Page 51

R E P O R T O N E N V I R O N M E N TA L I M PA C T O F R O H I N G YA I N F L U X

5.2.1 Forestry The whole forest land in the influx area of influence is assessed as 26,600 ha (or 44% of the total 60,000 ha landscape, see Table 4-1). Setting up large makeshift camps in the Kutupalong – Balukhali and other areas has made a substantial direct impact on the available forest resources in the Ukhia range (affected 3,525.2 acres or 1,427 ha, see map on Figure 4-4 and satellite photos in Figure 4-6). This causes additional stress on the Ukhia forest land that has reportedly already been cut by 30-40% by the ongoing deforestation process. In the Teknaf Range the influx has also impacted some of the plantations in the buffer zone and has reportedly started impacting the core zone of the TWS as well. However, it appears that the ‘natural’ forest is mostly shrubland which did not sustain a dynamic forest ecosystem before the influx.

Direct Impact on Plantations A total of 3,713 acres (1,502 ha)53 of forest lands under the Ukhia, Whykong and Teknaf forest range

have been taken over by the Rohingya makeshift settlements. Among all the encroachments, 1,960 acres (793 ha) of natural forest land and 1,753 acres (709 ha) of plantation area have been recorded (Table 5-2). According to the FD, the plantations that have been encroached upon were mostly established under the Social Forestry Programme. The plantations are composed of both short rotation (10 years) and long rotation (25 years) species. With the destruction of social forest plantations, more than 1,500 participants have lost their benefits as almost all the plantations in different years have been cleared for the makeshift settlements. Minimal remnants of plantation have been seen between the camps of Hakimpara and near the Leda camp. According to Key Informant’s interviews (KIIs) and Focus Group Discussion (FGDs), it is expected that what remains of the plantations may be razed at any time for the needs of newly arriving Rohingya.

Table 5-2: Impact of Rohingya influx on forest land of the Cox’s Bazar South Forest Division (up to 04 Nov 2017). Upazila

Location of the Rohingya camp

Encroached forest area

Forest Range

Legal status

Forest Beat

Rohingya camp Balukhalidhala Tasnimakhola

Ukhia Ukhia

53

Thainkhali Mokkrar billHakimpara, JamtoliBagghona,

Reserve Reserve and protected

Sofiullah Kata Ukhiar ghat

Balukhali

Ukhia Sadar

Kutupalong

Reserve

Social forestry plantation (acre)

Natural forest (acre)

Total forests (acre)

152.70

135.3

288

177.5

214.5

392

271

236

507

92.5

108.7

201.2

450

359

809

535

793

1,328

Cox’s Bazar South Forest Division, November 2017.

49

Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Advertisement