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Відповіді на запитання та завдання до підручника Л. Біркун «Англійська мова» Unit 1. Revision 1

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2. The children that came to the camp have different hobbies: they play badminton, play the guitar, go hiking, play football, like reading and music, play volleyball, collect stamps, make model planes, like to draw, and play the violin. 3. A5; B3; C1.

Are you going to take a diary? No, I’m not. Are you going to take a camera? Yes, I am. Are you going to take a sweater? Yes, I am. You are going to take suitcase 4. Yes, you are right.

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A: B: A: B: A: B: A: B:

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4.

АНглійська мова

1. The children came to the summer camp from different countries: Ukraine, Germany, Great Britain, the USA, and Australia. There are three children from Ukraine, one child from Australia, one child from Germany, two children from Great Britain and three children from the USA.

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6. a) 1h Art studio 2f Embroidery club 3b Tennis club 4a Origami club 5e Drama club 6d Modelling club 7i Athletics club 8c Biology club 9g Music club b) In Art studio children usually draw pictures. They need pencils, paints, brushes and paper to draw. In Embroidery club children embroider. They need a piece of cloth, coloured threads and needles. In Tennis club children play tennis at special grounds called courts. They need a small ball and rackets. In Origami club children do different figures of paper. They need white and coloured paper. In Drama club children perform plays. They need a play and cos711 tumes.


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8. In a summer camp: we must clean our bedrooms; we must clean the territory; we must keep the rooms in order; we must lay the table in the canteen. In school and at home: we must clean the blackboard; we must water the flowers; we must take care of our pets; we must wash the dishes after meals.

Mr Daniels

Mr Angels

Mr Brown

Mr Cold

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Job

teacher

taxi driver

doctor

pilot

Language

Chinese

English

Ukrainian

Arabic

collecting coins

play the violin

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Name House

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АНглійська мова

In Modelling club children make models of planes. They need special tools, glue and plastic parts of planes. In Athletic club children run, jump and make exercises. They need a sports ground, sports suits and trainers. In Biology club children study nature. They need magnifying glass to look at the smallest insects and parts of the plants. In Music club children play musical instruments and sing songs.

Hobby

swimming

fishing

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10. a) I want to make a trip to the Pacific. I’m going to take a camera, binoculars, a fishing rod and a mobile phone. 11. — — — — — — — —

Mike, have you seen my cap? Yes, I have. It’s on the window-sill. And a T-shirt? Have you seen my T-shirt? Which one? My white T-shirt. I play tennis in it. Yes, I have. It’s on your chair. Have you seen my socks? Tom, you’ve already packed them into a suitcase.

12. A4; B2; C5; D2; E1.

4 13. 1) In summer children usually have much free time. They go for a walk, play in the yard with their friends, go to rest to a summer camp, go to the seaside or to the country. They can swim in the 712


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14. He was wrong: “Our planet is called the Moon”.—It is called the Earth. “It takes 265 days for our planet to go round the Sun”.— It takes it 365 days to go round the Sun. “Our Sun is a planet”.— It is a star. “Besides the Earth, there are 10 other big planets which move around the Sun”.— There are 9 big planets. “Mercury is the biggest planet and Jupiter is the smallest one”.— Mercury is the smallest planet and Jupiter is the biggest one. “The Sun and all the stars make the Solar System”.— The Sun and all the planets make the Solar System. “You can see stars only in the daytime when the sky is dark”.— You can see stars only at night when the sky is dark. “Some groups of stars have their own names, for example the Great Pig, the Little Pig”.— Some groups of stars have their own names, for example the Great Bear, the Little Bear.

АНглійська мова

river or in the sea, they can walk in the forest or in the park, or lay in the sun and sunbathe. 2) In the summer I went to the country to visit my grandparents. I helped them in the kitchen garden and in the garden. I picked up apples and berries. I also went to the forest with my friends, we swam in the river, played football and other games. 3) No, I didn’t go on a trip. But next summer we’ll go to Lviv. 4) No, I didn’t go on an excursion. 5) I didn’t go to the museum. There are no museums at the place where my grandparents live. 6) Yes, there are some museums in the city I live in. There is a History Museum, an Art Museum, a Museum of Nature. We sometimes visit the museums with our teacher. We like to see the exhibits. 7) I like to listen to a guide. Guides always tell a lot of interesting facts about the museum. They know much and it is useful to listen to them. If we have questions, we ask and the guides answer them.

15. The children in the picture have different characters. The boy on the bench is serious and may be polite. He is reading a book. He may be a little shy. The boys who are playing chess are very serious. They are not talkative and they may be reliable. The girls who are skipping are talkative, sociable and energetic. They are neat. They boys who are fighting are bad-tempered and aggressive. They are not polite and they are not neat, too. The boy who is riding a bike is not easy-going. I think he is mean and selfish. He is not reliable.

Unit 2. Travelling 1 1. 1) Yes, I have travelled. I went to a sightseeing tour around Kyiv. 713 And I went to the Crimea with my parents.


people began to use donkeys and oxen as pack animals people used wheeled vehicles and sailing boats the Romans built a large system of paved roads first passenger carriage in Europe there appeared the first coach line in Paris inventors produced the first steam engine the first steam railroad started operating in England the first gasoline autimobile in France people started flying they went off to space we can also see electric automobiles on the roads.

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3. 5000 BC 3000 BC 300 BC 1100 1660 1700 1825 1890 1903 1961 1990

колесо транспортний засіб вітрило карета диліжанс паровий двигун бензин

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2. wheel vehicle sail carriage coach steam engine gasoline

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2) People travel because they want to see new places, they want to visit interesting and famous cities. They also want to meet new people and see how they live. 3) For travelling people use different means of transport. They can travel by bus, by train, by plane, by ship, by car and by bike. 4) When people travel they need all necessary things, tickets, passports. 5) I am not sure that it will happen soon. I think that may be in the future people will be able to travel to other planets.

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1) In our town we can see different means of transportation: buses, trams, trolley-buses, cars. 2) Yes, there are Fixed Route Buses in our town. 3) I go to school by tram. Sometimes I go by a Fixed Route Bus. 4) Cars and underground are the means of transportation popular with my classmates. My parents prefer to go by car. Pensioners like to go by buses and trams. 5) I think that planes are the fastest. Cars are the most convenient for me. Bikes are the cheapest. Planes and trains are rather expensive. Trains are the most comfortable means of transport. 6) Yes, I know the traffic rules and I know some signs.

5. A bus is a rather convenient transport. Buses have four wheels. They can go 60 km/hr. They can carry about 35 passengers. A Fixed Route Bus has four wheels. They can go 70 km/hr. They can carry about sixteen passengers. A taxi has four wheels. They can go 90 km/hr. They can carry four714 five passengers.


6. A3; B2; C1; D4.

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7. 1) This sign gives an order. It doesn’t allow the cars to stop. 2) This sign means: Be careful children may cross the road at this place. It gives a warning. 3) This sign gives information. There is a hotel somewhere near this place. 4) This is an order sign. It doesn’t allow the driver drive faster than 70 km/hr. 5) This sign gives information. There is a place where it is allowed to cross the road. 6) This is an order sign. It prohibits to drive.

АНглійська мова

A bike has two wheels. It can go 15 km/hr. It can carry one-two passengers. A motorbike has two wheels. It can go 80 km/hr. It can carry onetwo passengers. A trolley-bus has six wheels. They can go 50 km/hr. They can carry about forty or fifty passengers. A tram has about eight wheels. They can go 40 km/hr. They can carry about sixty passengers. A truck has twelve wheels. They can go 100 km/hr. They can carry three passengers. A car has four wheels. They can go 90 km/hr. They can carry fourfive passengers.

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8. 1) It is for a person who walks in the street. 2) It is for a bus passenger. 3) It is for a person who rides a bike.

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9. 1) I cannot see cars, bikes, motorbikes, trains, campers, ships, and airplanes. 2) Jets and airplanes are the fastest. I think rafts and bikes are the slowest. 3) There are wheels in cars, trains, bikes, motorbikes, coaches, vans. So, all means of transportation for travelling by land have wheels. 4) Automobiles and planes are popular for travelling. 5) I used trains to go to other cities and to the seaside. I went to visit my grandparents by bus. I used a bike to go round the city. 6) Looking at the things on the diagram I like the raft most of all. I have never travelled on raft. I think it is exciting. 10. 1) to depart 2) to arrive 3) destination 4) journey/trip

c) to go away; to leave d) to reach the end of a journey; to come to a place b) the place to which a person or thing is going 715 e) to travel from one place to another


5) tour 6) voyage

Mr Boyko is going to travel. The vehicle number is 807. It departs on 16, September. The journey starts from Kyiv. Lviv is the place of destination. It departs at 16.11. It arrives at 06.30. The trip is about fourteen hours. It costs 39.00 hryvnyas.

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13. No, I cannot fully agree with the woman. I don’t think that it is boring to travel by car or by any other means of transportation. It is not noisy on a train. All places are different. There are different buildings, parks, monuments and other sights to see. Surely, it is pleasant to sit at home reading a book. But at the same time it is as well interesting to see new places and meet new people. TV programmes cannot give you full impression of the world. It is better to see everything with your own eyes.

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11. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

f) to travel from place to place during sightseeing a) a journey or trip by water

15. 1e; 2c; 3b; 4a; 5f; 6d.

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17. Flight BA868 to Budapest flies daily. It leaves London at 10 am and arrives at 1.35 pm. Flight BA259 to Caracas flies once a week. It leaves London at 10.55 am and arrives at 3.25 pm. Flight BA147 to Karachi flies twice a week. It leaves London at 10.15 am and arrives at 1.00 pm the next day.

18. 1 2 3

going by coach going by plane going by train

19. вагон вагон-ресторан купе провідник верхня полиця стюардеса багажне відділення вихід посадочний талон реєструвати

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carriage dining-car compartment conductor upper berth stewardess luggage compartment gate boarding pass check in

20. 1. The train consists of carriages. 2. Rooms in a carriage are called compartments.


3. On a train we sleep on a berth. 4. On a train we eat in a diningcar. 5. A conductor checks tickets on a train. 6. We put our luggage into a luggage compartment. 7. A stewardess serves us on a plane. 8. We need a boarding pass to get on a train. 9. We need to come earlier because it is necessary to check in our luggage, get a boarding pass, go through the passport control and get on the plane. 10. To get on the plane we need to know the number of the gate and the seat.

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24. Megan: Where did you go on holiday in the summer? Ron: To Budapest. Megan: How did you travel? Did you fly there? Ron: No, I didn’t. I went by ferryboat and train. Megan: Where did you stay? Ron: In a hotel. The Hilton Hotel. Megan: How long did you stay there? Ron: For six days, from Friday to Wednesday. Megan: And what did you do there? Ron: Well, the hotel had wonderful swimming pools, so in the mornings I went swimming and in the afternoons I went sightseeing.

АНглійська мова

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27. A2; B4; C1.

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29. A2; B1; D3.

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3. The word mystery means таємниця. 4.

earthquake emergency floods nuclear permission request unidentified

землетрус аварія припливи ядерный дозвіл прохання нерозпізнаний

9 The text is about how Miss Evans let the mother of the two children 717 save their lives.


Unit 3. Family. Friends. Character 1 1. 1. I get up early. Our classes start at 8, that is why I have to get up early. 2. I know it’s time to get up when I hear the alarm ckock. 3. Sometimes I can tell the time without looking at the alarm clock. But it doesn’t happen very often.

2b. 1. Yes, I know. Ukrainian word for owl is “сова”. Ukrainian word for lark is “жайворонок”.

2 1c; 2d; 3b; 4a.

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5. Sara fed her fish every day. (2) Sara played jazz once a week. (4) Ali played his drums once a week. (5) Ali went to look for new butterflies three or four times a year. (1) Ali went to the Natural History Museum two or three times a month. (3) Sara went to the History Museum two or three times a year. (7) Ali watched Harry Potter movies three or four times a week. (8) Sara went to the cinema twice a month. (6) never rarely not very often sometimes normally usually quite often often very often almost always always

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2a. 1. True. 2. False.

3 8a. Good habits

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Bad habits

She is always talking on the phone. She is very tidy. She never finishes a meal. She’s She cleans her own room. always leaving the food on her plate. She doesn’t leave her clothes on She often gets up very late. the floor. She listens to loud music.


speak on the phone for a long time? eat all the food on your plate? leave your clothes on the floor? eat in bed? exercise? stay in bed long on Sundays? close doors after you leave a room? put the top on the toothpaste? listen to loud music? play computer games late? help about the house? read in bed? stay up late? brush your teeth twice a day?

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you you you you you you you you you you you you you you

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10. Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do Do

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12. Important qualities

Not very important qualities

bad-tempered mean selfish forgetful talkative aggressive untidy lazy stupid

sociable easy-going generous energetic optimistic shy adventurous emotional boring

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serious disciplined reliable honest tolerant polite neat active clever friendly helpful kind brave hard-working

Mustn’t have these qualities

АНглійська мова

8b. I don’t agree with Mrs Blake that getting up late is a bad habit. I think that Megan gets tired during the weekdays. And that is why she gets up late on Sunday. I also don’t think that leaving food on the plate is a bad habit. I think that Mrs Blake should put less food on her plate.

12b. The psychologist didn’t agree that being clever, brave and strong are important features for an astronaut. But I think these features are rather important. 13. Looking at the personal things we can say much about the owner. Everything is in order in the picture. So I can say that the person is very neat. There are a lot of books on the shelves. I think this 719


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15. 1) I quite like going to the discos and parties. 2) I really like playing computer games. 3) I like meeting new people. 4) I don’t really like listening to classical music. 5) I can’t stand travelling by plane. 6) I don’t like pop music. 7) I hate babies. 8) I quite like my school and classmates. 9) I love cats. 10) I hate being alone. 11) I don’t really like jigsaw puzzles. 12) I don’t like getting up early. 13) I detest the taste of lemon. 14) I hate going to the dentist. 15) I don’t really like going in rainy weather. 16) I really like being the centre of attention. 17) I don’t like doing my homework. 19) I can’t stand tests at school. 19) I like family meetings. 20) I don’t like solving problems.

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person likes to read. He or she is very clever. His love to chess proves that this is a clever person. And there are a lot of awards on the wall above the bed. So this person takes part in some contests or competitions. He also likes to play the guitar. The computer is on in the picture. I think this person often works on computer and mayby sometimes he plays some games.

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18. He/she must: He must respect me. He must always tell the truth to me. He must be ready to help me. He/she must not: He mustn’t be greedy. He mustn’t be selfish. He mustn’t tell bad things about me. He/she needn’t: He needn’t be very handsome or beautiful. He needn’t go to the same school with me. He needn’t spend all his free time with me.

19. 1. I don’t think that these people were the man’s real friends. They only noticed bad things about the house. They might be jealous and that’s why they told only unpleasant things. They didn’t notice any good things. 2. I think that it is necessary to tell the truth to your friend. But 720 you should say it not to offend the friend.


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21. I think that girls’ relations are rather difficult. They are not friends. They have different problems and different points of view. Their attitude to life differs extremely. The younger sister is a little bit jealous. She thinks she is more responsible comparing with her sister. But her sister has more freedom to do what she wants.

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24. 1. It is difficult to say who really was right in the quarrel. I think that the author’s brother was really right. As he decided to come and apologise. 2. They felt uneasy about their quarrel because it is always unpleasant when you quarrel and then hate each other. 3. I think that they didn’t speak to each other and felt offended.

АНглійська мова

20. As Martin and Malcolm are twin brothers, they resemble each other. They have some common features but at the same time they have some differences. They were born on the same day. They are of almost the same height. The colour of their hair is the same. It is fair. They went to the same school — Central College. But they didn’t do equally well in all the subjects. They had the same marks just in English. When they grew up they started doing different things. One of them is a banker, and the other is an Art teacher. Malcolm also wears glasses. And he is rather quiet and serious. And Martin is very good with his hands. His hobbies are painting and classical music.

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25. I sometimes quarrel with my sister. I don’t like this feeling of offence. That is why I try to live peacefully with everybody. It seems to me that faces number 3 and 4 show the faces of people who quarrelled. 1 happy 2 surprised 3 unhappy 4 bored 5 angry 6 nervous 26. 1 2 3 4 5 6

happy and proud afraid angry ashamed sad and unhappy happy

27. One day Sara went for a walk in the yard. There were no children there and she was bored. She didn’t know what to do. Suddenly she saw a little kitten. Sara became very sad because she understood 721


somebody threw it away. The kitten was cold. The girl found a box, put a piece of cloth in it and made a bed for the kitten. She thought the kitten was hungry and thirsty, so Sara gave it some food to eat and some milk to drink. Then they began to play. The kitten was funny and Sara was happy that she found a new friend. Soon the kitten got tired and went to sleep in the box.

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1. 1. John Smith and his wife Mary lived in the forest. False. 2. Once, when Smith was in the forest, he found a dog. True. 3. He took the dog home and gave him some vegetables. False. 4. In the morning he couldn’t find the dog. True. 5. In a week he found the dog in the forest and brought him home. False. 6. The dog didn’t let Smith touch him. True. 7. The Smiths liked the dog and called him Wolf. True. 8. When the dog saw Smith for the first time he jumped at him. False. 9. A man came to the Smiths and took the dog with him. False. 10. The dog remembered his old master and ran with him. True. 2. 6. Once John was in the forest and saw a dog, very hungry and tired. 3. He took the dog home. 8. Smith gave him some fresh meat and left him in the house. 2. But the dog ran away and it continued for a long time. 1. At last the day came when the dog stayed in the house. 7. Smith and his wife liked him very much and called him Wolf. 5. Once a man who knew the dog appeared in their place. 4. He wanted to take the dog with him. 10. The Smiths didn’t want to let the dog go. 9. The dog ran after the man and never turned his head.

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Unit 4. Health. Food 1

2. chocolate butter fried potatoes apple pie cheese sandwich vegetable salad fried fish banana yoghurt 4.

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delicious meat boiled egg baked bread orange jam fruit salad boiled meat chicken soup

1. Very few people know that a very rich Englishman invented a sandwich. He liked playing cards very much. He could spend the whole day and night playing cards. When he was hungry he didn’t


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2 смажити на рашпері/на решітці смажити готувати на пару запікати варити тушкувати

grill meat, chicken, potatoes. bake bread, pizza, cake, biscuits. fry meat, chicken, sausage, potatoes, eggs, fish, omelette,

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5c. We can We can We can cutlet. We can We can We can We can

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5b. grill fry steam roast boil stew

АНглійська мова

want to stop the game. He took a piece of meat and put it between two slices of bread. In this way it was easier for him to eat and play at the same time. The name of this Englishman was Sandwich. Since 1762 rich people in restaurants started eating sandwiches, too. Today almost every office worker in Great Britain has a sandwich for lunch. 2. Most people know what a hot dog is. It’s a sausage in a roll. The long red sausage is called frankfurter. It got its name from the German town Frankfurt. The sausages became very popular. People ate a lot of them during baseball matches. But it wasn’t easy to have a hot sausage in the hand. One man, Harry M. Stevans, had an idea! He put frankfurters in long hot bread rolls. It made them easier for people to eat. In 1906, one newspaper published a cartoon in which there was a long dog in the roll instead of the frankfurter. People started to call rolls with frankfurters hot dogs.

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boil potatoes, eggs, rice, spaghetti, soup, milk. stew vegetables, apple, meat, chicken, potatoes. steam vegetables, rice, fish, cutlet. roast potatoes, apple, chicken.

6b. 1A; 2B; 3C.

7. Take 3 or 4 potatoes. Peel them. Then wash them carefully. If the potatoes are very big, cut them into smaller pieces. Then put them into cold water, add some salt and boil till they are ready. Get the water out and add some milk and butter. Wait till the milk starts boiling. Mash everything carefully. I think this is a recipe of mashed potatoes.

3 9. 1B, 2E, 3G, 4C, 5F, 6A, 7D. Yes, I lay the table for guests in such a way. 10. 1. Thomas Coryat came from Britain to Italy. 2. He saw people using forks there for the first time in his life.

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3. His friends laughed at him. 4. People in Italy ate with forks because people not always had clean hands. 5. Thomas tried to eat meat with a fork but the meat fell down. So he continued eating with his hands.

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13a.  1c; 2d; 3b; 4a. 13b.  1. As starters we eat chicken soup, tomato soup. 2. We can see fried fish, mashed potatoes, macaroni, cutlet, roast chicken, egg salad, grilled meat, mineral water as the main course. 3. For the dessert we can eat chocolate cake, orange juice, apple pie, chips, tea, ice cream, fruits, chocolate, black coffee, cookies.

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АНглійська мова

11. Yes, table manners are different all over the world. For example in Japan you take a soup plate to your mouth and drink your soup. It is not good to do this in our country. It is also not polite to eat making some noise or put the elbows on the table. Though in some countries it seems usual. I can say that Ukrainian traditions are most similar to those of the British.

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14. 1. Could I have the menu, please? c. Here it is, sir. 2. Whose is the tomato soup? e. It’s mine, thank you. 3. Would you like a dessert? a. No, thank you, I wouldn’t. 4. Have you got any fish? g. Sorry, fish is off the menu. 5. We’d like two coffees, please. d. Black or white? 6. Could we have two soups, please? b. Tomato or chicken? 7. Which flavour would you like? f. I’d like vanilla, please.

16. Cafe Rapide is the best for Jim and his children. I think Tea and Coffee House is the best for Susan and her friend.

5 17b.  It is about 560 calories. 18. білки вітаміни вуглеводи 724 жири

proteins vitamins carbohydrates fats


fibre minerals

19a. We can find proteins in milk, porridge, fish, nuts, beans, meat, eggs and cheese. We can find fibre in porridge, bread, macaroni, nuts, cherries, cucumbers, pears, apples, cabbages and tomatoes. We can find minerals in eggs, milk and porridge. We can find carbohydrates in cookies, bread, fruit, Cola, sweets, cakes. We can find vitamins in fruit, vegetables, nuts and porridge. We can find fats in meat, chocolate, nuts, cakes, sour cream and oil.

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19b. Ron has got some useful things in his food. He gets proteins, fibre, minerals, vitamins and carbohydrates from his food. So we can say that his food is rather healthy.

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21. 1. I follow the first advice. I try to eat healthy food and have regular meals. I also take care of my body and keep my clothes clean. 2. But I don’t follow the last advice. I have much homework to do and it’s not always possible to go to bed earlier. 3. I don’t think that I am very fit. I think that I have to exercise more regularly.

АНглійська мова

клітковина мінерали

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24a. 1D; 2C; 3E; 4A; 5F; 6B.

24b. застудилася/застудився зубний біль головний біль біль у животі біль у вусі біль у горлі міряти температуру

caught a cold toothache headache stomachache earache a sore throat to take the temperature

25. 1. If we eat too much chocolate and sweets we’ll have a toothache. 2. If we play computer games too long, we’ll have a headache. 3. If we drink cold water, we’ll have a sore throat. 4. If we eat unhealthy food, we’ll have a stomachache. 5. If we don’t wear a hat in cold weather, we’ll catch a cold. 6. When we catch a cold we have a high temperature, a headache 725 and sore throat.


7. When we catch a cold we should take our temperature, stay in bed and call a doctor. 8. To keep our teeth healthy we should clean them twice a day and eat less sweets. 9. Not to have a stomachache we should wash our hands before the meal, wash carefully fruit and vegetables and eat fresh food. 10. To have good eyesight we should spent less time watching TV or playing computer.

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brush teeth cook dinner do morning exercises learn words make mistake watch film

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8 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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to hour compartment food had broke eat bread eating very slowly meal uncomfortable ate some broke

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

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26. The boy got well so soon because his mother reminded him that it was Saturday and he didn’t have to go to school.

Unit 5. Shopping. Clothes 1 2. Blouse, coat, shirt, skirt, socks, stockings, scarf, dress, jacket, trousers, T-shirt, jeans, suit, tie, jumper, sweater, hat, cap, boots, shoes, 726 trainers, gloves.


3a. 1c; 2d; 3a; 4b.

2 1h; 2d, f; 3d, g; 4a, b; 5a, c; 6i; 7e; 8j.

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5. A boy in a checked shirt and trainers is the boy with an ice cream. A girl in a flowery dress is also eating an ice cream. A girl in dark blue jeans is the girl playing the ball. A man wearing dark brown boots is riding a motorbike. A man wearing a light-blue uniform is looking at his watch. A woman wearing a polka-dotted scarf is drawn in the picture. A girl in a strriped skirt is speaking over a mobile phone.

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7. a) рукав sleeve b) браслет bracelet c) ґудзик button d) сережки earings e) застібка-блискавка zipper f) ремінь belt g) обручка ring h) карман pocket i) намисто necklace 1. I think people decorate themselves to look more attractive and beautiful. 2. I sometimes wear some decorations. I like to wear necklaces and earings. Some people also use bracelets and nice belts to decorate themselves. 3. I don’t know what way future people will decorate themselves. They may wear some metallic or gold things to make themselves look beautiful.

АНглійська мова

4.

10. We We We We We We We We

wear wear wear wear wear wear wear wear

earings in our ears. rings on our fingers. necklaces on our necks. a tie on our neck. socks on our feet. a belt on our body. mittens on our hands. a cap on our head.

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4 11. leather woolen cotton silk 1c; 2b; 3d; 4a.

шкіряний вовняний бавовняний шовковий

12b. at a party: a leather belt, a silk blouse, a silk dress, cotton jeans, a silk shirt, a silk tie, a woolen skirt;

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on a picnic: cotton jeans, a cotton dress, leather trainers, cotton shorts, cotton trousers, a cotton shirt, cotton socks; on a beach: cotton shirt, cotton shorts;

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at the theatre: a silk blouse, a silk dress, a silk shirt, a silk tie, silk gloves; at school: leather trainers, cotton jeans, a woolen shirt, a woolen dress, a cotton shirt, woolen trousers, a silk tie;

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АНглійська мова

12a. a leather belt, a silk blouse, a cotton dress, leather gloves, a woolen hat, a leather jacket, cotton jeans, a silk dress, woolen mittens, a woolen scarf, a silk shirt, a woolen skirt, a cotton skirt, a silk tie, woolen socks, a woolen sweater, leather trainers.

in the park: cotton jeans, a cotton dress, leather trainers, cotton shorts, cotton trousers, cotton shirt, cotton socks;

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in summer: cotton jeans, a silk blouse, a silk dress, a cotton dress, leather trainers, cotton shorts, cotton trousers, a cotton shirt, cotton socks; in winter: leather gloves, a woolen hat, a leather jacket, woolen mittens, a woolen scarf, a woolen skirt, woolen socks, a woolen sweater.

13. There are four seasons in the year. Each of them brings different weather and different dresses. When it is hot people wear T-shirts and shorts, light cotton blouses and skirts, sport shoes, socks and sandals. In summer people dress like this is Africa, Ukraine, Britain and America. In cold weather people usually put on warm clothes: jeans and trousers, woolen sweaters and jackets, overcoats and caps. In winter they wear fur coats and fur caps, high boots and mittens or gloves. The proverb says: “Everything is good in its season”. When you think what to wear choose the right dress. Think what is good at the sports ground and what is good at a party and why a long silk dress looks 728 beautiful on a woman but is funny on a little girl.


5 16. 1c; 2d; 3e; 4a; 5b. 19. 1B; 2A; 3C. Put the book on the table. Put the warm coat on. Try to guess the word. Can I try this coat on?

6

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20. 1) It’s very hot in here. — Take off your jumper, then. 2) Helen starts work at 8.00 am. So she has to get up at 6.00 am. 3) Can you help me fill in the gaps in the text? I don’t know some words. 4) The meal is over. I think I’ll wash up now.

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21. 1. People who never clean their shoes are untidy. 2. People who wear all clothes of the same colour are boring. 3. People who always wear a suit and a tie are conservative. 4. People who always wear dark clothes are pessimistic. 5. People who wear bright clothes are optimistic. 6. People who like to invent their own clothes are creative. 7. People who never experiment with their clothes are boring. 8. People who prepare in the evening the clothes they will wear the next day are disciplined. 9. People who dislike decorative elements on their clothes are shy. 10. Women who love to wear bracelets, rings and earings are adventurous.

АНглійська мова

класти надівати намагатися приміряти

23. The boy in the first picture is adventerous and a little bit undisciplined. I think he is optimistic and friendly. The woman in the second picture is tidy and disciplined. I think she is creative. The girl in the third picture is shy and tidy. She is disciplined and hard-working. The man in the fourth picture is friendly and adventurous. But I think he is stupid and lazy. 24. 1. The king was not happy because he didn’t know how to be happy. 2. The farmer was happy because he was doing his favourite business. 3. I don’t think that clothes can make people happy. People can just 729 feel more confident in comfortable clothes.


4. Yes, I think they can. When people wear expensive and good clothes they may feel proud or think that other people respect them. And in bad clothes they may feel shy. 5. Clothes are made to make us warm in cold weather. For celebrations we wear beautiful clothes. For picnics and work in the garden we wear sport or working clothes.

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27. 1. History of jeans was rather interesting. 2. It was in the 1850s in the USA. 3. Mr Levi Strauss sold cloth for gold-miners’ wear. 4. Once he bought strong cotton cloth and made working trousers of it. 5. They were much stronger and gold-miners liked new trousers, called jeans, very much. 6. For 100 years jeans were working clothes only. 7. The miners had to change them often. 8. But in the 1950s jeans became fashionable for young people. 9. Then people of other ages liked them. 10. When your parents were of your age jeans were in fashion. 11. Now they are rather fashionable as well. 12. Maybe jeans will be in fashion when your children are of your present age?

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АНглійська мова

26. 1c; 2f; 3a; 4g; 5b; 6e; 7d; 8h.

8

підтримувати спина назад задній

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2. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Unit 6. Hobbies 1

3. 1. indoor and outdoor: camping; playing basketball; playing the guitar; dancing; flying kites; playing chess; listening to music; growing flowers. 2. energetic and quiet: embroidery; beading; collecting coins; playing the violin; riding a bike; reading; drawing; doing martial arts; doing jigsaw puzzles; doing crosswords. 3. practical and impractical: modelling; collecting stamps; drama; watching TV; collecting but730 terflies; playing Scrabble; collecting stickers; painting; pets.


2 6.

hockey, skating, skiing, sledging, figure skating, ski jumping, jogging.

indoor sports

all-the-year-round sports

summer sports

swimming, boating, basketball, boxing, cycling, football, cricket, gymnastics, aerobics, volleyball, badminton, martial arts, karate, track and field events, billiards, table tennis, baseball, golf, ballooning, chess, handball, camping, car-racing; dominoes, horse racing, running, windsurfing. water polo.

outdoor sports

both table tennis, chess, swimming.

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basketball, boxing, hockey, skating, skiing, gymnastics, aerobics, sledging, ski jumping, martial arts, karate, jogging, horse racing, billiards, table tennis, boating, cycling, chess, handball, football, cricket, dominoes, figure volleyball, badminton, skating, water polo. track and field events, baseball, golf, ballooning, camping, car-racing; running, windsurfing.

non-competitive sports

golf, ballooning, aerobics, billiards, dominoes, windsurfing, cricket, jogging.

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competitive sports

table tennis, chess, handball, hockey, sledging, boating, football, volleyball, badminton, boxing, martial arts, basketball, swimming, cycling, track and field events, car-racing; skating, running, skiing, figure skating, ski jumping, gymnastics.

team sports

individual sports

АНглійська мова

winter sports

both

hockey, sledging, swimming, cycling, swimming, cycling, boating, football, track and field events, track and field events, cricket, volleyball, car-racing; skating, horse racing, aerobics. badminton, boxing, running, windsurfing, skiing, figure martial arts, billiards, table tennis, chess, skating, ski jumping, gymnastics, jogging. handball, dominoes, baseball, golf, ballooning, karate, camping, basketball, aerobics, water polo.

731


7. It is skiing. It’s an outdoor summer sport. It is competitive. It is team sport. You need a special ground, a goal and a ball to play it. What sport is it? (Football.)

9. 1b; 2a; 3 d; 4c; 5e.

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3

choir musician orchestra composer conductor

хор музикант оркестр композитор диригент

12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

All 23 students like music very much. 13 students do not sing in the school choir. 9 students can play a musical instrument. 19 students do not play in the school orchestra. Nobody can play the guitar.

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10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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АНглійська мова

8. No, the Olympic emblem doesn’t have a brown ring. There is a black ring instead. No, it was a great athletic festival. The games were for men only. The first modern Games took place in 1896. The first Winter Games took place in Britain. Now we have Summer and Winter Olympic Games every second year in different countries.

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13. The text is about Michael Jackson.

4

14. 1a; 2b; 3e; 4c; 5d. 15. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Eminem Michael Jackson Louis Armstrong Elvis Presley

5 17. 1a; 2c; 3e; 4h; 5f; 6b; 7g; 8d.

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19. 1. historical novels 2. fairy tale


documentary biography reference book poetry, sonnets encyclopedia detective story

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20. Those who are fond of history usually read historical novels. Those who are fond of art usually read poetry. Those who are fond of geography usually read encyclopedias. Those who are fond of travelling usually read adventure stories. Those who are fond of nature usually read reference books. Those who are fond of stories about relations between people usually read love stories. Those who are fond of adventures usually read adventure stories. Those who are fond of theatre usually read plays. Those who are fond of poetry usually read poems. Those who are fond of life stories of other people usually read biographies. Those who are fond of true facts about life usually read documentaries. Those who are fond of relaxation usually read humorous stories.

АНглійська мова

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

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6

21. 1. Captain Grant’s Children by Jules Vern 2. Harry Potter by Joanne K. Rowling 3. Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe

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22. Robinson Croso: strong, poor, skilful, truthful, brave, courageous. Harry Potter: clever, intelligent, truthful, creative. Captain Grant: honest, strong, clever, brave, intelligent, gentle, truthful, creative, courageous. Red Riding Hood: kind, generous, cheerful, innocent, attractive. Star Boy: evil, tough, attractive, charming, naughty, selfish.

7 25. 1. 2. 3. 4.

photocopier catalogue borrow listening centre

26. non-fiction: All About Cars, Ancient Greece, Daniel Defoe Biography, Flowers of Great Britain, A History of Britain, Money, Journey 733 through Africa, Mars as we Know It, Picasso’s Life.


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27. — Hello! We’ve just moved into this district and I’d like to borrow books from your library. — Good. Have you got a library card? — No, not yet. — Please fill in this form, Write your name and address. — How many books can I borrow at a time? — Three fiction books and four non-fiction. — How long can I keep the book? — Ten days. If you need some books for a longer period you can renew them. You can do it by telephone. You needn’t specially come to the library for that. — Thank you. Do you have any books on the American Civil War? I am interested in that period of American history. — Look through the catalogues. Our library is rich and I’m sure you’ll find the books you need. — Thank you.

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АНглійська мова

fiction: Alice in Wonderland, Anna Karenina, Harry Potter, Mary Poppins, Olver Twist, Short Stories, Tales. reference: Children’s Pictorial Dictionary, Dictionary of Synonyms, Encyclopedia, English Proverbs, The History of Art, Maps of the World, Oxford Student’s Dictionary of Current English, Phrasal Verbs, World Atlas.

9

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1. 1. Hemelin is a town in Britain. False. 2. There were a lot of rats in the town. True. 3. The people of the town asked the Mayor to take the rats away. True. 4. The Mayor began to play the pipe. False. 5. The people of Hamelin began to dance. False. 6. The rats jumped into the water. True. 7. The Mayor gave the piper a bag of gold. False. 8. The piper played his pipe again. True. 9. All the people of the town went after the piper. False. 10. The piper never came back to Hamelim again. True.

2. c. The events happened in Hamelin six hundred years ago. f. The people of Hamelin were not happy because of many rats. i. They asked the Mayor to take the rats away from the town. a. At this moment a piper came into the room. j. He promised to help the people of the town. d. The Mayor promised him a bag of gold for his help. h. The piper kept his promise: all the rats jumped into the water. 734 b. But the Mayor didn’t want to pay the piper.


e. The piper played his pipe again and all the children went after him. g. The children and the piper never came back to Hamelin.

Unit 7. Great Britain — London. Ukraine — Kyiv 1 2. 1e; 2c; 3f; 4d; 5b; 6a.

1. It’s one of the biggest cities in Europe. London. 2. About three million people live in this city. Kyiv. 3. This city has the oldest metro in Europe. London. 4. The metro in this city is one of the most beautiful in Europe. Kyiv. 5. There are 35 theatres and about 40 museums in this city. Kyiv. 6. The city consists of four big parts. London. 7. This city stands on the river. Kyiv, London. 8. There is a monument to a famous person in the central square. Kyiv, London.

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4.

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5. Коли Цезар прийшов сюди в 55 році до н. е., тут, на берегах Темзи було невелике поселення Лін-Дін. Лондиніум лежав у руїнах майже 400 років, поки в 9 столітті саксонські правителі не почали відбудовувати його заново. Перші поселенці жили на території сучасного Києва більш ніж за 20 тисяч років до того як князь Кий, його брати Щек і Хорив і їхня сестра Либідь не почали в 482 році будувати місто на берегах Дніпра.

АНглійська мова

2

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6. 1. Before the Romans came to Llyn-din ancient people had lived there. 2. Kyi and his brothers and sister had travelled for a long time when they found a nice place for a settlement on the bank of the river. 3. Londinium had been in ruins for 400 years before the Saxon kings began to rebuild it. 4. Kyiv became an important political centre after the state Kyivan Rus’ had appeared. 7. In 1666, a young King’s baker had left a piece of wood at night not far from the hot cooker. In a few minutes the fire started. A strong wind had begun some days before, and soon all the wooden houses in the narrow street were on fire. People couldn’t get water to put the fire down because the fire had ruined the water-wheel. People ran to the river to save their lives. There were a lot of pigeons in London in those days. They didn’t want to leave their house and flew about the windows until their wings got burnt and they fell down dead. In four days the wind stopped and with it the fire stopped, too. But 3,000 houses and 89 churches had disappeared. People had to rebuild their town. 735


8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

displays exhibits events tools exhibits natural history science-technology

виставляє експонує події знаряддя експонати природознавство науково-технічний

9. 1. 2. 3. 4.

history museum natural history museum art museum science-technology museum

10. 1B; 2A; 3B; 4C; 5D; 6C; 7D.

Zoloti Vorota National Opera of Ukraine Bohdan Khmel’nyts’kyi Monument Khreschatyk St Sophia Cathedral Andriivs’kyi Uzviz Kyievo-Pechers’ka Lavra Taras Shevchenko National University Maidan Nezalezhnosti

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

the Tower of London the Houses of Parliament Buckingham Palace St Paul’s Cathedral Trafalgar Square Tower Bridge Westminster Abbey Picadilly Circus Big Ben

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11. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

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4

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3

5 16. 1B; 2A; 3D; 4E; 5C; 6F. 17. 1. Margaret Hilda Roberts Thatcher was born on October 13, 1925. Her father got a grocery shop in the town and was active in politics. She did well at a girls’ grammar school, and then at Somerville College, Oxford, where she studied chemistry. She was a member of the team that developed the first soft frozen ice cream. After graduation she helped develop methods for preserving ice cream. In 1951, Margaret 736 became a lawyer. She was an active Conservative and in 1959 became


In Kyiv there are five parks. All of them are in the centre of the city. Park Askol’dova Mohyla is the biggest, I think. Park Askol’dova Mohyla and Mis’kyi Sad are there on the banks the Dnipro.

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19. 1. 2. 3. 4. of

АНглійська мова

18. 1C; 2A; 3D; 4B.

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a Member of Parliament. In 1979, she became the first woman prime minister. She brought a lot of changes into the economic and cultural life of the country. Because of her character people called her the Iron Lady. In 1990, she left her post but she is still an active politician. 2. Mykhailo Hrushevs’kyi was born on September 17, 1866. He was the founder of Ukrainian National Democratic Party. His father taught history at Kyiv University. He got primary education at home. Then he studied at Tiflis gymnasia. After school he entered history department of Kyiv University. He studied well and was good at all subjects but he was fond of Ukrainian history and literature. After graduation he worked in Kyiv and then in L’viv University. In 1905, he returned to Kyiv but later was arrested for his political activity and moved from city to city. After February revolution of 1917 he came back to Kyiv and headed the Tsentral’na Rada. He became the first President of Ukraine in 1918. But he had no real power and had to live in different countries. He began writing at that time. In 1922, he came back to Kyiv. In 1929 he became the member of Academy of Sciences. In 1931 he was arrested and had to live in Moscow. He died on November 25, 1934.

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20. Truhaniv Ostriv is one of the favourite places of those who live in Kyiv and guests of the city. They come here to spend their free time and enjoy the company of each other. On Truhaniv Ostriv there are the best and cleanest city beaches. Truhaniv Ostriv is an island connected with the city by the Parkovyi Walking Bridge. The island is a great place for fishers who enjoy sitting on the banks of the river and admire beautiful landscapes. There are numerous stories the fishers tell each other about great catch and unbelievable sizes of fishes they caught on the Truhaniv Bridge. The fishers believe that the island is a very lucky place. Until 1957 those who wanted to get to Truhaniv Ostriv had to take a boat in the summer or cross the river by ice in the winter. In 1957, the Parkovyi Bridge appeared and Truhaniv Ostriv became a fashionable place for rest.

7 22. No, tea is the most popular drink in Britain. It’s even more popular than coffee which people drink everywhere 737 in Europe and America.


No, the Dutch brought the first tea in 1510. The first advertisement for tea appeared in 1658. At that time a skilled worker could buy only a pound of the cheapest tea. The lady of the house measured tea by the teaspoon. By 1750 tea had become the drink of all the classes in Britain. Tea parties were popular at home. 23. 2. Apple Spas 3. Epiphany

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ugly poor wear chemist’s rabbit throat younger marks worst especially stories heros girl

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АНглійська мова

9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Unit 8. My Favourite Subject. Learning English 1

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1b. 1. Mathematics copy: from the board, do exercises, do sums, 2. History: discuss, write, do projects, go on excursions, listen, learn by heart, 3. Geography: listen, learn by heart, 4. Biology: write, do projects, go on excursions, 5. Physics: do exercises, do sums, write, 6. Ukrainian: copy from the board, describe, do exercises, read, write, do projects, learn by heart, make up stories, 7. Foreign Language: copy from the board, describe, discuss, do exercises, read, write, do projects, learn by heart, listen, make up stories, play games, sing songs, use dictionaries, watch video 8. Arts: paint, 9. Physical Education: run, jump, play games, 10. Music: listen to music, learn by heart, sing songs.

3. main language, computer language, language of international traffic control, and police and emergency services, language of international business and academic conferences, leading language, language of 738 popular music, advertising, home computers and video games.


English became so important because it is used everywhere. Even if you go to the countries where people speak other languages, they will be able to understand you speaking English. Because it is the language of international communication. 4.

They mention the following reasons: to be better educated; to travel abroad. Other reasons are: to get a good job in the future, to communicate with people from different countries, to read books in English, to understand a native language better.

The Celtic language, the language of Romans, the language of Germanic people, the language of Angles, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Russian and Spanish.

7.

photoghraphy, physics, phone, philosophy, phrase, pheasant, phenomenon.

8.

7 map — 8 cloth 1 pupil of the eye — 6 pupil

9.

schole — school boc — book

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5.

АНглійська мова

2

3

The first speaker has a problem with pronunciation. He pronounces the words badly. The second speaker had poor vocabulary and doesn’t know grammar rules. The third speaker is rather good.

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10.

12b. People: passenger, driver, conductor, stewardess, waiter, Transport: vehicle, wheel, carriage, compartment, Descriptive adjectives: outdoor, leather, responsible, Places: garage, terminal, booking-office, cafeteria Clothes: uniform, pocket, belt, overalls, button, Travelling: boarding pass, trip, route, luggage, habit Meals and cookery: lunch, dessert, napkin, fork, knife, glass 13a. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Has he read that book already? a question He hasn’t read that book yet. a negative statement Has he ever been to that park? a question He has never been to that park. a negative statement We always go to that park on Sundays. a positive statement

13b. questions, expecting the answer yes: Isn’t his name James? Aren’t they ready?

739


Isn’t he from the USA? suggestions: Let’s go to the circus! What about the cinema? Well, shall we go home? positive comments: Isn’t she beautiful! Isn’t that wonderful! negative comments: Isn’t that book scary! Isn’t she stupid!

We can hear English in every point listed in the exercise if we are in Britain. The first extract we can hear in the airport. The second conversation is taking place at a cafе. The third one is a radioprogramme. For me the first extract is the most difficult.

17a. 1. A tour guide. 2. An encyclopedia. 3. A personal letter.

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15.

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4

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17b. 1. It took me several minutes to identify the source of the text. 2. I read each text twice. 3. No, I didn’t. 4. I paid attention to the nouns and ignored descriptive adjectives. 5. It is important to know every word when you read a grammar rule, for example. It is necessary to understand everything and learn. If you don’t understand, you may use the rule incorrectly.

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5

18.

1. Banana. 2. A toy cat. 3. A pencil.

21.

1. We describe things at the lessons or lectures. We also describe things when we write compositions or diaries. 2. We give instructions when we want somebody do something. 3. The difference is that in an instruction all the actions should be completed in a certain order. And we cannot replace one action with another. 4. We have to read some rules or instructions, sometimes we read descriptions, too. 5. We usually have to write descriptions when we write compositions. 6. Yes, I often write postcards and e-mail letters.


7. In letters I describe my life, and in postcards I write my best wishes to friends and family. 8. I think yes.

6 22. Yes, I agree with all the things mentioned in the exercise. To tell the truth. I don’t think that learning English is easy. To know it well you should practise all the time. It is not easy to speak because it takes me time to choose the best word. I feel shy when I need to speak English.

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26. In class… we were listening to the teacher; we were repeating words and sentences; we were doing exercises; we were learning about grammar; we were speaking with a partner; we were listening to songs; we were using dictionaries. Outside the class… I was doing workbook exercises; I was looking up new words in my dictionary; I was translating words and sentences; I was studying the grammar reference.

АНглійська мова

7

Unit 9. Revision 1

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2. Isn’t it cheap? Yes, it is. Isn’t it expensive? Yes, it is. Isn’t a monkey ugly? No, it isn’t. Isn’t it nice? Yes, it is. Isn’t a boy nice? Yes, he is. Is a man handsome? No, he isn’t. Isn’t a spider horrible? Yes, it is. Is a building beautiful? Yes, it is. Is it pretty? Yes, it is.

3a. as cold as ice, as blind as a bat, as black as night, as wise as an owl, as good as gold, as green as grass, as stubborn as a mule, as hard as iron, as busy as a bee, as happy as a lark, as pretty as a picture, as comfortable as an old shoe, as free as a bird, as hard as nails, as poor as a church mouse, as warm as a toast, as old as the hills.

2 4.

The USA has more cars not buses. Americans drive faster than people in other countries, not further. And there are a lot of garages 741


under the buildings not in the buildings. The car not train is more convenient. People go to drive-in cinemas, not theatres. People watch films from their cars. The largest drive-in cinema not house. There are drive-in banks not schools.

x

x

Total

1

3

1

x

Importance

6

1

5

x x

hall

swimming pool

x x

x

x x

x

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old people

x

2

3

2

1

2

2

7

2

3

8

4

9

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7. I think that yoga is the best hobby for Megan. Because it helps people to relax and think of pleasant. I think that walking club is the best hobby for Mike. And do-it-yourself club is also good for him. He’ll have active and creative hobbies.

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АНглійська мова

x

x

cafe 

x

doctor

x

bus route

x

young people

library

playground

mothers with children

post office

shops

5.

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10. I think that the first superstition about candles is true for our country. The same is about the third, the fifth, the sixth and the seventh superstitions. I know one more: if you return home when you started for some place, you’ll have no luck.

4

12. Yes, in our country people shake hands when they meet each other. Sometime people kiss their friends, but not always. Yes, you should remove your shoes entering someone’s home. Yes, men usually open doors for women and let them go through first. Yes, it’s impolite to interrupt. We should wait for our turn to speak. 13. It is very difficult to translate the joke into Ukrainian. It uses the play of words and it is impossible to translate without changing the meaning. 14. Languages learned in schools. School trips. Exchange programmes. 742


birkun angl 6