ZHU XUANYI Current School:Shandong Jianzhu University Academic Certificate:B.E Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Address:Fengming Road,Development Zone,Lingang District,Jinan,Shandong Province,P.R.China Tel:86-18366185648
ZHU XUANYI'S PORTFOLIO FOR THE APPLICATION TO MSC ARCHITECTURAL AND URBAN DESIGN THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Reminding people of the beauty of the traditional architecture, inspiring and stimulate the nonbalanced part therefore bringing a more sustainable future to the ancient city
As my years in architectural studies go up.I have been more and more intrigued by how the architectural theories I have learnt can be applied into my own design.Also,in developing my own design philosophy and identifying my architectural pursues,where am I positioning my thoughts in the “Matrix of architecture theories”,particularly of Modernism,Postmodernism,Metabolism,and Sustainability.I am tired of works thataren’t intellectually stimulating. This pursue,or,ambition,has been manifested in my higher year university design projects.These projects include a spring museum and a residential area renewal scheme,a“Micro-center”of Community,urban design project of West End,Brisbane,Australia,as well as a mixed use complex design .In each of these projuct,a proposition was presented aiming to solve a unique contextual urban issue,while testing my philosophical position. The works I chose mostly represent a being of relation, nature and artificial, history and present and so on. The intention of each design is not just responding to its context, at the same time the hidden organizational form is extracted and creates a new value that influences the existence of architecture.
[Home for all]
[Dotted city ＆ Leisure life]
-- Jinan Spring Museum Design
-- Urban Complex Design
-- Urban Design of Brisbane
-- Shantytowns Renovation– Dingjia Village
-- The “Micro-center” of Community Design
-- Florence Market Design
-- Residential Building Transformation of “The Village of Cerebral Palsy”
01 â€œSPRING-SCAPE" SPRING MUSEUM IN JINAN Instructor: Fang wenbo Summer 2015
The site is a demolition area in the old urban area of Jinan City. Many sites with historic value around my chosen site have become the modern urban view along with the city development. The history memories of the people in the city always fade out after the demolition of a block. What I am doing here is to extend the historic trace with architecture style. After the preliminary research and material collection, the project determined the operation strategy to the current situation of the site: to keep the spring in the base (as part of the exhibition of the Spring Museum), newly-built bronze (as a spot of the museum presenting the living picture relative to the spring), newly-built yard along with the Flower Pond (This decision was made upon the the harmony relationship of the yard and its surrounding from the Qushuiting Street to the Flower Pond as the key interface facing the Flower Pond), the old Christian church and the traditional lap of yard in the south-east side.
I donâ€™t hop and attain appearanc of abat-ven
Interior exhibition 1
Interior exhibition 2
Interior exhibition 3
Leisure Roof Platform
pe the relatively low continuous interface in the ancient urban area. I also follow the original height of the old building the coordination to the original buildings in the altitude aspect. Operation Strategy is respond Site, faithful to original ce.The project guarantees large space meanwhile recues the volume of the whole building by increase the span number nt style roof to realize the consistence of volume.
Current Situation of the base.
Keep the original spring and bronze.
Keep the newly-built yard along Baihuazhou, a traditional lap of yard in the south-east and the old Christian church in the site.
Considering the buildings kept, extract the boundary control line and conduct volume occupation to the site.
Make linear volume concede in the basis of the buildings kept.
Since the houses on the south of the base are all single-story, the volume of the south side of museum is set as one-floor.
Considering the buildings surrounding, this project adopts abatvent style roof, increasing the span number of the roof fold,
The facade along the street concedes, implanting the function of exhibition, extending the show function to the outdoor.
Deepen the site and perfect the details.
Fact: The interior is small volume feature in accordance with the surrounding of the site.
How to satisfy the requirement of the museum for large space as well as assort with the feature of the smallvolume surroundings.
Recues the volume of the whole building by increase the span number of abat-vent style roof to realize the consistence of volume.
Keep the ancient tree in the site.
Settle the outer facade, leaving blank, making it the background or intercepting screen of the tree.
The changing shadow on the wall could be a part of exhibition, enriching the exhibition of the museum.
The original spring in the base is kept as the scene connecting the Flower Pond.
The project takes use of the spring by contracting the texture, the heavy concrete with the light spring.
The light spring is highlighted against the heavy concrete.
Facade by street perspective
The intention of it is hoping the sight of the people could pass through the gallery. Different spaces could build up connections on sight. Although connected, the spaces are also divided by introducing dispersion and the wall pieces.
02 INTERIM URBAN COMPLEX IN JINAN Instructor：Yvonne Wang , Zhou zhongkai Collaborator: Liu tuyang Winter 2015
We defined the transition as “Interim” for the chosen site locates in the middle of the commercial program and historic urban area, in the middle of modern skyscrapers and civilian houses of the ancient urban area, between the modern and tradition function. This status is highly demonstrated in the aspects of architectural culture, form, style and urban planning pattern. The purpose of the project is to shape out a favorable “interim” condition between high level complex and original buildings on the site, i.e. to specify that the modern and tradition could coexist even benefit by assorting each other. In the dim dawn, local resident would buy fresh vegetables in the morning market of Wanzixiang. Then have breakfast at Bianyifang on the corner of Jingsan Road and Weisi Road across, some fried dumplings, a bowl of local congee. Finishing the breakfast, could enjoy a foreign silent film in the Xiaoguanghan Movie east down the Jingsan Road, chatting with neighbors in interval. After noon lap, go to the famous Mingxinchi taking a bath together with friends, enjoying tea and massage there. Late afternoon, go shopping in Nangangzi, enjoying the show from artists from all around the country. In the occasion when star actors coming to Jinan, go to Beiyang Theaters to enjoy their performance, applauding for them. This is the cozy life used to be. In the words above, you can vividly feel the “Slow Life” of the old trading ports, leisure and tardy, intensively contrasting with modern tense and fast pace. So we hope the final project could re-present the comfortable slow life of old days.
Site Information Preserve the original British tobacco company building,Guangzhili courtyard house as well as the Xiaoguanghan movie museum/restaurant. 4
Permeating Break up the scale of main shopping complex by refering to the scale that is in the traditional cormmercial area,Da Guan Yuan.
Lower Floor of the Compositive Building A void is created in the Public Bath complex as another expression of a traditional spatial characteristics,yet with a modern interpretation.
Continuing Axis To carry through the principles which established in the urban design phase which suggested to continue and extend the traditional commercial axis into the site. 5
Design New Houses Treat the entire Guang Zhi Li complex as one piece and maintain the quietness and privacy of the original Guang Zhi Li courtyards.
Distinguish Function Define the functional characteristics for each parcel within the site.Guangzhili Courtyards will be the main cultural centre,while the commercial part is to pick up the continuity of the commercial strip. 6
Design Old Houses Introducing terraces and balconies into the traditional courtyard housing,which provide platforms on different levels to enrich the spatial experience for visitors to the Guangzhili complex. 9
High-rise of the Compositive Building
Unify the Form
Two high-rise building are situated to the eastern edge of the site to accentuate the Zhongshan Park green lifestyle Axis and the Da Guan Yuan commercial axis.
A coordination of the architectural language has been employed and carried through the entire design of the site.
Yard space The final design adopted small scale yard space to present the courtyard house, as coordination of the small and comforting yard space and dimension.
Indoor space Has abundant light.
Translation of Traditional Elements The architectual language we employed is aiming to bring back the richness and warmth of old memories of the area,yet with an energetic injection of contemporary vibes.In order to create a unique atmosphere,we consulted the architectural language from the local surroundings.Through research we found that there are different historical period of the construction of various scales.From the start of the very original dwellings in the area to the 70s when shopping mall were brought in,and up to recently years when skyscraper are built,we observed a wide variety of buildings.We need to meet the needs of contemporary lifestyle,yet not to neglect the past.Finally,we abstract the traditional patterns of the roof onlocal dwellings and applied that pattern to creat a new facade for the high-rise and multi-storied buildings.
Ground floor plan
First floor plan
Interior yard Corridor
Layer of Yards
Master Plan We found that although the urbanization of change is rather large,memories for the local people are unique and profound.Therefore,we put forward a vision:through our design,it will combine the space of the traditional with modern technology,inherit some local spirit,and continue the special local experience.
Public Activity Node Perspective
03 WALKABLE CITY URBAN DESIGN OF BRISBANE Instructor：Yvonne Wang , Zhou zhongkai Collaborator: Jia hui,Yin zijun,Dang changshuo Fall 2015
The theme of this program is to walk the is used to unlock the hidden walk in neighborhoods of diverse cultures, and derives a large space sequence relationships through a series of space nodes, the use of imported water series from the multicultural area of visual arts using green riverbank extends to the interior of the series from a variety of cultural events musical performing arts district. Thereby forming a large space in the sequence of contact small internal space. Diamond added elements to illuminate the space inside the base, suggesting that the special culture of the location, guide people forward looking. A large walking space nodes sequent links the riverbank in the north and the main streets in the south, breaking the tedious inner area. A series of small spaces nodes sequent inside also endows different culture themes and functions, injecting vigor into the block, forming a complete and efficient space node sequent series. The “diamonds” embellishing in the base could be discovered even in distance, representing different culture areas, intriguing people to explore more hidden beauties.
The original base wasted its location advantages in culture, transportation and view aspects for its function of industry and office. Therefore a colorful public area is created to attract people by extending the view, river and public spaces inward, in accordance with the extending space nodes sequence, linking the crowd and making an amusing space containing different culture elements. Every â€œdiamondâ€? stands for different culture area. People could discover and trace them thus make the area more interesting, spending more time here and more beautiful communications happening.
Our indigenous culture has a history over hundreds of years.
There are multiple cultures here, with restaurants from different countries.
West end has pioneer culture elements everywhere, especially represented in bars and coffees.
The major culture of CBD is no doubt official business, where a lot of business men with formal suits gather together.
I donâ€™t want the old buildings dismantled and rebuild for I am afraid I wonâ€™t remember they were like.
There are a lot mainstream culture forms in south Brisbane such as library, galleries and museums
How amusing to play water!
Our hobbies find their stage here in visual culture area.
There is climbing club under the arch of the bridge. In the night, band plays there.
Grass circle 23
nd dynamic zoning
Typical culture gathers in the site
Performing arts and sports culture ďź† Visual arts culture
Spatial sequence 24
A NEW CULTURAL GATHERIN
This base occupies a key position of culture transition area and trans open square, children running freely on the open ground floor. So the the green area by the riverside into the base to create dynamic enter to create the static leisure view area, thus increasing the public area a
NG PLACE FOR PUBLIC LIFE
sportation junction. The main idea of the design is to make it a public e inner paths are changed into walking street. The design introduces rtainment environments. At the same time the river is broken through as well as the communication opportunities between different cultures.
04 "DEN-CITY" SHANTYTOWNS RENOVATIONâ€“ DINGJIA VILLAGE InstructorďźšYvonne Wang Summer 2016
This project is about the renovation of a village in a city. The chosen site is Dingjia Village in the east part of Jinan City. With decades of history, Dingjia Village has intensive dense but low plot ratio, narrow streets and lack of public open space. It is listed in the 236 urban villages by Jinan Government about to renovate within 4 years. Thus we are bringing out the renovation plan for a real-world project. Our plan has 3 stages. First, build temporary residence scattering in the village, securing the normal life during the period of renovation. Then remove some of the old buildings, reducing the density, building new type buildings upon old ones, increasing plot ratio, and build up 3-dimension transportation. Finally, as conceiving for the future, add new buildings in vertical dimension, moving walking system and most of daily activities to the 2nd floor and above, realizing a city of future.
Jinan has large amount of ancient urban areas, evolving into the urban villages in the process of urbanization, facing their fate to be tore down to build high-rise communicates to contain the huge population as their obligation. Then the historic streets would vanish, along with the laugh of children. Those â€œcopy-pasteâ€? communicates alienate the traditional closed neighborhood. And this design is meant to keep those ancient buildings and use them to retain the relationship of neighborhood, retaining the interactive communications in the vertical city.
The old buildings in Dingjia Village --Residence I
The old buildings in Dingjia Village --Residence I
The old buildings in Dingjia Village --Kindergarten
The old buildings in Dingjia Village --Commercial
The old buildings in Dingjia Village --Combination of Commercial and Residential
Temporary Buildings Architectural Appearance --Residence I
Temporary Buildings Architectural Appearance --Residence I
Temporary Buildings Architectural Appearance --Kindergarten
Temporary Buildings Architectural Appearance --Commercial
Temporary Buildings Architectural Appearance --Combination of Commercial and Residential
Internal Layout --Residence I
Internal Layout --Residence I
Internal Layout --Kindergarten
Internal Layout --Commercial
1/2/3 floor | Living Space 4 floor | Rest Space for construction workers 5 floor | Storage (storage for construction materials)
1/2 floor | Living Space 4 floor | Rest Space for construction workers 5 floor | Storage (storage for construction materials)
1 floor | Activity room 2 floor | Bed Room 3 floor | Rest Space for construction workers 4 floor | Storage (storage for construction materials)
1/2/3 floor | Commercial Space (Supermarket, restaurant, clinics etc.) 3 floor | Rest Space for construction workers 4 floor | Storage (storage for construction materials)
Combination of old buildings and new-added ones
Combination of old buildings Combination of old buildings Combination of old buildings and new-added ones and new-added ones and new-added ones
Internal Layout --Combination of Commercial and Residential 1/2 floor | Commercial Space (Supermarket, restaurant, clinics) 3/4 floor | Living Space 3 floor | Rest Space for construction workers
Combination of old buildings and newadded ones
Stage 1â€”Temporary Buildings The first step of the plan is to build up temporary residence to secure normal life of local residents. Basically this step has 5 styles: Commercial, intermixing of commerce and residence, kindergarten, small scale building for 3-people family and for 5-people. The main purpose of temporary building is to keep normal life of locals in the duration of renovation, charactering as small area but high storey, reducing the impact of the process of renovation and construction.
Stage 2â€”The profile of Dingjia Village after renovation The temporary buildings could be jointed together as community activity center after renovation, and distributed in the village as required.
Stage 2â€”The profile of Dingjia Village after renovation Build walking path and road for vehicle. Move the major living space, leisure space to upper space, while the commerce and public infrastructure part to the space underneath, thus they would not disturb each other.
The vertical city in the future - Conceiving to the future
Add buildings in vertical direction
- Move the life of residents into the newlybuilt building, and the major part life into upper space - Enlarge the volume, increasing the lot ratio
The road network of modified Dingjia Village - Build up three-dimensional transport - Increase open public activity section
Buildings of modified Dingjia Village
-remove part of old buildings; add one floor of open space -Consolidate old buildings, introduce commercial industry surrounding
Current Dingjia Village Road Network -Constrained width -Dense road network
Current buildings of Dingjia Village -Intensive small scale buildings -Storey (2-4 floors)
Current texture of Dingjia Village -intensive density -Lack of open space
Explode View of added buildings
Explode View of added buildings
Explode View of added buildings The new-built ones is frame structure, with variety of house type, adapting life of different people.
Detailed drawing of the temporary wall.
Roof could be multifunctioned used after lifting up.
Th e ro o f co u l d b e opened and used as small crane with other co m p o n e nt s, co n venient to transport the construction materials to the storage floor.
Architectural profiles of the temporary buildings: 1-4 floor as temporary residential space; 4-5 as rest and entertainment space for workers.
STAGE 2 RENOVATION 34
STAGE 3 VERTICAL CITY
05 HOME FOR ALL THE “MICRO-CENTER” OF COMMUNITY DESIGN Instructor: Hou shirong Collaborator: Liu tuyang Winter 2015
This project is designed to create a “Community Micro-center” of 50m2. Key point of the plan is high efficiency and flexibility in space usage. It is divided in 4 sections, from open to private from outside to inner. The partition of space is accomplished by the implication of walls, separation of doors and windows and changeable sliding doors. It makes the function permeation and combination from different areas possible. There are 3 set of integrated furniture in total, separately for use of the pack storage, meeting advertisements and service purposes. It defines 3 different space key tones and integrates multi-functions, thus satisfies variety of requirements for colorful community activities. This building covers an area of 45m2, construction area 51m2. Main body is light wood frame structure of economical wood material. Interior adopts glue veneer, outer façade the black waterproof larch veneer, with inner drainage design. The components of doors and windows are solid wood prefabricate. The furniture would complete together with the main body of building.
Plan view size
Integrated furniture distribution
Longitudinal wall layout
Cross wall layout
construction of wood foundations
construction of roof frame I
construction of the 1st floor
construction of roof frame II
construction of the 1st floor wall
construction of 2nd floor
installation of doors and windows
completion of the 2nd floor
whole structure system
1.vertical black anticorrosion larch veneer 2.horizon pine lathing air space 3.Double cross TPU waterproof breathable film 4.Fireproofing plasterboard 5.lamination laminwood outer wall keel Mineral wool insulation board 6.Oriented strand board 7.Vertical pine lathing 8.Fire retardant treatment finger joint veneer 9.Lamination veneer 10.Stainless sliding door track 11.Pine rough ground filler 12.Lamination stud 13.Internal drainage downpipe 14.Oak frame hollow glass French window fixation installation 15.Oak openable ventilation fan
16.Aluminium alloy window screen roller track 17.horizontal antispectic treatment primary color larch veneer 19.Stainless steel drainage tray 20.Integrated furniture backside spacer 17.horizontal antispectic treatment primary color larch veneer 19.Stainless steel drainage tray 20.Integrated furniture backside spacer 21.Pine triangle pad 22.Pine floor 23.Pine keel filler sponge 24.Lamination veneer 25.Lamination beam filler rock wool board 26.Antiseptic treated larch underborading 27.The depth of the square antiseptic treated pine foundation is determined by the situation of ground. If it is hard, the foundation could adopt other fix method instead of burying.
Office space could be opened as the extension of exhibition area, integrating furniture inside, including bookshelf, cupboard, fold office table and sinks.
The auxiliary space on the 2nd floor could be used as the rest area of the office staff.
Core activity exhibition area has integrated furniture inside including bookshelf, cupboard and projector.
Semi-outdoor activity area has the function as teahouse and information publication.
Entrance porch has integrated cupboard digital information retrieval screen, with also the package send-receive function.
The outdoor balcony on the 2nd floor is worked as the space connection of the auxiliary space extension and the porch.
Explosion diagram The site is in a residential area,the house service for residents as a tiny communicate center.It provides residents of new social way.The structure of this project is wood structure,the source of wood is economical,with compositive furniture. And the furniture with structure can be finished at the same time.The most crutial strategy is the high efficiency ďź† flexibility of space.The area is limited under 50 sq.m.thus the penetrable space is the first choice.
First floor plan
Second floor plan
Integrated shelf, small digital terminal, with post function as well as pergola, public display shelf and storage shelf.
Teahouse settled in the outdoor public balcony, no roof above, could be used for small scale assembly or education, as well as public show space.
The sliding door divides the public space and office apart, which could be merged as one big space with the door open.
The main body of the public activity space has function of community reading room and video hall functions.
Movable wood ladder could be pack up.
Integrated office desk has sublayer which could be rotated out as extension of the furniture.
Community information announcement column is used for information a n n o u c e m e n t fo r p u b l i c activities.
The air conditioner space has been reser ved inside the furniture, the vent in the bottom of the upper closet, also with projector screen container built-in.
I n t e g r a t e d f u r n i t u re h a s closets in upper and under layer, bookshelf in the middle with projector screen. The closet in the bottom could be used as tea booth.
Multi-function integrated furniture with storage shelf, drawers, sinks and desk could satisfy the basic office function requirements.
Leisure space The platform frame structure is more advanced than traditional woodworking.For the main bearing system depends on the linear component,which can be prefabricated in factory.That means building such a wood house will spend less time. I choose other projucts in my four years of learning career.The common feature of them is to express some kind of the concept.They are models and digital works,which tried in different express to test out more possibilities in design.
06 DOTTED CITY ďź† LEISURE LIFE MARKET DESIGN IN FLORENCE Instructor : Jin wenyan Fall 2014
This is a design for a second market, consisting of regular secondary market and so-called flea market parts. The larger part is the regular market, generated basing on the base boundary and people activity streamline. This is where second-hand articles recycles by the management department to the entire city are centralized sold in classified area. The 1st floor of the smaller part is the area for flea market, where local resident could sell their useless second-hand articles. While the 2nd floor provide place for resting and leisure, relatively isolated but people could see the market from, creating variety of spaces, open or relatively closed for people resting or communicating in. The combination of these 2 parts forms a free streamline in responding of the peopleâ€™s psychology to shopping in flea market. The base is a plot in the city of Florence waiting for construction. There is a green park beside the base with better view, thus my design is meant to take advantage of the surrounding strength, not only designing a market but also providing a space for communication and entertainments.
Overview of the Flea-market
View Plateform The small volume 2nd floor and above as well as the roof platform are used for leisure and view.
07 MIND POST RESIDENTIAL BUILDING TRANSFORMATION IN HUNAN Instructor:Fang wenbo Spring 2015
Wanjiali North Road in Changsha City, Hunan province is located in the joint point of Changchang City and Changsha County. It is called “West of the City” by the patients, while it has a more popular name as the “Village of Cerebral Palsy”. Every year, hundreds of cerebral palsy children rent rooms and live here. Adults in hurry and children in wheelchair slobbering are everywhere in on the road. In the end of year 2013, Hunan Provincial Disabled Persons Federation issued a plan to help to cure 9000 cerebral palsy children under age of 7 within 3 years. Now the first batch of 330 children is now undertaking their free rehabilitation therapy at Xiangya Boai Rehabilitation Hospital. This “Village of Cerebral Palsy” is only 1 km from the hospital and the rental is only 100-300 or so. The strategy of renovation is to conduct the space renovation with no change of the structure system and little construction, and produce positive impact to the therapy of cerebral palsy children. The people living there wish the rental would not increase thus the plan would not change the room but focus more on the public activity space.
Outdoor Space Transformation
Entertainment Space Some of the spaces are transformed to enrich the entertainments and rehabilitation activities of cerebral palsy children.
Students sketching Sicheng Hall of Lu Village ÂˇJuly 25, 2015
Overhead Crane Zigong · March 10, 2014
Southern Lake Hong Village·July 19, 2015