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вiдповiдi на запитання i завдання до пiдручника Л. В. Биркун та iн. «Англiйська мова» Unit 1

Lesson 1 Turkey Mongolia Australia France Canada Australia

ship car bike train coach plane

21 hours 30 hours 7 days 4 hours 10 hours 13 hours

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1b. I think that Vira travelled the farthest. She travelled by plane and her trip took her 13 hours. Ron travelled the closest. His trip was the shortest. Lin travelled the longest. Her trip took her seven days. Ron travelled the shortest. I think that Ali’s trip was the most comfortable. Because travelling by ships is rather comfortable. It seems to me that Megan’s trip was the most exciting. It is interesting to travel by bike.

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3. My summer holidays were really great. In June I went to the country. I have a lot of friends there and my days were not boring. We swam in the river, played a lot and went fishing. I also wanted to be useful and helped my Grandma a lot. It was a little bit dull when the weather was rainy, but fortunately it was not often. In July I went to the children’s camp at the seaside. I had a wonderful time there. We had some excursions that were interesting, useful and unforgettable. In August I went to the sea again with my parents. We swam and sunbathed a lot. It’s a pity summer holidays seem to be so short.

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1a. Ali Lin Megan Ron Sara Vira

4. 1) I think an English boy told this story. This person says that he met Daniel Radcliff travelling by train to Paris. 2) No, unfortunately I didn’t meet anyone famous during my summer holidays. 3) I would like to meet Dima Bilan. I like this singer. His songs are fantastic. 4) I would like to ask him to come to my city for a weekend and make a sightseeing tour with me. I would show him the places of interest and I hope he would like the place I live in.

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5. 1) I think it is Vitas, the singer, in the picture. The adjectives to describe him: serious, polite, optimistic, neat, active, clever, friendly, hard-working, tidy. 2) It is A. Zavorotnuk in picture two. She is sociable, easy-going, generous, talkative, energetic, stupid, optimistic, helpful, kind, tidy. 3) It is Arnold Schwarznegger in picture three. He is serious, tolerant, polite, active, adventurous, friendly, responsible. 4) It is N. Uvarova. She is disciplined, reliable, honest, forgetful, polite, shy, neat, clever and hard-working. 5) It is Ph. Kirkorov. The adjectives to describe him: easy-going, bad-tempered, energetic, aggressive, active, adventurous, emotional, nervous. 6) This is A. Shevchenko in picture six. The adjectives to describe him: brave, sociable, reliable, energetic, neat, active, helpful, responsible.


Lesson 2 1. a. A smart red polka-dotted silk dress. b. An expensive black leather belt. c. A warm bright woolen jumper. d. A light checked cotton shirt. e. Casual dark cotton overalls. f. A bright flowery silk shirt. g. A dark striped woolen suit. h. A casual patterned cotton skirt. i. A smart plain white silk blouse. j. Bright checked yellow and green.

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3. 1) I think that a red polka-dotted dress suits Lesia best. She is a romantic and sometimes shy, that’s why I think the dress suits her. 2) The suit is the thing for Tetiana to wear. As she is active and emotional the official style is the best for her. 3) Oleksii can wear pants and a jumper. This is the proper thing for adventurous people. 4) Overalls can suit Oleh.

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4. 1) When I travel I usually wear jeans and a T-shirt or a jumper. 2) When I have a long trip I usually eat the food brought from home, or sometimes I can go to a café. 3) When I go to another place I usually eat ready-made food. 4) I can name the thing I ate often in summer when I visited at my grandparents – varenyky. I cannot cook, that’s why I don’t know the recipe. 5) Yes, it is healthy food. To tell the truth I don’t know about proteins, vitamins and other things in varenyky, so I cannot answer this question. I just know that this dish is healthy food. 6) Yes, sure, I ate a lot of fruit and vegetables. I like water-melons and strawberries most of all. I also like tomatoes and carrots.

Англiйська мова

2. 1c; 2j; 3g; 4h; 5f; 6a; 7b; 8d; 9i; 10e.

5. 1e; 2j; 3b; 4c; 5f; 6a; 7g; 8i; 9d; 10h. 6. I think that picture 2 is correct. Lesson 3 1. 1e; 2a; 3c; 4b; 5d; 6f. A. People come there to enjoy nature. Park. B. People come there to look at pictures and sculptures. Art Gallery. C. People come there to look at historical things. Museum. D. People come there to listen to music or watch a play. Theatre. E. People come there to pray to God. Church. F. People come there to remember some famous person. Monument. 2. A guide described Westminster Abbey and the Houses of Parliament in the tour. And he also described Trafalgar Square. 4. Andrii whose hobby is collecting butterflies will find a club in this camp.

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Svitlana whose hobby is science fiction will find a club for herself. Oksana whose hobby is painting will find a club in the camp. Pavlo who likes riding a bike will find a club. Olena, Oleh and Bohdan will also find clubs for themselves.

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1. 1) Yes, I’m glad to come back after summer holidays. They are rather long and you even get tired of just having a rest and doing nothing. I’m also glad to meet my friends and teachers again. 2) No, I didn’t meet my school friends in summer and I missed them very much. 3) Yes, they have changed a bit. They became taller and a little bit older. And more serious, I suppose. I cannot say that I’ve changed. It seems to me that nothing happened to me. 4) Yes, I had time for my hobby. I read a lot and went swimming in the river and in the sea. 2. This hobby is very popular all over the world. People in China made kytes 3,000 years ago. Egyptians and Japanese also made kytes many years ago. Children in Europe played with them 1,000 years ago. A kyte is made of wood and paper, cloth or plastic. It flies in the wind on a long string. There are kyte festivals in many countries of the world. There you can see different kinds of them: Chinese kytes made of bamboo and paper, mostly dragon-shaped; flat kytes — the oldest ones, they are usually diamond-shaped and have got tails; box kytes made of wood; double kytes made of two kytes put together. There are kytes made in the shape of animals or other things. They are fun kytes; they are always bright. These festivals attract crowds of people. Many families come with children.

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Lesson 4

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1) Unfortunately, I have no friends who go in for this hobby. 2) I’ve never been to such a festival, but I’d like to visit such an event. 3) I think that this hobby suits more boys. But I am sure that girls can also like it.

3. Attitudes 1. Girls like to argue. 2. Boys don’t like to apologize. 3. Boys have strong opinions. 4. Girls like to work hard in class. 5. — like to talk about other people. Behaviour 6. Girls usually do their homework. 7. — don’t help with the housework. 8. Boys often forget things. 9. Girls don’t make noise in class. 10. Girls often help other students with their work.

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Likes and dislikes 11. Boys like working with their hands. 12. — don’t like using computers. 13. — like doing mental arithmetic.


14. Girls like cooking. 15. Girls don’t like sport.

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5. We are pupils from Class A. Please help us recycle things. 1) Please save plastic bottles, cans and glass. If you bring them to school we will collect them for recycling. 2) Do you buy lots of magazines and newspapers? When you have finished reading them, please give them to us. If we recycle all our paper we will help save the forests. 3) Please save electricity and water. Always turn off the lights and water taps when you leave the room. Unit 2

Lesson 1

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1. I think all these newspaper articles are about strange and mysterious meetings with aliens. 2. In my opinion «Lost in Space» is the best headline to this article.

Англiйська мова

Survival in school 16. Boys sometimes get into trouble. 17. Girls don’t get into fights. 18. Boys sometimes break school rules. 19. — get a lot of attention from the teacher. 20. — support their friends.

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3. 1) The children could get the light or sound signals from the alien spaceship. 2) I think they could speak with the help of gestures. 3) I don’t know for sure, but I think they could find some common words or phrases and try to decode the notes. 5. 1f; 2c; 3a; 4g; 5h; 6b; 7e; 8d. Lesson 2

1. 1) Twenty-three languages are used by 50 mln or more speakers each. 2) About 6,000 languages are spoken today. 3) More than 200 languages are used by a million or more speakers. 2. 1) In Ukrainian there are thirty-three sounds. Yes, they differ from English sounds. 2) There are some similar words in Ukrainian and English such as: fine, revolver, firm and others. 3) No, the word order is not strict in Ukrainian. 4) Yes, I think the endings have no meaning in Ukrainian. But they show the gender, the number of nouns, they may show the part of speech. 1) English is multicultural because it has taken words from other languages, and today’s international communication means that new words are appearing every day in this language. 2) It contains words from more than 350 languages.

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3) International communication has created specialized English such as Internet English or text message for mobile phones. New words and new forms appeared.

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4. 1) The closest neighbours to Ukraine are: Russia, Bilorus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldova. 2) In these countries live Russians, Bilorussians, Poles, Slovaks, Hungarians, Romanians and Moldavians. 3) The United States of America — Americans The United Kingdom — the British Australia — Australians China — Chinese Egypt — Egyptians Russia — Russians Poland — Poles Canada — Canadians Austria — Astrians Brazil — Brazilians Italy — Italians Ukraine — Ukrainians Germany — Germans Switzerland — Swiss Greece — Greeks 4) Chinese — China Arabic — the countries of the North Africa and Near East French — France English — Great Britain Spanish — Spain Italian — Italy Ukrainian — Ukraine Russian — Russia German — Germany Polish — Poland Greek — Greece

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3. 1) Sounds were made by pre-human creatures. 2) Communication was made more complex. 3) First words were written millions of years ago. 4) Some changes have been explained by scientists. 5) Words are added to the vocabulary. 6) Words are brought from one language to another. 7) A standard form of a language is used on radio and television. 8) A language is called dead when nobody speaks it.

Lesson 3

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1. 1) The people speaking different languages can use gestures or some common words to understand each other. 2) Yes, I’ve heard of Esperanto. Unfortunately I don’t know anything about it. 3) I agree with the second statement. It is true that learning a foreign language helps you to understand your native one. And to develop the knowledge of it. 4) I think that when you know a foreign language you can communicate with people from different countries personally and by e-mail, you can


travel all over the world and you can read books and magazines, you can listen to music or watch films in original. It’s very interesting and educational.

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3. 1) Yes, it is a sentence, though it has no meaning. The word order of it is correct. 2) There are three nouns in it. Because there are three words with the articles, which are the determiners of the nouns. Some of them are singular and some are plural. 3) There is only one adjective, the one with the ending ‘ic’. 4) And there is only one verb, the one having the ending ‘ed’. It is used in the Past Simple. 5) Yes, there is one adverb in the sentence. This is the word with the ending ‘ly’.

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4. A. worker B. player C. thinker D. feeler It seems to me that I am a ‘thinker’.

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2. All the things in the picture can help in learning a foreign language. It is necessary to listen to a spoken speech and for this purpose you can use a taperecorder, a computer and TV. With the help of TV and computer you can not only listen but watch films or educational programmes. The English grammar book can help you to learn the rules that are rather important for making stracturally correct sentences. Surely, a foreigner will be able to understand you even if you speak with mistakes, but it is much more pleasant to avoid the mistakes. With the help of a dictionary you can enlarge your vocabulary. And reading books is also very helpful.

Lesson 4

1. True statements are: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8. This information means that the English language has got a great future. More and more people will use it for international communication and business. 2b. 1e; 2b; 3a; 4g; 5k; 6d; 7n; 8j; 9f; 10h; 11l; 12c; 13i; 14m. 4a. I think that the reasons of learning English should be ranked in such an order: 1) to be able to talk to English-speaking people; 2) to read books, newspapers and magazines in the original; 3) to get a better job; 4) to work as a translator; 5) to go to an English-speaking country; 6) to become an English teacher; 7) to use the Internet; 8) to watch satellite programmes; 9) to understand what English-speaking actors say in films; 10) to understand the words of pop-songs. 505


Lesson 5 1. 1b; 2a; 3c; 4d. 1b. Reading for fun: recipes, labels, books, newspapers, magazines, billboards, the printing on television advertisements; Survival reading: street signs, traffic directions; Reading for learning: maps, manuals on how to operate computers or other technical devices; Workplace reading: letters, forms, charts, graphs. 2b. Yes, I could understand the meaning of these words with the help of pictures and context. They are nouns, two adjectives and two verbs. I used the first strategy to understand the words and word combinations.

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1. People exchange information with the help of different means of communication: radio, television, telephone, Internet, newspaper. Books, newspapers, magazines, television, computer, telephones, clock radio, posters and video cassettes are used at home. At school books, computers, notes, lectures, textbooks and audio recordings can be used. And at business we can also use all the above-mentioned and fax machines. Means of mass communications are: newspapers, radio and television. The artists show their ideas and emotions with the help of colour and style in their paintings. When people say ‘communication makes the world grow smaller’ they mean that information and news can get to people inspite all the distances and borders. And it doesn’t take much time thanks to mordern technologies.

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Lesson 6

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2. 3500 BC pictographic writing 1477 start of printing 1840 Morse telegraph 1876 first telephone 1895 first radio 1925 first public demonstration of television 1982 first CD players 1983 mobile phones and the Internet 3. A. Great Invention B. Dangerous Habit C. Problem Makers Lesson 7 1. A. Computers: from the past to the present. B. People’s «helping hands». C. What can we expect in the future?

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2. 1) The first alphabet had symbols for syllables. 2) The first alphabet was invented by Greeks. 3) The first books were not made of paper. 4) Tablets couldn’t keep a lot of information. 5) People put the tablets in order using numbers.

False. True. True. False. True.


6) The first pages were first made by Julius Caesar. 7) Books with wooden pages were used till 1380 8) Books with pages were called codexes. 9) The first codexes are kept in the British Museum. 10) The first newspaper was printed by Julius Caesar.

True. False. True. True. True.

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4. 1) the Internet; 2) telephone; 3) books; 4) printing; 5) writing; 6) television; 7) mobile phones; 8) telegraph; 9) computer; 11) radio; 12) newspaper; 13) fax machine; 14) CD player; 15) cassette recorder; 16) videocassette recorder.

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Lesson 8

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2. A. Hello! 234567. Hello! Could I talk to David, please? Who is speaking? It’s Sara, his classmate. Hold on a second, I’ll call him. Hello! Hi, David. It’s Sara. How are you? Hi, Sara. I’m fine, thank you. And you? I’m fine, too. Do you know our homework in Maths? Yes, let me see… It’s Ex. 35 on p. 97. Thanks a lot. See you tomorrow.

Англiйська мова

3. I think it is the Internet.

B. Hello! 987654. Hello! Can I speak to Megan, please? I’m sorry but she is not at home now. Could you take a message, please? Sure. Please, ask her to call Sara back. My number is 675849. OK. I’ll tell her when she gets back home. Bye. Thank you. Bye. 3. 1) Ah! What a shame! 2) Mmm! It’s absolutely delicious. 3) Whoops! I’ve dropped it. 4) Ouch! I’ve cut my finger. 5) Yuk! How disgusting!

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1a — You must be so sad. 2b — Just the way I like it. 3c — Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 4d — I don’t think it’s very deep but I’d better put a sticking plaster on it. 5e — Did you eat any of it? Lesson 10

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2. 1) Oliver Twist was written by Charles Dickens. 2) The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci. 3) The Eiffel Tower was built by Gustave Eiffel. 4) Carmen was composed by George Bizet. 5) Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great. 6) America was discovered by Christopher Columbus.

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3. 1) English is spoken in Canada. 2) I studied French for three years in school. 3) We spent too much money on holidays. 4) This window was broken by the little boy. 5) Her clothes are made in Paris. 6) This book was written by my aunt. 7) The new university will be opened next year. 8) He was driving fast and was stopped by the police.

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1. 1) Volkswagen cars are made in Germany. 2) A lot of rice is eaten in India. 3) Coca-Cola is produced in the USA. 4) Frogs are eaten in France. 5) Tea is produced in China. 6) Coffee is grown in Brazil.

4. Do you think Mars will be colonized one day? The planet Mars is known as the ‘red planet’. The soil there is red and its surface is covered in volcanoes. Until recently, it was believed that nothing could live on Mars, but during a space mission, tests were carried out and now it is thought that life on Mars might be possible one day. During the space mission, special equipment was used to examine the planet. No form of life was found yet, and so far, the planet is considered unsuitable for inhabitation. However, we are told by scientists that by 2020 humans will be sent to Mars and that one day special cities will be built so that we can live there, it is hoped that by 2150 Mars will be a wonderful place to live. Would you like to live there?

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5. A: Did you visit many places when you were on holiday? B: Well, on the first day we were taken on a tour of the historic monuments by our guide. A: Oh, did you go everywhere with him? B: No, we also went to some places by ourselves. A: How did you manage to travel to the other places? B: We were advised to hire a car but chose to travel on public transport because it is much cheaper. A: How did you know which buses and trains to catch? B: We asked at the tourist information centre and we were given an excellent book which told us everything we needed to know.


A: So, you enjoyed it then? B: Oh, yes. We had a really great time. Lesson 11 I think that the third sentence best reflects the contents of the text: «The changes that can happen to the humanity in 10,000 years.». Unit 3

Lesson 1 1. I think the article is about the things the aliens use for food.

1) Meat, eggs and dairy products are very expensive.

True.

2) Heating meat kills microbes which can cause illness.

Ture.

3) Meat is usually eaten three times a day.

False.

4) People like to eat fried chicken eggs for breakfast.

True.

5) People in other parts of the world eat the eggs of other birds.

True.

6) Milk products can be bought only at the market.

False.

7) Sour cream, yoghurt and butter are popular milk products.

Is not mentioned.

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5.

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4. 1c; 2e; 3d; 4b; 5a.

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2. The best headline for the article to my mind is: «What did the aliens eat?».

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6. 1) As for me I prefer animal food. It seems to me more delicious. But I try to eat animal and plant food. Because I know that plant food is very useful. It gives us necessary vitamins and minerals. 2) Plant food is healthier. It contains all the elements important for us and there are very few harmful elements in it. 3) Surely raw food is healthier. It is not good to eat fried food, though it may seem delicious. It is possible to cook healthy food in a special steam cooker. Lesson 2 1b. 1) canned pineapple 2) convenience food 3) dried apricots 4) frozen meat 5) pickled cucumbers 6) processed vegetables

консервовані ананаси напівфабрикати сушені абрикоси, курага заморожене м’ясо мариновані огірки перероблені овочі

2. AD 400 boiling food in leather, wood baskets and shells AD 1500 roasting meat over open fires; the wealthy had ovens in their homes 1800 iron cookstoves burning wood became popular 1860 gas cookers began to be used in cities

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1930s electric cookers became popular 1950s microwaves were introduced 3. A. baking B. boiling C. frying D. steaming E. simmering F. grilling G. roasting

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1. a. pour b. peel c. melt d. slice e. squeeze

f. beat g. stir h grate i. chop j. mix

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4. A. shallow pan, rolling pin B. casseroles, saucepan, ladle C. frying pan, spatula D. steamer E. casseroles, saucepan

2. 1f; 2e; 3c; 4h; 5j; 6b; 7d; 8i; 9g; 10a. 3. At first the girls wanted to cook shortbread biscuits. But they don’t have some ingredients. They can make pancakes. They have everything necessary.

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4. Peel and slice the onion and the carrots. (c) Put the dish in the oven until the cheese is brown. (i) Peel and slice the potatoes. (a) Fry the meat, onion and the carrots until the meat is brown and the onions are soft. (d) Cover the potato with grated cheese. (h) Add a bit of water, salt, pepper and a few herbs. (f) Put the potatoes in a saucepan with some water and a bit of salt. Boil them for 20 min and then mash. (b) Spread the mashed potato over the meat and vegetable mixture. (g) Put the meat and vegetable mixture into a shallow pan. (e) Lesson 4 1b. sour bitter spicy salty sweet

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1c. sour bitter spicy

кислий гіркий гострий солоний солодкий

juice, apple, orange, pear soup, meat fish, chips, cutlet, soup, chicken, hot dog, sausage


salty sweet

fish, nuts, soup, potatoes, spaghetti apple, banana, porridge, pear, ice cream.

2a. 1c; 2e; 3b; 4d; 5a.

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2c. Chicken soup can be spicy, salty, healthy, delicious, tasty, hot, good, tasteless. Green salad can be salty, delicious, tasty, good, bad, crisp, healthy. Steak and chips can be fattening, delicious, spicy, hot, good, crisp, greasy. Curry is spicy and bitter. Roast beef and potatoes can be fattening, greasy, delicious, hot, healthy. Fish and chips can be greasy, fattening, disgusting, bitter. Ice cream can be creamy, sweet, fattening, tasty. Fresh fruit salad is healthy, sweet, crunchy, good, delicious. Chocolate cake is delicious, sweet, fattening, chewy, tasty. Oranges can be sweet, healthy, juicy, sour, good, bad.

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3. 1) I don’t even know what to think. I can’t believe that it is possible for a man to eat all the things mentioned in the text. It may be a joke. 2) I think that all these things are tasteless. 3) Glass is hard and a little bit crispy. Metal is hard. Tablecloth is chewy and greasy in a way. 4) It became so because any other person living could eat the same things and in such quantities. 4. 1a; 2c; 3b; 4d.

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2b. a. crispy; b. chewy; c. crunchy; d. creamy; e. greasy.

Lesson 5

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1. 1) A human body needs minerals, proteins, vitamins and certain fats. 2) Jank food leads to obesity (being extremely fat), dental problems, heart diseases. 3) Fast food lacks vitamins and minerals but it is high in sugar and fat. People usually eat it in a hurry. This makes people fat. 4) Fast food can be eaten without forks and knives. It is usually served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping. 3a. I think that this diet is not healthy at all. This teenage eats too many sweets and crisps, which are junk food. This kind of food is bad for our health. It is high in sugar and fat and it leads to many problems. I can recommend to this teenage to eat more healthy food and have a balanced diet with all the elements needed to keep us healthy. 3b. I think it is Polina’s diet described. 4. 1a; 2b; 3c. Lesson 6 1a. 1a; 2f; 3d; 4i; 5g; 6h; 7c; 8e; 9b. 1c. In some cultures, the way food is served is almost as important as how it is prepared. For example, Japanese and French cooks carefully arrange food

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2. 1) Ukraine is famous for different kinds of food such as borsch, varenyky and some others. 2) The Ukrainians serve their food in such a way to make it look beautiful and tasty. They serve it individually. 3) It is a tradition to eat rich healthy food in all Ukrainian families. At different holidays all the members of the family get together and sit at a big table served with many delicious dishes. There are usually different salads and appetisers, after them comes the main course of meat or fish with potatoes. And the dessert is usual at the end of the dinner. 4) In my family we always get together for holidays and Sundays. My mother cooks a very tasty dinner and we eat it and talk about our life. 3. 1) Porridge comes from Britain. 2) Borsch comes from Ukraine. 3) A cake called ‘kiss’ came from France. 4) Pizza comes from Italy. 5) Shrimps come from China. 6) Bacon and eggs come from Britain. 7) Rice with vegetables come from India. 8) Pudding comes from Britain. 9) Beer and sausages come from Germany. 10) Noodles come from China.

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to make each dish look beautiful. In Sweeden, smorgasbord is a popular way to serve guests. Smorgasbord consists of a long table set with a selection of breads, cheeses, fish, salads and hot and cold meats. Customs also can affect the times when people eat. In most Western cultures, for example, people commonly eat three meals a day. These meals are breakfast, lunch and dinner. The British add a light, extra meal called tea late in the afternoon. At this meal, they serve strong tea and such foods as biscuits, cakes or sandwiches. In most Western cultures, people eat from individual plates and use knives, forks and spoons. In China and Japan, people use chopsticks. In many societies, people eat from a common serving dish and use few utensils. Some people pick up their food with bread or with their fingers.

4. 1a; 2d; 3e; 4o; 5i; 6n; 7c; 8k 9f; 10h; 11l; 12j; 13m; 14g; 15b. Lesson 7 1b. 1) beef 2) pork 3) lamb 4) mutton 5) poultry 6) cod 7) salmon 8) trout 9) tuna

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яловичина свинина ягня; м’ясо молодого баранчика баранина птиця тріска лосось форель тунець

1с. chop — beef, pork, mutton; cutlet — beef, pork, mutton, poultry;


roast — lamb, mutton, pork, cod; tinned — cod, trout, salmon, tuna; smoked — cod, pork, trout, salmon, tuna; fillet — poultry, pork, beef; steak — beef, pork, poultry, mutton; fried — salmon, poultry, pork, beef, lamb.

4. 1c; 2a; 3b; 4d.

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3. 1) The ancient Romans first had the idea of putting vegetables on large flat pieces of bread… — Wrong. The ancient Greeks were the first to cook pizza. 2) But for centuries one important ingredient was missing — the first potatoes were brought to Europe only in the 16th century from South America. — Wrong. The tomatoes were missing for centuries. 3) Rafaelo Esposito was asked to bake a special pizza for a visit by the British King and Queen. — Wrong. The Italian King and Queen were going to visit the city and the baker was asked to bake a speacial pizza for them. 4) After the First World War pizza became an international dish. — Wrong. It became an international dish after the Second World War. 5) Today the average Italian eats over 10 kg of pizza. — Wrong. An American eats over 10 kg of pizza.

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Lesson 8

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1. 1) I think that the first and the second posters were created in a Cooking Club and the third one seems to be created in an Environment Protection or Green Peace Club. Because the first two are about kinds of food and advice how the food should be served. And the third one explains one of the reasons of garbage pollution and advises how to keep our planet clean. 2) Yes, these bits of advice are useful. They are useful for everybody. Everybody should know that. 3) I sometimes go to fastfood places. Yes, I agree with what is said in the posters. I know that fast food is not healthy at all and I try to go there not very often. We should always put litter on a bin. We should also use only things we need: paper cups, plastic forks or plates. And don’t take extra.

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2. There are about six countries mentioned in the text.

2. 1a, 2f; 3b; 4d; 5e; 6c; 7g; 8h. 3. 1d; 2a; 3c; 4b; 5e. Lesson 10 1. 1) some cherries; 2) an onion; 3) an apple; 4) a juice (some juice); 5) a mobile phone; 6) some flowers; 7) a tea (some tea); 8) some biscuits; 9) some bread; 10) some lemons; 11) a suitcase; 12) some money. 2. some bread — three pieces of bread some tea — two cups of tea some soap — two pieces of soap some pie — some slices of pie 513


some meat — two kilos of meat some sugar — three spoonfuls of sugar some water — six bottles of water some Coke — two glasses of Coke 3. 1) How much milk do you drink every day? — I drink a glass of milk. 2) How many books do you buy every month? — I buy two or three books. 3) How much money do you get every week? — I get about twenty gryvnyas. 4) How many people did you meet on your last holiday? — About a hundred. 5) How much sugar do you take in your tea? — One or two spoonfuls.

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5. 2) A: Is there a cinema in this town? B: There are many of them.

3) A: The sun has melted the snow. B: Yes. There isn’t much of it now.

4) A: The trees are beautiful in this garden, aren’t they? B: They are. Besides, there are a lot of flowers here.

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Англiйська мова

4. A few plates, a little coffee, a little honey, a few cars, a little cream, a little milk, a few women, a few sheep, a little water, a few cups, a little flour, a few forks, a few babies, a little juice, a little pepper, a few dolls, a little marmalade, a few dresses.

5) A: It was a very hot day yesterday. B: And how many times did you have a shower?

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6) A: I’m busy today. B: Have you really got a lot of work? 7) The flowers are dying. But there isn’t much water in the vase. 8) A: Why is Helen always alone? B: She hasn’t got many friends. 9) A: The river near your village is wonderful. B: It is. But there isn’t much fish in it. 10) A: Can you lend me some money? B: Oh, sorry — I haven’t got much money with me.

6. 1) Could you lend me some money? 2) How much time have we got left? 3) There aren’t too many chocolates in the box. 4) I don’t know anything about chemistry. 5) Could you give me a few sheets of paper? 6) There were lots of strawberries on the plate. 7) I need some help with my homework. 8) Did you catch any fish in the river? 9) Is there any cheese in the fridge? — Yes, there is some. 514


Lesson 11 1. 1) Drinking tea was very popular in many European countries. 2) A young sailor came back from India. 3) He was an only son of an old woman. 4) The sailor rarely brought his mother any presents. 5) A box of tea was an unusual present. 6) The old woman didn’t like the smell of tea. 7) The old woman treated her friends to cakes, fruit and tea. 8) The guests drank the tea with butter and salt. 9) They liked the tea a lot. 10) The woman threw the water away.

False. True. True. False. True. False. False. False. False. True.

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3. Beef; salty; recipe; bitter; chewy; nut; greasy; pork; microwave; graine; slice; can; plate; spicy; saucepan; crunchy; grill; raw; peel; tea; sour; pickle; lamb; boil; pie; stew; steam. Unit 4

Lesson 1

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1. Scientists are Optimistic This article may be about any invention or scientific problem that is rather difficult. But the scientists are optimistic. They hope to find the way to solve the problem because they are constantly working at it.

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2. 1a; 2d; 3b; 4c.

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Do We Have Neighbours in Space? The article may be about some suggestions about exisiting extraterrestrial civilisations.

A New Discovery! This article is surely about something that was found by the scientists. May be something new and unusual.

Wonders of Medicine! The article may have the stories about any medicines or methods of treating people that are very effective and make wonders. 2. I think that the title ‘A New Discovery’ is the best for the article. 4b. 1) Health care 2) get ill (sick) 3) pain 4) hurt 5) injury 6) illness (disease) 7) treatment 8) be treated 9) medicines (drugs) 10) cured

охорона здоров’я захворіти біль боліти травма хвороба лікування лікуватися ліки вилікуватися 515


3. people cured the sick by pleasing gods; 2500 BC a textbook on how to treat diseases was produced by the Egyptian doctors; 600—500 BC first operations were performed and first drugs used in ancient India; 1000—1100s first medical school and many hospitals appeared; 1895 X-rays were discoverd; 1980 study of genetics became the main medical problem.

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1a. a pediatric unit — 7 intensive care unit — 5 surgical unit — 8 emergency unit — 9 intermediate care units — 1 pharmacy — 4 food service department — 3 laboratories — 6 medical records department — 2

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1b. emergency unit — treating those who have suddenly become ill food service department — preparing meals intensive care unit — treating critically ill patients intermediate care unit — treating all kinds of patients laboratories — doing tests medical records department — keeping records of patients pediatric unit — treating children pharmacy — making and selling drugs surgical unit — performing operations

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Англiйська мова

Lesson 2

3. John is 15. He was playing football and broke his right leg. — surgical unit Barbara is 32. She has problems with her back.— intermediate care unit Jerry is 8. He has a bad earache.— a pediatric unit Thomas is 60. He suddenly felt pain in his heart.— emergency unit Lillie is 12. She has a bad stomachache.— a pediatric unit Janet is 24. She got into a car accident.— intensive care unit 4. 1d; 2k; 3a; 4h; 5n; 6c; 7b; 8l; 9m; 10g; 11e; 12f; 13o; 14q; 15i; 16p; 17j. 5. During the checkup the pediatrician or dentist may ask questions: Are you a vegetarian? How much sleep do you get each night? How often do you exercise? What food do you eat? How often do you brush your teeth? What toothpaste do you usually use? Lesson 3 1. 1) When I can’t hear well I go to an ear doctor. 2) When I can’t see well I go to an eye doctor.

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3) When I feel pain in the heart I go to a heart doctor. 4) When I feel pain in the knee I go to a surgeon. 5) When I have a broken arm I go to a surgeon. 6) When I have a headache I go to a pediatrician. 7) When I have a sore throat I go to a pediatrician. 8) When I have a stomachache I go to a pediatrician. 9) When I have a toothache I go to a dentist. 2. 1i; 2g; 3f; 4c; 5b; 6a; 7e; 8h; 9d.

Англiйська мова

проста застуда нежить чхання грип кашляти пневмонія алергія висип сльозотеча

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3. 1) a common cold 2) a runny nose 3) sneezing 4) flue 5) coughing 6) pneumonia 7) allergies 8) rash 9) watery eyes

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2b. 1) On a cut finger I put a plaster. 2) If the eyes hurt eye drops can be used. 3) He is put on the stretcher. 4) On a broken leg or arm a bandage is put. 5) The main forms of medicines are: pills, mixture, drops and injection.

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4. Mandy — aspirin Bill — cold relief Stewart — eye drops Jane — stomachache powder Bessie — cough releif

Lesson 4

2. 1) A sound mind in a sound body. У здоровому тілі здоровий дух. 2) After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile. Після обіду посидь, а після вечері пройдись. 3) An apple a day keeps the doctor away. З’їдай в день по яблуку, і лікар тобі не знадобиться. 4) Desperate diseases must have desperate cures. Клин клином виганяють. 5) Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. Хто рано встає, тому Бог подає. 6) Good health is above wealth. Здоров’я дорожче за багатство. 7) Laughter is the best medicine. Сміх — найкращі ліки. 8) Live not to eat but eat to live. Живи не для того, щоб їсти, а їж для того, щоб жити. 4. 1) Germs are so small that can’t be seen in the microscope. 2) Sneezing is one way of getting virus disease. 3) You can get ill if viruses get into your mouth, nose and eyes. 4) When you sneeze, drops from your nose travel at about 120 miles an hour. 5) Cleanliness controls germs.

False. True. True. False. True.

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6) Regular cold showers help you keep fit. 7) People should wash hands very often with soap and warm water to get rid of any germs. 8) You should always have a tissue with you. 9) You should regularly go to a physician and dentist for checkups.

False. True. True. True.

Lesson 5

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1c. 1) a scald 2) a burn 3) a scratch 4) food poisoning 5) a cut 6) to bleed 7) a bruise

опік від окропу чи пари опік від вогню або тепловий подряпина харчове отруєння поріз кровоточити синяк

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3b. Home is a dangerous place. Don’t use a chair, a table or a pile of boxes to get something from the top. Keep kitchen knives in a knife rack. Never pick up broken glasses with bare hands. Keep the floors dry. Turn pot handles to the back of the cooker. Use a rubber mat in the bathroom. Keep soap in a holder. Keep drugs away from children. Read the instructions to medicines carefully. Use electric tools carefully. Keep everything in its place.

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Англiйська мова

1. The first boy was fighting and now he has a bruise. The second boy fell and scratched his knee. The third boy has a stomachache, a food poisoning. The girl cut her finger. A little boy got a scald. And the last girl has got a burn.

4. In the radio programme were not discussed the following rules: When you fill a bath always put the cold water in first. Do not touch anything electrical if your hands are wet. Never take medicines belonging to someone else. Never run when carrying anything hot or sharp. Lesson 6

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1. 1) Ability is a power to do something. 2) The prefix dis- has a negative meaning. When some quality is absent. 3) Disability is when someone cannot do something. 4) Some people cannot see, some cannot hear or speak, some people cannot move. 5) They have disabilities because of injuries or illnesses. 6) I don’t know. May be modern medicine can try to cure some disabilities but I don’t think it is always possible.


1b. 1) blind 2) deaf 3) disability 4) disabled person 5) handicapped 6) mute 7) wheelchair

сліпий глухий неспроможність робити щось людина з фізичними вадами який має вади німий інвалідна коляска

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4. A disabled person can have problems getting on and off the bus, getting into a shop, getting into a telephone booth, getting down to the underground crossing.

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5. 1) I think they feel embarrassed and uneasy in the company of other people. 2) Sometimes other people look at the disabled people, sometimes they help them. 3) Their life can be made better if the builders and the authorities thought about them and helped them to solve their problems. Lesson 7

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1. 1) Penicillin is a kind of medicine. 2) It was a great discovery because it could cure diseases and save people’s lives. 3) Sir Winston Churchill was a politician, one of the greatest statesmen of Britain. 4) I think these people are brave, responsible and generous.

Англiйська мова

3. People who cannot move can have problems getting dressed and undressed, getting to places, cooking, getting on and off the bus, exercising. A deaf person can have problems watching TV, using the telephone, communicating, listening to music. A blind person can have problems watching TV, going shopping, studying, reading books, writing, crossing the street.

2. 1) The doctor couldn’t hear his patients’ hearts because he had problems with hearing. False. 2) The wooden tube made the sounds of the body louder. True. 3) Those sounds were always the same. Not mentioned. 4) Doctors today use the same kind of tube. It is called stethoscope. False. 3. 1b; 2d; 3e; 4c; 5a. 4. 1) I think that illnesses will exist even in the future. New technologies develop, but strange as it may seem illnesses also become more complicated. 2) I hope there will be doctors. But robots or computers may help them to make diagnosis or treat people. 3) I don’t know. I hope that it will be possible to cure all the diseases. 4) Yes, the science will develop and even the parts of the body will be produced. 5) Yes, sure, it will give disabled people to live almost as healthy people. It’s a pity, but I think that there will be disabled people. Because they can become disabled as a result of injury. 519


6) May be people will have in their bodies some electronic devices to check their health or control any other processes. Lesson 8 4. 1d; 2c; 3e; 4b; 5a.

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1. 1) In the first part of every sentence the present verb form is used. But it denotes future action. 2) In the second part of the sentences A and B future verb forms are used. In sentence D the present verb form is used. In sentence C the present verb form and a modal verb is used. 3) The words ‘if’ and ‘when’ mean the condition of fulfilling the action of the first part. 4) In the sentences with ‘if’ and ‘when’ the present verb form is used and in the second part, in the main sentence, the future verb forms are used. 2. If you are hungry, make a sandwich. If you are bored, read a good book. If you are thirsty, get something to drink. If you are seasick, take one of these pills. If you are cold, put on a sweater. If you are hot, take off your jacket. If you are wet through, change your clothes. If you are a heavy sleeper, make it a rule to go to bed earlier. If you are a fast walker, go out later.

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Англiйська мова

Lesson 10

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3. 1) If Peter does lots of exercise, he’ll be fit and healthy. 2) Please call me if you need help. 3) Will Sara be angry if we don’t come to her party? 4) If it doesn’t rain, we’ll go for a walk. 5) If you work hard, you’ll pass your exam. 6) Will you give me a call if you have time tomorrow? 7) If you don’t do your homework, I won’t let you watch TV. 8) Mary will not go to Australia if she doesn’t need tickets. 9) If he comes on time, we’ll have dinner before we go out. 10) If you eat so many sweets, you’ll have problems with your teeth. 4a. If the doctor makes a diagnosis, he will write out a prescription. When he writes out a prescription, I’ll take it to the pharmacy. When I take it to the pharmacy, the chemist will give me the necessary drugs. When he gives me necessary drugs, I’ll take the drugs. If I take the drugs, I’ll get better soon. When I get better, I’ll go on an excursion with my class. If I go on an excursion with my class, I’ll see many interesting places. When I see many interesting places, I’ll know more about my town. If I know more about my town, I’ll tell my friends. 4b. work hard get good marks finish school year well

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ask father to buy a camera take lots of pictures show the pictures to friends

Lesson 11

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1) gaime — game 2) dich — dish 3) seling — selling 4) laidy — lady 5) payed — paid 6) wonce — once 7) eat — ate 8) gests — guests 9) begen — began 10) read — red 11) sad — said 12) marshrooms — mushrooms 13) rang — ran 14) sow — saw 15) askt — asked 16) didn’t had — didn’t have 17) pure — poor

Англiйська мова

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6. Both pills and mixture can cure a stomacheache. Neither bandage nor sticking plaster can cure a stomachache. Both drops and injection can cure earache. Neither mixture nor powder can cure earache. Both pills and injection can cure a backache. Neither drops nor bandage can cure a backache. Both pills and mixture can cure a sore throat. Neither injection nor plaster can cure a sore throat. Neither pills nor injection can cure a sore eye. Both bandage and sticking plaster can cure a cut finger. Neither mixture nor drops can cure a cut finger.

Unit5

Lesson 1 1. All the titles show that the articles are about some new riddles, some mysterious facts that the scientists are trying to solve. 3. 1) I can call sports the following activities: hockey, skating, skiing, sledging, figure skating, ski jumping, swimming, boating, cycling, football, cricket, volleyball, basketball, badminton, boxing, gymnastics, track and field events, karate, chess, baseball, handball, car racing, running, water polo, fishing. Because competitions take place in these kinds of sport and the sportsmen train a lot to win and to be the first. 2) All the rest are called games, exercise and entertainment: aerobics, martial arts, billiards, table tennis, golf, jogging, ballooning, mountain climbing, camping, dominoes, horse racing, body building, windsurfing, scuba diving, rafting. 521


3) Yes, a sport needs to have all the things mentioned: people, competition, exercise, rules, equipment. I can add uniform and prizes. 4) Some people go in for sports because they want to be fit and healthy. Some of them want to take part in competitions and Olympic Games. Some of them want to win and take the first place. 5) I think that all these skills and qualities are needed. 6) I can add that people should also be calm, energetic, reliable and strongwilled.

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2. 1) Fitness is the ability to fight diseases. 2) Regular exercises and a healthy diet help people keep fit. 3) At school, children have exercises every day. 4) Energetic exercises are best for schoolchildren. 5) Doing keep-fit exercises takes a lot of time. 6) You should do exercises very energetically from the very beginning.

False.

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3. Fit and healthy In really good shape As fit as a fiddle Has got lots of energy

Not fit Unfit Gets out of breath Out of condition

anaerobic

aerobic

badminton fishing golf boating windsurfing martial arts basketball horse racing ballooning

cycling walking gymnastics jogging skiing

4.

5.

Sport Badminton Cycling Football

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True. True. False. True. False.

2b. Pictures one and three illustrate the exercises recommended by Dr Brown.

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4a. 2) I think the best sport for Antony would be running because you have to be active and quite fit. Scuba diving would be the worst sport for him because he can’t afford buying expensive equipment. 3) The best sport for Peter would be windsurfing because he enjoys taking risks. 4) The best sport for David would be mountain climbing because he likes to be close to nature.

Energy level 2 2 2

Does it make you strong?

flexible?

  

  


Sport

Energy level

Golf Running Squash Swimming Table tennis Walking

Does it make you strong?

flexible?

     

     

2 2 3 2 1 2 Lesson 3

програти розгромити, перемогти суперник турнір півфінал нагорода рахунок внічию

Англiйська мова

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2. 1) lose 2) beat 3) opponent 4) tournament 5) semi-final 6) trophy 7) score 8) in a draw

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1. 1) boxing; 2) car races; 3) running; 4) swimming; 5) gymnastics.

3. The article is about a football match.

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4. 1) Why are they called the Olympic Games? 2) How long do the Summer Games last? 3) There aren’t Winter Games, are there? 4) What do the five circles represent on the Olympic flag? 5) When did the tradition of the Olympic flame begin? 6) What happens at the Opening Ceremony? 7) Are the medals really made of gold, silver and bronze? 8) What’s the motto of the Olympic movement? 1c; 2a; 3h; 4e; 5b; 6g; 7f; 8d. 5. 1c; 2a; 3a; 4c; 5c. Lesson 4 1. 1b; 2d; 3e; 4c; 5a. to be aggressive — He sometimes gets into trouble with the referee. to be competitive — He always wants to win. to be dedicated — He trains every day in wind, rain or snow. to have guts — He’s not afraid of anything. to have stamina — He can keep running all day. 2. 1) The participants of the Sahara Marathon have to run 320 km across the desert in six days. 2) Their rucksacks mustn’t weigh more than 12 kg.

False. True. 523


3) They have to carry all their food, clothes and water in a rucksack. 4) They can only have 1,5 litres of water a day. 5) Very few people take part in the Marathon. 6) Olena Yurkovska lost courage after a serious illness. 7) The girl played table tennis at the age of five. 8) Olena got four medals at her first Paralympics. 9) The organizers of the Torino Winter Games declared Olena Yurkovska the best sportsman of Paralympics.

False. False. False. False. False. True. True.

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3. 1) someone who wants to use weights can join Supercircuits Club; 2) someone who likes moving to music can join Supercircuits and Aquaaerobics Clubs; 3) someone who wants to improve the concentration in daily life can join T’ai Chi Club; 4) someone who needs to improve their performance in another sport can be recommended Supercircuits and Ice Skating Clubs; 5) someone who is interested in sports from the Far East can be recommended T’ai Chi; 6) someone who wants to become much stronger can join T’ai Chi and Supercircuits Clubs.

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Англiйська мова

2b. The people described are very brave and courageous. It is not easy at all to do what they do, that’s why we can call them real heroes of our days. We can call them heroes because they didn’t get upset and lose courage after a serious trouble. They make efforts and do impossible.

Lesson 5

1. 1) mountain climbing; 2) parachuting; 3) scuba diving; 4) boating.

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2. 1) I think windsurfing can be called an extreme sport. These sports are called extreme because they are dangerous and the people taking part take risks. 2) I think they do these sports to feel something new and extraordinary or to prove to themselves that they are able to do this. 3) No, I wouldn’t like to try it. 4) Yes, they are dangerous. Other dangerous sports are: ski jumping, karate, martial arts. 5) I think they should be courageous and well-trained. 3.

Sport

Positive

Negative

Qualities and skills

windsurfing

board, wetsuit

keeps fit, relaxing

expensive

courageous, ability to stand on the board, sense of balance

parachuting

parachute

exciting

risky, expensive

courageous, good training, fit

4. 1c; 2a; 3b. 524

Equipment


Lesson 6 1. a) table tennis; b) soccer; c) tennis; d) golf; e) American football; f) basketball; g) volleyball; h) baseball.

3. 1d; 2e; 3c; 4f; 5a.

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1) In the text inventions of skis, sledges and skates are described. 2) They are all equipment for winter sports. They look different and they are used in a different way. 3) People use them in northern countries when the land is coverd with snow. They use them to move in the snow. 4) In the sports are also used bicycles, cars, aqualungs in scuba-diving, parachutes. 5) Thanks to some inventions new kinds of sports appeared.

Lesson 7

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1. 1) The school came second in Under-16 400 metres run. 2) The school Junior running team won 4x100 metres race. 3) Tamara Hendrix won the Intermediate Long Jump. 4) The school Under-15 tennis team won the competition.

True. False. False. False.

2. In the text the sports were mentioned: hockey, cricket, athletics.

Англiйська мова

Sledges — 1, 2, 6, 7, 10, 15, 16. Skates — 5, 9, 12, 14. Skis — 3, 4, 8, 11, 13.

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Opinions 1, 3, 4 and 6 are mentioned in the talk. I agree with all of them. And I think that the most important is that pupils who don’t enjoy sport won’t do any sport when they finish school.

3. The school skiing trip was organized last Sunday. Almost everybody took part in it. In the school yard there was a tent were we could hire skis, poles and boots. Pupils came there, chose the size they needed and put the skis on. When everybody was ready an instructor came. It was our PE teacher. He is a very good sportsman, especially skier. He taught us to walk uphill in skis. It was a bit difficult, but we trained and at last did our best. Then we trained to go down the slopes. At first we trained at rather steep slopes. We fell over a lot. Some time later we learned to ski down well and began to ski faster. Everybody had a very good time. Lesson 9 2. 1) He is a racing driver, so he drives very quickly. 2) The group are good singers. They sing very sweetly. 3) I can easily understand this foreigner because he speaks very slowly. 4) The boxer is in good form. He trains regularly. 3. Talk quietly. In case of fire walk slowly. Drive carefully.

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5. One day a teacher read an interesting story to the class. It was a story of a man who easily swam a river three times before breakfast. All the pupils listened to the story attentively, but nobody asked any questions and nobody said anything about it. But Johnny, one of the pupils, thought a little and smiled quietly. The teacher thought to himself, «Something is wrong with my story». Then he suddenly decided to ask Johnny a question. «Do you think that a good swimmer could not do that?» asked the teacher. «Well», answered Johnny quickly. «I think many strong people could do that. But why didn’t he make it four times? Why didn’t he get back to the side where his clothes were? He swam away from his clothes, didn’t he?» «Well», answered the teacher slowly. «The story tells only about a man who swam a wide river three times. It doesn’t say anything about his clothes». Then the teacher said to the class: «You see, children, Johnny showed us that it’s very good to think carefully about what you have read or heard».

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6. Linda was getting ready for a competition in triathlon. Triathlon is one of the most difficult competitions in sports. It consists of a 1.5-kilometre swim, a 40-kilometre bicycle race, and a 10-kilometre run which are done without a break. Linda got up early every morning and trained hard as she wanted to be the best. First she went to the pool. She jumped high into the air and then deep into the water. She swam very fast and her trainer noted the time nervously. After the pool, she went straight to the staduim and practised riding her bicycle. The last step was running. Linda could do it easily, so she didn’t train long. She came home very late and fell asleep really quickly. Finally, the day of the competition came. Everyone was sure that Linda could do everything right. Her friends supported her loudly and she did her task very well. All her family and friends smiled happily when Linda became the winner.

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Англiйська мова

Shout not loudly. Open carefully. Read quickly.

1a; 2a; 3b; 4e; 5d.

Lesson 10 Unit 6

Lesson 1 1. The articles seem to be about the aliens’ way of watching pictures or movies. 2a. Still More Surprises! 2b. 1) The aliens could watch documentary or feature films. 2) They could use a small sphere to project pictures into surrounding space of the room. 3) Nowadays people often watch films. They watch comedies, detectives, thrillers, historical films and so on. They watch films at the cinema and at home in the evening and on weekends. 4) In the future cinema will allow people to feel пetting inside movie. 526

3a. 1b; 2e; 3a; 4c; 5d.


3b. 1) I can see commercials while waiting for a TV programme or film I want to watch on the TV. They are 15—20 minutes long. Usually I can see an advertisement of different goods in them. I don’t like watching commercials. 2) I can watch a trailer between two TV programmes or films on the TV or before the film at the cinema. It lasts for a few minutes. There are fragments of a new film in a trailer. 3) Yes, I do. I have recently seen «Ratatouille». Yes, I have a favourite animated cartoon. It is «Open Season». 4) Yes, I have. It was about Egyptian Pyramids. I liked it very much. 5) Adventure film, comedy, detective, drama, horror, melodrama, science fiction, thriller, western 3c. western or adventure film; horror, science fiction, historical.

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1. 1878 successful photographs of movement were made; 1893 the kinetoscope was introduced by Thomas Edison; 1906 the first theatre for showing films was built; 1914 Hollywood was started; 1927 the first sound film was produced; 1928 the first animated sound film was made; 1990s special effect created by computer graphics were introduced; 21st century IMAX theatres appeared.

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2a. 1a; 2f; 3c; 4h; 5d; 6e; 7b; 8g. composer — композитор sound editor — звукорежисер cast — склад виконавців credits — титри з переліком учасників постановки фильму set — знімальний майданчик to edit — монтувати producer — режисер screenwriter/scriptwriter —сценарист screenplay — сценарiй, киносценарiй director of photography — оператор-постановник art director — художник-постановник set — декорації costume designer — художник по костюмах

Англiйська мова

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Lesson 2

2b. 1d; 2c; 3i; 4m; 5b; 6f; 7h; 8k; 9j; 10g; 11l; 12a; 13. 3. 1) (b) Let’s sit at the back. I don’t like being too near the screen. 2) (e) I like seeing all the trailers for the new films that are coming out. 3) (i) I usually stay up to the end to read the credits because I like to know who some of the less important actors were. 4) (c) The cast of this film is remarkable. It has gathered all the stars. 5) (h, k, a) After reading the screenplay the director discussed his under­ standing of it with the producer and art director. 6) (j, d) The costume designer is responsible for the costumes to match the colours and lighting used on the set(s). 7) (f) The editor puts all parts of the film together. 527


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4. 1) I think it can take at least several months to make a film. 2) It is about a hundred people who take part in making a film. 3) The audience doesn’t know the names of all people who take part in making a film. You can find all these names in credits. 4) We usually know the names of main actors and director of the film, because they are the most important people for audience. 5) The most interesting profession in the film industry is an actor because he has to transform in different people with various characters. The most responsible profession in the film industry is a director and producer because they account for the organization of making films. The most creative profession in the film industry is scriptwriter because he creates the main subject of the film. The least interesting profession in the film industry is editor because he doesn’t found something new, he just puts all parts of the film together. Lesson 3

1) Analising a character’s appearance is important in the profession of an actor. 2) An actor’s body and voice should be flexible, controlled and expressive. 3) To develop the voice actors learn how to breathe.

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1.

True. True. True.

4) The qualities of a good actor can’t be learned.

False.

5) The habit of observation is very important in the profession of an actor. 6) An actor can learn a lot from other peoeple.

True.

7) It’s important for an actor to concentrate on the situation and not to notice what’s going on.

True.

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8) (g) The director of photography directs the work of different cameras and lighting equipment.

True.

2. 1) The profession of an actor is so popular because it is very interesting and creative. 2) The actor’s profession is not easy. It demands from you to forget your own strains and to be another man you act the part of. 3) Not everyone can be a good actor. It must be a gifted person. 4) It is necessary to be able to turn into anyone you need to be a good actor. It is necessary to have a good imagination, to be able to sing, dance and speak well. 5) Yes, a person can be taught, but it is also necessary to have a talent. 6) I think that actors learn their whole life. You can’t say that you can become a good actor after two or three years of studying. 7) These qualities are important for all the people of art. 8) I think that actors do not just only work, their every part seems to be a life. They do not play, they live the lives of their characters. 9) I like Bruce Willis. He is rather courageous and successful in fighting the evil. 3. 1c; 2e; 3i; 4g; 5d; 6b; 7h; 8a; 9f; 10j; 11k. 4a. 1f; 2c; 3d; 4h; 5b; 6g; 7a; 8e.

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5. 1b; 2d; 3e; 4c; 5a.

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4b. 1) The title of the film is Free Willy. It is an adventure film for the whole family. 2) The film is directed by Simon Wincer. Jason James Richter, Lori Petty and Michael Madsen star in the film. 3) The film is set on the west coast of North America. The main characters are a boy Jesse and a whale, called Willy. 4) The boy and the whale became good friends and soon Jesse decided to try and free Willy. All the actors are excellent. 5) The film is recommended for the whole family.

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Lesson 4

1. 1d; 2g; b; 3a; c; 4f; e.

2. 1a; 2f; 3h; 4g; 5i; 6b; 7e; 8c.

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Free Willy, directed by Simon Wincer, is an exciting adventure. It is set on the west coast of North America. The film is about the relationship between a boy and a whale, called Willy. Jason James Richter plays Jesse, a young street child who finds out the meaning of love and friendship. Jesse first meets Willy in the sea park where the whale is kept. They become good friends. As the story develops, Jesse becomes so fond of Willy that he decides to try and free him. All the actors especially Lori Petty and Michael Madsen, are excellent. The scenes with Jesse and Willy teach us how close animals and human beings can be to each other. This is a wonderful film for the whole family. Don’t miss it as it will change the way you see life and relationships.

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3. 1) Yes, I have been to the theatre. Last time I went to the theatre in the «Actor’s House» two weeks ago with my friend. 2) The title of the play was «Luboff». It was a romantic comedy. 3) It is the story of three people: two men and a woman, who want to be with the beloved person, but in fact everyone loves just himself. 4) Sergey Babkin, Aleksandr Markin and Natalya Ivanskaya acted in the performance. The director of the play is Igor Ladenko. 5) We had good seats in the fifth row near the gangway, so we could see and hear the performance well. 6) I think the actor’s play was excellent and I enjoyed it very much. 7) I think the director produced a great play. 8) I think the music was nice. There was the minimum of the scenery and the lighting was good. 9) There were two acts in the play. During the break, we discussed the first act of the play. 10) I enjoyed the visit to the theatre very much because it was really funny and seriously at once. The story made me to think of the true love. Lesson 5 1. 1) Yes, I have been to a puppet theatre. 2) I saw «The Cat’s House». 3) Animal puppets performed the show: cats, kittens, a hen, a goat, a cock. 529


4) I know that there are puppet shows for grown-ups. I think even serious dramas can be performed in the puppet theatre. 2a. string — мотузка; rod — паличка; shadow — тiнь; puppeteer — ляльковик; marionette — марiонетка. 2b. The guide talks about the puppets in pictures 6, 1, 5, 2. 2c. 1c; 2e; 3b; 4a; 5d.

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False. True. True. False. True.

3. The puppeteer is like an actor but much more. The difference in that you can have a cast of thousands in your puppet booth. You can play those roles you will never play on television or stage because of the appearance. 4. Once two girls read the fairy-tale «Pinocchio» and decided to make a puppet theatre and play this story. They made beautiful puppets, drew and cut off a wonderful castle as a scenery. Girls put it on the table, which they had covered with a long table-cloth. They invited to the performance their parents and friends. It was a great puppet-show and everyone enjoyed it!

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2d. 1) Puppets are the invention of modern times. 2) Shadow puppets are operated by rods. 3) Marionettes are controlled by one or more puppeteers above the stage. 4) The most popular type of puppets is a marionette. 5) Finger puppets have no moving parts.

Lesson 6

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1a. 1f; 2b; 3d; 4c; 5e; 6a.

1b. 3, 2, 1, 6. 1) I have seen the videocassette recorders, DVD players and a camerarecorder. My parents had videocassette recorders. Now we have DVD player and camera-recorder. 2) I have at home a DVD player and a camera-recorder. 3) The projection machine is better for a big group of people, for example at the cinema. 2. 1) The word DVD means digital video disc. 2) A DVD can keep as much information as a CD. 3) A DVD can keep video and audio information. 4) There are several types of DVDs.

True. False. True. True.

3. Once Mr Smith went to the shop. There he saw a woman with a perambulator near the entrance. She asked him to look after her baby for a few minutes and she would buy milk. Mr Smith agreed to do this. He stood there for a five minutes and the woman have not returned yet. Soon the baby began to cry. It cried louder and louder. And Mr Smith didn’t endure that so he decided to carry baby out of the perambulator. But he found out the cat instead of the baby there. He was really surprised and then that woman with the cameraman came and said: «Candied Camera!» Mr Smith laughed until he cried. 530


Lesson 7 1a. television — 2; puppets — 6; slide projector — 4; screen — 1; masks — 5; VCR and DVD player —3.

The schoolchildren use puppets in the English and Natural Science lessons. The schoolchildren write their own plays for puppet shows. Feature films and animated cartoons help chldren learn English. Their teacher of Natural Science shows the students documentaries about plants and animals.

3a. 1c; 2b; 3d; 4a.

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2. 1) 2) 3) 4)

False. True. True. True.

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Lesson 9

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1b. 1) Yes, it does. 2) Yes, it does. 3) An auxiliary verb is used in the same tense in which the preceding statement is. 4) If the preceding statement is affirmative you should use “So do I”. If the preceding statement is negative you should use “Neither do I”.

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1b. 1) You can watch English films and act English plays. 2) Yes, they can be used in the lessons of history and geography for watch documentary films on the subject, literature and foreign languages for acting plays. 3) Yes, we have a television and VCR player and we use them to watch films about Great Britain. 4) I think in the future schoolchildren will use the projection apparatus to represent their homework and projects.

2. A butterfly can fly, and so can a bird. A fish can’t run, and neither can a frog. A cat is a pet, and so is a dog. A bike doesn’t go very fast, neither does a perambulator. An orange is circle, and so is an apple. A motorbike can’t be driven by a child, neither can a car. 4b. 1) Recently, already; yesterday, last week. 2) Yes, each of them denotes certain time. 3) The Present Perfect is used with the first group of time words and the Past Simple is used with the second group of time words. 4) The Present Perfect is used when we speak about the events which began in the past and have not finished yet. The Past Simple is used when we speak about the events that took place in the past and they have a result now. 5. 1) Ann still lives in Spain. Bill doesn’t live in Italy. 2) Joe doesn’t work with me. She still works with me. 3) He has got a headache. He doesn’t have a headache. 6. 1) You were a wonderful baby. 2) I have not read her latest book.

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3) Have you visited India? 4) Who gave Shakespeare his first job? 5) Did you hear the thunder? 6) I have always liked sport. 7) I spent three days in hospital last month. 8) How long have you lived in this town? 9) I wanted to be a doctor until I was fifteen. 10) I worked very hard when I was at school. 11) Shakespeare wrote poems as well as plays.

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1. 1) Pauline wanted to be a film star. 2) When she was seventeen, she told her parents about her wish. 3) She became an actress. 4) The director telephoned and offered her a big part. 5) Pauline played the part of a telephonist. 6) She had to wait for three hours before they came to her scene. 7) The star was a famous British actor. 8) Pauline had to say a few words. 9) The director liked the way she did it. 10) Pauline talked to the director before the film started. 11) Pauline’s scene was cut out of the film.

True. False. False. False. True. True. False. True. True. False. True.

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2. 1) The twins were born in Oakwood, California, on 13th June, 1986. 2) They have been TV stars all their lives. They appeared in their first YTV show, the popular American sitcom Full House at the age of just nine months! 3) At the age of six, they started their own production company, becoming the youngest Hollywood producers in history. 4) They have appeared in Full House for eight years. The show finally ended in 1995) 5) Since 1995, the twins have become famous worldwide and have fan websites on dozens of languages. 6) They published their first book about twelve years ago: so far their books have sold more than 30 million copies and have made more than $130 million. 7) The twins have also produced their own clothing, jewelry, make-up and perfume ranges. 8) So far, the twins have built up a fortune of at least $150 million each and in 2003 they were the world’s highest-paid TV stars.

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Lesson 10

Unit 7

Lesson 1 1. Most likely these articles are about new finds from the spaceship concerned with the appearance of aliens 2. Robots or Aliens. 3a. 1c; 2b; 3a. 532


3b. Can the Robot Be a Housekeeper? 4. 1) Yes, I would like to have a robot like this in my home. 2) I think a robot can’t do cooking because it is a rather creative job. 3) I don’t agree with such a point of view. I think this robot can help you to save your time for something more interesting and useful than household chores. 4) I’d like my robot to wash the clothes, clean the flat, do washing up and ironing instead of me. Lesson 2 1a. 1b; 2c; 3g; 4f; 5d; 6e; 7i; 8j; 9h; 10a.

2. a) computer, vacuum cleaner, dishwasher, microwave oven, camera, calculator, TV set, TV remote control unit, VCR.

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3. 1) Microwave cooking takes less time. 2) The containers made of glass, paper and plastics may be used in microwaves. 3) They were developed about 1900. 4) Most washing machines work automatically.

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4a. 1) It is a new minicamera. 2) It is not bigger than a telephone card. 3) You can use it for photography. 4) You can use it everywhere. 5) It is made of titanium. 6) It provides convenience and reliability. It has an automatic focus and flash. 7) It costs $199.99. 8) You can get it if you call the telephone number given in the newspaper.

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1b. Laundry washer — to wash the dirty clothes. Electric kettle — to boil the water quickly. Mixer — to whip cream or cocktail.

4b. These words connect one sentence with another. 4c. 1) Pocket calculators are small and convenient. They are very useful, too. 2) Electric toothbrushes are rather expensive. They are also not very practical. 3) Mobile phones are small and useful plus cheaper than before. 4) Laptop computers are very expensive. They are not very reliable either. 5) Radio alarm clocks are helpful to get up in the morning. They are very cheap, too. 4d. One of the gadgets I have at home is my MP3 player. LG have produced this useful thing. It is very nice in design and easy to use, too. You can carry it with you and listen to music everywhere you want. It is no bigger than a usual lighter. It is also handy and reliable. It has stereo earphones plus memory card of 1 gigabyte, so you can listen to as much music as you want. You can also use it as a medium. The MP3 player is not expensive either. It costs 1200 grivnyas. You can buy it in all electronics shops. 533


Lesson 3

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2. 1) I tidy up my room and help my mum to tidy up our flat once a week. 2) I dust the furniture every week. 3) Yes, I do. 4) Yes, I sweep cobwebs in my flat. 5) I use washing machine but some cloth I wash by hand. 6) I do the dishes by hand. 7) I leave the dishes on the drying board. 8) It is not necessary to scrub the floor in my flat. 9) Each member of my family polish his/her own shoes, but sometimes my father do it for all of us. 10) I prefer to hoover the carpets. 11) I enjoy cleaning windows because the view behind the window becomes clearer and the room becomes lighter. 12) Yes, I mop the floor.

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3. 1) I think it is easier to find things in a clean room when they are on their places. 2) I can easily find everything in my room, if nobody replaces them. 3) My friends think I am a tidy person, but my parents think I am not the one. 4) I most hate doing the washing up and ironing. 5) I least mind doing the cooking and tidying up my room. 6) Yes, I do. My mother usually cookes and washes the cloth. She sometimes cleans the flat. My father does the shopping and takes the rubbish away. My sister dishes and tidies her room. I tidy my room and iron the clothes. My sister and me usually tidy up the whole flat and go for a walk with our dog. 7) My mother does the most housework in our house, I think.

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1. 1c; 2g; 3e; 4a; 5d; 6f; 7b; 8h.

4. 1) Diana was late. 2) Steve dislikes doing the washing-up after breakfast. 3) Steve doesn’t live with his parents. 4) Diana doesn’t mind helping her mother about the house. 5) Diana’s mother stays at home on weekends. 6) Diana doesn’t have time for anything. 7) Diana thought she had lost the tickets for the concert. Lesson 4 1a. B. 2. 1) Her parents let her stay up late. 2) Her parents make her do the washing up. 3) Her parents let her read what she likes. 4) Her parents make her iron her own clothes. 5) Her parents make her do the homework. 6) Her parents make her clean up the room. 7) Her parents let her have parties. 8) Her parents let her play computer games.

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True. True. True. False. True. True. False.


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3b. 1) Do your parents let you invite home your friends? 2) Do your parents let you have a cat/dog? 3) Are you allowed to go to the concerts on your own? 4) Are you allowed to go for walk before doing the homework?

4. 1) I think it is not the same in our country. 2) I think it is no problem in going to discos if the upbringing is correct. 3) I think the rules for boys and girls should be the same, because boys can get into trouble too.

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5. 1) Parents have no right to make their children do any work about the house. I don’t completely agree. 2) Children should be responsible for doing some chores around the house since the age of 3—4. Yes, I think it would be nice. 3) Children should be paid by their parents for doing household chores. It is interesting, but it’s not fair. I think we should help our parents without being paid for this. 4) Parents shouldn’t make their children clean their rooms because most teenagers like their rooms being untidy. I think sometimes the rooms should be cleaned. 5) There is no sense in children’s doing chores as they do them badly all the same. Parents can do them much better. Children have to get experience and learn how to do these things better. 6) At home, children learn to behave in their adult life. I agree with the statement.

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3a. 1) Yes, they do. 2) Yes, they do. 3) No, they don’t. 4) No, they don’t. 5) Yes, they do. 6) Yes, they do. 7) Yes, they do. 8) Yes, they do. 9) Yes, they do. 10) Yes, they do. 11) Yes, they do. 12) No, they don’t.

Lesson 5 1a. 1) Keep your arms and legs inside the car. 2) Stay in your seats all the time. 3) Don’t eat, drink or smoke during the ride. 4) Don’t try to leave the car until it has come to a complete standstill. 2a. You are not allowed to eat and drink during the ride. You are not allowed to ride with food, ice-cream or water. You are not allowed to smoke during the ride. You are not allowed to ride with cameras and camera-recorders. 2b. Mr Pickard is allowed to go on the ride. Mrs Pickard is an expecting mother. Their daughter is eating an ice-cream. They son is younger than 10 years and smaller than sign to ride. Grandmother and grandfather can have back problems. Grandfather has also a camera-recorder in his arms.

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3a. a) You are allowed to become a member of Parliament at 21. b) You are allowed to do a part-time job for money at 13. c) You are allowed to drive a car at 16. d) You are allowed to leave school and get a job, to join the Army, Navy or Airforce and to buy cigarettes at 17. e) You are allowed to vote in elections and to buy alcohol at 18. 4. 1) Martian was not allowed to cross the street on the red light. 2) Martian was not allowed to speak on the telephone in the library. 3) Martian was not allowed to eat chips in the theatre. 4) Martian was not allowed to buy something out of turn. 5) Martian was not allowed to throw away the rubbish. 6) Martian was not allowed to smoke in the no smoking restaurant.

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1. 1) I think it is important to have a role model. 2) Yes, I have a role model. It is my sister. She is elder and I think all she is doing is right. 3) Yes, I think a book character can become a role model.

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2. 1) Children play with toys because it is very interesting for them. They repeat everything they learn about the world and learn from their parents. Children think out their own fairy world and live in it while playing toys. 2) A toy can teach a child some simple rules of life, it also develops its imaginary and intellectual growth. I think every toy does that. 3) I think the toys in the pictures are for play and learning, for developing different skills and abilities. 4) Yes, I have a favourite toy. It is a toy railway. I like it very much because it is exciting and I can think out different towns and landscapes on the way of my train.

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Lesson 6

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4. 1) I hate being without a computer. I got it four years ago. My parents presented it to me on my birthday. It is white and it has a big monitor. I play computer games, listen to music, watch films on it, and sit in Internet. Sometimes I do my homework using the computer. It is important for my study and spending spare time. 2) I hate being without a mobile phone. I got the new one last summer. I bought it in the mobile salon. It is small, dark-green, in the form of a mussel. I use it to call my friends and parents, write sms, listen to music, take photos. It is important for me because at any time I can connect with anybody I need. 3) I hate being without a chain. My mother presented it to me five years ago. It is not very long, silver and thin. I carry it almost all the time. I like it very much and I believe it brings me good luck. 4) I hate being without eyeglasses. Two years ago I got them in the optics because of poor sight. They are in the metal frame of white colour. I use them to watch TV, sit at the computer or just to look into the distance. Once I was looking for them and suddenly found them on my nose. 5) I hate being without a diary. I got it last year. It is a thick beautiful writingbook. I write down everything that happens to me during some days and all my thoughts about the events. It helps me to analyse different events and understand what I have to do and to make some decisions. I think it will be interesting for me to read it in future.


Lesson 7 1a. 1) Independence Day; 2) St Valentine’s Day; 3) the 8th of March; 4) Christmas; 5) Victory Day.

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1c. Halloween, Easter, Constitution Day, City Day, the 1st of May religious: Easter, Christmas. non-religious: Halloween, City Day, the 1st of May, Victory Day, the 8th of March, St Valentine’s Day, New Year; political: Constitution Day, Independence Day; holidays on which we have days off: Christmas, Easter, Constitution Day, Victory Day, the 8th of March, Independence Day, New Year, the 1st of May those when we work: St Valentine’s Day, City Day; holidays celebrated in the family: Christmas, Easter, Victory Day, the 8th of March, New Year; those that are not: Constitution Day, St Valentine’s Day, Independence Day, City Day, the 1st of May; Ukrainian holidays: Christmas, Easter, Constitution Day, Victory Day, the 8th of March, Independence Day, New Year, City Day, the 1st of May; foreign holidays: St Valentine’s Day.

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3. 1) The tradition of our family is collecting books, especially rare and antique. 2)—4) This tradition was started by my grandmother at the times of the Soviet Union, when it was very difficult to get a good book, especially classic literature. So my Granny decided to collect a good library at all costs. She succeeded in gathering full collected works of many Russian and foreign writers and poets. My father is interested in collecting antique books. The oldest book in his collection dates 1875. It is written by Voltaire. Now we have a wonderful library and I think I’ll keep that tradition because I like reading very much.

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1b. a ) Victory Day; b) Christmas; c) the 8th of March; d) St Valentine’s Day; e) Independence Day; f) New Year.

Lesson 9

1. 1) The fourth sentence D describes fixed plans with a definite time. 2) The second sentence B describes plans and intentions. 3) The third sentence C describes something that is certain or even can’t be avoided. 4) The first sentence A describes a prediction. 2a. to be going to — we use to make statements grounded on statistics or real facts; will (probably) be — we use to predict things which are most likely to happen; may be — we use to predict things which can happen or not. 2b. I agree in the most cases, but I think that the television won’t disappear. And I disagree about working in virtual offices, shopping in virtual supermarkets and studying in virtual schools. It is as good as living in virtual homes and bringing up virtual children. 3. I will be 55 years old. The most popular transport at that time will be flying machines looking like beetles and operating on biological fuel. Their speed will

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4. 1) Many people will have enough to eat. 2) We will not eat the same things that we eat now. 3) The Earth will not be very different. 4) There will be a world government. 5) People will not live on another planet. 6) There will not be only one language in the world.

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5. 1) I am going to see a film tomorrow night. 2) I think I will pass the English test tomorrow. 3) Alma is going to study medicine when she leaves school. 4) Try this cake. You will like it. 5) Many scientists say the climate will change a lot in the next hundred years. 6) Look up! The baby bird is going to fall down from the nest. Lesson 10

1) saime —same 2) dols — dolls 3) diferent — different 4) tu —to 5) dresed — dressed 6) cuntries — countries 7) dresst — dressed 8) ar — are 9) maid — made 10) skils — skills 11) won — one 12) wich — which

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be about 150 metres per second. Another form of carrier will be cabins for teleporting. In the sphere of medicine, people will invent universal medicine to cure any disease. As an entertainment everyone will prefer contact with nature and spending his spare time with close friends. Talking about work it will be only in the service’s sphere, 3 hours a day. Children will study at school as long as they want. There they will be taught to find out their talent and to develop it. Unfortunately, the real food will disappear. It will be pills and tablets with the necessary complex of vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins and carbohydrates instead of it. All the people will be very kind and friendly. There will be no wars and the peace in the whole world.

13) includ — include 14) heds — heads 15) bois — boys 16) sckools — schools 17) yerly — yearly 18) countri — country 19) Martch — March 20) has — have 21) Gurls’ — Girls’ 22) mambers —members 23) childrens —children 24) calture — culture

Unit 8

Lesson 1 1. The articles seem to be about discovery the aliens’ city and suppositions about their appearance. 2. Alien City Found! 3a. 1a; 2c; 3e; 4b; 5d. 3b. road — Rd; street — St; gardens — Gdn; walk — Wlk; toilets — WC; car park — P; information office — i. 538


3c. avenue, crescent, lane, road Lesson 2 1. 1) London is the capital of Great Britain. It was a great fire in 1666 in it. The biggest part of the city was destroyed. 2) There are four parts in it: City, Westminster, East Side and West Side. 3) There are the sights Tower of London, Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, National Gallery, the British Museum and Trafalgar Square. 2b. 1) Madam Tussaud; 2) Downing Street; 3) The Royal Observatory; 4) Big Ben; 5) Tower of London; 6) The Houses of Parliament.

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3. 1) Covent Garden used to be London’s biggest market. 2) It changed in 1974, when the market had moved to another place. 3) You can meet magicians, jugglers, mime artists, singers and musicians there. 4) There are clothes shops, music stores, art and design shops there. 5) It is free to see the performers. 6) The central square is called the Central Piazza. 7) As a matter of fact, there a lot of interesting places in our place. If you want to know something about them come and see with your own eyes. Lesson 3

1a. 1b; 2c; 3a; 4d.

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2c. They have visited the Tower of London, the Natural History Museum, Madam Tussaud’s, The Royal Observatory.

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2. 1d; 2c; 3b; 4a.

3. 1) London Eye is special because it is the first-built and largest observation wheel in the world. 2) It was opened in the end of 1999. 3) It is 135 metres high. 4) It moves at about 0.9 km/h. 5) One round takes 30 minutes. 6) It stops to give disabled or elderly passengers time to get off safely. 4. 1) It wasn’t allowed in London to construct buildings over 30 metres high until the early 1960s. 2) The Post Office (now BT) Tower is one of the most famous tall buildings in London. 3) London’s first skyscraper was built in 1980. 4) The next few years will see no more skyscrapers appearing. 5) New skyscrapers will certainly change London’s skyline.

True. True. True. False. True.

Lesson 4 1. 1) There is Khreschatyk Street, the Golden Gate, Kyievo-Pecherska Lavra, St Sophia Cathedral, Andriivskyi Uzviz. 2) All of them are very popular. 539


3) No, unfortunately I don’t know anything. I’ve never been to Kyiv. It is my dearest dream to visit this city. 4) Yes, there are many tall buildings in Kyiv, but there are no skyscrapers.

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2c. If we want to see all these sights we’d better start our tour at St Andrew’s Church and then go along Andriivskyi Uzviz and turn at Volodymyrska Street. Then go along Volodymyrska Street to the Golden Gate and to the National Opera Theatre then. Having visited the National Opera Theatre we can go straight Bohdana Khmelnitskoho Street till Khreschatyk. At Khreschatyk it’s better to turn left and go along the street to Maidan Nezalezhnosti underground station. Then go by underground to KyievoPecherska Lavra. 3. 1e; 2c; 3f; 4h; 5a; 6g; 7d; 8b.

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Lesson 5

1a. 1d; 2b; 3a; 4c.

1b. 1) The Central Stadium in Kyiv was first opened in 1920. 2) The opening ceremony didn’t take place on June 22, 1941 because the war began. 3) In 1948 everyone who had tickets dated by 1941 could come to see the opening of the stadium after its reconstruction. 4) In the 1960s the stadium could seat 50,000 people. 5) The main events of the 1980 Olympics took place on the stadium in Kyiv. 6) The stadium became a sport complex in 1997. 7) The Olympiiskyi National Sports Complex is used for international football matches now, too.

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2b. 1) I think the sortest way to get to St Andrew’s Church is along Prorizna Street, then the second turn right to Volodymyrska Street, and along it toDesiatinna St and Andriivskyi Uzviz. 2) You can get to the Golden Gate rom St Sofia Cathedral walking along Volodymyrska Street. 3) Yes, Kyievo-Pecherska Lavra is very far from the National Opera Theatre. You can get from one place to another by underground.

False. True. True. False. False. True. True.

2. 1) Andriivskiy Uzviz is famous for its architecture, art galleries, monuments and One Street Museum. 2) It is going down. 3) One of them is St Andrew’s Church. 4) People come to Uzviz because it is one of the best areas to find traditional crafts and arts, it is also known for many festivals, including art festivals and the Kyiv Day celebration. 5) Yes, I have watched the film Chasing Two Rabbits. 6) It was put there because their wedding in the film took place on the stairs of St Andrew Church. 3. 1) The colours of Summer; 2) Sheep; 3) Our Garden. 540

Lesson 6


1. 1) City is much bigger and busiest. 2) I can’t imagine a big city without old and tall houses, developed transport system and university. I can’t imagine a big city without a good hotel. 3) Transportation, means of communication, educational institutions, theatres and cinemas, stadiums, roads, restaurants, hospitals, shops, historical places, monuments, parks, churches, houses.

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2b. 1) economical, clean air, modern; 2) economical, hilly roads, clean air, cheap; 3) dangerous, modern, noisy; 4) safe, beautiful view, convenient; 5) driven by electric motors, economical, safe, old, clean air, cheap; 6) safe, beautiful view, convenient, modern, stop at request; 7) operated by computers, driven by electric motors, the fastest way of getting to a place in a city, safe, modern, clean air.

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2c. 1) Yes, I think these means of transportation are safe for nature because they are powered by electricity. 2) And I think they are rather economical. 3) I think the first one can be used in business. 4) I think the funicular is more comfortable. Because you don’t need to lean back or forward to drive.

Англiйська мова

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2a. A bicycle and a motorcycle are both have two wheels and they can easily get out from a traffic jam. And a bicycle is cheaper and safer for nature, but a motorcycle is faster. A bus and mini-bus drive both on the streets and seat many passengers. A bus is bigger, cheaper and safer, but a mini-bus is faster. It is also more convenient and stops at request. A tram and the underground are both driven by electric motors and are clean for air. A tram is cheaper and old, but the underground is much faster and more convenient.

3. A. 5 B. 4 C. 1 D. 3 E. 2

Lesson 7 1a. A – page 32; B – page 44; C – page 46; D – page 10; E – page 8; F – page 44; G – page 6; H – page 7; I – page 70; J – page 50. 1b. 1b; 2h; 3d; 4a; 5c. 2. 1) You can see different wild animals in a zoo. 2) It is very necessary to be a veterinary. 3) A visitor can’t see the food preparing, treatment of ill animals, development of new places in a zoo. 4) The professions of a keeper, a vet, a trainer. 5) I think it is equally difficult to work with people and with animals. Animals need kind treatmant and patience.

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6) Yes, their work is necessary and very important, because zoos help keep endangered animals. 7) A negative fact is that some animals can’t live in a cage and die, they can only live in their natural place of living. 8) People can work at building the zoos where the conditions for the animals will be close to natural. 9) Schoolchildren can help look after the animals. 4. 1) Entertainment is a place where you can have fun. 2) Children can entertain themselves in the Park of side-show and playgrounds 3) Yes, there are a lot of such places in our city. 4) The Gorky Park can be called as an entertainment centre. 5) We go to parks or play on the playgrounds.

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3. North Gate Station Sudbury Park The British Museum The Dead Sea Kensington Park The Press Photo Gallery The Slave River The Coral Sea Split Station Freedom Bridge Devon Island Lake Constance Canterbury Cathedral Asia The Blue Train Restaurant Dominican Republic The Gobi Desert Lake Michigan The Metropolitan Museum The Mississippi River Mount Kenya New York The North Sea Paris Cook Street The National Gallery of Modern Art The Central Museum The New Theatre Jenner’s Hotel Regent Street Rocky Mountains Trafalgar Square Egypt The Whitehall Theatre

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Англiйська мова

Lesson 9

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4. 1) Can you tell me the way to the Woonsocket Hotel? — Of course. Turn left here and you will find it in Maple Street. 2) We went to the theatre yesterday. — Really? Did you go to the Opera and Ballet Theatre? 3) Shall we go to the village for the weekend? — Oh, yes. I’d like to have an active time off there. 4) Jane has gone to the library to do some work. — Yeah. We have agreed with her to go to the cinema after that.

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6. 1) Today it is warmer than it was yesterday. 2) Is it far from your school from here? 3) What time is it? — It is two o’clock. 4) It is spring. Young leaves are appearing in the trees. 5) Open the window, please. It is hot in the car. 6) It is very quiet in the reading hall, everybody is working. 1e; 2a; 3d; 4f; 5b; 6c; 7g.

Lesson 10

Unit 9

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Lesson 1

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1. 1) Yes, I would like to participate in such programme. It is always interesting to learn something new and unusual. 2) It is necessary to study well, to know English to communicate with other children and to be courageous. 3) I think yes, if the aliens exist. 4) May be some time later when our technologies will be so high that it would be possible to travel around the Univers in some days, not thoudans years.

Англiйська мова

5. 1c; 2d; 3b; 4a.

2. 1) Yes, even if you make mistakes, foreigners will be able to understand you. But it is not pleasant to speak with mistakes. It is better to learn English and speak without mistakes. 2) I don’t agree with these statements. You may do your best to sound like a native speaker. But we are not native speakers of English, that’s why it is just necessary to try to speak well. 3) Yes, sure it is important to know cltures of the countries of the language you learn. Because culture is unseparable part of the language. 3. 1h; 2g; 3c; 4d; 5f; 6e; 7i; 8j; 9a. 4. 1) The children in the picture don’t wear cycle helmets to protect their heads and they may be injured. 2) The boy in the right picture doesn’t look where he cycles. 3) He doesn’t mind the car near him. 4) The boy in the left picture cycles on the pavement. It is necessary to do it with caution. 5) The children in the pictures wear bright clothes.

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6) The boy in the left picture carries a passenger. It is not safe.

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1a. Cinema or Video? I don’t like going to the cinema very much myself, but my friends all love it, and so I often find myself sitting in the dark trying to hear the conversation on the screen while sweet papers and crisp packets are being opened enthusiastically all around me. It is this which makes me take a video and watch it at home. Then there is no risk of getting angry because you hear everything that is going on. Another problem is that I always do my best to find a seat with a good view of the screen during the advertisement. Then, two minutes before the main film to begin, the seat in front of me will be taken by a heavy boxer who blocks out most of the screen and by this time it’s too late to move. I know this isn’t really the point. Cinema fans talk about the extra pleasure when their impressions are shared with others. I must admit there’s often a very good atmosphere in the cinema, and I’m probably too sensitive to these things: it only takes up one person making stupid comments to spoil the whole occasion. So, I think I’ll stick to my video!

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1b. 1) The cinema has become expensive. Yes, I agree with this. The cinemas have been rebuilt. There are modern comfortable chairs, stereo sound and other new things that make the tickets expensive. 2) You can choose when you want to watch TV. Yes, really, you may turn on TV any time you want. But if there is anything iteresting, you`ll watch it. 3) Yes, some TV programmes are rather weak. They are not good at all. 4) It is impressive to see a film in the cinema because of the sound and the newest equipment. Not everybody has the same equipment at home. 5) No, I am never bored at home. I can always find something interesting and useful to do. 6) Yes, you can eat and watch TV. Because it is sometimes a good film or programme on when you have to have dinner or lunch. 7) I don’t agree. Yes, it may take some time to get to the cinema. 8) Sure, it is a public event as many people watch a film at the same place at the same time.

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Англiйська мова

Lesson 2

2. In the picture I can see rugby, dance, gymnastics and photography. Lesson 3 1. The products mentioned in the text we can see in pictures number 4, 9,6, 2, 8. 2. 1) Lunch is eaten before noon. 2) It usually takes about 20 minutes for a person to have lunch. 3) The most popular lunches are hamburgers and salads. 4) You can buy a snack in a restaurant. 5) A typical snack is a sandwich. 6) Scoolchildren like to have chocolate and biscuits for lunch.

True. False. False. False. False. True.

3. a) Football; b) table tennis; c) water polo; d) swimming; e) gymnastics; f) track and field events. 544


4. 1) The London Marathon is a traditional race. 2) It was founded by a jouralist. 3) It started in 1981 after the famous New York Marathon. 4) Serious athletes do not take part in it. 5) People collect money for charity during the Marathon. 6) More than 30,000 runners take part in it every year.

False. True. True. False. True. True.

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1. 1) I think these plans can be realistic. But I don’t like the idea of living underground. We already go down every day when we go to work by underground. It is impossible for people to live without sun and fresh air. And nothing can replace them. 2) And I think such buildings will be very expensive. As it is very difficult to build under the ground. 3) First of all they will have problems with their health. The sunlight it vitally important for all living beings. 4) I think that people living in big cities can move to the near countryside and live there, just going to work to offices every day. True. False. True. True. False. False. True. False. True. True.

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2. 1) Giovanni was coming to London from Italy. 2) His friend said that he couldn’t meet him at the airport. 3) Heathrow Airport is far from the centre of London. 4) Giovanni’s friend had to get up at 3 o’clock in the morning. 5) There were few people at the airport in such hour. 6) Students’ flights usually came to Gatwick Airport. 7) Giovanni called his friend’s cell phone. 8) They agreed to meet at Luton Airport. 9) Giovanni’s friend didn’t have time for breakfast. 10) The friends finally met at the underground station.

Англiйська мова

Lesson 4

3b. A calculator is made of plastic. It is a useful thing, sometimes you can use it at school. It is easy to break. It’s long and thin. It’s used for calculating. An alarm-clock is a square object. It’s made of plastic. It is very useful. It works with the help of batteries. It can wake you up in the morning. A red pan is round and big. It’s made of metal. It’s also a useful thing because you can cook soup in it. It’s got a lid. It’s used for cooking. Scissors are made of metal and plastic, they are sharp. You should be careful with them. They are sharp. Scissors are used for cutting. Napkins are made of paper. They are soft. You can use them to wipe your lips after meals. A torch is made of plastic. It works with the help of batteries. It is used for lighting something up. A sticking plaster is small and round. It is white and sticky. It can be used when you scratch your hand, for example.

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