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CHIMPANZEE CLUB

How can we help Mumbai’s public school students pursue higher education and ultimately achieve better career opportunities?

M FA T H E S I S B Zainab y Zainab Rupawalla Rupawalla

Challenge S T U D E N T •I Process D 02605433 • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

DELHI (CAPITAL)

MUMBAI (BOMBAY)

1,000

PUBLIC SCHOOLS

650,000+ STUDENTS


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

POPULATION DATA

POPULATION OF MUMBAI: 20.5 million

10.5 million people live on less then $3.50 a day

1.7 million children attend public school and 53% of students drop out between the ages of 10–16

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

20,000 dropout each year 60% Girls 40% Boys

Challenge • Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHER ENGLISH PROFICIENCY

40% English Hindi/ Other Languages

PUBLIC SCHOOL 10TH GRADE GRADUATION RATE

35% M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

PRIVATE SCHOOL TEACHER ENGLISH PROFICIENCY

85% English Hindi/ Other Languages

PRIVATE SCHOOL 10TH GRADE GRADUATION RATE

80% Challenge • Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

INCOME GAP

vòcòmlòs!

HELLO!

BACHELOR DEGREE IN COMMERCE (ENGLISH) BACHELOR DEGREE IN COMMERCE (HINDI)

$ $ 1,200 ANUAL INCOME

$

$

$

$ 8,000 ANUAL INCOME

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

One key reason that students drop out of eighth grade is the lack of English language proficiency.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


EXISTING CHALLENGES

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Existing Challenges 01. Only one English class offered 02. No proper assessment system before the eight grade 03. Teacher Low English proficiency 04. Lack of exposure to English outside of school 05. No extra help available

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


GOAL

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

The goal is to raise the standard of English for public school students in Mumbai.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


METHODOLOGY

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

User Center Design Approach 1 IDENTIFY TARGET

AND 5 REFINE REPEAT

2 RESEARCH 44

PILOT CONCEPTS

3

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

KEY INSIGHTS

Challenge •• Process Challenge Process • Solution


STEP 1. IDENTIFY TARGET

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Nandadeep Public School Students AGE: 6–13 YEARS OLD CRITERIA: Attend public school Show interest in learning English Easy access to internet (school/home) Curently partivipste in one English class Income: Less than $200/month INTERVIEWS: Via Skype with 15 students Individual phone interviews (15 mins per student) 7hr 30 mins total

FEBRUARY- APRIL 2011 15 students

11 students

15 students

13 students

2 hr 30 mins 26th Feb 11:00 am

1 hr 30mins 12th March 10:00 am

3hrs 75 mins 26th March 7:00 pm

2hrs 30 mins 9th April 9:00 am

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


NANDADEEP PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL Photography and illustrations by Zainab Rupawalla


STEP 1. IDENTIFY TARGET

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Committee Members

RAJ PAL SINGH Professional Tutor of America English educator at Pratham Education Foundation

VIJAY BASAK Education head at Smile Foundation, India (Non-profit organization)

MADHURI PAI English program developer at Pratham Education Foundation, India

MICHELE RONSEN

MANOHAR WAKODE

Directed Study Advisor AAU

English teacher at Nandadeep Public High School

SUJAY M Home Tutor for Nandadeep Public High School students

Educator in The United States Educational Non-Profit Members AAU Design Advisor Public school teachers Non-formal educators (Home schooling)

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


NANDADEEP PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Challenge • Process • Solution


2. RESEARCH

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Qualitative A. Individual interviews

C. Regional Analysis

• 15 Nanadeep Public High School students / Age 6–12 yrs

• Pratham Eduction Foundation / Every child in school and learning well

• 6 Parents / Income: below $250/month

• Eklavya / Primary education programe

• Raj Pal Singh / Educator

• Alarippu /art and culture, child welfare, education

• Vijay Basak / Regional Analysts for Smile foundation

• Pragat Shikshan Sanstha / Every child in school and learning well

• Madhuri Pai / English program developer for Pratham

• Centre fFor Learning Resources / Teaching Of English As A Second Language

• Simiran Makwana / English program teacher for Pratham

• Smile Foundation / Health And Education

• Vijaya Shetty / teacher’s teaching program developer at Pratham • Geeta Potay / English curriculum developer for Pratham • Smitha Awade / Founder of Suprabhat Mahila Mandal • Nandkumar Chintaman Talwalkar / Trustee for Pratham

B. Community Immersion

D. International Analysis

• Visiting the students homes

• Finnish Education System

• Attending a sixth grade English Class at Nandadeep High School

• Charter school in The United Statese

• Attending English classes at various Non-Profits Organizations

• La Petite Baleen Swim School • Pragat Shikshan

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


2. RESEARCH

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Quantitative 17,000

STUDENTS FROM GRADE 1TH–7TH

55

STUDENTS PER CLASS

10 out of 55

STUDENTS CAN WRITE IN ENGLISH

6 out of 55

STUDENTS CAN READ ENGLISH

5 out of 55

STUDENTS SPEAK FLUENT ENGLISH

All the facts and numbers provided by Nandadeep High School staff records.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


3. KEY INSIGHTS

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Why do you want to learn English? • Prefer group learning

To communicate

• Kinesthetic Learning helps students recall • Real life experience gets students more involved • Combining all four language skills in each lesson

To study further and get a good job

yields better results • Fluency can improve learning in other subject areas • Prefer casual learning environments

To be an Engineer

• Reward systems work • All have access to the Internet and mobile phones

I like Shakespeare

To get a good wife I want to be a teacher and provide free and good education for all

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


4. CONCEPTS TO PILOT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Four Concepts Student and parent testing A. HOME SCHOOLING 1. Stay home parents volunteer their time to teach 2. Tutor as a hobby B. TECHNOLOGY 1. Teach English through radio programs 2. Leverage existing learning programs (CD and Web based learning) C. LIBRARY ON THE MOVE 1. Provide learning material at bus stops and train stations (to leverage wait time) 2. Offer books and other materials on trains and busses (during commute) D. ENGLISH CLUB 1. Interactive group learning 2. Activities and field trips 3. Music and movie night 4. Competitions between different club teams

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


4. CONCEPTS TO PILOT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Chosen Concept

TARGET AUDIENCE

ADVISORY TEAM

D. ENGLISH CLUB Empowering public school students with strong english skills

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


4. PILOT CONCEPT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Pilot Program Pilot Program STUDENTS: Six (two girls and four boys from Nandadeep Public High School)

Saurab

Balaji

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Mohini

DURATION: Every Sunday for two months, three hours each class

Akshay

Rohit

Dhananshri

Challenge • Process • Solution


4. PILOT CONCEPT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Activities at the Club LOCATION: GOREGAON

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


VERBATIMS FROM THE PILOT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

I learn by singing songs

I want to come back and learn more things with you

I learn and understand better when I do the activities with my friends

“Eat” and “it” sounds the same!

I understand what I learn

Did Obama also have to study English? I scored a 10/10 in school test because we covered that activity at the Club!!!!

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


5. REFINE AND REPEAT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Key Insights Key Insights • Non-formal learning • Leveraging the ICSE standards to ensure a high quality of teaching • Curriculum that equips the student for the work environment • Learning and remembering lessons better while doing activities related to the lesson • Connecting the students and teacher • Access to the internet • Reward system encourages the students • Short attention span • Having a service free of cost is taken for granted • Students were interested in learning about different cultures in various countries

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


5. REFINE AND REPEAT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Implementation Considerations Key Insights A. ENGLISH CLUB ASSOCIATION An English Club associated with the school but it run and promoted independently off site. B. COLLABORATING WITH A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION The Chimpanzee Club can be a program that is run with an existing non-profit. C. VOLUNTEERING Students from literature and art colleges volunteer to teach at public schools. D. ONLINE RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Provides online, downloadable materials, lessons plans and training for public school teachers.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


5. REFINE AND REPEAT

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Validated Concept

B. COLLABORATING WITH A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION

ADVISORY TEAM

Social Service League

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

JSW. (Sports, Art and Culture)

Challenge • Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Chimpanzee Club is A non-profit program within a parent organization. An English learning club where the public school students can increase their English skills.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge •• Process Challenge Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Chimpanzee Club’s goal includes • Increasing student performance and improving their grades • Increasing the English learning activities which interest the students • Helping students communicate thoughts and ideas clearly and easily in English • Encouraging parents to get involved • Expanding to various regions of India • Motivating other students and their friends to join the club • Ensuring students are happy with their performance • Increasing volunteers to the Club

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge •• Process Challenge Process • Solution


IDENTITY

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

C LU B

Inspiration: The Infinite Monkey Theorem

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


AN ENGLISH CLUB

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Non-formal learning A pleasant environment yields better learning.

“I don’t like school, I hate to study there. I only like school because I can meet my friends” SOLUTION An English Language Club offering a variety of English learning activities and sport activities.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


WEB SITE

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Connecting students with teachers These students have internet access in school and mobile phones at home. Both are a very cheap and affordable way to teach.

“I use the internet on my dads phone all the time” SOLUTION

Bilingual web site allowing students to select classes and view their performance.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


WEB SITE

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Challenge • Process • Solution


STANDARDIZATION

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

ICSE English Curriculum Leverage the ICSE English Curriculum (considered to be the world class standard).

“Education fits the countries culture and history” SOLUTION

A Curriculum that teaches students through active participation, involves the kinesthetic and the visual learning methods and matches the market needs to ensure jobs placement requirements are met.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


STUDENT MATERIALS

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Visual learning Replace the old text book with short and precise communications since the students have a short attention span.

“Students remember information better when it’s represented and learned both visually and verbally” SOLUTION

Flash cards and activity sheets are good tools to increase quick time learning. They also help visual learners.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


WORKSHEETS

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Challenge • Process • Solution


TEACHING MANUAL

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Teaching Material Teaching materials that are simple and easy to use, clearly explaining the activity and their role.

“I learn better while doing as it helps me understand the subject matter and keeps me involved in the topic” SOLUTION

Teaching materials that include the four methodoligies to teach English. • • • •

Kinesthetic Learning by doing Natural Language Learning Visual Learning with images Pair Learning with other students

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


TEACHING MANUAL

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Challenge • Process • Solution


RECOGNITION

CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Reward system

Reward systems encourage and challenge students to perform better.

“The reward system makes the student want to excel. Getting more ribbons is like a acknowledgement for the skill sets they have acquired. This acts as an incentive for students to stay in the club.” SOLUTION

Buttons and pencils

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Future Plans Collaborate with Pratham Education Foundation and to design English learning materials for public school students. Mentorship program for students in the Club, who can teach English to their parents and siblings.

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge •• Process Challenge Process •• Solution Solution


CHIMPANZEE CLUB

Thank You

M FA T H E S I S Zainab Rupawalla

Challenge • Process • Solution


Chimpanzee Club