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Victoria Brown & Isaiah Jones October 7, 2011 6 th period


ď‚— Pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of

blood vessels.

ď‚— Is one of the principal vital signs.


Category

Systolic

Diastolic

Hypotension

Below 90

Below 60

Desirable

Between 90 and 119

Between 60 and 79

Prehypertension

Between 120 and 139

Between 80 and 89

Stage 1 hypertension

Between 140 and 159

Between 90 and 99

Stage 2 hypertension

Between 160 and 179

Between 100 and 109

Hypertensive Crisis

Greater than or equal to 180

Greater than or equal to 120


 Another name is low blood pressure.

 When blood pressure during and after every heart beat

is lower than normal.  90/60 or below


 Alcohol   Antidepressants  Painkillers  Heart failure  Dehydration  Advanced Diabetes


 Blurry vision

 Confusion  Dizziness

 Fainting  Light-headedness  Sleepiness  Weakness


 Medicines that increase blood pressure

 Avoiding alcohol  Avoid standing for a long time  Drinking plenty of fluids  Getting up slowly after sitting or lying down  (hypotension in a healthy person that does not cause

problems really doesn’t require treatment)


 Not fixed

 Is a continuously dynamic entity  Varies from person to person  It also varies across the day  It is higher in the morning and gets lower in the

evening  This is called the diurnal variation  Between 90 and 119/Between 60 and 79


 Slightly elevating blood pressure

 Will likely turn into high blood pressure if lifestyle

changes aren’t made.

 Between 120 and 139/Between 80 and 89


 Alcohol

 Antidepressants  Painkillers  Heart failure  Dehydration  Advanced Diabetes


 Blurry vision

 Confusion  Dizziness  Fainting  Light-headedness  Sleepiness  Weakness


 Exercise for about 20 to 30 minutes daily

 Eating healthier

 Weight loss


 An early form of high blood pressure  Is referred to as mild high blood pressure  The step before a severe case of high blood pressure  Between 140 and 159/Between 90 and 99


 Obesity

 Stress  Alcohol  High intake of salt  Smoking  There is a higher risk of high blood pressure for

African Americans and people who have a family history of high blood pressure


 Often presented without any obvious

symptoms  Although symptoms may exist in other organs  Tightness, pressure, or pain in the chest or arms  Dizziness  Fatigue  Nausea  Episodes of confusion


 Lose weight  No smoking  Healthier diet  Do aerobic exercises for 20 to 30 minutes a day


 This is a serious condition of high blood pressure.

 Will require medical and care and always needs to be

monitored  Between 160 and 179/Between 100 and 109


 Stress  High fat diet  Sedentary lifestyle  No exercise  High salt intake


 Feeling fatigued

 Sudden dizziness

 Persistent headaches


 Damage of kidney cells  Damage of the retina  Damage of arterial walls  Strokes and heart attacks  Heart failure and death


• Healthier diet • 20 to 30 minutes of exercise on a daily basis • No smoking • No drinking • Take medications prescribed by your doctor


 Severe increase in blood pressure  Can lead to a stroke  Heart becomes inflamed and may leak fluid or blood  Heart wont be able to pump blood effectively  180/120 or higher


 Forgetting to take your blood pressure medication  Rupture of aorta  Interaction between medication  Kidney failure


 Severe chest pain  Severe headache with confusion and blurry vision  Nausea and vomiting  Seizures  Shortness of breath


 Exercising everyday for about 30 minutes

 Go to a hospital for help

 Oral or I.V. medications


 http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health  

topics/topics/hbp/ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH00 04536/ http://www.bloodpressure-drs-practicalguide.com/normalbloodpressure.html http://blood-pressure.emedtv.com/diastolic-bloodpressure/diastolic-blood-pressure.html http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypertensivecrisis/AN00626


Blood Pressure