Professional Tel: +989378391918 Email: Zhinarashidzadeh@gmail.com Linkedin: Zhina Rashidzadeh Adress: unit 32, No 131, mokhberi blv, Sattari hyw, tehran, Tehran province, Iran
Iran Pavilion Expo 2020
Master’s Design Studio 1 Winter 2017 Team: Niloofar Rafinia Professors: Dr.M.Alaghmandan, Prof.M.Golabchi
The key role of multi-functional buildings in providing appropriate access to social services for neighborhoods’ inhabitants within metropolises, is undeniable nowadays. Tehran as the largest City of Iran requires serious demands in that case. Eran Tower, which is a 66 multistories building, has been designed to meet various needs of Tehran’s (district NO 2) citizens. The site is located in the junction of Yadegar-E-Emam Expressway and Jalal-Al-Ahmad Highway in a residential context. According to seismic aspect of Tehran, Designing an innovative structure to bear lateral loads was in priority; also some interactive features such as,air purificator blocks and shades have been added to building’s facade to meet environmental demands.
1 p r o c e s s
e n v i r o n m e n t a l
a n a l y s i s
Better resistance against windâ€™s lateral loads
Divided to two buildings to provide better view for central parts
Providing better view for all parts of buildings
Stretching to follow siteâ€™s shape
Reducing the hight of southern building to provide sunlight emitting for the other building
Rotating in series to provide better view for all stories
Minimizing upper floors to increase resistance against lateral loads
Shearing upper floors to increase resistance against lateral loads
Panelizing to reduce constructional costs
Adding bridges to increase resistance against l a t e r a l loads
All environmental analysis have been calculated by Ladybug add-on in grasshopper.
Sunlight hours analysis
Radiation calla lily (kmh/m2) Wind rose (kmh/m2) Tehran_Mehrabad Tehran_Mehrabad 1 Jan 1:00- 31 Dec 24:00 1 Jun 9:00 - 31 Aug 18:00 Hourly data:wind speed (m/s) Calm for 22.91% of the time=2007 hours Each closed polyline shows frequency of1.1%=99 hours
Tehran_Mehrabad radiation analysis 1 Jan 1:00- 31 Dec 24:00
Total calla lily (kmh/m2) Tehran_Mehrabad 1 Jun 9:00 - 31 Aug 18:00
2 Eran Tower
Outer Layer Sub structure
S T R U C T U R A L
Diagrid (Main structure)
L A Y E R S
The structure is a combination of internal and external layers to bear lateral loads properly. 1-An internal concrete core in the middle of each building. 2-internal steel rings repeated every 4 stories attached to middle core to connect radial beams and concrete core 3-Radial beams to connect internal and external structure 4-Diagrid structure as the main external structure 5-outer rings to connect floor slabs to external structure 6-sub structure to strengthen outer layer
Inner Layer Eran Tower
Outer structure’s design concept The outer structure of a giant building is the main part of it’s facade, Thus, to follow up it’s context the main and sub structure of the building resemble one of the most popular Iranian pattern.
sub structure main structure
Facade Details Curtain wall plays essential roll for natural air ventilating in high-rise buildings. Facade includes glass panels, breathing blocks and an appropriate distance between them.
r te Fil ir rA
Diagonal panels help indoor parts be aware of extreme sun rays.
According to permanent air pollutions in Tehran, breathe bricks designed by Carmen Trudell have been developed and specialized for the building, to help filtering pulled in air. here.
During suny days
During normal days
During nights,rainy, cloudy and snowy days
Interactive facade mechanism
4 Eran Tower
es 3 pl off an ic
O F F I C E T Y P E S &
Type 2 offices plan
The building is a multi-functional skyscraper including 3 functions. Offices occupy most of itâ€™s stories and they have been divided into 3 type. 4th floor is dedicated to amphitheaters. Ground, first and second floors are occupied by Stores and restaurants (commercial parts), and 9 floors under ground have been assigned to parkings. Mechanical rooms have been located in first floor under ground and refuge floors (no 22 and 38) and Also roof gardens are designed on top of the towers.
Type 3 offices
Type 2 offices
fic of 1 an pe pl
P L A N S
Type 1 offices
6 Eran Tower
Master’s Design Studio 2 part 2 Spring 2017 Team:Niloofar Rafinia,Maryam Ahmadnia,Bahar Zilaee Professors:Dr.K.Taghizadeh,Prof.M.Golabchi
Expo universal exhibition is held every 4 years in different parts of the world, an exhibition which demonstrates culture, history and architecture of participant countries. The pavilions should properly represent hosted countries. In architectural perspective, pavilions should manifest latest progresses in constructional technology and design. Expo 2020 Dubai is being organised under the theme ‘Connecting Minds, Creating the Future’ which is a formula for innovation and progress. It was carefully designed to reflect the critical needs of our time as well as to build on a platform of global innovation for the participants to fulfill their potential, to share their journey, and to enhance the visitor experience ,Along with the sub themes of Opportunity, Mobility, and Sustainability. According to The concept of our design, which was based on “Time Travel” a part of mobility district has been chosen to design pavilion.
1 p r o c e s s
L I G H T I N G
According to shape of site
To create transparency and visibility and sense of sequences
Iranian shape (Hexagonal and Octagonal shapes was popular shapes in local Iranian architecture)
To create moving sense
To create Iranian sunken courtyard
Adding shaders according to climate conditions
Attracting visitors during nights requires appropriate lighting design. According to popularity of Iranian miniatures and variety of their colors lightings resemble the color range of different miniatures.
D E S I G N
8 Iran Pavilion
S T R U C T U R A L L A Y E R S
Whole model Iran Pavilion
The structure is a combination of vertical and lateral load bearing layers to transfer loads to foundation properly. 1-The main structure consists of 41 huge frames to bear vertical loads. 2-At middle parts that frames are not connected to foundation 2 huge arches connect middle frames and convey lateral and vertical loads to foundation. 3- 2d horizontal trusses as structures of floors attach all frames and carry lateral loads, so whole frames will work as one singular structure together.
Cables ETFE cushions
Joint of frames and ETFE cushions indoor monitors
To make inside of the building translucent and at the same time protecting it against extreme Dubai sunlights and also fulfill ing the space between frames with a lightweight material to reduce loads on structure , ETFE cushions have been chosen to fill the gap. Monitors in some parts of galleries should be installed on the ETFE cushions and some special details have been designed to setting them up. Because of huge amounts of loads that arches carry on, they have been strengthen with a truss network within their steel frame. To strengthen arches against thrust forces steel cables connect archeâ€™s piers.
S H A D E R
D E S I G N
Patterns are essential aspects of Traditional Iranian architecture. One of the most popular patterns have been chosen to be built as the shaders. Shadersâ€™ shadows on the ground can resemble that pattern and attract more visitors.
E N E R G Y
P R O D U C Y N G
Tiny Photo-voltaic cells will be installed on one side of building which produce electricity from sunlight and even artificial light rays.
Tiny photo voltaic cells
10 Iran Pavilion
According to The pavilionâ€™s slogan: Travel in time and Look at the future, a scenario has been planed to organize visiting sequences. At first visitors become familiar with general aspects of country in ground floor gallerias, by climbing ramps, located in two sides of building and they will pass through historical periods of Iran.in third part of scenario they meet Iranian scientists virtually in first floor and they will acquaintance with recent scientific progress in Iran, and at the end of story they will gather together to play collective games in second floor,as a part that connects minds. Restaurant is located in sunken courtyard outside and below the building to protect visitors from harsh and warm environment of dubai.
Galleries Ramp Galleries Offices
Section 11 Iran Pavilion
12 Iran Pavilion
Master’s Design Studio 2 part 1 Winter 2017 Team:Niloofar Rafinia,Maryam Ahmadnia,Bahar Zilaee Professors:Dr.K.Taghizadeh,Prof.M.Golabchi
gURROO hosts an annual international design competition (Innovative Minds Design Competition).The subject of innovative minds 2017 competition was cybernetic framework. Due to the increasing preoccupation of urban life and mental illness , the need of a mean to relax and experience desired spaces and access to them in the shortest time for everyone around the world made us to design “Dream Sphere”, this sphere could put the user in a desired situation, which is normally hard to access for them. additionally, it could be used to relief some illnesses for patients who suffer from depression (eg, through talking to someone they have lost or by putting them in a peaceful space). The sphere has capability to adapt itself to the surrounding environment, to minimize boarders between itself and it’s surroundings. Rings around the sphere have been designed to add the movement feature to the shape, reactions of these rings toward each other provide motivation force for the sphere.
p r o c e s s
Make it a sphere to add mobility aspect
Add a ring as a wheel To make it move
Add one other wheel to appropriate enough motivation force
Add 4o other wheels to build a strong structure for it to stand
while the main function of this sphere is improving mental healthiness of the community , it can be used as transportation vehicle too.
M O B I L I T Y
A L T E R N A T I V E S
On the ground
On the water
In the air
14 Dream Sphere
Using Levels Empty
S T R U C T U R A L L A Y E R S
A slab inside the sphere would be installed and be connected to the sphere surface by tiny corbels, and shock absorbers will attach rings to the sphere. These springs make the whole installation flexible and easy to move similar to automobile.
While the sphere is in use , to prevent any interruption , it becomes invisible through reflecting itâ€™s surrounding by tiny pixels which are scattered on the surface ; and also some PV cells which are scatered on the surface too.
Ordering through Dream Sphere application
Touching sensors to open it
Telescopic parts of rings in front of door move
Special ramp which is hided in the slab move and come out
Climbing up through ramp to reach inside of the sphere
15 Dream Sphere
Dream sphere offers different space experiences of one type, for example different samples of natural environments (oceans, lakes, seas, rivers), so users will be able to choose any of them ,and they can feel the texture (such as sand, stone and water ) with aid of micro devices located on the inner surface of the sphere.
16 Dream Sphere
Martian Grid Marstopia competition Winter 2018
Today, the human race is edging closer to becoming an interplanetary species. The colonisation of Mars, which up to a few years ago existed in science fiction visions, is today just a matter of time. Private industries, public efforts, and prestigious space agencies around the world are set on the Red Planet, and the race is now on for who gets there first. (Marstopia) Stephen hawking: mankind will not survive another millenia unless it makes a home beyond Earthâ€™s atmosphere.The Red planet is the second possible destination to reach. Martian grid is a developable grid based on Mars containing the capability of growing according to population size. It has been originated from current and ancient large cities designed with a specific grid pattern. As martian soil contains toxic substances can not be used as a constructional material , Phobos(moon) soil will be used as an alternative material. the outer transparent shell is consist of double silicon layers filled up with an aqua layer to prevent fatal rays entering living areas in addition to provide peaceful spaces inside the livable zones.Read more here.
p r o c e s s
M A T E R I A L
C O L L E C T I N G
A n c i e n t and modern large cities grid
Martian grid system
Livable zones detected by NASAâ€™s artificial satellites (surface grid)
Best livable locations in detected zones (Grid)
Pulling up to avoid reaching poisoned Martian soil
Because martian soil can not be used as constructional material, Phobos(moon) soil will be used in that purpose. Some scientific investigations released landing on a planet with no atmosphere avoides fuel loss according to that fact Phobos is a potential planet to land large spaceships on, collect material and travel to Mars with smaller spacecrafts (according to close distance between them).
e a r t h
p h o b o s
m a r s
Reversing spacetime gridâ€™s function to make livable cells larger
Making the livable cellsâ€™ S t r u c t u r e stronger
Penomatic shelter to survive against extreme environment (harsh sand storms)
1 landing on phobos to reduce energy consumption
2 collecting phobos soil and silicon
3 bring material to mars and start 3d printing the martian grid
18 Martian Grid
S T R U C T U R A L L A Y E R S
Upper Layer penomatic shell
Sub mesh structure
1-A huge grid made of Phobos soil contains the essential part of structure 2-grid sub structures would be built on livable zones of main grid 3-slabs will be constructed on the sub structure in the livable zones 4-A penomatic shell made of silicon would be applied on the slabs to protect livable areas from dust storms and extreme environment of Mars as ceillings of habitats.
Lower Layer 19
Main mesh structure Martian Grid
C O N S T R U C T I O N P R O C E S S
The main grid will be built by 3d printers at first, and substructures would be constructed by 3d printer robots, and slabs will be installed on sub structures by the maintained robots, and in the end silicon penomatic shell will be casted and installed.
Receiving light is a necessity for mental and physical health, as a result the shell should be a double transparent layer made of silicon with 10 degree hardness which is an insulator with a low chemical reactivity and provides a non-stick surface, as a result the shell will survive after a dust storm which is a normal phenomena on mars. Thick mars atmosphere can not prevent fatal cosmic and solar rays entering surface of Mars, to avoid them from penetrating indoor areas through silicon shell, a 30cm thick water layer(a transparent material able to use as a barrier) will fill the gap between two silicon layer, besides water layer will cause light refraction to bring serenity to inhabitants.
S H E L L
L A Y E R S
W A T E R
C I R C U L A T I O N
Hard silicon and isolation layer
Each cell contains one water tank located next to the shell provide water supply, controll and balance water amount of shellâ€™s aqua layer by a smart valve. These water amount will be provided by collecting ice from Mars and water producing machines.
20 Martian Grid
S A M P L E
Energy transfering system Photo-voltaic cells
P L A N & S E C T I O N
The grid will provide larger spaces according to population size. Areaâ€™s functionality will differ according to the grid size. As an example: health care zone, recreational spaces and greenhouse(as oxygen and nutrition and food producer)will be located at the center and laboratories and residential cells will place at the edges. Transporting on the grid will be possible with mini trains and Mars rovers, indoor circulation would take place through structural pipes. Each cell contains one green pipe area which provide oxygen.
Intelligent detectors are able to find best light emitting locations on the structure, photo-voltaic cells will be placed on these specific points, also according to numerous dust storms take place on the Mars wind turbines would be installed under the grid, produced energy will be transferred to habitats through conductive paint or wires.
22 Martian Grid
Fab Fest 2018 hosted by Westminster university London Third place Summer 2018 Team: V.Azizi,A.Movahedi,A.Mortazavi,F.Barahimi,E. Ghaderi, R.Ghaemi,N.Rafinia Mentor: Dr.A.Andaji
FAB FEST - a new international fabrication festival which is held in University of Westminster and hosted by Fabrication Lab Westminster. The event is celebration of design and making,that generates a unique urban festival to start the summer. The challenge for participants is to design and fabricate pavilions that will facilitate this urban summer festival – a mini ‘Glastonbury-in-the-City’. The pavilions are made from cardboard and a range of other lightweight, cheap, recyclable materials, provided by the Fabrication Laboratory. The theme for this year’s FAB FEST is ‘Pop-up City’, and now it gives us the chance to contribute and build our ideas for the cities of tomorrow. It invites teams to try their hand at shaping the future which we make, live and celebrate life, not in the way that someone else wants you to, but the way that you do. This is an opportunity to propose and develop a glimpse of unique designs for the future, and for us together to imagine, and for one week only, make our own transient Pop-up City. Digital city will not be restricted by only 3 dimensions, it will be multi-dimensional. In this design we tried to create a multi-dimensional space which would not be easily broken down in 3 dimensions, by using complex geometry which leads to the various axes through the orientation of it’s parts and by using some kinds of similar and modular components.
1 p r o c e s s
Iranian traditional architecture
Hexagonal module (to create more stablity and grooves) Populated by aggregation algorithm
Populated with joined hexagons
T O N G U E
J & O I G N R T O O V E
S T R U C T U R A L A N A L Y S I S
We decided to put a simple module in a 3d growth algorithm in a limited mass. The module was a simple hexagon with tongue and groove joints at every edge. Using Fox add-on in grasshopper and populate it with jointed hexagons by aggregation algorithm. Then, the structural abilities of the model was analyzed in Karamba and the maximum displacement under gravitational load was calculated. Play the video Populated by aggregation algorithm
Utilization of modules Karamba code
Displacement of modules
Masterâ€™s digital Design Studio 2 Winter 2018 Team:Maryam Ahmadnia,Bahar Zilaee,Golshid Delavar Professor:Dr.A.Andaji
Creation Of A 3D Intelligent Model: In this project, the aim of intelligent model is to build a model which has the ability of optimizing the dimensions of building, including ratio, length, width and the effective factors such as wind, shade and light. While modifying the dimensions of models in computer , people and employers would be able to observe and touch these changes physically. This idea can be used in urban planning and designing bigger scales of various sorts of complex to optimize buildings and also to show it on models. By performing this idea , many users and employers will benefit economically, since it causes decrease of energy consumption. Since this design can facilitate the understanding of models, engineers and constructors can use it. In addition, it will help them to convince their employers to accept their ideas and designs. This interface has been specially designed for our project. OSC editor provides the opportunity to design interface for each project. The Tablet (or Mobile phone)and computer should connect to a WI-fi network and the interaction between application and grasshopper will move cubes
r u n i n g
p r o c e s s
1 h a r d w a r e s
Touch OSC application
Run Servo motors
Mobile phone/ tablet
s o f t w a r e s
2 3 4
OSC application which is installed on the tablet or mobile phone delivers information to the grasshopper code through osc listener component Firefly within firefly add-on ( the device and laptop should be connected to the same WI-fi network) a grasshopper code which includes a loop created by anemone add-on will run and send Grasshopper the final information to Uno wright component (a firefly component) and the information will be transfered to Arduino Uno device and some wires connect arduino to breadboard which is connected to servo motors itself Anemone and by running and rotating servo motors cubes as buildings will be moved up and down.
Gearâ€™s initial prototype
Gearâ€™s Final prototype
m o d e l b u i l d i n g p r o c e s s
Connecting breadboard to arduino
Connecting servo motors to breadboard
Connecting Cubes to gears
Connecting gears to servo motors
Each cube represents a building in the site
L o c at i n g cubes on the embedded site
g r a s s h o p p e r c o d e Application interface This interface has been specially designed for our project. OSC editor provides the opportunity to design interface for each project. Each square represents one building and divided in two parts each of them specified for either moving up or down. Little rectangles next to squares are used for locking blocks which means the block next to it would not move. The Tablet (or Mobile phone)and computer should connect to a WI-fi network and the interaction between application and grasshopper will move cubes.
Colorizing Aim of the model is optimizing height of blocks according to best view for all buildings, so some LEDs have been installed to show the level of optimization. best height condition will be illustrated by green color and as the optimizing quality decreases, the color turns to red gradiently.
future developments This idea can be used in urban planning and designing bigger scales of various sorts of complex to optimize buildings and also to show it on models. By performing this idea , many users and employers will benefit economically, since it causes decrease in energy consumption. Also, this process can be used for Modification of shapes, Movement in site ,Modification of width, and it can be optimized according to other subjectives such as, best shading ,best sunlight emitting, best ventilation situation and other climate conditions, besides it can be used in urban planning to increase and decrease the features of buildings according to population of one neighborhood.
Iaac global sumer school 2017 / Tehran Summer 2017 Team: S.Moosavi,A.Eghbali,A.Rajaei,A.Maleki,H.Haghtalab Tutors: M.Davari,Z.Khabazi,M.Nilchiani,E.Mottaghi,N.Najafi
Tehran, Inside Out What defines a smart city? The fluent transmission of information? The level of awareness of what happens in its multiple layers of life/data? The way such data is being analyzed and makes feedback? An online correlation between goods, services, energies and people? These are all valid phenomena for a smart city but how such city would interact with its citizens in their day-to-day lives, for their feelings and emotions? How such city would communicate with people’s “Joy” or “Sadness”? How “Anger”, “Fear” or even “Disgust” is going to be observed and reflected back? What if our future smart cities could feel us, and reflect our collectiv emotions? Tehran Inside Out is a step towards that level of smartness and believes that a city could have interactions with its citizens emotionally, measure it and reflect it back to their lives. A city would be a much nicer place to live if it accommodates devices that could reflect such interactions with its people. Tehran Inside Out will focus on such program with two main agendas: While at first, the gathering, transforming, analyzing and post processing the desired data needs lots of techniques and technologies, the output devices are also equally important and are going to be digitally designed and fabricated for public spaces. Designing such system would both digitally and physically in the agenda which is going to be discovered at GSS Tehran 2017. 3 instalation within 3 categories (Sound,Light,Urban) designed in this 2 week workshop. aqua pan was the sound installation. Find more here
Concept: This is an audible tour through Tehran. We wanted to create a new layer of Urban Sounds in minds and let those who interact with it to have a unique experience with these sounds that could last in their memories and let these sounds be heard in a different way. The Instrument was called Aqua Pan that produced Urban sounds that are surrounding us and we do not hear them in our daily life. However, this instrument provided people the opportunity to mix these sounds together and hear them in a specific way that consequently could open a new layer of Urban sounds in their memories. Since we insisted on what people may hear, the design of the instrument was quite simple in order not to distract people from what they are hearing.
People interacting with souand
Make urban sounds be heard
The Idea of designing a sound installation was based on the impact of people interactions on a deactivate space which by the presence of them it could be activated.
34 Aqua Pan
Urban data/ Urban sound
The Installation is enlisting different elements, such as gamify and group activity to increase interaction between people, Urban sound and personal experience to increase interaction between people and the city, Mental feedback and musical experience to activate minds and interactive design and digital assistance to make it responsive.
35 Aqua Pan
The pure resemblance between water and sound waves was quite noticeable so that we came up with the decision of choosing water as an interface between people and the sounds. In that case we just designed minimal and simple water bowls in order to make people focus on the sound.
Different sounds from parts of the city collected and mixed with some tones and musics in order to make people interact with the installation, experience different and interesting ways of hearing urban sounds and to give them the opportunity to make a song with urban sounds.
TAjrish square crowd salesmen
Cafe Give Cheerful crowd Musical theme Spoon and fork
Mosque Sound of mosque
Valiasr subway Subway sound
Valiasr street Bus sounds Salesmen
Hafez street Cars beeping sound
Zafar street Crowd Waterway
Bahar street Empty bottle sound
Bare conductive touch board gave us the opportunity to make sounds from touching water surface. The touch board was connected to a laptop and Abletone software (Abletone is a tool for composing, recording, arranging, mixing, and mastering) and 8 bowls of water with cables.
36 BAre conductive touch board
Bowls of water as conductive material
Creation of an active space by using Aqua pan
Empty usless space
Aqua panâ€™s effect
Interaction between people, space and Aqua-pan
sensors Aqua Pan
S T R U C T U R A L L A Y E R S
Bowl of water
Cable Isolating rubber pad
Cable T-joint Copper pipe Bolt
D E T A I L S
Wooden board Coupling Gasket Metal plate Bolt and nut
The Aqua Pan Was fabricated by assembling different Objects Including Steel Bowl, Copper Pipes, and Plywood Base Plates. The Steel Bowl was Connected to the Horizontal Pipe By A Steel Patch Welded to The Pipe, Pipes were connected To each other with a Copper Connection And The Vertical Pipe was welded to a Copper Patch Copper Pipes which was sunk to the Plywood Base Plate. The Bare conductive Touch Board was used as a touching sensor that through touching the conductive material (water), it gave us an audio output which in this case we used urban sounds as our output.
Plywood Base Plate
38 Aqua Pan
For more info click here
4 Polywood cutting
8 Painting Aqua Pan
40 Aqua Pan
Skin companel ENT clinic Interior design 2A asia architecture award candidate project in interior architecture category Winter 2018 Avgoon Architecture group
Skin companel is a part of the most significant wall in a renovation project constructed by Avgoon architecture group. A conceptual parametric panel designed based on human skin texture according to itâ€™s embedded clinic which is a rhinoplasty and skin care clinic. Parameters according to which panelâ€™s shape changes are the location of reception desk, the bend location of the beyond wall and constructional point. The Skin companel is a part of complete renovation project, and i was a part of designing, coding and constructing the panel.
1 p r o c e s s
Grid shape pattern Resembling skin pattern
Apply it to the central wall
Remove invisible parts
Make grids smaller
Push the reception part up to avoid coincidences
Push cells on bending anchor to out
Make cells near attraction points wider
Process: Skin companel has been located on the central wall in the waiting room behind reception desk. Because of the receptionistâ€™s chair location to avoid coincidence between clerk and the panel, cells have been pushed up, also to emphasis on the bended anchor of wall , cells on that location have been pushed out and made wider. Since sharp corners of modules were hard to construct by CNC machine and polishe by hand they have been transformed to round edges, also in order to resemble skin cells they have been pushed in their middle parts.
42 Skin companel
Filleting edges to make it easier to construct with CNC machine
Removing sharp edges to make it easier to construct with CNC machine
5 43 Skin companel
extruding to prsuade skin pattern
Creating ridges and ditches to resemble skin lays
Installing on the wall
Polishing and painting
The panel has been designed by grasshopper and the physical model panalized in rhino. 5 axis CNC machines built itâ€™s 3d model and after constructing it installed on the wall at first and polished and painted manually in the end.
44 Skin companel
Architecture is not a field of study, it is a journey to eternity