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Exploring the Land the Art & the People



The art collective Meow Wolf and its fascinating works are like nothing you've ever experienced before — cutting-edge, colorful, creative culture designed to intrigue, excite, and entertain you. Meow Wolf offers imaginative poetry in three-dimensional form, a jumping-off place for a beguiling adventure of the senses and the imagination. An active source for many interesting projects and landmark educational activities since 2009, Meow Wolf today is located in a 20,000-square foot repurposed bowling alley in central Santa Fe. The main exhibit is "The House of Eternal Return," an intricate exploring experience that expands mental horizons while offering unlimited fun and other-worldly revelations. The product of several years and more than a hundred artists and artisans, The House offers intriguing possibilities for every age and level of involvement, from youngsters to adults. As Meow Wolf notes, it is "a combination of jungle gym, haunted house, children’s museum, and immersive art exhibit," offering a sensorial experience both more subtle and even greater than its impressive component parts. Once you explore its unprecedented wonders, you'll want to return again and again — and not only for The House, but the facility's arts learning center, gift shop, and coffee shop. Meow Wolf is at 1352 Rufina Circle, just off Cerrillos Road. You can't miss it: just look for the giant robot sculpture in the parking lot and several other striking pieces of fantastic installation art — suitably impressive landmarks, all. It is open from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Wednesday through Mondays, with extended evening hours on Friday and Saturday nights. Tickets are $10 to $18 depending on age and New Mexico residency status. In addition to the main exhibits, contemporary and experimental music groups perform at the complex on a regular basis. For information, call 505-780-4458, or visit Come explore — and be inspired. 2



photo by Emily Montoya

SANTA FE Meow Wolf

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Welcome to New Mexico The heart of Native American, Spanish and Old West cultures. New Mexico provides experiences found no where else in the world. The foods, wares, art, technology, preservation of human involvement and breadth of adventure are unparalleled. Fine Dining, Creative Inspired Chefs Old Mexico World Class Cuisine Asian Cuisine Comfort Food Farm Inspired Cuisine Trading Posts Artist Dennis Arviso Collecting Native American Art Museums of Southern New Mexico Forts & Ghost Towns Parks, Monuments & Historic Sites


Santa Fe The oldest capital in the U.S. supports galleries, performing arts and unequalled shopping and dining.


Northern Mountains The state’s highest peaks, deepest canyons and world renowned art markets and spas make the region a world class destination.


Indian Country The Indian jewelry and crafts capital of the world, Northwest New Mexico is also the center of the ancient Anasazi culture.


Scenic Tours of Southwest New Mexico With 3 million acres of forest and wilderness, 1500 miles of trails, 300+ species of birds, award winning restaurants and galleries and the best year-round temperatures...anywhere makes this a top vacation and relocation destination.


Southeast The gateway communities and mountain playgrounds vie for attention with the world-renowned natural wonders found in Southeast New Mexico.


Roswell Life Life is good in Roswell. Will Rogers once said, “It’s the prettiest little town in the West.” Discover the Mysteries.. and meet its residents.


Sculpture abounds in Santa Fe, and one needn’t seek out galleries to enjoy it. Just walking around city parks, hotel grounds and other public places, one can view beautiful work by both Anglo and Native American sculptors. Joe Burgess captured our cover on historic Canyon Road.

Read New Mexico Traveler Online

48 COMMUNITIES 14 32 34 36 48 54 94 95 96 97 98 100 101 103 104

Santa Fe Taos Ojo Caliente Las Vegas Pueblo of Zuni Silver City Deming Las Cruces Socorro Alamogordo Lordsburg, Shakespeare Glenwood, Mogollon Pinos Altos Ruidoso Roswell

DEPARTMENTS 8 17 55 89 129

Exclusively NM Dining, Spa, B&B Guide Exclusively Silver City Museums & Cultural Centers Index of Advertisers

42 New Mexico



New Mexico Traveler is published annually by Zia Publishing Corp. P.O. Box 1248, Silver City, NM, 116 McKinney Road, 88062, 575-388-4444,, President & Managing Director: Terri Menges. Vice President: Joseph Burgess. Staff Accountant: Arlyn Cooley, New Mexico Sales Manager and Photo Journalist: Robert “Jaime” Ramirez. Designers: Debra Sutton, Terri Menges, Yessica Nograro-Borquez. Contributing Writers: Joseph Burgess, Tom Kennedy, Craig A. Smith. Photography: Joseph Burgess, except where noted. Contributing Photographers: Tom Kennedy, LeAnne Knudsen, Robert “Jaime” Ramirez, Debra Sutton. Courtesy Photos: Birdie Jaworski, Michael Karshis, Desiree Kellee, Kurman Communications, Larry Lamsa, Janine Lehmann, Emily Montoya, Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs, Richardson Trading Co., Sazon Santa Fe, Ben Sutherland, Western New Mexico University photographer Jay Hemphill. Advertising Sales: Denise “Gabbie” Davenport, Judith Leyba, Sheri M. De Avila, Robert “Jaime” Ramirez. New

TO ORDER PERSONAL COPIES OF NEW MEXICO TRAVELER: Soft Bound $12.95. Outside the USA: Please call for rates. Back IsMexico Traveler is manufactured and printed in the United States of America. ©Zia Publishing Corp. 2016. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part sues available. Call or email without permission of the publisher is prohibited. All submissions of editorial or photography are only accepted without risk to the publisher for loss or damage. 1-575-388-4444 x10. Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in the information provided. The publisher assumes no responsibility or liability for errors, changes or omissions. 4




NEW E EW MEXIC I O IC A treasure trove of art, history and cultural diversity WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOSEPH BURGESS

this page: The New Mexico Capitol Art Collection is among the most comprehensive collections of contemporary art in the region. The work is on permanent exhibition in the collection or on temporary exhibition in one of the Rotunda shows. Viewers can see something new on every visit to the Capitol as works are added on an ongoing basis.




Incomparable arts evolving from a broad spectrum of cultures, space-age technology establishing mindsets for the future and incredible scenic beauty are just a hint of what awaits in America’s Land of Enchantment. The dwellings and artwork of prehistoric peoples combined with brilliant sunlight and stunning blue skies contribute to the aura that continues to beckon talented and innovative newcomers and visitors to a region named Nuevo México by Spanish explorers. From vast pristine wilderness regions to the crystalline dunes of White Sands, forever vistas keep visitors reaching for their cameras and easels. Heartbeats hasten to the rhythm of Pueblo drums, while the Very Large Array of radio telescopes listens quietly for signs of life in distant galaxies. A curious lizard scrambles across an ancient ruin and a trophy elk cautiously crosses a high mountain trout stream. Locals never tire of driving the web of New Mexico’s scenic byways and spending days shopping the world’s best markets for art, jewelry and Native American crafts. Museums and monuments throughout the state highlight the tools of mammoth hunters, the intriguing artwork of prehistoric potters and the development of pueblo and nomadic tribes that were first confronted by Europeans in the early 1500s. The continued influence of Native American, Spanish, Mexican, and pioneer American cultures fuels vibrant fiestas, markets and solemn processions held throughout the year. Experience the state’s challenging ski slopes and white water rapids and visit its forts, missions and wildlife sanctuaries. Accept this invitation to explore the most diverse state in the nation. ¡Bien venidos a Nuevo México!



Exclusively NEW MEXICO

Mediterranean Coral with Candelaria Turquoise from Nevada, Sterling Silver & 14kt gold Necklace

One of a kind apparel and accessories in Santa Fe.

by Joseph Coriz Santo Domingo Pueblo Joseph Coriz has over two decades experience working with sterling silver overlay design with traditional symbols and patterns.

Chief Blanket ponchito by Ceil Swanson; Cross necklace and silver cuff by Richard Lindsay; Coral bracelet by Linda Apodaca.

Handwoven Originals 211 Old Santa Fe NM 87501 Inn at Lortteo 505 982.4118 •

Malouf on the Plaza 61 Old Santa Fe Trail Santa Fe, NM 87501 505.819.5791

"Winter Begins" Oil/Acrylic Painting by Dennis A car accident in 1986 left Dennis Arviso paralyzed from the neck down. He didn’t let that make him give up. When he discovered he could paint by holding his brush in his mouth, he decided to become an artist. Arviso’s Southwestern landscapes depicting Navajo life have won many awards. “Winter Begins” shows his incredible imagination and intricate work with the snow creating figures against the mesas. You’ll find Dennis Arviso’s paintings along with other original Native American art & authentic hand-made Native American jewelry at Ellis Tanner Trading Company. Ellis Tanner Trading Co. 1980 State Road 602, P.O. Box 636, Gallup, NM 87305 505-863-4434




Spiny Oyster Inlay Necklace Established in 1967, the Zuni Craftsmen Cooperative Association carries jewelry, fetish carvings, pottery and beadwork.

Old Collectable Pawn The trading post carries one of the oldest and largest selections of Old Collectable Pawn in the Southwest. Richardson’s Trading Co. & Cash Pawn 505-722-4762 222 W. Hwy. 66 Gallup, NM 87301 e-mail:

Zuni Craftsmen Cooperative 1177 Hwy. 53 • PO Box 426 Zuni, NM 87327 505.782.4425

Fluorite Mountain Lion by Stewart Quandelacy, Keshi—The Zuni Connection was founded in 1981 by Zuni teachers and artists as a co-op to represent and promote their handmade jewelry, fetishes, and pottery. Because it is a direct outlet supported by the Zuni people, every piece in the shop is authentic and fairly priced. Located In downtown Santa Fe for 34 years, Keshi is the place you can trust to find quality work from Zuni Pueblo.

Keshi—The Zuni Connection 227 Don Gaspar Ave. Santa Fe, NM 87501 505-989-8728



Exclusively NEW MEXICO

Edith Tsabetsyae Necklace and Earrings. Edith cuts her turquoise stones in crescent shapes to fit into the bezel when she makes her jewelry. Her jewelry is very unique, you can very easily recognize her pieces. Joe Milo’s Whitewater Trading Co. P.O. Box 104 • Van der Wagen, New Mexico 87326 1-888-Joe-Milo •

Asian Adobe features the Beatriz Ball Collection Asian Adobe features the most extensive selection of Beatriz Ball Fine Metalware products in Santa Fe. Each piece is made entirely by hand, using the ancient art of sand casting. Culinary masterpieces that are practical as well!

Asian Adobe 310 Johnson Street • Santa Fe, NM 87501 505.992.6846 •



Handmade Bedding Santa Fe's premier home decor store for 16 years. Missoni, Home Treasures, Brahms Mount, Bella Notte, Ann Gish, Libeco. Missoni Throw and flame stitch pillow. Custom pillows by Bella Notte. Custom one-of-a-kind bedspreads by Praneet Bedi

photo by David Marlowe

Who needs ordinary? We do extraordinary.


505-982-3298 •


San aFe Sant SantaFe The oldest capital city in the United States

Canyon Road. East of Paseo de Peralta. Originally a Native American trail into the mountains; now lined with unique shops, art galleries, artists' studios, restaurants and local hangouts. 800-777-2489 or 505-955-6200. EI Rancho de las Golondrinas. South of Santa Fe off I-25. Historical Spanish colonial village, now a living history museum, was a stopping point on EI Camino Real. Call for annual event schedule and tours, 505-471-2261 Hyde Memorial State Park. Eight miles northeast of Santa Fe. Camping, hiking and picnicking. 505-983-7175. Loretto Chapel. 207 Old Santa Fe Trail. Houses the miraculous staircase built by a mysterious carpenter believed to have been St. Joseph by the Loretto nuns. 505-982-0092. Museum Hill. On Camino Lejo off Old Santa Fe Trail. Home of the Laboratory of Anthropology, Museum of Indian Arts & Culture, Museum of International Folk Art, Museum of Spanish Colonial Art, and the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian. Museum of Fine Arts. 107 W. Palace Ave. Southwest, historical and contemporary art. 505-476-5072. Palace of the Governors. 105 W. Palace Ave. 17th century building on the Santa Fe Plaza housing historical exhibits. The oldest continuously used public building in the US. 505-4765100. San Miguel Mission Church. 401 Old Santa Fe Trail. Dates back to first Spanish colonization. Rebuilt following Pueblo Revolt of 1680. 505-983-3974 or 988-9504. Santuario de Guadalupe. 100 S. Guadalupe. Mission museum exhibiting Spanish colonial art. 18th century shrine to Our Lady of Guadalupe. 505-988-2027.


WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS Santa Fe is the #1 best shopping destination in the country, according to USA Today. It has been ranked the #1 Cultural getaway and #1 Spa and Relaxation destination by Travel + Leisure. It is the #2 top city in the U.S. to visit, according to Condé Nast Traveler and the American Lung Association claims that it has the cleanest air in America. The arts and the city’s history no doubt played major roles, oh, and the fact that Santa Fe cuisine and wine are always ranked in top ten lists and the American Podiatric Association ranks it the top walking city. Santa Fe, the oldest capital city in the United States and inhabited 13 years before the pilgrims settled Plymouth Colony, became one of America’s premier centers for both visual and performing arts. More than 250 galleries line a mile-long stretch along Canyon Road and every plaza area street. Shops and galleries fill the Guadalupe/Railyard district. Santa Fe’s performing arts encompass more than a dozen venues including historic theaters and magnificent churches. The renowned Santa Fe Opera occupies its own unique structure and continues to bring stars and audiences from around the globe for summer performances. The city hosts various annual music festivals, including chamber, jazz and traditional.

Santa Fe has more than ten museums. The adobe Palace of the Governors is the state's history museum and the oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States. The Santa Fe Fiesta is the nation’s oldest community celebration. The “City Different” can be accessed by nonstop flights from Dallas, Denver and Los Angeles. The New Mexico Rail Runner Express carries passengers between Albuquerque and Santa Fe, with free shuttle service from Albuquerque Sunport.

opposite: Explore the history of Santa Fe’s art scene as you stroll historic Canyon Road.




Jun Jul

Aug Sep

Oct Dec

Native Treasures Indian Arts Festival. 505-476-1250 Civil War Weekend. El Rancho de las Golondrinas 505-471-2261 Santa Fe Film Festival 505-988-7414 www.santafefilmfestival Rodeo de Santa Fe. 505-471-4300 Santa Fe Opera Season opens thru Aug 17. 800-280-4654 Wine Festival at El Rancho de las Golondrinas 505-471-2261 Santa Fe Int’l. Folk Art Market. 505-992-7600 Traditional Spanish Market on the Plaza. 505-982-2226 Indian Market on the Plaza. 505-983-5220. Reniassance Rair at El Rancho de las Golondrinas 505-471-2261 Burning of Zozobra and Santa Fe Fiesta. 505-988-7575 Santa Fe Wine & Chile Fiesta. 505-438-8060 Harvest Festival at El Rancho de las Golondrinas. 505-471-2261 Canyon Road Farolito Walk Christmas Eve. Winter Spanish Market 505-982-2226 Christmas at the Palace. 505-476-5100 Farolitos on the Plaza. 800-777-2489

LOCATION Santa Fe is located at the junction I-25 and US84/285, the historic termination of El Camino Real and the Santa Fe Trail.

MORE INFORMATION Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce (505) 988-3279 Santa Fe Convention and Visitors Bureau (505) 955-6200





If elegant yet comforting food with a Southwestern flair attracts you, then look no further than Midtown Bistro. Centrally located, as its name suggests, the restaurant is an oasis of flavors as well as an excellent place for an overall superb dining experience. In the kitchen, Executive Chef Angel Estrada and his team treat food with meticulous care, from acquiring the best available ingredients (including locally produced eggs from Abiquiú) to cooking with a light hand, a careful eye, and constant inspiration. In Midtown's kitchen, culinary magic happens as a matter of course. Maître d'hôtel Edmund Catanach and his staff service the dining room and, in warm weather, the outdoor seating area, with an ardor and attention to detail that will make you feel you're eating the finest of fare in a good friend's home. There are plenty of opportunities to enjoy Midtown Bistro's offering, too. The restaurant 14



photo by Carolyn Wright

SANTA FE Midtown Bistro

is open for lunch and dinner Monday through Friday, plus brunch on weekends. At all meals, a wide array of dishes are offered, from succulent appetizers and amazing salads to specialty entrees and a truly tempting house-made dessert menu. (Are you in the mood, say, for cheesecake with caramel sauce or Tres Leches cake with strawberry sauce? Or a housemade crème brûleé, or carrot cake with Chantilly cream? Midtown has them, and more.) There are a number of very choice wines and tasty beers to accompany your menu selections, including first-rate varietals from France, Italy, New Zealand, Chile, Argentina, and California. At Midtown Bistro, the emphasis is on top quality food, attentive service, and an ambience of distinction. It is a sure-fire formula that results in a consistent, daily, miracle of dining. Come and be welcomed!

Bistro 315 A truly fine wine and a superb meal make up one of life's great pleasures - and you can't go wrong when searching out such a treat at 315 Restaurant and Wine Bar. Intimate and inviting, the business has flourished in its tucked-away Old Santa Fe Trail location since 1995. Under the careful guidance of Chef and owner Louis Moskow, 315 offers excellent French cookery supplemented by one of the region's most outstanding, seasonally chosen wine lists, with more than 250 selections from the most perfect vineyards. You'll always find the perfect pairing of potations with plats du jour here. Moskow is justly proud that his menu offers new choices every day, depending on the availability of first-rate ingredients from many sources. His mastery of cuisines, ranging from classic models to American fusion, from California freshness to New Orleans spices, intelligently informs the always-wonderful 315 offerings, with a definite French accent. How about squash-blossom beignets or delicately treated soft shell crab, or the finest of fresh local lamb? Or what must be one of the best examples of French onion soup gratinée to be found anywhere in the country? While we're considering appetizers, cast a glance and appreciative taste on the housemade charcuterie, which is surely heaven on a plate. Entrees are equally alluring, from perfectly managed Steak Frites — 10 meaty ounces of heaven — to roasted chicken from Colorado and everything in between. Desserts take the cake, too, from chocolate pots de crème flourless chocolate cake. But don't overlook the artisanal cheese selection if you're after something extra rich to round out your meal. At 315, one not only dines well, but superbly. Come treat yourself ! 16




Cafe Plazuela & Cantina

Traditional New Mexican American Cristobal's Fine Dining Room Customized Private Group Rental Only, Hotel Albuquerque Fine 800 Rio Grande Blvd. NW 505.843.6300 Cuisine Contemporary Spirit Winds Café 505.798.4370 6000 Pan American East Fwy NE Southwestern





Yoya’s Bar & Grill 1620 Columbus Rd. 915.546-4109

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Steak & Seafood New Mexican,BBQ Authentic Mexican & New Mexican



Cattle Baron 1113 N. Main St. 575.622.2465

Gardunos Restaurant & Cantina Hotel Encanto de Las Cruces - 575.532.4277 705 S. Telshor Blvd.

Steak, Salad Seafood Authentic New Mexico & Mexican

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Gilded Age Plaza Hotel 230 Plaza 505.425.3591

Traditional, Spanish & Victorian







The Artesian Restaurant Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa 50 Hwy. 414 575.583.2233





Diane’s Bakery & Deli 610 N. Bullard 575.538.8722


Diane’s Restaurant 510 N. Bullard St. 575.538.8722



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DEMING 4600 E Pine 575-546.2661



Hotel Albuquerque 800 Rio Grande Blvd. NW 505.843.6300

Lazy Lizard Bar & Grill Holiday Inn












D I N I N G , S PA , A N D B E D & B R E A K FA S T G U I D E

Seasonal New Mexican Global Cuisine

Cattle Baron 1113 N. Main St. 575.622.2465 Cowboy Cafe 1120 E 2nd St 575.622.6363 Farley’s Pub 1315 N. Main St. 575.627.1100 Los Novillos 202 W. Hobbs St. 575.622.8479 Martin’s Capitol Cafe 110 W. 4th St. 575.624.2211 Pasta Cafe 1208 N. Main St. 575.624.1111 Pepper’s Grill & Bar 500 N. Main St. 575.623.1700 Tia Juana’s Mexican Grill & Cantina 575.392.0500 3601 N. Main St.

Steak, Salad Seafood American Homestyle Pizza Grill


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Mexican Italian Bistro American Mexican



Chu Chu’s Restaurant

New Mexican Pueblo

Open 11am-10pm 505.879-2478








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Casitas de Gila Guesthouses & Gallery 50 Casitas Flats Rd. (off Hooker Loop) Gila, NM 877.923.4827 ZUNI

Inn at Halona 23B Pia Mesa Rd. 505.782.4547

S PA G U I D E SANTA FE Nidah Spa Eldorado Hotel 309 W San Francisco St. 505.995.4535 OJO CALIENTE Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa 50 Los Banos Drive 800.222.9162





50 Los Banos Drive 800.222.9162 SILVER CITY


Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa






Cimarron Rose 689 Oso Ridge Rt. 800.856.5776







B E D & B R E A K FA S T



French Classics Del Charro Saloon Appetizers, Salads Inn of the Governors 101 W. Alameda Sandwiches, 505.982.4333 Burgers, Desserts India House 2501 Cerrillos Rd. Magestic 505.471.2651 Indian Indulge Cafe 317 Aztec St. Healthy 505.930.5983 Vegan Joe’s Dining Rodeo Rd. at Zia European 505.471.3800 Gluten Free Los Cuates 750 N. St. Francis Dr. Authentic 505.992.5800 New Mexican Masa Sushi 927 W. Alameda St. Japanese 505.982.3334 Sushi Bar Midtown Bistro 901 W San Mateo Rd Ste A. Gourmet Fine 505.820.3121 SW Flair Old House Restaurant 309 W.San Francisco St. Contemporary 505.995.4530 Global Cuisine Paper Dosa 551 W Cordova Rd Ste 2 New 505.930.5521 South Indian Radish & Rye 548 Agua Fria St. Farm Inspired 505.930.5325 Cuisine Saveur 204 Montezuma Ave. Fresh Breads 505.989.4200 French Sazon 221 Shelby St. New World 505.983.8604 Old Mexican. Shohko Cafe 321 Johnson St. Japanese 505.982.9708 Sushi Bar Tabla de Los Santos 210 Don Gaspar Ave. Contemporary 505.992.6354 American Thai Vegan 1710 Cerrillos Road Thai, Vegan 505.954.1780 Vegetarian Tia's Cocina 125 Washington Ave. Northern 505.988.4900 New Mexican 505.986.9190


315 Restaurant 315 Old Santa Fe Trail




Old Mexico

World Class Cuisine

Fine Mexican cuisine is as complex and satisfy satisfying f ing fy as the brilliant mélange of cultures that make k up that ke energetic and inviting inv n iting country.y.y From regional delicanv cies to proud national dishes, Mex Mexican e ican fa ex ffare re is wonderffully fu lly tempting and distinctive — and in Santa Fe, Sazón is the place to go to experience exp ex xperience it. Under U der the caUn pable guidance of Chef Fernando Olea, a Santa Fe resident since 1991, the restaurant offers prime ingredients transformed into a rainbow of flavors and taste textures of highest quality. The menu is deliberately kept small so that every order can receive close and personal attention, and the results are a triumph of ingredients, spices, and preparation — not to mention excellent service. As befits a stronghold of Mexican fare, the restaurant is a mole lover's dream. The sauce's origins are lost in time — was it part of Aztec culture, or perhaps it evolved during Mexico's high Baroque period? — but there's no question of its delicious relevance at Sazón. The many house moles are the result of careful blending of varying spices, seeds, nuts, chocolate, and chile. The results are authentic and highly flavorful mixtures that complement every appetizer or entrée, be it vegetable, poultry, seafood, or meat based. One taste, and you'll know why Sazón has become the destination of choice for aficionados of lovingly prepared south-ofthe-border cuisine. In addition to its tantalizing menu, the restaurant offers a discriminating selection of wines, as well as Santa Fe's largest inventory of mescals and tequilas to add even more authenticity to your meal. The surroundings are inviting and comfortable and the atmosphere welcoming and warm. At Sazón, every meal — and every seasoning — is special. 18



photo courtesy Sazon


Originally from Mexico City, Chef Fernando Olea has been enthralling diners in Santa Fe since 1991 with his unique interpretation of contemporary and traditional Mexican dishes. Chef Olea creates sophisticated flavors using Old Mexico’s indigenous and culinary traditions alongside ingredients from around the world. His menu is deliberately small, featuring fresh and locally sourced produce and meats when possible. 221 Shelby Street • Santa Fe, NM 87501 • 505-983-8604 • Monday - Saturday Dinner Service - 5:30 pm until closed Bar opens at 4 o'clock

a sian cuisine


Rudyard Kipling’s aphorism to the contrary, East has already met West quite happily, thank you, in New Mexico. We’re in love with Asian food, and very well aware that it’s not some monolithic category. We know that Asia is big and its various cuisines cover a large chunk of the earth. And we enjoy tasting every area’s offerings. Our “Asian” restaurants run the gamut from India House’s lavish lunch buffets (chicken tandoori, naan, and vegetable pakoras) to Japanese tempura, sushi, sashimi and donburi bowls at Masa Sushi and the venerable Shohko Café to Southwest fusion delights at Banzai Asian tacos (yes!) to classic Chinese comfort food from Mu Du Noodles. So sayonara to the stereotypes. Asian-heritage diners and chefs, it turns out, like the same things as the rest of us: fresh, locally grown and often organic vegetables; the freshest, firmest fish, beautifully prepared; vibrantly spiced sauces; the crunch of fried foods, and the succulent pleasures of freshly made noodles. When you stop into one of New Mexico’s Asian restaurants, you’re getting the best of that big Eastern continent’s heritage, right here in the Wild West.

At the corner of Guadalupe and Johnson Streets in downtown Santa Fe is a quiet-looking building that hides a wonderful secret: Shohko Café, an oasis of fine Japanese food and wines for more than 40 years. Unpretentious as the site looks from the outside, and simple and comfortable as its décor is within — a blend of Asian sensibility with northern New Mexico ambience — there's nothing middle-of-the-road about the fare. Shohko is first-rate all the way, thanks to a menu of wide variety and firm concentration on from-the-sea freshness for its sashimi and sushi. Shohko and Hiro Fukuda first came to Santa Fe in 1973 and opened a natural Asian food store near the intersection of Washington and Palace Avenues. They went on to start a restaurant on West Water Street in 1976, then moved to their current, three-dining-room-andsushi-bar location in 1980. They've been there ever since, dispensing tasty food with care and welcoming service. Think of Japanese food and you think at once of sashimi and sushi. Shohko has those specialties in plenty, as well as other offerings from tempura and 20



photo by Desiree ellee @

SANTA FE Shohko Cafe

A Santa Fe institution since 1975 and perennial local favorite. More than modern, clean sushi, Shohko also specializes in healthy, updated renditions of traditional Japanese dishes with an occasional Santa Fe twist. Named one of Santa Fe’s “Ten Best” restaurants by USA Today Travel in 2013. 321 Johnson Street • Santa Fe, NM 87501 505-982-9708


bento box dinners to ramen or soba noodles. All are offered attractively, and either sublimely cool or piping hot as the dish demands. And of course there's sake, Japan's eternal contribution to the wine world. Shohko's list is long and alluring, offering balanced essays in taste and weight. Just reading the names summons up magic: Winter Bamboo, First Grandchild, Young Bamboo. Demon Slayer, Purple Nothingness, River Otter. Or how about Chrysanthemum Water or Dance of the Flower? Staff will be happy to help you choose the ideal sake to support your menu choices, too. It's all part of the warm welcome waiting at Shohko Café.

India House

2 5 0 1 C E R R I L L O S R OA D , S A N TA F E • N E W M E X I C O 8 7 5 0 5

( 5 0 5 ) 4 7 1 - 2 6 5 1 • W W W. I N D I A H O U S E N M . C O M




The phrase “bustling serenity” is an oxymoron, but it describes the pleasure of India House restaurant in Santa Fe. Subdued lighting and exotic décor enhance the feeling of well-bring that infuses its patrons. The real draw, of course, is the food. The creation of award-winning chef and owner Kewal S. Dhindsa and his son, Pawan S. Dhindsa, India House is one of the best bargains in northern New Mexico. The Dhindsas serve a lavish, 15-item Punjabi (northern India) buffet at lunch daily and provide dinner from a menu from 5-10 p.m. daily. India House has become a must-have destination for tables of families, ladies eating out, office workers, state employees and politicians. “We are the most reasonable buffet in town. I don’t think anybody has more variety or better quality than we do,” Pawan says. “We are at least 50 percent farm-totable, because we believe in supporting local farmers.” Succulent tandoori chicken stars on the buffet, but it’s not alone. “Our chicken tikka masala is a favorite,” Pawan says. “For vegetarians, two favorites are the sag paneer and the navratan korma.” It was “destiny” that brought Kewal to Santa Fe in 1992, his son says. “We believe in destiny,” Pawan shrugs. “We’re in New Mexico for good.”

photo by Kurman Communications @

Masa Sushi Japanese restaurants tend to be tempting, but Masa Sushi's sushi bar offers an extra-special symphony of color, texture, and flavor. Choice after choice of fresh fish and seafood selections lie neatly under glass for your visual pleasure, and they taste every bit as good as they look, in selections ranging from individual portions to impressive trays for four persons. Appetizers include simple but perfectly prepared edamame and housemade egg rolls, as well as coconut shrimp and shrimp tempura. Those in a salad frame of mind can choose from green salad, squid salad, and seafood salad, among others. Entrée portions of every dish are generously sized and presented as attractively as a bouquet of fresh flowers. Beer, wine, and sake are available to complement any menu choice. The décor is gracious and simple while also being high, wide, and handsome, and the staff is always warmly welcoming and ready to make you feel right at home. That's Masa Sushi.

Thai Vegan Take the time-honored traditions of the food of Thailand and mix them with an intelligent and passionate commitment to vegan cuisine. The result? The excellent menu of Thai Vegan. Top quality fruits and vegetables, the very freshest tofu to be found anywhere, a superb array of spices, and a clear eye and committed culinary technique in the kitchen — all combine to produce scrumptious menu choices, from the simple to the complex. American or Chinese Broccoli served with an alluring garlic sauce is one example of the restaurant's pure approach to cookery. Or what about P.E.T. — pumpkin, eggplant, and tofu, stir-fried in garlic sauce with bell peppers, basil, and chili? There's a perfect harvest-home meal for you. An array of burgers rings the changes, too, from tofu to soy bacon, fish, or chicken, and a landmark Cowboy Burger made with housemade wheat meat. Delectable choices, one and all.

927 W Alameda St Santa Fe, NM 87501 505-982-3334



Comfort FOOD

photo courtesy Paper Dosa





SANTA T FE TA Paper Dosa The first thing you notice about Paper Dosa is its simple building off Cordova Road — immaculate, shining, and welcoming. The next thing you're apt to see on any n giv ny i en nigh iv g t is people eagerly gh l lined up, waitly given night ing fo fforr the restaurant to open. For in just a year,r,r Paper Dosa has gained a devoted clientele draw a n to its tradeaw drawn mark, delicious South Indian Food and the comfo f rtfo comfortaable, ab le, at-home ambiance. Then enter the premises, and your sense of smell immediately l alerts you to wonderly w nderwo ful f l things to come. The mélange of odors includes fu f esh spices, simmering sauces, and the freshest fr f eshest off vegfr vegfresh etab a les and meats, served in many ab n different ny diffe ff rent ways ffe way a s from ay f om fr etables f om curries to desserts. There's fr appetizers to salads, from baki k ng in the air,r,r thanks to ki also a hint of characteristic baking the immense, rolled, crepe-like dosas that give the restaurant its name. At A Paper Dosa, these trademark delicacies come with a wide range of fillings, including masala (potatoes with turmeric, caramelized onions, w wh ole red chiles, mustard seeds and cashews), collard whole b greens andd sweet peppers, llocall spicedd groundd llamb, and — in a timely nod to Northern New Mexico — green chile and cheese. You can't go wrong with any of the several menu items, to be sure. Paper Dosa's bustling business is under the supervision of chef-owner Paulraj Karuppasamy, a native of South India, and his wife, business partner, and a native Santa Fean, Nellie Tischler. Together they oversee the purchasing and preparation of foods, the maintenance of the restaurant's welcoming ambience, and the pleasant and experienced wait staff. Taken together, it's a sure-fire formula for success and many delectable dinners. For dining at the Dosa is an experience you won't want to miss. COMFORT FOOD SANTA FE


Joe’s Dining

Comfort food with class, top local ingredients, and lots of love — that's Joe's. The welcoming eatery has been in business since 2002, serving a wide range of fare with close attention to detail and unyielding commitment to quality. Owners Sheila and Roland Richter are proud that Joe's is the largest restaurant buyer of Farmers Market products in the city, and the results bear out that commitment. There are down-home style burgers and sandwiches, delectable pizzas (try the stunning Pizza Margherita) and tantalizing desserts, as well as such temptations as rack of lamb, mussels in season and scallops en croute. The restaurant makes its own fresh mozzarella daily, and the menu yields subtle touches characteristic of a European-trained chef. It's all part of the tasty goodness one expects from Joe's.

Saveur When it comes to first-class breakfasts and lunches, savory Saveur is the place to be. Owners and longtime Santa Fe food experts Dee and Bernie Rusanowski seek out and use the very best organic ingredients available in their dishes, from fruits and vegetables to fish, poultry, and meats. Attention doesn't stop there, though: Every dish in the spic-and-span restaurant is prepared with close attention to detail and a constant striving for perfection, and there's a warm welcome for everyone who comes through the door. The attractive cold salad bar offers a tantalizing array of choices, while the trademark "Create your own Saveur sandwich" permits a customer to choose from a score of ingredients to make just the right combination of textures and flavors to suit the palate. There are other delicious hot and cold sandwiches available, too, such as the justly famous Buffalo Burger — and don't forget the array of scrumptious baked goods, quiches, and desserts. A hot buffet selection changes daily and offers yet another special mealtime attraction. At Saveur, you'll taste the love in every bite.

Indulge Cafe

photograph by Clyde Mueller

Vegetarian, vegan, paleo, refined sugar free, gluten-free, you name it, you can find it here.. (except for meat, you can't find meat here..the closest you'll get is a Sparkle Goat Cake that's actually a raw, vegan cheesecake.)And the most beautiful espresso machine in the world!


317 Aztec Street Santa Fe NM 87501 Tuesday thru Saturday 11am-4pm 505.930.5983 • NEW MEXICO TRAVELER


What better way to indulge yourself than to seek out the intimate, warmly welcoming Indulge Café? It is the rare kind of place where those in the know go to meet friends, enjoy a French atmosphere, and feast. All of the vegetarian dishes on the menu can be made vegan, and the service and welcome are as sincere and accommodating as the cooking. There are plenty of choices in both the main plate and dessert sides of the menu, and there is a strong simplicity in the approach to healthful ingredients that reveals their innate flavors and hearty benefits. At Indulge, every day is a red-letter one and every dish is special.



SANTA T FE TA Radish & Rye

Santa Feans are joyfu joyful f l fu over Radish & Ry R Rye. e. It is the newest entry in the Santa Fe restaurant lineup, and already d receiv dy receiving i ing ku iv kkudos dos on Ye YYelp lp and, raves Ryee (wh (what Silver OpenT nTa nT Tab, and rav a es fr av ffrom om local critics. Radish & Ry R w at an inspired name!) is the creation of longtime Silv wh l er City epicures lv Ruebush Dru Ru R e ush and his partner Camille Bremer,r,r joined by Santa Fe’s award-winning eb awa aw ward-wi w nning beverage wi bev eve ev verag a e master Quinn ag Q inn Stephenson. As a partner in each place,e, Qu e Stephenson oversees ove v rsees the bar offerings ve offe ff rings at Coyote ffe Coyo y te Café, yo Café fé, fé é, Geronimo, o his own o, w High wn g Note (opening this summer) gh r and Radish & Rye. r) Rye Ry ye. At A Radish & Rye, Rye Ry ye, e, all the cocktails cockt k ails kt are bourbon-based. wine bourb r on-based. There are more than 50 top bourbons rb bourb r ons and ryes rb rye y s on the bar list. There also are more than 100 half-bottles ye half-f-fbottles of wi w ne av aavailable. ailab a le. ab “We W want people to get as much food We f od and wine experience fo exp x erience as they can in one outing,” says xp say a s Dru. ay To all-American whiskies, Rye serves “farm-inspired” American, with T complement the all-A -Am -A American wh w iski k es, Radish & Ry ki R ye serve ye v s a “fa ve f rm-inspired” cuisine. The emphasis is contemporary Am fa A erican, n wi n, w th just a trace You’ll Rye. David Alba of Southern influence. Yo Y u’ll find small plates at Radish & Ry R ye. In a nod to his 12 ye ye yyears ars of Portland, Oregon ex eexperience, xperience, Chef Dav xp a id Gaspar de Al av A ba has ffreshly-caught fr eshly lyly y-caugh g t Pacific Northwest gh Northw hwe hw west salmon FedExxed FedExx x ed overnight. xx overnigh g t. You’ll gh Y u’ll also find smoked Yo smoke k d ribs on the menu and fried ke f ied green tomatoes. And fr A d there’s a hint of An bourbon bourb r on in the pecan pie. rb “We’re We’ve “We W ’re eclectic,” says We say a s Dru Ruebush. ay R ebush. “Our desire is to be fa Ru ffarm-fresh; rm-fr f esh; to honor the fa fr ffarmers. rmers. We W ’ve already got five or six local fa ffarmers rmers that we’re working Market. worki k ng with directly ki l and of course we haunt the Farmers’ Marke ly k t. Our goal is alw ke l ay lw a s well-ex e ecuted, well-presented fo ex ffood, od, wh w whether ether it’s our small plates, always well-executed, Ryee is meeting. large plates or sides.” It’s a goal Radish & Ry R




Because we are passionate about fresh f h food, f d and d proud to support local farmers and ranchers, our menu changes with the seasons. In addition to shopping at the Farmer’s Market every Tuesday and Saturday, we work closely with local farmers and ranchers to build our menu from the freshest meat, dairy and produce available.


505.930.5325 • RADISHANDRYE.COM

N rth No the th her ern

photo Š Joseph Burgess

Moun unt un ntains




this page: The San Jose de Gracia Church, also known as Church of Santo Tomas Del Rio de Las Trampas, is a church built between 1760 and 1776 in Las Trampas, New Mexico. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.



ATTRACTIONS Gov. Bent House & Museum. 117A Bent St. Home of first territorial governor. Old family furnishings and frontier artifacts on display. 505-758-2376. Millicent Rogers Museum. 1504 Millicent Rogers Rd. New Mexico art, history and cultural exhibits. 505-758-2462. Rio Grande Gorge Bridge. 11 miles northwest of Taos. 650 feet above the Rio Grande River. Taos Pueblo. Designated as a World Heritage Site. 505-758-1028. Taos Ski Valley. Ski school rated No.1. Vast system of trails for beginning, intermediate and expert skiers. 505-776-229l.

LOCATION Taos is located at the junction of US64, NM68 and NM522 between New Mexico’s highest peaks and deepest gorge.

MORE INFORMATION Town of Taos (877) 587-9018 Taos Chamber of Commerce (575) 751-8800 Taos Convention Center (800) 323-6338




Taos & Ageless Beauty Mystique

WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS Taos, backed by the rugged peaks of the Sangre de Cristo mountain range, has become a major hub for both the arts and the ultimate in outdoor experiences. Streets lined with galleries, shops, quaint coffee houses and historic hotels touch the creative spirit within each of us. Huge cottonwood trees, seasonal flowers and crackling fireplaces warm the atmosphere of this high altitude plateau year round. An impressive collection of museums showcase the region’s diverse cultures and multifaceted talent pool. The mysticism of Taos, in a centuries old presentation of cultural development, natural beauty and brilliant sunshine, has captivated America’s artists, writers, historians and anyone else who simply want to experience the essence of New Mexico’s enchanted spirit. The multistoried structures of Taos Pueblo, occupied for a millennium, the bold adobe walls of St. Francis de Asis church and the stark contrasts created by the river and its gorge fill portfolios and manuscripts with the jewels of this high desert destination. The region represents New Mexico’s bold challenge to Colorado ski claims. It includes the adrenaline-charged slopes of Taos Ski Valley, ranked among National Geographic’s top 25 ski towns in the world, and the family-oriented slopes at Red River, Sipapu and Angel Fire. High speed lifts, snowmobiles and hot air balloons round out this plein air sketch of a perfect winter getaway. Summer activities are no less challenging. White water rafting, fly fishing, hiking, biking, horseback and llama treks, and yes, lifts are still running and the nightlife steaming. Live music, excellent food, wine, a round of Las Vegas style gambling and a hot rock massage provide an incredible diversion to sore muscles from the day’s activities. opposite: Portions of the Blumenschein Home and Museum were built in 1797. Ernest Blumenschein, co-founder of the Taos Society of Artists, brought his family to the Taos in 1919. The artist and his family lived there for more than 40 years. NORTHERN MOUNTAINS TAOS


OjoCaliente jo Mineral Springs Resort & Spa

Ojo Calientee Mineral Springs Resort & Spa is a legendary r oasis located in the ry t e th high desert between Taos and Santa Fe. Deemed sacred by the Native Americans who inhabited this area, this treasured land and its ancient springs have provided a secluded sanctuary and a source of healing for body, mind and spirit for thousands of years. Built in 1868, Ojo is one of the nation’s oldest natural health resorts and is the world’s only known hot springs with the combination of four different, sulfur-free, mineral waters including iron, arsenic, lithia and soda. Enchanting accommodations (including two private homes), a full-service spa, an exceptional restaurant, daily yoga and thousands of acres of hiking and mountain biking trails make Ojo Caliente a true health and wellness destination. This iconic gem of Northern New Mexico has received numerous enhancements over the past 16 years which have contributed dramatically to improving the Ojo guest experience, while remaining true to the unique character and essence of this special place. It is these sacred and legendary waters that continue to attract generations to Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs. Over 100,000 gallons per day come to the surface, revitalizing those who soak in the healing waters. Few know that the word “spa” is actually an acronym for the Latin phrase “salus per aquas” which literally means “health through water.” Ojo truly is the quintessential spa amongst spas. Ojo has twelve meticulously maintained geothermal mineral pools, including three Private Outdoor Pools with Kiva fireplaces. The Mud Pool is a guest favorite. As the special blend of clay dries, toxins are released from the pores of your skin and you come away feeling cleansed and refreshed. The full-service spa offers a wide array of relaxing and restorative therapies including nurturing massage, body treatments and skin care.

LOCATION ATTRACTIONS Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa Suites, cottages, hotel, private homes, full-service spa, restaurant, gift shop, wine bar and lounge, yoga, hiking & biking trails. The Artesian Restaurant. Upscale, yet casual dining experience and charming atmosphere. Menu includes New Mexican favorites and global cuisine accented with seasonal produce from Ojo’s Farm: Seared Diver Scallops, Cedar Planked Salmon, Grilled Beef Tenderloin Elk Chops and Pasta Pomodoro. Wine Bar menu: Poblano Chile Fries, Homemade Pizzas, Buffalo and Vegetarian Burgers. Don't miss the decadent chocolate truffles! Serving wine and beer. The Full-service Spa offers a wide array of relaxing and restorative therapies including nurturing massage, body treatments and skin care.

Ojo Caliente is located 24 miles north of Española on US285, featuring centuries old hot springs flowing from four distinct mineral sources.

TOUR From Ojo Caliente, take US285 south and go west on US84 to Abiquiu and Ghost Ranch or east on US84 to return south through Espanola to Santa Fe. To Taos, travel 37 miles northeast on NM 567 through Carson to the paved West Rim Road to US 64, crossing the stunning Rio Grande Gorge Bridge to Paseo del Pueblo Norte and head south into town.




Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa (505)583-2233,

You’ll also find unique Native American and Ayurvedic therapies including the Ancient Echoes, based on East Indian head massage, and Blue Corn and Prickly Pear Salt Scrub that incorporate locally harvested, wildcrafted herbs and oils. Guests staying in the Cliffside, Pueblo or Plaza Suites have access to the Kiva Pool for a serenely private soaking experience with extended soaking hours only for guests lodging in these rooms. In the Artesian Restaurant the chef blends local flavors with global cuisine to create a delightful menu that ranges from traditional New Mexican favorites, plus a variety of seasonal specials that embody the rich flavors of the freshly picked produce grown in Ojo’s gardens and two-acre farm. Signature items and lighter fare plus an extensive selection of local and imported wine and beer are available in the adjacent Wine Bar & Lounge. Ojo Caliente, which means “hot eye,” was named by the Spanish explorers who discovered it on their search for the Fountain of Youth in the 1500s, while Native American inhabitants of the area believed the waters were given to them by their gods. Steeped in myth and legend, the ancient springs at Ojo Caliente provide a welcome respite of healing and relaxation for all who soak in its sacred waters. Lodging rates include entry to all mineral pools every day during your visit including the day you arrive and depart. Ojo Caliente is located just one hour from Taos and Santa Fe. opposite, from top left: Twelve pools are fed by natural, sulfur-free hot springs supplying four distinct mineral waters. Combining a soak with a spa therapy provides the ultimate relaxing experience for both body and mind. Private Outdoor Pools with Kiva fireplaces can be rented by the hour. Yoga classes are offered daily. inset: The Cliffside Suites have a private back patio with outdoor soaking tub facing the cliffs. above: The detoxifying Mud Pool is a guest favorite. Photos courtesy Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa.






Las Vegas Ageless A Ag gel e ess Beauty Beau aut au uty ty Mystique M t ti



Las Vegas V gas rests on the gentle eastern slope of the Sangre de Cristo Ve mountains mountains and and the the edge edge of of grass-laden grass-lladen prairies prairies that that stretch stretch into into forever. ffooreevvveer. r. Authentic A thentic and original, Au original Las Vegas V gas is home to over 900 buildings on Ve the National Historic Register, including the state's largest number of intricate Victorian homes and the Plaza Hotel's classic Western ambience. Historical artifacts, clothing, and photographs can be seen at the Las Vegas City Museum, housed in a 1940 WPA building, and the nearby office of the Citizens Committee for Historic Preservation. A stroll through the Arts and Cultural District reveals an array of aesthetic riches from carved wooden saints and softly painted retablos to the bold works of modern minds. The local cuisine emerged from a melding of the two cultures that first met at the river Gallinas, offering dishes from Northern New Mexican to sophisticated American. Las Vegas counts natural hot springs, mountain hiking trails, striking architecture, and a rich blend of culture as some of its finest offerings. Once the biggest and baddest of the Old West towns, Las Vegas hasn’t lost the best of what it has always been: a jewel on the Santa Fe Trail.

this page: Built in 1899 in the Spanish Mission style, the station reflects the culture of the town. Following renovation in 2000 it was used in the movie “All the Pretty Horses” and today is the current Amtrak stop and houses the city’s Visitor Center. opposite, top: The Old Town Plaza is ringed with bikes during the Rough Riders Motorcycle Rally. 38



photos by Birdie


Fort Union National Monument. Established in 1851 as the guardian of the Santa Fe Trail. 505-425-8025 Pecos National Historical Park. Open Year Round. 505-757-7200 City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial Collection. Tues-Sat 10am-4pm 505-454-1401 ext. 283 Historic Plaza Hotel. Built in 1882, one of the most beautifully restored New Mexico Hotels! 505425-3591


Luna Community College Car Show. Jul Las Vegas Fiesta July 1-4 Rough Rider Motorcycle Rally last weekend in July 505-429-1624 Lucinda Martinez Aug The Peoples Fair August 27. 38th Annual event. Carnegie Library. 505-425-1085

LOCATION Las Vegas is located on I-25, between Fort Union National Monument and Pecos National Historic Park on the Santa Fe National Historic Trail.


Las Vegas Chamber of Commerce (505) 425-8631 or (800) 832-5947 NORTHERN MOUNTAINS LAS VEGAS





WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS I PHOTOS COURTESY RICHARDSON’S TRADING CO. Northwest New Mexico encompasses the largest market for Native American arts and crafts in the world. Successive generations of talented tribal artisans from the Navajo Nation and the pueblos of Zuni, Acoma and Laguna produce the highest quality handmade blankets, jewelry and pottery to be found anywhere. The previous inhabitants of the area were the ancient Anasazi, ancestors of the Pueblo people, who left behind impressive ruins at Chaco Culture National Historic Park and Aztec Ruins National Monument in New Mexico, Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado and Canyon de Chelly National Monument in Arizona. Segments of Historic Route 66 pass through the pueblos of Acoma and Laguna and form the main streets of Gallup and Grants. Scenic Route 53 accesses El Malpais and El Morro National Monuments and the Pueblo of Zuni. Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park, a cluster of sandstone buttes and needles on the Arizona-Utah border defines the American West to many western movie buffs. It is located on the Navajo reservation and accessed by US 163. Certain reservation roads require Navajo permits or guides. Mesa Verde National Park is a region occupied by ancestral Pueblo people from 600 to 1300 A.D. and includes the most remarkable cliff dwelling communities in the United States. Check in at the Mesa Verde Visitor and Research Center near the park entrance. It is accessed off US 160 east of Cortez, Colorado. The geologic diversity of the terrain has given rise to major recreational opportunities including trophy fishing, rock climbing, mountain biking and hot-air ballooning. Four Corners is the only place in the United States where a person can actually straddle four states at once. Photo opportunities are especially prevalent along I-40 near Laguna and Gallup, Shiprock near Farmington, Canyon de Chelly in Arizona and Monument Valley in Utah, the latter three located in the Four Corners region.

opposite: Beautiful Native American jewelry can be found as you travel through Indian Country. this page: A traditional Navajo squash-blossom necklace from the late 1940s or early 1950s, found at Richardson’s Trading Company in Gallup.



Tra Tr rad adi din ing ng HISTORIC


WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY JOE BURGESS Trust. It’s all about trust. The real trading posts dealing with real Native American hand-made goods and nurture relationships based on trust earned over periods of time ranging from years to decades and generations. Traders and Native American families consider themselves to be each other’s business partners. In the 1880s, Indian Trading Posts were mere grocery and feed stores and regional social centers for Native American families. They have evolved into marketing firms, quality assurance regulators and financial institutions for Native American products. While standardizing business practices and creating international markets for Native American arts and crafts, traders were also able to ensure that Indian artists and craftspeople received a fair wholesale price for their products. Obviously, a fair return to the artisan was critical to maintaining a viable market. To do so, however, the artisans often needed financial help to purchase the expensive materials, like silver, turquoise and yarn and, of course, the tools for creating the handmade products. Traders have used cash advances and short-term loans to keep the artisans in production, while accepting handmade items, called pawn, as collateral for the loans. The items were returned upon repayment of the loan. The vast majority of pawn, called live pawn, is held in vaults for the owner until the loan is repaid. The pawn displayed for sale, known as dead pawn, consists of the items that were never reclaimed. The pawn system was self-regulating throughout the system’s history, an example of the best aspects of the free enterprise system. Even though most pawn is returned, over a century’s worth of accumulation makes pawn vaults excellent sources of reasonably priced, top quality handmade items. The real trader knows which individual and clan is responsible for a particular item and can provide a certificate of authenticity.







The fourth generation of the Tanner trading families, owner Ellis Tanner’s great-grandfather, eth Tanner, came west with righam %oung in the mid-1800s and helped settle the region. The Ellis Tanner Trading ompany in allup was founded in1 and moved to a 10-acre site in 1 80 that allows for pow-wows and other festive events. It has to work for all of us, is the motto at the trading company. A fair payment to the artisan and a competitive price for the customer is imperative. Patrons walk through racks of Pendletons, rugs, pottery, baskets and cases of both Bdead pawnC and the more recent turquoise and silver jewelry made by area Native Americans. The work of painters and carvers is also abundant. esembling the days of old west trading posts, Ellis Tanner Trading ompany remains a full-service facility. People can bring in lambs, piAon nuts, jewelry, wool, and rugs to sell, they can buy groceries, dry goods, and hardware and they can pawn for cash.






The first trading post and ". . Post Office were opened at this location between allup and &uni in the 1 0s by ichard and ee #an der Wagen. The outz brothers bought the property in 1 and it was purchased by oe ilosevich oe ilo in 1 , naming it oe ilo’s Whitewater Trading ompany. It carries a broad selection of authentic handmade &uni, Navajo and opi jewelry, Navajo rugs, pottery, old pawn, kachinas, &uni fetishes, sand paintings and one-of-a-kind collector’s items for sale or display. There is also a selection of authentic reproduction artifacts, including ceremonial spears and wall hangings. oe started in the trading business at the age of working from the bottom up and doing everything from sweeping floors to operating the cash register. e learned from some of the best traders in the business, especially the art of building relationships with area artisans. ard work, patience, determination and understanding the importance of earning customer trust led to his own successes in business as a respected trader in Native American products.

Some of the beautiful goods at the historic trading posts include coral stones.




GALLUP Richardson’s Trading Co. & Cash Pawn

Dennis Arviso

Beguiling subjects. Exquisite technique. Amazing detail. Intensely alive. These are just a few of the superlatives Navajo artist Dennis Arviso regularly garners with his arresting paintings of Diné life. Full of vibrant hues and well-observed situations, the pieces speak fully to the viewer, drawing him inward to shared experiences. The subject matter may be specific, but the attraction is universal. Arviso is first and foremost an artist. That he happens to be disabled — paralyzed from the neck down due to a 1986 car accident — and therefore paints with a brush held in his mouth, adds a deeper resonance to his pieces. But the work itself stands fully on its creator's own merits. A native of Fort Wingate, New Mexico, Arviso grew up working with sheep, cattle, and horses; as he puts it, "I'm a real cowboy." Before his accident, he was a heeler — one of the two riders in team roping competition — and well-known throughout the Navajo Nation for his ability. During convalescence, and while coming to terms with his life situation, he noticed several young family members painting with water colors. Attracted by the possibilities of the painterly medium, and realizing that he could indeed participate in art-making despite his physical challenges, he started on a proud and impressive journey that involves all his energy and interest. "I began by painting small animals, people, landscapes, etc.," Arviso says. "My greatest interest is the detail that I put into each painting. Some people that view my work say, 'It's almost as if he took a photograph in his mind and laid in on canvas'." The artist is represented by the Ellis Tanner Trading Company in Gallup, New Mexico. His oeuvre now includes, as well as original paintings, limited-edition cards and prints on many Navajo subjects. For information, contact the gallery at 505-863-4434, or visit




The fast pace of the 21st century continues to gain momentum, but crossing the threshold into Richardson’s Trading Company in Gallup allows you to experience a past era. Continuously family owned, Richardson's is one of the most colorful and historic Indian trading posts in the world, operating much like it did over one hundred years ago. The wooden floors creak under your feet as you wander through an incredible array of turquoise and silver earrings, squash blossom necklaces, concho belts, bracelets, rings, delicate needlepoint chokers – expansive cases filled with old pawn and contemporary Native American jewelry. Step into the adjoining room with over 3,000 authentic Navajo rugs, baskets and pottery and beyond that for fine art and museum pieces. No matter what brings you to Richardson's, a peek at the past or to view today's top Native American artists, you'll walk away enriched. Most days, Bill Richardson, who is 96 and pushing 97, still comes in to oversee the business and share his wealth of stories and information with long-time customers and travelers from around the globe.

ZUNI Turquoise Village

A major supplier of raw materials in Zuni and dealer in Native American products, Turquoise Village has been a significant contributor to the Zuni art market for the last 37 years. Owner Greg Hofmann began selling to native artisans from his car while attending college. In 1978, he and college friend, Richard Toubman, pooled resources to open Turquoise Village in Zuni and remained partners there for 13 years. Greg continued until 2013 for total of 37 yrs. See ad on page 37.

Greg, a respected and knowledgeable Trader, passed away unexpectedly in early 2014. He will be greatly missed by the Zuni community and the surrounding area.

NAVAJO NATION Toadlena Trading Co.

Toadlena Trading Post was established in the late 1890s, over time developing the Toadlena/Two Grey Hills designs that continued using hand-spun yarns and natural dyes. The blankets are now considered the finest Navajo textiles of the 20th century. Navajo rug trader Mark Winter renovated the post in 1997, retaining the original character of the building. He devoted part of the structure as a museum displaying rugs from generations of local weavers.



Native American


It is worth the effort for purchasers to become knowledgeable shoppers.

Buyer’s Guide for PURCHASING

Native American Arts & Crafts Ask the following questions when making a purchase: Materials: Of what is the item made? If there are stone settings, are they natural, stabilized, reconstituted or man-made?

Technique: Was the piece completely handmade, or was it made with manufactured components or processes? For example, if pottery, is it hand coiled, wheel thrown or poured greenware? Is it fired outdoors or in a kiln? Artisan: What is his/her name? What is the tribal affiliation? If the item is marketed only as “Zuni” or “Navajo” jewelry, be sure it is made by an individual who is a member or certified Native American artisan of the Zuni Pueblo or Navajo Nation. Is there any additional information on the artist’s career, awards, etc. which can be included with the purchase? In the U.S., penalties are stiff for illegally labeling imitations as genuine products. An item can only be labeled genuine if one or more Native Americans have done all the work involved in creating it.

The Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB) of the U.S. Department of the Interior provides a number for reporting violations:

Call (888)ARTFAKE or visit: Reprinted with the permission of the Indian Arts & Crafts Association (IACA). 46




EVENTS May Dawn ‘til Dusk Mountain Bike Race. Twelve hour endurance race on Gallup’s High Desert Trail System course. 505-863-7283 Jun United States Team Roping Championship USTRC Red Rock Park Classic. 505-879-6181 Annual Lions Club Rodeo at Red Rock Park Arena. 505-722-2228 Wrangler Junior High Finals Rodeo at Red Rock Park Arena. 505-722-2228 Jul Wrangler Junior High Finals Rodeo at Red Rock Park Arena. 505-722-2228 21st Annual “Wild Thing” Championship Bull Riding at Red Rock Park Arena. 505-722-3839 United States Team Roping Championship USTRC Turquoise Classic. 505879-6181 Aug Annual Gallup Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial at Red Rock Park and other Gallup venues. 505-863-3896 Sep Rehobeth McKinley County Christian Health Care Services Charity Invitational XIII Golf Tournament fund raiser. 505-863-7283 Annual Navajo Nation Fair. 928-8716478 Squash Blossom Classic. Mountain Bike Race. 505- 979-2402 Oct Annual Shiprock Navajo Fair. 928-871-5801 Dec 34th Annual Red Rock Balloon Rally at Red Rock Park. First weekend in December. 505-863-0262 Southwest Indian Foundation and “Reunion of the Masters, Art of the People” award scholarships to student artists in the region through the Children’s Art Scholarship Program. Held the first weekend in December. Hands-on workshops held by the artists on Thursday and Friday. Scholarship winners announced on Sat. 505-722-3730 hutr/ Ongoing events Arts Crawl. Local artists featured in downtown galleries and businesses monthly on the second Saturday of the month. 505-722-2228 Crownpoint Rug Auction. Typically held on the second Friday of each month. Viewing of rugs starts at 4:00 pm to 6:30 pm. Auction begins at 7:00 pm. Crownpoint Rug Weavers Assn. 505-786-5302 or 505-786-7386 Nightly Indian Dances and Native American vendors at 7:00 pm at the Courthouse Square. Memorial Day through Labor Day. 505-722-2228

This is a must stop enroute to the majestic Zuni Pueblo and El Morro National Monument!

White Water Trading Co. W H O L E S A L E


Authenticity is guaranteed on Navajo rugs, kachinas, pottery, collector’s items, sand paintings, Zuni fetishes, Old Pawn, Zuni, Navajo and Hopi jewelry.

1•888•JOE•MILO P.O. BOX 104 • VAN DER WAGEN, NEW MEXICO • 87326 e-mail: 17 miles south of Gallup on Highway 602- Exit 20 in Gallup


Keshshi! “Welcome!”

WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY TOM KENNEDY W D DY If indeed New Mexico is enchanted, it is due in large part to its Pueblo Indian inhabitants. The most traditional of these groups, due in part to its relative isolation, is the Zuni. The largest of New Mexico’s 19 pueblos, the Zuni Reservation covers over 700 square miles. The town of Zuni, or Halona Idiwan’a, is the pueblo’s ceremonial and government center, as well as the best place to purchase the incredible crafts of Zuni artisans. Truly an “artist colony,” a large percentage of the Zuni workforce is involved in making art. The intricate Zuni inlay silverwork and stone “fetish” carvings are unmatched. Its pottery is distinctive and the quality unsurpassed. A number of tours are possible in Zuni and the surrounding pueblo and can be coordinated through the Zuni Visitor Center. The heart of Zuni can be experienced on the “Middle Village” (Halona Idiwan'a) Walking Tour that winds through the tribe’s historic residential community and cultural center. The Old Zuni Mission Tour highlights Nuestra





ZUNITOURISM.COM • 505-782-7238

1239 HIST ORIC HW Y. 5 3 ZUNI, N E W ME XICO 8 7 3 2 7

© Tom Kennedy

© Tom Kennedy


Carvings and Jewelry Handmade By Zuni Artists Señora de Guadalupe mission – ca. 1630 and its acclaimed larger than life murals of Zuni ceremonial figures. The tribe’s culture is represented in the A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center featuring an exhibit of the ancestral village of Hawikku. Archaeological tours of the actual ruins of Hawikku, the place of first European contact in the Southwest, are also possible. Touring the Village of the Great Kivas, a Chacoan outlier with nearby rock art, is an option. Visitors should absolutely consider the Zuni Artist Workshop Tour to gain exclusive access to some of Zuni's finest artists and learn about traditional Zuni arts from an expert.

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P.O. Box 426 • Zuni, NM 87327 • 505-782-4521

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opposite: Zuni singers provide the heart-beat for all traditional social dances. above, top: Zuni Olla Maidens perform a corn dance. above: Young Zuni dancers on their first public outing are no less enthusiastic than their elders.

Turquoise Rounded Needlepoint Set


Legendary Zuni Artist Edith Tsabetsaye



For business or pleasure. Uniquely located in the heart of Zuni Pueblo. © Tom Kennedy

8 Guest Rooms, beautiful Patios for lounging and outdoor events, Meeting/Conference/Reception/Retreat facilities and full Catering Services. Listed in all major Travel Guide Books and recommended by Guests on Trip Advisor.

Use common sense etiquette when visiting any of New Mexico’s pueblos or reservations. They are sovereign, self-governed nations with rules and laws that must be followed. Information obtained at the Visitor Center will guide you toward a safe and exciting Zuni experience.

23 Pia Mesa Road • Zuni, New Mexico 87327 Phone: 505-782-4547 • Fax: 505-782-2155 email:

800-752-3278 •


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Cimarron Rose Bed & Breakfast & Tierra Madre Arts Gallery Nurture your spirit in the rustic elegance of our hand-crafted naturally “green” Zuni Mountain Inn known for gracious hospitality, private full kitchen suites and ample amenities.

Old Zuni Mission. Originally constructed in 1629, the Spanish mission architecture now includes murals of Zuni Kachina figures. Halona Plaza & The Inn at Halona. The former 1866 trading post provides fresh products, supplies and a deli. The adjoining, lively Bed & Breakfast features examples of Zuni arts, and modern conveniences. (800) 752-3278 A:Shiwi A:Wan Museum & Heritage Center Displayed are artifacts from a 1916 Zuni excavation and a visual representation of the ancestral village. (505) 782-4403. ChuChu’s Restaurant Offering a diverse menu and many daily specials, this family operated restaurant is the best dining choice while in Zuni. (505) 782-2100. Turquoise Village. One of seven local trading posts sells both raw materials as well as finished artworks. (505) 782-4892. Joe Milo’s Whitewater Trading Co. Located seventeen miles south of Gallup, the old trading post offers Zuni, Navajo and Hopi arts and crafts. 1(888) JOE MILO


Oct Nov

Zuni MainStreet Festival (505) 782-7238 Zuni Community Arts Expo. (505) 862-1285 49th Annual Zuni McKinley County Fair. (505) 782-7000 Zuni Ancient Way Fall Festival & Arts Market. (505) 782-7238 Zuni Christmas Lights Parade. (505) 782-4495 Holiday Arts Market. (505) 782-7238

LOCATION v Delivered Breakfasts v Wildlife Gardens

v Grills v Patios

v Fireplaces v Trails

Your “Zuni Mountain Oasis”

On Trail Of The Ancients Scenic Byway ~Highway 53 Between El Morro & El Malpais Nat’l. Monuments

1- 8 0 0 - 8 5 6 - 5776 50




Zuni Pueblo is located d on Scenic NM53, 37 miles south of Gallup, p, 77 miles southwest of Grants, 155 miles west est of Albuquerque.

MORE INFORMATION MATION Zuni Visitor Center (505) 782-7238 Museum & Heritage Center (505) 782-4403

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5 acre lots with Roads and Power

Highway 180 East off XYZ Ranch Road / Silver City, New Mexico / 575-388-1951




Silver City ty &

One of the Nation’s Best Art To T wns Places to Live & Retire...

WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS I PHOTO BY LEANNE KNUDSEN Crossing the state’s southwest corner on Interstate 10, one would be hard pressed to imagine that just up the road lies a historic mining community packed with museums, galleries, coffee shops, nick-knacks and a back door accessing three million acres of national forest. Silver City has so much to offer, one almost overlooks its primary qualities – a friendly, small-town atmosphere with great weather. The buildings and homes reflect its copper, silver and gold mining heritage as do the nearby head frames and a large open pit where mining began over 200 years ago. The Silver City Museum and gift shop in the historic H.B. Ailman home and the JW Art Gallery and Museum in Hurley breathe life into the rough and tumble eras at the turn of the last century. Equally intriguing are the prehistoric peoples who occupied the area in pit-house communities and cliff dwellings. Western New Mexico University Museum displays incredible collections of artifacts and finely-painted pottery and serves as a research center for the Mimbres Culture. Almost totally surrounded by the nation’s first designated wilderness, the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument and Visitor Center allow visitors to experience the rugged region that supported these early inhabitants. Silver City hosts its own hiking and biking trails with hundreds of miles of trails crisscrossing the forested regions. Camp sites are managed by the forest service near the cliff dwellings, the Gila River, Lake Roberts and near mountain brooks. Wildlife and birding opportunities are plentiful. In addition to historic lodging and a variety of restaurant fares that contribute to a positive experience, the city hosts events that draw national attention. The five-day Tour of the Gila bicycle stage race attracts international racers. The Silver City Blues Festival and the Pickamania Bluegrass Festival include big-name bands and the Wild, Wild West Pro Rodeo touts a large purse. Add to those a Hummingbird Festival, Gila River Festival, Clay Festival, Mariachi Workshop, Fort Bayard Celebration, Gem and Mineral Show markets and tours… well, there you have it – a great little place to have a great big time!

opposite: The Besse-Forward Global Resource Center (GRC) is the newest building on Western's campus and is on the cutting edge of high-tech instruction. The GRC houses classrooms, meeting rooms, faculty offices, and a 200+ seat auditorium. The GRC boasts Western's largest free-access computer lab, open free to students 7 days a week!



ATTRACTIONS Aldo Leopold Vista. Picnic and wilderness interpretive site, 6 miles north of Buckhorn. Big Ditch Park. Formed when flood lowered Main St. 55 feet. Bill Evans Lake. Fishing & primitive camping, 12 mi. south of Cliff. Fort Cobre. A scale replica erected in Pinos Altos of an 1804 fort that protected the Santa Rita copper mine. Fort Bayard. U.S. Infantry post built in 1863. Housed Buffalo Soldiers. 10 miles east of Silver City. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. Cliff dwelling ruins from the 13th century. 44 miles north of Silver City. 575-536-9461 Gila National Forest/Silver City Ranger District. 3005 E. Camino del Bosque. 575-388-8201. Hearst Church. Seasonal museum and art gallery. Built in 1898 with Hearst newspaper empire money. In Pinos Altos, 6 miles north of Silver City. Kneeling Nun. Natural monolith resembling a praying nun. 15 mi. E. of Silver City at Santa Rita mine. Lake Roberts. Camping, trout fishing, hummingbird banding, birding and stargazing. 28 miles north of Silver City. 575-536-3206 Lightfeather Hot Spring. Near Gila Cliff Dwellings Visitor Center. 30 minute walk includes 2 river crossings. 575-536-9461 Mimbres Region Arts Council. Scheduled events held throughout the year. 575-758-7289. Old Hurley Company Store. One of the first buildings in Hurley - supplied miners and their families, housed the Chino Mine payroll office and later served as a department store. Pinos Altos Melodrama Theater. Adjacent to the Buckhorn Saloon in the Pinos Altos Opera House. 575-388-3848 Royal Scepter Mineral Museum. Rock shop, jewelry and gifts. 1805 Little Walnut. 575-538-9001. San Vicente Art Walks. Self-guided gallery and studio tour within walking distance in downtown Silver City. Call for map. 1800-548-9378 Silver City Museum. Area history, Indian artifacts, mining exhibits and Victorian furnishings. 312 W. Broadway. 575-388-5721. Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway. Loops north on NM15 to Gila Cliff Dwellings Nat’l. Monument, southeast on NM35, and west on NM152 and US180. Western New Mexico University Museum. Local and natural history including the Eisele Collection of Prehistoric Southwestern Pottery and Artifacts, the world’s largest permanent exhibit of Mimbres pottery. 1000 W. College. 575-538-6386. museum.html


Jun Jul Aug


Oct Nov





MRAC Indie Folk Series 575-538-2505 Chocolate Fantasia 575-538-2505 MRAC Indie Folk Series 575-538-2505 Historic Ft. Bayard Walking Tour. 575-956-3294 Tour of the Gila 575-590-2612 Downtown Expo 575-534-1700 Silver City Blues Festival 575-538-2505 Wild, Wild West Pro Rodeo. 575-538-5560 Independence Day Festivities. 575-538-3785 SC Museum Ice Cream Social. 575-538-5921 Big Ditch Day. 575-534-1700 The Silver City CLAY Festival. 575-538-5560 Run to Copper Country Car Show. 575-538-5560 Signal Peak Challenge Mountain Bike Race. 575-388-3222 San Vicente Artists Art Fair. 575-534-4269 Gem & MIneral Show. 575-538-5560 Cliff, Gila Grant County Fair. 575-538-3785 Pickamania! 575-538-2505 Gila River Festival 575-538-8078 Fort Bayard Days. 575-388-4477 Red Hot Children’s Fiesta 575-388-1198 Southwest Festival of the Written Word RED DOT Studio & Gallery Walk. 575-313-9631 Annual Lighted Christmas Parade. 575-534-1700 Fiber Arts Festival. 575-538-5733 Tamal Fiesta y Más. 575-538-1337 Victorian Christmas Evening. 575-538-5921


Time Flies by Diana Ingalls Leyba Mixed media acrylic, 22"wx30"h Leyba & Ingalls ARTS carries the finest in art supplies, framing, and art for the discriminating collector.

She Who Gathers Light by Mark Bowen | Metal Artist 720-270-6342

The Place On The Corner 201 N. Bullard St. Silver City, NM 88061 575.388.5262

Leyba & Ingalls ARTS 315 N. Bullartd St. Silver City, NM 88061 575.388.5725

Random Blend #27

Somewhere Near Buckhorn by Victoria Chick, Acrylic on canvas, 24"h x 24"w Contemporary figurative paintings and monoprints focused on southwest landscapes and animal subjects.

Victoria Chick Cow Trail Art Studio 119 Cow Trail • Arenas Valley Open Mondays, Noon-3pm or by appointment 760.533.1897 •

“Timeless, Sophisticated, Distinctive.” Nationally recognized handmade tile company dedicated to producing aesthetically pleasing clay tile in the craftsmen tradition. Also, metal, glass, stone, concrete and imported tiles. Tours available.

Syzygy Tile 106 N. Bullard St. Silver City, NM 88061 575.388.5472



Silver Silv lve lv ver er City’s Cit ity it ty’s Numbers Talk

photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill

There are three million acres of forest f rest and wilderness covering the fo th city’s’ back b k yard, d crisscrossed i d by b 1500 miles il off trails. il Three Th hundred h d d ten species of birds have been identified in the region. Twenty art galleries are bursting with a friendly, small town atmosphere and you won’t find better year-round weather figures…anywhere. The Mogollon culture was enjoying this climate some 800 years ago and the Mimbres people were painting creative images on pottery. Today, you can drive to the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument or simply visit area museums to learn about this ancient artistic culture. Centuries later, the Apache leader Geronimo was born near the headwaters of the Gila River and is recognized by a monument erected at the cliff dwellings visitor center. Silver City consists of an intriguing collection of Victorian homes and a historic business district that includes restaurants and coffee shops, galleries, day spas, specialty shops and two highly informative museums. Silver City is a haven for both mountain bikers and serious road bikers. Photographers can enjoy hiking a trail system within the city limits and driving the Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway that begins in Silver City.




V I S I T Galleries & Museums T R A V E L the Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway

E X P L O R E the Gila Forest & Wilderness D E S T I N A T I O N S F O R : Hiking, Bird Watching, Mountain & Road Biking and Motorcycling

Contents WELCOME, WILLKOMMEN, ¡BIENVENIDOS SCENIC TOURS is devoted to the Silver City area and its multi-cultural communities

with Four Gentle Seasons and warm hospitality. You will see wonders of the area, ancient cultures, and climate zones ranging from 4,000 to 10,000 feet. Browse through these pages and be prepared to have your expectations exceeded! Scenic Tours


4 Historic Silver City Scenic Tour Silver City and its history beginning in the mining boom era will come to life. 12 Pinos Altos Scenic Tour Walk through the 1860s in this historic mining town. 14 Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Tour Follow the footsteps of the Mogollón people who walked the area in the early 1300s. 20 Mining Scenic Tour Historic head frames and modern open pit operations. 22 Gila High Country Scenic Tour Bill Evans Lake, the Gila Riparian Preserve, Glenwood, Cooney’s Tomb and more. 25 City of Rocks and South of Silver City Scenic Tour Beautiful carved giants and a visit to museums and ghost towns to the south.

26 Birding 28 Hiking 30 Cycling & Biking

Maps 6 6 9 12 17 20 24

= Birding Site


Silver City Walking Tour Silver City Driving Tour Historic Silver City Tour Pinos Altos Grant County Area Tours Mining Recreation. Birding, Hiking, Biking



Our Cover

Keith LeMay, Author Research and writing except where credited

Terri Menges

Photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill

President & Managing Director

Joseph Burgess

Vice President & Photo Journalist

Arlyn Cooley

Staff Accountant

Denise “Gabbie” Davenport Robert “Jaime” Ramirez Michael Stancado Advertising Sales

Joseph Burgess

Photography except where noted

Terri Menges Yessica Nograro-Borquez Debra Sutton

Scenic Tours is published by Zia Publishing Corp., P.O. Box 1248, 116 McKinney Rd. (deliveries only), Silver City, NM 88062 Phone: 575-388-4444 x19 Fax: 575-388-4444©Keith LeMay. Reproduction in whole or part without permission of the publisher prohibited. For permission to use any portion of this publication email: All submissions of editorial or photography are only accepted without risk to the publisher for loss or damage. Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in the information provided. The publisher assumes no responsibility or liability for errors, changes or omissions.

Read Scenic Tours Online left: WNMU students hike above the Gila River, where ancient cultures walked the same river banks and grew crops.

The Gila River - Tour 5, Site 9


Photo by LeAnne Knudsen

Designers Jackie Blurton, Jay Hemphill, Keith LeMay, LeAnne Knudsen, Museum of New Mexico, Barry Nielsen, Becky O’Connor, Debra Sutton Contributing Photographers Jackie Blurton, Joseph Burgess, Becky O’Connor, Luis Pérez, Dorothy Watson, Betty Woods Contributing Writers

A WNMU student is experiencing outdoor adventures in the Gila National Forest just outside of Silver City and the main campus of Western New Mexico University. Photo by Jay Hemphill.

4 Historic Silver City Established in 1870, its rich history flows through today’s arts and business districts and is located at the gateway to the 3.3 million acre Gila National Forest.

14 Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway Mimbreño Indians farmed on the river banks, kept diaries on cliff walls and made exquisite pottery.

16 Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument As you walk through the dwellings of the ancient Mogollón Indians imagine what life was like 700 years ago.

19 Fort Bayard National Historic Site From Buffalo Soldiers to tuberculosis sanatorium and veteran and geriatric care—giving service since 1863. SCENIC TOURS


Historic Silver City I 1870, a group In gro gr roup u of American A er Am eri rican a prospectors an pro r spect ro c ors discovered ct d scov di ove ov ver ere red silver sil ilv il lve ver er in i the t e hills th hil hi ill lls just above the ciénega (marshy area), and the rush was on. In ten short months, the newly christened Silver City grew from a single cabin to over eighty buildings. Scenic Tour 1 HIGHLIGHTS

Billy the Kid Cabin Site. (Silver City Visitor Center) Billy spent part of his childhood here in a cabin similar to this. Site 4 4 – SCENIC TOURS

Big Ditch Park. (Broadway St.) The “Big Ditch” was formed during a series of floods between 1895 and 1906. Site 10

Silver City Museum. (312 W. Broadway) The town’s rich and diverse history is displayed in the 1881 H.B. Ailman house. Site 12

La Capilla The“Little Chapel” replica of the 1885 chapel overlooking Silver City that housed a statue of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Site 14b

St. Vincent de Paul Church (Market and Bayard St.) begun in 1874. Mission-style front and towers were added in 1908. Site 16

WNMU Museum Houses the largest permanent display of Mimbres pottery in the U.S. including the NAN Ranch Collection. Site 18a

HISTORIC SILVER CITY TOUR 1 Enjoy Silver City’s Historic District. Begin this tour at the Murray Ryan Visitor Center, 201 N. Hudson Street. Park in the Visitor Center parking lot. 1. Murray Ryan Visitor Center. (210 N. Hudson St.) 2. McComas House Site. (500 N. Hudson) In the early 1880s Judge H.C. McComas (See Site 9) lived where the present post office is located. After the floods, this area became Silver City’s famous red light district for 60 years. In the 1930s, the McComas House was purchased by Silver City’s most “famous” madam, Millie and then known as “Millie’s.”

3. Billy the Kid Jail Site. (Northeast corner of Broadway and Hudson, 304 N. Hudson.) The U.S. Forest Service warehouses are on the site of the jail. In 1875 Billy, age 15, was held for stealing from a Chinese laundry. He escaped out the chimney. Legend suggests Billy killed his first man or knifed a Chinaman at several sites. No evidence can be found. (See page 24.)

Photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill

4. Billy the Kid Cabin Site. Silver City Visitor Center. (201 N. Hudson, NM 90.) Billy spent part of his

Western New Mexico University - Site 18b

Millions of years ago, fingers of molten rock deposited the copper, silver and gold that would make this one of the Southwest’s richest mineralized areas. Early Indians mined turquoise, and by 1804 the Spanish were digging for copper east of what came to be called the San Vicente Ciénega (today’s Silver City).

SILVER DISCOVERED. In the spring of 1870, the news reached Pinos

Altos of a big silver strike at Shakespeare, near today’s Lordsburg. Captain John Bullard and his men rode south to investigate. After examining the ore, one of the men said, “Boys, if this is what silver looks like, we have plenty of it at home.” They hurried back, and began to dig one half mile west of the present courthouse. Ore from the Legal Tender Mine assayed as high as 100 ounces of silver per ton, a real bonanza. News of the “Ciénega Mines” quickly spread.

TOWN OF SILVER CITY ORIGINATED. In ten short months, Silver City grew from a single cabin to over eighty buildings, and in 1871, it became the county seat. During the early years of development, all of southwestern New Mexico was harassed by Apache raids. The nearest railroad terminal was in Colorado. The county included what is today’s Deming and Lordsburg all the way to the Mexico border. In spite of the crude methods, Silver City mills were producing $16,000 of bullion a week by 1875. It soon became the supply center for the booming industry. By the end of 1872, a local brick plant enabled solid, well-built businesses and houses to be built. In 1875, the first fire engine in the NM Territory made it possible for a volunteer fire department to be formed. When the government telegraph line reached Fort Bayard in 1876, local citizens furnished the materials to connect Silver City with the outside world.

childhood here, in a cabin similar to this, with his mother, brother, and stepfather. The cabin was torn down by 1894 and the floods of 1895-1903 destroyed the original site. This cabin, similar to cabins of that era, was donated by Ron Howard’s 2003 movie The Missing. 5. Star Hotel Site. (Southwest corner of Broadway and Hudson across the street from Visitors Center.) Billy the Kid waited tables while he lived here with the Truesdell family following the death of his mother. 6. Carrasco Mill Site. (Below Broadway, between Bullard and Hudson.) Lorenzo Carrasco had one of the first ore-grinding mills. His adobe furnaces produced the first silver bullion in the area, handling ore from Silver City, Pinos Altos, and other area mines. Turn right (west) onto Broadway to Site 10. OPTIONAL DRIVING TOUR: Sites 7-9 South on NM90 to look at the history of copper mining. 7. Harrison Schmitt School. (Mile Marker 40.5, NM90) Named for Apollo 17 astronaut and geologist. Harrison “Jack” Schmidt was born in Santa Rita, NM and grew up in Silver City. He was the 12th and last man to walk on the Moon in 1972. From 1977-1983 he served as a New Mexico Senator in Washington, DC.

8. Old Tyrone/Phelps Dodge Copper Electrowinning Plant. (MM32, NM 90) Phelps Dodge & Co. consolidated its holdings beginning in 1909. A “Mediterranean-style” company town was ready in 1915. A drop in copper prices caused it to be abandoned virtually overnight. From 1928-41 it became a dude ranch. In the late 1960s the operation resumed as an open pit mine. Today, the mine is owned by Freeport-McMoRan and supports a modern electrowinning copper recovery plant producing plates of .999 copper. 9. McComas Massacre Site. (Note: Site only, MM19.1, NM90) Here Judge McComas (See Site 2) and his wife were killed by a band of Gerómino’s Apaches in 1883; their 6-year-old son was kidnapped and taken to Mexico. To the northwest on Jack’s Peak, the Smithsonian Institute operated a solar radiation observatory until 1938. Reverse your course. Turn around and travel north on NM90, back to Silver City. 10.Big Ditch Park. (Broadway Street) Originally the town’s Main Street, the “Big Ditch” was formed during a series of floods between 1895 and 1906. In 1980 it became a city park. (See The Big Ditch, opposite.) 11.Bell Block. (200 block W. Broadway.) Today the restored Bell Block brightens the downtown. Built in 1897, expanded in 1906, sheathed in galvanized metal stamped with intricate designs resembling carved stone. SCENIC TOURS


12.Silver City Museum. (312 W. Broadway, 538-5921.) Housed in the restored 1881 Mansard/Italianate H. B. Ailman House, the Silver City Museum offers unique exhibits and programs that tell the stories, and celebrate the rich and diverse history and cultural heritage of southwestern New Mexico. The changing exhibits interpret the events and cultures that created one of the most intriguing regions in the Southwest. The museum offers a wide variety of programs and hands-on learning opportunities for the entire family, so there is always something new and fun to do. Open every day except Monday, it is located at 312 W. Broadway. The Museum Store features excellent southwest books and the work of New Mexico artists and craftspeople. 13.Grant County Courthouse. (Broadway and Cooper) The courthouse was erected in 1930. In the lobby, two murals by Santa Fe artist Theodore Van Soelen depict the area’s ranching and mining history. At this point the Tour reverses. Go east back down Broadway and turn right on Bullard Street. 14a.Lower Bullard Street. On the southwest corner of Bullard and Broadway stands a 1923 bank building (designed by southwestern architect Henry Trost) with the original terracotta front and brick design. Directly across, on the north, is the 1882 Meredith & Ailman bank, with its original cast-iron front. Many of the buildings date back to the 1880s. The street was named after John Bullard, a founder of Silver City. One year after his discovery of silver in 1870, the 24-year-old Bullard was killed by Apaches (See Site 20). On the hill to the south overlooking Silver City is La Capilla Chapel. (Site 14b). 14b.La Capilla Chapel. Originally constructed in 1885, the “Little Chapel” overlooking Silver City was built to house a statue of the Virgin of Guadalupe. A replica was built in 2004. Trails join Boston Hill and Big Ditch trail systems. Reverse and go back (north) on Bullard Street. 14c.Upper Bullard Street. At Market Street to your right is the entrance to Big Ditch Park (See Site 10) and on the left is The Warren House (See Site 15). 15.O.S. Warren House. (Market Street) Overlooking the Big Ditch is the 1885 Italianate red brick O.S. Warren house. Once owned by the indefatigable Elizabeth Warren, the first woman insurance agent in New Mexico, it’s today’s only survivor of the Main Street floods. From Bullard Street, turn left onto Market Street.

16.Saint Vincent de Paul Church.

(Market and Bayard, 420 W. Market.) This stuccoed adobe was begun in 1874 by the town’s Hispanic community. Its Mission-style front and towers were added in 1908.



Walking Bridge Over Big Ditch Park - Site 10, O.S. Warren House - Site 15

SILVER CITY CHARTER. In 1878 Silver City was granted a territorial

charter under which the town operates today, one of the oldest of the few territorial charters in the U.S. The city was one of the first to establish a public school and in 1882 became the first independent school district in New Mexico. — edited from Helen Lundwall history

THE BIG DITCH. (Site 10). After July 21, 1895, Silver City’s Main Street was

no longer the principal artery. Floodwaters engulfed the streets as “an immense wall of rolling water, 12' high and 300’ across, roared through the heart of town.” By the next morning, the waters had receded and local residents saw a monstrous ditch 35 feet below the street level. Later floods, especially one in 1903, scraped the ditch down to bedrock at 55 feet. The excavation ran about 15 miles.

CHANGES CAUSED. Before the floods, commerce was about equal on either side of Main Street. After the creation of the Big Ditch, a number of “entertainment parlors” moved onto Hudson Street.

WHY DID IT HAPPEN? Ground cover absorbed and delayed earlier flood runoff. By 1895, livestock growers and wagon freighters had grazed the higher meadows to bare ground, and wood haulers had stripped forested slopes to feed household fires and industrial furnaces.

AFTER THE FLOOD. The watershed is again covered with vegetation, thanks to conservation, including countless “check dams” built by the CCC in the 1930s, and juniper and piñón growth. The Big Ditch is now a community park with paths and picnicking areas and two foot bridges.

Historic Downtown Silver City.

Recognized as one of the nation’s culturally progressive small communities, Silver City broke into the top three slots of Modern Maturity’s Best Small Towns in America, was listed by John Villani as one of The Hundred Best Small Art Towns in America and chosen by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in its Dozen Distinctive Destinations. The strong visual and performing arts activities, museums and the renovated historic district have created an end-destination worthy of America’s culture-hungry travelers. A wide range of galleries and creative specialty shops are located throughout the university and historic districts and in the mountain village of Pinos Altos. A performing arts season that includes international talent is sponsored by the Mimbres Region Arts Council and the Grant County Community Concerts Assn. Special events with nationally acclaimed participants include the Silver City Blues Festival, Tour of the Gila, Wild Wild West Pro Rodeo, Chocolate Fantasia, The Silver City Clay Festival, Red Dot Studio Gallery Walk, Pickamania and Tamal Fiesta Y Mas. The Silver City Museum, housed in the 1881 Victorian home of H.B. Ailman, and the Western New Mexico University Museum, with the world’s largest permanent display of artifacts from the thousand-year-old Mimbres Culture, are the pride of the community.

Celebrating 116 Years

Located in the downtown historic district. • • • • •

Affordable Rates 18 Rooms & Suites Continental Breakfast Wi-Fi • Cable Flat Screen TV Special Meeting & Event Room

106 W. Broadway • Silver City, NM 88061


Reminiscent of a small hotel in the European Tradition.

Visit Ol West Gallery & Mercantile next door.



Directly across from the church, at the SW corner of Market and Pinos Altos, is the Queen Anne-style Martin Maher house, built in 1887 of locally-made red brick. Turn right on Black Street, right on Kelly Street and left onto Bullard Street. Just before reaching Sixth Street, you will pass on your left two older houses: one at 503 Bullard, built in 1887 as a dentist’s office, and another at 511 Bullard, the Isaac Cohen house built in 1882 and now restored. These buildings were once part of a Victorian residential area. Turn left onto Sixth Street. 17.Sixth Street. On Sixth Street you will pass a number of fine 1880s brick homes. At the northwest corner of Bayard and Sixth Street is the Edmund Stein home, overlooking the site of New Mexico’s first two-story brick public schoolhouse. At Cooper Street, to the right are 1883 brick rental houses. At the northwest corner of Sixth and Black is David Abraham’s 1883 home. Turn right on Black Street. The house at 806 Black Street was owned by Mrs. Thomas Lyons, of the famous “million acre” Lyons & Campbell Ranch; her daughter owned the other houses on this block. (See Tour 5, Site 5.) Continue on Black Street to College Ave. OPTIONAL DRIVING TOUR: Sites 18-20. Travel north on College Ave. , turn right onto West Street, go one block, turn left on 10th Street to upper parking ares for WNMU Museum (Site 18a) Elevator access.

18a.WNMU Museum. (Two-story Fleming Hall, 5386386, open daily except University holidays.) The museum has the largest permanent display of prehistoric Mimbres pottery in the United States including the NAN Ranch Collection. These world-famous pots with their painted designs date from the 8th to 12th century A.D. Casas Grandes prehistoric Indian pottery, stone tools, ancient jewelry, southwestern historical photos and oral history recordings, and military and mining artifacts are on display. 18b.Western New Mexico University. Established in 1893, WNMU offers more than 70 fields of study in areas such as accounting, criminal justice, education, nursing and zoology. The campus is home to five buildings on the national historic registry, a museum featuring Mimbres pottery, a contemporary art gallery and the 1,000 seat Fine Arts Center Theater. 18c. St. Mary’s Academy. (1800 Alabama Street) The academy opened in 1918 as a “select boarding school for girls.” 19a.Silver City Water Works (est. 1887). (Little Walnut Road) Provided the City’s first water supply, collected from subsurface streams in a tunnel or “collection gallery.” The tunnel drained to a well and was pumped from there into the building, and then boosted to a reservoir. The pumps were initially steam powered, first using wood and then coal. An engineer lived with his family in the two-story portion, as he had a 24-7 job to keep the pumps running. A stonemason from Michigan constructed the building of locally quarried sandstone. The Waterworks was placed on the National Registry of Historic Places in 1984. 20a-c. Billy the Kid’s Mother’s Grave. (M115.7, US180, Memory Lane Cemetery) Catherine McCarty Antrim, Billy’s mother, died of tuberculosis on Sept. 16, 1874. She was buried in town but later was moved to Memory Lane Cemetery (left to Cypress Lane, right to 9th tree). Four graves to the north lies John Bullard (See Site 14a). (Turn west to Rose Lane and go north to first intersection to left.) Ben Lilly, mountain man and lion hunter, is buried 50' to the southwest. From Memory Lane, continue north across US180. At next stop sign turn right onto Pinos Altos Road, NM 15. Or turn right on US180 and continue 4 miles to Silver City Visitor Center. 20d. Gila Regional Medical Center. (32nd Street) Gila Regional Medical Center is a county-owned, not-for-profit, 68-bed acute care hospital. Gila Regional has a strong commitment to the people it serves. Investments in technology and certified caregivers provide quality care delivery through a patient-centered approach. It is home to the Cancer Center and the Surgical Center of the Southwest. 8


Big Ditch Park - Site 10

Telephones were first installed in 1883. An electric light plant was completed the following year—only two years after New York City installed its first electric system. The Southern Pacific Railroad reached Deming in 1881, inspiring local citizens to build a branch line to Silver City. Telephones were first installed in 1883. An electric light plant was completed the following year—only two years after New York City installed its first electric system.

SILVER CITY BOOM OVER! In 1893 the bottom dropped out of the silver market. Mines closed down. Silver City paused, caught its breath, and then moved ahead. The use of brick was encouraged by an 1880 fire ordinance which prohibited frame construction, saving Silver City from the destructive fires of many western towns. Perhaps its sturdy brick architecture helped it defy a ghost town’s fate. Maybe it was the populace of Hispanics and Anglos, determined to make this their home. The cattle industry was well-developed with some large holdings extending as far south as Mexico. At the turn of the century, Silver City’s high, dry climate made it a haven for invalids and tubercular patients. One of the state’s first teaching schools prospered. Eventually, with new mineral discoveries, the town stabilized as the leading metal producer in the state. — edited from Helen Lundwall history


Fine Dinin Taste the Difference

Celebrating years!




Billy the Kid

Famous VISITORS The draw of mining riches, great climate and solitude brought famous names to Silver City: Teddy Roosevelt. In 1913 he stayed at today’s Burro Mountain Homestead; hunted the XSX Ranch. Franklin D. Roosevelt. While Secretary of the Navy, he and Eleanor also visited the Homestead, as friends of the Fergusons. Kit Carson. Scouted for Gen. Kearney, passing by Santa Rita mine in 1846, later as a teamster there. He hauled supplies and hunted for Pinos Altos stores. Butch Cassidy (& the Wild Bunch). “Jim Lowe’s cowhands” at WS Ranch near Glenwood between robberies. George Hearst. George and Phoebe Hearst, parents of William Randolph Hearst, owned a Pinos Altos mine (See Tour 2, Site 1), the Santa Rita copper mine (See Tour 3, Site 19), and a ranch near Deming. Lorenzo Carrasco. Owned early mines and mills in Silver City; (Judge) Roy Bean. Ran a store in Pinos Altos with his brother Sam. (See Tour 2, Site 6) Gen. “Black Jack” Pershing. Assigned to Fort Bayard as 2nd Lieutenant in 1886-87. (See Tour 3, Site 20) Major Gen. Claire Chennault. Later gained fame with the Flying Tigers in China. He crashed a Ft. Bliss (TX) plane on an unauthorized forest fishing trip in the Gila. Gerómino, Nana, Cochise, Chato, Victorio & Natchez. Area Apache leaders roamed the area. Gerómino was born near the Gila Cliff Dwellings. Mangas Coloradas (Red Sleeves). Apache chief was persuaded to surrender in Pinos Altos and then was killed at Ft. McLane in 1863. (See Tour 6, Site 5) Chicago White Stockings (White Sox). Held their spring training at Faywood Hot Springs (near Tour 6, Site 6), when the team was owned by A.J. Spalding (sporting goods). Stewart Granger and wife Jean Simmons. Owned the 7-L-Bar Ranch, part of today’s Ponderosa. William Goodrich (tires), Gus Hilton (hotels, Conrad’s father) and Mark Twain. Reported visitors at Southern Hotel. Col. José Carrasco and Don Francisco de Elquea were early owners of Santa Rita mine. (See Tour 3, Site 19) Herbert Hoover. Was 1898 asst. manager of mine in Carlisle (near Arizona); Marshall Field (Chicago dept. store) was there too. Astronaut Harrison “Jack” Schmitt. Geologist on Apollo 17 grew up here. Lottie Deno. A well-known gambler at Georgetown and the inspiration for Miss Kitty on Gunsmoke. (See Tour 4, Site 5) Other Names: Bronze medalist George Young, the only American to run in four Olympics; Ralph Kiner, Baseball Hall of Fame (Pirates/Mets); Billy Casper, Professional golfer.



Today’s Cabin

Billy the Kid Cabin - Tour 1, Site 4

BILLY’S ROOTS. The myth that Billy the Kid killed his first man in Silver City is just that—one of many legends surrounding this young gunslinger’s career. Possibly the most written-about western figure, little is actually known about Billy the Kid’s early childhood. He was probably born around 1859 in New York City. In 1873 he was a witness at the marriage of his mother, Catherine McCarty, to William Antrim in Santa Fe. Like many New Mexicans, Antrim was a jack-of-all-trades with a burning desire Boyhood Home of Billy the Kid to strike it rich. So within months of acquiring a wife and two sons, Billy’s stepfather moved his family to the southwest’s newest and richest mining district—Silver City. MEMORIES OF BILLY. Today in Silver City, Billy’s memory lives in family stories handed down and in our imaginations. In a 1902 interview, Sheriff Whitehill summed up his memories of the Kid: “There was one peculiar characteristic that to an experienced man-hunter would have marked him immediately as a bad man,” the sheriff remarked with placid hindsight, “and that was his dancing eyes. They never were at rest, but continually shifted and roved much like his own rebellious nature.” BOYHOOD HOME. In the rough mining boom town, William Antrim purchased a lot on the east side of Main Street, now the Big Ditch, south end of Visitors Center. The log cabin where the Antrim family lived was eventually torn down in 1894. By many accounts, Antrim was a negligent father, away long periods of time on the perennial quest for gold and silver. Mrs. Antrim, who suffered from tuberculosis, took in boarders to support the family. (See Tour 1, Site 4) SCHOOL LIFE. Like any kid in town, Billy, then named Henry McCarty, went to school. A classmate, Anthony Conner, remembers him: “He was very slender. He was undersized and was really girlish-looking. I don’t think he weighed over 75 pounds. He had coal black hair and coal black eyes . . . I never remember Billy doing anything out of the way, any more than the rest of us. We had our chores to do, like washing the dishes and other duties about the house. Billy got to be quite a reader. He would scarcely have his dishes washed, until he would be sprawled over somewhere reading a book.” BILLY’S MOTHER DIES. On September 16, 1874, Mrs. Antrim died of consumption (tuberculosis). The local newspaper reported simply “the funeral occurred at the family residence on Main Street at 2:00 on Thursday.” Billy’s mother was buried in town; later moved to the Memory Lane Cemetery off US180, where her grave can be found (See Tour 1, Site 20). Billy the Kid

Photo: Alfred S. Addis Courtesy of Museum of NM. (Negative No. 99054)


above: Today’s Cabin. The cabin on the site was designed after an 1870’s cabin, the era when Billy lived in Silver City. The cabin was donated by producer-director Ron Howard and used in his 2003 movie, “The Missing”.

Billy got a job waiting tables at the nearby Star Hotel (See Tour 1, Site ). Sheriff H.H.Whitehill reminisced that the boy’s first “offense was the theft of several pounds of butter from a ranchman . . . which he disposed of to one of the local merchants.” FIRST ARREST. Billy’s boyhood friend, Anthony Conner, ascribed Billy’s new predilection to his reading matter. “Finally he took to reading the Police Gazette and dime novels. One night he robbed a Chinese laundry. I think it was regarded by him as more of a prank than anything else. But Sheriff Harvey Whitehill locked him up for it... Mr. Whitehill only wished to scare him.” ESCAPE FROM JAIL. The sheriff’s account agrees that putting the 15-year-old Billy in jail was meant only to convince the youngster of the perils of crime. The adobe jailhouse stood on the site of today’s Forest Service warehouses on Hudson Street. Billy complained to Whitehill of a lack of exercise, and was allowed once a day in the jail’s corridor. Left alone 30 minutes, the slender Billy promptly climbed out the jail’s chimney and escaped. (See Tour 1, Site 3) Silver City’s reaction was casual. The rant County Herald commented briefly: “Henry McCarty, who was arrested on Thursday and committed to jail to await the action of the Grand Jury upon charges of stealing clothes from Charley Sun and Sam Chung, celestials, sans cues, sans Joss sticks, escaped from prison yesterday through the chimney. It’s believed that Henry was simply the tool of SSombrero Jack’ who done the stealing while Henry done the hiding. Jack has skinned out.” FIRST KILLING. In Arizona, in 1877, the waifish 17-year-old shot a blacksmith who was bullying him in a bar. A jury found the murder “unjustifiable.” Billy fled back to New Mexico. He was befriended by Tunstall in Lincoln, and was treated as a son for the first time. When Tunstall was killed, Billy became embroiled in the County War, a dispute between two parties battling for economic control of the rich county. Gunfighter and rustler, Billy went on to escape from two more jails, to meet Gov. Lew Wallace (author of “Ben Hur”) and to become something of a popular folk figure. By the age of 21, he could be linked to the deaths of at least 12 men. Finally on July 14, 1881, the young outlaw was killed in a gun battle with Sheriff Pat Garrett. Garrett’s sensational “The Authentic Life of Billy the Kid,” included the tall tale that the 12year-old Billy knifed his first man in Silver City. Garrett was carried to his grave in a hearse now displayed in the 1898 Hearst Church building in Pinos Altos, currently home to the Grant County Art Guild. (See Tour 2, Site 2).

BILLY’S BROTHER AND STEPFATHER. Billy’s brother, Joseph, stayed until

in 1884 he was arrested in a fracas; later became a miner and gambler of little fame. Billy’s stepfather, William Antrim, continued as fortune-seeker and served as a mine superintendent in Mogollón. Antrim died in California in the 1920s.


PINOS ALTOS TOUR 2 Pinos Altos Scenic Tour (M6, NM15): The old mining town. Where the road divides, keep to the left. At the first intersection over the bridge, turn left onto the dirt road, which loops back to the right.

1. Hearst Mine.








(M5.1, NM15) The Phoebe Hearst (mother of newspaperman William Randolph Hearst) Mine was near the saddle of the two peaks to the west from this historic marker. The Hearsts had interests in ranches, headquartering west of Deming, briefly owned the Santa Rita copper mine and company store, as well as a company store in Pinos Altos, and a mill, probably south of the Gila Regional Hospital. A winding narrowgauge railroad transported ore from Pinos Altos mines to mills in Silver City. Hearst Church. The adobe MethodistEpiscopal church was built with Hearst money in 1898 and now houses the Grant County Art Guild. A funeral hearse, used for Pat Garrett, and other horsedrawn vehicles are displayed here. Garrett killed Billy the Kid in Lincoln, NM. Continue back to paved road, turn left. Fort Cobre. This 3⁄4-scale reconstruction, completed in 1980, was of a fort built at Santa Rita copper mine in 1804 to protect the area. It was renamed Ft. Webster in 1851 (See Tour 3, Site 17). The Hearst company store was east across the street. Opera House. The opera house, built in 1969, captures the flavor of an old west opera house with elements from area historic buildings, including the late red-light district of Silver City (See Tour 1, Site 2). There are excellent artifacts and photos in the Buckhorn Saloon (circa 1865). McDonald Cabin. On dirt road directly behind Opera House. John McDonald, an old Indian fighter, was reportedly in this area in 1851. Probably the oldest house in the county. Judge Roy Bean Store Site. SE corner south of Site 4. Probable site of the store operated by (Judge) Roy Bean and his brother Samuel in the 1860s. Pinos Altos Museum. The museum is housed in a log cabin, Grant County’s first private school house, probably built around 1866. Go north to first arroyo. First Courthouse. (past arroyo on R) Building housed the only court session in Pinos Altos (1871).

Pinos Altos

In 1859, a group of Forty-Niners drifting drift f ing home from ft f om fr lif i discovered di d gold ld in i the h Pinos Pi Al (“T ll Pines”) Pi ”) California Altos (“Tall area. Once a booming county seat, Pinos Altos was a rough and tumble town of gold bonanzas and Apache raids. MINERS. Some of the fiffirst rst to use “arrastras” (burro operated mills to grind the gold ore) were Norero and Ancheta . . . family names still seen in Silver City. In May 1860, Snively, Hicks, and Birch camped on Bear Creek, and Birch found gold. While in Santa Rita for supplies, the men met the Mastin brothers and a man named Langston to whom they confided the news. By September, 700 men were placering nearby, calling their camp “Birchville.” An earlier Mexican settlement called Pinos Altos, is said to have sent gold to Chihuahua in 1837, but that camp disappeared. Scenic Tour 2 HIGHLIGHTS

Continue to stop sign, and turn left. Trail of the Mountain Spirits Byway continues north to Gila Cliff Dwellings.

9. Cemetery.(Second gate from N, proceed 50' to east at base of 2 large tree stumps.) Early miners in Pinos Altos, Capt. Thomas Mastin (Marston on grave) and his brother Virgil were killed by Apaches. Return on NM15.Viewpoint at MM 2.1. 12


Fort Cobre. This 3/4 scale reconstruction, was of a fort built at Santa Rita copper mine in 1804 to protect the area. Site 3

Hearst Church. Home of the Grant County Art Guild, captures the flavor of the mining era with elements from area historic buildings. Site 2

McDonald Cabin. John McDonald, an old Indian fighter, was reportedly in this area and lived here in 1851. Site 5

Pinos Altos Museum. Housed in a log cabin, Grant County’s first private school house, probably built around 1866. Site 7

The Buckhorn Saloon and Opera House - Site 4

APACHE INDIANS. Cochise joined

the Warm Spring Apaches under Mangas Coloradas to drive out “Los Godammies,” or white men. On September 22, 1861, 400 Apaches attacked the camp. Capt. Thomas Mastin, nine other Arizona Scouts and the miners stood in defense. The Indians withdrew after fatally wounding Captain Mastin (See Site ). In time, Mangas Coloradas urged peace and failed, was taken prisoner on January 17, 1863, and killed the following day at Fort McLane (See Tour , Site ). Raids and the Civil War caused Americans to leave but the Mexicans remained to wash gold and build arrastras. In July 1866, Virgil Mastin brought in a 15-stamp mill and a saw mill hauled from St. Louis by oxen. The California Column was disbanded in New Mexico and many stayed. Placering resumed and lode mining started. The camp was again known as Pinos Altos. MINING & COMMERCE. In 1868, Ancheta had both a trading post and an arrastra; Samuel G. and (Judge) Roy Bean were dealers in merchandise and liquors; the Pinos Altos Co. was incorporated and had 600–700 inhabitants, two stamp mills, many arrastras, three furnaces for smelting, two hotels, several stores, and seven saloons (which later increased). — rom The Pinos ltos Story by orothy Watson

Fabulous Getaway Nestled in the Tall Pines of Piños Altos. Imagine the possibilities! • • • • • • •

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located just 7 miles north of Silver City on NM Highway 15.



Trail of the Mountain Spirits NATIONAL SCENIC BY-WAY

The name reflects refl f ects those who have walked this way through the ages and a sense fl th flora f fl d fauna f th t capture t ki this thi a mecca for f all ll ages. off the and that you... making

Photo by Jackie Blurton

Scenic Tour 3 HIGHLIGHTS

Gila River. (M37.8, NM15)The river flows through the Gila Nat’l. Forrest and contributes to the area’s scenic beauty. Site 9 14


Gerómino Monument. (M42.4, NM15) Apache leader Gerónimo was born at the headwaters of the Gila River in 1829. Site 11a

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument (M43.7, NM15) Built in the 13th century, 42 rooms within 5 natural caves. Site 12

Lake Roberts. (M22-24, NM35) Set aside by Congress in 1924 as the first wilderness area in the US. Site 14

Continental Divide. (M15.1, NM15) The 3,100 mile Continental Divide Trail runs between Mexico and Canada. Site 15

Fort Bayard National Historic Landmark. (M120.5, US180) Built in 1866 by the “Buffalo Soldiers” of the Ninth Calvary. Site 20

TMS BY-WAY TOUR 3 The Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic By-Way Tour: This tour starts at Silver City and goes through Pinos Altos on NM 15, 1.5 to 2 hours to the highlight of the tour: the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. You then backtrack to NM35 and turn left to Lake Roberts. Follow NM35 along the Mimbres River to NM152. Turn west to the Chino Mine overlook at Santa Rita. Here also is an opportunity to tour some of the old mines in this area. Return to Silver City via US 180 and historic Ft. Bayard. TRAVEL NOTE: This brochure uses highway milepost markers for locating many sites. (e.g., M127.4 US180 means 0.4 miles past marker 127 on US Highway 180.) Food and fuel are available at or near Sites 10, 13, 14, 16, 24 and 25.

Map page 2 1. Murray Ryan Visitor Center. 210 N. Hudson. 2. Pinos Altos. (M6, NM15.) Pinos Altos (“Tall Pines”)


Photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill

4. 5.


The Gila National Forest - Site 5


THE TRAIL OF THE MOUNTAIN SPIRITS NATIONAL SCENIC BYWAY follows the footsteps of those who preceded: Mimbreño, Apache, Spaniard, Mexican, miner, rancher, outdoorsman. See the full variety of Grant County, from the high Chihuahuan desert to the snow-touched wilderness. These are the many sensations you experience when you venture along the Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway. It’s what one video called “The Last Solitude.” As a motorist you’ll drive along a narrow corridor through the first wilderness set aside by Congress. As you step out of your vehicle at one of the many mountain vistas, you’ll sense the feelings of Aldo Leopold and of Teddy Roosevelt as they trekked the area... and then fought hard to set the area aside for future generations to enjoy. The Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway tour, known for years as the "Inner Loop", began as primitive forest roads and jeep trails. In 1994 it was recognized both as a National Forest Scenic Byway and as a New Mexico Scenic Byway. In February 2000, the name was changed to reflect the unanimous name selection "Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway". The name reflects those who have walked this way through the ages and a sense of the flora and fauna that capture you… making this a mecca for all ages.


9. 10.

was founded about 1859 when a group of fortyniners drifting home from California discovered gold in the area. (See Tour 2, Pinos Altos.) From Pinos Altos, continue on NM15. Note excellent viewpoints. Bear Creek. (M7.4-M10, NM15) Site of gold mining in the early days. Here are the first evidences of mining by Ancheta and Norero. Burro-Drawn Arrastra. (M8.1, NM15) A burrodrawn arrastra (mill) was constructed here. Gila National Forest. (M8.3, NM15) You are entering ponderosa pine country of the Gila (pronounced ‘HEE-la’) Forest. Almost one-fourth of the 3.3 million acre forest is in wilderness, promoted by conservationist Aldo Leopold; set aside by Congress in 1924 as the first such wilderness area in the USA. Some 400 miles of fishing streams lace the entire forest. Wildlife in the Gila includes Rocky Mountain mule deer, Sonoran white-tail deer, beaver, elk, bobcat, mountain lion, black bear. Ben Lilly Park. (M10.1, NM15). This forest overlook honors the mountain man and lion-hunter Ben Lilly. A plaque 150 feet west details Lilly’s life and philosophy. Continuing on NM15, you will pass the entrance to and Cherry Creek campground (M12.2) McMillan Camp-ground (M13.2). Signal Peak.(M14.4, NM15) A winding 7 mile, high clearance dirt road takes you past ponderosa pine, spruce, fir and oak to the top of the peak. From here you can see into Mexico. Signal Peak served as a heliograph point during the Apache wars, signaling with a mirror and the sun’s rays to distant peaks. Viewpoint (M18, NM15) Anderson (Copperas) Vista. (M32, NM15) This outstanding viewpoint shows the headwaters of the Gila River rimmed on the west by the Mogollón Mountains, on the north by isolated peaks and divides, on the east by the Black Range, and on the south by the Pinos Altos Range. There are many other excellent viewpoints on NM15. Gila River. (M37.8, NM15). Gila River flows west to Yuma, AZ. Gila Hot Springs. (M39.2, NM15) Numerous hot springs in this area heat the homes and greenhouses of residents. Just before Gila Hot Springs is the Grapevine Campground, boasting the world’s largest grapevine. At M43.7 the Heart Bar Wildlife Area was once a ranch’s training ground for polo ponies; the ranch is now operated by Game and Fish for elk and mountain lion studies. (M41.8)

11. Visitors Center for Gila Cliff Dwellings. (M42.4, NM15) Pass the road to the National Monument, continue to the Visitors Center. With displays and artifacts, the Center introduces you to the culture of the Mogollón Indians, who built homes in SCENIC TOURS


Gila Cliff Dwellings NATIONAL MONUMENT Step back in time and imagine the lives of the people of the Mogollón culture who occupied the caves from the 1280s through the early 1300s.

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument - Site 12

THE GILA CLIFF DWELLINGS NATIONAL MONUMENT is in the Gila National Forest and lies at the edge of the Gila Wilderness, the nation's first designated wilderness area. Almost one fourth of the 3.3 million-acre forest is a wilderness. Wilderness means the character of the area will not be altered by the intrusion of roads or other evidence of human presence. This unique area reveals the homes of prehistoric Indians in southwestern New Mexico and offers a glimpse into the lives of the Indians that inhabited the region from the 100s to the early 1300s A.D. The Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument offers a glimpse of the homes and lives of the people of the Mogollón culture who occupied the caves from the 1280s through the early 1300s. Settlers in the early 1870s penetrated the mountain wilderness, where rise the three forks of the Gila River. They were surprised to find traces of an earlier race of men. Fallen walls of stone, strewn with pottery fragments, clearly indicated a people of high culture who made their homes there. The Gila Cliff Dwellings were built in the 1280s. These Pueblo people built their homes in natural caves and in the open, and examples of both are here. Probably not more than 8-10 families lived in the caves at any one time. The rooms were used for a generation. These small, diligent, artistic people lived in cliff houses and riverside villages. They tilled mesa top and riverside fields with digging sticks, and ground cornmeal with metate and mano. They fashioned pottery and cloth, carrying on trade with other Mogollón communities. They hunted and gathered wild plants and fruit to supplement their crops of squash, corn and beans. They were skilled potters, producing handsome brown bowls with black interiors and black-on-white vessels. The women averaged 5'1" and the men about 5'5" in height. They were slight of build, yet muscular, with dark hair and eyes and brown skin. Seven natural caves occur high in the southeast-facing cliff, and five of the caves contain the ruins of cliff dwellings, about 42 rooms. All the timbers seen in the dwellings are the originals; their tree-ring dates range through the 1280s. The cliff dwellers had abandoned their homes and fields by the early 1300s. Perhaps they joined other Mogollón cultures to the north or south. The sounds of their voices and laughter echoed in the canyon. And then – only the sounds of the streams and birds. 16 – SCENIC TOURS


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From the Visitors Center, return to the paved National Monument road.

12. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument. (M43.7, NM15) Built late in the 13th century, there are 42 well-preserved rooms within 5 natural caves. See text on this page. Return on NM15, turn left (east) on NM35. 13. Vista Ruin. (M24, NM 35) This small Mimbres Indian site overlooks Lake Roberts and has a self-guided interpretive trail, covered picnic tables, toilet facilities and a beautiful view of Lake Roberts. 14. Lake Roberts. (M22-24, NM35) This man-made 72-acre lake offers fine fishing, boating, and camping. This is a fee use area. A fishing license or New Mexico Game and Fish GAIN permit is required. There are two campgrounds and numerous trails leading into the forest. Special nature trail and self-interpretive Mimbres Indian site are there. 15. Continental Divide. Travel south to M15.1. At this marker you are crossing the Continental Divide. Ahead the Mimbres River flows east to the Atlantic; behind you Sapillo Creek flows west to the Gila River and the Pacific. 16. Mimbres Valley. (M1-15, NM35) Scenic route follows the course of the Mimbres River through green orchards and small farms. 17. Fort Webster #2 Site. (NE at intersection of NM61/152) Second location for fort established at Santa Rita to protect the miners from Apache attack (See Tour 2, Site 3). Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway turns west on NM152, an extension loop continues south. Gerómino Trail Scenic Byway continues to the east. 18. Kneeling Nun. (M12 & M2.4, NM152). Note the distinct rock outcropping to the west on the north end of the mountain (Santa Rita open pit at its base). Legend says this spire was once a nun in love with a Spanish soldier and turned to stone as she knelt to pray. Also view at M2.3, NM152.

19. Santa Rita/Chino Mines Open Pit Copper Mine. (M5.8, NM152). John Sully, at the request of G.E. Co. in 1904, studied the property for possible operation as an open pit mine. But G.E. lost interest. Sully persevered, and received financial backing in 1909, starting Chino Copper Company, and built a new mill at Hurley (9 mi. away). Kennecott bought the mine in the 1930s, built a smelter in 1939, added a fire refinery in 1942, a reduction mill in 1983, and a new smelter in 1984. Mitsubishi bought 30% in the early 1980s. Phelps Dodge bought the remaining 70% later. Freeport-McMoRan purchased the mine in 2007 and the smelter was dismantled in 2007. Return west on NM 152. At the railroad crossing you might wish to tour some of the old mines to the north and south, primarily lead, zinc, and copper. (See Mining Tour p.18). Continue west to the junction with US180, (Site 20), Ft. Bayard, entrance is 1⁄4 mile further west. 20.Fort Bayard. (M120.5, US180) Fort Bayard was built in 1866 by the “Buffalo Soldiers” of the Ninth Calvary, an all-black regiment. Statue of Cpl. Greaves, Medal of Honoree, who single-handedly saved his troopers. 2nd Lt. John J. “Black Jack” Pershing served here in 1886-87. From 1899 to 1920, the fort served as an Army tuberculosis sanitarium and later as a veteran’s hospital. Today it is run by the state for the care of elderly and handicapped patients. The Fort borders a state elk refuge and these majestic animals can occasionally be seen nibbling on tender shoots of yucca. A nature trail is available for the handicapped. Ft. Bayard has one of two national cemeteries in New Mexico. To return to Silver City go west on US180.

The earliest ruin found within the monument area is a pithouse of a type that was made from about 100 to 400 A.D. This dwelling was in the open, was circular, and had a narrow 2' x 10' entrance on the east side; the floor was below ground level. Later pithouses of the Mogollón, prevalent until about 1000 A.D., were usually constructed of masonry or adobe (sun-dried bricks of mud and straw), rectangular, and built entirely above the ground. For more information, – National Park Service From the ancient exquisitely-painted Mimbres pottery to Chino's huge openpit copper mine, man's presence in Grant County has been long and fruitful. By 400 A.D., the gentle Mogollón culture inhabited these vast pine forests. Later came the more warlike Apaches; in their turn, they saw the march of Spanish soldiers and Mexican settlements; and finally came the fur-trappers, miners and ranchers. This makes up a heritage of which we're very proud, hence the name Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway. The scenic byway meanders through the Mimbres River Valley, which served as the lifeline for the ancient Mimbres culture. The artistic and peaceful Mimbres Indians left the valley suddenly and mysteriously around 1300 A.D. Now, hints of intimate little pueblos lie buried, and one wonders about the figures on the overhanging cliff walls and tries to understand their meaning. The legacy of their abandoned villages and artwork can be found throughout the area, mixed with relics of Spanish explorers in the late 1700s and Apache camps. contact the Gila Cliff Dwellings Visitors Center at 575-536-9461.

THE APACHES, called the Tchi-he-nde or Red Paint people, moved south to camp and continued the tradition of farming. Spaniards from Mexico and Spain came to work the mines and made slaves of the Apaches who rebelled. For 80 years, Apache raids, peace treaties, and broken promises made the Mimbres country a place of massacres, expansion, and abandonment; the Mexican War, the Gadsden Purchase, Overland Mail, tiny forts, stage stations and the stage crossing of the Mimbres at Mowry City. By the 1860s and 70s, Anglo and Hispanic settlers were drawn to the fertile soil. Small-scale mining and sawmilling continues in the upper Mimbres. Local farm produce is also marketed.

THE MIMBRES AREA is one of sun and tranquility. Along the cottonwood-lined banks of the Mimbres, farms and orchards hug together to drink the cold, clear water in abundance. High above, the Mimbres gets its start from snowfed streams of the Black Range. Up in the pines and piñón, deer, bear and elk still run nearly as unmolested as they did in Mowry days. — by Betty Woods One branch of the Mogollón culture lived in the Mimbres Valley as early as 750 A.D. The Mimbreño Indians were small, brown-skinned people who farmed, made exquisite pottery and kept diaries on convenient cliff walls. The pottery they produced, with its finely-painted geometric and naturalistic designs, is worldfamous today. You travel in the footsteps of the pre-historic Mimbres Indians as they fish the streams, cultivate primitive corn and are surrounded by the laughter of children playing in the canyons. You hear the quiet voice of the trapper traveling in territory into which white settlers have never ventured. You sense the quietness of the peaceful headwaters of the Gila into which the famous Apache leader Gerómino was born. Sense some of their pride in this region. Hear the voices of the Buffalo Soldiers as their patrols venture deeper into the wilderness trying to maintain peace. Walk the paths of the early Mimbres pottery is the Wedgewood of miner trying to find the mother lode Southwest ware for its remarkable geometric and life form designs that make it distinctive up the next canyon. above all prehistoric ceramics.



Photo by LeAnne Knudsen

the cliffs of this area. Near the Center are the remains of a 2.5-acre pueblo, with a pithouse dated at 600 A.D. Get info on hiking and horseback riding. View plaque honoring birthplace of Gerónimo. 11a.Gerónimo Monument. (M42.4, NM15) A monument dedicated to famous Chirichahua Apache leader Gerónimo, who was born at the headwaters of the Gila River in 1829 is located at the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Visitor Center.

Fort Bayard NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK Fort Bayard served as U.S. Army post during Indian Wars 1866-1899 and as an Army Sanatorium from 1899-1920. Today it provides geriatric and veterans care and substance abuse treatment. Once home to the Mimbres and "Red Paint" Chiricahua Apaches, irregular cavalry troops protecting settlements had camped in the area during the Civil War. In 1865, it was requested that a new fort be established in the southwestern region. In 1866, the 125th U.S. Infantry established Fort Bayard between Pinos Altos and Santa Rita. The post was name Fort Bayard in honor of Gen. Bayard who had served in the Territory before being killed at the Battle of Fredericksburg. In 1871 a lieutenant described the fort: "The locality was all that could be desired; the Post everything undesirable." From 1873-75 it went from tents and huts to adobe officers’ quarters. Later the Fort was known as one of the most attractive posts in the southwest. Fort Bayard was home to Native American Indian Scouts, Buffalo Soldiers (several were Medal of Honor recipients, recognized by the statue of honoree Cpl. Clinton Greaves), and Will Cathay (A.K.A. Cathy Williams) who was the only known female Buffalo Soldier. Gen. George Crook and Lt. "Black Jack" Pershing served at the post. The Indian threat ended when Gerónimo surrendered in 1886. In 1899, facing abandonment, the Fort was transferred to the Army Medical Department because of the healing qualities of the high altitude and dry sunny climate. It became the first U.S. Army tuberculosis sanatorium, with Major D.D.M. Bushnell in charge. R.N. Kinney, later director of Army Nurses Corps, supervised the inclusion of female nurses in the Department. In 1922, under the Veterans Administration, WW-I and WW-II veterans were rehabilitated. German POWs were housed. In 1965 under the State of New Mexico it was made a long-term health care center. The 1866 cemetery was named a National Cemetery in 1976. Fort Bayard was designated a New Fort Bayard, built by “Buffalo Soldiers” in 1866 Tour 3, Site 20 Mexico Historic District in 2001 and a National Historic Landmark in 2004.

Fort Bayard National Cemetery - Tour 3, Site 20




This tour gives a good feel for the extent mining has influenced history in this area. Take US180 east & NM152. Highway milepost markers were used to aid you (e.g., M2.3, NM152). Round-trip mileage from Silver City: sites A-M, 45 mi.; site N, 30 mi.; sites O-R, 20 mi.

Map page 2 1. Kneeling Nun (M2.3, NM152) (See Tour 3, Site 18).

Mangas Coloradas, “Red Sleeves,” chief of the Apache nation, sent arrows tipped with copper flying into camps as his “calling cards.” Kit Carson wrote of storing a load of furs in an old mine at Santa Rita.

2. Mathis Lime (M3.2, NM152) Lime for copper recovery.

3. Kearney Mine (M5.7, NM152 on the left) The headframe and dump on the hill to your left was a zinc mine operated by Peru Mining or its successor until 1974. 4. Santa Rita/Chino Open Pit Copper Mine (M6, NM152) See details in Tour 5-10. Mine and concentrator in distance to right, operated by FreeportMcMoRan, produce a copper concentrate for eventual treatment in a smelter. (See Site 14). Copper sulfate from a leaching operation is currently processed through a solvent extraction/electrowinning plant (to east) resulting in plates of .999 copper. 5. Georgetown Site and Cemetery (M6.9, NM152) Georgetown, once called the treasure vault of New Mexico, was a silver-mining boomtown that prospered until the Silver Panic of 1893. The cemetery is 4 mi. north on scenic Georgetown Rd. The town site is 1 mi. north of the cemetery. (Return west on NM152, 2 mi. to NM356 (Fierro Rd.), CHECK MILEAGE, and turn north).

6. Empire Zinc Mine and Mill

(0.3 mi. on Fierro Rd.) Empire Zinc was operated by New Jersey Zinc until 1970. 7. Republic Mine (1.6 mi.). Iron mine workings on left (also NE). 8. St. Anthony’s Church (2.8 mi.) Old church with superb view of the Mine and Mill (See Site 9) from parking lot. Stone religious grotto. 9. Cobre Mining Mine and Mill (Seen from Site 8) Sharon Steel operated this mill, open pit, and underground mine until copper prices dropped too low. Now Cobre Mining owned by Freeport-McMoRan. Forest Road to North. Return south on NM356, CHECK MILEAGE when crossing NM152.

10.Princess Mine (NM356, 0.2 mi., on hill to left). Headframe is US Smelting & Refining’s old Princess mine operated through the 1960s. 11. Combination Mine (NM356, 0.5 mi. on right). The remains of an old ASARCO lead-zinc mine; reclaimed in 1995. 12.Santa Rita Concentrator (NM356, 2.5 mi. to NE) Leach dump is on hill to right. 13.Vanadium (NM356, 2.6 mi. right) ASARCO’s Ground Hog lead-zinc mine and mill until late 1970s. Go south 2.5 mi., turn right onto US180 and return to Silver City.

Santa Rita/Chino Open Pit Copper Mine - Site 4

CHINO MINES. The oldest active mine in the southwest, the “Santa Rita del Cobre”, was worked as early as 1800 by Col. José Manuel Carrasco. Convict labor from New Spain mined the shafts, with mule trains of ore sent down the Janos Trail to Chihuahua, Mexico. Under the ownership of Don Francisco de Elguea, an impressive adobe fort (See replica Tour 2, Site 3) was built near the mine, along with smelters and numerous buildings. Though profitable, the mine eventually had to be abandoned to the Apaches. In 1851, the old fort served as a ready-made base for the U.S.-Mexican Boundary Survey; a year later it became the site of Ft. Webster (See Tour 3, Site 17), the area’s first U.S. military establishment. In the late 19th century, the mine was reopened and the town of Santa Rita was reborn. The huge open pit, started about 1910, soon consumed Santa Rita. The mine itself is now operated by Freeport-McMoRan. Giant-sized machines scoop the ore from the earth and huge 200-ton ore trucks transport it to the reduction mill to the southwest of the pit. The Chino Overlook provides an excellent viewpoint. — from Chino SANTA RITA. In 1803 Franscisco Manuel Elguea, a Chihuahua banker and businessman, founded the town of Santa Rita. He named it Santa Rita del Cobre. Famous residents include Ralph Kiner, National Baseball Hall of Fame; Harrison Schmidt, Apollo 17 astronaut; and William Harrell Nellis, for whom Nellis Air Force Base was named. Scenic Tour 4

Return via US180, go south 15 mi. on NM90. 14.Freeport-McMoRan Tyrone Mine (M32, NM90)

HIGHLIGHTS Photo courtesy Freeport McMoRan

Ore from this large open-pit operation is leached and the recovered copper sulfate solution is processed through a solvent extraction/electrowinning plant, giving .999 copper. Return through Silver City, north on NM15.

15.Hearst Mine (M5.1, NM15) For details (See Tour 2, Site1). The Hearst mine was in the saddle (to west) between peaks. 16.Burro-Drawn Arrastra Site (M7.8, NM15) Burrodrawn arrastra to grind ore in mid-1800s (See Tour 3, Site 4). A short dirt road leads to parking for this site. 17.Legal Tender Mine (Directly west, behind the County Court-house.) City’s original silver mine. 18.Mineral Museum (2 blocks north on Little Walnut Rd.) Mineral displays at Royal Scepter for those interested in the history and beauty of rock specimens. 20


Kneeling Nun (M2.3, NM152) Legend, once a nun in love with a Spanish soldier, turned to stone as she knelt to pray. Site 1

Mining Equipment. (M6,NM) Hauling truck operating at Santa Rita/Chino Open Pit Copper Mine. Site 4

Vanadium.(US180, NM356, 2.6 mi. right) ASARCO’s Ground Hog lead-zinc mine and mill until late 1970s. Site 13

Tyrone Overlook. (M32, NM90)View extensive mine reclamation of barren rock dumps. Site 14

APACHE MINERS. Indians harvested the copper that “grew from the ground in fernlike pieces.” Mangas Coloradas or “Red Sleeves,” chief of the Apache nation, sent arrows tipped with copper flying into camps as his “calling cards.” This was after Indians were slain in 1837 by a howitzer concealed in the brush. The Indians cut off all supplies, remnants of the camp fled south; Santa Rita remained a ghost town until 1858. SPANISH MINERS. The Santa Rita del Cobre Mine was old when the California Gold Rush began. Lt. Col. José Carrasco ignored orders to destroy the Apache. Instead, he did a favor for the Indians who showed him native copper and where to find more. About 1800, Carrasco and a party of 24 arrived in Santa Rita and opened the second oldest copper mine in the U.S. (only Lake Superior’s deposits were known earlier). AMERICAN MINERS. Trappers seeking beaver learned about the mine. Kit Carson wrote of storing a load of furs in an old mine. Sylvester Pattie decided to buy it, but left when a trusted employee absconded with $30,000 of his capital. END OF INDIAN RAIDS. In 1872, Cochise, successor to Mangas Coloradas, agreed to move his tribesmen to reservations. Martin B. Hayes took over the old copper mines, including one known as the “Chino” (“Chinaman”), but Gerónimo continued to war against the whites. While Gerónimo was held captive (1877–1882), J. Parker Whitney bought out the Santa Rita. Richer veins played out. At that time, no one knew the low-grade sulphide rock would become the foundation of one of state’s greatest industries. TYRONE. Operations started in 1909 when Phelps Dodge Corp. bought several claims, the first of 300 they would own by 1916. Mrs. James Douglas and Mrs. Dodge engaged Bertram Goodhue, later of San Diego Exposition fame, who designed Spanish-type office buildings and homes— excluding outdoor plumbing, saloons, and brothels. When mines closed nationwide in 1921, Tyrone became the “most beautiful ghost town in the west” and served for a time as a dude ranch. Sept. 1, 1966, Phelps Dodge established its large open pit copper mine and mill, and the “Sleeping Beauty” awakened. Fred Borenstein is said to have bought the $100,000 railroad depot for salvage and sold it for $1. He didn’t have the heart to wreck it. Freeport-McMoRan purchased the Tyrone mine in 2007. — from Silver City Enterprise Regularly scheduled Historic mining district tours available on the second Tuesday of each month from the Bayard City Hall, 800 Central, Bayard. Tours leave at 10am. Reservations are required at $5 and are about 11⁄2 hours. Learn more about the underground mining history of the area. View historic mine headframes and the open pit copper mine at Santa Rita by a knowledgeable guide. Call 537-3327 for reservations and information.

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This tour takes you to Cliff/Gila, Glenwood and Mogollón. Billy the Kid’s stepfather, William Antrim, was a blacksmith at Graham, a mining area above Whitewater Canyon in Glenwood. Take US180 west from Silver City.’

Map page 15 1. Silver City Visitor Center. 210 N. Hudson. 2. Chloride Flat. (M112, US 180) Soon after the initial silver strike in 1870, Lorenzo Carrasco and others made new discoveries at Chloride Flat, west of town... the first major silver district in New Mexico, producing over 2 million ounces in its 20 years. The Carrascos had experience in Mexico. By producing the first marketable silver bullion, Carrasco brought in prospective miners and was largely responsible for the town’s favorable reputation as a mining district. 3. Continental Divide (M109.5, US180) 6,230 ft. You cross the Continental Divide four times. 4. Mangas Springs (M94, US180) In the late 1700s the Spanish knew this as Santa Lucía, a meeting place and bivouac for their expeditions. In 1846 Gen. Kearney, guided by Kit Carson, met with the Apache chief Mangas Coloradas. Briefly it was an unofficial reservation for the Mimbres Apaches. 5. Gila/LC Ranch Headquarters (M89, US180) Turning right on RT211, in 4 miles you reach the town of Gila, former headquarters of the oncefamous Lyons-Campbell Ranch (private property). In 1884 the ranch was described as the “largest in the world,” 60 miles from north to south and 40 miles from east to west. A bona fide “cattle baron,” Thomas Lyons dreamed of an operation that would make this the biggest cattle market west of Kansas City. The dream failed, and in 1917 he was mysteriously murdered in El Paso. Once part of the LC’s self-sufficient empire, many buildings in Gila remain a testament to the “Lion’s” energy. 6. Bill Evans Lake (M87, US180, W on FR809) This 65-acre lake was created by the Phelps Dodge Corp. and stocked by the NM Dept. of Game and Fish. This is a fee use area. A fishing license or NM State Game and Fish GAIN permit is required.

7. Gila River Bird Habitat Management Unit (M87, US180) This special section of the Gila River in the Gila National Forest is specifically managed as a bird habitat. It is a major migration route and a great variety of riparian, water fowl, and desert scrub species can be seen here. Migrations begin in April. (See direction to this site in Birding Destinations on page 27, Site B9.) 8. Fort West Site (M85.5, US180, E on bluff) The first American settlement on the Gila, this fort was established in 1863 as part of a campaign against the Apaches. Abandoned a year after construction, the fort was later dismantled. (Now on private property.) 9. Gila River (M85, US180). The Gila River starts in the Gila National Forest and flows west to Yuma, AZ, and the Colorado River. It nurtures some of the best remaining SW riparian habitats. Watch for heron and other birds. 10. Cliff (M84, US180) Cliff was settled about 1884 as a farming and ranching community. To the east are the remains of a four-story, 300-room Salados Indian pueblo, 1425–1575 AD. (private property). The Salado culture was a sub-group of the Anasazi, normally found in Arizona.

Gila High Country You will go into the heart of the 3.3 million acre Gila National Forest past high meadows and running streams.

In 1899 a large section of rugged forested mountains and rolling woodlands was set aside as a new public domain; eventually this would form the base of the almost 3.3 million acre Gila National Forest (pronounced Hee-la). Today, these mountains and canyons, ranging in elevation from 4,200 to 11,000 feet, comprise one of the nation’s largest undisturbed natural areas. In the 1880s Mogollón (“Mug-e-Yone”) roared into existence with a production of gold that might have satisfied Coronado. Despite Apache attacks, the Mogollón area produced millions of dollars in gold and silver ore. The ore went down the long trail to Silver City in clanking 18-mule team ore wagons. In the summer, Mogollón offers shops, a cafe and sights that tease your imagination. Many old buildings still stand, and the mining museum and gallery preserve interesting artifacts of area history. The movie “My Name Is Nobody” with Henry Fonda and Terence Hill was filmed here. If you are continuing east on NM159, have adequate gas and supplies. The next services will be along the Mimbres River, 120-170 miles away. Sections of the road to Snow Lake climb above 9,000 feet. This stretch, from Mogollón through the Willow Creek area, is difficult and a better route is through Reserve, NM, on FS141. Gila National Forest & Wilderness Area - Site 11 and Tour 3, Site 5


OPTIONAL SIDE TRIP: Sacaton Road Drive: A scenic alternative drive to Aldo Leopold Vista, Site 11, is a county-maintained, graveled (dirt) road. It follows the base of the Mogollón Range, with 26 miles of beautiful vistas and access to trailheads into the Gila Forest and Wilderness. In Cliff, take NM293 north 2.2 miles; turn left onto Sacaton Road and follow it until Forest mile north of the Aldo Road 147, which exits Leopold Vista (See Site 11). Note that the road may be unpassable if there has been recent rain or there is rain in the forecast, and there are a couple of water crossings. Call the Gila National Forest at 575-388-8201 or Glenwood Ranger District, 575-539-2481 for road conditions. 22 – SCENIC TOURS

Continental Divide. (M109.5, US180) 6,230 ft. You cross the Continental Divide four times. Site 3

Gila River (M85, US180) Nurtures some of the best remaining riparian habitats. See heron and other birds. Site 9

The Catwalk (M50, US180)250 foot walkway clings to canyon walls above Whitewater Creek. Site 16

Mogollon (M47.4, US180, 9 mi. on NM159) Mining Ghost Town, once one of the Old West’s the wildest. Site 6

Photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill


WHITEWATER CANYON is a steep rugged gorge that originates deep in the Gila Wilderness. A fast flowing stream passes through the narrow canyon outlet beneath The Catwalk and into picnic grounds near an old mill site. The flow continues downstream through Glenwood to converge with the San Francisco River. The Catwalk National Recreation Trail provides able hikers access to pristine wilderness trout waters above The Catwalk. Check with the forest service for conditions and accessibility.

OPTIONAL SIDE TRIP: Gila Riparian Preserve: 7,300 acres along the Gila River, owned


Publisher’s Note: New construction on the the metal walkways and trail is scheduled to begin the summer of 2016 due to 2013 floods.

THE CATWALK. The town called both Graham and Whitewater

grew up around a mill built by John T. Graham in 1893 and survived less than 10 years. All that remains to mark the spot is part of the mill walls still clinging to the west side of the canyon near the entrance to The Catwalk. The mines above the canyon were worked from their discovery in 1889 until 1942 (Billy the Kid's stepfather, William Antrim, was a blacksmith at Graham). The Helen Mining Company was first to develop 13 claims about 4 miles upstream from the mill, which could not be built closer to the mines because of the rough, narrow canyon. A 3-mile, 4-inch metal pipeline provided a continuous water supply to the town and its electric generator. A larger 18" pipeline was built in 1897 to run a big, new generator. Today’s Catwalk follows the route of the original line. Pipe used in the water line was delivered to the site on wagons drawn by teams of up to 40 horses. Ore was pulled down the mountain by smaller teams to an ore chute, located on the ridge just above the mill. Brace holes were drilled into the solid rock walls, sometimes 20 feet above the canyon floor, to hold the timbers and iron bars that supported the smaller water line along its meandering course. Some of the original 18" pipes support sections of the present-day Catwalk. The massive rock walls of Whitewater Canyon saw few visitors until the Civilian Conservation Corps. was assigned the task of rebuilding The Catwalk as a recreation attraction for the Gila National Forest. The present metal catwalk was built by the Forest Service in 1961 and extensively renovated in 2004. – Eve Simmons Call the Gila National Forest at 575-388-8201 or the Glenwood Ranger District, 575-539-2481 for trail conditions.

MOGOLLÓN. The small community of Mogollón (mo-goh-yone) sits at 6,800 feet in the Mogollón Range of the mountains of the Gila Wilder-ness. In the late 1800s, with the discovery of rich veins of ore on Silver Creek, Mogollón was one of the West’s wildest and richest mining towns. In its heyday Mogollón boasted a population of some 3,000 to 6,000 souls and, because of its isolation, was truly one of the wildest, shoot-'emup mining towns in the West. Mining continued up to the 1950s and resumed for a short time in the 1970s before coming to a halt. Today, Mogollón is an interesting ghost town comprised of old wooden and adobe buildings and nearby mining sites with only a handful of hardy year-round residents. On Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays between May and October, visitors to Mogollón will find an art gallery, mining museum, antique store, and small cafe open for business, along with seasonal weekend accommodations. A hike to the local graveyard is short in distance but long in history. Beginning at the old school house at the north end of the main street in Mogollón, a rough gravel road leads north 1-1/4 miles up Graveyard Gulch into the hills to end, as you might guess, at the old Mogollón graveyard. The road is rough, steep, and in places passes over broken bedrock. While the road can be driven in a high-clearance vehicle, it is much better to make the pilgrimage on foot where the essence of this remarkable place will surely seep in your soul. The hike up Graveyard Gulch is truly a time-warp hike. After passing a few buildings and evidence of modern civilization at the start of the hike, you are quickly transported into another era as you pass by old mine workings, tumbled-down miner's shacks and assorted decaying artifacts of human toil and struggle. Publisher’s Note: Contact the U.S. Forest Service for updated road, trail and campground information in these regions of the Gila National Forest. Silver City 575-3888201; Glenwood 575.539.2481; Reserve 575-533-8029.






by The Nature Conservancy. In Cliff, take NM293 north for 5.5 miles to the Gila River. The Preserve is off to the left; use the stile in the fence to the right of the locked gate to cross into the Preserve. Aldo Leopold Vista (M63.6, US180) This stop offers a superb view of the Gila Wilderness. It honors conservationist Aldo Leopold who, influenced by his experiences in the Gila National Forest, boldly advanced the field of game management. Leopold was instrumental in the designation of the Gila Wilderness as the country’s first wilderness area. Soldiers Hill (M61.6, US180) To the west, in 1885, U.S. troops pursued Apache Indians who divided into three groups and caught the soldiers in a deadly triple crossfire. The soldiers were buried in the WS cemetery (See Site 19). Glenwood (M50, US180) This pleasant community, at the junction of Whitewater Creek and the San Francisco River, attracts numerous hunters and fishermen. Lodging is available. Western artist Olaf Wieghorst has ties to Glenwood; he served with the Cavalry after Pancho Villa’s raid and later worked on area ranches. Alma Jail House and Antrim Cabin (M50.5, US180) The Los Olmos Guest Ranch includes two historic buildings. The Alma jail will give any visitor a claustrophobic sense of prison conditions. The Antrim cabin was built and occupied by William Antrim, stepfather of Billy the Kid. See “Billy the Kid” story page 22. Glenwood Hatchery (M50.5, US180) A half mile east toward the Catwalk is the Glenwood Hatchery operated by the State Dept. of Game and Fish. Visitors are welcome to observe the schools of trout swimming up and down the raceways. Ask about fishing in the pond. The Catwalk. (M50.5, US180) Another five miles up the Whitewater Canyon road will bring you to the unusual Catwalk. This 250-foot metal causeway clings to the sides of the boulder-choked canyon, in some places only 20 feet wide and 250 feet deep. There are many spots where a hiker can leave the trail and relax on the grassy banks of the sycamore-shaded stream. The trail continues into the Wilderness. Publisher’s Note: New construction on the the metal walkways and trail is scheduled to begin the summer of 2016 due to 2013 floods. The Catwalk is located 5 mi. east of Glenwood, past the Glenwood Hatchery, an excellent stop to visit! From the Catwalk, return to US180. Three miles up US180 is the turnoff to the Mogollón ghost town. Call the Gila National Forest at 575388-8201 or Glenwood Ranger District, 575-539-2481 for trail conditions. Stay on US180 in order to see Alma, Cooney’s Tomb and the WS Ranch. Those not continuing on the loop to Mogollón might wish to travel further on scenic US180 and NM12 to the old ranching community of Reserve, NM.


Alma (M46, US180) This small community, once a stop on the “out-

law trail” from Mexico, was used as a refuge by such men as Butch Cassidy and his gang. 18. Cooney’s Tomb (M46.1, US180, 5 mi. on FR701) Sgt. James Cooney discovered riches and began to develop his gold and silver deposits after being discharged in 1875. He was killed April 30, 1880, by Victorio and his Apaches. Cooney’s mutilated body was found by friends who carved a tomb out of a huge boulder on Mineral Creek. His brother, Capt. M. Cooney, later came from Chicago to develop the Mogollón mines. 19. WS Ranch and Cemetery. (M44.3, US180) Still in operation, this sprawling ranch was run in the 1890s by the entertaining author, Captain William French. Using aliases, Butch Cassidy and his men once worked as hands at the WS (private land). In 1885, troops were massacred at Soldiers Hill (#12) and were buried in a hillside cemetery here, still visible. At this point, turn and backtrack to M47.4 and the road to Mogollón. The steep, narrow, paved road to Mogollón is not recommended for large trailers, and may be unpassable during the winter months. 20. Mogollón. (M47.4, US180, 9 mi. on NM159) The narrow road to Mogollón first winds to Whitewater Mesa with its high meadow against mountainous backdrop. Almost at the top, you will see across the canyon the tailings of the old Little Fanney Mine (reclaimed in early 1990s), among the richest in the region. Mogollón lies tucked in the narrow valley below. Publisher’s Note: The steep, narrow, paved road to Mogollón is not recommended for large trailers, and may be unpassable during the winter months. East of Mogollón NM159 to Willow Creek becomes a gravel road. High clearance vehicles are recommended. Low clearance vehicles and long trailers are not advised. It's closed in winter and opens in May. Call the Gila National Forest at 575-388-8201 or Glenwood Ranger Dist., 575-539-2481 for road conditions.

OPTIONAL SIDE TRIP: While the road from Mogollón to Willow Creek is reconstructed, an alternate route is through Reserve, NM on FS141. 21. Willow Creek Area (30 miles on NM159) This gravel road to Willow Creek is among the most beautiful in Southwest NM. 22. Snow Lake (39 miles east of Glenwood, FR142) At an altitude of 7,400 feet, the lake is cool and pleasant in the summer. This 100acre lake offers fishing, camping, hiking, and picnicking. Return to US180. Call the Gila National Forest at 575-388-8201 for road conditions. Forest Roads are frequently closed. SCENIC TOURS


SILVER CITY/GRANT COUNTY RECREATION MAP Birding Destinations B1-B11 Hiking Destinations H1-H12 Mountain Biking Destinations M1-M4 Road Cycling Destinations R1-R5 page 30 Motorcycling Destinations MC1-MC3

page 26 page 28 page 30 page 30

THE GATEWAY TO ALL YOUR Jim Thomison Owner/Broker

LJ Lundy Associate Broker



501 Silver Heights Blvd. Silver City, NM 88061• 575.538.2931 | 800.456.3132 | Fax 575.636.2050 • 24 – SCENIC TOURS

City of Rocks STATE PARK

CITY OF ROCKS TOUR 6 City of Rocks Scenic Tour: This tour takes you South of Silver City through the Mining District to Deming and Columbus with an Optional Side Trip to Lordsburg & Portal, AZ. Take US180 east, visit Ft. McLane (Site 5); continue to NM61. Left to City of Rocks State Park (Site 6); Viewpoint (Site 7); continue south on US180 east, to Deming Museum (Site 8); continue east on NM549 and south on NM143 to Rockhound State Park (Site 9) and NM11 to Columbus and Pancho Villa State Park (Site 10).

Map page 2 1. Santa Clara. (US180). First county seat. Once named “Central.”

2. Bayard. (M124, US180). Now center of the mining

City of Rocks State Park - Site 6

City of Rocks State Park, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Grant County, is a striking result of the geologic process of erosion. It is a quiet retreat, and a source of unending interest to both adults and children. Theory is that these formations were thrown 180 miles from a volcano near Albuquerque. For some, the park resembles a medieval village; for others it is a collection of misshapen, albeit benign, giants. Essentially, it is a flat-lying sheet of reddish lava which has been chiseled by action of water-borne abrasives into the likeness of a city with streets and buildings. The jointing of the rocks has taken place along vertical rather than horizontal planes, with the consequence that the “streets” are more or less the same height. There are formations which readily suggest giants’ chairs, prehistoric monsters, or creatures of imaginative myth. Adjacent to the formations rises Table Mountain, a perfect example of a mesa. The appearance suggests a cone accurately cut off somewhat below the middle, and the table top, from a distance of a few miles, looks as level as though it had been laid off with surveyor’s instruments. Plant life of the “City” includes shadeproviding evergreen oaks. Dominant plants on the surrounding plain are tree yucca, broomweed, and black grama grass. — by Ross Calvin

Photo courtesy WNMU photographer Jay Hemphill

Scenic Tour 6 HIGHLIGHTS

Lordsburg Playas. (I-10 west of Lordsburg) Dry lake beds that drain by seepage to underlying groundwater are found in Southwest NM. Site 11

Cooks Peak. (M139, US180, junction NM61). The 8,408 foot peak, a prominent Southern NM landmark, can be viewed from I-10 & 1-25. Site 7

Pancho Villa State Park. A 61-acre park located where Villa raided the U.S. Camp Furlong Day is held in March commenorating the raid. Site 10

Shakespeare Ghost Town.(46 mi. SE on NM90) Authentically preserved remains of a rough and tumble era of the 1880s. Site 12

district, the town originally was a railroad supply point for Fort Bayard. Regularly scheduled mining tours, call Visitor Center 538-5555. 3. Hurley. (M127, US180) The location of the former Chino Mine Smelter. 4. Mining Museum & Gallery. (M127, US180) Circa 1910, Copper smelter photos, Mimbres Indian artifacts; 99 Cortez. Railroad museum is being developed. 5. Fort McLane. (M131.5, US180). To the east is the site of Fort McLane, established in 1861 to protect Pinos Altos, Santa Rita, and the Butterfield trail. Here the over 70-year-old Apache chief Mangas Coloradas (Red Sleeves), after surrendering near Pinos Altos, was killed while allegedly attempting to escape. 6. City of Rocks State Park. (32 miles south on US180, and 4 miles east on NM61). Formed from an ancient lava flow and eroded by the wind and water, these rock formations create an eerie and fantastical world. Complete with a desert garden, the park offers excellent camping and picnic sites. 7. Viewpoint. (M139, US180, junction NM61) Directly east is the jagged fang of Cooke’s Peak. Almost due south are the Florida Mountains, with the Tres Hermanas (Three Sisters) to their right. West, one can see the Burro Mountains and Jack’s Peak, site of a Smithsonian solar radiation observatory in the 1930s, with the Freeport-McMoRan mine at the base. The Butterfield Trail, Pony Express Route, and Mormon Battalion Trail all passed just to the south. The Janos Trail carried copper ore south to Chihuahua City, Mexico.

8. Deming/Luna Mimbres Museum. Minerals, gems, frontier military history and Mimbres exhibits and collections. 9. Rockhound State Park. A 250-acre park has picnic facilities, overnight camping, hiking trails, wildlife and exhibits on local history and a botanical and native pollinator garden. 10. Pancho Villa State Park. Located on the site of old Camp Furlong where Villa raided the U.S. This 61 acre park offers a massive desert botanical garden, camping and museum/visitor center. If you decide to go into Mexico check New Identification Requirements. Return via US180 to Silver City. OPTIONAL ROUTE: Travel I-10 to Lordsburg. Visit Lordsburg Museum, Shakespeare Ghost Town, and Portal, AZ for birding in Chiricahua Mountains. 11. Lordsburg Museum. Once a stage stop on the Butterfield Trail, relive Lordsburg’s history and the county’s farming and ranching heritage. 12.Shakespeare Ghost Town. Hangings and shootings were commonplace in this 1880s town with no lawmen. Call ahead for tour dates and reenactments. 575-542-9034 shakespeareghosttown. com Return to Silver City on NM90.


Photo by Debra Sutton

339 species, approximately 85% of the bird species that can be seen in New Mexico. Mexico Over 20 Birding Areas identified. It has been said this area is one of the top birding spots in the nation.

Southwest New Mexico has a well-deserved reputation for birding. The lush riparian river valleys, scenic mountains and canyons, and the surrounding grasslands of the Gila National Forest attract about 339 species, approximately 85% of the bird species that can be seen in New Mexico. The scenic byways of Grant County offer beautiful vistas and a variety of habitats you can visit in a leisurely day’s drive. A morning can be spent birding along the Gila River looking for warblers and flycatchers. The afternoon can be spent in the cool pines of Cherry Creek looking for tanagers and yes, more warblers. Birding in Grant County has year-around rewards. In winter there are many locations that offer scenery of beautiful rock formations, sandy washes and hidden springs that are a magnet for wintering birds. Spring migrations begin in mid-to-late April with a flow of migrants up the Gila River Valley. Summer offers excellent birding in the cool forested mountains, as well as the river valleys. A small sampling of the species found here include Montezuma Quail, Common Black Hawk, Red-faced Warbler, Lucy’s Warbler, Olive Warbler, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Hepatic Tanager, Vermillion Flycatcher, Stellar’s and Pinyon Jays, Bald and Golden Eagles, American Dipper, Nuthatches, Acorn Woodpeckers, and the Juniper and Bridled Titmouse. Hummingbird species include Allen’s, Black-chinned, Broad-tailed, Calliope, Blue-throated, Magnificent, and Rufous. Put Grant County and the Gila National Forest on your list of birding destinations. - Jackie Blurton

Photo by LeAnne Knudsen


Big Ditch Park (Broadway Street) A pleasant place to bird while visiting historic downtown Silver City.

Lake Roberts (M2224, NM35) High mountain lake, excellent birding for water fowl and mountain species.

Gila Cliff Dwellings Nat’l. Mon. (M43.7, NM15) You can bird on the half-mile walk to the Gila Cliff Dwellings.

Site B1

Site B4

Site B5



Fort Bayard Wildlife Refuge. (M120.5, US180) Trails in the refuge offer pleasant hiking and opportunities to see elk. Site B6

Black Range (NM152) A beautiful variety of scenery and places to park and bird in the Nat’l. Forest. Site B7

Whitewater Canyon M50.5, US180) Rock walls of this narrow canyon make this a unique birding excursion. Site B11

SOUTHWEST BIRDING TRAIL. Southwest New Mexico was the first area of the state to develop a birding guide. Forty-one sites were selected and include a wide variety of habitats. The official Southwestern New Mexico Birding Trail maps are available through area Chambers of Commerce and United States Forest Service offices, as well as local Audubon chapters. For more information on these birding sites go to: and Follow the Sites. Over 20 birding areas identified. It’s been said that this area is one of the top birding spots in the nation and birders who visit regularly believe this is true. Follow the sites. Map page 24 We offer this guide as your introduction to some of the best birding locations in Grant County. Travel times are from Silver City. Area maps and SW New Mexico Birding Maps are available at the Murray Ryan Visitor Center at 201 N. Hudson in Silver City. These locations are keyed to the Grant County Recreation Map.

Birding In & Near Silver City B1. Big Ditch Park Once the main street of Silver City in the late 1800s, this unique park was created by a series of floods in the early 1900s. It’s a pleasant place to bird in addition to visiting historic downtown Silver City. Location: Silver City Visitor Center. Facilities: Restrooms at Visitor Center. Habitat: Riparian.

B2. Little Walnut Picnic Area This Gila National Forest picnic area north of Silver City has well-signed trails and offers birding as well as pleasant hiking. Location: North from Silver City on Little Walnut Rd. Travel time one-way: 15 min. Facilities: Toilets, picnic tables. Habitat: Ponderosa pine, piñón-juniper and oak woodlands.

B3. Cherry Creek & McMillen Campgrounds This beautiful canyon offers excellent birding for forest species. The campgrounds are a mile apart and there are signs indicating each entrance. Location: North on NM 15, milepost 11.5 and 12.5. Travel time one-way: 30 min. Facilities: Toilets, picnic tables. Habitat: Riparian/Mixed conifer.

B4. Lake Roberts This beautiful mountain lake offers excellent birding for waterfowl and mountain species. The State Game Commission owns Lake Roberts and a GAIN (Gain Access Into Nature) permit is required. This special permit helps wildlife and is available at Wal-Mart and Doc Campbell’s Post near the Gila Cliff Dwellings. The cost is $9 for a 5day permit or $20 annually. Location: North on NM 15 then right on NM 35 to Lake Roberts.

Travel time one-way: 1 hour 15 minutes. Facilities: Toilets, picnic tables. Habitat: Aquatic, ponderosa pine, piñón-juniper and oak woodlands

B5. Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Trail 151 from the Monument provides good access for birding along the West Fork of the Gila River. You can also bird on the halfmile walk to the Gila Cliff Dwellings. The Visitor Center has a great selection of Native American, southwest and nature books. Location: North on NM 15, milepost 46. Travel time one-way: 1 hour 45 minutes. Facilities: Toilets at the Visitor Center, Cliff Dwellings Entry Station, and picnic areas; entry fee for Gila Cliff Dwelling National Monument trail. Habitat: Riparian, ponderosa pine, piñón-juniper, and oak woodlands

Birding East of Silver City B6. Fort Bayard Wildlife Refuge Historic Ft. Bayard was a frontier cavalry fort in the late 1800s. A National Cemetery is located here. Marked National Recreation Trails in the refuge offer pleasant hiking and opportunities to see elk. Location: East on Hwy 180, turn left at light to Ft. Bayard then follow the signs for forest road 536. The road dead ends in 3 miles at the trailhead but you can pull off at several locations along the way to bird. Travel time one-way: 15 min. Facilities: None Habitat: Riparian, grasslands, piñón-juniper, and oak woodlands.

B7. Black Range The Black Range offers a beautiful variety of scenery and convenient places to park and bird in the National Forest campgrounds along NM 152. These campgrounds are Lower Gallinas, Upper Gallinas, Railroad Canyon, and Iron Creek. Location: East on Hwy 180 then left on NM 152. Travel time one-way: 1 hour. Facilities: Toilets, picnic tables. Habitat: Riparian, mixed conifer.

Birding West of Silver City B8. Mangas Springs. This small marsh along Hwy 180 is an oasis in the surrounding arid grasslands.

Location: West on Hwy 180 between milepost 96 and 95 on west side of highway. Turn west onto McMillen Road, which parallels Hwy 180 for a half-mile. There’s a small pull off with a trashcan where you can park and walk along the road to bird. The road intersects again with Hwy 180. The sign at this junction says Mangas Springs. Travel time one-way: 20 min. Facilities: None. Habitat: Marsh, cottonwoods and willows.

B9. Gila River Bird Habitat Management Unit The Gila River Bird Habitat on the Gila National Forest is a major migration route. Location: West on Hwy 180 then left at the Bill Evens Lake turnoff, milepost 87. In about 3.5 miles there is a Y-intersection. Continue straight south onto the gravel road which will take you to the Gila River Bird Habitat. It’s about 5 miles. The gravel road will ascend into the hills away from the river for a few miles and than return to the river at the River Vista parking area. You’ll find excellent birding as you follow the paths through cottonwoods and river willows along the river. Travel time one-way: 1 hour. Facilities: Toilet at each location. Habitat: Aquatic, riparian, and desert foothills.

B10. Gila River Iron Bridge Conservation Area You can bird from the beautiful iron bridge that spans the Gila River. Location: West on Hwy 180 to the Gila River Bridge, milepost 85. After crossing the Gila River take an immediate left onto Iron Bridge Road. Go a short distance farther and park at the boulders. You can see the Iron Bridge from here. Go through the gate in the fence to get to the bridge. Travel time one-way: 45 min. Facilities: None. Habitat: Aquatic, riparian.

Walking distance to Historic Downtown

•WiFi & Cable TV • Gil-a Beans Coffee House & Mini Donuts • Shady Sites • Furnished Cabins •Laundry & Bath House •Grassy Tent Area •Shaded, Fenced-In Bark Park for Pets

Keith and Julie Cason Proprietors

1304 Bennett Street Silver City, New Mexico 88061 Corner of Bennett & 13th Street. (behind Food Basket Supermarket)

575.538.2239 •

Silver City - Grant County Chamber of Commerce The gateway to information on visiting, living, retiring, vacationing and doing business in Southwestern New Mexico!

B11. Whitewater Canyon The Catwalk National Recreation Trail, made up of metal walkways attached to rock walls with Whitewater Creek frothing below make this a unique birding excursion. Publisher’s Note: New construction on the the metal walkways and trail is scheduled to begin the summer of 2016 due to 2013 floods.

Location: West on Hwy 180 to Glenwood, mile marker 50, then turn right on NM 174. Travel time one-way: 1 hour 15 min. Facilities: Toilets and picnic area Habitat: Riparian (800) 548-9378 (575) 538-3785



Hiking Destinations written By Jackie Blurton

Photo by Jackie Blurton

“Mountain peaks will beckon you.”

Grant County, a land of contrast and diversity, is a splendid place for hiking in all seasons. You don’t have to go far to find a trail to set your feet upon and enjoy one of our great recreational pastimes. A few minutes walk from the road and you’ll be surrounded with solitude and the whisper of pines and aspens. Pool-filled canyons lead you through shady forests and sun-filled meadows. Mountain peaks will beckon you. There are trails that follow the very crest of the Black Range and the Mogollón Mountains and offer spectacular, boundless vistas. Far below, hidden canyons of cliffs and spires where eagles and ravens soar, wind their serpentine way to the far distant plains. If you have a passion to hike the backbone of the continent, the Continental Divide Trail runs right through Grant County. Many sections of trail are new and offer outstanding day hikes. Come hiking in Grant County. You’ll marvel at this unique country. Shear volcanic cliffs tower above river corridors. Pinnacles of rock rise from the mountainsides like dragons teeth. Hidden springs provide a focal point for wildlife and the activities of ancient peoples and frontier miners. Grasslands and piñón/juniper woodlands skirt the mountains. Pine and aspen forests grace the peaks. Blue mountains blend into blue skies on the horizon. You won’t find trailhead parking lots crammed with cars. You will find great beauty, solitude, and wonderful trails. A large portion of the Gila National Forest is in Grant County and has an extensive system of maintained trails. The forest includes the 558,065-acre Gila Wilderness, and the 202,016-acre Aldo Leopold Wilderness.



Gila River Middle & West Fork Trails (M43.7, NM15) Out and back hikes and have numerous river crossings Site H3

Little Dry Creek (M61.5, US180, Sacaton Rd.) A leisurely 2 mile hike to the Wilderness boundary.

Mineral Creek (M46.1, US180, 5 mi. on FR701) A mountain canyon of steep walls and clear water. Tour 5,

Site H9

Site 18

Photo by Jackie Blurton

Photo by Jackie Blurton

Photo by Becky O’Connor

y Jackie Blurton Photo by

y Becky y O’Connor Photo by

Signal Peak Trail (M14, NM15) A halfday, 5-mile roundtrip hike to the Signal Peak lookout tower at 9000 ft. Site H2

Dragonfly Loop Trail (M20.5, US180) Part of the Fort Bayard trail system, with pictographs. Site H6

Photo by Debra Sutton

Hiking in the Gila


Gold Dust Trail (M47.4, US180, 3.9 mi. on NM159) Beautiful hike looks over White-water Canyon, home of the Catwalk. Site H11

Map page 24 Here are a few of our favorite day hikes. Travel time to the trailheads is from Silver City. Trail mileage is approximate. Area maps are available at the Murray Ryan Visitor Center. Gila National Forest and Wilderness maps are available at the Gila National Forest Supervisors Office, 3005 E. Camino Del Bosque in Silver City, and at District Ranger Stations.

Hiking Near Silver City H1. Little Walnut Picnic Area /Gomez Peak Trail System There are well-signed loop trails. Location: North of Silver City on Little Walnut Road Travel time one-way: 15 min Facilities: Toilets, picnic area Vegetation: Ponderosa, piñón-juniper

Hiking North of Silver City H2. Signal Peak Trail #742 This is a nice half-day, 5-mile roundtrip hike to the Signal Peak lookout tower at 9000 ft. Location: North on NM 15, milepost 14; look for the trailhead sign on the right and parking pull-off on the left Travel time one-way: 30 min. Facilities: None Vegetation: Mixed conifer, oak

H3. Gila River, Middle Fork Trail #157 and West Fork Trail #151 Trail #157 begins at the Gila Cliff Dwellings Visitor Center. Trail #151 begins at the entry station to the Gila Cliff Dwellings. These are out and back hikes, so go as far as you want. Both have numerous river crossings and appropriate footwear is recommended. I use fabric and leather boots that I don’t mind getting wet. Don’t hike these trails when rivers are at flood stage. Location: North on NM 15 at the Gila Cliff Dwellings Nat’l Monument Travel time one-way: 1 hr 45 min Facilities: Toilets & picnic areas Environment: Riparian, ponderosa

H4. Little Creek Trail #160 Trail #160 climbs a ridge with great views of mountains and canyons. It’s 4.25 miles one-way to Little Creek. You can make a 9-mile loop by hiking #160, #162, EE Canyon Trail #813, and West Fork Trail #151 back to the Gila Cliff Dwellings. Location: On NM15, before the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Travel time one-way: 1 hr 45 min. Facilities: Toilet Vegetation: Ponderosa, piñón-juniper

H5. Little Bear Canyon Trail #729

Hiking West of Silver City

This trail takes you over a ridge and through the beautiful Little Bear Canyon narrows to the Middle Fork of the Gila River. It’s 4.25 miles oneway. Flash floods are possible in Little Bear during rainstorms. Location: North on NM 15, before the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Travel time one-way: 1 hr 45 min. Facilities: Toilet Vegetation: Ponderosa, piñónjuniper

H9. Little Dry Creek Trail #180 It’s 4.5 miles to Windy Gap at 8200 ft up this narrow canyon with a stream and pools. Location: West on Hwy 180; turn right on Forest Road 147 about 1 mile after the Aldo Leopold Historical Monument; go 3.5 miles, then left on Forest Road 196; it’s about 4 miles to the trailhead. Travel time one-way: 1.5 hr Facilities: None Vegetation: Mixed conifer, aspen

Hiking East of Silver City

H10. Holt Apache Trail #181

H6. Fort Bayard Wildlife Refuge

It’s 5 miles and a 2800 ft elevation gain from the trailhead to Holt Spring at 9200 ft. Location: West on Hwy 180; look for the #181 trail sign on the right side of the road about 4 miles after the Aldo Leopold Historical Monument; it’s 4 miles on Forest Road 146 to the trailhead. Travel time one-way: 1 hr Facilities: None Vegetation: Mixed conifer, aspen

The refuge is part of the Gila National Forest and has many trails but few signs. A favorite destination is a 4-mile round-trip hike to the Big Tree, a 600-year-old Alligator Juniper. The trail is marked. Location: East on Hwy 180, left at the light to Fort Bayard. Stay to the right at all the “Y” intersection until you come to Forest Road 536. Go 3 miles on the gravel road to the parking area at the end of the road. Travel time one-way: 30 min Facilities: None Vegetation: Ponderosa, piñón-juniper

We Have It All...

About 2 miles long, covering the • Beautiful Landscapes • Abundant Wildlife • Art same stretch and distance along • Shakespeare Ghost Town & Tours • Birding Habitats Whitewater Creek as the Catwalk • Year-Round Activities & Hunting Opportunities Trail except it is about 600 ft above the creek and canyon. Location: West on Hwy 180 past Glenwood, then right on NM159 (Bursum Road); go 3.9 miles to a gravel road on the right; go 200 206 Main Street • PO Box 699, Lordsburg, NM 88045 • 575-542-9864 yds to the trailhead. Travel time one-way: 1.5 hr Facilities: None Vegetation: Open, piñónjuniper

H11. Gold Dust Trail #41

H7. Gallinas Canyon Trail #129 and Railroad Canyon Trail #128 Both trails begin at the same trailhead. At 1.5 miles the trail divides. Trail #129 switchbacks up a slope to the left and goes up Gallinas Canyon 4.5 miles to the crest of the Black Range at 9000 ft. Trail #128 continues up Railroad Canyon 3.5 miles to the crest of the Black Range at 8800 ft. Location: East on NM 152 in the Black Range; look for trailhead sign for #129 on the left. Travel time one-way: 50 min. Facilities: Toilet Vegetation: Mixed conifer

Hiking South of Silver City H12. Continental Divide Trail This is part of the Continental Divide National Recreation Trail. The trail going north from the parking area climbs up to Jacks Peak at 8000 ft. The trail going south goes through high desert hills and washes. Location: South on Hwy 90 on north side of road between milepost 20 and 21. Travel time one-way: 20 min Facilities: None Vegetation: High desert, piñónjuniper, oak woodlands; conifers on Jacks Peak

H8. Black Range Crest Trail #79 Crest Trail #79 South from Emory Pass: This is a great hike along the Black Range crest through cool pines and aspens. It’s 4 miles one way to Sawyers Peak at 9640 ft. Crest Trail #79 North from Emery Pass: This trail offers many exceptional vistas. An excellent day hike destination is the 5.5-mile hike to the lookout tower on Hillsboro Peak at 10,011 ft. Location: East on NM 152 in the Black Range at Emory Pass Travel time one-way: 1 hr. Facilities: Toilet Vegetation: Mixed conifer, aspen

Contact the U.S. Forest Service for updated road, trail and campground information in these regions of the Gila National Forest. Silver City 575-388-8201; Glenwood 575-5392481; Reserve 575-533-8029.

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3420 Highway 180 East Silver City, NM 88061 Phone (575) 538-3711 Fax (575) 538-0696

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Bikingg & Cycling y g Grant Count has some of the best year-around bicycling.

Map page 24

Road Bike Rides

Here are some of our favorite mountain and road rides. Area maps are available at the Murray Ryan Visitor Center, 201 N. Hudson Street in Silver City. More information, bike gear, sales and service are available at the bike shops in Silver City.

Lightly traveled roads make Grant Co. a great place for year-around cycling.

Mountain Bike Rides

R2. NM 15 to Sapillo Creek

M1. Burro CDT South

This is a local favorite. From Silver City to Pinos Altos, about 7 miles, the road is 2-lane with shoulders. North of Pinos Altos the road becomes a narrow 2-way with no lane markings or shoulders. It’s 18 miles from Pinos Altos to the junction with NM 35. There are several good turn-around points if you don’t want to go all the way. The last 3-mile descent into Sapillo Creek is steep with blind hairpin curves. Directions: Ride north from Silver City on NM 15 Terrain: Winding mountain roads

This is a new segment of the Continental Divide Trail (CDT). Location: South from Silver City on NM 90 between milepost 22 & 21. Turn right onto Forest Road 282. At the end of the road park near the trailhead sign for Jacks Peak. Across the grassy clearing to the south is a cairn and CDT marker at the trailhead. Difficulty: Moderate Travel time to trailhead: 20 min.

M2. Little Walnut Picnic Area/Gomez Peak Trail System A great system of trails that begin at the Little Walnut Picnic Area. Directions to Trailhead: North of Silver City on Little Walnut Rd. Difficulty: Moderate to difficult Travel time to Trailhead: 15 min.

M3. Fort Bayard Wildlife Refuge This is part of the Gila National Forest and has a great system of National Recreation Trails. Directions to trailhead: East from Silver City on Hwy 180, between milepost 118 and 119 turn left onto Arenas Valley Road then go 1 mile to the parking area. Difficulty: Moderate to difficult. Travel time to Trailhead: 15 to 20 min.

R1. US Highway 180 West (NM Bike Route 18) A light to moderately traveled twolane road with shoulders. Directions: Ride west from Silver City on Hwy 180 Terrain: Hills and valleys

Mimbres River Valley R3, R4, R5. There are 3 ride options in the Mimbres River Valley. To get to the Mimbres, go east from Silver City on Hwy 180 then turn left onto NM 152. It’s about 20 miles from Silver City to the Mimbres Valley. If you don’t want to ride this section, you can drive to the Mimbres Valley and park in a gravel parking area at the junction of NM 152 and 61 at milepost 15 and ride from there. R3 Upper Mimbres River Valley NM 35 is an easy ride up the valley to the Continental Divide between mile marker 15 and 16. Lake Roberts is 7 miles further. Location: East on Hwy 180, turn left at light to Ft Bayard then

follow the signs for forest road 536. The road dead ends in 3 miles at the trailhead but you can pull off at several locations along the way to bird. Directions: Ride north from NM 152 on NM 35 Terrain: River valley R4 Lower Mimbres River Valley NM 61 is an easy ride down the valley. Directions: Ride south from NM 152 on NM 61. It’s 26 miles to Hwy 180 Terrain: River valley

R5. Emory Pass. NM 152 continues east across the valley and climbs 17 miles into the Black Range to 8,000 ft. Emory Pass. The road up to the Gila National Forest boundary is a wide 2-lane then becomes a narrow 2-lane with blind curves and some steep grades. This is for experienced riders. Directions: Ride east on NM 152 Terrain: Winding mountain roads

Motorcycle Tours Welcome to our scenic byways. Beautiful mountain scenery and good roads make Grant County a great motorcycling destination. Approximate mileages and travel times are from Silver City. Area maps are available at the Silver City Grant County Visitor Center, 201 N Hudson St. in Silver City. MC1. The Gila Cliff Dwellings - Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway Miles: 122 round trip. Travel time one-way: 1 hr 45 min Gas: Silver City, the village of

Mimbres, and Lake Roberts General Store on NM 35. Directions: Follow the Trail of the Mountain Spirits Scenic Byway by going east from Silver City on Hwy 180 or north on NM 15 MC2. The Catwalk of Whitewater Canyon and Mogollón Peak Trail System Miles: 136 round trip to the Catwalk; 163 round trip to Mogollón Travel time one-way: 1 hr 30 min to the Catwalk; 1 hr 45 min to Mogollón Gas: Silver City, Cliff and Glenwood Directions to the Catwalk: West from Silver City on Hwy. 180; in Glenwood turn right onto NM 174 Directions to Mogollón: If you want to visit the old mining town of Mogollón continue north from Glenwood 3 miles and turn right onto NM 159. It’s 9 miles up a very narrow winding mountain road with blind curves and no guardrails. Mogollón has well preserved buildings from the late 1800s. Terrain: Valleys and winding mountain roads Publisher’s Note: Contact the Gila National Forest at 575-388-8201 or Glenwood Ranger Dist., 575-539-2481 for road conditions.

MC3. Emory Pass and Hillsboro Miles: 74 round trip to Emory Pass; 116 round trip to Hillsboro Travel time one-way: 1 hr to Emory Pass; 1 hr 45 min to Hillsboro Gas: Silver City, Hillsboro Directions to Emory Pass: Go east from Silver City on Hwy 180, then turn left onto NM 152 Directions to Hillsboro: From Emory Pass continue down the east side of the Black Range to visit the town of Hillsboro Terrain: Winding mountain roads


YOYA’S MARKET A Quick Stop For Just About Everything. Hot Deli Serving Daily Specials M-S 5AM-12AM • SUN 6AM-12AM M-S 5AM-6PM • SUN 6AM-1PM (575) 546-4109 • 1620 Columbus Rd. Deming, NM 88030

THUNDER LUBE & CAR WASH Oil Change & Lube • No Appointment Needed M-F 8AM-5PM - SAT 8AM-2PM1900 E. Pine St. Deming, NM 88030(575) 544-3918 (575) 544-4003 • (575) 544-4005 • M-S 11AM-12AM • SUN 12PM-12AM • 1624 S. Columbus Rd. Deming, NM 88030


Museums & Cultural Centers

New N Ne w Mexico Mex Me exi xic ico Museum M seum of Space Mu S ace History Sp His Hi isto t ry r Hwy. 2001 • 575-437-2840 Space age developments and travel on display. Oliver O Ol liliv ive ver Lee Ra R Ranch nch Ho H House u e us 409 Dog Canyon Rd. • 575-437-8284 Pioneer Oliver Lee’s restored homestead. TToyy Trains To Tra Tr rain i s Museum M seum & Train Mu Tra Tr rain i Ri R Ride ide id de N. White Sands Blvd • 575-888-207-3564 Tr TTrains ains of every size.

Albuquerque Alb Albuquerque l uquerq lb r ue Museum rq M seum of Art Mu r and History rt His Hi isto t ry r 19th & Mountain Rd. NW 505-243-7255 Traditional and contemporary art of New Mexico and sculpture garden. Anderson-Abruzzo Albuquerque International Balloon Museum 9201 Balloon Museum Dr. NE 505-880-0500 Balloon history exhibits, educational programs, library and shop. ¡explora! Science Center and Children’s Museum of Albuquerque 1701 Mountain Road NW • 505-224-8300 Hands-on interactive museum. Indian Pueblo Cultural Center 2401 12th St. NW • 866-855-7902 • Pueblo history blended with work by contemporary artists and craftsmen. Lodestar Astronomy Planetarium 1801 Mountain Rd NW • 505-841-2800. Digital planetarium, motion simulator and observatory. Maxwell Museum of Anthropology UNM 1 University of New Mexico. 505-277-4405 Collections focusing on southwest native cultures. National Museum of Nuclear Science & History 601 Eubank SE • 505-245-2137 The Manhattan Project includes exhibits about the atomic bomb. National Hispanic Cultural Center of NM 1701 4th Street SW•505-246-2261 Exhibitions, performances and research. NM Museum of Natural History & Science 1801 Mt. Rd. NW •841-2800 Experimental museum with active volcano, dinosaurs and big screen theater. Rio Grande Nature Center 2901Candelaria Rd. NW • 505-344-7240 The flora, fauna, geology and ecology of the Rio Grande Valley. Tinkertown Museum 121 Sandia Crest Rd. Sandia Park 505-281-5233 The Old West and other collections shown in miniature. University Art Museum and Jonson Gallery UNM •1 University of New Mexico 505-2774001 Collections of world re-nowned European and American art. Unser Racing Museum 1776 Montano Rd. NW • 505-341-1776 Four generations of Unsers and racecars.



Old l Mill ld Mil Mi ill ll Museum M seum NM21 • 505-376-2913 ColMu lections covering the region’s history.

Cloudcroft Sacramento Sacra r mento ra t Mountains to M unta Mo t in ta i s Historical His Hi isto t ri ric ical Mu M Museum seum & Pi P Pioneer ioneer Vi io V Village ililllla lage 1000 Hwy. 82 •575-682-2932 • 575-682-2932 History of the community from the Old West era to present day.

Deming Demin Deming/Luna i g/ in g/L /Luna Mimbres Mim Mi imbre r s Mu re M Museum seum 301 S. Silver • 575-546-2382 Collections of Mimbres pottery and more.

Espanola Bond House Museum 710 Bond St. • 505-747-8535 Collections focus on art and history of the area.

Farmington Farmington Museum 3041 E. Main St • 505-599-1174 Prehistory of the region and a history of the Navajo and of Farmington.


La Mesilla Gadsden Museum 1875 Boutz Rd. • 575-526-6293. Collections of Spanish and Indian artifacts.

Las Cruces Branigan Cultural Center 501 North Main St. • 575-541-2154 Museum features exhibits of the region’s art and history. Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum 4100 Dripping Springs Rd. • 575-522-4100 Historical farm and ranch collections featured. Las Cruces Museum of Art 491 North Main St. • 575-541-2137 Contemporary art exhibitions, public and educational activities. Las Cruces Museum of Nature & Science 411 N. Main St. • 575-522-3120 Southwest natural history. Las Cruces Railroad Museum 351 N. Mesilla St. • 575-647-4480 museums. Local history & railroadiana. NMSU Museum Kent Hall • 575-646-3739 of gems, fossils and technological influences of the West.

Las Vegas City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial 727 Grand Ave. • 505-454-1401 History of Northeast NM.

Chimayõ Museum13 Plaza del Cerrõ History and culture of Chimayó and its surrounding communities.

Historic Lincoln-Division of Hubbard Museum US 380 • 575-653-4025 Building Tours, Billy the Kid exhibit. Lordsburg Hidalgo Museum 575-542-9086 • 710 East 2nd St.. Old West museum documents early history of the nearby ghost towns of Shakespeare and Steins.

Los Alamos Bandelier National Monument 505-672-3861 • Collection of Pueblo culture from 1200 AD to present. Bradbury Science Museum 15th & Central. • 505-667-4444 • Science exhibits including WWII Project Y. Los Alamos Historical Museum 1921 Juniper St. • 505-662-6272 History of Los Alamos.

Santa t Fe ta F Ch C ild il ldr dre ren’s ’ Museum ’s M seum Mu Children’s 1050 Old Pecos Tr TTrail ail • 505-989-8359 Yo YYouth uth museum with focus on the humanities and science. W Wh eelwr wri wr rig ight Mu M seum of th tthee Ameri ric ri ican In IIn-Wheelwright Museum American d di ian 704 Camino Lejo • 505-982-4636 ia dian Collections of contemporary and historic Indian arts and crafts.

Silver City

Poeh P Po eh Cultural Cult ltu lt tura r l Center Cente t r te 78 Cities of Gold Rd. • 505-455-3334 h Dedicated D di d to the h culture l off the h Northern Pueblos. Poeh Museum 78 Cities of Gold Rd. • 505-455-5041 History, culture & heritage of Pueblo people.

Silver S Si ilve il v r Ci C City ity it ty Mu M Museum seum 312 W. Broadway • 575-538-5921 Victorian era and frontier collections. WNMU Museum WNMU Campus 1000 W. College 575-538-6386 • History of southwest New Mexico exhibiting the worlds’s largest collection of Mimbres pottery including the NAN Ranch collection.



Pojoaque Poj o oaque oj

Blackwater Draw Museum ENMU 1500 S. Ave. K • 575-562-1011 Museum focusing on archaeological finds in Blackwater Draw site.

International UFO Museum and Research Center 114 N. Main • 800-822-3545 UFO phenomenon. Roswell Museum and Art Center 100 W. 11th St. • 575-624-6744 Art and science exhibits including Goddard collection and Hurd/Wyeth art work.

NM Mining Museum100 N. Iron Ave. 800-748-2142 Collections devoted to mining.



o Car Mu ox M seum Box Museum N. Main St. • 575-854-2261 Old photographs and objects of frontier life.



Carlsbad Museum and Art Center 418 W. Fox•575-887-0276 Focus on geology, history and art of the region.





l Coal Mi ld M ine Mu in M seum Old Mine Museum 2814 Hwy 14 • 505-438-3780 Includes an authentic coal mine shaft.

Red Rock Park & Museum Red Rock Park 505-722-3839 Displays of native artifacts & art. Rex Museum 300 W. Historic Rt. 66 Ave. 505-863-1363 History of Gallup’s railroads and mines.

Harvey House Museum 104 N. First Street • 505-861-0581. Harvey Girls, Harvey Houses; Santa Fe Railway; Valencia County History; Model Railroad Display, Monthly Exhibits. Smokey Bear Museum 102 Smokey Bear Blvd • 575-354-2298 A museum devoted to Forest Service fire prevention campaign featuring Smokey Bear.


The Raton Museum 108 S. Secont St. • 575-445-8979 Features the history of the region.


Ruidoso Hubbard Museum of the American West 841 Hwy. 70 E. • 575-378-4142 Devoted to history of the equine & Dave McGary sculpture.

Santa Fe El Rancho de las Golondrinas 334 Los Pinos Rd. • 505-471-2261 A historical physical depiction of Colonial New Mexico. The Georgia O’Keeffe Museum 217 Johnson St. • 505-946-1000 The world’s largest collection of art work by legendary artist Georgia O’Keeffe. Museum of Spanish Colonial Art 750 Camino Lejo 505-982-2226 Showcase of rich Spanish traditions. The Indian Arts Research Center 660 Garcia St. • 505-954-7205 Exhibits and collections of Indian art. Institute of American Indian Arts 83 Avan Nu Po Rd. • 505-424-2300 • Museum houses the national collection of contemporary Native American art. Museum of Fine Arts 107 W. Palace Ave. • 505-476-5072 • Exhibits of Southwest artists and Taos and Santa Fe Masters. Museum of Indian Arts and Culture 710 Camino Lejo • 505-476-1250 Indian artifacts. Museum of International Folk Art 706 Camino Lejo • 505-476-1200 Collections and exhibits from around the world.100+ countries. New Mexico History Museum 120 Lincoln Ave. • 505-476-5100 • Grand Opening Memorial Day Weekend 2009. A state-of-the-art, immersive interactive exhibition set to cast new light on how history can be learned. Palace of the Governors 105 W. Palace Ave. • 505-476-5100 Historic landmark holds the State’s history museum, library and photo archives.

Mineralogical Museum NM Institute of Mining and Technology 801 Leroy Place 575-835-5420 Fossils & mineral specimens.

Taos E.L. Blumenschein Home & Museum 222 Ledoux St. • 575-758-0505 The Southwest and European traditions and cultures are seen as having melded into one. Governor Bent Home & Museum 117 A Bent St.• 575-758-2376. Museum and home of New Mexico’s first territorial governor. Harwood Museum of Art 238 Ledoux St. • 575-758-9826 Taos history with emphasis on Indian pueblos and Spanish culture. Kit Carson Home & Museum 113 Kit Carson Rd. • 575-758-4945 Mountain man Kit Carson’s artifacts and other frontier exhibits. La Hacienda De Los Martinez 708 Hacienda Rd. • 575-758-0505. Tour a large hacienda which portrays Spanish colonial life. Millicent Rogers Museum 1504 Millicent Rogers Rd. • 575-758-2462 Collections include hispanic art and Indian exhibits. Also featured is the Maria Martinez collection. Taos Art Museum & Fechin House 227 Paseo del Pueblo Norte • 575-758-2690 Home of Russian artist. Furniture and folk art displayed.

Toadlena Two Grey Hills Museum Toadlena Trading Post • 505-789-3267. Includes the most famous of the Navajo rugs.

Truth or Consequences Geronimo Springs Museum 211 Main St. • 575-894-6600 World-class collection of prehistoric Mimbres pottery, Apache, Hispanic, military, mining, exhibits.

Tucumcari Tucumcari Historical Museum 416 S. Adams St.• 575-461-4201. Community history with collections of Indian artifacts.

Zuni A:shiwi A:wan Museum and Heritage Center 02E Ojo Caliente Rd. • 505-782-4403 Community directed Eco-Museum and Heritage Center.

Ganado, AZ Hubbell Trading Post Hwy 264 • 928-755-3475. Oldest operating Trading Post on the Navajo Nation.

Window Rock, AZ The Navajo Nation Museum Hwy 264 & Loop Rd. • 928-871-7941 History, Culture and exhibitions of the Four Corners Region.

El Paso, TX Insights Science Museum 505 N. Santa Fe • 915-534-0000 Explorations in science. El Paso Museum of Art 1 Arts Festival Plaza • 915-532-1707 Houses a permanent collection of over 5,000 works of art.




Southwest New Mexico touts destination-worthy museums in Silver City and Deming. Both the Western New Mexico University Museum in Silver City and the Deming Luna Mimbres Museum display renowned collections of the Mimbres Culture, known for its intriguing artwork on pottery. The Deming museum also provides magnificent displays ranging from a world-class collection of geodes to farm, ranch and early railroad and military equipment. The Silver City Museum, housed in one of Silver City’s many historic Victorian homes, provides insight into the colorful past of the community and southwest New Mexico. Wherever you travel in New Mexico, explore the history that generates a unique and memorable state of enchantment.

SILVER CITY Silver City Museum

Western New Mexico University Museum

The restored 1881 Mansard/Italianate H.B. Ailman House serves as the showpiece – the single largest artifact - of the Silver City Museum. Housed in the original structure and the attached annex are some 50,000 objects relating to the peoples and history of southwest New Mexico. Interactive exhibits, including the Victorian parlor, help visitors visualize late nineteenth-century life in a fine Silver City home. Household and office furnishings are displayed as well as Native American artifacts. Items from area ranches and Grant County mines relate to the industries that formed the region’s foundation. The museum holds the keys for fully appreciating today’s community. Facing the courtyard are interpretive window exhibits with maps and photos describing the city’s four historic districts. The museum store has gifts and free visitor maps.




The largest, most comprehensive permanent exhibition of prehistoric Mimbres Mogollon pottery and artifacts in the world is featured at the Western New Mexico University Museum in Silver City. The latest and most prominent collection was scientifically researched and excavated over a thirty-year period by Texas A&M archaeologist Dr. Harry J. Shafer and his students. It includes an exhibit of beermaking artifacts used by the prehistoric group. Also displayed are prehistoric pottery and artifacts of the Upland Mogollon, Casas Grandes, Salado and Anasazi cultures. Historic Puebloan pottery, Navajo blankets, New Deal art and contemporary art by local artists are scattered throughout the museum. The reproduction of an assayer’s office, photography and artifacts present a brief history of mining in the area. The development of the school from an 1893 territorial normal school to a modern university is part of the permanent display. The townspeople and statesmen behind its formation are highlighted.

DEMING Deming Luna Mimbres Museum

Housed in the old National Guard Armory and its annexes, the Deming Luna Mimbres Museum displays exhibits including period rooms of various ethnic groups and professions, antique machines and tools, vehicles, farm equipment, a fire engine, railroad and war memorabilia, toys, dolls, clothes, a major display of gems, minerals and geodes, Indian artifacts and significant collections of Mimbres pottery. The beautifully dressed and well-documented doll collection now includes over a thousand dolls and related toys from around the world and dating back as far as 1796. Note a historic sequence in the collection of over 2,000 colorful bottles and view an impressive collection of over 2,000 bells. Donated quilts and laces round out the presentations. There is truly something for everyone in this spacious and well-organized museum.


abovee: The Silver City Museum is housed in the H. B. Ailman home built in the late 1800s.

One of the Largest Mimbres Pottery Exhibits Gem & Mineral Ranch & Farm • Doll Room Military Room • China & Glassware Main Street • Gift Shop







Aug Sep Oct Dec

Annual Quilt Show. 575-542-9646 Cowboy Poetry Fiesta. 575-542-9258 Lordsburg July 4th Activities & 5K Run. 575-542-3421 Rodeo 4th of July Celebration. 575-557-2295 Hidalgo County Fair, Rancho De Hidalgo, Parade & Carnival. 575-542-9291 Tejano Fest. Car/Bike Show. 575-574-5382 Discover Hidalgo. 575-542-9864 Lordsburg Light Parade 575-542-9864 Moonlight Madness 575-542-8844

Contact the Lordsburg - Hidalgo County Chamber to check on events and dates, as changes may occur throughout the year. 575-542-9864 • Fx: 575-542-9059 email: •

ATTRACTIONS Lordsburg Hidalgo Museum. This Old West museum documents the early history in which the nearby ghost towns took root. M-F 1-5 PM. 710 E 2nd St. 575-542-9086. Rodeo. On the NM-AZ border in southern Hidalgo Co., Rodeo is a small art center with the Chiricahua Guild & Gallery located in an old Mission Church, and the Chiricahua Desert Museum with live reptile displays, a gift shop and gallery. The area offers facilities for travelers. Redrock Wildlife Area. Located on the Gila River and is operated by the NM Game & Fish Dept. All animals are protected within the refuge even during hunting seasons. The main project at the reserve is the breeding and growth of the Desert Big-Horn Sheep. Shakespeare Ghost Town. 2.5 miles southwest of Lordsburg. Open monthly for guided tours. Call for schedule. 575542-9034 Peloncillo Mountains Wilderness. Ragged and rugged, the historic Butterfield Stage Route forms the southern boundary.

LOCATION Lordsburg is located at the junction of I-10, US70 and NM90 near the Butterfield Trail stage stop of Shakespeare.

MORE INFORMATION Lordsburg Hidalgo County Chamber of Commerce (575) 542-9864 email:

this page: Periodic tours,reenactments and blacksmith demonstrations are highlights of Shakespeare ghost town by Lordsburg. 92




Shakespeare National Historic


"Gunslingers, museums rare birds"


Just tw ttwo wo miles south of Lordsburg sits Shake wo Shakespeare k speare ghost tow ke town, o n, a National ow Historic Site once roamed by the like likes k s of Billy ke l the Kid, Curly ly l Bill Brocius, Ru ly R Russssian Bill, John Ringo, Sandy King, Jim Hughes and the Clantons. The 1800s mining camp and Butterfield Trail stage stop boldly clings to its rip-roaring past. Offering remnants of the old west, the Lordsburg Hidalgo County Museum captures the city’s beginnings as a railroad, agriculture and mining town, highlights the landing of Charles Lindbergh during his cross-county flight and displays a nationally-recognized collection of prisoner of war memorabilia from a nearby World War II POW camp. Southwest of Lordsburg in the heart of New Mexico’s boot heel, The Chiricahua Desert Museum features one of the largest collections of live endangered reptiles in existence, Tell Hicks Wildlife prints, artifacts and Native American jewelry, as well as their own ECO herpetological books and clothing. The village of Rodeo showcases the work of local artisans at McKasson’s Studio/Gallery and the Chiricahua Guild and Art Gallery in the old mission church. North of Lordsburg, the Lower Gila Box Wilderness Study Area provides access to petroglyphs and some 170 species of birds.

We Have It All...

• Beautiful Landscapes • Abundant Wildlife • Shakespeare Ghost Town & Tours • Art Communities • Year-Round Activities • Hunting Opportunities • Birding Habitats 206 Main Street • PO Box 699 Lordsburg, NM 88045 575-542-9864 FORTS & GHOST TOWNS LORDSBURG



Mogollon Ghost Town

"One of the wildest mining towns in the west"

Custom Homes • Adobe Homes Metal Roofing • Metal Buildings Kenny Sutton, Licensed Contractor • Lic.#93981 • Glenwood, NM

505.469.1561 • 575.539.2584


The Catwalk National Recreation Trail

The ghost town of Mogollon is a picturesque turn-ofturn-of-the-last-century f-fthe-last-t-tcentury mining camp with a transient population of three to six thousand miners. Due to its isolation, it had a reputation i as one off the h wildest ild mining i i towns iin the h west. A ffew b buildings ildi remain i with iha beautiful mountain setting. My Name is Nobody, starring Henry Fonda, was filmed there. In the nearby county seat of Reserve, a bronze statue commemorates lawman Elfego Baca, who endured a 33-hour shootout in 1884 against incredible odds. The lawman emerged unscathed, earning himself a reputation as a force of reckoning. Disney released a miniseries in 1957 entitled The Nine Lives of Elfego Baca and later it was edited into a movie called Elfego Baca: Six Gun Law. Three national forests share borders within this sparsely populated land of mountain lakes, hiking trails and campsites. Snow Lake on the north edge of the Gila Wilderness and Quemado Lake just south of US60 are excellent trout waters where only electric boat motors are allowed.

ATTRACTIONS Clairmont. Ghost town 19 miles northeast of Glenwood. 575-533-6922 Cooney’s Tomb. Alma, 7 miles north of Glenwood. Burial of soldiers killed in a conflict with Apaches. Mogollon. Ghost town 13 miles northeast of Glenwood. Snow Lake. In the Gila National Forest. Camping and fishing. 47 miles northeast of Glenwood. Quemado Lake. Camping, fishing 11 miles south of Quemado. Whitewater Canyon. 5 miles east of Glenwood. 575-539-2711 EVENTS Mar Dutch Oven Cook Off in Glenwood Park. 575-539-2321 Jul July 4th Celebration in Glenwood. 575-539-2711 July 4th Celebration in Quemado and Reserve. 575-533-6968 Jul Frisco CowBelles’ Ann. Western Art Auction. Dance and Barbeque in Glenwood. 575-539-2711 Luna Pioneer Days & Rodeo. 575-5336968 Aug Catron County Fair and Rodeo in Reserve. 575-533-6968 Sep Pie Town Pie Festival. 575-772-2525


Coordinated Care LLC.

Reserve is located at the junction of NM 12 and the San Francisco River. Glenwood is located on US180 37 miles south of Reserve and 60 miles northwest of Silver City.

& Angelwings Home Care

Serving Catron and Grant Counties. Homemaker Services.

Glenwood Office: 575.539.2227 Silver City Office: 575.534.0311 94


this page: Numerous buildings remain in this high mountain ghost town that was a lively gold-mining camp accessed from Glenwood.


© Joseph Burgess


Pinos Altos

Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic By-Way, Lake Roberts The Mimbres Valley


"Once a rip-roaring gold-mining camp" At 7,000 feet, the Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway passes through the quaint village of Pinos Altos, once a rip-roaring gold-mining camp and county seat, while just beyond, the peaceful Mimbres River Valley supports orchards and remnants of prehistoric cultures. Geronimo, an Apache medicine man, was a fierce warrior hunted by the armies of both Mexico and the United States. A monument recognizing his birth near the headwaters of the Gila River north of Silver City was erected at the Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument Visitor Center. Another describes his final surrender at Skeleton Canyon in New Mexico’s boot heel west of Rodeo. The byway winds through rugged mountain forests, crisscrossing the Continental Divide where Geronimo undoubtedly honed his skills for hunting and avoiding capture. It skirts Lake Roberts, crosses the Gila and Mimbres Rivers and passes mission churches, a large open pit mine and Fort Bayard Historic District and National Cemetery that once supported Buffalo Soldiers that protected against the illusive Indians.

Fabulous getaway nestled in the tall pines of Pinos Altos. • Wedding Venue • Event Hall • Gift Shop • Crackling Fireplaces • Secluded Balconies • Relaxing Porches • Satellite TV • Hot Tub in Cabana • Cabins with kitchens are available. Conveniently located just 7 miles north of Silver City on NM Hwy. 15.

575.388.4501 888.388.4515 Make reservations & view availability online 88 Main Street • 4766 Hwy 15 (mailing only) Pinos Altos, NM 88053

LOCATION Starting and finishing in Silver City, the trail loop heads north on NM15, east and south on NM35, west on NM152 and north on US180.

Manufactured Home Subdivision 5 acre lots with roads and power.

MORE INFORMATION Murray Ryan Visitor Center (575) 538-5555 Grant County Business and Conference Center (575) 574-0070 • this page: The Buckhorn Saloon and Opera House (circa 1860) is filled with old western history.

Hwy. 180 E. off XYZ Ranch Rd. Silver City, NM | 575-388-1951



SOUTHEAST CARLSBAD CAV CAVERNS A ERNS NAT AV NATIONAL A IONAL PA AT P PARK RK r ’s marv re r els, the park consists of over 100 caves rv One of nature nature’s marvels, ffeet. et. To TTours urs available. including the deepest in the U.S. at 1,567 fe 575-785-2232

FORT SELDEN HISTORIC SITE An 1800s cavalry fort that was utilized by the Buffalo Soldiers. A year-round visitor center and living history demonstrations on weekends May through September. Nineteenth century military encampments second Saturdays monthly year-round. 575-526-8911

FORT STANTON STATE MONUMENT Established as a military fort in 1855, it also served as a tuberculosis hospital and WWII internment camp for German seamen. 888-667-2757

LINCOLN HISTORIC DISTRICT AND STATE MONUMENT The most visited state monument includes 17 structures representative of the 1870s-1880s Lincoln County War and escape of Billy the Kid. 888-667-2757

SMOKEY BEAR HISTORICAL PARK Located in Capitan, the park and visitor center honor the bear cub that became the icon of forest fire prevention. 888-667-2757

THREE RIVERS PETROGLYPH SITE (BLM) Over 21,000 glyphs are scattered over 50 acres dating back to between 900 and 1400 AD. 575-525-4300

VALLEY OF FIRES RECREATION AREA (BLM) The 5,000-year old, 125-square mile lava flow includes visitor center, campsites and trails. 575-648-2241

WHITE SANDS NATIONAL MONUMENT The 275 square miles of desert that include the world’s largest gypsum dunefield are a great place for a family romp or a full-moon music concert. 575-479-6124

SOUTHWEST BOSQUE DEL APACHE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE Year-round birding. Visitor center, auto tour and hiking. 16 miles south of Socorro. 575-838-2120.

CITY OF ROCKS STATE PARK A city of giant monoliths protruding unexpectedly from the desert floor is located halfway between Silver City and Deming, 5 miles east of US180. The park has a visitor center, hiking trails, and a night sky observatory. Call for the observatory schedule. 575-536-9461.

ELEPHANT BUTTE LAKE STATE PARK New Mexico’s largest lake offers opportunities for boating, fishing, and swimming. Landlovers can find hiking trails, birding, and year-round events. History buffs will love the views of the 1916 dam and historic district at Dam Site Recreation Area. 575-744-5421.


GILA CLIFF DWELLINGS NAT’L MON. Follow the “Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway” north from Silver City along NM15 or NM35 to the national monument visitor center. Printed matter and a movie provide information about the 13th century inhabitants of this pristine area. The Cliff Dwellings are accessible by a short, well-maintained trail. 575-536-9344.

ROCKHOUND STATE PARK Rock specimens scattered across the slopes of the Florida (Flor-eeda) Mountains simply offer a great excuse to explore the area. Rockhounds meet regularly in the area southeast of Deming for demonstrations, sales and trading. 575-546-6782.

photo by

An 1800s cavalry fort that was utilized by the Buffalo Soldiers. A year-round visitor center and living history demonstrations on weekends May through September. Nineteenth century military encampments second Saturdays monthly year-round. 575-526-8911

PANCHO VILLA STATE PARK Extensive historical exhibits depicting General Pancho Villa’s raid on Columbus, New Mexico in 1916 and his pursuit by General “Black Jack” Pershing. It was the first use of motorized vehicles and airplanes for military purposes. 575-531-2711 96



this page: A curtain formation at Carlsbad Caverns National Park highlights both the variety and intricate detail of nature’s underground artwork.


Pa P rks rk Monu num nu uments Sou out ou uth the her ern Ne New ew Me Mex exi xic ico

WRITTEN BY ELIZABETH STEWART Southern New Mexico has such incredible weather that just about any n day ny a is a good day ay a to hit the road and see what the area ay has to offer. off ffe ff fer. White Sands National Monument is otherworldly l in its beauty. ly beauty t . Gypsum crystals provide ty prov o ide the unique landscape, which makes ov up the largest gypsum g psum sand dunes area on the entire planet. gy Rockhounding abounds in Southern New Mexico. The City t of Rocks State Park offers ty off ffe ff fers camping, picnic sites and a city t of ty huge boulders to climb and ponder. Rockhound State Park near Deming will delight the rockhounder in anyone. Journey inside the earth at Carlsbad Caverns National Park and enter a world of nature's making that will astound you. There are various areas in the region for successful bird watching but one of the most spectacular spots is the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge near Socorro where tens of thousands of birds migrate. Southern New Mexico’s Elephant Butte Lake State Park offers a full range of water sports including water skiing, swimming, kayaking, sailing, jet skiing and parasailing. The Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument outside of Silver City will take you back to another time when the Mogollon culture enjoyed the Gila Wilderness. The Silver City Museum and Western New Mexico University Museum are not to be missed. The WNMU Museum now houses the NAN Ranch collection of prehistoric artifacts, which is the largest Mimbres display in the country. So if you’ve always held the notion that Southern New Mexico is just a vast desert with a small population and lots of jackrabbits hopping around, just two words for you – rethink it!




GilaCliff Dwellings National Monument

"Home to an ancient culture" WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS I PHOTO BY LEANNE KNUDSEN A lush, secluded canyon cany n on marks the path. A shady brook runs year round from ny f om the heart of a vast fr mountain wilderness, once called home by an ancient people. It is here at the Gila Cliff f Dwellings Naff tional Monument that visitors can trace the footsteps f otsteps of the Mogollon culture that lived fo liv ive iv ved in the high sheltered dwellings nearly 700 years ago. Their lives were consumed by making tools and pottery, farming, gathering nuts and berries, hunting and fishing. Though the Mogollon people had lived in the surrounding area for many centuries, the cliff dwellings themselves were built in the late 13th century. Within 10 years, the tribe had constructed 42 rooms inside six natural caves. Some rooms served ceremonial purposes, while others were used as living and storage spaces. The national monument, which includes a visitor center, campgrounds, and a small interpretive center, is located at the northern end of a 100 mile paved loop road that splits the nation’s first wilderness area.

LOCATION The Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument is located 44 miles north of Silver City on NM15.

MORE INFORMATION The Gila Cliff Dwellings Visitor Center (575) 536-9461 Silver City Grant Co. Chamber of Commerce (575) 538-3785 Murray Ryan Visitor Center (575) 538-5555




Celebrating 116 Years

Located in the downtown historic district. • Affordable Rates • 18 Rooms & Suites • Continental Breakfast • Wi-Fi • Cable Flat Screen TV • Special Meeting & Event Room

106 W. Broadway • Silver City, NM 88061


Reminiscent of a small hotel in the European Tradition.

Visit Ol West Gallery & Mercantile next door.




Bosque del Apache National

Wildlife Refuge

"Intriguing locale for birders" Socorro continues to gain international prominence with its Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, the center for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) and San Miguel Parish built on El Camino Real National Historic Trail in 1615. A notable destination for golfers, rockhounds, nature photographers, campers and hikers, the town offers unique experiences found within an hour’s drive in any direction. At the center of town, the plaza offers a relaxing venue for shoppers. The historic San Miguel church is only a block away and a few blocks further on the campus of New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, a museum houses an impressive mineral collection dubbed Coronado’s Treasure Chest. From Socorro, visitors travel west through historic Magdalena to the high Plains of San Augustin and the Very Large Array that coordinates large dish antennas to form a radio telescope 22 miles in diameter. Traveling south from Socorro, visitors cross the 57,000-acre Bosque del Apache refuge, where thousands of migrating birds pause daily for food and rest during late fall. Continuing south, the ruins of Fort Craig can be explored and El Camino Real International Heritage Center can be toured. The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument lies to the northeast of Socorro – impressive remnants of Spanish colonization.

LOCATION Socorro is located at the junction of I-25 and US60, the rest stop for historic travelers and migratory birds. Magdalena is located on US60 between Socorro and the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array.

MORE INFORMATION Socorro Heritage and Visitors Center (575) 835-8927 (Visit Socorro, New Mexico) this page: Migrating water fowl recuperate at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge. opposite: A radio telescope, one of 27 at the Very Large Array, maps deep space and searches for life. 102





National Monument

New Mexico Museum of Space History

"Gypsum dunes and Space-age Technology."



Alamogordo is located at the junction of US70 and US84, between Las Cruces and Ruidoso.


Alamogordo Visitors Center (575) 437-6120 or (800) 826-0294 City of Alamogordo this page: Miles of gypsum dunes create an intriguing study area and playground. inset: The Museum of Space History in Alamogordo displays space artifacts, rockets and early manned capsules.

Serving as the access hub for a host of intriguing geologic formations, outdoor recreation, prehistoric artistry and advanced technology, Alamogordo also offers its own enticements for visitors to pull off the freeways. There is nothing more exciting to youngsters and grownups alike than the New Mexico Museum of Space History, with its OMNIMAX screen and planetarium, hands-on space displays and rockets. The community is also home to the Southwest’s oldest zoo and a toy train depot with rides through the park. Coupled with its downtown historic district, complete with galleries and coffee shops, Alamogordo should be on your local day-trip itinerary as a destination from El Paso and Las Cruces. From your Alamogordo base, visit the Oliver Lee Memorial State Park south of town with its desert mountain hiking trails, White Sands National Monument to the west and the high mountain village of Cloudcroft to the east. North of town lie the Valley of Fires National Recreation Area, a craggy old lava flow area, and the Three Rivers Petroglyph National Recreation Site with thousands of the ancient rock carvings and access to hiking trails into the White Mountain Wilderness below 12,000-foot Sierra Blanca. Las Vegas style gambling and scheduled entertainment are just up the hill on the Mescalero Indian Reservation. Technology pervades the region with the Sunspot solar observatories perched on the 9000foot ridge overlooking Alamogordo, the world’s most advanced fighter jets stationed next door at Holloman Air Force Base and the nation’s largest military base at White Sands Missile Range. The White Sands base also features a museum and rocket display. See ad on back cover.



Sou out ou uth the heast NewMexico

"A "A

unique un un niqu q e playground play ayg ay ygr gro roun u d horse racing, skiing, of fshopping, museums and festivals! WRITTEN BY JOE BURGESS I PHOTO BY ROBERT “JAIME” RAMIREZ Crystalline sand dunes and alien visitors are the rock stars of Southeast New Mexico, but the real trophies are the area’s history, art and recreational opportunities. Massive cattle drives, turf wars and Indian skirmishes highlight the historic aspects of Roswell and Artesia, but even before that, prehistoric cultures were scratching their thoughts on rocks north of Alamogordo. All three communities provide access to the incredible recreational opportunities of the Sacramento Mountains, including skiing, horse racing and casino gaming. Alamogordo’s area attractions include the history of international space flight, the history of missile development, and a cluster of solar observatories, a valley covered by white sand dunes and black solidified lava flows, an old west homestead, thousands of prehistoric petroglyphs and wilderness access to a 12,000-foot mountain. The eastern side of the Sacramento Mountains includes Roswell’s wildlife refuge and bottomless lakes on the Pecos River and Artesia’s Brantley Lake. Unique artistic endeavors have bolstered both Roswell and Artesia as unfaltering claims of alien intruders remain the headlines for Roswell’s sci-fi district. this page: New Mexico Military Institute is the nation's only State-supported, fully integrated nationally accredited coeducational college preparatory military boarding school for grades 9 - 12 and university parallel military junior college.





Alternative Space:

Isaac’s Pipe & Supply

Anderson Museum of Contemporary Art One the GREAT of GEMS of Southern New Mexico


Our mission is to promote economic and social prosperity, assist business development and tourism, and foster community spirit and pride

131 W. 2nd Street • Roswell, NM 88201 575.623.5695 •

Roswell Chamber of Commerce is here to work for you!

Doors Windows Cabinetry Granite tops Garage Doors Wood Flooring Carpet & Tile Store Front & Glass

Commercial and Residential Contractor

Gb98 #56401

1212 N Garden Ave Roswell, NM 88201 575-622-1775




8 6 Candace Lewis. The new Executive Director of the Roswell Chamber of Commerce is excited to lead the community she has called home since she was a child. 8 Isaac’s Pipe & Supply. Creating an alternative space in Trey Nesselrodt’s old family business building has resulted in a contempory art gallery and master plan for expansion. 12 Cattle Barron Restaurants Celebrate 40 years this year. Now a family of 13 restaurants they are still delivering high quality food at a fantastic price, a promise kept for four decades. 14 The Anderson Museum. After nearly four decades of Anderson’s generous “gift of time” award, today the 22,000 square foot Museum houses more than 450 pieces from over 220 artists.


16 Cowboy Cafe. Celebrating 10 years this year it’s the place you can count on for chuck-wagon perfection every time. 18 It’s The People. Hippie Chick’s owner Terri Scanes Linders has something for everyone and Roswell natives Louie Brady and Jake Trujillo play "Taps" for area veterans. 20 Out & About. Snapshots of recent local events at Girls Nite Out Boots, 2 Years 8 Days Movie Production, Rev. Horton Heat at the Liberty. 22 Experience Roswell Dining. Acquaint yourself with a cross section of Roswell’s great restaurants.



summer 2016

Our cover: Reaching For the Stars, 2003, by Doug Czor. Sculpture is located at New Mexico Military Institute and funded by Art in Public Places Program, New Mexico Arts Department of Cultural Affairs. Photo by Robert “Jaime” Ramirez.

Read Roswell Life Online ROSWELL LIFE is published annually by Zia Publishing Corp. P.O. Box 1248, Silver City, NM, 116 McKinney Road, 88062, 575-388-4444,, President & Managing Director: Terri Menges. Vice President: Joseph Burgess. Staff Accountant: Arlyn Cooley, New Mexico Sales Manager and Photo Journalist: Robert “Jaime” Ramirez. Designers: Debra Sutton, Terri Menges, Yessica Nograro-Borquez. Contributing Writers: Christene L. Steele. Photography: Robert “Jaime” Ramirez, except where noted. Contributing Photographers: ???. Courtesy Photos: ???. Advertising Sales: Robert “Jaime” Ramirez. Special Thanks: Roswell Life is manufactured and printed in the United States of America. ©Zia Publishing Corp. 2016. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or part without permission of the publisher is prohibited. All submissions of editorial or photography are only accepted without risk to the publisher for loss or damage. Every effort was made to ensure accuracy in the information provided. The publisher assumes no responsibility or liability for errors, changes or omissions.

A Real Estate Company

THAT YOU CAN TRUST Penny Bevers Owner, Qualifying Broker Realtor 速

500 N. Main St. Suite 712 Roswell, NM 88201

photo by CG 575-840-6451 fax: 575-622-4341



summer 2016

Alternative Space:

Isaac’s Pipe & Supply Artwork graces the walls at Roswell native’s f amily business WRITTEN BY CHRISTiNE L. STEELE PHOTOGRAPHED BY ROBERT “JAIME” RAMIREZ The walls of a heating and air conditioning business are not a place you would normally expect to find things of beauty, but business owner Trey Nesslerodt has always seen things a little differently. A career craftsman, the 42-year-old Roswell native has worked with concrete, copper, wood, sheet metal, rock, brick, and landscaping. Nine years ago, he crafted a table for a woman from reclaimed barn wood from her grandparents’ homestead. It was a thing of such beauty, the family held an opening for it. One of the people who attended was from Roswell’s Artist in Residence program. They admired the space and told him it would make a great alternative setting for other art showings. At 19 years old, Trey took over the family business, Nesselrodt Heating and Air Conditioning, after his father died. He and his brother gutted an old building, and with a natural eye for design, created the graceful lines in the lobby of the company’s offices today. “We worked every night after work from seven or eight till midnight on it,” Trey said. “It took us two and half years to finish the damn thing.” What resulted is a lean, contemporary space perfect for showcasing art. “People think they are going to walk into a heating and air conditioning business,” Trey said. Lacking only in pretentiousness, Isaac’s Pipe and Supply, inside the Nesselrodt Heating and Air Conditioning building in downtown Roswell, serves an alternative gallery space for both national and internationally known artists. The muted tones, architectural cut outs and crafted sheet metal columns create a raw but elegant setting to complement the art on the walls. Named for his grandfather and nine-year-old son, Isaac’s Pipe and Supply hopes to introduce the Roswell community to an exciting range of art and artists, many who come from Roswell’s Artist in Residence program. Exhibits change every six to eight weeks, and generally focus on one artist each time. Currently showing is the work of another Roswell native, photographer Harold Lee Jones. opposite: Photographer and Roswell native, Harold Lee Jones exhibits his work at Isaac’s Pipe and Supply.

summer 2016 ROSWELL LIFE


We build, re-furbish and repair all brands of computers


Mon-Fri 9:00 to 5:30 • Sat 10:00 to 2:00 1703 N. Garden Ave • Roswell, NM 88201

575.625.9141 • fax 575.624.0147



summer 2016

James R. Gill • JGILL88201@AOL.COM

115 S. Main St. • Roswell, NM 88203 P.O. Box 725 • Roswell, NM 88202-0725

Jones started taking photos when he was in high school. His passion for photography returned when he was in his 40s, following a career as a model. He shoots mainly landscapes and knows how to wait for just the right shot. “He will stay out in the wilderness for six days just waiting for the right light and the right moment,” said Trey. “One photograph he had to wait seven years for. He’s not just taking snapshots. He knows what he’s looking for.” Trey has other plans to help revitalize Roswell and hopes to create an arts and cultural district that will help contribute to the cultural, social and economic vitality of Roswell. above: Trey Nesselrodt’s revitalization of Nesselrodt Plumbing & Heating building will introduce the Roswell community to an exiting range of art with its exhibits. right: Future plans to create an arts and cultural district.

Christian Based Curriculum Open 6:30 am - 6 pm Open door policy Transportation provided Hot breakfast, lunch and snacks provided Certified and Licensed by CYFD

Little Lambs Chapter II 2300 S. Main • Roswell, NM 575-625-8417

Little Lambs Lerning Center 2708 N. Main • Roswell, NM 575-625-8422

Jewelry & Bling Boots & Shoes Miss Me Jeans Purses & Totes Clothings & Accessories Open Monday - Saturday 10am - 5:30pm 802 S Main St, Roswell, NM • 575.627.3868

summer 2016 ROSWELL LIFE




summer 2016




One man’s passion for delivering high quality food at a fantastic price has grown into a family legacy still delivering on that promise four decades later. Cattle Baron Restaurants, Inc. began in 1976, when U.S. Air Force veteran Jeff Wilson bought his first restaurant in Portales, N.M. “He was a visionary in the food business,” related Doug Wieser, the company’s Sr. Vice President and director of operations. Jeff started out waiting tables at a Holiday Inn and worked as general manager for Pizza Hut. It was his experience working in a steakhouse that prompted him to want to open his own. “He felt like he could do things better and developed the concept of Cattle Baron,” said Doug, who has worked for the company for 25 years. “He wanted to serve the best food for the greatest value and was very particular about the way things were done.” That philosophy paid off. Celebrating its 40th anniversary this year, Cattle Baron has grown into a family of 13 restaurants offering three deliciously different concepts: choice steaks and seafood at Cattle Baron, good old American hot dogs, burgers and more at Farley’s Food, Fun & Pub, and hearty Italian fare like spaghetti, lasagna and pizza at Pasta Café Italian Bistro. Jeff passed away in 2010 but the restaurants are still operated by the Wilson family with Jeff’s original values in mind – to deliver the highest quality food, with friendly, attentive service in a warm and inviting atmosphere, all for an excellent value. Jeff’s sister Melanie Steele leads the company today, brother Clay serves as the president. The company continues to give back to the communities they serve in Portales, Hobbs, Roswell, Ruidoso, and Las Cruces, New Mexico and Lubbock, El Paso, and Midland, Texas – supporting school sports, FFA, band, choir and cheer and charities for adults and children, including first responder and veterans groups. opposite: Doug Wieser, the company’s Sr. Vice President and director of operations has woked for the company for 25 years. summer 2016 ROSWELL LIFE




summer 2016

Anderson The

Museum of Contemporary Art


above: Donald B. Anderson, founder. opposite and below: Today the 22,000 square foot museum houses more than 450 pieces from the more than 220 artists’ residencies receiving the valuable “gift of time” over the last four decades through the Roswell Artist-in-Residence program.

What began as a quiet private passion in 1967 is today a rare public treasure benefiting southeastern New Mexico: The Anderson Museum of Contemporary Art. The brainchild and heartchild of businessman and collector Donald B. Anderson, the museum was founded in 1994 to house selections from Anderson's contemporary collection — itself the fruit of what is today nearly four decades of artists' residencies through the Roswell Artist-in-Residence program. That effort, Anderson's generous project, brings creative people from around the world to Roswell for the chance to have time to work on their art and craft without interruption and in congenial surroundings — in many cases, with their families accompanying them. More than 220 artists to date have benefited from the program. Annually, independent jurors select participants from the applications submitted, who are awarded the invaluable "gift of time" that is so hard to come by in our competitive world. The Museum itself, ideally and centrally located on Main Street, began life as an industrial building. Today, its 22,000 square feet are filled with intriguing, beautiful and thought-provoking pieces of modern art garnered by Mr. Anderson, from paintings to sculptures, drawings to photography, and printmaking and other fine art media — more than 450 pieces in all. The various galleries offer a plethora of pieces to inspect, admire and experience. The Anderson is not just devoted to visual art: it serves as a community center through the "Xcellent Music at AMofCA" program. To help service that offering, the museum acquired in 2014 a Bösendorfer concert grand piano, one of the most desirable pianos crafted in the world. Taken as whole, the Anderson is one of the great gems of art in the state and well worth a trip from anywhere for its own sake. For more information, visit the museum website at, or call 575-623-5600.

summer 2016 ROSWELL LIFE


Cowboy Cafe







summer 2016


JAKE TRUJILLO & LOUIE BRADY THE PLAYING OF TAPS WRITTEN AND PHOTOGRAPHED BY ROBERT “JAIME” RAMIREZ From Roswell’s Veterans Cemetery, one can hear the mournful notes of “Taps” fill the air from the horn of Jake Trujillo daily at 2:00 p.m. almost 365 days a year. Whenever there is a fallen military brother, Jake Trujillo and Louie Brady both play for the Roswell Honor Guard with only a 24-hour notice. The men perform an important service. In the military, the playing of “Taps” signifies the end of the day, but at the funeral of a veteran, it signifies their end of days. Those simple notes hang in the desert air and stir that special place in the heart. "There's just something special about those simple notes," said Jake. "It will bring tears to your eyes. It's amazing,” added Louie. What would the service of a veteran be without that bond of brotherhood? “You'll see them people cry and it means a lot to them. We've all been there; we know what it's like,” the men both said. Jake and Louie want everyone to stand up and pay attention. "If you're in uniform, you salute, and if you're not, you put your hand across your heart and pay respect,” Jake said. Some now expect it, but for others, it's a surprising footnote to the day. "Our hearts are full of generosity, playing “Taps” for others. We do this for those who have fallen and everyone who has served. There are over 3,000 veterans buried here in Roswell’s Veterans Cemetery. Some headstones date back to the Civil War and sadly more are added almost daily,” said Jake Louie and Jake say they will be playing Taps until their final note. "One of these days somebody will be blowing “Taps” for us," the men said.

TERRY LINDBERG OWNER, HIPPIE CHICKS WRITTEN BY CRAIG A. SMITH PHOTOGRAPHED BY ROBERT “JAIME” RAMIREZ If you're looking for fabulous, fun, and sometimes funky fashions, look no further than Hippie Chicks. Centrally located in attractive Roswell, the boutique — in happy business more than a decade, since 2005 — offers a shopping experience you won't forget in a hurry. Thanks to a wide range of merchandise



summer 2016

out & about ( RO


ears and days a romantic commedy filmed in Roswell, Ruidoso and Artesia in midApril. $he film stars ayla well, Ryan Merriman, along with New Mexico principal cast, Merritt . lover, hris Ranney and $hadd $urner.

send us your photos 'e want your photos of recent local events. #end to materials nclude the name of the event, a description and the names of people in the photos.



summer 2016

The O estival is scheduled for June July . #hawn Naran3o supplied pics from the event.

'e were excited to see art Crow latland Cavalry perform & at The Liberty, 'e did NO$ want to miss out on this one 'e made sure we wore our dancing shoes oors opened pm, show started at pm. Food was available before during the show 'hat a great time.

The mission of the Roswell Hispano Chamber of Commerce is to promote growth in the Hispanic business and economic community in and around Roswell.

Girls Night Out “Cowgirls for A Cause”, a fundraiser sponsored by Lovelace Regional Hospital benefitting the American Heart Assn. featured heart healthy activities to highlight heart disease education and support to help empower women in their fight against heart disease.

327 N. Main St • Roswell, NM 88201 575-624-0889 WWW.ROSWELLCC.NET

ST. PETER Catholic Church

Rev. Charlie Martinez, O.F.M.

Mass Schedule Monday - Friday (Rosary 7:45am • Mass 8:30am Saturday 6:00pm • Sunday 8:00am • 11:00am Reverend Horton Heat performed with Lincoln Durham and it was A return to New Mexico for a performance at Roswell's The Liberty. Here's to Rockabilly and UFOs, No Reverend Horton Heat show would be complete without Jim Heath standing on Jimbo’s stand-up bass and kicking out some classic Horton Heat riffs as Jimbo keeps right on playing.

Office Hours: Monday - Friday 9:00am - 12:00pm - 1:00pm - 4:00pm 111 E. Deming • Roswell, NM 88203 622-5092 • summer 2016 ROSWELL LIFE



Southern Italian Cuisine Full Bar • Extensive Wine List Open 7 days 1208 N. Main St. • 575.624.1111


10 years

Breakfast • Lunch • Dinner

1120 E 2nd St • Roswell, NM • (575) 622-6363



summer 2016


Monday-Saturday 6:00 am to 8:30 pm 110 W 4th St • Roswell, NM 88201

Family-friendly destination for Mexican cuisine & margaritas served amid a festive cantina ambiance.

202 W Hobbs St, • Roswell, NM 88203

(575) 622-8479

Open 11am - 11:30pm 1315 N. Main St. Roswell, NM 575.627.1100

Catering Services Available! Dine in or Take out!

Monday - Thursday 6am to 2pm Friday & Saturday 6am to 9pm

Open 7 days a week 7:00AM to 9:00PM

Family-friendly American menu ranging from burgers to stone fired pizza & Mexican plates in a rustic space.

3601 N Main St. Roswell NM, 88201 Phone: 575-627-6113

Experience... ROSWELL DINING

BY ROBERT “JAIME” RAMIREZ Roswell has many n great restaurants to choose ny from, f with i h even more to come. After spending the past few months in Roswell talking to restaurateurs in the area, I realized why I love dining experiences and comparing food around the country to Roswell. Growing up here I’ve learned that New Mexican food, Tex-Mex, steak and seafood, barbecue and burritos are all made differently no matter where you go. That’s why I guess being raised in Roswell, I just love the food here. From national and regional chains, to locally owned burger joints, coffee shops, and of course, good old New Mexican food, you are bound to find something that you will enjoy. Don’t just take our word for it. Roswell’s very own Food Truck, Chef Todzilla’s Mobile Cuisine, was featured on The Cooking Channel. Depending on when you plan your visit to Roswell, you might see some redevelopment happening on Second Street. The owner of Cowboy Café is remodeling a historic building. Be sure to stop and check it out the next time you visit. The former Ginsberg music store on the corner of second and Main has been purchased by another restaurateur and will become one of Roswell’s downtown eateries. So when you come to Roswell, make sure you come hungry because there are plenty of delicious options to choose from in this community. above: Tracy Vance from The Liberty a non-profit performing arts club that serves nightly dinners.

Your #1 Source for Quality, Pre-Owned Vehicles Ray Albarez Jaime Ramirez Mario Ledesma

575-910-0282 575-520-9927 575-805-2536

Monday to Friday 9:00am - 6:00pm Saturdays 9am-3pm 1113 W. Second St., Roswell, NM 88201

Open 7 days a week 9am to 5pm Closed Thanksgiving Day, ChristmasDay, and New Year's Day with early closures the day before each of these holidays

$5 for Adult, $2 for Kids 5 - 15, 4 & under are Free, $2 Seniors & Military

575-625-9495 or 1-800-822-3545 • 114 N Main Street • Roswell NM 88203

IIndex In d of Advertisers de Accommodations Bear Creek Motel & Cabins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,95,S13 Days Inn - Las Cruces . . . . . . . 17,101 Eldorado Hotel & Spa . . . . . .5,17 Holiday Inn Express-Silver City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S32 Hotel Albuquerque at Old Town . .5,17 Hotel Chimayó de Santa Fe . .5,17 Hotel Encanto de Las Cruces .5,17 Inn at Halona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,51 Inn of the Governors . . .17,27 Nativo Lodge . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 Palacio de Marquesa Taos . .5,17 Plaza Hotel . . . . . . . . .17,36-37 Quality Inn-Deming . . . .17,100 Rodeway Inn mexico-NM183 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S29 The Lodge at Santa Fe . . . . .5,17 Whitewater Motel . . . . . . .94

Plaza Hotel . . . . . . . . .17,36-37 QBar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Santa Fe Low'n Slow Lowrider Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Secreto Bar & Loggia . . . . . .5,17 The Lodge at Santa Fe Hilltop Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Tia Juana’s Cantina . . . . . . . . . .17,R22 Yoya’s Bar & Grill . . . . . . .S31

Accommodations - Historic Hotel St. Francis . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Inn at Halona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,51 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 Palace Hotel, The 17,99,S7 Plaza Hotel . . . . . . . . .17,36-37

Churches St. Peter Catholic Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R21

Bed & Breakfast Casitas de Gila Guesthouses . . .S7 Cimarron Rose . . . . . . . . . .17,50 Inn at Halona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,50 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 Carvings Zuni Craftsmen Cooperative . . . .49 Child Care Little Lambs Learning Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R11

Cities, Chambers & Counties Grant County Tourism . 99 Lordsburg-Hidalgo County Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93,S29 Roswell Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .www.roswellnm.og . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R2 Roswell Hispanic Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . .R21 Silver City Grant County Chamber of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99,S27 Silver City Tourism . . . . . . . . . .S11

Art Galleries & Studios Leyba & Ingalls ARTS . . . . . .55 Mimbres Region Arts Council Gallery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 The Raven’s Nest . . . . . . . . . . .55 Turquoise Village . . . . . . . . .49 Clothing Victoria Chick . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Blowin In The Wind . . . . .39 Casa Bella Boutique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R19 Handwoven Originals . . .10 Artist Diana Ingalls Leyba . . . . . . .55 Hippie Chicks . . . . . . . . .R11 Mark Bowen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Malouf on the Plaza . . . .C2,9 Victoria Chick . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Morning Star . . . . . . . . . .S7 New Moon Fashions . . . . . . . . .38 Arts Production Meow Wolf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3 Computer Sales & Repair Oasis Computers . . . . . . . . . . . .R10 Attractions/Events A:Shiwi A:Wan Museum and Heritage Center . . . . . . . . . . . Contractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49,51 Tres Amigos Enterprises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 City of Rocks State Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99,94,S25 Fort Bayard National Historic Landmark . . . . . . . . . . . .S19 Convention & Meeting Centers Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hotel Albuquerque at Old Town . . . .5,17 . . . . . . . . . . . 92,99,S16 Hotel Encanto de Las Cruces . .5,17 Gila National Forest 99,S22 Hotel St. Francis . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Old Zuni MIssion . . . . . . . . .49,50 Plaza Hotel . . . . . . . . .17,36-37 Shakespeare Ghost Town . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Lodge at Santa Fe . . . . .5,17 . . . . . . . . . . 98,93,S25 Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway . . . . . . Dead Pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99,S14 Ellis Tanner Trading Company . .8,43,44 White Sands National Monument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97 Entertainment Auto Sales & Service Champion Motors . . . . . . . .R17 Mimbres Region Arts Council. . . .54 Ray’s Galactic Motos . . . . .R23 Fetishes Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 Banking / Financial First American Bank . . . . . . . . . . .R17 Keshi-The Zuni Connection . . . . . .8,16,64 Turquoise Village . . . . . . . . .49 Bar/Saloon/Lounge Agave Lounge . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Azul Nightclub & Lounge . . . . .5,17 Del Charro Saloon . . . . .17,27 Farley’s Pub . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17.R22 Nativo Lobby Bar . . . . . . . . . . .5,17

Furniture & Home Decor Asian Adobe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1,9 Bayard Mercantile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S21 Blowin In The Wind . . . . .39 Chaves County Door Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R3

Pandora’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Farley’s Pub . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,R22 SYZYGY Tileworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Gardunos Restaurant & Cantina 5,17 India House . . . . . . . . . . . .17,22 Indulge Café . . . . . . . . . .17,26 Gifts / Potpourri Bayard Mercantile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S21 . . . . . .17,26 Blowin In The Wind . . . . .39 Joe’s Dining . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,26 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . Lazy Lizard Bar & Grill .17,100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 Los Cuates New Mexican Restaurant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver City Museum Store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92,99 Los Novillos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,R22 Super Salve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 Masa 16,23 Midtown Bistro . . . . . 14-15,17 Home Health Services / Hospitals Old House Restaurant . . . . . .5,17 Angelwings Coordinated Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 Paper Dosa . . . . . . . . . . . .17,24-25 Gila Regional Medical Center . . . . . . .S13 Pasta Cafe . . . . . . .17,R22 Presbyterian Medical Center . . . . . .R19 Plaza Hotel . . . . . . . . .17,36-37 Peppers Grill & Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,R19 Radish & Rye . . . . . . . . .17,28-29 Jewelry Blowin In The Wind . . . . .39 Saveur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,26 Ellis Tanner Trading Company . .8,43,44 Sazón . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,18-19 Inn at Halona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,51 Shohko Cafe . . . . . . . . . . .17,20-21 Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 Spirit Winds Café . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Keshi-The Zuni Connection . . . . . . . . . .8 Tabla de Los Santos . . . . . . .5,17 Malouf on the Plaza . . . . .C2 Thai Vegan . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,22 Richardson’s Trading & Cash Pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tia’s Cocina . . . . . . . . . . . . .,5,17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8,41,45 Tia Juana’s Mexican Grill . . . . . .17,R22 Turquoise Village . . . . . . . . .49 Yoya’s Bar & Grill . . . . . .17,S31 Zuni Craftsmen Cooperative . .10,49 Rugs & Weaving Ellis Tanner Trading Company . .8,43,44 Museums Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial Collection . . . . . . . . . . .39,89 Malouf on the Plaza . . . . .C2 Deming Luna Mimbres Museum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Richardson’s Trading & Cash Pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89,90,91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8,41,45 International UFO Museum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S24,89 RV Parks Lordsburg-Hidalgo County Museum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manzano’s RV Park . . . . .S29 . . . . . . . . . . .89,92-93 Rose Valley RV Ranch & Casitas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver City Museum . . .89,90,91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S21 A:Shiwi A:Wan Museum and Heritage Center . . . . . . . . . . . Silver City RV Park . . . . . . . . . .S27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49,89 WNMU Museum . . . . . .89,90,91 Spas & Salons Nidah Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Ojo Caliente Mineral Springs Resort & Spa . . . . . . . . . . . . National Scenic Byways Trail of the Mountain Spirits National Scenic Byway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Seeds, Plants, Growing Supplies Roswell Seed Company . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S10 Pottery Ellis Tanner Trading Company . .8,43,44 Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 Trading Company Keshi-The Zuni Connection . . . . . . . . . .8 Ellis Tanner Trading Company . .8,43,44 Richardson’s Trading & Cash Pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inn at Halona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8,41,45 Joe Milo’s White Water Trading Co. 10,47 Turquoise Village . . . . . . . . .49 Richardson’s Trading & Cash Pawn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8,41,45 Pueblo/Tribe Pueblo of Zuni . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Universities Eastern New Mexico University Roswell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R10 Real Estate/Developments Bevers Realty . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R5 New Mexico Highlands University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enchantment Realty . . .S24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 RE/MAX Silver Advantage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western New Mexico University . . . . .S2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S21 WNMU Museum . . . . . .89,90,91 United Country Mimbres Realty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S17 Visitor & Travel Center XYZ Ranch Estates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51,95 Zuni Visitor and Arts Center . . . .49 Restaurants 315 Restaurant & Wine Bar. . . .16,17 Artisan Restaurant . . . . . . . . . .17,34-35 Cafe Plazuela & Cantina . . . . . . . .5,17 Cattle Baron Steak & Seafood Restaurants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,C4,R12 Chu Chu’s Restaurant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17,50 Cowboy Cafe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R22 Cristobal’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17 Del Charro Saloon . . . . . . . . . . .17,27 Diane’s Restaurant . . . . .17,S9

Weddings Hotel Albuquerque . . . . www.hotelabq.comHotel . . . . .5,17 Eldorado Hotel & Spa . . . . . .5,17 Encanto de Las Cruces . . . . . .5,17 Hotel St. Francis . . . . . . . . . .5,17 The Lodge at Santa Fe . . . .5,17 Palacio de Marquesa Taos . .5,17 Wind Sculptures Blowin In The Wind . . . . .39

2016 New Mexico Traveler  

FEATURING: Fine Dining, Creative Inspired Chefs • Old Mexico World Class Cuisine • Asian Cuisine • Comfort Food • Farm Inspired Cuisine • Tr...

2016 New Mexico Traveler  

FEATURING: Fine Dining, Creative Inspired Chefs • Old Mexico World Class Cuisine • Asian Cuisine • Comfort Food • Farm Inspired Cuisine • Tr...