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Applying for MArch Architecture at UCL

Regeneration - In relation to form and function

A thematic portfolio Student name: Zhiyuan Yan Student number: 20129643


Regeneration - in relation to form and function

“D’una città non godi le sette o le settantasette meraviglie, ma la risposta che dà a una tua domanda.” “You take delight not in a city’s seven or seventy wonders, but in the answer it gives to a question of yours.”

-Italo Calvino, Le città invisibili

Cities are like human bodies and architectures are like organs that compose them. City residents go through the streets like blood cells go through blood vessels. The whole system is always working and developing and when some parts fail, they will be regenerated and replaced, in the same manner as before but with better performance. For example, if a bone is broken the body will repair it and make it thicker and stronger, but a bone is always a bone and its form and function never change. Instead the cities are different. When regeneration happens in part of the city, the possibilities are infinite both in formal e functional sense. This portfolio includes three architectural projects developed during my bachelor’s academic route at Polytechnic University of Milan, and a furniture design project developed during my internship, each of which is in a particular context and accompanied by its own background. Each proposes an “regeneration” intervention in relation to form and function. It is an exploration and discussion that just touches the surface of the argument, but I hope it could leave something to whoever opens it.


Contents

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO REGENERATION AS FORM - 01

OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER) REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION - 11

DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO REGENERATION AS FUNCTION - 19

CHAIR DESK 2019 INTERNSHIP AT NORMALEARCHITETTURA REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION - 29


COMMUNITY CHURCH

Professors:

Introduction

Emilio Faroldi Maria Vettori Pillar

In colaboration with: Claudia Crotti Francesco Deluca

Duration: One Semester

Candidate’s contribution: Architectural Design Architectural Drawing Visual Representation Construction Details

01 COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

Milan, Città Studi, in the lot between Via Villani and Teatro Leonardo da Vinci, currently occupied by the church of San Pio X, due to the deteriorated physical condition and lack of space for non-religious use, a new church adapt to the new needs is urgently necessary. Thus, this project tries to respond to this request: a new religious complex that does not only include spaces required by a standard catholic church, but also spaces useful to community members who doesn’t involve in religious activities. So, based on very simple architectural and functional principles, the building appears as a group of four rectangular blocks connected by a small square on the -1 floor. Each block serves a different function, with the biggest being the church. The steeple, located on the internal square, is visible from

Regeneration as form 2018-19 Final Design Studio

outside and together with the carved cross on the facade of the church, indicates the religious nature of the complex. The rest of the facades are kept as simple as possible, with minimal opening except the north side which faces an open green space. Most of the natural light enters from above so the walls could protect the interior from the fairly busy and noisy streets. In front of the complex, on Via Bonardi, currently traveled by both cars and trams, cars will be no longer allowed in order to connect the complex to Piazza Leonardo more directly. The project aims at offering habitants in the area, religious or not, more welcoming and dynamic public spaces, restoring the urban permeability and promoting communications and exchanges between people of different ages, religions and cultures.

REGENERATION AS FORM


Urban Analysis Materials | Campus Leonardo Stone Metal Metal Concrete Glass Marble

Urban Morphology | Campus Leonardo Urban Tissues San Pio X Church Basement | Lateral Filter Space Adjacent Buildings

Infrastructure and Green Spaces | Campus Leonardo Public Green Spaces Relevant Green Spaces University Green Spaces Tramway Line Bus Line Metro Line Underground Transportation Surface Transportation Bike Sharing Station Electric Automobile Charger

Public Areas | Campus Leonardo Flows Public Areas

Site Analysis Functional Analysis | Città Studi San Pio X Church Worship Research | Didactics Sport Health Theaters Public Spaces

Worship | Città Studi Santo Spirito Parish church, Gandolfi, 1962

San Luca Evangelista Parish church, Ponti, 1956

Santa Maria Assunta Parish church, 1951

San Pio X Parish church, Chinigher, 1955

Santissimo Redentore Parish church, 1900

San Giovanni in Leonardo Parish church, Chinigher, 1934

REGENERATION AS FORM

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

02


Design Process

Site Plan A

Dem

olitio

Volu m

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C

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n

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Subs

Section A-A tract

ion

Cut

Section B-B

Addi

tion

Pe r m

eabi

lity

Section C-C Ligh

t

Natu

re

03 COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FORM


Plan -3.3 m | 1:200

REGENERATION AS FORM

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

04


Plan 0.0 m | 1:200

05 COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FORM


Plan +3.3 m | 1:200

REGENERATION AS FORM

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

06


Plan +6.6 m | 1:200

07 COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FORM


Church 1. Entrance hall 2. Liturgy hall 3. Baptismal font 4. Altar 5. Ambo 6. Seat of the president 7. Tabernacolo 8. Paschal candle 9. Sacristy 10. Choir organ 11. Matroneum Chapel 12. Entrance hall 13. Weekday chapel 14. Eucharistic chapel 15. Meditation chapel Priest’s house 16. Entrance hall 17. WC 18. Office room 19. Multi-purpose room 20. Multi-purpose room 21. Segretary 22. Office 23. Studio 24. Storage 25. Living area 26. Guest room

Community building 27. Entrance hall 28. WC 29. Reading area 30. Staff office 31. Bar 32. Reading area 33. Classroom 34. Classroom 35. Classroom Oudoor spaces 36. Steeple Exterior Visualization

REGENERATION AS FORM

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

08


Longitudinal Section

Interior Visualization 1. Cover with 4 mm metal karter 2. 8 mm waterproofing sheath 3. Block in prefabricated reinforced concrete 250x300x200mm 4. EPS - XPS insulation 50 mm 5. Waterproofing membrane 4 mm 6. Lightened poured concrete 50 mm 7. 5 mm electrowelded mesh 8. Ribbed sheet l 00 mm 9. Main beam IPE 600x250 mm 10. Welding 11. Intermediate support plate 20xl40

09 COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

12. Distribution plate 14x250 mm 13. Leveling mortar 14 mm 14. Anchor bolt 15. Load-bearing structure in reinforced concrete 250 mm 16. Rainwater collection system 17. Concrete mass of slopes 100 mm 18. HEB secondary beam 270x270 mm 19. Suspension structure for false ceiling H 700mm 20. Metal bracket 21. 30 mm counter-anchor anchor frame

22. Putty 6 mm 23. 30 mm rear ventilation cavity 24. Brickwork facing l20x250x55 mm 25. Joint in 10 mm cement mortar 26. Brick support element 27. Horizontal anchor post 28. Binding element 29. Facing bricks 60x250x ..) 5 mm 30. Expansion joint 31. Dowel

REGENERATION AS FORM


Constructive section

32. 40x20x2 mm aluminum profile 33. Double-sided structural Velcro 34. 5 mm stainless steel plate 35. Fiberglass panel 3000x1500x12 mm 36. Natural stone slab 3000x1500x5 mm 37. 12 mm fiber plaster board 38. Sectional anchoring profile “U” 39. Acoustic sealant 40. Vertical post with section “C” 41. EPS insulation - XPS 100 mm 42. Nail tip screw 43. Single flat hardened safety glass in transparent polycarbonate 4 mm 44. Swing door with internal insulating glass 45. PVC door leaf

REGENERATION AS FORM

46. Frame in heat-insulating PVC with motor       integrated 47. Extension frame with mounting flange       perimeter 160 mm 48. Vapor barrier with polyethylene membrane 49. Steel structure supports H 400 mm 50. 20 mm raised floor structure 51. Paving slabs in porcelain stoneware        75xl50x9 mm 52. Glue flooring 8 mm 53. 60 mm radiant heating system 54. Insulation EPS - XPS 30 mm 55. Screed with 100 mm plant engineering 56. HEB beam 190x190 mm

57. 8 mm anti-impact sheath 58. XPS insulation (ground floor) 10 mm 59. Hood in reinforced concrete 100 mm 60. Ventilated crawl space 300 mm 61. Magrone underpinning 150 mm 62. concrete plinth foundation 63. 8 mm textured resistance checkered sheath 64. External flooring 75x15x9 mm 65. Substrate in lightened concrete 60 mm 66. Reinforced concrete slab 100 mm 67. Gravel 500/800 mm 68. Retaining wall 69. Drainage tube 70. Land

COMMUNITY CHURCH 2018-19 FINAL DESIGN STUDIO

10


OASIS RESIDENCE

Professors: De Carvalho Antonio Covic Ivica Parenti Claudia

Individual Project

Duration: Two months

Introduction

Lambrate, one of the historic areas of the metropolitan city of Milan, hasn’t seen the same level of economical and architectural advancements like some other quickly developing neighborhoods in the same city. The dynamic of the area grew stagnant and many lots are left empty. Many of these lots are found along one of the biggest railway stations in the city and the connecting railways. One of them is located in South-East part of the city, left by the ex-railway yard with train deposit and local government has expressed the desire to transform it into housing areas. This project tries to offer an urban and architectural solution to this problem. Centered round the idea of apartments with a semi-greenhouse atrium as a climatic buffer. The project deploys sustainable design choices and a formal approach aimed at attracting habitants back into the area.

11 OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

Regeneration as form and function 2019-20 Design Studio (Master)

The complex is composed of four residential blocks, every two accompanied by a climate-buffer atrium and two blocks that connect one of them to the two existing buildings as the existing buildings are being transform into commercial use. The atriums, as the central idea of the project, is enclosed by walls and roofs with steel frame and glazed glass. One single “Y” shaped pillar supports the central part of the roof while several circular passages surrounds it, bringing visitor closer to plants and vegetation in the atrium. At the same time, as Italy becomes one of the most aged country in the world, the apartments take old people’s physical and mental well-beings into consideration, focusing on being barrier-free and promotes contact with the nature.

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION


Natural heat circulation

Night

Day

closed shutter

open shutter

solar panel

fresh air warm air

Natural water circulation rain water

underground reservoir

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

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Functions and Circulation Site Analysis

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REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

13 OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

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te si

Design Process


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Ground floor plan 1

1. Entrance lobby 2. Bike storage 3. Stroller storage 4. Fitness 5. Services 6. Commercial 7. Security room 8. Meeting room

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Building entrance

2 5

Safety exit

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REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

35m

OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

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Northern block typical plan | 1:500

1. Living 2. Kitchen 3. Bedroom 4. Service 5. Studio

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Apartment entrance

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Northern block section | 1:500

15 OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION


Southern block typical plan | 1:500

3 4

1. Living 2. Kitchen 3. Bedroom 4. Service 5. Studio

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Apartment entrance

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3 3 Southern block section | 1:500

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

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Appartment plans | 1:200

Atrium

Atrium

Atrium

17 OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

Atrium

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION


Detail section | 1:50 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

39

40

Ground Perimeter drainage system Lean concrete 50 mm Concrete foundation slab 200 mm Concrete screed 30 mm Cast-in-place concrete wall 240 mm Bitumen coating 2 mm Perforated plates 60 mm Geotextile layer Steel beam HEA 200

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37 36

35 34

45 46 44

33 32 31 30 29 12

22 23 24 25 28

42 15 11 41

11. Steel beam HEA 200 12. Concrete 15 mm 13. Acoustic insulation 20 mm 14. Interlayer 1 mm 15. Concrete screed 60 mm 16. Interior pavement 17. Metal exterior cladding 18. Ventilation space 40 mm 19. Exterior insulation 50 mm 20. Insulation 80 mm

22 23 24 25 28 41 43 41

42 11

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27 26

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31. Leveling layer 32. Roof membrane 2 mm 33. Solar panel 34. Secondary Impermeabilization 2 mm 35. Impermeabilization 2 mm 36. Drainage 37. Metal couvertine 38. Main steel beam height: 500 mm 39. Motorized blind 40. Tempered glass

51 52 53

16 15 14 13 12 11

41. Corten steel panel 10 mm 42. Horizontal connection 43. Spacers 44. Reflective insulating glass unit 45. Metal horizontal mullion 46. Metal vertical mullion 47. Asphalt mixture 20 mm 48. Asphalt treated base 50 mm 49. Gravel layer 200 mm 50. Gravel

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21. Horizontal anchor 22. Interior panel 15 mm 23. Steel column HEA 200 24. Space for blinds 25. Removable cover 26. Window frame 27. Window glass 28. Blind 29. First layer of insulation 60 mm 30. Second layer of insulation 50 mm

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51. Metal door frame 52. Insulating glass 53. Door handle, height: 900 mm 50 1

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

2 3

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OASIS RESIDENCE 2019-20 DESIGN STUDIO (MASTER)

18


DANTEUM

Professors:

Introduction

Arnaldo Arnaldi Gian Luca Basso Peressut Duration: One Semester In colaboration with: Marco Aulisa Agostino Omini Candidate’s contribution: Architectural Design Architectural Drawing Visual Representation Construction Details

19 DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

Regeneration as function 2018-19 Interior Design Studio

The original Danteum is an architec-

dernity and one of the greatest writers

tural monument designed by one of

and poets in history with an architec-

the pioneer in Italian modern move-

tural experience similar to an artistic

ment - Giuseppe Terragni in 1938 to

installation.

memorize Dante and his most important work, the Divine Comedy. Unfortu-

Due to the its clsed and restricted in-

nately, the project was never realized.

terior space as a result of its unique original use, the complex is reinter-

But as we discovered the bunker of

preted as a single-way journey that

the prefecture and the tower of si-

starts from the garden of the Isimbardi

rens in the busy Milan center, isolated

Palace, where the bunker is located,

from the noisy city in the courtyard

and finishing at the bottom of the tow-

of the prefacture’s bulding and com-

er in the small courtyard between the

pletely abandoned after a brief use in

prefecture’s building and the Ismbardi

the World War II, we immediately per-

palace. The route closely follows the

ceived an opportunity to pay homage

story of the Divine Comedy, as visitors

to one of the trail blazer of Italian mo-

take the long staircases to the top of

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION


“ Per me si va ne la città dolente, per me si va ne l’etterno dolore, per me si va tra la perduta gente. Giustizia mosse il mio alto fattore: fecemi la divina podestate, la somma sapienza e ’l primo amore. Dinanzi a me non fuor cose create se non etterne, e io etterno duro. Lasciate ogne speranza, voi ch’intrate.

1

Inferno, canto I

the bunker, they are greeted by an array of concrete panels symbolizing the dark forest before entering the Inferno with a swirling passage carved into the thick wall of the bunker. The passage travels between the concrete panels positioned in the same arrangement as above, but the scenes of Inferno are printed onto them and illuminated by LED bars behind the hand rail, creating a completely different atmosphere from above, the one of the hell. The ground in polished marble

2

“ Quivi sospiri, pianti e alti guai risonavan per l’aere sanza stelle, per ch’io al cominciar ne lagrimai.

Diverse lingue, orribili favelle, parole di dolore, accenti d’ira, voci alte e fioche, e suon di man con elle facevano un tumulto, il qual s’aggira sempre in quell’aura sanza tempo tinta, come la rena quando turbo spira. Inferno, canto III

” REGENERATION AS FUNCTION

DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

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“ Come un poco di raggio si fu messo nel doloroso carcere, e io scorsi per quattro visi il mio aspetto stesso, Inferno, canto XXXIII

3

reflects the same passage as if it descends infinitly.

The existing passage between the tower and the bunker is perceived as the territory of Lucifer. As visitors enter his realm, they lose the perception of space with the bakc-lit wall creating the “Ganzfeld” effect. After surpassing the bulge from the ground that represent Lucifer himself, visitors arrive at the bottom of the tower underground, a tiny pool of water hints the disembarkment depicted in the Divine Comedy. Visitors then take the spiral staircase at-

4 “ d’un ruscelletto che quivi discende per la buca d’un sasso, ch’elli ha roso, col corso ch’elli avvolge, e poco pende. Purgatorio, canto I

21 DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION


“ A l’alta fantasia qui mancò possa; ma già volgeva il mio disio e ‘l velle, sì come rota ch’igualmente è mossa, l’amor che move il sole e l’altre stelle. Paradiso, canto XXXIII

6

tached to the wall of the tower to ascend into Paradiso - in the form of a circular passage, a space to enjoy the light and view of the whole city as it dominates the nearby buildings in height.

The route ends with the same continuous spiral staircase that descends on the outside of the tower, taking visitors back onto the ground and closing the story of the Divine Comedy told in the language of architecture.

5 “ I’ mi volsi a man destra, e puosi mente a l’altro polo, e vidi quattro stelle non viste mai fuor ch’a la prima gente. Goder pareva ‘l ciel di lor fiammelle: oh settentrional vedovo sito, poi che privato se’ di mirar quelle! Purgatorio, canto I

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION

DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

22


Existing State 1. Tower of sirens 2. Underground passage 3. Bunker of prefacture 4. Villa Necchi Campiglio 5. Prefecture of Milan

6. Internal garden 7. Isimbardi palace 8. Garden of the palace 9. Institute of the blind

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5 1

2

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Removal

Drilling and digging

Internal partitions are removed from the bunker, tower and underground passage to create ample continuous space for storytelling.

Existing entrances are replaced by two ramps. The bunker is carved and digged to create a passage. Holes are drilled on the tower to let through an appropriate amount of light.

6 5

9 8 7

2. Rimozione

3. Foratura e scavo

Si rimuovono le partizioni interneDESIGN del bunker 23 DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR STUDIO della prefettura, della torre delle sirene e del passaggio sotterraneo per creare ampi spazi unitari.

Le entrate precedenti vengono bloccate e si costruiscono due REGENERATION AS FUNCTION rampe sui lati del bunker. Vengono realizzati dei fori di piccola dimensione sulla torre e si scava nella copertura e nel muro del bunker creando un passaggio.


Addition

Top

2. aRimozione In bunker spiral passage is supported by concrete panels . On the tower a continuous double spiral staircase is attached the wall.le partizioni interne del bunker della Si to rimuovono prefettura, della torre delle sirene e del passaggio sotterraneo per creare ampi spazi unitari.

An organic roof falls onto concrete panels that repeat also in the interior. The double spiral staircase of the tower is Le entrate precedenti vengono bloccate e si costruiscono due topped by a ring to create a platform. rampe sui lati del bunker. Vengono realizzati dei fori di piccola dimensione sulla torre e si scava nella copertura e nel muro del bunker creando un passaggio.

4. Addizione Nel bunker si aggiunge una passarella supportata dalle lastre di cemento, seguita da una superficie continua lucidata. Nella torre si realizza una doppia Route Map spirale che sale dall’interno e scende dall’esterno.

3. Foratura e scavo

5. Copertura Sulla copertura del bunker le lastre di cemento che si trovano all’interno si ripetono e su di esse si appoggia una copertura ondulata. La doppia spirale della torre si collega a un anello che viene utilizzato come spazio di sosta.

Visiting route

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION

DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

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Elevation of the tower | 1:100

25 DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION


Section of the tower | 1:200

1. Pre-existing concrete wall 2. Raw concrete finish 3. 30 mm steel bars welded and     bolted into the sheet 4. Steel railing, 30 mm cable      in diameter, railing height      1100 mm 5. Galvanized screw M20 x 300 6. Sheet metal 15 mm 7. Steel structure supporting edge 8. Steel beam of profile “I” incorporated      in reinforced concrete masonry      300 mm 9. Galvanized screw M12 x 20 10. Embedded profile “I” steel beam        in reinforced concrete masonry        (length 300 mm) 11. Polished sheet metal cover 4 mm

12. Concrete slabs with silkscreened images       13. Steel fixing 14. Stainless steel handrail with       “S” profile 10 mm thick with       LED lighting - yellow light       towards the plates and motion sensors       towards the passage, anchored       (with TF-F 100 screw) to the plates in       reinforced concrete, every 1.4 m 15. Duplex stainless steel handrail       0.5 m of height with dimension of       25x40 mm, screwed (with screw       TF-F 100) to the concrete slabs       armed every 1.4 m 16. Marquina black marble floor       raw, size 120 x 70 mm / support       of iron above the beams 15 mm high 17. Steel fastening element 18. Profile “I” beams of dimensions       180x140 mm (t = 20 mm) welded       perpendicularly every 3 m /       black marquina marble cover       (height 15 mm) anchored in corners       (with TF-F 35 screw) 1 2 3 4 19. Screen-printed reinforced concrete slabs 20. Smooth polished black marquina marble floor, height 25 mm size 1200 x 700 mm 21. Dillation 20 mm 22. Leveling, waterproofing spatula 23. Pre-existing reinforced concrete 5 6 7

Section of the tower’s passage | 1:20

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8 9 10 11

DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

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Section of the bunker | 1:200

Section of the bunker’s flooring | 1:20

19 20 21 22 23

Elevation of the tower | 1:100

27 DANTEUM 2018-19 INTERIOR DESIGN STUDIO

REGENERATION AS FUNCTION


Elevation of the bunker’s passage | 1:20

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15

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CHAIR DESK

Individual Project

Introduction

Duration: Two Weeks

Regeneration as function 2019 Internship at NORMALEARCHITETTURA

Thanks to my previous experiences in the field of furniture design, during my internship at normalearchitettura I was assigned to collaborate with Knoll to refresh one of their existing product - the Toboggan chair desk designed by Antenna Design in 2012, to fit the needs of a school environment. Originally designed for workplace and learning environments, Toboggan allow users to shift 360 degrees in the seat, with the back serving as backrest, armrest or impromptu tablet worksurface. However, while its versatility makes it very popular in more casual environments, its simplicity also limits the comfort it could offer in situations that require prolonged sitting.

29 CHAIR DESK 2019 INTERNSHIP AT NORMALEARCHITETTURA

Moreover, the worksurface of the original design isn’t big enough for proper schoolwork. Thus, with the same design principle of simplicity and versatility, using the identical materials and production process, these new iterations are made to improve the product’s performance in new use cases. The steel frame and wooden tablets are rearranged but the product still maintains its playful, yet practical identity. Three versions were proposed, with slight differences in construction and function, showing how like architecture, also furniture could regenerate to improve and adapt.

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION


Original Toboggan® Chair Desk

Chair Desk 1

Dimension Width: 55 cm Depth: 83 cm Height: 77 cm Seat height: 40 cm

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION

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Chair Desk 2

Dimension Width: 55cm Depth: 83cm Height: 77cm Seat height: 40cm

31 CHAIR DESK 2019 INTERNSHIP AT NORMALEARCHITETTURA

REGENERATION AS FORM AND FUNCTION


Chair Desk 3

Dimension Width: 55cm Depth: 87cm Height: 84cm Seat height: 40cm

Soluzione REGENERATION 4 - AS Doppio FORM AND uso FUNCTION

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Epilogue Although I came from a foreign country with a completely different cultural background and studied yet in another, I noticed a lot of common focuses about architecture, one of which being “regeneration”. Both Italy and China have gone through dramatic urban transformation in a relatively short period of time (with China’s being more recent). And such quick transformations, often without too much study and deliberation, left countless problems that, although difficult, should eventually be solved. Such process is the “regeneration” of our time. Some of the old is no longer adapt to the new and their existence bring negative impact to the city and the habitants. Logic and reason are fundamental in this discussion. Not a single lot, a single street or a single building can exist alone. Every component of the city in intertwined in the net of everything else and the problems should be solved from a bigger scale rather than a smaller scale. But this doesn’t mean simplifying the process of regeneration to a purely urbanistic intervention. Once the carefully studied and established the strategy, choices on an architectural scale starts to have an essential role that, from my point of view, are sometimes more difficult and complicated than these on a bigger, more general scale In an architectural scope it’s not possible to

avoid the topic of form and function. Since Louis Sullivan originally said “form ever follows function.”, the phrase has often been attributed to Mies Van der Rohe and after its decades of tremendous validity, we have reached a time where many start to doubt its relevance. Surely cities and architecture have evolved from back then and their complexity nowadays is unprecedented, their basic principles remain unchanged. After the studies at Polytechnic and as a conclusion of the three projects shown in this portfolio. I think the quote from Sullivan is still valid, even more than it used to be. In architecture form shapes the space that in its turn serves a certain function. This connection existed from the birth of the subject and will probably remain so. Moreover, in the time of “regeneration” they become more inseparable since without function there’s hardly any regenerations and without form no function could be served. But their relation is also flexible. The same form could serve different functions and a function could be served by many forms. The three projects explain this multiplicity well: they deploy different approaches regarding the old the new in term of form and function, but the connection is constant. What this brief portfolio is able to discuss is only the tip of the iceberg and I look very much forward to explore the topic in my master’s studies.

“Whether it be the sweeping eagle in his flight, or the open apple-blossom, the toiling work-horse, the blithe swan, the branching oak, the winding stream at its base, the drifting clouds, over all the coursing sun, form ever follows function, and this is the law. Where function does not change, form does not change. The granite rocks, the ever-brooding hills, remain for ages; the lightning lives, comes into shape, and dies, in a twinkling. It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and all things superhuman, of all true manifestations of the head, of the heart, of the soul, that the life is recognizable in its expression, that form ever follows function. This is the law..”

-Louis Sullivan, The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered


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2020 Portfolio for UCL MArch Architecture  

2020 Portfolio for UCL MArch Architecture  

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