Page 26

Environmental Component

Key Risks/Indicators

Gender-based issues

Overcrowding, creating risks for women and girls with regards to their safety, security and vulnerability Unhygienic living conditions inside shelters increasing health risks to women and adolescent girls

Land-use

Protected and environmentally significant areas Agriculture Recreation and tourism Physical cultural resources

Waste management

Impact on human health from sanitation and management of solid waste and chemicals

2.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF I M PA C T S Significance of impacts was determined using UNDP’s Social and Environmental Screening Procedure (2015). The level of significance of the potential environmental risks includes both the potential impact (e.g. consequences if the risk were to occur) and probability (e.g. the likelihood of the risk occurring) for each identified risk. The following factors were considered when estimating the potential impact:

the economic, social or cultural well-being of a large number of people? Manageability: Will relatively uncomplicated, accepted measures suffice to avoid or mitigate the potential impacts, or is a detailed study required to understand if the impacts can be managed. If the latter, which management measures are needed? Duration: Will the adverse impacts be short-term (e.g. exist only during construction), medium term (e.g. five years) or long-term? Reversibility: Is an impact reversible or irreversible?

Type and location: Is the project in a high-risk sector or does it include high-risk components? Is it located in a sensitive area? (e.g. in a densely populated area, near critical habitats, indigenous territories, protected areas, etc.)

Community Involvement: Absence of community involvement is an inherent risk for the success and sustainability of any project. Have project-affected communities been consulted in project planning and design? Will they have a substantive role to play in the project going forward?

Magnitude or intensity: Could an impact result in the destruction or serious impairment of a social or environmental feature or system, or deterioration of

Both impact and probability were assessed on a scale of 1 (low) to 5 (high) for each identified impact (see Section 5).

Table 3-2 Rating the ‘Impact’ of a Risk

24

Score

Rating

Social and environmental impacts

5

Critical

Significant adverse impacts on human populations and/or environment. Adverse impacts high in magnitude and/or spatial extent (e.g. large geographic area, large number of people, transboundary impacts, cumulative impacts) and duration (e.g. long-term, permanent and/or irreversible); areas impacted include areas of high value and sensitivity (e.g. valuable ecosystems, critical habitats); adverse impacts to rights, lands, resources and territories of indigenous peoples; involve significant displacement or resettlement; generate significant quantities of greenhouse gas emissions; impacts may give rise to significant social conflict.

Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Advertisement