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1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THIS S T U DY

The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) raised the following Key Questions:

Environmental problems associated with the influx of asylum seekers have been well documented over the years. In the absence of mitigating measures, physical deterioration of the surrounding environment soon takes place, in turn generating other impacts on both the newcomers and on local populations. Competition for natural resources such as fuelwood, building materials, fresh water and wild food may be an immediate concern.

• What is the monetary value of environmental losses and damage caused by the Rohingya influx?

Rohingya camps are situated near the protected areas (PA) of Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary (TWS), the proposed Inani National Park and the Himchari National Park. These areas have already suffered degradation, and expansion of the camps is likely to result in significant ecological impacts as forest and agricultural land is converted to establish housing, schools, water supply and sanitation facilities.

The influx area map is presented in Figure 1-2. A broad Area of Influence was selected to accommodate the potential cumulative impacts of the influx on the ecosystems in the region.

This assessment process was conducted in constant communication with the Government of Bangladesh, UN organizations, NGOs, and other key stakeholders. The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) raised the following Key Questions that this study has to address: • What environmental impacts have been caused by the Rohingya influx to date? • What are the predicted environmental impacts if the development continues? • What is proposed to avoid, mitigate or offset the environmental impacts?

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• What feasible restoration projects may be recommended to offset the environmental damage? • How much investment is required for restoration of degraded ecosystem and implementation of environmental management plan?

The following activities related to the influx may cause environmental impacts: • Land clearing for setting up the camps, supporting facilities, infrastructure and services; • Construction of shelters, supporting facilities and roads; • Construction and operation of water wells and latrines; • Solid waste generation and litter; • Cooking with fuelwood, charcoal and/or briquettes; • Collection of fuelwood to support personal cooking and for income generation; • Illegal hunting, poaching and fishing; • Transport operation to deliver goods and services to the camps; • Off-road movement of large groups of people.

Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

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