The Architectural Science Degreeâ€™s Faculty provided me with assistance to accomplish the predesign phase of my fourth year graduation project. In addition to the faculty, I would like to show appreciation to my family, friends, and classmate. This documentation would not have been accomplished without their support.
This document shows the work done in the first half of the fourth year in Architectural Science Degree at British Columbia Institute of Technology for the academic year of 2013-2014. The work is carried out in ARSC 8000 Systems Integration Studio and ARSC 8280 Graduating Project (Project Proposal), with the understanding of ARSC 7350 Building Envelope courses. In this half of the year (September to December 2013), the class was assigned group projects and individual ones. The aim of the whole document is to explain a given area and tackle its needs. The City Studio and City of Vancouver Planning with the program faculty chose the Down Town East Site as the target site.
All student worked together in analyzing the site conditions, neighbourhood, context, streetscapes, demographics, gentrification, and more detailed study of the area. After addressing the existing issues, we moved to urban planning with the supervision of the instructors and Scot Hein, a Senior Urban Designer in the planning department. Then each student chose a site and a program to address certain issues. This booklet contains the predesign phase of the graduation project. It includes a critical analysis section for the addressed area and get more specific as moving forward. It goes into detailed precedent study and material study with respect to my chosen program .Then it shows the site study for the chosen address. Consequently, it propose HERZ program. HERZ is a five years transitional program for sex trade women in their second stage of treatment. It offers a place to work, recover, and live. Has four levels: first level is a place to build a skill and have an input to the society in working in a chocolate factory (the program provide them with the training). Second level is a recovery section that provide medical, counseling, work employment centre, educational classroom, and recreational room. The third and fourth levels provide single occupancy accommodations units and common rooms. The work on this project will carry on until April 2014 taking into consideration the advices and critique from instructors and external critics.
45 | 46
47 | 62
63 | 68
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aesthetic | material
31 | 36
37 | 44
table of content
79 | 80
93 | 94
zoning | bylaws
81 | 82
diagrams | spaces
95 | 100
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ideas | sketches
101 | 108
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proposed building design
113 | 120
modeling | renderings
121 | 126
The whole class worked together as one group in conducting a critical analysis for the Down Town East Side site given by the instructors and the City of Vancouver. The site starts from Dunlevy Avenue to Clerk Drive and extend from E Cordova Street to E Pender Street, including the Raymur Avenue to Venables Street. As a big group, we were able to explore the important aspects of the whole area and its needs, which directed each student to choose the most appropriate building program for a chosen site. The final document is more than 100 pages of critical information enable me to understand the most needed program to my chosen site. I will be using in this section the relevant documents that derive my program to what it is right now. no Appreciations for: Ainsley V, Alex R, Alison W, Andrew S, Brent W, Chad S, Collin R, David G, Emily P, Fargol M, Francesca A, HĂŠlĂ¨ne D, James B, Jochem M, Joe M, Jonathan T, Kimberley W, Michael D, Prasetyo M, Riley S, Sara C, Sunshine M, Vinny E, Zainab N.
pre-design analysis for DTES area
vancouver critical analysis
mountain view from the addressed site
Strathcona is located east of downtown Vancouver, it is neighbor to the Port of Vancouver and Historic Chinatown. The area under consideration is adjacent to Clark Drive which is the principle transportation route leaving the port of Vancouver with freight to be distributed throughout metro Vancouver and other destination farther east. There is also a large train yard to the north that is linked to the port. The port and rail yard limit or eliminate recreational access to the waterfront. Buildings north of the intervention area are primarily commercial/Industrial. The downtown east side, an area of Vancouver well known for increased incidence of street level drug sales and use as well as homelessness, is on the western weste edge of Strathcona.
dunlevy and hastings intersection critical analysis
greenest city 2020 action plan
greenest city 2020 action plan
Official Community Plan
site plan | official community plan
problem: o increasing development o rapid rate of market residential development o slow delivery of social housing focus: o health, safety, and social services o social housing: affordable and poverty reduction o economic development and jobs
all images: http://www.google.com/imghp
Total population of the Downtown Eastside reached over 18,000 people according to Statistics Canada 2011, with the Downtown Eastside seeing a larger population growth, over the past 10 years, than the City of Vancouver.
population growth (2001-2011) Strathcona was the only sub-district that saw a population decrease of 4%. Our context area overlaps 3 sub-districts that comprise roughy 70% of the total population of the Downtown Eastside (Oppenheimer, Strathcona & Industrial).
population breakdown by area (2011)
demographics Gender proportions are divided as roughly 60% male and 40% female, according to 2006 Statistics Canada.
gender profile Over half of the population living in the DTES over the age of 45, according to 2006 Statistics Canada. There is a proportionally low population of children and youths under the age of 19, compared to the City of Vancouver.
age profile critical analysis
The DTES 2006 Statistics Canada, show that a high percent of the population has achieved low levels of education. Some sub-district show that almost 50% of their sub-district populations have not achieved High School completion or no education.
education profile (ages 15+) (2006) All the sub-districts in the DETS show on average roughly 30%-40% of the population to have completed High School or equivalent. Overall education levels are shown to the advanced education completion within the rest of the City of Vancouver. overall education population (ages 15+) (2006)
demographics The median household income in 2006, according to Statistics Canada, for DTES was equal to $13,691. The sub-districts Oppenhiemer, Chinatown and Victory Square had over 50% of their populations being considered low-income.
proportion of population low-income after tax (2006) The DETS has a smaller percentage of the population under 6 years (2%) than the City of Vancouver but has almost half of the child population being considered low-income. Child Poverty (Under 6) critical analysis
life expectancy (years 2008-2009)
medical practitioners per 100,000 Pop (2008-2009)
The City of Vancouver is known across the world for its health assets yet the high poverty, mental health issues and lack of education of many groups contribute to reduced population health. Life expectancy for both genders in the DETSis less than the City of Vancouver as a whole, according to Statistics Canada 2008-2009. The populations in the DEST have increased risks for systemic illnesses and use hospital emergency facilities more frequently than the City of Vancouver. The DTES also shows a reduced availability to general practictioners and especially medial specialists, which are almost non-existant.
emergency visits per 100,000 Pop (2008-2009)
demographics agriculture| mining real state construction art| recreation education information | culture administration support
The number of people working in the DETS is relatively low compared to the population with an estimated 13% of the population work and live in the area. As of the 2006 census, 11.3% of the DTES is considered unemployed. The majority of the workers is considered low-paid workers. Manufacturing jobs are still the highest in the area, with the majority being located in the Industrial district to the north. Growth in Arts and Culture would be beneficial to the area and help increase community well being in the area.
finance | insurance health transportation|warehouse other services wholesale accommodation|food retail public adminstrationadmin professional services manufacturing jobs in the DETS (2006)
demographic crime summary
DTES crime nodes
within subject site area, crime rates have dropped drastically since 2010 after security was lifted for the 2010 winter Olympics.
major intersections are subject to vast majority of concentration of criminal activity
personal | commercial security
crime and security
extensive security bars and gates surrounding all businesses , residential entrances and public areas. windows of lowrise residential units are above eye level to increase security and avoid break and enter. yet also allow for unsafe activities to take place below them lack of police presence is a large factor when increasing safety and security of the area. suggestion: increase street lighting along hastings st as well as indutrial area where possible artist live and work studios and possible future developments may exist.
gathering places|gentrification gentrification the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle-class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces poorer residents.
considerations attract new investment >critical to economic revitalization creat employment for residence >help reduce displacement creat and improve income and asset>critical to ensuring resident well-being >improves the neighborhood economy mixed-use mixed-use, density provisions, and transit-oriented developments > can encourage affordability and create mixed-income areas stabilize existing renters > reduces displacement. critical analysis
aesthetic | material
aesthetic | material
aesthetic | material
all year data
daily average data
direct solar radiation
diffuse solar radiation
cloud cover critical analysis
Any complex project starts from a line. Any line comes from an idea. Any idea comes from a concept. Moreover, all concepts come from inspiration. Hence, form and function precedent studies are essential in conceiving this project. First looking at function precedents and case studies to visualize the spaces needed and the relationships between the rooms. Based on each function of my building, I studies different case studies. For full understanding of the social enterprise component in HERZ, I studied two different existing successful projects in the same area East Van Roasters and Charlie's Chocolate Factory. Moving upward in the building, we come to the recovery level. I consult with Wish Drop In Centre and understand the needs for the spaces, the quality of interior rooms, and their relationship to noise, light, plus other major design derivers. The living levels in HERZ required a good portion of research and studying standard for very specific requirements. In addition, I studied Atira Women's Resource Society. While understanding the functions of each space in the building, I research architectural precedents to give me ideas in creating the shape. Forcing the form and function of this building to work together for one goal is like a human bodyâ€™s organs, all work together to provide the body with its needs. For example, I looked at the material composition and private versus public appearance in The Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, by Zaha Hadid. In addition, The New York Times Building Lobby Garden, New York, by HM White Site Architects, inspired me and facilitated me in understating my focal point in the recover/ live sections of HERZ, which is the three-level atrium space. In conducting this precedent study, I approached few places and received help from various organization and women in the street in that area. Appreciations for: Jeffrey Baergen, Union Gospel Mission Kate Gibson, Wish Drop In Centre Shelley Bolton, East Van Roasters Patrick Smith, Portland Hotel Society Brenda Lavallee, Sheway YWCA Charlie, Charlie's Chocolate Factory Ltd
east van roasters
functional precedent 1. why was it built?
4. who does it serve?
A new social enterprise (a non-profit initiative) program of the PHS Community Services Society and part of the Rainier Hotel The main purpose of this project is to provide training and employment services to the women who are residents of the Rainier Hotel.
Serves as a chocolate café and supplier for the Gastown area, as well as an educational center for peer women who has been through tough environment and has already receive treatment and been into previous recovery centers. The building operate very successfully by serving the neighbourhood and by helping the women. The staff has some difficulties in the size of the building as well as with the unregularly working time for the peer women
2. what is it made of? It is made of five spaces for a total area of 210 m2: Producing area (semi private), kitchen and chocolate dipping (public), casher and chocolate/coffee making area, seating area for 20 people, and one washroom. The building is a part of the Rainier Hotel first level that has a height of around 4.5m. In terms of materiality, it has the exterior red brick wall of the old building, and wood frame to separate it from the other retails.
3. how does it work? One of the few places that creates organic ‘bean-to-bar’ chocolate.it offers hand rolled truffles, pastries. The café also supply roasted coffee and cacao nibs. The manager is Shelley Bolton, who work in managing, producing, directing, financing, and marketing. Works with her in dipping the chocolate and in the public kitchen at least one experts and one helper, while work on the cocao nibs and beans around six peer women from the Rainier Hotel. Another worker for selling and making chocolate drink and coffee.
5. interview I had two interviews with the director, Shelley, who helped me explaining how she started this project and explained how the funding was received to operate the project. More information about the workers and their preferences in working in semi-private place. She mentioned the hours of work that was contributed by the peer women, which are full/part time and how it’s all based on their health and motivation to work. She mentioned some difficulties in designing the place where it was already an existing building, so the preparation area and mechanical room definitely need to expand more.
charlies chocolate factory
functional precedent 1. why was it built?
3. how does it work?
Located at 3746 Canada Way, Burnaby, BC V5G 1G4. A family-owned and operated business in to locations in Burnaby and Coquitlam. The owner Charlie started his own business in 1970 working with a small store and minimal machines. With the time, he expanded his store to what it is right now and expanded his productions and machines. They import their chocolate from Belgium and temper it at their Burnabyâ€™s location. They make customized molding for dark, milk, and white chocolate in their second location. Charlie has wined many award and has a very good reputation in making chocolate and their customized shapes with affordable prices.
Referencing Charlie, their factory is the only place that have a great variety of customized chocolates shapes. The owtner, director, and main producer is Charlie. Helping him his two sons in managing, financing, and marketing. Works with the family his wife and granddaughter in selling and dipping chocolate, as well as other 20 workers in the Burnaby location.
2. what is it made of? Made of several spaces divided into public, semi-public, and private. The total area is around 988m2 consisted of: one third of it is display and selling products (public), making chocolate and dipping (semi-public), and offices, storage, kitchens, and services (private). The building is made of one block that has around 5m height spaces. In term of the building material, its exterior walls are made of concrete block while the frontage is made of glazed storefront. The interior walls are made of wood frame.
4. who does it serve? Serves the surrounding neighbourhood and as a supplier for the whole area of the Lower Mainland. A purely private family business hires some individuals in their facility.
5. interview I had two interviews one over the phone and the other in person with the owner, Charlie. He toured me in the building and explained to me the needed spaces and equipment for each process in making chocolate. He told me about the building design. It was a very small store where he started his business in the 1970 and expanded as his business was growing, so it is not designed as a chocolate factory. He stated that the next step is to build a well-designed building that serve its function properly and a bigger size.
wish drop in center
functional precedent 1. why was it built?
4. how does it work?
Located at 330 Alexander St, Vancouver, BC V6A 1C3. A non-profit charitable organization serves women entrenched in survival sex work in Vancouver. It is been running for the last 20 years and supporting around 150 women each night. Their mission is to increase the health, safety and well-being. Their main values are: acceptance, caring, dignity, respect.
The Centre if one among other few other similar function in the Downtown East Side. It opens every day and serves 32,000 hot meals annually. In addition to food service, it offers on-site nursing care, adult literacy programs, showering facilities, a make-up counter, clothing donations and referrals to treatment and shelter. The staff is made of around 16 worker and many volunteers to operate the facility. The project operate very successfully to help the women in need.
2. what is it made of? Made of two levels the first level is private entrance and services (water, electrical, mechanical, loading area) all have an area of around 40m2. The second level is made of recovery and health spaces, which is around 340m2. The primary level (the second one) is consisted of multiple community, meeting, dining rooms, kitchen, counselling, clinic, washrooms, staff, and services rooms and circulation. The main level has a height of 4m with no windows, while the second one is 3.5m with many windows to the north. The building is made of masonry block and wood frame interior walls.
5. interview I had two over the phone interviews with the Executive Director, Kate Gibson. She explained to me the need of these women in terms of spaces and services. She described how their facility work together with other organizations and the time of operating, as well as, the kind of support they offer in their building. In addition, she shared with me some standards and guidelines and the building drawings.
courtesy of BONI MADDISON Architects
courtesy of annual report
atira womenâ€™s resource society
courtesy of http://www.jetsongreen.com/
functional precedent 1. why was it built?
4. who does it serve?
Located at 502 Alexander St Vancouver, BC V6A 1E6. A non-profit social housing organization serves women against menâ€™s violence. It provide direct services, and increases the awareness of what women face. One of its main supports is Atira provide housing. The Atira new shipping container project is my focus. They have built recently (completed in July 2013) 12 units of safe, affordable housing for women. They provides six social housing units for older women as well as six units at Housing Income Limits rental rates.
they strive to make their services more accessible to Transgendered, Queer, Two-Spirit, and Intersexed women in need of their services through education and information
2. what is it made of?
5. interview I had a very brief conversation by the main buildingâ€™s front door with the executive director, Niki Antonopoulou. She gave me some brochures that exiplaing the kind of services the organization offer.
The unite living space is around 26 m2 in total. Each one contains kitchen, bathroom, and in-suite laundry. The structure is made of three levels of these containers. The way it constructed, it forms a courtyard between every six units. The courtyard seems to be a very successful idea to bring a piece of nature to their private cluster. Made of recycled shipping container with a corrugated metal finish from the outside and foam insulated with drywall finish from the inside.
contemporary arts center
architectural precedent 1. facts
Designed by Zaha Hadid Built in 2001-2003 in Cincinnati, USA 85,000 square foot Functions as temporary exhibits of contemporary art Deconstructive style: stacked layers Middle section made of matt black aluminum panels Remaining of the building made of white concrete
The site is very wide but quite shallow which has forced the design of the building to be more traditional in comparison to Hadidâ€™s previous portfolio
The building is definitely foreground architecture in the color pallet and form, although the form overpowers the color quite strongly Using only two basic takes the emphasis off of the colors and allows the buildings forms to speak for itself The design is very much formally driven, this is proven by the gallery spaces which are sometimes too intriguing and detract from the artwork within
Se Services are underground and on the top floor and so most the intermediate floors are open space gallery spaces and storage. There is some offices on the fourth floor and the exterior of this is clad with black aluminum panels while everything else is concrete, regular and white The interior is completely open asides from the offices on the fourth floor and the storage There is three vertical circulation routes with one main open stairwell which has access to all the galleries from the back of the building
By stepping away from the exaggerated points and large overhangs she is known for, the CAC is able to fit within the context of the downtown core while also being a focal point
The surrounding buildings are all mid to high-rise buildings in the downtown core, which fits perfectly with this 7 storey building Concept of â€œurban carpetâ€? to draw pedestrian traffic by means of a seamless run of concrete from outside, through the mezzanine, and finally curling up the wall at the back behind the stairs precedents study
the new york times building | lobby garden
courtesy of archdaily.com
architectural precedent 1. facts Designed by HM White Site Architects Built in 2007 in New York, USA Functions as the heart and soul of the New Times building.
2. abstract The garden is considered the focal point of the headquarters building. The garden sits on a bedrock where is the only an unexcavated area in the whole complex. Based on its location, it allow for great views from its all four elevations. The design was driven by sophisticated measures for the seasonal solar radiation levels, wind velocity and temperature variations. All helped in deciding the garden location and design.
3. sustainability The garden has a unique landscaping and pathway across its topography. Its layers and the way its tied to the building support the development of healthy endemic soil biology, which guarantee the long term sustainability. Ensuring its long-lasting, the New York Metro region requires a strict maintenance for the trees and the whole garden in general
Applying a material onto a building is not as easy as paint command in a software program. Each material should be chosen for a reason and has an effect on the building weather functionally or aesthetically. I decided HERZâ€™s material in a multi-stages process, but as a conclusion, I chose concrete and brick as my structure and light wood finishes for interior spaces. Choosing the material: From a code compliance point of view, the building (mainly a B3 use) needed a high fire separation and noncombustible materials. That make me consider concrete. From sustainability point of view, I wanted to have the most use of the sunlight, so I am designing thermal masses and trying to lock in the heat in the building by using concrete. In terms of function, I needed a very private and safe feel of the most parts of HERZ. In addition, having a three- level open atrium make me think of using a rigid material. Last and not least, the aesthetic of the building and fitting into the context. i wanted to fit the building with its surrounding and not making it very distinct from its neighbours , thatâ€™s based on the building function and needs. The adjacent building, Astoria, is cladded with red brick, so I chose a red sandstone, or possibly giant red brick, as the main material for the main elevation and wrapped some of the elevationsâ€™ sections with it too. Across Hawks Avenue, the G & F Financial Group is all white. Accordingly, I have a rough finished white concrete on several part of the elevations and it also highlight the more private use of HERZ. In this section, I will present a material study that my group and I did for Building Science course. It gives some background for concrete and masonry as well as it has some case studies and analysis for these two materials.
backgroun cast-in-place concrete is a composite material (water, aggregate, and cement). Cast-in-place concrete (CIP) can be premixed and brought to the site or mixed on site. The history of CIP goes back to 1300 BC in the Middle East where they used the cement with other mixtures to build fortresses. CIP is an exposed structural system that also serves as a facade. It consist of a vertical and lateral load resistant system. The vertical load resistant system may be subdivided by floors, walls or columns. The lateral resistant system includes moment resisting frames, shear walls, braced frames or a combination of all three. CIP can be used as a thermal mass and recycled materials and used for all types of elements such as foundations, slabs-on-ground, walls, beams, columns, floors, and roofs.
design opportunities Monolithic system Organic and curved designs Cost can vary based on the application Variety of designs, textures, and colours Finished or structural element Decorative element Formwork: metal panels, wood product, and styrofoam weaknesses Affect building envelop in lossing heat Requires quality and testing control Need formwork: time and cost issues They crack easily Low tensile strength and ductility; needs reinforcement (steel bars, mesh, and fiber) functionality All types of buildings as well as roads, bridges, foundations, retaining walls, driveways, patios, stairs, walkways Structural element, finisheing material Noise reduction Non- combustible material
typical cast in place concrete section detail (n.t.s.)
Lafarge products French industrial company has a large North America branch. It is the worldâ€™s largest cement manufacturer and the largest supplier of construction materials in the United States and Canada. Hydromedia: very high permeability and drainage capacity Thermedia: new generation of insulating concretes sel Agilia: self-placing, self-leveling concrete Artevia: aesthetic concretes Ductal: ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete Extensia: high strength sawcuts (lesst control joint) Low Shrinkage concrete Chronolia: boosting construction sites Most products improve the concrete performance as a building envelope element and adding insulation products inside the mixture to improve its R value.
product | manufacturer
LUCEM GmbH German company invented LUCEM: light transmitting concrete (new technology around two years old). A high quality concrete product Thousands of embedded optical fibers are conducting the light through the translucent concrete High efficient LED panels act as mounting system as well as an artificial light source Used as interior and exterior elements in several buildings around the world Used for walls, ceiling, flooring, and furniture Winners of the Awards GreenTec august 30, 2013 June 14, 2012 the Patent Office awarded the European Inventor Award Other manufactures that produce translucent concrete: Florak Bauunternehmung Bauunte GmbH, Heinsberg/Germany LBM EFO, Berching/Germany LiTraCon Bt, Csongrรกd/Hungary LUCEM GmbH, Stolberg/Germany material study
backgroun mason masonry is typically site constructed using manufactured masonry and site mixed mortars. The strength of the asembly fully relies upon the curing of the mortar. Masonry walls can serve as exterior cladding and structural framing for buildings. In addition, it increases the fire resistance of wall and structural systems. The birth of masonry dates back to approximately 10,000 years ago, the Neolithic Revolution. During this period, the process of using fire to craft mortar and plaster was discovered. From this time onward, masonry became the building method of choice for construction. From the Pyramids of the Egyptians, Pantheon of the Greekâ€™s, the Great Wall of China to the worldâ€™s most iconic cathedrals. Mortar composition is typically portland cement, lime and sand. Mo Mortar types for new construction are typically Type N (general masonry wall), S (Structural masonry wall) and M (below grade applications). While wood-based construction eventually bacame more popular than masonry construction, the craft is still used extensively in both commercial and residential structures.
Significant increase in fire rating depending on the thickness of masonry (1hr, 2hr or 3hr). Insect/Termite resistant Superior sound proofing It acts as a large thermal mass that can be heated or cooled by its exposure to the sun and exterior temperature. Proven to last hundreds of years!
insulating & loadbearing layer
weaknesses A very heavy structure and must be built on a strong foundation Tensile strength is a concern Weather dependent in construction and performance mason during renovation Hard to match existing masonry opportunities Masonry is a variety of brick, stone, granite, travertine, limestone, cast stone, concrete block (CMU), glass block, stucco and tile. Wide range of application such as wall assembly, firewalls, pavings, etc. typical masonry brick veneer section detail (n.t.s.)
mutual materials sample pallette
product | manufacturer
westbrook block sample pallette
Understanding the chosen site: tours, measures, attaining information from the city, approaching the surrounding buildings, and mapping out the existing area. All of these are essential steps in understanding the piece of land to before designing the building on it. In this section, I explored the zoning requirement, surrounding uses, shadow analysis and existing facts and services, and streetscape. The approach I took to design the building is to address all the site issues and the existing condition. For example, E Hasting Street is very noisy which make me consider placing my public spaces on Hastings and placing the more private spaces at the back lane and Hawks Avenue. The shadow analysis helped me in setting my building back to get the best light.
zoning | by-law zoning: Industrial District M1 permit industrial and other uses that are generally incompatible with residential land use but are beneficial in that they provide industrial employment opportunities or serve a useful or necessary function in the cit vancouver by-law: site area: na frontage: na height: max 30.5 m front yard: not required side yard: not required unless adjacent with RM, min 1.5m adjacent with R, min 0.9m rear yard: min 3.1m FSR: max 5.0 floor area retail: max 1000 m2 floor area office: max 235 m2 or 25%
WATER LINE SOUND LEVEL 75-80 dB
SEWER COMBINED LINE
E HASTINGS STREET
E HASTINGS STREET
After the analysis of the neighbourhood and few visits to the site, I noticed that there are many girls are working in sex trade. My main thought was they are working in prostitution because they do not have a source of income to provide them with the minimum requirement of living. After my research and consulting my precedents, I found abuse, drug use, and health issues area strong factors that derived these women to their current work. I am proposing HERZ, a five year transitional program, for these women who already been into recovery center. The building consisted of four levels. The first is public and half semi-public, while the rest are very private. The program provides them with training, recover and living opportunity. As a woman, I think there is a very strong relationship between women and chocolate. Moreover, as itâ€™s proven scientifically, women has a solid feeling to chocolate. Hence, I chose chocolate as my learn/work part of HERZ. The program has a recovery component, which is consisted of medical, counselling, future employment centers. In addition, it has classrooms and recreational room. The third and fourth levels will have the single occupancy accommodation components and some common areas.
third | fourth level
ideas | sketches
v t le
site plan | plans