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Architecture of The Commonwealth v2.0 Accelerating Nostalgia YiYin Sarah Ho


Architecture of The Commonwealth v2.0 Accelerating Nostalgia YiYin Sarah Ho


South Atlantic Ocean

South Pacific Ocean

North Atlantic Ocean

North Pacific Ocean

Indian Ocean


South Atlantic Ocean

South Pacific Ocean

North Atlantic Ocean

North Pacific Ocean

Indian Ocean


IPv4 (2012) 32-bit address IPv6 128-bit address to accommodate 7 billion people (world population, 2011)


Internet IPv4 address system hits its limit The system that allows connects computers on the internet has hit its limit after 30 years of rapid growth, forcing major changes to the technology that has driven the information revolution.

Vint  Cerf,  one  of  the  fathers  of  the  internet Photo: AFP/GETTY

By  Christopher  Williams,  Technology  Correspondent 3:27PM  BST  14  Sep  2012

The  IPv4  addressing  system  was  designed  to  give  every  computer  connected  to  the  internet  a unique  numerical  address,  allowing  information  to  find  its  way  from  one  to  another  anywhere in  the  world. Originally  conceived  in  the  1960s  and  standardised  in  1981,  it  allowed  for  more  than  4.2 billion  addresses,  but  today  RIPE  NCC,  the  consortium  of  internet  organisations  that  oversees the  system  in  Europe,  said  it  had  used  the  last  block  of  16.8  million  addresses. "When  the  Internet  was  first  designed  it  seemed  highly  unlikely  that  IP  address  space  would ever  be  an  issue,"  said  Axel  Pawlik,  RIPE  NCC's  managing  director. "However,  the  limitations  of  the  pool  of  IPv4  address  space  became  clear  over  time,  and  in  the last  few  years  we  have  been  monitoring  supplies  closely,  preparing  ourselves  and  all stakeholders  for  the  next  stage  of  the  internet." IPv4  will  now  be  superceded  by  IPv6,  a  new  addressing  standard  that  offers  around  340 trillion,  trillion,  trillion  unique  addresses.

Vinton G. Cerf is vice president and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google, also known as ‘Father of the Internet’


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Cecil Rhodes (1853–1902) Founder of De Beers and Prime Minister of Britain's colony at the Cape of Good Hope. ©W. & D. Downey—Hulton Archive/Getty Images


Connect Archives of the Commonwealth


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Groundwater Basins

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Extent of the British Empire 30% of the World’s Population = 2.1 billion World Population (2012) 7 Billion



Architecture of The Commonwealth v2.0