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Athens_UrbanStrategies_Lapa2010

Chardon Marianne des Courtis Pierre Gabrielli Patrizia H e a th Steffan N Ăş Ăą e z Ele n a


SEEMS

WE HAVE A PROBLEM


unemployment % population - 2009

9.5% France 9.1% Germany 7.5% Switzerland 4.4%

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/


country’s health current account - % of GDP

0 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 -3 -6 -9 -12 -15

% of GDP

Fond monétaire internationnal, Banque Mondiale


government deficit % of GDP

-3

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

-6

-9

-12

-13.6 % of GDP -15

% of GDP http://www.banquemondiale.org/


public debt % of GDP_09

Germany 72%

France 77.5% Spain 53%

Greece 113.4% http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/04/06/business/global/european-debt-map.html?ref=europe


country’s image

junk' by Standard & Poor's

Greek bonds rated '

France and Germany bonds - Upper medium grade

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8647441.stm


bankruptcy

1/4 of athenian companies going bankrupt


GREECE is in DEEP

SH*T


expenditures % of GDP - Greece

40.9% Social Benefits

eurostat


expenditures % of GDP - Greece

40.9%

Social Benefits

24.6% Compensation of employees

eurostat


expenditures % of GDP - Greece

40.9%

Social Benefits

5.9% Investment

24.6% Compensation of employees

eurostat


corruption index Greece_2009

3.8/10 Italy 4.3/10 Spain 6.1/10 Germany 8/10 Switzerland 9/10

http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2009/cpi_2009_table


RECAP

State bad managed People can’t trust administration


high labor cost

labor cost index 4th cuatrimester 2009_last greek data registered Index, 2008=100 (SWDA)

Germany 102.4

France 102.4 Spain 106.1

Greece 112.2 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/guip/mapAction.do?mapMode=dynamic&indicator=teilm100_2#teilm100_2


low productivity

EU 97.57

industrial production index montly promedium 1-8/ 2010 _excluding construction - Index (2005=100)

Germany 104.7

France 92.94 Spain 83.69

Greece 81.75 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=0&pcode=teiis080&language=en


RECAP

State bad managed People can’t trust administration Country is uncompetitive Companies can’t afford to hire people


ageing population greek population pyramids in thousands

Greece 2010 Males

400

300

http://www.nationmaster.com

200

100

0

Greece 2020

Females 80+ 70-74 60-64 50-54 40-44 30-34 20-24 10-14 0-4

0

100

Males

200

300

400

400

300

200

100

0

80+ 70-74 60-64 50-54 40-44 30-34 20-24 10-14 0-4

Females

0

100

200

300

400


youth unemployement

EU 20%

% of unemployed young people

Germany 10%

France 24% Spain 39% Italy 28%

Greece 29% http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


RECAP

State bad managed People can’t trust administration Country is uncompetitive Companies can’t afford to hire people

No long-term vision Youth has bad perspectives


TRUST is the F***ING PROBLEM


ADONIA


ELIAS


NIKOS


REESTABLISH

TRUST


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATION


TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR


TRUST IN THE FUTURE


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATION TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR TRUST IN THE FUTURE


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATION

TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR

TRUST IN THE FUTURE


government lies government deficit _% of GDP

-3

98

-6

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

Announced -6.7 % of GDP

-9

-12

-15

% of GDP http://www.banquemondiale.org/

Real -13.6 % of GDP


« eurostat is expressing a

RESERVATION ON THE QUALITY of the data reported by Greece »

eurostat newsrelease euroindicator, 55/2010 - 22 April 2010


inefficiency of administration

only young people and 15% of the others actually work http://www.liberation.fr/economie/0101634104-payer-l-impot-c-est-etre-un-con / Philip


every Greek pays

http://www.bild.de/BILD/news/bild-english/bild-english-home/home.html

1.355 euros a year in bribes


corruption strategy

arrangement between companies and corrupted tax officials

State Compagnies Tax officials

http://www.liberation.fr/economie/0101634104-payer-l-impot-c-est-etre-un-con

2 2 4


greek state of mind

« if you pay your taxes

sources http://www.liberation.fr/economie/0101634104-payer-l-impot-c-est-etre-un-con

YOU’RE DUMB »


reestablish trust in administration

improve transparency diminish corruption tax reform


improve transparency showing where money is coming from ...

?


improve transparency ... and where it goes


improve transparency knowing who is in charge of decisions

-FINANCE -BUSINESS -ECONOMY

-ECONOMY -BUSINESS -FINANCE

-ECONOMY -FINANCE -BUSINESS


improve transparency knowing who is in charge of decisions

-FINANCE

-ECONOMY

-BUSINESS


reestablish trust in administration

improve transparency understand how it works


reestablish trust in administration

improve transparency

diminish corruption tax reform


diminish corruption contacts ...


diminish corruption ... less likely to happen


reestablish trust in administration

diminish corruption less money lost


reestablish trust in administration

improve transparency diminish corruption

tax reform


tax reform

from very low redistribution to municipalities ...

State 0.2% Athens municipality


tax reform

... to more powerfull districts

State Athens municipality


reestablish trust in administration

tax reform money better spent


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATIONS more money going in less money being lost money better spent


OUR TESTING GROUND

... EXARCHIA


exarchia in athens


activists / active


activists / active


universities’ influence


meet


print


REESTABLISH

TRUST IN ADMINISTRATION


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATIONS

TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR

TRUST IN THE FUTURE


big public sector

25% of workers in public sector


unbalanced wages

difference between public and private sector wages

sources

ct or

or ic

se

ct se Pr

iv

at

e

se ic

Pu bl

Pr

iv

at

e

se

ct

ct or

or

+ 19%

+ 56%

Pu bl

Wages


ridiculous privileges

+

=


strong public sector

40%

35%

Public sector

% of GDP

sources

Black market

eq of % of GDP


immigrants workers

67% of immigrants working in undecleared labor


trust in private sector

more fair public and private work conditions less black market encourage companies to invest


more fair public and private work conditions encourage longterm contracts in private sector

more long term contracts

private

public


more fair public and private work conditions less retirement and pensions in public sector

less benefits private public


more fair public and private work conditions

public

sources

private


trust in private sector

more fair public and private work conditions more willing to work in private


trust in private sector

more fair public and private work conditions

undeclared labour encourage companies to invest


undeclared labour blabla

facilitate integration of the immigrants threw better training


trust in private sector

undeclared labour more money going into state fund


trust in private sector

more fair public and private work conditions less black market

encourage companies to invest


encourage companies to invest financial deal

can’t afford to hire


encourage companies to invest financial deal

tax reduction when hiring first employees


trust in private sector

encourage companies to invest more/stronger private companies


TRUST IN PUBLIC SECTOR less public sector less black market more/stronger private companies


OUR TESTING GROUND

... OMONOIA


omonia in athens


athens’ crossroad


athens crossroad


lower class influences


higher class influences


confrontation of two worlds


ESTABLISH

TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATIONS

TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR

TRUST IN THE FUTURE


greece’s education competitivity

Universities ranking

0

Greek universities in the world top 200 Spain 2

http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/

France 4

Switzerland 6

Germany 14

UK 29


high unemployement

EU 7%

% of unemployed young people _with a university grade

Germany 5%

France 7% Spain 10% Italy 13%

Greece 15% http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


job mismatch

40% of mismatch between job offers and education

Sciences : 63% EU : 50% Engineering : 37% EU : 28% Health : 35% EU : 26% http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


long wait ...

Time to wait before having a job after graduation

11%

of university graduated wait more than 3 years to get a job

EU 5%

Spain 7% France 6% Switzerland 3% Italy 7%

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


people leave to study

EU 2.5%

France 2%

% of students out of their home country

Switzerland 4%

Spain 1% Italy 1%

Greece 9%

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


lack of tertiary studies

EU 8%

% of 15-24 years people with a university grade

France 15% Spain 12% Italy 3.4%

Greece 4% http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


lack of investment in education

EU 5% 0.7%

Spain 4.3% 0.6%

% of GDP invested in education Public expenses Private expenses

Germany 4.6% 1% France 5.6% 0.5%

Switzerland 5.7% 0.6%

Italy 4.7% 0.4%

Greece 4% 0.3%

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


lack of innovation

UE 11%

% of innovative companies which filed patents

Germany 20%

France 22% Spain 12% Italy 13%

Greece 3% http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/education/data/database


trust in the future

education & work market on the same page systematic ÂŤfrom the lab to productionÂť process bring brains back


students and companies 2 worlds ...


students and companies ... finally meeting


trust in the future

education & work market on the same page studies fitting job opportunities


trust in the future

education & work market on the same page

systematic ÂŤfrom the lab to productionÂť process bring brains back


research and companies collaborating in labs


trust in the future

systematic ÂŤfrom the lab to productionÂť process more innovation


trust in the future

education & work market on the same page systematic ÂŤfrom the lab to productionÂť process

bring brains back


UK

Germany

France

USA

Italy


Greece


trust in the future

bring brains back attract investors


OUR TESTING GROUND

... VOTANIKOS


Polytechnic Athens Agriculture University National & Capadostrian University

National library of Greece National & Capadostrian University


ALLOW

TRUST IN A FUTURE FOR GREECE


TRUST IN ADMINISTRATION TRUST IN PRIVATE SECTOR TRUST IN THE FUTURE


Urban Strategy_Economy  

An analisis of economy in Athens by students of the EPFL_LAPA and development of an urban strategy

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