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ALHFAM Bulletin

What I learned at ALHFAM 2013

Food for Thought

Contribute to the Conversation

ALHFAM 2013 Hale Farm

Western Regional Representative: Mick Woodcock Newsletter Design: Zaira Valdovinos Newsletter Editor: Eileen Hook

Apache Pass Through Time By Mick Woodcock Chief Curator—Sharlot Hall Museum Prescott, Arizona

In the realm of special events, it is not the size, or the expected attendance, or the duration that will affect the final outcome, but the planning that has gone into it. Whether you are putting on the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg or a one day program at a small historic site, the challenges are the same. It is the scope of the work that is different. Such was the case with an event titled Apache Pass Through Time, a program hosted by the National Park Service, Sharlot Hall Museum and the Tucson Presidio Trust. In this case a federal department, a state agency and a local private historic organization partnered to produce a public program at a remote location, Fort Bowie National Historic Site, in southeastern Arizona. This took place February 12, 2011 and served as the kickoff event for Arizona’s statehood centennial celebration and to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Bascom Affair, a confrontation between the United States military and the Chiricahua

Apache that occurred in the Apache Pass area of Arizona in 1861. Initial planning began in April 2010 with an agreement that a meeting should be held to discuss the feasibility and desirability of conducting such a program. This was done and a scope of work was decided upon. Tasks were given out and initial planning was started. Living history was chosen as the vehicle to deliver the program’s message as it

Because of the remoteness of the site and the fact that visitor access was via a 1.5 mile trail up to the fort site and encompassed four historically significant places, the event was broken into two areas, the Bascom Affair site and the ruins of Fort Bowie. Each had its own planning committee to coordinate the programming. These work groups were in close contact with each other and with the Park Service staff that were responsible for advertising and local arrangements.

Heliograph Station

was decided that this would draw a larger audience than any other type of programming as well as tap into the availability of qualified interpreters who would be willing and able to accomplish the task.

The role of the historical interpreters at the Bascom Affair site was to bring to life this episode in history. The focus was walking tours of the site using eyewitness accounts (Continued on page 2)



The day dawned cool and clear. Wool uniforms felt quite comfortable and the field kitchen served up a hot period breakfast and hot period dinner. Interpreters traveled from as far away as California and New Mexico to assist Arizonans with this event. All total there were thirty-five interpreters as well as sixteen Park Service staff and their volunteers who made the event possible. For the intrepid visitors, and there was a goodly number, it was a memorable day of Arizona history that will not be soon forgotten.

Field Kitchen

to present the Bascom Affair in a new light, sharing littleknown information and addressing many of the misperceptions surrounding this event. Interpreters were also at the Overland Stage station, where the walking tours originated, to discuss the role of the Butterfield Overland Stage in the opening of the west as well as the Battle of Apache Pass, a direct result of the Bascom Affair. At the other end of the trail were the ruins of Fort Bowie and the other interpretive team. Their role was to discuss the various years in the Fort’s history and to demonstrate period equipment. To that end a timeline was created to reflect the years the Fort was active from1862 to 1894. Uniformed soldiers with weapons and equipment stationed from the parade


ground up to the visitor center. Stations included an 1886 heliograph, a field kitchen, the tent of Department of Arizona commander General George Crook and a makeshift field hospital with medical department personnel talking about disease and ailments during the Fort’s active years.

As with any program, the planning was good, but in one instance, the execution was not what was expected. The hot dinner ration that was supposed to be issued to the Bascom Affair site interpreters was transported to the site, but not handed out. Not the worst thing that could have happened, but an unfortunate occurrence that marred what was otherwise a memorable event for all concerned.

All photographs courtesy Dennis Lockhart, Camp Verde, AZ

Sharlot Hall Museum Director Dr. John Langellier left and the Museum’s Chief Curator Mick Woodcock watching the flag raising ceremony.






ALHFAM is accepting materials for the upcoming editions of the ALHFAM Bulletin. Take a look below at the menu of future edition topics. Please contact me with your submission ideas for articles and reviews. Not every article or review needs to be "on topic" in each edition. please contact Katie Boardman with your submission.

Winter 2014: Working with Livestock Articles, photo essays and reviews about historic and contemporary care, training and use of farm animals in public museums and sites. Share information on research, selection, breeding, housing, record keeping, health, safety, equipment and program case studies. What are good sources for training, help and equipment? Submission deadline: on or before November 22, 2013. Spring 2014: Up and Coming Share your concerns, questions, experiences, tips of the trade and musings on working in museums, historic sites, parks and living history. What will future jobs and work look like? How does one make connections and find gainful employment? What makes a good internship? How do you learn new skills, and what skills should you learn? How do you "keep it fresh" and keep up with the times? Contribute your thoughts and resources to this open forum for seasoned and emerging professionals alike. Submission deadline: on or before February 21, 2014. Summer 2014: How to Work with Leather, Fur and Skins Share an article, review or photo essay on historical research, projects, programs, tools, materials and processes in historic methods of working leather, fur or skins. Submission deadline: Pre-Conference on or before June 13, 2014. Post ALHFAM conference deadline: July 18, 2014. Fall 2014: How to Create Historic Textiles and Clothing Share tips, research and project reports on historic textile processes and creating historic clothing and other textiles. Submit an article, photo essay or review on materials, tools, equipment, training and skill transfer, sources or interpretive programs. Care, documentation and preservation of textiles and historic clothing might also be explored. Submission deadline: on or before September 19, 2014. Contact: Katie Boardman Editor, ALHFAM Bulletin and E-Update PO Box 666 Cooperstown, NY 13326






ALHFAM 2013 What I learned at ALHFAM 2013 By Eileen Hook Talbott & Co. Heritage Goods,

1. Mice teeth are not only found on mice 2. Stencils were not used only as accents, but to ‘wallpaper’ an entire room 3. Horses fart 4. Bread can be made from ‘barm.’ 5. Conga lines should be a feature of all ALHFAM conferences

Decorative Edging on Men’s

Well, that’s not all I learned, but these are some of the highlights. 1. Mice teeth are not only found on mice, they are found as a decorative edging on men’s shirt cuffs. Also known as picots, the edging is applied after the cuff is finished. This was just one of the fascinating pieces of information I learned in the ―Men’s 19th Century Clothing, Construction from the Inside Out‖ session taught by Tom Shaw of The Clothing Bureau and Erica Mason Osen of Hudson Allen


Studio. Following an extensive slide presentation, participants were invited to touch, examine and photograph several vests, shirts, trousers, and coats of the late 18th century to the 1860s. There was a Women’s 19th Century Clothing session later the same day with many beautiful images and women’s clothing to examine and photograph. 2. I have long appreciated stencils as decorative accents for boxes, walls, and door frames. But until I visited the Jagger House at Hale Farm I had never seen stencils applied over entire walls to look like wallpaper. Impressive brushwork! 3. I signed up for the Draft Horse pre-conference workshop, hoping to learn enough to participate in the plowing contest later in the conference. I learned to plow and so much more! The harness is complicated, and has to be fitted to the horse and the task at hand. Horses are curried before they are harnessed to remove bits of straw and burrs that might cause sore places under the harness straps. We practiced with Percherons at Lake Metroparks Farmpark under the able instruction of Rick LeMaster. When it came my turn to put the bridle on Manny, a very large black Percheron, I found out just how tall those guys are – I had to stand on tip toe to get it up over his ears. He did bend his head down a bit, but it was still a stretch. Plowing is more than just pointing the plow down the field and holding on, you do almost as much work as the horses do. I did participate in the plowing contest, but, sadly, didn’t win a ribbon. And, yes, horses do fart! Spend enough time at the rear of a horse and you’ll learn this first hand!


4. The conference included a series of sessions related to beer making and the use of beer by products. Being a Dutch oven baker I chose ―As We Brew, So Must We Bake: Collecting and Using Ale Barm‖ taught by Pat Mead of Genesee Country Village and Museum. Barm is the scum skimmed off the top of the vat when the beer is brewed. Part of the ale or beer brewing recipe is yeast, and barm contains that yeast and partly fermented wort. The yeast works well in bread, as we learned in the tasting portion of the session.

Jagger House

5. The last night of the conference was a barbeque style meal at Hale Farm, with entertainment provided by a Blue Brothers tribute band. The music was infectious; leading several ALHFAM members to become part of the band’s back up singers and perform dance moves we didn’t know they had in them! Not one but two conga lines were formed and the dance floor was always filled. A good time was definitely had by all! I was fortunate to attend the 2013 ALHFAM national conference in Ohio in three capacities: as a participant, a presenter and a vendor. All three experiences were fun, educational, inspirational and profitable. I’m looking forward to the next conference!



Food for Thought By Mick Woodcock ALHFAM Western Regional Representative

McArthur, both in San Pedro, CA., but as Gene Anderson points out in his book Everyone Having recently returned Eats: Understanding Food and from the annual meeting in Culture, food and its Akron, Ohio I am consumption is common to all impressed with the focus of us. Its production, that the ALHFAM strategic distribution, preparation and the planning document has eating of it is a thread that will given to the organization. capture the visitor’s interest. If That plan is under review, you are interpreting the first half which will keep it relevant, of the Twentieth Century or but more importantly it will earlier, you are in a good place keep the ideas contained to talk about food being grown therein near the forefront of locally. planning for future meetings and provide The theme for our living history guidance for where this season is ―Feeding the ALHFAM is going in the Frontier.‖ We are discussing a future. We as an variation on that theme for next organization are in an year with a great emphasis on excellent place to provide local food production and what insight and help if asked you can grow at home. I am not with the current trend away sure that we are getting greater from agriculture, food visitation when we have these production and food themes, but they are popular service as big business. with the visitors who come to Many of our sites use them. sustainable agriculture which involves open As Freeman Tilden wrote in pollinated plant varieties. ―Interpreting Our Heritage‖, Instead of being a ―Any interpretation that does storehouse of quaint ideas not somehow relate what is and practices we are a being displayed or described to living association that not something within the only has relevant personality or experience of the information from the past, visitor will be sterile.‖ When we but it can help with a better use the commonality of food quality of life for the future with our visitor, we have through a study of that immediately found the past. connection that will make the past relevant to the present and Your site may not have to the future as well. This might anything to do directly with not be a direction you want to agriculture, such as the take, but it is, as they say, ―food Battleship Iowa or Fort for thought‖.



Contribute to the Conversation Mark your calendars for the upcoming issues of the Western Regional Newsletter. We love submissions. Please email Zaira Valdovinos

Winter 2013 Topic—Achieving a Period Look Article Deadline: November 1st Publication in December Spring 2014 Topic: Seed Saving and Heritage Gardens Article Deadline: February 1st Publication in March Summer 2014 Topic: Military Interpretation at Living History Sites Article Deadline: May 1st Publication in June Fall 2014 Topic: Putting up and Setting By – Saving the Harvest for Winter Use Article Deadline: August 1st Publication in September Winter 2014 Topic: Celebrating Festive Occasions Article Deadline: November 1st Publication in December Please submit articles reflecting on the Tri-Regional Conference.






ALHFAM 2013 Hale Farm

Hale Farm Mike Smola Curator of Public Programs Hawaiian Mission Houses Historic Site and Archives Honolulu, HI

Aloha! Another ALHFAM Annual Conference has come and gone, hosted by Hale Farm and Village and the University of Akron. What a great conference it was! One of the great things about this year’s conference, as opposed to the last two, was that there seemed to be more young professionals in attendance. We are growing and reaching the next generation of Living History and museum professionals and this bodes well for the future of our ALHFAMily. This year’s theme was ―bringing it all to the table.‖ The need for strategic partnerships between museums, living history sites, universities, and our local communities are increasingly important for remaining relevant and vital institutions – but also for our continued survival. One such partnership highlighted in the keynote speaker address is between Great Lakes Brewing Company, one of the premier craft breweries in the United States,


and Hale Farm and Village. Both organizations really have brought it all to the table in this partnership – literally and figuratively. Through the program of Pint-sized Farm and the Living History Farm program at Hale Farms, fresh locally grown produce is being served at the Great Lakes Brewing Company restaurant. The farm is not only an educational program of Hale Farm, but also for Great Lakes Brewing employees. Employees help with growing the food they cook and serve. Also, by partnering, new visitors and community members are increasing their awareness of history and the great programs Hale Farms has to offer, making it a more highly-visited and important local historical attraction. This partnership shows great out-of-the-box thinking on the part of Hale Farm and Village and the brewing company to not only educate the public, but also to build a more sustainable world in the greater Cleveland area. The first day of the conference, I attended the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Great Lakes Brewery, and Soldiers and Sailors Monument tour. Having been to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame recently, it was nice to go back and take a docent led tour, which was very well done and not only told us about the displays but some of the behind the scenes workings of the museum, its increasingly prominent role in the Cleveland economy, and some of the challenges of running such a large institution. After the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame who can complain about great locally sourced food and amazing craft beer for lunch? The true highlight for me on Day One was the Soldiers and Sailors


Monument on Public Square in the heart of downtown Cleveland. Recently restored, Tim Daley, the Curator, not only gave us a great tour of the architecture and the more interesting parts of the recently restored monument itself, but also highlighted the continuing work in identifying veterans to be honored within the monument.

broom making, coopering, and other skilled trades are represented. A Facebook Group was formed and is well on its way to becoming a great place for discussion of those practicing historic trades, it can be found on Facebook as the ALHFAM Historic Trades PIG.

Coming to an ALHFAM Then the whirlwind of website near you will be the sessions began – ALHFAM Knowledge focusing on foodways, database. It will be strategic partnerships, searchable database of and how we, as conference proceedings, institutions, can ―bring it articles, and other useful all to the table‖ with our resources on a wide variety programming. Being an of topics. The goal is to help educator at my make the knowledge institution, I found the pertinent to our field and Education/Interpretation practices more accessible to sessions the most a wider audience and to helpful and applicable, make ALHFAM an even but heard many good better resource for us! We things about the look forward to this new foodways sessions as online resource for the well. As always, the ALHFAMily. sessions were a mix of practical and theoretical Fellowship, fun, and learning information that we all were had by all. The find useful. Sessions evening programs were a about innovative great place to catch up with outreach programming, old friends, make new ones, redesigning educational as well as network in a fun Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad programs for the new and informal atmosphere. A Common Core train ride through the Scenic standards, cider brewing and making bread Cuyahoga Valley, the dinner and auction, the from ale barm (yeast leftover from the Presidential banquet and the fashion show brewing process), cooking and historic hosted by the one and only Kandie Carle. foodways, animal workshops, interpreting Two entries caught my eye in particular – different ethnicities, digitization workshops, Blake Hayes as a 1970s hippie (apparently and first person interpretation tips and he was feeling nostalgic for college) with a practices were all on the menu of sessions to grand staircase entry from the back of the attend. Keep an eye on the website for this ballroom and the ca. 2013 USS Iowa tour year’s conference proceedings and .pdfs/ guide looking for his lost tour group. powerpoints of some of the presentations! The final banquet’s entertainment of a Blues A new development in the ALHFAM world is Brothers tribute band that got many of us on the establishment of a new PIG – HiTS -our feet and dancing to blues/rock classics! It Historic Trades and Skills. It was a pleasure touched me to my Chicago heart. The to be at the inaugural meeting of this new conference was the highlight of the year and PIG. This PIG focuses on skilled trades and we hope to see you at Heritage Park, the practice of those trades that do not fit well Calgary, Alberta, Canada next year – make into the other PIGs. Printing, basket making, sure to have your passports ready!

Fall 2013 West News  

ALHFAM Western Regional Newsletter - Fall 2013