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&ª±˝√√±È¬œ-øά¬ıËn∏·Î¬ˇ, ˙øÚ¬ı±1, 13 ’±·©Ü◊√, 2011

64 ¬ıÂ√À1 ˜˚«±√±1 ¬Û1± ¬ıø=Ó¬ ·‘˝√1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ ¶§±ÒœÚÓ¬± ø√ª¸Ó¬ fl¡í˘± Œ¬ıÊ√ ¬Ûø1Ò±Ú fl¡ø1 ¸±¬ı…ô¶ fl¡ø1¬ı õ∂øÓ¬¬ı±√ õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, Œ·±¸±˝◊√ ·±“›, 12 ’±·©Ü– Œ√˙ Ó¬Ô± ¸˜±Ê√1 ’±˝◊√ Ú-˙‘—‡˘± 1鬱, 1±˝◊√ Ê√1 øÚ1±¬ÛM√√± õ∂√±Ú ’±1n∏ ø¬ıøˆ¬iß ≈√À˚«±·1 ¸˜˚˛Ó¬ ¸˝√√±˚˛1 ˝√√±Ó¬ ’±·¬ıϬˇ±˝◊√ ’˝√√± ·‘˝√1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ1 ŒÊ√±ª±Ú¸fl¡À˘ ’¸˜ ‰¬1fl¡±1 ¡Z±1± √œ‚«ø√Ú Òø1 ‰¬1˜ ’ªÀ˝√√˘± ’±1n∏ ¬ı=Ú±1 ø‰¬fl¡±1 ∆˝√√ ’±ø˝√√ÀÂ√º Œ√À˙ ¶§±ÒœÚÓ¬± ˘±ˆ¬ fl¡1±1 ˜≈˝√ ”Ó«¬1 ¬Û1± Ó¬»fl¡±˘œÚˆ¬±Àª Œfl¡fœ˚˛ ‰¬1fl¡±À1 ·‘˝√ 1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ ·Í¬Ú fl¡ø1 ¸˜¢∂ Œ√˙ÀÓ¬ ά◊Mê√ ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ1 ¸•x¸±1Ì ‚Ȭ±˝◊√ øÂ√˘º ø¬ıÀ˙¯∏ ∆fl¡ ¢∂±˜±=˘1 ’±˝◊√ Ú-˙‘—‡˘± 1鬱1 Œé¬SÓ¬ ·‘˝√ 1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ1 ˆ¬”ø˜fl¡± ’Ó≈¬˘Úœ˚˛º øfl¡c ’¸˜ ‰¬1fl¡±À1 ·‘˝√ 1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ1 ά◊Mê√ Œ¸ª±1

˚ÀÔ±¬Û˚≈Mê√ ˜˚«±√± õ∂√±Ú Úfl¡1±1 &1n∏Ó¬1 ’øˆ¬À˚±· Ó≈¬ø˘ÀÂ√ ¸À√à ’¸˜ õ∂ø˙é¬Ìõ∂±5 ·‘˝√ 1鬜 ¬¸Lö±˝◊√ º ·‘˝√ 1鬜fl¡ ά◊¬Û˚≈Mê√ ˜˚«±√± õ∂√±Ú ’±1n∏ õ∂±¬Û… √1˜˝√√±Àfl¡ Òø1 ‰¬±fl¡ø1 ¸—Sê±ôL ø¬ıøˆ¬iß ø¬ı¯∏˚˛fl¡ ∆˘ √œ‚«ø√Ú Òø1 ¬ı±ø˝√√Úœ1 ŒÊ√±ª±Ú¸fl¡À˘ Ò±1±¬ı±ø˝√√fl¡ˆ¬±Àª ·ÌÓ¬±øLafl¡ ’±Àµ±˘Ú ‰¬˘±˝◊√ ’±ø˝√√ÀÂ√ ˚ø√› ¸˜¸…± ¸˜±Ò±Ú1 Œé¬SÓ¬ ‰¬1fl¡±À1 ’±øÊ√¬Û˚«ôL Œfl¡±ÀÚ± fl¡±˚«fl¡1œ ¬ı…ª¶ö± ¢∂˝√√Ì fl¡1± Ú±˝◊√ º ά◊ À ~‡… Œ˚ ø¬ı·Ó¬ ø¬ıÒ±Ú¸ˆ¬± øÚ¬ı« ± ‰¬Ú1 õ∂±flƒ¡é¬ÌÓ¬ ˜≈‡… ˜Laœ Ó¬1n∏Ì ·Õ·À˚˛ ø√˚˛± õ∂øÓ¬|nøÓ¬¸˜”˝√ Ù≈¬È≈¬fl¡±1 ŒÙ¬ÚÓ¬ ¬Ûø1ÌÓ¬ Œ˝√√±ª± ¬ı≈ ø ˘ ¸Lö ± 1 Œfl¡±fl¡1±Á¡±1 øÊ√ ˘ ± ¸ø˜øÓ¬1

¸ˆ¬±¬ÛøÓ¬ øÊ√ÀÓ¬f ‰¬f ¬ı˜«Ú ’±1n∏ ¸±Ò±1Ì ¸•Û±√fl¡ ¬ı1˝√√±Ú fl¡±Ê√œ ¶§±é¬ø1Ó¬ ¤fl¡ Œõ∂Â√ ø¬ı:ø5Ó¬ õ∂fl¡±˙ fl¡À1º ’±øÊ√ ø¬ı:ø5‡ÚÓ¬ ’±1n∏ ά◊À~‡ fl¡À1 Œ˚ Œfl¡±fl¡1±Á¡±1 øÊ√˘±Ó¬ ’±Í¬ ˙ õ∂ø˙é¬Ìõ∂±5 ·‘˝√ 1鬜 fl¡Ó«¬¬ı…1Ó¬ ’±ÀÂ√º Ó¬±À1 330·1±fl¡œ Œfl¡±fl¡1±Á¡±1 øÊ√˘± ’±1鬜 ’Òœé¬fl¡1 ’ÒœÚÓ¬ ø¬ıøˆ¬iß Ô±Ú±, ’±1鬜 ‰¬fl¡œ¸˜”˝√ Ó¬ fl¡Ó«¬¬ı… ¬Û±˘Ú fl¡1±1 ά◊¬Ûø1 ø¬ıøˆ¬iß ¶ö±ÚÓ¬ øÚ1±¬ÛM√√± 1鬱1 √±ø˚˛QÓ¬ øÚÀ˚˛±øÊ√Ó¬ ∆˝√√ ’±ÀÂ√º õ∂ø˙é¬Ìõ∂±5 ·‘˝√ 1鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√Úœ1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ¬’õ∂ø˙øéÓ¬ 70Ê√Ú ˚≈ªfl¡˚≈ªÓ¬œfl¡ ø¬ÛÂ√ ≈√ª±À1ø√ ¸—øù≠©Ü fl¡Ó‘¬«¬Û鬽◊√ øÚÀ˚˛±· fl¡1±Ó¬ ¸Lö±˝◊√ ˝◊√ ˚˛±1¬ Ó¬œ¬ıË ø¬ıÀ1±øÒÓ¬±

fl¡À1º ’Õ¬ıÒˆ¬±Àª øÚ˚≈ ø Mê√ ø√ ˚ ˛ ± ά◊ M ê√ ŒÊ√±ª±Ú¸fl¡˘1 øÚ˚≈øMê√ ¬ı±øÓ¬˘ fl¡1±1 ¬ı±À¬ı ¸Lö±˝◊√ √ ±¬ıœ Ê√ À Ú±ª±1 ø¬ÛÂ√ Ó¬ fl¡Ó‘ ¬ « ¬ Û鬽◊ √ 35Ê√Ú1 øÚ˚≈øMê√ ¬ı±øÓ¬˘ fl¡À1 ˚ø√› ’˘¬ÛÀÓ¬ ¬Û≈Ú1±˚˛ øÓ¬øÚÊ√Ú ’õ∂ø˙øé¬Ó¬ ˚≈ªfl¡fl¡ øÚÀ˚˛±· fl¡1±Ó¬ Ê√±„≈√1 ‡±˝◊√ ά◊øͬÀÂ√ øÊ√˘± ¸Lö±˝◊√º ’Õ¬ıÒ øÚ˚≈ ø Mê√ ¬ı±øÓ¬˘ Úfl¡ø1À˘ õ∂ø˙øé¬Ó¬ ·‘˝√ 1鬜¸fl¡À˘ ’±√±˘Ó¬1 fl¡±¯∏ ‰¬±ø¬Û¬ı ¬ı≈ø˘› ø¬ı:ø5‡ÚÓ¬ ά◊À~‡ fl¡À1º Ó¬≈√¬Ûø1 ’±·cfl¡ ¶§ ± ÒœÚÓ¬± ø√ ª ¸Ó¬ ·‘ ˝ √ 1 鬜 ¬ı±ø˝√ √ Ú œ1 √œ‚«ø√Úœ˚˛± √±¬ıœ ¬¬¬Û”1Ì Úfl¡1±1 ¬õ∂øÓ¬¬ı±√Ó¬ ŒÊ√±ª±Ú¸fl¡À˘ fl¡í˘± Œ¬ı√Ê √¬Ûø1Ò±Ú fl¡ø1 õ∂øÓ¬¬ı±√ ¸±¬ı…ô¶ fl¡ø1¬ıº

¬ÛÔ ≈√‚«È¬Ú±Ó¬ Ú±•§±1¬Û±1±‰¬±fl¡˘±1 ¢∂±˜À¸ªfl¡1 ˜‘Ó≈¬…

øù´˘„√√ø¶öÓ¬ ¬Û˘ Œ‡˘¬ÛÔ±1 øÂ√ÀLöøȬfl¡ Ȭ±Ù«¬À1 ’Ó¬…±Ò≈øÚfl¡ 1+¬ÛÓ ·øϬˇ ŒÓ¬±˘±1 ¬ı…ô¶Ó¬±

Ò≈¬ı≈1œÓ¬ Œfl¡¬ı˘ ŒÈ¬ø˘øˆ¬Â√Ú ŒÚȬªfl«¡ øÚ1œé¬Ì fl¡ø˜È¬œ ·Í¬Ú õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, Œ·Ã1œ¬Û≈1, 12 ’±·©Ü◊√– Ò≈¬ı≈1œ Œfl¡¬ı˘ ŒÈ¬ø˘øˆ¬Â√Ú ŒÚȬªfl«¡1 ¬fl¡±˜fl¡±Ê√1 ›¬Û1Ó¬ ÚÊ√1 1±ø‡¬ıÕ˘ øÊ√˘± √G±Òœ˙fl¡ ’Ò…é¬ ø˝√√‰¬±À¬Û ∆˘ ¤‡Ú √˝Ê√Úœ˚˛± fl¡ø˜È¬œ ·Í¬Ú fl¡1± ∆˝√√ÀÂ√º ¤˝◊√ ¸µˆ¬«Ó¬ øÊ√˘± õ∂±˙¸ÀÚ Ê√ÀÚ±ª± ˜ÀÓ¬ Œfl¡¬ı˘ ŒÈ¬ø˘øˆ¬Â√Ú ŒÚȬªfl«¡1 fl¡±˜-fl¡±Ê√Ó¬ øfl¡¬ı± ’ˆ¬±ª’øˆ¬À˚±· Ó¬Ô± ’±¬ÛøM√√ Ô±øfl¡À˘ 1±˝◊√ÀÊ√ Ò≈¬ı≈1œ1 fl¡±˚«˘±˚˛Ó¬ Ó¬Ô…1 ’±¬ÛøM√√ ˙±‡±Ó¬ ¤˝◊√ ’±¬ÛøM√√¸˜”˝√ √±ø‡˘ fl¡ø1¬ı ¬Û±ø1¬ıº

õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, fl¡˘·±øÂ√˚˛±, Œfl¡±øfl¡˘±, 12 ’±·©Ü – ¬ı„√√±˝◊√·“±› øÊ√˘±1 ¸‘Ê√Ú¢∂±˜ 1±Ê√˝√ ‰¬Sê1 ’ôL·«Ó¬ Ú±•§±¬Û±1±-‰¬±fl¡˘± ·“±› ¬Û=±˚˛Ó¬1 ¢∂±˜À¸ªfl¡ 1øfl¡¬ı≈˘ ˝◊√ Â√˘±˜1 ¬ı±˝◊√ fl¡ ≈√‚«È¬Ú±Ó¬ ˜‘Ó¬≈… Œ˝√√±ª± ‚ȬڱӬ ¬ı„√√±˝◊√·“±›, ¬ı1À¬ÛȬ± øÊ√˘±Ó¬ Œ˙±fl¡1 “¬± ¬Ûø1ÀÂ√º ‚Ȭڱ1 ø¬ıª1Ìœ ˜ÀÓ¬, ¬ı1À¬ÛȬ± øÊ√˘±1 ¸1Àˆ¬±· Ô±Ú±1 ’ôL·«Ó¬ ‰¬fl¡‰¬fl¡± ·“±ª1 ¬ı±ø¸µ± 1øfl¡¬ı≈˘ ˝◊√Â√˘±À˜ fl¡±ø˘ ‰¬fl¡‰¬fl¡± ¬ıÊ√±11 ¬Û1± ¸øg˚˛± øÚÊ√1 ¬ı±˝◊√fl¡ ∆˘ ‚1˜≈ª± Œ˝√±√ª±Ó¬ ¬ÛÔÓ¬ ¤È¬± fl≈¡fl≈¡11 ˘·Ó¬ ¬ı±˝◊√fl¡‡Ú ≈√‚«È¬Ú±¢∂ô¶ ∆˝√√ ’¸≈¶ö ∆˝√√ ¬ÛÀ1º ø¬ÛÂ√Ó¬ ¬ı„√√±˝◊√·“±› ˘ª±1 ’±¸±˜ ø‰¬øfl¡»¸±˘˚˛Ó¬ ŒÓ¬›“fl¡ ˆ¬øÓ«¬ fl¡1±˚˛ ˚ø√› ’ª¶ö± &1n∏Ó¬1 Œ√ø‡ &ª±˝√√±È¬œ¶ö øÊ√ ¤Ú ’±1 ø‰¬Õ˘ Œõ∂1Ì fl¡À1º ’±øÊ√ ¬Û≈ª± 9˜±Ú ¬ıÊ√±Ó¬ øÊ√ ¤Ú ’±1 ø‰¬Ó¬ ø‰¬øfl¡»¸±ÒœÚ ’ª¶ö±Ó¬ ˝◊√ Â√˘±À˜ ’fl¡±˘ ˜‘Ó≈¬…fl¡ ’“±Àfl¡±ª±ø˘ ˘˚˛º ˜‘Ó≈¬…1 ¸˜˚˛Ó¬ ˝◊√ Â√˘±À˜ ¤fl¡˜±S ¸ôL±Ú ’±1n∏ ¬ÛPœ1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ’¸—‡… &̘≈*fl¡ ¤ø1 ∆Ô ˚±˚˛º ¢∂±˜À¸ªfl¡1 ˜‘Ó≈¬…Ó¬ ¬ı„√√±˝◊√·“±› øÊ√˘± fl‘¡ø¯∏ ø¬ı¯∏˚˛±¸fl¡˘1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ά◊M√1 ˙±˘˜±1± øÊ√˘± ’±˜Â≈√, Œfl¡±øfl¡˘± Œõ∂Â√ flv¡±¬ı, Ú±•§±1¬Û±1±-‰¬±fl¡˘± ¬Û=±˚˛Ó¬1 ¸ˆ¬±¬ÛøÓ¬1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ’=˘ÀȬ±1 1±˝◊√ÀÊ√ Œ˙±fl¡ õ∂fl¡±˙ fl¡À1º

¸‚Ú±˝◊√ ≈√¬ı‘«M√1 ’±Sê˜Ì1 ¬ıø˘ ∆˝√√ÀÂ√ Â√±˘Ù¬± ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Ú øÓ¬øÚ ˚≈ªfl¡1 ø¬Û©Ü˘, Œ‰¬±fl¡± ’¶a1 ’±Sê˜ÌÓ¬ ŒÓ¬ÀÊ√À1 ˘≈Ó≈¬ø1-¬¬Û≈Ó≈¬ø1 õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, ¬ıø'1˝√√±È¬, 12 ’±·©Ü – ’±øÊ√ ¬Û≈ª± 8.30˜±Ú ¬ıÊ√±Ó¬ Ò≈¬ı≈1œ øÊ√˘±1 Œ·±˘fl¡·? Ô±Ú±1 ’ôL·«Ó¬ ’¸˜-¬ı—·1 ¸˜œ¬Û1 ∆‡1±¬ı±1œ 2˚˛ ‡G ·±“ªÓ¬ ¬Ûø(˜¬ı—·1 Ù¬±˘1 ¬Û1± ˜È¬1‰¬±˝◊√Àfl¡À˘À1 ’˝√√± øÓ¬øÚÊ√Ú ≈√¬ı‘«M√1√ ’±Sê˜ÌÓ¬ 2005 ‰¬ÚÓ¬ ’±R¸˜¬Û«Ì fl¡1± ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Ú [38] Ú±˜1 ¤Ê√Ú Â√±˘Ù¬± ¸√¸… ŒÓ¬Ê√À1 ¬˘≈Ó≈¬ø1-¬Û≈Ó¬≈ø1 ∆˝√√ ¬ÛÀ1º ¸—fl¡È¬Ê√ Ú fl¡ ’ª¶ö ± Ó¬ 108 ·±Î¬ˇ œ À1 Ò≈ ¬ ı≈ 1 œ ’¸±˜ø1fl¡ ø‰¬øfl¡»¸±˘˚˛˘Õ˘ Œõ∂1Ì fl¡1± ˝√√˚˛º ‚ȬڱÀȬ±1 ø¬ÛÂ√Ó¬ ’¸˜-¬ı—· ¸œ˜±ôL ’=˘Ó¬ Ó¬œ¬ıË ’±Ó¬—fl¡1 ¸‘ø©Ü fl¡ø1ÀÂ√º õ∂±5 ¬ı±Ó¬ø1 ˜ÀÓ¬ ˙1» ¬ı˜«Ú1 ¬Û≈S ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Ú1 Ú±˜1 Â√±˘Ù¬± ˚≈ªfl¡Ê√ÀÚ ’±øÊ√ ¬Û≈ª± 8.30˜±Ú ¬ıÊ√±Ó¬ ∆‡1±¬ı±1œ 3˚˛ ‡G ·“±ª1 øÚÊ√ ‚11 ¬Û1± ›‰¬1À1 ∆‡1±¬ı±1œ 2˚˛ ‡G1

øÓ¬øÚ’±ø˘1 ‰¬ífl¡1 Œ±√fl¡±Ú ¤‡ÚÓ¬ Œ˜±¬ı±˝◊√˘ ‰¬±Ê«√Ó¬ ø√ ¬ıø˝√√ Ôfl¡± ’ª¶ö±Ó¬ ¬ı—·1 ø√˙1 ¬Û1± ø‰¬ ø¬ı ŒÊ√√ fl¡í˘±-1„√√± 1„√√1 Ú•§1-Œõ≠Ȭø¬ı˝√√œÚ ˜È¬1¬ı±˝◊√ fl¡ ¤‡ÚÓ¬ ά◊ ø ͬ ’˝√ √ ± øȬ-Â√ ± È« ¬ -Œ¬Û∞I◊ ¬Ûø1ø˝√ √ Ó ¬ øÓ¬øÚÊ√Úœ˚˛± ˚≈ªfl¡1 √˘ ¤È¬±˝◊√ ¬ı±˝◊√ fl¡‡Ú 1‡±˝◊√ ’Ó¬øfl«¡ÀÓ¬ Â√¬±˘Ù¬± ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Úfl¡ Œ‰¬±fl¡± ’¶aÀ1 ’±Sê˜Ì fl¡À1º 1±˝◊√ ÀÊ√ Ê√±øÚ¬ıÕ˘ ø√˚˛± ˜ÀÓ¬ ˚≈ªfl¡Àfl¡˝◊√ Ê√Ú1 ¤Ê√ÀÚ ø¬Û©ÜÀ˘À1 &˘œ› Ù≈¬È¬±˚˛ ’±1n∏ ˙”Ú… ∆˘ &˘œ Ù≈¬È¬±˝◊√ 1±˝◊√ Ê√fl¡ Â√S ˆ¬—· ø√˚˛±1 Œ‰¬©Ü± fl¡À1º ≈√¬ı‘«M√ 1 √˘ÀȬ±Àª Â√±˘Ù¬± ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Úfl¡ Œ‚1œÕ˘ Œ¬ÛȬ, ˜”1, ˝√±√Ó¬ ’±1n∏ ø¬ÛøͬӬ Œ‰¬±fl¡± ’¶aÀ1 ά◊¬Û˚«≈¬Ûø1 ‚ø¬Û˚˛±˝◊√ 1Mê√±Mê√ fl¡À1º ¤˝◊√ ø‡øÚÀÓ¬ ¶ö±Ú±˚˛ 1±˝◊√ ÀÊ√ Œ√Ãø1 ’˝√√±Ó¬ ˚≈ªfl¡1 √˘ÀȬ±Àª ø¬Û©Ü˘ ŒÈ¬“±ª±˝◊√ ¬ ¬ı—·1 Ù¬±À˘

˜È¬1¬ı±˝◊√ Àfl¡À1 ^nÓ¬·øÓ¬Ó¬ &ø‰¬ ˚±˚˛º ’±·˜øÚ ’±1鬜À˚˛ ‚Ȭڱ1 ‡¬ı1¬ ¬Û±˝◊√ ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Úfl¡ ¸—fl¡È¬Ê√Úfl¡ ’ª¶ö±Ó¬ ά◊X±1 fl¡ø1 108 ·±Î¬ˇœÀ1 ˝√√±˘± ¬ıvfl¡ ¢∂±˜… õ∂±Ôø˜fl¡ ¶§±¶ö… Œfl¡fÕ˘ ∆˘ ˚±˚˛ ˚ø√› ’ª¶ö± ¸—fl¡È¬Ê√Úfl¡ Œ˝√√±ª±Ó¬ õ∂ÔÀ˜ Ò≈¬ı≈1œ ’¸±˜ø1fl¡ ø‰¬øfl¡»¸±˘˚˛Õ˘, Ó¬±1 ¬Û1± &ª±˝√√±È¬œ ø‰¬øfl¡»¸± ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛Õ˘ ˝√√±¶ÛÓ¬±˘Õ˘ Œõ∂1Ì fl¡À1º ’±øÊ√ ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏fl¡ ’±Sê˜Ì fl¡1± ˚≈ªfl¡1 √˘ÀȬ±Ó¬ ø√˘œ¬Û 1±˚˛ ’±1n∏ fl¡˜˘ 1±˚˛ Ú±˜1 √≈Ê√Ú ˚≈ªfl¡fl¡ 1±˝◊ √ À Ê√ ø‰¬øÚ ¬Û±˚˛ ¬ı≈ ø ˘ √ ± ¬ıœ fl¡À1º ø√ ˘ œ¬Û ¬Ûø(˜¬ı—·1 Ú√œ˚˛±Ó¬ Ô±Àfl¡ ’±1n∏ ˜±ÀÊ√ ˜±ÀÊ√ ’±ø˝√√ ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏fl¡ ’±Sê˜Ì fl¡À1º ˝◊√Ù¬±À˘ fl¡˜˘ 1±˚˛ ’±1n∏ ø√˘œ¬Û 1±À˚˛ øfl¡ fl¡±1ÌÓ¬ ¬ı±À1 ¬ı±À1 Â√±˘Ù¬± ¸≈ˆ¬±¯∏ ¬ı˜«Úfl¡ ’±Sê˜Ì fl¡À1, Œ¸˚˛± ¤fl¡ Œfl¡ÃÓ”¬˝√√˘1 ø¬ı¯∏˚˛√º

’¸˜ ŒÈ¬'Ȭ±˝◊√˘ ˝◊√Úø©ÜøȬά◊Ȭ1 õ∂±Mê√Ú Â√±S ¸˜±À1±˝√√

’±fl¡±˙¬ı±Ìœ1 ë’=À˘ ’=À˘í ’Ú≈ᬱÚÓ¬ 댷±˘fl¡·?í &ª±˝√√±È¬œ, 12 ’±·©Ü ◊√– ’±fl¡±˙¬ı±Ìœ Œfl¡f˝◊√ ’˝√√± Œ¬Û±g1 ’±·©Ü1 √≈¬Û1œ˚˛± 12.30 ¬ıÊ√±Ó¬ ë’=À˘ ’=À˘í ’Ú≈ᬱÚÓ¬ Œ·±˘fl¡·? ’=˘1 ˝◊√øÓ¬˝√√±¸, ¸±˜±øÊ√fl¡, ¸±—¶‘®øÓ¬fl¡, ø˙鬱, ø‰¬øfl¡»¸±, ˚±Ó¬±˚˛±Ó¬ ¬ı…ª¶ö± ’±ø√ ø¬ı¯∏˚˛À¬ı±1Ó¬ ’±À˘±fl¡¬Û±Ó¬ fl¡1±Õfl¡ ¤‡Ú Ó¬Ô…-’±À˘‡… õ∂‰¬±1 fl¡ø1¬ıº ¤˝◊√ ’±À˘‡…‡øÚÓ¬ ’—˙¢∂˝√Ì fl¡ø1¬ı√ ά– ¸ÀôL±¯∏ fl≈¡˜±1 ¸1fl¡±1, Ú‘À¬Ûf Ú±Ô 1˚˛, õ∂̪ fl≈¡˜±1 ˙˜«±, ά– õ∂øÓ¬˜± øÚÀ˚˛±·œ, ά– ˜˘˚˛ fl≈¡˜±1 1˚˛ ’±1n∏ ¸Ó¬œ˙ fl≈¡˜±1 1À˚˛º ’±À˘‡…‡øÚ1 fl¡Ô±—˙1 1‰¬Ú± ά◊»¬Û˘ √M√1 ’±1n∏ õ∂À˚±Ê√Ú± Ú˚˛Ú õ∂¸±√ ’±1n∏ õ∂¬ı±˘ ˙˜«±1º

1˝√√± ˜œÚ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛ ¬Ûø1√˙«Ú1 ˜≈˝√”Ó«¬Ó¬ ˜Laœ ¬ı¸ôL √±¸

’±˙±fl¡˜«œ ˘é¬œ1 ˝√√Ó¬…± ¸Àµ˝√√Ó¬ Œ√›À1fl¡ ø¬ı≈√…Ó¬fl¡ Œ¢∂5±1 õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, fl¡‰≈¬ª±, 12 ’±·©Ü– Ú·“±› øÊ√˘±1 fl¡‰≈¬ª±Ó¬ Œ˚±ª± 10 ’±·©ÜÓ¬ øÚ˙± ˝√√±øÚ ‡≈ø‰¬ ˝√√Ó¬…± fl¡1± ’±˙±fl¡˜«œ ˘é¬œ ˆ¬A±‰¬±˚«1 ˝√√Ó¬…±1 ¸Àµ˝√√Ó¬ fl¡‰≈¬ª± ’±1鬜À˚˛ ¤Ê√Úfl¡ øÊ√˘± fl¡±1±·±1Õ˘ Œõ∂1Ì fl¡ø1ÀÂ√º õ∂±5 Ó¬Ô… ˜ÀÓ¬, ’±˙±fl¡˜«œ ˘é¬œfl¡ õ∂Ô˜ ’ª¶ö±ÀÓ¬˝◊√ ¶§±˜œ1 ¬Ûø1˚˛±˘1 Œ˘±Àfl¡ ˝√√Ó¬…± fl¡1± ¬ı≈ø˘ ¸Àµ˝√√ fl¡1± ∆˝√√øÂ√˘ ˚ø√› Ó¬√ôL1 ‡±øÓ¬1Ó¬ ’±1鬜À˚˛ ¸˜¢∂ ø¬ı¯∏˚À˛ Ȭ±fl¡ ·±¬Ûø√

∆ÔøÂ√˘º fl¡±ø˘ ˙Ó¬±øÒfl¡ ’±˙±fl¡˜«œÀ˚˛ ˘é¬œ1 ˝√√Ó¬…±fl¡±1œfl¡ ≈√ø√Ú1 øˆ¬Ó¬1Ó¬ ø‰¬Ú±Mê√ fl¡ø1 Œ¢∂5±1 fl¡ø1¬ıÕ˘ ¸˜˚˛¸œ˜± ¬ı±øg ø√˚˛±1 ø¬ÛÂ√Ó¬ ’±1鬜À˚˛ Œ˚±ª± øÚ˙± ˜‘Ó¬ ’±˙±fl¡˜«œ ˘é¬œ ˆ¬A±‰¬±˚«1 Œ√›À1fl¡ ø¬ı≈√…Ó¬fl¡ Œ¢∂5±1 fl¡ø1 øÊ√˘± fl¡±1±·±1Õ˘ Œõ∂1Ì fl¡À1º ά◊À~‡… Œ˚ ˝√√Ó¬…±fl¡±1œ ¬ı≈ø˘ ¸Àµ˝√√ fl¡1±¡ ø¬ı≈√…»¬ ˆ¬A±‰¬±˚«1 ˜≈‡˜G˘ ’±1n∏ øάø„√√Ó¬ ’“±À‰¬±1±1 ø‰¬Ú Œ√ø‡¬ıÕ˘ Œ¬Û±ª± ∆·ÀÂ√º

1˝√√± ˜œÚ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛ ’±1n∏ ŒÊ√ ø¬ı ·Î¬ˇ ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜ ¬Ûø1√˙«Ú ø¬ıˆ¬±·œ˚˛ ˜Laœ ¬ı¸ôL √±¸1 õ∂øÓ¬À¬ı√fl¡, 1˝√√±, 12 ’±·©Ü– 1±Ê√…1 ˜œÚ ˜Laœ ¬ı¸ôL √±À¸ ’±øÊ√ 1˝√√±1 ‹øÓ¬˝√√±ø¸fl¡ ŒÊ√±ˆ¬±˘ ¬ı˘U√ ·Î¬ˇ ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜ ’±1n∏ 1˝√√±ø¶öÓ¬ ά◊M√ 1-¬Û”¬ı«±=˘1 ¤fl¡˜±S ˜œÚ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛‡Ú ¬Ûø1√˙«Ú fl¡À1º 1˝√√± ¸˜ø©Ü1 ø¬ıÒ±˚˛fl¡ ¬Ûœ˚˛”¯∏ ˝√√±Ê√ø1fl¡± ¸˜øi§ÀÓ¬ ’˝√√± ˜œÚ ˜Laœ·1±fl¡œÀ˚˛ õ∂Ô˜ÀÓ¬ ά◊M√ 1-¬Û”¬ı«±=˘1 øˆ¬Ó¬1ÀÓ¬ ’Ú…Ó¬˜ ¸¬ı«¬ı‘˝√» Ó¬Ô± ˝◊√øÓ¬˝√√±¸ õ∂ø¸X 1Ê√± ŒÊ√±ˆ¬±˘ ¬ı˘U√√ ¶ú‘øÓ¬ ø¬ıÊ√ø1Ó¬ ŒÊ√ ø¬ı ·Î¬ˇ ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜‡Ú ¬Ûø1√˙«Ú fl¡À1º ά◊À~‡… Œ˚, ά◊M√ 1¬Û”¬ı«±=˘1 øˆ¬Ó¬1ÀÓ¬ ά◊À~‡Ìœ˚˛ ˜±Â√1 Œ¬Û±Ú± ά◊»¬Û±√Ú fl¡ø1¬ıÕ˘ ¸é¬˜ Œ˝√√±ª± ’¸˜ ‰¬1fl¡±11

’Ҝڶö ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜‡ÀÚ Œ˙˝√√Ó¬œ˚˛±Õfl¡ õ∂À˚˛±Ê√Úœ˚˛ fl¡˜«‰¬±1œ1 ’ˆ¬±ª, ‰¬±ø1 ˙±‡±˚≈Mê√ 1±©Ü™œ˚˛ ¬ÛÔ øÚ˜«±Ì fl¡1±Ó¬ õ∂Àª˙ ¬ÛÔ1 ¸˜¸…±, ‰¬±ø1¸œ˜±1 ¸˜¸…± ’±ø√ Ú±Ú± ’¸≈ø¬ıÒ±1 ¸ij≈‡œÚ ∆˝√√ ’±ø˝√√ÀÂ√º ˝◊√ ø¬ÛÀÚ ‹øÓ¬˝√ √ ± ø¸fl¡ ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜‡Úfl¡ ¬Û˚« È ¬Ú Ô˘œÕ˘ 1+¬Û±ôLø1Ó¬ fl¡ø1¬ıÕ˘ ø¬ıøˆ¬iß ˜˝√√À˘ √±¬ıœ Ê√Ú±˝◊√ ’±ø˝√√ÀÂ√º ˜Laœ √±À¸ ’±øÊ√ ¤˝◊√ ¸fl¡À˘±À¬ı±11 ¸˜¸…± ¸˜±Ò±Ú Ó¬Ô± ˜œÚ ¬Û±˜‡Úfl¡ ά◊iߜӬ fl¡1±1 ’±ù´±¸ ø√À˚˛º ˝◊√ ˚˛±1 ø¬ÛÂ√ÀÓ¬ ˜Laœ·1±fl¡œÀ˚˛ 1˝√√± ˜œÚ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛Õ˘ ’±À˝√√ ’±1n∏ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛‡Ú1 ¸˝√√À˚±·œ ø¬ı:±Ú &1n∏ fl¡˜À˘ù´1 fl¡ø˘Ó¬±1 ˘·Ó¬

¤fl¡ 1n∏X¡Z±1 ∆¬ıͬfl¡Ó¬ ø˜ø˘Ó¬ ˝√√˚˛º ¤˝◊√ ∆¬ıͬfl¡Ó¬ øfl¡ øfl¡ ø¬ı¯∏˚˛ ’±À˘±‰¬Ú± fl¡ø1À˘ Œ¸˚˛± Ê√±øÚ¬ı ¬Û1± Ú·í˘ ˚ø√› ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛‡Ú1 ø¬ıøˆ¬iß ¸˜¸…± ’±1n∏ ¶ö±Ú±ôLø1Ó¬fl¡1Ì1 ø¬ı¯∏˚˛1 ›¬Û1Ó¬ ’±À˘±‰¬Ú± fl¡1± ¬ı≈ø˘ ¤fl¡ ø¬ıÀ˙¯∏ ¸”S1 ¬Û1± Ê√±øÚ¬ı ¬Û1± ∆·ÀÂ√º ˝◊√ø¬ÛÀÚ ˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛‡ÚÓ¬ ¤fl¡ ’Ú≈©Ü≈¬Ûœ˚˛± ¸ˆ¬±›¬ ’Ú≈ ø á¬Ó¬ ˝√ √ ˚ ˛ º õ∂±˚˛ ≈ √ ‚ ∞I◊ ± ¸˜˚˛ Òø1 Ôfl¡± ˜La œ ·1±fl¡œÀ˚˛ ˜˝√ √ ± ø¬ı√ … ±˘˚˛ ‡ Ú1 ¸fl¡À˘± ’±Ú≈¯∏—ø·fl¡ ø¬ı¯∏˚˛À¬ı±1 Ó¬ißÓ¬ißÕfl¡ ¬Û˚«À¬ıé¬Ì fl¡À1º ŒÓ¬›“ ¬˜˝√√±ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛‡Ú1 Œ|Ìœ Œfl¡±Í¬±, ø¬ı:±Ú±·±1, ¬Û±˜ ’±ø√À¬ı±À1± ¬Ûø1√˙«Ú fl¡À1º

&ª±˝√√±È¬œ, 12 ’±·©Ü◊√– ‰¬ø˘Ó¬ ¬ı¯∏«1 9, 10 ’±1n∏ 11 ŒÂ√À5•§1Ó¬ ø¬ıô¶‘Ó¬ fl¡±˚«¸”‰¬œÀ1 90 ¬ıÂ√1 ’øÓ¬Sê˜ fl¡1± ’¸˜ Ó¬Ô± ά◊M√1-¬¬Û” ı«±=˘1 ¤fl¡˜±S ¬ı¶a õ∂˚≈øMê√1 õ∂øÓ¬á¬±Ú ë’¸˜ ŒÈ¬'±È¬±˝◊√˘ ˝◊√Úø©ÜøȬά◊Ȭí õ∂øӬᬱڇÚ1 õ∂±Mê√Ú Â√±SÂ√±Sœ¸fl¡˘1 ¤‡Ú ¸˜±À1±˝√√1 ’±À˚˛±Ê√Ú fl¡1± ∆˝√√ÀÂ√º ’¸˜1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ˆ¬±1Ó¬1 ø¬ıøˆ¬iß 1±Ê√…Ó¬ fl¡˜«1Ó¬ Ó¬Ô± ø¬ıù´1 øˆ¬iß õ∂±ôLÓ¬ ø¸“‰¬1øÓ¬ ∆˝√√ Ôfl¡± õ∂øӬᬱڇÚ1 õ∂±Mê√Ú Â√±S-Â√±Sœ¸fl¡À˘ ’—˙¢∂˝√Ì fl¡ø1¬ı˘·œ˚˛± ά◊Mê√ ¸˜±À1±˝√√‡Ú ¸±Ù¬˘…˜øGÓ¬ fl¡1±1 ˘·ÀÓ¬ ˝◊√˚˛±1 õ∂‰¬±1 ’±1n∏ õ∂¸±11 ¬ı±À¬ı ¸fl¡À˘±À1 ¸˝√√±˚˛¸˝√√À˚±ø·Ó¬± fl¡±˜Ú± fl¡ø1ÀÂ√ ’±À˚˛±Ê√fl¡ fl¡ø˜È¬œÀ˚˛º

øÚ‰¬±˚≈Mê√¡^¬ı… Œ¸ªÚ fl¡ø1 ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛Ó¬ ά◊¬Ûø¶öÓ¬ ø˙é¬fl¡ øÚ˘ø•§Ó¬ ø¬ıÀ˙¯ õ∂øÓ¬øÚøÒ, ›√±˘&ø1, 12 ’±·©Ü– ›√±˘&ø1 øÊ√˘±1 ∆‡1±¬ı±1œ ¬ıvfl¡1 ’ôL·«Ó¬ 346 Ú— ¬ı±Ó¬±¬ı±1œ õ∂±Ôø˜fl¡ ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛1 ø˙é¬fl¡ ˜±øÌfl¡ ∆√˜±1œfl¡ Ó¬»fl¡±˘œÚˆ¬±Àª ¬ı˘ª» Œ˝√√±ª±Õfl¡ ‰¬±fl¡ø11 ¬Û1± øÚ˘•§Ú fl¡1± ∆˝√√ÀÂ√º 1964 ‰¬Ú1 ’±¸±˜ Â√±øˆ¬«‰¬√ 1n∏˘1 9 Ú— ’øÒøÚ˚˛˜ ’Ú≈¸ø1 ’Ú≈˜øÓ¬ ŒÚ±À˘±ª±Õfl¡ fl¡˜«Ó¬ ’Ú≈¬Ûø¶öÓ¬ Ôfl¡±, ø¬ı√…±˘˚˛ ‰¬ø˘ Ôfl¡± ¸˜˚˛Ó¬ øÚ‰¬±Ê√±Ó¬œ˚˛ ^¬ı… Œ¸ªÚ fl¡ø1 ¶≈®˘Ó¬ ά◊¬Ûø¶öÓ¬ Œ˝√√±ª± ¬ı±À¬ı Œ˚±ª± 6 ’±·©ÜÓ¬ ˜±øÌfl¡ ∆√˜±1œfl¡ ‰¬±fl¡ø11 ¬Û1± øÚ˘•§Ú fl¡1± ¬ı≈ø˘ ¤fl¡ ‰¬1fl¡±1œ ¸”SÓ¬ õ∂fl¡±˙º

TET-õ∂døÓ¬ ø˙q1 ø˙鬱1 ’øÒfl¡±1 ¸≈øÚø(Ó¬ fl¡ø1¬ı1 ¬¬ı±À¬ı õ∂Ì˚˛Ú fl¡1± Right of Children to Free and Compulrosy Education [¸—Àé¬À¬Û RTE) Act 2009 ’±˝◊√ Ú fl¡±˚«fl¡1œ fl¡1±1 ¬ı±À¬ı ¤fl¡ ¬ı‘˝√ »¸—‡…fl¡ ø˙é¬fl¡1 ’±ª˙…fl¡ ˝√√í¬ıº

˝◊√øÓ¬˜ÀÒ… ’±˜±1 ’¸˜ÀÓ¬ õ∂±˚˛ 50,000 ø˙é¬fl¡1 øÚ˚≈øMê√ ˝√√í¬ı ¬ı≈ø˘ ø˙鬱˜LaœÀ˚˛ Œ‚±¯∏̱ fl¡ø1ÀÂ√º ¤ÀÚ ¬ı‘˝√»¸—‡…fl¡ ø˙é¬fl¡ øÚ˚≈øMê√1 Œé¬SÓ¬ ˚±ÀÓ¬ Œfl¡±ÀÚ± Ò1Ì1 ≈√¬ı«˘Ó¬± Ô±øfl¡ Ú±˚±˚˛ ’±1n∏ ø˙é¬fl¡1 ’˝√√«Ó¬± Ó¬Ô± &Ì·Ó¬ ˜±Ú1 øˆ¬øM√√ÀÓ¬À˝√√ ˚±ÀÓ¬ øÚ˚≈øMê√ ø√¬ı ¬Û1± ˚±˚˛ Ó¬±1 ¬ı±À¬ı˝◊√ ’Ú≈øá¬Ó¬ fl¡ø1¬ı ø¬ı‰¬1± ∆˝√√ÀÂ√ Teacher Eligibility Test, ¸—Àé¬À¬Û TET ¬ı± ø˙é¬fl¡1 Œ˚±·…Ó¬± ¬ı±Â√øÚ ¬Û1œé¬±º TET-1 Ê√ø1˚˛ÀÓ¬ ø˙é¬fl¡Ó¬± ¬ı‘øM√√ÀȬ±1 õ∂øÓ¬ ’±¢∂˝√ ’±ÀÂ√ ŒÚ Ú±˝◊√ ’±1n∏ øÚ•ß õ∂±Ôø˜fl¡ ’±1n∏ ά◊2‰¬ õ∂±Ôø˜fl¡ Œ|Ìœ1 Â√±S-Â√±Sœfl¡ ø˙鬱 ø√›“ÀÓ¬ ¸ij≈‡œÚ ˝√√í¬ı ¬Û1± õ∂Ó¬…±˝3√±Ú ¸≈µ1ˆ¬±Àª ¸˜±Ò± fl¡ø1¬ı ¬Û1± ’˝√√«Ó¬± ’±ÀÂ√ ŒÚ Ú±˝◊√ Ó¬±Àfl¡± Œ‰¬±ª± ˝√√í¬ıº ’±ø˜ øÚ˚˛˜œ˚˛±Õfl¡ ¤˝◊√ ¶ö±ÚÀÓ¬TET-1 ¬Û±Í¬…Sê˜, õ∂døÓ¬ ’±1n∏ øfl¡Â≈√ ’±ø˝√√« õ∂Àùü±M√√1 ’±·¬ıÀϬˇ±ª±1 õ∂˚˛±¸ fl¡ø1˜º

SYLLABUS FOR TET, 2011 Child Development and Pedagogy : Paper I For L.P. Level (Classes I-V)

Total Marks : 30

1. Child Development and Pedagogy (a) Child development (for children 6-11 years group)  Concept and Nature of Development  Factors influencing Development - Biological heredity, Psychological and Environmental factors.  Dimensions of Child Development - Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, Social and Moral.  Development of language during early childhood and later childhood.  Individual differences - Intra and Inter individual differences in various areas of Interest, Habit, Aptitudes, Intelligence, Creativity and their assessment.  Personality - Concept and factors influencing personality.  Common Behavioural Problems of Children - Causes and Remedies.  Adjustment, Concept of Mental Health and Hygiene. (b) Process of Learning

 Meaning and Nature of Learning.  Factors affecting Learning.  Maturation and Readiness for learning.  Motivation and Learning,  Methods of Learning, Major Laws of Learning with their educational implications.  Theories of Learning (i) Connectionism (Stimulus —> Response Theory) (ii) Conditioning - Classical and operant. (iii) Gestalt Theory  Individual and Group Learning  Transfer of Learning (c) Pedagogy

 Teaching-learning Process  Knowledge of children from Diverse Context - socio-cultural background, children with special needs (Talented, creative, specially abled), inclusive education.  Understanding children with learning difficulties and Behavioural problems.  Organising Teaching - Teaching as Planned activity, Phases of Teaching (Preactive, Interactive and Post active Phases). Different methods of teaching Lecture method, project method.  Classroom Management - Role of Teacher and the students, Leadership quality of teacher, time and task management.  Concept of child-centred teaching and competency based teaching.  Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation.  Formative and summative evaluation.  Diagnostic remedial teaching.  Concept of TLM and its importance.

Child Development and Pedagogy : Paper II For U.P. Level (Classes VI-VIII)

Total Marks : 30

1. Child Development and Pedagogy (a) Child development (for children 12-14 years group)  Concept and Nature of Development  Factors influencing Development - Biological, Psychological and Environmental factors.  Dimensions of Child Development - Physical with rapid physical changes, Cognitive, Emotional, Social and Moral.  Understanding changes during the stage of development.  Individual differences - Intra and Inter individual differences in various areas of Interest, Habits, Aptitudes, Intelligence, Creativity and their assessment.  Personality- Concept and factors influencing personality.  Adjustment, Concept of Mental Health and Hygiene.  Adolescence - problems of adolescence - adolescence education.  Guidance and Counselling  Understanding developmental Hazards. (b) Process of Learning

 Meaning and Nature of Learning.  Factors affecting learning.  Maturation and Readiness for learning.  Motivation and Learning.  Methods of Learning, Major Laws of Learning with their educational implications.

 Theories of Learning (i) Connectionism (Stimulus —> Response Theory) (ii) Conditioning- Classical and operant. (iii) Gestalt Theory  Individual and Group Learning  Transfer of Learning (c) Pedagogy

 Teaching-Learning Process  Knowledge of children from Diverse Context - socio-cultural background, children with special needs (Talented, creative, specially abled), inclusive education.  Understanding children with learning difficulties and Behavioural problems.  Organising Teaching - Teaching as Planned activity, Phases of Teaching (Preactive, Interactive and Post active Phases). Different methods of teaching Lecture, Project method, Demonstration, Interact.  Classroom Management - Role of Teacher and the students, Leadership quality, of teacher, time and task management.  Concept of child-centred teaching and competency based teaching.  Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation.  Formative and summative evaluation.  Diagnostic remedial teaching.  Concept of TLM and its importance. Sê˜˙–

˙±ôLÚ≈ Œfl¡Ãø˙fl¡ ¬ı1n∏ª± ’±1n∏ õ∂œøÓ¬˜± Œfl¡Ãø˙fl¡ ¬ı1n∏ª±1 ëMASTER

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Dimensions of Child Development - Physical, Cognitive, Emotional, Social ¶§ ± ÒœÚÓ¬± ø√ ª ¸Ó¬ fl¡í˘± Œ¬ıÊ√ ¬Ûø1Ò±Ú fl¡ø1 ¸±¬ı…ô ¶ fl¡ø1¬ı õ∂ø...

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