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Project:2


mind map

learning technology developing

80s

field/parental teaching/text book

90s

parental teaching/text book/encyclopedia

00s

text book/encyclopedia/nature museum/botanical garden/computer

10s

text book/encyclopedia/nature museum/botanical garden/computer/ipad

why

unbalance of vegetation

increasement of migrant species reduction of local plants

unbalance of insects

lack of natural enemy excessive reproduction of single specie extinction of some species

focus on electronic devices less natural interaction virtualized

disruption of the ecosystem

destruction of biodiversity

landscaping segmentation

environmental changes

urbanization

suburbanization

loosening the soil/natural fertilizer habitat of animals loss

greening rate decreasing

disrespect to the nature

what

sympotoms

loss of interests in nature lack of knowledge

results

lack of respect for the lives disruptive behavior on the ecology ignorance of the danger infantile autism fear of biological and natural environment poor adaptability anti-social

fear of insects

how

strenghtern band of nature enhance the relationship between children and species stimulate childrens’ interests of nature build the band between children and nature


1990

data analysis

The left chart illustrate the change of learning methods, formthe chart below can be seen how it influence the frequency of people in contacting with nature during the same period. The data is researched from people in different generations who did the questionnaire made by Zhuxin Liu. I questioned about the times people went to the outside to cantact with nature in their childhood per day/week/month.

00

F. Do Pac B. D bso e n e Dona ld M. luca Yang Eldon V. F isher Melissa C. Finch Jamie P. Gutierrez . Rode Richard M homas T . M Angela . Gomez Lori J Bandy H. ll beth oda Eliza e A. Wommer i i r Jack N. P han Nat

ice

2h-5h/day

2010

5h-12h/day

School Computer Ipad 1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

0.5day-1day/week

1day-3day/month

1day-2day/week

3day-7day/month

2day-5day/week

7day-15day/month

more than 5day/week

more than 15day/month

y Ra ge G. urna rd T z wa n B. Lope o . e H ile ch A o l l n E elvi Cu M f I. Mc annini Jef l J. Gi e er Ang C. Tuck e Tyre res B. Alva Nancy ll John K. Presne

Virgil L. Cole Larry C. Durham Gerald S . Dunn Mary Mar M. Bradle y T. y Ch Burr ough An arles s t M. C ho Os hris ny D Read t . M o c M eli ar B phe Sala at ss z r th a . Tr B. R ar ew F. ea ola d nd B. Joh wa y n W ilm son ot h

10

0-1day/month

0

196

J.

20

Television

0-0.5day/week

1970

te

20

t ar ew o St ze L. az ph .M W se am Jo dred brah l A Mi ra L. t oy Pe McC y P. Colb n Pablo M. Killia Cathy M. Sanders Elsie L. Blair

2000

Moyers Susan J. Bogle ie T. ylor Soph o . Ta an r ry E err e rn Tu

1h-2h/day

J.

1990

.S

30min-1h/day

tie

tt

1980

tt R

Parental Teaching

0-30min/day

at

lio

Book

1970

eri

Jan

1960 Nature

M

rgu

Ma

Ma

Ma

El

One significant change comes to be the change in way of learning knowledge. Science evolution began in 1990 as the invention of computer and Internet. Its also influence the method of learning. The charts below show how popularity the way of learning nature changes from 1950 to 2010 in several representative methods, like television, ipad, computer school, book, parental teaching and from playing or working in nature. It also illustrate the trend of changes in line chart. All of the data is collected from the research of China dairy. The size of each circle express the popularity of methods use.

ver Lonnie A. Glo Jean B. Winget Juan P. Clancy Marc N. D ube Richa Lind rd L. Lynch a G. Syl Cam pbell Ric vester K. G Ma hard r af M. R rg Wh Al icha aret itak M ic r .G e dN er R all .T .V o ho au g m ps ht on

THE TREND OF CHANGES IN LEARNING WAY BETWEEN 1950 AND 2010

80 19

THE FREQUENCY OF PEOPLE IN CONTACTING WITH NATURE BETWEEN 1960 AND 2010


data analysis

Beijing

Plants research of Beijing

Donghu Lake Beijing Botanical Garden

According to the reseach of Investigation of vegetation in Beijing, it shows how the real environment for children to connect with in daily life and the most importantly, what components are children immerging with. Therefore, I do the reseaches via biology reports and observing in several types nature paces or distrcits in Beijing such as parks/botanical gardens attached green space for instance residence communities in order to find out the answer. The graphic charts below illustrate the proportion of 4 main types of plants. The atlas below demonstrates the density of the target types of plants in the main districts in Beijing.

Huangguang District

Miaofeng Mountain Arbor

Chaoyang Park 20% platycladus

16% pines

27% chinese pines

14% willows

Hui District

9% cypresses

Jingshi Mountain

Jingshi Mountain

Bush 13% crape myrtle

6.5% maple trees

18% locusts

7% coldenrain trees

Central Mountain Herb

Changxing District 6% Dwarf lilyturf

7.6% lxeris sonchifolia

4.4% nudiflorum

Shrub

Laozhuang District 19% uanchu

22% procumbent juniper

10.5% suspensa

9.5% annua

14% sonchifolia

16% myrtle

Dougezhuang District


HOW PLANTS INFLUENCE BIODIVERSITY

data analysis

From the studies on biodiversity in Beijing in recent years, the species or flora diversities are deficient. It because of the single structure of plants,the diversty of the insects are also become deficient. The graphic below show the types and numberof insects finding in selected plants which be the most common plants reseached in the last page in data visualization way.

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am

e es in

ad

K ae er

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ita m bl ar H ao hi tle e ric Be ot r ol ge y Ti irb

H

Ch om os

is id yr ax ia on ita m bl ar H a o rby hi Ki ric rae ot r e ol ige ad H v am cla e ps om etl yo os Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow

Fl la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

ita bl ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H irb eT K es in ae e er e tl Ch ad Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow Fl

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ita m bl ar H ao hi tle e ric Be ot r ol y ige H irb eT K es e in ra er Ch de a vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on ta i m bl ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot r B er ol ige vig H e T cla s es in op Ch my o th an ac

am

e es in

ad

K ae er

is id yr ax ia on ita m bl ar H ao e hi etl ric e ot rB ol ge y Ti irb H

Ch

om os

crape myrtle coldenrain trees locusts maple trees cypresses willows chinese pines pines platycladus

nudiflorum lxeris sonchifolia Dwarf lilyturf myrtle sonchifolia annua suspensa procumbent juniper uanchu

is id yr ax ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB y ol ge b i H r Ki eT es ae e in er e tl ad Ch Be a m orn om ngh os Lo er ow Fl la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H irb eT es eK in ra er Ch de a vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an la ac ha ep ac eg em is ol rid eid y ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

is id yr ax ia tle on ee m ar rB H er ige vig eT cla e es s in p e tl Ch yo Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow Fl

ita bl y ao rb hi Ki ric ot ae ol er er H ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac

la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae e er Ch e tl ad Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow Fl la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae er er Ch ad vig a m s cla p om yo os om th an ac la ha ep ac eg em is ol id eid yr ax Ph ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae e er Ch e tl ad Be a m orn h om ng os Lo er ow Fl is id yr ax ia on a lit m b ar H ao hi tle ric ee ot rB ol y ige H rb eT Ki es in ae r er Ch ige ad v am cla e ps om e tl yo os Be om rn th ho an ng ac Lo er ow Fl


data analysis 2.Communication Language of Voice

HOW DO DIFFERENT INSECTS COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER From the study of insects’ communication, two main communication language of them come to be the chemical substances they release and voice they beep. The way of chemical substances mainly used in the insects like ants, bees...And the way of voice mainly used in the insects like cricket...The study also illustrate the specific chemical substances and voice they use, and I select some representative samples paint into graphic.

Insects beep different types of vocie in order to meet their different situations, like courtship, send out signal of danger or food.The graphic below shows the rhythm figure of three sound types in three species of insects and their each power score figure of three sound types in three species of insects.

Rhythm figure of three sound types in three species of insects

1.Communication Language of Chemical Substances Insects release different types of chemical substances in their different organs in order to meet their requirements in situations, like courtship, send out signal of danger or food.The graphic below shows the chemical substances release by 3 types of insects about two main function, hostile and amity.

chemical substances which produce by Acanthomyops claviger

M

D

D

D

M

M

CHO CH3

CH3

CH2OH

CH2

O C H CH3 CH3

O CHO

O

CH3

N

CH3 CH3

H NO2 N

CHO CHO

O

CH3 - S - S - CH3 CH3 - S - S - S - CH3

O CH3 H

Power score figure of three sound types in three species of insects


Journey of insects One of the causes of nature-deficit disorder is the lack of opportunities for children to learn and play in nature. Plants growing in the city are primarily for landscape use, resulting in poor biodiversity, for which we can see only a few species of insects. Journey of Insects encourages children to go outdoor and give them access to observing insects. Insects have acute sense of smell and communicate with each other by releasing chemical substance. Journey of Insects is controlled by App, with which users can decide the species of insects, letting out corresponding chemical to attract the insects. During the process children can observe various insects. The design employs blue tooth transmission technology, temperature controlling equipment, temperature transducer


experimental data analysis We placed 10 boxes on the lawn Beijing Wangjing Park, and recorded the number of various insects among one week. Analyzing the data and resulting into day average density. Comparing the before data and after data and manifesting into data visualization. 1

Pheidole megacephala acanthomyops claviger

osoma maderae chinense Kirby Chinese Tiger Beetle Carabus smaragdinus Fischer

Anomala corpulenta Motschulsky Holotrichia oblita

Coccinella septempunctata Harmonia axyridis Menochilus sexmaculatus

Flower Longhorn Beetle Anoplophora chinensis Apriona germari(Hope) Anoplophora glabripennis

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

before after



Interaction Design Portfolio