FINAL PROJECT UNIVERSITY OF UTAH 2015
CENTER OF JUSTICE FOR WOMEN “Justice is central to the effort to help women become equal partners in decision-making and development. Without justice, women are disenfranchised, disempowered and denied their rightful place. But with sound legal and justice systems, women can flourish and contribute to the advancement of society as a whole, including by helping to improve those very same systems for future generations – daughters and sons alike. Progress of the World’s Women 2011–2012: In Pursuit of Justice shows that where laws and justice systems work well, they can provide an essential mechanism for women to realize their human rights. However, it also underscores the fact that, despite widespread guarantees of equality, the reality for many millions of women is that justice remains out of reach.” Progress of the World’s Women 2011–2012: In Pursuit of Justice (http://progress.unwomen.org/).
SPRING 2015 FINAL STUDIO ZAHRA HASSANIPOUR
NEW YORK CITY AND ITS IMPORTANCE Tourism in New York City serves over 54 million foreign and American tourists each year including day-trippers. Major destinations include the Empire State Building, Ellis Island, Broadway theatre productions, museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and other tourist attractions including Central Park, Washington Square Park, Rockefeller Center, Times Square, the Bronx Zoo, Barclays Center, Coney Island, South Street Seaport, New York Botanical Garden, luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues, and events such as the Tribeca Film Festival, and free performances in Central Park at Summerstage and Delacorte Theater. New York is also a global leader in media and advertising, the music industry (home to two of the big three labels), and also one of the most important capitals of the fashion and luxury business. With iconic landmarks galore, international visitors spend more money in New York each year than in any other city in the world. There are also many educational facilities in New York City and especially in Manhattan, which could be beneficial as mediator between public and the problem. In this case students and professionals from universities could have meeting and educational facilities both for public and private sector. There is also another possibility fro students in social and humanities majors to do their internship in a center like this. We can also ask young lawyers, recently graduated, to help women in order to recognize and defend their rights. The site is in Ground Zero, the most important part of the New York City. Working on this site, especially when it is located in one of the most important and influential cities in the world, which has millions of eyes on it, make it difficult to decide what kind of typology best fits in it. It is important to take the benefit of this huge amount of attraction on this site and address some of the most important challenges of our age. Womenâ€™s right and justice seem to be one these major issues in our world today.
first from left: describes the amount of images taken by tourist, local, national and international. the density of red line shows that every day alot of tourists are visiting manhatan and especialy ground zero site. the second map shows the density of higher education facilities near the site. The huge amount of students and also programs related to the justice and women, provide a great opportunity both for educators and center to interact more and take benefit from eachother.
The map on the left is an overlay of the first and secon maps to show how these features are working together. Credits for the base map: Eric Fischer, https://www.flickr. com/photos/walkingsf/sets/72157623971287575/
WHY WOMEN Some of the most important problems women are challenging today and need to be addressed are: Education: “Of an estimated 101 million children not in school, more than half are girls. They are being denied their basic human right to education, with far-reaching consequences: Without it, their future opportunities are dramatically limited. If schooling unlocks the gate to a bright and successful future, a childhood bereft of education erects nearly insurmountable barriers”(1). Uneducated girls are more at risk than boys to become marginalized. They are more vulnerable to exploitation.(2) But access to equal education is not as easy for girls. If a family can afford school fees for only one child, it will likely be a boy who attends. If someone needs to fetch water or do housework instead of going to school, a girl will likely be chosen. If someone needs to stay home to care for younger siblings or sick or infirm household members, this will most likely be a girl: girls will also most likely be withdrawn from school early in adolescence as the age of marriage approaches. If girls do not get educated their future will be on risk cause they won’t have enough knowledge about their own rights and the power to defend them. Domestic violence: “Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another. It is an epidemic, affecting individuals in every community, regardless of age, economic status, race, religion, nationality or educational background. Violence against women is often accompanied by emotionally abusive and controlling behavior, and thus is part of a systematic pattern of dominance and control. Domestic violence results in physical injury, psychological trauma, and sometimes death. The consequences of domestic violence can cross generations and truly last a lifetime”.(3) Equal pay between men and women: in a similar job position women mostly get
paid less than men. The salary gap between men and women is unfair and needs to be addressed. “A woman’s got to work about three more months in order to get what a man got, because she’s paid less,” Mr. Obama said, speaking at a White House event. These are just some of the problems that women facing everyday. In many countries women do not have the right to vote, to drive, to buy properties and to compete in an equal way with men. These are more than enough to take action and try to make the world a better place to live for all girls and women. 1. http://www.unicef.org/education/index_access.html 2. http://www.unicef.org/mdg/index_genderequality.htm 3. http://www.ncadv.org/files/DomesticViolenceFactSheet%28National%29.pdf
CENTER OF JUSTICE FOR WOMEN In the case of the women’s justice center, I want to materialize, in terms of architecture, one of the most important and current issues of the world: women’s rights. This is the big and open wound; in response to this, I propose an open project in the site, open to the city and open to the citizens; a project with a strong relationship with the city and its actors. The recuperation of the public space, the remembrance of the victims of injustice and violence (in this case women) and educate women about their essential rights are the essence of the project. Women’s rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide. In some places, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they may be ignored or suppressed. They differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls in favor of men and boys. Issues commonly associated with notions of women’s rights include, though are not limited to, the right: to bodily integrity and autonomy; to vote (suffrage); to hold public office; to work; to fair wages or equal pay; to own property; to education; to serve in the military or be conscripted; to enter into legal contracts; and to have marital or parental rights. What the center can do: Educate for justice • Understand patriarchy and sexism, • Knowing what exactly are women’s right and how women can empower themselves • Provide performances to raise the public and individual awareness and attention Advocate for change • Call for changes in individual, political and social policy and practice, to
support and reflect the full humanity of all people Lead into the future • Challenge societal, theological and ecclesial practices that are patriarchal • Work with a variety of women and men, girls and boys to create change that leads to justice for women STRATEGY Justice for Women uses a range of legal, media and grassroots advocacy strategies to work towards the issue. These include: • Educate women and men and increase the public awareness. • Monitoring and reporting publicly on cases of women facing violence and injustice. • Conducting public campaigns on behalf of and ensuring adequate legal representation for individual women who are facing injustice. • Monitoring and reporting publicly on the response of the criminal justice system to male violence against women as evidenced by domestic homicide and other serious violence against women. The center will provide different programs to both help women recognize their right and make the rest part of the world to think about this issue although for a minute. Though the program of the center will focuses on two main categories: education and performance, it will provide advocacy for those who are suffering from the issues related to women. The education part consists of an open library, classrooms, and meeting areas, sharing ideas room, an amphitheater for conferences and big gatherings, and advocacy.The performing center is based on interaction of public with the subject. In this way we will provide spaces for artists and performers for the performances in related subjects and also provide a place for people and especially women to reflect their experiences to the public.
DEPARTMEMNTS Economic fairness • Ensuring Good Jobs and Access to Services • Promoting the Next-Generation Workforce Strategies • Building Economic Security Over a Lifetime • Improving Access to Financial Services Educational opportunity and scholarship In every society, people from marginalized and disadvantaged groups deserve an education that expands opportunity, guarantees quality, and achieves equitable results.” The foundation has three initiatives under this issue • Transforming Secondary Education • Advancing Higher Education Access and Success Freedom of expression The free flow of information and ideas is essential to healthy, progressive societies. Our work offers space for creative expression and supports efforts to ensure that media systems and policies are open and equitable. • Supporting Diverse Arts Spaces and provide opportunities for artists and especialy women to express their situation • Advancing Media and provide equal access to the sources • Advancing Media Rights • Exploring Issues of Justice Through Media • Advancing social justice through talented filmmakers
Human rights • Advancing Minority Rights • Strengthening women’s Rights Worldwide • Advancing Economic and Social Rights • Protecting Women’s Rights
FIRST FLOOR/ SITE PLAN
THIRD FLOOR A
OPEN SPACE OFFICE
OPEN SPACE OFFICE
1. Vapour barrier
2. Drainage mat
5 6 78 9 10 11
4. 5” rigid foam thermal insulation laid to falls vapour 16
5. Vapor barrier 6. Air inlet 7. HVAC duct 8. 6” reinforced concrete slab 9. Corrugated panel 10. W8*35 seconday beam 11. Air outlet vent 12. 1” acoustic panel, fake ceiling 13. Air inlet (with motor) 14. 5” mineral fiber thermal insulation + 1/4” vapour barrier 15. W14*53 primary beam 16. Anti-glare louver 1” 17. Triple glazing 18. Kinetic responsive shade/ .5” prefab porcelain 19. Stainless steel structure 20. Kinetic movement system 21. Light sensor
22. 1” flooring cement + 1” cement topping with glassfiber reinforcment
23. 5” rigid foam thermal insulation laid to falls vapour barrier 24. Vapour barrier 25. 3”reinforced concrete 26. 3”granular fill 27. Earth 28. 5” mineral fiber thermal insulation + 1/4” vapour barrier 29. Earth 30. Free-drainage backfill 31. Stone drainage bed 32. 1/2” vapour barrier 33. Continuous concrete footing
22 23 24 25
KIETIC RES PONSIVE SYSTEM
WORKING WITH CLIMATE CHANGE AND SOLAR RADIATION 29 30 31 32 33
RESPONSIVE KINETIC SHADE
ATRIUM GLASS STRUCTURE ATRIUM GLASS
VOROOI STRUCTURAL NET
TRANSPARETNT ENVELOPE GLASS STRUCTURE
SLABS RESPONSIVE KINETIC SHADE
ENTRANCE/ INTERIOR RAMP
FINAL PROJECT UNIVERSITY OF UTAH 2015