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Відповіді на питання та завдання до підручника А. М. Несвіт «Англійська мова» Introduction Lesson 1 2. To feel comfortable during the first school days you should try to look calm. It is necessary to learn to share the attention of the teachers with the others. And try to be a good friend for everyone. And it is important to be a positive thinker and talker, and look at the bright side of things.

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3. 1. Have you read anything about new scientific discoveries? 2. “Yahoo” is a good website for your project work. 3. Philosophy books are beyond understanding of ten-year olds. 4. Physical Education is a class at school in which you do physical exercises and play sports. 5. Can you give me some information about foreign language classes? 6. Is it really necessary to have vacations during the school year?

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

Lesson 2 1. When I come back to school, I meet my old friends and teachers. This is great. We congratulate our teachers and give flowers to them. We take new books and look through them. We also meet new pupils and make friends with them. This is wonderful.

Lesson 3

1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Food and Drinks Summer Holidays Travelling to the USA Sports and Games Shopping Introduction Books Are Our Friends Family and Friends School Life

3. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Bob was nervous when he walked to a new school. Everybody was looking at Bob, because Rob was following him. Bob and Kerrie decided to hide Rob in the closet. Everything was fine until Mrs Bell spilled some paint on the floor.

Lesson 4

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Bob was nervous that day because they were going to a new school. People were looking at Bob because Rob was following him. Bob and Kerrie didn’t have time to take Rob back home. Kerrie suggested to hide Rob in the closet. They got into the building through the back door. The children hid Rob in the back of the closet. Yes, Bob liked his teacher and new classmates. The teacher spilled some paint on the floor during the lesson.

6. 1. How many classrooms are there in our school? 2. Are the teachers nice and friendly? 3. Is there a stadium near the school? 4. How do the pupils celebrate holidays? 5. Are there any clubs at school? 6. Is it necessary to wear uniform? 7. Is the school library big? 8. Do the pupils take part in different sports competitions? 9. Is there a school sport team? 10. Is it intersting to study in this very school?

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Lesson 5

1. A: I use the duster when I clean the blackboard. B: I don’t take my pet to school. It waits for me at home.

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A: I use books when I go to school. B: I take a player to school, but I don’t use it during the lessons. I use it after classes. A: I don’t use a tape recorder cassette at school. I use it at home in the evening. B: I use a ruler when I draw lines.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

4.

3. 1c; 2b; 3a; 4b; 5b; 6a.

Lesson 6

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1. 1. I will help you to check the sports equipment tomorrow. Future Simple 2. The school psychologist was talking to me, when my mother came into the classroom. Past Continuous 3. Do you work on your computer every day? Present Simple 4. Our Music teacher has already planned her work for this semester. Present Perfect 5. My mother is a teacher. She is planning her lessons now. Present Continuous 6. Last summer the workers made our school a clean and healthy place to be. Past Simple

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2. 1. I am looking through a very interesting magazine now. Am I looking through a very interesting magazine now? Yes, I am. 2. We do not usually go to school in summer. Do we usually go to school in summer? No, we don’t. 3. You will look for your textbook tomorrow. Will you look for your textbook tomorrow? Yes, you will. 4. He visited the Crimea last summer. Did he visit the Crimea last summer? Yes, he did. 5. This woman was keeping to a diet from May till July last year. Was this woman keeping to a diet from May till July last year? Yes, she was. 6. He has already spent much money today. Has he already spent much money today? Yes, he has.


7. My friend will go in for swimming next month. Will my friend go in for swimming next month? Yes, he will. 8. Sam doesn’t go shopping every day. Does Sam go shopping every day? No, he doesn’t. Виділити слова. H

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5. 1. Why did they laugh at that picture yesterday? 2. I am looking for my slippers now. 3. Paul was in Rome two years ago. 4. Which of you usually take pictures at the theatre? 5. Why aren’t you playing snowballs now? 6. Tom was writing a letter to his granny from 5 till 6 yesterday. 7. Did Alice put on her blue blouse yesterday? 8. We will run a race next week. 9. The children are listening to the music at the Children’s Theatre now. 10. Why will not your friends stay with us the day after tomorrow? 11. They haven’t visited this exhibition yet. 12. The children were watching a film, when their mother came home yesterday.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

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Unit 1 Lesson 1

3. 1. Schoolchildren have their holidays in June, July and August. 2. Summer holidays are excellent and great fun, because the weather is usually fine and sunny. 3. When the weather is shiny, children can be outdoors all day long. 4. When the weather is rainy and nasty, children can stay at home and read books, watch TV, do pokerwork or needlework, play the piano or make models of ships, kites or planes. 5. The girls enjoy playing musical instruments and drawing pictures in summer. 6. The boys enjoy listening to music, rollerskating and skateboarding in summer.

Lesson 2 1. 1. Most of all I like summer holidays. They are the longest holidays we have. The weather in summer is usually nice and we can do a lot of things outdoors and indoors. 2. I think that all school holidays except summer ones should be two or three weeks.

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3. 1. The new school year has already started, and Ann has to go back to her textbooks and homeworks. 2. It’s really great to have school holidays, because schoolchildren are tired and they need rest. 3. There are some things that Ann doesn’t like about school holidays. They are: she misses her friends and teachers, her parents’ vacations are not as long as school holidays and her mum makes her read a lot. 4. The things that Ann likes about school holidays are: she can keep late hours, watch lots of TV programmes and play outdoors with her friends. She can visit new places and meet new people. And she can have touring holidays in ancient cities. 5. This summer Ann has visited Greece. 6. She promises Mary to show her holiday photos and a video film. 5. I meet my classmates every day now, but I missed them a few days ago. I get up early in the morning now, but I kept late hours a few days ago. I have a lot of classes now, but I played outdoors with friends a few days ago. I work hard now, but I spent a lot of time on the beach a few days ago.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

3. I prefer several short holidays. 4. On holidays I usually go for walks with my friends, read books, play computer games, help my mum about the house and visit grandparents. 5. I like both to have rest at home and visit new interesting places. 6. I like to spend time with friends and relatives. 7. We usually play games. We play football or hide-and-seek, we listen to music or go to the cinema together.

Lesson 3

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3. 1. Dan started a new project with his father. Disagree. 2. Dan wanted to tell a story in photos. Agree. 3. Dan has already taken all the pictures he needed for his project. Disagree. 4. Dan hasn’t finished his project yet. Agree. 5. There is a beginning, middle and end of Dan’s picture story. Agree. 6. Dan promises Tom to bring his photo essay to school. Disagree.

Lesson 4

1. fine and sunny; cool and cloudy; rainy and windy; frosty and snowy; cold and nasty. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4.

It was raining heavily when Ann got home. Ann couldn’t open the door easily. Yes, she answered the telephone. Jane invited Ann to go to the zoo.

5. 1. The day was rainy yesterday. It was nasty and cold. Nina was staying at home. She was knitting socks for winter, when her friend phoned her. They were talking from 4 till 5 o’clock yesterday. 2. Jim and his friends went hiking last Sunday. The weather was warm and sunny in the morning, when they were leaving their houses. But when they were putting up a tent, the dark clouds appeared in the sky. 3. The sun was shining brightly when I went out. I decided to walk to school. When I was passing by the stadium, I met Jack. 678


Lesson 5 1. 1a; 2b; 3b; 4c. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

On Saturday the bright sun greeted the girls. While Ann was looking at the elephants, Jane was taking photographs. This is my mother’s camera. I’ve never been to the zoo in winter. Let’s finish up at the monkey’s cage. That was a wonderful way to relax.

5. A B C D E

alligator bear camel deer elephant

K kitten L lion M monkey P pig R rabbit

S squirrel T tiger W wolf Y yak Z zebra

Lesson 6 3. 1d; 2c; 3a; 4b. 1. Last year they gave Maksym a new fishing-rod as a birthday present. 2. Look! Alex is pulling on the line with a fish now. 3. How many fish have you caught today? 4. Dan’s dad prepared the fishing-rods while the boys were digging up worms. 5. Will you go on a fishing trip next Sunday?

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Lesson 7

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1. Words that describe life in the country: go hiking and fishing, beautiful flowers, green trees, bird’s singing. Words that describe life in the city: tall buildings, hundreds of people, hundreds of cars, buses, much noise and pollution.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

F fox G giraffe H hamster I iguana J jackal

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3. 1. Bill has spent most of his summer holidays in the city. F. Bill has spent most of his holidays in the country. 2. Bill lived in the countryside when he was a little boy. T. 3. Alex thinks that it is good to live in the country. F. Alex doesn’t think it is good to live in the countryside. 4. Bill misses his friends in summer. F. Bill’s friends come there on holidays. 5. Alex enjoys playing games and going to the seaside in summer. T. 6. Bill has never tried to dive with an aqualung. F. I think that he has tried to dive with an aqualung. 5. The children were in the country last summer. One day they went to the forest to gather berries and mushrooms. Theis friend came with them. There were a lot of mushrooms in the forest and the children were very happy. They started to gather them. While the children were gathering berries and mushrooms, one girl went away. She found a lot of berries and wanted to gather all of them. She lost her way. When the children noticed the disappearance of their friend they began to look for her. But they couldn’t find the girl. Then they came out of the forest and told grown-ups about their friend. The grown-ups helped them to look for the girl and at last they saw her. She was sitting under the tree and she was crying.

Lesson 8 2. 1. Last summer I went to the seaside with my parents. 2. Our hotel was just right on the beach, and we could see the sea out of the windows. 679


3. I could swim in the sea, sunbathe on the beach and take pictures with a camera. 4. The weather was wonderful. 5. I also got aqcuainted with new friends and we spent much time together. 6. Next summer I will go to the Crimea. 4.

A: Swimming in the sea is better than swimming in the pool. B: Really? I don’t think so. I like to swim in the pool. C: I think both are good ways to swim.

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5. In the evening I like to sit in the armchair and watch my holiday photos. When do I like to sit and watch holiday photos? Last summer I went to the seaside with my parents. Did I go to the seaside last summer? We could see the sea out of the windows. Could we see the sea out of the windows? The service in the hotel was excellent. Where was the service excellent? The weather was wonderful. What was the weather like? I could watch sea fish and the crabs and pick up shells. What could I do on the beach? I often brought some bread and fed the sea-gulls. What did I feed the sea-gulls with? Next summer I will go to the Crimea. When will I go to the Crimea again? I think it will be wonderful. Will it be wonderful? I am sure I will have a nice rest there. What rest will I have there?

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

A: Looking at fish is relaxing. B: Really? I don’t think so. I think that looking at puppies and kittens is relaxing. C: I think both are good ways to relax.

Lesson 9

2.

Streets

Buildings

Museums

Shops

People

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interesting

friendly

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3. historic — modern old — new boring — interesting crowded — empty cheap — expensive delicious — disgusting friendly — unfriendly quiet — noisy

4.

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Olha: Did you have a nice weekend in Yalta? Bohdan: Yes, thanks. It was good. We looked round a museum and watched a show. We didn’t try to do too much. Olha: Which museum did you go to? Bohdan: The Historical Museum. I got to know much there. Olha: It’s fascinating, isn’t it? And what show did you watch? Bohdan: Oh, a musical about monsters. I forgot how it was called. I didn’t like it. Olha: Where did you stay? Bohdan: At the hotel. The rooms were very comfortable there.


Olha: And did Susan enjoy the weekend? Bohdan: Yes, she did. She did some shopping, too, but I even didn’t want to look at shops.

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2. 1. a) With whom do they usually go for a walk in the forest? b) With whom are they going for a walk in the forest now? c) With whom did they go for a walk in the forest the day before yesterday? d) With whom will they go for a walk in the forest tomorrow afternoon?

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2. a) What language does Borys learn every day? b) What language is Borys learning now? c) What language did Borys learn last year? d) What language will Borys learn next year?

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3. a) Who looks for clothes every morning? b) Who is looking for clothes now? c) Who looked for clothes yesterday morning? d) Who will look for clothes tomorrow evening?

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

1. 1. We didn’t go fishing last Saturday. 2. Borys wasn’t making the models of planes from 4 till 5 o’clock yesterday. 3. My parents haven’t taken lots of pictures in the Crimea yet. 4. I haven’t visited the zoo this year yet. 5. Look! My father isn’t throwing the fishing-rod now. 6. They don’t usually help their granny about the house. 7. My friends will not go to the rest camp next summer. 8. Peter hasn’t got any idea about the new interesting summer project. 9. The girls aren’t talking over the phone now.

4. a) Does your sister make her bed every morning? b) Is your sister making bed now? c) Did your sister make bed an hour ago? d) Will your sister make her bed in five minutes?

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3. Once upon a time there was a little boy called Mark. He lived by the sea. Mark was deaf. He couldn’t hear anything. He didn’t have any friends. He was sad, because nobody talked to him. One very early morning he was walking along the beach. He was looking at the sea. It was warm and blue, and he decided to go swimming. Mark dove in. He watched the fish and the crabs and he picked up some beautiful shells. Suddenly he saw a dolphin. The dolphin smiled at him. Mark and the dolphin swam together for hours and hours. Every day after that they swam in the sea and Mark was never sad again. 5. 1c; 2b; 3c; 4a; 5a; 6b.

Unit 2 Lesson 1 2. 1c; 2b; 3a. I think that John’s family looks like my own family. Because I live with my parents. But the only difference is that my sister is younger than I. My extended family is also very important for me and I like the time when we get together on different holidays and have a good time. 3. 1. Margaret Hawk is the youngest in the family. False. 2. Everybody respects grandparents in Margaret’s family. True.

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3. John’s family originally came from Bozeman, a beautiful town in the Rocky Mountains. True. 4. John spends much time with his grandparents. False. 5. It’s a Ukrainian tradition for grandparents to bring up their grandchildren. True. 1. Margaret lives in a large Indian family. 2. They visit their grandparents very often. 3. John and his family visit the relatives once a year. 4. He spends much time with his aunt and uncle because they live near John. 5. Olha spent her childhood in her grandma’s house by the sea. 6. She is happy with her life now, when they are together.

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5b. Is your family large? How many people are there in your family? Have you got a brother or a sister? How old is he/she? Do you often visit your grandparents? Do you get together with your extended family? Where did you spend your childhood? Where did your family originally come from? Do you respect your grandparents?

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Lesson 2

1. 1. A friendly family is the family where everybody respects other members of the family and is always ready to help each other. 2. There are many ways to please your parents. You can get good marks at school and help about the house. 3. I usually help my parents willingly. I wash the dishes and put my things in order every day. I clean my room once a week. 4. My grandmother and grandfather like it, when I come to visit them on weekends and holidays.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

4.

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3. 1. A family is friendly when the people are kind to each other and they have good relationships. 2. The most important rule is to respect each other. 3. Family members must share their household chores, then they will have more free time to spend together. 4. The relatives meet at the weekends and for holiday celebrations. 5. It is important to keep family traditions. Because then the family is a unit, a little world created by love.

4.

1c; 2c; 3b; 4b; 5a; 6a.

5. The children have done much this week to help their parents and grandparents. They have cleaned the room. They have gone shopping with their grandmother and helped her to carry heavy bags. And they looked after a younger brother and played with him in the yard.

Lesson 3 2b. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Talk to your parents and grandparents. Talk with your relatives who saved some interesting photographs. Try to find old letters and diaries. Use your notes to make a chart. Write your birthplace and birthdate.

3. 1. Mr and Mrs Johnson are Mrs Tyler’s parents. 2. Mrs and Mr Gilbert are Mrs Tyler’s grandparents.


3. Mr and Mrs Gilbert are her aunt and uncle. 4. Mr and Mrs Gilbert’s children are her cousins. 5. Mrs Tyler and Mr Johnson are a sister and a brother. 6. Mrs and Mr Johnson’s children are Mr and Mrs Gilbert’s nieces and nephew. 7. Mrs Tyler is Mr Tyler’s wife. 8. Mr Tyler is Mrs Tyler’s husband.

Lesson 4

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2. 1. A good parent is someone who: — thinks about the child; — talks to the child; — helps the child to solve different problems; — takes care of the child; — spends some time with the child; — does something together with the child. 2. A good child is someone who: — respects his/her parents; — helps about the house; — tries not to disappoint his/her parents; — tries to behave himself.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

1. Words to describe a father: wonderful and exciting, strict, serious, full of fun, smiles with his eyes, bright blue eyes, an excellent storyteller, keeps his promise. Words to describe a mother: centre of our world, tiny universe, source of wisdom, love and comfort, the guardian angel of the family, soft touch.

Lesson 5

There are some things that I don’t like about my brother Misha. First of all, he always shouts behind the bathroom door, when I am taking a shower in the morning. Secondly, he always wants to watch another TV programme. Thirdly, he listens to loud music and I want to have a rest at the same time. However, there are some things that I like about my brother. To start with, he is a good pupil and he does well at school. Then, he always helps with homework. And finally, he always watches football matches with me.

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Maria spends much time in the bathroom in the morning. Masha speaks on the phone for hours. She chooses a TV programme to watch. Misha’s sister supports his favourite football team “Dynamo”. She also knows lots of interesting stories.

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3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Lesson 6 1. If the children have no sisters or brothers, they are lonely in the family. A: I think so, too. On the one hand, it is good when parents take care only of you. But on the other hand, you have no one to play with. B: I don’t think you are right. Parents usually take care about both you and your sister or brother. 2. Parents usually expect more of their eldest child. A: I quite agree, when you are the eldest of the children you have more responsibility. B: Yes, you may be right. 3. It is very good to be the youngest in the family. A: Yes, I think so. It is very good when you are young and parents are not very strict to you. 683


B: But when you are the youngest you have to go to bed earlier than other members of the family. Or some things are not allowed to you to do. 3. 1. Kate likes her aunt Lyudmyla the best. 2. She has thick, straight brown hair and dark brown eyes. And she has a kind face. 3. Kate’s aunt is the sort of person you can always go to, if you have a problem. 4. She is an active person because she likes reading, gardening and she often goes for long walks. And she is always busy. 5. She is extremely kind-hearted, but she doesn’t like it when people do not agree with her. 6. She describes her with love and she likes her aunt very much that is why she wants to be like Aunt Lyudmyla.

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Dan had a rabbit, Fluffy, as a pet. Ann had a cat, Pussy, as a cat. Ann looked after Dan’s pet, because he was at camp. Pussy came into the room and got closer to the cage. Ann was worried, because the rabbit had disappeared.

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5. 1. My cousin is very polite. He always says “please” and “thank you”. 2. Our neighbour’s son is very brilliant. He gets only excellent marks at school. 3. Their children are very talented. They can sing beautifully. 4. They are an energetic family. They play sport every weekend. 5. Miss Alison is a kind-hearted and patient teacher. She never shouts at her pupils. 6. My aunt is a charming lady. Everybody likes her immediately. 7. My granny is very hard-working. She always does something about the house. 8. Clark is a smart student. He reads books all days and nights.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

Lesson 7 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Lesson 8

keep keep keep keep

hamsters as their pets. guinea-pigs as their pets. squirrels as their pets. parrots as their pets.

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1a. People People People People

3. 1. Ann came slowly into the room. Disagree. Ann rushed back into her room. 2. Ann asked Pussy a lot of questions. Agree. 3. Pussy turned around and faced the wall, when Ann was talking to him. Agree. 4. Ann couldn’t help crying, because she loved Fluffy so much. Disagree. Ann couldn’t help crying because she didn’t know what to tell Dan. 5. The cat has eaten the rabbit up. Disagree. The cat hasn’t eaten the rabbit up. 6. Pussy is Ann’s favourite pet. Agree.

5. 1. — Where was Steve at that time yesterday? — He was looking at the photos we brought from Great Britain. 2. Sandra is very generous. She always brings me presents, when she travels to other countries. 3. Why is the dog so quiet today? He always barks, when he sees the postal worker. 4. Look, Jane! I have already bought some new CDs. Do you want to listen to them? 684


5. — Hi, Brian! Can I speak to Laura, please? — Sorry, she is having a shower now. 6. Did you watch that programme together yesterday?

Lesson 9 Has Ann ironed the clothes. No, she hasn’t. Has she vacuumed the carpet? Yes, she has. Has Ann dusted the furniture? Yes, she has. Has she washed the dishes? No, she hasn’t. Has she tidied up the room? Yes, she has.

Julia is sewing a button to her blouse now. Betty and Sandra will visit their relatives in London next summer. Do you know how to vacuum the carpet? Can you take apart a walkie-talkie and put it together again? They were tired yesterday. They helped their parents a lot. The girls swept the floor two days ago.

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5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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2b. 1. Dan was going to work on the walkie-talkies. 2. Ann said that mum wanted the children to wash the dishes and vacuum the floor. 3. “We can do everything in fifteen minutes if we work together”, Dan said. 4. Dan showed Ann how to use the new vacuum cleaner. 5. Dan rushed in just in time to see Ann sweeping the table. 6. Dan felt through the dirt with his fingers until he found each tiny screw.

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1a. A: B: A: A: B: A: B:

Lessons 10—11

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1. Ben couldn’t find his things because the room was in a mess and all the things were on the wrong places. Before mother came back Ben had picked up his puzzles, had sorted the games and had put his clean clothes in the wardrobe, and even had washed his socks.

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2. 1. It was the first day of school holidays. 2. Ben couldn’t find his socks. 3. Ben’s sister didn’t help him to find his things. 4. Ben found his socks in the heap of the clothes. 5. Ben found the left shoe by the bookcase. 6. Ben didn’t find his right shoe under the table. 7. He had picked up his puzzles, had sorted the games and had put his clean clothes in the wardrobe, and even washed his socks before his mum came back home. 3. 1. I brought a newspaper to my father, but he didn’t want it. He had read it during his lunch hour. 2nd. I brought a newspaper to my father. 1st. My father read a newspaper. 2. I arrived at school on time, but I wasn’t happy. I had left my homework at home. 2nd. I arrived at school. 1st. I left my homework at home.

Lesson 12 1. 1. Dan is reading a cookbook. 2. Ann is peeling bananas. 3. The children are cleaning the kitchen up.

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2. 1c; 2b; 3d; 4a. 3. 1c; 2f; 3d; 4a; 5b; 6e. 4.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Let’s make some of his favourite banana bread and surprise him. Get out a bowl and a spoon, while I turn on the oven. First, mash the bananas in the bowl. “You need to clean the kitchen up!” the mother said.

Lessons 13—14

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1. 1. — I say, Mark! I know nothing about your family. Tell me about your parents, please. 2. — OK. My father is a businessman. He works for a TV company. 3. — Really? And what about your mother? 4. — My mother is a cook. She works in a restaurant. 5. — Are you the only child in the family? 6. — No, I’m not. I have an elder brother. 7. — How old is he? 8. — He is seven years older than I am. So he is nearly 19. 9. — Do you get on well with him? 10. — Yes, we do. We always help each other and never argue.

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5. 1. Because it was their dad’s birthday. 2. They read the recipe from the cookbook. 3. Dan read the cookbook. Ann did the actions. 4. Yes, they did. They wanted to surprise their father. 5. They needed bananas, eggs, flour, milk and sugar. 6. Their mother said, “If you want to surprise your dad, clean the kitchen up”.

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2. 1. We came too late to the shop. The shop-keeper had already closed the shop. 2. Jack wanted to introduce his sister cousin to me, but it wasn’t necessary. I had already met her before. 3. I didn’t go to the museum with my friends yeaterday. I had already been there with my parents before. 4. He was very tired when he got to the top of the mountain. He had already walked a long distance. 5. My mum was angry, when I saw her. She had already talked with my teacher. 3. 1. Ann’s elder sister lived in Great Britain last year. 2. Whose grandmother is older — yours or Ivan’s? 3. Victoria is the oldest student in our class. 4. Is Peter your elder or your younger brother? 5. My uncle is the eldest member of the family. 6. My cousin is two years older than me. 7. The building of our school is older than all the other buildings in our town. 8. Do you know that their elder son is a singer?

4.

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1. I was eating lunch with my brother when I suddenly remembered my promise to phone my cousin. I stood up and went to the living room. I was dialling a number, when the doorbell rang. I opened the door and saw my cousin. 2. While my cousin and I were having meals at McDonald’s yesterday, we saw a friend of mine. I introduced him to my cousin. 3. When I heard a knock at the door last night, I walked to the door and opened it. When I opened the door I saw my sister. I greeted her and asked to come in.


4. My cousin and I were watching a film on TV last night, when my parentrs came in. They watched the end of the film with us.

Unit 3 Lessons 1—2

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

If you add a lemon to your tea, it makes it taste sour. Jane added some pepper to the dish to make it spicy. This porridge tastes too sweet. You have put too much sugar in it. This coffee tastes bitter. Pass me the sugar, please. This soup is too salty! I can’t eat it.

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3. 1. I like to eat different kinds of food. But I know that it’s important to eat healthy food and I try to do it. 2. Bread, sugar, meat, butter, cheese and rice make us strong and give energy. 3. Meat, fish and milk help us to grow. 4. Vegetables, eggs, cornflakes make our bones and teeth strong. 5. Vegetables and fruit give us vitamins. 6. Vitamins are important for eyes, skin, bones, hair and other parts of our body. 7. Yes, I try to eat the right food. 8. I like to eat potatoes, meat, fish and fruit. I don’t like milk and beans. 9. Fruit, vegetables, milk, meat and fish are good for us. 10. I think it isn’t good to eat a lot of sweets and chips.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

1. A: What food do you like to eat? B: I like to eat tasty things, of course, but I know that our diet must contain all the things we need. That’s why I try to keep to a healthy diet. I eat fruit and vegetables every day. I also eat meat and fish and drink milk and juices. A: Different kinds of food help our body to keep fit and healthy.

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5. 1. I was awfully tired. The porridge tastes awful. 2. She cried bitterly. This coffee tastes bitter. 3. Those flowers look beautiful. She sings beautifully. 4. This dish tastes deliciously with sour cream. That was a delicious creamy soup. 5. Your tape recorder sounds wonderful. The boy cooked wonderfully.

Lessons 3—4

3. 1. I have got three or four meals a day. 2. Breakfast time is eight o’clock. Dinner we have at about two or three o’clock. Supper we have at seven o’clock. 3. For breakfast I usually have tea, sandwiches and cakes. For dinner I have got soup, meat, fish and potatoes. For supper I have got a salad, meat or fish, bacon and eggs and milk. 4. I like to eat porridge, fish and a salad. 5. I like to drink juice and tea. 6. Ukrainian popular dishes are borsch and varenyky. 7. After breakfast I like to drink tea and after dinner I usually drink juice. 8. I think I am a good eater.

Lessons 5—6 1. 2. A: It’s important to have hot soup for dinner. B: I agree with you. Hot meals are very important for our health. C: What do you usually have for dinner?

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B: I usually have a soup or borsch, meat with potatoes and a salad and juice. 3. A: You can eat as many sweets as you want. B: I don’t agree with you at all. Sweets are bad for our teeth. C: Don’t you eat sweets at all? B: I eat sweets sometimes. I prefer to eat fruit instead of sweets. 3. 1b; 2a; 3b; 4a. 5. First, drain the tomatoes and slice them into long strips. Then, fry them in a deep pan of cooking oil for ten minutes. After that, boil spaghetti for eight minutes, then pour the water and put tomato sauce over spaghetti. Finally, sprinkle some grated cheese on the top.

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5. This is the scene from my parents’ kitchen. We are cooking our traditional dish. Everybody is making tamales. My grandfather is wearing blue overalls and a blue shirt. I’m right next to him with my sister Margie. We are helping to soak the dried leaves from the corn. My mother is spreading the cornmeal dough on the leaves, and my aunt and uncle are spreading meat on the dough. My grandmother is lining up the rolled and folded tamales ready for cooking. In some families just the women make tamales, but in our family everybody helps.

Lesson 9

3. 1. Yes, I try to visit my friends very often. 2. I have never eaten Chinese food. 3. I have never used chopsticks. 4. I think it was difficult for Matthew to eat dinner with chopsticks at first. 5. Yingtao taught him. 6. Yes, he was a good student because by the end of the meal he was using chopsticks pretty well.

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Lessons 7—8 1. Ann put flour, sugar, cocoa, baking soda, salt, water, vegetable oil, vinegar and vanilla into the cake.

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5. Dear Ann, I am glad you’ll join us next Sunday and go to the picnic with us. Take with you some sandwiches, tomatoes and cucumbers and juice. We also want to bake potatoes, so bring some. Hope to see you soon. Yours, Sue.

Lesson 10

1. The man wanted to have the pancakes with meat and a cup of strong coffee. The woman ordered the mushroom omelet and a sausage. And she wanted to drink a glass of tomato juice and iced green tea. 3. 1. The Earl of Sandwich was a Frenchman. Disagree. 2. He was fond of playing cards. Agree. 3. People knew him to be the greatest sportsman in London. Disagree. 4. The Earl of Sandwich could play cards for twenty-four hours a day. Agree. 5. The famous player stopped playing only for meals. Disagree. 6. People called a new dish after the Earl of Sandwich. Agree. 4.

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Ann: Hello, Jane! It’s nice to see you. Sorry, I’m late! Have you decided on the menu? Jane: No, I haven’t. Let’s see the menu together. Ann: Well, I think I’m going to have fruit first.


I had “sweet teeth” when I was young. Mum was cooking pancakes when the telephone rang. First, she went shopping and then she cooked breakfast. — What are you eating now? — A mushroom omelet. It’s delicious. They are having a party on Saturday. They are buying lots of food.

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5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Lessons 11—12

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3a. 1. The smell from the kitchen filled the room. 2. A pancake is a flat round cake made with flour, eggs and milk, fried on both sides. 3. My mother removed the dishes from the table to wash them up. 4. Peanut butter and sandwiches taste delicious. 5. “To rinse” means to wash something with clean water.

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Jane: Yes, let’s have some oranges and grapefruit. Ann: OK, oranges and grapefruit. What are you going to have after that? How about pancakes with meat? Jane: I think, I’ll have omelet with bacon. Ann: Mmm. That sounds good. Oh, here is the waitress. Waitress: What would you like to order? Jane: We’ll have oranges and grapefruit. And then I’ll have omelet with bacon. Ann: And can I have a two-egg omelet with mushrooms? Waitress: Sorry, there is no mushroom omelet in the menu today. Ann: A cheese omelet then, please. What are you going to have afterwards? Jane: I’ll have a pancake with jam. Ann: I like it. I’m going to have that, too. Would you like to drink Cola or juice? Jane: Apple juice, please. Ann: Can I have a cup of green tea, please? Thank you.

A: This sum is easy! B: Oh, no! It seems difficult! A: This doll looks beautiful! B: Oh, no! It looks ugly. A: This crocodile seems friendly! B: No, no! It looks scary! A: The brush is soft! B: No! It is rough.

5. Dear Kate! I want to thank you for your dinner party which took place last Saturday. I liked the food that was very delicious and well-cooked. I also liked the 689


friendly atmosphere. I really had great fun and I hope you’ll come to the dinner party at my place next Friday. Yours, Ann.

Lesson 13 She didn’t buy any cheese, because there was some cheese in the fridge. She bought some mushrooms for pizza. She didn’t buy any carrots. She forgot about them. She bought some rice. She didn’t buy any cornflakes. There were no cornflakes in the shop. She bought some oil.

2. Justin didn’t mind that his clothes were dirty and wrinkled. He was having great fun, though he worked hard and got hungry. When they stopped for lunch, grandpa built a fire and made biscuits. At first, Justin was teasing grandpa about putting raisins in the dough, but after tasting them, he decided they were the best biscuits ever. And this day with grandpa was the best day ever, too.

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Unit 4 Lesson 1

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3. 1. All over the world people love reading. 2. When you are reading a story or a fairy tale, you always become a part of adventure. 3. You can visit a far country, travel into space, learn the secrets of underwater life. 4. There is always a secret message in stories you read. 5. You must try to understand what the author wants to tell you. 6. Books can help you to solve the problems you have faced with.

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1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Lesson 2

2a. 1d; 2c; 3a; 4b.

The Fox was walking in the forest one day. He saw a bunch of wild grapes. The Fox couldn’t reach the grapes. In the end he said, “Those grapes are sour”.

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5. 1. Yes, I think that reading plays an important role in our life. 2. I usually read two or three hours a day. 3. I read both for pleasure and for information. 4. In my spare time I read detectives and books about travelling. 5. When I go on trips I take different books with me. 6. When I choose a book I sometimes listen to my friend’s advice, sometimes I judge by the cover or look through the text of the book. 7. I like to read stories about animals and books about travelling.

Lesson 3 2b. 1. The children went to the library one day. 2. They were talking about magic books. 3. Yes, I read books about famous explorers. 4. These books teach us to live, to solve some problems, to be honest and courageous. 5. Yes, I always discuss books with my friends. 3. I think that library rules are very important. We must always follow them. I try to follow them. 690


5. Did Did Did Did

your elder brother tell you not to read at the dinner your teacher tell the pupils not to make drawings in the parents tell their sons and daughters not to tear your elder sister tell you not to cut out the pictures

table? books? the pages? from the book?

Lesson 4 Librarian: Good morning! May I help you? Ann: Yes, thank you. I am looking for a book about travelling. Librarian: What’s the title of the book? Ann: It’s called “Two captains”. Librarian: Who is the author? Ann: It’s by V. Kaverin. Librarian: Let me check the catalogue. We have two copies of this book in the library. They are on that shelf. Ann: Thank you very much. How long can I keep the book? Librarian: You must return the book in ten days. Ann: Thank you. Goodbye! Librarian: Goodbye!

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6. 1. The librarian has already stamped the date in our books. We can take them home. 2. She was reading a comic story, when her brother called her. 3. We must follow the library rules and return the books in time. 4. — What book are you looking for? — “Gulliver’s Travels” by J. Swift.

Lessons 5—6

Ann read the book “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”. The book is about the adventures of the friends in the Emerald City. She liked it very much. Because the book teaches us to be friendly and kind-hearted.

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3. 1. 2. 3. 4.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

3. 1b; 2b; 3a; 4b.

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4a. Mark Twain wrote his book “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn” in 1876. Rudyard Kipling wrote his book “The Jungle Book” in 1894. A. A. Milne wrote his book “Winni-the-Pooh” in 1926. Pamela Travers wrote her book “Mary Poppins” in 1934. J. Rowling wrote her book “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” in 2001.

Lesson 7

2. 1c; 2a; 3b. The first character is Harry Potter from the books by J. Rowling. The second character is Cinderella from a fairy tale. The third character is Mawgli from the book by R. Kipling. 5. My favourite book is the fairy tale “Cinderella”. The main character of the book is a young and beautiful girl. She was very kind and hard-working. She never did harm to anybody. The book teaches us to be kind and honest and good to other people.

Lesson 8 1. F. 2. People don’t like ghost stories, because they are scary. I think that people like ghost stories. People are always interested in unusual and mysterious things. F. 3. Many facts in historic novels aren’t true to life. I don’t think so. I think that in historic novels authors describe the things that really took place. 691


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5. A: Hi, John! How are you doing? B: Not bad, thank you. A: Have you read any interesting books lately? B: Yes, I’ve read a book by Duma “The Three Mousketeers”. A: That’s interesting. Tell me more about it. B: It tells about the people who were very brave and courageous. This is a story about their adventures. A: When did this happen? B: This happened very long ago. A: Where exactly did this happen? B: This happened in France. A: What a good story! Thanks. I think I’ll read it with pleasure. What palys a very important role in our life? Why doesn’t Tom like to read ghost stories? What is Ann’s favourite literary character? When did A. A. Milne write the novel “Winnie-the-Pooh”? Who did meet Pinocchio when he was walking along the road?

3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Jim lived in a big old house. He was not a happy child because he was lonely. He had a lot of friends at school. Jim’s friends very seldom came to visit him. He found an old key. “Perhaps, the key fits something in the attic”, he thought. The boy caught sight of a large book on the shelf. Jim slowly opened the book and turned the pages.

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Lesson 9

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F. 4. It’s better to watch a film than to read a book. I can’t fully agree with this statement. It is necessary to read. But sometimes films are as interesting as books are. T. 5. Any person can write a story or a poem. I can agree with this statement. I think that almost everybody can write stories, but these stories are not always good. To write a good story a person should have a talent and some knowledge.

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5. 1. There are many books in our school library. What is there in our school library? Where are many books? Are there many books in our school library? There are many books in our school library, aren’t there? 2. I am fond of reading detective stories. Who is fond of reading detective stories? What are you fond of reading? What do you like to do? What are you fond of? Are you fond of reading detective stories?

Lesson 10 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 692

Have you read “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain? Will you put the book on the table? This book is full of ghost stories. There is always a secret message in stories you read. You can find the facts you need in the encyclopedia. Alice is the main character in the book by Lewis Carroll. I want to buy a book. I am going to a bookstore.


1b; 2a; 3c; 4c; 5a; 6a.

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3. 1. Where there any pictures in the book? 2. What did Jim suddenly hear? 3. What did the voice say? 4. Was Jim curious? 5. Where did he find himself? 6. What happened to him then? 7. What did he read on the book cover? 8. What adventure had he been in? 9. What did he read at the front of the book? 10. What did Jim have after that?

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6. 1. Did you read an adventure story yesterday? Yes, I did. 2. Can you borrow me your encyclopedia? Surely, I can. 3. Do you read English books in original? No, I don’t. 4. Have you read any books in German yet? No, I haven’t. 5. Are you fond of reading comic stories? Yes, I am. 6. Was your brother drawing pictures to a fairy tale at that time yesterday? Yes, he was. 7. May I keep this detective story for a week? Yes, you may. 8. Were there any drawings in that book? No, there weren’t. 9. Is she writing a composition about her favourite character now? Yes, she is. 10. Does Sam usually buy magazines at the bookstore? Yes, he does.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

2. There was tiny writing on the pages and there were no pictures at all. Suddenly Jim heard a voice coming from the book! “You unlocked my secrets”, it said. “Step into my pages if you are looking for adventure”. Jim was curious. As he put his foot on the pages he found himself on the deck of a pirate ship. The boy turned one page after another. He visited the far away countries, he was on a desert island, fought with the pirates and found pearls and jewelry underwater. Jim looked at the book cover. “The Pirates and the Stolen Treasure” it said at the top of the page. Jim read the page and found he was reading exactly the adventure he had been in. He turned excitedly to the contents page at the front of the book and read the chapter titles. After that Jim had many, many more adventures. He made lots of friends in the stories and was never lonely again.

Unit 5 Lesson 1

3. 1. People all over the world are fond of sports and games. 2. Sport and physical exercises help us to keep fit and healthy. 3. The most popular winter sports are skating, skiing and tobogganing. 4. The most popular summer sports are swimming, cycling, boating and yachting. 5. Children all over the world like to play indoor and outdoor games. 6. Athletics, aerobics, gymnastics enjoy their great popularity among the girls. 7. The boys go in for boxing, wrestling, football, tennis, basketball and track and field events. 8. Everyone must do all he or she can to be healthy and to develop a strong character. 4.

Mr Smith goes in for judo. Mr Green goes in for skiing. Mr Black goes in for tobogganing.

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5a. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Paul rides his bike very quickly. One day he’ll have an accident. You have to train hard if you want to win the competition. Rita plays tennis well. One day she’ll be a champion. The children were talking loudly. The coach asked them to be quiet. Bill was very tired after his training and he walked home slowly. You have made a lot of mistakes. You must listen to me carefully.

5b. He runs very quickly. The children always shout loudly during the breaks. My sister can play badminton well. He wants to be a good sportsman and he trains hard.

Lesson 2

Children Children Children Children

can can can can

attend attend attend attend

Basketball Club. Football Club. Gymnastics Club. Badminton Club.

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3. 1. Tom went in for running. 2. The boys started warming up. 3. He said, “Practice makes perfect. A new competition is coming soon. I want you to win it”. 4. Yes, Tom trained hard. 5. If you want to win you have practise much.

5. Tom and his schoolmates played a match against a team from another school. They usually play football, but today they’re playing basketball. Tom likes playing basketball very much. He had played this game since he was six. Tom’s team usually wear white T-shirts, but today they are wearing yellow T-shirts. Other children from their school are watching the match. They want to support their favourite school team. Tom’s team usually win their matches, because they train a lot. They have won three Final Cups in the previous three years. They will win today, too.

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2. Tom should train a lot because the new competition was coming soon and the coach wanted the team to win.

Lesson 3

Steve goes in for tennis. Steve joined the sports club last year. Steve trains three days a week. Dan is very busy. He can attend the sports club only at the weekends. Steve invited Dan for a contest in March. Dan can go to watch the contest.

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2. Margaret reminds Graham about the Town Meeting at school that night. 1. They need to attend the meeting to discuss the question of a new football field. 2. The meeting starts at 6 p.m. 3. The fans of the town team must be present at the meeting. 4.

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Alex: Hello, Steve! How are you? Steve: Fine, thanks. And what about you? Alex: I’m very tired. Today is my sports day. I go swimming in the morning and then play tennis in the afternoon. Steve: I see. I go in for sports, too. I go in for running and swimming. Alex: Oh, really? I like sports a lot, too. My favourite sport is football. Do you train at the Sports Centre? Steve: Yes. Do you train there? Alex: Yes, I do. The facilities and all sports equipment are wonderful


5. 1. When could you ski? I could ski when I was 7. 2. Why couldn’t you ski two years ago? Two years ago I couldn’t ski, because I lived in warm countries. 3. When could you go skiing in the mountains? I could go skiing in the mountains last year. 4. When will you be able to go skiing in the mountains with your friends? I will be able to go to the mountains with my friends next year. 5. What can you say about yourself as a skier? I cannot say that I am a good skier.

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plays tennis three times a week. goes skiing once a month in winter. does gymnastics twice a week. went swimming every weekend in summer.

3. 1c; 2a; 3b; 4e; 5f; 6d.

1. When will you be able to skate? I will be able to skate with Ben after lunch. 2. Can Ann jump very well? Oh, yes. I am sure Ann can jump very well. 3. Why couldn’t they win that game? They couldn’t win that game, because they didn’t train well. 4. How long did you have to wait for your turn? We had to wait for our turn for two hours.

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there. Do you train in the school gym? Steve: Yes, twice a week I train there. I play basketball there. Alex: Are you in the school basketball team? Steve: Yes, I play in our school team. Alex: I like watching basketball on TV. Do you like watching sports on TV? Steve: Yes, I like it. Sometimes the matches are very interesting. Alex: There are some interesting sports programmes on TV tonight! Enjoy watching them. Bye! Steve: Thanks. Have a good time, too.

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5. 1. Can I take part in the contest tomorrow? 2. I couldn’t swim a year ago, but now I can. 3. Peter wasn’t well last week, so he had to stay at home. 4. Their son couldn’t walk when he was one year old. 5. You have to train hard if you want to win the competition. 6. I have broken a leg and I have to miss my trainings. 7. They had to go to the basketball competition yesterday. 8. Can your brother play chess? No, he cannot. 9. Sue has to practise a lot. She hasn’t attended the sports club during the last week.

Lesson 5 1. 1. I know winter sports: skating, skiing, tobogganing, hockey. Summer sports are swimming, running, football, badminton. 2. I enjoy swimming and playing tennis. 3. Children like to play football very much. 4. Tennis is my favourite game. 5. I like to watch games on TV. 6. Sports is so popular because it helps us to be healthy and strong. Maryna goes in for swimming. She attends the swimming pool. She trains twice a week. 695


Alexandr does karate. He attends the Sports Centre. He trains twice a week. Yana plays badminton. She trains once a week in the school gym. 5. If you want to play tennis well, you should do exercises to relax your arms. If you want to have good sports results, you should eat healthy food and it will give you energy. If you want to run well, you should wear comfortable shoes not to injure your feet.

3. 1a; 2b; 3c; 4a; 5b; 6c. The boys are in the football field. They are playing football at the moment. They train hard to be good sportsmen. The boys are in the stadium. They are running at the moment. They train hard to be good sportsmen. The boy is in the skating-rink. He is skating at the moment. He trains hard to be a good sportsman.

5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Did we have a hard game yesterday? The field at this stadium is very good. Have you ever been to the Sports Palace? What kinds of sport did the Greek compete in? The boy looks happy: he has won the sports competition.

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Lesson 6 1. 1. The first modern Olympic Games took place in Athens, Greece, 1896. There were 70,000 people in the stadium. 2. The Olympic Games take place every four years, but there were no Games in 1916 and 1944, because of the war. 3. The first Winter Olympics were in 1924 in France. In 1980, the 13th Winter Olympic Games took place in the USA.

Lessons 7—8

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3. 1. The modern Olympic Games started in 1896. 2. There are Summer and Winter Games now. 3. The modern sportsmen compete in more than 30 different kinds of sport. 4. The symbol of the Olympic Games is the Flag with five coloured rings. 5. The capitals of many countries have been Olympic cities – Athens, Paris, London, Berlin, Helsinki, Rome, Tokyo, Mexico, Moscow and others. 6. In 2004 Athens became the city which hosted the Olympic Games. 5. The first Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. The fourth Olympic Games were held in London, Great Briatin, in 1908. The tenth Olympic Games were held in Los Angeles, the USA, in 1932. The twenty-seventh Olympic Games were held in Sydney, Australia, in 2000. The twenty-eighth Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece, in 2004.

Lesson 9 1. A: It’s better to watch sport than to go in for it. When you watch sports programmes, you sit in a comfortable armchair in your room and you don’t have to go to the stadium or gym to train and get tired. B: To my mind, it’s important and necessary to go in for sport. Sport helps us to keep fit and be strong. A: You may be right. But as for me, I prefer to watch sports. 696


A: Sport helps people to make good frends. B: I agree with you completely. When you go in for sports, you train a lot. And the members of the team you train with become like family to you.

4.

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How many matches did their team win last season? Where have they go? What is she playing now? How did he play hockey last year? What was he doing, when I saw him?

Lesson 10

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1. What is your favourite sport? What sport are you good at? What sport would you like to be good at? Where do you usually play sports? Do you like to watch sports on TV or at the stadium? What is your favourite sportsman?

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2. 1. The children enjoy playing football and outdoor games at the school playground. 2. The children enjoy running and jumping at the new stadium. 3. The girls enjoy skating in a skating-rink. 4. My father is going to enjoy attending a football match.

Water Sports

hockey skateboarding surfing karate parachuting wrestling

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Adventure Sports

6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Ball Games

tennis basketball golf table tennis football volleyball

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3. 1. Jeremy had a younger brother. Disagree. 2. Melanie wanted to join the basketball team. Agree. 3. Jeremy wanted his sister to be a member of his team. Disagree. 4. Melanie was tired after the training and asked Jeremy to clean her room. Disagree. 5. Jeremy’s sister was the worst player at the tryout. Disagree. 6. Jeremy welcomed Melanie in his team. Agree.

Other Individual Sports horse riding athletics cycling skating skiing running

What kind of sport do you go in for? How often do you train? Where do you usually play sports? Do you attend any sports clubs? Have you won any competitions? Do you think it is important to go in for sports?

Unit 6 Lesson 1 3. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Kim is in the shop now. She wants to buy cold cuts. She is talking to a shop assistant. She wants to buy a kilo of ham.

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5. She wants to buy half a kilo of cheese. 6. No, she doesn’t want to buy anything. 5. 1b; 2c; 3a; 4c; 5a; 6c.

Lesson 2 2. 1c; 2e; 3a; 4b; 5f; 6d. 3. I I I I I

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buy buy buy buy buy

fish and seafood at the fishmonger’s. sweets and ice-cream at the confectionary. toys and board games at the Toys Shop. fruit and vegetables at the grocer’s. medcines at the chemist’s.

Lessons 3—4

can can can can can can can can can can can

buy accessories on the first level. buy bedspreads on the third level. find cafeteria on the third level. buy dresses for ladies and children on the second level. buy presents on the fourth level. buy hats on the first level. buy jewelry on the first level. buy men’s and boy’s wear on the second level. find restrooms on the third level. buy shirts, slacks and suits on the fourth level. find watch repair on the first level.

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2. You You You You You You You You You You You

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1b. 1. The department stores are popular with tourists because people usually buy something as a present. 2. There are usually two or three levels in a department store. 3. To help us find the things we need we should read the store directory which is usually on the ground level. 4. At the department store we can buy accessories, bedspreads, dresses, men’s wear, presents and jewelry. 5. The department store usually works from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

5a. I will buy a chicken sandwich and a vegetable sandwich. I will also buy an apple and a banana. I will buy tea to drink with a sandwich.

1b. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Lessons 5—6

Jane wants to go to a department store. She wants to go to a Macy’s shop. She wants to find out the opening hours at the store. Ann is at the shoe shop. She wants to buy a pair of shoes. She wears size four.

2. Jane: Hi, Ann! You look wonderful today! Where have you bought your new T-shirt and this pair of jeans? Ann: In Colin’s boutique. Jane: Where is it? Ann: Oh, dear. I know where it is, but I don’t remember the address. It is not far from Teatralna Metro Station. You go straight ahead along Bohdan Khmelnytsky Street, and it’s on the right. You don’t have to go far. Jane: Thank you. I think I’ll find it. How much are the things you bought? Ann: I don’t remember the exact price of the T-shirt, but the jeans are 120 hrn. The style is more important for me than price. And the price is quite important for my mum. She usually pays for the purchase. 698


Jane: I like both the style and the price. I’ll ask my mum to visit the boutique this afternoon.

Lessons 7—8

How much is this disc, please? Fifteen pounds. How many would you like? I’ll take one, please. How would you like to pay? In cash. Here you are. Thank you. Here’s your receipt and your change.

3. Children Children Children Children

have have have have

dogs as pets. mice as pets. parrots as pets. fish as pets.

Mr Parker and Molly are in the pet shop. Shop-assistant: Good afternoon! Can I help you? Mr Parker: Yes, please. I’m looking for a pet for my daughter. What can you advise? Shop-assistant: What kind of pet would she like? Something usual or unusual? Mr Parker: I’m not quite sure. I know she wants to have a snake or a crocodile, but she is not going to have one. Shop-assistant: How about a guinea pig or a hamster? Mr Parker: Hmm. They are not as friendly as dogs, are they? Shop-assistant: No. But they are very clean and they eat less. What about a bird, a parrot or a canary, for example? Mr Parker: Which one would you recommend? Shop-assistant: Well, you can’t teach a canary to speak. Mr Parker: But parrots speak too much and too loudly. I would like to have something quiet at home. Shop-assistant: A quiet pet? How about a goldfish or a mouse? They are the quietest pets I know.

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usually usually usually usually

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

A: B: A: B: A: B:

How much is this cup, please? One pound and ninety-nine pence. How many would you like? I’ll take two, please. How would you like to pay? In cash. Here you are. Thank you. Here’s your receipt and your change.

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2. A: B: A: B: A: B:

Lessons 9—10 2. 1. The Brights went shopping last Sunday. 2. First they went to the greengrocer’s. They bought some potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, a bunch of bananas and three large oranges. 3. Then they went to the bakery. 4. Yes, Susie wanted to carry the things. 5. Susie was happy because she had helped her parents. 3. The Brights went shopping last Sunday. Mr Bright had a big basket. Susie had a tiny paper bag in her hands. The family visited the greengrocer’s, the bakery and the confectionary. The Brights bought some potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, a bunch of bananas and three large oranges, two loaves of bread, sweet rolls, a cherry cake, jellies, caramels and a chocolate teddy bear.

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Lessons 11—12 1a. Who can serve us in the shops? Where can we buy ice-cream? How should we pay? When can we return the things to the shop? How can we know the price of the thing?

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2b. _∨_ 1. As I was going to ride in the girl’s rodeo competition, I thought I couldn’t live without those clothes. _×_ 2. As I was going to ride in the girl’s rodeo competition, I thought I really needed those jacket and jeans. I asked the shop-assistant about the price. _∨_ 3. I went into the store, found the clothes in my size and wanted to buy them. I didn’t ask the shop-assistant how much they cost. _×_ 4. I went into the store, found the clothes in my size and the colour I liked. _∨_ 5. I was surprised, when the shop-assistant told me the price. _×_ 6. I was surprised when the shop-assistant told me they didn’t have the thing I wanted to buy. _×_ 7. I liked the thing they offered me as I didn’t have to pay all the money I had saved practically forever. _∨_ 8. There went all the money I had saved practically forever. _∨_ 9. I had to go home and ask my mum for more money to pay for the clothes I wanted to buy. _∨_ 10. “Was it worth so much? No, it wasn’t. I thought during the following months, when I had to do without several things I needed or wanted”. _×_ 11. “Was it worth so much? Of course it was. I thought after I had won the competition and got the first prize!” _∨_ 12. “From that experience I learned to ask, “What does it cost?” before buying”.

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АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

2a. I think that text is about the price of the things we buy. It is necessary to look at the price tags before buying the thing and find out how much is it.

4.

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Ann: Hello, Kim! How are you? Kim: I’m OK. And what about you? Ann: I’m fine. I went shopping yesterday morning with Jane and my mum. Kim: What did you buy? Ann: Well, first I went to the clothes department and I bought a new blouse. Kim: Do you like it? Ann: Yes, I do. Then we went to a music shop. Jane wanted to look at the CDs. She likes listening to music. Do you like music? Kim: Yes, I like music. Ann: After that, we went to the market. They sell nice clothes there. Do you often go to the market? Kim: Not, very often. What did you buy there? Ann: I bought a pair of jeans and a sweater there. Then we bought small presents for my dad and Dan. Kim: Did they like the presents? Ann: Yes, they did. We have spent much money on clothes. Now I am going to save my money. Do you save any money? Kim: Yes, I do.


Lesson 13

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5. Maria went shopping with her mother last Saturday. They wanted to buy some presents for the coming holiday. At first the girl and her mum bought a nice tie for the father, then they looked at the toys for Maria’s classmates. The girl saw many toys for boys and girls: nice dolls, construction sets, jigsaw puzzles and interesting table games. Then they visited the ladies’ and junior dresses section. While Maria’s mother was trying on a new skirt, the girl went to look at the other departments. There were so many beautiful things everywhere. Maria even didn’t notice how she had lost. She understood this, when she couldn’t find her mother. The girl didn’t cry. She asked the shop-assistant to help her find the ladies’ dresses department and soon her mum had nothing to worry about.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 New School in groups, hinges

Pencils

bigger around than Anna’s thumb green fat and yellow older than Anna

Blackboard Chalk Children

1. Yes, I think it is good to be a pupil. 2. Every day we learn new things about the history of our country, geography, about interesting things and famous people. 3. Yes, I have many friends at school. 4. I try to get on well with everybody in class. 5. We usually play games during the breaks and after the lessons, we attend different clubs. 6. My favourite subjects are: Maths, English, Music and Computer Studies. 7. At school we need blackboard and chalk, desks and chairs, books, bags, pens and pencils.

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Old School in straight rows nailed to the floor smaller around than Anna’s thumb black white the same age as Anna

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Items Desks

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3.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

2. There are many shops in our city. Where are many shops? Are there many shops in our city? What is there in our city? There are many shops in our city, aren’t there?

Lessons 2—3 1a. Picture B: The children are having the English lesson. They are listening to a text about school. Picture C: The children are having the Drawing lesson. They are drawing fruit and a vase. Picture D: The children are having the History lesson. They are listening to their teacher. Picture E: The children are having the Biology lesson. They are looking at something in the microscope. Picture F: The children are having the Ukrainian lesson. They are listening to their teacher. 701


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Lesson 4

5. We have four English lessons a week. Who has four English lessons a week? How many English lessons a week do we have? What do we have four times a week? What lessons do we have four times a week? Do we have four English lessons a week?

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3. Ann: Hi! It was great today. We had History. It’s my favourite subject. What subject do you like best? You: I like English best. Ann: What was the most interesting lesson this week? You: The most interesting lesson was yesterday. We read a text about British Queen. It was very interesting. And what did you do? Ann: Oh, really. Well, we learnt about the wonders of the world. Our teacher told us how they made buildings thousands of years ago. What did you do at your lesson? You: We listened to the dialogues and acted them out, we wrote sentences on the blackboard and spoke about Great Briatin. Ann: We also watched the video about Stonehendge. It’s a very old site with big stones in England. Do you watch videos at your lessons? You: Yes, sure. We usually watch films about life and traditions in Great Britain. Ann: I have decided to prepare a report about Stonehendge for the next lesson. I’m going to read some more information about it. What are you going to do? You: I’m going to make a project about Ukrainian traditions and customs. Ann: Oh, that sounds good to you. Enjoy your work! Bye! You: The same to you. Good luck!

Lesson 5

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3. 1. Maria is going to travel to London. Disagree. 2. Olena is going to travel to London. Agree. 3. Olena should work harder at her English. Agree. 4. Maria should ask her teacher for help if she doesn’t know a particular word in English. Disagree. 5. Olena wants to travel by double-decker and by boat. Agree.

4.

1. Your plane leaves at 10.00, you should get to the airport by 8.00. 2. When you go to London, you should visit Westminster Cathedral. 3. You shouldn’t waste your money on things you don’t need. 4. If you travel by the London underground, you should remember to press the button on the door to open it. 5. You shouldn’t walk alone in the city. You can easily get lost. 6. You should keep an eye on your personal belonings. Someone can steal them.

Lesson 6 2. A: I think London is a fascinating city. There are a lot of places of interest in it. I think that even a month is not enough to visit all of them. The city is like one very big place of interest. You don’t need to go to special places. Just walk along the streets and enjoy the sights of London. B: Yes, I agree with you. London is wonderful. I would like to visit Madame Tussaud’s Museum and the place in Baker Street where famous Sherlock Holmes lived. 702


4.

1. The City is the heart of London. 2. Here you can find the famous historic landmarks such as the Tower of London, Tower Bridge and St Paul’s Cathedral. 3. The City is important because it is the world’s financial and commercial centre. 4. The Lord Mayor of London lives in his official residence Mansion House. 5. What is the area in the northern part of the City? It is the Barbican. 6. What is there in the Barbican? There are multi-storey blocks of offices and some of the highest blocks of flats in Europe.

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Lesson 7 1. A: Where’s the residence of the Queen? B: It is in London. The Queen lives in Buckingham Palace. A: What is the biggest cathedral in Great Britain? B: St Paul’s Cathedral is the biggest one in Britain. 2b. 5. You can also see “Beefeaters” in their traditional Tudor uniforms. 2. Many kings lived in the Tower of London. 1. The Tower of London is like a mirror of many important events. 4. The Raven Master takes care of the black ravens. 3. Today the Tower of London is a wonderful museum. 3. 1. Who are the guards and the guides of the Tower of London? 2. Who gives the black ravens meat in the morning and in the evening? 3. According to the legend what will fall without ravens in it? 4. What is the Tower of London today? 5. Who lived in the Tower of London? 5. They have already visited London this year. Who has already visited London? What have they visited this year? When have they visited London? Have they already visited London this year? 6. Dear Jane, I’ll always remember our educational visit to London. It was fantastic! I went on an excursion to the magnificent St Paul’s Cathedral. I saw it with my own eyes! I have visited the Whispering Gallery there. I could hear everything on the opposite side, which was 100 feet away. It was great! I went to Madame Tussaud’s Waxworks Museum. I found the famous pirate of the past, Francis Drake, there. I saw Madame Tussaud’s portrait. She made it before her death. Sometimes I felt uncomfortable in the company of wax models. I also enjoyed visiting Sherlock Holmes Museum. I saw his famous violin and his collection of pipes. Write to me soon. Tell me if you liked your visit to Kyiv last summer. Yours, Ann.

Lesson 8 3. 3. 6. 1. 5. 2. 4. 5. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. St Paul’s Cathedral. Trafalgar Square. Buckingham Palace. Parliament Square. Westminster Abbey. St Paul’s Cathedral is not as old as Westminster Abbey. Trafalgar Square is as famous as Parliament Square. Oxford is not as beautiful as London. Whitehall is not as crowded as Oxford Street. London is as busy as Kyiv.

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Lesson 9 1. 1. Mariynsky Palace is situated in an old part of the city on the top of the hill. 2. The park near the palace is one of the favourite places among the Kyivites. 3. The children are happy there with their bikes, balls and mini-cars. 4. The elderly people sit on the benches and remember their younger years. 5. The teenagers chat about their friends and school life. Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra is situated on the green hills above the Dnipro. A monk Anthony dug a small cave there in the 9th century. The monks came there to live and pray. The monks painted beautiful icons and magnificent pictures. Today it is both a monastery and a tourist sight.

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5. 1. Many talented architects had worked for 10 years to create St Volodymyr Cathedral. 2. The children are looking at a great collection of tropical and subtropical plants now. They often come to the Natural History Museum in Kyiv. 3. Yesterday two teams took part in a football match from 7 till 9 at the stadium “Dynamo”. The famous team “Dynamo” won that game.

Lesson 10

2. 1. Yang helped Matthew with his Maths homeworks. 2. Matthew helped Yang with his spelling. 3. They followed the rule “The way to have a friend is to be one”.

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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5. Karl thanks Tony for the invitation to his birthday party. He is very excited about dressing in costume.

Lesson 11

3. 1b; 2b; 3a; 4b.

Lesson 12

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1. The children are working in the school garden now. They are planting the trees. They are painting the trees and sweeping the ground. They are visiting their grandmother. They are helping her. 3. 1. Schoolchildren in many schools in the USA want to be good citizens. 2. They take part in service projects and find out how to care for the world. 3. They learn how to be responsible and find out for themselves how they can make a difference – not only during the school year, but for the rest of their life. 4. Schoolchildren do their projects with the help of their teachers. 5. They practise many school subjects while helping others. 6. This special way of doing things is called “service learning”.

4.

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A: Hi, Liza! B: Hello, Volodia! A: Would you like to join our group for a project? B: With pleasure. What are you going to do? A: We have decided to help elderly people. B: That’s a nice idea. I’m fond of helping people. So I can go shopping for them. A: Then let’s meet at our school tomorrow at ten. B: OK, I’ll come.


Lesson 13

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

The pupils were writing a test, when the bell rang. He is working at his report now. Our teacher usually takes us for educational trips. We didn’t learn Biology last year. Ann and Dan have already done their homework. What new school subjects will we learn next year?

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Unit 8 Lesson 1

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2. Airport words: trip, plane, tickets, luggage, international airport, departure monitor, customs area, to check in, carry-on bag, handbag, boarding pass.

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3. 1. They are going to travel to the USA. 2. Yes, he has arranged the trip well. 3. They travel by plane. 4. The Parkers are at the international airport now. 5. Molly has never been to the airport before and that’s why she asks questions. 6. She worries as usual because they have to be in a hurry.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

3. 1. Steve enjoys his work in a service group. Steve doesn’t enjoy his work in a service group. Does Steve enjoy his work in a service group? 2. They were working at their project from January till May last year. They weren’t working at their project from January till May last year. Were they working at their project from January till May last year? 3. Pete and Tamara have already decided to help their neighbour. Pete and Tamara haven’t already decided to help their neighbour. Have Pete and Tamara decided to help their neighbour? 4. We will learn new school subjects next year. We won’t learn new school subjects next year. Will we learn new school subjects next year?

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5. We went to the airport by taxi. When we arrived there, we put our suitcases on a cart and went into the airport. The airport was very busy. There was a long queue of passengers at the check-in desk. When we got on the plane, as air hostess said “hello” to us and pointed to our seats. When the plane started to go up onto the ground, it was exciting. Molly looked out of the window. Everything below was very, very small – the fields, the roads, the buildings and the people. It was fantastic!

Lesson 2 1b. Beautiful, spacious skies, amber waves of grain, purple mountain majesties, fruited plain, shining sea. 1c. America America America America

is is is is

famous famous famous famous

for for for for

its its its its

natural treasures. Statue of Liberty. native people – Indians. fast food.

5. 1. There are fifty states in the USA. 2. All the states work together in many ways. 3. The national capital of the USA is Washington, D.C. 4. Washington, D.C. belongs to the whole country. 5. The capital city is the place where country leaders meet and work. 6. Washington, D.C. is the only community in the whole country that is not located in a state.

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7. Washington, D.C. is between the states of Maryland and Virginia. 8. Every state in the USA has its own capital city.

Lesson 3 3. 1. Washington, D.C. is a capital city of the USA. 2. It is situated along the Potomac River. 3. The Capitol is the building well-known for its rotunda, or a round room, which has a large dome. 4. The White House, the Lincoln Memorial are other sights of the city. 5. From the top of the Washington Monument you can see a panoramic view of the whole city.

Lesson 4

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3. 1. The Parkers visited the White House on their first day of the visit. Disagree. 2. The White House is made of marble. Disagree. 3. The White House has two storeys. Disagree. 4. Important people from all over the world have been in the East Room. Agree. 5. Visitors used the East Room for entertaining. Disgree. 6. The President’s family spends most of their time in private rooms on the third floor. Agree. 7. There is a sitting room, a library and a living space there, but there are no offices there. Disagree. 8. The building hasn’t changed its structure much over the years. Disagree.

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1. 1d; 2a; 3e; 4f; 5g; 6c; 7b.

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5. Dear Ann and Dan, Today is Monday the fourth of July. I am in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United Sates of America. I am near the White House. There are thousands of Americans here today, because it is Independence Day. The people are waiting for the President. Yours, Steve and Molly. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4.

I I I I

3. 4. 3. 2. 1.

Libraries. Monuments. Museums. A Zoo.

Lesson 5

don’t go to the museums very often. I go there twice a year. have been to the History Museum and the Natural History Museum. went there with my teacher and classmates. liked the exhibits of the animals in the Natural History Museum.

Lesson 6 1. Steve: Look, Tom, what’s on Friday. Do you like programmes about animals? It’s in the afternoon. Let’s watch that together. Tom: OK. That sounds much fun. Are there any feature films on? Steve: Yes, there are. There is “The Last of the Mohicans” at 6 p.m. Have you read this novel? Tom: Oh, yes. It is about one of the Indian tribes. Are you interested in history, too? Steve: Of course. I like reading books and I am fond of watching historical films. You can learn a lot from them, you know. What’s on Saturday? 706


Tom: There are Walt Disney cartoons in the morning. Do you like watching them? Steve: I am not interested in cartoons. My sister Molly likes watching them a lot. Tom: Now Sunday… There is my favourite “Adventure Club”. This time it’s going to be about Native Americans. Great! Will you watch it with me? Steve: With pleasure.

The food we eat and the clothing we wear are the part of our culture. I have read many stories about Native Americans. Who were the first people of America? Do you know anything about the Indian way of life? Different tribes had different ways of meeting their basic needs.

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Lesson 7

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1. 1. Tom is going to work on a general study of Indians. 2. David is going to work on the sign language of the Plains Indians. 3. He said, “When Christopher Columbus came to the New World, he called the people he met there Indians, because he thought he was in India. 4. Over twenty thousand years ago the people went along the bridge from Siberia to Alaska.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

3. 1. The first people in America were the people we now usually call American Indians or Native Americans. 2. A native is a person who was born in a place. 3. There are many groups of Indian people. 4. Each tribe had their own way of life. 5. They had different ways of meeting their basic needs.

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5. 1. Peter isn’t interested in reading history books. 2. We weren’t watching a film “The Last of the Mohicans” from 6 p.m. till 7.30 p.m. yesterday. 3. They haven’t been to the USA. 4. The Greens won’t have a city bus tour next week. 5. The children don’t usually ask the guide many questions during the excursion. 6. They didn’t learn a lot about customs and beliefs of Native Americans at the last History lesson.

Lesson 8

1. A a tepee B a horse C a buffalo D a creek E a leather bucket F a fire G toys H jewelry

5. Old Ways and New Today the life of Indians is a mix of old ways and new. Their traditional artcrafts are still important in the community, but the ways of making things have changed. The Indians now have motor boats and other new tools which help them catch fish. They have cars to get to the place they need. In school, Indian children study the same subjects as other children in the United States. They also learn about the culture of their tribe. For example, they learn about woodcarving and making jewelry. 707


Lesson 9

4.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

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3. A: Hello! B: Hi! Nice to see you! I haven’t seen you for ages! A: Where did you go to this summer? B: I have been to the USA. A: Really? Did you like the places you visited? B: Yes, I did. America is famous for it Statue of Liberty and Lincoln Memorial. A: Did you visit the national capital, Washington, D.C.? B: Yes, I did. I spent a week there. I visited New York. I also visited the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. A: That is wonderful. Did you take any photos? B: Yes, I did. Come and see me one day. A: With pleasure. We are passing the Washington Monument now. What is there in the Main Entrance Hall? We were having a walking city tour when the rain started. Have you ever visited the White House? Where does the President live? How many states are there in the USA? Steve and Molly had a nice rest in Washington, D.C. last summer.

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1b. What types of houses do the modern Americans live in? Do the Indians live in modern houses? Do the Indians use cars or drive horses, when they want to get somewere?

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5. On rainy or cold days, children go to school inside the tepee. They sit around the fire. Older tribal members teach them about Indian customs, religion and the legends of their tribe. When Indian families move to a new camp, they take their homes along with them. The women wrap the buffalo hides around the tepee poles. They tie them on a long wooden frame. A dog or a horse pull them to a new campsite. When the family come there, the women put up the tepee in less than fifteen minutes. And, once again, each Indian family is comfortable at home inside a tepee.

Lessons 10—11

5. I must always stay at least 100 yards (91 m) from bears and at least 25 yards (23 m) away from other wildlife. I mustn’t throw anything into hot springs and mud pots. I mustn’t pick wildflowers. I must place all trash in garbage cans, use plastic and glass bottles again.

Lessons 12—13

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A: B: A: B: A: B:

How tall is the brown bear? It is 3 feet tall. How heavy is it? It weighs 210—315 pounds. How long does it live? It lives about 20 years.


A: B: A: B: A: B:

How heavy is the buffalo? It weighs about 2,000 pounds. How fast does it run? It runs 30 miles per hour. How long does it live? It lives about 15 years.

A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:

How tall is the moose? It is more than 7 feet tall. How heavy is it? It weighs 1,000 pounds. How fast does it run? It runs 45 miles per hour. How long does it live? It lives about 20 years.

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3. 1. There are mountains, forests, lakes and grasslands in Glacier National Park. 2. In this park you can see grizzly bears, wolves, moose, deer, mice and squirrels and other animals. 3. They can become a Glacier National Park Junior Ranger. 4. They have to do the activities in the special newspaper. 5. Their parents, elder brothers and sisters or another adult can help them to do the tasks.

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

How tall is the grizzly bear? It is 3 and a half feet tall. How heavy is it? It weighs 216—717 pounds. How long does it live? It lives about 20 years.

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A: B: A: B: A: B:

Lessons 14—15

People People People People People People People People People

have picnics. perform their traditional dances. watch the rodeo competition everywhere in the USA. eat their traditional food. meet their relatives. who live in capital cities watch the firework display. wear clothes in the colours of their flag red, white and blue. remember about their nation’s history. have parties at home.

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5. Picture 1 – text 3 Picture 2 – text 2 Picture 3 – text 1

Lesson 17 1. 1. Yellowstone National Park is famous for its picturesque landscapes. 2. There are many squirrels in the streets of Washington, D.C. 3. Admission to Smithsonian museums is free. 4. Washington, D.C. is situated on the banks of the Potomac River. 5. There are fifty states in the United States of America. 6. We have learnt a lot during our excursion to the American History Museum. 709


2a. Where did the Indian tribes get wood to build their homes? What did they make wooden bowls and spoons and canoes for? What did they make from bark of the trees? Who used rain hats made of bark? Where did Indians find food? What did they find there? How did they catch animals? Who hunted whales?

Steve was packing his things yesterday evening. Steve had already packed his things when Tom came. Steve packed his things yesterday.

The Town of Hampton The town of Hampton is a centre of fishing. One day Sarah met Kingston Winget there. He is in charge of the local history museum. Mr Winget offered to show Sarah around. He told Sarah that the houses she saw were made of young trees and reeds woven together. He also showed her a garden. “Now we grow the same kinds of food the Indians grew many years ago”, said Mr Winget. Inside the museum Sarah learned that Hampton is one of the oldest cities in the United States. English settlers began the city in 1610. “The English forced the Indians to leave”, said Mr Winget. “Then they built their town in the place the Indians had lived”. Sarah saw many old drawings and maps that showed what Hampton looked like long ago. The museum had dishes, teapots, glasses and other things used by the early people in Hampton.

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Tom telephoned his friend yesterday. Tom was speaking to his friend over the telephone at 5 p.m. yesterday. Tom had already finished reading when the telephone rang.

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3. Ann wrote a letter yesterday. Ann was doing her homework when her mother came. Ann had already done her homework when her mother came.

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