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miyer's Guide to music Software

I power/pin

Freed28 word Processor: ArcheType Part 2

Software Reviews:

HEART OF AFRICA

INTERNATIONAL HOCKEY

PRINTMASTER SUPERSCRIPT

THE NEWSROOM AND MORE

Free Type-In Programs: BATTLE 64 SPIDER TRAP VARIABLE SAVER SPRITE ROTATE

43467 00121

June/July 1986

S2.50 U.S.

ISSN 0739-8018

III


YOU'VE ALWAYS HAD NOW YOU CAN HAVE AN â&#x2013; â&#x2013; <

Am j .;s J 096 coiors give

your business graphics a visible advantage

Amiga's 4 channels of stereo give you a sound advantage

Learning on Amiga is higher education.

iradojiKirkoKcmriindrH'i Amiga Inc " Macintosh is a riodcmark licensed 10 Apple Computui. fric * IBM ^ o regisrtred irodctriark 0' inrernotiDncjl ftuilnt 'i1 lotus Is a registered irademark of Loiui Development Corporation

1 dBase 15 a regjsrerea trademark ot AshtonTate, me

(C1905 Corrnnodore Ele^rronlcs Lirnlfod


\ LOT OF COMPETITION. JNFAIR ADVANTAGE. Nobody ever said it was going to be easy. But it just got easier. Now, there's

Amiga will print the cover memo while you're working on a spread

to give you a creative edge.

power left over to receive a phone

sound better, work faster and more productively. It can be your number cruncher, filing system, audio-visual

modem at the same time. Amiga is IBM-compatible, too. A

Amiga.1" The first and only computer Amiga makes you look better,

sheet. And there's probably enough message or a stock quote over a

simple piece of software teaches

department, graphic designer, print

Amiga to emulate the IBM operating

You can't buy a personal computer at any price that has all of Amiga's

grams. You'll have instant access to

shop and faithful workhorse.

system, so you can run most IBM pro

features. Nor can you find one thafs

the largest library of business soft ware in the world, including favorites

easier to use. Amiga lets you point at symbols instead of learning compli cated commands.

Amiga is friendly but it's a power

house, too. It has twice the memory of

Macintosh™ or IBM® PC. It costs less than either of them and can do every thing they can do, better, because Amiga is more creative. No other personal computer gives you over 4,000 colors, stereo sound and incredible dimension. Imagine

the advantage of preparing business presentations with color graphics and sophisticated animation right on your computer.

Need to make creative use of your time? Amiga can do as many as four

or five things at once in separate win dows on the screen. Not just display them. Work on them. No other per sonal computer can.

like Lotus® 1,2,3 and dBase?' And since Amiga is the last com puter you'll want to buy it was only fair to make it endlessly expandable and adaptable. You can plug in print ers (almost any kind), joysticks, your video recorder, video camera,

modems, musical keyboards, draw ing pads, extra disk drives. You can

even expand the memory to a whop ping 8 megabytes.

Amiga will talk to you, read back

what you write, answer your phone

and compose music like a profes

sional synthesizer. It can add new creativity to your life and bring new life to everything you create. See an Authorized Amiga Dealer near you. Now that Amiga is here, the question isn't whether you can afford a computer, it is whether you

can afford to wait. Amiga by Commodore

Amiga moles retecommutila

tions fast, easy and colorful.

^AMIGA GIVES YOU A CREATIVE EDGE.


Power -you know you love it. LORDS-OF

You used to play RISK as a kid. Maybe you still do some times — whenever you can get enough people together, Did you ever wish you could play by yourself? Or make changes in the map? Wouldn't it be great if you could attack North Africa from North America? Or Japan from Brazil? Announcing Lords

of Conquest"from Elec

tronic Arts. Jt isn't RISK... it's better. It's a conquer-the-world board game that explodes with new life and new pos sibilities because it uses all

the power of your computer. Every battle is alive with

A Great Strategy Game

• File kinds offorces lo/ijjfii wim-horia. wea pons, boats, umuirypoiuioni, and cilia • Fit* kinds of wealth to fight for - gold, limber, iron, coal and herds ofhones.

• For 1-4 players. As fun for one as it h fin four.

onto warships for attacks across oceans. .. .great multiplayer games, com plete with treaties, trades, and treachery. .. .playing chal lenging solo games against an intel ligent computer opponent.

music, color graphics, and strategic challenges impos sible in a board game. Imagine... ... having an infinite number of unique maps to choose from, so each game is different. ... marching your armies

Nor Worlds to Cotu|iut * An infinite variety ofgame maps.

• Create your own, or play any of 20built-in maps lilaAnatnt Rume. European Him. and The World. •The comptiicr can generate unlimiled randnm maps,

...a built-in game editor powerful enough to be called a "Strategy Game Construction Set." Lords of Conquest. No more mucking around with cards and dice and little pieces of plastic that roll under the couch. Now you're free to concentrate on more important things. Like exterminating the opposition.

Strategy Game Cnru(ru;iion Set

• Variable game sellings-you set the locations and abundana of resources, forces, and transport. • You dtade the luck factor. • 4lavls of comptaily. • 9 L'lt'ta of handicapping.

ELECTRONIC ARTS" Halt Warden Vi»il your mailer. If TOD arc unable lo find the prod ucl n your locai ntaller, you c«n call HOO-Z45-4525 for dir«f VISA or Mailercard urdcrs

(in CA call 8C0»562-]U2).The jirctt price is 531 95 fnr iht Cpinimhfprc vefnon App!* and Auri kcmurit tumma loan Tnbuy b? n"»l, »*f*J check 01 mowv order n> Etcironic ArlY

Ditcti Sain, P.O. Ba< 7530, Esn Waico. CA 944OS. AdU 15 foi .liifpmg and h.inil]ms IS7 CsnjJunP ABow 4 »eeti for dclivciy Ttific a i H-day. montt-hscl giurinitr uadirec: oiden.

For n complcie prcducT caialop. tend W und * stamped, itlf-addrttled envelope tu Hlef ironic Am Ctrflog. ISM Garc*-jy Drivp, San VtAKVD, CA yi401 RISK it a rcgLiifrad [rodcmaik ,>f tIci Bruilttr* Ci? CLjnimodort t* ^ rcchccrcd iiadcniatlc vf Ciimi^odore Buiinr-* Machines Apple I* n fc?li,!PFcd rTaifrrnjrb of Apple compiurr*. Ann is a r^incrcd rr^dtmjik oi Amti.

Bonfcllm.il am! Coimlc Eiicorairtr are rrei-torrd rndtnurlu ofEOS SoftwlrO Lerdl crfConqucil iiml Elcclrauc Amsic irfncid [rademiirti of Electronic Arm Lords of Conquer i< ImwJ uri Ihe hoard same "I}itri)«rlan<l<*" by EON—ihr crcmnnof "Coiinic Uncuunlef.""


VOLUME 5, NUMBER 3, ISSUE 21

COHTEIITS

JUNE/JULY 1986

III FEATURES NEW LOOK

DEPARTMENTS

COMMODORE 64

66

A first look at Ihe elegant new

LETTERS

our old friend, ths ore 64.

NEWS FROM THE FRONT SOFTWARE REVIEWS Gryphon reviewed By E/vmBoBo

19

Data Manager 128 reviewed by Gory Fields

20

Decision in trie Desert reviewed l .■:■--,■ fiews

22

PrlnrMaster reviewed by ■.-. n booo

24

Heort Of Africa reviewed By Shay Mdams

26

International Hockey reviewed by Ma* coone

28

Body Man I reviewed rry Gory fields

30

The Dam Busters loviwwj By Ervin bobo

34

Norway 1985 mm&) By Gory Fields

36

SECRETS OF A COMPUTER ARTIST

68

A step-by-step tutorial from one of the computer artists who

Buyer's Guide to Music

worked on Lucasfilm's Rescue

Musical Grab Bag reviewed by David R. Brooks

38

on Ftaclalus. Learn how to cre

Dteadnoughts n-i ■ .■.■; by m seiken

42

ate your own 1111b screen using his Secrets, by KellynBeeck

WizType and WizMath reviewed buGory Fields

44

The Newsroom reviewed by Christine Mnmec

47

Fight Night reviewed By Scott May

49

Mind Over Minors revimwd Oy Dan Gutman

50

Superscript reviewed by Stephen Lsven

56

Billboard Maker reviewed By Howard Mlllmon

59

THE BEST OF C64 GRAPHICS

72

The winners of our Commodore

JIFFIES

64 graphics contest look thetr

Rotate Sprites

60

computers to the limit. Over 20

Q-Link Capsules ay Howora Miiimon

61

Fast Sprites w Ma* Room

62

screens (or you to look at ond learn from.

Variable Saver , Mam aaom

64

CAME PROGRAMS 80

Battle 64 by Gory Fields Spider Trap:, ■...

Hilly

85

LOGO Programming Fractals & Other Diabolical Designs i;v David MaimDerg

88

128 USERS ONLY ■

Free word Processor, second Part ArchType, Part 2 by Mark Jordan

94

How to Make Sound Effects Sound Advice by Gary Fields

100

TECHNICAL TIPS

USER GROUPS

112

HOW TO ENTER PROGRAMS

116

MAGAZINE ENTRY PROGRAMS

118

ADVENTURE ROAD The British Are Questing! By swiy AOdams

121

64 USERS ONLY

Getting Started wltti MIDI, Part 2 by David r. Brooks

108

Tech Notes by Jim Groraly

111

Keyboard Ciennup ■.,.■■.,■-

125

ADVERTISERS' INDEX

128

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

3


P0U1ER/PLHV Publisher Roben M. Kenney

Assistant to the Publisher Mary Grace Nlcollne Editor Diane LeBold Assistant Editor Carol Minion

Technical Editor Jim Grocery West Coast Correspondent Matthew Leeds Advertising Production Manager Art Director

Roben C. Andersen Assistant Art Director Nancy A. Walker Cover Photo Chuck Banholemew/lmage Bank Circulation Thomas C. McNomara

Advertising Coordinator Cheryl Griffith

Advertising Representatives SOUTHEAST AND WEST

Warren Longer, Spencer 0. Smith

Warren Longer Associates 9320 NW 2nd Street Coral Springs, FL 33065 Advertising Inquiries Only 305/753-4124 MIDMUNTIC. MIDWEST MDNEWENOLAND

Pamela S. Fedor, Randy Fedor 700 River Road Fair Haven, Nj 07701

201/741-5784

Commotion PowsnPlsy. Volume 5, Number 3, Issue 21, June/July 1986, ISBN 0-88731-059-1. Commodore Power/Play (ISSN 0739-8018) is pub lished bi-monthly by Contemporary Marketing

inc.,

1200 Wilson Dme. West Chester. PA 19380 USA U.S. subscriber rale is S15.D0 per year; Canadian suD-

sci tier rate is S20.00 per year; Overseas subscriber rale is S25.0O per year Questions concerning subscription Should be directed to Conlemporary Marketing Subscrip tion Department. Box 651. Holmes. Pennsylvania

19043. Prione (800) 345-8112. In Pennsylvania (800)

662-2444. Copyright 0 1966 by Contemporary Market ing, Inc. All rights reserved.

Contemporary Marketing also publishes Commodore Microcomputers. Application to mail at Second Class postage rates is pending at West Chester. Pennsylvania 19380. and addi

tional mailing olllces

POSTMASTEfl, send address

Changes to Conlemporary Marketing, Box 651, Holmes, PA 19043. VIC 20". Commodore 64'\ Commodore 128'" and

Super PET'" are trademarks ol Commodore Electronics Ltd

PET" is a registered trademark oi Commodore

Business Machines. Inc. CBM* is a registered trademark of Commodore Electronics Ltd. ABC Membership applied tor.

4

JUNE/JULY '86


LETTERS

Hail for the PET and 64 To the Editor: I recently ran across "Hail lor the

PET and 64/Spider Race" in the Sep tember,

1985,

Commodore

Power/

Play Letters section. The "Spider Race" program runs in the 64 mode on my 128, but it should be brought

to the attention of other 128 owners that

7.0

BASIC abbreviations of

keywords are not the same as for the 64. In particular, the POKE abbrevia tion on the 64 i.s I' shirt O and on the

128 is PO shift K. I climbed the walls figuring that out. Douglas Plagg Athoi, Massachusetts

Word Processor as Spelling Aid To the Editor; I use the spelling checker on my word processor as an educational aid

for my elementary school children. I encourage them to bring home a list of their spelling words, which I then enter into my word processor's dic tionary. Once this is done, 1 recite the words as my child types them in using the word processor. We then check the words using the spelling checker. Wrong words are highlighted.

This helps in several ways. First, the spelling test is more fun and meaning ful, and secondly, the child learns the

CompuServe '4 Games You never know who you'll be up against when you go online

with CompuServe;

computer keyboard. Richard L liberhardy

Green Hay, Wisconsin

To buy your CompuServe Subscription Kit, see your nearest computer dealer.

Suggested retail price $39.95c

128 Key Repeat

1

To the Editor;

The Commodore I2H has auto re peat keys as a default as soon as you power up. A lot of the time I find (hat when

1

am

ft . ■:■ \\ ■

To request our free brochure or order direct,

typing at

a

reasonably

quick pace, I get double characters due to the built-in repeat feature. To

call or write: 800-848-8199 (In Ohio, call 614-457-0802)

CompuServe" 5000 Arlingion Conlro Blvd. Columbus. OH «22fi

Continued on p& <>

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

5


LETTERS disable the auto-rcpeat, simply type POKE 2594,64. This

eliminates the chance of typing double characters. To

tensoft

re-enable the repeat, type POKE 2594,128.

presents

Mort Adler Winnipeg, Canada

ARITH

Software Piracy

METICIAN

An Exciting Arithmetic Game For

The Commodore 64 " and Commodore 128'" 53750

Ariirimctician is a game of anrnmene practice lhat is /iiiea with

Be a [op Ai.rnmencian

action, delightful music ana

Grades 1 to6toadul[

wnimucai animated cartoons.

Kio rested—Easy lo use. A gieal value—covers all skill levels from I digit addition to 7 digit long

division—use for yean,

Large clear numoers and a simple entry system make working rwd

problems on the screen almost as easy as on paper

improve your matfi grades iMiile havrng fun

Challenges (hat afljusi lo [he level of play. Non-linear scoring

Trip most enjoyable way to practice ariihmetic ever devised

■ Musical and grapnic rewards and incentives

To the Editor:

There is so much rhetoric from the software compan ies regarding the profit erosion caused by piracy that perhaps something should be said concerning the hor rific manner in which they conduct their business. Software is hype-advertised and overpriced. It is de liberately produced with the knowledge that the cost-

inflating protection schemes will damage hardware. What gives them the right to damage our hardware while they hide behind disclaimers? It is an established

fact that owners of software have a right to reproduce their purchases, but (he software companies (having

already raped the consumer economically) now pro duce software requiring "dongles" to operate them. In order to use software in more than one location (for example, home and office), multiple units must be pur

-Vtouro No

chased!

I -jxr j|ion 0«f

In many cases, software can live up lo the hype that

igrwrurr

surrounds it. In many more cases, it cannot, flow are consumers protected from sloppy, cumbersome soft ro Itmeft, F.O,BO*a6*JlF San Dlcgo, CA fJHi

ware? It is so grossly overpriced that it is too expensive to learn by trial and error which is garbage and which is

DLMEtt INQUIRE* INVITED

not.

Commodore Compatible

and only... $139 go

The law protects the companies from those of us who are not pirates from becoming pirates .. .but who pro

tects us from the companies? We are getting raped too

often .. .there ought to be a law! George Zimmerman Lebanon, Pennsylvania

Old 64/New 1702 To the Editor:

In the January, 1986, issue of Commodore Power/Play's Letters section, a letter was published from Carl E. Grohs of Virginia. It made mention of a problem that many old, long-time users of the 64 have, i.e., hooking

up an old 64 to a newer 1702 monitor. He made men

FSD-1 5V4"Disk Drive Directly replaces the Commodore 1541 disk drive.

tion of an improved cable from Bytes & Pieces. "Hook up Your Old 6'i to the New 1702, You Won't Believe the Difference!" Please send me the information needed to purchase this product and you'll have a friend for life. /■'rank Agosta

The FSD-1 Disk Drive is a versalile and officiont dish drivo built lor Ihe Com modore series ol persona! computers. This disk drive is fully compatible

Brooklyn, iXeir York

wild the Commodore 64 compuler and directly replaces the Commodore 1541 Disk Drive, giving much belter performance in lerms ol data loading and writing speed and memory buffer sire.

Special Features

To Order call toll free

• Full G monlh warranty—V0"' asauf-

1'800-356-5178

• Slimlinotonslruciion-ioNinthosa

Visa nnd MiisleiCanJ am wolcomo Allow

once Dl quality

smaller places

SflDO T^ipp-no and handling Or mail your

• Uonicdmelatc'lassa-lo run cool and1 ""*" """ chwcl1 DI "^"^ orfl01 "> ■

Dual serial port wilh chaining Ofdion lor i?i[iandabilily

SV*" induslcy ^l.ind.ird foimdl

Pmiiivo Isver lock—lo eliminate the "pop out" problem

Dmll especially loi C-64 useis

Remfmbor, no salos lax in Oriignn

6

JUNE/JULY'86

Bytes & Pieces,

of Wauwatosa,

Wisconsin,

may be

reached at 414-257-1214. Retail price for the cable is S24.95.

VIC 20 Provides Word Processing "Eyes" To the Editor:

Staeey Felber I.usius is blind. She's also heavily into word-processing. How is that possible? It's easy—with a little help from two word-processing "associates": her

Em cm id Component lulernniional 541 v:ri.ini.'iir suect

I 11. j h- r 11 Tel, ■

OR 97401 11 n-.;

husband and her VIC 20! Severely visually-handicapped since birth, Staeey has Continued on fig.

S


wssm

ran L :JL. _—

.L-'\

r5%-=

"■''■■: -

W

S

■ .

!'.., ■

■ f.f^ ?J .V

Flight Simulator II Scenery Disks

■A)

"

HH I ' I I

g9$Ej

The Challenge of Accomplished Flight

Apple and Atari versions will be released soon. Each disk covers a

With a realism comparable to (and in some ways even surpassing)

geographical region of the country in detail, and is very reasonably

$100,000 aircraft flight simulators. Flight Simulator II includes full

priced.

flight instrumentation and avionics, and provides a full-color out-thcwindow view. Instruments are arranged in the format standard to modern aircraft. All the radios needed for IFR flight are included. Front, rear, left, right, and diagonal views let you look in any direction. Program features are clearly documented in a 96-page Pilot's Operat ing Handbook.

The Pure Fun of "World War I Ace" When you think you're ready, you can test your flying skills with the

"World War I Ace" aerial battle game. This game sends you on a bombing run over heavily-defended enemy territory. Six enemy fighters will attempt to engage you in combat as soon as war is

For training in proper flight techniques. Flight Simulator II includes another 96-page instruction manual, compiled by two professional

flight instructors with over 8.000 hours flight time and 12,000 hours of aviation teaching experience. You'll learn correct FAArecommended flight procedures, from basic aircraft control through

instrument approaches. To reward your accomplishments, the manual even includes a section on aerobatic maneuvers.

The Realism and Beauty of Flight Go sight-seeing over detailed, realistic United States ._ . scenery. High-speed graphic drivers provide an

animated out-the-window view in cither day. dusk, or

declared. Your aircraft can carry five bombs, and your machine guns

are loaded with 100 rounds of ammunition. See Your Dealer. Flight Simulator II is available on disk for the Apple II, Atari XUXE. and Commodore 64/120 computers for

$49,95. Scenery Disks for the C64 and IBM PC (Jet or Microsoft Flight Simulator) are $ 19.95 each. A complete Western U.S. Scenery six-disk set is also available for $99.95. For additional product or ordering information, call (800) 637-4983. Applr II n 1 iradenuri <jf Apple Cc Aian XL and XE ate Trademark* ol Atari Corp

Cwinnodors M and 1 Jfl ire indemarkv of Commodore Eltruonni Lid

IBM PC >i 4 'c^-Hcied trademark ol l-ntrmuonil fluitnt» M*fhin*i Co*p

night flying modes.

Flight Simulator II features over 80 airports in four

Corporation

different scenery areas: New York, Chicago. Seattle,

713 Edgebrook Drive

and Los Angeles. Six additional Scenery Disks covering the entire Western half of the United States arc now

available in IBM and C64/I28 disk formats.

m

MfSBBm •".■■■.-../.. "i ■■.-. h-

Champaign IL61B20

". ' i!-.


CHAMELEON GRAPHICS CONVERSION UTILITY BY DAVID UAHUS AND LOUIS WALLACE • Convert graphics from one format Id another • Convert graphics lo a C-64 Standard format thai makes your pictures easy to Include In your Basic programs

• Add Save and Load to the subset ol graphics commands lor Simon's Basic and Super Expander ■ Use the C-64 Standard screen wedge to Include graphics in your

LETTERS marginal vision in one eye until a recent accident de stroyed that eye's Functioning. Now completely blind,

Stacey continues to be an avid writer of poetry and prose, just as she's been since childhood.

"I've always enjoyed processing words," she explains. "My Perkins Braille writer (machine which punches Braille dot letters into thick paper) and I have been

Basic programs effortlessly and painlessly

nearly constant companions for years! After my recent

Compatible with:

accident, I asked my husband, Leland, if he could rig up

Cadpak

Blazing Paddles

Doodle Flexldraw 4.2

Koala and other Koala compatibles

Graphics Basic

Micro Illustrator

Logo

Peripheral Vision

Simon's Basic

Super Expander

The Tool

Video Basic

See Chameleon article, p. 100, July/Aug. Commodore Microcomputers

Send S16.95 for Chameleon to: LOADSTAR, P.O. Box 30007

our VIC 20 to help me."

Leland, 9 computer technician (and legally blind him self), is currently writing a VIC 20 program to provide

Stacey with audible cues—beeps and other sound ef fects—in response to her keyboard commands. "I'm already using the program for writing letters,"

she explains. "All the different beeps and other effects might sound funny to someone who's never worked with such a program, but not to me." A carriage-return "bell," for example, sounds when Stacey has keystroked to the VIC 20 screen's right-hand "margin." Should she continue keystroking without in

Shreveport, LA 71130-0007 Name

serting a return, the program plays a short rendition of

Address _

the old "Dragnet" theme song: "Dum de dum dum .Zip.

Clty/Slalo.

_Enp Dt.

Credll card orders call

l-QOO-831-2694

In Louisiana Call |318J S68-7247

"

A newly-purchased daisy wheel printer nicely com

plements Stacey's word-processing system, with quality hard-copy output. When she's finished keystroking a document (poem, letter, whatever) and she wishes to print it out. she keystrokes a print command and hears the VIC 20 proclaim. "Ta-dah!"

"Now that Leland has gotten the bugs worked out of the program." Stacey explains, "lie's going to add a few bells and whistles that I've asked for. Like, I want lo be able to monitor and control pagination, so I can create multi-page documents—like a novel, maybe." When completed, Leland's program will enable Stacey to hear, and thus lo verify, every keyboard command she enters. She'll thus be able to operate the VIC 20 as a

word processor almost as easily as if she could see the screen.

"And you ain't heard nothin' yet," Stacey parodies the King's English (her grammar and vocabulary are the

Chat with your friends on your Commodore computer free. Talk isn'l cheap, irs free for one hour. Sign up now for QuanlumLink,™ the new telecommunications

service for Commodore 64s and Commodore 128'"

computers, and with your free hourgei a free monih of fun and information when you pay for one month of service ($9.95). You must have a modem and disk drive to use

envy of many sighted friends). "Leland and 1 will soon be acquiring a voice synthesizer, and then watch my VIC 20 and me go to town!" Stacey and Leland also anticipate buying an Amiga in

the not too distant future. "Not that the VIC 20 can't do the job," Stacey hastens to add. "But an Amiga could do

it even better:" Indeed, it seems Stacey's word processing adventures

have only just begun. "Being blind only makes it morechallenging," she remarks, adding with a grin, "I've nev er been one to back away from challenges!"

Michael Herbert Sbadick

QuantumLink. If you don't have a modem, pick one

Miitneapolis, Minnesoto

up al a retail outlet. Then hook up your modem and call QuantumLinK on your computer

(not your telephone).

1-800-833-9400 nuanrumunH, ^^i|-lC0*»-<0DO*f CONVICT>QK

ciOuonrym cnrnpurpr

Commodore Power/Play welcomes letters from

readers. Please send them to: Commodore Power/PI ay 1200 Wilson Drive West Chester, PA 19380 Attn: Letters

8

JUNE/JULY'86

Q|


m

■-,

egrate

ORD PROCESSOR AND

FOR THE COMMODORE 64 & 128 AND APPLE][ SERIES

"A No-Nonsense, Simple 7b Learn Approach to Small Business Management"—Sandy Schupper, President Menu-Driven

Sort Any Data Base

Free Database Templates

Free Telephone Support

Prints Letters and Reports

Easy For Anyone To Use

High-Powered Editing Features

Displays 80 Columns

Information From Your Database

Incorporate

Into Your Letters And Reports Automatically THKPROGRAMSARE MENU-DRIVEN SO YOUR INSTRUCTIONS

ARE BUILT-iN. Brown ISag Software" helps you leam faster because when you need it. there's a manual that prompts you on the screen. It tells you what titdo next, eliminating timiMxmsumingand possibly confusing referencing with thewritten manual,

cessing program in a single evening! Pull information fo>m your database and incurjxirati: it into a leHeryou're writing using just a few kcystwkes! WHAT THE DATABASE MANAGER DOES

WHAT THE WORD PROCESSOR DOES SIMPLE PACE TORMATIOK Left justified or right and left justified. Add dedicated titie fines to the top of any page, justify all lines automati cally or do it line by line. Center lines when appropriate.

INTEREACE WITH THE WORD PROCESSOR Ideal for form letter mailings. Up to 20 merges can be made.

DESIGNEDTO SAM* GUARD AGAINST ACCIDENTAL DELETIONS OR ALTERATIONS.

STATUS UNES LET YOU KNOW WHERE YOU ARE, Knowal all times Hie page number. Ifne number and column number of Ihe cursor's present position. Know how much memory you have left and what is the mode ofjustification.

ADVANCE TnECUflSORTOTHEBEGSflflNGpRENDOF THE

DOCUMENT, NO MATTER WHERE YOU ARE WITHIN IT

INSERT ADDITIONAL TEXT IN THREE WAVS. Onechaiacter

at a time,"oil and glut" tor whole Nocks of tost, or by adding a Hank line toyourtcxt.

DELETE fEXT IN THREE WAYS. One character at a time delete

Partial lines or delete entire fines of text.

SEARCH AND REPLACE ONE OR MORE WORDS. DUPLICATE TEXT <)N THE LINE BELOW IN TWO W-\YS. One

character at a time or line hy line.

CREATEACUSTOM DATABASE TEMPLATE OR USE ANY OR phone numbers, birthdays anil other important dates, etc. Computer

Programs-kxp tack ofyour personal software library—titles, skill level, life size, dollar^aiue. etc 77k.1 Reference Guide-incale useful artidus by subject publication, issue, etc Office Inventory—knrwyoiir equipment's

location, serial numhei; dL'Scriplions. values, where purchased, elc.77;e Seoctorj/—fceep track of those important details, organize meeting dates, times and locations, reminders and confirmation dates. TheAnswering

Sern/cc-doublesasamessagepadandtelephonedirectorji Keep track of calls by company name, sales representative, date called, phone liiimhci;

&xn comments. The Oryimizer-avtM missing deadlines hyhre;tking down projects into areas of responsibility, logging deleft I ions, assigning foliowup dates, etc. Expmses~rc&t\\ any expense by data, amount,

ruceipt number or type of expense. Ideal for expense review and report complication.

HH.L INFORMATION PROM THE I)ATAR<\SE MANAGER IN JUST

A FEW KEYSTROKES.

NP EXPERIENCE NECESSARY Lram to use a database in one hour—even ifyou design ynurown template! Master a powerful word pro

SORT ANY DATAHA.SE, Sort by alphabetical ornu me rk.t I order any

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WITH YOUR CREDIT CARD, CALL NOW 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK

800-523-0764

IF LL\E IS UUSVOR YOU LIVE IN CALIFORNIA n«5sotTtiBAsawAVE..Wii*Ei4 i nsow

CALL; 408-559-4545

u

mj.wghtsreservSd


COMMODORE'S

NEWS

FROM THE FRONT

Amiga

Utilities

Jjattice has released six utility programs for the Amiga: Lattice

Flight Simulator II Joystick JVlicrocube Corporation lias released the MicroFlyte ATCjoystick

for use with SubLoglc's Flight Simulator n. The joystick allows

for proportional control to give the user fuller control of the aircraft, The joystick Is controlled by a software driver that Is

booted up before the Flight Simulator disk. It retails for $59.95. (Mlcroeube Corporation, P.O. Box 488, Leesburg, VA 22075)

Text Utilities, Lattice Hake Utility, Lattice Screen Editor, Lattice dSC III Library, Panel, and Lattice Maclibrary. Lattice Text Utilities Is a collection of eight programs which provide a language-independent set of tools to examine and edit text files. These utilities canbe used on program source code or files produced by a text processor. Lattice Make Utility rebuilds systems with a single command.

The automated product generator, similar to UNIX, can also be used to update text, spreadsheets, or perform any executable commands. Lattice Screen Editor provides a fast, flexible multi-window environment that gives programmers standard editor functions as well as special features such as an error-tracking mode, three assembly language input modes, and pattern searches, Lattice dBC in Library contains more than 70 C functions to create, access and update files that are compatible with dBase m.

Panel is a screen design and screen management tool to use custom data entry validation, pop-up help messages and menus, and provides full user editing of data entries. Lattice MacLibrary consists of more than 60 C functions to aid

in implementing screens, windows, and gadgets. (Lattice, P.O. Box 3072, Glen Ellyn, IL 60138)

School Edition of The Newsroom Go shopping

on your Commodore computer free. Shop for bargains for on hour free on QuantumLink,â&#x201E;˘

the new telecommunications service designed for

Commodore 64- and Commodore 128'" computers. Pay for one monlh ($9.95) of basic service and get a free monlh of news, fun and information. You must have a modem and disk drive to use QuantumLink. if you don't have a modem, pick one

up at a retail outlet. Then hooK up your modem

and call QuantumLink. on your computer (not your telephone).

1-800-833JUNE/JULY'86

The Newsroom, released by Scholastic. First developed by Springboard Software, The Newsroom combines word processing

and graphics. Published by Scholastic for grades 5 through 12, it includes step-by-step learning activities and supplementary

teaching materials. Tha Newsroom package includes one program disk (with backup), one double-sided graphics disk (with backup), and supplementary materials. These Include a User's Handbook,

Eeference Guide, Student Guide, Teacher Guide, and Tutorial. Six basic units of The Newsroom guide students from the draft stages of stories to printed, illustrated newspapers.

Scholastic's school edition of The Newsroom retails for $74.95, A joystick or KoalaPad and modem are optional. (Scholastic, 730 Broadway, New York, NY 10003)

5emcÂŤ int Jj C

10

S tudents can write, design, illustrate and print their own

newspapers on the Commodore 64 with the new school edition of


The Infinity Mad holds the ser I

& Whal is I

Ai A unique and revolufjAbry accessory (or the Commodore 64

and f 28. Thi* powej^p cartridge now let* you effortlessly play all those imaKible games without being killed!

Qt Sounds difficult

^^r

Ai It's Simple- Jjfplug into your C64/128 ond preÂŤ o Q; How doai i^^

Ai All the llj^Kands oF published action and animated games ", are disabled by the Infinity

e and ths Infinity Shield protect* tho player ;ing ihol or croihingl

I con I now do in a gams that I couldn't before?

...rating Ihe cartridge enables you to;- "Enter a game at any level you â&#x2013; oose". "Explore all tho area* and levels of the game and find the part* of

the game you didn't know axiited without being killed." Deactivating the

cartridge at any point you choose enable* you to continue to play the gams totally normally.

The Infinity Machine ii brought to you at $24.99 by Mastertronic, producers of incredible value Commodore 64/128 Kioftware such at Slugger, 5-a-side Soccer and The Last VB all available at $9.99.

ntact the Mastertronic hot line for the secret of eternal life on 301-695 8877. jastertronic International Inc., 7311b Grove Road, Frederick, Maryland 21701


COMMODORE'S

NEWS

FROM THE FRONT

Submarine Simulation

Input/Output Board X he MW-611 is a general purpose input/output board for the

Commodore 64 that can digitize 16 analog inputs and provide 16 high current discrete outputs from the expansion port. ThB resolution of the 16 analog Inputs is eight bits, and the outputs can switch up to 30 volts at 0.3 amps. The I/O board also provides one analog output and an EPROM socket for user programs. The conversion rate is 100 microseconds.

S pectrum HoloByte has released QAT0, a World War II

submarine simulation for the Commodore 64. The program includes eight missions, five difficulty levels and three snips. GAT0

retails for $29.95. (Spectrum HoloByte, 1050 Walnut, Suite 325, Boulder, CO 80302)

Applications include computer-operated closed-loop control systems, temperature control, gas chromatographs, heating, and air conditioning control. Also available are programs for a low-

speed digital oscilloscope and data acquisition, plus a thermocouple interface board, (Micro R 8 D, 3333 S. Wadsworth A-104, Lakewood, CO 80227)

RAM Card for the Amiga Dtarpolnt Software has released a 256K RAM card for the Amiga. The card installs behind the front panel, expanding available memory for programs and graphics to S12K. Standard system architecture is used to Insure compatibtllty with software and hardware. It comes with a one-year warranty, manual and schematIcs.Thesuggestedreta0priceistl20.(StarpointSoftware,

122 South Broadway, Yreka, CA 96O97-2902)

jjuperCat is a disk cataloging system for the Commodore 64 that

Unlimited use of the Academic American Encyclopedia'" is just part of the learning fun and

features 640 disk directories and over 5,000 program titles. SuperCat provides automatic entry from the catalogued disk's

telecommunications service for Commodore 64s and Commodore 128â&#x201E;˘ computers. Get "A" to "Z" free for one month when you pay for one month ($9.95],

An alphabetized listing of up to 5,000 titles is produced using a

You must have a modem and disk drive to use QuantumLink. If you don't have a modem, pick one up at a retail outlet. Then hooK up your modem

The need for unique disk ID's is eliminated with SuperCat's custom disk numbering system. Compact multi-column reports list disks and titles as well as disk labels. SuperCat provides complete

information you'll enjoy with QuantumLink;" the new

and call QuantumLink on your computer (not your telephone).

1-800-833-9400 nuanTumnnM, a Trademark of QuaniLVn Compute'5er>v:H.JnÂŁ

12

Disk Cataloging

Get a set of encyclopedias on your Commodore computer.

JUNfc/JULY'86

directory with selection, editing and cross-reference capabilities.

machine-language sort capable of sorting 1,000 titles in eight seconds.

display facilities, and a search utility locates any title in less than ten seconds for users who have no access to a printer. All orders include a backup copy.

SuperCat is available for S29.95 from Cornucopia Software, P.O. Box 2638, Portland, Ofl 97208, or ty phone 503-293-3437.


- BUT DONT TAKE OUR WORD, SEE WHAT THE EXPERTS SAY! WORD WRITER 128^1' An 80-column professional word

SVQM POKTEKS

processing system for home and business use. Includes an 65,000 word spelling checker, built-in 5 function calculator,

"""LHNWCE

SYLVIA PORTER'S PERSONAL FINANCIAL All 1 he computer tools you'll ever need to help manage your money on a day-to day basis and plan your financial future,

and on-screen highlighting.

"... Using WORD WRITER 128 is an absolute joy ... We found nothing but the highest quality." Run Magazine

too.

"... By far the most thorough and readable manual, one that will take

you keystroke by keystroke through the construction of budgets and

SWIFTCALC 128 sidew«v>-

A powerful, easy-lo-use electronic spreadsheet designed especially for home and small business use.

analysis of finance ... The screen layout was the best of the programs

SIDEWAYS

SwiftCalc

"... Everything you could possibly need is present in SWIFTCALC 128." Run Magazine '... SWIFTCALC 128 has most of the features of Lotus 1-2-3." +

128

we looked at... For beginners espe

cially, it's a real standout" New York Post

The ingeniously simple software program thai rotates your spreadsheet by 90 degrees as it prints out and causes your

\ •££■-- i '

Ahoy Magazine +And at less than hall the price!

hard copy to print out -you guessed it -

sideways.

DATA MANAGER 128 S

A complete general information storage and retrieval system with report writing, graphics, statistics, and label making capabilities.

Data Manager^

"... One small program that solves a big problem for computer users."

New York Times

■V^"*"——*"

"... A powerful and flexible database management system that takes full advantage of the C128's potential." Run Magazine

WORD WRITER 128, SWIFTCALC 128, and DATA MANAGER 128

Our customer technical support gets great reviews, too! T /

"... The good news starts as soon as you open the package. A toll-free customer hotline number Is printed on the inside front cover of the documentation for each program. The support person I spoke with knew the systems and specializes In them exclusively." Ahoy Magazine

interface with each other.

YOUR PERSONAL FINANCIAL PLANNER interfaces with WORD WRITER 128.

Back-up program disks can be purchased from Timeworks at a nominal charge. And, with eveiy Timeworks program you're protected by our liberal UPGRADE AND EXCHANGE POLICY. Details are inside every Timeworks package.

Timeworks Money Back Guarantee" II you can find anything that works better tor you, simply send us

your Timeworks program, your paid receipt, and the name of the program you wan!, along with your check or

credit card number for any retail price

More power for your dollar Timeworks, Inc., 444 Lake Cook Rd., Deerfield, IL 60015 (312) 948-9200 "■CXtp vok) 90 days Iran date oi pu'CHasB

'- 1985 Timowoifcs. Inc. All nghis (cshvoJ.

difference. II it's available, well buy it for you"

^**SL^**

tf^^riflT*

^-ft * ' ftO°

-* "*


COMMODORE'S

FROM THE FRONT

Education through Simulation 1 he Blue Chip Challenge allows students to experience the financial challenges of investing in real estate, stocks, and commodities. Students learn a basic finance vocabulaiy and the broad concepts that govern the financial marketplace.

Learn Calendar Skills

The Challenge consists of three software packages for the Commodore 64; Millionaire, The Stock Market Simulation; Baron, The Real Estate Simulation; and Tycoon, The

VJameco Industries has released The Calendar for the

Commodities Market Simulation. Printed material includes a

an arcade-style reward game, and a program/student management

Flow Chart of Activities, Interview Guide, The Challenge Rules, Team Registration Form, Roster of Teams, Student Quiz, Quick

system. It includes a choice of three lessons: days and months;

Reference Guide for each of the three simulations, Glossary, and

seasons, Bpecial days and holidays; and using a calendar.

Team Award Certificates.

Commodore 64. The Calendar combines drills in calendar skills,

In lesson one, students choose to sequence or abbreviate the days

First, a faculty sponsor is chosen. This can be the classroom

and months. In lesson two, students are given information and

teacher, a teacher's aide, a parent volunteer, or any adult who can

must identify the appropriate Beason, special day, holiday, or

take the responsibility of setting up and supervising the activities.

month. In lesson three, students are shown a calendar and must

Introductory lessons, any optional activities such as films or field

use It to answer questions.

trips, and student interaction with professionals from the local

The Calendar retails for £39.95. Backups, class packs, and network packs are available. (Gameco, Box 1911, Big Spring, TX

community are arranged and conducted in preparation for the

simulations. Student teams are then selected, with a maximum of 13 teams of two students each. A team registration form is filled out

79721)

and posted for each team. The order of team play is determined by a

Sample the latest software on your Commodore computer free. with QuanlumLink,'" the new telecommunications service for Commodore 64® and Commodore 128™

computers, you con sample the latest software free for one hour. Now sample Quantumiink's other services free, too. A month of news, fun and informa

tion is free when you pay for one month ($9.95).

You must have a modem and disk drive to use QuantumLink. If you don't have a modem, pick one up at a retail outlet. Then hook up your modem and call QuantumLink on your computer

lottery and posted on the registration forms. A separate lottery is held for each simulation. Signing out diskettes by thB first teams begins The Challenge. Team scores are recorded on the posted team registration forms. The steps are then repeated for the other simulations. And finally, awards are presented to the teams with the highest scores. (Blue Chip Software, 8740 Eton Avenue, Canoga Park, CA 91303)

Outline Processor for the 128 in CP/M Mode jA.am£ lasoft has Introduced Out-Think, an alternative for outline

(not your telephone),

processing on CP/M computers. Out-Think classifies text into an

1-800-833-9400 QuanrumfjnM*

details and focuses on how main ideas fit together. Levels of the

Compuief $en*:ti inc »Cchtutio<Jo'b Q'*** ond TM Commodoio 130 Oft

ol CommoOo-o tletrrcmici Ud

outline structure which can then be accessed and altered. It hides outline can be collapsed off the screen, hiding them from view, and then expanded back into view for editing. Out-Think offers a full-screen text editor for inserting and editing text in the outline. Copy and move operations are provided, including copying within and between outlines, and marking

groups of titles in the outline for copying, printing, or deleting. Its directory reads and writes text files from most word processors. And it prints the outline with over 20 different formatting parameters, Including headers and footers, page numbers, section numbers, and an automatic table of contents. Additional features include a built-in file manager, information retrieval oy keyword, date and time stamping, and password security on outline files.

Suggested retail price of Out-Think is $49.95. (Kamasoft, S5SS SW 224th Avenue, Aloha, OR 97006) 14

JUNE/JUtY'86

More iiftvn on pogo 127


if&W

Getting it up

is only half the fun!"

fi

The Best Thing Since the Real Thing ^.More than ]ust a flight simulator, It Is a matter of life and death with you at the controls of one of the world's most versatile aircraft. The cockpit has working dials,

â&#x2013; .

gauges and compass. Taking off, landing and flying are

based on Ihe Mark 1 Supermarine Spitfire, right down to fuel pump problems actual pHots faced while diving! With a choice of simulator and game scenarios, the game gives any number of players a chance to shoot down enemy aircraft. You can save your log to disk, so you can

record the number of kills and flight hours you've flown. Succeeding flights become tougher as your Spllflre '-demands more flying and fighting skill, providing a never-

ending challenge. Comes with authentic Pilot's Notes, similar to those the RAF handed out 1o Its

pilots. You'H be flying one of the most memorable planes of World War II, with

allttle luck, a little skill, and by the seat of your pants. On disk for your Commodore* C4I12B computer, joystick required. S35 Conversions to Apple, Alarl & IBM forthcoming!

microcomputer gomes division rd Ordering 638-9292

he Avalon Hill Game Company A MONARCH AVALON. INC. COMPaW^ ROAD

BALTIMORE, MD 21214


CONNECTION Introducing QuantumLinjCthe only official

C-Commodore -supported on-line service. It will expand your 64's universe further than you ever imagined. Now you can take your computer

Participate in on-line seminars and discussions. Join Commodore's nationwide user group.

beyond the limits of software programs. The new QuantumLink™ on-line service has been specially designed to turn your MAKE NEW FRIENDS Commodore 64~ or 128™ into a powerful • Chat live with users across the country. "tele-computer" All you need is a disk drive • Send and receive electronic mail. and a modem to access hundreds of useful • Find partners and play chess, hangman features. and other games in full color. Here are just a few of the services available.

EXCITING SOFTWARE • Preview top new software before you buy it. • Get hundreds of public domain programs. • Read accurate, insightful software reviews.

HOT COMPUTER INFORMATION • Exchange messages on bulletin boards. • Get fast answers from Commodore computer experts.

• Read exclusive Commodore reports. • "Ask Commodore" and get a quick reply.

QuantumLink's full color; easy-to-use menu


STAY INFORMED • Access Grolier's Academic American Encyclopedia™ • Read USA Today™ Evening Update. • Get the scoop from RockNet™ news, Hollywood Hotline,™ Soap Opera Update.

FROM HERE TO INFINITY

FOR ONLY $9.95 A MONTH.

New QuantumLink is the lowest priced full service network. For only $9.95 a month

If you have a modem:

you can expand your Commodore's uni verse with a whole range of QuantumLink services. And, you can access many fea tures including the encyclopedia, software catalog, USA Today, entertainment news and trivia quizzes as often as you like, for no extra charge. Special "Plus" services cost only 6C per minute. But, your first hour of "Plus" time every month is free. (No sur charges for communications or 1200 baud access, either!)

If you don't have a modem:

you sigiuc 'or 4 rnejulhs

Whtn you Mgn up tot iir\ tddOMtfiii month

Now, getting on-line with QuantumLink is easier than you ever imagined, if you have a modem, we'll send you the QuantumLink telecommunications software and when you sign up for a month, we will give you the

second month of service free. If you don't have a modem, well send you a Commodore 300 baud modem and the QuantumLink

software free when you sign up for four months.

Commodore, Caromcdo'e 128 jrxi Commodore (W are Irademdrks of Commodwc Electro™:; Limited QuantumLml r,a trademark of Quantum Computer Services. W Acdrtt-mic Omeriian

j trademark ol Griper Electronic PubM>ng. "K USA Today n a trademark olGanneitCo. t"c Hollywood Hoilineiid trademark of Hollywood Hoil

LJI HAVE A MODEM. Please send me the free QuantumLink telecommunications software. I understand I will be charged the first month's fee of $9.95, and will get the second month free*

The Commodore" Connection Name_

2 WAYS TO ORDER:

Address.

BY PHONE:

-Slate.

Oty.

Phone-

ZiR-

n I NEED A MODEM. Please send my free Commodore" 300

baud modem, and the QuantumLink software. Charge my credit card $39.80, to cover the QuantumLink $9.95 monthly fee for the first four months^

CreditCard i..lMasteiCard Aea No Si gnatur e

DVisa Eip Dale

If you have a modem, you can register on-line for fastest delivery! Hook up and call 1-800-833-9400! If you need a

modem, call 1-800-392-8200, and ask for Terry BY MAIL:

Mail card or this coupon to Quantum Computer Services, Inc., 8620 Westwood Center Drive, Vienna, Virginia 22180. Ilyoubirmo'f ihanihp"i<>ua«l 1 hour of Plus iern<«e*:nm(ml\yomvilllKUill«llo'irii-«lratirw Offr valiO in COOWttnul U S hif new uitKCubpi only (>pp'e! 6/3ft'86


4 / C16

are not alone TRIf MICRO CAN HELP you get the most out of your computer Become a member of the PLUS EXCHANGE, a newsletter published by

Tri Micro. The advantages are limited only by your imagination! Software and accessories, discounted 20% to 40%, offered only through the PLUS EXCHANGE. At only $40.00 per year, PLUS EXCHANGE provides up-to-theminute information and invaluable support. Discover PLUS EXTRA, our most popular selling program. It a

you to make the best use of the built-in software of PLUS 4.

The Programmer's Reference Guide for the PLUS 4 (also applicable for C-16 owners) is available through the PLUS EXCHANGE.

Tri Micro CAN HELP you HELP YOURSELF! Fill out the coupon today and receive your complimentary issue of PLUS EXCHANGE.

1-800-826-4859 Name

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Zip

)

□ Please send me more information and my complimentary issue □ Enclosed is my check for $40.00, 1 year membership (circle One) VISA / MASTERCARD #

Signature

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TRI f MICRO

P.O. Box 1 1300, Santa Ana, CA 92711


SOFTWARE RENEWS

REVIEWED ltY ERVIN BOBO

MTTIiTTMT

Letter Quality, Daisy Wheel

COMPUTER PRINTER

Gryphon

AT BELOW DEALER COST!

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Avaion Hill Microcomputer Games 4517 Harford Road

Baltimore, MD 21214 Medium:

Disk

Price:

SI 9.95

JL hough the Gryphon, with the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion, was one of my favorite beasts from Greek mythology, 1 always won

dered what they do. Gryphon from Avaion Hill does nothing to answer this question, but

does manage to

capture the beauty of the Gryphon. In the game, the Gryphon is the

protagonist, his moves controlled by your joystick. At the beginning, he is in the Mystical Woods, a place of ee

rie beauty, filled with crystal

trees

In Gryphon your protagonist is often

• Letter Quality, Daisy Wheel • Can be interfaced with virtually all com puter systems including IBM, Apple and Commodore, with theaddition ol a printer interlace (not included). ,

beset by impossible odds where no

Manufacturer's close out of excess inven

amount of arcade

tory is the this letter computer coat This

skills can help you

phon to the left and, magically, a gold

for combat. But at the same time, the

bar appears, held

scrolling action is one of the game's

looking

in his

beak.

remarkably

But

like

Casper, are out to get him, and at the slightest touch he can die. But you

greatest strengths. Your Gryphon goes under,

printer uses standard 96 char

acter printwneel and easy-load ribbon cartridge. Quiet operation. Uni- and bi

and Greek columns. Turn your Gry

ghosts,

reason for this liquidation. Add quality printer to your present system al a fraction of normal

over,

can always get to the ghosts first. The

behind and in front of objects in the landscape, flying behind Ionic col

Gryphon seems to have a laser built

umns and behind bushes and trees

into his head, or perhaps it is his fear

weaving in and out of the landscape.

ful gaze that dissolves ghosts. At any

Though the game play is an amalgam

rate, there are many ghosts to de

of Defender and Satan's Hollow, the

stroy, entering the screen from all di

execution, from the opening titles to

rections.

the Darklands, is a visual feast.

Add to this an enjoyable musical

You may turn left or right, firing your bolts, gaining points for each

score (though it seems more suited to

ghost destroyed, or you may take to

a carousel than to a battle in the Mys

the air. So long as you are flying either

tical Woods) and good sound effects.

left or right, things are okay, but face

Gryphon also incorporates a "bore

the screen and you begin to fall.

dom routine," something I've not

directional printing of fully formed upper and lower case letters, numerals, symbols at 18 cps. ASCII character codes. 10.12 or 15 characters per inch or proportional spacing. Line feed spacing of

1/48"

minimum. Friction feed. Takes 13" max imum paper width. Prints 12" wide. Fourposition

impression

original

and

four

control.

Produces

lightweight

copies.

Approx. 21 lbs. 19W x 14VT x 5N. 110V AC.

One Year Limited Factory Warranty!

Mfr. List Price Liquidation Price Now At

S550.00

$169

Hern H-l 741 4919-007 Ship, fun rt card cuntomflis can

ordgr by p*»on#, 2< hours a day. 7 clays a woafc

Toil-Free: 1-800-328-0609 | ^^jfl Your Chech ta welcome'

At the end of level one is a stone

seen before. Access it accidentally by

wall that cannot be surmounted. It is

plugging your joystick into port one,

posible to go under it, provided you

or deliberately by depressing B and

C OMB. DJrocl Marketing Corp. It am H 1241 14605 2Bih Ava N /Minneapolis. MN 55441-3397

can avoid the poisonous stream. This

N simultaneously. The result is the

Send—TOWA Lunar Quality Prinlor(»] Warn H-1241-

is where the gold bar comes in. Drop

appearance of what seems to be a

it in the stream, then fight your way

television test pattern intermittently

D My check or money order 15 enclosed jNo delays in

back through the ghosts to pick up

interrupted by colorful bursts of in

another one. Eventually, you will have built a bridge that can lead you

Charge la my D MasterCards

terference. As "video wallpaper," it's

into level two, the Surreal Cities and, eventually, to the Deadly Darklands. While you are playing, an extreme

not bad. Gryphon is a good game, so long as

you don't mind the fact that your pro

SatesouBKtedontnantalUS a/eEut^cllospecial candrixxis Plaase calrc* wrte to inquire

-1913 007 ut S1ti9 imcM plus >9 endi for shipping

handling jMimii-sutu resufunrs adcJ G% bales inx Sorry,

no C O 0 onlers )

processing nrat-r, paid by check, Thanks 10 TeloCheck |

□ VISA"

PLEASE PHI NT CLEAFLY AilrlrUSS

Cuv

tagonist is often beset by impossible

ly smooth-scrolling action unveils the

odds—situations where no amount of

landscape and reveals new enemies

arcade skills can help you. Fortunate

and obstacles. It is here that the gam

ly, those situations to not occur at

ing becomes difficult. The scrolling

every turn, and it is possible, though

often hides a ghost until it is too close

difficult, to master the game.

Q

iViln.D. Direct Marketing Corp. Authorized Liquidator It COS 28ih Avenue North

MinnsinjMih',. Minnesota 6E441-3397

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

19


SOFTUMRE RENEWS

REVIEWED nv GARY FIELDS

Data Manager 128 Computer: Commodore 128 Publisher: Time works

AA-\ hike Cook Road

Deerflcld, IL 60015 Medium:

Disk

Price:

569.95

JL/cita Manager 128 stores, re trieves, compares, changes and evalu ates data. This product fur tlic Com

modore

128 makes managing and

deciphering information a breeze. The title Identifies ils powerâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it's not just a data base, lmi a data manager. This means it tan do far more than just store and retrieve information. Data Manager 128 allows you to

design

your own customized data

bases, using easy-to-undetstand pull down menus. Too often data bases are unyielding

to

change, hut

not

this

one. A hast file created with Data

Manager 128 comes close to finding

Becausefiles can be easily expanded or

the perfect blend. Its editing options make creating files and managing in

formation relatively painless. Checks are activated

to

insure data

is not

modified, the data

changed or deleted accidentally, and

base you create today

prevent the user from common input

the program's error-handling routines

can still be used years from now.

mistakes. Tor instance, fields can he designed to

store

either

alphanumeric,

nil-

merit, date, calculation or text data. So a field which is reserved for num

bers will reftise input of letters, and

Manager 128 can he modified to en

compass your changing needs. Fields

much or as little information from as

date fields will accept only dates. Al

tan he added or deleted even idler

many or as few files as you wish. The

phanumeric fields can be protected

data has been entered.

reports

against

can

be printed directly or

duplication

to

prevent

the

saved in special files to be used by its

creation of two records with the same

Data Manager 128 is how it manipu

sisier programs, Word Writer 128 (a

account number or name. Users will

lates the data it stores. The ability to

word processor) and SiriftCalc 128 (a

recall, examine, change and dump in

spreadsheet), both by Timtworks.

also be happy that fields reserved for formulas cannot be overwritten by

But

the power and usefulness of

formation to a printer is to he expect

To gra.sp the relationship between

mistake.

ed, but Data Manager 128 goes far

staiisties.

graphs

Because files can be easily expand

beyond

that.

more informative than raw numbers.

ed or modified, the data base you cre

search

patterns,

By selecting specific you

can

filter

many

people find

Because Data Manager 128 can cal

ate today can still he used years from

culate as well as store information, a

now. With other data bases, adding a

call only useful details. Tor instance, if

special section of the program is de

field to a file after it has heen used can

a business owner needed to find all

signed to translate tho.se calculations

be a real headache, but with Data

the retail stores located in population

into graphs. In our example above,

areas under 200,000 west of the Mis

the business owner could have exam

Manager 128, adding a field to the file can be done at any time and as often

through information quickly and re

ined a graph of the different stores

as you wish, as long as you don't ex

women between the ages of .IS and

that matched his search and decided

ceed the limit of 100 fields. You can

40. which annually do 510.000 worth

where to concentrate future business.

be sure this is a feature you will ap

of business with his company, and

Next, using the results of his search,

sissippi Uivcr, that are managed by

Data

the business owner could have used

preciate the first time you need it. Finding data is as important as be

Manager 128 can quickly locate and

Data Manager !28's label-making

ing able to store it. Data Manager

report that information. Or if you just

abilities to prepare a mailing list.

have

solid

financial

ratings,

want co do something simple like find

Ton often there seems to he a prob

128 has several features to make that task easy and fast. "X-SEARCH" allows

you to cross-search data using differ

out how long it had been since your

lem getting the correct blend of pro

six year-old had a tetanus shot, Data

gram sophistication and ease of use.

ent categories to locale similar items.

Manager 128 will do thai too.

Either the program is so complex the

"X-SORT" lets you arrange data in in

average user won't spend the time

creasing or decreasing order so

required to master it, or the program

searches can

form suitable for business presenta

is so simple, it won't do the work it

searches pinpoint accurate.

tions. These reports can include as

was bought

The program will also locate and print specific

20

JUNE/JULY'86

information in report

to perform. But Data

be

faster and spot Continued on

!-'-'


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SOFTWARE RENEWS

RL^IEWED BY GARY FIELDS

Decision in

You can

the Desert

switch sides

Price:

HOB1LE

RESERVE

33i

GREEN

as often as

120 Lakefronr Drive Hunt Valley, MD 21030

you want

Disk

without

S 39.95

ever being

\Jecision in the Desert is a true

Simulation. As a commanding general

iriedfor

in North Africa during World War II,

treason

you decide which troops will attack and which will

ZT3

in mid-battle

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: MicroProse

Medium:

IIHMllk-l:O

4HHU HEM, BB TJJMK5, 3 DQVh 5UPPLV.

hold. You

decide

when to retreat and when to press on. You decide who will live and who

paign and which side you will com

will die. And when the battles are

movement

mand. Decision in the Desert allows

over, you'll be glad lhat Decision in

stops if you press "F" for "freeze."

you to switch sides in mid-battle, and

Freeze allows you a chance to answer

the Desert is only a simulation.

you can switch as often as you want

the phone or, more likely, catch your

You choose from five battle scenar

is

continuous and

only

without ever being tried for treason!

breath and plan your next move. To win, you must carefully plan attacks

This means that you never have to

Battles can be fought in under an hour, or can span several hours. A

fight exactly the same battle twice.

save-and-replay option is included so

troops fight better in open terrain,

And because you can command ei ther side, you can fight a battle as the

you don't have to play all at one sit

while infantry do better in towns or

ting.

broken terrain to provide some pro

ios, all of which can be customized.

British one day, and on another day

fight the same battle as the Germans. Because Decision in the Desert is a

Although the

game

can be con

trolled by either a joystick or a key

board,

1

found the keyboard the

on

defendable

terrain.

Armored

tection from enemy fire. I can fault the game with but one omission: Messages from units in bat

historic simulation of World War II,

quickest way to issue commands. By

tle often come so fast that the second

the odds are not necessarily weighted

first

over a

message replaces the first before it

in the computer's favor. Instead, the

unit, you can quickly check its battle

can be read. 1 would like to be able to

power of each army is determined by

readiness, supply status and morale,

recall the last two or three messages.

the conditions of a specific location in

and issue commands like attack, de

North

December

fend, move and reserve. Pressing the

with a well written, 56-page manual

Africa

between

positioning

the

cursor

The copy-pro tec ted

disk

comes

1940 and September 1942. Strength

"G" key displays information about

which includes

Of the opposing armies, generals, rein

that unit's commanding general. The

notes about the real battles Decision

forcement schedules, and air support

"T" key clears the screen so you can

in the Desert simulates, as well as

are all accurate.

inspect the terrain.

helpful

historical

maps. Decision in the Desert is the

The game's different battle screens

second simulation of MicroProse's

Hut war is more than men and ma chinesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;weather conditions and ter

realistically

rain must be taken into account as

North Africa. Roads, cities, minefields

new standard of excellence for war

well.

Cloudy weather

may

ground

display

the

terrain of

Command Series, and

establishes a

and airstrips are all easy to identify.

simulations. Like its sister program

your air corps. Rain (and it does rain

Newcomers to war games will appre

Crusade hi llurope (see review in Oc

in North Africa) will turn the desert

ciate the choice of displaying military

tober/November, 1985, Commodore

into a sea of mud which will slow

units as icons (men look like men,

Power/Play), Decision in the Desert's

tanks look like tanks), while seasoned

action, graphics, realism and playabi-

begins with General

war gamers will probably prefer to

lity are all top quality. The game plays

addressing his

troops

display the battling pieces using their

like warâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a single mistake or missed

while a military hand blasts patriotic

military symbols. Because each battle

opportunity can easily shift the tide of

tunes in the background. You enter a

map can be several screens in size,

battle. And although the game is very

password code, then pick one of the

you'll

to

complex, its controls are logical and

five campaign scenarios: Sidi Harrani,

keep in touch with all your troops.

easy to master. Both experienced and

Operation Crusader, C-azala, Hrsi Bat

This also means, of course, that just as

novice players will be delighted with

tle of Alamein and Battle of Alam

in real battles, you can lose track of

this offering from MicroProsc. If there

Ilalfa.

units.

must be wars, this is the way they

troop movement.

The game

Montgomery

Now you pick a variant lor the cam22

JUNE/JULY '86

need

to

constantly

scroll

Tile action here is non-stop. Troop

should be fought.

Q


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commodore THE

BEST OF

1985

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SOFTUURRE REVIEW5

REVIEWED BY I-RV1N BOliC)

PrintMaster Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Unison World

PrintMaster lets

2150 Shattuck Avenue Berkeley, CA 94704

Medium: Price:

Disk 134.95

W hen I heard about a new printing

you create

greeting cards,

signs, banners,

thing else on the market, I couldn't wall to get my hands on it. But when it arrived and turned out to be Print-

Master, I was almost disappointed. For some time, I had been using PrintMaster on [he IBM PC and had grown quite fond of it. But I was fully aware that more memory allowed for more features than were possible on a

6-lK machine, and 1 expected the 64

nMnpton Timas

"â&#x20AC;˘stern

ibcrtbe

T-shirts,

program for the Commodore 64 that was rumored to be better than any

Choose Font For Text:

calendars, or stationery, and

offers all the

wkone

features you mould expect

from computers with greater

version to be abbreviated.

The good news is that I was wrong.

memory.

Muking use of disk access routines, PrintMaster offers all the features I'd come to rely onâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;including the Pre

view feature, which sets this program apart from all others of its kind. You

begin with a menu

to make

calendars, or

Commodore key at the prompt

to see your card in its entirety. If any

Stationary. Also on the menu is the

causes a quick disk access that loads

thing is not to your liking or if you

Setup routine.

the library into RAM so that you can

think you might do better, you can

you go through this before doing any

flip through your choices quickly and

now go back to any point in the pro

thing else. If you simply jump in and

easily. (The PrintMaster Art Gallery I,

gram, in reverse order, and change

create a banner or sign, you may find

available separately for S29.95, offers

whatever you want.

that you are unable to print it.

over 600 more graphics.)

greeting cards,

signs, It

is imperative that

Listed on the outside of the carton

From there, you choose one of

Should you feel none of the graph ics

in the library are appropriate,

are more than a dozen printers sup

eight fonts, each displayed for you

PrintMaster gives you the option of

ported by PrintMaster and the two

and available in two sizes to compose

creating your own designs or modify

interfaces:

your message. PrintMaster allows you

ing existing designs

is some leeway al

to mix sizes and fonts on a single page

Graphic Editor. Functioning much

lowed. Neither my printer or inter

for even more variety. As you type,

like a sprite editor, this option lets

face are on the list, yet they work fine.

you can choose whether to justify or

you use joystick or cursor keys to

Investigate this before you purchase

center each individual line, the size of

move around the grid, drawing and

the program.

type for each line, and the font for

ceasing one pixel at a time until you

each line.

have just the effect you want.

Cardco

Print/GT. There

After the Setup

and

Turbo-

routine and the

printer test, return to the main menu

Now you're ready for the most ex

through

the

The black-and-white display is crisp and sharp at all times, the on-screen rep resen tut ions of graphics and fonts

and select your project. As with other

citing feature of the program: the Pre-

programs of this kind, the choice you

view. PrintMaster provides a full view

make leads to another screen with

of your creation so that you can see

are exactly as they will be printed,

more choices. It will be here that you

exactly what you've done before you

and the Preview mode introduces a

begin to see the superior features of

print it. In the case of greeting cards

feature which should be a must in

this program. Besides containing 111

that have two separate pages, you arc

printing programs. If there is a draw

graphics pictures, 11 borders and 11

first presented with a full view of the

back to PrintMaster, it is only that not

graphics patterns, PrintMaster shows

every printer and only two interfaces

you what each picture will look like

outside. Next, the outside shrinks to about one-third the original size and

before you select it. Pressing the

the inside is displayed, allowing you

have everything.

24

JUNE/JULY'86

are officially supported. But you can't O


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SOFTUIHRE REUIEUI5

REVIEWED BY Si [AY ADDAMS

Heart of Afiica Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Electronic Arts

continent of danger

2755 Campus Drive

Medium: Price:

An ever-intriguing

San Mateo, CA 94403 Disk S34.95

and discovery awaits the intrepid adventurist in the

.L/cspite the numerous awards won

search for the

by Seven Cities of Cold, I sailed the

Egyptian Pharoahs

disk out a window after three daysâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; so I was surprised to find myself hav

secret tomb in this

ing so much fun with this sequel. A one-player expedition into 19th-cen

tury Africa, it surpasses Seven Cities of Gold In many ways: The graphics are sharper, the animation is more de

sequel to Seven Cities of Gold.

tailed, and you don't have to waste time copying a scenario disk before

The law firm advances you S25O

bottom of the screen describes any

playing the game. But the most sig

for expenses and drops you off near

nificant difference is that Heart of Af

Cairo, where the game commences in

rica makes it simpler and less confus

1H90.

ing to interact with the people you

stick-figure on the main map, is por

meet out in the boondocks of a newly

trayed as an intricately animated man

trates the effects of these conditions

discovered continent.

wearing a pith helmet when he enters

with lively animation. If bitten by an

In Seven Cities,

Your character,

an

animated

discoveries. Most games simply announce the news when a character becomes sick or hungry, but Heart of Africa illus

no matter how

a town. Head due south for the first

enraged

friendly I acted toward an Indian

town, Cairo, and the aerial view of the

across a river, your character limps

chief (on the few occasions I man

continent is replaced by a similar per

along slower than normal. If tramping

aged to distinguish him from the rest

spective revealing the buildings, huts

through a swamp, jungle, or other

of the tribe), the encounter inevitably

and the animated inhabitants strolling

rough

ended in a misunderstanding that

around town. Here you should imme

down unless armed with a machete.

sparked a battle. 1 killed a lot of them.

diately stock up on supplies before

This fate also befalls the poorly pre

they killed me, then I

heading west into the Sahara or south

pared bwana who depletes his food

game over. Here I had no trouble

along the Nile River. Equipment in

supply. And if he runs out of water in

communicating with the Africans be

cludes medicine, pistols, a ship (for

the desert, he gets delirious and re

cause the process is more straightfor

the Indiana Jones fans in the crowd),

sponds erratically to the joystick by

ward-. You simply bump into one. The

shovels, canteens, and gifts for trading

moving left when you tell him to go

results of the meeting depend on

to the natives.

right, or even walking or swimming

started the

A

what, if anything, you're holding in

center-sere en

window

depicts

hippo

terrain,

while

he will

swimming

be bogged

around in circles. By choosing the ap

your immediate surroundings, with

propriate option, you'll get an update

your money, food supplies, and num

on your character's health and gener

Cities of Cold: the step-by-step explo

ber of gifts itemi/.ed on the right. Tour

al location.

ration of an unchaned land. The goal

icons arc on the left. By mashing the

here, though, is more fanciful, lor you

button (the entire game is joystick-

tomb, for clues to its location are re

seek the tomb of a fictitious Egyptian

controlled), you can highlight and ac

vealed in the legends of the Hausa,

Pharnah, Ahnk

tivate an icon to obtain more informa

Mongo and assorted tribes. Only after

treasures buried with him in a secret

tion

activities.

you've won their confidence with the

location

your hand. It follows the same theme as Seven

Alink,

who

had his

or

conduct

other

Gifts are instrumental in finding the

Select the hand icon, for example, and

proper gift will die natives help. Some

looters. In addition to grabbing the

a

will offer advice, others will fork over

treasures, you'll be able to claim the

choices: You can pick up an object or

a bearings map that shows the loca

valuable estate of the recently de

take a tool from your backpack and

tion of otherwise hard-to-find sites.

ceased

hold

Bach tribe prizes certain items and

to thwart would-be

Hiram

Primm.

Primm

grave-

spent

fresh

it

window

provides

in your hand.

more

Inventory

is

his lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and lost itâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;searching for the

limited, but you may stash items any

considers others taboo, so be sure to

tomb. Now a letter from his lawyers,

where on the surface map and return

study the clue-filled manual thor

included in the manual, explains that

for them later; an "X" automatically

oughly before embarking. Present a

you've been appointed heir apparent,

marks

Masai with a copper bracelet, for ex

but must find the tomb in order to

streamline the

process of shopping

ample, and you'll soon wish you had

collect.

for supplies. A single line of text at the

Continued tin pa 12-i

26

JUNE/JULY '86

the

spot.

Similar

options


F-1G

Dogfight

wilh

Enemy

MiG-23

Fighters

-- ■

-■ ■-

-

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F-ia on the Deck of a NlmlU-Class

Aircraft Carrier (Control Tower View)

F-16

Hlgh-G

Pullout

over

Detailed

Wargame Scenery (Rear View)

^m

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From the author of Flight Simulator II comes a new dimension in

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optional United States Scenery

Easy aircraft control coupled with ballistic thrust gives you the kind of aerobatic maneuverability only a

modern jet fighter can provide. Jet's attitude indicator is easy to read no matter what your orientation. A full screen out-the-window view helps

you get the most out of Jet's ex cellent flight controls. And that's a major consideration when flying at

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S0FTU1HRE REUIEWS

REVIIiW'liU BY MARK COTONE

International Hockey Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Arrworx 150 North Main Street Medium:

Fairport, NY H45O Disk

Price:

S24.95

i\t times, ice hockey can be poetry in motion: padded players dazzle au-

diences with synchronized skating and artistic acrobatics. And just as of ten, hockey can possess all the grace

Of a street rumble as bodies slam, slicks slash, hands clutch and punches

fly. It is this blend diat was successful

ly captured and brought to Commo dore screens last year in Artworx's Slap Shot. With its release, designer Ken Grant delivered a contest that captured all

the skilled thrills and

brutal spills of the real thing. Who could ask for more? Mr. Grant, that's who. For, like a

I'ussy team owner, he went back to

International Hockey even incorporates a sticks-doivn gloves-

off toe-to-toe slugfest

improve a squad already heralded as the best. The result is International Hockey.

With a zealous organist spurring on the

restless crowd, International

but each team will also be awarded a rarely called penalty shot, a one-onone showdown between shooter and goalie. The game screen changes to

display a perspective from the at tacker's point of view. Both players

then take their turn in each position, trying to out-finesse and out-guess the opponent duel.

in

a

brilliantly

animated

But these authentic visuals are only

to put all your ice hockey coaching

half the story. The audio portion of

theories to the test.

International Hockey has been or

Some purists might be initially dis

chestrated to make you feel as if

Hockey begins with two teams wait

tracted by a few omissions: There arc

you're playing right in the middle of a

ing for the center ice face-off. The

no offsides or icing calls,

packed arena. Not only will the rhyth

rink is viewed from a "press-box" per

shifts, and no power plays. But when

mic organ bursts and buzzing crowds

spective, presenting a vantage very

placing the emphasis on continuity of

keep you motivated, but a sporadic

similar lo the one provided by televi

motion and ease of use, the elimina

use of voice synthesis has been incor

sion's long-range camera. When the

tion of some elements can be justi

porated to highlight the game's more

puck is dropped and the players scur

fied. And even with the compromise

dramatic moments. The crisp, clear

ry for position, the screen will pan

of some rules and regulations, this

cries of an enthusiastic fan accentuate

back and forth to follow the action.

program

The contest's pace is relentless. Of

still

successfully

the sport's true sights

no line

captures

and sounds.

the

action, as

he

leads cheers

("Charge!"), spots infractions ("Penal

fensive wingers cut in on goal, stick

When a blast beats the masked goal

ty ...tripping."), punctuates alterca

handling, passing and shooting for any

keeper, the twine pulls, the crowd

tions ("Fight!

opening that can be found. Defense-

explodes, and the scorer thrusts his

over each goai ("He scores!!"). Even if you're the only one in the room,

Fight!") and rejoices

men do what they must to thwart the

arms high in

attack. Checks arc leveled, the crease

check into an onrushing attacker and

is cleared, and rebounds are quickly

he'll fall to the ice in a daze while the

The game is divided into three two-

covered as the goalie slides low and

puck squirts free. And if you hound a

minute periods and can be played

springs high to stop a Hurry of shots.

player long enough, he may instigate

against a human opponent or the

one of those infamous hockey brawls.

computer at three difficulty levels.

'Hint's right. This game even incor

And while the realistic play is quite impressive

in and of itself, what's

victory.

Lay

a

body

you'll never feel alone.

even more remarkable is that all of

porates a sticks-down gloves-off toc-

I've yet to out-skate the lixpert squad, stiff competition even after you've

this on-serccn movement is accom

to-toe slugfest. And not only will the

mastered the rights of the rink. Beat

plished

onlookers be treated to the slightly

these guys with any consistency and

taps and lugs on the joystick. Only a

humorous sight of the

you're ready for the Stanley Cup.

minute or two of practice is needed

headbuntcrs pounding each other.

28

with

JUNE/JULY'86

a

few

uncomplicated

two

video

Continued onp& I2(t


YOU'RE LOOKING AT -4,096 COLORS

4-CHANNEL STEREO 32 INSTRUMENTS 8 SPRITES

3-D ANIMATION 25 DMA CHANNELS A BIT BLITTER AND

A MALE AND FEMALE VOICE.

ONLY AMIGA GIVES YOU ALL THIS AND A 68000 PROCESSOR.TOO. advantage of the custom chips and the software support routines in the writable control store on the Kickstart'" disk that

Three custom VLSI chips working in combi- m

nation with the main processor give Amiga"

graphic dazzle, incredible musical ability and animation skill.

And they make Amiga the only com

puter with a multitasking operating system

built into hardware.

All these capabilities are easy to tap because Amiga's open architecture pro- A vides you with access to the 68000 main

bus in addition to the serial, parallel and \ floppy disk connectors. Complete lech- h

|\\ AMIGA..

comes with every Amiga compuler.

You can access these resources in a number of development languages, includ

ing Amiga Macro Assembler,'" Amiga C, Amiga Basic (Microsoft0—Basic for the Amiga),

Amiga Pascal and even Amiga LISP. So Amiga not only gives you more

nicaf manuals enabte you to take full

creativity, ii gives you creative new ways to use ir.

Amiga by Commodore.

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SOFTWBRE REUIEWS

M;VLI:W1;L)IIYGARY FIELDS

Body Man I Computer: Commodore 64

Publisher: Nanosec 4185 South 300 West

Ogden, ut 84403 Medium:

Disk

Price:

S3995

MS evidence is still needed to prove that a computer, coupled with the right software, is a better teaching tool than a textbook, this program provides

it.

Kenneth

Hard's Body

Man I brings to tile classroom a pro

gram that both teaches and tests stu dents in human anatomy. The pro gram

graphically

explores

man's

body: from the surface of the skin to the spleen, and all organs in between. Body Man t's main menu offers op tions to study one of three sections of

the human body (head, upper torso or lower torso), take a final exam, or watch a demonstration. Each display is

a pixel-perfect,

textbook

quality

facsimile: A liver looks like a liver, a

stomach looks like a stomach, and the brain looks like a brain.

As you move the on-screen pointer over an organ, its name will appear.

To select an organ to study, just press the joystick's fircbutton or the space bar. Now a detailed, colored illustra tion of the organ appears, including cross sections. Test describing the body part, its make up, function, size and information of interest are print

use and forgiving of errors. For in stance, failing to turn the printer on at

Body Man I

the correct prompt or failing to insert

graphically explores man's body: from the

is

displayed,

an

arrow

did not result in lost data or a system crash.

Instead, the screen acknowl

edged the error and prompted the

surface of the skin to

proper action to take.

the spleen, and all

loaded and running is not that easy.

organs in between

However,

dent incorrectly answered. Body Man I brings to the classroom

will point to the specific section of

and

always-patient

the

program

both copy and password-protected.

The password is supplied only after receives

the

registration

card packed with Body Man I. The wait for the postal service to deliver the registration card to Nanosec and

the organ being described. After the

a

student has absorbed the information,

teacher. With it, each anatomy stu

their reply can take several weeks,

the arrow will move to another sec

dent can study at their own speed.

but to soften the wait slightly, the

tion of the organ and new information

Less motivated students may find in

program allows 20 loads before it de

will appear.

this teaching tool

mands the password.

After a lesson on the body part is

never-tiring

getting

Nanosec has made the program disk

Nanosec

ed in the area below the graphic. As information

the correct disk at the proper time

the catalyst they

need to spark their imagination.

Other than the inconvenience of

finished, the student can cither re

Four program disks are required to

the password protection and a few

view the material, take a quiz, or re

store all the lessons and illustrations.

minor typo errors which pop up in

turn to the main menu. When quiz is

This does mean that the student must

the program's text displays, I found

selected, the screen displays a class

switch disks often, but to make locat

Body Man I a

room, complete with a teacher. Multi

ing the correct disk easier, each is

tool. While Body Mem I can teach in

ple-choice questions arc asked and

color coded and numbered. Because

any home, it really belongs in the

graded. After the test, the displayed

the material covered by Body Man I

classroom where the most children

results can be dumped to a printer.

is for junior high school students and

can benefit from it. If you arc a sci

The printout includes the student's

older, safe

ence teacher with Commodore 64's

name, the date, percentage grade and

should be no problem.

a repeat of all the questions the stu30

JUNE/JULY'86

handling of the disks

I found the program very easy to

notable educational

in your classroom, this is a teaching aid you should try.

Q


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If you own a C-64, you The one you purchased. And the GEOS realizes the technical potential that has been in the C-64 all along. Speed. Power. Ease of use. Sophisti cation. Elegant, practical applications you might expect of a high-end personal computer, all made possible with GEOS. It's so simpleâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; but then, so was fire. Once it caught on.

To begin at the beginning. GEOS stands for GRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT OPERATING SYSTEM. Why?

GEOS can be divided into 4 areas: two functional aspects (deskTop and Desk Accessories), and two major applications (geoPaint and geoWrite).

deskTop. deskTop is a graphic interface, making file organization and manage

ment easy. As always, you call the shots. Load a disk. Files appear as icons on the disk notepad; to flip through, point at the folded corner and click. Prefer a file appear on a different sheet? Move it. It's easy.

GRAPHIC: Because menus and icons replace long, typed command lines. Point and click, that's it.

fc&lflii

ENVIRONMENT: Because GEOS provides a consistent, powerful way to use your Bek ot

computer. Learning new applications is a snap (or should we say click). OPERATING SYSTEM: Because GEOS orchestrates every function so that they all

ÂŁk

H

WmdMk

5

DMNUt

work together systematically, even symphonically. Some basics. Icons are graphic images which represent files or utilities. Each is different, and all are easy to recognize and easy to use.

A menu is just that: a list of functions availa ble for selection. When a menu appears, move the pointer to any item you wish.

Click. Click. You're on your way. A pointer is used to select and activate items. To move the pointer, roll the mouse

or trackball or rotate the joystick. Once on target, click once to select; click a second time to activate. Fonts are a new way of looking at text. Choose from 5 different fonts (with more on the way). Try ffltuinfiit, or Roma, bold, or italics, even underline and , . Need to fit more words on a line? Pick a smaller point size, like univmutyemwn, and get over one

hundred characters per line.

Create a new document or re-name an existing one. Want to copy a file onto the same or a different disk? Fine. Forgotten

what a file contains? Select "get info" from the file menu. A description of that file's

contents appears. Finished with a file? Print it. Save it. Or drop it in the trash and have done with it. Your call. geoPaint. A full-featured,

color graphics workshop at your fingertips. The pointer

operates any one of the fourteen graphic tools and shapes in the drawing menu. Create masterpieces on the Drawing Window. By turns, use a pencil, an airbrush or a paint brush, each with a character all its

All this and fast too. Because the integrated diskTurbo software improves 1541 disk drive

own. Draw straight lines, squares, rectang les or circles. Fill in with any of the 32 patterns. Switch to pixel-mode, where each

performance 5 to 7 times. That's right. On

dot in a selected section is magnified many

both reads and writes.

times its size for easy manipulation.


own two Machines. personal computer GEOS

unlocks.

appear off the printer. Typists will appreciate tabs, word-wrap and page breaks. Documents may contain up to 64 pages. What's more, you can move to any page

instantly. If you like, you can cut selected text from one section and move or copy it to another. Add graphics from geoPaint. It's a cinch.

Second thoughts? Erase what you don't want. Or "UNDO" your last act. (If only life could imitate art!)

Add text if you like, in different fonts, styles or point sizes. Even change its position or layout at will.

Move or copy any part of your creation. Once done, you can include your artwork in

Qnami Sales

another document—a letter home perhaps.

Desk Accessories. Mandy

(Won't Mother be pleased?) GEOS makes it easy. ""V"

Fonts are a rte ■" ■

'-'

programs you can use while

in any GEOS application. These include an alarm clock, a notepad for reminders, a four-function calculator, and photo and text albums which

)t \ ol in} a! text Choose'

' ■-^ (with more on ilie- :■■

Cor Roma,bold::- I3ks,tm

store pictures and phrases you may then paste into applications. The Preference Manager even lets you establish parameters for everything from mouse speed to the

date and time—even background color. Civilized options, every one.

a line-' Pick a smaJtef ;■■■>! tl'.-:/-, t i< uw sum ■ wm.

geoWrite. An easy to use, "what you see is what you get" word processor. Create

documents. Insert, copy, move or delete text as you

wish. Choose from 5 different fonts in many different styles and point sizes. Preview your page exactly as it will

GEOS, A Whole New World for the C-64. S59.95 TO ORDER: 800-443-0100x234 GEOS Diskette includes deskTop. dt&kTurDo, geoPaint. getfrttle and desk Accessories £59 95.

CAtes'aonl5flrJrJ6.5%la*. (£4 50 US 7 50 Foreign shippng anO handling ( US Funds only. B S.W Order Process ng, PO Box 57135, Hayward. CA 94545 Commodore G4 find C-64 arn imdomarksol Commodore E-lotfromcs, Lid GEOS. doskTopi, gooPamt, geoYWlo, dlEkTurbo and Barkoloy Sortoojks nro Irnriamflrks oi Borkeloy Soilworks


50FTLUBRE REUIEUJS

RiiVlliVi'Iil) 11Y ERVIN BOBO

The Dam

Your

mission is to

Busters

destroy three

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Accolade

power dams

2OH63 Stevens Creek

Boulevard Cupertino. CA 95014 Medium:

Disk

Price:

$29-95

in the Ruhr

Valley of Germany, to not only

W c've all seen the trend of turning

successful movies into computer games. But the movie "The Dam Bust

cripple that

ers" is over .30 years old. The event

country's

upon which the movie was based is even older, having occurred on May

16, 1943. Who of the gaming genera

capacity for generating

tion has ever heard of it? In this case, it doesn't matter.

hydro

I remember the movie, if not the raid itself, and i was surprised at the

electric

accuracy Of the game. The mission in the movie was to destroy three power dams in the Ruhr valley of Germany,

power, but

to not only cripple that country's ca pacity for generating hydroelectric

flood the valley as

power, but flood the valley as well. To accomplish this, a new method

well

Of bombing had to be developed. As suming that a rain of conventional bombs did strike the relatively small target, they would damage only the

need for all that precision) and, if ev

top of the dam. But, like an iceberg,

erything is exactly right, the dam is

switching from one position to an

most of a dam is underwater, so if a

destroyed. If not, you are told why.

other

bomb could be made to contact the

But

Guy

there may be times when you won't

dam underwater, then explode, hy

Gibson

may go

believe it, it is possible to survive this

drostatic pressure would add to the

hack and try again.

power of the bomb and destroy the dam.

unlike

Commander

his crew,

you

In the second section of The Dam

liusters,

In the first phase of The Dam Bust

and

Wing

the opposition that doesn't

Because of clever uses of RAM, is

immediate and,

although

run. However, should you not sur

vive, a '"score card" will inform you of the

number of hazards faced, the

exist in the practice run is present:

number handled correctly, the reason

ers, you practice this technique. As

searchlights, anti-aircraft fire, barrage

for your demise, and your rank.

the pilot, you must attain a speed of

balloons and MB-110 night fighters.

In the third and last segment, the

no more and no less than 232 mph as

You are the pilot keeping your craft

entire mission comes together. Here,

yuu approach the dam from upriver at

flying; the navigator keeping the craft

you take off from Scampton Field in

an altitude of precisely 60 feet. As the

on course; the nose gunner and the

England. During takeoff, the burden

bomb specialist, you are responsible

tail gunner shooting at searchlights,

of work is upon

for" attaining the

altitude.

barrage balloons and ME-110's; and

flight

Then, as the bombardier, you watch

the engineer extinguishing engine

you must consult the map and set a

the dam grow in your sights. At the

fires and keeping the airplane aloft.

course for the Ruhr Valley.

moment when you are exactly 800 yards from the dam, release the

You switch from one position to an

across

other by the numeric keys: one for

come under fire, and if you survive,

bomb.

pilot; two for nose gunner; three for

you'll

tail gunner, and so forth. At the bot

must line the airplane up for the

correct

After a brief wait for disk access, you view the plane

dropping the

engineer.

the pilot and the

Then,

as navigator, Once

the English Channel, you'll

reach the valley where you

tom of the screen, a tiny window may

bombing run. You'll have your hands

bomb. The bomb skips across the wa

flash, telling you of an area needing

full.

ter to avoid torpedo nets (thus the

immediate attention.

34

JUNE/JULY '86

Continued onpg 120


fl.'it i.l, , .Ml i

Mil.

■ */

M\

Mr

*

,_

■ L

'

I*-"

m\

THE MISSING LINK! From magazine...to diskette...to disk drive Without LOADSTAR you are probably not getting the full benefit from the magazine that you are reading at this moment. Tell the truth now.... Have you typed in all the program listings? Of course not. Your time is worth much more than that. On the other hand, it is a shame to miss out on all the rich treasures that are available to you. The solution is LOADSTAR.... LOADSTAR is published monthly on a double-sided diskette. It contains the programs

from Commodore's own magazines with lots more.... There are bonus programs, tutorials, articles, subscriber feedback, reviews, and music. CALL TOLL-FREE 1 (800) 831-2694

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If Loadstar fails to meet your expectations in any way, you can return the disk for a full refund.

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to order by mail

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send to:

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S0FTU1HRE REUIELU5

REVIEWED [IY GARY FIELDS

Norway 1985 Computer; Commodore 6i Publisher; Strategic Simulations 1046 North Rengstorff Avenue Mountain View, CA

94043 Medium:

Disk

Price;

$ 34.95

orway 198.5 is a war of "what ifs." What if Russia invaded Norway and NATO counterattacked? What if the

conflict would be confined to con

ventional warfare (no nuclear weap ons), anil you were commander of the NATO forces? What if you had to fight the war in the uncompromising envi ronment

of a Norwegian winter?

What would happen? Norway 1985 gives you a chance to find out.

If you

enjoy complex strategy

games, you'll delight in the many op tions

and

variables

ottered

in

this

game. Individual military units can be instructed

to move,

attack,

Norway 1985 is for the seasoned wargamer

looking for new territory

retreat,

to

hide and tire either live ammunition of smoke canisters. Units can also call

in air strikes and artillery support.

conquer.

When commanding the NATO forces, your only chance for victory is careful planning and masterful han

dling of your troops, Before you dash into battle, study the placement of enemy troops and terrain. .Since the Russian

army

is

stronger

than

the

NATO forces, you should wage a hit-

and-run war. In other words, isolate Russian troops, overwhelm them with local troop superiority, then fade into

die rugged, snow covered wastelands

then blast it with mortar fire. The ice

1985), you're ready for this game. If

of Norway. Winter, in past wars, has

will break and the unit will sink into

not, be prepared to spend some time

always been the ally of the Russian

the Icy water. Again, be careful not to

mastering the game's controls. The

armies. In Norway 1985, the hinges of

be caught in your own trap.

complexity of this game will intimi

success swing on

the

NATO com

Careful use of terrain is important.

date most first-time wargamers.

mander's ability to turn that table and

Mountains,

make the blowing snow an ally.

through, are good positions to not

sider before rushing into battle, such

Battle is probable each time oppos

while

costly

to

travel

There are important factors to con

only launch attacks from but to de

as terrain, movement points, strength,

ing units are sighted. The only sure

fend. Wooded areas will conceal your

artillery range, air support, mode of

way to win a battle is to overpower

troops and make it easier to set a trap.

travel,

the opponent. If you can sucker an

Roads are great for fast movement,

Troops also react differently in night

individual unit into an exposed posi

but increase the probability of being

and day hours. To make mastering the

tion

spotted by enemy troops.

game

and

attack,

there

is

a good

chance of destroying it. The trick is not

to expose yourself to

combat

effectiveness.

easier, Norway

1985

offers

three levels of play: novice, interme

tegic Simulations' "When Superpow

diate and expert. There are three play

ers Collide" series. If you have played

options as well: human against com

coax a Russian unit into chasing you

any of the others in that series {Ger

puter,

across one of Norway's frozen lakes,

many 1985.

treatment. A

3B

JUNE/JULY '86

perfect

similar

Norway 1985 is the fourth in Stra

and

strategy is

to

RDF

1985

or Baltic

human against

human,

and

Corsthtuedonpg. mi


Tfia !i nj m :i Eoolli A

^

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Buyer's Guide to Music Software

REVIEWED BY

DAVID li. BROCKS

Musical Grab Bag for the

Commodore 64 It's .1 |u:ii'.U out there in the music software market. Large, well financed companies have plenty of money to

promote tbelt products with full-col or ads in all the computer magazines. Smaller companies settle for incon spicuous ads in the hack, and hope- for

the attention of an Interested maga zine editor. Sometimes they get itâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;

which Is how 1 received this mixed none of the SID's more

bag of programs to review.

programmable

Euphony and Allegro These music transcribing programs convert

music into instructions for

the Sound Interlace Device (SID), In most other transcribing programs, conventional

musical

notation

is

used. Euphony and Allegro are differ ent, however, since each has its own musical "language" that doesn't rely at

all on conventional notation. There is a good reason lor using unconventional languages, because a user has control over many param eters when

programming

interesting

capabilities

can

be

These relatively

used. Tor example, there is no provi

obscure music

modulation. (Ed. Note: See "Euphony

sion for filtering, voice sync, or ring

programs offer some

unique and

Update.") If you're

interested in an uncon

ventional approach to music notation, I recommend Allegro. It's an ambi tious program that gives full control

interesting music

over almost all the SID's functions. (I

capabilities for your

say "almost" only because no pro

Commodore 64.

ative control over the SID frequency

gram I'm aware of provides full cre

registers.) This program isn't tor the casual user, because there is a lot of

the SID

chip that aren't considerations in con

1" or A for "play an A." The languages

notation to learn. So if your interest is

ventional music. One way to write a

do have some similarities. Bupbotty

limited to transcriptions of conven

music program is to merely duplicate

incorporates commands into a BASIC

tional music, you will find other pro

conventional

program that consists entirely of Rl:M

grams much easier to use. On the oth

music,

and

accommo

date the additional capabilities of the

statements followed by musical infor

er hand, if you have a serious interest

SID within a conventional framework.

mation. This way

in applying the capabilities of the SID

However, doing this tends to rein

quences can be edited and saved as

force the traditional ideas about how

BASIC programs, and can be compiled

tional music, then Allegro is a serious

music should be structured.

into

attempt to give you the tools you

Instead. Euphony and Allegro cre

the

machine-language

musical

files

to

se

be

played through the SID chip. Com

chip to sound effects and less tradi

need.

Allegro music files can be copied

ate new environments built around

piled music files can be very compact:

the specific capabilities of electronic

one of the demonstrations on the Eu

and played by others (with the aid of

instruments. This could mean that the

phony disk

an auxiliary program that is not copy

various functions of the SID might be

"Waldstcin" piano sonata!

come notationally equivalent. That is,

is

Beethoven's entire

protected) without the use of the Al

Allegro music commands are orga

legro program itself. This encourages

the command for "play a D" could

nized into "screens," each occupying

the exchange of musical ideas while

have the same kind of syntax as the

one screen display on your computer.

giving the program's authors the pro

instruction for "turn on a filter." At

Both Euphony and Allegro have full

tection they deserve.

worst, this kind of notation can be

screen editing.

Cantos

obscure, but at best, it fosters new

liuphony supports four voices, and

ways of thinking about music and its

the fourth one consists of SID volume

notation.

commands that allow rapid dynamic

function from traditional music pro

changes while a piece

grams, because it invents its own mu

Both Euphony and Allegro build

is playing.

Cantus serves a much different

their musical sequences in response

However, except for this feature. Eu

sic according to

to typed commands like VI for "voice

phony is limiting, because virtually

grammable compositional rules. One

38

JUNE/JULY'86

a set of user-pro


Buyer's Guide to Music Software Euphony Update At the time thai David Brooks wrote this article, Euphony was a

to be more interesting. Some of them

pitches are relatively easy to analyze,

are quite soothing, similar to "envi

so the music software included with

ronmental" recordings of surf or rain.

Voice Master is essentially a freebie.

It isn't a criticism of CantUS 10 call

When you hum, whistle, or play an

very new product. Since that time.

its music boring. I would rather think

according to Jim Raymond, Presi

instrument

of this program as a stimulus that gets

Voice Master isolates the fundamental

you thinking about what's required to

frequency and instructs the SID chip

prevent the quantifiable components

to play along with you. You can alter

program, llie.se include:

of music

• Graphics display showing a mu

the sound of the play-along voice, and

after all, is at the root of music com

dent of TCO Software, a number of features have been added to the

sic staff and

from

being

boring.

This,

into

the

microphone.

il can play at any selected interval

;i keyboard, with

position. If you like to think ol'your

relative to your voice, not only in uni-

notes that change color us they

self as a composer, first listen to Can-

sion.

arc played.

tus. If you can't improve on its music,

• Ability

to

accompany music

with words. • Commands for playing any por

There's

also

a

music

composing

think again about what you should be

utility included with the package. Just

doing with your life!

hum. whistle, or play a melody line,

Because

of

the harmonic

limita

and Voice Master prints out a score

tion of a piece of music, so you

tions of a three-voice synthesizer like

on the screen as you go. Singing at the

don't

the SID, I can't help but wish that a

propel pitch is harder than it seems if

piece in order to debug one

version of this progrram will he de

you haven't had a lot of practice, so

section.

veloped for more musically sophisti

Voice Master hxs kindly provided an

• Ability to pinpoint timing errors.

cated

editor to clean ihings up a bil before

• Use of just one symbol to repeat

voices and, perhaps, an "expert sys

you save the melody. You can't how

tem"

ever, build polyphonic compositions

have

to play

the whole

sequences of music.

• Complete control of the SID

software

with

approach

to

four

or

more

compositional

structure. (The Amiga comes imme

with this program.

chip's filter parameters.

diately to mind.) Still, this is an origi

An enhanced version, Euphony +,

nal and very innovative program thai

Voice Master just for the music soft

belongs in the library of every com

ware, because it certainly isn't intend

puter musician.

ed to take the place of full-featured

Chord-Power

er

also

has

the ability 10 print

oiti

musical scores.

I'm not sure you would want to buy

music programs. But as pan of a rath of the authors, Michael Riesman, is a composer

and

performer

with

the

Chord-Power provides another in

sophisticated

package,

this

pro

gram is yet another innovative use of

Philip (ilass Ensemble. Glass' music is

teresting use of the SID chip. It's sim

full of repeating patterns evolving in

ply a compendium of guitar chords

ways that seem orderly, but at

that can be displayed on a graphic

offer some

same lime arc surprising—as though

guitar fret board. As the linger posi

music capabilities. They deserve your

they were following a

the

the 64's BOlind capabilities. These relatively obscure programs unique and interesting

mysterious

tions are displayed, the notes sound.

attention, even if their ads aren't very

program of their own. If you've ever

It is simple and effective. There arc

big! All programs were written for the

wondered how (or if) you can make

more than 8,000 chords, so you won't

(y'\ and are compatible with the 128

music just by following rules, here is a

rim out of possibilities any time soon.

in 64 mode.

perfect place to start.

It does seem that the fret board

Basically, you control the music by

displayed

backward on

is

the screen,

Allegro

pat

with the nut end to the right, but this

terns and by Specifying the probabil

is a minor criticism of what has to be

ities of certain musical events, such as

one of the more original gift ideas for

the duration of notes or the appear

your guitar-playing, computer-loving

ance of certain tones in a musical

friends.

Algo-Rhythm Software

Voice Master

Mincola, NY I 1501

proscribing certain

scale. To

the

harmonic

extent

that musical

"style" is based on such restrictions,

Voice Master is a voice recognition

a quality that's recognizable as jazz,

and synthesis device (sec review in

twelve-tone music, or whatever.

March/April

1985 Commodore Mi

The Cantus program disk contains

crocomputers). It consists of a micro

several dozen sample settings of the

phone and electronics that are con

harmony and probability tables. Mow-

nected to one of the 64's joystick

ever, despite the imposition Of a num

ports. For voice recognition, you can

ber

■'train" Voice Master to recognize up

on

the

musical

style, the results are lacking in struc

to 64 spoken words. The program

ture. That is, there is no beginning, no

analyzes the frequency content of

development,

no end,

no sense

of

phrasing or motion toward any goal.

I found the "sound effects" settings

sounds and then stores that set of pa rameters.

Compared

to

150 North Main Street

Fairport, NT 14450 Cantus 176 Mineola Boulevard

this program can produce music with

of restrictions

Artworx

speech,

musical

Euphony TCO Software P.O. Box 81504 Fairbanks, AK 99708

Chord-Power NcwAns P.O. Box 2700 Huntington Beach, CA 92647 Voice Master Covox

675D Conger Street

Kugene, OR 97402 COMMODORE POWERPLAY

39


HOWTC TO A HIGHER ^*'»A A

THE COMMODORE 128. The first step is buying the Commodore 128'" Personal Com puter. The smartest computer

available for the price, Ifs like gel ling three computers for less than

THE COMMODORE 128 WORKS FASTER. To run all that software and run it faster, you'll want the 1571 Disk Drive. You can't find a faster drive at the price. It transfers nearly

one usually costs, because the 128 operates in three separate modes. You can run sophisticated CP/M® business software and the

1,000 words a second [5200 cps), so you can load most programs

Plus over 3,000 Commodore 64® programs. You start out with more software and real life uses than most machines give you after years on the market.

valent of 200 typewritten pages.

new programs written for the 128.

instantly. And you'll save space as well as time because the 1571

holds up to 4I0K of data, the equi

®CP/m Is a registered trademark of Digital Research, inc. © I9B5, Commodore Electronics limited

' ' "Ft^1* t ,

', r

I

THE COMMODORE 128

GETS SMARTER. Now try improving your memory. Plug in our I750 RAM Expansion

Module and your 128 moves up to a powerful 512K. That's enough to handle just about anything you can dish out, from complicated business forecasting to giant data bases, in fact our expansion mod

ule will be the only memory you'll need for many years to come.


EVOLVE NTELLIGENCE. THE COMMODORE 128 LEARNS TO COMMUNICATE. There's no real intelligence without the ability to communicate. So you'll want our 1670 Modem/1200.

Just plug in your telephone jack and the modern automatically answers, dials and selects the appropriate mode. It puts you in

touch with a new world of shop ping, banking, communications and information over your tele phone line. And it operates at a lightning-fast 1200 baud to save

on your telephone bill.

THE COMMODORE 128 LEARNS TO WRITE. Looking good in print could be

your next move with the MPS 1000 Printer. It's a new dot matrix printer designed to make the most of the 128's high-resolution graph ics because sometimes pictures speak louder than words. But it's

no slouch when it comes to words. The MPS turns out about I200

words a minute [100 cps) of draftquality printing, orgives you nearletler-quality printing at nearly 240wordsa minute (20 cps]. And you can choose printing styles,

THE COMMODORE 128 IMPROVES YOUR VISION. Brains aren't enough without good

looks, so improve your vision with Commodore's new 1902 RGB Color Monitor. The high-resolution screen gives you a sharper image and better color than your stand

ard TV, so you can really appre ciate the I28's great graphics. And the 80-column display lets you

see more of what you're doing while you're doing it.

use international characters, even make up your own symbols.

All these evolutionary steps ahead won't set you back when it comes to paying for them. Additions to your Commodore 128 are

available at a store near you and are as affordable as the 128 itself. we think that's a smart way to help you build a computer system.

COMMODORE 128z PERSONAL COMPUTER A Higher Intelligence


SOFTWARE REUIEUI5

REVIEWED BY JEFF SE1KEN

Dreadnoughts Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Avalon Hill Microcomputer Games

4517Harford Road Baltimore, MO 21214

Medium:

Disk

Price:

S30.00

T A he

hunt for the Bismarck was a

Classic situation of cat and mouse. Un der [he cover of heavy fog, the Bis

marck slipped out of her berth in Norway during the night of May 21,

1941, accompanied by the heavy cruiser I'rinz Eugen. Their objective: raid and disrupt Allied shipping in the North Atlantic. Two days later, a Brit ish cruiser sighted the two ships in the Denmark Strait west of Iceland, but they escaped after a brief battle which cost the British the battlecruiser Hood. A flying-boat, however, spotted

the Bismarck again, now

steaming alone, on May 26. The Royal Navy battleships King George V and Rodney finally cornered (he Bismarck the foUowing day and reduced her to

a floating hulk within 90 minutes. Two (orpedos finished the great war ship.

Dreadnoughts covers the weeklong chase of the Bismarck, as well as tactical naval combat in the North At

lantic

the option to switch to the Battle Pro

You are the commander of the World Warn

In

the solitaire Bis

tleships make visual contact with the

Germans, the game automatically shifts into the Battle Program (i.e., the

German battleship. Your

early success orfailure

British attack). Turns now represent four minutes apiece, and the screen

presents a tactical display map show ing the location of the German and

in eluding the unseen

British ships.

British ships will

Bach turn, you enter maneuver or

determine the course of

ders for the Bismarck and Prinz luigcn

and

assign

targets to their primary

the remainder of the

and secondary guns. The computer

game.

maneuver commands and determines

then executes the German and British the

through the early years of

World War II.

gram. Additionally, when British bat

results

of gunfire.

Damage de

pends on the speed and armor of the what looks like a twisted antenna as

target, the size of the tiring guns, and

marck scenario, only one role is open

the Bismarck heads further out into

other factors. The screen displays the

to the playerâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;that of the hunted: the captain of the Bismarck. Dread

die Atlantic.

effects of each hit on a cleverly ar

The turns are hourly and pass in

ranged damage chart for the target,

noughts also

two-player

semi-real time, meaning that the game

which reveals at a glance the amount

tactical game in which the players

clock ticks along until you choose to

of punishment the ship has sustained.

create

stop it and enter new orders. As cap

A ship sinks when

tain of the Bismarck, you direct the

enough hits to reduce its hull status

battleship's course

to zero. Hits can also destroy primary

includes a

task forces and

then match

them.

The hum for the Bismarck requires

and speed. You

it

has

incurred

strategy, and uses-a variety of screen

can also

or

and secondary guns, as well as reduce

displays. The main display features a high-resolution map of the North At

choose to patrol an area for a certain

some of the ship's capabilities, such as

number of hours, which

useful

radar or maximum speed. It is even

lantic, depicting the land masses and

when you are looking for convoys.

possible to sink a ship with a single

coastlines in the area, plus the British

Victory depends on how much dam

salvo if a shell penetrates one of the

convoy lanes and the route the Bis

age you can wreak on the Royal Navy

powder magazines, as actually hap

marck has followed thus far in the

and England's precious convoys. The

pened with the Hood. The Battle Pro

game. Oddly enough, the Bismarck's path appears in the same shade of

game ends when the Bismarck meets

gram ends and returns to the Strategic

a watery death or manages to return

Phase once no opposing ships remain

green as [he pieces of land. While this

to port.

in visual range.

has no effect on play, in terms of aes

Should

launch

the

search

Bismarck

planes is

and

Prinz

The two-player tactical game plays

thetics, it can be a bit disconcerting

Hugen enter into visual range of any

identical to die Battle Program, ex

to see the coast of Norway sprout

part of the Royal Navy, then you have

cept that the players select the eom-

42

JUNE/JULY '86


50FTWHRE RENEWS position of tfacir squadrons and set the range at which the engagement

hegins. Players have a roster of ten German and 34 French, British, and American

ships

to

which allows some

choose

from,

interesting his

torical and imaginary situations to be explored. One of the more intriguing

"what-if' match-ups would have been if the Bismarck has SOrtlcd with her sister ship Tirpitz and met a squadron of British cruisers.

battleships

and

Unfortunately,

battle-

however,

tinue to sail alone in tight formation

Dreadnoughts covers the meek-long chase of the

convoys being too easy to sink in far

Bismarck, as well as

voys can typically be dispatched in

tactical naval combat in

too little time. Even the larger con under two hours. In contrast, when the

Gneisenau

and

Scharnhorst

at

the North Atlantic

tacked a North Atlantic

through the early years

lecruisers ttUO days to sink 16 vessels.

of World War K

convoy in

March 1941, it took the German battThe compromises with iiistory can be forgiven, but Dreadnoughts also

falls guilty of another crime for a

there is no solitaire option in this part

of the game. The blurb on the back of the game

like eggs in a carton waiting to be smashed. Altogether, this results in

course

presents

computer

gameâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;too

much

dead

box rates Dreadnoughts a seven on a

tion. A dash between Iceland and En

quence that occurs whenever a Brit

complexity scale of one to ten (ten

gland is a worthwhile alternative, but

ish ship comes within radar range of

being

should only be attempted under the

the Bismarck and the computer pro

cover of night. Should the Bismarck

vides a radar/visual display. All of the

struction manual contains only three

be found, she can usually survive one

other displays used in the game ap

and a half pages of actual rules, and

encounter with the

pear on the screen almost instanta

learning to play the game takes about

ships, but the damage likely to be in

neously, except for this one, which

30 minutes or less. The rules, howev

curred will make a second meeting

takes about 20 seconds to print out.

er, purposefully do not explain all of

fatal. In that case, after beating off the

By the time the computer shifts back

the program's nuances and some un

first

pleasant surprises await the Bismarck

should abandon any thoughts of raid

Bismarck begins moving again,

and Prinz Eugen in the North Atlantic.

ing commerce and instead steam for

other 20 or so seconds will have

overstated.

The

seems

well-illustrated

in

British attack,

early

best

time. The chief offender is the se

this

of escaping

the

detec

the highest), but

possibility

probably

British

the

battle

Bismarck

to the strategic map display and the

the nearest friendly port. If the Bis

elapsed.

nice touches that add a dose of histo

marck survives, at least a

cruisers follow

ry to the game. For instance, when

victor^' might still be salvaged.

Dreadnoughts also contains some

search planes launched by the

Bis

While

marginal

Moreover, the

when

an

British

Bismarck, the

computer tends to interrupt move

Dreadnoughts manages to

marck become lost, you have the op

cover most of the important aspects

ment

automatically

every

turn

to

print an update of the display.

tion to break radio silence and guide

of its subject, certain simplifications

them home, although this also holds

reduce the realism and accuracy of

the risk of cluing in the British to your

the game. For example, although the

ted, there are very few game deci

location, too.

Bismarck and

Playing the solitaire Bismarck sce nario

is

like walking down

a

busy

What compounds this problem is that once the Bismarck has been spot

Prinz Eugen

parted

sions to make. Changing course or

company several days ;ifter

leaving

speed will not help the Bismarck es

Norway,

in Dreadnoughts

the two

cape

the

radar-equipped

cruisers.

street wearing earplugs and a blind

must still be kept together. Further

Trying to sink the cruisers in battle

foldâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;you know there is a lot of activ

more,

light

will not work either because of their

ity going on around you, but you have

cruisers and destroyers do not have

speed and unwillingness to fight. The

no idea exactly what. The first 24

the ability to fire torpedos, which de

only option that remains is for the

hours are invariably the most inter

prives these ships of their most lethal

Bismarck to

esting, as your early success or failure

weapon and makes them little hetter

wards whatever her objective might

in eluding the unseen British ships

than floating targets.

be while waiting for the probable ap

in

the

Battle

Program,

continue

steaming to

will determine the course of the re

Convoys also do not behave in a

mainder of the game. To win, the Bis

very realistic fashion. When caught by

the Royal Navy. Thus, the pace of the

marck needs to pass undetected into

the Bismarck, the destroyer escorts,

game slows down to a trawl at exact

pearance of the heavier elements of

the convoy lanes and sink a minimum

apparently graduates of the Bob Hope

ly the point where you as the player

of one convoy. A southwesterly

school of valor, will immediately use

have the least to do or think about.

course offers the most direct route

their superior speed to flee the scene.

from the German battleship's berth in

Of course, since the destroyers have

most games will last only between

Norway to the convoy lanes, but play

no

generate

one to two and a half hours, depend

ers who try this direction will swiftly

smoke, their presence would make

ing on how soon (if ever) the Bis

learn the one cardinal rule of Dread

little difference anyway.

noughts-. Tile shortest path between

torpedos

and cannot

Even with

the constant

pauses,

marck is found. For players blessed

The merchant ships, in turn, are

with patience, Dreadnoughts should

two points is not necessarily the best.

represented on the tactical map dis

provide enough action and drama to

Historically, the Bismarck made an

play by a single master-convoy mark

offset the numbing effect of the per

end run around the west coast of Ice

er. This

means

that

the

individual

land, and experience shows that this

ships cannot disperse, and must con

iods spent staring at the screen and waiting for the computer. COMMODORE POWERPLAY

Qj 43


SOFTWPRE REUIEI IIC

REVIEWED 11Y GARY FIELDS

Wizard of Id's WizMath and WizType Because WizMath and

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Sierra On-line

WizType disguise

P.O. Box 485 Course-gold, CA 93614 Medium:

Disk

Price:

S24.95 each

teaching so cleverly with sound and

.Lrevclopers of educational software face a dilemma. If a program empha

sizes academia too strongly, children

action, children never suspect that they are

will avoid it. Hut if they try to put too

being educated

much fun in the game, the teaching

value can be lost. Happily, Wizard of Id's WizMalb and WizType are a fine

mixture of both. They are programs that are both educational and fun, fea turing the characters from the Wizard of Id comic strip to balance fun and

learning. form a true equation or complete one

plication, division, exponentiation,

already present. When he successfully

parentheses, order of operations, bi

does this, the door on the right of the

nary, hexadecimal, and an introduc

or her name and age. The program

room will

tion to variables. The remaining two

uses this information to keep track of

more of the dungeon.

WizMath First the child is asked to enter his

each player's personal statistics. Bach time the child plays WizMatb, his or

open so he can explore-

levels (13 and 14) allow you to de

As the child explores the upper lev

sign, save and play your own math

els of WizMatb, jailers try to catch

games.

her previous progress is displayed in

Spook. They can be avoided by fast

bar form, and the statistics are auto

movement or disabled by kicking a

math primer that explains the princi

matically updated on the game disk

block against them. 1 found the inclu

ples of each math operation in a sur

after each round of play.

sion of jailers both a plus and minus.

prisingly brief and understandable

They

fashion. Kach page displays a graphic

The age information is used to set

do

increase the

game's chal

'Hie WizMatb manual is a 32-page

the skill level. The older the user, the

lenge, since coping with the jailers

illustration or example equation, as

harder the lesson. From one to six

forces the child to think quickly. To

well. 'Hie program disk, manual and

players can compete at the same time,

win, the child must not only solve

reference card all fit into a neat book-

and because the skill level is deter

math problems, but do it under stress.

shell-type box, which both protects

mined by age, a 30 year-old parent

These

'"cops and

robber"

type

the disk and stores easily.

can compete with a 10 year-old with

chases do add to the excitement, es

out unfair advantage. Although the

pecially

program is designed for users eight

competing, Hut when a child is learn

playing it because it's fun, while par

and older, younger children with par

ing a new concept, like hexadecimal

ents

ent supervision can understand and

numbers, the distraction of constantly

with the serious math relationships it

benefit from the lower skill levels of

running from jailers makes it difficult

teaches.

WizMatb.

to concentrate on solving the equa

when

several

people

arc

WizMath is a well designed educa tional program. Children will enjoy or

teachers

The ability

will

be

delighted

to create your

own

is

tions. The only way to eliminate a

locked deep in a dungeon made of

jailer from the game is to trap him

teaching tool

large blocks. By moving a loose block

behind blocks. Only then can the child

gram. This option makes it easy to add

in his cell, Spook can escape into the

concentrate on the math problem.

and practice specific math concepts

As

WizMatb

begins.

Spook

14 different levels above. When he

WtzMath has

12 skill levels. The

enters a room, he sees several blocks

easiest requires the child to simply

with numbers or math symbols on

identify numbers and the most diffi

them. He must move the blocks using

cult is Boolean algebra. The other ten

cither keyboard or joystick until they

levels are addition, subtraction, multi

44

JUNE/JULY'86

games

is

a valuable and included in

powerful the

pro

the child is studying in school or hav ing difficulty understanding. This game covers a lot of math ter ritory: everything from simple addiGonttjiued mi pg 46


frCOMMODORE

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BARGAIN SOFTWARE COMMODORE 64™ or COMMODORE 128.m Bun in CUB mad* -ilh I57I

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SOFTUIHRE REUIEUIS tion to subtracting negative numbers

rough, il is done with comic-strip hu

to algebra. Unfortunately, it does not

mor. And remember. Wizard knows

include drills in fractions or division

all about magic, so he reappears

by uneven

quickly, none the worse for wear. The graphics, comical expressions

can

30 PROGRAMS (DISK) - $15.95

help your children

about math,

Add S2.00 shipping & handling (foreign, except Caneda-S3.00)

selected public domain programs GAMES. UTILITIES. BUSINESS

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numbers. Hut

WizMcilb

learn

a lot

including computer-re

binary and hexadecimal numbers. I

dren eager for more. There are four

suspect you will be delighted with

practice modes: Drill. Practice, Words

WtzMatb.

and Paragraphs. II' the child tires of

WizType

packaged with WizType, she can easi

One of the most useful skills any

ly create her own files. An additional

Finally, a truly "easy to use" PROFESSIONAL SMALL BUSINESS BOOKKEEPING SYSTEM

one can master is typing. Learning ii,

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sible.

C-158 ..(.ion tllBI <n C 138 rnodn wlih 1571 dri,t

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Another real child pleaser is the ap

pearance of Bung, the land of Id's red-

The day my copy of WizType ar

MAINTENANCE UTILITIES DETAILED INSTRUCTION MANUAL

nosed, fun-loving court jester. If the

rived, my eight year-old daughter was

child wishes, liung will jump along

entertaining a friend, Jusl as I finished

sentences at a user-selected speed.

reading the manual and loaded Wiz

This helps the child develop a smooth

send check or m-.inny order to

Type, she and her friend walked by

typing rhythm.

■Smapa Snterprizes. Inc.

the door. As soon as they saw the

The child can "play" typing two-

screen, they recognized the cartoon

letter words, longer words, sentences

characters on the screen and stopped.

or paragraphs. As the student gets

As they watched, the Spirit (who lives

heller, the game gets tougher. The

in the wine vat) rose, turned Into Q

program records each user's skill lev

fire-breathing dragon, and cooked the

el and adjusts the speed and difficulty

Wizard down to a pile of grey ;ishes.

levels according to ability. This fea

P.O. BOX 1382

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With her eyes glued to the screen,

LOTTERY 64® $ $ $ $ $ $ $

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LOTTERY we has been designed to use the computing power of the Commodore-64'" to

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top

typing the paragraphs and words pre

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46

JUNE/JULY'86

$ $ $

$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

ture

is a major plus. It encourages

my daughter wedged her body be

each student to beat their own score,

tween the computer and me while

and no child is forced to perform ei

her friend pulled over a chair. To

ther beyond or below their own skill

gether they barricaded me from my

level.

own keyboard. But while they were

The WizTypf manual is simple but

playing, they were also learning to

complete. The six pages briefly de

type.

scribe each mode and option. It also

Because

WizType

disguises

teaching so cleverly with sound and

suggests

action, they never suspected.

Bven young readers should have no

some

good

typing

habits.

Like WizMeith, the child enters her

trouble understanding this one. Col

name. Nest, the child can either try

or-keyed illustrations show the prop

one of the four practice levels or play

er posture and

"The Game." "The Game" is the real

child should assume while typing. A

child pleaser. On the left of the screen

quick-reference card is also included.

appears the Wizard. On the right is the wine vat containing the weary-

Tor most users, this card will be all

eyed Spirit. But the Spirit doesn't re

hand placement a

that is needed. This is an outstanding educational

main weak and weary-eyed long, As

program, and includes the ability to

the child watches, the Spirit evolves

add words or paragraphs, which is a

into

this

valuable and powerful feature. This

transformation takes place, letters and

option makes adding and practicing

words appear in the space between

spelling lists, poetry, the lines in a

the Wizard and the Spirit.

school play or Bible verses, easy.

If the child can successfully type the displayed words, the Wizard will

worth 134.95. The best teaching pro

spring into action and zap the Spirit. If

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the child types the words faster than

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the Spirit can make them appear, the

use it. My daughter likes WizType be

Wizard wins and with a bolt of light

cause it is fun. 1 like it because she's

a

fire-spitting

dragon.

As

Fan is what makes WizType well in

the

world

isn't

worth

the

ning zaps the Spirit back into the wine

learning while she plays. What more

vat.

could you ask?

Though it

may sound a

little

Q


SOFTUIHRE REUIELU5 The

REVIEWED BY CHWSTINB ADAMEC

The Newsroom

Newsroom Publisher: Springboard 7808 Creekridge Circle Minneapolis, MN 55435 Disk

Price:

$49-95

cws

flash!

NEWSROOM

lets you create youronm

Computer: Commodore 64

Medium:

THE

|$ISH5 SPRSHGEaORD SDFTUFiRE

PHOTO LHB

newspaper,

complete with banner,

Springboard's

The

Newsroom is now available, and as

piring reporters and editors through

headlines and

stories, as well

out the country arc creating their

as an array

own newspapers as we speak. (Eat

your hearts out, Lois 1-anc and Ferry

of graphics.

White.) If you or your children are

LRTOttT

BHNHER

not using The Newsroom, maybe you should be! This program is truly out standing. It's educational and it's also

teddy bear logo I chose by scanning

graphics—or one you've made your-

tremendous fun.

the available graphics in the manual.

Sdf—and "take a picture." The man

What is The Newsroom? It's a pro

To get my teddy, I selected the "clip

gram that lets you create your own

art" icon on the banner's menu and

newspaper,

was instructed to insert the clip art

headlines

complete

with

banner,

and stories, as well

as

disk. I now perused the graphic selec

ual shows what graphics are available. There are also picture menus of hugs,

maps, kids, even a graphic of Visa and Mastercard credit cards, as well as

graphics. You lay out your pages and then print them—and if you have a

tions available, which included my

words like "SALE" and "SPECIAL NO

teddy bear and seven other choices.

TICE."

modem, you can send your story over

Moving the cursor to

the "wires" to a friend. A tremendous

pressed the joystick button and the

amount of detail went into designing

hear reappeared alone on the screen.

this program, because not only can

the bear, I

My only criticism of clip art was

occasionally wished

I could

the main screen to ■■frame" the pic ture. Press the button and your pic ture

turns

black for

an instant—

you choose from over 600 high-reso

that

lution graphics

illustrate your

shrink or enlarge a graphic. Changes

you've taken the photo! (I really liked

newspaper, hut you can also change

to various sections of an individual

that "flashbulb" effect.) Now save

these pictures, draw your own, and

graphic are possible, but I couldn't

to

1

Move on to the camera icon, press

the joystick button, and move back to

figure out how to magnify or shrink a

your picture to disk. You can also turn individual pixels

disks; the program disk and the clip

figure intact. So if my "photo" was too large, I saved it as an entire panel of

the bottom of your screen. And you

art disk. The main menu is comprised

my newspaper, placing the text in an

can "oops" a mistake with the icon by

of picture/word options: photo lab,

other panel.

that name. I also liked the capability

add patterns.

The Newsroom

comes

with

two

on and off, observing the changes at

copy

I then used the crayon symbol to

to "flip" a figure. For instance, say a

disk, wire service, and layout. A menu

choose my typeface and the graphic

graphic is facing right and you want it

banner,

press,

printing

press,

tools window appeared, enabling me

turned to the left. Use the arrows icon

the left side of your screen. For exam

to select the right font for me. (Font

to switch the figure around.

ple, use the trashean if you'd like to

refers to type size and style.) Five op

'Hie copy editing option lets you

erase your last action, and so on. Use

tions are provided—even a fancy Eng

combine text and photos to design a

of symbols (icons) are displayed on

your joystick to access the icon you need.

First choose a banner (name and

lish style. Then I moved to "exit" and

panel of your newspaper page. (If you

found

the

design

run out of time, you can save your

typed my

paper's

text and edit out the typos later.) You can put up to six panels on a page

myself back to

screen, where

I

the Daily Planet, call it Martians To

name. After you've completed the editorial par! of your banner, you'll

day—it's your choice. Next you can

want to save it, so you'll need a blank

add a picture to your paper's banner.

disk.

heading) for your newspaper. Call it

For example, I'm

sick

of reading

about murders and other heinous

crimes, so 1 created the Friendly News, a simple banner headed by a

You

don't have to

pre-format

(plus a banner) if you use 8 1/2" by 11" paper, or eight panels if you're

using 8 1/2" by 14" paper. After com

that disk, because this program will

pleting your text, move to each panel

do it for you.

of your layout, press the joystick but

Now on to the "photo lab." where you

choose one of the

program's

ton, and see a listing of available files Continued an pg. 124

COMMODORE POWERPIAV

47


You'll find unbiased La-depth reviews of the best new software and hardware. . . discover how to make your own programs. . . learn practical home and business

applications. And much, much more.

Plus, in every issue, you'll

receive fret- programs—both games and practical applications—you can type in and use right away!

And, if you act now we'll send you a FREE "Best of Loadstar" disk.. .full of great games. practical programs, plus utilities, graphics, music,

tutorials and much more! Subscribe or renew your

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The Best of Loadstar NEW 1986 VERSION INCLUDES VISIBLE BUBBLES BACTERIALAB Q AND D CAT TOOL CHICKEN GO CHOPPER FASTCOPY LA1R0FTHENECR MINER NIBBLER MOVIE MOGUL START ORBIT

WORMSHOT RAM DISK SORT COLLECTION WORDSMITH


SOFTWRRE REUIELJS Fight Night

REVIEWED HV SCOTT A. MAY

JOE

DIP

BLOE

STICK

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Accolade

20863 Stevens Creek

0073

Boulevard Medium:

Cupertino. CA 9501 i Disk

Price:

S2995

0151

0038

JC igbt Night is a perfect example of how cute and whimsical games need not he silly or juvenile. This arcade-

style boxing game packs a punch in more ways than one. On one hand, its tough-as-nalls action will leave yuur pulse pounding and your hands sweating. On the other hand, its hilar ious characters and graphic surprises will

have you

laughing almost to

tears. Any way you look at it. Pigbt iS'igljl is not your average computer sporl.s simulation.

The program begins with a menu screen listing five available options.

There are lour other modes ot play

When the going gets

available from the menu screen: Con

tough, all Jive

Tournament The Construction mode

The first selection is the main event,

computer opponents

Boxing. This contest piis one player against the computer's top five. The

resort to foul play.

objective is to fight your way through the ranks, ultimately leading to a slug-

is knows as the Castinet Crusher, ac

out with

the Champ for the title-

some pretty bizarre characters, each one tougher than the last. When the

top is called Hu

form of a Super Blow. These blows are devastating to your tighter, yet hilarious to watch.

The first boxer you must contend with is aptly named Dip Stick, ranked number four. Described as a "mouth breather" and a product of'"anorexic

training methods," Dip Stick is a 90pound little twerp who specializes in

low blows. Although he's not too hard

The third boxer on your way to the Him, the cement-

headed Pfll Hast champ. Recalling his

Knng Hu roots, Hu Ilim's Super Blow is a vicious kick to the diaphragm.

Ranked

number three,

the

next

with cigar clenched between his teeth, army fatigue cap and beard, it's

The combinations are many. In addi tion, you can choose from Id colors for his gloves, shorts and skin. Your final result can be either player- or computer-controlled.

Next, you must define your fight er's boxing skills—a

ratio between

power to and resistance from blows

your lunch, not to mention the fight.

mine if your boxer throws a mean

Ranked number one is the British Bulldog, a former lamp post who only recently learned to walk erect. This

puter-controlled fighters must also be

heavy hitter is famous for his Super

Ilinw, the British Rail Roundhouse. The lucky recipient of these blows

will discover the true meaning of

sailing out of the ring.

boxer is called Kid Kastro. Complete

head,

to the head and body. This will deter

Blow—a below-t he-belt smash that causes your fighter's legs to cross and

me, it gets ever better.

different

These kicks are a sure way to lose

"rubber neck." Your fighter's body

"1 can't believe he did that!" Believe

choosing from six

cle-bound hulk if you like, or a boxer

to put away, watch out for his Super

eyes to hug out. My first reaction was

allows you to build your own boxer, body and leg styles. Construct a mus

complished by pounding your fight er's head on both sides at once.

opponents resort to foul play in the

Training, Sparring and

with a thick chest and chicken legs.

crown. Along the way. you'll meet

going gets tough, all five computer

struction,

stays motionless but his head goes The last obstacle between you and ultimate victory is the Champ, known as the Bronx Bomber. Built like a bus. the Bomber creamed Darth Vader to

win his title. Your fighter will literally have to untie his shoes to eat alter experiencing

the

Bomber's

Super

not hard to imagine who this charac

Blow. Defeat this walking monolith

ter was modeled after. 1 lis Super Blow

and you deserve the title crown.

body punch or has a glass jaw. Com

programmed for the percentage of brains vs. brawn, and whether they are primarily offensive or defensive boxers. When all the fine tuning is complete, you can give your fighter a

name and save it to disk for future bouts. There are enough variables to create dozens of unique contestants.

Another

selection

available

from

the menu screen is the Training Camp. This option is designed mosily for beginners to practice joystick movements. Fight Night uses

a so

phisticated method of scoring that re wards skillful maneuvering and dis courages boxers from simply standing Continued •"> i>a '-?" COMMODORE POWERPLAV

49


SOFTWRRE REUIEU1S

REVIEWED UY »AN <ll TMAN

Mind Over Minors Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Human Edge Software 2445 Baber Place

Palo Alto, CA 94303 Medium:

Disk

Price:

W bat can you do when your kids misbehave,

disobey,

eat

too

much

junk food, and generally drive you crazy? Perhaps you could try Human ridge Software's Mind OVW Minors. (I'll call U MOM for short.) Lasi

year.

Human

Kdge

gave

us

Mind Prober, the controversial pro

gram that stopped just short of claim ing it could read the mind ofa strang

er. (Remember their ads—"Read Any Ciood Minds Lately?") MOM doesn't go quite that far—it merely Claims to

help a parent

Identify

a

child's

.strengths and weaknesses and im prove the parent/child relationship.

Both programs utilize artificial intelli gence techniques, and MOM was cre

ated with (he help of experts in the Held of child psychology.

Here's how it works—the pareni is presented wirti a list of 96 adjectives

that might describe a person. ■'Ag gressive," "high-strung," "organized,"

"stubborn"—that sort of thing. For each word, you hit a key to indicate

whether the adjective describes you or not. When you're finished, you do

another assessment of the same

own authority challenged by him." It

Mind Over Minors is designed to identify a

puter constructs a psychological pro

file of parent and child. You receive a "Strategy Report "—specific advice to help you understand your child, im prove

communication, increase the

child's performance, and Improve dis cipline techniques. The program stores assessments often children.

Tile theory makes sense. While a book of child psychology gives advice for any parent and child, a computer can give specific advice for you and

advice that could apply to any child.

fun, reward good behavior, and to

improve the

program

in

dish out punishments in private rath

In fact, the program comes with an

excellent book, Managing Children. My own feeling about Mind Over Minors is that I'm not entirely con

relationship. I tried Mind Over Minors with my

two nephews. Adam and Nathan. The was pretty

limes the

er than in front of friends. Any book

parent/child

program

various

structed me lo try to make learning

on child rearing will say those things.

much

on the

money with Adam, it described him

as clever, confident, a natural leader and mat "keeping pace with his active lifestyle can require a lot of effort." That's for sure. Half the time. Adam is bouncing off the walls. 'ITie program suggested a few good techniques to

vinced it's possible to sum up a hu man being with just 96 adjectives.

The program's accuracy depends en tirely on the parent's assessment of his or her own personality and that of

the child. What if that assessment is

Off the mark? Then the whole psycho

logical profile may be thrown off, and the Strategy Report will be giving the wrong advice.

In other words, if you're an excel

control Adam's energy. But MOM missed entirely with Na

lent judge of your personality and

than, who has a quiet, unassuming

may help you with your child. If you're a poor judge, it's probably use

uals, the computer should be able to show where the personalities might

to be the center of attention, and that "his confidence may occasionally he-

JUNE/JULY'86

that MOM

weaknesses and try to

personality compared to Adam's. The

50

was disappointed

At

your child. By matching up a person ality profile of two particular individ

clash and what lo do about it.

I

wasn't more insightful. It gives a lot of

child's strengths and

words to describe your child.

Based on your choices, the com

couldn't be further from the truth.

computer claimed that Nathan wants

come so strong that you find your

your child's personality, the program

less. In any case, I don't think that child psychologists have to worry about being replaced by computers just yet.

Q


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computer and you're ready to transmit ond receive messages. Easier ta use than dialing your telephone. |ust push one key on your computer1

Includes exclusive easy to use program lor up and down loading to printer and disk drives,

Bait In U.S.A. Lfll S99.00. SALE !».«]. Coupon i2i.9S.

VOICE SYNTHESIZER *39.4S

For Commodore-64 computers. Just plug it in and you can program words and sentences, adjust volume and pitch, make talking adventure games, sound action games ond customized talkies I!

PLUS (SI9.95 value) TEXT TO SPEECH program | computer lolk — ADD SOUND TO "ZORK"1, SCOTT I

ADAMS AND OTHER ADVENTURE GAMESI I (Dllk | or tape.! List SSI.00. SALE 134.41

13" M AGN A VOX (NAP) SO COLUMN MONITOR WITH SOUND 179.93

audio saund included. Fantastic value. '.(ih, S71.01.

ICIJS cable SI?.95. C6*. Atari cable J9.95) PRINTER/TYPEWRITER

"JUKI"

COMBINATION *22°.9S Superb letter quality, daisy

printer, typewriter combination

one — fust a flick of the switch, 12" extra large corrioge. typewriter keyboard, ouiornalic margin control and relocate key, drop in cassette ribbon! serial port built in (Specify). List S349.O0. SALE tllt.ej.

PROTtCTO WARRANTY

(ltd. Qty.l

All Pfot«lo'i products corry a minimum 90 day warranty

14" HOii K COMPOSITE

simply send your product Id us via United Parcel Service prepold. Wo will IMMEDIATELY send you a replacement at

Must be used to got 80 columns in color wllh SO

II anything lails within 90 day* Irom tho duto of purchota.

no charge via United Parcel Service prepaid This warranty proves once agoin '--:' W» Lo¥m Our Cuilomfn.

• LOWEST PRICES • 15 DAY FREE TRIAL • BEST SERVICE IN U.S.A. • ONE DAY EXPRESS WAIL

PHONE ORDERS Sa.m. ■ 8 p.m. C.S.T. Weekdays

9 a.m. - 12 noon C.S.T. Saturdays

COLOR MONITOR 12S9.93

column computers

I IB - IBM - Apple). (RGB

CobleSIo.95)AddiU.50shipplno, list S399.00. SALE1 tlS«.*J.

• W DAY FREE REPLACEMENT WARRANTY • OVER 500 PROGRAMS • FREE CATALOGS

Add S10.00 for shipping, hondling ond insurance. Illinois residents

pleose odd 6'."i to*. Add S2Q.0O (or CANADA

PUERTO RICO

HAWAII. ALASKA. APOFPO orders. Canadian orders must be in U S

dollars.

WE

DO

NOT

EXPORT

TO OTHER

COUNTRIES,

EXCEPT

CANADA. Enclose Cashier Chock, Money Order or Personal Chock. Allow 1J days lor delivery. 1 to 7 doys for phone orders. ) daye«press mail! Prices & Availability subject to change without notice VISA- MASTER CARD — CO. D.

wheel

Two machines in

{TO doy warranty) Centronics porallel or RS232

PROFESSIONAL

Word Procostlng. DISPLAYS 40 or (10 COLUMNS IN COLOR or black and white! Simple to operate powerful te*l editing, complete cursor ond insert/delete key controls line and paragraph

■•

columns x 24 lines, easy ta read, plus speaker for

Now you program 60 COLUMNS an the screen at

computer!

SUPER AUTO DIAL MODEM *29.

Super High Resolution green screen monitor. 30

(Centronics Parallel Interface)

'it,In 1141.00.

* SLOT EXPANOIK & It COLUMN BOARD m.n one lime I

.

included FREE, jusl type a word and hear your

tapobillty lor 18 « IB dol matrix (near loiter quality), high resolution bli image 1120 ■ U4 dot

I

Double Sided. Single Disk Drive lor CO28 ollowi I

511.95

9 i 9 dol matrii with double strike

twice os muchl!

34OK 1S71 COMMODORE DISK DRIVI *39«.aD

you to use CUB mods plus CPM mode. 17 limes |

(34.95

Port) War*

Hardball H6i Itoubl«shool &

The COMSTAR 10X give* you a 10' carriage. 120-

Sal*

11395 111 95

Sylvia Port?'

Premium Quality 130-140 CPS Comilor 10X Prlntar IH8.00 140 CPS.

189.95

ThtPnnlShop

DISCOUNT

by Tlmoworks (Solo $59.95). Thus, your nei cost 1

lasier than 1541, plui runs all ISO formats. Lilt

Horn*

-S79.00(79'«i.).

SOFTWARE

we Include the CUB Wordwriier Wordprocessor

litl S319.0O SALE tilt.00.

COMMODORE 64

Disks

■ C12S COMMODORE COMPUTER 1281.00

You poy only S2S9.O0 tor the C12B computer and I [or1heC12Bcompu1or it only JII9.0S.

OFESSIONAL SOFTWARE

specially designed lor lha Commodore 128 Computer 0371 Disk Drive). 100% Certified. Llfntimt' Warranty, Automatic LmT Cleaning liner included. 1 Box of 10 ■ S9.90 (791 ea.], 5

Ba.es ol 10 ■ S«.5O (S91 so.).

61

(Examples)

nai

> O2B DOUBLE SIDED DISKS 74' EA.

Get

COMMODORE

| to SAVE OVER 12S0 OFF SALE PRICESII

COUPON we pock with yaiK computer That ollows applied,

every

COMPUTER, DISK DRIVE. PRINTER, or MONITOR ws islll Till, coupon allows you

the volue ol ths SPECIAL SOFTWARE DISCOUNT

Wllh only S'OO ol loving! compuisr coil It S39.9SI I

PRICES MAY BE LOWER

SPECIAL SOFTWARE COUPON

No. COD. io Canada APO-FPO

We Love Our Customers 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barringlon. Illinois 60010

312/382-5244 to order


COLOR MONITOR SALE!!!

(Premium Quality)

(Premium Quality)

• Built in Speaker & Audio

• Beautiful Color Contrast

• For Video Recorders ' For Small Business Computers

' High Resolution

■ Sharp Clear Text

■ Apple - Commodore -Atari - Aplus 3000 -etc.

• Anti-Glare Screen

• One Year Free Immediate

• 40 Columns x 24 Lines • Front Panel Controls

Replacement Warranty'

List $32900 13" Color Computer Monitor' *C64/Alari composite cable S9.95

Super High Resolution

* C128 RGB/Composite BO column coble S19.95.

Sale

$

159"

Add $14.50 Shipping

13" RGB & COMPOSITE COLOR MONITOR Allows use of C-128 and C64 mode - composite and 80 column RGB

mode. Must be

used

to get

80 columns

in

color with 80 column

computers. Specially designed for use with the C128's special composite video output, plus green screen only option switch, (add SI4,50 shipping)

List $399.00

Sale

12" MAGNAVOX (NAP) 80 COLUMN MONITOR Super high resolution composite green screen monitor. 80 columns x 2A lines, eosy to read, plus speaker for audio sound included.

List $129.00

259 95

Sale $79 95

Fantastic value. Limited Quantities.

Turn Your Monitor into a TV Set Without Moving Your Computer Elegant TV Tuner with dual UHF/VHF selector switches goes between your computer and monitor. Includes mute, automatic fine tuning

and computer-TV selector switches. Inputs included for 300 ohm, 75 ohm, and UHF. Can be used with coble TV and VCR's. Fantastic Value. Limited Quantities.

Sale*4995

75 Day Free Trial - 90 Day Immediate Replacement Warranty 'LOWEST PRICES

* BEST SERVICE IN U.S.A.

* ONE DAY EXPRESS MAIL

• OVER 500 PROGRAMS

' FREE CATALOGS

Add S10 DO for shipping. hand I ing, and msuronce. Illinois residents pleo&e

oddonH \ lav. '.'■ i. ■ > v ■ ir1 be shipped lo Conlinentoi US. Only. WE DO NOT EXPORT TO OTHER COUNTRIES. Enclose Cashier Check. Money Order or Personal Check. Allow H doyi lor delivery. 2 ro 7 days lor phone orders, 1 day enpress moil1 Prices & AvailabitiTy subject la change wiThoul notice.

VISA—MASTERCARD—CO.D.

"We Love Out Customers 22292 N. Pepper Rd.H Barringtonr Illinois 60010

312/382-5244 to order


FLOPPY DISKS SALE *59* Economy Model or C-l 28 Cadillac Quality We have the lowest prices! For use with Commodore 64 Atari, Apple.

* ECONOMY DISKS

Good quality 5'A' single sided double density with hub rings.

Total Price

59 ' ea

100 Qty. 10 Qty.

Bulk Pac Box w/ sleeves

Total Price

79 1 ea

$59.00 7.90

-V C-1 28 Computer Disks CADILLAC QUALITY (Double Sided, Double Density) • Each disk certified

• Free replacement lifetime warranty

Specifically designed for usb with C 128 'Automatic dust remover

• Works with IBM PC

For (hose who want Cadillac quality we hove (he CM28 Floppy Disk. Used by professionals because they con rely on C-128 Disks to store important dota and programs without fear of loss! Each C-123 disk is 100% certified (an exclusive process) plus each disk carries on

exclusive FREE REPLACEMENT LIFETIME WARRANTY. With C-12B disks you can have tho peace of mind without the frustration of program loss after hours spent in program development.

100% CERTIFICATION TEST Some floppy disk manufactures only sample test on o batch basis the disks they soil, and then claim they ore certified. Each C-l 2B disk is Individually checked so you will never experience data or program loss during your lifetime!

FREE REPLACEMENT LIFETIME WARRANTY We are so sure of C-128 Disks that we give you a free replacement warranty against foilure to perform due lo faulfy materials or workmanship for as long as you own your C-128 disk.

AUTOMATIC DUST REMOVER Just like a record needle, disk drive heads must travel hundreds of miles over disk surfaces. Unlike other (loppy disks the C-128 smooth

surface finish saves disk drive head wear during the life of 'he disk. (A rough surface will grind your disk drive head like sandpaper). The lint free outomatic CLEANING LINER makes sure the disk-killers (dust & dirt) are being constantly cleaned while (he disk is being operated.

C-128 Disks are definitely the Cadillac disk in the world Just to prove it even further, we are offering these super LOW INTRODUCTORY PRICES

1 Box of 10 - S9.90 (99' ea.)

5 Boxes of 10 — $44.50 (89* ea.)

10 Boxes of 10 — S79.00 (79* ea.)

All disks come with hub rings and sleeves in an attractive package.

Make Your 1985 Income Tax Report Easy!

This program includes:

• An easy to use menu-driven program that will enable you to prepare and complete your Federal income tax returns, yet requires no prior knowledge of computers or accounting.

" A CPA-tested manual, written in easy-to-understand, people-friendly English, abundantly illustrated to help make tax preparation and tax law understandable. • Full prompting — you will be guided through the tox preparation process by thoughtful,

easily-understood instructions (prompts) from your computer display screen.

» Password protection — To prevent unauthorized access to your confidential doto.

• A Special Backup Feature — which quickly generates extra backup copies of your recorded information to guard against the loss of important data.

List $49.00

Sale $29.95

Add S3.00 iot shipping, handling and insurance. Illinois residents

pleoio odd 6WX

ion.

Add S6.00 for CANADA.

PUERTO RiCO.

HAWAII

ALASKA. APO-FPO ardors. Canadian orders musl be in U.S.

dollars

WE

OO

NOT

EXPORT

CANADA. Enclose Cashiers Check

TO

OTHER

COUNTRIES.

EXCEPT

Money Order or Personal Check.

Allow Id dayi for delivery 2 To ? doys lor phono orders. I day express moIII Prices £ovailobiliTysub|0£l lo change wilhouTnolice.

VISA — MASTER CAHD — C.O.O.

No. C.O.D. toConoda. APO-FPO

We Love Our Customers 22292 N. Pepper Rd., Barrington, Illinois 60010

312/382-5244 to order


Computer Cleaners Your Choice

Your Choice

Reg. £19.95

SALE

Sale

Sale

9

TV/MONITOR SCREEN RESTORER & CLEANING KIT Sfl|e $9#95 Reduce eye fatigue by increasing the clarity of your TV or monitor screen. This kit contains a hard wax formulation to cover surface imperfections on TV screens and monitors. This restores maximum optical clarity, making what you see more distinct. Pius high absorbency cloths and dn auto static sproy

cleaner allows you to clean your screen on a regular basis to

keep your screen looking better than new. (This is a must for those who watch monitors or TVs for extended lengths of time.) List $19.95. Sale S9.95.

DISK DRIVE CLEANER

Reg. $19.95.

Sale $9.95

MGMTEK PRODUCTS

• 60% of all drive downtime is directly related to poorly maintained drives,

• Drives should be cleaned each week regardless of use. • Drives are sensitive to smoke, dust 8 all micro patricles. • Systematic operator performed maintenonce is the best way of ensuring error free use of your computer system.

This unique twin slot jacket design gives twice as many "wet-dry" cleanings per rotation as other leading brands. Non abrasive. 100% lint free, random fiber cleaners capture dust, smoke particles and disk oxide build up which insures you agoinst dfsk and data loss from dirty disk drive heads just like you must clean your albums and tape players you must

mmwusmmm

clean your disk drive heads to keep your disk drive working well. [2A

cleanings per kit.) List $19.95. Sale S9.95.

ANTI-STATIC KEYBOARD CLEANER

5ale

Now you can clean your computer keyboard fast,

efficiently, and safely. The keyboard cleaning solution is exclusively formulated to remove skin oils, dust, and dirt thot can destroy your equipment. Plus this non residue solution with onto-static properties will not build up like ordinary household cleaners so you con cleon os much as you like without worry. Plus the lint free, high absorbency, nonabrasive cloths will not scratch or mor your equipment as they pick up dirt and grime in a matter of seconds. List $19.95. 5aleS9.95.

Add $3.00 for shipping, handling and insurance, Illinois rosidonis please odd 6'/.% tax. Add $6.00 (or CANADA, PUERTO RICO, HAWAII, ALASKA, APOFPO orders. Conadlan orders must be in U.S.

dollors. WE DO NOT EXPORT TO OTHER COUNTRIES. EXCEPT CANAOA. Enclose Cashiers Check. Money Order or Personal Check. Allow 14 days for delivery. 2lo7 days Far phone orders. 1 day express mail! Prices £ availability subjeci lo change wilhout notice. VISA- MASTERCARD—CO.D. No. C.O.D. to Canada. APO-FPO

We Love Our Customers 22292 N. Pepper Rd.r Barring ton. Illinois 60010

312/382-5244 to order


SOFTUMRE REUIEUI5 Superscript

(in either 4(1- or 80-colunm mode)

and Commodore 64 versions, unless 1

In Superscript, you

Computer: Commodore 12s and

Commodore 6-i

Publisher: Precision Software Progressive Peripherals and Software (Distributor)

464 Kalamath Street

Denver, CO 80204

specifically slate otherwise.

can program any

Test Driving Superscript

text, function, or

Let's take a look at how Superscript operates. All features can be accessed

series offunctions

from a series of menus. The first menu appears at the top of the screen when

you want to any of

the l;l ftinctlon key is pressed. Mov ing ihe cursor lo highlight a particular

the computer's keys.

Medium:

Disk

Price:

S79-9=i for either version

Jl\.

REVIEWED BY STEPHEN S, LEVEN

word processor is a writing

choice causes an explanation of that choice to appear on [he screen, and

complexity that usually with such a volume.

goes along

However, the

pressing RETURN then executes that selection. Many of the selections pro

more I worked with Superscript, the

duce additional menus, where more

helps release your writing creativity

more I realized (hat this was the pro

choices must be made.

by allowing you the freedom to rear

gram for me.

toolâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a program that,

range,

rewrite,

and

theoretically,

re-edit

text to

Superscript

For example, to load is a

word

processor

an

existing

text file from disk, press Ft to obtain

your heart's content, and by treeing

geared to all levels of users, although 1

you from such drudgery as erasing

strongly recommend that those who

light "Document" and press RliTURN.

typing

have never used a word processor be

A

word processors get in the writer's

fore start with a simpler program. The

"Load" is already highlighted, so just

way. Some are too limited in scope,

manual begins with a set of tutorial

press RETURN. You are ihen prompt

lacking m;my of the advanced features

lessons, and indeed one of the selec

ed for the name of ihe document to

that really ease the writing task, while

tions on

allows

load. If you can't remember the name

others art so complex that it's hard to

you to create a training disk for use

of your document, press the space

remember the proper commands.

with the tutorials. Superscript can be

bar, and the disk directory will be

menu driven, or you can enter com

displayed on the screen. Move

mands from the keyboard. It contains

cursor to highlight the file you want,

mistakes.

However,

many

I've been using Commodore's Eei-

syScript on the Commodore 64 as my main

word

processor for

several

the

opening menu

the menu. Move the cursor to high new menu

appears.

The

word

the

reasonable default settings for page

press RETURN, and the file will be

years, even though 1 had tried others.

formatting, so you can start out writ

loaded.

1 always felt that Ba&yScrtpt was the

ing and printing text with almost no

After moving the cursor around the

"ultimate" word processor, supplying

experience, or you can learn to use all

menus a few times, you'll surely want

most of the features I thought I'd ever

the editing controls to tailor a docu

a quicker way to process your words.

need or want.

ment to your exact specifications.

Once you are familiar with what each

But liasyScrt'pt isn't perfect, and I

The Superscript manual is clear and

command does, you can jtist press the

found myself looking for a word pro

concise,

reader step-by-

first letter of the command. To use

cessor with all the good features of

step through Che process of learning

the same example, loading a file, press

the program. The tutorials, Complete

and with commands that even 1 could

the PI

with practice exercises, walk through

"Document,"

learn and rememher! Then recently I

most of the common, and not so com

and then enter the document name or

was introduced to Superscript, which has separate versions for the Commo

mon, commands.

press the space bar for the director)'.

dore 12H and Commodore 64, Super-

each command in detail, and a pro

Script is published by Precision Soli-

too complicated, you can use a two-

gramming section, which teaches the

ware, the same British firm thai wrote

keypress sequence.

reader how to get the most out of the

EasyScript. (Precision Software also

need to memorize (or write down on

program. One item noticeably absent

wrote SuperBaSO 128 as well as Su-

a handy scrap of paper that's never

from the manual, however, is a com

perRase 64, database managers.) But

around when you need it) the key

prehensive reference card, although

sequence

Superscript is more than just a mild

the 12H version includes a rudimen

upgrade of EasyScript, a slight im

Script's creators, because they left se

tary reference chart.

lection of the sequence up to you!

BasyScript, none of the drawbacks,

provement on a proven, highly suc

cessful program. Superscript is npro

grammable word processor.

Whopper of a Program When I first picked up Superscript,

taking

the

The

manual

in

cludes a reference section describing

The Superscript package includes one copy of the program

disk

function key, press "D" for

Whenever

press

this

"I." for

process

'"Load."

becomes

But you don't

programmed

by Super-

Remember, Superscript is program mable. You

can

program

any

text,

(backup copies are available for S20 )

function, or series of functions you

and the manual. Doth the 128 and 64

want to any of the keyboard keys. You

versions operate almost identically. In

might choose to program the "I" key

discussing Super-Script,

as the file load key. (That's lowercase

all

features,

I was intimidated by the size of the

methods of operation, and comments

"I."

manual, and by the program

apply equally lo the Commodore 128

grammed with a different function, if

56

JUNE/JULY'86

Uppercase

"L"

can

be

pro


SOFTWHRE REUIEUIS you wish.) This is a simple process

under the name Panasonic. Now, all

(also accessed by using the menus),

nations are set to totally emulate a

and once done, all you need do to

the printer commands work properly. The parts of the printer file that

load a file is press the liSC or RUN/

gave me the most trouble had to do

MPS-801 ), selecting "chm dot matrix"

STOP key (RUN/STOP key only on

with how the codes were sent. My

as your printer lype will usually work.

the Commodore 64 version > followed

interface can be set up to be transpar

This way, you can get started printing

Since most printer/interface combi Commodore printer (such as 1525 or

by the "I" key. All the steps Super-

ent by selection of the proper secon

from Superscript, even if you

Script goes through to load a docu

dary address. A transparent interface

immediately access all of your print er's special features.

ment flash by on your monitor, until

doesn't bother the codes going to the

you are at the point where you must

printer, but it dOG&n't change them

enter the file name.

from Commodore ASCII to true AS CII, either. So I had lo code my prim

DEFAULTS File

er tile to send true ASCI! codes rather

It's great to be able to program keys to suit your own purposes, hut ii sure

can't

Features Galore Superscript is loaded with features. The colors used for any (if six areas of

than CUM codes. A little experimen

the screen can be changed by putting

tation with printer files helped.

the

proper command in

the

DE-

would be a royal pain to do this at the beginning of even- editing session.

That's not necessary, because Super script puts a flic on your data disk

called DEFAULTS. This file can be edited just like any text file, and con tains the default settings lor margins

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and page layout. You can also put pro

grams for any number of keys In the DEFAULTS file, and rcsave the file on your disk.

The next time you

load

Superscript, your DEFAULTS file is read and your own commands are im

mediately available at the touch of a key or two.

The DK1:AULTS file also links to a printer file, which you can choose when your data disk i.s being created.

The printer file tells Superscript what your printer needs to know to do un derlining,

enhanced printing, con

densed printing, double strike, italics, and any other special modes it is ca

pable of employing. During writing and editing you use the menus (or

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codes to actually send out to your

CMS Accounting SuperBase 128 Superscript 128 Epyx Multiplan Fleet System 2 Fleet System 3

printer/interface.

PaperBack Writer

your programmed keys) to pm printer

codes in the text. These codes are the same for all printers, and your printer

file

tells Superscript which ASCII

My major problem in using SuperScript

was selling up

the

proper

139.95

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Commodore 128/64 Accessaries Anchor 6480 Modem . (New)S 149.95 PPI SuperSketch S 19.95 PPI Joystick S 8.95 DSI-PPI Interlace S 39.95 Printer Sale Transtar 120 Transtar130 CardcoLQ-1 CBM 6400 (40cpS) Star SG-10C Star SG-15 Star NX-10 (New)

219.95 294.95 184.95 349.95 229.95 364.95 Z49.95

34.95 34.95 34.95

New Computers from Commodore

39.95

PC10 & PC2O [IBM PC Compatibles)

the exact printers for which printer

23.00

C-64C NEW Low Profile 64 with GEOS

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23.00

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files already exist, as well as a "trans

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49.95

printer file. Unless you have one of

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1541

S

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parent" interface, you may have a bit of difficulty in setting one up. I use a Panasonic printer, which uses similar

printer codes to Epson printers. Since Panasonic is not one of the choices, I chose Epson. However, I goi slrange results. After becoming more familiar with Superscript, I loaded the Kpson printer file, edited the proper Pana sonic commands into it. and stored it

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57


SOFTUIHRE REUIEUJ5 FAULTS file. Editing can be done in

ther by exact match or ignoring up

any width from the width of your

output to disk, and printing only the

per/lower case differences, either for

screen (4() or 80 columns) to 240 columns. The Commodore 64 version gives you 500 lines of 40-column

odd or even pages.

ward or backward in the document. A

editing space. You can write and edit

of a phrase with another phrase.

in the same mode. You can move

feature

permits

substituting some or all occurrences

Extra Features for the 128 As if all this isn't enough, Super script for the Commodore 128 has

The AREA menu handles all of the

extra features. First of all, you have

around the document using the cur

cut/paste options. A block of text can

your choice of working in either 40

sor controls, control codes to move

be identified, then copied or moved

or 80 columns. You can switch be

by word

the GO

to another part of the document. The

tween the 40/80 modes at any time,

menu to go to a certain place {line

Table command in the AREA menu

but you must be careful to save your

number, top, bottom, etc.)

allows you to move columns of a ta

text,

ble left or right, up or down. By defin

the memory. The text area size is larg

Insert mode, where any character you

ing a block using the AREA menu, the

er on the 128 (999 lines in 40-col-

type in the middle of the text pushes

DOCUMENT menu will allow you to

umn mode and 726 lines in 80-col-

all other text to the right, or Over-

save that block as a specific file on

umn mode). And Superscript for the

strike mode, where typed characters

disk, making it easy to file and re

128 makes use of all the keys on the

overlay (replace) the previous char

trieve

acters. You can edit with wordwrap

supporting

cither ON or OFF. If wordwrap is ON,

placing of files,

DOCUMENT

Perhaps the most interesting fea

wortis are not split at the ends of lines

menu provides disk directories and

ture of Superscript 128 above and be

or paragraph, or

Editing can be done in either the

as

they are in EasyScript, which

standard

paragraphs.

loading,

saving,

the

since switching modes

erases

Besides

128 keyboard, including ESC, CAPS

and

LOCK, and the numeric keypad.

re

utilities, as well as supporting the ap

yond Superscript 64 is that the 128

With

pending of information to an existing

version

wordwrap OFF words are split, but

file on disk. You can build a file of

separate text areas. This second area

tables are easier to line up. You can

standard

toggle between these modes as often

righl on the disk without ever having

and 254

as you like, and the CONTROL-X key

loaded it into memory!

You can use the second text area to

makes

for

easier

reading.

sequence will reformat your entire text to match the current setting.

paragraphs (boilerplate)

The spelling checker included with

contains not

one,

but

two

is 509 lines long in 4()-column mode, lines in 80-column mode,

store unused paragraphs, or even edit

the Superscript package is also ac

two separate documents concurrent

"flie ERASE menu includes the abili

cessed from the DOCUMENT menu,

ly. The second text area is also used

ty to delete a character, word, sen

and is a breeze to use. The document

to load SuperBase 128, which can re

tence, paragraph, line, rest of the line,

in memory is checked, and words not

side in memory at the same time as

rest of document, xill of document, or

found in the dictionary are highlight

Superscript 1281 The combination of

a block that you define with the cur sor. Hie tab menu allows you to set

ed, one at a time, in alphabetical or

these two "Super" programs makes a

der (not the order they appear in the

really

and clear normal and decimal tabs.

document). You can accept the word

for your Commodore 128.

The CAI.C: menu permits you to use a

the way it is, ignore it, change it, or

five-function calculator independent

add it to the dictionary. It's extremely fast in operation and quite simple to

Final Analysis

of your document (when your spouse asks you to balance the checkbook in

use, especially compared to spelling

cessors" in the November/December

the middle of firing off a letter to the

checkers which must be loaded sepa

1985

editor), as well as adding up rows and

rately.

computers, Donald Maxwell created a

powerful

integrated

package

In his "Buyer's Guide to Word Pro issue of Commodore Micro

columns of numbers in your docu

Finally, we come to the PRINT

ment. A double menu of features al

menu, which of course lets you print

divided

the features into three

lows easy access to your printer's spe

your document. This menu also per

groups:

Standard

cial

mits you to view your document on

Word Processor Should Have; Extra

features,

freeing you

from

table of word processor features. He Features

Every

remembering the proper codes to un

the screen, exactly as it will appear on

features of Full Featured Word Pro

derline,

double

paper. If you are using a 40-column

cessors; and

print, etc. Formatting your document

screen and you have your printout

Only a Few Word Processors. Let's

margins set at columns 5 and 75, you

see how Superscript compares.

italicize,

for printing is

enhance,

easily

accomplished

Fancy Stuff Pound

in

from the LAYOUT menu, where mar

use the cursor controls to slide your

gins, comments, headers and footers

40-column viewing window over the

(up to two lines each with automatic

document. In this way, you can sec

tion,

page numbering starting with a num

the exact layout of your final output

script is

ber you can specify), centering and

before one dot of ink is committed to

automatically

justification can be accessed.

paper.

known as widows and orphansâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a single line of a paragraph appearing at

The SET menu will toggle Insert

58

searcb-and-replace

Tile print menu also supports link

Superscript has all the Standard Features. In the Extra Features sec the

only

place where Super

lacking is that

prevent

it will not

what

are

mode and wordwrap, as well as pro

ing files (giving you a theoretically

the very bottom or very top of a page.

viding access to file linking and the

unlimited document length if you're

You can, however, correct this your

powerful search menu, A search can

willing to swap disks), mail merge,

self while previewing your document.

be made lor any word or phrase, ei

printing from a specific page number.

On the third list. Fancy Stuff, Super-

JUNE/JULY'86


SOFTWflRE REVIEWS

REVIEWED UY HOWARD MILLMAN

Script docs pretty well, but the "defi ciencies" deserve some comment. Superscript has no delete buffer. Once you delete text, it's gone. It also won't alphabetize lists,

accept

that

the spelling checker will produce an alphabetized list

of all

the

unique

words in your text, along with the

number of times they're used. SuperScript will allow 80-column

ly inconvenient to use on a 40-colscreen.

method

is

to

Computer: Commodore 64 Publisher: Solutions Unlimited P.O. Box 177

typing

and editing, although this is extreme umn

Billboard Maker

The

recommended

type,

edit, and spell-

check in 40-column mode, then pre

Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522

Medium:

Disk

Price:

$44.00

JVather than competing with estab

view the final format in 80 columns.

lished graphics programs, Billboard

Superscript docs not provide for key-

Maker wisely opted to enrich them.

clicks, but it does beep at you

In this program, graphics are first im

errors and

when your

attention

on is

ported from other popular graphics

needed in cases where you could in

programs like Doodle, Koala, Com-

advertently delete your text.

puterEyes, and Blazing Paddles, then

Superscript will not print from cur sor location, nor does it provide alter

enlargedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;offering

printouts

up

to

two-and-a-half by four feet!

The program is divided into three

nate character sets. It will allow you alternate

main rooms: Photo lab, Typesetter,

character sets, if they exist. Double-

and Printing Press. Traveling through

column printing is not directly sup

each room is quick. With the excep

ported, but by careful use of margins

tion of frame choice and font, the en

and the column move feature, you

tire program is resident in memory.

to

access

your

printer's

The manual and menus arc tutorial,

can get a double-column output.

Billboard Maker enlarges graphics importedfrom other programs to up to

two-and-a-half by

fourfeet.

not change text

walking you through each room and

file types between SEQ and PUG, but

introducing its options. Room options

TURN, and you are at the layout plate.

it will pick up BasyScript files with a

include selecting from four frame

Using the cursor keys, move the letter

minimum of changes. The text does not appear on screen while loading,

overlays, three fonts, three printout sizes (standard, sign and mural), in

TURN. Any copy can be saved on a

and Superscript works only with disk,

verting (for ironing on tee shirts), and

separate working disk, so your cre

not cassette tape. It employs no fast-

negative image

ative efforts can be preserved.

loading

the

printing. The cursor moves you to the

auto-booting on the 12H and quicker

option of your choice. Future font/

ing of simple menu choices followed

loading on the 1571 diskdrive.

symbol disks as well as frame choices

by a lot of patience while your printer

are in the works.

churns out the copy. Sign and muralsize graphics are printed on linked

the overall power and flexibility of

Billboard Maker offers extensive flexibility in designing the finished

this program. In my opinion, it is bet

layout.

tach them afterwards. You have the

ter than the word processing capabili

ments allow your picture or text to

choice of printing all or only selected

ty of Symphony on the IBM PC, oper

strips. Obviously, a program like this

ates visibly faster (except for disk

be cropped or shifted within the frame. Another of the program's mer

access), and costs a mere fraction of

its is the "'Optimizer." After a graphic

Proper precautions to avoid printer

the price. Superscript is a fantastic

is blown up to exaggerated propor

overheating are sprinkled throughout

the manual. Heed them.

Superscript will

techniques other

than

All in all, these "deficiencies" are extremely minor when you consider

For

(white on

instance,

black)

micro adjust

word processor for anyone who al

tions, the image becomes noticeably

ready has hands-on experience with

grainy. To fill in the spaces, toggle the

word processing.

Optimizer to avoid pimply printouts.

In the printing field, a subscript is a

to its location and again press RE

Printing is straightforward, consist

strips requiring you to match and at

can make a printer old belbre its time.

The program disk uses a full 245

over the

blocks, leaving only 11 free. It loads in just 45- seconds with Epyx's Fast

transferring

Load; without, it takes about two and

Messages are composed

notation that goes a bit helow the

background graphic by

normal line of text, and a superscript

a half minutes.

is text that is on a higher level than

the type from a "font" to a "layout" plate, one letter at a time. After

the rest. Superscript, the word pro

choosing the typeface (font), you're

easy to use, especially considering its

cessor for the Commodore 128 and

presented with a full screen of alpha

size and versatility. It's a perfect com

Commodore 64, lives up to its name:

numeric characters in that font. Pick

plement to the limited text-handling

It exists on a higher level than those

a

and printout options of popular

around it.

within movable brackets, press RK-

Q

letter or symbol by enclosing it

Billboard Maker is well crafted and

graphics programs. COMMODORE POWERPUW

rj 59


JIFFIES

BYDEANS.ROSSA

Rotate Sprites

This little program

for the Commodore 64

automatically recalculates

XXave you ever wanted to rotate a sprite through 90 degrees or flip it around a horizontal or vertical axis, but did not do so because of the work involved in redesign

ing the sprite? The accompanying program uses one set of sprite data, translates it back into binary if necessary, and calculates new data to make your sprite do an

sprite data so you can rotate a

sprite without having to redesign it

about-face, make a right turn, or stand on its head.

Options 1 and 2 in the program rotate the sprite 180 degrees around a vertical or horizontal axis, respective ly, by switching data within the 21 rows and 24 columns

of the original sprite grid. Option 1 switches from left most columns to rightmost columns and option 2 from topmost rows to bottommost rows. Both rotations could be achieved by doing two 90-degree rotations, but the 90-degree rotations are slower.

The code for the 90-degree rotation adjusts for the fact that the 24-by-21 sprite grid is not a perfect square.

The data in the 21 rows of the original sprite is read into 21 columns for the new sprite. Program option .1 dupli cates three of the columns within

the old sprite at

regular intervals in the new one. Program option 4 transfers the 21 old rows into 21 columns and leaves columns 22, 23. and 24 of the new sprite blank. The fact that the 24 columns from the old sprite will not fit neatly into 21 rows of the new is also dealt with in two ways. Option 4 in the program deletes the three rightmost columns. Choose that option if those columns were blank in the old sprite. Option 3 drops even-

A(24,24)

eighth column from the old sprite so that data is not lost

SPS(75)'CMBS

off the right of the old.

Replace the data at the end of the program with your own data and find the best option for your sprite.

H

100 110

V=53248:J=0:FOR

TO

1=1

TO

BY

:FOR

K=l

READ

B{I ,K) :SP(J)=B{I,K) :J=J + 1

:NEXT

3'ISOE

:NEXT

:GOSUB

430'HDKG

Before typing Ihb program, read "lion Hi Enter Programs' and "How lo Ise the \!

120

PRINT"[CLEAR,DOWN 3,RVS]1 [RVOFF]

P.O. Box JMKP, Shrcvcpon. U 711304007,1 800-8JL-2694.

130

TO FLIP RIGHT TO LEFT'"BACF PRINT"[RVS]2[RVOFF]

140

PRINT"[SPACE4]TO

Entry Program." The BASIC programs in ihis mapanc lie available on disk Iran Lojdsur. Sprite Rotate 10

FOR

1=53289

TO

TO

53293:POKE

1,0

20

POKE

53269,0:PRINT"[CLEAR]

THIS PROGRAM SPRITE""CISL

30 40

50

TAKES

DATA

FOR

150 1

PRINT"[SPACE6]AND CALCULATES NEW DATA"'BAHG PRINT"TO PUT SPRITE IN DIFFERENT POSITIONS.":PRINT'CBTL PRINT:PRINT"TO USE ON YOUR DATA" :PRINT"REPLACÂŁ DATA AT END OF

70

PRINT"[SPACE6]WITH

160

90

TO

DOWN[SPACE3]'" BAEE

ROTATE

90

'"BAGF

PRINT"[RVS]3[RVOFF] OVER

STRIP

DATA

FROM

RIGHT

OF

170

IF

180

GET

SB>4

190

IF

THEN

KS:IF

STOP'EDJF

KS=""THEN

ASC(KS)<49

OR

180'EIDH

ASC(KS)>52

THEN

180'HPPL

PRINT"[CLEAR]

:B=VAL(KS)

:TIS="000000"

ON

PRIHT"HIT A KEY TO CONTINUE":PRINT :PRINT"THE SPRITE WILL APPEAR AT

300,300'GCFH

JUNE/JULY '86

&

PRINT"[RVS]4[RVOFF]

:PRINT'CBBJ

GET K$:IF BY=21:DIM

ROW

SPRITE""BAXL

YOUR

OWN

DATA"

200

210

LEFT"'DCJT 30

UP

SPREAD DATA EVENLY COLUMNS"'BABL

PROGRAM""DCAQ

60

FLIP

DEGREES

:NEXT'FQXD

60

,RO(24,3),SP{75),

FOR :

KS=""THEN 80'EHFI B(21,3) ,F{21,21) ,U(21,3) ,

220

1=1

TO

BY:FOR

B

GOTO K=l

TO

210,270, 3

S=B(I,K)"HQLF

FOR

P=7

TO

0

STEP

-1

:PRINT"[HOME,DOWN3]"TlS'GILD


JIFFIES

JIFFIES /ROTATE SPRITES 230

IF 2"P=<S THEN F(I,4-K)=F(I, 4-K)+2"(7-P) : S = S-2"P'OCCO

240

NEXT

:NEXT:NEXT'DCYB

250

J = 0:

FOR

263 270

GOSUB 430:GOTO 120'CHVE J=0: FOR 1=1 TO BY:PRINT"[HOME,

1=1

TO

BY:FOR

K=l

TO

3

:SP(J)=F{I,K):J=J+1:NEXT:NEXT'MEBP

DOWN3]"TIS:

FOR

K=l

TO

U(I,K)=B{BY+1-I,K):SP(J)=U(Ir K)'ECCN

290

J=J+1:NEXT

300

Q=BY:

:

GOTO

promises in packaged programs?

430

Here's one solution— try it before

STEP-1

you buy it on the QuantumLink

:NEXT:GOSUB

120'GNBL FOR

I=BY

TO

1

:PRINT"[HOME,DOWN 3]"TlS :FOR 310

320

FOR

:

IF

K=l P=7

TO TO

telecommunications network

3:S=B(I,K)'LAQK 0

STEP-1

JDcfore you buy selected software packages, you may

A((K-l)*8+8-P,BY+l-Q)=0'MVBK

2*P<=S

THEN

want m try them out In demo form using Qiiaiiiiiml.ink's

A((K-l)*8+8-P,

.Software Previews section. This service is so advanced

BY+l-Q)=1:S=S-2"P'PYKO 330- NEXT

P:

NEXT

K

:IF

B=4

340

360'FJGF IF l/7OINT(I/7) THEN

350

q=q_1:FOR

360

Q=Q-1:

370

J=0:Q=1:

T=l

TO

it's simple. Here's liow it's done.

THEN

After you log onto QLink, go

360'HJRH

380

IF

B=3

AND

You're offered ;t choice of about 30 programs in three

T'KDJF

I'DFCG

FOR

R=l

TO

R/7=INT(R/7)THEN

400

IF

A(Q,(C-l)*8+8-P)=L

THEN

from over 20 manufacturers. Of the program. The Preview menu also contains a com ment section, so check this lor prior users' comments

Q=Q+1'KLPO FOR C=l TO 3:RO(R,C)=0 :FOR P=7 TO 0 STEP-1'JRDP

categories (entertainment, education, and enrichment) Scan the list, select one, and read the brief description

21'FKTJ

390

to the Commodore

Software Showcase and choose Software Previews.

24

:A(T,BY+1-Q)=A(T,BY-Q):NEXT

NEXT

Quantumlink Capsules Skeptical of shrink-wrapped

3'IPKL

280

BY HOWARD MII.LMAN

and evaluations of the program. Still interested? O.K.. let's download it. RO(R,

C)=RO(R,C)+2"P'KEUL

Have a formatted disk available. It doesn't have to be newly formatted, but make sure you have enough room

410

NEXT

P:SP(J}=RO(R,C):J°J+1'ESKG

left to capture the downloaded program. The Size of the

420

NEXT

C:Q=Q+1:NEXT

program is stated in kilobytes (one of Commodore's disk

430

:GOTO 120'GPOG PRINT"[CLEAR]":

FOR

GOSUB

430

blocks holds about 256 bytes), along with the down SB=SB+1

:PW=PW+2"(SB):POKE :POKE

440

R:

loading time at both 300 and 1 200 baud.

V+21,PW

Just follow the simple prompts to begin downloading.

2040+SB,220+SB'LLNR

N=0

TO

62:POKE

14080+64*SB+N,

SP{N):NEXT'IWCM

450

PRINT"[CLEAR]":POKE V+(SB*2) , 40*SB

4 60

PRINT"[HOME,DOWN 3]ENTER [RVS]Y [RVOFF] TO SEE DATA"'BAGK

:POKE

V+(SB*2+1),50'JXWO

470

GET

480 490

IF K$O"Y"THEN 530'EFVJ FOR N=0 TO 62 STEP 9 :FOR M=0 TO 8 :SP$(N+M)=STR${SP

K$:IF

KS=""THEN

510

LOAD "Program Name",8,l and that's it. If you should

470'EIFJ

Understand thai you receive a representative module

Of the software—a .sample—not the whole program. But the module runs, independently, since it's actually a complete mini program. Avoid disappointment or gambling with your software

PRINT TAB(4*M) ;SPS (N+M);:NEXT :PRINT: NEXT'HPAG PRINT:PRINT"HIT ANY KEY TO GET

K$:IF

KS=""THEN

The downloading is completely automatic, (jt,ink's system does all the work, including error checking, and

forget the name, just list your disk's directory.

dollars by previewing the program first. Then, if you're

satisfied—buy it. Ordering instructions are included on Ql.ink, Sometimes a bonus discount is offered if you

CONTINUE""CBNH 520

you informed of the download'* progress.

declaring when all is done. Afterward, simply type in

(N+M))'LABT

500

Once it's underway, messages flash on-screen, keeping

mention seeing it on the Ql.ink network.

520'EIBF

RETURN'CBTD

Speaking of cost. Ql.ink's on-line charges are relatively low. The basic fee is S9.95 a month, which gives you

530

PRINT"[CLEAR]":

540 550

DATA 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,0, 0,63,0,0,126,0,0'BUJL DATA 239,0,0,135,255,224,7,255,

560

24 0,3,2 55,252,3,25 5,24 7,1,254, 227'BJVP DATA 1,249,230,1,225,96,1,34,96,1,

communications network presently available. l;or infor

36,224

mation concerning its complete services, contact Quan

,1,242,128,0,8,128,0,0,0,0,

0,0'BPMR

EHD

access to many of the services, Additional services are available for a low connect-timc charge of .six cents a minute.

Quantumlink is the only Commodore-specific tele

tum Computer Services, 800-392-8200.

H

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

81


JIFFIES

HYMARKKOB1N

Fast Sprites for the Commodore 64 T JL his

utility lets BASIC programmcrs move sprites 16

times faster than normal without using any PHF.Ks or

POKES. '['lie "FxLst Sprite* program at the end of this article provides 128 new commands lor moving sprites in your programs. The syntax Is;

asterisk sprile# direction

There are 16 possible directions for a sprite to move, labeled A through 1', as shown in Figure 1. So the com

mand "*1A," for example, would move sprite # I up one position. Von can also use more than one command in n row, like this:

•1A*2B'3F*4A

In an IF-THEN statement, a colon must be used after THEN, like this:

IFA=5THEN:"1A This command would move sprite #1 up if the Variable A were equal to five,

Q

Btfiwr i)ping ilu> piugctm. nad "Ho* <» Euh Vnifjina" ami "How tu IV ihc Magi/inc biiry Prujpani" The B.UJC pnijyMnii in [hi* mipi/int arc available on ik<k from LQafaUT,

P.O. Box ymj, Shrcvqwrt. LA 7H3040D7, l-8HH3I-2&i

Move sprites 16 timesfaster than normal without using any PEEKs or POKEs.

Fast Sprites

1

PRINT

5

S»49152;E=49520'CNMH

Figure 1. Direction Labels

"[CLEAR]POKING-";'BUVC

6 FOR P=S TO E'DDPG 10 READ A$'BCKW

20

L=ASC(MID?(A$,2, 1) ) :T = T + L'FPRE

30

H=ASC(MID$(AS,1,1)):T=T+H'FP1F

40

L=L-48:IF

L>9

THEN

L=L-7'HKVH

50

H=H-48:IF

H>9

THEN

li = H-7'HKBI

55

B=H*16+L:IF

B>=0

AND

B<256

THEN

60'JOTP

56

IF

E=49520

THEN

PRINT"ERROR

IN

LINE"INT((P-S)/8) ^10H0:END'JSJU 57 60 70 80

PRINT"ERIiOR IN LINE" INT (( P-S )/8 ) +1047:ENO'GMFR PRINT"[HOME,RIGHT12!"P;'BCVE POKE P,B:NEXT'CERF IF E=49520 THEN S=l2288:E=l2350 :GOTO

6lGVQM

90

IF TO48197 THEN DATA":STOP'GHXN

95

PRINT"OK

97

PRINT"PRESS [BACK

98 99

PRINT"ERROR

IN

D0NE'"6ABM

SPACE

ARROW]

TO

TO

SEE

DEMO

OR

END'"BADV

II

GET AS:IF A$=""THEN 98'EHYQ IF A$="[CACK ARROW]"THEN END'ECPR

100

REM

110

POKE

EXAMPLE

120

FOR

130

FOR

53269,255:

PROGRAM'BODY REM

ENABLE

SPRITES'CBSD : : 62

1-20-10 REM

DATA

1=53287 REM

JUNE/JULY '86

TO

2047:POKE

FROM

BLOCK

132

POKE 53281,0: BLACK'CTTF

135

SYS

136

FAST/SPRITE'CXUK T=TI'BDMF

137

FOR

140

*0A*1B*2C*3D*4E*5F*6G*7H'IQGI

ALL

I,l(j2:NEXT 192'GIKI

TO

53294:POKE

SPRITES

WHITE"GEOI

I,1:NEXT

49152:

1=1

TO

REM

REM

SCREEN

ENABLE

1000'DGSI


JIFFIES/FAST SPRITES 150

NEXT* BAEA

1326

DAPA

4C,E7,A7 ,23,20, 73,00,38 'BXJG

160

PKINT "(CLEAR .WHITE]

1027

DATA

E9,30,30 ,F4,C9, 08,10,F0 1 BXWH

1028

DATA

HA,AA,20 ,73,00, 38,E9,41 'BXKI

TIME

_»TI_T' CDDF

1000

DATA

A2,C7, A0,C0,8E ,08,03,8C 'BXYX

1029

DATA

30,E6,C9 ,51,10, E2,0A,A8 1 BXG J

1001

DATA

1030

DATA

1002

DATA

09,03, 60,A9,E4 ,80,08,03 ■BXJY A9,A7, 8D,09,03 ,60,05,C1 'BXWA

1003

DATA

1004

1031

DATA

B9,16,C0 ,8D,36, C0,B9,17 'BXUB C0,8D,37 ,C0,20, 02,C1,4C 'BX.YC

1032

DATA

C7,C0,6C ,36,C0, 4C,C3,C0 'BXND

DATA

08, Cl, 11,C1,17 ,C1,20,C1 'BXBB 23,Cl, 2C,C1,32 ,C1,3B,C1 'BXIC

1033

DATA

1005

DATA

3E,C1, 47,C1,4D ,CI,56,C1 1 BXBD

1034

DATA

1006 1007

DATA

59,Cl, 62,C1,68 ,C1,00,00 'BXXE 01,00, 02,00,04 ,00,08,00 'BXWE

1035

DATA

1036

DATA

20,C3,C0 ,20,91, C0,4C,C3 C0,20,C3 ,C0,4C, 91,C0,20 91,C0,20 ,C3,C0, 20,91,C0 4C,91,C0 ,20,91, C0,20,8D

1008

DATA

10,00, 20,00,40 ,00,80,FE 'BXPF 00,FD, 0 0,FB,0 0 ,F7,B0,EF 'BXFH

1037

DATA

CH,4C,91 ,C0,20, 91,C0,4C 'BXBI

1038

DATA

'BXUE

'BXRF 'BXEC 'BXOH

DATA

8D,C0,20 ,8D,C0, 20,91,C0 'BXDJ

1039

DATA

4C,8D,C0 ,4C,8D, C0,20,8D rBXVK

DATA

00,DF, 00,BF,00 ,7F,AD,10 'BXAY D0,3D, 38,C0,D0 ,1A,DE,00 "BXDA

1040

DATA

C0,20,56 ,C0,4C, 8D,C0,20 'BXYC

DATA

<J0,BD, 00,D0,C9 ,FF,F0,01 "BXYB

1041

DATA

56,C0,4C ,8D,C0, 20,56,C0 'BXID

1013

DATA

1042

DATA

20,8D,C0 ,4C,56, C0,4C,56 'BXME

1014

DATA

60,A9, 57,9D,00 ,D0,AD,10 'BXIIC D0,1D, 38,C0,8D ,10,D0,60 'BXCD

1043

DATA

C0,20,56 ,C0,20, C3,C0,4C 'BXSF

1015

DATA

DATA

56,C0,20 ,56,C0, 4C,C3,C0 'BXCG

DATA

DE,0fl, D0,BD,0 0 ,D0,C9,FF 'bxiu; 60,AD,10 ,D0,3D,47 1 BXWK

1044

1016

1045

DATA

20,C3,C0 ,20,56, C0,4C,C3 'BXVH

1017

DATA

13,D0,60 ,FE,01,D0 "BXOG

1046

DATA

C0,00,7F ,00,01, FF,C0,03 'BXQI

1018

DATA

60,AD, 10,D0,3D ,38,C0,D0 'BXNH

1047

DATA

FF,E0,03 ,E7,E0, 07,D9,F0 1 BXBJ

1019

DATA

10,FE, 00,D0,F0 ,01,60,AD "BXGI

1048

DATA

1320

DATA

1049

DATA

07,DF,F0 ,07,D9, F0,03,E7 'BXLK E0,0 3,FF ,E0,03, FF,E0,02 'BXKL

1021

DATA

1050

DATA

FF,A0,01 ,7F,40, 01,3E,40 'BXAD

L022

DATA

10,D0, ID,38,C0 ,8D,10,D0 'BXWA 60,FE, 0 0,D0,DD ,00,D0,C9 1 BXGB 58,F0, 01,60,A9 ,01,90,00 'BXZC

1051

DATA

00,9C,80 ,00,90, 80,00,49 ' BXME

1023

DATA

1052

DATA

00,00,49 ,00,00, 3E,00,00 'BXTE

1324

DATA

1053

DATA

3E,00,00 ,3E,00, 00,1C,00 ' BXAF

1025

DATA

D0,AD, 10,D0,3U ,47,C0,8D 1 BXKD 10,D0, 60,DE,01 ,D0,60,20 'BXYE 73,0«, 08,C9,AC ,F0,04,28 1 BXTF

1054

DATA

END'BDOD

1009

DATA

1010

DATA

1011 1012

END

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Commodore computer [except Amiga) with o minimum of 1 Dk RAM. including the C-128 in C-12B mode. What you get when you order the Package: Datnbaaa—A complete database maneger. AfJ fields complete^ user-ncimoblG. Can be used lor any nunber pf tasks. *x*jd-

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63


JIFFIES

BYMARKKUHIN

Variable Saver for the Commodore 64 T X his

is ;i short wedge program that can be used when

you are trying to debug a program. When this wedge is

running, all basic variables are automatically saved and restored. You can stop a program and then edit, delete

or add code without losing your variable data. If you restart the program with a RUN command, all variables will be reset. If you restart with a GOTO command, however, the variables are restored and not reset.

If your program uses a lot of string space during execution, type the following line before beginning to edit.

PRINT FRE(0) Strings which appear in your program in the form AS = "I1H1.1.O"

should

be

changed

to

the

form

AS = HELLO"+" "if you want them saved.

To enable the variable saver wedge, type SYS 49152. To disable the wedge, type SYS 49193.

B

Before typing lliis ptojirjra, mil "How to Filter Program' jnd "Mow tu In1 the Mg Ijilry Priipam" The BASIC pr»Rnnw in this mgalM arc available on disk Irom LttttbUT,

Stop a program in order to edit it, without losing your variable data

p.o. Box 30007, Shrcwport, IA711 jo ooht, i-hikmsji-zw*.

Variable Saver BASIC Loader "[CLEAR]POKING-";' BBYA

DATA

32,85, 23,A5,33, 85,24,A5 'BXTJ

2913

DATA

34,85, 25,20,DA, C0,A9,00 'BXMK

390

DATA

8D,27, C0,8D,28, C0,A0,00 ■BXGC

310

DATA

Bl,22, 91,24,20, D0,C0,38 ■3XSD

PRINT

20

PM9152

30

READ A$:IF AS="END"THEN

40

L=ASC(MIDS(AS,2,1)}"DLEE

320

DATA

A5,22, E5,2D,A5, 23,E5,2E ■BXBE

50

H=ASC(MIDS(AS,1,1))'DLYF

330

DATA

BC3,EE, A5,24,18, 69,01,8D "BXRF

51 60

TH=TH+H:TL=TL+L'ELDH L=L-48:IF L>9 THEN L=L-7'HKVJ

340

DATA

25,C0, A5,25,69, O0,8D,26 "BXilG

350

DATA

70

H=H-48:IF

360

DATA

C0,68, AA,68,A8, 4C,3E,C0 1 BXXH C6,22, A5,22,C9, FF,D0,02 'BXAI

75

B=H*16+L:IF PR INT"ERROR

370

DATA

C6,23, C6,24,A5, 24,C9,FF 'BXMJ

380

DATA

390

DATA

D0,02, C6,25,EE, 27,C0,D0 'BXUK 03,EE, 28,C0,60, A5,2D,8 5 'BXNL

:REM

$C000'CMXB

H>9

THEN

95'EHHD

H=H-7'HKBK

B<0 OR B>255 THEN IN";INT((P-4 9152)/8)

*10+100:END'PFKB

80

PRINT"[HOME,RIGHT12]"P;'BCVG

400

DATA

90

POKE

410

DATA

22,A5, 2E,85,23, AD,25,C0 ' I3XGD 85,24, AD,2 6,C0, 85,25,98 1 BXVE

95

96

64

280

10

P,B:P=P+1:GOTO

30'EKAJ

420

DATA

48,8A, 4B,A0,00, Bl,24,91 'BXCF

PRINT"DATA OK":STOP'HPJT

430

DATA

22,E6, 22,D0,02, E6,23,E6 1 BXRG

PRINT"ERROR

440

DATA

24,D0, 02,E6,25, CE,27,C0 1 BXGH D0,EB, AD,2 8,C0, F0,05,CE 'BXSI

IF

TH=24106

AND

IN

TL=23153

DATA

THEN

":STOP'CBJQ

100

DATA

18,A5,14,69,34,85,77,A5'BXIA

450

DATA

110 120

DATA DATA

15,69,00F85,78,A9,EA,85'BXCB 73,85,74,85,75,A9,4C,85'BXWC

460 470

DATA

28,C0, 10,E1,A9, 00,8D,24 "BXNJ

DATA

C3,AD, 22,C0,85, 33,AD,23 'BXQK

130

DATA

76,60,00,00,00,00,00,00'BXBC

489

DATA

140

DATA

00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00'BXHD

490

DATA

Cfl,85, 34,38,A5, 20,ED,1C 'BXGL C0,8D, 1A,C0,A5, 2E,ED,1D 'BXRM

150 160 170 180 190

DATA DATA DATA DATA DATA

00,A2,05,BD,A2,E3,95,73'BXFF CA,10,F8,6a,E6,7A,D0,02'BXWG E6,7B,A5,9D,D0,0E,4C,79'BXJH 00,AD,24,C0,F0,F8,20,ED'BXII C0,4C,3E,C0,A5,7A,D0,EE'BXTJ

530

DATA

510

DATA

C0,8D, 1B,C0,90, 26,18,AD 'BXVE 1E,C0, 6D,1A,C0, 85,2F,AD 'BXEF

520

DATA

1F,C0, 6D,1B,C0, 85,30,AD 'BXKG

530

DATA

540

DATA

20,C0, 6D,1A,C0, 85,31,AD ' BXOH 21, C0, 6D,1B,C0, 85,32,68 1 BXTI AA,68, A8,60,38, AD,1C,C0 'BXRJ E5,2U, 8D,1A,C0, AD,1D,C0 ' BXQK

200

DATA

20,79,00,C9,52,D0,08,ft9'BXIB

550

DATA

210 220

DATA DATA

00,8D,24,C0,4C,3E,C0,C9'BXXC 89,D0,07,A9,130,85,9D,4C'BXL,D

560

DATA

570

DATA

E5,2E, 8D,1B,C0, 38 ,AD,1E 'BXLL

230

DATA

57,C0,C9,30,30,D3,C9,3A'BXME

580

DATA

C0,ED, 1A,C0,85, 2F,AD,1F ' BXUM C0,ED, 1B,C0,85, 30,AD,20 'BXEN

240

DATA

10,CF,98,48,8ft,48,AD,24'BXCF

593

DATA

250

DATA

C0,F0,03,20,ED,C0,EE,24'BXFG

600

DATA

260

DATA

C0,A2,07,B5,2D,9D,1C,C0"BXJH

610

DATA

C0,ED, 1A,C0,85, 31,AD,21 'BXFF C0,ED, 1B,C0,85, 32,4C,67 'BXDG

270

DATA

CA,10,F8,A5,31,85,22,A5'BXII

620

DATA

C1,END

JUME/JULY'86

BGYD

END


THE

AMIGA TECHNICAL REFERENCE SERIES

The Creator's Edge THE AMIGA TECHNICAL REFER

ENCE SERIES from Addison-Wesley gives software developers and pro

grammers the key to unlocking the power and versatility of the Amiga Personal Computer.

Published with Commodore Business Machines, Inc., the series is written by

the hardware designers and program mers who actually created the Amiga's hardware, built-in-software, and user interface. C and assembly language examples throughout provide clear illustrations of Amiga programming concepts. Comprehensive, these man uals are the definitive reference works for Amiga programmers.

Titles include: AMIGA HARDWARE

AMIGA ROM KERNEL

AMIGA ROM KERNEL

AMIGA INTUITION

REFERENCE MANUAL

REFERENCE MANUAL:

REFERENCE MANUAL: EXEC

Provides detailed descriptions of the graphics and sound hardware of the Amiga and explains how the

LIBRARIES AND DEVICES Provides a complete listing and description of the Amiga's built-in

machine talks to the outside world through peripheral devices.

REFERENCE MANUAL Provides a complete description of Intuition, the Amiga user inter face. Numerous examples and illustrations show how to create

ware which support graphics,

Provides a complete listing and description of the built-in ROM routines and systems software which support the Amiga's multi tasking capabilities.

ROM routines and systems soft

applications programs that con

form to Intuition's guidelines.

sound, and animation.

All four volumes in the AMIGA TECHNICAL REFERENCE SERIES are

available in April through your Amiga dealer, and wherever computer books are sold.

AAddison-Wesley Reading, Massachusetts â&#x20AC;˘ Don Mills. Ontario

"AMIGA lia trademark or Commodore-Amiga, Int.


I

e'd like to introduce you to the Commodore 64,1986 style. It's called the Commodore 64C, It has an elegant i new look, and it comes packaged with some great software. Internally, however, it's still the same computer we

all know so well—the computer that so many of us grew up on—the old friend that brought computer literacy out of the engineering labs and data processing departments and into our homes, it's still a Commodore 64. The same logic board, the same keyboard, the same ports. So don't be fooled by that suave exterior. But we've all become more sophisticated in our understanding of computers since the 64 was introduced four years ago, So Commodore thought it was time to give its best-selling computer a new look that better reflects what it really Is—a sophisticated piece of equipment for a sophisticated user. Not only that, but this '86 model comes packaged with GEOS software—a "desktop"-style operating system that lets you use Icons and windows to run a word processor (geoWrite) and drawing system (geoPaint), with more

applications to come. (GfOSwas previewed in the May/June Commodore Microcomputers.) In addition, Commodore Is Including QuantumLink telecommunications software and an educational package with the 64C.

This contemporary 64 should begin appearing in stores within the next few months. Watch for It. 06

JUNE/JULY'86

a


Commodore 64 c. The computer we mi grew up on has grown up.

Since the 64C isiCommodore 64 in sleek clothing. youTI Ibid the two joysticks ports, on-off W$ch and

power port in the same pfr*

gcoPomt sofiwmc will be packaged

like Ihe back ot a Commodoie 64, you're rightâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and

with the 64C, as will geoWrtte. a

be back of ii's elegant older sister, the 64C.

QuanhimLInk telecommunlca software Is port ot the 64C pad

word processor.

A mouse will be available lor the

64C, lo aid in controlling Sf05-bosed software.

REPOWERPUW

67


EGRETS OF A COMPUTER ARTIST Michael Kosaha, computer artist

with Ejiyx, worked on Die graphics

!or Sam Bams II BY KELLYN BEECK

and Rescue on Fractals

Every artist has a few secrets, and computer artists are no exceptions. They

have invented dozens ofpersonal tricks and techniques which they use with

dazzling results. This how-to article is a chapterfrom a book in progress called Creative Graphics: 101 Secrets from Computer Artists.

lac Man gave many Americans their introduction to computer games. For artist Michael Kosaka, it was Pie Man.

Kosaka, now a computer graphics animator at Epyx

You can paint the title screen from Rescue on Fracta/us using

Incorporated, had a job installing burglar alarms in the

any graphics program, and

San Francisco area in 1981 when a friend showed him a

following these eight simple

computer. 1 was immediately intrigued by this wonderful

steps.

machine," he says, "so my friend and I started working together and we wrote a game called Pie Man,"

Pie Man is now a resident of the Smithsonian Institution. Penguin Software published the game in 1981, and when ttie Smithsonian later asked publishers to donate copies of their first software releases, Pie Man had its ticket to the national shrine.

Before making the adjustment from traditional art to computer graphics, Kosaka had spent years painting peo

ple and landscapes around California. "The computer is a whole different medium," he explains. "You can't apply certain things that you can on a sheet of paper. A dog, for

Now a veteran electronic artist, he says the quirks of computer graphics should be seen as featuresâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;things you con use, instead of obstacles standing in your way.

He also suggests collecting reference material: art books, catalogs, travel brochures, illustrator's guides and maga

zines filled wilh pictures, Lite is among his favorites, 'Then," he says, "if you need to draw a fish or a car, you can go find a picture of one. You con't just draw what your mind thinks looks like a car. You need to go look at a car, study it carefully, and then try to draw it."

Kosaka became employed as a professional computer

instance, can't always be described in detail with two

artist after the publication of Pie Man, working first for Data

eyes, two ears and a tongue lolling out the side of its

Age, later for Atari and finally at Epyx, His work has

mouth. You often have to suggest the details of objects,

appeared in VCS and home computer versions of popular

making the viewer's mind fill in what can't be portrayed on

games like Crystal Castles, Track and Field, Summer

the screen."

Games IIand G.I. Joe.

68

JUNE/JULY'86


Rescue on Fractalus

Slep 1: Starting with a block screen, draw an orange circle on the left side of the disptay (your painting software

The computer game Rescue on Fractoius was devel

should have a command that will draw the circle for you.)

oped by Lucasftlm Limited, the motion picture company

This will be the background shape defining the planet

owned by Star Wats creator George Lucas, When Epyx

Fractalus. Make the circle too large to fit completely in the

prepared the Commodore 64 version of the game for

pictureâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;this gives the planet greater presence and sug

reiease, Kosaka got the assignment of creating a title

gests its enormous size. If you drew Fractalus small

screen.

enough to fit within the confines of the screen, it would

Using a Commodore 64, KoalaPad drawing tablet and

have far less impact. Position the right edge of the disk

KoalaPaint software, the artist went to work. Several hours

about Iwo-thirds of the way across the screen and leave

later, Kosaka felt satisfied with the results: The title screen

room at the bottom for the credits.

was simple, yet appealing.

Kosako explains that orange is a good background color because it makes the planet look more exotic.

"Greens or blues would make it comfortable and earthlike, and ail the other colors were too flat or too garish for this

picture. I wanted a volatile-looking planet with hot colors."

Using any graphics package, you can create

title screen like this

one following six basic steps. This demonstration shows you how to "paint" Kosaka's

Step 2: Add gray shading to give the ptanefs surface a

title screen using almost any popular graphics program.

curved appearance. The light source will be on the right,

The picture includes the title of the gome and sets the

so the shading must look darker on Die left side of the

scene. Six steps demonstrate how to combine art and text,

planet. Starting with solid gray at the left edge, gradually

applying a few tricks along the way.

make the shading less solid as you go to the right, Near

the right edge, the patches of gray should be no larger than three or four pixels.

The gray patches on the right side of the planet will appear a bit lighter than the solid gray on the leftâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;large

areas of color on a computer screen have more chroma, or color intensity, than smaller areas. In this picture, the

effect helps support the illusion of light hitting the right side of the planet and shade dominating the left. To suggest mountain ranges, leave two bands of or ange near the middle, where the planet is making the transition from night to day. Because Fractalus has ex tremely rugged terrain, neither of the two areas, gray or COMMODORE POWERPLAY

69


orange, should be completely solid.

Distributing dark

patches on the sunlit side of the disk and spots of light in

the gray, shaded area helps give the planet an uneven, natural appearance.

"Sponge painting" creates an irregular pattern that makes the planet look more natural.

Now add touches of dark red to the intermediate area of shading. A trick Kosaka uses will help you accomplish

middle third of the planet, from top to bottom, taking care

this. He calls the technique "sponge painting." To make a

to leave the patches of gray as untouched as possible

"sponge," pick on area in the middle of the plonet and

(limit the sponging to the orange areas).

change about half of the gray and orange pixels to dark

Step 3: To add texture and shading to the right side of

red, erecting a random pattern. Then use your painting

the planet, blend the gray into the red with touches of dark

software's "copy" command to make a small copy of the

brown.

area. The copy should be a rectangle four pixels wide and

eight pixels high. This will be your sponging block. Now "paste" or stamp the block into the picture next to

the original rectangle, overlapping it slightly. Paste the copy two more times, always overlapping the last impres

Using a "zoom" or close-up command, add brown pixels next to some of the gray pixels. The brown should

be placed on the left side of the gray to entrance the shading effect.

Add a few brown streaks to suggest mountains. Be sure

sion. Avoid creating o regular patternâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;you don't want the

to "feather" the edges of every patch of color in the picture,

effect to look like the tiles on a kitchen floor.

including the areas of gray.

Creale a "pnge" to add texture

"Feather" Be edges of every

to the surface.

paled ol color, using tills technique, pixel by pixel. "When I got to this point," Kosaka explains, "the or ange spots in the shaded area started to look too bright, so

I decided to change all of the orange pixels in the left-hand third of the planet to brown. I also scattered a few brown pixels in the middle, but only single pixels, The large patches of brown are restricted to the right side of the disk."

Step 4: To complete the shading effect, highlight the edge of the planet closest to the sun. Use !he sponge technique to add light red in a band all the way around the edge, making the band about eight pixels wide at the

After three uses of the stamp, make a new copy. Over using the same stamp con also cause patterns to appear.

center and tapering it to a single pixel at the top and bottom.

Pick a spot in the middle of the area you were sponging to

Now use the close-up mode again and go over the

make the new copy. Paste the new copy into the picture

entire planet piece by piece, removing ony box shapes left

two or three times os before. Continue sponge painting

by the rectangular "sponge." Try to create the rough,

until you have added the dark red touches throughout the

uneven oppearance of nature.

70

JUNE/JULY '66


Draw ttie ship In three shades of gray. Step 6: The ship is drawn in three shades of gray, and the flames are while, light blue and dark blue. To eliminate the jagged edges olong the wings and fuselage, draw a dork gray border all the way around the ship. This tech nique is called "anti-aliasing." You eliminate the jagged-

Step 5: Draw the letters in the title, referring to the

ness by combining the ship color and the background

example. Because of the detail in the planet, you may find

color, applying the intermediate color along the edge

it easier to create the title first on a blank screen, pasting it

between the two parts of the picture,

into the picture when complete. Draw the letters in yellow,

You can use this Irick to soften jagged edges whenever

adding a vertical bond of white to the left side of the letters.

they occur. Just pick an intermediate shade combining the

This gives them a more three-dimensional appearance.

two colors meeting at the jagged line and add the new

Draw a thin, one-pixel black border on the left side and bottom of each letter. This mokes them stand out better.

color along the edge. For instance, an orange border con eliminate the jaggedness along a straight line between red and yellow.

Create Hie tetters in a grid on a : separate screen and paste them onto your picture. Note the onepixel brack border on the left and

use "antialiasing" to smooth the

a

jagged edges where two colors meet.

â&#x2013; Q

t

1

To complete Rescue on Fractolus, add stars at random in the black areas of the picture. About half of the stars are

The credits at the bottom of the screen are a smaller

single-pixel dots. The rest are two pixels wide. For variety

version of the type of letters used in the title, and are

use different colors for the stars, alternating red, yellow,

displayed in blue and white.

blue and white. Your picture is finished, and you've learned a few things about computer art along the way. But Kosaka soys the most important secret he con offer is this: Have fun while you're drawing.

"If you enjoy what you're doing, it shows. Ifs of primary importance to have some fun during the process of creat ing art, because your enjoyment shows in the finished product."

So if you get tired or frustrated in the middle of a computer "painting" session, stop and take a break. Don't go back to work until you're ready. Then, with renewed

creative energy, pick up where you left off. You'll be ready to have fun ogain, and the improved results of your efforts

Step 5: Add ttie letters in the title. Step B: Add the ship to your screen.

will surprise and delight you,

a COMMODORE POWERPLAY

71


THEB Winners Gr,

FC64 bdore64 test

FIRST PLACE Lincoln Memorial at night by James D. Sachs, Lake Arrowhead, California The outslanding technical proficiency and classic beauty of our winner got it an overwhelming first-place vote from our judges. Viewed in its intended medium — the computer screen — this piece glows with a magical light that we simply cannot reproduce in print. Take a close look at the unflinching attention to detail — even down to the shadows cast by the pillars. This Is an excellent piece of work. 72

JUNE/JULY'86


ast October, we invited our readers to participate in a Commodore 64 graphics contest â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and we discovered, to our delight, that they are a very talented group. By January 31, the contest's deadline, we had received over 200 disks, most of them containing two entries.

The overwhelming majority were created using the KoalaPad touch tablet and KoalaPaint software, but almost every other popular graphics package was also represented, including Doodle, Micro Illustrator, and Flexidraw. Some people also used a video digitizer to create some very interesting effects.

With so many excellent entries, judging was a long and difficult process that involved many hard decisions. But after a month of eyestrain, the judges finally came up with six prize winners and 16 honorable mentions. These winners, in thejudges' opinions, showed the most originality, crea

tivity and the best use of the 64's graphics capabilities. Thanks to all of you who submitted entries. We only wish we had the space to print more of them. And special thanks to Louis Wallace and David Darus, whose graphics translation program. Chameleon, made thejudges'job infinitely easier. (Chameleon appeared in the July/August 1985 issue of Commodore Microcomputers, and is available on disk from Loadstar, P.O. Box 30007, Shreveport, LA 71130-0007, phone 800-831-2694.)

* â&#x2013; * ^

FIRST RUNNER-UP Pola Negri by Wayne Schmidt, Dew York, Flew YorK

The feel and flavor of an opulent era are caught here, woven in a tapestry of light. Look carefully at the detail in the head

piece, and how Wayne handles the curve of cloth over her shoulder and those delicate curls on her forehead. This sultry seductress deserves applause for both technical expertise and originality.

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

73


RUNNER UP Reflect Glen M. Hedgepeth, Sherwood, Oregon

A mysterious, dream-like image with clean lines and thought-provoking perspective.

RUNNER UP Sunrise by Mike Pike, Canoga FarK, California

RUNNER UP The Knight by Kem McNair, Mew Smyrna Beach, riorida Graceful handling of curves and shadows gives this imaginary warrior a clear, realistic quality.

HONORABLE MENTION Outpost by William D. Baum, Klamath Falls, Oregon

This colorful creation won votes on originality.

HONORABLE MENTION Tab XO by Gene Itelmaiin. AJpena, Michigan

HONORABLE MENTION Stained Gloss by John D. Buiso, Pana ma City Beach, Florida

74

JUNEAJULY'86


70

RUNNER UP

Fantasy Shelf by W.E. Meyers, Cary, north Carolina

This is an astonishing accomplishment in recreating typefaces. In addition to being a humorous idea. (For those or you who aren't up on children's boohs, Stuart Little is about a mouse.)

f—~",>

v .■:'-'

T&f"?

sritf?

f

-U!

HONORABLE MENTION Haceraenoefoer by Larry Plona Canton,

HONORABLE MENTION Might Light by Thomas Kane, Buffalo;

Connecticut

Mew York COMMODORE POWERPLAY

76


HONORABLE MENTION Scene liy Daniel V. Monis. Wajiiesbura.

Pennsylvania

HONORABLE MENTION ReHect by BIN Lut-

. ..uuoonaia

».

HONORABLE MENTION Moonshine by Eddie Johnson, Albuquer que, Mew Mexico

HONORABLE MENTION

Brains liy Mick Ellsoa Tltprcl Oregon

HONORABLE MENTION Mountain Lake 2 by Karen £. Donelson. Santa Maria, California

HONORABLE MENTION Bam#l by Wall Harriett Louisville Kentucky

HONOfiABLE MENTION Ki vcly by Ron Farley. nobtesvlllc, Indiana

HONORABLE MENTION Her Eyes Are Blue by Laura 5hanahan, Nashua, Dew Hampshire

76

JUNE/JULY'86


A HONORABLE MENTION Clock by Peter Deal, Malvern, Pennsylvania

:fttf

HONORABLE MENTION Uneven Odds by Diana Peterson, Enter

HONORABLf MENTION Joan Jett by Chad Baker, Chicago,

prise, Oregon

Illinois

COMMODORE POWEtiPlAV

77


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.

n birthcay card

design a dream house

compose a song

improve yourchess

disseci a frog

learn lo type

painl a picture

master logic

to

follow ihe siats

when it comes to personal computers, you want the smartest you can own. At a price that makes sense. Feature for feature, the new Commodore 128'" system

outsmarts its competition. It comes with a powerful 128K memory, expandable to 512K, more than enough to siart with and stay with for years. An 80-coiumn display lets you see more of your spreadsheets and word processing. And with its

64,128 and CP/M速 modes you have easy access to thousands of educational, business and home programs now available. It also has a state-of-the-art Keyboard with built-in numeric

keypad to execute complex tasks with little effort. The new Commodore 128. From the company that's sold more personal computers than IBM*" or Apple.3 Look for it at a store near you. And discover

I^^*J^

HLJUUI1U

the personal computer that does more for you. At the

I

price you've been waiting for.

COMMODORE 128= PERSONAL COMPUTER A Higher Intelligence


onmE PROcRnms

BATIXE/64 for the Commodore 64 V/Omputer controlled games tan be both exciting and challenging, but the computer can't laugh when it wins

or cry when you do. if you want that kind of emotional feedback, you'll need to play a human. That's what you'll

he doing when you play "BATTIE/64." One of my all-time favorite computer games was the

Hi GARY V. FIELDS

This tank shoot and-dodge

game lets you go toe-to-toe with a human competitor, using two joysticks and all the moxieyou can muster.

original tank game. It was a very simple game of shoot and dodge. Whichever player scored (he most hits won. But the opponents En that game were human. Friend against friend, in toe-to-toe eombat, while the computer served as referee. I dropped more quarters than I'd like

to admit into thai game's coin slot. So I decided to create my own tank game for my

Commodore 64. Bui as usual, I got carried away a bit with atlded features. My final result is BATTUi/64. It requires two joysticks connected to Iwo humans to play.

(Computers are good, but I still have more fun compet ing with another human. One of the nice side effects of

this game is that it brings people together.) Now let me tell you about BATTLE/64. First, it uses ;i special character set, so tanks look like tanks, explosions look like explosions, the depot icon is a pointed flag with a "D" on it and tree tops look like

tree tops. (It is autumn and the trees are changing color

from green to brown.) Bach army's headquarters is dis played as a raised block with ;in "H." If you want to freeze the game for any reason, press

shifted I'. The word PAUSE will appear and the battle will stop until another key is pressed or the fire button of the joystick attached to control port 2 is pressed.

If you want to quit, press shifted Q. Then at the prompt, press the Fl key and your 64 will execute a

Cold start. If you press any key other than Fl, a new battle will begin.

'Hie battlefield itself is bordered on two sides by trees.

'Hie blue army's tank, headquarters and depot will ap-

pe:tr on the left side of your monitor screen, while the

red's appear on the right. The middle of the battlefield is divided by a broad minefield. Other, smaller minefields may appear elsewhere on the screen. (Note: all mine fields are not marked.)

Each time the battlefield is drawn, the program ran

domly picks and hides a few "invisible" mines. So be careful where you send your tank. If it touches a mine,

the mine will explode, damage your tank and reduce

your life value by one. Each army's headquarters is always protected on three sides by minefields. Destroy-

ing a minefield with cannon fire is worth 25 points toward final victory. Frees are also randomly displayed. Tanks must either go around them or blast them away. No victory points are awarded for destroying trees.

Each time your tank passes through a depotâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;either your own or your opponent'sâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;your tank's fuel level is

adjusted to 300 and ammo adjusted to 30 rounds. Dc80

JUNE/JULY '86

straying a depot is worth 500 victory points. Each tank

begins the battle with a full tank of 400 gallons of fuel.

Both depots and headquarters reappear periodically

during play. Just because they have been used or de

stroyed does not eliminate them from the game. Both will reappear eventually. Elevation is one of the most important and toughest

features to master Cannon fire rarely pxisses parallel to the ground. Tank guns arc elevated to make their shells go a longer distance. On the top screen line are the letters F.I.EV. The blue "KI.F.V displays the current eleva tion level of the blue arnn's tank. The red "El.EV" does


PROCRBmS/BATTLE 64 the same for the red army's lank. The maximum eleva

like fuel, elevation and ammo status. There are times

tion value, nine, will cause explosions to occur nine "spaces" from the firing tank. A value of one will cause

when destroying your own headquarters or depot might

the explosion to occur directly in from of the Bring

destroy your opponent's headquarters, instead of cap

lank.

To elevate your tank's cannon, move the joystick ei

ther up (north) or down (south) while holding the fire

be the difference between victory and defeat. But if you

turing it, you lose 500 victory points. So watch where you're shooting.

button down, lie sure the joystick is pointed exactly up or down (not left or right) and the fire button is de

Special Notes

pressed.

acter set, it is designed to execute a cold start when you

To fire your tank's gun, just press the fire button. If your elevation was five, the explosion would occur live

exit. This is to save yon from having to mm your com

Because the program redefines the Commodore char

spaces from the tank. Your ammo value will be de

puter off and on to straighten all the internal pointers. The "'SYS6-i73H" in line I 10 executes the cold start. 1

creased by one, victory points, if any. will be added to

suggest you replace the SVS command with the "STOP"

your score, and the object will be destroyed. If the point

command until you have debugged your listing.

of impact was a minefield, you will see and hear two

lint: 183, contains POKI-:808,255. This POKE disables

explosions: one caused by your shell's impact and a

the RUN/STOP key, I suggest you leave this POK1! out of

second caused by the mine exploding. If you hit a depot,

your listing until you finish debugging your game.

you will see and hear several explosions, since the depot contains ammo, which may explode, too.

Also note this listing begins at line I and lists consecu tively to line 183. This is to make the game run as fast as

To move your tank, simply move your joystick. The

BASIC will allow. But. there are no lines 3, 153 or 154.

program checks only for up. down, left and right. Any

So while debugging your game, don't worry that the

other directions will be ignored and your tank will not

listing is short three lines, '["hose three never existed.

move. You can move, east or west and fire at the same

When typing in the listing, be very careful. There are a

time. But trying to fire while moving north or south

lot of POKlis in this game, and, as you probably know, a

would simply adjust your elevation value.

When either army's life value falls below a two, a "forward repair station" will appear about midway in the battlefield—red repair station for the red tank, blue

repair station for the blue tank. This is a critical time in

the game. This signals that one of the headquarters has

POKIi in the wrong place can cause your computer to

crash. So, as always, be sure to save the program before executing a RUN.

Q

Before typing this program, read "How in hmiT Programs" anil "Now to lie the Magazine lintiy Program." TIk- BASIC programs in this ma^/inu aru available on disk fiutn luailsM,

reduced its defenses to establish this repair center. The repair center itself is of no value to the opposing army since it can be neither captured nor destroyed. Hut, while it is on the screen, its army's headquarters can be capturcd and the battle won. If the endangered tank can get to the station and repair and upgrade to a life value

of two, the danger has passed, ai least until the life value falls below ;i two again.

There are three possible outcomes of battle: 1.

GOTO

155'BDKA

2

POKE

53281,0:POKE

:G0T0 4

5 6

nent's headquarters is captured.

this as a "lie" victor)-.

Don't expect to win BATTLE/64 by simply outshooting your opponent. You'll have to plan your strategy and

play by the rules if you want to win this battle.

7

LA%=LAI-1:CL=TL+G1:EX%=PEEK(CL)

:IF LA%<1 THEN LA% = 0:RETURN'LHUQ IE1 EX%=31 THEN LS%=LS%+25: GOSUB 24 :G0SUB 24:RETURN'IUSM IF COTR THEN IF RL1>0 THEN

IF

EX%=60

THEN

IF

LS£=LS%+500:GOSUB

8

24

CL=1422

THEN

24:G0SUB

24

:G0SUB 24:RETURN'HFQT IF EX%=61 THEN IF CL=1302 THEN LS%=LS%-500:GOSUB 24:GOSUB 24 :RETURN1LCAS

9 GOTO 24'BCNH 10 BA%=RA%-1:CL=TR-G2:EX%=PEEK(CL)

11

:IF RA%<1 IF EX%=31

12

IF

The bottom line to winning is capturing your oppo

nent's headquarters. To do this you must first reduce

:GOSUB

THEN THEN

RA£ = 0:RETURN'LHCL RS%=RS%+25:GOSUB 24

24:RETURN'IUFH

CL=TL

THEN

IF

LL%>0

THEN

your opponent's life value below a two. Then you can

LL%=LL%-1:RSS=RS%+200:GO5UB

seize their headquarters by causing your tank to pass through the headquarters icon. You must do this before

:RETURN'MEFN 13

IF EX%=60 THEN IF RS%=RS%+500:GOSUB

14

IF

your opponent can repair his tank.

BATTLE/64 is not a quick arcade game. You shouldn't expect tanks to move as fast as space ships. Therefore, don't expect to win using reflexes alone. You'll have to

use your brain and pay attention to battlefield situations

115

:RETURN'MERS

3. Tie. Neither army seized their opponent's head quarters and both final scores were identical.

53280,0:GOSUB

68'EWEG

RL%=RL%-1:LS%«LS%+200:GOSUB

Complete victory, which occurs when an oppo

2. A technical victory by cither side. If neither side seizes their opponent's headquarters, the winner is selected by high score. The program displays

BATTLE/64

1

:G0SUB

24

CL=1505 THEN 24:GOSUB 24

24:RETURN'MFEO

EX%=63

THEN

IF

RS%=RS%-500:GOSUB

CL=1625 24:GOSUB

THEN 24

:RETURN'LCWN COMMODORE POWERPLAY

81


PROGRnms /battle 64 15

16

GOTO

[SPACE6]":PRINT

24"BCNC

POKE SW,0:POKE SV,15:POKE :POKE

SL,S2:POKE

:POKE

SW,S5'HPKR

SH,S1

SA,S3:POKE

17

RP=INT(RND(0)*30)+l'FKCJ

18

IP RP<6 THEN POKE 1505,50 :POKE 1505+AC,6'GTUM

19

IF RP>25 THEN POKE 1422,60 :POKE 1422+AC,2'GUEO IF RP=22 THEN POKE 1625,63 :POKE 1625+AC,6'GUTG

20 21

IF

RP=23

THEN

22

:POKE 1302+AC,2'GUAG IF FG=1 THEN RETURN1EDWD

23

FOR

24

POKE

0=54272

POKE

TO

SS,S4

LL%>0

:POKE 25

IF

1302,61

THEN

POKE

D,0:NEXT

TL,LS TR,RS

POKE CL,28:POKE CL+AC,8'DMXI S1=2:S2=120:S3=8:S4=0:S5=129 :GOSUB 16:G0SUB 16:P0KE CL,32 :POKE CL+AC,0'KRAV

28

RETURN'BAQG

29

IF

30

:TR=CR:RL%=RL%-1:POKE TR,RS :POKE TR+AC,2'LMAX IF PEEK(CR)=RS THEN CL=CR:GOSUB :GOTO

31 32

52:GOTO

93'IPLJ

IF PEEK(CR)=215 THEN RL% = 2 :RF%=RF%/2:RS%=RS%+100:GOTO RETURN'BAQD

35

IF

PEEK(CR)=31

THEN

POKE

:TL=CR:LL%=LL%-1:POKE :POKE TL+AC,6'LMMU

36

IF

37

IF

PEEK<CR)=LS

:GOTO

40

IF

TL,32

TL,LS

58'HQSN

THEN

LF&=300:LA%=30

57'HVEP

IF CR=1302 GOSUB

52'KHTP

THEN CL=CR:GOSUB 24

PEEK(CR)=60

:GOTO

39

24

53'HQTH

34

38

TR,32

IF PEEK(CR)=60 THEN RF%=300:RA%=30 :G0TO 52'HVLJ IF CR=1625 THEN IF LL%<2 THEN GOSUB

33

POKE

THEN

57:GOTO

IF

RL?,<2

THEN

93'IPOP

PEEK(CR)=209

THEN

LL%=2

:LF%=LF%/2:LS%=LS%+10 0:GOTO 57'KHWV

44

45

IF J2>3 AD=0:IF

IF LL%<1 THEN :LF%=0'GSTL IF RL£<1 THEN :RF%=0'GSRM

RL%=0:RA%=0

THEN

THEN

THEN

10'INEN

IF

JK3

THEN

IF

Jl>3

THEN

LH=LH+AD'FJDP

60

AO=0:IF

F1=0

THEN

LV=LV+AD' FJ10 IF

LA%>0

THEN

4'IMCJ

RETURN'BAQD

62

IF

RF%<1

63

IF

PEEK(TR+E%)=32

64 65 66 67

CR=TR+E%:GOTO 29'DJVK IF LF^<1 THEN RETURN'EEPK IF PEEK(TL+E%)=32 THEN 57'FKXN CR=TL+E%:GOTO 35'DJMN

68

GOSUB

69 70

THEN

RETURN'EEVH THEN

52'FKYK

41:J1=PEEK(PI):J2=PEEK(P2)

:F1=J1 AND 16:F2=J2 AND 16'JFLW J1=15-(J1 AND 15):J2=15-(J2 AND 15)"GVVT POKE SV,6:P0KE SH,0:POKE SL,240 IF F2=0 THEN IF J2=l THEN G2=G2+1 IF

71

POKE

G2>9

THEN

G2=9'PKOU

SA,128:POKE

IF

F1=0

IF

GI>9

AND THEN

THEN

SW,33

G1=G1+1

G1=9'ONNV

IF F2=0

THEN

G2=G2+1

73

IF G2>9 THEN G2=9'MSGQ IF F1=0 THEN IF Jl=2 THEN IF GK1 THEN G1 = 1'MSNR

G1=G1-1

74 75

THEN

SS,128:POKE

Jl=l

72

IF

J2=l

IF F2=0 THEN IF J2=2 THEN G2=G2-1 IF G2<1 THEN G2=1'MSTS IF F1=0 THEN IF LA%>0 THEN IF J1=0 THEN

GOSUB

4'KLJQ

76

IF F2=0

77

THEN GOSUB 10'KMMR IF LF%=0 THEN IF RF%=0

78

THEN

IF

RA%>0

THEN THEN

IF F1O0 THEN IF Jl = l THEN THEN AD=-l:E% = ~40:rJS = 36 :GOSUB 65'QAHC IF F2O0 THEN IF J2 = l THEN THEN AD=-1:E%=-40:RS=38

IF

93'GKIQ

LV>1

IF

RV>1

:GOSUB 62'QAUD IF F1O0 THEN IF

81

LV<15 THEN AD=1:E%=40:LS=36 :GOSUB 65'OBDT IF F2O0 THEN IF J2 = 2 THEN IF

RF%=0'EINK

PRINT M3S"[SPACE3]"TAB{23)H4S"

82

48 49

PRINT PRINT

83

Jl = 2

THEN

J2=0

IF

80

47

JUNE/JULY '86

RH=RH+AD'FJQK THEN IF RA%>0

59

IF

M5SLA%TAB(23)M4SRA%'CPBM M6$"{SPACE7J"TAB(23)M7$"

RV=RV+AD'FJVJ

58

46

[SPACE3]"'CJKK

THEN F2=0

RETURN'BAQH POKE TL,32:TL=TL+E%'DHIN

LL%=0:LA%=0

LF%=LF%-1:RF%=RF£-1:IF LF%<1 RF%<1

TR,32:TR=TR+E%'DMAI

J2<3 THEN

56 57

79

LF%=0'IVVP

82

54 55

RETURN'BAQA

41 PRINT M13G1 TAB(30)M2$G2'CNDE 42 FOR X=0 TO 16:PRINT:NEXT'FGJG 43

IF

61

26 27

THEN

POKE

53

GOSUB

TR+AC,2'GQGK

PEEK(CR)=31

52

GOSUB

CL+AC,7

POKE

PRINT N4$"[SPACE7]"TAB(23)N5$" [SPACE7]":PRINT N6SLS%TAB(23)N5$RS%

TL+AC.6'JEJO

RL%>1

:POKE

THEN

N2$RL%'EALK

:RETURN'FBCM

:RETURN'GR1SI :IF

PRINT N1S"[SPACE5J"TAB(23)N2S" [SPRCE6]":PRINT N3$LL%TAB(23)

51

54296:POKE

CL,27:POKE

50

M8SLF%TAB(23)

M7$RF%'EAES

IF

RV<15 THEN AD=1:E%=40:RS=38 :GOSUB 62'OBQU IF Jl=8 THEN IF LH<38 THEN AD=1 :E%=1:GO5UB 65:LS=37'KWTR

IF J2=>8 THEN IF RH<38 THEN :E%=1:GOSUB 62:RS-39'KWGS

AD=1


GOfllE PROCROmS /BATTLE 64 84

IF

85

:E%=-1:GOSUB IF J2=4 THEN

Jl=4

86

:E%=-1:GOSUB 62:RS=39'MVCV IF LL%>0 THEN POKE TL,LS

87

:POKE TL+AC,6'GQKR IF RL%>0 THEN POKE

TR,RS

88

:POKE TR+AC,2'GQFS IF RLK2 THEN POKE

1364,215

:POKE

THEN

IF

LH>0

THEN

AD=-l

65:LS=37'MVPU IF RH>0 THEN AD=-1

: (WHITE] '"OLGIi

90

:POKE 1523+AC,6lGVPV GET QS:IF QS="[SHFT Q]"THEN

91

IF

92

GOTO

93

FG=1:IF

94 95

LS$=LS%+1000'GUQQ IF CR=1625 THEN RS2=RS%+1000'FQWP GOSUB 41:PRINT"{HOME]";

POKE

1523,209

:M8i;; = " [UP, BLUE] FUEL [SPACE3] :[WHITE)"'DLVI

122

93'GLHM

P]"THEN

GOSUB

112'EFYK

TO

THEN

39:PRINT

123

: [WHITE] '"DLJL 124

CR=1302

THEN

BY

BLUE

[L.

ARMY [SPACE4]*"'EGYW CR=1302

THEN

POKE

IF

98

:POKE CR+AC,6:GOTO 103'HWBV IF CR=1625 THEN PRINT"[HOME,SPACE5,

CR,36

RVS,RED]*[3PACK4]VICTORY

BY

RED

IP

100

:POKE CR+AC,2:GOTO 103'HWHX PRINT CHRS(19)TAB(11)"{RVS,GREEN] • * |SPACE4)TIE{SPACE4]* * "'DHMB IF

RSfc>LS%THEN

RED] 102

IF

RED

ARMY

PRINT"(HOME,RVS,

LS%>RS%THEN

BLUE]

BLUE

CR,38

VICTORY

"'EGDF

PRINT"[HOME,RVS,

ARMY

VICTORY

"'EGJG

103

DU=102:S3=0:S4=240:3 5=33'EUXF

104

PRINT

TAB(11)"

105

PRINT ANY

TAB(ll)" KEY

TO O.UIT"'CDYF

[BLUE, RVS]

TO PLAY"'CI)GH RESTORE:POKE 198,0:FOR

107 108

GET QS'3CWD READ A,B:51=A:S2=B:IF

1.09

GOSUB

:READ

A:NEXT

:IF 110

QS=""THEN

GOSUB

TO

X=0

TO

108

23:FG=0:IF

THEN

111

RUN

2'BBMW

L12

PRINT"[HOME]":FOR

DU = Q

TO

":POKK

C=5

39:PRINT"+";:NEXT

THEN

C=6'PMCW

C=5'GINK

129

NEXT'BAEG

130 131

X=INT <RMD(0)*10)+4'FJED FOR XX=0 TO X:T=INT(RND(0)*500) T+1144,31:POKE

T+55416,11

:NEXT'MJZO

132

X=INT(RNL)(0) *6) +4 'FIMF

133

FOR

XX=0

TO

X:T=INT(RND(0)*500)

T+1144,31:POKE

T+55416,0

134

:NEXT:XX=0'NMDR FOR X=0 TO 14:POKE 1162+XX,31 :POKE 1163+XX,31:POKE 1164+XX.31

135

POKE

1165+XX,31'LTVS 1162+AC+XX,11:POKE

POKE

1164+AC+XX,11:POKE

1165+AC+XX,ll:XX=XX+40:l

18:PRINT

137

138

D1=1505:D2=1422:POKE Dl,60 :POKE

D2,60:POKE

:POKF,

55694,2'GQAR

:POKK :POKE 139

113'EILD

POKE

H2,61:POKE

55574,2'GQUS

114

RETURN'BAQA

:POKE

115

LS=37:RS=39:LH=0:LV=5:RH=3S:RV=12

11'KGUT

116

SV=54296:SH=54273:SL=54272

140

POKE :POKE

Wfffffl/M

Hi,63

55897,6

H1+1,31:POK£

GET

:P2=56320:P1=56321"ISNQ

55777,6

H1=1625:H2=1302:POKE

113

:SA = 54277lS.S = 5.4 27B:SW=5

TO

1163+AC+XX,11"GXPM

198 , 0' I RMJ

Q$:IF Q$=""THEN

39

FOR XX = 0 TO X:T = INT(RND(0)* 500) :POKE T+1144,43:POKE T^55416,C :IF

DU:PRINT"[GREEN,RVS]

/PAUSE/

TO

128 C=C+1:IF C>9 THEN

136

OU:NEXT

Q$=CHR$(133)THEN

64738'HTJE

X=0

:POKE A=-l

107'IONM

SYS

:N1SXT

127

X'HQMI

X=0

FOR

:POKE

106'HRHL 16: FOR

X=0

:PRINT"[BROWN]+";:NEXT :FOR X=0 TO 14:PRINTrNEXT'LPHM

[RVOFF,WHITE]

106

PRINT:FOR

:POKE

[RED,RVS,SPACE4]Fl

[SPACE3,RVOFF,WHITE]

GREEN]

:X=INT(RND[0)*30)+10:C=51LVVO

99

101

POKE

125

126

ARMY[SPACE5]*"'EGIY THEN

REiJ] 1 [1-iED] i! [GREEN] L[L.

D[WHITE]"'CDWL

97

CR=1625

PRINT"(CLEAR]"TAB(15)"[GREEN]B

[B ROWN]A[RED]T[L. C REEN)T [L. GiiKKN] L [ORANGE] E [BROWN ]F

PRINT"[HOME,SPACE5,

RVS,BLUE]*[SPACE4]VICTORY

:[WHITE]"'DLVK N4$ = "[iiIJ'JE]SCORE[SPACE2] : [WHITE] " :N5S="[RED]SCORE[SPACE2]:[WHITE]" :N6S="[UP,3LUE]SCORE[SPACE 2|

CHRS(32);

:NEXT'IQTS IF

N15="[BLUEILIVES[SPACE2J:[WHITE]" :N2S="(REDJLIVES[SPACE2):[WHITE]" :N35="[UP,BLUE]LIVES[SPACE2]

CR=1302

X=0

M6S="[BLUE]FUEL[SPACE3]:[WHITE]"

:M7S = "[RED]FUEL[SPACE3] : [WH 1TE]"

68'BCVH

:FOR 96

LFg = 400:RFl = 40B:LLS = 9:RL*o = 9'EXEM Ml!j = " I HOME, BLUE] ELEV (WHITi; ] " :M2S = " [RF.D] ELEV! ;WHITE] " CHEK M3!p = " [BLUE] AMMO | ;SPACE3] tWHITE] :M4S = " [RED]AMMO I ;SPACE3] [WHITE] :M5S="[UP,BLUE]AMMO[SPACE3]

121

IF

QS="[SHFT

118 119 L20

89

:GOTO

THEN

TL=13O4:TR=162 3:AC = 54272:LA'i = 30 :RA;I = 30:G1=5:G2 = 5'HQNR

1364+AC,2'GVUU

LL%<2

117

H2-1,3L

H1+1+AC,11:POKE H1-40,31:POKE

H2-1+AC

H2-40,31

ill-40+AC,ll:POKE

■$

H2-40 + AC,.:

LI'KKUM COMMODORE POWERPLAV

B3


CBI11E PROGRRmS /BATTLE 64 141

POKE

Hl+40,31:POKE

:POKE

[RVS]

H2+40,31

Hl+40+AC,ll:POKE

11"KKQN

142 143

POKE TL,LS:POKE TL+AC,6:POKE TRrRS :POKE TR+AC,2:RETURN'HBWM DATA 63,0,255,219,219,195,219,219,

BLUE,RVS] 162

[RVS]

60,255,142,180,180,142,255,

19 2,192,43,36,94,137,127,234,119, 92,16'BPIQ

145

DATA

163

36,0,238,254,232,199,232,254,

0'BOYQ

31,0,204,0,51,0,204,0,51,27,

148

DATA 28,22,52,8,3,216,4,62,38,29,

(RVOFF,SPACE5,RED,RVS}

164

16,147,199,235,203,203,8,8'BEFQ

66,0,194,11,68,34,65,152,-1"BFYS

149

DATA 23,181,29,223,29,223,29,223, 23,181,29,223,29,223,29,223, 23'BICT

[SPACE18,WHITE] '"CBYM

166 FOR XX=0 TO 167

168

29,223,29,223,23,181,17,195,

23,181,29,223,29,223,29,223, 23'BIHM

169

152 DATA 181,29,223,29,223,29,223,23, 181,-1,-1'BMYJ

155

156

POKE

53281,0:POKE

PRINT CHRSU47) : FOR X=0 :PRINT:NEXT

157

53280,0'CPLJ

TO 24

X'HNAN

PRINT"[RED,RVS,SPACE5,CMDR *, RVOFF,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS,SHFT POUND]

[CMDR *,RVOFF,SPACE2,RED,RVS,

158

PRINT"(RED,RVS]

[RVOFF,SPACE4,RVS]

[RVOFF,S PACE2,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF] [RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE 5,RED,RVS] [RVOFF,SPACES,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF, SPACES,RED,RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE2,

PRINT"[RED,RVS] (RVOFF,SPACE4,RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF]

SPACE5,RED,RVS] BLUE,RVS]

PRINT"[RED,RVS]

[RVOFF,SPACE2,

[CMDR

14]

B4

17 9

[CMDR I] [RVOFF,

181

(RVOFF,SPACE4,RVS]

[RVOFF,SPACE 2,BLUE,RVS]

JUNE/JULY '86

178

180

13]"'BABO

PRINT"[RED,RVS]

[RVOFF]

X=0

TO

300

XX'JQHQ

PRINT"[HOME,BLUE,RVS,SPACE13) WAIT 35(RED] 'BBBQ

SECONDS[SPACK12]";

PRINT"[RVS,BLUE,SPACE6] WHILE THE TROO[RED]PS [SPACE6,WHITE)"'BAUT

GET

PRINT"[HOME]":FOR X=0

DRESSED

TO 11:PRINT

:NEXT'GHDP

PRINT"[DOWN,BLUE,RVS,SPACE20,RED,

: :

PORT PORT

182

BLUE

ARMY

1£SPACE2,RED] RED 2[SPACE3]";'BBCN

ARMY

PRINT"[BLUE,RVS,SPACE20,RED,

SPACE20]";"BBHK

PRINT"[BLUE,RVS] TO WIN : CAPTURE ENE[RED]MY HEADQUARTERS (H)

";'BBKQ

PRINT"[BLUE,RVS]

FOR

:

EITHER

PASS

THRU(RED]

FUEL DEPOT

(FLAG)";'BBTR

PRINT"[BLUE,RVS]

FOR

:

EITHER

PASS

THRU[RED]

AMMO DEPOT

(FLAG)";'BBRS

PRINT"[BLUE,RVS] ELEVATE GUN : FIRE B[RED]UTTON & MOVE UP/DOWN"'BAXT

177 POKE

[RVS,

.SPACES,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE5, RED, RVS] [RVO!fF,SPACE2, BLUE, RVS J [CMDR

176

[RVOFFJ"'BAJT

RVOFF,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS) [RVOFF,S PACE 5,RED,RVS]

161

175

[RVOFF]"'BAJS

(RVS] 1RVOFF,SPACE5,RED,RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE 8,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF,

160

172

174

*] '"BARW

6:FOR

X:PRINT:NEXT

171 PRINT"[BLUE,RVS)

(RVOFF,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS,SHFT POUND,

SPACE3,CMDR

:NEXT

SPACE20]";'BBYI

173

BLUE,RVS]

159

170

SHFT POUND,SPACE5,CMDR *,RVOFF, SPACE2,BLUE,RVS,SHFT POUND,SPACE5,

CMDR *,RVOFF,SPACE2,RED,RVS]

POUND]"'BAKQ

PRINT:PRINT TAB(13)"[WHITE] G.FIELDS/PF/TPC"'DEHL

181,17,195,17,195,17,195,17, 195'BJDL

RVOFF,SHFT

[RVOFF,

*,RVS,SPACE4,

165 PRINT:PRINT"[RVS,RED,SPACE18 ] 1985

150 DATA 181,29,223,29,223,29,223,23,

151 DATA

POUND,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS]

SPACE2,BLUE,CMDR

0'BLMR

DATA

iRVOFF,SPACES,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF, S PAC E 5,RED,RVS] [RVOFF,S PAC E 2, BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF]"'BAJN PRINT"[RED,RVS,SPACE5,RVOFF, [RVOFF] [ RVS] [RVOFF,SPACE5,RED, RVS] f RVOFF,S PACES,BLUE,RVS]

DATA 38,0,119,127,23,227,23,127, 119,39,127,127,22,226,22,127,127,

147

[RVOFF]

f RVOFF,SPACE5,RED,RVS ]

SHFT

238,37,254,254,104,71,104,254,254,

146

[RVOFF,SPACE4,RVS

[RVOFF,SPACE2,BLUE,RVS]

255'BPTP

DATA

[RVOFF]"'BAJM

PRINT"[RED,RVS]

255,61,0,255,219,219,195,219,219,

144

[RVOFF,S PACE 5,RED,RVS]

[RVOFF,SPACE8,BLUE,RVS] [RVOFF, S PACE5,RED,RVS) [RVOFF,S PACE 2,

H2+40+AC,

56,48:CLR*CGLL

POKE 56334,PEEK(56334)AND 254 :POKE 1,PEEK(1)AND 251'GABS FOR 1=0 TO 2047:POKE 12288+1, PEEK(53248+1):NEXT'IXRU

POKE 1,PEEK(1)OR 4:POKE PEEK(56334)OK l'GVXL READ

A:IF

A = -l

THEN

56334,

183'fHII

FOR 1=0 TO 1:READ B :POKE 12288+A*8+I,B:NtiXT :GOTO 181'KVSP

183 POKE

53272,(PEEK(53272)AND

12:POKE

808,225:RUN

2'GFBP

240JOR

EHn


cnmE PRocRnms Spider Trap for the Commodore 64 T JL he

two world-renowned explorers, Colorado Jones

and Michigan Sue, have been searching for, and finding, hidden treasures for years. Many limes they have faced

dangers and have always managed to escape. Hut one

BYJAMESC MII.TY

ColoradoJones must save Michigan Sue from the RAM spiders by weaving his way

through a moving trap.

day when Sue was searching for the lost ROM treasure,

she was captured by the giant RAM spiders. The RAMs

swiftly. Rut Jones is no slouch at moving quickly; either.

put Sue at the top of a large mountain, where the head

Using a joystiek in port one, the player can move Jones

spider, Syntax, stood guard over her.

in any direction, including diagonally. A quick joystiek

Colorado Jones must save Michigan Sue from Syntax

reaction is required to keep Jones from being captured

and the other RAM spiders. He must quickly work his

by the moving spiders. Syntax, the head spider, remains

way up the mountain, weaving his way through the trap

stationary, poised just below Sue. presenting yet another

which the spiders have set for him. Jones knows that if a

obstacle. Running into Syntax also means being cap

HAM catches him, he will never save Sue. The RAMs

tured.

know that Jones is a worthy adversary, so the spiders

Jones is a sprile controlled by a machine-language

change the trap as Jones works his way up the mountain.

routine accessed by SYS 937. The spiders forming the

They hope to confuse him so that he can never save Sue.

trap are moved by another machine-language routine

This is the setting for "Spider Trap," a game for the

accessed from ISASIC by using SYS 49152. The spiders

Commodore 64. 'Hie player must guide Jones through

are Commodore characters.

the spider trap to the top of the screen, where Sue is waiting to he rescued. Each lime the game is played, a

Scoring

different trap is set by the spiders. 'Hie trap is similar to a maze, formed by numerous spiders.

You gain points just by eluding the spiders. Rescuing Sue earns you 250 bonus points. Hitting a spider costs

you one of the four lives that you start the game with.

Movement 'Hie trap (Joes not remain still lor long. The spiders

move up and down, and side to side, randomly and

Once you have exhausted your four lives, the game ends and a replay option is offered.

Will Colorado Jones once again save Michigan Sue

COMMODORE POWERPLAV

85


cnme PROCRnms /spider trap from danger? Will they gi> on C() fintl yct another trea sure? Will the RAMs and Syntax be beaten? Only you

:FOR

TO

50:NEXT

G

53286,13'JDAK

305

FOR G=0

310

POKE 54290,128:POKE 54272,75 :POKE 54277,0:POKE 54278,240'ELLH

Bcftirf typing thij program, read *How in Enter Programs" and "How to Use the Miguinc Entry Program " lhe BASIC programs in iMs magazine ire nailablc on disk from Loidsir,

312

POKE

54286,12:POKE

P.O.Box Mm; Shreveport. LA "I ISO-OUT. 1 800-8.11-26W.

314

POKE

54296,207:POKE

320 FOR

know the answer to these and other mind-boggling questions when you play Spider Trap!

Q

Spider Trap

TO

L=0

50:NEXT

TO

15:POKE

PEEK(54299)AND

50 LV=5:F=0'CGJD 100 GOSUB 1000'BECV

T=0

54276,21"CSFG

54273,

224'GVIH

324

FOR

IF LV=0 THEN 328'DGHH GOSUB 1034'BEJG

104 110

PRINT"[CLEAR]"'BATW

112

PRINT"[GREEN]SPIDER[SPACE22,

325 326

YELLOW]SCORE";F'BCDF

T'FIWG

54287,5'CQGE

FOR

:POKE

1050'BEHA

TO

G:NEXT

322

GOSUB

100:NEXT:NEXT

54276,0'GPCH

T=0

TO

500:NEXT'EGVG

327

GOTO

110'BDBH

114

PRINT"[RED]TRAP[SPACE24,YELLOW]

328

POKE

53269,0:PRINT"[CLEAR]"'CIXK

LIVES";LV'BDSH FOR T=0 TO 1:PRINT"[CYAN]

330

116

PRINT"[DOWN6]SORRY, THE SPIDER GOT YOU.'"BACH PRINT:PRINT:PRINT TAB(15)"SCORE

332

****************** rgPACE4]

118

FOR

T=0

TO

16:PRINT"**[SPACE35]**"

:NEXT'FGRN 120

pRifjT"****************** [SPACE4 1 ***************** H

FOR

T=0

:POKE POKE

TO

35:X=680*RND(5)

1224+X,42:NEXT'JWXI 1762,32:POKE

:POKE POKE

1763,32

1764,32:POKE 1802,32:POKE

1765,32'EGWL 1803,32

:POKE 1804,32:POKE 1805,32'EGCH POKE 1842,32:POKE 1843,32 :POKE 1844,32:POKE 1835,32'EGRJ POKE 1882,32:POKE 1883,32 :POKE 18B4,32:P0KE 1885,32'EGJL POKE 1922,32:POKE 1923,32

:POKE POKE

1924,32:POKE

1925,32'EGON

53269,15'BIYC

W=PEEK(53279):Y^PEEK(53278)"ERJH Q=192'BEID FOR

T=0

TO

800:NEXT'EGYG

SYS(937)'BFUH

Q=Q+1:IF Q=194 THEN POKE 2040,Q'BGRC SYS(937)'BFUD

Q=192'GMSD

POKE 49522,D'BHNG SYS(937)'BFUG

49152'BFMY

W=PEEK(53279)'CIMG IF

W=l

THEN

300'DFEG

Y=PEEK(53278)'CINI IF

Y=3

THEN

300'DFDJ

IF

Y=5

THEN

500'DFHK

THEN

"TAB(33)F'EIKJ GOTO 200'BDBC LV=LV-1:PRINT"[HOME,DOWN2]

"TAB(33);LV'EMHC

JUNE/JULY'86

TO

10:POKE

Z=54272'BGQB RESTORE'BAOB

504

FOR

506 508 510 512 514

POKE Z+3,3:POKE Z+5,41:POKE Z+6,89 :POKE Z+14,117:POKE Z+18,16'KGSS POKE Z+24,143'CHVJ READ FR,DR'BFYB IF FR=0 THEN 540'DGSF POKE Z+4,65'CFBG

516 518 520

FOR T=l TO DR*2'EFHJ FQ=FR+PEEK(Z+27)/2'FKIN HF=INT(FQ/256):LF=FQ AND

522

POKE

524

NEXT'BAEF

L=0

TO

24:POKE

Z+0,LF:POKE

Z+L,0:NEXT'GKQI

255'FRJI

Z+1,HF'ELWI

526

POKE

528 540 542

GOTO 510'BDFK FOR L=0 TO 24:POKE Z + L,0:NEXT'GKQ I F=F+250:PRINT"[HOME,DOWN] "TAB(33)F'EKMJ

Z+4,64'CFAJ

550

GOSUB

552

GOTO

600

PRINT:PRINT TAB(10)"PLAY

6L0

[SPACE2JY OR N"'DEKH GET JUNK$:IF JUNK$O""THEN

620

GET

621

IF AS = ""THE.N

622

IF

630

END'BACD

640 644 660

F=0:LV=5'CGJG GOSUB 1034'BEJJ GOTO 110'BDBH

1034'BEJF

110'BDBH

AGAIN

AS'BCGD A$="Y"

53286,2

300'FOTG

1002

620'DFYF

THEN

640'DFKH

PRINT"[CLEAR]":POKE :POKE

F=F+1:PRINT"[HOME,DOWN]

T=0

600'BDFC

500 502

1000

SYS(937)"BFUA W-PEEK(53279):IF W=l

FOR

340 GOTO

610'FOQH

D=INT(4*RND(2)+1)'FITH

SYS

";

F'EHVH

*****************";NEXT'FFCN

86

G=0

:POKE

53281,0

53280,0'DQOX

PRINT"[CYAN,DOWN10] PLEASE

WAIT

ONE

1003

READ

1004 1005 1006

GOTO 1003'BEBX REM READ ML FOR X=49152 TO

1008

POKE

:POKE

MOMENT

FR,DR:IF FR=0

THEN

■" BADD

1005'ENPB

SCROLL DATA'BQTD 49528:READ A

X,A:NEXT'GSWG

49523,2:POKE

49524,36


GflmE PROGRfllTlS /SPIDER TRAP :POKE

49525,5:POKE

49526,21'ElPK

1010 REM READ ML JOYSTICK DATA'BSFY 1012 FOR X=828 TO 949:READ A:POKE X,A :NEXT'GOCC

1014

REH

READ

SMITH

SPRITE

FOR

1018

REM

X=12283

:POKE

TO

174'BMDI

1104

DATA 118,193,232,202,32,30,193, 172,121,193,173,119,193,201,2,

1106

DATA

DATA

l'BOGE 1016

117,192,188,114,193,140,121,193,

12350:READ A

208,10'BMDK

X,A:NEXT'GSFH READ

SMITH

SPRITE

DATA

1108

2'BUHI

1020

FOR

1022

TO

12414:READ

A

X,A:NEXT'GSXC

REM

READ

SPIDER

1110 SPRITE

FOR

1026

REM

X=12416

:POKE

TO

12478:READ

A

FOR

1030

REM

READ

SPRITE

12542:READ

SAVE

FOR

1116

.SPRITE

1034 1036

1038

REM POKE

TO

12606:READ

1118

:POKE

2043,19G:P=192

:POKE

2040,P'FNUM

:POKE

53286,13

53287,8:POKE

53288,14

1040

:POKE 53289,7'FRYP POKE 53290,3'BHXX

1042

POKE

53249,210

:POKE 53252,170'EOKJ POKE 53250,168'BJVC POKE 53253,62:POKE 53254,196

1046 1047

POKE POKE

1048

RETURN'BAQF

1050

PRINT"[CLEAR]":PRINT"[DOWN 10] "TAB(12)"SPIDER TRAP"'DEBF RM=30:POKE 54273,15:POKE 54277,16

1052

1054

53255,52'DCCI

POKE

:POKE

RM=RM-1:IF FOR T=0 TO

1058

GOTO

1060

FOR

TO

24:PQKE

1124

54272+1,0

1061

W=PEEK(53279): Y = PEEK{53278)'ERJG

1062

RETURN'BAQB

1090

REM

1092

DATA

1094

DATA

1096

2,10814,2,8583,2'BTUP DATA 9634,4,10814,2,8583,2,9634,

DATA'BJQF

4817,2,5103,2,5407,2,8583,4,

5407,4,8583,12,9634,2,10207,

4,8583,12,0,0'BPEQ

REM

1102

DATA

177,92,32,48,193,145,93,104,

208'BKQM

1126

DATA

234,236,117,193,208,221,240,

46,202,206,118,193,232,32,30,193, 172'BOMO

1130

DATA

116,193,200,136,32,48,193,

ML SCROLL DATA'BMRX 174,114,193,224,3,144,3,76,

DATA

145,90,204,115,193,208,234,

236,118,193,208,221,238,118,193, 1132

232'BMFJ DATA 32,30,193,173,120,193,201,0, 240,20,172,115,193,136,200,185, 162'BMTL

1134

DATA

193,145,92,185,122,193,145,

90,204,116,193,208,240,96,189,89, 193'BNJN

1136

DATA

133,91,24,105,212,133,93,

189,64,193,13 3,90,133,92,96,72,

152'BJRO

1138 1140

DATA 24,105,40,168,104,96,72,152, 56, 233,40,168,10 4,96,0,40,8 0'BGBQ DATA 120,160,200,240,24,64,104, 144,184,224,8,48,88,128,16 8,20 8,

5407,2,8583,4'BQGM

1100

DATA

145,90,32,56,193,204,115,193,

:NEXT'GOYF

MUSIC

236,117,193,240,37,202,32,

3 0,19 3,172,116,19 3,20 0,13 6,17 7,

54296,31

RM = 10 THEN 1060'FOBK 130:NEXT'EGRI

1054'BEHH

1=0

DATA

92,104'BNQQ

54276, 21'UBMJ

1056 1057

16,136,177,90,153,122,193,

177,90,72,17 7,92,32,56,19 3,145,

54278,240'EHMJ

54287,RM:POKE

DATA

208,240'BOII

1122

1128

53276,7'BHBF 53264,0'BHVF

:POKE

239,240'BPVQ 1120

53251,135

1043 1044

:POKE

169,32,153,122,193,173,33,

208,153,162,193,204,115,193,208,

90,72'BMUK

53248,170:POKE POKE

DATA

177,92,153,162,193,204,115,193,

53285,10:POKE

:

193,200,189,114,193,170,32,

136'BMNN

A

X,A:NEXT'GSEF PREPARE SPRITES"BOYE 2041,194:POKE 2042,195

POKE

DATA

30,19 3,173,120,193,201,2,208,19,

X=12544

:POKE

76,111,192,104,145,92,104,

172,116'BNEL

ME

DATA'ESURC 1032

DATA

14 5,90,236,117,193,208,160,96,

A

X,A:NEXT'GSCK READ

104'BMHH DATA 145,90,136,204,115,193,203, 104'BMLJ

1114 TO

200'BLTO DATA 204,116,193,208,238,240,18,

2 3 8,173,119,193,201,0,208,5,104,

MICHIGAN

X=12480

:POKE

1112

X,A:NEXT'GSJG

DATA1BWTH 1028

116,193,240,20,200,177,90,

136,177,90,72,177,92,200,145,92,

DATA'BUXD 1024

DATA

72,177,92,136,145,92,104,14 5,90,

X=12352

:POKE

169,32,72,173,33,208,72,76,

50,192,177,90,72,177,92,72, 204'BHGL

248'BLCK

1142

DATA

32,72,112,152,192,4,4,4,4,4,

4,4,5,5,5,5,5'BQCI

1144 1150

DATA

5,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,7,7,7,7,7,3,

0,4,0,4,1,1'BOEJ

REM

ML

JOYSTICK

DATA'BOCD

Continuea on pg. 12H

COMMODORE POWERPLAY

B7


LOGOPROGRHmmiliG

tree, you see that these branches have

Fractals and

Fractals have become

Other Diabolical

a way to create

Designs "IV 1^1 o one will

be considered scien

tifically literate tomorrow who is not familiar with fractals," believes Pro fessor John Wheeler of the University

of Texas. The reason for this Strong statement, according to Paul Davies, a

professor at the University of Ncwcastle-upon-Tync, England,

BY l)AVll>

is because

"fractals delineate a whole new way of thinking about structure and form," If these two quotes leave you puz

zled and curious, you should feel in

stunning visual

individual twigs.

beauty out of

repeated over and over again in in

mathematical

various parts of the pattern resem

This idea of a simple pattern being creasingly smaller scales, and of the bling the whole pattern is called self-

formulas and

similarity, and is the most common

computer graphics

property of fractals.

Lucasfllm has long

Two Types of Fractals

used fractals to

camps: random fractals and geometric

Fractals are divided into two main

fractals. Random fractals generally oc

generate computer

cur in nature, such as the patterns of

images forfilm

streams and rivers, or the shapes of

trees, rainfall, the meandering of clouds or mountains. By using com

scenes.

puters and random fractal theory, it is

good company. Until just a few years

possible to study these random phe

ago, fractal was not even a word, let alone "a whole new way Of thinking about structure and form." The word

branches themselves. As you contin ue to move closer, you see that each "level" of branch is itself composed of smaller branches until you finally see

nomena and to

Figure 1. Mandelbrot's Square Snowflake

better

understand

them. Similarly, by using computer

graphics, it is possible to simulate ran

was coined by Benoit Mandelbrot in

dom fractals,

1975 to describe things that had an

others have created beautiful artificial

irregular, somewhat chaotic shape or pattern,

but

were

Level 0

scenery on film that cannot be differ

well-behaved

entiated from nature's own.

enough that they could be described

Figure 2. Mandelbrot's Hooked Snowflake

mathematically.

Mandelbrot has used his theory of fractals to mathematically describe

just as Lucasfllm and

Level 1

4

such diverse and irregular phenom ena as the stock market, the year-toyear pattern of floods and droughts of

S3

the Nile river, the shapes of trees and leaves, the weather, the density and severity of water pollution

in the

Great Lakes, and the length and shape of Britain's coastline. In Mandelbrot's capable hands, fractals have become a

If %

Level 2

means to create mathematical order

Hie designs we now call geometric

out of nature's (and man's) chaos. In the hands of others, fractals have

become a way to create stunning vi sual beauty out of mathematical for

mulas and computer graphics. Lucasfilm, the creator of the Star Wars film

Just what is a fractal? A precise defi nition would require a lengthy and perhaps boring digression into higher mathematics. Fortunately, fractals are relatively easy

to describe and arc-

saga, for example, has long used frac

even easier to program

tals to generate computer images for film scenes. The Lucas organization has also developed several computer

Generally, a fractal is a shape or pat

games (ail available for the Commo

same overall shape.

dore 64/128) using fractals to gener ate the background scenery. One of the games was even named to honor

its fractal rootsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Rescue on Fractalus! 88

JUNE/JULY'86

in LOGO.

tern that seems to be made up from smaller and smaller versions of the For example, a tree is one of na ture's fractals. When you look at a tree from a distance, you see a few big branches. As you move closer to the

fractals were a part of mathematics long before Mandelbrot coined the term fractal to describe them. Origin ally, these designs were developed at the turn of the century by maverick mathematicians who seemed to be re-

helling against traditional Kuclidean concepts of geometry, which held that a curve must be smooth, and that dimensions must be integers. Prior to

that time, a line or a curve was con sidered to have only one dimension and a plane had two dimensions. These maverick mathematicians contrived new forms of curves which


logo PRocRpmminG /fractals became more and more "wiggly" (and, as a result, longer ant! longer)

This line is called the initiator. The middle part of the figure labeled "lev el 1" is called the generator. Level Z in the bottom of the figure shows how the generating shape is used to replace each occurrence of the initia tor (i.e., each line segment) in the

until the curve would till the entire plane and have infinite length. These mathematicians argued that as their curves became increasingly "wiggly" and finally filled the plane, the curve

would no longer be one-dimensional, but would become two-dimensional.

previous level.

This process of successively replac

In 1919 a German mathematician,

shape with the generator shape is a recursive process and. as such, is easy

in a recursive computer language like

LOCO. The listing at the end of this

article contains a LOGO program that draws 12 separate fractals and oilier "monsters." Figures i and 4 show two of the most "diabolical" designs. Q

ing each occurrence of the initiator

Additional

with the generator shape could be

Figure 3. Gosper s FJowsnake

repeated indefinitely through an infi nite number of levels. In fact, to be a true fractal according to Mandelbrot's definition, it must be repeated infi nitely. In practice, however, approxi mating a fractal by drawing up to lev

el -\ or 5 is quite sufficient to see the

Reading

A great deal has been written about fractals in recent years. Several of the most interesting and informa tive articles and books arc: "An Interview with Benolt H,

Mandlebrot," Omni, September 1984.

Figure 4. Abelson's Cornered Polygons

Abelson and diScssa. Turtle Geom etry, MIT Press, 1980 (Especially Felix Hausdorff, developed a quantita

section 2.4, "Recursive Designs").

tive way to measure a curve's "wigg-

Gardner, "Mathematical Garnet;—

lyness" and

called

curve's fractional

this index

dimension.

the

"Monster" Curves," Scientific

When

American, December 1976.

these mavericks first introduced their

Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry

contrived curves almost a hundred years

ago,

their

mathematician

more

peers

of Nature, W. II. l;rccman, 1982.

traditional labeled

the

curves as "monsters," "diabolical de signs," and "pathological." Today, we

overall design. The initiator and the

know all of these types of curves as

ed to completely describe a fractal.

generator shapes are all thai are need Interestingly

geometric fractals.

enough,

the

Square

Snowflake fractal has a fractional di

Fractals in LOGO

mension of 1.5 as defined by Haus-

Drawing geometric fractals in

dorff, liy comparison, "Mandlcbrof's

LOGO is easy. To understand why,

Hooked Snowflake," shown In Figure

let's see how a geometric fractal is

2, has a llausdorff dimension of

created, figure I shows one side of a

1.8687 and is quite a hit more "wig-

fractal

s»y."

called

"Mandelbrot's

Square

Snowflake," The top part of the figure shows a line that is labeled "level 0."

'Hie process of repeatedly replac

ing each occurrence of the initiator

You musl hive 3 copy of LOGO for Ihc d4 tu run lift program.

Fractals in LOGO TO START TEXTSCREEN

CLEARTEXT

PRINT [FRACTALS AND OTHER DIABOLICAL DESIGNS] PRINT [] PRINT [ASSEMBLED BV DAVID MALMBERG] PRINT [J PRINT [A - MANDELBROT'S DRAGON]

PRINT [B - HILBERT'S CURVE]

PRINT [C - SIERPINSKPS CURVE]

PRINT [D - ABELSON'S C CURVE] PRINT [E - KOCH'S SNOWFLAKE]

PRINT [F - GOSPER'S FLOWSNAKE]

McDermott, "Geometrical l;orms

Known as Fractals Find Sense in Chaos," Smithsonian, December

1983Sorcnsen, "Fractals," BYTE, Sep

tember 1984. Thornburg, Discovering Apple LOGO—An Invitation to the Art

and Pattern of Nature, AddisonWesley, 1983 (Especially Chapter XI—'How l.ongis the Coast of Cali fornia? Fractals and Recursion').

PRINT [G - MANDELBROT'S SQUARE SNOWFLAKE] PRINT [H - ABELSON'S CORNERED POLYGONS] PRINT [I - MALMBERG'S WEAVE]

PRINT £j - ABELSON'S NESTED TRIANGLES] PRINT [K - MANDELBROT'S HOOKED SNOWFLAKE] PRINT [L - MALMBERG'S MAZE] PRINT []

PRINT1 ['ENTER CHOICE '] MAKE

IF IF IF IF IF IF IF IF IF

"KEY READCHARACTER

:KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY :KEY

= = = = = = = = =

"A "B "C "D "E "F "G "H "I

THEN THEN THEN THEN THEN THEN THEN THEN THEN

DRAGON 6 10 H1L 7 5 SIERPINSKI 6 4 C.CURVE 4 10 KOCH 200 3 GOSPER 200 3 SQ.SNOW 140 2 CORNER 80 144 10 MAKE "X "FALSE WEAVE 250 COMMODORE POWERPLAY

89


logo PROGRnmminD /fractals START.DRAWING ( - 100 ) ( - 100 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [SIERPINSKI'S CURVE]

IF "KEY = "J THEN NEST 240 6

IF 'KEY = "K THEN HOOKSNOW 220 3

REPEAT 4 [ONESIDE :LEVEL RIGHT 45 FORWARD :DIAG RIGHT 45]

IF :KEY = "L THEN HAKE "X "TRUE WEAVE 190 2 START

PRESS.RETURN

END

TO START.DRAWING :X CLEARTEXT

END

:Y

TO ONESIDE :LEVEL IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN STOP

CLEARSCREEN

ONESIDE :LEVEL - 1 RIGHT 45 FORWARD :DIAG RIGHT 45 ONESIDE :LEVEL - 1 LEFT 90 FORWARD :SIZE LEFT 90 ONESIDE :LEVEL - 1 RIGHT 45 FORWARD :DIAG RIGHT 45

HIDETURTLE PENUP

BACKGROUND 14 PENCOLOR 6 ( SPLITSCREEN 1

)

HOME

SETXY

:X

:Y

PENDOWN

END TO PRESS.RETURN

PENUP CURSOR 0 24

PRINT1 [PRESS RETURN TO DRAW ANOTHER CURVE]

MAKE "KEY READCHARACTER START

TO C.CURVE

END TO DRAGON

:SIZE

- 30

)

CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [MANDELBROT'S DRAGON] LDRAGON ;S1ZE iLEVEL PRESS.RETURN tNU

:SIZE

:LEVEL

IF C

:SIZE STOP

:LEVEL -

1

:LEVEL -

1

LEFT 90

RDRAGON

:SIZE

END

TO RDRAGON :SIZ£ IF :LEVEL = 0 LDRAGON :S1ZE RIGHT 90 RDRAGON :SIZE END

TO HIL

:SIZE

:LEVEL THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP :LEVEL - 1 :LEVEL -

1

:LEVEL

START.DRAWING 70 ( - 110 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [HILBERT'S CURVE] HUBERT :SIZE PRESS.RETURN

:SIZE :LEVEL -

1

RIGHT 90 C :SIZE :LEVEL LEFT 90

1

:SIZE

:LEVEL

PRESS.RETURN

END TO SIDE :SIZE :LEVEL LOCAL "UNIT IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP

HAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 3 SIDE

:UNIT

(

:LEVEL -

1

)

SIDE :UNIT (

:LEVEL - 1

)

RIGHT 120 SIDE :UNIT (

:LEVEL -

1

)

:LEVEL -

1

)

LEFT 60

LEFT 60

:PARITY * 90

SIDE

:UNIT (

run

END

TO GOSPER :SIZE

:LEVEL

MAKE "G.SEGMENT 1 / ( SQRT 7 )

.-SIZE

HILBERT :SIZE :LEVEL - 1 :PARITY RIGHT :PARITY * 90 FORWARD :SIZE HILBERT :SIZE :LEVEL -1(0- :PARITY ) LEFT :PARITY * 90

START.DRAWING 0 ( - 110 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT! [GOSPER'S FLOWSNAKE] RGOSPER :S1ZE

:LEVEL

PRESS.RETURN END

TO RGOSPER :SIZE :LEVEL LOCAL "UNIT

TO SIERPINSKI MAKE 90

:LEVEL

:LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP

START.DRAWING ( - 80 ) ( - 80 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [KOCH'S SNOWFLAKE] REPEAT 3 [SIDE :SIZE :LEVEL RIGHT 120]

:LEVEL 1

H1LBERT :SIZE :LEVEL -1(0- :PARITY ) FORWARD :SIZE RIGHT :PARITY * 90 HILBERT :SIZE :LEVEL - 1 :PARITY

Ffjn QI1LJ

rSIZE

TO KOCH

TO HUBERT :S1ZE :LEVEL :PARITY IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN STOP

FORWARD

:LEVEL

END

END

LEFT

:SIZE

END

:LEVEL

^ 0 FORWARD

LDRAGON :SIZE

1

C :SIZE :LEVEL PRESS.RETURN TO C

run

IF

:LEVEL -

START.DRAWING { - 70 ) ( - 40 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [ABELSON'S C CURVE]

:LEVEL

START.DRAWING 80 (

TO LDRAGON

ONESIDE

END

:SIZE

:LEVEL

"DIAG :SIZE / SQRT I

JUNE/JULY'86

IP .'LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP MAKE "UNIT :SIZE * :G.SEGMENT


logo PROCRnmmmc /fractals RIGHT 75 LGOSPER :UNIT LEFT 60 RGOSPER UNIT RGOSPER UNIT LEFT 120 RGOSPER UNIT LEFT 60 LGOSPER :UNIT RIGHT 120 LGOSPER :UNIT RIGHT 60 RGOSPER :UNIT LEFT 15

PRESS.RETURN

{ :LEVEL - 1 )

END

{

TO CORNERPOLV rSIZE :ANGLE :TOTALTURN

- 1 ) - 1 )

(

: LEVEL : LEVEL

(

;LEVEL - 1

)

:LEVEL - I

)

:LEVEL - 1 ) :LEVEL - 1

)

IF :SIZE (

MAKE

TO CORNERPOLYSTEP :SIZE :ANGLE FORWARD :SIZE

CORNERPOLY ( RIGHT

END

)

RGOSPER rUNIT ( :LEVEL - 1

)

LEFT 120 RIGHT 60

LGOSPER :UNIT ( RIGHT 120

:LEVEL -

LGOSPER :UNIT (

rLEVEL -

LGOSPER :UNIT (

1

)

:LEVEL - 1

)

RIGHT 60

1

RGOSPER :UNIT ( :LEVEL - 1

)

)

rLEVEL

START.DRAWING ( - 100 ) ( - 60 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [MANDELBROT'S SQUARE SNOWFLAKE]

REPEAT 4 [EDGE rSIZE :LEVEL RIGHT 90] PRESS.RETURN

IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP MAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 4 EDGE rUNIT ( :LEVEL - 1 )

RIGHT 90 EDGE rUNIT EDGE rUNIT LEFT 90 EDGE :UNIT LEFT 90 EDGE :UNIT RIGHT 90 EDGE rUNIT END

(

:LEVEL -

(

:LEVEL

-1 )

( (

rLEVEL

:LEVEL

-1 ) - 1 )

(

rLEVEL

- 1 )

{

rLEVEL

1

"LIMIT

:LEVEL

1

)

IF NOT :X THEN PRINT1 [MALMBERG'S WEAVE] IF :X THEN PRINT1 [MALMBERG'S MAZE]

MAZE

:SIZE :LEVEL

PRESS.RETURN END

TO MAZE :SIZE :LEVEL LOCAL "UNIT IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN INTERIOR :SIZE STOP

MAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 3 MAZE

:UNIT

:LEVEL -

1

LEFT 90 MAZE :UNIT

:LEVEL - 1

RIGHT 90 MAZE :UN1T

:LEVEL -

REPEAT 3 [RIGHT 90 MAZE :UNIT :LEVEL - 1] REPEAT 3 [LEFT 90 MAZE :UNIT :LEVEL - 1] 1

END

TO INTERIOR :SIZE

MAKE "PARITY ( 0 - :PARITY ) MAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 5

:X THEN MAKE "PARITY 1

RIGHT 90 *

LEFT 45

RIGHT 90 * :PARITY : UNIT RIGHT 90 * :PARITY FORWARD FORWARD

: UNIT

LEFT 90 FORWARD LEFT 90 FORWARD LEFT 90 FORWARD

* :PARITY : UNIT * rPARITY 2 * :UNIT * :PARITY 3 * :UNIT

LEFT 90 *

START.DRAWING 0 ( - 30 )

CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [ABELSON'S CORNERED POLYGONS] CORNERPOLY :SIZE :ANGLE 0

:PARITY

FORWARD 4 * :UNIT LEFT 90 * ;PARITY FORWARD 4 * :UNIT

( rLEVEL - 1 )

:L

:PARITY

FORWARD 2 * :UNIT

- 1 )

TO CORNER :SIZE :ANGLE :L MAKE

:SIZE

FORWARD 4 * :UNIT RIGHT 90 * rPARITY FORWARD 3 * :UN1T

TO EDGE :SIZE rLEVEL LOCAL "UNIT

LEFT 90 EDGE rUNIT RIGHT 90 EDGE :UNIT

:ANGLE ) 0

CURSOR 0 24

IF

END

( 0 -

START.DRAWING 0 ( - 120 )

LEFT 75 :SIZE

:SIZE / 2 )

:ANGLE

MAKE "PARITY ( -

END

TO SQ.SNOW

= 0 :ANGLE :TOTALTURN

END

TO WEAVE

rLEVEL - 1

:ANGLE

( REMAINDER :TOTALTURN 360

THEN CORNERPOLY :SIZE

TO LGOSPER rSIZE rLEVEL LOCAL "UNIT IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD rSIZE STOP MAKE "UNIT rSIZE * :G.SEGMENT RIGHT 15 LGOSPER rUNIT ( :LEVEL - 1 }

RGOSPER :UNIT {

"TOTALTURN :TOTALTURN +

IF NOT (

END

LEFT 60

:LIMIT THEN STOP

CORNERPOLVSTEP :SIZE :ANGLE

RIGHT 90 *

:PARITY

IF :X THEN RIGHT 90 FORWARD 4 * :UNIT LEFT 45 END TO NEST :SIZE

:LEVEL

START.DRAWING ( ■ 100 ) ( - 115 ) CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [ABELSON'S NESTED TRIANGLES] COMMODORE POWERPLAY

91


LOGOPROGRnmminG PROTECT YOUR HOME WITH YOUR

NESTEDTRIANGLE :SIZE :LEVEL PRESS .RETURN END

TO NESTEDTRIANGLE :SIZE :LEVEL IF

COMMODORE 64 OR COMMODORE 128

:LEVEL = 0 THEN STOP

REPEAT 3 [NESTEDTRIANGLE :SIZE / 2 :LEVEL -

1 FORWARD :SIZE RIGHT 120]

END

TO HOOKSNOW :SIZE START .DRAWING

A Complete Home Security System.

CURSOR 0 24 PRINT1 [MANDELBROT'S

NO WIRING

HOOKED SNOWFLAKEj :SIZE :LEVEL PRESS .RETURN

REQUIRED!

RSNOW

How you can use your Commodore 64 or

128 to

protect your valuables and your family.. .even when you're not at home!

END TO RSNOW

:SIZE :LEVEL LOCAL "UNIT LOCAL "SUNIT IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP

The X-IO Powerhouse is a programmable home

security system that really works, can be custom

HAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 3 MAKE "SUNIT :SIZE * 2 LEFT 60

ized to fit your needs and budget, and won't tie up your computer.

LSNQW

Use your computer to program the controller and then disconnect it. The controller then plugs into a normal outlet and remembers all your instructions. Your computer is not tied up! There's even battery

back-up in case of power failure.

:UNIT

pliances anywhere in your home. Make your home look lived-in even when you're away. Have lights already on when you get home. Set it with different schedules for each day. A built-in real-time clock remembers it all.

The X-10 system requires no wiring. Installation is a snap. Just plug the lamp or appliance into an X-10

module and plug the module into a wall socket. Done.

Act now and get a special start-up kit including software for the Commodore 64 or 128, interface, connecting cables, a bedside controller, an appli ance module, a lamp module, a user manual and

END

:LEVEL -

1

RSNOW .-UNIT :LEVEL RIGHT 60 RSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL RIGHT 60

1

RSNOW

1

:UNIT

150 RSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 LSNOW .■SUNIT :LEV£L - 1 LEFT 60 RSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 LEFT 60 LSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 RSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 LEFT 90 LSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL - 1 RSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL - 1

IF :LEVEL = 0 THEN FORWARD :SIZE STOP

MAKE "UNIT :SIZE / 3 MAKE "SUNIT :SIZE * 2 * LSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL - 1 RSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL - 1

technical documentation, all for $79.95 (including

RIGHT 90 LSNOW

RSNOW

:SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 :SUNIT

RIGHT 60

:LEVEL - 1

LSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 RIGHT 60 RSNOW :SUNIT :LEVEL - 1 LSNOW :SUNIT .-LEVEL - 1 LEFT 150 LSNOW :UNIT :LEVEL - 1

Send $79.95 check or money order to: The Info Group P.O. Box 767 Exton, PA 19341

LEFT 50 LSNOW :UNIT LEFT 50 LSNOW :UNIT

Pa. residents add 6% sales tax ($84.75 per kit). Dealer inquiries welcome.

JUNE/JULY '86

:LEVEL -

1

TO LSNOW :SIZE :LEVEL LOCAL "UNIT LOCAL "SUNIT

shipping and handling).

92

* ( SIN 60 )/ 9

RIGHT

You can control lights, televisions, stereos and ap

rl | r,«1rpii.ii k • if X -1U [ I ■. A

:LEVEL

80 ( - 110 )

I lit

.V!U f\ .1

END

:LEVEL -

1

:LEVEL RSNOW .-UNIT :LEVEL RIGHT 60

1 1

( SIN 60 )/ 9


Get the most out of your new

O128 orAmiga computer with these authoritative guides prepared by Commodore's technical staff COMMODORE PERSONAL COMPUTER

Programmer's Reference Guide

biV A Bantam Computer Book Now that you have your brand-new Commodore* computer, let the experts .show you everything you

need to know to master your machine's lull potential.

C-128 OWNERS: If you're one ÂŤf the projected halfmillion new C-128 owners, you know you've got a machine

that's incredibly powerful for its price. Now harness every nit

AMIGA OWNERS: You're finding out why the Amiga computer, with its exceptional graphics, is the hottest high-end personal computer on the market. And because The AmlgaDOS Manual is the only source of complete information

oi that power with the olliii.il Commodore I2& Programmer's

on the Amiga's disk Operating system, you just can't ailord to

Reference GlIMK

|x' without it.

Here's everythiiro you need to know, from BASIC to machine language and CFM operations, an input/output guide,

H user's manual with instructions on how lo use ail available

color codes, and sound/frequency tables. Comprehensive appendices include maps nt memory locations, error messages,

pbiout diagrams of primary chips, and a complete schematic

diagram essential lor modifications to the machine am!

Really three books in one, Vic AmlgaDOS Manual includes: DOS commands, from the most common to the most advanced; a technical reference manual which details Amiga's highly refund

hierarchical filing System; and, lor the advanced user interested in professional-quality programming, a developer's manual for C and assembly languages program development.

nonstandanl interlaces. Commodore 128

The AmigaDOS Manual

Programmer's Reference Guide A Bantam Computer Book

(.'nmrnodnre i-> .1 registered tr.nti-nurk ofCommodore Electron in. Ltd. Qimminlori' 128 is a trJ<h-tiurk of Comm<rtltiiv Electranla, 1-1*1-

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PUBLISHING

A B.inl.irn Computer Book Amlgl h J trademjrk nf CouUBodore-Amlp, Inc

at bookstores ami iiim]iulcr ttOKI nationwide.


128 USERS OHLV

BY MASKJORDAN

ArcheType A Word Processor

for the 128 Part 2: Enhancements mTart l, tba basicArcbeType wortfprocessor, appealed in the MayJune is

sue of Commodore Microcomputers. This issue we add all the enhance ments you're Come to expect in a full-featured word processor â&#x20AC;&#x201D; headers, footers, justification, printer control codes and more. One month has passed since the

first

installment

of ArcheType and

you're likely getting anxious to start

using those "enhancements" that were promised.

Well,

they're here.

Type them in and let's get started.

In this pun of the program, func tion keys 7 and S have now been de-

lined. Key 7 ranges text you wish to delete or copy. Press it. [hen use the

cursor keys to highlight the area of text you want altered. The highlight

ing makes use of the 128's color by leaving reversed

green text

in

the

cursor's trail. If you want to delete it.

press D. If. instead, you wish to store (eopy) ii in the large buffer, press S.

RETI !RN. When the phrase is found, it will be highlighted in red. If you want

The text will un-hlghllght and you'll be ready to type again.

When you use these functions, you can copy up to two screens Into the

buffer. Also, the cursor left and right

keys will slop at the top left and bot tom right nf the screen, requiring you

to use the up-down cursor keys to scroll the screen.

function key 8 is the paste key. Any

Additional

to stop there, press X and you'll find

commands let you

you've found. If you wish to find the

search and replace text, set margins and

underline.

text that you store or delete using key

it appears.

nexi occurrence, press any other key.

Replace is accessed by pressing Commudore-R. You'll he prompted to

input the search phrase as above, hut following that you'll be asked for [he replace phrase, Then you'll need to choose whether or not you want all

7 can be pasted anywhere in the text by pressing F8. It will be formatted as

your cursor on the word or phrase

occurrences to

The colors are wonderful.

Along with the block moves shown

Don't worn- about remembering these commands. ArcheType will

above, perhaps the next most conve-

help yon in iwo ways. One, the title

the search-and-replace command. Ar

bar will prompt you in many .situa

cheType gives you several methods

nienl feature of a word processor is

be changed.

If you

choose N for not. the computer will allow you to pick and choose which occurrences you want to replace.

One last note about both these commands:

they arc

case-sensitive.

This means that if you search for the

tions. Two, a help screen listing all

to perform this function. If you just

the commands in living color will ap

word "Boat," it will not find "boat."

wish to search the document, press

pear whenever

To find all occurrences of the word

Commodore-S. The title bar will ask

boat, both capitalized and not, either

you to type in the phrase you want to

search for "oat" or run the search

find. Terminate your phrase with a

twice.

you

press

HELP. I

hope you get a chance to view this on a color RCilfl monitor like the 1902. 94

JUNE/JULY '86


128 USERS OniV One- control command has been added—Control-C.

Put your cursor

anywhere on any line you want cen tered, press Control-C and the line

will automatically center. Don't wor ry about the graphic character that you'll see on the left margin. It won't print.

It's there so that if you later

reformat your document to different margins, your line will May centered.

'Hie last group of new commands

into this category. To use them you

Ifyou can't remember

need to use one of four keys.

a command, press

header and footer controls are all ac

HELP for an instant

then following it with the appropriate

reminder.

the left margin is "1m" followed by a

The margins, spacing, justifications, cessed by pressing the up-arrow key command. The command to change

number—whatever number you want arc the control codes. Such things as

the left margin to be. The right mar

headers, footers,

gin requires "rm," then its value.

margins,

etc., tail

Change the top margin with "tin" and

Quick Reference Command Chart for ArcheType Cursor Keys

— move cursor directionally, one character

Clr/Home

— move cursor to top of screen

— delete character lo left of cursor

Shift Inst/Dcl

— insert space

note:

The

top

and

bottom

margin

numbers should be simply the num

ber of lines down from the top and up

Shift Clr/Home — move cursor to top of document Inst/Dcl

the bottom margin with "bm." Please

from the bottom of the page you want your text to begin and end. Defaults for top and bottom are 5 lines. De

English pound — play tune

faults for left and right margins are 10

Tab

— move 5 spaces to the right

and 70, respectively.

Shift Tab

— move 5 spaces to the left

You can easily change your margins

Escape

— allows output of chrS(x)

within the text by adding an up-arrow

Shift-Return

— re-pastes one-line deletes

line with the proper margin codes,

I lelp

— get help screen

You'll need to use the reformat Op

tion to initiate the change. If you wish

CONTROL +:

to alter just one paragraph, place your

Cursor Keys — move cursor to directional extremes

cursor on the up-arrow control line

B — move cursor to end of text

and press P3, If you want to reconfi

W — move cursor to previous screen E

— move cursor to next screen

P

— begin printing subroutine

gure the entire document, press F4 (sec Part 1 and/or the accompanying

chart for more on l;l through l;6),

D — delete all diameters to right of cursor l;

1 should mention at this point that

— set position marker

your text will always line up on the

G —goto screen number (of ■<f" to former position)

left edge of your screen whenever

C — center line

you are working on it. However, it

English Pound — clear all text

will go only as far right as your preset margin values allow. This means that,

FUNCTION KEYS:

for all practical purposes, each line

1

— Insert mode

2 5

— Insert 5 lines — Reformat paragraph from cursor

A

— Reformat entire document

you see on the screen is what you'll see on paper. To get a more exact

view of how your paper will look, use the preview option mentioned in Part

5 — Load program 6

1. Press Control-P to begin preview

— Save program

ing.

7 — Range block, delete and copy

You can release the left margin for

8 — Paste block

the following line with an up-arrow

Up-arrow + control character. Follow with: lm(xx)

— left margin

rm(xx)

— right margin

tm(xx)

— top margin

bm(xx)

—bottom margin

mr(xx)

— margin release

in(xx) ss(xx) jy/jn

—indent —spacing — justify on/off

nx

— force page

h.(lc/re/ce)

— header aligned ieft, right, or centered

f.(le/re/ce)

— footer " " " '

pn

"mr"

S = Search

by

however

many

ample, if your left margin is 10 and you want it offset 4 (which would be

an absolute margin of 6), you'll need a value of 4. If you want to indent a

passage, follow the up-arrow with "in" and the number of spaces you

want to indent relative to your left

margin. This is the exact reverse of "mr" except that text will stay indent

— print page number (use with header or footers)