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thÀ-]mSv

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

k-c-kz-Xn

]-¦-Pm-£³ ]n-Å

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: I-gn-hq¿ Xp-≠p-hn-f-ho-´n¬ A-®pX-]-Wn-°-cp-sS `m-cy k-ckz-Xn (75), a-°ƒ: c-Lp\m-Y≥, cm-a-N-{μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, {]oX.

Xn-cq¿: Xn-cq¿ tIm-´v kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]-cnbm-c-Øv sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n F-∂ Ip-™ntam≥(52) A¬ sF-\n¬acn®p. 25 h¿-j-°m-e-ambn A¬-sF-\nembncp∂p tPm-en. am-Xm-hv: Xn-Øn-ap. `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: X-kv-\n, \n-bm-kv, \-_o¬, \n-lm¬, \bow. a-cp-a-I≥: B-jn-Jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-ΩZv _m-h, sam-bv-Xp-´n F∂ Ip-™n-∏, \-^o-k, DΩm-Øp, J-Zo-P.

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ap-Zm-°¬ s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: s\-√n-aq]p-Xq¿ ho-´n¬ ]-¶-Pm- Sv C-S-sØ-t°m-Ww sX£≥ ]n-≈(87).ßp-hn-f-ho-´n¬ c-Lp-\mY≥(50). `m-cy: ]-flm-hIrjvW³ Xn. a-°ƒ: c-Xo-jv, cm-tPImk¿-tImUv: t_-\q-cn- jv. se sI hn Ir-jv-W≥ Nn-cp-X (81). `mcy: sI kn amXm-a-c-t»cn: Cu¿-t∏m[hn. a°ƒ: N-{μm-h-Xn, hm-k- W I-tÆy-cp-∏n¬ ]-tc¥n, c-Xv-\m-I-c≥ ({Km-ao- X\m-b tI-fp-hn-s‚ `m-cy W- _m-¶v s]-¿-f-Sp-°w), Nn-cp-X (100). a°ƒ: thep, Ip-™n-cma≥, c-a-Wn, e-£v-an (A-[ymPm\p, amfp, Ia-e, ]-tc]n-I, Aw-t_-Zv-I¿ lX\m-b A-ø-∏≥. b¿-sk-°≥-U-dn- kvIqƒ s]-cn-b), Km-b{Xn Ben (A-[ym-]n-I, N-´-©m¬ am-X-aw-Kew: Ip-‰q¿ Ppl-b¿-sk-°≥U-dn kvam-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p k-ao-]w Iqƒ), cm-[ma-Wn (A[ym-]n-I, Sn.sF.F-®v.F- hn bp B-en (54). `m-cy: kv.F-kv \m-b-∑m¿-aqe). _o-^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: Ba-cp-a°ƒ: Ip™-ºp (dn- _n-Zv, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv ´. X-l-kn¬-Zm¿), cm-a-N- (C-cp-h-cpw ku-Zn), hmln-Z. a-cp-aI≥: lwk. {μ≥ (dn-´. sl-Uv-amÿ), Aw-_p-Pm£n, lp-kbv³ _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, IpX-e-∏p-g: X-e-∏pg 46mw ™n-°-Æ≥ (dn-´. in-ckv-XZm¿), c-ho-{μ≥ (A- ssa¬ Ip∂-Øv lp-kbv≥ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm[ym-]-I≥, K-h. l-b¿b Ip-™man. a°ƒ: apsk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, kvX-^, A-jvd^v, CsN-Ω-\m-Sv), {]-im-¥≥. {_m-low, ^u-kn-b.

Ip-«³-]n-Å

Nm-¡p-«n

_m-_p

]p-\-eq¿: I-c-hm-fq¿ Gem-bn¬ In-g-°pw-I-c ]pØ-≥-ho-´n-¬ Ip-´≥-]n-≈ (72). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. `m-cy: `-hm-\n-bΩ. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥-]n-≈, i-in-I-e, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥]n-≈. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kz¿W-Ω, hn-iz-\m-Y≥-]n-≈, {]-k-∂.

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: tIm-´-∏-Sn No-c≥ Nm-°p-´n (78). a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, sS-kn, h¿-Ko-kv, em-k¿, ta-cn, en-kn, tPm¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pm≥-kn, sa-do-\, Pn-j, hn≥-sk‚ v, _m_p, ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-akv.

Nm-h-°mm-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v a-c-°-º-\n-°v In-g-°v tXm-Wn-]p-c-°¬ _m-_p(52). `m-cy: k-PnX. a-°ƒ: A-\-\y, A-\¥-Ir-jv-W≥.

adnbw Xet»cn: ]p-t∂m¬ {]kv h-f-∏n¬ \o-cm-‰n¬ adn-bw (73). ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-hn-s‚ `m-cy-bmWv. aIƒ: ^m-Øn-a _ohn. acp-aI≥: B≥-kn¿.

AÂ-sF-\n -acn¨p

B-\n am-f: Ip-≠q¿ am-fn-tb°¬ tZ-h-kn-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-\n (62). a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, B‚p, I-{Xo-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-e, an-\n, ]u-tem-kv.

sN-Ã-¸-¡p-dp-¸v h-Δm-°m-hv: N-ß≥-Ipf-ß-c ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ sN-√-∏-°p-dp-∏v (80). `mcy: Hm-a-\-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: C-μn-c, tam-l-\≥, c-a, N-{μ≥, kp-a, c-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥-\mb¿, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥-\mb¿, cm-P≥-]n-≈, {io-Ie, {io-tamƒ, jo-\.-

c-Lp-\m-Y³

A-dp-ap-J³ hm-Sm-\-∏-≈n: Ip-∂-Øv A-dp-ap-J≥ (87). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b tZ-h-In. a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, hn-iz\m-Y≥, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-ao-`m-bn, jo-_, A¿-Pv-Pp-\.-

am-Xyp hÀ-Ko-kv \m-K-∏p-g: ]p-fn-°¬ amXyp h¿-Ko-kv (74). `m-cy A-∂-°p-´n Im-h-°m-Sv t]-cym-t°m-´n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, A-e-Iv-kv (bp-.F-kv-.F), Pp¬-\ (Hm-kv-t{S-en-b). acp-a-°ƒ: an-\n s\-Sp-ßm´v hm-g-°p-fw, jn‚ ]-\n®n-bn¬ Xn-cp-am-dm-Sn, jn_p ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬, s]m≥-ap-Sn.

d-h. ^m. A-K-Ìy³ ]-Ån-¡p-t¶Â I-cn-a-Æq¿: G-gp-ap-´w Xm-t_m¿ [ym-\-tI-{μÿm-]-I≥ d-h. ^m. A-K-Ãy≥ ]-≈n-°pt∂¬ (75). `u-Xn-I ico-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v Xm-t_m¿ [ym-\tI-{μ-Øn¬ sIm-≠p-hcpw. kw-kv-Im-c ip-{iqj-Iƒ sh-≈n-bm-gv-N D®-I-gn-™v 12\v B-cw-`n®v c-≠n-\v ap-X-e-t°m-Sw ]-≈n-bn¬.-

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-Cu \-K-cq¿: I-Æw-ap-°v k_o¿ a≥-kn-en¬ ap-lΩ-Zv C-kv-am-Cu¬ (74). a-°ƒ: d- m-Jv A-en, _-jo¿, \-ko¿, sseem-_o-hn.

cm-L-h³ I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ]-∑-\ ap-√-t°-cn tc-h-Xn-bn¬ cm-L-h≥ (87). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, C-μn-c, Hm-a-\-°p-´≥, c-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, b-tim-Z, tkm-a≥.

`m-kv-I-c³ A-º-e-∏p-g: tXm-´-∏-≈n \m-ep-sX-ßn¬ `m-kv-Ic≥ (88). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bmb hm-k-¥n. a-°ƒ: F≥ _n kp-`m-jv N-{μ≥ (Fkv.-F≥.-Un.-]n im-Jm {]kn-U‚ v), i-c-Xv N-{μ≥, hn-t\m-Zv, {]-tam-Zv (Zpss_), A-Pn-X-Ip-am-cn, I-em-tZ-hn, ssj-e-P,eX. a-cp-a-°ƒ: _o-\m-Ip-amcn, Km-b-{Xn-tZ-hn, _n≥kn, Zn-hy-tam-l≥ (a-kv°-‰v, A-tim-I≥ (kuZn), cm-P≥ (Ip-ssh-Øv), km-_p.-

]-co-Xp-½

A-_q-_-¡À

Cu--cm-‰p-t]-´: h-©m¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p√-bp-sS `m-cy ]-co-Xp-Ω (91). I-_-d-S-°w C-∂v Hcp a-Wn-°v ss\-\m¿ ]-ffn I-_-dn-k-Ym-\n-¬. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, _-jo¿, A-–p-¬I-cow, ^m-Xzn-a, kp-ss_-Z,P-ao-e, ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p-¬ k-emw. acp-a-°ƒ: Im-knw, ]-coXv, A-–p¬ k-emw, P-aoe, J-Zo-P, P-ao-e, d-Po-\.-

I-g-°q-´w: Nm-∂m-¶-c B‰n-I-Øv ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv l-\o-^ a-I≥ A-_q-_°¿(56). `m-cy:jm-ln-Z

Ip-ª-¨³ sN-ß-∂q¿: ]m-≠-\m-Sv \-Sp-hn-e-bn¬ F≥ sI Ip-™-®≥ (tPm¿-Pv 62). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. `m-cy-:-cm-P-Ω. a°ƒ-:-_n-Pp, _n-\p, _nPn-tamƒ. a-cp-a-I≥:kt¥m-jv .

Ip-ªp-sN-dp-¡³ Xn-cp-h-√: Nm-Ø-a-e tN-cn∏p-g-bn¬ Ip-™p-sN-dp°≥ (85). kw-kv -Im-cw C∂vv D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ss{Ikvv N¿-®n-s‚ ]m-a-e skan-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ-:_m_p, km-_p, ta-cn, sN-√Ω, \n¿-a-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ:-sN√-∏≥, i-in, {]-Im-iv, {]k-∂, kp-Pm-X.

a-dn-bw

am-f: ]m-d-°-S-hv A-Ø∏n-≈n Nm-°p-Æn (81). `mcy ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-kn. a-°ƒ: am¿-´n≥, kn¬hn, {^m≥-kn-kv, en-kn, tkm-^n.

]p-™m¿: sh-´n-∏-d-ºv \Sp-hn-se ap-dn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b am-Xyp-hn‚ `m-cy a-dnbw (93). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv ap-∂p-a-Wn-°v ap-∂m¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv s^-tdm-\ ]-f-fn-bn¬. ]-tc-X ]m-em Ip-´p-¶¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: Ip-™v, Ip-´n-b-Ω, sIm-®v , tPm-kv, sXm-Ω®≥, tPm-bv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-fn, F¬-kn, Ip-™pIp-´n, Ip-´n-b-Ω, ta-cn, Ip´n-b-Ω.-

a-½m-¨p

c-hn-Ip-amÀ

s\Â-k¬

]m-h-d-´n: tN-∂m-Sv ]-≈n°-Sp-Øv a-Xn-e-I-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy a-Ωm-®p (70). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, A_q-_-°¿, K-^q¿, D-a¿, dm-_n-b, d-Pp-e, B-bn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, bqk-^v, lw-k, sse-e, Bbn-j, d-jo-Z, kp¬-^Øv.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: [-\p-h-®]p-cw I-tÆ-‰p hn-fm-Iw aI-bn-c-Øn¬ B¿ c-hn-Ipam¿(59). `m-cy: kp-[¿-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-\p, A-\o-jv, ih-kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v a-©-hn-fm-Iw Ip-cn-bm-Wn-°¬ ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ \-S-°pw.

sh-≈-d-S: A-∏p-tIm-Ww h-S-°pw-I-c ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ s\¬-k¨(57). `mcy: t_-_n. a-°ƒ: A-Jne, A-\n-e.

ap-l-½Zv l-_o_v I-t°mSn: ]-Sn-™m-sd am-fn-b° - ¬ d-lva - Ø - v a≥kn-en¬ ap-lΩ-Zv l-_o_v (35˛a-kv° - Ø - v).

Nm-¡p-®n

Irjv-W³

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv Xp-º-bn¬]d-ºv am\o-te-iz-cw: ]-tc-X-\mbm-≠n-bp-sS a-I≥ Irb Ip-™n-°-Æ-s‚ `mjv-W≥ (65). `mcy: kcy \o-tc-iz-c-sØ sI Xy-`m-a. a°ƒ: _m_p, sI tZ-h-In (88). -a-Iƒ: \n-hmkv, A-Pb≥, P-b\-fn-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: Ip™n-°-Æ≥. k-tlm-Z-c- \n-hmkv, tc-Wp-Im߃: ]m-dp, \m-cm-b-Wn, tZhn, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, b-tim-Z. A≥]v, I-f-b-civ. ktlm-Z-c߃: N-{μ≥, cpIp-ªn-¡-®³ ‹n-Wn. ]-ø-∂q¿: F-®n¬-sam-´bn-se B-Zy-Im-e X-ø¬ am-X-¡p-«n sXm-gn-em-fn Hm-W-∏-d-ºv ap-≠p-ap-gn: Im-c-ß-c ]pa-Ø-Øv h-f-∏n¬ Ipdm-bn ]-tc-X-\m-b th-em™n-°-Æ≥ (80). `m-cy: bp-[-s‚ `m-cy am-X-°p-´n ]p-Xn-b]p-c-bn¬ b-tim(85). a-°ƒ: Nn-√-°p-´n, Z. a-°ƒ: a-t\m-PvIp-am¿ Nm-cp-°p-´n, tim-`-\, im(ku-Zn), hn-t\m-ZvIp-am¿, ¥, jm-Pn, \m-cm-b-Wn, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, {io-P. k-c-kp.

tZ-h-In

ssk-\p-±o³-Ip-ªv Im-bw-Ip-fw: C-en-∏-°p≈w I-‰m-\w C-S-h-\-ticn¬ ssk-\p-±o≥-Ip™v (73). `m-cy km-ln-d. a-°ƒ: A–p¬-h-lm-_v, ap-l-Ω-Zv jn-lm-_v, ^-kn¬. a-cp-aIƒ: jm-Pn-e.

Ku-cn `m-kv-I-c³ ]-\-®n-°-∏m-d: s\-√n°-®m¬ s\-√n-°-®men¬ ho-´n¬ `m-kv-I-cs‚ `m-cy Ku-cn-`m-kv-Ic≥(80). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: N-{μ ti-J-c≥, kp-tc-jv, APn-Xv Ip-am¿, D-Æn-°rjv-W≥, {io-tZ-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, Aw_n-fn, k-Pn-\n, cp-], kptc-{μ≥.

3 s^{_p-hcn 2011 hymgw

KÄ-^n a-cn-¨-bm-fp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw \m-«n-se-¯n-¨p;]-cm-Xn-sb-¯p-SÀ-¶v t]m-kv-äv-tamÀ-«w \-S-¯n

_m-e-cm-a-]p-cw: Kƒ-^n¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ Is≠-Øn-b B-fp-sS ar-X-tZ-lw \m-´-n-se-Øn-®p. sIm-e-]m-X-I-sa-∂m-tcm-]n-®v _-‘p-°-fp-sS ]-cmXn--bp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ar-X-tZ-lw Xn-cp-h-\th-em-bp-[³ c-hn ]m-h-d-´n: a-Xp-°-c hm-e- ]m-h-d-´n: sh-¶n-S-ßv ]m- ¥-]p-cw sa-Un-°¬ tImWn-b-Øv i-¶-c-s‚ a-I≥ f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]Øm-´n¬ c-hn (60). `m-cy th-in-∏n-®p t]m-kv-‰v tamth-em-bp-[≥(79). `m-cy: cm-[. a-°ƒ: c-Pn-X, cmkp-`-{Z. a-°ƒ: ]n-Xmw-_- ¿-´w \-S-Øn. I-√n-bq¿ tP-jv, ]-tc-X-bm-b c-Pnc≥, _n-‘p, kn-\n, k\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Wn-Is]-cn-ß-Ω-e hm-dp-hn-fmWvT≥, kv-an-Øp. kw-kv- ‘y, ]-tc-X-bm-b _n-μp. I-Øv hn F-kv `-h-\n¬ Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\, cm-Pp, kp-tc-{μ≥-(43)B-Wv Icm-tP-jv, ss_-Pp. ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ gn-™ 23\v A-_q-Zm-__n-bn-se tPm-en-ÿ-e\m-cm-b-Wn Ip-dp-¼³ Nm-e-°p-Sn: sIm-c-´n-˛-B- A-º-e-∏p-g: I-f¿-tIm-Sv sØ dq-an¬ Xq-ßn-a-cn-® \n-e-bn¬ I-s≠-Øn-b-Xm‰-∏m-Sw sN-Ωn-°m-S≥ Ip- ]p-Ø≥-sh-fn-bn¬ ]-tc- bn _-‘-p-°ƒ-°v hn-h-cw e-`n-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Zn-hX-\m-b hn sI hm-kp-hn- kw cm-hn-se ar-X-tZ-lw s]-cn-ß-Ω-e-bn-se-Øn-®p. dp-º≥ (90). `m-cy Im-fn. Xp-S¿-∂v t]m-en-skØn B¿.-Un.-H-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xzs‚ `m-cy \m-cm-b-Wn a-°ƒ: A-Ωn-Wn, kp(89) a-°ƒ: k-c-k-Ω, ]p- Øn¬ C≥-Iz-kv-‰v X-øm-dm-°n t]m-kv-‰v tam¿-´-Øn{_≥, th-em-bp-[≥, Ajv-°c-- ≥, i-in-[-c≥, B- \v A-b-®-p. ssh-Iot´m-sS ar-X-tZ-lw ho-´ph-f-∏n¬ ø-∏≥-Ip-´n.\-μ-h-√n, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, kw-kv-°-cn-®p. N-{μ³ kp-Z¿-i-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I-gn-™ aq-∂pam-kw ap-ºv I¬-]-Wn-°m-bm-Wv Nm-e-°p-Sn: sIm-c-´n-˛-JX-¶-a-Wn, h¬-k-e, hn-P- kp-tc-{μ≥ Kƒ-^n¬ t]m-b-Xv. F-∂m¬ ]-Wn -i-cn∂m \-K¿ I-b-º-Øv sI b≥, l-cn-Zm-kv, Ko-X. b-s√-∂pw D-S≥ \m-´n-se-Øp-sa-∂pw A-dn-bn-®n-cphn N-{μ≥. `m-cy Im¿∂-Xm-bn _-‘-p-°ƒ ]-d-bp-∂p. I-gn-™ Zn-h-kw am-[h³ Øym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: c-Rv_m-ep-t»cn: _m-ep-t»-cn cm-hn-se ar-X-tZ-lw F-b¿-t]m¿-´n¬ h-∂-t∏mƒ IqPn-Øv, i-c-Xv, cm-lp¬.sS h-∂ t]-∏-d-n-¬ a-c-W-Im-c-Ww F-gp-Xn-bn-´n-√ FA¿-_≥ _m-¶v dn-´. ImIp-ªn-t¡m-b jy¿ Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ hn F ∂-Xm-Wv _-‘p-°-sf kw-i-b-Øn-se-Øn-®-Xv. `mcy: kn-‘p. a-°ƒ: hn-Zy, hn-jv-Wp. I-Æ-t©cn: ]m¿-h-Xn-]p- am-[h - ≥ (75). `m-cy: Fw cw tdm-Uv F hn Ip-™n- sI k-tcm-Pn\n (dn-´. Ft°m-b (70). ®v.Fw. tZ-it- k-hm `m-cy: \-^o-k. a°ƒ: k- F.bp.]n kvI - qƒ Ip-dpaZv, I-cow (Zp_-bv), bqsºm-bn¬). a°ƒ: cm\pkv, B-bn-im_n, d-jo- Poh≥, c-Pojv, c-Pn-X, do- sh-≈-d-S: ss_-°v A-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v NnZ, kpl-d. P. In¬-k-bn-en-cp-∂ bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. sh-≈-d-S A-©pa-c-¶m-e C-cn-™n-\mw ]≈n tdm-U-cn-I-Øv ho-´n¬ tk-hy¿ Un-√n Z-º-XnI-fp-sS a-I≥ A-e-Iv-kv tk-hy¿(28)B-Wv Nn-In¬-k-bn¬ I-gn-b-sh a-cn®-Xv. I-gn-™ i-\n-bm-gvN sa-Øw ]m-e-°p- k-ao]w h-®m-Wv A-]-I-S-ap≠m-b-Xv. im-¥n, Pm-kvan≥, h¿-Ko-kv F-∂n-h¿ sN-Ã-½ sN-Ã-½ s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: s]-cp-º- k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fm-Wv. s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: C-cp-ºn¬ I-Æw-Ip-fw ho-´n¬ ]- gp-Xq¿ am-hp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p-°p-´tc-X-\m-b A-∏n-bm-s‚ s‚ `m-cy sN-√-Ω(70). a`m-cy sN-√-Ω(75). a°ƒ: im-c-Z, _m-_p, Ir- I≥: Kn-co-i≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: sIm-√w: hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-k_n-μp. jv-W≥ i-in, tKm-a-Xn, eo-e, c-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: bn-em-bn-cp-∂ π-kv-Sp hn-Zym-¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-≈n-tØmIpª-ep tKm-]n, tdm-k-Ω, eo-e, ´w cm-Po-hv \-K¿ lo-cm a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ aX-e-t»cn: ssk-Zm¿]kp-Ip-am-cn, a-[p, tkmI≥ jm-lp¬-l-ao-Zm(17)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Xn-¶≈n \m-eI-Øv]p-cnb¬ fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v 2.-30\v A-b-Øn¬ P-Mv-j-\n-se ama≥, Kn-cn-P. Ip-™-ep (80) ]q-gn-Ø-e- en-°-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-IIp-ª-¼p bn¬ acn®p. `¿-Ømhv: Sw. I-cn-t°m-Sv Sn.-sI.-Fw ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Yn]-ø∂ - q¿: kzm-X{- ¥yk- ]-tc-X\m-b ]-Sn-∏p-ca-ct- k-\m-\n-bpw tIm¨- bv°¬ A-–p¬- JmZ¿. bm-b jm-lp¬ l-aoZv kp-lr-Øv d-Du-^p-sam-Øv ss_-°n-¬ h-c-th A-b-Øn¬ am-en-°-c ]-≈n-bv{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI - \ - p-am-b a-°ƒ: P-em-ep-±o≥, l°v k-ao-]-Øv h-®v Im¿ Hm-h¿-tS-°v sN-bv-Xv s]-s´^v-kØv, ]-tc-Xcm-b aA-∂q-cn-se Xo-°S- n IplvaqZv, d-kmJv, A-–p¿d- ∂v t{_-°n-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v ss_-°v Im-dn¬ X-´n C-cp-h™-ºp (83). `m-cy: In-gcpw tdm-Un-te-°v sX-dn-®p-ho-Wp. Cu k-a-bw ss_s°-]p-cb - n¬ am-[h - n. a- kmJv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I_o¿, P-ao-e, \-ko-a, j- °n-\v ]n-d-tI-h-∂ B-t] °ƒ: X-ºm-bn, h¬-kHm-t´m hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-sf Ce, Kn-cn-P, Kn-co-i≥ (Hm- ao-a, \-koa. Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Kpt´m- ss{U-h¿), ]-tc-X\m-cm-b-W³ \-¼ymÀ cp-X-c-am-b ]-cn-t°-‰ Ccm-b Ko-X, Ip-™n-°rXe∏p-g: h-c-bm¬ FjvW - ≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]-fl- kv.F≥.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ cp-h-tc-bpw B-ip-]-{Xn\m-`≥, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥, dn-´. sl-Uv-am-ÿ I-S-b- bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw jm-lp¬-l-ao-Zv C-∂-se N-{μ≥, {io-P (]-cn-bm-cw {]-Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (97). `mcy: k-tcm- a-cn-®p. ssI-Im-ep-Iƒk-lI - c - W - lr-Zb - m-e°v ]-cn-t°--‰ d-Du-^v kzPn-\nb-Ω. b). Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv. tlm-≠ kn-‰n 8081 \-º-cn-ep-≈ Im-dm-Wv A-]-I-SØn-\v Im-c-W-am-b-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn-\v ti-jw Im¿ \n¿-Øm-sX I-S-∂p-t]m-bn. A-tX-k-a-bw A-]-I-SØn¬ Im-dn-s\ H-gn-hm-°n ]n-°-∏v hm≥ ss{U-h¿s°-Xn-tc am-{Xw tI-sk-Sp-Ø t]m-en-kv \-S-]-S-nbn¬ {]-Xn-tj-[w i-‡-am-bn-´p-≠v. H-cp {]-ap-J koB-e-∏p-g: h-S-°≥- ]m-´p-I-fn-se ho-c-I-Y-I-sf acn-b¬ Xm-c-Øn-t‚-Xm-Wv Im-sd-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ ]-de-bm-f kn-\n-a-bv-°p k-Ωm-\n-® Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv ™p. am-Xm-hv: \n-lm-d. k-tlm-Z-cn: A¬-^n-b.im-cw-K-]m-Wn (86) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 1.45Hm-sS tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-¥yw. hr-°-bv-°p tcm-Kw _m[n-®v G-sd-\m-fm-bn In-S-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]m-Xn-c-∏≈n _n-Pp- \n-hm-kn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ _n-Pp-hn-s\msh-™m-d-aqSv: -Izm-dn-bn¬ \n∂pw ]m-d sX-dn-®v ho∏-am-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 10.30\v Wv tem-dn ss{U-h¿ a-cn®p. Np-≈n-am-\q¿ a-∂q¿ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. t°m-Ww kz-tZ-in ap-c-fo-[-c≥(50)B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. 60Hm-fw kn-\n-a-IƒC∂-se ssh-Io-´v A-©n-\v I√-bw sN-ß-c ap-I-fn°v Xn-c-°-Y F-gp-Xn-b ep-≈ H-cp ]m-d-Izm-dn-bn¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-`hw. im- c w- K - ] m- W n- b p- s S sh-Sn-h-®v ]m-d-s]m-´n-°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS sX-dn-® ]m-d F-´p Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ h-StZl-Øv sIm-≠-Xm-bn-cp-∂p a-c-W-Im-cWw. Izm-dn°≥- ]m-´n-s\ B-[m-cbn¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂ Pm-Iv lm-a¿ a-s‰m-cn-S-tØam- ° n- b p- ≈ - X m- b n- c p°v sIm≠p-t]m-hm-s\-Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p temdn. A∂p. h-S-°≥- ]m-´n-se ]I-Sw \-S-∂-bp-S-s\ Izm-dn-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ a-‰v I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf sXtPm-en-°m¿ tN¿-∂v C-bm-sf Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sa°≥ tI-c-f-Øn¬ ho- im-cw-K-]m-Wn Un-°¬ tImf-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶nepw c-]-cn-th-j-tØm-sS ]Xm-a-kn-bm-sX a-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. ar-X-tZ-lw cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Xn-c-°tam¿-®-dn-b-n¬ kq-£n-®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. Y-Iƒ G-sd ]-¶p-h-ln-®p. B-tcm-a-ep-Æn, ]m-em´v tIm-a≥, D-Æn-bm¿-®, I-S-Ø-\m-´v am-°w Xp-Sßn-b-h-bm-Wv Cu K-W-Øn-ep-≈- A-t±-l-ØnN-h-d: h-gn-tbm-c-sØ sh-f-f-s°-´n¬ ho-Wv hy-≤ as‚ {]-[m-\ c-N-\-Iƒ. No-\-h-e, Xo-cw-tX-Sp-∂ cn-®p. ]-Ω-\ h-S-°pw-X-e -ta-°v sN-tºm-en¬ apXn-c,- k-©m-cn Xp-S-ßn-b-hb -- pw P-\-{]o-Xn t\-Sn-b °n¬ sN-tºm-en¬-ho ]-tc-X-\m-b th-en-°p-´n Bc-N-\-I-fm-Wv. Nm-cn-bp-sS `m-cy k-c-k-Ω (75)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. k-aoD-Z-b- Ãp-Un-tbm D-S-a Ip-©m-t°m-bp-am-bp]-sØ _-‘p-ho-´n¬ t]m-bn Xn-cn-sI ho-´n-te-°v ≈ B-Xv-a-_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ I-cph-cp-∂ h-gn sh-f-f-s°-´n¬ ho-Wv I-√n¬ X-e-bn-SnØv. 1976-¬ I-Æ-∏-\p-Æn-bp-sS Nn-{Xo-I-c-W- th®v a-c-n-®-Xm-hm-sa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂p. I-cp-\m-Kf-bn-em-Wv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS B-I-kv-an-I A∏-f-fn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c¥yw. ]n-∂o-Sv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS a-I≥ t_m-_≥ £n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: cm-P-Ω, X-¶-a-Wn, cm-[, sNIp-©m-t°m-tbm-sSm-∏w G-Xm-\pw Nn-{X-ß-fn¬ √-∏,]-¶n-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, Ir-jv]-¶m-fn-bm-bn. D-Z-bm- Ãp-Un-tbm A-S-®p-]q-´n-bWm-\-μv, {io-tZ-hn, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am-cn, Ir-jv-W-IptXm-sS im-cw-K-]m-Wn Xn-c-°-Y-bp-sS tem-I-Øpam¿. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: ]-tc-X-\m-b _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ B\n-∂v kz-bw H-gn-™p-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mNm-cn, hm-kp-tZ-h≥, _m-e≥, cm-a-N-{μ≥ B-Nm-cn, cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b {]-tim-`n-\n. a-°ƒ: I-e, Pq-e, am-[-h≥, h-k-¥, {io-tZ-hn, cm-Po-h≥, P-b≥, kn_n-Pp. ‘p.

]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

Xn-c-¡-Ym-Ir-¯v im-cw-K-]m-Wn A-´-cn-¨p

Izm-dn-bn \n-¶v ]m-d sX-dn-¨v hoWv ss{U-hÀ a-cn-¨p

X-¦-¨³

sP-ao-e

ssj-e-P

km-hn-{Xn-b-½

A-_v-Zp-Ã lm-Pn

\m-cm-b-Wn

B-e-∏p-g: hm-S-bv-°¬ Im-°-cn-bn¬ X-¶®≥(65). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10.-30\v hm-Sbv-°¬ ssZ-h-P-\-am-Xm ]-f-fn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tdm-k-Ω, kn-kv-‰¿ ta-gv-kn, am-Knkp-tc-jv, kn-kv-‰¿ eq¿-Zv. a-cp-°ƒ: {io-l-cn-kp-tcjv (t^m-t´m-{Km-^¿, tXP-kv, B-e-∏p-g), en-Pntam≥

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: A-∫n∏-d-ºn¬ ssk-\p-±o-s‚ `m-cy sP-ao-e (63). a°ƒ: l-ko-\, ssj-e, lp-ssk-\, s\-Zv-a, kmPn-Z, jn-lm-_v, A≥jm-Zv, A-≥-kn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ : k-eow-(jnw-e Iqƒ-_m¿), jm-lp¬, s\-Po-_v, jw-kp-±o≥, jo-\, B-jn-Z. ss\\m¿-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿ-\nbn¬ J-_-d-S-°n.-

am-f: B-fq¿ {Km-a-∏-©mb-Øv ap≥-t£-a-Im-cy Ãm‚nMv I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿t]-gv-k¨ I-Æ-Øv A-ø∏-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ssje-P (51). kn.-]n.-sF Bfq¿ tem-°¬ I-Ωn-‰n ap≥-Aw-K-hpw ]m¿-´n-bwK-hp-am-Wv ssj-e-P. a°ƒ: A-\p, A-\o-j. acp-a-I≥: kp-[o-jv.-

cm-cn-¨-¡p-«n

B-e-∏p-g: ap-√m-Øv hm¿Un¬ ap-≠p-hm-S-bv-°¬ F-®v A-_q-t_-°¿ (50). `m-cy: \q¿-P-lm≥. a°ƒ: A-\o-jv, A≥-j.-

_m-ep-t»cn: D-t≈y-cnbn-se Nn-Ωm-t©-cn-bn¬ cm-cn-®° - p-´n (77). `mcy: s]-Æp-°p-´n. a°ƒ: \fn\n, eo-e, tZhn, c-ho{μ≥, c-aWn, _nμp. a-cpa°ƒ: A-\n¬, c-Lp (C-cp-hcpw ]p¬-∏≈ - n), tam-l\≥ (_m-ep-t»cn), thWp (s]-cn-ß√qcv), k-t¥mjv (I-ºf - °m-Sv, h-b\ - m-Sv), e-Pn-X.

am-f: ]q-h-Øp-ti-cn F-eh-Øq-¶¬ h¿-Ko-kv (60). `m-cy eo-e. a-°ƒ: ssj≥, Un-kn, ln¬-U. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-_n, jmPp, eo-a-tdm-kv.

]n-W-tßm-Sv: Iq-´m-bn A-_v-Zp-√ -lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, P-aoe, dw-e-Øv, lm-cn-kv, Xm-ln-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-¿dlv-am≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv (]n-Wtßm-Sv), A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥ ( ]q-\q¿), _m-h (Xm-a-c-t»-cn), j-ao-a.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]n-W-tßm-Sv akv-Pn-ZpØ-Jv-hm J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

]-ø-∂q¿: sIm-´n-e HmW-∏-d-ºv Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se \m-\n-t®-cn \m-cm-b-Wn (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b I-√m-ho-´n¬ \m-cmb-W≥. a-°ƒ: a-[p, cXn, a-tl-jv, {io-P, jo_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t{]-a, chn, jo-P, hn-t\m-Zv, IÆ≥, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: e-£v-an-°p-´n, btim-Z, `m¿-K-hn.

A-_q-_-¡À

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Nn-‰m-´p-I-c dn-´. sU-]yq-´n I-e-Iv-S¿ I-Æ-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ANyp-X≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy h-´-c-ß-Øv A-c-Ip-f-ß-c km-hn-{Xn-b-Ω (81). -kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf ]m-ºm-Sn sF-h¿ aT-Øn¬. a°ƒ: cmw tam-l≥ (No^v Pp-Uo-jy¬ a-Pn-kvt{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn, Xr-»q¿), Ir-jv-W-{]-km-Zv (^o¬Uv Hm-^o-k¿, d-∫¿ t_m¿-Uv), A-Nyp-Xm-\μ≥ (kn-hn¬ F≥-Pn-\ob¿), c-ta-iv N-{μ≥ (a¿®‚ v t\-hn). a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\, P-b-{io, C-μp, joP.

Um-\nbÂ

Bâ-Wn BÀ-¯p¦Ä

h´∏m-d: sN-¥p-∏q-cv Nnd-bn¬ ho-´n¬ Um\nb¬ (80). `m-cy k-tcmPn\n. a°ƒ: sk¬-hcmPv, kp-[m-Ic≥, ssje-P, kp-K‘n, kmPp. a-cp-a°ƒ: sken, ta-_n¬, tPm¿Pv, tam-l≥-Zmkv, _m_p, kn‘p.

Ip-μaw-Kew: Ip-‰n-°m´q¿ ss]-tßm-´p-]p-dw _tY¬ ho-´n¬ B‚-Wn B¿-Øp-¶ƒ (54). tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ F-Iv-kv-td hn`m-K-Øn¬ A-‰≥UdmWv. `mcy: tKfn (em_v sS-Iv-\o-jy, cmw-\m-Yv \-gv-kn-Mv tlmw, tIm-gnt°m-Sv).

_o-hn-¡p-ªv B-e-∏p-g: k-\m-X-\-]pcw hm¿-Uv A-Jn-e-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Imknw _m-hm-bp-sS `m-cy _o-hn-°p-™v (80). a°ƒ: ^m-Øn-am-_o-hn, l-_o-_, cm-P, j-co-^m_o-hn, P-ao-e, jm-lp¬l-ao-Zv, \-_o-km-_o-hn, d-kn-bm-_o-hn.

^m-¯n-a ]øm-\°¬: ]S∂-hf∏vv sI sI Jm-Z¿ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (65).

hÀ-Ko-kv

tXm-a-kn-\v ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn sF.-F.-F-kv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ B-tcm-]-W-hn-t[-b-\m-b ]n sP tXm-a-kns\ \ym-bo-I-cn-®v tI-c-f-Øn-se sF.F.Fkv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\-Xn-cm-bn kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-bnep-≈ ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ I-£n-tN-cp-∂Xn-\p-f-f km-[y-X-Iƒ B-cm-bp-sa-∂pw sF.---F.---F-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\bm-b sF.F.-Fkv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkmkn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-Ip-dn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p. tI-c-f-Øn¬ sF.F.-Fkv tI-U-dn¬ h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw an-I-® tk-h-\w Im-gv-N-h® D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-Wv ]n sP tXm-a-kv. 20 h¿-j-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv ]m-sam-en≥ tIkp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cv \n-£n-]v-X- Xm¬-∏-cy-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn Db¿-∂p-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tI-kn-s‚ b-Ym¿-Y h-kv-Xp-X a-\-∏q¿hw a-d-®p-]n-Sn-®v Ip-‰-a-‰ co-Xn-bn¬ 37 h¿-jsØ k¿-ho-kv ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-b ]n sP

tXm-a-kn-s\ am-[y-a-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn-eq-sS ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn-te-°p h-en-®n-g-bv-°p-Ibm-Wv. ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ ]n sP tXm-akn-s\-Xn-tc t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥ A-\p-a-Xn-bn√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ A-t±-l-sØ tI-{μ hn-Pne≥-kv I-Ωo-j-W¿ ÿm-\-Øp \n-b-an-°p∂-Xn¬ X-S- -an-s√-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ hy-‡-am-°p-∂p. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\Xn-cm-b tI-kp-Iƒ X-≈n-b-Xn-s\- Xp-S¿∂m-Wv A-t±-l-sØ kw-ÿm-\- No-^v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn k¿-°m¿ \n-b-an-®-Xv. A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚ Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬ ]n sP tXm-a-kv hn-iz-kv-X-\m-Wv. A-t±-l-Øns\-Xn-cm-b B-tcm-]-W-߃ cm-{„o-b-t{]cn-X-am-Wv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n-® A-t\z-j-WØn-se \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ Ir-{Xn-aw \-S∂n-´p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ \-S-°p-∂-Xv ]n sP tXma-kn-s\-Xn-cm-b am-[y-a-hn-Nm-c-W- am-{X-amsW-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-°pdn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p.

Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p F-S° - m-Sv: a-W∏ - p-dw kvIq-fn-\p k-ao]-sØ ]tc-X\ - m-b C-{_m-lo-ans‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-°f - Øn¬ Ip-™n-∏m-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: _o-®, a-PoZv, A-eh - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kp-ld - , dm-_n-b, ]-tc-X\m-b ap-lΩ - Z- v. J-_d - S- °w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v a-W∏ - p-dw Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J_¿ÿm-\n¬.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø-∂q¿: cm-a-¥-fn sIm-Δ-∏p-dw ]p-Xn-b-]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (86). `m-cy: sI hn Ip™-Ω. a-°ƒ: cp-KvanWn, cm-a-N-{μ≥, eo-e, k-c-kz-Xn, kp-tc-{μ≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). acp-a-°ƒ: e-£va-W≥, h¬-k-e, cm-Po-h≥, e£v-a-W≥, k-Pn-X, Zmtam-Z-c≥, kp-Pn-X. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-hnμ≥, Ir-jv-W≥, am-WnIyw, tZ-h-In, I-eym-Wn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥.

t]m-en-kp-ImÀ-¡v CâÀ-s\-äv ku-I-cy-ap-Å sam-ss_ t^m¬ ]-cn-K-W-\-bnÂ: tIm-Sn-tb-cn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se F-√m D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw C‚¿-s\-‰v ku-I-cy-tØm-sS-bp-≈ sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ \¬-Ip-∂ Imcyw k¿-°m-cn-s‚ ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-emsW-∂p a-{¥n tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Irjv-W≥. tI-c-fm kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kns‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A[y-£-X h-ln-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p a{¥n. \m-e-c-h¿-j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \n-b-an® 12,000 t]m-en-kp-Im-cn¬ 60 i-X-am\-hpw A-Sn-ÿm-\ tbm-Ky-X-tb°mƒ D-b¿-∂ hn-Zym-`ym-k-ap-≈-hcm-Wv. H-gn-hp-I-fn-√m-Ø h-Ip-∏m-bn tI-c-fm t]m-en-kn-s\ am-‰n-sb-Sp°m≥ k¿-°m-cn-\p I-gn-™p. t]men-kv h-Ip-∏n¬ C-\n-bp-≠m-hp-∂

F-√m H-gn-hp-I-fpw \n-I-Øp-∂-Xn-\v \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-°p-sa-∂pw a-{¥n ]d-™p. Zn-\w-{]-Xn-bp-≈ ]-cm-Xn-Ifn¬ Im-cy-£-a-am-bn C-S-s]-tS-≠-Xv tem-°¬ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fmWv. C-Xn-\p Im-cy-am-b Aw-K-_-ew B-h-iy-am-Wv. Cu X-Xzw a-\- n-em°n-bm-Wv tÃ-j-\p-I-fn¬ A-Snÿm-\-am-‰w h-cp-Øn-b-Xv. kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kv \n-e-hn¬-h-∂tXm-sS km-bp-[ t]m-en-kn¬ h¿-jß-tfm-fw tPm-en sN-bv-X-Xn-\p tijw tem-°¬ t]m-en-kn-te-°p tPmen sN-tø-≠ A-h-ÿ-bv-°p am-‰w-hcpw. bp-hm-°-fpw k-a¿-∞-cp-am-b t]m-en-kp-Im-cp-sS tk-h-\w kv-t‰j-\p-I-fn¬ e-`y-am-hp-sa-∂pw tImSn-tb-cn ]-d-™p.-

hy-² sh-f-f-s¡-«n ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

Xoh-−n Zpc-´w: bp.]nbn a-c-Ww 19 B-bn e-Jv-s\m: D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in¬ H-m-Sp-∂ Xo-h-≠n°p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p ho-Wp ]-cn-t°-‰ \m-ev C¥ym-˛-Xn-_-Ø≥ A-Xn¿-Øn tk-\m (sF.-Sn._n.-]n) D-tZym-Km¿-Yn-IƒIq-Sn a-cn-®p. C-tXmsS a-c-W kw-Jy 19 B-bn. _-td-en-bn¬ \-S-∂ sF.-Sn.-_n.-]n dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚ v ]-co-£-bn¬ ]-s¶Sp-Øv a-S-ßp-∂-h-cm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N 15 t]¿ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ln-a-Kn-cn F-Iv-

kv-{]- n-\p ap-I-fn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X-h¿ jm-Plm≥ ]q-cnse ta¬-∏m-e-Øn-\n-Sn-®m-Wv 14 t]¿ acn®Xv. {Xn-th-Wn F-Iv-kv-{]- n-\p ap-Ifn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X a-s‰m-cmƒ l¿-tZm-bv Pn-√bn¬ h-®p Xm-sg ho-Wp a-cn-®p. dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚n¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ 11 kw-ÿm-\ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-bn H-∂-c-e-£w t]¿ _-td-en-bnse-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

ssk\n-I slen-tIm-]v-äÀ X-IÀ-¶v ss]-e-äp-amÀ a-cn¨p

\m-kn-Iv: ssk-\n-I sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ P-e-Im-\K-dn-¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-Wv c-≠v ss]-e-‰p-am¿ a-cn®p. Iym-]v-‰≥ `m-\p-{]-Xm-]v Kp-]v-X, ta-P¿ AXp¬ K¿-sP F-∂n-h-cm-Wp acn-®Xv. B¿-an Ghn-tb-j≥ -tIm-dn-s‚ No-‰ sl-en-tIm-]v-‰dmWv C-∂-se cm-hn-se X-I¿-∂p-ho-W-Xv. Km-‘n-\-K-dn-se ]-cn-io-e-\-tI-{μ-Øn-¬ FØn-b ss]-e-‰p-am¿ cm-hn-se ]q-s\ h-gn tKm-hbn-te-°p ]-d-°p-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. ]-d-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-s° tdm-´¿ tª-Un-s‚ I-

d-°w \n-e-®-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂v sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ H-cp _w-•m-hn-s‚ sS-d-kn¬ C-Sn-®v \n-ew-]-Xn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Zr-Iv-km-£n-Iƒ ]-d™p. ssk-\y-Øn-s‚ c-£m-kw-L-ß-fpw A-·ni-a-\-tk-\-bpw ss]-e-‰p-am-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l߃ I-s≠-Sp-Øp. km-t¶-Xn-I X-I-cm-¿ aq-eam-Wv tIm-]v-‰¿ X-I¿-∂-sX-∂m-Wp {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\-sa-∂v \m-kn-Iv Pn-√m a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v ]n the-c-ip A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

3 s^{_p-hcn 2011 hymgw

Xn-c-¡-Ym-Ir-¯v im-cw-K-]m-Wn A-´-cn-¨p sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-ªn am-ÌÀ

J-Zo-Pm l-Öp-½

Ban-\

^m¯n-a

B-bn-i-¡p-«n-

Pp³-\

Xm-a-c-t»cn: ]-\-t°m-Sv ]m-e-°mw-Ip-gn sam-bvXo≥ Ip-™n-am-ÿ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbm-b C-ºn®n B-bn-i. a°ƒ: ap-lΩ-Zen (A-[ym-]I≥, F.Fw.F¬.]n.F-kv ]me-°p-‰n), Xdp-ssh-Ip´n (Ip-ssh-Øv), A-_vZp¬ A-kokv, dp-Jn-b, k-^nb, ssk\-_, P-ao-e. acp-a°ƒ: sI kn A-_vZp¿d-lvam≥ am-ÿ, ]n apl-ΩZv (sN-{º), ap-Øen_v (jm¿-P), a-dnbw (A-[ym-]n-I, Pn.Fw.bp.]n. kv-Iqƒ, sN-{º), kp-ss_-Z, keo-\.

A-co-t°m-Sv: ap-Ø-\q-cnse ]-tc-X\m-b X-h-fwIp-gn-b≥ _o-cm≥ lm-Pnbp-sS `m-cy J-Zo-Pm l÷p-Ω (80). a°ƒ: ]n sI sam-bv-Xo≥, A-k-bv\m¿, ap-l-ΩZv, i-co^v, ssk\-_, ]m-Øp-Ω, B-an-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]mØp-Ω (ap-Ø-\q¿), Ppssa-eØv (]-Ø-∏n-cnbw), B-bn-i (]p¬-∏‰), km-Pn-X (Imk¿-tImUv), tkm-Wn-bm \-kvdn (a-t©-cn), ]-tc-X\m-b I-t√-߬ ap-l-Ω-Zv, A_q-_-°¿ lmPn (F-fbq¿). J-_-dS-°w C-∂v cm-hn-se F-´n-\v ap-Ø\q¿ ]-g-b Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.

A-Sn-hmcw: I-ºn-th-entΩ¬ ]-tc-X\m-b sI ]n ap-lΩ-Zv sam√-bp-sS `m-cy B-an-\ (90). aI≥: A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n lm-Pn. acp-aIƒ: B-bn-i.

\-cn-°p\n: a-S-hq¿ I-cphm-c-∏-‰-Ω¬ ]-tc-X\m-b A- -bn-s‚ `m-cy ^mØn-a (80). a°ƒ: sI ]n ap-l-ΩZv (J-Ø¿), d^oJv (J-Ø¿), B-bn-i.

B-bni_n

am-Wn¡w

]-tømfn: ]-tøm-fn Aßm-Sn a-cp-t\-cn P-eo-ens‚ a-Iƒ Pp≥-\ (11). ]-≈n-°-c sK-em¿-Unbm ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ hnZym¿-Yn\n-bmWv. amXmhv: cl-\. k-tlm-Zcn: \-Pm- ^m-Øn-a.

tIm-gn-t°mSv: ]p-Xn-bßm-Sn ]-Sn-™m-td taØe-Iw A-l-ΩZv tImb-bp(Fw.F≥.Un)-sS `m-cy B-bn-i-_n (55). a°ƒ: lw-k, sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b, Pm^¿, Ajv-d^v, \-ko-a, A-^vkØv. a-cp-a°ƒ: \mk¿, A-_nkn, skan, dq_n, k-ao-d, Znb.

t]-cm{º: B-h-f-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b Hm-cm-tºm°n¬ I-Sp-tßm-s‚ `m-cy am-Wn-°w (85). a°ƒ: IWmc≥ (hS-Ic), _me≥, ]-tc-X\m-b NmØp, I-eymWn, Pm\p. a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm]me≥, Nm-Øp (F-S-hcm-Sv).

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: D-≈-Ww h-S-t° A-ßm-Sn-bn-se A-Ωm-d-º-Øv sam-bv-Xos‚ `m-cy aw-K-e-°m-Sv Bbn-i-°p-´n (80). a-°ƒ: ]tc-X-\m-b ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, A-–p¬- \m-k¿, C-ºn®n-∏m-Øp, ]-≈o-a, a-dnbp-Ω, ssk-\-_. a-cp-a°ƒ: D-Ω¿, lp-kbv≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, sam-bvXo≥-Ip-´n. J-_-d-S-°w cm-hn-se 10\v s\-®n-°m-´v Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

]-d-t§m-S³ F-S-h-Æ: ]-∂n-∏m-d-bnse ]m-tßm-´n¬ ]-dtßm-S≥ (85). `m-cy: btim-Z. a-°ƒ: Ir-jvW≥, A-ø-∏≥, kp-μc≥, I-eym-Wn, tZ-h-In, im-¥, tim-`-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-P≥, th-Wp-tKm]m¬, \m-cm-b-W≥, them-bp-[≥, Nn-∂-Ωp, _nμp, X-¶. kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10\v.

D-®oa

amWn ta-∏-øq¿: B-h-f-bn-se ]-tc-X\m-b Hm-tcm-tºm°n¬ Ip-Sp-tßm-s‚ `mcy am-Wn (85). a°ƒ: I-Wmc≥ (hS-Ic), _m-e≥, I-eymWn, Pm\p, ]-tc-X\m-b NmØp. a-cp-a°ƒ: tKm]me≥, NmØp (F-S-hcm-Sv).

ap-°w: A-K-kv-Xy≥-ap-gn X-S-∏-d-ºn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b \m-c-ßm-fn- A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥ ap-kveym-cp-sS `m-cy D-Æo-a (75). a°ƒ: A_vv-Zp¬ l-°ow, ap-l-ΩZvtIm-b, dp-Jn-ø, J-Zo-P, ^m-Øn-a, B-bn-i. a-cpa°ƒ: ip-°q¿ lmPn, ssk-\p-±o≥, ssk\-_, dp-Jn-ø.

Bbn-i ta-∏-øq-¿: Im-hp-¥-d ]pXn-tb-S-Øv ao-ج Bbn-i (50). k-tlm-Z-c߃: X-dp-h-bv-°p´n, AΩZv, ]mØp.

Xq-§na-cn-¨ \n-e-bn-Â tIm-gn-t°mSv: tIm-hq¿ ]m-d-∏pd-Øv B-an\(65)sb ho-´n¬ Xqßna-cn-® \n-e-bn-¬ ImW-s∏-´p. aI≥: Akokv.

D-®q-en F-S-h-Æ-∏m-d: \m-Zmt°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cma≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy D-Æqen (90).

am-WnIyw Ip-‰ymSn: sambn-temØd s]m-d-°-c-bn-se Ipf-ap-≈ ]-d-º-Øv am-WnIyw (82). a°ƒ: Ir-jvW≥, cmP≥, Ip-™n-cma≥, am-X, Nn-cp-X. a√n-I, ]-tc-X\m-b NmØp. a-cpa°ƒ: Zm-tam-Zc≥, Ipamc≥, tPm¿Pv, kp-aXn, ]-¶-Pw, eoe.

e-£v-an-¡p-«n hm-c-kymÀ t]-cm{º: ]-tc-X\m-b hS-s° ho-´n¬ A-®p-Xhm-cy-cp-sS `m-cy e-£van°p-´n hm-c-kym¿ (85). a°ƒ: `mc-Xn hm-ckym¿ (dn-´. A-[ym]n-I Ip-t™m-Øv F.bp.]n.kv-Iqƒ h-b\m-Sv), ]-¶-Ph√n dn-´. A-[ym-]n-I (A-cn-°p-fw hn.sI.F≥.F.bp.]n \n-Sp-sºm-bn¬), tim-`\Ip-am-cn (A-[ym]n-I ]m-ep-°p-∂p Pn.F¬.]n.F-kv (h-b\m-Sv), hn ]n hn-iz\mY≥ (]m-≠n-t°m-Sv). a-cp-a°ƒ: ]n ]n Ip™n-cm-a hm-c-kym¿ (Xr®wº-cw), sI hn in-h-Zmk≥ hm-cy¿, c-WtZ-h≥ (A-©v-Ip∂v t]m-kv‰v Hm-^n-kv _-tØ-cn).

B-e-∏p-g: h-S-°≥- ]m-´p-I-fn-se ho-c-I-Y-I-sf ae-bm-f kn-\n-a-bv-°p k-Ωm-\n-® Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv im-cw-K-]m-Wn (86) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 1.45Hm-sS tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-bn-cp-∂p A-¥yw. hr-°-bv-°p tcm-Kw _m-[n-®v sam-bv-Xo³ sN-dn-bap-l-½-Zv- lm-PnG-sd-\m-fm-bn In-S-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]m-Xn-c-∏-≈n B-t°m-Sv: ]-∂n-t°m-´p- Xm-\m-fq¿: Np-¶Øn\p _n-Pp- \n-hm-kn¬ C-f-bΩ¬ sI hn sam-bv-Xo≥ k-ao-]w \-ºn-∏-d-ºn¬ (97). `m-cy-am¿: J-Zo-P, ]- sN-dn-bap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn a-I≥ _n-Pp-hn-s\m-∏-amtc-X-bm-b I-Zn-bp-Ω. a(88). `m-cy: k-°o-\. abn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. kw°ƒ: A-_q-_-°¿, A°ƒ: i-co-^v, sam-bvkv-Im-cw C-∂v 10.30\v ho–p¬ I-cow, A-–p-¬ dXo≥ (C-cp-h-cpw A-_q-Z- ´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. km-Jv, lw-k, ap-Po-_v, _n), kp-sse-J, k-°o60Hm-fw kn-\n-a-IƒB-an-\, ssk-\-_, k-eo- \, B-an-\p, D-Ωp-Jp-ep°v Xn-c-°-Y F-gp-Xn-b \. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Jm-Z¿-IpØv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a≥-kq¿, ´n, Ip-´n-l-k≥, ^m-Øn- ssk-Zm-en, _o-cm≥ (A- im-cw-K-]m-Wn-bp-sS Fa-°p-´n, B-cn-^, k-°o_q-Z-_n), J-Zo-P, _p-jv- ´p Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ h-S°≥- ]m-´n-s\ B-[m-c\, dw-e-Øv, J-a-dp-∂o-k. d. am- ° n- b p- ≈ - X m- b n- c p- im-cw-K-]m-Wn J-_-d-S-°w C-∂v F-´n-\v k-tlm-Z-c-߃: A-_qB-t°m-Sv Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zv _-°¿- lm-Pn, Ip-™n-ap- ∂p. h-S-°≥- ]m-´n-se IJ-_¿-ÿm-\n¬. l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, A-–p-¿d- Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf sX-°≥ tI-c-f-Øn¬ ho-c-]-cn-thlv-am≥, –p¬- Jm-Zn¿, j-tØm-sS ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ C-t±-l-ØnA-Ðpà A-–p¬ -I-cow, ]m-Øps‚ Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ G-sd ]-¶p-h-ln-®p. B-tcm-a-ep\m-Zm-]pcw: C-ø-t¶m-Sv Ωm-a. Æn, ]m-em-´v tIm-a≥, D-Æn-bm¿-®, I-S-Ø-\m-´v am]p-Ø≥-]o-Sn-I-bn¬ A°w Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bm-Wv Cu K-W-Øn-ep-≈- A-t±Bbn-i _vZp√ (48). `mcy: aman. l-Øn-s‚ {]-[m-\ c-N-\-Iƒ. No-\-h-e, Xo-cw-tXImb-Æ: Im-hp-¥-d-bna°ƒ: kp-sse-J, kpSp-∂ Xn-c,- k-©m-cn Xp-S-ßn-b-hbpw P-\-{]o-Xn t\ss_¿ (Ip-ssh-Øv), j- se ]p-Xn-sb-Sp-Øv aoSn-b c-N-\-I-fm-Wv. _o-d. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-ΩZv, ج F≥ hn B-bn-i D-Z-b- Ãp-Un-tbm D-S-a Ip-©m-t°m-bp-am-bp-≈ (50). k-l-eØv. B-Xva-_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ I-cp-Øv. 1976-¬ I-Æ-∏-\p-Æn-bp-sS Nn-{Xo-I-c-W-th-f-bn-emtNm-bn-¡p«n Ip-ªp-sN-dp-¡³ \-cn-°p\n: ]p√m-fq¿ Iq- Xn-cp-h-√: Nm-Ø-a-e tN- Wv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS B-I-kv-an-I A-¥yw. ]n-∂oS-Øn¬ tNm-bn-°p-´n cn-∏p-g-bn¬ Ip-™p-sN-dp- Sv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS a-I≥ t_m-_≥ Ip-©m-t°m(65). `m-cy: ao-\m£n. °≥ (85). a-°ƒ-: -_mtbm-sSm-∏w G-Xm-\pw Nn-{X-ß-fn¬ ]-¶m-fn-bm-bn. a°ƒ: D-j, kp-[, _p, km-_p, ta-cn, sN-√- D-Z-bm- Ãp-Un-tbm A-S-®p-]q-´n-b-tXm-sS im-cw-K_m_p. Ω, \n¿-a-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ-: ]m-Wn Xn-c-°-Y-bp-sS tem-I-Øp- \n-∂v kz-bw H-gna-cp-a°ƒ: Zn-t\i≥, kp- sN-√-∏≥, i-in, {]-Im-iv, ™p-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b {]tcjv, Pn-]p-\. {]-k-∂, kp-Pm-X. tim-`n-\n. a-°ƒ: I-e, Pq-e, _n-Pp.-

A-_q-Z-_n-bn- \n-¶v kp-lr-¯nsâ hn-hm-l-¯n-s\-¯n-b bp-hm-hv hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n a-cn-¨p ]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: A-_q-Zam[hn

]p-cp-tjm-¯-a³ -\m-bÀ

A³-kmÀ-

tX-™n-∏-ew: I-S-°m-´p]m-d-bn¬ hn-ap-‡-`-S-\m-b F-S-h-e-Øv ]p-Xn-tb-S-Øv ]p-cp-tjm-Ø-a≥- \m-b¿ (76). \m-j-\¬ F-Iv-kv k¿-ho-kv-sa≥ tIm-Un-t\j≥ {]-h-¿-Ø-I-\m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: I-eym-WnbΩ. a-°ƒ: Kn-cn-P, Kn-cojv, cm-tP-jv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Zbm-i-¶¿, kn-‘p, \n-j.

a-t©-cn: In-g-t°-X-e I-cn-ºp-≈-I-Øv ap-l-ΩZ-en-bp-sS a-I≥ A≥km¿ (37). am-Xm-hv: Bbn-i. `m-cy-am¿: kp-a-ø, kp-\o-d. a-°-fn-√. ktlm-Z-c-߃: ss^k¬-_m-_p, A-≥-h¿ km-Z-Øv, k-ao-d, \-koa, ^m-Øn-a.

am-hq¿: ]q-Δm-´p-]d-ºv It√-cn-\n-ew \-f-μ-bn¬ Sn am-[-hn (82). `¿-Ømhv: ]tc-X\m-b s\-Sn-b-]-dºØv tKm-]me≥. a°ƒ: l-cn-Zmk≥, cm-[m-aWn, im-¥-Ip-amcn, h-k-¥-Ipamcn, thWp-tKm-]me≥ (sI.F-kv.C._n), P-b{]-Imi≥ (Pn√m tImSXn), cm-P-tKm-]me≥ (BIm-i-hm-Wn), _m-e-tKm]m-e-≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: t{]-ah√n, N-{μ≥, tKm-]m-eIr-jvW≥, arZp-e k-XyhXn, ao-c. ]-tc-X-bp-sS tIm-gn-t°m-Sv: A-⁄m-X-\m-b a-[y-h-b-kvI-s\ Xn- I-Æp-Iƒ Zm-\w sNcp-h-\-¥-]p-cw Ip¿-f F-Iv-kv-{]- n¬ a-cn-®\n-e- bvXp. bn¬ I-s≠-Øn. sd-bn¬-th t]m-en-kv B-ip-]-{Xn- Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p bn-se-Øn-® ar-X-tZ-lw tam¿-®-dn-bn-te-°p am-‰n. F-S° - m-Sv: a-W∏ - p-dw kvIq-fn-\p k-ao]-sØ ]tc-X\ - m-b C-{_m-lo-ans‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-°f - Øn¬ Ip-™n-∏m-Øp Hm-ß√q¿: ss_°pw _ pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_-°v (80). a-°ƒ: _o-®, a-Pobm-{Xn-I\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. Im-c-°m-Sv tN-cn-°√n- Zv, A-eh - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: se Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ ap-l-Ω-Z-en-bp-sS a-I≥ k-I-cn-ø kp-ld - , dm-_n-b, ]-tc-X(20) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se ssh-Io´v A-©n\v Hm- \m-b ap-lΩ - Z- v. J-_d - S- ß√q-cn-se am-Sn¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. °w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v a-W∏ - p-dw Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J_¿ÿm-\n¬.

A-Úm-X³ s{S-bn-\n a-cn-¨-\n-e-bnÂ

ss_¡pw _Êpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p aWÂtem-dn-bn-Sn-¨v ImÂ\S-bm-{X-¡m-c³ a-cn-¨p

]-ø∂ - q¿: hn-fb - m-t¶m-Sv in-ht- £-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]w a-W¬ Ib-‰n-h∂ -tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v Im¬-\-S-bm-{X-°mc≥ a-cn-®p. I-S-∂-∏-≈n In-g-s° I-c-h-Æm-Øn-s∏mbn-en-se {]-Xn-tbm-c-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (40) B-Wv C-∂se cm-hn-se A-t©m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]I - S- Ø - n¬ a-cn®-Xv. X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ \n-∂p ]-ø∂ - q-cn-te-°p h-cn-Ib - m-bncp-∂ sI.F¬ 5- 8. 1122 \-º¿ tem-dn- c-ho-{μ-s\ C-Sn-® ti-jw \-Sp-tdm-Un¬ a-dn-bp-Im-bn-cp-∂p. C-tXm-sS ssl-th-bn¬ G-sd t\-cw K-Xm-KX - w X-S - s - ∏-´p. c- lw-k-¯v A-enho-{μ-s‚ `m-cy Kn-cn-P. a-°ƒ: A-`n-Pn-Øv, {]-Pn-Øv. cm-a-]p-cw: ]m-Xn-c-a-Æbn-se am-{º-I-°m-´n¬ lw-k-Øv A-en (65). `mcy: ^m-Øn-a. a-°ƒ: \u-jm-Zv, j-^o-Jv (dnI-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: I-≈p-am-bn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Po- bm-Zv). a-cp-a-Iƒ: P-ko∏v ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v F¬.--sF.-kn G-P‚m-b bp-hm-hv \. a-cn-®p. kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Bbmw-Ip-Sn Ip-º-f-Øp-t»-cn A-Pn ({io-i≥-˛42) B- \m-cm-b-W³ \-¼ymÀ Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se 12-Hm-sS B-∏m-©n-d ^-b¿-tÃ- Xe∏p-g: h-c-bm¬ Fj-\v k-ao-]-sØ h-f-hn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. {io-i≥ A- kv.F≥.F¬.]n kv]-I-Sÿ-e-Øp -X-s∂ a-cn-®p.- `m-cy: I-hn-X. a-°ƒ: Iqƒ dn-´. sl-Uv-am-ÿ l-cn-\-μ≥, {io-l-cn. ]-cn-t°-‰- B-bmw-Ip-Sn am-a-e I-S-b-{]-Øv \m-cm-bt_-_n(52)-sb hn-Z-Kv-[ Nn-In-¬kbv-°m-bn tIm-´- W≥ \-ºym¿ (97). `mcy: k-tcm-Pn-\nb-Ω. bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n. a-°-ƒ: c-a, {]k-∂, hn]n≥- N-{μ≥ (sl-Uv-amÿ, F-kv.F≥. F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ h-cNm-cpw-aq-Sv: kv-am¿-´v Im¿-Un-\m-bn t^m-t´m-sb-Sp- bm¬, ]-©m-b-Øw-Kw °m-s\-Øn-b hr-≤ t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-∏v tI-{μ-Øn¬ X-hn-™m-¬), ssi-e-P, Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. Np-\-°-c tIm-a-√q¿ N-°-ti- kp-Pm-X, am-[-hn-°p´n, cn¬ h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m- kp-a, A-\n¬-Ip-am¿. acy `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω (78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh- cp-a°ƒ: hn-iz-\mY≥, Io-´v 6.-30Hm-sS tIm-a-√q¿ F≥.-F-kv.-F-kv I-c-tbm-K _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, kp-Pma-μn-c-Øn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv- X, Zm-tam-Zc≥, {io-[-cW≥, ]-¶-Pm-£n-b-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn-b-Ω, ]- °p-dp∏v, c-Lp-\m-Yv, {]tc-X-\m-b Ip-´≥-]n-≈.`m-Ic≥, kpa.

Po-¸v ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v FÂ.--sF.-kn G-Pâv a-cn-¨p

t^m-t«m-sb-Sp-¸v tI-{μ-¯n hr-² Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

_o-cm³-Ip-«n- lm-Pn-

tNm¿³

tX-™n-∏-ew: B-Zy-Ime C-kv-em-ln {]-h-¿-ØI-\pw \o-tcm¬-∏m-esØ ]u-c-{]-ap-J-\p-amb B-ep-߬ D-≈m-´psXm-Sn _o-cm≥-Ip-´n lm-Pn (90). a-°ƒ: F bp ap-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n, Akbv≥, Ip-™o-a-°p-´n, B-an-\, ssk-\-_. a-cpa-°ƒ: Ip-™n-ap-l-Ω-Zv, ko-Xn-t°m-b, aq-k, JZo-P, i-co-^.

Imb-Æ: t]m-t∂cn-s]mbn¬ tNm-ø≥ (F-S-h-cmSv˛74). `m-cy: s]m-enbmbn. a°ƒ: I-eyman. tZhn, cm-P≥, Ip-amc≥. acp-a-°ƒ: sI Fw Ipamc≥ (F-c-h-´q¿), kn Fw \m-cm-b-W≥, eo-e, hn-\o-X.

A-_v-Zp-Ã lm-Pn ]n-W-tßm-Sv: Iq-´m-bn A-_v-Zp-√ -lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, P-aoe, dw-e-Øv, lm-cn-kv, Xm-ln-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv (]n-Wtßm-Sv), A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥ ( ]q-\q¿), _m-h (Xm-a-c-t»-cn), j-ao-a.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]n-W-tßm-Sv akv-Pn-ZpØ-Jv-hm J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

]-ø-∂q¿: sIm-´n-e HmW-∏-d-ºv Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se \m-\n-t®-cn \m-cm-b-Wn (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b I-√m-ho-´n¬ \m-cmb-W≥. a-°ƒ: a-[p, cXn, a-tl-jv, {io-P, jo_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t{]-a, chn, jo-P, hn-t\m-Zv, IÆ≥, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: e-£v-an-°p-´n, btim-Z, `m¿-K-hn.

Ben am-X-aw-Kew: Ip-‰q¿ Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p k-ao-]w hn bp B-en (54). `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: B_n-Zv, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv (C-cp-h-cpw ku-Zn), hmln-Z. a-cp-aI≥: lwk.

_o-cm³-

N-¡n-¡p-«n

sIm-f-Øq¿: sIm-f-Øq¿ sX-t°-°-c D-∏n-e-∏-‰ ]pØ≥-ho-´n¬ cm-a-N-{μ≥ \m-b-cp-sS a-I≥ c-Lp-\mYv (43). `m-c-Xo-b hn-Zym\n-tI-X≥ Pn-√m tPm. sk-{I-´-dn-bpw sIm-fØq¿ hn-th-Im-\-μ hnZym-\n-tI-X≥ kv-Iqƒ sk-{I-´-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: {]o-X. a-I≥: dmwIn-tjm¿.

tIm-´-°¬: ]-d-∏q¿ Be-®p-≈n-bn-se ]m-ßm´n¬ _o-cm≥ (77). A-S°m I-®-h-S-°m-c-\m-bncp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bmb ]m-Øp-Ωp. a-°ƒ: sam-b-vXo≥, ap-l-Ω-Z-en, A-–p-√-Øo-^v (aq-h-cpw ku-Zn), l-\o-^, _o-°p´n, km-_n-d, k-do-\. a-cpa-°ƒ: dm-_n-b, kp-a-ø, i-co-^, J-Zo-P, bq-kp-^v, ap-kv-X-^, ap-Po-_v.

]-c-∏-\-ßm-Sn: sIm-´-¥e-bn-se ]-tc-X-\m-b ]qt°m-S≥ Ip-™m-Sn-bp-sS `m-cy N-°n-°p-´n (76). a°ƒ: kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, Pm-\-In, ]m¿-h-Xn, k-ckz-Xn, ]-Xvan-\n. a-cp-a°ƒ: tZ-hp, A-ø-∏≥, kp-{_-lva-Wy≥, tKm]n, Nn-∂-∏p.

tZ-h-In \o-te-iz-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°-Æ-s‚ `m-cy \o-tc-iz-c-sØ sI sI tZ-h-In (88). -a-Iƒ: \-fn\n. a-cp-a-I≥: Ip-™n-°Æ≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]m-dp, \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-°-Æ≥, b-tim-Z.

lp-kbv³ X-e-∏p-g: X-e-∏pg 46mw ssa¬ Ip∂-Øv lpkbv≥ (85). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b Ip-™man. a°ƒ: ap-kvX-^, Ajvd^v, C-{_m-low, ^ukn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: sj-ao\, B-bn-i, A-kokv.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø∂ - q¿: cm-a¥ - f - n sImΔ-∏p-dw ]p-Xn-b] - d - º - Ø - v Ip-™n-°Æ - ≥ (86). `mcy: sI hn Ip-™Ω - . a°ƒ: cp-Kvan-Wn, cm-aN - {μ≥, eo-e, k-ck - z-Xn, kp-tc-{μ≥, Kw-Km-[c - ≥ (Zp-_b - v). a-cp-a° - ƒ: e£vaW - ≥, h¬-ke - , cmPo-h≥, e-£va - W - ≥, kPn-X, Zm-tam-Zc - ≥, kp-PnX. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: tKmhn-μ≥, Ir-jvW - ≥, amWn-Iyw, tZ-hI - n, I-eymWn, Zm-tam-Zc - ≥, ]-tc-X\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø-∂q¿: F-®n¬-sam-´bn-se B-Zy-Im-e Xø¬ sXm-gn-em-fn Hm-W∏-d-ºv a-Ø-Øv h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (80). `mcy: ]p-Xn-b]p-c-bn¬ btim-Z. a-°ƒ: a-t\mPvIp-am¿ (ku-Zn), hnt\m-ZvIp-am¿, A-\n¬Ipam¿, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-], {io-P, I-a-em£n, ]p-jv-]-P.

adnbw Xet»cn: ]p-t∂m¬ {]kv h-f-∏n¬ \o-cm-‰n¬ adn-bw (73). ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-hn-s‚ `m-cy-bmWv. aIƒ: ^m-Øn-a _ohn. a-cp-aI≥: B≥-kn¿.

A-¦-W-hm-Sn Po-h-\-¡m-cn kv-Iq-fn Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wv -a-cn-¨p

cm-a-]p-cw: A-¶-W-hm-Sn Po-h-\-°mcn ]p-g-°m-´n-cn kv-Iq-fn¬ Iymw-]n-\n-sS Ip-g-™p-ho-Wv -a-cn-®p. ISp-ß-]p-cw ]-c-h-°¬ A¶-W-hm-Sn Po-h-°m-cn-bpw ]-tc-X-\m-b am-Wo-cn apl-Ω-Zn-s‚ a-I-fp-am-b Bky(42)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. Ign-™ Zn-h-kw ]p-g-°m-´ncn ]n.sI.-Fw.-F¬.]n kv- B-ky Iq-fn¬ \-S-∂ Iymw-]n¬ `-£-Ww I-gn-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS-bm-bn-cp-∂p Ip-g-™p-ho-W-Xv. s]-cn-¥¬-a-Æ Fw.C.-Fkv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-s®¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. 16 h¿-j-am-bn A-¶-W-hmSn Po-h-\-°m-cn-bm-Wv B-ky. `¿-Øm-hv: A-e-hn-°p´n. a-°ƒ: a-lv-aq-Zv, j-do-\.

s]m-Å-te-ä bp-h-Xn B-ip-]-{Xn-bn a-F-cSn--°¨p-c: B-fl-l-Xym \-fn-\n-

Ip-ªm-e³-Ip-«n-

ap-l-½-Z-v

Kncn-P {_m-lv-a-Wnb-½

Xn-¯p-«n-

aq-∂n-bq¿: sh-fn-ap-°v B-ep-߬ s]m-Xm-t»-cn Kw-Km-[-c-s‚ `m-cy \-fn\n (60). a-°ƒ: kp-aw-Ke, a-t\m-Pv, a-tl-jv. a-cpa-°ƒ: in-h-Zm-k≥, PnPn, A-\p-{]n-b.

\o-dm-Sv: sN-d-f-°m-´v ]mXn-cn-t°m-S≥ Ip-™-me≥-Ip-´n (55). `m-cy: \^o-k. a-°ƒ: d-Pp-em-_n, Pm_n¿, A-Pva¬. a-cp-a-I≥: km-Zn-Jv. J-_-d-S-°w C-∂p- cm-hnse 9.30\v.

]q-°m-´n-cn: ]m-e° - ¬ ]m-dΩ - ¬ - ap-lΩ - Z- v (55). `m-cy: dp-Jn-b. a-°ƒ - : ^ko-e, \p-ssk-_, B-cn^. J-_d - S- ° - w C∂p cmhn-se H-ºX - n-\v ]q-°m-´ncn Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J-_¿ - ÿm-\n-¬.

Imb-Æ: tIm-´q-cn-se D-∏n-em-S-Øv cm-a-N{μ≥ \-ºoi-s‚ `m-cy ]qh-Sn aT-Øn¬ KncnP {_m-lv-a-Wn-b-Ω (43). a°ƒ: cm-Kn≥ (sdbn¬-th), Io¿Ø-\.

Iq-´n-e-ßm-Sn: I-Sp-ßqØv ]-tc-X-\m-b ta-teXn¬ ssk-Zm-en-°p-´nbp-sS `m-cy Xn-Øp-´n (85). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, lw-k, A-_q-_-°¿, Dkvam≥, \-^o-k, lm-Pdp-Ω, ]m-Øp-Ω, a-dn-bpΩ, P-ao-e.

IrjvW³ Imk¿-tImUv: t_-\q-cnse sI hn Ir-jv-W≥ (81). `mcy: sI kn am[hn. a°ƒ: N-{μm-h-Xn, hm-k-¥n, c-Xv-\m-I-c≥ ({Km-ao-W- _m-¶v s]-¿-fSp-°w), c-a-Wn, e-£v-an (A-[ym-]n-I, Aw-t_-ZvI¿ l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dnkv-Iqƒ s]-cn-b), Kmb{Xn (A-[ym-]n-I, N-´©m¬ l-b¿-sk-°≥Udn kv-Iqƒ), cm-[ma-Wn (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.sF.F®v.F-kv.F-kv \m-b-∑m¿aqe). a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip™ºp (dn-´. X-l-kn¬-Zm¿), cm-a-N-{μ≥, Aw-_pPm£n, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, c-ho{μ≥ , {]-im-¥≥.

tXm-a-kn-\v ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn sF.-F.-F-kv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ B-tcm-]-W-hn-t[-b-\m-b ]n sP tXm-a-kns\ \ym-bo-I-cn-®v tI-c-f-Øn-se sF.F.Fkv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\-Xn-cm-bn kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-bnep-≈ ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ I-£n-tN-cp-∂Xn-\p-≈ km-[y-X-Iƒ B-cm-bp-sa-∂pw sF.F.-Fkv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\bm-b sF.F.-Fkv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkmkn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-°p-dn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p. tI-c-f-Øn¬ sF.F.-Fkv tI-U-dn¬ h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw an-I-® tk-h-\w Im-gv-N-h® D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-Wv ]n sP tXm-a-kv. 20 h¿-j-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv ]m-sam-en≥ tIkp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cv \n-£n-]v-X- Xm¬-∏-cy-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn Db¿-∂p-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tI-kn-s‚ b-Ym¿-Y h-kv-Xp-X a-\-∏q¿hw a-d-®p-]n-Sn-®v Ip-‰-a-‰ co-Xn-bn¬ 37 h¿-jsØ k¿-ho-kv ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-b ]n sP

\m-cm-b-Wn

c-Lp-\m-Yv-

_n-bn-¬ \n-∂p kp-lrØn‚ hn-hm-l-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m-≥ \m-´n-se-Ønb bp-hm-hv hm-l\ - m-]I - S- Øn¬ a-cn-®p. ]q-c-∏p-g-bnse Sn ]n lw-k-bp-sS aI≥ ap-lΩ - Z- v- k-lo¿ (26) B-Wv ]p-Ø-cn-°¬ h-®v ss_-°pw _- pw Iq-´n-bn- ap-l-Ω-Zv- k-lo¿ Sn-®v a-cn-®X - v. C-∂s - e D-®bv° - v H-∂c - t- bm-sS-bm-Wv A-]I - S- w. am-Xm-hv: ssa-aq\. k-tlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: k-do-\, jw-eo-\, j-^o-Jv. J-_d-S° - w sN-da - w-Ke - w Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J-_¿-ÿm-\n¬.--

tXm-a-kn-s\ am-[y-a-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn-eq-sS ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn-te-°p h-en-®n-g-bv-°p-Ibm-Wv. ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ ]n sP tXm-akn-s\-Xn-tc t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥ A-\p-a-Xn-bn√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ A-t±-l-sØ tI-{μ hn-Pne≥-kv I-Ωo-j-W¿ ÿm-\-Øp \n-b-an-°p∂-Xn¬ X-S- -an-s√-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ hy-‡-am-°p-∂p. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\Xn-cm-b tI-kp-Iƒ X-≈n-b-Xn-s\- Xp-S¿∂m-Wv A-t±-l-sØ kw-ÿm-\- No-^v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn k¿-°m¿ \n-b-an-®-Xv. A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚ Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬ ]n sP tXm-a-kv hn-iz-kv-X-\m-Wv. A-t±-l-Øns\-Xn-cm-b B-tcm-]-W-߃ cm-{„o-b-t{]cn-X-am-Wv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n-® A-t\z-j-WØn-se \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ Ir-{Xn-aw \-S∂n-´p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ \-S-°p-∂-Xv ]n sP tXma-kn-s\-Xn-cm-b am-[y-a-hn-Nm-c-W- am-{X-amsW-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-°pdn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p.

Irjv-W³

Ip-ª-¼p ]-ø∂ - q¿: kzm-X{- ¥yka-ct- k-\m-\n-bpw tIm¨{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI - \ - p-am-b A-∂q-cn-se Xo-°S- n Ip™-ºp (83). `m-cy: In-gs - °-]p-cb - n¬ am-[h - n. a-°ƒ: X-ºm-bn, h¬-ke - , Kn-cn-P, Kn-coi≥ (Hm-t´m- ss{U-h¿), ]-tc-Xc - m-b Ko-X, Ip™n-°r-jvW - ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-fl\ - m-`≥, _m-eIr-jvW - ≥, N-{μ≥, {ioP (]-cn-bm-cw k-lI - c - W lr-Zb - m-eb - ). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: I-Æ≥, tIm-c≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, Ip-©n-cn.

B-eØ - q¿: ta-em¿-tIm-Sv Xp-ºb - n¬]d-ºv am-bm≠n-bp-sS a-I≥ Ir-jvW≥ (65). `mcy: k-Xy-`ma. a°ƒ: _m_p, \nhmkv, A-Pb≥, P-b\ - nhmkv, tc-Wp-Im-tZhn, cPn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: A≥]v, I-fb - c - iv. k-tlm-Zc߃: N-{μ≥, cp-‹n-Wn.

Ipª-ep X-et- »cn: ssk-Zm¿]≈n \m-eI-Øv]p-cnb¬ Ip-™e - p (80) ]q-gn-Øe - bn¬ acn®p. `¿-Ømhv: ]tc-X\m-b A-–p¬JmZ¿. a-°ƒ: P-em-ep±o≥, l-^vk - Øv, a-lvaqZv, d-kmJv, A-–p¿d-kmJv.

hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p ss_-¡pw kv-Iq-«-dpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v sIm-√w: hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-kbn-em-bn-cp-∂ π-kv-Sp hn-Zym-¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-≈n-tØm- kv-Iq-«À bm-{Xn-I³ a-cn-¨p ´w cm-Po-hv \-K¿ lo-cm a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ a- hm-g-°mSv: kv-Iq-´-dn¬ I≥ jm-lp¬- l-ao-Zm(17)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Xn-¶fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v 2.-30\v A-b-Øn¬ P-Mv-j-\n-se am-en°-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. I-cn-t°m-Sv Sn.-sI.-Fw ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿-Ynbm-b jm-lp¬ l-aoZv kp-lr-Øv d-Du-^p-sam-Øv ss_-°n-¬ h-c-th A-b-Øn¬ am-en-°-c ]-≈n-°v k-ao-]w h-®v Im-dn¬ X-´n C-cp-h-cpw tdm-Un-te-°v sX-dn-®p-ho-Wp. Cu k-a-bw ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ h∂ Hm-t´m Chsc C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-S-w hcp-Ønb Im¿ \n¿-Øm-sX t]m-bn. ]-cn-t°-‰ C-cph-sc-bpw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw jmlp¬ -l-ao-Zv C-∂-se a-cn-®p. am-Xm-hv: \n-lm-d. ktlm-Z-cn: A¬-^n-b.- d-Du-^v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv.

t]m-en-kp-ImÀ-¡v CâÀ-s\-äv ku-I-cy-ap-Å sam-ss_ t^m¬ ]-cn-K-W-\-bnÂ: tIm-Sn-tb-cn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se F-√m D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw C‚¿-s\-‰v ku-I-cy-tØm-sS-bp-≈ sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ \¬-Ip-∂ Imcyw k¿-°m-cn-s‚ ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-emsW-∂p a-{¥n tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Irjv-W≥. tI-c-fm kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kns‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A[y-£-X h-ln-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p a{¥n. \m-e-c-h¿-j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \n-b-an® 12,000 t]m-en-kp-Im-cn¬ 60 i-X-am\-hpw A-Sn-ÿm-\ tbm-Ky-X-tb°mƒ D-b¿-∂ hn-Zym-`ym-k-ap-≈-hcm-Wv. H-gn-hp-I-fn-√m-Ø h-Ip-∏m-bn tI-c-fm t]m-en-kn-s\ am-‰n-sb-Sp°m≥ k¿-°m-cn-\p I-gn-™p. t]men-kv h-Ip-∏n¬ C-\n-bp-≠m-hp-∂

{i-a-Øn-\n-sS s]m-≈-te‰v Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-bn-cp∂ bp-h-Xn B-ip-]-{Xnbn¬ a-cn-®p. aq-tØ-Sw a-cØn≥-I-S-hn-se sN-{ºm´n¬ _n-Pp-hn-s‚ `m-cy amcn-b≥ c-Pn-X(20)bm-Wv tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ c-Pn-X C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v c-t≠msS a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ hym-gm-gv-N ssh-Io-´v G-gn-\mWv c-Pn-X tZ-l-Øv a-sÆ-Æ-sbm-gn-®v Xo-s°m-fpØm≥ {i-an-®-Xv. Nm-Ø-s‚-bpw Ip-™m-°m-fn-bpsS-bpw a-I-fm-Wv. k-tlm-Z-c≥: th-Wp. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v D-®-bv-°v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬.

F-√m H-gn-hp-I-fpw \n-I-Øp-∂-Xn-\v \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-°p-sa-∂pw a-{¥n ]d-™p. Zn-\w-{]-Xn-bp-≈ ]-cm-Xn-Ifn¬ Im-cy-£-a-am-bn C-S-s]-tS-≠-Xv tem-°¬ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fmWv. C-Xn-\p Im-cy-am-b Aw-K-_-ew B-h-iy-am-Wv. Cu X-Xzw a-\- n-em°n-bm-Wv tÃ-j-\p-I-fn¬ A-Snÿm-\-am-‰w h-cp-Øn-b-Xv. kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kv \n-e-hn¬-h-∂tXm-sS km-bp-[ t]m-en-kn¬ h¿-jß-tfm-fw tPm-en sN-bv-X-Xn-\p tijw tem-°¬ t]m-en-kn-te-°p tPmen sN-tø-≠ A-h-ÿ-bv-°p am-‰w-hcpw. bp-hm-°-fpw k-a¿-∞-cp-am-b t]m-en-kp-Im-cp-sS tk-h-\w kv-t‰j-\p-I-fn¬ e-`y-am-hp-sa-∂pw tImSn-tb-cn ]-d-™p.-

t]m-I-sh F-Xn-tc h-∂ ss_-°n-Sn-®v a-[y-h-b-kvI≥ a-cn-®p. hm-g-°m-Sv Du´n-°¬ A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n (63)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂se ssh-Io-´v B-d-c-tbmsS- a-Kv-cn-_v \-a-kv-Im-cØn-\m-bn ]-≈n-bn-te-°v t]m-hp-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-ISw. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un- A-l-Ω-Zv-Ip-´n °¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ t]m-kv-‰v-tam¿-´-Øn-\p ti-jw hm-g°m-Sv Pp-am-A-Øp ]-≈n-bn¬ J-_-d-S-°pw. `m-cy: dpJn-b. a-°ƒ: lm-an-Z-en, A-–p¬ _m-kn-Xv, \-ko-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv k-eow, apw-Xm-kv, ep-ss_-_.

Xoh-−n Zpc-´w: bp.]nbn a-c-Ww 19 B-bn e-Jv-s\m: D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in¬ H-m-Sp-∂ Xo-h-≠n°p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p ho-Wp ]-cn-t°-‰ \m-ev C¥ym-˛-Xn-_-Ø≥ A-Xn¿-Øn tk-\m (sF.-Sn._n.-]n) D-tZym-Km¿-Yn-IƒIq-Sn a-cn-®p. C-tXmsS a-c-W kw-Jy 19 B-bn. _-td-en-bn¬ \-S-∂ sF.-Sn.-_n.-]n dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚ v ]-co-£-bn¬ ]-s¶Sp-Øv a-S-ßp-∂-h-cm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N 15 t]¿ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ln-a-Kn-cn F-Iv-

kv-{]- n-\p ap-I-fn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X-h¿ jm-Plm≥ ]q-cnse ta¬-∏m-e-Øn-\n-Sn-®m-Wv 14 t]¿ acn®Xv. {Xn-th-Wn F-Iv-kv-{]- n-\p ap-Ifn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X a-s‰m-cmƒ l¿-tZm-bv Pn-√bn¬ h-®p Xm-sgho-Wp a-cn-®p. dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚n¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ 11 kw-ÿm-\ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-bn H-∂-c-e-£w t]¿ _-td-en-bnse-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

ssk\n-I slen-tIm-]v-äÀ X-IÀ-¶v ss]-e-äp-amÀ a-cn¨p

\m-kn-Iv: ssk-\n-I sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ P-e-Im-\K-dn-¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-Wv c-≠p ss]-e-‰p-am¿ a-cn®p. Iym-]v-‰≥ `m-\p-{]-Xm-]v Kp-]v-X, ta-P¿ AXp¬ K¿-sP F-∂n-h-cm-Wp acn-®Xv. B¿-an Ghn-tb-j≥ -tIm-dn-s‚ No-‰ sl-en-tIm-]v-‰dmWv C-∂-se cm-hn-se X-I¿-∂p-ho-W-Xv. Km-‘n-\-K-dn-se ]-cn-io-e-\-tI-{μ-Øn-¬ FØn-b ss]-e-‰p-am¿ cm-hn-se ]q-s\ h-gn tKm-hbn-te-°p ]-d-°p-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. ]-d-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-s° tdm-´¿ tª-Un-s‚ I-

d-°w \n-e-®-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂v sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ H-cp _w-•m-hn-s‚ sS-d-kn¬ C-Sn-®v \n-ew-]-Xn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Zr-Iv-km-£n-Iƒ ]-d™p. ssk-\y-Øn-s‚ c-£m-kw-L-ß-fpw A-·ni-a-\-tk-\-bpw ss]-e-‰p-am-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l߃ I-s≠-Sp-Øp. km-t¶-Xn-I X-I-cm-¿ aq-eam-Wv tIm-]v-‰¿ X-I¿-∂-sX-∂m-Wp {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\-sa-∂v \m-kn-Iv Pn-√m a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v ]n the-c-ip A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kottayam

X-¦-¨³

Ip-«³-]n-Å

sP-ao-e

B-e-∏p-g: hm-S-bv-°¬ Im-°-cn-bn¬ X-¶®≥(65). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂p cm-hn-se 10.-30\v hm-Sbv-°¬ ssZ-h-P-\-am-Xm ]-f-fn-bn¬. `m-cy: ta-cn°p-´n. a-°ƒ: tdm-k-Ω, kn-kv-‰¿ ta-gv-kn, am-Knkp-tc-jv, kn-kv-‰¿ eq¿-Zv. a-cp-°ƒ: {io-l-cn-kp-tcjv (t^m-t´m-{Km-^¿, tXP-kv, B-e-∏p-g), en-Pntam≥

]p-\-eq¿: I-c-hm-fq¿ Gem-bn¬ In-g-°pw-I-c ]pØ-≥-ho-´n-¬ Ip-´≥-]n-≈ (72). kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂p ssh-Io-´v \m-en-\v ho-´p-hf-∏n¬. `m-cy: `-hm-\n-bΩ. a-°ƒ: cm-P≥-]n-≈, i-in-I-e, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥]n-≈. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kz¿W-Ω, hn-iz-\m-Y≥-]n-≈, {]-k-∂.

Im-™n-c-∏-≈n: A-∫n∏-d-ºn¬ ssk-\p-±o-s‚ `m-cy sP-ao-e (63). a°ƒ: l-ko-\, ssj-e, lp-ssk-\, s\-Zv-a, kmPn-Z, jn-lm-_v, A≥-jmZv, A-≥-kn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ : k-eow-(jnw-e Iqƒ_m¿), jm-lp¬, s\-Po_v, jw-kp-±o≥, jo-\, B-jn-Z. ss\-\m¿-]-≈n J-_¿-ÿ-\n-bn¬ J-_-dS-°n.-

A-_q-_-¡À B-e-∏p-g: ap-√m-Øv hm¿Un¬ ap-≠p-hm-S-bv-°¬ F-®v A-_q-t_-°¿ (50). `m-cy: \q¿-P-lm≥. a°ƒ: A-\o-jv, A≥-j.-

_o-hn-¡p-ªv

B-\n am-f: Ip-≠q¿ am-fn-tb°¬ tZ-h-kn-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy B-\n (62). a-°ƒ: B‚-Wn, B‚p, I-{Xo-\. a-cp-a-°ƒ: jo-e, an-\n, ]u-tem-kv.

sN-Ã-¸-¡p-dp-¸v

B-e-∏p-g: k-\m-X-\-]pcw hm¿-Uv A-Jn-e-]-dºn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b Imknw _m-hm-bp-sS `m-cy _o-hn-°p-™v (80). a°ƒ: ^m-Øn-am-_o-hn, l-_o-_, cm-P, j-co-^m_o-hn, P-ao-e, jm-lp¬l-ao-Zv, \-_o-km-_o-hn, d-kn-bm-_o-hn.

h-Δm-°m-hv: N-ß≥-Ipf-ß-c ]p-Xn-b-ho-´n¬ sN-√-∏-°p-dp-∏v (80). `mcy: Hm-a-\-b-Ω. a-°ƒ: C-μn-c, tam-l-\≥, c-a, N-{μ≥, kp-a, c-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥-\mb¿, N-{μ-ti-J-c≥-\mb¿, cm-P≥-]n-≈, {io-Ie, {io-tamƒ, jo-\.-

km-hn-{Xn-b-½ Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: Nn-‰m-´p-I-c dn-´. sU-]yq-´n I-e-Iv-S¿ I-Æ-Øv ]-tc-X-\m-b ANyp-X≥ \m-b-cp-sS `m-cy h-´-c-ß-Øv A-c-Ip-f-ß-c km-hn-{Xn-b-Ω (81). -kwkv-Im-cw \m-sf (hym-gw) ]m-ºm-Sn sF-h¿ aTØn¬. a-°ƒ: cmw taml≥ (No-^v Pp-Vo-jy¬ a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v tIm-S-Xn, Xr»q¿), Ir-jv-W-{]-km-Zv (^o¬-Uv Hm-^o-k¿, d∫¿ t_m¿-Uv), A-NypXm-\-μ≥ (kn-hn¬ F≥Pn-\o-b¿), c-ta-iv N-{μ≥ (a¿-®‚ v t\-hn). a-cp-a°ƒ: ko-\, P-b-{io, Cμp, jo-P.

Bâ-Wn BÀ-¯p¦Ä Ip-μaw-Kew: Ip-‰n-°m´q¿ ss]-tßm-´p-]p-dw _tY¬ ho-´n¬ B‚-Wn B¿-Øp-¶ƒ (54). tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pn¬ F-Iv-kv-td hn`m-K-Øn¬ A-‰≥UdmWv. `mcy: tKfn (em-_v sS-Iv-\o-jy, cmw-\m-Yv \-gvkn-Mv tlmw, tIm-gn-t°mSv).

cm-cn-¨-¡p-«n _m-ep-t»cn: D-t≈y-cn-bnse Nn-Ωm-t©-cn-bn¬ cmcn-®° - p-´n (77). `mcy: s]Æp-°p-´n. a°ƒ: \-fn\n, eo-e, tZhn, c-ho-{μ≥, caWn, _nμp. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-\n¬, c-Lp (C-cp-hcpw ]p¬-∏≈ - n), tam-l\≥ (_m-ep-t»-cn), thWp (s]-cn-ß√q-cv), kt¥mjv (I-ºf - ° - m-Sv, hb-\m-Sv), e-Pn-X.

ssj-e-P am-f: B-fq¿ {Km-a-]-©mb-Øv ap≥-t£-a-Im-cy Ãm‚nw-Kv I-Ωn-‰n sN-b¿t]-gv-k¨ I-Æ-Øv A-ø∏-°p-´n-bp-sS `m-cy ssje-P (51). kn.-]n.-sF Bfq¿ tem-°¬ I-Ωn-‰n ap≥-Aw-K-hpw ]m¿-´n-bwK-hp-am-Wv ssj-e-P. a°ƒ: A-\p, A-\o-j. a-cpa-I≥: kp-[o-jv.-

hÀ-Ko-kv am-f: ]q-h-Øp-ti-cn F-eh-Øq-¶¬ h¿-Ko-kv (60). `m-cy eo-e. a-°ƒ: ssj≥, Un-kn, ln¬-U. a-cp-a-°ƒ: kn-_n, jm-Pp, eo-a-tdm-kv

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b

]-co-Xp-½

A-_q-_-¡À

Cu-]-cm-‰p-t]-´: h-©m¶¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-–p√-bp-sS `m-cy ]-co-Xp-Ω (91). I-_-d-S-°w C-∂v Hcp a-Wn-°v ss\-\m¿ ]-ffn I-_-dn-k-Ym-\n-h¬. a°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, _-jo¿, A-–p-ev I-cow, ^m-Xzn-a, kp-ss_-Z,P-ao-e, ]-tc-X\m-b A-–p-¬ k-emw. acp-a-°ƒ: Im-knw, ]-coXv, A-–p¬ k-emw, P-aoe, J-Zo-P, P-ao-e, d-Po-\.-

I-g-°q-´w: Nm-∂m-¶-c B‰n-I-Øv ho-´n¬ ap-l-Ω-Zv l-\o-^ a-I≥ A-_q-_°¿(56).`m-cy:jm-ln-Z

Ip-ª-¨³ sN-ß-∂q¿: ]m-≠-\m-Sv \-Sp-hn-e-bn¬ F≥ sI Ip-™-®≥ (tPm¿-Pv 62). kw-kv-Im-cw \-SØn. `m-cy-:-cm-P-Ω. a°ƒ-:-_n-Pp, _n-\p, _nPn-tamƒ. a-cp-a-I≥:kt¥m-jv .

N-{μ³ Nm-e-°p-Sn: sIm-c-´n-˛-J∂m \-K¿ I-b-º-Øv sI hn N-{μ≥. `m-cy Im¿Øym-b-\n. a-°ƒ: c-RvPn-Øv, i-c-Xv, cm-lp¬.-

am-f: ]m-d-°-S-hv A-Ø∏n-≈n Nm-°p-Æn (81). `mcy ]-tc-X-bm-b tdm-kn. a-°ƒ: am¿-´n≥, kn¬hn, {^m≥-kn-kv, en-kn, tkm-^n.

]p-™m¿: sh-´n-∏-d-ºv \Sp-hn-se ap-dn-bn¬ ]-tc-X\m-b am-Xyp-hn‚ `m-cy a-dnbw (93). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv ap-∂v-a-Wn-°v ap-∂m¿ sk‚ v ta-co-kv s^-tdm-\ ]-f-fn-bn¬. ]-tc-X ]m-em Ip-´p-¶¬ Ip-Spw-_mw-Kw. a°ƒ: Ip-™v, Ip-´n-b-Ω, sIm-®v , tPm-kv, sXm-Ω®≥, tPm-bv . a-cp-a-°ƒ: tam-fn, F¬-kn, Ip-™pIp-´n, Ip-´n-b-Ω, ta-cn, Ip´n-b-Ω.-

\m-cm-b-Wn A-º-e-∏p-g: I-f¿-tIm-Sv ]p-Ø≥-sh-fn-bn¬ ]-tcX-\m-b hn sI hm-kp-hns‚ `m-cy \m-cm-b-Wn (89) a-°ƒ: k-c-k-Ω, ]p-jv°-c≥, i-in-[-c≥, B-\μ-h-√n, ]p-jv-]-h-√n, kpZ¿-i-\≥. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶a-Wn, h¬-k-e, hn-P-b≥, l-cn-Zm-kv, Ko-X.

am-[h³

]øm-\°¬: ]S∂-hf∏vv sI sI Jm-Z¿ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (65).

Nm-¡p-«n

_m-_p

a-½m-¨p

c-hn-Ip-amÀ

s\Â-k¬

sN-Ã-½

sN-Ã-½

Kp-cp-hm-bq¿: tIm-´-∏-Sn No-c≥ Nm-°p-´n (78). a°ƒ: tXm-a-kv, sS-kn, h¿-Ko-kv, em-k¿, ta-cn, en-kn, tPm¨. a-cp-a°ƒ: Pm≥-kn, sa-do-\, Pn-j, hn≥-sk‚ v, _m_p, ]-tc-X-\m-b tXm-akv.

Nm-h-°mm-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v a-c-°-º-\n-°v In-g-°v tXm-Wn-]p-c-°¬ _m-_p(52). `m-cy: k-PnX. a-°ƒ: A-\-\y, A-\¥-Ir-jv-W≥.

]m-h-d-´n: tN-∂m-Sv ]-≈n°-Sp-Øv a-Xn-e-I-Øv ho´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b ap-l-ΩZn-s‚ `m-cy a-Ωm-®p (70). a-°ƒ: C-{_m-lnw, A_q-_-°¿, K-^q¿, D-a¿, dm-_n-b, d-Pp-e, B-bn-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zv, bqk-^v, lw-k, sse-e, Bbn-j, d-jo-Z, kp¬-^Øv.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: [-\p-h-®]p-cw I-tÆ-‰p hn-fm-Iw aI-bn-c-Øn¬ B¿ c-hn-Ipam¿(59). `m-cy: kp-[¿-Ω. a-°ƒ: A-\p, A-\o-jv, ih-kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v cmhn-se 10\v a-©-hn-fm-Iw Ip-cn-bm-Wn-°¬ ho-´p-hf-∏n¬ \-S-°pw.

sh-≈-d-S: A-∏p-tIm-Ww h-S-°pw-I-c ]p-Ø≥-ho´n¬ s\¬-k¨(57). `mcy: t_-_n. a-°ƒ: A-Jne, A-\n-e.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: C-cp-ºn¬ I-Æw-Ip-fw ho-´n¬ ]tc-X-\m-b A-∏n-bm-s‚ `m-cy sN-√-Ω(75). a°ƒ: im-c-Z, _m-_p, Irjv-W≥ i-in, tKm-a-Xn, eo-e, c-hn. a-cp-a-°ƒ: tKm-]n, tdm-k-Ω, eo-e, kp-Ip-am-cn, a-[p, tkma≥, Kn-cn-P.

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: s]-cp-ºgp-Xq¿ am-hp-hn-f ho-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b A-∏p-°p-´s‚ `m-cy sN-√-Ω(70). aI≥: Kn-co-i≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: _n-μp.

A-dp-ap-J³ hm-Sm-\-∏-≈n: Ip-∂-Øv A-dp-ap-J≥ (87). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b tZ-h-In. a°ƒ: \m-cm-b-W≥, hn-iz\m-Y≥, D-j. a-cp-a-°ƒ: e-£v-ao-`m-bn, jo-_, A¿-Pv-Pp-\.-

am-Xyp hÀ-Ko-kv \m-K-∏p-g: ]p-fn-°¬ amXyp h¿-Ko-kv (74). `m-cy A-∂-°p-´n Im-h-°m-Sv t]-cym-t°m-´n¬ Ip-Spw_mw-Kw. a-°ƒ: _m-_p, A-e-Iv-kv (bp-F-kv-F), Pp¬-\ (Hm-kv-t{S-en-b). acp-a-°ƒ: an-\n s\-Sp-ßm´v hm-g-°p-fw, jn‚ ]-\n®n-bn¬ Xn-cp-am-dm-Sn, jn_p ]p-Ø≥-]p-c-bn¬, s]m≥-ap-Sn.

^m-¯n-a

d-h. ^m. A-K-Ìy³ ]-Ån-¡p-t¶Â I-cn-a-Æq¿: G-gp-ap-´w Xm-t_m¿ [ym-\-tI-{μÿm-]-I≥ d-h. ^m. A-K-Ãy≥ ]-≈n-°pt∂¬ (75). `u-Xn-I ico-cw C-∂v D-®-I-gn-™v c-≠n-\v Xm-t_m¿ [ym-\tI-{μ-Øn¬ sIm-≠p-hcpw. kw-kv-Im-c ip-{iqj-Iƒ sh-≈n-bm-gv-N D®-I-gn-™v 12\v B-cw-`n®v c-≠n-\v ap-X-e-t°m-Sw ]-≈n-bn¬.-

ap-l-½-Zv C-kv-am-Cu \-K-cq¿: I-Æw-ap-°v k_o¿ a≥-kn-en¬ ap-lΩ-Zv C-kv-am-Cu¬ (74). a-°ƒ: d- m-Jv A-en, _-jo¿, \-ko¿, sseem-_o-hn.

Nm-¡p-®n

Irjv-W³

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv Xp-º-bn¬]d-ºv am\o-te-iz-cw: ]-tc-X-\mbm-≠n-bp-sS a-I≥ Irb Ip-™n-°-Æ-s‚ `mjv-W≥ (65). `mcy: kcy \o-tc-iz-c-sØ sI Xy-`m-a. a°ƒ: _m_p, sI tZ-h-In (88). -a-Iƒ: \n-hmkv, A-Pb≥, P-b\-fn-\n. a-cp-a-I≥: Ip™n-°-Æ≥. k-tlm-Z-c- \n-hmkv, tc-Wp-Im߃: ]m-dp, \m-cm-b-Wn, tZhn, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: Ip-™n-°-Æ≥, b-tim-Z. A≥]v, I-f-b-civ. ktlm-Z-c߃: N-{μ≥, cpIp-ªn-¡-®³ ‹n-Wn. ]-ø-∂q¿: F-®n¬-sam-´bn-se B-Zy-Im-e X-ø¬ am-X-¡p-«n sXm-gn-em-fn Hm-W-∏-d-ºv ap-≠p-ap-gn: Im-c-ß-c ]pa-Ø-Øv h-f-∏n¬ Ipdm-bn ]-tc-X-\m-b th-em™n-°-Æ≥ (80). `m-cy: bp-[-s‚ `m-cy am-X-°p-´n ]p-Xn-b]p-c-bn¬ b-tim(85). a-°ƒ: Nn-√-°p-´n, Z. a-°ƒ: a-t\m-PvIp-am¿ Nm-cp-°p-´n, tim-`-\, im(ku-Zn), hn-t\m-ZvIp-am¿, ¥, jm-Pn, \m-cm-b-Wn, A-\n¬Ip-am¿, {io-P. k-c-kp.

tZ-h-In

ssk-\p-±o³-Ip-ªv Im-bw-Ip-fw: C-en-∏-°p≈w I-‰m-\w C-S-h-\-ticn¬ ssk-\p-±o≥-Ip™v (73). `m-cy km-ln-d. a-°ƒ: A–p¬-h-lm-_v, ap-l-Ω-Zv jn-lm-_v, ^-kn¬. a-cp-aIƒ: jm-Pn-e.

Ku-cn `m-kv-I-c³ ]-\-®n-°-∏m-d: s\-√n°-®m¬ s\-√n-°-®men¬ ho-´n¬ `m-kv-I-cs‚ `m-cy Ku-cn-`m-kv-Ic≥(80). kw-kv-Im-cw C∂vv cm-hn-se 11 \v ho-´p h-f-∏n¬. a-°ƒ: N-{μ ti-J-c≥, kp-tc-jv, APn-Xv Ip-am¿, D-Æn-°rjv-W≥, {io-tZ-hn. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-em-kn-\n, Aw_n-fn, k-Pn-\n, cp-], kptc-{μ≥.

c-Lp-\m-Y³

cm-L-h³

A-_v-Zp-Ã lm-Pn

\m-cm-b-Wn

sh-™m-d-aq-Sv: ap-Zm°¬ ]p-Xq¿ ho-´n¬ ]-¶Pm-£≥ ]n-≈(87).-

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: s\-√n-aqSv C-S-sØ-t°m-Ww sXßp-hn-f-ho-´n¬ hn c-Lp\m-Y≥(50). `m-cy: ]-flmh-Xn. a-°ƒ: c-Xo-jv, cmtP-jv.

I-cp-\m-K-∏-≈n: ]-∑-\ ap-√-t°-cn tc-h-Xn-bn¬ cm-L-h≥ (87). `m-cy: tKm-a-Xn. a-°ƒ: Hm-a-\, C-μn-c, Hm-a-\-°p-´≥, c-a. a-cp-a-°ƒ: cm-[m-Ir-jvW≥, b-tim-Z, tkm-a≥.

]n-W-tßm-Sv: Iq-´m-bn A-_v-Zp-√ -lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, P-aoe, dw-e-Øv, lm-cn-kv, Xm-ln-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-¿dlv-am≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv (]n-Wtßm-Sv), A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥ ( ]q-\q¿), _m-h (Xm-a-c-t»-cn), j-ao-a.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]n-W-tßm-Sv akv-Pn-ZpØ-Jv-hm J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

]-ø-∂q¿: sIm-´n-e HmW-∏-d-ºv Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se \m-\n-t®-cn \m-cm-b-Wn (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b I-√m-ho-´n¬ \m-cmb-W≥. a-°ƒ: a-[p, cXn, a-tl-jv, {io-P, jo_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t{]-a, chn, jo-P, hn-t\m-Zv, IÆ≥, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: e-£v-an-°p-´n, btim-Z, `m¿-K-hn.

Xn-cq¿: Xn-cq¿ tIm-´v kvIq-fn-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]-cnbm-c-Øv sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´n F-∂ Ip-™ntam≥(52) A¬ sF-\n¬acn®p. 25 h¿-j-°m-e-ambn A¬-sF-\nembncp∂p tPm-en. am-Xm-hv: Xn-Øn-ap. `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. a-°ƒ: X-kv-\n, \n-bm-kv, \-_o¬, \n-lm¬, \bow. a-cp-a-I≥: B-jn-Jv. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-ΩZv _m-h, sam-bv-Xp-´n F∂ Ip-™n-∏, \-^o-k, DΩm-Øp, J-Zo-P.

]m-h-d-´n: sh-¶n-S-ßv ]mWn-b-Øv i-¶-c-s‚ a-I≥ th-em-bp-[≥(79). `m-cy: kp-`-{Z. a-°ƒ: ]n-Xmw-_c≥, _n-‘p, kn-\n, k‘y, ]-tc-X-bm-b _n-μp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ko-\, cm-Pp, cm-tP-jv, ss_-Pp.

_m-ep-t»cn: F-I-cq¬ Ip-gn-°mS-Øv sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b (69). a°ƒ: d-jo-Zv˛j-co^v (Zp-_-bv), \-ko-d, ap-\o-d, ^-ko-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_vZp¬ Akokv, _-jo¿ (ko-Xnkm-ln-_v sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ kv-Iqƒ hn.H.Sn), _-jo¿ Iq-S-Øm-bn, Xm-ln-d X®w-s]m-bn¬.

]-¦-Pm-£³ ]n-Å

AÂ-sF-\n -acn¨p

th-em-bp-[³

c-hn

a-dn-bw

s\-øm-‰n≥-I-c: I-gn-hq¿ Xp-≠p-hn-f-ho-´n¬ A-®pX-]-Wn-°-cp-sS `m-cy k-ckz-Xn (75), a-°ƒ: c-Lp\m-Y≥, cm-a-N-{μ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-P-b-Ip-am-cn, {]oX. Xet»cn: ]p-t∂m¬ {]kv h-f-∏n¬ \o-cm-‰n¬ adn-bw (73). ]-tc-X\m-b A-_p-hn-s‚ `m-cy-bmWv. aIƒ: ^m-Øn-a _ohn. acp-aI≥: B≥-kn¿.

a-cn-¨ a-I-sâ C³-jp-d³-kv Xp-I hm-§m³ t]m-b ]n-Xm-hv _-Ên-Sn-¨v a-cn-¨p

]m-h-d-´n: a-Xp-°-c hm-eØm-´n¬ c-hn (60). `m-cy cm-[. a-°ƒ: c-Pn-X, cmtP-jv, ]-tc-X-bm-b c-Pn\n. a-cp-a-°ƒ: a-Wn-IIp-ªp-sN-dp-¡³ WvT≥, kv-an-Øp. kw-kvXn-cp-h-√: Nm-Ø-a-e tN-cn- Im-cw C-∂v cm-hn-se 10\v ∏p-g-bn¬ Ip-™p-sN-dpho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ °≥ (85). kw-kv -Im-cw C∂vv D-®-bv-°v c-≠n-\v ss{I- Ip-dp-¼³ kvv N¿-®n-s‚ ]m-a-e sk- Nm-e-°p-Sn: sIm-c-´n-˛-Ban-tØ-cn-bn¬. a-°ƒ-:_m- ‰-∏m-Sw sN-Ωn-°m-S≥ Ip_p, km-_p, ta-cn, sN-√- dp-º≥ (90). `m-cy Im-fn. Ω, \n¿-a-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ:-sN- a-°ƒ: A-Ωn-Wn, kp√-∏≥, i-in, {]-Im-iv, {]- {_≥, th-em-bp-[≥, Ak-∂, kp-Pm-X. ø-∏≥-Ip-´n.-

k-c-kz-Xn

adnbw

3 s^{_p-hcn 2011 hymgw

IrjvW³ Imk¿-tImUv: t_-\qcn-se sI hn Ir-jv-W≥ (81). `mcy: sI kn am[hn. a°ƒ: N-{μm-h-Xn, hm-k-¥n, c-Xv-\m-I-c≥ ({Km-ao-W- _m-¶v s]-¿-fSp-°w), c-a-Wn, e-£v-an (A-[ym-]n-I, Aw-t_-ZvI¿ l-b¿-sk-°≥-U-dnkv-Iqƒ s]-cn-b), Kmb{Xn (A-[ym-]n-I, N-´©m¬ l-b¿-sk°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ), cm[ma-Wn (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.sF.F-®v.F-kv.F-kv \m-b-∑m¿-aqe). a-cpa°ƒ: Ip™-ºp (dn-´. X-l-kn¬-Zm¿), cm-a-N{μ≥ (dn-´. sl-Uv-amÿ), Aw-_p-Pm£n, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Ip™n-°-Æ≥ (dn-´. in-ckv-XZm¿), c-ho-{μ≥ (A[ym-]-I≥, K-h. l-b¿sk-°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ, sN-Ω-\m-Sv), {]-im-¥≥.

Nn-cp-X Xm-a-c-t»cn: Cu¿-t∏mW I-tÆy-cp-∏n¬ ]-tcX\m-b tI-fp-hn-s‚ `m-cy Nn-cp-X (100). a°ƒ: thep, Ip-™n-cma≥, Pm\p, amfp, Ia-e, ]-tcX\m-b A-ø-∏≥.

Ben am-X-aw-Kew: Ip-‰q¿ Ppam-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p k-ao-]w hn bp B-en (54). `m-cy: _o-^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: B_n-Zv, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv (C-cp-h-cpw ku-Zn), hmln-Z. a-cp-aI≥: lwk.

lp-kbv³ X-e-∏p-g: X-e-∏pg 46mw ssa¬ Ip∂-Øv lp-kbv≥ (85). `mcy: ]-tc-Xbmb Ip-™man. a°ƒ: apkvX-^, A-jvd^v, C{_m-low, ^u-kn-b.

`m-kv-I-c³ A-º-e-∏p-g: tXm-´-∏-≈n \m-ep-sX-ßn¬ F≥ hn `m-kv-I-c≥ (88). `m-cy: ]tc-X-bm-b hm-k-¥n. a°ƒ: F≥ _n kp-`m-jv N-{μ≥ (F-kv.-F≥.-Un.]n im-Jm {]-kn-U‚ v), i-c-Xv N-{μ≥, hn-t\m-Zv, {]-tam-Zv (Zp-ss_), A-PnX-Ip-am-cn, I-em-tZ-hn, ssj-e-P,e-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: _o-\m-Ip-am-cn, Kmb-{Xn-tZ-hn, _n≥-kn, Znhy-tam-l≥ (a-kv-°-‰v, A-tim-I≥ (ku-Zn), cmP≥ (Ip-ssh-Øv), km_p.-

ap-l-½Zv l-_o_v I-t°mSn: ]-Sn-™m-sd am-fn-b° - ¬ d-lva - Ø - v a≥kn-en¬ ap-lΩ-Zv l-_o_v (35˛a-kv° - Ø - v).

tXm-a-kn-\v ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn sF.-F.-F-kv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ B-tcm-]-W-hn-t[-b-\m-b ]n sP tXm-a-kns\ \ym-bo-I-cn-®v tI-c-f-Øn-se sF.F.Fkv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\-Xn-cm-bn kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-bnep-≈ ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ I-£n-tN-cp-∂Xn-\p-f-f km-[y-X-Iƒ B-cm-bp-sa-∂pw sF.---F.---F-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\bm-b sF.F.-Fkv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkmkn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-Ip-dn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p. tI-c-f-Øn¬ sF.F.-Fkv tI-U-dn¬ h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw an-I-® tk-h-\w Im-gv-N-h® D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-Wv ]n sP tXm-a-kv. 20 h¿-j-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv ]m-sam-en≥ tIkp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cv \n-£n-]v-X- Xm¬-∏-cy-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn Db¿-∂p-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tI-kn-s‚ b-Ym¿-Y h-kv-Xp-X a-\-∏q¿hw a-d-®p-]n-Sn-®v Ip-‰-a-‰ co-Xn-bn¬ 37 h¿-jsØ k¿-ho-kv ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-b ]n sP

tXm-a-kn-s\ am-[y-a-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn-eq-sS ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn-te-°p h-en-®n-g-bv-°p-Ibm-Wv. ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ ]n sP tXm-akn-s\-Xn-tc t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥ A-\p-a-Xn-bn√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ A-t±-l-sØ tI-{μ hn-Pne≥-kv I-Ωo-j-W¿ ÿm-\-Øp \n-b-an-°p∂-Xn¬ X-S- -an-s√-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ hy-‡-am-°p-∂p. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\Xn-cm-b tI-kp-Iƒ X-≈n-b-Xn-s\- Xp-S¿∂m-Wv A-t±-l-sØ kw-ÿm-\- No-^v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn k¿-°m¿ \n-b-an-®-Xv. A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚ Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬ ]n sP tXm-a-kv hn-iz-kv-X-\m-Wv. A-t±-l-Øns\-Xn-cm-b B-tcm-]-W-߃ cm-{„o-b-t{]cn-X-am-Wv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n-® A-t\z-j-WØn-se \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ Ir-{Xn-aw \-S∂n-´p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ \-S-°p-∂-Xv ]n sP tXma-kn-s\-Xn-cm-b am-[y-a-hn-Nm-c-W- am-{X-amsW-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-°pdn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p.

Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p F-S° - m-Sv: a-W∏ - p-dw kvIq-fn-\p k-ao]-sØ ]tc-X\ - m-b C-{_m-lo-ans‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-°f - Øn¬ Ip-™n-∏m-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: _o-®, a-PoZv, A-eh - n. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kp-ld - , dm-_n-b, ]-tc-X\m-b ap-lΩ - Z- v. J-_d - S- °w C-∂p cm-hn-se 10\v a-W∏ - p-dw Pp-am-ak - vP - n-Zv J_¿ÿm-\n¬.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø-∂q¿: cm-a-¥-fn sIm-Δ-∏p-dw ]p-Xn-b-]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (86). `m-cy: sI hn Ip™-Ω. a-°ƒ: cp-KvanWn, cm-a-N-{μ≥, eo-e, k-c-kz-Xn, kp-tc-{μ≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). acp-a-°ƒ: e-£va-W≥, h¬-k-e, cm-Po-h≥, e£v-a-W≥, k-Pn-X, Zmtam-Z-c≥, kp-Pn-X. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-hnμ≥, Ir-jv-W≥, am-WnIyw, tZ-h-In, I-eym-Wn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥.

Ip-ªn-t¡m-b I-Æ-t©cn: ]m¿-h-Xn-]pcw tdm-Uv F hn Ip-™nt°m-b (70). `m-cy: \-^ok. a°ƒ: k-aZv, I-cow (Zp_-bv), bq-\pkv, B-bnim_n, d-jo-Z, kpl-d.

Ip-ª-¼p ]-ø∂ - q¿: kzm-X{- ¥yka-ct- k-\m-\n-bpw tIm¨{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI - \ - p-am-b A-∂q-cn-se Xo-°S- n Ip™-ºp (83). `m-cy: In-gs°-]p-cb - n¬ am-[h - n. a°ƒ: X-ºm-bn, h¬-ke, Kn-cn-P, Kn-co-i≥ (Hmt´m- ss{U-h¿), ]-tc-Xcm-b Ko-X, Ip-™n-°rjvW - ≥. a-cp-a° - ƒ: ]-fl\m-`≥, _m-eI - r-jvW - ≥, N-{μ≥, {io-P (]-cn-bm-cw k-lI - c - W - lr-Zb - m-eb).

Ipª-ep X-e-t»cn: ssk-Zm¿]≈n \m-eI-Øv]p-cnb¬ Ip-™-ep (80) ]q-gn-Ø-ebn¬ acn®p. `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\m-b ]-Sn-∏p-cbv°¬ A-–p¬- JmZ¿. a-°ƒ: P-em-ep-±o≥, l^v-kØv, ]-tc-Xcm-b alvaqZv, d-kmJv, A-–p¿dkmJv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I_o¿, P-ao-e, \-ko-a, jao-a, \-koa.

\m-cm-b-W³ \-¼ymÀ Xe∏p-g: h-c-bm¬ Fkv.F≥.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. sl-Uv-am-ÿ I-S-b{]-Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (97). `mcy: k-tcmPn-\nb-Ω.

Xn-c-¡-Ym-Ir-¯v im-cw-K-]m-Wn A-´-cn-¨p B-e-∏p-g: h-S-°≥- ]m-´p-I-fn-se ho-c-I-Y-I-sf ae-bm-f kn-\n-a-bv-°p k-Ωm-\n-® Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv im-cw-K-]m-Wn (86) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 1.45Hm-sS tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xnbn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-¥yw. hr-°-bv-°p tcm-Kw _m[n-®v G-sd-\m-fm-bn In-S-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]m-Xn-c-∏≈n _n-Pp- \n-hm-kn¬ C-f-b-a-I≥ _n-Pp-hn-s\m∏-am-bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v 10.30\v ho-´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. 60Hm-fw kn-\n-a-Iƒ°v Xn-c-°-Y F-gp-Xn-b im- c w- K - ] m- W n- b p- s S F-´p Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ h-S°≥- ]m-´n-s\ B-[m-cam- ° n- b p- ≈ - X m- b n- c p∂p. h-S-°≥- ]m-´n-se I-Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf sX°≥ tI-c-f-Øn¬ ho- im-cw-K-]m-Wn c-]-cn-th-j-tØm-sS ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Xn-c-°Y-Iƒ G-sd ]-¶p-h-ln-®p. B-tcm-a-ep-Æn, ]m-em´v tIm-a≥, D-Æn-bm¿-®, I-S-Ø-\m-´v am-°w Xp-Sßn-b-h-bm-Wv Cu K-W-Øn-ep-≈- A-t±-l-Øns‚ {]-[m-\ c-N-\-Iƒ. No-\-h-e, Xo-cw-tX-Sp-∂ Xn-c,- k-©m-cn Xp-S-ßn-b-hb -- pw P-\-{]o-Xn t\-Sn-b c-N-\-I-fm-Wv. D-Z-b- Ãp-Un-tbm D-S-a Ip-©m-t°m-bp-am-bp≈ B-Xv-a-_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ I-cpØv. 1976-¬ I-Æ-∏-\p-Æn-bp-sS Nn-{Xo-I-c-W- thf-bn-em-Wv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS B-I-kv-an-I A¥yw. ]n-∂o-Sv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS a-I≥ t_m-_≥ Ip-©m-t°m-tbm-sSm-∏w G-Xm-\pw Nn-{X-ß-fn¬ ]-¶m-fn-bm-bn. D-Z-bm- Ãp-Un-tbm A-S-®p-]q-´n-btXm-sS im-cw-K-]m-Wn Xn-c-°-Y-bp-sS tem-I-Øp\n-∂v kz-bw H-gn-™p-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `mcy: ]-tc-X-bm-b {]-tim-`n-\n. a-°ƒ: I-e, Pq-e, _n-Pp.

t]m-en-kp-ImÀ-¡v CâÀ-s\-äv ku-I-cy-ap-Å sam-ss_ t^m¬ ]-cn-K-W-\-bnÂ: tIm-Sn-tb-cn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se F-√m D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw C‚¿-s\-‰v ku-I-cy-tØm-sS-bp-≈ sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ \¬-Ip-∂ Imcyw k¿-°m-cn-s‚ ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-emsW-∂p a-{¥n tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Irjv-W≥. tI-c-fm kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kns‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A[y-£-X h-ln-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p a{¥n. \m-e-c-h¿-j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \n-b-an® 12,000 t]m-en-kp-Im-cn¬ 60 i-X-am\-hpw A-Sn-ÿm-\ tbm-Ky-X-tb°mƒ D-b¿-∂ hn-Zym-`ym-k-ap-≈-hcm-Wv. H-gn-hp-I-fn-√m-Ø h-Ip-∏m-bn tI-c-fm t]m-en-kn-s\ am-‰n-sb-Sp°m≥ k¿-°m-cn-\p I-gn-™p. t]men-kv h-Ip-∏n¬ C-\n-bp-≠m-hp-∂

_m-ep-t»cn: _m-ep-t»-cn A¿-_≥ _m-¶v dn-´. Imjy¿ Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ hn F am-[h - ≥ (75). `m-cy: Fw sI k-tcm-Pn\n (dn-´. F®v.Fw. tZ-it- k-hm F.bp.]n kvI - qƒ Ip-dpsºm-bn¬). a°ƒ: cmPoh≥, c-Pojv, c-Pn-X, doP.

F-√m H-gn-hp-I-fpw \n-I-Øp-∂-Xn-\v \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-°p-sa-∂pw a-{¥n ]d-™p. Zn-\w-{]-Xn-bp-≈ ]-cm-Xn-Ifn¬ Im-cy-£-a-am-bn C-S-s]-tS-≠-Xv tem-°¬ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fmWv. C-Xn-\p Im-cy-am-b Aw-K-_-ew B-h-iy-am-Wv. Cu X-Xzw a-\- n-em°n-bm-Wv tÃ-j-\p-I-fn¬ A-Snÿm-\-am-‰w h-cp-Øn-b-Xv. kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kv \n-e-hn¬-h-∂tXm-sS km-bp-[ t]m-en-kn¬ h¿-jß-tfm-fw tPm-en sN-bv-X-Xn-\p tijw tem-°¬ t]m-en-kn-te-°p tPmen sN-tø-≠ A-h-ÿ-bv-°p am-‰w-hcpw. bp-hm-°-fpw k-a¿-∞-cp-am-b t]m-en-kp-Im-cp-sS tk-h-\w kv-t‰j-\p-I-fn¬ e-`y-am-hp-sa-∂pw tImSn-tb-cn ]-d-™p.-

F-S-Xz: t]m-en-kv hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v h¿-j-߃-°p ap≥]v a-cn-® a-I-s‚ C≥-jq-d≥-kv Xp-I hm-ßm≥ t]m-b ]n-Xm-hv sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn _- n-Sn-®v a-cn-®p. X-eh-Sn sX-°v am-W-Øm-d {]-bm-‰v kp-tc-jv (38) B-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬ a-cn-®-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N ssh-Io´v 7.-30 Hm-sS- Hm-®n-d h-Δm-°m-hv ]p-Ø≥-sX-cp-hn¬ h-®mWv sI.-F-kv.-B¿.-Sn.-kn _- n-Sn-®v a-cn-®-Xv. A©p h¿-jw ap≥-]v t]m-enkv hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v a-cn-® aI≥ i-c-Øn-s‚ A-]-I-S C≥-jq-d≥-kv Xp-I hmßp-∂-Xp-am-bn _-‘-s∏´ Im-cy-߃-°p I-cp-\mK-∏-≈n-bn¬ t]m-bn a-S-ßn-h-c-sh tdm-Uv ap-dn-®p I-S°p-∂-Xn-\n-sS _- n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. A-]-I-SØn¬ a-cn-® kp-tc-jn-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw C-∂-se sshIo-´m-Wv tN¿-Ø-e k¿-°m¿ B-ip-]-{Xn- tam¿-®-dnbn¬ F-Øn _-‘p-°ƒ Xn-cn-®-dn-™-Xv. `m-cy: P-b. a-Iƒ: kq-cy. I-cm¿ sXm-gn-em-fn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.-

B-¸m-©n-d-bn Po-¸v ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v FÂ.--sF.-kn G-Pâv a-cn-¨p

I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: I-≈p-am-bn t]m-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Po∏v ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v F¬.--sF.-kn G-P‚m-b bp-hm-hv acn-®p. H-∏-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂ kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. B-bmw-Ip-Sn Ip-º-f-Øp-t»-cn A-Pn ({ioi≥-˛42) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. B-bmw-Ip-Sn am-a-e t__n (52)-\m-Wv ]-cn-t°-‰Xv. C-∂-se 12-˛-Hm-sS B∏m-©n-d ^-b¿-tÃ-j-\v k-ao-]-ap-≈ h-f-hn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. A-]-I-Sw \-S-∂bp-S≥ ÿ-e-sØ-Øn-b ^-b¿-t^m-gv-km-Wv A-]I-S-Øn¬-s∏-´-h-sc Bkv - ] - { Xn- b n- s e- Ø n- ® - X v . A-]-I-S ÿ-e-Øp-h-®pX-s∂ {io-i≥ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p.-kw-kv-°m-cw C-∂v H-∂n\v ho-´v-h-f-∏n¬ `m-cy I-hn-X, a-°ƒ l-cn-\-μ≥,v-{iol-cn. ]-cn-t°-‰- t_-_n-sb ap-´p-Nn-d-bn-se kz-Im-cy B-kv-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n-®-ti-jw hn-Z-Kv-[ Nn-In’-°m-bn tIm-´-bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-kv-]-{Xnbn-te-°v am-‰n.

t^m-t«m-sb-Sp-¸v tI-{μ-¯n hr-² Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: kv-am¿-´v Im¿-Un-\m-bn t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-°ms\-Øn-b hr-[ t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-∏v tI-{μ-Øn¬ Ip-g™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. Np-\-°-c tIm-a-√q¿ N-°-ti-cn¬ h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥-\m-b-cp-sS `m-cy `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω (78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-In-´v 6.30 Hm-sS tIm-a-√q¿ F≥.-F-kv.-F-kv I-c-tbm-K a-μn-cØn-em-bn-cp-∂p kw-`-hw. cm-hn-se 11 \v Cu tI-{μØn¬ t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-∏v kv-am¿-´v Im¿-Uv sN-øp-sa-∂v A-dn-bn-®n-cp-s∂-¶n-epw D-®-I-gn-™p c-t≠m-sS-bm-Wv B-cw-`n-®-sX-∂v B-t£-]-ap-≠v. a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-e-Irjv-W≥, ]-¶-Pm-£n-b-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xn-b-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´≥-]n-≈.-

]-cn-t¡-äv Nn-InÂ-k-bn-en-cp-¶ hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p

sIm-√w: hm-l-\m-]-I-SØn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬k-bn-em-bn-cp-∂ π-kv-Sp hn-Zym-¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-≈ntØm-´w cm-Po-hv \-K¿ locm a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo-dns‚ a-I≥ jm-lp¬-l-aoZm(17)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn™ Xn-¶-fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v 2.-30\v A-b-Øn¬ P-Mv-j\n-se am-en-°-c Pp-am-a-kvPn-Zn-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-I-Sw. I-cn-t°m-Sv Sn.-sI.-Fw ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ hnZym¿-Yn-bm-b jm-lp¬ l-aoZv kp-lr-Øv d-Du-^p-samØvv ss_-°n-¬ h-c-th A-b-Øn¬ am-en-°-c ]-≈n-bv°v k-ao-]-Øv h-®v Im¿ Hm-h¿-tS-°v sN-bv-Xv s]-s´∂v t{_-°n-´p. Xp-S¿-∂v ss_-°v Im-dn¬ X-´n C-cp-hcpw tdm-Un-te-°v sX-dn-®p-ho-Wp. Cu k-a-bw ss_°n-\v ]n-d-tI-h-∂ B-t] Hm-t´m hn-Zym¿-Yn-I-sf C-Sn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Kp-cp-X-c-am-b ]-cn-t°-‰ C-cp-h-tcbpw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw jm-lp¬-l-aoZv C-∂-se a-cn-®p. ssI-Im-ep-Iƒ-°v ]-cn-t°-‰ d-Du^v kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv. tlm-≠ kn-‰n 8081 \-º-cn-ep-≈ Im-dm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn\vv Im-c-W-am-b-Xv. A-]-I-S-Øn-\v ti-jw Im¿ \n¿Øm-sX I-S-∂p-t]m-bn. A-tX-k-a-bw A-]-I-S-Øn¬ Im-dn-s\ H-gn-hm-°n ]n-°-∏v hm≥ ss{U-h¿-s°-Xn-tc am-{Xw tI-sk-Sp-Ø t]m-en-kv \-S-]-S-n-bn¬ {]-Xn-tj[w i-‡-am-bn-´p-≠v. H-cp {]-ap-J ko-cn-b¬ Xm-c-Ønt‚-Xm-Wv Im-sd-∂v \m-´p-Im¿ ]-d-™p. am-Xm-hv: \nlm-d. k-tlm-Z-cn: A¬-^n-b.-

hy-² sh-f-f-s¡-«n ho-Wv a-cn-¨p

N-h-d: h-gn-tbm-c-sØ sh-f-f-s°-´n¬ ho-Wv hy-≤ a-cn®p. ]-Ω-\ h-S-°pw-X-e -ta-°v sN-tºm-en¬ ap-°n¬ sN-tºm-en¬-ho ]-tc-X-\m-b th-en-°p-´n B-Nm-cn-bpsS `m-cy k-c-k-Ω (75)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. k-ao-]-sØ _‘p-ho-´n¬ t]m-bn Xn-cn-sI ho-´n-te-°v h-cp-∂ h-gn sh-f-f-s°-´n¬ ho-Wv I-√n¬ X-e-bn-Sn-®v a-c-n-®-Xm-hmsa-∂v t]m-en-kv ]-d-bp-∂p. I-cp-\m-K-∏-f-fn Xm-eq-°v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®-¶n-epw c-£n-°m-\m-bn-√. a-°ƒ: cm-P-Ω, X-¶-a-Wn, cm-[, sN-√-∏,]-¶n-b-Ω, ]tc-X-\m-b Ir-jv-W≥-Ip-´n, Ir-jv-Wm-\-μv, {io-tZ-hn, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am-cn, Ir-jv-W-Ip-am¿. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥ B-Nm-cn, hm-kp-tZ-h≥, _me≥, cm-a-N-{μ≥ B-Nm-cn, am-[-h≥, h-k-¥, {io-tZ-hn, cm-Po-h≥, P-b≥, kn-‘p.

ss]-e-äv hm-l-\-an-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Nm-e-°p-Sn: ss]-e-‰v hm-l-\-an-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. am-{º X-≠-∏n-≈n h¿-Ko-kn-s‚ a-I≥ sS¬-an(36)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. sIm-c-´n t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\p k-ao-]w h-®v C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 4.-45 Hm-sSbm-Wv A-]-I-Sw. C-bmƒ-s°m-∏w ss_-°n-ep-≠m-bncp-∂ ]n-Xm-hv h¿-Ko-kn-s\ Kp-cp-X-c-]-cn-°p-I-tfm-sS A-¶-am-en F¬.-F-^v B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]-th-in-∏n®p. k-Zv-Kp-cp _m-_ Kp-cp-Z-thv knw-Kn-s‚ ss]-e-‰v hml-\-am-Wv ss_-°n-en-Sn-®-Xv.

Xoh-−n Zpc-´w: bp.]nbn a-c-Ww 19 B-bn e-Jv-s\m: D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in¬ H-m-Sp-∂ Xo-h-≠n°p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p ho-Wp ]-cn-t°-‰ \m-ev C¥ym-˛-Xn-_-Ø≥ A-Xn¿-Øn tk-\m (sF.-Sn._n.-]n) D-tZym-Km¿-Yn-IƒIq-Sn a-cn-®p. C-tXmsS a-c-W kw-Jy 19 B-bn. _-td-en-bn¬ \-S-∂ sF.-Sn.-_n.-]n dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚ v ]-co-£-bn¬ ]-s¶Sp-Øv a-S-ßp-∂-h-cm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N 15 t]¿ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ln-a-Kn-cn F-Iv-

kv-{]- n-\p ap-I-fn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X-h¿ jm-Plm≥ ]q-cnse ta¬-∏m-e-Øn-\n-Sn-®m-Wv 14 t]¿ acn®Xv. {Xn-th-Wn F-Iv-kv-{]- n-\p ap-Ifn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X a-s‰m-cmƒ l¿-tZm-bv Pn-√bn¬ h-®p Xm-sg ho-Wp a-cn-®p. dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚n¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ 11 kw-ÿm-\ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-bn H-∂-c-e-£w t]¿ _-td-en-bnse-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

ssk\n-I slen-tIm-]v-äÀ X-IÀ-¶v ss]-e-äp-amÀ a-cn¨p

\m-kn-Iv: ssk-\n-I sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ P-e-Im-\K-dn-¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-Wv c-≠v ss]-e-‰p-am¿ a-cn®p. Iym-]v-‰≥ `m-\p-{]-Xm-]v Kp-]v-X, ta-P¿ AXp¬ K¿-sP F-∂n-h-cm-Wp acn-®Xv. B¿-an Ghn-tb-j≥ -tIm-dn-s‚ No-‰ sl-en-tIm-]v-‰dmWv C-∂-se cm-hn-se X-I¿-∂p-ho-W-Xv. Km-‘n-\-K-dn-se ]-cn-io-e-\-tI-{μ-Øn-¬ FØn-b ss]-e-‰p-am¿ cm-hn-se ]q-s\ h-gn tKm-hbn-te-°p ]-d-°p-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. ]-d-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-s° tdm-´¿ tª-Un-s‚ I-

d-°w \n-e-®-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂v sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ H-cp _w-•m-hn-s‚ sS-d-kn¬ C-Sn-®v \n-ew-]-Xn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Zr-Iv-km-£n-Iƒ ]-d™p. ssk-\y-Øn-s‚ c-£m-kw-L-ß-fpw A-·ni-a-\-tk-\-bpw ss]-e-‰p-am-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l߃ I-s≠-Sp-Øp. km-t¶-Xn-I X-I-cm-¿ aq-eam-Wv tIm-]v-‰¿ X-I¿-∂-sX-∂m-Wp {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\-sa-∂v \m-kn-Iv Pn-√m a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v ]n the-c-ip A-dn-bn-®p.


6

thÀ-]mSv

kozhikode

3 s^{_p-hcn 2011 hymgw

Xn-c-¡-Ym-Ir-¯v im-cw-K-]m-Wn A-´-cn-¨p A-_v-Zp-Ã lm-Pn

\m-cm-b-Wn

tZ-h-In

Ipª-ep

IrjvW³

Irjv-W³

]n-W-tßm-Sv: Iq-´m-bn A-_v-Zp-√ -lm-Pn (85). `m-cy: ]-tc-X-bm-b J-ZoP. a-°ƒ: \-_o-k, P-aoe, dw-e-Øv, lm-cn-kv, Xm-ln-d. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥, ap-l-Ω-Zv (]n-Wtßm-Sv), A-_v-Zp-¿d-lvam≥ ( ]q-\q¿), _m-h (Xm-a-c-t»-cn), j-ao-a.kw-kv-Im-cw C-∂v cm-hnse 10\v ]n-W-tßm-Sv akv-Pn-ZpØ-Jv-hm J-_¿ÿm-\n¬.

]-ø-∂q¿: sIm-´n-e HmW-∏-d-ºv Xm-gv-h-c-bn-se \m-\n-t®-cn \m-cm-b-Wn (60). `¿-Øm-hv: ]-tc-X\m-b I-√m-ho-´n¬ \m-cmb-W≥. a-°ƒ: a-[p, cXn, a-tl-jv, {io-P, jo_. a-cp-a-°ƒ: t{]-a, chn, jo-P, hn-t\m-Zv, IÆ≥, D-Æn. k-tlm-Z-c߃: e-£v-an-°p-´n, btim-Z, `m¿-K-hn.

\o-te-iz-cw: ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-°-Æ-s‚ `m-cy \o-tc-iz-c-sØ sI sI tZ-h-In (88). -a-Iƒ: \-fn\n. a-cp-a-I≥: Ip-™n-°Æ≥. k-tlm-Z-c-߃: ]m-dp, \m-cm-b-Wn, Ip™n-°-Æ≥, b-tim-Z.

X-e-t»cn: ssk-Zm¿]≈n \m-eI-Øv]p-cnb¬ Ip-™-ep (80) ]q-gn-Ø-ebn¬ acn®p. `¿-Ømhv: ]-tc-X\m-b ]-Sn-∏p-cbv°¬ A-–p¬- JmZ¿. a-°ƒ: P-em-ep-±o≥, l^v-kØv, ]-tc-Xcm-b alvaqZv, d-kmJv, A-–p¿dkmJv. a-cp-a-°ƒ: I_o¿, P-ao-e, \-ko-a, jao-a, \-koa.

Imk¿-tImUv: t_-\qcn-se sI hn Ir-jvW≥ (81). `mcy: sI kn am-[hn. a°ƒ: N{μm-h-Xn, hm-k-¥n, cXv-\m-I-c≥ ({Km-ao-W_m-¶v s]-¿-f-Sp-°w), ca-Wn, e-£v-an (A-[ym]n-I, Aw-t_-Zv-I¿ lb¿-sk-°≥-U-dn- kvIqƒ s]-cn-b), Kmb{Xn (A-[ym-]n-I, N-´©m¬ l-b¿-sk°≥U-dn kv-Iqƒ), cm[ma-Wn (A-[ym-]n-I, Sn.sF.F-®v.F-kv.Fkv \m-b-∑m¿-aqe). a-cpa°ƒ: Ip™-ºp (dn-´. X-l-kn¬-Zm¿), cm-a-N{μ≥ (dn-´. sl-Uv-amÿ), Aw-_p-Pm£n, _m-e-Ir-jv-W≥, Ip™n-°-Æ≥ (dn-´. in-ckv-XZm¿), c-ho-{μ≥ (A-[ym-]-I≥, K-h. lb¿-sk-°≥U-dn kvIqƒ, sN-Ω-\m-Sv), {]im-¥≥ (A-[ym-]I≥, Sn.sF.F-®v.F-kv.Fkv \m-b-∑m-¿aq-e).

B-e-Øq¿: ta-em¿-tImSv Xp-º-bn¬]d-ºv ambm-≠n-bp-sS a-I≥ Irjv-W≥ (65). `mcy: kXy-`m-a. a°ƒ: _m_p, \n-hmkv, A-Pb≥, P-b\n-hmkv, tc-Wp-ImtZhn, c-Pn-X. a-cp-a°ƒ: A≥]v, I-f-b-civ. ktlm-Z-c߃: N-{μ≥, cp‹n-Wn.

Ip-ªn-¸m-¯p F-S° - m-Sv: a-W∏ - p-dw kvIq-fn-\p k-ao]-sØ ]tc-X\ - m-b C-{_m-lo-ans‚ `m-cy Ip-™n-°f - Øn¬ Ip-™n-∏m-Øp (80). a-°ƒ: _o-®, a-Po-Zv, Ae-hn. a-cp-a° - ƒ: kp-ld - , dm-_n-b, ]-tc-X\ - m-b apl-ΩZ- v. J-_d - S- ° - w C-∂p cm-hnse 10\v a-W∏ - p-dw Pp-ama-kvP - n-Zv J_¿ÿm\n¬.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø-∂q¿: cm-a-¥-fn sIm-Δ-∏p-dw ]p-Xn-b-]-dº-Øv Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (86). `m-cy: sI hn Ip™-Ω. a-°ƒ: cp-KvanWn, cm-a-N-{μ≥, eo-e, k-c-kz-Xn, kp-tc-{μ≥, Kw-Km-[-c≥ (Zp-_-bv). acp-a-°ƒ: e-£va-W≥, h¬-k-e, cm-Po-h≥, e£v-a-W≥, k-Pn-X, Zmtam-Z-c≥, kp-Pn-X. ktlm-Z-c-߃: tKm-hnμ≥, Ir-jv-W≥, am-WnIyw, tZ-h-In, I-eym-Wn, Zm-tam-Z-c≥, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-™n-cm-a≥.

Ip-ªn-¡-®³ ]-ø-∂q¿: F-®n¬-sam-´bn-se B-Zy-Im-e Xø¬ sXm-gn-em-fn Hm-W∏-d-ºv a-Ø-Øv h-f-∏n¬ Ip-™n-°-Æ≥ (80). `mcy: ]p-Xn-b]p-c-bn¬ btim-Z. a-°ƒ: a-t\mPvIp-am¿ (ku-Zn), hnt\m-ZvIp-am¿, A-\n¬Ipam¿, {io-P. a-cp-a-°ƒ: ]p-jv-], {io-P, I-a-em£n, ]p-jv-]-P.

lp-kbv³ X-e-∏p-g: X-e-∏pg 46mw ssa¬ Ip∂-Øv lpkbv≥ (85). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b Ip-™man. a°ƒ: ap-kvX-^, Ajvd^v, C-{_m-low, ^ukn-b. a-cp-a°ƒ: sj-ao\, B-bn-i, A-kokv.

\m-cm-b-W³ \-¼ymÀ Xe∏p-g: h-c-bm¬ Fkv.F≥.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ dn-´. sl-Uv-am-ÿ I-S-b{]-Øv \m-cm-b-W≥ \ºym¿ (97). `mcy: k-tcmPn-\nb-Ω. a-°-ƒ: c-a, {]k-∂, hn-]n≥- N-{μ≥ (sl-Uv-am-ÿ, Fkv.F≥.F¬.]n kv-Iqƒ h-c-bm¬, ]-©m-b-ØwKw X-hn-™m-¬), ssi-eP, kp-Pm-X, am-[-hn°p´n, kp-a, A-\n¬-Ipam¿. a-cp-a°ƒ: hn-iz\mY≥, _m-e-Ir-jvW≥, kp-Pm-X, Zm-tamZc≥, {io-[-c-°p-dp∏v, cLp-\m-Yv, {]-`m-Ic≥, kpa.

Ip-ª-¼p ]-ø∂ - q¿: kzm-X{- ¥yka-ct- k-\m-\n-bpw tIm¨{K-kv {]-h¿-ØI - \ - p-am-b A-∂q-cn-se Xo-°S- n Ip™-ºp (83). `m-cy: In-gs - °-]p-cb - n¬ am-[h - n. a-°ƒ: X-ºm-bn, h¬-ke - , Kn-cn-P, Kn-coi≥ (Hm-t´m- ss{U-h¿), ]-tc-Xc - m-b Ko-X, Ip™n-°r-jvW - ≥. a-cp-a°ƒ: ]-fl\ - m-`≥, _m-eIr-jvW - ≥, N-{μ≥, {ioP (]-cn-bm-cw k-lI - c - W lr-Zb - m-eb - ). ktlm-Zc - ß - ƒ: I-Æ≥, tIm-c≥, Ip-™n-cm-a≥, Ip-©n-cn.

B-e-∏p-g: h-S-°≥- ]m-´p-I-fn-se ho-c-I-Y-I-sf ae-bm-f kn-\n-a-bv-°p k-Ωm-\n-® Xn-c-°-Ym-Ir-Øv im-cw-K-]m-Wn (86) A-¥-cn-®p. C-∂-se D-®-bv-°v 1.45Hm-sS tN¿-Ø-e-bn-se- kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bnem-bn-cp-∂p A-¥yw. hr-°-bv-°p tcm-Kw _m-[n-®v adnbw Ben G-sd-\m-fm-bn In-S-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]m-Xn-c-∏-≈n Xet»cn: ]p-t∂m¬ {]- am-X-aw-Kew: Ip-‰q¿ Pp_n-Pp- \n-hm-kn¬ C-f-bkv h-f-∏n¬ \o-cm-‰n¬ a- am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\p k-ao-]w dn-bw (73). ]-tc-X\m-b hn bp B-en (54). `m-cy: a-I≥ _n-Pp-hn-s\m-∏-amA-_p-hn-s‚ `m-cy-bmWv. _o-^m-Øn-a. a°ƒ: B- bn-cp-∂p Xm-a-kw. kwaIƒ: ^m-Øn-a _ohn. a- _n-Zv, A-–p¬ hm-lnZv kv-Im-cw C-∂v 10.30\v hocp-aI≥: B≥-kn¿. (C-cp-h-cpw ku-Zn), hm´p-h-f-∏n¬ \-S-°pw. ln-Z. a-cp-aI≥: lwk. 60Hm-fw kn-\n-a-IƒAÂ-sF-\n -acn¨p °v Xn-c-°-Y F-gp-Xn-b Xn-cq¿: Xn-cq¿ tIm-´v kvBâ-Wn BÀ-¯p¦Ä im-cw-K-]m-Wn-bp-sS FIq-fn-\p k-ao-]-sØ ]-cn- Ip-μaw-Kew: Ip-‰n-°mbm-c-Øv sam-bv-Xo≥-Ip´q¿ ss]-tßm-´p-]p-dw _- ´p Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ h-S°≥- ]m-´n-s\ B-[m-c´n F-∂ Ip-™ntY¬ ho-´n¬ B‚-Wn am- ° n- b p- ≈ - X m- b n- c p- im-cw-K-]m-Wn tam≥(52) A¬ sF-\n¬- B¿-Øp-¶ƒ (54). acn®p. 25 h¿-j-°m-e-am- tIm-gn-t°m-Sv sa-Un-°¬ ∂p. h-S-°≥- ]m-´n-se Ibn A¬-sF-\nembntIm-f-Pn¬ F-Iv-kv-td hn- Ym-]m-{X-ß-sf sX-°≥ tI-c-f-Øn¬ ho-c-]-cn-thcp∂p tPm-en. am-Xm-hv: `m-K-Øn¬ A-‰≥Uj-tØm-sS ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ C-t±-l-ØnXn-Øn-ap. `m-cy: ssa-aq-\. dmWv. `mcy: tKfn (em-_v s‚ Xn-c-°-Y-Iƒ G-sd ]-¶p-h-ln-®p. B-tcm-a-epa-°ƒ: X-kv-\n, \n-bm-kv, sS-Iv-\o-jy, cmw-\m-Yv \Æn, ]m-em-´v tIm-a≥, D-Æn-bm¿-®, I-S-Ø-\m-´v am\-_o¬, \n-lm¬, \gv-kn-Mv tlmw, tIm-gn°w Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bm-Wv Cu K-W-Øn-ep-≈- A-t±bow. a-cp-a-I≥: B-jn-Jv. t°m-Sv). a°ƒ: {]n≥-kn l-Øn-s‚ {]-[m-\ c-N-\-Iƒ. No-\-h-e, Xo-cw-tXk-tlm-Z-c-߃: ap-l-Ω- B‚Wn (So-®¿ {]-Ão-Pv Sp-∂ Xn-c,- k-©m-cn Xp-S-ßn-b-hb -- pw P-\-{]o-Xn t\Zv _m-h, sam-bv-Xp-´n F]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ am-¶mSn-b c-N-\-I-fm-Wv. ∂ Ip-™n-∏, \-^o-k, D- hv), {]n-b. D-Z-b- Ãp-Un-tbm D-S-a Ip-©m-t°m-bp-am-bp-≈ Ωm-Øp, J-Zo-P. B-Xv-a-_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ I-cp-Øv. am-X-¡p-«n Nn-cp-X ap-≠p-ap-gn: Im-c-ß-c ]p- 1976-¬ I-Æ-∏-\p-Æn-bp-sS Nn-{Xo-I-c-W- th-f-bnXm-a-c-t»cn: Cu¿-t∏mdm-bn ]-tc-X-\m-b th-em- em-Wv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS B-I-kv-an-I A-¥yw. ]nW I-tÆy-cp-∏n¬ ]-tcbp-[-s‚ `m-cy am-X-°p-´n ∂o-Sv Ip-©m-t°m-bp-sS a-I≥ t_m-_≥ Ip-©mX\m-b tI-fp-hn-s‚ `m-cy (85). a-°ƒ: Nn-√-°p-´n, t°m-tbm-sSm-∏w G-Xm-\pw Nn-{X-ß-fn¬ ]-¶m-fnNn-cp-X (100). a°ƒ: Nm-cp-°p-´n, tim-`-\, im- bm-bn. D-Z-bm- Ãp-Un-tbm A-S-®p-]q-´n-b-tXm-sS imthep, Ip-™n-cma≥, ¥, jm-Pn, \m-cm-b-Wn, cw-K-]m-Wn Xn-c-°-Y-bp-sS tem-I-Øp- \n-∂v kzPm\p, amfp, Ia-e, ]-tc- k-c-kp. a-cp-a-°ƒ: [¿-a- bw H-gn-™p-\n¬-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. `m-cy: ]-tc-XX\m-b A-ø-∏≥. cm-P≥, {io-a-Xn, Pn-j. bm-b {]-tim-`n-\n. a-°ƒ: I-e, Pq-e, _n-Pp.

ss_¡pw _Êpw Iq-«n-bn-Sn-¨v bp-hm-hv a-cn-¨p

Hm-ß√q¿: ss_°pw _ pw Iq-´n-bn-Sn-®v ss_-°v bm-{Xn-I\m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn®p. Im-c-°m-Sv tN-cn-°√nse Xm-g-tØ-Xn¬ ap-l-Ω-Z-en-bp-sS a-I≥ k-I-cn-ø (20) B-Wv a-cn-®Xv. C∂-se ssh-Io´v A-©n\v Hmß√q-cn-se am-Sn¬ h-®m-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw.

^m-Xzn-atX-™n-∏-ew: \otcm¬-∏-ew ]-tc-X\m-b sXm-≠n-t°mS≥ D-Æo≥-Ip-´n-bpsS `m-cy ^m-Xzn-a (65). a-°ƒ: A-–p-kemw, ap-Po-_v, ap-\o¿, J-ZoP, P-ao-e, dm-_n-b, adn-bp-Ω, d-kn-b, \ko-d, dp-_o-\.-

I-Wm-c³ \mbÀ

_m-e-Ir-jvW³

i-¦-c-³

_m-ep-t»cn: tIm-fn-°S- h - nse A-co-°c - I-Wm-c≥ \mb¿ (72). `mcy: A-Ωm-fpAΩ. a°ƒ: c-tai≥ (an¬-a Ub-dn tIm-gn-t°m-Sv), ]Xvan\n, X¶w, Ko-X (kn-]vtIm sS-Ivk - v‰ - b - n¬-kv a-μ¶m-hv). a-cp-a°ƒ: hmkp (tN-f∂ - q-cv), {]-`m-Ic≥ (hnap-IvX - `- S- ≥), _m-e≥ \ºym¿ (tIm-´q¿ ]-©mbØv ap≥- Aw-Kw), _-_n-X.

Ftf-‰n¬: tRfn-°p-∂pΩ¬ _me-Ir-jvW≥ (70˛ dn-´tb¿Uv ]n.Uª-yp.Un Poh-\-°m-c≥). `mcy: Ieym-Wn. a°ƒ: N{μ≥, tIma-f, {]ao-f, cmPp, {ioe-X. acp-a°ƒ: tKm]m-e≥ IÆn-‰am-°n¬, Atim-I≥ Im¥-]pcw, A\ojv ss]ºm-e-t»-cn.

tKm-]m-e³-Ip-«n \mbÀ

th-ß-c: Du-c-Iw {Kma-∏-©m-b-Øv ap-≥ Aw-Kw F-≥ Sn i-¶-c≥ (63). `m-cy: k-tcm-Pn-\n. a°-ƒ: kp-\n-¬-Ip-am-¿, kp-tc-jv-Ip-am-¿, kp[o-jvIp-am-¿. a-cp-a-°ƒ: X-¶-a-Wn, k-Pn-\n, ku-Zm-an-\n. k-tlm-Zcn: A-Ωp-°p-´n.

t]-cm{º: tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hpw s\m-®m-Sv ]©mb-Øv ap≥ sk-{I-´dn-bpam-b hm-hp-t≈m-´v tKm-]m-e≥-Ip-´n \m-b¿ (79). `mcy: Pm\-Inb-Ω. a°ƒ: th-Wp-tKm]me≥, cm-P-tKm-]me≥ (hn-t√Pv Hm-^n-kv F-c-h´q¿). a-cp-a°ƒ: cm-a-N{μ≥ (a-kv°-Øv), Zo-]mdm-Wn.

dlow

Ip-ªn-t¡m-b

sam-bv-Xo³-tIm-b

I-Æq¿: Pmkvan≥ {Kq∏v I¨kv{S-£≥ Iº\n k_v tIm¨{Sm-Iv‰¿ dlow (50). Be-∏p-g- I-\I-shfn kztZ-in-bm-Wv. `mcy: kp¬-^-Øv. a°ƒ: dbo-kp-±o≥, dlo-\, ap_o-\. dlo-ans‚ \ncymW-Øn¬ Iº\n Ãm^v tbmKw A\p-tim-Nn-®p. amt\-PnMv Ub-d-IvS¿ Sn F A_v-Zp¿dlvam≥ A[y-£X hln-®p. kn sI ]hn-{X≥, sI hn kPo-Xv, Sn F apl-Ω-Zv, Pm\n-jv, C¿jm-Zv, Ipamc≥, iin, tiJ-c≥ kwkm-cn-®p.

I-Æ-t©cn: ]m¿-h-Xn-]pcw tdm-Uv F hn Ip-™nt°m-b (70). `m-cy: \-^ok. a°ƒ: k-aZv, I-cow (Zp_-bv), bq-\pkv, B-bnim_n, d-jo-Z, kpl-d. acp-a°ƒ: tIm-b´n. d^oJv, ss^k¬, B-_nZ, ko-\Øv, X-kv\n.

_m-ep-t»cn: F-I-cq¬ Ip-gn-°mS-Øv sam-bvXo≥-tIm-b (69). a°ƒ: d-jo-Zv˛j-co^v (Zp-_-bv), \-ko-d, ap-\o-d, ^-ko-e. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-_vZp¬ Akokv, _-jo¿ (ko-Xnkm-ln-_v sa-tΩm-dn-b¬ kv-Iqƒ hn.H.Sn), _-jo¿ Iq-S-Øm-bn, Xm-ln-d X®w-s]m-bn¬, j¿jm-Z Hm¿-°m-t´-cn.

am-[h³

{io\n-hm-k³ ]d-ºn¬_-km¿: ]\-bØn-߬ Xma-kn°pw s]m∂m-eØv {io\n-hmk≥ (70). `mcy: {]`m-hX - n. a°ƒ: k\qPv (C-eI - v{Sojy≥), kn\n, knPn. acp-a°ƒ: inh-{]-km-Zv, ssj Pp. k©-b\w hymgmgvN.

A-_q-_-¡À lm-Pn

]-Xva-\m`³

h-SI-c: ssh-°n-e-t»-cn sIm-∏-c-°-f-Øn¬ (]m-dt»-cn) A-_q-_-°¿ lmPn (75). `m-cy: ]-tc-Xbmb \-^o-k. a°ƒ: k-^nb, A-kv-a,ip-°q¿ (_lv-dbv≥), lm-P-d, d-lvaØv, A≥-ko-d.

sIm-bn-em≠n: sN-tßm´p-Im-hv s]-cp-ºn¬ ]-Xva\m-`≥ (70). `mcy: ]-tcXbm-b amfp. a°ƒ: cmP≥, ss_Pp, kuan\n, do-\. a-cp-a°ƒ: _n-μp, k‘y, Ir-jvW≥-Ip´n, A∏p.

th-em-bp[³ Xn-cp-h-ºmSn: Xn-cp-h-ºmSn F-tÃ-‰v Po-h-\-°mc≥ sXm-≠n-Ω¬ C-cp∂p-°p-gn th-em-bp-[≥ (49). `mcy: ko-X. a°ƒ: en≥-j, kn≥-j. k-tlmZc≥: cmP≥ (Xn-cp-h-ºmSn F-kv-t‰-‰v).

_m-ep-t»cn: _m-ep-t»-cn A¿-_≥ _m-¶v dn-´. Imjy¿ Ip-‰n-°m-´n¬ hn F am-[h - ≥ (75). s]-®q«n `m-cy: Fw sI k-tcm-Pn\n ta-∏-øq¿: P-\-Io-b-ap-°n- (dn-´. F-®v.Fw. tZ-it- kse ]-tc-X\mb ssh-Zyhm F.bp.]n kvI - qƒ Ip-dp¿I-≠n sN-dn-tbI-s‚ `m- sºm-bn¬). a°ƒ: cmcy s]-Æq-´n (95). a-°ƒ: Poh≥, c-Pojv, c-Pn-X, doIp-amc≥, _m-e-Ir-jv W≥, Zm-tam-[c≥, N-{μn- P. - pI. a-cp-a-°ƒ: i-¶-c≥ sN- a-cp-a°ƒ: _m_p, P-bI am¿ (A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dw), jndp-h-Æq¿, I-eym-Wn, kn-X, _n≥kn. tZhn, am-[hn, Pm-\In.

ap-l-½Zv l-_o_v I-t°mSn: ]-Sn-™m-sd am-fn-b° - ¬ d-lva - Ø - v a≥kn-en¬ ap-lΩ-Zv l-_o_v (35˛a-kv° - Ø - v). ]nXmhv: F≥ ]n kn A-_vZp¿-dk - mJv. am-Xmhv: Cºn-®man-\ _ohn. `m-cy: ]-∂nb-¶c - ap-\n-hn√-bn¬ ap-lΩ - Z- n-s‚ a-Iƒ P-kod. k-tlm-Zc - ߃: \-kvØq¿ (a-e_ - m-cn ^m-j≥ Pz√-dn), ju-°Øv, AIv_¿, d-lva - Øv.

Ip-ªn-¡-Wmc³ t]-cm{º: B-h-f-bn-se sX-s° Np≈n-tbm-Øv IÆ-s‚ a-I≥ Ip-™n°-Wm-c≥ (51). am-Xmhv: ]-tc-Xbm-b am-Wn-°w. `mcy: cm-[. a°ƒ: c-P\ojv, c-Pojv, c-Pn-e.

cm-cn-¨-¡p-«n _m-ep-t»cn: D-t≈y-cn-bnse Nn-Ωm-t©-cn-bn¬ cmcn-®° - p-´n (77). `mcy: s]Æp-°p-´n. a°ƒ: \-fn\n, eo-e, tZhn, c-ho-{μ≥, caWn, _nμp. a-cp-a°ƒ: A-\n¬, c-Lp (C-cp-hcpw ]p¬-∏≈ - n), tam-l\≥ (_m-ep-t»-cn), thWp (s]-cn-ß√q-cv), k-t¥mjv (I-ºf - ° - m-Sv, h-b\ - m-Sv), ePn-X.

^m-¯n-a ]øm-\°¬: ]S∂-hf∏vv sI sI Jm-Z¿ `m-cy ^m-Øn-a (65). a°ƒ: A^vk - Øv, P-ao-e, tIm-btam≥.

aWÂtem-dn-bn-Sn-¨v ImÂ\S-bm-{X-¡m-c³ a-cn-¨p

]-ø∂ - q¿: hn-fb - m-t¶m-Sv in-ht- £-{X-Øn-\p k-ao-]w a-W¬ Ib-‰n-h∂ t- em-dn-bn-Sn-®v Im¬-\S- b - m-{X-°mc≥ a-cn-®p. I-S∂ - ∏ - ≈ - n In-gs - ° I-ch - Æ - m-Øn-s∏mbn-en-se {]-Xn-tbm-c-Øv c-ho-{μ≥ (40) B-Wv C-∂se cm-hn-se A-t©m-sS-bp-≠m-b A-]-I-S-Øn¬ acn-®X - v. X-fn-∏d - º - n¬ \n-∂p ]-ø∂ - q-cn-te-°p h-cn-Ib - m-bncp-∂ sI.F¬ 5- 8.1122 \-º¿ tem-dn- c-ho-{μ-s\ C-Sn-® ti-jw \-Sp-tdm-Un¬ a-dn-bp-Im-bn-cp-∂p. C-tXm-sS ssl-th-bn¬ G-sd t\-cw K-Xm-KX - w X-S - s - ∏-´p. cho-{μ-s‚ `m-cy Kn-cn-P. a-°ƒ: A-`n-Pn-Øv, {]-Pn-Øv.

Po-¸v ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v FÂ.-sF.-kn G-Pâv a-cn-¨p I-Sp-Øp-cp-Øn: I-≈p-am-bn t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂ Po∏v ss_-°n-en-Sn-®v F¬.--sF.-kn G-P‚m-b bp-hm-hv a-cn-®p. kp-lr-Øn-\v Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn ]-cn-t°-‰p. Bbmw-Ip-Sn Ip-º-f-Øp-t»-cn A-Pn ({io-i≥-˛42) BWv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se 12-Hm-sS B-∏m-©n-d ^-b¿-tÃj-\v k-ao-]-sØ h-f-hn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. {io-i≥ A]-I-Sÿ-e-Øp -X-s∂ a-cn-®p.- `m-cy: I-hn-X. a-°ƒ: l-cn-\-μ≥, {io-l-cn. ]-cn-t°-‰- B-bmw-Ip-Sn am-a-e t_-_n(52)-sb hn-Z-Kv-[ Nn-In-¬kbv-°m-bn tIm-´bw sa-Un-°¬ tIm-f-Pv B-ip]-{Xn-bn-te-°v am-‰n.

t^m-t«m-sb-Sp-¸v tI-{μ-¯n hr-² Ip-g-ªp-ho-Wp a-cn-¨p

Nm-cpw-aq-Sv: kv-am¿-´v Im¿-Un-\m-bn t^m-t´m-sb-Sp°m-s\-Øn-b hr-≤ t^m-t´m-sb-Sp-∏v tI-{μ-Øn¬ Ip-g-™p-ho-Wp a-cn-®p. Np-\-°-c tIm-a-√q¿ N-°ti-cn¬ h-S-°-Xn¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b cm-L-h≥-\m-b-cpsS `m-cy `m¿-K-hn-b-Ω (78) B-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. C-∂-se ssh-Io-´v 6.-30Hm-sS tIm-a-√q¿ F≥.-F-kv.-F-kv I-ctbm-K a-μn-c-Øn-em-Wv kw-`-hw. a-°ƒ: tKm-]m-eIr-jv-W≥, ]-¶-Pm-£n-b-Ω. a-cp-a-°ƒ: k-c-kz-Xnb-Ω, ]-tc-X-\m-b Ip-´≥-]n-≈.-

ImÀ-Xymb\n

kp-[m-Ic³

ImÀ-Xymb-\n

hmkp

\-^o-k -

tNm-bn

Ip-ªn-ap-l-½-Zv-

ap-l-½-Zv-

H-f-h-Æ- Np¶w: t]-tS߬ N-¥p-hn-s≥ `m-cy Im¿-Xym-b-\n (69). a°ƒ: t__n, ]p-jv], X-¶, A-Pn-X, h¬k-e, jo-e, jmPp, ssj-Pp. acp-a°ƒ: ]-tc-X\m-b `cX≥, _m_p, N-{μlmk≥, {]-Zo]≥, chn, P-em-j.

_m-ep-t»cn: tN-f-∂q¿ I-Æ-¶-c-bn¬ I-°m-´pΩ¬ kp-[m-I-c≥ (62). B-Xva-hn-Zym-kw-Lw {]h¿-Ø-I\pw ]m-cº-cy ssh-Zy-kw-Lw kwÿm\ ssh-kv {]-knU‚pam-bn-cp∂p. `mcy: ]-¶-Pm£n. a°ƒ: lcn, A-ar-X.

_m-ep-t»cn: A-d-∏o-Sn-Ibn¬ ]m-W-cvI-≠n ]-tcX\m-b N-¥p-Ip-™≥ B-im-cn-bp-sS `m-cy Im¿Xym-b-\n (75). a-°ƒ: i-in-[c≥, cmP≥, hn-iz-\mY≥, h¬k-e, tim-`-\. a-cpa°ƒ: h¬k-e, cm-[, iym-a, k-t¥m-jv ]-dºØv.

Ip-μa - w-Kew: Nm-Øa - wKew ]-Sn-™m-sd ]m-eØn¬ hmkp (]n hn cma≥˛70). dn-´. sl¬-Øv C≥-kvs - ]-IvS- d - m-bn-cp∂p. `m-cy: kp-tem-N\ - . a°ƒ: kp-[o¿ (km-¥z-\w tI-cf C≥-Nm¿-Pv), kp-tajv (sNb¿-am≥, \m-j\ - ¬ lyqa≥ ssd-‰vk - v I-Ωn-‰n). a-cpa°ƒ: jm-Pn\n, Ir-jvW.

sIm-t≠m-´n: ap-≠∏-ew G-°m-S≥ ju-°-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-cy Ip-\n-°m-S≥ \-^o-k (58). a°ƒ: J-Zo-P, P-aoe, km-Pn-X, ^ukn-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: A-ko-kv, A-kokv, lw-k.

th-ß-c: Du-c-Iw Ip-‰mfq-cn-se A-Øn-°m-S≥ tNm-bn (75). `m-cy: eo-e. a-°-ƒ: in-hZm-kv (Zp-_-bv), hm-kptZ-h-≥, hn-iz-\m-Y-≥, cXo-jv, ]p-jv-]-e-X, kp\n-X. a-cp-a-°-ƒ: ssj-ae-X, A-Pn-X, Zo-], hn-Pb-≥, cm-P-≥.-

Xm-\m-fq¿: ]-I-c Xo≠m-∏m-d-°p k-ao-]w ]m-te-cn Ip-™n-ap-l-ΩZv (85). a-°ƒ: ap-l-Ω-Zen, lp-kbv≥,^m-Øn-a, dp-Jn-b, k-^n-b. a-cp-a-°ƒ: Im-kn (kuZn), _m-h, sam-bv-Xo≥Ip-´n, ^m-Øn-tamƒ, ^mØn-a.-

F-S-∏mƒ: s\-√n-t»-cn ]tc-X-\m-b I-gp-¶n¬ Ip™m-∏-bp-sS a-I≥ ap-lΩ-Zv (75). `m-cy: \-^o-k. a-°ƒ: C{_m-low, d-j-o-Zv, j-d-^p±o≥, ^-{Iq-±o≥ (\m-ept]-cpw Zp-_-bv), a-Po-Zv, \q-dp-±o≥ (J-Ø¿), ssee, d-Pp-e, ^m-Øn-a, j^o-e.-

hml-\m-]-I-S-¯n hn-ZymÀ-Yn a-cn-¨p sIm-√w: hm-l-\m-]-I-S-Øn¬ ]-cn-t°-‰v Nn-In¬-kbn-em-bn-cp-∂ π-kv-Sp hn-Zym-¿-Yn a-cn-®p. ]-≈n-tØm´w cm-Po-hv \-K¿ lo-cm a≥-kn-en¬ _-jo-dn-s‚ aI≥ jm-lp¬- l-ao-Zm(17)Wv a-cn-®-Xv. I-gn-™ Xn-¶fm-gv-N D-®-bv-°v 2.-30\v A-b-Øn¬ P-Mv-j-\n-se amen-°-c Pp-am-a-kv-Pn-Zn-\v k-ao-]-am-bn-cp-∂p A-]-ISw. I-cn-t°m-Sv Sn.-sI.-Fw ]-ªn-Iv kv-Iqƒ hn-Zym¿Yn-bm-b jm-lp¬ l-aoZv kp-lr-Øv d-Du-^p-samØvv ss_-°n-¬ h-c-th A-b-Øn¬ am-en-°-c ]-≈nbv-°v k-ao-]-Øv h-®v Im-dn¬ X-´n C-cp-h-cpw tdm-Unte-°v sX-dn-®p-ho-Wp. Cu k-a-bw ss_-°n-\v ]n∂n¬ h∂ Hm-t´m Chsc C-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]cn-t°-‰ C-cp-h-sc-bpw B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ F-Øn-s®¶n-epw jm-lp¬ -l-ao-Zv C-∂-se a-cn-®p. d-Du-^v kzIm-cy B-ip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Nn-In¬-k-bn-em-Wv. A-]-IS-w hcp-Ønb Im¿ \n¿-Øm-sX t]m-bn. am-Xm-hv: \nlm-d. k-tlm-Z-cn: A¬-^n-b.-

Sn-¸À- ss_-¡n-en-Sn-¨v bphXn a-cn-¨p Im-fn-

]m-¯p-½ l-Öp-½

JZo-P

th-ep

Ip-«³-

F-S-h-Æ: I-√n-Sp-ºv Ip-∏-‰-Ip-∂n-se ]-tcX-\m-b Io-gm-S≥ IÆ≥-Ip-´n-bp-sS `m-cy Im-fn (65).

h-fm-t©-cn: tNm-‰q-cnse sN-ß-W-°m-´n¬ ]-tc-X-\m-b _o-cm-s‚ `m-cy ]m-Øp-Ω l-÷pΩ (75).

Xm-ac - t- »cn: Ip-Sp-°n¬ D-Ωm-cw sh-¶W - ° - ¬ JZo-P (75). a°ƒ: ]-tcXbmb B-bn-i, a-dn-b, Cºn-®n-∏mØp, B-an-\.

Xm-\q¿: ap-t°m-e ]-cnbm-]p-c-sØ sX-t°]p-dØv th-ep (D-Æn-˛57). `mcy: Pm-\-In. a-°ƒ: _m_p, c-ta-i≥, c-P-\n. a-cpa-°ƒ: kp-tc-jv, B-i.-

h-≠q¿: ]q-f-°¬ kXy≥ ]-Sn-bn¬ a-\-°mS≥ Ip-´≥ (70). `m-cy: X¶. a-°ƒ: i-in, im-¥. acp-a-°ƒ: do-\, Ir-jvW≥.-

tXm-a-kn-\v ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn sF.-F.-F-kv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ B-tcm-]-W-hn-t[-b-\m-b ]n sP tXm-a-kns\ \ym-bo-I-cn-®v tI-c-f-Øn-se sF.F.Fkv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\-Xn-cm-bn kp-{]nw-tIm-S-Xn-bnep-≈ ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ I-£n-tN-cp-∂Xn-\p-f-f km-[y-X-Iƒ B-cm-bp-sa-∂pw sF.---F.---F-kv D-tZym-K-ÿ-cp-sS kw-L-S-\bm-b sF.F.-Fkv Hm-^n-tk-gv-kv A-tkmkn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-Ip-dn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p. tI-c-f-Øn¬ sF.F.-Fkv tI-U-dn¬ h¿-j-ß-tfm-fw an-I-® tk-h-\w Im-gv-N-h® D-tZym-K-ÿ-\m-Wv ]n sP tXm-a-kv. 20 h¿-j-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv ]m-sam-en≥ tIkp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´v A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cv \n-£n-]v-X- Xm¬-∏-cy-Øn-s‚ `m-K-am-bn Db¿-∂p-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tI-kn-s‚ b-Ym¿-Y h-kv-Xp-X a-\-∏q¿hw a-d-®p-]n-Sn-®v Ip-‰-a-‰ co-Xn-bn¬ 37 h¿-jsØ k¿-ho-kv ]q¿-Øn-bm-°n-b ]n sP

tXm-a-kn-s\ am-[y-a-{]-Nm-c-W-Øn-eq-sS ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn-te-°p h-en-®n-g-bv-°p-Ibm-Wv. ]m-sam-en≥ tI-kn¬ ]n sP tXm-akn-s\-Xn-tc t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥ A-\p-a-Xn-bn√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ A-t±-l-sØ tI-{μ hn-Pne≥-kv I-Ωo-j-W¿ ÿm-\-Øp \n-b-an-°p∂-Xn¬ X-S- -an-s√-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tbj≥ hy-‡-am-°p-∂p. ]n sP tXm-a-kn-s\Xn-cm-b tI-kp-Iƒ X-≈n-b-Xn-s\- Xp-S¿∂m-Wv A-t±-l-sØ kw-ÿm-\- No-^v sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn k¿-°m¿ \n-b-an-®-Xv. A-tkm-kn-tb-j-s‚ Im-gv-N-∏m-Sn¬ ]n sP tXm-a-kv hn-iz-kv-X-\m-Wv. A-t±-l-Øns\-Xn-cm-b B-tcm-]-W-߃ cm-{„o-b-t{]cn-X-am-Wv. C-Xp-kw-_-‘n-® A-t\z-j-WØn-se \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-ß-fn¬ Ir-{Xn-aw \-S∂n-´p-≠v. C-t∏mƒ \-S-°p-∂-Xv ]n sP tXma-kn-s\-Xn-cm-b am-[y-a-hn-Nm-c-W- am-{X-amsW-∂pw A-tkm-kn-tb-j≥ hm¿-Øm-°pdn-∏n¬ A-dn-bn-®p.

tKm-]me³

\-cn-°p\n: ]m-tem-fn-Ømgw am-º-‰-°-≠n-bn¬ tKm]m-e≥ (63). `mcy: {]-`mhXn. a°ƒ: jn≥Pp, jnPp, _nμp. a-cp-a-°ƒ kptcjv Ip-μ-aw-Kew, kpcWy, tam-\n-j.

A_p

tKm-]m-e³-

Hm-a-t»cn: sIm√-cp-I≠n-bn¬ A-_p (59). `mcy: ssk\-_. a°ƒ: B-bn-i, kp-ss_-Z, _jo¿, ss^k¬, Xm-Pp±o≥, \u-jmZv.

Xn-cq¿: sh-´w ap-dn-h-gn°¬ tNm-bn-∏w I-≠n tKm-]m-e≥ (70). `m-cy: Pm-\-In. a-I≥: Zm-k≥. a-cp-a-Iƒ: Iu-k-ey.

t]m-en-kp-ImÀ-¡v CâÀ-s\-äv ku-I-cy-ap-Å sam-ss_ t^m¬ ]-cn-K-W-\-bnÂ: tIm-Sn-tb-cn Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: t]m-en-kv kv-t‰j-\n-se F-√m D-tZym-K-ÿ¿-°pw C‚¿-s\-‰v ku-I-cy-tØm-sS-bp-≈ sam-ss_¬ t^m¨ \¬-Ip-∂ Imcyw k¿-°m-cn-s‚ ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-emsW-∂p a-{¥n tIm-Sn-tb-cn _m-e-Irjv-W≥. tI-c-fm kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kns‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\ k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A[y-£-X h-ln-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p a{¥n. \m-e-c-h¿-j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ \n-b-an® 12,000 t]m-en-kp-Im-cn¬ 60 i-X-am\-hpw A-Sn-ÿm-\ tbm-Ky-X-tb°mƒ D-b¿-∂ hn-Zym-`ym-k-ap-≈-hcm-Wv. H-gn-hp-I-fn-√m-Ø h-Ip-∏m-bn tI-c-fm t]m-en-kn-s\ am-‰n-sb-Sp°m≥ k¿-°m-cn-\p I-gn-™p. t]men-kv h-Ip-∏n¬ C-\n-bp-≠m-hp-∂

F-√m H-gn-hp-I-fpw \n-I-Øp-∂-Xn-\v \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-°p-sa-∂pw a-{¥n ]d-™p. Zn-\w-{]-Xn-bp-≈ ]-cm-Xn-Ifn¬ Im-cy-£-a-am-bn C-S-s]-tS-≠-Xv tem-°¬ t]m-en-kv kv-t‰-j-\p-I-fmWv. C-Xn-\p Im-cy-am-b Aw-K-_-ew B-h-iy-am-Wv. Cu X-Xzw a-\- n-em°n-bm-Wv tÃ-j-\p-I-fn¬ A-Snÿm-\-am-‰w h-cp-Øn-b-Xv. kn-hn¬ t]m-en-kv \n-e-hn¬-h-∂tXm-sS km-bp-[ t]m-en-kn¬ h¿-jß-tfm-fw tPm-en sN-bv-X-Xn-\p tijw tem-°¬ t]m-en-kn-te-°p tPmen sN-tø-≠ A-h-ÿ-bv-°p am-‰w-hcpw. bp-hm-°-fpw k-a¿-∞-cp-am-b t]m-en-kp-Im-cp-sS tk-h-\w kv-t‰j-\p-I-fn¬ e-`y-am-hp-sa-∂pw tImSn-tb-cn ]-d-™p.-

tN-fm-cn: ss_-°n-\p ]n-∂n¬ Sn-∏¿-tem-dn-bn-Sn-®v bph-Xn a-cn-®p. aq-∂n-bq¿ sh-fn-ap-°n-se sh-ºm-e d-joZn-s‚ `m-cy kp-lv-dm-_n(30)bm-Wv a-cn-®-Xv. tN-te{º C-Sn-ap-gn-°e - n¬ sNmΔmgvN ssh-Io-´v G-tgm-sSbm-Wv A-]I - S- w. k-tlm-Zc - ≥ th-ßc - h-en-tbm-d kztZ-in ]-d-b-t©-cn in-lm-_p-±o-\pw kp-lv-dm-_n-bpsS a-I≥ k¬-am-\p¬ ^m-cn-kpw (F-´v) A-]-I-SØn¬ A-Zv` - p-XI - c - a - m-bn c-£s - ∏-´p.---

Xoh-−n Zpc-´w: bp.]nbn a-c-Ww 19 B-bn e-Jv-s\m: D-Ø¿-{]-tZ-in¬ H-m-Sp-∂ Xo-h-≠n°p ap-I-fn¬ \n-∂p ho-Wp ]-cn-t°-‰ \m-ev C¥ym-˛-Xn-_-Ø≥ A-Xn¿-Øn tk-\m (sF.-Sn._n.-]n) D-tZym-Km¿-Yn-IƒIq-Sn a-cn-®p. C-tXmsS a-c-W kw-Jy 19 B-bn. _-td-en-bn¬ \-S-∂ sF.-Sn.-_n.-]n dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚ v ]-co-£-bn¬ ]-s¶Sp-Øv a-S-ßp-∂-h-cm-Wv A-]-I-S-Øn¬s∏-´-Xv. sNm-Δm-gv-N 15 t]¿ a-cn-®n-cp-∂p. ln-a-Kn-cn F-Iv-

kv-{]- n-\p ap-I-fn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X-h¿ jm-Plm≥ ]q-cnse ta¬-∏m-e-Øn-\n-Sn-®m-Wv 14 t]¿ acn®Xv. {Xn-th-Wn F-Iv-kv-{]- n-\p ap-Ifn¬ bm-{X sN-bv-X a-s‰m-cmƒ l¿-tZm-bv Pn-√bn¬ h-®p Xm-sg ho-Wp a-cn-®p. dn-{Iq-´v-sa‚n¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m≥ 11 kw-ÿm-\ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-bn H-∂-c-e-£w t]¿ _-td-en-bnse-Øn-bn-cp-∂p.

ssk\n-I slen-tIm-]v-äÀ X-IÀ-¶v ss]-e-äp-amÀ a-cn¨p

\m-kn-Iv: ssk-\n-I sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ P-e-Im-\K-dn-¬ X-I¿-∂p-ho-Wv c-≠v ss]-e-‰p-am¿ a-cn®p. Iym-]v-‰≥ `m-\p-{]-Xm-]v Kp-]v-X, ta-P¿ AXp¬ K¿-sP F-∂n-h-cm-Wp acn-®Xv. B¿-an Ghn-tb-j≥ -tIm-dn-s‚ No-‰ sl-en-tIm-]v-‰dmWv C-∂-se cm-hn-se X-I¿-∂p-ho-W-Xv. Km-‘n-\-K-dn-se ]-cn-io-e-\-tI-{μ-Øn-¬ FØn-b ss]-e-‰p-am¿ cm-hn-se ]q-s\ h-gn tKm-hbn-te-°p ]-d-°p-tºm-gm-Wv A-]-I-S-ap-≠m-bXv. ]-d-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-s° tdm-´¿ tª-Un-s‚ I-

d-°w \n-e-®-Xn-s\-Øp-S¿-∂v sl-en-tIm-]v-‰¿ H-cp _w-•m-hn-s‚ sS-d-kn¬ C-Sn-®v \n-ew-]-Xn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v Zr-Iv-km-£n-Iƒ ]-d™p. ssk-\y-Øn-s‚ c-£m-kw-L-ß-fpw A-·ni-a-\-tk-\-bpw ss]-e-‰p-am-cp-sS ar-X-tZ-l߃ I-s≠-Sp-Øp. km-t¶-Xn-I X-I-cm-¿ aq-eam-Wv tIm-]v-‰¿ X-I¿-∂-sX-∂m-Wp {]m-Y-an-I \n-K-a-\-sa-∂v \m-kn-Iv Pn-√m a-Pn-kv-t{S-‰v ]n the-c-ip A-dn-bn-®p.

verpad  

Nm-h-°mm-Sv: I-S-∏p-dw sXm-´m-∏v a-c-°-º-\n-°v In-g-°vv tXm-Wn-]p-c-°¬ _m-_p(52). `m-cy: k-Pn- X. a-°ƒ: A-\-\y, A-\- ¥-Ir-jv-W≥. ]øm-\°¬:]S∂...

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