gastric irritation and even food poisoning. Even the apples grown in Kashmir are sprayed with chemicals at least ten times before they reach market for consumption. Some of the orchardists, traders and vendors use wax to shine apple. One can well imagine what nutrient values such fruits or vegetable will have as vegetables too are coloured to make them look fresh. Sometimes things are beyond repair. Same applies to the consumption of junk food. Now it is very difficult to change the taste buds of younger generation. But supplies of course can be cut if the state authorities take some concerted steps. There are provisions under food safety act. Regular checking and monitoring is the need of the hour to save our younger generation which already is under the strong grip of drug abuse. Timely steps may perhaps help to minimize the health hazards posed by the modern life style and food habits.


Monday, 02 September 2013

RAJOURI 1947-48

The Daily

Zabarwan Times



t is said that people ranging from infiltrators and tribesmen during this Abdul Aziz Shawl started revolt against from the enemy under the command of 1500 to 4000 were killed by the period. Shri Sher Mohammad Khan of Mirza Mohammad Hussain's regime Brigadier Usman on 15th March 1948. rebels on 12th November, 1947, village Hasplote in Thannamandi had during this very period. Another brigade under the command of Colonel Rehmat Ullah and Sakhi kept 12 women and children in his house On 13th November 1947 when Rajouri Brigadier Yadhunath Singh also reached Diler Suddan entered the town on 13th for six months and remained encouraging was captured by the enemy, the Indian Nowshera for the relief of Rajouri. November, 1947 and held meetings with them that they should not change their forces started its "Operation rescue" from After securing Jhangar Gen. Kulwant the prominent persons of the area. After religion. Shri Sher Mohammad had Jammu side on the same very day under the Singh worked out offensive plan for deliberations, Colonel Rehmat Ullah handed over these women to Indian force command of Brigadier Pran Jappi who capturing Rajouri. The offensive was well nominated a prominent local leader when they entered Thannamandi in the reached Beripattan on 15th of November, planed in which Gen. Kariappa was also belonging to Jaral density Mirza month of April, 1948. On the other hand, 1947 and captured Jhangar on 26th involved. The advance was started under Mohhamad Hussain of Behrote as the the command of Brigadier Yadhunath Ruler of Rajouri and directed him to Singh on 8th of April 1948 from On 13th November 1947 when Rajouri establish his Administration. Nowshera side by assaulting on Barwali Colonel Rehmat Ullah named this Hill which was captured by the Dogras on administrative set up as Revolutionary the same day. With the capture of Barwali was captured by the enemy, the Indian Council. After becoming the head of the Hill, they became able to ply tanks on the administration, Mirza Mohammad road towards Chingus. Chingus was forces started its "Operation rescue" from captured on 12th of April, 1948. The Hussain declared the revolutionary council members. He appointed Mirza offense was continued towards Rajouri Atah Ullah as Minister for Rehabilitation, under the command of Brigadier Jammu side on the same very day under Ch. Niamat Ullah as Law Minister, Mirza Yadunath Singh. After the capture of Mohammad Shafi Behrotia as Home Chingus, the enemy was on the run. on the command of Brigadier Pran Jappi who 12th of April, Minister, Mirza Ghulam Ghose as Forest 1948, Rajouri city was Minister and Ch. Diwan Ali as Minister stormed and captured. This operation cost reached Beripattan on 15th of November, the enemies approximately 500 dead and without portfolio. By this way, in 1947, two so called Governments were set up in it was the biggest success for the Indian the area which was illegally occupied by forces. On the other hand, when Mirza 1947 and captured Jhangar on 26th the raiders i.e. one Government was Mohammad Hussain and Colonel declared at Tararkhal (Palandhari) on 24th Mohammad Aslam of PoK forces came to November. Then Pran Jappi along with his know October, 1947 which was headed by Sardar about the capture of Chingus, they Ibrahim Khan while the 2nd left the city on 12tn of April 1948. Mirza force, reached Kotli, get the refugees Administrative setup was established at Mohammad Hussain along with hundreds Rajouri on 13th November, 1947 under the of rebels left for PoK area and reached chairmanship of Mirza Mohammad Juna where they were kept in a camp. released from siege and came back to Hussain. There was a deep rivalry between Since there was a rivalry between Mirza both of them. When Sardar Ibrahim Khan Mohammad Hussain and Sardar Ibrahim Jhangar on the same day because at that Khan, the so called President of Azad posted some civil officers from Mirpur for Rajouri, Mirza Mohammad Hussain Kashmir. Therefore from Juna camp, time, only one Brigade was operating from Mirza Mohammad Hussain and his other refused to accept these officers and compelled them to return. So, Mirza followers were taken to Raval Pindi Mohammad Hussain established his own Beripattan to Kotli and it was not possible where they were interrogated and arrested principality under the shelter of the sepoys while the Commander Mohammad who were deserted from the Maharaja's Aslam was also discharged from the for this brigade to hold Kotli. force and remained governing Rajouri till duties. In these circumstances, Mirza 13th April, 1948. under the overall Mohammad Hussain was not allowed to command of Pakistan regular army col Maulvi Jamal Din of Darhal had provided November. Then Pran Jappi along with his settle in POK and was allotted a evacuee Aslam who was stationed at Goverdhan shelter to a family of Mr. A.S. Khanna who force, reached Kotli, get the refugees house in Jhelam area where he passed the village near Rajouri Town. remained Deputy Commissioner of released from siege and came back to last days of his life and died in 1951. Mirza Mohammad Hussain ruled Rajouri Poonch lateron, Even Mirza Mohammad Jhangar on the same day because at that As stated above, Rajouri town has been for six months from 13thNovember, 1947 Hussain had kept children of Mohan Lai time, only one Brigade was operating from burnt, destroyed and deserted number of to 13th April, 1948. With the help of Shah of Behrote in his house and took Beripattan to Kotli and it was not possible times in the past, but the habitants have Colonel Aslam Khan of PoK forces he along with him when he migrated to for this brigade to hold Kotli. In the never lost their courage. They rebuilt the setup a camp for Hindu refugees in the Pakistan. Lateron, he ensured the safely meantime, another brigade under the town after the happenings of 1947 also village Goverdhan near Rajouri and return of these children to India. But during command of Brigadier Mohammad and now Rajouri town has became the provided ration, cloths and other facilities this very period, Nursing Dass Kela who Usman reached Nowshera. The enemy growth centre in the foot-hills of Panchal to them. In the same manner, number of had played commendable role in settling recaptured-Jhangar on 27th December Range starting from Poonch to Akhnoor Muslims at their own level in rural areas, the minorities was killed brutally by the and the forces of Brigadier Usman were and it is expected that it will regain its past provided shelters to Hindus in their Pathan soldiers near Goverdhan Camp. On compelled to repulse back to Nowshera. glory in near future. houses and protected from the attacks of the other hand, Chowdhary Diwan Ali and The Indian forces again snatched Jhangar (Concluded)

Drinking Water Facility for Villages


ive crore people living in over one lakh habitations in villages in our country do not have access to safe drinking water even today. According to official figures twenty two per cent rural families have to walk for at least half a kilometer or more to fetch water (mostly it is the women who have to bear the burden). The percentage of such families is the maximum in Manipur, Tripura, Odisha, Meghalaya, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh. Fifteen per cent of households in villages depend on uncovered wells and other unimproved sources like rivers, springs, ponds for drinking water. Also eighty five per cent of all drinking water resources in villages are based on underground sources of water and in many of these areas water is contaminated. Only 30.80 percent of the rural population has access to tap water. In fact there are only four states which have been able to bring fifty per cent or more of the rural areas under piped water supply. Many of the states are yet to fully comply with the Supreme Court order on supply of potable water in government schools. The latest available data shows that less than the 44 per cent government schools in villages have drinking water facility. During the national consultation in Delhi held recently on the progress of national rural drinking water programmers and related issues , it was revealed that in spite of this unsatisfactory scenario with regard potable water availability in villages many of the states have failed to fully utilize the funds allocated by the centre under the various heads of NRDWP. To achieve the objective of providing drinking water facilities to all the villages, the Government is bringing about a major paradigm shift in the National Rural Drinking Water Programme in the XIIth

Five Year plan period. In the backdrop of over extraction of ground water in most parts of the country, the emphasis is to shift away from ground water to surface water. The focus would be on piped water supply and minimizing the use of hand pumps. The target is to ensure individual household connections to at least 35 per cent of the population in villages by 2017 against only 13 per cent today. In order to encourage the villagers to take water connections, the Government is roping in Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA). A recent order said the ASHAs will get an incentive of 75 rupees for motivating each of the families in villages to take individual household tap connection. The states can use the money from the support funds allocated to states under the NRDWP. The norm of 40 litres of water per capita per day( LPCD) in villages was set way back in 1972 but now under the 12th five year plan , it is being increased from 40 to 55 litres .In the 12th plan the target is to cover at least half of the population to get 55 LPCD water within in their house hold premises or within 100 meter radius. Once the states are able to increase the per capita availability of drinking water, it will help in bridging the gap to some extent between urban areas and rural areas. Under NRDWP, States have the flexibility to fix their own supply norms. The Drinking Water and Sanitation Minister Bharatsinh Solanki has urged the states to aim at 55 LPCD , this he says will enable higher level of household connections and reduce the burden on women and girls in fetching water from hand pumps and public taps as well as reducing risk of contamination. Quality of drinking water availability is a major concern in villages many parts of the country are affected by contamination of arsenic and fluoride, which are

considered the most hazardous in terms of their effect on health. In the budget proposals for 2013-14 Rs 1,400 crore will be provided for the setting-up water purification plants as there are still 2,000 arsenic and 12,000 fluoride affected rural habitations in the country. Then there are contaminants like iron, salinity uranium and pesticides. The centre is assisting States affected with Chemical contamination of drinking water, and those States which have cases of Japanese and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome through a provision under the NRDWP by allocating 5% of the NRDWP funds for Improving the quality of drinking water Given the growing importance of water quality issues, under the 12th plan dedicated funding will be provided to States with quality affected habitations, over and above the normal NRDWP allocation to the State. Highest priority will be given to arsenic and fluoride affected habitations. Part of the funding would also be made available to tackle bacteriological contamination in the priority districts with high incidence of J apanese and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome as identified by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Unfortunately many of the states like Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, and Uttarakhand & Tripura are yet to submit proposals to get the benefit from 5% Water Quality earmarked fund. World over lack of drinking water and sanitation facilities account for over nine per cent of the diseases and more than six per cent of deaths. In our country where more than half the population resorts to open defecation, the situation is worse. It is in this scenario that major emphasis in the 12th plan is strengthening convergence between rural drinking water supply and rural sanitation by taking up villages covered with piped water supply

to get Open Defecation Free status priority and vice versa. The 12th plan draft document says that all government schools and anganwadis in government or community buildings will be provided with water supply for drinking and for toilets as per relevant quality norms by convergence of NRDWP for existing schools and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and for new schools set up under SSA. For private schools this will be enforced the right to education provisions. All community toilets built with public funds and maintained for public use will be provided with running water supply under NRDWP. Care will be taken to ensure that minimum distance is maintained between the toilet systems and water sources, to alleviate the problem of nitrate contamination. A part of NRDWP outlay will be set aside for integrated Habitat Improvement Projects to provide housing, water and sanitation facilities in rural areas at par with urban areas. Participation of the beneficiaries especially women in drink water supply schemes is also proposed. In another initiative Solar powered pumps will be provided for implementation in remote, small habitations and those with irregular power supply by converging subsidy available under Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. Waste water treatment and recycling will also be an integral part of every water supply plan or project. India is fast becoming a water stressed country and over and above everything else there is need to generate awareness about protecting drinking water sources from contamination, regular testing of drinking water sources, conserving rainwater in tanks and ponds, water recharge and water saving devices so that everyone in the country is able to get the basic facility of drinking water.

Disclaimer : The contents and comments appearing in any article published in this paper are purely the personal opinion of the writer.

HE A L+H TIMES 55 ZABARWAN Monday | 02 SepteMber 2013

Urgent appointments, tight work timetables and hectic social schedules make-up modern life and they quite often clash with our intrinsic biological rhythms.

The discrepancy results in so-called social jetlag, which can damage one's health. Among other effects, it can contribute to the development of obesity, as a new LMU study has shown. Three temporal cycles shape our lives. Our biological clock ensures that fundamental physiological processes oscillate with a period of approximately 24 hours. This internal timekeeper used the daily succession of light and dark to synchronize to the 24-hour day on our planet. Our social clock, on the other hand, often takes little or no heed of our natural needs and biological rhythms. The beat of the social clock is determined by the demands of our

work schedules and other extraneous timetables, and its timekeeper is the trill of the alarm clock. "Our surveys suggest that in Western societies two thirds of the population are burdened with a significant discrepancy between their internal time and the demands imposed by school and work schedules and leisure stress," said LMU chronobiologist Professor Till Roenneberg, who coined the term "social jetlag" to describe the phenomenon. If the rhythms dictated by our lifestyles are persistently out of phase with our biological clock, the risk of illness, such as high blood pressure and even cancer, rises.A team of researchers led by Roenneberg has now shown that social jetlag also contributes to another growing health problem, particularly in countries with a Western lifestyle - obesity.Individuals who are overweight are at increased risk

for serious metabolic diseases, such as diabetes. Many factors, in addition to excessive consumption of energy-rich foods, play a role in the development of obesity, and one of them is a lack of sleep. In persons who get too little

sleep, the perception of hunger is perturbed, often leading to overeating.And it is not just sleep duration that is important here. The LMU team has also found that social jetlag shows a significant association with increased body-mass index (BMI). The BMI, which is based on a

quantitative relationship between weight and height, is used as a measure of body fat, and varies depending on age and sex. Individuals with BMIs above the normal range are regarded as being overweight or obese. The results of the new study strongly indicate that a lifestyle that conflicts with our internal physiological rhythms can promote the development of obesity. Moreover, it appears that the incidence of social jetlag is itself increasing, perhaps as a consequence of a general reduction in sleep duration."The ongoing debate on the usefulness of daylight-saving time (DST) should take note of our findings," remarks Roenneberg."Just like conventional school and work schedules, DST disrupts our biological clock and subjects us to more social jetlag with all its consequences," Roenneberg added.The data used in the new epidemiological study are based on responses to a standardized set of questions, known as the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire.

How to avoid pain during injection Before administering an injection, health professionals commonly tell us, "Don't look and it won't hurt," and a new study has proved that this common advice really does reduce pain.

A group of German investigators has found that, in fact, your past experience with needle pricks, along with information you receive before an injection, shape your pain experience. "Throughout our lives, we repeatedly experience that needles cause pain when pricking our skin, but

situational expectations, like information given by the clinician prior to an injection, may also influence how viewing needle pricks affects pain," said lead author Marion Hofle, a doctoral student in the research Multisensory Integration group led by Dr. Daniel Senkowski, at the Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin and the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf. While watching video clips showing a needle pricking a hand, a Q-tip touching the hand, or a hand alone, study participants concurrently received painful or non-painful electrical stimuli applied to their own hand. The clips were presented on a screen located above the participants' hand, giving the impression that the hand on the screen belonged to them. Participants reported that their pain was more intense and more unpleasant when they viewed a needle pricking a hand than when they saw a hand alone. In addition, observing needle

pricks increased the unpleasantness of pain compared to viewing Q-tip touches. These findings were paralleled by enhanced activity of the autonomic nervous system, as measured by pupil dilation responses. This demonstrates that previous painful experiences with needles enhance unpleasantness of pain when viewing needle pricks. Situational expectations also influenced perceived pain intensity. Prior to the stimulation, participants were told that either the needle or the Q-tip clip was more likely to be associated with painful than with nonpainful electrical stimulation. The researchers found that presentation of clips that were more likely to be associated with pain lead to higher pain intensity experiences than the presentation of clips that were less likely to be associated with pain. This shows that expectations regarding the painfulness of medical treatments influence the intensity of

exercising ‘may cut asthma attacks risk’ Not only is it safe for asthmatics to exercise, but doing so could reduce their risk of asthma symptoms or attacks, a new study has revealed. Many people with asthma report avoiding exercise because they're afraid it could trigger symptoms including shortness of breath, wheezing or a full-blown asthma attack, said review author Kristin V. Carson. These fears might be encouraged from misreading their symptoms, their family's beliefs about exercise and asthma, or even from their physicians Over time, Carson explained, patients can become out of shape, losing muscle mass and cardiovascular fitness. That makes any future attempts at physical activity significantly harder, increasing the chances that patients will become fatigued and breathless and further discouraging physical activity. "This results in a spiraling cycle," she said. To find out whether exercise was a danger to asthmatics, Carson and her colleagues reviewed previous studies that looked

at the effects of physical training on people with asthma , comparing patients who received no or minimal physical activity to those who exercised for at least 20 minutes, twice a week, over the course of four weeks. The researchers discovered that the patients who had exercised using physical training as varied as running outdoors or on a treadmill, cycling, swimming or circuit training were no more likely to have a serious asthmarelated problem than those who weren't exercising or who did light exercising such as yoga. Carson further claimed that their findings

showed that patients in exercise programs improved their cardiovascular fitness, which in turn could reduce asthma symptoms over time. Besides this, some limited evidence from the included studies also suggested that exercise improved patients' quality of life, she added, which could contribute to other health benefits and improved .

pain that the treatment ultimately produces. Taken together, the study reveals several important findings. "Clinicians may be advised to provide information that reduces a patient's expectation about the strength of forthcoming pain prior to an injection," Hofle noted. She further stated that, "because viewing a needle prick leads to enhanced pain perception as well as to enhanced autonomic nervous system activity, we've provided empirical evidence in favour of the common advice not to look at the needle prick when receiving an injection." Their research has been published in the May issue of Pain.

How to be prepared for the heatwave The heatwave is currently settling across many parts of India and it is quite distressing at many levels. But the sad news is, this is just the beginning. So, in order to prepare for the heatwave, here are some valuable suggestions that will help you reduce the impact of extreme heat waves this summer season. All set? Let's begin... Shield windows exposed to the sun. Make a note of the amount of direct sunlight you receive every day. This will help you in understanding the amount of heat that contributes to the heat build-up from direct sunlight. Make sure you close the windows before you leave in the morning. Use awnings to block the sunlight in order to reduce the air circulation around the windows. One can also use reflectors, which can be conveniently removed as soon as the heat wave passes in the evening. Check for air leaks and clean air conditioner filters. The air conditioners should

be well sealed so that there is no weather-stripping around the doors and window areas. The air-conditioning filter should be well cleaned before the onset of the summer season for the best efficiency of air conditioners. Check for air leaks too. Also make sure that your ceiling fan is well repaired and cleaned. Refrigerate bottles of drinking water. It is a basic fact that we become more dehydrated during the extreme heat days, thus it is important to drink small amount of water throughout the day. Always leave your house with a refrigerated bottle of clean and hygienic water. For the same, always store 8 to 10 bottles of clean water in the refrigerator, depending upon the size of your family. Drinking a healthy amount of water is a great way to beat the heatwave naturally. Stock up on cool foods and be prepared for the heatwave. Make sure you stay away from eating heavy

and large meals as much as possible. Go for simpler, minimalistic cooking foods, which will keep your body temperature cool, especially when you're travelling. Salads and cold fruits like cucumber, watermelon, pineapple, tomatoes are a great way to tackle the heatwave. Know the signs of heat stress. It is imperative to have hands-on knowledge about the triggers of heatwave related health problems and sicknesses. Right from heat cramps (muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion), heat exhaustion (body temperature rises, causes a decrease in the blood flow to vital organs) to heat stroke (extreme sweating, which leads the important body parts to stop working), are some of the deadly effects of a heatwave. Awareness of the signs, symptoms, prevention methods and home treatments regarding these heat-related ailments will help you steer clear of any issues.

Earphones can kill you Earphones can kill youDespite the number of fatalities from iPod oblivion (the act of walking on roads with earphones) Delhiites do not seem to be taking the menace seriously. We went out to explore... It's human to err, but on the road, it can prove fatal. Especially when you have earphones on, and cannot hear approaching traffic. The menace of iPod oblivion, or the act of walking on road with your headphones on, is fast becoming one of the major causes of accidents on roads, and the capital too has seen its share of similar cases in the past couple of months. In November last year, 21-year-old DU student Priya Jain, was killed on Vikas Marg when she was hit by a bike and then a bus, since she had her earphones on and couldn't hear approaching traffic. And the cases are only taking place more frequently now. Satyendra Garg, Joint CP, traffic, says that there has been a rise in such cases since the past

5-6 months, and even to the authorities, it is astonishing to see pedestrians risk their lives in such a manner. He adds, "It's astonishing how careless people can be, especially with their life. Crossing roads while listening to music is dangerous not only for them, but also for others who are commuting on road. One such incident happened in Karol Bagh, where this guy, who was crossing the road while listening to music, didn't hear the horn of an approaching car, which resulted in an accident. The car driver, while trying to save that guy, lost control and banged into a motorbike. These people are not only endangering their lives, but many others too." Fact is, say doctors that shutting themselves from the world through earphones, can make pedestrians oblivious to approaching traffic, and also reduce their re-

action time in case of an emergency situation. And the rise in the number of fatal mishaps happening due to earphone use on roads has also lead to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences' (AIIMS) Trauma Centre to conduct a study on it. But as far as taking concrete steps to generate awareness are concerned, Garg says not much can be done, adding, "Apart from creating awareness through advertisements and campaigns, there is nothing else that can be done.

Most people brush their teeth in wrong way Though most people brush their teeth regularly, only one in ten does it in a way that effectively prevents tooth decay, according to a study in Sweden.

Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg say almost all Swedes regularly brush their teeth with fluoride

toothpaste, yet only few know the best brushing technique, how the toothpaste should be used and how fluoride prevents tooth decay.In two separate studies, Pia Gabre and her colleagues at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, studied the toothbrushing habits of 2013 Swedes aged 15-16, 31-35, 60-65 and 76-80 - how often and for how long, how often fluoride toothpaste is used, how much toothpaste is put on the toothbrush and how much water is used during and after the toothbrushing.The results showed that only ten percent of the population use toothpaste in the most effective way."Swedes generally do brush their teeth, but mostly

8 Glasses of water a day keeps fat away Incredible as it may seem, water is quite possibly the single most important catalyst in losing weight and keeping it off.

Water supresses the appetite naturally and helps the body metabolize stored fat. Studies have shown that a decrease in water intake will cause fat deposits to increase, while an increase in water intake can actually reduce fat deposits. Here's why: The kidneys can't function properly without enough water. When they don't work to capacity, some of their load is dumped onto the liver. One of the liver's primary functions is to metabolize stored fat into usable energy for the body. But if the liver

has to do some of the kidney's work it can't operate at full throttle. As a result, it metabolizes less fat more fat remains stored in the body and weight loss stops. Drinking enough water is the best treatment for fluid retention. Diuretics offer a temporary solution at best. They force out stored water along with some essential nutrients. The best way to overcome the problem of water retention is to give your body what it needs -- plenty of water. The more salt you eat the more water your system retains to dilute it. But getting rid of unneeded salt is easy -- just drink more water. The overweight person needs more water than a thin one. Water can help relieve constipation. When the body gets too little water, it siphons what it needs from internal sources. How much water is enough? On the average, a person should drink eight 8-ounce glasses every day. That's about 2 quarts.

because of social norms and to feel fresh rather than to prevent tooth decay," said Gabre.Swedes could

improve their oral health considerably by learning how to maximise the effect of fluoride toothpaste, she

asserted.However, the study found that 80 per cent are generally happy with how they take care of their teeth."Most of the interviewed subjects learned to brush their teeth as children, by their parents. Even if they have been informed about more effective techniques later in life, they continue to brush their teeth like they always have," stated Gabre.The researchers concluded that Swedes' knowledge about toothbrushing must be improved and that the provided advice must be made simpler, clearer and more easy to use.

Mangoes are high on health The King of Fruits has several benefits, so indulge your senses this season in some mangoes. Not only do they taste great, but mangoes are also loaded with several qualities that are excellent for your health. They are rich in powerful antioxidants that are known to neutralise free radicals that cause damage to cells and lead to health problems like heart disease, premature aging and cancer among other things. Here's why you should consume them... - With its high iron content, mangoes are excellent for pregnant women and those who suffer from anaemia. But do consult with your doctor beforehand on how much is suitable. - Constantly complaining about clogged pores? Place mango slices on your skin and then wash off after 10 minutes. - If you suffer from indigestion problems, nothing will help you as much as a mango. They're known to give relief from acidity and aid proper digestion since they contain digestive enzymes that help break down proteins.

- Rich in potassium, mangoes reduce high blood pressure. They also contain pectin, a soluble dietary fibre that is known to lower blood cholesterol levels. - Trying to put on weight? Include mangoes in your diet. Since it is rich in calories as well as carbohydrates, it could be the perfect fruit to have. - Some studies say that eating mangoes reduces the risk of kidney stone formation. - In Chinese medicine, mangoes are considered sweet and sour with a cooling energy. They are useful for those suffering from anaemia, bleeding gums, cough, fever, nausea and even sea sickness. - Studying for exams? This fruit is rich in glutamine acid- an important protein for concentration and memory. Instead of snacking on unhealthy chips and cookies, why not feast on slices of mangoes instead. - Though they are traditionally not considered as aphrodisiacs, mangoes contain Vitamin E which helps boost one's sex life. The vitamin works to regulate the body's sex hormones.

If nothing else, eat a mango just because it won't be in season forever.

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 02 September  

Union Health Minister G. N Azad visits Guwahati Launches various new health initiatives

Zabarwan Times E-Paper English 02 September  

Union Health Minister G. N Azad visits Guwahati Launches various new health initiatives