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Portfolio

Interaction Design


Z

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Xin L

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Zhuxin Liu Education 09/2012-07/2016 Sichuan University, program: Bachelor’s Degree in industrial design

Professional SkillS 12/2012 Awarded AutoCAD Professional 10/2013 Second-class Merit Student Scholarship Sichuan University 10/2014 First-class Merit Student Scholarship Sichuan University 07/2014 Entitled “Outstanding Teenager Volunteer of Sichuan Province” 05/2015 Second-class Award at SCU ID Design Contest 10/2015 First-class Scholarship Sichuan University

Extracurricular Activities 07/2016-now interactive designer / Blackbow Cultural Communication Ltd. / Responsible for multimedia arts and interactive installation 02/2016-03/2016 Interning Designer/ Shanghai ID Design Workshop and learn interactive design/ helping designers with information collection and fulfill assigned design work 04/2014-06/2016 Interning Post Designer/ Shanghai Shenxin Football Club/ responsible for graphic design, copywriting etc. 05/2013-06/2015 Part-time Assistant Arts Teacher/ Chengdu Special School/ a charity school specially for blind and deaf children

Professional SkillS Product Design:Rhino/Cenima 4D/3D-MAX/Pro-E Programming:Arduino/Processing/HTML5/CSS/ JavaScript/IDL Visual Design:Adobe Photoshop/Adobe Illustrator/ Sketch/Adobe After Effects


CONTENTS

Psychological examination of Gender Navigation Physical Examination of Gender Navigation

02

01 Gender Navigation

Pregnant Woman Simulato Mutual Pregnancy Newborn Book


03

or

Close to Nature World of Insects Communication of Nature Journey of Insects


PROJECT 1

Gender Navigation Gender: For more and more people in modern society, the definition of gender is becoming more and more vague. The rigid physiological gender definition in the past, when faced with the current trend of neutral and pluralistic gender, is no longer an effective tool of the division. Physical gender-based judging criteria has brought great gender pressure to both men and women. Sexual orientation: refers to what type of durable attraction a person has on the male and female in the emotional, romantic, and sexual aspects. In general, sexual orientation is divided into four categories: heterosexuality (romantic feelings and sexual attraction to heterosexuals), homosexuality (romantic attraction and sexual attraction to homosexuals), bisexuality (romantic attraction and sexual attraction to both sexes),and also the concept of asexual (romantic attraction and sexual attraction to neither sexes). Gender and sexual orientation are usually inseparable, and more and more people are confused about individual sexuality and gender, making it difficult to balance the relationship between individuals and society. This will not only bring a series of psychological barriers but also increase the chance of their exposure to sexual violence and sexual discrimination. In my project "Gender Navigation", I try to extract the methods of judging sexual orientation in psychology and sociology, and present them in an interactive and visual way, to help the users understand self-sexual orientation and gender.


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Background Study

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Sexual Orientation

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Gender & Sexual Orientation

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Gender

Percent and number of adults who identiďŹ y as LGBT in the United States

Facebook said a person's sex can be divided into the 56. The majority is male & female and there are over 50 minority genders.

oman

Orientation

Female

Male

n

There are 14 orientations, although over 95% is heterosexuality and only 5% comes to other orientations.

An estimated 3.5% of adults in the United States identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual and an estimated 0.3% of adults are transgender.


Behavior Study

Analysis

From the study of The National Intimate Partner and Se orientations suffers from some negative effects, like the harassmen too. The graphic below shows the depth of each influence to every sexu

Percent of Adults Who Report Any Same-sex Attraction and Behavior

Heterosexuality

Same-sex attraction

bisexual 1.8%

11%

homosexual

6.5%

1.8 %

2.1

Skoliosexual

%

U.S.A

Norway

Australia

Panromantic

3.7%

Polysexual LGB Identity

Same-sex behavior

Pansexual Lithromantic

8.8%

8.8%

6.9%

Demiromantic

7.5%

% 2.1

%

3.2

Asexuality

U.S.A

Australia

Norway

3.7 %

Demisexua Graysexual

Averaging measures of same-sex sexual behavior yields an estimate of nearly 19 million Americans (8.2%) who have engaged in same-sex sexual behavior. Some people who have had sexual contact with only the same sex or with both sexes might identify as heterosexual and some who have had sexual contact with only the opposite sex might identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual or be not sure of their sexual identity.

Asexual Aromanic


exual Violence Survey ,not only the people with minority sexual nt, discrimination, people who has majority sexual orientations can meet

ual orientations.

violence harassment discrimination venereal disease AIDS loss of job suicide assault rape (male to female) rape (male to male) rape (female to female) rape (female to male) impact of family acceptance


Psychological examination of Gender Navigation According to psychological studies, people of different sexual orientation has differences in the times of gaze, fixation duration and gaze preferences on the sex organs of different gender when watching pictures with sexual stimulation(that is, pornographic pictures of nudity). This inspires me in that I want to design an interactive device, in an interesting, scientific way to allow users to understand the interaction in the individual's sexual preference. When he / she looks at a picture of sexual stimulation, his or her gaze can exaggerate. I think it is more interesting and rigorous than the traditional psychological test, and it also weakens the cold feeling of pure scientific data. In my design, I use the eye movement technique, software: BeGaze, and a program named Interpretation of Thought I wrote in python and Matlab to achieve the goal: let users wear eye tracking instrument to view abstract pictures of sexual stimulation, analyze with BeGaze the number of times and duration recorded by the eye tracker, then transfer the data to the device in the program and issue instructions on the picture changes. In this process, feedback of the user’s behavior (attention to the image area) changes can be seen real-time on the picture to achieve the interactive process.


Process & Result

Participator

The whole process of test is to led the participators who wear the eye tracking instrument to watch the selected picture, then analysis the data to get the result.

Picture of Test

Name: Ran Teng Gender: Female Self-supposed sexual orientation: Homosexual

Name: Zhuxin Liu Gender: Female Self-supposed sexual orientation: Homosexual

Name: Lei Zhang Gender: Male Self-supposed sexual orientation: Heterosexuality

Analysis of Test


Result of Test times of gazeProcess of MUTUAL PREGNANCY Experiencing

fixation duration

gaze preferences

≥5times ≥3times <3times ≥15s

Homosexual

8%

≥10s

Heterosexuality

89%

Other

3%

≥15s

Homosexual

86%

≥10s

Heterosexuality

12%

Other

2%

≥15s

Homosexual

72%

≥10s

Heterosexuality

22%

<10s

Other

6%

<10s

preferences no interest

≥5times

times of gaze

fixation duration

≥3times <3times

<10s

gaze preferences

preferences no interest

≥5times

times of gaze

fixation duration

gaze preferences

≥3times <3times

preferences no interest


Technical Analysis

Int

Interpre


terpretation of Thought

Eye Tracking Instrument

BeGaze Heat Map

BeGaze

etation of Thought

The record of Eye Tracking Instrument will be sent and analysed by BeGaze, like the number of times and duration the users stare at. It will be statistical analysis in Scan path, Line graph, Fixation sequence, Focus map, Heat Map, Binning chart.Then the result will be sent to the program: Interpretation of Thought.

Gradients are the direction(or opposite one,it depends) that the outline should transform, and the time that the gaze lasts will decide how much the outline expand or shrink.


Code

Interpretation of Thought Firstly, we will gather basic eye motion information from eye scanner,here we will get the position and the area (usually a circle) of the fixation of eyes. In a series of time (at least 5 consecutive times of information acquirement )if the position of eyes does not locate out of the original zone, we can define such a behavior as a gaze. If gaze happens, we will use the first group of information as the the point that user gaze at, later we will find the nearest outlines based on nearest distance from the point. As the whole feedback picture would be constructed based on Computer Graphics theory, once we locate the outline that should adapt to the gaze, we would compute the gradients for each pixel on the outline. Gradients are the direction(or opposite one,it depends) that the outline should transform, and the time that the gaze lasts will decide how much the outline expand or shrink.


Physical Examination of Gender Navigation Studies show that the facial expression recognition are different for people of different sexual orientations. The current judgment of homosexuality and sexual orientation can be determined by fMRI (Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) technique. By detecting changes in the blood oxygen level-dependent (BLOD) signal of the individual's brain under a different facial expression, the response of the brain region can be located, and differences responses of the brain under facial and facial stimuli in homosexuals and heterosexuals can be revealed (Ponseti et al., 2006), finally, patterns of functional processing of the brain in different sexual orientations can thus be revealed (Stoleru & Mouras, 2007). I used this research method in my design. In the process, the users are arranged to watch a group of 20 pictures of the five kinds of facial expressions (angry, disgusted, happy, calm, sad) of the men and women, while their faces are divided into facial interest area and nose and mouth interest area. By recording the electrode characteristics of the electrodes of the electrode cap the users wear, we can analyze and determine the sexual orientation preference, and help them recognize themselves.


Process electrode cap

Facial Interest Area

ial fac sion res exp

5 Facial Expression Happy

In this experiment, a 2 Ă&#x2014; 4 mixed experiment was used, which means sexual orientation (homosexual, heterosexual) Ă&#x2014; facial expression (anger, disgust, happiness, calm). In the subject, sexual orientation was the between - subject variable, while the expression type was the within subject variable. And we divided the facial expression area into eyes area and nose and mouth area. Dependent variable for the expression is the selected composition, time of ERPs and position of electrodes. From the point of the electrodes, C4, Cz, C3, Fz, F4, F3, P4, Pz, and P3 were selected to test in the area of three different areas of brains: the central sulcus (C), the frontal lobe (F) and the parietal lobe (P). The above analysis uses SCAN 4.3.1 and SPSS19.0 softwares.


Calm

Sad

Disgusted

Angry


CP6

Result & Technical Analysis

CPZ

uv -10.0

POZ

-5.0 P100

0.0

PZ

P200

5.0 10.0

CP6

CCPZ

-200.00

uv -10.0

uv -10.0

-5.0

-5.0

0.0

0.0

5.0

5.0

10.0 .0

200.0

400.0

600.0

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1200.0 ms

-200.00

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20

.0

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CP5

POZP uv -10.0

We defined the time of stare as the dependent variable, the sexual orientation is the between subject variable, and the type of facial expression is within subject variable to run the experiment, The results are shown in Table 8. We can see that the main effect of sexual orientation was significant (F = 3.409, P <.05), and the number of stare (M = 3.059) was significantly higher for male homosexuals than that for male heterosexuals (M = 2.238). The main effect of facial expression type is significant (F = 13.233, P <.000). The examination after experiment showed that the different frequencies of stare from high to low was anger (M = 3.255), disgust (M = 3.030), happy (M = 2.735) and calm (M=2.375). We can know that the number of anger expressions was significantly higher than that of disgust expressions (P = .044), the number of disgusted expressions was significantly higher than that of the happy expression (p = .015), and the expression of happy expression was significantly higher than that of the calm expression (p = .022). Thus , anger> disgust> happy> calm. In addition, the interaction between sexual orientation and facial expression was significant (F = 3.683, P = .016). The simple effect analysis showed that homosexuals had more interest staring at others' eyes area on anger facial expression than heterosexuals.

Z P100

uv -10.0

P100

uv -10.0

-5.0

-5.0

-5.0

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10.0 -200.00

.0

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10.0 600.0

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1200.0 ms

-200.00

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P200 .0

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POZP

600.0

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uv -10.0

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00.0

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P200

FPZ F4 F5 FC5

400.0

600.0

800.0

1000.0

1200.0 ms

Ag

F6 FC6

C7

C8

P6

F7

P7 PO8

C5

C2

C3

TP7

TP8

M1

M2

CP1

CPZ

P1

P3

P4

CZ

PZ

O2

FC4

FC3

FC2

FC1

C1

FT8

POZ

FZ

AF4

F1

C4

FT7

P8

AF3

F2 F8

CP6

CP5

CP4

FP2

F3

PO3 CB1 OZ

P2 PO5

PO7 CB2

PO4

CP2

AgCl

P5 PO6

O1

C6

FPZ

CP5

P200

400.0

600.0

800.0

1000.0

1200.0 ms

CP6

P200

400.0

600.0

800.0

1000.0

1200.0 ms

To gather electroencephalogram data, we use 128-brain evoked potentials equipment(SynAmps amplifier) and 64 conductive pole cap, referring to 1010 international brain wave recording system to install poles, the leads that gather information includes: FPZ, FP2, AF3, AF4, F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, FZ, FC1, FC2, FC3, FC4, FC5, FC6, FT7, FT8, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, CZ, TP7, TP8, M1, M2, CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4, CP5, CP6, CPZ, P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, PZ, PO3, PO5, PO7, PO4, PO6, PO8, POZ, CB1, CB2, O1, O2, OZ. Recoding polse are Ag, AgCl. Base poles are placed on mastoids,ground leads are placed on the midpoint of FPz and Fz, HEOG are collected from lateral binocular, left eyebrow and eyelid are placed with VEOG, A/D interface is the input of brainwave, and collection bandwidth is between 0.05~1000Hz, and sample frequence is 1000Hz, impedance between skin and lead is less than 5kΊ


PROJECT 2

Pregnant Woman Simulator Being Pregnant is a unique experience for those who have had babies. How to make others feel the their suffering and to make them understand their body language is of significant meaning for their communication. Besides, the process of a embryo growing to a fulldeveloped baby is a unique experience happening in the womb of a mother. Since physical experience is the best way to incur sympathy with others, which is shown in my research, I come up with two designs to make people understand pregnant women. First one, Mutual pregnancy. In this design I make an interactive installation with which users could experience being pregnant, thus better understand the mothers-to-be. The second one, New Birth Book. This design, drawing from the sense development of the unborn baby, creates a special reading experience, by combining graphic design with interactive design. Readers go through a process of baby development, like being reborn.


Mind Map lower fertility rates

situation

developing country developed country

lack of knowledge of pregnancy

why

pressure public apathy lack of interest pregnantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; isolation

pregnant woman

who

6.39

2010

5.18

1950

4.23

2010

1.98

growth in psychological disease of pregnant women

lack of respect of lives

Pregnant Woman Simulator

1950

female without childbirth female with childbirth male

trafďŹ cking children abortion

child abuse

lack of edu

backward o

do not hav


anxiety neurosis insomnia depression abortion

physiological changes

obesity edema cancer gynecological diseases

psychological changes

career pressure marrage pressure money pressure life pressure

ucation

result

of society

ve birth experience pressure neurosis anxious nervous

fear of pregnancy

how

Learn the knowledge about pregnacy Learn the knowledge about fetus Experience the birth Experience process of preganacy


Analysis 1.The fertility rates in defferent countries in 2016

From the survey of fertility rates, there is a dramatically declining tendency from 1950 to 2016. As the development of economy and education varies a lot, developing and developed country differs as well. To be more specific, prosperous economy usually accompany with low birth rate, and impoverished eco birth rate. For instance, the rate is even under 1.5 in Singapore, Taiwan and Hongkong. Nevertheless, it reach 5 in some developing coutries like Ethiopia in USA(2.06)

Britain

Europe China(1.77)

Asia

America

Africa

Oceania

Fertility <0.78

1.80

3.20

5.40

7.20


, birth rate between onomy means high n 2016.

2.The fertility rates in defferent countries in 2016

The world fertility report shows the variation of fertility rates and women's age of child-bearing all around the world, and here are some statistics presenting changes in several countries including both developed and developing one during 1977 to 2015. fertility rates

fertility rates

fertility rates

1.0

1.0

1.8

0.8

0.8

1.4

0.6

0.6

1.0

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.2

0.2

0.2

15-19

20-24

25-29

30-34

35-39

40-49

age

15-19

20-24

USA

25-29

30-34

35-39

age

40-49

15-19

fertility rates

fertility rates

7.5

7.5

7.5

7.0

7.0

7.0

6.5

6.5

6.5

6.0

6.0

6.0

5.5

5.5

5.5

20-24

25-29

30-34

Somalia

1977

2015

35-39

40-49

age

15-19

20-24

25-29

25-29

age

30-34

35-39

40-49

30-34

35-39

40-49 age

Italy

fertility rates

15-19

20-24

France

30-34

Afghanistan

35-39

40-49

age

15-19

20-24

25-29

Zambia


Background

2 Pregnancy and its influe

1 Investigation status of depression in pregnant women

Although pregnancy is a natural processes ,huge physical and mental pressure is stressed on the pregnant. They experience changes during pregnancy,deliver,recovery and nursing, which may lead to postnatal depression, And this phenomenon arise more and more people attention Late pregnancy

No Prenatal depression

56%

51%

48%

Prenatal depression

44%

49%

52%

Postpartum Depression

64%

42%

57%

No Prenatal depression Prenatal depression

Unintended pregnancy

Mid trimester of pregnancy

Prepare for pregnancy

Early pregnancy

To analyze the relationship bet low fertility rates and the psycholo physical status of pregnant women their health states.


Prenatal depression symptoms

Feel tired

Anxious

Changes eating habits Sleep too much sleep, or not enough of it

Fear of hurting the fetus or yourself

1

95

20

05

19

15 20

1.71

Bigoted

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v

Lo

FE RT IL IT Y

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CO MENT AL M P HE AL AR TH

at

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1.64

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al

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ily m Fa

1.54 lationsh ip

in fiv ec on tin en ts

S EL OD M

ation

g prepar

Parentin

ar

Delivery fe

Pregnant women culture

Pecuniary condition

Pregnant EPDS<9.5

EPDS>9.5

MPRBIDITY

Early pregnancy

14

8

36.40

Mid trimester of pregnancy

147

99

40.20

Late pregnancy

112

74

39.80 EPDS:edinburgh postnatal depression scale

ng birth to Worry about givi d e will be reduce a child free tim

Physiological function of pregnant women

Antepartum depression

Pe

rc

eiv

so

ee

Sleep quality

Stress and social support

Body pain

Physical function of pregnant women

ed

Sl

p

cii

ng

qu

ic

om

on

Ec

Worried about whether the fetus safe delivery

rry a

Wo

irth

HEA L T H RE LA

Stress in preg nan cy

Depression in pregnant women

re b

atu

rem

tp bou

fac rs

to

via ha

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W is n orrie ot d w no he rm n al the or ce chil sa db rea irt ns h ec tio n Worr ied a the d bou t get a octor ca childbir th w n no roun h t be d norm en al to

Normal

1.69

OD MO ON US IS T A ST

sonal re

1.37

is

OF

1.56

1.72 1.27 Obsession

1.57

born

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atio1.59 n

1.30 In terper

tes

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ativ

atiz

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1.55

1.45

fert ility ra

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ty

al

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Se

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cre

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Africa

n

io

at

ct

e xp

gn

le sti

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Europe

Compar ison of

2 1.8

Ho

1.41 An

North Am erica South Am erica

e Ag

1.34

1.36 P ro

hos

ro Ter

1.29

Psyc

1.25

ion Occupat

1.37

19

Asian

1.41

1.23

85

0

5

Worry about the safety of the fetus

197

Look of social support Family violence Difficult to conceive Accidental pregnancy

1965

0.5

Megative life events

1955

Life pressure

Africa

1945

Marnage crisis

South America

1.5

Impaired concertration Fear of hurting the fetus or yourself

Lose interestlife

Pregnant conflitc

Asian

2

Easy to sad

Lack of partner

North America

S OR CT FA

tween the ogical and n, as well as

Europe

2.5

D TE

ence factors women

3

al

ity

su

pp

or t Lifting

Climb the stairs

Bend down

Bend knees

Walk

r

cto

l fa

ic

tetr Obs

ress

ved st

Percei


Background

Gestation is t is so comple women shou Thus, it is nec

Antenatal depression is a new-found mental disease that happens to mothers during pregnancy. It could hurt women both physically and psychologically, especially the mental health. Then it will hurt the social life and work of pregnant women with no doubt.

According to depression a higher living

Obstetric factors Socio-economic Factor

Antenatal Depression Sleep Quality

Life pressure

Behavial Factor Social Support

Interperso

1 2 3 4 5

It‘s not convenient for pregnant women to go upstairs. It‘s not convenient for pregnant women to go traveling. It‘s not convenient for pregnant women to carry some heavy items. It‘s hard for pregnant women to take pain-killer to relieve pain. It‘s not convenient for pregnant women to do shopping.

1 3

2 4 5

Frequency of p


the process by which an embryo or fetus develops inside its mother’s body before birth. As an important stage of women, the whole process of gestation ex but coordinated. The maternal body will change physically to adapt the need of fetus with the effect of placental hormone. During the period, pregnant uld satisfy not only her own nutrient requirement, but also nutrient that fetus needs. What’s more, they must store energy for the parturition and lactation. cessary for mother and baby to have adequate nutrition.

o the researches so far, we can say that pregnancy could lower the living quality of women significantly, especially on their physical health. And the antenatal affects seriously for all aspects of life. By investigating and analyzing the living quality of pregnant women, we can help women with a better pregnancy and quality.

onal relation

prenatal examination

Demand for pregnant women General demand

PF

PCS

RP

BP GH VT

MCS

SF RE MH

PF(Physical Functioning)

SF(Social Functioning)

RP(Role Limitation Due TO Physical Problems)

RE(Role Limiattion Due TO Emotional Problems)

BP (Bodly Pain)

MH(Mentalhealth)

GH(General Health Perceptions)

PCS(Physical compoment summary)

VT(vitality)

MCS(Mental component summary )

SF-36v2 Model Diagram

Degree of Education

Conjugal relations

State of health

Housing conditions

Parents' attitude

Both husband and wife look forward to the degree

Class time during pregnancy

Pregnant woman's mood

Accommodation environment


Pregnancy process Pregnancy Calendar I designed an original pregnancy calendar in the traditional Chinese lunar calendar style in order to show the pregnant period during 40 weeks. It shows the fetus growth, as well as the physiological and psychological changes of mother in a visualization way. At the bottom of calendar, there are some points which should be taken attention for pregnancy.


Mutual Pregnancy If everyone could experience the process of being pregnant, would we better understand the pregnant women? What influence may be made on those having no experience of being pregnant if they have access to the experience of fetal movement. In this project, by putting no special interactive equipment one can experience the physical reaction of pregnancy, such as fetal movement, putting on weight etc.as well as the psychological change like ecstasy, anxiety, happiness etc. I hope people would show more respect for women and life itself.


Data Analysis Changes During The 40 Weeks of Pregnancy When male get pregnant, there are over 10 items of their body going to change during the period, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, nipples, areolas, breasts, nausea, waist, womb, menolipsis, hormone, astriction, weight. The chart next shows how different item changes from week1 to week40. The density and the size can show the degree.

dizziness fatigue irritability

nipples areolas breasts

nausea waist womb

menolipsis hormone astriction weight

weeks

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13


14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40


Process Analysis


Experiencing Process of MUTUAL PREGNANCY After the users wear on MUTUAL PREGNANCY, they will begin to experience a short but integrate artificial pregnancy. This process aim to simulate the changes and fetal movement. During this process, belly weared on will be larger and heavier, and at the end of journey, the devices will look like a real womb. The graphic below show the whole process and how the belly changes.

1

2

3

4


Technical Analysis How to make it come true that anyone can experience pregnancy ďź&#x;

1

1.To experience the womb changes--simulate the weight and appearance.

In order to experience the weight and appearance of womb changes, I try to fill the water to increase it weight and pump the air to enlarge it shape. When user start this fantastic journey, valve will open and air will be pumped into the belly slowly by the windpipe. At the same time, water will be filled by the waterpipe. The weight and shape are increasing as the time goes by. The whole process will last about 20 minutes, and at the end of the experience the belly of MUTUAL PREGNANCY will let the users feel like a real womb.

4

3 2

5

start

Spring Iron core

4.valve open

3.windpipe 3.waterpipe

pump air, enlarge the shape

weight the belly

2.belly

Intake-tube

Sensor coil

Aneroid (diaphragm) capsule

Manifold abs


solute pressure sensor

1.shoulder straps 2.belly 3.waterpipe&windpipe 1

4.valve 5.belt

5

2

3


Technical Analysis 2.To experience the womb changes--simulate a fetal movement As the development of fetal, not only womb will become heavier and larger, but also the pregnant will experience fetal movement, which can be regarded as the throb of life. During this period, the fetal movement such as stretch,jumping, kicking... The interaction between fetal and mother are so marvellous that only pregnant can experience. MUTUAL PREGNANCY can simulate the fetal movement that make the users experience the real feeling of pregnancy and the interaction with fetal.

i.simulate the pressure Using air pump, pressure pickup and electronic exhaust v ii.simulate the movement Using several vibrating motors to simulate the movemen

i.simulate the pressure ii.simulate the movement

i.simulate the pressure

air pump

electronic exhaust valve

pressure pickup


valve to simulate the pressure.

nt of stretch, jumping and kicking. Different situation has different vibration mode.

ii.simulate the movement

vibrating motors


Newborn Book Inspired by the growth of fetus, I try to create an user experience scene which may provoke more thinking on life. With the help of interactive devices readers will go through a process of the development of unborn baby while reading. This project uses both graphic design and interactive design. It employs DSP technology, IC technology, vibration sensors, pressure sensors, motion sensors and other technologies and equipment, to fully mobilize the body's senses: vision, hearing, touch and taste.


Background Analysis The whole period of fetus development will last almost 40weeks. The graphic below show the development of fetus from an amphicytula to human in every week during the period.


The changes of fetus during the development.

s

nd

no se

heart

ears

ha

t fee

vessel

Fetus develop from an amphicytula to human experience huge changes of their physiology and development of every organs, like heart, hand sand sexual organs... Also their sense will build during this period. Different physical function will develop at different time. The graphic below show the details.

lo

es ey

n

cia

sio

vi

fa

rg

g

rin

an

a he

org

an

r

hai

heartbe

sexual

at

breath

organs

utastembilica

l cord

t

mov

weigh

week0 week10 week20

eme

week30

nt


Function Analysis&Technical Analysis

1week

Now the sperm and eggs have not yet combined, the fetus has not yet formed.

7week

Grow fingers and toes. There are flipper between the fingers.

It s a hard for a egg to combine with the sperm. It inspired me to use the coating to reappear this situation. In this page, users only find the right way from egg to sperm can turn to next page.

From this page, users need to wear the gloves which were stuck. Just try as the fetal who has flipper between fingers.

8week

Fetus product a heartb


Use vibrating motors to simulate fetus heartbeat. Users can use the stethoscope to listen to the heartbeat.

beat.

vibrating motors

Fetal heartbeat

Lead wire

It simulate heartbeat by using vibrating sensor. Shell

Insulator Piezoelectric element

Insulator

P

Vibrating sensor.


Function Analysis&Technical Analysis

15week

Fetus start to open

eyes.

Using finger to touch this page, the LED lights will on to simulate when the fetals first see the light. I use Arduino to finish this work.

Shielded cylinder Vibration Analysis Sensor -

Sensor +

Fetal Vision

It simulate vision by using pressure sensor.

DCS DCSA

Transverse flow

Pressure sensor.


16week

Hair will begin to appear.

Touch the artiďŹ cial fur like the fetal hair.


Function Analysis&Technical Analysis

40week

Fetal hearing.

21week

Fetus suck fingers.

Touch the speciďŹ c fabric to feel like the fetus is sucking ďŹ ngers.


sound transducer Sound intensifier

There are sound collection device and sound transducer in the transparent hemisphere. It start to record surrounding sound till the end of book and users can take to listen to the surrounding sound to welcome a newborn.

Fetus hearing It simulate hearing by using sound transducer and sound intensifier.

Sound transducer R3 +3.3V DC 20K C3 1uF Lin

C1 0.39 uF

R1 20K

Shutdown C2 Rin

0.39 uF

R2 20K

5

8

1

Lout

Sound intensifier

6

3

Rout

2

7 4 R4 20K


Procedure


PROJECT 3 Nature-deficit disorder: the fact that children in the city are solely separated from the nature has become increasingly acknowledged by the public. The problem is mainly attributed to two aspects: on one hand, the rapid social development and urbanization deprived children of the chance of being exposed to the nature by invading the forests, green land with high-rise buildings; On the other hand, with the progress of science and technology, the way of learning and entertainment are diverted away from out-door activity, getting more and more dependent on electronic equipment. As a result children are devoid of knowledge about the wild world, thus lacking respect for nature and life. In my project Close to Nature I come up with three directions: World of Insects, Journey of Insects and Communication of Nature. Through this study I would like to reconnect children with nature in a way that they are familiar with.


Mind Map learning technology developing

80s

field/parental teaching/text book

90s

parental teaching/text book/encyclopedia

00s

text book/encyclopedia/nature museum/botanica

10s

text book/encyclopedia/nature museum/botanica

why

unbalance of vegetation

inc red

unbalance of insects

lac ex ex

destruction of biodiversity

landscaping segmentation

environmental changes

urbanization

suburbanization

loosening the s habitat of anim

greening rate decreasing

disrespect to the nature

what

sympotoms

loss of interests in nature lack of knowledge

results

lack of respect for the live disruptive behavior on the ignorance of the danger infantile autism fear of biological and natu poor adaptability anti-social


al garden/computer

al garden/computer/ipad

creasement of migrant species duction of local plants

ck of natural enemy xcessive reproduction of single specie xtinction of some species

soil/natural fertilizer mals loss

es e ecology

ural environment

focus on electronic devices less natural interaction virtualized

disruption of the ecosystem

fear of insects

how

strenghtern band of nature enhance the relationship between children and species stimulate childrensâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; interests of nature build the band between children and nature


Background Analysis

The Fre Nature B

The Trend of Changes in Learning Way Between 1950 and 2010 One significant change comes to be the change in way of learning knowledge. Science evolution began in 1990 as the invention of computer and Internet. Its also influence the method of learning. The charts below show how popularity the way of learning nature changes from 1950 to 2010 in several representative methods, like television, ipad, computer, school, book, parental teaching and from playing or working in nature. It also illustrate the trend of changes in line chart. All of the data is collected from the research of China dairy. The size of each circle express the popularity of methods use.

The left cha from the ch frequency the same p different ge Zhuxin Liu. the outside day/week/m

19

19 Nature

19

19

Book

20

Parental Teaching

20

School

0-0.5day Computer

0.5day-1d

1day-2da

Ipad Television

2day-5da 1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

more tha


1990

80 19

equency of People in Contacting With Between 1960 and 2010

art illustrate the change of learning methods, hart below can be seen how it influence the of people in contacting with nature during period. The data is researched from people in enerations who did the questionnaire made by I questioned about the times people went to e to contact with nature in their childhood per month.

00

ice

010

5h-12h/day

y/week

0-1day/month

ay/week

3day-7day/month

ay/week

7day-15day/month

an 5day/week

more than 15day/month

Virgil L. Cole Larry C. Durham Gerald S . Dunn Mary Mar M. Bradle y T. y Ch Burr ough An arles s t M. C ho Os hris ny D Read t . M o c M eli ar B phe Sala at ss z r th a . Tr B. R ar ew F. ea ola d nd B. Joh wa y n W ilm son ot h

10

1day-3day/month

0

196

y Ra ge G. urna rd T z wa n B. Lope o . e H ile ch A o l l n E elvi Cu M f I. Mc annini Jef l J. Gi e er Ang C. Tuck e Tyre res B. Alva Nancy ll John K. Presne

20

day/week

1970

J.

ver Lonnie A. Glo get Win B. Jean Juan P. Clancy Marc N. D ube Richa Lind rd L. Lynch a G. Syl Cam pbell Ric vester K. G Ma hard raf M. Ri rga W Al cha ret M. hitak ic e rd N er Ga R llo .T .V a ho ug m ps ht on

F. Do Pac B. D bso e n e Dona ld M. luca Yang Eldon V. F isher Melissa C. Finch Jamie P. Gutierrez . Rode Richard M homas T . M Angela . Gomez Lori J Bandy H. ll beth oda Eliza e A. Wommer i i r Jack N. P han Nat

Jan

te

t ar ew St eo z L. az ph .M se d W am e Jo rah ldr Ab Mi ra L. t cCoy Pe M y P. Colb n Pablo M. Killia Cathy M. Sanders Elsie L. Blair

2h-5h/day

Moyers Susan J. Bogle ie T. ylor Soph . Ta no a r ry E err e rn Tu

000

J.

1h-2h/day

.S

990

tie

tt

30min-1h/day

tt R

980

at

lio

0-30min/day

eri

Ma

Ma

rgu

960

970

M

El

Ma

20


Beijing

Data Analysis Plants Research of Beijing

According to the reseach of INVESTIGATION OF VEGETATION IN BEIJING, it shows how the real environment for children to connect with in daily life and the most importantly, what components are children immerging with. Therefore, I do the reseaches via biology reports and observing in several types nature paces or districts in Beijing such as parks/botanical gardens attached green space for instance residence communities in order to find out the answer. The graphic charts below illustrate the proportion of 4 main types of plants. The atlas below demonstrates the density of the target types of plants in the main districts in Beijing.

Arbor

20% platycladus

16% pines

27% chinese pines

14% willows

9% cypresses

Bush 13% crape myrtle

6.5% maple trees

6% Dwarf lilyturf

7.6% lxeris sonchifolia

19% uanchu

22% procumbent juniper

18% locusts

7% coldenrain trees

Herb

4.4% nudiflorum

Shrub 10.5% suspensa

9.5% annua

14% sonchifolia

16% myrtle


Data Analysis

ita bl ao e hi etl ric e ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es e in e ra e tl Ch de a Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow

Fl

an

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es e in ra er Ch de a vig a m s cla p om yo os om th ac

willows chinese pines pines platycladus

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ta i m bl ar H ao le hi t e ric Be r ot e ol er g i H vig e T cla s es in op Ch my o th an ac

is id yr ax ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er Ch ad am om os

From the studies on biodiversity in Beijing in recent years, the species or flora diversities are deficient. It because of the single structure of plants,the diversty of the insects are also become deficient. The graphic below show the types and numberof insects finding in selected plants which be the most common plants reseached in the last page in data visualization way.

annua suspensa procumbent juniper uanchu

How Plants Influence Biodiversity

eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on i ta m bl ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es in ae e er Ch etl ad Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow Fl la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ita m bl ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac la ha ep ac eg em is ol rid eid y ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es in ae e er Ch etl ad Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow Fl is id yr ax ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig am cla e ps om etl yo os Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow Fl


is id yr ax ia on ita m bl ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac la ha ep ac eg em is ol d i eid yr ax Ph ia tle ee on m rB ar y ige H irb eT es eK in ra er Ch de a vig a m s cla e p om etl yo os Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow Fl

la ha ep ac eg em is ol rid eid y ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee B ot ol er g y i H rb eT Ki es in ae er Ch ad am om os

ow

er

is id yr ax ia on ita m bl ar H a o irby hi ric rae K ot r e ol ige ad H v am cla e ps om etl yo os Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo Fl

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

crape myrtle coldenrain trees locusts maple trees cypresses

nudiflorum lxeris sonchifolia Dwarf lilyturf myrtle sonchifolia

er ow

is id yr ax ia on i ta m bl ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB y ol ge b i H r Ki eT es ae e in er etl ad Ch Be a m orn om ngh os Lo Fl la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ita m bl ar H ao e hi etl ric e ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es e in ra er Ch de a vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an la ac ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

is id yr ax ia tle on e e m ar rB H er ige vig eT cla e es in ps etl Ch yo Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow Fl

ph

ala

ita bl y ao hi irb ric eK ot a ol er er H ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

ce ga


Technical Analysis

1.C

How Do Different Insects Communicate With Each Other

Inse the

From the study of insectsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; communication, two main communication language of them come to be the chemical substances they release. 1.Communication Language of Chemical Substances Insects release different types of chemical substances in their different organs in order to meet their requirements in situations, like courtship, send out signal of danger or food. The graphic below shows the chemical substances release by 3 types of insects about two main function, hostile and amity.

chemical substances which produce by Acanthomyops claviger

MD

D

D

M

M

CHO CH3

CH3

CH2OH

CH2

O C H CH3 CH3

O CHO

O

CH3

N

CH3 CH3

H NO2 N

CHO CHO

O

CH3 - S - S - CH3 CH3 - S - S - S - CH3

O CH3 H


Communication Language of Chemical Substances

ects beep different types of voice in order to meet their different situations, like courtship, send out signal of danger or food.The graphic below shows e rhythm figure of three sound types in three species of insects and their each power score figure of three sound types in three species of insects.

Rhythm ďŹ gure of three sound types in three species of insects

Power score ďŹ gure of three sound types in three species of insects


Communicating With Nature Man’s acoustic frequency is far lower than most animals due to our special vocal organs, which makes us incapable of hearing animals’ “conversation”. Whereas communication means a lot in building a relationship for it narrow our distance to our target communicator, I attempt in Communication of Nature to establish the connection between children and the nature by breaking the language barrier. In my design I would convert man’s voice to digital signals, which then are translated into acoustic signals of animal-specific so as to achieve the goal of communication. The design employs audio compilation technology, acoustic sensing technology, voice recognition technology and voice recognition sensors, A / D converter chip.


Data Analysis

Quantitativ

2

20/km

2

10/km

2

DISGUSTING AMAZING USELESS WASTE FANTASTIC KNOWLEDGEABLE FRIENDLY CURIOUS DIAPPOINTING

ph lo

ry Ch

INTERESTING

Te

tra

op

ha

BORING

in

30/km

ag

2

Ith

40/km

ilo

2

us

50/km

pt

2

so

60/km

os

2

Cr

DENSITY

70/km

sis

According to the interview to children who have tried devices, I could obtain some conclusions below. From the selected 4 children, the feeling they feel after using the devices can be seen by the graphic blow, and also there is an obvious positive outcome from children who have used the product.

2

so

The Psychological Transformation of Children

80/km

n

The graphic b years:

Beijing


Hainan

a

wi

is

in zlo

Ko

n

ilo ag

Ith

us

sis ph pt

so

os

Cr

lo

so

ry

a

wi

is

in

ha

op

tra

Te Ch

Guizhou

zlo

Ko

n

ilo ag

Ith

us

ph pt

so

os

Cr

sis

ha lo

so

ry

a

wi

is

in zlo op

tra

Te Ch

Wuhan

Ko

n

us ilo ag

Ith

pt

a sis ph

lo so

os

Cr

so

ry

ha

wi

is

in zlo op

tra

Te Ch

Taiwan

Ko

n

ilo ag

Ith

us

ph pt

so

os

Cr

sis

ha lo

so

ry

a

wi

is

in zlo op

tra

Te Ch

Shenyang Ko

n

us ilo ag

Ith

a

sis

ph

pt

so

os

Cr

lo

so

ry

ha

wi

is

in

zlo

op

tra

Te Ch

Shenyang Ko

n

ilo

ag

Ith

us

ph

pt

so

os

Cr

sis

ha

lo

so

ry

a

wi

is

in

zlo

op

tra

Te Ch

Shanghai Ko

n

ilo

ag

Ith

pt

us

sis

ph

lo

so

os

Cr

so

ry

Ch

a

wi

s

ni

ha

op

tra

Te

zlo

Ko

below shows the changes of density in main sixth species of birds in standard cities in China over

ve Comparison And Region of Bird Distribution


Utilization Analysis When talking to the product, it could transfer the frequency of the voice to a specific range that birds can hear, by which makes it possible for us to communicate with birds.

100Hz--200Hz

frequency conversion

10000Hz-20000Hz

Tetraop

Crossop

Ithagi

Kozlo

Chrysol


phasis

Technical Analysis

step5

output

ptilon

inis

step1 input people voice step4

voice playback

EQUIPMENT:Microphone

owia

lophus

step2 voice recognition EQUIPMENT:Application Specific Integrated Circuit,ASIC

step3

frequency conversion


Communicating With Nature Manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s voice to digital signals, which then are translated into acoustic signals of animal-specific so as to achieve the goal of communication.


Journey of Insects One of the causes of nature-deficit disorder is the lack of opportunities for children to learn and play in nature. Plants growing in the city are primarily for landscape use, resulting in poor biodiversity, for which we can see only a few species of insects. Journey of Insects encourages children to go outdoor and give them access to observing insects. Insects have acute sense of smell and communicate with each other by releasing chemical substance. Journey of Insects is controlled by App, with which users can decide the species of insects, letting out corresponding chemical to attract the insects. During the process children can observe various insects. The design employs blue tooth transmission technology, temperature controlling equipment, temperature transducer etc.and studies the chemical signals of insects.


Experimental Data Analysis Experiment I placed 10 boxes on the lawn Beijing Wangjing Park, and recorded the number of various insects among one week. Analyzing the data and resulting into day average density. Comparing the before data and after data and manifesting into data visualization. 1

Pheidole megacephala acanthomyops claviger

osoma maderae chinense Kirby Chinese Tiger Beetle Carabus smaragdinus Fischer

Anomala corpulenta Motschulsky Holotrichia oblita

Coccinella septempunctata Harmonia axyridis Menochilus sexmaculatus

Flower Longhorn Beetle Anoplophora chinensis Apriona germari(Hope) Anoplophora glabripennis

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

before after


Using Process Step1 Logining APP and chosing the location.

Step2 Chose the type of insects which you want to collect. After confirming on the app, the maker will begin to manufacturing gas.

Step3 Users can chose to release gas on APP, then the gas which manufactured at the step2 will release from the balloons.

Step4 Waiting for several minutes and the insects will begin to come into the box. During this process, users can watch the insects at close quarters. Also they can view the information of the selected insects on the APP.

Step5 When insects come to the collection box, users can choose to wether to take it away or put it back to nature. If they choose to take it away they can select the target address on the APPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s atlas which has the shortages of the collected insects. After completing the whole process, the users not only can know the knowledge, but also can help to build the biodiversity of local environment.


RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

10 Milk St Boston, MA, Uni...

xxx district RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

xxx(insectA)

xxx district chose insects to catch.

12:45 PM

brief introduction of xxx xxx(insectA) xxx(insectB) xxx(insectC)

user

START

step2

RAIZLABS

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

OK

OK

1

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

BACK OK

12:45 PM

OK

RAIZLABS

xxx(insectA)

10 min

12:45 PM

10 Milk St

waiting... would you like to take it away? 10 min

10 min

OK

10 Milk St

OK

OK

OK

10 Milk St

×

OK

step3

RAIZLABS

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

10 Milk St Boston, MA, Uni...

Complete a journey. Earn rewards. 1 min

The insect has been obtained

10 Milk St

user’s name

The insect hasn’t been obtained

3D

home

user

home

insect

achievement

friends

home

insect

achievement

friends

2 step4 RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

The insect has been obtained

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

RAIZLABS

12:45 PM

Complete journeys

The insect hasn’t been obtained

user’s name

xxx(insectA) xxx(insectB) xxx(insectC)

xxx(insectA) xxx(insectB) xxx(insectC)

Earn rewards.

xxx(insectD) xxx(insectE)

home

back

user’s name

xxx(insectD) xxx(insectE)

home

back

user’s name home

insect

achievement

friends

home

insect

achievement

friends


Technical Analysis First-phase: Preparations

From the background research, I found that there are several types of chemical solution to attract insects. Firstly, preparing the target types of chemical solution which can attract insects by smelling. Secondly, put it in the container of the Journey of Insects. ballon

valve

valve gas

liquid container heater

heat

Principle of Manufacturing & Releasing

The heaters behind the containers will begin to heat the liquid of chem manufacturing. After few minutes, the liquid become to the gas will go begin to fill the ballons full gas. Atfer seveal ballons are all full, it me the command of releasing the gas will be stored in the ballons and wh bottom of the ballons will open and begin to release until the end of th


ter

mical solution in the containers after the command of o throw the tube and eans that the step of manufacturing is ready. Before hen it get th command of releasing the valves at the he command.

Model The model of the Journey of Insects consists of three main parts. Part1 is the glass path that provide a way for insects to come and a view for children to watch close the insects. Part2 is a maker made up of battery, sensors, ballons, blue tooth equipment, heaters, liquid containers, valves to manufacture and release the gas that can attract or repulse the insects. Part3 is a box that can take away to other place after collecting the insects.

part 1

part 2

part 3


World of insects Due to the differences in structure of eyes, insects vary a lot from us human on imaging. World of Insects try to provide man with the visual angel of insects by wearing bionic lens. It can not only enhance manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s understanding of insects, but also arouse the interest in wild life and the miracle of the nature. This design, by giving children the view of world from an insectâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eye, leads them to understand the uniqueness of life and to learn to respect life. Technologies employed: lens array, photosensitive layer and small hole array, image sensor array with curved surface array of micro-array molding technology.


Data Analysis

Compound eye imaging principle and the human eye is similar, but compared with the monocular has a broader field of vision, lower resolution, the color of the different levels This results in a very large difference between the two modes. In the same location, the same scene was recorded with human eye and compound eye, and the recognition degre recognition degree of green and the recognition degree of red were compared and analyzed.

From the research about the insectsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; compound eye, it shows that different insects have kinds compound eye. The number of the single eyes and the arrays are all different. I try to illus of numbers of insects by the following images, in order to show the difference more intuitively.

Color recognition of red

Color recognition of green

Color recognition of blue

field of view angle

resolution


of recognition. ee of blue, the

strate the world

people

insect1

insect2

insect3

insect4

insect5

insect7

insect8

insect9

insect10

insect11

insect12

insect13

insect14

insect15

insect16

insect17

insect18

insect19

insect20

insect21

insect22

insect23

insect24

insect25

insect26

insect27

insect28

insect29

insect6


Experimental Data Analysis

When the user wears the glasses, it can be switched into another mode of the insects by the bottom button. The graphic blow shows how attitude changes after children try this amazing glasses. I do the research by myself and sent the questionnaires around, in order to know their changes in disgust in nature, afraid of nature, unknown of insects and interest of insects.

name:Tia

name:Wa


disgust of insects afraid of insects name:He Xi

unknown of insects interest of insects

an Tian

name:Agela

ang Hua

before

name:Wennie Liu

after


Technical Analysis There is a 82A camera behind the micro lens array and the because every lens can image effectively, 82A camera can obtain a BSB multiple image. After digital processing, users can see a complete and reconstructive image.

Model

Details

Microlens Array Apertures Glass Substrate

Pinhole Array Sencor Array Plane Model of Apposition Compound Eye

Micro Lens Array



Zhuxin Liu - Interaction Design Portfolio