Total Knee Replacement Surgery Total knee replacement is the best option for an individual who is suffering from intense knee joint pain, and will provide pain relief. A knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which the diseased knee joint is replaced by an artificial knee joint. At the knee joint the thigh bone or femur adjoins with the large bone of the lower leg or tibia. During the total knee replacement surgery process, the end of the femur bone is cut and replaced with a metal shell. The end of the lower leg bone or tibia is also cut and replaced with a plastic piece with a metal stem. It is important to select the most appropriate knee replacement implant, which is usually done by an orthopedic surgeon. There are two types of implants that are used in total knee replacement surgery; they are cemented total knee replacement implants and press-fit knee replacement implants. Knee replacement surgery should be performed when the pain in the knee becomes severe due to one of the problems like severe osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, serious valgus or varus deformity, advanced Rheumatoid arthritis, trauma, etc. Knee replacement is considered when no other treatment provides any relief from pain. The patient may take six weeks or more to recover from knee replacement surgery. They are advised to use aids such as canes, walking frames or crutches until they fully recover. There are two types of knee replacement surgery, partial or total knee replacement. They are both major surgeries and it is important to evaluate the joints adjacent to the diseased knee joint before the surgery. All necessary tests like blood tests, urine tests, liver and kidney function tests, chest X-ray, ECG and others are done before knee replacement surgery. Total knee replacement surgery is very effective in providing relief from a painful knee joint. People suffering from intense knee pain should consider this operation.
The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only. It is not to be construed as medical care or medical advice and is not a replacement for medical care given by your physicians or trained medical personnel.