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R E P O R T O N E N V I R O N M E N TA L I M PA C T O F R O H I N G YA I N F L U X

Figure 4-3 Land Cover Classes35

Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary36 The Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary (TWS) is the most important forest ecosystem in Bangladesh. The sanctuary is home to the Teknaf Game Reserve which was established to focus on the conservation of the Asian Elephant, more than one hundred of which have been observed in the sanctuary.37 In many places, the elephant corridors have been blocked by host communities and infrastructure and some of these corridors are being hampered by the Rohingya population (see Figure 5-3). Over the last 50 years. the vegetation in the AoI has been degraded by both human and natural factors. In the period 1920 to 1990, natural forests were cleared to make way for wood lots. The Rohingya influx in 1991 and several other influxes reduced the forests of Ukhia and Teknaf substantially. Three major cyclones, in 1991, 1994 and 1997 severely affected the forest areas38. Conversion of many foothills and low-lying areas into paddy fields and settlements through the process of

Figure 4-4 Land Cover Class Areas in the AoI

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The map is provided by FAO Bangladesh. Certain non forest classes were aggregated in the report.

36

Arannayk Foundation. 2013. Biodiversity of Protected Areas of Bangladesh, First edition. The Arannayk Foundation, Dhaka.

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Nishorgo Support Project. 2006. Management Plans for Teknaf Game Reserve. Dhaka, Nishorgo Support Project.

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Arannayk Foundation. 2013. Biodiversity of Protected Areas of Bangladesh, First edn. The Arannayk Foundation, Dhaka.

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Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

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