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Illustration and Photo Credit Acknowledgments The Publisher would like to thank the following picture libraries, as well as individual copyright owners, for permission to reproduce their images. Copyright inquiries should be directed to Teach All Nations, tan@renner.org. All photographs owned and copyrighted by Teach All Nations were shot on-site by staff photographer Alexander Gladilov and by Rick Renner during original research in Turkey. Photo credits are listed by chapter and page. On pages where more than one photo appears, the following abbreviations are applied: T = top; B = bottom; L = Left; R = right; M = middle (either horizontally or vertically).

Chapter One Akg-Images 19 St. John the Theologian on the Island Patmos, akg-images; 23 Emperor Nerva, akg-images / Bildarchiv Steffen. Alamy 7 Listed under Royalty Free. Art Archive 25 Emperor Trajan, The Art Archive / Staatliche Glypothek Munich / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 34-35TM St. John on the Island of Patmos, The Art Archive / San Carlos Museum Mexico City / Gianni Dagli Orti. Glow Images 35B Aerial View of Patmos © Glow Images / Tips Images North America / Guido Alberto Rossi. Special Permissions 8 Ruins of Basilica of St. Mary, © DO-GU Publi­ cations, Dr. Mustafa Büyükkolanci; 12T Model St. John’s, www.flickr.com/photos/95454583@N00 / Slimnastics; 12B Ruins of Basilica St. John, © DO-GU Publications, Dr. Mustafa Büyükkolanci; 15-16 Emperor Domitian, Museo Archeologico dei Campi Flegrei, Archivio online / Pedicini Images © www. lucianopedicini.com; 43 Font in map: Taggettes © Dr. Marianne Steinbauer (used by per­mission), www.pia-frauss.de/fonts/fonts.htm.

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Royalty Free 1 Parchment Background with Oil Lamp © John Said, Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com; 1 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock; 2-3 Harbour of Skala, Patmos, Bigstockphoto.com; 7 Ancient Skala Harbor © 19th era / Alamy; 29 Alexander the Great, istockphoto.com / sneska; 36-40 Twelve Apostles, istockphoto.com / benedek. Teach All Nations 4 Aegean Sea and Patmos Coast; 6 Rocky Shore of Patmos; 7T Patmos Harbor; 9 Chapel on Site of Mary’s House; 10TL Ancient Walls of Mary’s House; 10TR Ancient Floor of Mary’s House; 11T Site of John’s Hilltop Home; 11M Temple of Artemis Ruins; 11B John’s Burial Site; 13 View From John’s Hilltop Home; 16 Patmos Fresco of John in Ship; 17T Cave of the Revelation; 17B View From John’s Cave; 18 Patmos Fresco of John With Converts; 21 Patmos Fresco of John’s Burial; 30 Rocky Shore of Patmos; 32 Curetes Street in Ephesus; 34B Columns of St. John Cathedral on Patmos; 43 Map of Seven Cities in Asia Minor.

Chapter Two Akg-Images 61 Gold Belt, akg-images / Werner Forman; 63 Stoning of Stephen, akg-images; 64 Transfigura­ tion, akg-images / Rabatti – Domingie; 77 Dacian Warrior, akg-images; 94-95 St. John the Evangelist, akg-images.

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Alamy 69 Patmos © Peter Molz / Alamy. Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. 55 Oil Lamp © Ronald Sheridan / Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. Art Archive 57 Christ Enthroned, The Art Archive / Byzantine Museum Athens / Gianni Dagli Orti; 60 Phoenician Gold Belt, The Art Archive / Museo Arqueológico Nacional Madrid / Granger Collection; 83 Vision of John, The Art Archive / Museo Correr Venice / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 90-91 Magi, The Art Archive / Pinacoteca Nazionale di Siena / Gianni Dagli Orti. Bridgeman Art Library 89 The Betrayal of Christ, c. 1305 (fresco), Giotto di Bondone (c. 1266-1337) / Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel, Padua, Italy / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 92 The Rich Man in Hell, illustration for “The Life of Christ,” c. 1886-94 (w/c & gouache on paperboard), Tissot, James Jacques Joseph (18361902) / Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA / The Bridgeman Art Library International. The Image Works 54 Golden Candlestick © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 67 Judaism Burnt Offering © Mary Evans Pictures Library / The Image Works; 93 Hell © Mary Evans Pictures Library / The Image Works. Special Permissions 74-75 Domitian Denarius Wikimedia Commons; 78-79 Adamclisi Metope Wikimedia Commons / Cristian Chirita; 85 Crucifixion © F. W. Wehle / Fotolibra. Royalty Free 45-84,86-95 Parchment Background,Selahattin BAYRUM / istockphoto.com; 44 Parchment, mammuth / istockphoto.com; 45-84, 86-95 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock; 47R 1st: Ephesus Ruins, istockphoto. com; 47R 3rd: Pergamum, istockphoto.com; 47R 5th: Sardis, istockphoto.com; 47R 7th: Laodicea, istockphoto.com; 51 Molten Gold, istockphoto.com / Falcor; 53 Ancient Lamp © Clifford Shirley / Fotomedia

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/ istockphoto.com; 52, 56 Oil Lamp © Yosef Erpert / Fotolia.com; 59 Enthroned Christ © Netfalls / Fotolia. com; 65 flames © MilesPhotos / Fotolia.com; 68TL Frankincense Tree, istockphoto.com / mahroch; 68TR Dried Frankincense, SuperStock.com / moodboard; 70-71 stars © Antony McAulay / Fotolia.com; 72-73 stars © pixeltrap / Fotolia.com; 81 Second Coming © joshblake / istockphoto.com; 87 Jesus Heals the Sick, Gustave Doré (1832-1883), ivan-96 / istockphoto.com. Teach All Nations 47R 2nd: Central Marketplace Underground Arches, Smyrna; 47R 4th: Thyatira ruins; 47R 6th: Phil­ adelphia Ruins; 48TL Hierapolis Hot Springs; 48TR Unexcavated Site of Colossae.

Chapter Three Akg-Images 98 Mosaic depicting the harbor, akg-images / Camera­ photo; 103 Augustus Caesar, akg-images / Bildarchiv Steffens; 107 Greek Plate Watercolor, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 122T Colosseum of Rome Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 123 Colos­seum of Rome Entrance, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 126-127M Chariot Race, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 129B Ludus Magnus Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 130T Gladiator Fight, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 136BL Theatre of Marcellus, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 136BR Roman Amphitheater, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 137T Classical Theatre Masks, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 156B Restau­ rant Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 158TL Toilet Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 160T Baths of Caracalla, akg-images; 168T, 168B Ancient Clothing, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 171 Temple Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 178-179 Acropolis of Athens, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 180-181T Temple of Athena, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 180B Relief from Temple of Athena Reconstruction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 181B Relief from Temple of Athena Recon­ struction, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 183 Artist Rendering of Athena, akg-images / Peter Connolly. Alamy 152 Hera © INTERFOTO / Alamy.

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Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. 109T Relief of Neumagen Slaves © Ronald Sheri­ dan / Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd.; 132B Fighting Lions and Bears Relief © C. M. Dixon / Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. Art Archive 106T Praetorian Guard Relief, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Gianni Dagli Orti; 110 Slave Mosaic, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Gianni Dagli Orti; 111 Freeing a Slave, The Art Archive / Museo della Civilta Romana Rome / Gianni Dagli Orti; 125 Chariot Race, The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Madrid / Gianni Dagli Orti ; 126T Horseman from Circus Maximus, The Art Archive / Museo Nazionale Terme Rome / Gianni Dagli Orti; 127T Charioteer at Circus Maximus, The Art Archive / Museo della Civilta Romana Rome / Gianni Dagli Orti; 128 Gladiators Mosaic, The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Madrid / Gianni Dagli Orti; 129T Dying Gladiator, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 130B Gladiator’s Helmet, The Art Archive / Musée Archéologique Naples / Gianni Dagli Orti; 132T Lion Fight in the Circus, The Art Archive / Museo Nazionale Terme Rome / Gianni Dagli Orti; 142TL Relief of Female Grocer, Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Ostia / Gianni Dagli Orti; 160B Baths of Caracalla, The Art Archive / Private Collection / Eileen Tweedy. Bridgeman Art Library 100-101 Ancient Ephesus from above the Theatre, engraved by William Richardson (1842-77) from “The Imperial Bible Dictionary,” published by Blackie & Son, c. 1880s (litho), Falkener, Edward (1814-96) (after) / Private Collection / Ken Welsh / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 105T The Meeting of Anthony and Cleopatra, 1883 (oil on canvas), Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence (1836-1912) / Private Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 122B Gladiators Fighting Animals in the Circus at Pompeii (colour litho), Niccolini, Antonio (1772-1850) (after) / Bibliotheque des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France / Archives Charmet / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 124 Triumph of Faith — Christian Martyrs in the Time of Nero, 65 AD (oil on canvas), Thirion, Eugene Romain (1839-1910) / Private Collection / Photo

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© Bonhams, London, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 136T Plan of the Theatre of Marcellus, Rome, 1558 (engraving), Tramezini, Michael (16th century) / Private Collection / The Stapleton Collection / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 185 St. Paul Preaching Before the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, 1885 (oil on canvas), Pirsch, Adolf (1858-1929) / Private Collection / Photo © Bonhams, London, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 186-187 The Temple of Misfortune, from “The Golden Age” (gouache on paper), Payne, Roger (b. 1934) / Private Collection / © Look and Learn / The Bridgeman Art Library International. British Museum 119 Discus-throwing Athlete © The Trustees of the British Museum. Corbis 108 Roman Relief © Roger Wood / CORBIS; 156T Restaurant Ruins © Araldo de Luca / CORBIS. National Geographics 102 Roman Merchant Ship, HERVEY GARRET SMITH / National Geographic Stock; 137B Thea­ ter Masks, JAMES L. STANFIELD / National Geographic Stock; 193 Roman Road, RICHARD NOWITZ / National Geographic Stock. Scala 105B Antony and Cleopatra © Scala / Art Resource, NY; 131 Mosaic with circus scenes © Scala/Minis­ tero per i Beni e le Attività culturali / Art Resource, NY; 134TL Mosaic with circus scenes © Scala/ Ministero per i Beni e le Attività culturali / Art Resource, NY; 140 Emperor Claudius © Scala / Art Resource, NY; 142TM Knife Seller © Scala / Art Resource, NY; 142TR Moneychangers Shop © Scala / Art Resource, NY. Thames and Hudson 161 Reconstruction by Alan Sorrell from “Chronicle of the Roman Emperors” by Chris Scarre, Thames & Hudson, London and New York.

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Special Permissions 114B Harbour Gate Reconstruction, Niemann / Austrian Archaeological Institute (used by permis­­ sion); 116M Harbour Bath Reconstruction, Nie­ mann (1902) / Austrian Archaeological Institute (used by permission); 191, 196-197 Font in maps: Taggettes © Dr. Marianne Steinbauer (used by permission), www.pia-frauss.de/fonts/fonts.htm. Royalty Free 107-113 Burlap Background, istockphoto.com; 113 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock; 192 Oval Plaza, Jerash, syolacan / istockphoto.com; 194 The Cardo in Jerash, WitR / istockphoto.com. Teach All Nations 96-97 Curetes Street in Ephesus; 106B Brothel Advertisement; 114T Harbor Boulevard (Arcadi­ ane); 115 Arcadiane; 116T Domitian’s Harbor Bathhouse; 116B Altars at Domitian Harbor Bathhouse; 117 Steps to Theater; 118 Plateia in Coressus Street; 120 Stadium Entrance; 121TL Stadium Wall; 121TR Stadium Seats; 121BL Glad­ iator Entrance; 121BR Gladiator Graves; 133BL Gladiator on Gravestone; 133BR Gladiator on Gravestone; 134-135 Great Theater; 138 Theater Seats; 139 Columns of Ephesus Central Market­ place; 141 Ephesus Central Marketplace; 142B Ephesus Central Marketplace Ruins; 143 Hall of Nero; 144T Temple of Serapis; 144B Temple of Serapis Column; 145 Gate of Mazeus and Mithri­ dates; 146-147 Celsus Library; 148 Site of School of Tyrannus; 149 Walkway to Brothel; 150-151 Curetes Street; 153 Marble Room in Terrace House; 154 Terrace House; 155 Frescoes in Terrace House; 156-157 Mosaic Walkway; 158TR Public Toilets; 159T Columns in Central Bathhouse; 159B Steps to Central Bathhouse; 162L Steps to Temple of Domi­ tian; 162-163M Domitian Square; 163R Fountain of Domitian; 164T Head and Hand of Domitian Statue; 164-165B Altar of Temple of Domitian; 165T Temple of Domitian Decorated Column; 166 Ephesus Basilica Columns; 167 Basilica Column Top; 169 Ephesus Upper Marketplace; 170T Red Granite from Temple of Isis; 170M Temple of Isis Ruins; 172 Prythaneum; 173 Temple of Dea Roma; 174 Bouleterion/Odeion; 175 Upper Bathhouse and Gymnasium; 176 South Road; 177 Magnesia Gate; 184 Artemis Idol; 188 Temple of Artemis

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Ruins; 189 Artemis Idol; 191 Map of Asia Minor; 196-197 Map of Ancient Ephesus.

Chapter Four Akg-Images 211 The Sermon of the Apostle Paul, akg-images / Cameraphoto. Art Archive 220 Relief of Domitius Ahenobarbus, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Gianni Dagli Orti. Bridgeman Art Library 218-219 Miracles of St. Paul at Ephesus, 1693 (oil on canvas), Restout, Jean (1663-1702) / Musee des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, France / Lauros / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 229 The City of Ephesus from Mount Coressus, engraved by T. Picken, 1859 (colour litho), Falkener, Edward (1814-96) (after) / Bibliotheque des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France / Archives Charmet / The Bridgeman Art Library International. British Library 222L Ancient Papyrus © The British Library Board / 080105, Papyrus 782; 222R Ancient Papyrus © The British Library Board / 012911, Papyrus 1531, verso; 223L Ancient Papyrus © The British Library Board / 080117, Papyrus 2053, verso; 223R Ancient Papyrus © The British Library Board / 080098, Papyrus 2484, recto. British Museum 238 Demotic Papyrus © The Trustees of the British Museum. DK images 246 The Temple of Artemis illustration, DKimages. com / Richard Bonson © Dorling Kindersley; 254 Demetrius the Silversmith Incites Craftsmen, DKimages.com / Peter Dennis © Dorling Kindersley. Getty Images 202 Alexandria Lighthouse © De Agostini / Getty Images.

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The Image Works 203 Great Library of Alexandria © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works. Special Permissions 221 Healings © Digital Image Archive, Courtesy of the Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Christoph Weigel, 1654-1725; 227 The Sons of Sceva © Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Christoph Weigel; 233 Paul in Ephesus © Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Doré, Gustave, 18321883; 234 Book Burning © Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Ricchini, Tommaso Agostino, 1675-1762; 236-237 Scrolls Burned © Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Christoph Weigel; 252 St. Paul Rescued From the Multitude © Courtesy of the Digital Image Archive, Pitts Theology Library, Candler School of Theology, Emory University/ Doré, Gustave, 1832-1883. Royalty Free 230 Jesus Healing the Lunatic, Gustave Doré (1832-1883), ivan-96 / istockphoto.com; 239 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock. Teach All Nations 198 Curetes Street; 200 Celsus Library; 201 Harbor of Cenchrea; 204-205 Celsus Library; 206-207 Marble Street; 208-209 Ruins of Road in Ancient Corinth; 213 Hall of Nero; 214-215 Steps to Site of School of Tyrannus; 216-217 Capital Detail; 224 Columns; 240 Artemis Idol; 242-243 Great Theater of Ephesus; 244-245 Temple of Artemis Model; 247 Temple of Artemis Ruins; 248-249 Theater Seats; 250-251 Stage of Theater of Ephesus; 253 Ruins of Hellenistic Barracks; 255 Marble Fragments, Theater Back Stage; 256-257 Plateia in Coressus Street; 259 Ephesus Central Marketplace Columns.

Chapter Five Akg-Images 274 Illustration of Ancient Athens, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 275 Athenian Citizens, akg-images

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/ Peter Connolly; 277 Illustration Ancient Athens, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 278 Pnyx Drawing, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 312 Illustration from Illuminated Manuscript, akg-images; 333 Pergamon Theater, akg-images. Alamy 262 Listed under Royalty Free; 281-282 Seven Stars © bilwissedition Ltd. & Co. KG / Alamy; 336 The Fall of Man, Peter Horree / Alamy. Art Archive 263 Church of St. Mary the Virgin, The Art Archive / Gianni Dagli Orti; 267 The Vision of Saint Joseph, CHAMPAIGNE, Philippe de, 1602-1674, The Art Archive / National Gallery London / John Webb; 291 Church of St. Mary the Virgin, The Art Archive / Gianni Dagli Orti; 293 The Last Supper, 1618 Artist: POURBUS, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 294T Roman troops embarking on ships, relief from copy Trajan’s column, war 101-106 AD, The Art Archive / National Museum Bucharest / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 294B Caligula and His Counselors Receive Foreign Emissaries, The Art Archive / H. M. Herget / NGS Image Collection; 295 Embarkation of Saint Paul at Ostia, painting Artist: CLAUDE Gellée (Le Lor­ rain) The Art Archive / Musée Départemental des Vosges Epinal / Kharbine-Tapabor / Photo Prud’homme; 297 The Conversion of Saint Paul, Artist: CARRACCI, Ludovico, The Art Archive / Museo Civico Bologna / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 298299 Miracle of Saint Peter, The Art Archive / St. Benedict Sacro Speco Subiaco Italy / Alfredo Dagli Orti. Bridgeman Art Library 265 Central Panel from the Threshold of Paradise, 1885-96 (oil on canvas), Vasnetsov, Victor Mik­ hailovich (1848-1926) / Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 271L Mary Magdalene and the Holy Women at the Tomb, illustration from “The Life of Our Lord Jesus Christ,” 1886-94 (w/c over graphite on paper), Tissot, James Jacques Joseph (1836-1902) / Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA / Purchased by Public Subscription / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 273 The Conversion of St. Paul, 1767 (oil on canvas), Lepicie, Nicolas-Bernard (1735-84)

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/ Private Collection / © John Mitchell Fine Paintings / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 300 St. Paul (oil on canvas), Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo (1708-87) / Basildon Park, Berkshire, UK / National Trust Photographic Library/John Hammond / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 303 The Deliverance of St. Paul and St. Barnabas (oil on canvas), Halle, Claude-Guy (1652-1736) / Musee de la Ville de Paris, Musee Carnavalet, Paris, France / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 304-305 St. Paul and the Viper, in St. Anselm’s Chapel, c. 1180 (mural), English School, (12th century) / Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, UK / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 313 The Sermon of St. Paul at Ephe­ sus, 1649 (oil on canvas), Le Sueur, Eustache (1617-55) / Louvre, Paris, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 323 Judas Repents and Returns the Money, illustration for “The Life of Christ,” c. 1886-94 (w/c & gouache on paperboard), Tissot, James Jacques Joseph (18361902) / Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 324 Judas Hangs Himself, illustration for “The Life of Christ,” c. 1886-96 (gouache on paperboard), Tissot, James Jacques Joseph (1836-1902) / Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 325 The Sorrow of King David, Hole, William Brassey (1846-1917) / Private Collection / © Look and Learn / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 332 The Stoning of Stephen, Hatherell, William (1855-1928) / Private Collection / © Look and Learn / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 338-339 Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, 1828 (oil on canvas), Cole, Thomas (1801-48) / Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA / Gift of Martha C. Karolik for the M. and M. Karolik Collection of American Paintings, 1815-65 / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 340 Christ on the Cross, c.1646 (oil on canvas), Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (160669) / Musee Bonnat, Bayonne, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library International. DK-Images 322 Peter Preaching, DKimages.com / Peter Dennis © Dorling Kindersley; 331 Deacons, DKimages. com / Peter Dennis © Dorling Kindersley.

GoodSalt 288 Apollos Preaching in Synagogue © GoodSalt Inc. The Image Works 268 Prison Release © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 272 Angel of Judgment © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 284-285 Ancient Ephesus © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 327 Temple of Artemis © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works. Scala 306 The Last Supper © Scala/White Images / Art Resource, NY. Royalty Free 260-264, 273-292, 308-345 Parchment Back­ground, Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com; 261-264, 273292, 308-345 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock; 260, 280 Parchment, mammuth / istockphoto.com; 262 Tomb of St. Luke © Turkey / Alamy; 266L Illustration © Robert Bowyer (1758-1834) / Bowyer Bible; 266R Jesus Suffers © Engraving by Gustave Doré (18321883) / istockphoto.com; 269 The Annunciation © Engraving by Gustave Doré (1832-1883) ivan-96 / istockphoto.com; 271R The Angels © Engraving by Gustave Doré (1832-1883) duncan1890 / istockphoto. com; 320-321 Ephesus Ruins © SuperStock; 328 Bronze Foot © Elena Shumilova / Fotolia; 335 Marble fragment of Nike Goddess of Victory © Bill Stamatis / istockphoto.com; 337 Banished from the Garden of Eden © Engraving by Gustave Doré (1832-1883) / istockphoto.com; 341 Morning in Ephesus, Kazakov / istockphoto.com; 342-345 Ancient Greek Icons, istockphoto.com; 345 Oil Lamp on Parchment © John Said, Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com. Teach All Nations 276 The Areopagus in Athens; 283 Columns on Curetes Street; 286 Mosaic Walkway on Curetes Street; 289 Temple of Domitian Ruins; 309 Terrace House Mosaic Floor; 310 South Road; 314-315 Pedestals on Ephesus Street; 316 Graves and Tombstones, Hierapolis; 317 Ancient Graves; 318319 Cornice on Temple of Serapis; 326 Temple of Apollo; Corinth; 329 Ancient Oil Lamps.

Glow Images 292 Molten Gold © Glow Images / Tips Images North America / Gianalberto Cigolini.

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Chapter Six

British Museum

Akg-Images

362 Alexander the Great Tetradrachm Coin © The Trustees of the British Museum.

369 Ancient Fresco, akg-images / Bildarchiv Steffens; 375 Temple of Athena in Athens, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 376 Greek Pottery, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 378 Dea Roma, akg-images / Pirozzi; 386T Illustration of Roman ships, akg-images / Peter Connolly. Alamy 396-397 Floor Mosaic © Linda Kennedy / Alamy. Art Archive 360-361 Battle of Issus Between Alexander the Great and Darius III, The Art Archive / Musée Archéologique Naples / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 363 Alexander the Great, The Art Archive / Musée Archéologique Naples / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 364 Battle between Greeks and Persians, Relief, Alexander Sarcophagus, The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Istanbul / Gianni Dagli Orti; 368 Cybele in Lion-drawn Chariot,The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Milan / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 370 Priest of Cybele, The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Ostia / Gianni Dagli Orti; 377 Boat Carrying Soldiers Down the River Nile, Mosaic Pavement, The Art Archive / Museo Prenestino Palestrina / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 379 Officers and Soldiers of the Praetorian Guard Relief, The Art Archive / Musée du Louvre Paris / Gianni Dagli Orti; 386B Silver Coin Showing Roman Ship, The Art Archive; 399 Colosseum of Rome Reconstruction (watercolour by Alberto Carpiceci and Bruno Brizzi), The Art Archive / Private Collection / Gianni Dagli Orti. Bridgeman Art Library 350-351 The Christian Martyrs’ Last Prayer, 18631883 (oil on canvas), Gerome, Jean Leon (18241904) / © Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 402-403 Reconstruction of the Colosseum, Rome (w/c on paper), French School, (20th century) / Archives Larousse, Paris, France / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library International.

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Getty Images 374 Bronze Door on the Temple of Romulu, Altrendo Travel / Getty Images. Scala 389 The Pugilist at Rest, Bronze Sculpture © Scala/ Ministero per i Beni e le Attività culturali / Art Resource, NY; 404 Reconstructed Flavian Amphitheater © DeA Picture Library / Art Resource, NY. Special Permissions 383, 406-407 Font in maps: Taggettes © Dr. Mari­ anne Steinbauer (used by permission), www. pia-frauss. de/fonts/fonts.htm. Royalty Free 353-358 Scroll Background, DNY59 / istockphoto. com. Teach All Nations 346-347 Ruins of Central Marketplace, Smyrna; 348 Smyrna Central Marketplace Columns, 367 Cybele Idol; 373 Altars, Smyrna; 380 Izmir, Turkey; 381 Goddess of Health, Smyrna Lower Marketplace; 382 Ancient Cornice Moldings, Aphrodisias; 383 Map of Royal Road; 385 Statue of Homer; 387 Three Ancient Altars; 388 Gymnasium Ruins, Hier­apolis; 390 Ruins of Central Marketplace, Smyrna; 391T Basilica Columns, Smyrna; 391B Basilica Sculpture of Poseidon and Amphitrite, Smyrna; 392 Underground Arches, Smyrna Central Marketplace; 394-395 Panorama of Theater of Hierapolis; 400-401 Ancient Stadium, Aphrodisias; 405; Cisterns on Mount Pagos; 406-407 Map of Ancient Smyrna.

Chapter Seven Akg-Images 412 Cybele, akg-images / Werner Forman; 416 Dea Roma, akg-images / Pirozzi; 423 Vase Painting, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 424 Vase Painting, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 425 Reconstruction of a House, akg-images / Peter Connolly; 445 Mamertine Prison, akg-images / Hilbich; 452 Bust

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524 Illustration and Photo Credit Acknowledgments

of Marcus Aurelius, akg-images; 459 Diocletian, akg-images; 463 Banquet Scene from the Tomb of the Diver, akg-images / PictureContact.

Draw­ings of Mamertine Prison, DKimages.com / © Dorling Kindersly. The Image Works

Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. 442 Gladiators © M Williams / Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd. Alamy 418-419 Christians in Catacombs © North Wind Picture Archives / Alamy; 433 Christians in the Time of Nero © North Wind Picture Archives / Alamy; 436R, 438R, listed under Royalty Free. Art Archive 426 The Slaughter of the First Christians in the Catacombs, Artist: MANCINELLI, The Art Archive / Museo di Capodimonte, Naples / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 431 Torah Scrolls in Ornamental Cases, The Art Archive / Foundation Roger Fleischman Paris / Kharbine-Tapabor / photo S. AGEORGES; 450T Marble Bust of Nero, The Art Archive / Museo Capitolino Rome / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 451 Trajan, The Art Archive / Archaeological Museum Venice / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 453 Roman Bust of Septimius Severus, The Art Archive / Museo Capitolino Rome / Alfredo Dagli Orti; 455 Roman Emperor Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius, The Art Archive / Museo Capitolino Rome / Alfredo Dagli Orti. Bridgeman Art Library 410-411 Postcard Depicting the Bloody Games in the Arena in Rome, illustration from “Quo Vadis,” 1910 (colour litho), Styka, Jan (1858-1925) / Private Collection / Archives Charmet / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 420-421 Paul and Silas in Prison, Hatherell, William (1855-1928) / Private Collection / © Look and Learn / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 428-429 Stoning of St. Stephen (pen & ink on paper), Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (1606-69) / Leeds Museums and Galleries (City Art Gallery) UK / The Bridgeman Art Library International; 450B Domitian © Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Italy / The Bridgeman Art Library International.

413 Polycarp © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 417 Jesus Is Resurrected © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 441 Jesus Calms the Storm © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 449 John Foxe © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 454 Maximinus © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 456 Valerian © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works; 457 Aurelian © Mary Evans Picture Library / The Image Works. Special Permissions 437R Lystra, courtesy of Carl Rassmussen / www. HolyLandPhotos.org; 438L Thessalonica Ruins, cour­ tesy of Tony Cooke. Royalty Free 408-448, 461-469, 471-472 Parchment Background, Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com; 408 Parch­ ment, mammuth / istockphoto.com; 410-448, 461-469, 471-473 Greek Design Element, Vectorstock; 414-415 Smyrna Columns, Bruno­Stock.com; 435 Damascus © combodesign / istockphoto.com; 436L Jerusalem © Ricardo De Mattos / istockphoto. com; 436R Antioch © Turkey / Alamy: 437L Ico­ nium © Mehmet Günce Akkoyun / istockphoto. com; 438R Berea © Greece / Alamy; 466-468 Ancient Greek Icons, istockphoto.com; 469 Oil Lamp on Parchment © Clifford Shirley / Fotomedia and Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com. 473 Parchment Background with Oil Lamp © John Said, Selahattin BAYRAM / istockphoto.com. Teach All Nations 427 Ancient Laodicea; 439L Corinth Ruins; 439R Basilica, Ephesus; 444 Underground Arches of Cen­ tral Marketplace, Smyrna; 465 Ruins on Mount Pagos; 470 Ancient Oil Lamps.

DK-Images 434 Jews Gather in the Synagogue, DKimages.com / Peter Dennis © Dorling Kindersly; 446 Two

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2/8/2011 6:59:33 PM

A Light in Darkenss - Book Project  

A Light in Darkness book project.

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