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ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION OF IMPACTS 5 . 1 P H Y S I C A L I M PA C T S Physical impacts relate to surface and ground water, air, soil, land use, landform/ topography, noise, vibration, geology, seismicity and other natural hazards, resource use, waste, greenhouse gases, etc.

5.1.1 Ground Water The Teknaf peninsula coastal zone has limited ground water storage. This was not an issue when there were less people living in the area but the demand has increased manifold since the August influx and thousands of shallow tube wells have been dug in the influx area at different slopes very close to each other, particularly in the Kutupalong and Balukhali makeshift camps to accommodate the Rohingya. This has resulted in excessive withdrawals of water from the shallow aquifer and a drying up of some of the wells. There are concerns that the shallow aquifer could be exhausted within several months. The water sector service providers are looking for deep wells, but there is no certainty yet regarding their availability. The emergency situation has meant that no proper thought has gone into an appropriate location for or design of latrines. Thousands of latrines without proper soak pits have been installed along the contour lines of the hills close to the shelters and very close to water points. The ongoing arrival of Rohingya to the area has resulted in an increase in the population at multiple sites and an increased burden on existing facilities. Leakage, seepage and overflow from these facilities are being reported, causing ground water contamination. Large numbers of nonfunctional latrines and tube wells need to be decommissioned and repaired to reduce the public health risk. Results of ground water samples from different camps (Kutupalong and Balukhali) for the E-coli test by the Emergency Response Unit of the International Red Cross portray an alarming picture. About 70% of the samples were observed to be heavily polluted.51 Red Cross. Emergency response unit. Lab report. IFRC ERU M40 lab tests on the water from 135 wells across the Balikahli 02, Hakimpara and Burma Para settlements. 28.9.2017 – 7.11.2017

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Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

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