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Lint and the Laundromat | Spring 2020 | Amanda Hugh | IND 402-04

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Table of Contents

Table of Contents 6









Material Research


Final Deliverables


Personal Resources




O v e r v i e w

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Overview

LINT AND THE LAUNDROMAT This project explores the exciting possibilities of dryer lint as a material. Linking back to the Lint’s origin, I designed a proposal for a circular economy within the community of the Laundromat, allowing patrons to sell their lint made goods. PROJECT BRIEF I want to explore how environmentally friendly products are targeted toward individual consumers vs. sustainable system alternatives. Looking at the waste in laundromats, how can this shared community space be transformed into an area that makes sustainable alternatives monetarily accessible, with an emphasis on promoting less toxic laundry habits and a focus on creating a better community space. Sustainable can be a large ambiguous term, but I want to focus on waste, and how to divert waste from landfills, with some consideration for the social and environmental impacts of its production. I wanted to explore systems or products that reward consumers in a community model to form environmentally friendly habits. I want to convey that we are a part of Nature, not separate from it. Nature, by my definition is the earth’s ecology that can support human life. The earth will continue after we are gone but the environment that allows for our sustained life might not. This focus will be physically portrayed within my project through material choices, color pallet, and waste diversion.


R e s e a r c h

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research

RESEARCH PLAN : 6 week plan for success

Week 1 Discovery

Week 2 Discovery

• Visit 2 Laundromats • Watch videos on Peoples Laundromat experiences • Machines being used? • Detergents being used?

• Visit 2 Laundromats • Research LM accessories • Research Laundry Detergent Brands.

Week 3 Planning

Week 4 Planning

• Plan Questions to ask people about their laundry habits • Iterate on areas of opportunity • Plan co-creation opportunity

• Create a Questionnaire to ask people about their laundry habits / finalize questions (launch) • Iterate on areas of opportunity • Plan co-creation opportunity

Week 5 Facilitate Co-design

Week 6 Analyze / Synthesize

• Cont. Conducting Survey • Synthesize research into graphics • Continue Opportunity Finding

• Analyze Survey Results • Synthesize research graphically • Continue Opportunity Finding


PRELIMINARY RESEARCH QUESTIONS How do people pay for laundry? • Most Laundromats use coins, but there are a growing number who have a card system. In a few locations you can use a debit card. Depending on the place Washing one average load is 2-3 dollars and Drying is a quarter for 10 min. What services do Laundromats provide?

• This varies greatly by the laundromat. Most had at minimum Washers, Dryers, Folding Table, coin machine, and a sink. • Many offer Laundry Carts, AC, Laundry Detergent vending, seating, vending machines, television, Drop Off Service. • Some of the more rare services are Laundromat Cafes, Arcades, Computers with Internet and their own websites. I found a few Laundromat Reviews on You-Tube. They were predominantly from middle-aged men looking to start a Laundromat business. What are the byproducts of Laundry and laundry systems? • Waste water • Over-laundered clothes • Air Pollution • Laundry Detergent Bottles

• Dryer Sheet • Dryer Lint • Broken Washing/ Drying Machines • Broken Laundry Baskets

• The other Sock • Clothes damaged by improper washing • All of your quarters

What are the Hours of Laundromats • Most Laundromats are open 12 to 13 hours starting at around 7 or 8. There are a few 24-hour Laundromats, but its not especially common. This Research is based off of countless Google Reviews, Descriptions, and photos of over a dozen Laundromats in the NY Area. I supplemented this with Laundromat You-Tube video reviews.

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research


Kleen R Laundromat some freshly washed laundry. I helped her pick it up stuff from the ground. No one else said anything, or helped. There was a lady who was smoking outside, and came in, asking what happened. Turns out this guy always overloads the washer and dryers, and this wasn’t the first time he’s threatened her or gotten violent. I sat at the front until my load was done sketching things I noticed, like how even though the clothes for pick up are in tube circular sacks, there the clothes inside are occupying a square, so she is able to stack them in a really efficient way. There was laundry that had been done and not picked up from more than 3 months ago. Most people were either on their phone, reading books or watching TV. Some people drove with massive loads of laundry, while others had backpacks. When I first arrived, there were no white people, only black and Hispanic. After 10 or so, I started seeing some white men come in. The clientele was largely men, with some women in their 40s or older. I was the youngest patron. There were quite a few people folding their laundry, so they must have been there since they opened at 7. I opted to line dry my jeans.

I put all of my worn jeans in a small grandma cart and wheeled down the street to the Laundromat. It’s cold enough to see my breath on the air, brisk and clear. The time is around 9 or so. I think I’m the youngest person out and about. As I approach the Laundromat, the facade itself is completely windows. I can see there are quite a few more people than I was expecting for a Saturday morning. As I walk in I am met by the sound of machines and the smell of detergent. The floors and walls are all tile. The machines are all on raised platforms, making them easier to load. The only sound comes from people talking and the TV. I have all of my winter clothing on as I load the washer. It took quarters, but I really pushed them in, because sometimes it didn’t register that I had put one in. I put in 2.75. The machines felt a little ancient. I could have purchased laundry detergent there, but I brought my own. The owner was loading some of the wash and fold drop off stuff, when one of the customers started yelling at her that his clothes were wet after putting in 4 quarters into the dryer. He started yelling, and when she wouldn’t dry his stuff for free, he stormed out, knocking over her folded clothes. And kicking over






Lint and the Laundromat |

It was quite a trek to get from Fort Greene to the Bedford L on a weeknight. With the L running every 20 plus minutes and sometimes skipping Bedford altogether. I opted for the bus, which took about 45 min. Once we got to the Laundromat around 8, it was very crowded. I was able to find a washer, and one of the ladies working there, maybe in her 60s helped me work the machine, and showed me where I could find free eco laundry detergent, as well as the $2 scented detergent. I tried their Lavender essential oil eco laundry detergent while I perused their small shop. They sold Ecofriendly and sustainable laundry related products, as well as some snacks. While waiting for my load, which was only estimated to last 25 min, I pulled up my laptop in the Café and ordered some kombucha. They had free WIFI, so I sat down and did some work while waiting. I didn’t totally feel comfortable there, it had kind of a pretentious vibe that I wasn’t quite used to from a laundromat. The dryer ($2) was a lot cheaper than the washer ($ 8), totaling 10. Everything was very clean, and I felt comfortable folding my clothes on the marble folding table before leaving.

Zoe Herring | Research

ETHNOGRAPHY FROM MY LAUNDROMAT VISITS Sunshine Laundromat I took the subway here. It’s not too far from the station, but I don’t think I would trek here with a full load very often. We went on a Friday night, and it was pretty packed when we arrived. In the entry there was a bunch of pinball machines, on top and around laundry machines. There were a few operating. The vending machine had a hilarious selection of merchandise, from snacks, Plan B, to the Holy Bible. Behind a “secret” speakeasy door, the bar and pinball arcade is revealed. The crowd comes in waves and is an emerging date spot. We ordered food and drinks. There were quite a few people outside doing their laundry, but I don’t think I would go into the bar for a while with my laundry going for fear of people messing with it. I think it would be convenient if the Bar needed to do laundry for their bar towels.





QUESTIONNAIRE After going to some different Laundromats, it gave me the incite to begin to focus my research. I was primarily interested in the community focus of Celsius Laundromat and Sunshine Laundromat. In these two instances these actives, Cafe and Bar-Cade provide supplementary income. One aspect of Celsius I thought was particularly successful was their focus on sustainable Laundry practices. I think that they have done great work in regards to working through how Laundromats can reuse waste from reusable containers, providing free bulk natural detergent, and selling sustainably focused products in their store. Once completing my on-site visits and preliminary Laundromat research I wanted to start gathering my own data. I created a Google form sending it out to not only friends but through my networks on Facebook and Instagram. I was able to get over 75 responses which was really exciting.

The responses were vast and varied. A take away from this was how insightful people’s written responses were. I think that multiple-choice is easier to quickly digest and quantify, but reading through everyone’s responses were more helpful from my point of view. I think it allowed for more honest and thoughtful responses.

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research

WHAT DO YOU DO WHILE YOU’RE WAITING FOR THE WASHER/DRYER For these responses I sorted them and eliminated applicants. While I divided the responses into categories like “Relax, Food, Exercise, Work, Places, and Chores”. I found that people tended to primarily Work, Do Chores or Relax. These are all tasks that can usually be accomplished in piecemeal or accomplished quickly There was a sense that people saw this as a time for productivity or to take a pause from their normal activities. Relax • hobbies • Listen to music • read, watch TV, play games • on my phone • nap • Watch Netflix, social media • Waiting around • Catch up on a show • watch films • sit on my couch • probably nothing • Chill • watch videos, • Go on my phone • play games on my phone

Work • Homework • work • Work (I work at home). • Activities of daily living • Fill time duolingo Places • Go back up to my apartment • Go back home • Walk around the washateria Chores • Clean my room. • Straighten up my room • Clean my car • Other chores • Usually clean my house • Vacuum, dishes, • home arrands. • Iron clothes • Get the next load ready or • fold the previous one • house work, yard work, • my consulting business • shower • bills

Food • Get food • Shopping at Trader Joe’s! • cooking • shop ar daves • Eat Excercise • excercise • go to the gym


Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research


Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research



People wash their clothes one or more times a month

People average 2 loads each laundy cycle

92% of people dry their clothes

How much lint would that make?

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Research

7.9 Billion Sheets of Lint Made in the US every year noncommercial

What can be made with it?


I d e a t i o n

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Ideation

RESEARCH PLAN : 6 week plan for success

Direction 1 Sustainable Detergent • Looking into how to design a Bulk Laundry Detergent System • Designing a Reusable Landry Detergent Container • Looking at sustainability Liquid vs Powder etc Direction 2 Laundromat Community Support • Researching Organizations that link libraries to Laundromats to help with child Literacy • NP that hosts Free Laundromat days for the homeless • Yoga and Meditation classes Direction 3 Material Research • Look into the byproducts of Laundry like Laundry Lint • How to guides to help people mend their clothing • Chemistry of Laundry Detergents



After receiving results from my survey I found that there were a lot of people who used dryers instead of hang drying. From this finding I wanted to look into finding a new way of processing lint, diverting this exponential waste.

I began collecting lint within my building and attempted different cold felting techniques. To collect lint I made a collection box and taped it to the trash can that had the most lint inside

I found that when I created sheets and folded them over and felted, this created the strongest felt, but the material lost its integrity after drying. The lint was easier to felt when I was able to extract a clean sheet instead of small pieces. Adding paint added strength to the material and some rigidity. Adding mod podge created an extremely rigid and plastic material

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Ideation




“Dryer lint textile is a great direction. I think you should focus on that as a tool to connect people! It's an inherent part of the laundry process and it's great to take advantage of an underutilized resource.” “Maybe there is a way to learn something during the time you are doing laundry? What can people gain during this time? Or like you said how can we give back to the community during this time? Maybe there is a community garden or something people can volunteer doing while doing their laundry” “I love the idea of utilizing the public space that is the laundromat as an opportunity for social connection. Often in these kinds of public spaces, people are just trying to get their stuff done and leave but they are also spending a lot of time there so utilizing that time towards community growth is a great idea” “It's just a small thing, but I used to work in an office of high-power suits where we had a puzzle and some colouring books in a communal space. It was surprising how much that simple thing encouraged a collective engagement, even if it was individually over different times. Can there be something in a laundromat where people can contribute asynchronously? Love the material samples.” “Changing the stigma around laundromats as a bad place into a place that benefits the community in some way is a great idea. There’s lots of down time and people don’t want to be there. Creating an environment that gets people to engage willingly would be fantastic. I like the idea of some kind of workshop using lint that could be shared between those that help making it” “Could you somehow incorporate the lint in a way that is not flammable? (because I know that's also a problem). I think there's a great area for material exploration with your project, esp with using a material that is normally just thrown awaY” “I really like the aspect of a community while at the laundromat, as you know I go to laundromats myself to wash clothes and I normally stay there until its done but i rarely interact with other people”

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Ideation

COVID 19 In-person classes had been canceled. My best friend and I started Quarantine Studios. We met at 10 AM in work attire to work on our projects. We planned on staying in the dorms as long as possible and finishing the semester there. This photo was taken after we found out that we were being evicted from our dorms. We had three days to move everything. I moved ⅔ of my belongings to storage and abandoned raw materials and anything that I wouldn’t bring to another apartment. While I was wearing my respirator around other people and in Ubers, I remember being really conscious of taking photos with our masks on because at that point the government was saying not to use them. Saying goodbye to the studio as I grabbed what I needed to finish the semester. 24 hours after we got the eviction notice we were loading the storage unit on 2 hours of sleep. We didn’t return the rental van until almost 10 pm that night. I was thankfully able to find homes for all but a few of my plants. I packed two suitcases and some things and left. My boyfriend was coming up to NY to pick up his sister from Sarah Lawrence so he picked me up on the way. There was a fear of objects and people that I haven’t felt in my life. I had the purell container in the water bottle spot of my backpack and would reapply after touching any public surface.


COVID 19 Since this pandemic has altered so much of our lives, Amanda encouraged me to document activities that I have been doing during this time to help me brainstorm on possible outcomes, or activities that people could do while waiting for their laundry.

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | COVID - 19

COVID 19 - PROJECT SHIFT Developing lint as a material, and positioning it to support local laundromats in community efforts. I began researching a variety of ways to process dryer lint. I wanted to see the extent of what I could do with this material. Most of my sources were zero waste blogs and craft YouTube videos. It hasn’t become an industrialized process. I wanted to work on COVID Relevant projects, so I looked into the capabilities of lint being used as a mask-making tool or filter. The fibers seem to be too small, and washing damages it’s integrity. I reached out to Jae and interviewed them to see how Laundry going has changed during this time. I was curious to see what opportunities for creating pandemic safe Laundromat interventions, but I felt extremely removed from the issue. Since I’m not in NY using a Laundromat I feared my results would be speculative.



Top Row : Wax Treatment Bottom Row: Lint Paper Samples

Top Row: Marking Tests Bottom: Marking Tools

From L>R Column All Lint Material is soft and felt like Does not have the same pull strength as felt All Lint Wax Dense Delicate where folded Would not work like waxed cotton Wheat Paper lint 1 piece of paper, 2 cups lint, 1tbs flour 2 cups water Rigid and plastic, brittle but strong The coloring was nice, but where the tablets didn’t break down there were splotches Was the easiest to write on out of all of the paper samples

Lint and the Laundromat |

Wheat Paper lint Wax Rigid, felt like denser card stock Could operate as packaging 3-1 Paper -Lint Paper came out consistent Took well to everything, but the pencil definition was lacking 3-1 Paper -Lint Wax Felt really nice and flexible Could operate as packaging 1-1 Paper - Lint Did not take to pencil, but the pens left a mark Not as easy to write on as the 3/1 paper and lint hybrid 1-1 Paper -Lint Wax Felt really nice and flexible Could operate as packaging

Zoe Herring | COVID - 19

LINT CLAY SAMPLES Properties Lint acts similarly to paper fiber, however, it has more elasticity when combined with materials like glue or paint. The lint materials soak up more and is more difficult to apply evenly I tested applying the clay to an armature, placing inside a yogurt cup and outside another.

Armature • Strong, weighty • Shrunk and wavy surface

Inside cup • Stuck to plastic • Dried at the surface, keeping the under part wet • After 2 weeks of not drying I pulled it out, several parts haven’t dried and it came apart Outside up • Stuck to plastic, but I was able to bend the plastic away to get air into it • It dried enough to remove after 2 weeks, but was damp • I might try putting plastic wrap so I can pull the mold out and let it get leather hard to press • It held its shape and was durable. Hard to get consistent walls so some parts are thin.





Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | COVID - 19



Final Deliverables

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Overview

RESEARCH PLAN : 6 week plan for success

Part 1 Material Research • I created “How To” Cards to show others how to make with Lint. They cover a variety of Final Materials I explored in my research. • Videos and How To’s can be found online as well

Part 2 Laundromat Intervention • Considering the community of the Laundromat, I wanted my intervention to allow for community participation • This project gives customers agency to sell products they make with lint, by providing a space to do so



They are an essential business with hight foot traffic that have boundless opportunity for Community engagement and a need for sustainability-focused action

Lint and the Laundromat |

People see laundry as a time and money suck. A dreaded but necessary bi-weekly ritual that we are all enslaved to.

Zoe Herring | Overview

Each time, People sit for an hour and a half: waiting...

That’s a lot of Time and Dryer Lint

Mostly on their phones Sometimes with a book



Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Overview


These cards would be located in the laundromat or distributed online to show people how to make with lint, and hopefully inspire and guide them to their own lint making research.








STEP 1 : PREPARING YOUR SPACE If you don’t have a Papermaking Screen you can fashion one out of window screen by stapling it to a picture frame or using cardboard with encased in duct tape.


If you are using cardboard, make sure you completely seal the cardboard in duct tape, otherwise, it will get soggy. Fill Plastic Tray with 4 inches of water. You want to be able to submerge your screen horizontally under the water so you can filter out the lint particles. STEP 2 : BLEND THE LINT

YIELDS : 1 Sheet of paper TIME: 30 MIN Overnight Drying MATERIALS Lint Water Scrap Paper Window Screen Picture Frame/ Cardboard Staples/Duct Tape Blender Plastic Tray Towel Measuring cup OPTIONAL Dye/ Food Coloring/ Paint Flour

Measure out 2 cups of dryer lint and add three sheets of ripped up scrap paper. If you want your paper to be more felt like, add less paper, if you want your paper to be really crisp add 1 tablespoon of all-purpose flour. Blend the mixture thoroughly for 30 seconds. STEP 3: MAKE THE PAPER

Pour the mixture into the tub and filter out a fine layer of material. If your mixture is too clumpy you can pour it directly onto your screen and push it around with your fingers. Make sure the flat part of the screen is facing up. Then, flip the screen over onto a towel and let dry overnight. You can iron flat if desired.

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Overview

STEP 1 : PREPARING YOUR SPACE If you don’t have an ironing board lay out a towel on the ground. Then fold a piece of parchment paper over 2 times the size of the piece then fold it in half.


STEP 2: WAX SANDWICH Open your parchment paper and sprinkle a layer of wax, lay down the paper and then sprinkle wax. Imagine you are making a sandwich were your wax is the bread and your paper is the filling. STEP 3 : IRON Lay the parchment paper over the area you are ironing and iron the wax into the paper. Flip and repeat.


STEP 4 : COOL Let the wax cool then it’s ready to go!


WAX PAPER TESTS Lint Felt, Lint/Flour/Paper, 1/3 Lint/Paper, 1/1 Lint/Paper


The marbling effect occurs when you crease the paper. Wax repels water so it adds water resistance.


STEP 1 : PREPARING INGREDIENTS Mix together 1 cup of lint and Water in a saucepan over medium heat.


YIELDS : 1 CUP TIME: 45 MIN 1 WEEK DRYING MATERIALS 3 Cups Lint 2 Cups Water 2/3 Cup Flour Measuring Cup Stove Top Pan Wooden Spoon

STEP 2: COOK THE SLOP Sprinkle and stir in flour to that it doesn’t clump. You will continue to mix until it bets a ge- like consistency. STEP 3 : BUILD Remove from heat and when it becomes cool enough to handle build away.. You can press them onto the outsides of cups, or build up around an armature or skeleton built from pipe cleaners STEP 4 : DRY Walk away and forget about it! Sometimes it won’t dry on the plastic, so you’ll have to wait for it to harden enough to remove the plastic cup. CLAY TESTS If the walls are consistent you can even make a candle

Optional Pipe Cleaners

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Overview

STEP 1 : PREPARING INGREDIENTS Take sheets of lint and lay in a shallow tray STEP 2: COOK THE SLOP Add soapy water and begin needling the layers together


STEP 3 : BUILD You can use a plastic fork, as long as the tip can pierce through all of the layers. You can hold the sheet in half for additional strength STEP 4 : DRY Let the pieces dry. If you paint the felt you will add additional strength. Additionally, you can mod-podge one side for a rubber rock surface.

YIELDS : 1 SHEET PAPER TIME: 30 MIN OVERNIGHT DRYING MATERIALS 3 Cups Lint 2 Cups Water 2/3 Cup Flour Measuring Cup Stove Top

FELT TESTS Lint Felt, Lint/Flour/Paper, 1/3 Lint/Paper, 1/1 Lint/Paper


STEP 1 : PREPARING INGREDIENTS Measure our about a cup of lint and submerge in water. This will help the lint begin to stick together.


STEP 2: Clump Begin by taking a clump of web lint and rolling it back ant forth between your index finger and your thumb. Until you pull a string out if it.. STEP3 : Wind Fold in half and twist both ends in the same direction. The two pieces should begin to bind together.


Lint and the Laundromat |

STEP 4 : DRY Walk away and forget about it! When you come back you should have a pretty strong cord for crafts. You can wax your cord as well!.

Zoe Herring | Overview

STEP 1 : PREPARING INGREDIENTS Find sheets of lint and begin stacking them up. I recommend stacking 5+ sheets for quilting. STEP 2: DIRECTION Depending on the project and what you’re stuffing, There are a few points you will want to keep in mind. - Do not wash in a machine (quilting hold up better but not great) - Quilting lint will make your sewing machine dusty so be warned.


STEP 3 : POUCH Sew 3 sides of your casing. Flip right side out and fill with your stuffing. Now I’ve put in layers as well as just putting in clumps. The sheets work the best when you corrugate it.


Make sure to sew the open edge and you’re ready to go! STEP 4 : QUILT Create a pouch, instead of jamming in as much stuffing as possible, lay the sheets in flat and create volume with more layers. Then plan your stitch pattern, make sure you sew the stuffing into place.


Laundromat System

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Final Deliverables


ADD LINT COLLECTION BOX Simple boxes that bring people’s attention to divert the lint to the box instead of the trashcan will start the collection process.

ADD INFORMATION A stand with these info cards will be made available to customers. Those who create products with the Laundromats lint can sell their products at the laundromat.

ADD “STORE WINDOW” A “store display” will be set up to allow people to see the products from the street. This also invites people to enter the laundromat who might not necessarily have interred before. This begins to bring the community and neighborhood together.


LINT MATERIAL STAND This stand would be located at the front of the store in the window to draw in foot traffic, as well as to remind customers of lint making possibilities.



Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Final Deliverables

What would anyone want made out of lint?




Here are a few! 49


Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Final Deliverables

Lint in Action


So What? What’s in it for us?

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Final Deliverables

WHAT DOES THE LAUNDROMAT GET? People are cleaning he filters often to harvest lint Clogged filters decrease dryer efficiently and put wear on the machine Offers engagement with the community Consignment fee of the products

WHAT DOES THE COMMUNITY GET? Possibility to make a return on their laundry costs Agency and opportunity to make additional income Opportunity to support members of their community

WHAT DOES THE EARTH GET? Diversion of waste to landfills! If machines are up-kept they don’t need to be trashed and replaced.


Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Final Deliverables

Thank You


Personal Resources

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Personal Resources

CONTENTS Human vs Nature Essay Raw Laundromat Research Raw Laundromat Survey Results Bibliography


HUMAN VS NATURE Nourishment in the Urban environment: A society built on a separation Between Human and Nature

A strong disconnect exists between what it means to be human and “nature”; rural and urban; farmland and city. Looking through a western lens, I want to explore this divide between what is nature and what is human and how it affects the way we consume, especially in urban environments. An extension on Raymond Williams’ essay, “Ideas of Nature”, I wonder why as humans we have created such a strong divide, between everything and ourselves. Nature in this way becomes something other than ourselves. It is infinite, bountiful and everlasting. There seems to be an inherent denial that we are a part of Nature, that we can destroy it. Usually it is perceived as something that needs to be separate for civilization to endure. In an essay by Marvin, Garry, “On Being Human in the Bullfight.” He looks at a Spanish city during a bullfight as a metaphor for how we allow “nature” to come into the city in the form of a bull and we as human conquer this beast. We enforce our reality upon this natural force. We see this in parks and designed landscapes. Is this contrived environment natural? The Human connection to the natural world suffers when we only see picturesque vignettes as nature. They are seen as aesthetic additions to our urban fabric but not much more. If we are not a part of nature, when we

Lint and the Laundromat |

negatively impact nature, we hurting this large abstract. We are not affecting ourselves because we are not nature. We control nature in our designed environments, so therefore we do not see the brunt results of our collective decisions. They become photos of birds filled with plastic, forests on fire, or polluted water wades. These toxic byproducts are a result of the current mode of production. As humans we consume the products we create and then throw them “away”. This away is often into nature, poisoning the hand that feeds us. As we continue to have more people, there is a powerful migration and consolidation of urban spaces. This poses a strain on agricultural structures. Due to climate change, there are droughts, floods, hot temperatures, and extremes. Consumers see this in a rise in prices for avocados, or a change in the type of banana. While these might be minor changes they signal larger issues at play. We as a society know there is a problem. How do we nourish the urban population? Currently cities are not a place of agricultural output. For many, farm and city are two opposing concepts. Farms are generally considered rural and a waste of horizontal space in a compact city. However, this has not always been the historical precedent. For example in cities like Machu Picchu and Tenochtitlan, agriculture was a part of the urban composition. Even during WWII in the united states, there was an increase in locally grown food. The victory gardens were championed as a way to offset food shortages, and aid local economies. This is a striking contrast to today where New York state

Zoe Herring | Personal Resources

environments. I think that this connection can be made apparent through our connection with food, animals/local ecosystem, as well as a meaningful interaction with the things that we own. I foresee this project manifesting itself into units designed to educate people on future agricultural technologies. I see it finding its way into redesigning the grocery store and food distribution. I see it in ways of teaching people how to see food as a valuable resource. Reinforce respect toward other living, and promote habit preservation and rehabilitation. How can we consciously share our world again. For my current semester project, I am researching how we can educate and proliferate aquaponics as a growing method in urban spaces to offset imported goods and promote self-sufficiency.

where produce is imported. That means large cargo ships and 18 wheelers are shipping in food every day to thousands of grocery stores across the state. Each sourcing food from all over the world. On the up side, there are so many options to choose from that the prices are lower than they would be if everything was grown locally. In contrast, this produce has a massive carbon footprint because they have to be transported before they go bad, sometimes thousands of miles to most likely get thrown away or forgotten about in the back of someone’s fridge. I don’t think that any one product will fix this issue. But I do see how our separation from how food is produced exasperates the issue further. I would go as far as to say that the key to “saving the environment is to find a way to combat the separation between the Human the Natural. For me this topic is personal, because I came from a city that is highly affected by climate change. Living in Houston, there exists a diverse range of ecosystems and species. Many live isolated within the urban asphalt nest, removed from our own chosen environment. In the last 20 years, flooding has become a yearly disaster forcing us to see the effects of our endless consumerism first hand. We cannot seemed to be bothered to save nature, but what if we are just saving ourselves? For a future project, I would want to look into how I can create a product that either combats the notion that humans are separate than nature? For this project to be a success I would want it to inspire people to take action to protect themselves and by extension nature. I would want the product to be constructed with its life cycle in mind, therefor also take into account its end of life. This leads to so many possibilities for the future of integrating nature into the fabric of our urban manufactured environments as well as deconstructing some of our constructed



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Zoe Herring | Personal Resources



Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Personal Resources



Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Personal Resources


BIBLIOGRAPHY Preliminary Research Keegan, Matthew. 20 April 2018. “Why Doing Laundry Has Gotten A New

Spin in Hong Kong”. Culture Trip.

china/hong-kong/articles/why-doing-laundry-has-gotten-a-new-spin in-hong-kong/ LaundryCares. 10 Oct 2019. Reading Space Kits for Laundromat Owners Are

a Hit. Laundry Cares Foundation.

space-kits-for-laundromat-owners-are-a-hit/ Libraries without Boarders. Wash & Learn Initiative. https://www. Nieman, Bob. May 2015. ‘We Turn a Laundromat into a Community Center…’.

Planet Laundry.

a-community-center/ Vartavedian, Marc. 31 July 2017. The Decline of the American Laundromat.

The Atlantic.

decline-american-laundromat-gentrification/535257/ Youtube Laundromat Reviews Buitrago, Orlando. [Orlando Buitrago]. Best Laundromat Ever. (2012,

Aug 26). Youtube.

2nM8M7-uxRdigwmm-CtUP-wWA27pB Hinrichs, Karl.[Karl Hinrichs]. A Laundromat from Hell -- Presented by HK

Laundry. (2011, Sep 28).


Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Bibliography

Gersitz, Michael. [Michael Gersitz]. I Go Into Laundromats and Review

Them - Oliver Street Laundry. (2019, Dec 1 )Youtube.

oJGG446t8gw?list=PLtH-2nM8M7-uxRdigwmm-CtUP-wWA27pB georgef551. [georgef551]. Laundromat Review: P & A Launderette

(Leominster, MA). (2015,Nov 26). Youtube.

y9jP4xRDxak?list=PLtH-2nM8M7-uxRdigwmm-CtUP-wWA27pB georgef551. [georgef551]. Leominster: Keep it Clean Laundromat Review

(Updated 3/19/2011) @ Hannaford Plaza (Lancaster Street). (2011, Feb

8). Youtube.

uxRdigwmm-CtUP-wWA27pB Laundromat How To / Coin Laundry How To. Random Laundromat Review.

(2015, Jul 16). Youtube.




uxRdigwmm-CtUP-wWA27pB Swede, Pin. [Pin Swede]. Japan’s laundromat truck. (2019, May 7). Youtube. wWA27pB White, Dana. [Dana K White] Trying Out Wash and Fold Laundry Service

(2017, Sep 12). Youtube.



Essay Research Hayden-Smith, Rose. 2014. Sowing the Seeds of Victory: American Gardening

Programs of World War I. Jefferson: McFarlnad and Co.

Marvin, Garry. 2007 [1988]. “On Being Human in the Bullfight.” Pp. 197-208 Reader, eds. Linda Kalof and Amy Fitzgerald. New York: Berg. Serrin, William. 1981 . “NEW YORK AREA’S RELIANCE ON IMPORTED FOOD GROWS.”

The New York Times 1.

Williams, Raymond. 1977. “Ideas of Nature.” Pp. 67-85 in Problems in Materialism and

Culture: Selected Essays. New York: Verso.

Felt Research/ Face Masks “Air Purifier.” How Products Are Made, html#ixzz6ImwgthQ3. Engineers Edge, LLC. “Felt Filters Review.” Engineers Edge, May 2020, www. Hooper, Heidi. “Heidi Hooper, the Dryer Lint Lady.” Heidi Hooper, Liu, Xiaobing, et al. “Soy Protein Isolate/Bacterial Cellulose Composite Membranes

for High Efficiency Particulate Air Filtration.” Composites Science and

Technology, vol. 138, 2017, pp. 124–133., doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.11.022.

Valentin. Rick. [Rick Valentin] Thoughts Detecting Machines. A Year of Dryer Lint.

(2014, Feb 19). Youtube.

Material Research Belsey. “Modeling Clay Out of Laundry Lint”. Instructable Crafts. https://,

Lint and the Laundromat |

Zoe Herring | Bibliography

Broomstick. Brenda. “Wet Felting Experiment.” Eclectic Broomstick, 24 Mar.


experiment.html Cindy. [Upcycle DesignLab]. Felted Dryer Lint Minnie Mouse Ears with

Faux Wool Roving. (2016, Oct 29). Youtube.

com/watch?v=DSl3BuEahDE Gorgone , Judith. “Dryer Lint Recipes and Patterns from Planetpals.” Planet

Pals, 1991,

Kohler, Franki. “Distracted by Dryer Lint.” Franki Kohler Fiber Artist, 11 Dec.


Red Ted Art. How to make Paper Mache Paste without glue - Fast Easy

ONLY TWO INGREDIENTS Papier Mache Recipe. (2018, Mar 5).


watch?v=OTKQGMy1Joo& Stratus, Markus. [Markus Stratus]. Fabric Waxing Tutorial. (2015, Feb 15).


The King of Random. How To Make “Proto-Putty” (Modified Oogoo). (2016

Oct 15) Youtube.

Turner, Tina. [Tina Turner]. How to make Soy Wax Food Wraps~Reuseable

Zero Waste Food Storage. (2018 May 4). Youtube.



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