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R E P O R T O N E N V I R O N M E N TA L I M PA C T O F R O H I N G YA I N F L U X

Endemic species

Any species whose range is restricted to a limited geographical area. An endemic species is one that has ≥ 95 percent of its global range inside the country or region of analysis.4

Denudation

Process that causes the erosion of the earth’s surface by moving water, ice, wind or waves, leading to a reduction in elevation and in relief of landforms and of landscapes.

Impact (effect)

Activity causing changes (effects) in the environment.An environmental effect is the result of environmental impacts on human health and welfare. The term is also used synonymously with environmental impact.5

Land cover (class)

The observed (bio)physical cover on the earth’s surface.6 Land cover indicates the physical land type e.g. forest or open water.

Mitigation

Measures taken to avoid, reduce, or compensate for adverse environmental impacts during project implementation.

Modified habitat

Areas where the natural habitat has been altered, often through the introduction of alien species of plants and animals, such as in agricultural areas.

Natural forest

A forest composed of indigenous trees and not classified as forest plantation. Forest typically refers to land with a tree canopy cover of more than 10 percent and area of more than 0.5 ha.7 In this report, the term natural forest includes remnants of degraded forest and shrub land.

Natural habitat

Land and water areas where the biological communities are formed largely by native plant and animal species, and where human activity has not essentially modified the area’s primary ecological functions.

Offset

Compensatory measures that aim to ensure that the project does not cause significant net degradation to the environment. Such measures may relate to conservation of habitat and biodiversity, preservation of ambient conditions, and greenhouse gas emissions.

This list generally follows the definitions presented in the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement (ADB SPS 2009) and ADB Environmental Safeguards Good Practice Source Book (2012)

3

4

See International Finance Corporation Performance Standard 6 (IFC PS6), 2012

5

https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=822

6

http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/x0596e/x0596e01e.htm

7

http://www.fao.org/forestry/en/

13

Profile for Zilla Haider

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

Report on ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROHINGYA INFLUX  

This study was initiated by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), the Government of Bangladesh (GoB), and UNDP and UN Women, with...

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