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Hydroxides – Derivatives And Usage The hydroxide ion is a negatively charged molecule made up of one oxygen bonded to one hydrogen. When dissolved in water, the hydroxide ion is an incredibly strong base. Because hydroxide has a negative charge, it is often found bonded to positively charged ions in what are known as ionic compounds. An ionic compound is a chemical composed of a positively charged ion bonded to a negatively charged ion.

Some ionic compounds containing hydroxide dissolve well in water, like the corrosive bases sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. Other hydroxide containing ionic compounds are fairly insoluble in water, like bright blue copper (II) hydroxide or the brown iron (II) hydroxide. While they may be toxic, these compounds don't pose as much immediate danger as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. Many inorganic substances which bear the word "hydroxide" in their names are not ionic compounds of the hydroxide ion, but covalent compounds which contain hydroxyl groups. The hydroxides of the alkali metals, lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, and cesium, are the strongest bases and the most stable and most soluble of the hydroxides. Sodium hydroxide, also known as caustic soda , is of great industrial importance. Calcium, barium, and strontium—all alkaline earth metals—form soluble hydroxides that are strong bases but are less stable than the alkali hydroxides. Of these, calcium hydroxide, commonly known as slaked lime, is the most common. The hydroxides of other metals, such as magnesium, iron, bismuth, nickel, cobalt, and copper, are only sparingly soluble in water but neutralize acids. Hydroxides and other substances, such as oxides and sulfides, with these dual properties are called amphoteric. Raw Materials for Pharmaceutical Company in India

Hydroxides – Derivatives And Usage Concerns Related to Hydroxides:Some of these hydroxides are often used as a cleaning agent, the residue of the chemical in ovens, sinks or other areas may cause skin irritation or skin burns. Workers using hydroxide risk facial irritation, nasal irriation, throat irritation, respiratory problems and other problems. It can also cause inflammation of the lungs and accumulation of fluid in the lungs if one is constantly exposed to the vapors, dust or mist. Proper precautions must be taken in order to prevent problems and serious injury. Employees working in such industries can wear gloves, masks and suitable dress in order to prevent harmful contact with the chemical. Children are most susceptible to ill effects of hydroxide. If around children, one must avoid using it or at least keep it in such a place which is not reachable to children. Do not store them in containers that might attract children. Never touch your face or any part of the skin while using such cleaning agents. Applications of Hydroxides:• Used in processes to make products including plastics, soaps rayon and textiles. • Revitalizing acids in petroleum refining. • During two steps of the paper making process. • Used in relaxers to help straighten hair however this is becoming less popular because of the possibility of chemical burns. • It is used in condensation reactions and base-catalyzed dehydration reactions. • Diethyldimethylammonium Hydroxide is used in packaging.

Raw Materials for Pharmaceutical Company in India

Hydroxides – Derivatives And Usage Some of the products of Hydroxides manufactured by TatvaChintan PharmaChem are as follows:• Benzyltrimethylammonium Hydroxide • Diethyldimethylammonium Hydroxide • Dipropyldimethylammonium Hydroxide • Tetraethylammonium Hydroxide • Tetrabutylammonium Hydroxide • Tetrapropylammonium Hydroxide • Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide • Triethylmethylammonium Hdyroxide Tatvachintan Pharmachem Pvt. Ltd.,is a leading manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Hydroxides and its products. It is one of the leading company located at Ankleshwar, Gujarat, India.

Raw Materials for Pharmaceutical Company in India

Derivatives of Hydroxides in PharmaChem