Zeigler - Finfish brochure

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Aquaculture Zeigler Fish Program

SUSTAINABLE, TRACEABLE, QUALITY FEEDS Zeigler Bros., Inc. is a pioneer and leader in the development and formulation of specialized feeds for the global aquaculture industry. Our commitment is to the worldwide growth of aquaculture through continued research and development. No matter the species or production system, we are experienced and equipped to provide the solutions you need to improve the health and productivity of your aquaculture operation. Providing customers with confidence in our feed and the ingredients we use is of great importance to Zeigler. Careful attention is paid to the source of our ingredients, how our products are made and to whom we sell them. Focusing on safety and sustainability is a well-established tradition at Zeigler that is increasingly valued by our customers. A few ways in which Zeigler is pursuing a cleaner, greener future includes: Sustainable Formulation Strategies Responsible Production and Sales • Use of renewable plant proteins and oils Efforts • Incorporation of fish by-products from • 100% product flow utilization; no waste to human food processing landfill • Fish meal and fish oil substitutes • High efficiency production heat and drying • Utilization of natural, bioactive compounds systems to improve animal health and further • Pollution control via non-chemical air-purifyreduce the need for farms to use chemicals ing systems and antibiotics • Recyclable feed bags • Maximizing the use of locally supplied • Electronic, paperless billing ingredients

A selective purchasing program holds our suppliers to a higher standard with pre-established specifications, site visits and stringent testing. This careful oversight, record keeping and quality control continues into the manufacturing and distribution processes. Zeigler products must meet an array of standards and are manufactured in a facility whose quality management system is ISO 9001:2008 registered. In addition, Zeigler meets requirements set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Pennsylvania Department of Health and, of course, our own rigorous company standards.



C e r t i fi e d S y s t e m

In recent years, biosecurity and traceability measures have become important components of good management practices. Through GLOBALG.A.P., HACCP, ISO, and NOAA Seafood Inspection programs, Zeigler works to assure that its feeds are safe, traceable, and free of pathogens.

ISO 9001 Quality


*Feed is not to scale

Feed often accounts for the largest portion of a farm’s operating cost; therefore, it is important that the feed utilized will yield you the largest profits. Zeigler is a proven choice. Our Research and Development Division is constantly evaluating ingredients and formulations to maximize feed performance and your profitability.

• • • • • • • • • • •

Vpak™ - Natural immune stimulant. Improves survivability and overall health. Helps prevent disease and reduces potential need for antibiotics. Only the highest quality, sustainably sourced fish meals and fish oils. Provides balanced, complete nutrition and a highly digestible and palatable product, while protecting natural resources. High digestibility. Faster growth, lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) and reduced fecal waste (solids). Consistently low fines (<1%). Less wasted feed, less gill irritation, improved water quality. Low phosphorus (<1.3%). Increased compliance with discharge regulations, environmentally friendly. Stable Vitamin C (Stay-C) – Patented by Zeigler. Levels added are present and bioavailable for at least 6 months from date of manufacture. Chelated trace minerals. Excellent bioavailability and shelf life. Pre-assayed ingredients. Strict quality standards assure you a quality product. Date of manufacture on each bag. Guaranteed fresh – check the tag for a manufacture date. Over 80 years of nutritional and manufacturing experience. A wealth of experience and knowledge with which to assist you. ISO 9001:2008 Registered Quality System. Ensures quality, consistency and accountability.


Your Feed Technology Partner


The Zeigler technology transfer program offers a proven, turnkey solution for providing locally-manufactured aquaculture feeds. With more than 80 years of feed technology experience, Zeigler’s team of qualified nutritionists, biologists, and process engineers can assist in bringing products to market that have a proven track-record of success. And unlike other programs, Zeigler offers ongoing R&D collaboration to provide advancements and technologies needed to meet ever-changing market conditions. Contact us to inquire about a feed mill partnership.






G (formerly Gold)




African Catfish STARTER FEEDS

STAGE/TYPE Starter Feeds


MEAL #1 CRUMBLES #2 CRUMBLES (<0.6 mm) (0.6-0.85 mm) (0.85-1.2 mm)

1. Starter 55-15 with VpakTM 2. Starter 50-15 with VpakTM

Fingerling Feeds

3. High Performance 42-16 4. High Performance 45-16 5. Bronze 35-5

Grow Out Feeds

6. Silver 40-10 7. G 42-16 8. Platinum 45-20 9. High Performance Grower 45-16 10. Tilapia 36-6 11. African Catfish 44-12

Specialty Feeds

12. Perch 45-12 13. Marine Grower 50-15 14. Broodstock 38-10 15. Flounder 50-15 16. Yellowtail 50-15 17. Barramundi 45-18

BeltFeeders Feeding at Your Convenience

Belt feeders can improve feeding frequency which is often correlated with more uniform growth, improved animal health, and reduction in mortality. • • •

No electricity required Suitable for all types of feed, water treatments, medications, etc. Reduces labor costs


2.0 mm

2.5 mm









4.0 mm

5.0 mm

6.5 mm

9.5+ mm


Optimized formulation to provide a strong start to fry at first feeding. Suitable for cold-water, warm-water and tropical fish.


An enhanced, high energy feed designed to transition fingerlings from fry feed.


Allows easy transition from our high protein starter feeds to the grow-out ration of your choice.


A higher energy diet designed to help fingerlings transition to grow out feeds.

5. 6.

Economical diet formulated for a variety of omnivorous aquatic species. A versatile diet, this cost-efficient fishmeal-based diet is formulated to feed a variety of omnivorous and piscivorous aquatic animals with moderate protein requirements. Fishmeal-based diet formulated to feed a variety of omnivorous and piscivorous aquatic animals that have been shown to spare protein with lipid. A high energy fishmeal-based diet formulated to feed a variety of omnivorous and piscivorous aquatic animals that have been shown to have low carbohydrate tolerance.

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

Ideal formulation for omnivorous and piscivorous species that exhibit high protein requirements but do not beneficially utilize fat to spare protein. A high performance, plant protein-based diet specifically formulated for tilapia cultured in intensive recirculating systems. It has a balanced amino acid profile and is highly digestible, resulting in low pollution. Formulated for African Catfish, it contains highly digestible marine proteins to support good water quality. Proper feeding will stimulate growth performance and minimize cannibalism. A highly digestible diet for yellow perch and other members of the perch, pike and walleye families, this diet provides essential nutrients for proper development of temperate and cool-water carnivorous species. Formulated for a wide variety of emerging marine species, this diet utilizes marine ingredients to provide adequate essential fatty acids for species where known nutrient requirements are limited. Designed to enhance the fecundity of your broodfish by helping maximize gonadal development. It contains vitamin and carotenoid pigment supplements required for viable egg and sperm development.


Contact a Zeigler representative for specific pellet sizes and packaging information.

Finfish Vitality Pak NutritionalImmunology


Zeigler Vpak is an all-natural, highly purified, nutritional additive that has been shown to improve survivability and production yields in cultured species. Both field and laboratory trials have demonstrated increased disease resistance when animals were fed diets supplemented with Vpak which contains no antibiotics. Vpak is added to select standard diets and can be included in any custom run at the customer’s request.

Finfish Vitality Pak

Features & Benefits • • • • • •

Observed improvement in survivals & production yields. All-natural alternative to antibiotics. Proactive mechanism for fighting viruses and pathogens. Optimal dose/response inclusion level for finfish. Inclusion in starter feeds reported to improve survivals in grow-out. Safe, biodegradable and residue-free; no antibiotics.


ch has developed a proven feed chart for the Zeigler feeding program. For economical trout feeding on TROUT FEEDING hart based onTROUT percent of body weight. FEEDING PROGRAM

ber of er lb.


Continued trout research has developed a proven feed chart for the Zeigler feeding program. For economical trout feeding on Continued trout research has developed a proven feed chartfor fortemperature the Zeigler feeding program. For economical trout feeding on Recommended feeding rate adjusted (percent of body weight) your farm, follow this chart based on percent of body weight.

your farm, follow this chart based on percent of body weight.

Length in inches



fish per lb.

00 00

1.5Crumbles No. 14.0 2 3.9


00 00

2.25Crumbles No. 23.6 Crumbles No. 2 2.5 3.2

600 300

1.5 mm

200 100

3 1.5 mm 3.25 4 2.0 mm

0 0

4.5 5

5 2 9

5.5 6 6.5

7 6 5 4

7 7.25 7.5 8

3 2 1

9.5 11 13

2.0 mm 2.0 mm 2.5 mm 2.5 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 4.0 mm 4.0 mm 4.0 mm 4.0 mm 5.0 mm 5.0 mm 5.0 mm

3.0 2.9 2.7 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1

80 60 40 30 20 15 12 9

1.0 0.9 0.9

FEED SIZE FEED SIZE Starter (<0.6 mm) —

7 6 5 4 3 2 1








5.0 4.5 4.9

4.0 3.9

4.8 4.2 4.1 4.5


4.2 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.2 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.0

1 1.5 2 2.25 2.5 3 3.25 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.25 7.5 8 9.5 11 13

4.7 4.6 4.5 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2


3.6 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9






5.84.8 5.4

6.0 5.1 5.7

5.04.7 4.6 4.6 4.5




6.3 5.9



5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7

5.8 5.3 5.4

6.0 5.7

6.3 5.9


5.0 4.7 4.6

5.1 4.7

5.3 5.0

3.9 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.7

4.6 4.0 3.6

4.7 4.3 3.9

3.4 3.0

3.7 3.3

4.2 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.4

4.44.2 3.9 3.53.9

4.6 4.5 4.0 3.6 4.2

3.2 3.1 2.9

3.7 3.23.3

3.8 3.4 3.4




2.5 2.5 2.2

3.0 2.62.6

3.1 2.8 2.7

2.3 2.0 2.2

2.4 2.4 2.3

2.5 2.5 2.4

2.1 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5

2.2 2.11.8 1.91.7 1.81.6

2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9

1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3

1.7 1.61.4 1.3 1.4

1.8 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.5

1.9 1.8





2.1 2.0



Crumbles No. 1 (0.6-0.85 mm)


Crumbles No. 2 (0.85-1.2 mm)


1.5 mm



Crumbles No. 2 (0.85-1.2 mm)


1.5 mm





3.2 2.9 3.0


2.3 2.2

2.6 2.7 2.4 2.3

2.7 2.5 2.4

3.0 2.8 2.7


2.5 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.8

2.3 2.2 2.0 1.9

2.6 2.5 2.3 2.2


1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4

1.8 1.7 1.5

2.0 1.8 1.6

2.0 mm 2.5 mm




3-4” 4-5”

2.5 mm

4-5” 3.0 mm (1/8”)


3.0 mm (1/8”)

5-7” 4.0 mm (5/32”)


4.0 mm (5/32”)

7-8” 5.0 mm (3/16”)


5.0 mm (3/16”)

6.5 mm (1/4”) 8”+

Brood Fish

6.5 mm (1/4”)


Note: Feeding charts for species other than trout are often Recommended feed size for fish Recommended feed size for fish your local agriculture extension agent. available through FISH SIZE Contact your local Zeigler aquatic feed dealer or Zeigler FEED SIZE FISH SIZE FISH SIZE representative for further assistance. Starter (<0.6 mm) fry Swimup fry — Swimup

Crumbles No. 1 (0.6-0.85 mm)

2.0 mm


Recommended feeding rate adjusted foradjusted temperature (percent of of body Recommended feeding rate for temperature (percent body weight) weight)

1 Recommended4.1 Number of 4.5 Length in Feed Size

0 0 0


Brood Fish

Recommended feed for sizespecies for fish Note: Feeding charts other than trout are often available through your local agriculture extension agent. Contact your local Zeigler aquatic feed dealer or Zeigler representative for further assistance.

r species other than trout are often available through your local agriculture extension agent. Zeigler aquatic feed dealer or Zeigler representative for further assistance.

STORAGE & HANDLING INTRODUCTION Animal feed is a semi-perishable item. Like the bread we buy from the local grocery store or the cheese we keep in our refrigerator, it will spoil given a long enough period of time. We can go to the store every week for new groceries, but this is not practical or economically feasible when purchasing large quantities of animal feed. The question therefore, is how can we extend the shelf life of the animal feed over a several month period. When we talk about shelf life, it is important to understand what happens to feed under long term storage. The problems encountered with storage or feed fall into four major categories. NUTRIENT LOSSES As feed ages, essential vitamins, especially Vitamin C, begin to degrade and eventually become deficient. High temperatures and humidity further speed this deterioration. As manufacturers we deal with this problem two ways: 1. Add excessive levels of vitamins to allow for losses incurred during manufacturing and storage. 2. Utilize stabilized forms of vitamins which resist breakdown in the feed. Zeigler was instrumental in the development of a stabilized form of Vitamin C, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate, (STAY C) which has 80 times more stability than standard Vitamin C in pelleted feeds at room temperature (77° F). This now allows us to maintain adequate vitamin levels six months or more in dry pelleted feed. Studies have shown feed made with Stay C to have adequate levels of Vitamin C even after one year of storage.

Feed rejection Off-flavoring of flesh Vitamin E deficiency Overall poor growth and health Rancidity is prevented by adding antioxidants to the fat source, and by using only the highest quality fish oils. At Zeigler Bros. all fish oils are tested for rancidity and contaminants before being purchased. Storage according to the suggested guidelines will also minimize the possibility of rancidity. MICROORGANISMS Unfortunately, most animal feeds provide a very good growth media for molds and bacteria when sufficient moisture and warmth are present. Molds produce poisons called mycotoxins, which can cause symptoms ranging from poor growth to mortality in most aquaculture species. Maintaining low moisture levels (<10%) and using fresh, high quality ingredients make our feed less likely to mold, but the real key to mold prevention is good storage conditions. INFESTATIONS: RODENTS/lNSECTS Any time feed is stored for a long period of time there is a chance of infestation occurring. Rodents and insects create problems by acting as vectors - agents which carry disease and mold from one area to another. Left unchecked, they can do major damage to any stored feed supply. The following storage guidelines include suggestions to help prevent infestation.

As a consumer, you can minimize the nutrient losses of your feed by storing it in a cool, dry, well ventilated location and following the storage guidelines below. RANCIDITY Rancidity is the spoilage of the fats and oils present at relatively high levels in most aquaculture diets. Over time, oxygen breaks the fat down chemically, creating undesirable by-products. These compounds can cause several problems, including:

*Additional information about storage guidelines can be found in our storage & handling pamphet or visit www.zeiglerfeed.com.


Store in a cool, dry place away from sunlight Refrigeration or frozen storage will extend shelf life (Do not freeze liquid diets) Check packaging for manufactured dates Rotate stock to use oldest product first (“first in, first out” principle) If receiving skids of feed, remove plastic wrap to prolong life of product





For over 80 years and spanning 3 generations, we have been fortunate to have the support of many individuals around the world. It is these relationships and experiences that have defined our business and added value to our lives and those of our employees. We would like to thank those of you who have opened your doors to us, and who have helped us gain a better understanding of those things which are most important to you. The measure of our success is truly defined by our ability to impact your organization, and hopefully your own lives in some way. Thank you for your continued collaboration and support!

400 Gardners Station Road Gardners, PA 17324 USA 717-677-6181 phone www.zeiglerfeed.com

Zeigler Aquaculture Š 2017

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