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MANIFI MANIFI VERB > Therapeutic architecture VER in the Spiritual retreat house. The manifesto tackles how the architecture can help people that has a neurological diseases, improving the live of the patients.


INDEX Stories of houses

1-12

Video images

13-14

Final desicion

15-18

Huntington disease

19-20

Interviews

21-22

New story

23-24

Workshop

25-26

Microarchitecture

27-28

Final proposal

29-44

Manifesto

45-46

Bibliography

47-48


01

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


SAN M AT I A S N EI GH B ORH OO D

Juan Domingo Santos


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


Original story

Living in a community The houses in the neighbourhood San Matías are known by its names or nicknames drawn from particular features or physical defects of the prostitutes who owned them (La Remedios, La Pepinica, La Cabezona). Domingo Santos was commissioned to work on a small patio house owned by the Cripple, located in the narrow street Calle Álvarez de Castro just 1, 15 metre wide, and next to houses owned by la Remedios, Carmela of the Dead and a tailor. If one is able to ask the neighbours for a cup of sugar or pinch of salt, to water the plants or collect one’s mail while on vacation, Domingo Santos asked himself why not to go one step further and ask, in the same natural manner, if one could borrow part of their living room or some other spaces they were not using but which one felt really necessary for one’s needs. Historically, against the common thought that dwellings are closed and isolated entities, the medieval city offered its houses the possibility to grow and adjust to the needs of the inhabitants. Asking permission to enter one’s house through a neighbour’s patio or share the laundry line became the rules for a game of exchange proposed by the architect and which received a great enthusiasm from the neighbours. They collaborated with a list of things they would like and what they had to offer in exchange. Legally supervised by lawyers and the architect, the base for this negotiation lay in the exchange of spaces and architectural elements without financial compensation being permitted. The result became an agreed construction that encouraged a communal feeling and traditional way of extending one’s house. As Domingo Santos stated, “it was allowed to build up or down, to the right or left. Any movement was possible if only there was an agreement.”


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


KOLON I H A B EN H OUSE ENRIC MIRALLES


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


Original story In 1996 the Spanish architect Enric Miralles was asked to design a little wooden house near Copenhagen, a project that he elaborated with his wife, Benedetta Tagliabue. The result was a house that came to reflect a family lifetime. Building time There still continues an old tradition in Denmark of building minute houses, or allotments, in the market gardens at the outskirts of towns. These housing developments are called Kolonihaven and their sole function is to shelter their owners from the cold and rain when spending time close to nature. The couple Miralles and Tagliabue generated their project from their interest in recording the passage of time. At this point in the design process, the architects brought an old drawing by the architect Le Corbusier where a girl asks an adult to play with her, inviting him to enter a house through a small door to the world at her size. The house in Kolonihaven varies in height. It has a very low ceiling in the children’s room but becomes higher by the sitting room for adults. Seen through its section, the house captures this passage of time - the house grows with the inhabitant, from being a child to become an adult. The theme of this project for a tiny shelter lies in dealing with the passage of time, with life itself. Its function is precisely that, and nothing more.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


S P I RI T UAL RET REAT H OUSE ENRIC MIRALLES


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


Original story Emilio Ambasz originally designed the House of Spiritual Retreat in 1974 for an imainary site near C贸rdoba., Spain. The house is located at the foot of the Sierra Morena hills, surrounded by a lake, olive grove, and wild animals with is situated 40 km from Seville. totally integrated in the landcape. It is a stunning example of a modern architecture infused with sustainable design principles and reformulation of the traditional Andalusian house, centered around a patio, onto whixh all rooms open Emilio Ambasz designed these house when he was a student of architecture and it was his was the final project. These house is one of the best works of Emilio Ambasz, thats an important lesson that Emilio give to us, it doesnt matter as young as you are, for hard in each proyect because could be the proyect of your life.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


VIDEO IMAGES


15

Section

Underground floor plan RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


FINAL DESICION

Finally house of Spiritual retreat was choosen to continue the project in the course. This house was choosen becaouse it had a lot of architectural element in it which were very technical but are done in an engaging pattern. The house is located in beautiful sorroundings and being underground, it gives you an opportunity to feel youself but in the other hand the green roof provides insulation to the house which helps in keeping the house cold in summers. The stair going up to the lookout compels you to go up while generating your focus as you move up. The water, running down the handrails, makes amicablemurmuring sound of water, making you feel more conected with nature and leaving with calmness. The skylights made for providing the light inside the house is fusing with the landscape magnificently. the way the 2 tal walls mark the entry to the house and plays an amazing role in lighting up the house by its reflection and cutting the winds from north is another technical thing but in an amusing way.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


DRAWS OF THE EXISTING HOUSE


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SYMTOMS OF HUNTINGTON´S DESEASE

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


HUNTINGTON´S DISEASE Huntingon´s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to mental decline and behavioral symptoms. Mosto people with Huntington´s disease develop sings and symptoms in their 30s or 40s, but the onset of the disease may be earlier or later in life. When the disease onset begins before age 20 the condition is called “juvenile Huntington´s disease. Earlier onset often results in a somewhat differet presentation of symptoms and faster disease progression. About 6% of cases start before age of 21 years with an akinetic-rigid syndrome; they progress fastar and vary slightly. HD is the most common genitic cause of anormal involuntary writing movements called chorea. The disease is caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in either of an individual´s two copies of a gene º Huntingtin. This means a child of an affected person typically has a 50% chance of inheritin the disease. The Huntingtin gene provides the genetic information for a protein that is also called “huntingtin”. Expansion of a CAG (cytosine-adenine-guanine) triplet repeat stretch within the Huntingtin gene results in a different form of the protein, which gradually damages cells in the brain, through mechanisms that are not fully understood. There is no cure for HD, and full-time care is required in the later stages of the disease. Existing pharmaceutical and non-drug treatments can relieve meny of its symptoms.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


INTERVIEWS Interview to Cesar MartĂ­nez (clinical researcher)


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


NEW STORY Journal of an architect: ´ -Today one of the most complex projects of my career has been proposed to me. One day through the door a couple of middle age came into. The first thing that caught my attention was the exhaustion in her eyes. Next to her, an apparently healthy man, but later I realized that he wasn’t what he pretended to be. With this premise, the project begins. She wanted to move to another house because, the house was increasingly small and devoid of elements that would make life easier for a husband who had a disease that produced a progressive degeneration of mental and motor. The couple looked for a quiet and spacious place. They found it in 40 kilometers north of Seville (37 ° 40’33.4 “N 6 ° 11’15.7” W) with views to the reservoir Minilla A detached house built by architect Emilio Ambasz that met all the requirements they were looking for, but it needed an overhaul that would allow them to face the challenges ahead. From the current 40 to 48, the husband has undergone an evolution of disease that reaches its final stage passing about 15 years approximately after the first symptoms begin. During their first visit Sandra started to tell me the story of her husband’s disease. John, the husband, began to have trouble at work. He was increasingly distracted and distant from both his family and his workmates. With the pass of time this situation leads Juan to a depression and this fact made the familiar situation worse. This is compounded by memory loss and a series of involuntary grimaces that were virtually undetectable at first but gradually intensified. At this point and after several medical tests doctors said that it was unusual Huntington’s disease. Moreover they told them that the disease would continue degenerating and it would be a difficult situation for the whole family, including children. From then until now, John has become worse up to the point that he would suffer frequent and prolonged spasms, cognitive failures and a series of problems. Every day Sandra had to help Juan in everything, that means, she had to dress him and so on. His speech was getting worse and it had non-sense. He was not able to communicate, watch TV, read or whatever… he couldn’t practice judo, his favorite sport. This terrible situation and the stressful life that we find in a city like sevilla, lead the family to come to a decision: change the style of life they have had so far. This ambitious project, is not only about remodeling the house itself for an individual with a particular disease, we have also the intention of rebuild a home that allows the family to have a better life. Thinking not only in the self-reliance of Juan, also is important to take into account his happiness and the health of the rest of the family.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


27 Stages Stages 1 Constructing a wooden frame which can be weared on our heads combined with a helmet which is makeng the structure self-supported on our heads. Stage 2 Composition of the main functionable part of the microarchitecture: The periscopic pipe. The normal periscope is made with flat mirros which allows you to see the normal eye ie, but we want to see the ant eye vie so instead of use a plain mirror, we used concave mirror at the botton which gives a different vision. The tube we made for placing the mirror is of flexible lenght which can be adjusted according to the height of the person wearing it. The tube is connected to the wooden frame in such a way that when we wear the helmet the top mirror of the tube is in front of our eyes and an ant eye view can be seen.

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


MICROARCHITECTURE

Periscope

Ant view

To start with the project amd to propose somethin that can help our client we produced a microarchitecture taking in account the knowledge of disease we gathered so far. In case of Huntington the patient losses post of his senses with the passing time, so we thought of making something that can enhance his senses. At first e thouht of making a structure hich included some elements that can enhance the sense of ision, touch and smelling. But working on all senses together was not coming out with an output that really intensified them, so e decides to focus on the vision sense. Due to the house is underground and does not provides any opportunity to see the breathtakin landscape from interior so e choosed the sense of vision to continue our microarchitecture which we could incorporate in the house later. The aim was to make a structure that allows you to use your sense of vision little beyond than the normal eyes can see. The design and function of our microarchitecture as inspired by periscope. Periscope is an instrument, by which an observer can see things that are out if sight. But we resolved it and made an helmet that gives you an opportunity to see the ant eye´s view.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


Proposal To help the client to start new actions , we propose a serie of paths of water that are conected with the pipes that are loacated in the two walls. These paths go inside the house and serve customer therapy, first reminding visually and sound that has to perform an action. Therapy also serve slowing the disease. Relaxation path

Tee path

Kitchen path


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


33

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


35

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


37

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN A PATH TO GO TO THE HEAVEN FROM INSIDE OF THE HOUSE

To continue with the risk posed by steps up to the lookout. In one of the rooms it has created a larger stairs around which vegetation abounds thus intensifying the mystery and desire to climb. To continue with the risk posed by steps up to the lookout. In one of the rooms it has created a larger stairs around which vegetation abounds thus intensifying the mystery and desire to o up the stairs.


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ASCEND AND MEDITATE TRAVELING OUTSIDE OF THE BUILDING BUT INSIDE OF YOURSELF

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


TEXTO AQUI


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FINAL IMAGES

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


39 Before

The main aim is to evolve a project that can help our patient in his lifestyle and make the house peculiar which can give an opportunity to feel beyond usual human experiences. Also recalling the manifestation of the disease we as a group decided to work on boosting the senses of the patient as he is going to loose his senses with passing time.

RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


IMPROVING VIEWS INSIDE THE HOUSE After

Incorporating Microarchitecture in the house and focusing on the vision, the proposal was to give a moment of perceiving the breath-taking landscape from the interior of the house which is not possible at present. So the periscopic window is installed in the 2 bedrooms giving one the leisure to behold the surroundings. To make it more in fluential, at the top of the window concave mirros is used to see a larger view and at the bottom of the window enlarging mirror is used to multiply the captured view.


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


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RE-READING STORIES OF HOUSES IN SPAIN


MANIFESTO

Architecture is related to people who inhabit in it, our task as architects we are is to create an ideal dwelling (housing) for each story. This intense and passionate four months have marked a before and after, not only as an architect also like human being. The course was about a home’s adaptation for a customer (client) with a neurologic disease. Apart from that, from my personal point of view this situation has gone beyond. We have travelled a lot (Madrid, Barcelona, Granada, sevilla, cordoba) , but we have done this trip in a different way, in a special way, with Erasmus students who have become good friends. Moreover we have meet professional architects, and this has helped me so much, because I have seen the reality I will find when I finish my degree. But not everything has been easy, we have been dealing with problems, and also we have found difficulties because the project was not developing in the correct way. Also the fact of being involved in a situation in which we find a disease, it can be a problem and in fact it has been difficult because we are not used to deal with this kind of situations. But this only was something difficult at the beginning, when I didn’t find a motivation in HD. To sum up I want to say that I am grateful for the things I have learn in this class, and also I want to show my gratitude for my teacher, Javier sanchez medina, because he has created a good environment in class, and moreover I have to give thanks to my classmates Jose Alejo and Manpreet Kaur because without them these project couldnt be possible.


HUNTINGTON´S DISEASE http://www.e-huntington.es/%C2%BFque-es-la-enfermedad-de-huntington/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzAPh2v-SCQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-JfDiDjilw https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/ency/article/000770.htm http://hdsa.org/what-is-hd/


BIBLIOGRAPHY SPIRITUAL RETREAT HOUSE http://re-readingstoriesofhousesinspain.blogspot.com.es/ http://storiesofhouses.blogspot.com.es/ http://casaderetiroespiritual.com/ http://www.avesnocturnas.es/2010/01/la-casa-de-retiro-espiritual-de-emilio-ambasz-en-sevilla/ http://www.mimoa.eu/projects/Spain/Seville/The%20House%20of%20Spiritual%20Retreat/ http://www.architecturenewsplus.com/projects/699


Manifesto-David Martínez Torrado  
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