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iNTEGRATED sTUDIO pORTFOLIO Zachary E. Wilson

fall 2013


bryan children’s theatre the theatre is a magical place. it’s a setting where people can transform themselves into entirely new creations through imagination. the experience is timeless and unlike any other. Procession, grandeur, and elegance are ideas that come to mind when one explores the theater. these are the elements that are captured in this design. during a night of a performance one would approach the building from the outside and notice the black box protruding from the east façade onto main street as if it were a marquee, a distinguishing feature to set it apart from others on main street. entering the building, ones eyes would gaze upon a large gallery space flooded with patrons, and hovering above is the black box in a state of suspension. proceeding onwards, one is welcomed by a grand staircase transitioning from the first to the second floor. next, one walks across a bridge to an open lobby. It’s a wonderous space flanked by a view of south bryan ave to the right. to the left is the door to the theater. straight ahead is an enormous cable-net wall. upon entering the corridor it is dead silent, taking one away from the outside world and into the performance space. here, the performance begins.

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south elevation

east elevation

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context located on a stretch of barren parking lots, bryan children’s theatre, presented an opportunity to fill a noticeable void within the urban fabric of bryan, texas. while the town has seen substantial revitalization over the past decade, most of this development has been relegated to the central and northern sections of downtown leaving the southern edge almost entirely neglected. the location is comprised of a wide assortment of buildings, land-uses, and even modes of transport. to the south is gloria stephan sale park, which was also a task in the redevelopment, as well as a railroad which runs straight up to the site and then tails off to the west. to the north is the howe building, a historical landmark. to the east are various small businesses. finally to the west is an antique shop called, the market.

downtown bryan

site

in terms of its natural environment, what stands out is the soil, a mixture of useless clay and sands which provides an interesting challenge in terms of foundations. The only p r e v i o u s vegetation on the site were scattered trees and shrubs on the perimeter.

texas

bryan

college station

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concept along with elements such as procession, grandeur, and elegance, the component of suspension would be included. this component would become the central aspect of the design. suspension not only helped to distinguish the theater from others, but also helped resolve the volume of program initially given. in addition, it helped establish a sense of clarity, regulating the design as a whole.

box office

entry lobby

kitchen

classroom

foyer restrooms green room

costume workshop

rehearsal room

coat room

multi-purpose room

a system of rockers and cables was used in the final design to achieve the lift that was needed to suspend the black box. in order to give the building a sense of clarity it was organized into three separate areas, an elegant space, a transition (or circulation) space, and a programmatic space.

dance studio

prop shop storage

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al

on

ti uc str

bli

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in

classroom storage

classroom

prop shop

classroom storage

board room dressing rooms

cal tri ea

th

ad control room

general storage

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lighting storage

restrooms

loading

meeting room

mi

open offices

tra tio

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directors office

dimmer room

scene shop

scene storage

paint shop

paint shop storage

directors assistants office

break room senior staff office

waiting room receptionist

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program diagram


orientation

(left) typically, the black box, is program dominant. it wants to be the center of attention. (right) instead the black box is placed in a more tilt/cantilevered (termed ‘insecure’) orientation giving more room for other program.

to help accentuate this insecurity and help with accoustics, the black box was elevated.

sketches

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iteration 1

iteration 2

iteration 3

this iteration helped to get a sense of the program and general massing.

this iteration was the first parti of the project. the black box was elevated above the ground and straddled by two volumes containing other program.

this iteration suspends the black box from a system of trusses and the program is organized by a network of L’s.

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iteration 4

iteration 5

this iteration was an attempt to organize space using regulating lines from the main columns. this parti was inspired by the pompidou center in paris. it’s also where the rocker system was first introduced.

this iteration was the final parti which led to the final proposal of the project. it follows principles of laying out space with regulating lines, clairty of space determined by function, and a reorientation of the black box.


version 1

rocker counter weight

version 3

rocker pivot connector stainless steel bolt

stainless steel rocker anchor mechanism

cable assembly

version 1 was an early conceptual look at how suspension could be achieved. It was decided that the super structure should be a dominate element in the design. experimentation with trusses is shown.

version 2

stainless steel tapered column

circular stainless steel plate tension rod connector

evolution documentation is essential for any project. in the case of the children’s theatre, documentation helped to extract the best ideas, and move forward in the design. several variations were created to determine what was going to be the most interesting and practical for the needs of the project. examples have been provided of the various iterations of parti’s, as well as the various suspension designs. the design process was a constant rotation from program, to structure, to systems, helping to maintain focus on all aspects. as a result, the evolution of the children’s theatre created a building that understood itself, and was sophisticated.

tension rods (lateral bracing)

girder to cable connection point (welded piece of W36 girder to hollow steel tube and bolted to cable)

copped girder (W36)

pin column connection ground anchor mechanism

version 2 explores the concept of rockers and how they lift and stablize the black box. cues were taken from the pompidou center, with minor variations. this version was presented at the first review.

version 3 is the final version. in principle, it still functions like the pompidou, but aesthetically, it has drastically changed. inspiration for this design came from SOM’s, new beijing poly plaza.

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S 1

S 1

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f1 1- green room 2- dressing room 3- janitor closet 4- restroom 5- general storage 6- multi-purpose/lunch room 7- kitchen 8- classroom 9- rehearsal room 10- closets 11- fire stairs 12- grand staircase 13- freight elevator 14- elevator 15- cloak room

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S 2

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first floor

S 2

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S 1

S 1

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2 13

floor plans

f2 1- costume workshop 2- scene shop 3- paint shop 4- prop shop 5- dance studio 6- janitor closet 7- restroom 8- scene shop storage 9- prop shop storage 10- freight elevator 11- fire stairs 12- grand staircase 13- elevator 14- mechanical room 15- stage storage 16- lobby 17- black box theater

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N

second floor


S 1

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7

6

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8 2

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17

3

12

4 5

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4 13

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12

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16

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18

S 2

12

3

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f3 1- multi-media room 2- directors office 3- directors assistants office 4- restroom 5- janitors closet 6- open offices 7- administration storage 8- freight elevator 9- conference room 10- break room 11- meeting room 12- senior staff office 13- fire stairs 14- grand stairs 15- elevator 16- mechanical room 17- receptionist/ waiting area 18- control room 19- lighting storage 20- dimmer room 21- black box theater

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20

S 2

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bf 1- fire stairs 2- elevators 3- mechanical room 4- cold water pump 5- hot water pump 6- chiller 7- boiler 8- air handling unit

S 1

N

N

third floor

basement floor

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seam steel roof system

rigid insulation 3” thick steel decking

W6 steel beam 3/4” steel bolts steel plate

steel L

sections

copped W36 steel girder

in this particular portion of the building, the space was designed in a way which would demonstrate principles of suspension, as well as, put the black box on display. in a way, the black box parallels the role of the actor on stage. they are both the focus.

rocker anchor assembly (stainless steel)

a challenge for this area, was to creatively design suspension while balancing the technicalities of tracing loads from the roof to the foundation. another challenge was finding the balance between complexity and simplicity. it was easy to get consumed in minute details and over articulate. for example, at one point the anchors, stairs, and joints, were articulated in a way that was almost ‘steampunkish’. streamlining these details focused the overall design into a constructible building instead of, simply, a theoretical design.

stainless steel rocker arm

cable fitting B, stainless steel

cable wall connection point assembly 1” threaded steel bolt 3/4” rounded steel bolt

tension rod

fitting flange fitting cap assembly

cable wall fitting A, stainless steel stainless steel hinges with stainless steel bolt

double glazed glass

the most fascinating aspect of the design process was the realization of each detail, how each were assembled, and what materials each were constructed from. for inspiration i sought design solutions from architects such as Nicholas Grimshaw, Richard Rogers, and Renzio Piano.

cable to foundation connection anchor paving 2 way structural slab

1” diameter cable 6” diameter cable assembly 19 1” cables welded steel stiffeners 2” steel bolts steel base plate

compacted sand vapor barrier cardboard spacers gravel

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steel tube cable protector

wall section south façade

concrete anchor


section 1

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section 1


counter flashing plywood

flashing

roof membrane

sections

metal clip

tile cladding

2 way flat slab

this part of the design was termed the ‘back of house’. it’s an area for practice, learning, administering, and for actors/ staff to congregate. the details for the interior and the façade, needed to reflect the function of this part of the building in order to continue the theme of clarity already established throughout the design.

facade cap

concrete reinforced with glass fibers rigid insulation

using a system of regulating lines, datums, and grids, each detail fell into place. the design solution used was a building designed by Michael Hopkins for david mellor, located near the thames in london. It featured a grid of concrete columns with vertical slabs as its structure. this system opened up the interior space allowing for free planning of program inside. the same solution was utilized for the children’s theatre back of house.

3/4” counter sunk steel screw

steel z brace dry wall

8” metal stud

2 way structural slab paving compacted sand

the interior identity of the building was used to help express the exterior façade. the orthognal geometry of the inside laid the groundwork for the geometrical tile system that was employed to the exterior. this clay tile was fastened onto concrete reinforced by glass fibers, and was inspired by the Rue de Meaux in Paris designed by Renzio Piano.

cardboard spacers

vapor barrier gravel

pier

wall section north façade

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2x4 rough wood block nail flashing

counter flashing

metal plating

roof membrane

steel L

sections

plywood

air barrier W6 steel beam 3/8” steel panel

an interesting part of the design was born out of the necessity for quick circulation of occupants and fire safety. the ‘transitional space’ services those needs and acts as a datum between the elegance of the black box and functionality of the back of house. the circulation area is a vertical core consisting a grand staircase, fire stairs, and elevator. the space also helps break up the exterior edge of the building creating interesting intersticial spaces between each section. this creates fun moments where different materials collide with one another. the facade complements the steel interior of the space with an exterior manufactured out of steel-t’s that run along the sides of the structure from ground floor to the top floor, and c-channels defining the actual floor elevations. between both these demarcations are 3/8” steel plates that cover the facade. In the end, as each detail of the building crystalized, the design became tectonic in nature and structurally honest. each part of the building attained its own unique identity, establishing clarity thoughout the design. design began with the interior as a focus with the goal of the exterior mirroring the interior of the structure.

rigid insulation plywood

6” c channel

steel plate

steel z brace

3/4” steel bolt

3/4” counter sunk steel screw W6 steel column

8” c channel W6 steel t

steel L W10 steel column foam spacing bar flashing 2 way structured slab

3/4” steel bolt metal channel track elevated concrete foundation

paving compacted sand

grout

vapor barrier

cardboard spacing

gravel

pier

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wall section circulation façade


section 2

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framing plans

W6 (6" Depth 9.7' Span) B1 W6 (6" Depth 17.86' Span) B2 B3 W12 (12" Depth 20.21' Span) B4 W12 (12" Depth 19.5' Span) B5 W6 (6" Depth 9.42' Span) B6 W6x12 (6" Depth 9.73' Span) B7 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) B8 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) W6 (6" Depth 7.69' Span) B9 W6 (6" Depth 7.73' Span) B10

S 1 C A

B

L

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D E

F

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1 1/2' Diameter Concrete Column 14' unbraced length

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M

G1 G2 G3

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W36 (36" Depth 67.23' Span) W16 (16" Depth 30.72' Span) W16 (16" Depth 15.76' Span)

B1 W6 (6" Depth 17.86' Span) B2 W12 (12" Depth 20.21' Span) B3 W6 (6" Depth 9.7' Span) B4 W12 (12" Depth 19.5' Span) B5 W6 (6" Depth 9.42' Span) B6 W6x12 (6" Depth 9.73' Span) B7 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) B8 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) B9 W6 (6" Depth 7.69' Span)

S 1 H

B D

C

A

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S 1 H

B

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1 1/2' Diameter Concrete Column

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D

C

A G1 W36 (36" Depth 61.45' Span) G2 W16 (16" Depth 30.72' Span) G3 W16 (16" Depth 15.76' Span)

E

F

L

J I

G

1 1/2' Diameter Concrete Column

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3' Diameter Bell Pier (Sunk below ground about 40') 4' diameter Drop panel 3" Thickness

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7 1/2 ' diameter Drop panel

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3 4 Fire Proofing

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B3

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B9 G3 B9 G3 G1

B10

S 2

G3

B10

G3

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foundation

B1

B4

B6 B2

B3 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

B9 B9

B8

4 B2

5 B1

B7

B7

Composite Steel Column 48 1/2' Tall Tension Rod Bracing at 3.5' and 47” Fixed to the ground by a pin joint. Starts with a diameter of 1' tapers to middle of column at 18" then back to 1' at the top. Rotator Mechanism at the top

S 2

B4

6

B3

7 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

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G3 B9

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G3 B9

G3

G1

S 2

G1

B9

G3 B9 G3 B9

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10

G3

G2

G2

G3

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S 1

S 1

B1

B1

B5

B5 B6

2" Thick Floor Decking

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B2

2" Thick Floor Decking

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B9

19 1" Steel Cables Bundled into a 6" Diameter Main Cable

B2

2" Thick Floor Decking

G3 G3

4" Thick Floor Decking

G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B10 G2 B10 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

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18

17

G1

4" Thick Floor Decking

G1

B8

5

B1

4" Thick Floor Decking

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Copped Girder Bolted Cable Connection Assembly

G1

G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B10 G2 B10 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

4" Thick Floor Decking

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S 2

G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B10 G2 B10 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

4" Thick Floor Decking

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Composite Steel Column 48 1/2' Tall Tension Rod Bracing at 3.5' and 47” Fixed to the ground by a pin joint. Starts with a diameter of 1' tapers to middle of column at 18" then back to 1' at the top. Rotator Mechanism at the top

B3

11"x10" W10 Steel Column 40' Unbraced length 30' Deep Mass Concrete Anchor

B2

B7

B8 B3

4" Thick Floor Decking

S 2

S 2

B3

4" Thick Floor Decking

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B7

3 B1

4

B6 B2

2" Thick Floor Decking

12

B1

B4

Fire Proofing

B1

B5 B4

2" Thick Floor Decking

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B6

2" Thick Floor Decking

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19 1" Steel Cables Bundled into a 6" Diameter Main Cable

B5

B1B2

2" Thick Floor Decking

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B1

2" Thick Floor Decking

9

B2

2" Thick Floor Decking

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Composite Steel Column 48 1/2' Tall Tension Rod Bracing at 3.5' and 47” Fixed to the ground by a pin joint. Starts with a diameter of 1' tapers to middle of column at 18" then back to 1' at the top. Rotator Mechanism at the top

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11"x10" W10 Steel Column 40' Unbraced length 30' Deep Mass Concrete Anchor

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19 1" Steel Cables Bundled into a 6" Diameter Main Cable

8" Two way Flat Slab

Fire Proofing

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11"x10" W10 Steel Column 40' Unbraced length 30' Deep Mass Concrete Anchor

2

8" Two way Flat Slab

S 1

N

floor 1

N

floor 2

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B1 W6 (6" Depth 9.7' Span) B2 W6 (6" Depth 17.86' Span) B3 W12 (12" Depth 20.21' Span) B4 W12 (12" Depth 19.5' Span) B5 W6 (6" Depth 9.42' Span) B6 W6x12 (6" Depth 9.73' Span) B7 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) B8 W6 (6" Depth 8.85' Span) B9 W6 (6" Depth 7.69' Span) B10 W6 (6" Depth 7.73' Span) B11 W6 (6" Depth 15.38' Span) B12 W6 (6" Depth 15.45' Span)

G1 W24 (24" Depth 29.33' Span)

G1 W36 (36" Depth 67.23' Span) G2 W16 (16" Depth 30.72' Span) G3 W16 (16" Depth 15.76' Span) G4 W30 (30" Depth 52.22' Span)

C

A

D

G

F

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G1 Steel Composite Girder (32" Depth 67.37' Span)

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1 1/2' Diameter Concrete Column

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A

C

B

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H

G3 W24 (24" Depth 13.97' Span)

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I

B

S 1

G2 W24 (24" Depth 12.26' Span)

S 1

S 1

B

D

C

E

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G

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1

2

Fire Proofing

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G4

B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

G4 B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

B1

B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

4" Thick Floor Decking

B2

4" Thick Floor Decking

B1 11"x10" W10 Steel Column 40' Unbraced length

B1 B2

4

B2

B3 B3

1 6 7

B9 B11 B9 G2

G1

G2 B10 B12 B9 G2 B9 B11 B9 G2

B9 B9 B10 B10 B9 B9 B9

G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B10 G2 B10 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

3

8

G3 B9

B9 G3

B3 B3 B3

B1

B3 B3 B3

B2

B3

B3

B9

S 2

G3 B10

B10

S 2

G3 B10

G1 G1 G1 G1

G1 G1 G1 G1

G1 G1 G1

G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2

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G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3 G3

G3 G3 G3

G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2 G2

G2 G2 G2

G1 G1 G1 G1

G1 G1 G1

2

2

9

G3 B9

G1 G1 G1

B9

B9 4" Thick Floor Decking

B10

B9

4" Thick Floor Decking

B9

G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B10 G2 B10 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2 B9 G2

4" Thick Floor Decking

B12

4" Thick Floor Decking

S 2

G2

4" Thick Floor Decking

Composite Steel Column 48 1/2' Tall Tension Rod Bracing at 3.5' and 47� Fixed to the ground by a pin joint. Starts with a diameter of 1' tapers to middle of column at 18" then back to 1' at the top. Rotator Mechanism at the top

B2

5

B1

B10

G3

G1

G1

G1

S 2

G1

S 2 Steel Truss made of Steel Tubes Supported laterally with tension rods

Composite Steel Girder Acts as a counter weight rocker structure system

B9

B9

Girders connected by plates at Truss points

G3 B9

B9 G3

B9

B9

Stainless Steel Rocker

4

10 12

11

6

G1 G1 G1 G1

G1 G1 G1

G3

5

B3 B3

B2

B3 B3 B3

B3 B3 B3

B1

B2

B3 B3

3 4

S 2

6 7

8

13

N

floor 3

S 1

S 1

S 1

N

super structure

N

trusses

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thank you

zachew89@gmail.com

Integrated Studio Portfolio (fall 2013)  

Portfolio of a project I completed during my final semester at Texas A&M University, and graduated with my undergrad Dec. 2013. This was de...