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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Zhuoqing Li(Eve)

(student number: 886823) Samuel Lalo + Studio 12


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

Three techniques: Subtractive fabrication, formative fabrication, and additive fabrication The computer Numeric controlled fabrication is a new ‘digitally enabled processes of production’, which implies that the constructability of building design becomes a direct function of computability. The parametric modeling process turns the complex geometries to Nurbs curves and surfaces, which offers rich opportunities for tectonic exploration of new geometries in computer Numeric controlled fabrication.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

Image of surface script

Images of surface iterations

The left image is my script of grasshopper for surface iterations. The right four surface iterations are generated by changing the location of point attractors and index of attraction force. The last one of the surface iterations is used to create the task 1 final project.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

The task1 model is formed by one 2d surface and one 3d surface. To make two surfaces consistent with each other, I use triangular shapes for both of them. Panels are bigger at the bottom and top parts of the surface. Enlarging the top and bottom parts can increase the size of openings at the bottom and top, which lets people enjoy better view. (3d panels: Pyramid panels with small triangular- shape openings created by weaverbird in grasshopper. 2d panels: Small triangular shapes of different sizes)

The waffle structure is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, which makes the shadow of panels can be seen in the ground when light comes from the top. A hollow waffle structure creates an interior volume. Moreover, the in-between spaces of hollow structure also can be used.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

All the elements on the laser cutting template are labelled to make sure that every single element is put in the right position of the physical model. I also mirror all the unrolled surfaces to hide etches created by laser cut. The black lines are in the cut layer and the red lines are in the etch layer.

Waffle Structure Material: 1mm mount board

Constrain of this process is sometimes I cannot unroll two more panels at the same time as it will intersect with each other. Moreover, in the physical model, z fins experience shear and torsion forces which make it look a little bit curly.

Two Surfaces Panels Material: 290gsm Ivory Card

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Week Five

Image of boolean itreations

Image of boolean script

The left image is my Boolean script. I use the platonic octahedrons in lunchbox and spheres on central points of grids. The middle courtyard is created by changing the second column object to sphere. Moreover, the curve attractor on the top changes the position of these objects to make them intersected with each other to create larger space for circulation. The scale tool also contributes to the intersection. After baking the cutting objects, I use the Boolean different tool in rhino. The right image is the outcome of Boolean iterations. I choose the last one to develop.

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Week Five

Isometric

The final model of my task 2 is not my first choice. At the beginning, I only use platonic octahedrons in lunchbox to create some opening and some small spaces. When I got my 3d print model I found that using the sphere as well to create larger space for circulation works better. I choose 1/4 of the whole model to represent a 2 stories pavilion with a big open courtyard in the middle. Two small holes on the top that created by ‘Boolean Difference’ work as skylights. The octahedrons in the corner touch the middle spheres to create an entrance between middle courtyard and space on both sides. The octahedron in the right corner touches the surface and creates an entrance. Moreover, the octahedrons on side create some openings for the level 2 and level3 private spaces. The solids between the holes work as walls, boundaries or columns to define different spaces.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

{200,80,200}

{50,50,200}

{200,50,200}

{50,50,200}

{50,50,200} {200,50,200}

{140,50,200}

{50,50,200}

{155,200,200}

{200,50,155}

{200,50,80}

{50,200,50}

{50,95,50} {170,200,50}

{200,155,50}

{Index Selection}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

2.1

{160,98,276}

{170,200,50}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.2

2.3

2.4

{151,194,120}

{115,126,116}

{160,154,4}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

+

+

Task 01 Matrix On task 1, I choose the 3.4 on matrix to develop my project, which is a combination of 2d and 3d. Pyramid panels with small triangular- shape openings define a boundary between exterior and interior. The small triangular-shape openings working as thresholds allow light to come into interior space from different a direction, which creates interesting shadows in the interior space; Small triangular shapes on the 2D surfaces are designed to let the light come into the interior space and create interesting shadows. Panels are bigger at the bottom and top parts of the surface. I use the ‘tripartite method’ on modern architecture to divide the whole building into three parts: top, middle, bottom. Enlarging the top and bottom parts can increase the size of openings at the bottom and top, which lets people enjoy better view.

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Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0} {0,100,150} {0,0,150}

{100,0,150}

{150,75,150}

{100,0,0} {100,0,0}

{123,127,48}

Sphere Distirbution

{Curve Attractor}

{Curve attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Curve Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4 {0,100,150}

{0,0,150} {150,75,150} {100,0,150}

{100,0,0}

{100,0,0}

{123,127,48}

Brep Transformation

{Curve attractor}

{Curve attractor}

{Point Attractor }

{Curve attractor}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4 {0,100,150}

{0,0,150} {150,75,150}

{100,0,0} {123,127,48} {Platonic Icosahedron}

{Platonic Tetrahedron}

{100,0,150}

{100,0,0} {Platonic Octahedron}

{Platonic Octahedron+Sphere}

Task 02 Matrix On task 1, I choose the 3.4 on matrix to develop my project whose cutting objects are a combination of spheres and octahedrons. I use spheres in the second column of the cutting objects to create an open courtyard in the middle, which works as a gathering space and main circulation area. Two small holes on the top that created by ‘Boolean Difference’ work as skylights. The octahedrons in the corner touch the middle spheres to create an entrance between middle courtyard and space on both sides. The octahedron in the right corner touches the surface and creates an entrance. Moreover, the octahedrons on side create some openings for the level 2 and level3 private spaces.

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Week Six

Final Isometric Views

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Appendix

Process

Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Zhuoqing Li(Eve)

(student number: 886823) Samuel Lalo + Studio 12

Appendix

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Appendix

Process---Task 1 physical model ( creating process) I use knife to fix the edges of the triangular shapes openings and then fold the panels. Different panels are connected with tabs and fixed by UHU GLUE.

Sometimes the panels are broken from etches, so I use transparent tapes to fix them on the back side of ivory card.

+ panels

creating waffle structure

Process 1: Folding panels and creating waffle structures

Process 2: Fixing panels and waffle structures together 12


Appendix

Task 1 Shadow Study+Space Study

Task1 shadow study:

I use the ‘weave bird picture frame’ on grasshopper to create these small triangular openings on 3d panels. I draw small 2d triangular openings manually on 2d patterns to make it consistent with the 3d panels. These small openings are designed to change the light directions and create interesting shadows.

2D Patterns Shadow

3D Patterns Shadow

Task1 space study:

The in-between spaces of the waffle structure can be used as relax space: people can lean on the waffle structure and chat with their friends at the same time. When change the orientation of the structure, the waffle structures can be used as benches. The openings on surfaces cannot only shape the light but also can be used to enjoy beautiful view. In the second photo, a young man is sitting on the bench and his daughter is seeing through the openings.

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Appendix

Task 2 Circulation Diagram + Space Study

stairs

Level 2

Perspective view of space study stairs

Task2 Space+Circulation Study

I choose 1/4 of the whole model to represent a two stories pavilion with an open courtyard in the middle. The ground level is designed to be an open space with 3 entrances (the middle one created by the sphere is the main entrance). Each level has stairs in the middle for multi-level circulations. On the second level, there are two private spaces with small openings on both sides for people to have private conversations. The third level also has two private spaces on both sides, which are the same as second level.

Level 1

Legends Circulation of level2 Circulation of level 1

stairs

Circulation of ground level

stairs

Ground Level

Circulation between different levels Stairs

Isometric Circulation Diagram 1:3

Dd module 02 journal template  

886823 Zhuoqing Li Studio 12

Dd module 02 journal template  

886823 Zhuoqing Li Studio 12

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