WEARABLE CONCEPT GOPRO ACTION CAMERA
GoPro is mounted on the chest to record surroundings throughout the journey for backtracking of data and to identify the environmental and urban issues to be later on used for mapping .
ACCELEROMETER RATE SENSOR
The accelerometer will be attached to the head and the leg to define movement in x,y,x axis. The Pulse sensor is attached to the body to detect heart rate. These sensors will be attached to chest mount harness, head band or bandage ankle support to make it wearable.
GPS tracking to map out the journey for convenience of mapping. The GPS tracking system will be shared with a classmate.
TOOLS 1.0.SD Data Logger Shield for Arduino 1.2.Arduino UNO 1.3.Solid Core Jumper Wires 1.4.9V Battery Holder With Switch 1.5.9V Alkaline Battery 1.6.Mini Solderless Breadboard 1.7.32GB SD Memory Card 1.8.MPU 6050 Accelerometer 1.9.Cap from Primark 2.1.9V Battery Holder With Switch 2.2.SparkFun Pulse Sensor with DIY Ear Clip 2.3.32GB SD Memory Card 2.4.GOPRO Action Camera 2.5.GOPRO Chest Mount Harness 2.6.SD Data Logger Shield for Arduino 2.7.Solid Core Jumper Wires 2.8.Mini Solderless Breadboard 2.9.Arduino UNO 3.1.9V Battery Holder With Switch 3.2.SparkFun Pulse Sensor with DIY Ear Clip 3.3.32GB SD Memory Card 3.4.GOPRO Action Camera 3.5.GOPRO Chest Mount Harness 3.6.SD Data Logger Shield for Arduino 3.7.Solid Core Jumper Wires 3.8.Mini Solderless Breadboard 3.9.Arduino UNO
It is known that the favelas are dangerous if one does not know how to navigate themselves through. The situation is even more dangerous at night and I was not able to collect data upon dusk due to safety aspect. This eventually makes my project more inclined to revolve within the perimeter of the favelas as it is made of many interesting factors that could drive my project as far as possible.
pop ula t ion 8000- 1 5000( 1996)
C ANTAG ALO ‘SINGING ROOSTER’
PAVAOZ I NH O ‘LITTLE PEACOCK’
ENTRANCE TO FAVELA STEPS
The mapping of the insecurity of unfamiliarity has led the project towards choosing a site within the favela based on the data. The project started off by some research on what causes insecurity within the favela.
FEAR OF THE UNFAMILIARITY
SOCIAL STIGMA AND PERCEPTION
DIVIDE BETWEEN FAVEL A & OUTSIDER
-Perception of favela being a dangerous place to visit -Perception of most favelados are involved in criminal activities -High density and narrow spaces invoke fear of roaming the unfamiliar spaces without proper guidance
-Discriminated by locals that live in the cities -Aware that outsider think that favelas are dangerous to visit -Cause of this they have lesser opportunity
O P P O RT U N I T Y T O B R I D G E B O T H PA RT I E S B I L AT E R A L R E V E A L I N G
E D U C AT I O N
to Public communal space for Knowledge their gathering to promote interaction expand opportunities between both parties
JOB OPPORTUNITY Jobs opportunity within the favelas or learn skills that allow them to find jobs easily
Created by Jason Grube from the Noun Project
C U LT U R A L A W A R E N E S S Getting rid of the social stigma and perception of non-favelados
INFRASTRUCTURES Better public social infrastructures and services
INTERNATIONAL FAVELA PERCEPTIONS SURVEY
FAVELA’S COMMUNITIES PORTRAYED BY SOCIAL MEDIA
INTERNATIONAL FAVELA PERCEPTIONS SURVEY Volunteers surveyed over 750 people in four cities–Rio de Janeiro, San Francisco, Brisbane, and London—to discover how ordinary people perceive favela communities and their residents. With respect to those who answered the survey, most non-Rio residents had heard of favelas before (63%). However, of those who had never been to a favela, only 14% had a “favorable” perception of favelas; most held an “unfavorable” opinion of them (64%). With respect to favela residents, most people who had never visited a favela had a neutral perception of those who live in favela communities (65%). In contrast, respondents who had personally visited a favela held quite different views. Of non-Rio residents who had been to a favela, 44% had a favorable perception of those neighborhoods, and 27% were neutral—leaving only 29% with a decidedly unfavorable impression of favelas. Further, 71% of those who had been to a favela had a positive view of favela residents. It is also interesting to note that for respondents who had visited a favela, most (82%) did not go as part of a favela tour.
DESIGN LANGUAGE : KEYWORDS As I recall back to when i was there in the favelas i was nervous when i enter the favela, even before travelling to brazil i too have the preconception of favela is dangerous. There was a sense of MYSTERY when I enter the favela, most probably because of the building are so closed to each other that they would overshadowed narrow paths and corners and turnings with small surprises around the corner which has comes to make me ANTICIPATE what I would find.
As I slowly move up along the narrow path. The narrowed buildings seems to slowly UNFOLDS in to a wider scenic space where the locals like to gather. They were very welcoming and from them you can see that there is a strong sense a community which make this community feels very warm. Right at that moment, the preconception of the favela is a dangerous place dissapears . The beauty of the favela was overshadowed by social & media stigma. The beauty within the favela should be REVEALED.
FAMILIAR VS UNFAMILIAR
FEAR OF UNFAMILIARITY
Changing the perception of outsider towards favelas. REVEAL the beauty of the favela
T H E R E V E L AT I O N K E Y W O R D I N S P I R AT I O N D E R I V E D F RO M W E A R A B L E S
A N T I C I PAT I O N
PROGRAMME I N T E R C U LT U R A L E X C H A N G E H U B
E N C O U R A G E C U LT U R A L AWARENESS
PROMOTE SOCIAL INCLUSION
JOB OPPORTUNITIES I N T E RC U LT U R A L E X C H A N G E LIFE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT CONTRIBUTION
ARTS & DESIGN
There is a palpable obsession with the arts in Rio de Janeiro - as music, dance, and theatre is central to what it means to be Brazilian. However, the arts are far more than just entertainment; it can be a powerful force for community building, nurturing human creativity, and social empowerment. Aiming to help educate and support the children of Rio by offering a cultural and artistic education that reinforces positive interests, in an effort to provide an escape from the omnipresent drug trade and under-employment.
Athletics have become vital for Rio’s lowest income communities, as they provide children and adolescents with recreational outlets in neighbourhoods that offer young people very few options for entertainment. That’s why athletic programming has become a vital outlet for children, because it provides them with friendly competition in a safe and fun environment. And the best part is: sports programmes are almost always powered by volunteers.
E D U C AT I O N A L
As a part of the programme, your objective is to provide children with the care and attention needed to develop their social skills, to encourage them to develop an enthusiasm for higher education, and to teach vital skills to be competitive in a rapidly developing economy. Volunteer to teach English as a foreign language, learn Portuguese, and provide access to one of the world’s most spoken languages. It is also an excellent opportunity to give those living in the favelas a chance to have access to the language that fuels the global economy.
Volunteers on the Community Development project have the opportunity to work with many different activities. They should be open to working together with locals in community centres providing assistance with day-to-day tasks to help local organisations carry out programmes that increase the quality of life and broaden the development within their communities.
H E L P T H E LO C A L S
The idea was to have volunteers from around the world that wish to visit the favelas in rio de janeiro to live ve among the local community, contribute their skills and experiences to help educate the childrens and help the local comunity in everyway possible that the volunteer is able to contribute. By living among the local communities they will be able to fully experience the favela culture and see the beauty of the favela.
WORK & EXPERIENCE
I N T E R C U LT U R A L E X C H A N G E
METRO SITE LOCATION ENTRANCE TO FAVELA STEPS ROUTE FOOT PATH
-HIGH VANTAGE POINT -VISIBLE FROM A DISTANCE -EASY ACCESS TO SITE THROUGH MAIN ROUTE & SECONDARY ROUTE IN FAVELA -CONVENIENT AND EASY ACCESS NON FAVELADOS THROUGH RUBEN BRAGA -ACCESS TO SITE IS CLOSE TO THE METRO STATION -FACING IPANEMA BEACH
FAVELA SPATIAL EXPERIENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS
FAVEL AS S PA C E MAZE
FAVEL A FRAGMENTS
RUBEN BRAGA ELEVATOR STARTING POINT OF MOST FAVELA TOURSSTARIGHT INTO THE HEART OF THE FAVELA
C A N TA G A LO
FAVELA SPACE CHARACTERISTIC -Narrow pathway -Visual deflections /corners -Maze-like sensation for ‘foreigner’
A E T H E T I C S O F FAV E L A
from body to architecture
architecture to urban
urban to territory
-Constantly evolving and growing -Construction is an everyday reality,being perpetually unfinished -architects spatialized time, and favela builders temporalize space -each shanty is inevitably different from the others.
-Project created before construction -Static -Architects conceive space – always starting from a project, with spatial and formal projections for a near future -Standardized
-Experience of the spontaneous urban space,surprise-filled urban fabric, result in a spatial perception that’s almost impossible to predict which is very different from spaces designed by urbanist -Shelter-scale to shelter cluster, maze image come into mind of foreigners -Maze like sensation -Getting lost is part of the spatial experience of the maze-favela -“foreigners” can become easily lost in face of the uncertainty of the favela’s pathways (any turn might lead to a dead end), -not static -narrow streets become the continuation of houses, semi-private spaces, while most houses with open doors also become semi-public spaces. The idea of the favela as a big collective house is often held by the local population.
-City streets rationally designed with a blueprint out before hand. -a traditional urban project that automatically eliminates the mystery of the experience itself
-favelas are “organic” formations that are shaped by the “wild” occupation of vast plots of land -non-centric,eccentric -rhizome weed logic
SUN PATH AND PREVAILING WIND THE DESIGN INTENDED TO BE A NEW LANDMARK IN THE CITY, FUNCTIONING AS A COMMUNICATOR TO THE FORMAL CITY BY CREATING VISUAL CONNECTIVITY
INITIAL SKETCH IDEAS
DESIGN BASED ON COLLECTED DATA Spatial experience at different part of the buildings are related back to the data collected by the wearable tech. For example, Wearable tech data -Nervous, cautious , curious, anticipation upon entering favela Design spatial experience -Clustered disorganized vertical blocks or visual obsticles to represent the favela buildings and try to evoke the nervous, curious and anticipating feeling that i experience upon entering the favela.
The initial experience of “anticipation” upon entering the favela is created through a series of vertical blocks or visual obsticles, not knowing what is ahead. This experience is to recreate the stereotypical perception of people who newly arrive at the favela, before venturing deeper into what the community could offer. This verticality of these blocks allows one to be drawn into the moment of feeling fear and unfamiliarity before their encounter of the next space.After experiencing the initial open space of verticality, they will be welcomed by the in-between space of the main massing of the block. The diagonality of the wall that brings about deflection of view creates the sense of curiosity, while still anticipating the spaces ahead. The journey through the in-between space then slowly unfold and breaks the stereotypical perception of the favela after crossing the “border” from the entrance space. The Revelation, Visual Connectivity and Visibility The main massing block provides visual connectivity of the visitors and local to the panoramic view of the Ipanema Beach, to instill the sense of appreciation and attachment to what the favela offers, albeit being known as dangerous and unhygienic from the perception of an outsider. The current unoccupied terrain acts as a cascading public space that accompanies the massing block conforms to the steep terrain as a measure to allow social engagement between visitors and locals alike.
PRECEDENTS DANIEL LIBESKIND MODERN DAY’S DAEDALUS
BERLIN JEWISH MUSEUM Daniel Libeskind
Berlin, Germany - The garden of exile, the three Axes of German-Jewish experience, ad the voids -”The official name of the project is ‘Jewish Museum’ but I have named it ‘Between the Lines’ because for me it is about two lines of thinking, organization and relationship. One is a straight line, but broken into many fragments, the other is a tortuous line, but continuing indefinitely.” (Daniel Libeskind, 1998) -’’descend from it, out of the brightness and down into the dark by means of a deep, windowless staircase made of grey slate and illuminated with hazy zigzags of light. Nothing now is soothing. Every edge is jagged, every corridor unremitting. The floors slope. The concrete walls oppress. You are not in charge of your own destiny’’ -Intersecting axes created void spaces and multi directional route in the jewish museum, allowing visitor to feel lost as how the jewish in berlin once felt
DENVER ART MUSEUM Daniel Libeskind
-Unfolding of intersecting planes -Part of a composition of public spaces, monuments and gateways -Relationship between inside and outside -Dynamism -Spaces that evokes sense of unfamiliarity towards the usual - constraining corridors, fragmen-ted paths, acutely angled walls, dead ends, voids, and asymmetries
SKETCHES AXIS THAT FORMS CURRENT BUILDING SHAPE
SKETCHES AXIS THAT FORMS CURRENT BUILDING SHAPE
RIO DE JANEIRO, CANTAGALO Prevailing wind
RIO DE JANEIRO, CANTAGALO March Summer
The figure above shows the prevailing wind direction all year round in rio de janeiro. Most winds direction is coming from the south, by using this data the building is orientated towards the south to capture the prevailing wind direction into the building for natural ventilation.
As the building is located on a higher location it does not risk being overshadowed by any neighbouring structure. Building facing the south with an angle to ensure to optimize the viewing and to receive natural lighting into the building
Daytime temperature hovers at around 30 degree.
WALLSCALE SECTION WALL SECTION 1:20 NTS
DETAIL 1 : DOUBLE GLAZE GLASS & CORTEN STEEL PANEL CLADDING TO DIAGRID
DETAIL 2 : i-BEAM CONNECTION TO DIAGRID NODE
WALKABILITY // VIBRANT // SENSORY RICHNESS // SOCIAL INTERACTION // DIVERSE // OPEN SPACES // SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
URBAN AFFAIR ‘To create a vibrant and sustainable city that promotes social interaction and enhances sensory richness through the manipulation of green and blue network in the western quarter of oxford.’ The vision is to create a vibrant sustainable development in the East Oxpen to increase social density and diversity by creating a permeable development to promote social interaction through creating pedestrinized-friendly open spaces. Manipulating the green and blue network to create a sensory rich ambience to enhance the quality and experience of the inhabitants.
- Active edges are prominent throughout the site -There are a mixture of uses throughout the site -Existing waterway informing key features of Oxford green belt -Well connected to the city centre via Oxpens Road, Park end street and high bridge street -Legible street layout -Oxpens road is a good transport linkage
- Opportunity to meet the demand for housing in Oxford. -Opportunity to create link between built form and green and blue network -Creating open spaces that may potentialy increase density. -Potential to create interesting architectural forms. -Greater permeability for pedestrians throughout the west end. -Potentialy raising the land value through the development.
- Low land value due to misuse land use -High volume of traffic on Oxpens road creating physical barriers to pedestrians in the Oxpens road -Restricted access to green belt and waterway. -Waterway is underused and not well maintain. - Lack of open spaces and actives frontages and edges. -Lack of variety of urban forms
-Rising flood waters -Achieving economically viable development within west end -Possible car congestion after development -A new development could run the risk of being disconnceted to the city centre and must be sensitively designed to retains the cities distinctive character and becomes socially integrated with the existing communities.
Create a lively and vibrant neighbourhood in the college area to increase the social density and diversity by creating structural interest and character and providing amneities.
Provide a diverse sustainable design that respond to energy efficiency and improves the urban quality of the area.
Enhance the walkability in the area to create a healthy and safe social interactive streetscape along the oxpens road giving the street priority back to pedestrians and cyclist.
Create a sustainable and well landscaped waterfront public streamside walkway linking to the city centre to promote liveliness to the area.
To provide a multi-sensory richness space through the manipulation of green and blue network increasing the quality of the space
Propose a viable economical feasible scheme to increase the social density and diversity to enhance the living quality and to respond to future demand.
D.A.1Enrich the social diversity by designing retails, restaurants, residential, leisure and college to create a diverse community. D.A.2 Provide open spaces to encourage active and vibrant lifestyle. LAND USE DIAGRAM
BUILDING BLOCKS & DESIGN
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE AREAS To provide private and public spaces for the communityâ€™s comfort in the development. Providing a sense a privacy to the building users.
ACTIVE EDGE Active edges can be achieved by locating the front of the building facing towards the streets.
HEIGHT PROFILE Buildings height are limited to not higher than 18m appropriate to view at landmarks for other building users.
Distinct college facade act as a landmark and point of interest on the oxpens.Amneties located on the oxpens road such as public transport and public spaces creates an active frontage for the site.
Waterfront park provides a public leisure space for the community,providing opportunity for the community to interact. Restaurants and cafes by the waterfront attracts more pedestrians creating an active edge.
D.A.2 Introduce and encourage sustainable design to be implemented into buildings and spaces. D.A.2.1 Increase of green spaces and green pockets in the urban fabric. SUN ANGLE ANALYSIS
By conducting the sun angle analysis through the design process, the december sun is more likely to create an overshadowing situation within the perimeter blocks. The block facing the waterfront park is orientated in such way as it would receive most of the sunlight throughout the day. As for the front facing oxpens road, the blocks height are maintained to mostly three storeys to allow more sunlight after noon.
Pedestrianizing the whole site was also one of the design strategy to achieve a more sustainable design. As indicated with the red arrow shows a foot path that connects to the city centre, encouraging the local community to walk and cycle instead of driving to their workplace. By implementing this strategy it will decrease the usage of vehicle at the site, hence lowering down the carbon footprint of the site. Sustainable design will be implemented into most of the buildings. Solar panels will be installed on the roof for solar energy collection. Most of the buildings are design with roof garden to provide better insulation to the building and food production activity for the community to interact and also decrease the carbon foortprint. Rain-water harvesting to collect rainwater for building usage and ground source heat pumps to heat the buildings.
WATERFRONT FLATS SECTION
D.A.3 Narrow down the motorway on Oxpens road to aid and promote pedestrian movement D.A.3.1 Pedestrianize the area create open public spaces to promote social interaction OXPENS ROAD FLOOR PLAN
The floor plan shows how the road is narrow down to slow down the vehicle on Oxpens road to allow pedestrians to move around more freely and safely around Oxpens road. Similar materials are used on the pavement to distinct the road movement for the vehicles and also give a visual connection to the pedestrians. Public shared space is created in front of the retail area to promote social interaction. Amenities such as benches, bicycle parkings and bus stops are provided for the comfort of the pedestrians. Trees with high ozone index like maple trees are planted around the road to provide shading and provide visual pleasantry view for the pedestrians, it also helps to lower down the carbon footprint of its surroundings.
STREET HIERACHY DIAGRAM
Shaded in red shows the primary circulation of the site, with a few form of transportation. Shaded in orange shows the secondary street, available for small cars and service vehicle to move around the site. Shaded in yellow shows the fully pedestrian zone which only allow pedastrian and cyclist to move around.
The road level in site will be leveled to the same as the pedestrian walkway. It is design in such a way so that there is no distinction of vehicular and pedestrian pathway. Without the clear distinction of a vehicular road, vehicles will slow down, providing a safe environment to the pedestrians.
HIGH STREET SECTION
D.A.4 Provide attractive and comfortable waterfront walkway park connecting to the city centre suitable for all age group D.A.4.1 Provide leisure area facing the waterfront walkway park to increase footfall all day round D.A.5 Enrich street view and walking experience in Oxpens road, open public spaces and waterfront park through manipulation of the green & blue network and also the building forms and tactile experience of the spaces. WATERFRONT FLOOR PLAN
The waterfront parkâ€™s landscape is designed fill with sensory richness to promote liveliness in the area. It is open for the local community and foreign visitors, allowing them to characterise the site through the View of greeneries and water, flower and bird watching, children playing Touching the plants and water, Feeling the materials on the building Rustling trees, children playing, restaurant cutleries and people talking noises, flowing water, birds chirping Smell of the river, smell of food and drinks, smell of the flowers Taste of the food and drinks
D.A.6 Test the viability of east oxpens by using the financial feasibility spreadsheet.
191 residential units were proposed, in the following types 10 1-bedroom flats (Garden) (50 squm) 8 2-bedroom flats(Garden) (60 squm) 52 2-bedroom flats (View) (60 squm) 9 4- bedroom flats (Garden)(150 squm) 20 Small flat type ( 3 storey blocks and mixed use) (50 squm) 40 1-bedroom flats (standard) (50 squm) 52 2-bedroom flats (standard) (60 squm) In terms of the West End development control policy, each development has to provide 50% affordable housing in Oxford. According to the spreadsheet, through the sales and rental of affordable housing and market housing is able to generate the residual land value exceeding the required value of £4,000,000 pounds by £700,000, which the £700,000 will be be garnished from the more developmentally affluent areas above to aid the college in its rebuilding costs.
ARCHITECTURE WITH A SOCIAL IMPACT Indian Culture Center (ICC)
The Indian Culture Center is introduced to the site aiming to enhance the identity of indian community and at the same time preserving part of the local culture through the programme of the building. The building is designed with architectural solutions responding to the identified long term or current social issues and to reinvigorate the urban fabric of the site. The building serves as a catalyst to resolve those issues faced by the local community of Little India such as loss of identity, lack of public & social amenities and as well be a benefit to the local community and the tourism community.
The building programme is mainly targeted for the blooming indian community and at the same time preserve part of the chinese culture of Little Indian, Klang. This is mainly inspired by the rich culture and heritage of the rising Indian Community in Little India. The ICC is open to all persons interested in learning about Indian culture and preserving, promoting and enriching Indian culture, values and heritage. The programme will include in hosting leading artists and cultural troupes from India to perform in the walk-in theater in the building and sometimes showcases indian and chinese movies for the local community pass time. The ICC invites artists, academics, writers and performers to use the premise to showcase their talents and reach out to a wide and dicerning audience. The ICC also offers Indian cultural performing and fine arts lessons.
Media steel mesh screen will used as the facade of the building. the idea of using the media mesh is based on the festival deepavali. It is said that during deepavali Little indiaâ€™s street is decorated with colorful lightings that gives a sense of celebrative atmosphere. this idea will be implemented into my facade to give a sense of celebrative atmosphere to celebrate and rpomote the indian culture, with the lighting of the facade it will be able to attract the atention of the pedestrian and the vehicle With the facadeâ€™s lighting, it wil also be an iconic structure or a additional landmark as it is just located next to the main entrance of little india Klang. It will also symbolize a beacon for the indian community. the drawing shown on the right shows a wall section with the construction detail off the facade.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Live and Work Prototype
The main idea of the program of this building is to provide an opportunity for the locals to learn multiple skills to enchance their lifestyle. One of the main issues in jalan T.A.R is the lack of public amneties and privatisation of space, hence by providing a learning centre that caters classes such as art, performing arts and cullinary it provides opportunity to the locals. Through research the learning centre mets the needs of mostly vulnerable at-risk adolescents and young people, the centre offers them with alternatives to risk behavious that may expose them to gangs, violence, crime and substance abuse. The centre houses an on-site cafe, a mini gym, various arts and music classes and counseling, al focused on vocational skils development and posible income generation. Spaces such as a seminar room and dorms are provided as well to be rented out for income generation
Unfolding Open Space To create an urban form of unfolding planes with carved in spaces to provide a dynamic open spaces with a green environment without dismantling the urban form. The elements of unfolding planes is translated in to the building from creating a unique facade. Every fold represent a new experience and opportunity as each plane is orientated and unfolding at different direction which will lead the users into the open spaces. The idea of creating carved in open spaces was to create a less enclosed and safer environment for the users. The selective facade is meant to change the perspective of the user group as they go through the program of the design.
Masterplan studies are conducted by my team to create an environment that responded to the surrounding context that provides an optimum luxurious holiday home for the owners. Tropical Modernism this design approach is adopted responding to the site context, aiming to capture the seaside and tropical atmosphere and maintaning a level of polished luxurious resort home. Modular design designed using 6x6m modules and a defined program. a variety of spatial layouts for both parcel were delicately configured to maintain the architectural language of the design approach and aesthetic style.
DESARU SOUTH COURSE RESIDENCE
Situated within a sprawling 18 hole golf course in Desaru, Johor. This masterplan consists of two parcel which houses 61 units bungalows (RESI 7) and 61 units terrace(RESI 12) holiday homes. Designed with a tropical modernism touch to suit the brief for a unique luxurious homes for the buyers. A modular system was adopted to generate 8 different designs within the overall masterplan in order to create variety for buyers. Involvement in this ongoing project allows me to experience first hand design development. Project management and architectural detailing at a professional level.
During my time working as an assistant architect in this project, iâ€™ve experienced first hand tasks such as contacting suppliers & manufacturers for materials selections, involving in several meetings and discussions sessions. We worked in a team and have brainstorming sessions to create & refine building detailed drawings to achieve the best possible outcome for the intended design at a professional level.