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2015 - 2018

Architect Portfolio of

YUWEI MA


CONTENT

SUNKEN CITY --------Final Thesis Project Design

“STREETS” AND “PARKS” --------USC Commercial school on Broadway Street, LA

URBAN FOREST --------Folly Design

FLOATING CANOPY --------USC Jimmy Lovine and Andre Young Academy

“BUBBLES” --------Brewery: Grand Central Market


SUNKEN CITY


SUNKEN CITY

City morphology

--------Final Thesis Project Design

2

Teamwork Project with Qian Yu · Background Research, Site Analysis, Schematic Design and Design Development · Produce Plans and Diagrams · Make Physical Model Using 3D printing, Laser Cutting and Resin · Make an Animation with After Effect

SCAN OR CLICK TO REVIEW ANIMATION ONLINE

https://vimeo.com/266823194

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Introduction Water is inseparable from people and our built environment. Water can be poetic and beautiful or destructive and powerful depending on how the designer engages with it. Many precedents offer a multitude of ways that buildings engage water in powerful and poetic forms. The intent of the thesis is to understand how buildings engage with water and develop new forms that can enhance our built environment. Impressed by its innovative combination of culture and context, we chose Louvre Abu Dhabi as our precedent. The motivation of the thesis is to study how to immerse the modern museum into local Arabian context without losing their originality, and how to cause the interconnections between water and architecture.

The theme of the thesis is to create a museum, which is not only a container for artworks but also an aggregation of civilization, history and time. The site is located on Saadiyat Island, in the tidal zone of the Arabian Gulf. Not just the museum, the whole artificial island are parts of national development policies to contribute the boom of local economy and raise the reputation. The thesis tries to emphasize three points: Water, City morphology and Dome. This museum will represent the architectural product of a thesis that focuses on sunken architecture, subtracting volumes and exposing voids according to users’ need of functions, circulation, the water movement and the logic of Arabian city.

Many Arab cities share a similar morphological urban pattern during the formation of cities. For cities in Arab Gulf , there are three key elements to decide its original locations: water supply, trade route and significant role in religion. For example, the development Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Doha benefited from its strategic geographic location where was suited to be trade routes. Fes of Morocco is chosen to analyze the city morphology of Arabian cities. The city presents the organic street pattern with cubic architectures which have courtyards inside.

Water The site is located one the coastline of Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi. The positive relationships with water is intentionally created by immersing the whole museum in the sea. Gravity will help the water run through the building, providing designers with more possibilities to harness water.

3

As a reflection of a real world on the mirror, an “inverse city” will be created under water. This “city” will obey the orders of tradition Arabian cities and the concept of street hierarchy.


B EL. -48.00’

A

EL. -48.00’

up

335 FT

up

up

596 FT

up

up

A

EL. -48.00’

EL. -48.00’

up

EL. -48.00’ EL. -48.00’

EL. -48.00’

Pool

up

Water Tank

Pool

0’

40’

80’

120’ 160’ 200’

-2F Floor Plan B B

214

FT

EL. -24.00’

A EL. -24.00’ EL. -24.00’

596 FT

Down

EL. -36.00’

A

EL. -48.00’

EL. -24.00’

EL. -48.00’ EL. -24.00’ EL. -24.00’

Terrace

EL. -36.00’

EL. -24.00’

Pool

0’

40’

80’

120’ 160’ 200’

100 FT

-1F Floor Plan B


Dome Variations Domes are popular in mosques, covering the enclosed space below. The dome here is reshaped into a new thing: bowl-shaped dome with square boundary.

Dome Formations

Earthcasting

Domes are popular in mosques, covering the enclosed space below. The dome here is reshaped into a new thing: bowl-shaped dome with square boundary. Then, it is divided into four pieces related to the site boundaries.

Inspired by American artist Thomas Sayre, earthcasting will be the main way to cast giant domes in the place. The earth will press back with a texture, pattern, and color of its own. By splitting it into four pieces, light will go through the gaps to create dynamic light effect below. The holes are left to become parts of landscape.


View to dome in rain

Top View to cafe

View to whole building in sunset

View to waterfall


“STREETS” AND “PARKS”


“STREETS” AND “PARKS” --------USC Commercial school on Broadway Street, LA Teamwork Project with Minfeng Xia · Site Analysis, Schematic Design and Design Development · Produce Plans, Elevations, Diagrams and Perspective Drawings · Make Structure System and Completed Model in Rhino

St

Parking

N Main St

Grand Park

N Spring St

W Temple

N Broadway

Broadway is one of the oldest streets in the city. As the entertainment epicenter of Los Angeles, lots of department stores and magnificent movie theaters are erected on Broadway. Most buildings were built in the first half of the 20th century, presenting architecture styles of BeauxArts, Art Deco, and revival style. “Contributing elements of the historic fabric”, Broadway has been protected over one hundred years.

N Hill St

The project is located on Broadway, the center of downtown Los Angeles. The rigid but dynamic context inspires us to explore the relationships between public space and private space in urban scale. The streets are well organized into grid pattern and some blocks are transformed into parks or open space-- these two facts become the starting point of the design, and lead to the original concept: developing and combining “streets” pattern and “parks” pattern. By separating the building into two parts, a strong diagram of rigid space vs dynamic space is clear presented in the building. And this idea is also introduced to design the structure system, mechanical system and circulation. In order to reduce the conflict effect, these two parts are merged and interweaved to become more harmony with each other. ETFE is adopted to wrap the front façade, emphasizing the three objects in the “park” area. Besides, it is a sustainable material and the transparency will reveal the colors and activities interior. The building is unique among classical buildings on Broadway, which has achieved our goals: make it attractive and bring energy to DTLA.

N Grand Ave

Architectural style on Broadway

N Hope St

Introduction

W 1st St

Parking

W 6th St

t

Site

W 9th S

t

St

Maple Ave W 8th S

San Julian

Downtown LA Context The urban street pattern of DTLA is gridiron street. The city is divided into several rectangular blocks which are occupied by buildings, parking space or parks. In the city, street space and parks are considered to be the public space; while buildings are private space. Streets are formed by buildings. However, the relationship of public and private space is inversed in park space, like Grand Park.

Wall St

s St Angele S Los

S Ma

S Spring St

in St

W 7th St

S Broadsay

T O W E R


The site in located on Broadway, between a six-story and a fourteen-story offices buildings. The dimension of the front of the site is 50 feet and the depth will be 150 feet. The orientation of site is towards Northwest and it is in the shadow of the south building all the time. The front faces to Broadway where will become the main entrance. The back is next to a parking lot and an alley.

WC

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT people from city

+

SHARED OFFICE WC

GALLERY/ EXHIBITION

STUDENT COLLABORATION/ STUDY SPACE

RULE: PARK

LOBBY

people from city

Blocks are scatted in park.

PRIVATE OFFICE CLASSROOM CLASSROOM

CONFERENCE/ PRESENTATION

PUBLIC ENTRANCE WC

PROGRAMS

Here are some problems need to be solved: Problem #1: How to deal with relationships between front and back parts of the building. Problem #2: How to deal with the building and streets, Broadway and back alley. Problem #3: How to introduce light into bottom of the building.

EIR STUDIO

WC

LOADING

STORAGE

CAFE/ RETAIL

Private space is surrounded by public space

Girdion streets divide the city into Blocks.

CLASSROOM

STUDY

LOBBY

CLASSROOM GALLERY RESTROOM

DW AY

RESTROOM EIR STUDIO COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT

OA

MECHANICAL

REST ROOM

+

RETAIL

RULE: STREET

SHARED OFFICE

CONFERENCE

+

GALLERY

PRIVATE OFFICE

STUDY

PROGRAMS

+

BR

+

CAFE

BA

CK

AL LE

Y

Streets as public space are formed by private space.

EIR STUDIO

EIR STUDIO

EIR STUDIO

LECTURE

CLASSROOM

GALLERY

PRESENTATION

COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT

LOBBY COMBINATION:

PARK

+

STREET

Strategy #1: The rules of “parks” and “streets”, the relationships between private and public space can be introduced to organize programs. After dividing the building, the front is “parks” and the back is “streets”.

OFFICE

CAFE/RETAIL

STUDY

LOADING MECHANICAL

Strategy #2: The ratio of front and back will be 6:4. The front is turned into a big lobby with several blocks floating inside and it becomes public plaza for people coming from Broadway. The back is like traditional office building.

Strategy #3: The back side is faced to the South without any obstructions. The sunlight can reach the bottom of front through gaps of suspending blocks. The facade for the front prefers the transparent materials to reveal interior activities and get more light. 0’ 10’ 20’

40’

80’


How does it connect?

What is the plan layout?

What is the programs? 9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

Air Fill ETFE Panels

1

A

A

Moisture Barrier Air Pipe ETFE Panel Joint Clipper

B

B

17 16

Concrete Deck Facade Pipe Structure Tube Fram Structure

17 C

C

17 Studio Exterior Panel

17 D

D

17 E

E

Ninth Floor Plan

A

A

B

B

12 Community Engagement

14

10 C

C

12

How about the facade? Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) is a fluorine-based plastic. It was designed to have high corrosion resistance and strength over a wide temperature range. It is a translucent polymer sheeting that is used instead of glass and hard plastic in some modern buildings. Compared to glass, ETFE has many advantages: transparency, better insulation, cheaper to be installed, light weight and the flexibility. As a result, ETFE as a construction material could create dynamic illumination for architecture.

D

D

E

E

Sixth Floor Plan 8 Gallery A

A

B

B

10 C

C 8

8

D

D

E

E

16 Offices

Second Floor Plan

A

A

B

B

2 14 Classroom C

C

1 D

D

E

E

1 LOBBY 2 LOADING

10 Meeting Room

9

Ground Floor Plan

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

How it works?

The layouts of structure system, mechanical system follow the plans. It is concentrated at the back and sprawl at the front. Structure system consists three parts: I-beam structure to resist lateral forces, tube frame structure to suspending lecture hall and studio, pipes to supports the ETFE. For mechanical system, AHU are introduced to regulate and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system.


180'-0"

150'-0"

120'-0"

90'-0"

60'-0"

30'-0"

15'-0"

Broadway Street elevation

IV

III II

View I to Lobby

View II to Gallery

View III to Community Engagement Space

I

View IV to Studio 9th floor plan

6th floor plan

2nd floor plan

1st floor plan


URBAN FOREST


URBAN FOREST --------Folly Design The triangular site is an open green space, nearby a busy main street. Most buildings of Los Angeles are flat. Some commercial centers like Downtown LA, Korea town and mountains can be seen at any point of LA city. Based on the visual relationships, the design strategy is to create an urban viewing platform. Many steel sticks grow from the ground and stairs go through it. Every ends and platforms aim to the specific direction of city, providing people with places to view the Los Angeles. The shadows are cast on the ground and keep changing according to the different sun orientations.


FLOATING CANOPY


FLOATING CANOPY S Ve rmo nt A v

--------USC Jimmy Lovine and Andre Young Academy

th

37

S Ve

Science & Engineering Library

W

rmo nt A ve

e

This project provides a unique environment for students to learn, create and collaborate. The building could enlighten us to think the relevance between architecture and nature. This green land have many trees and closes to the urban road -- these two facts become the starting point of the design, and lead to two basic W 3 strat7 Pl egies: One is to empty the ground floor to maximizeththe open green space; Second is to establish an interactive relationship with trees while protecting most of them. All activities happen in courtyard and around courtyard. The internal façade is clear glass and the external window walls are covered by screen. Here the screen, shadows, nature interweave together to present atmosphere of each space. In order to show the transparency, on the ground floor, clear glass and high-reflective aluminum panels are used to decorate walls, columns and ceilings. It is a work collaborated by both architecture and nature.

Pl USC School of Architecture

W at

tW ay

Parkside International Residential College

The site is located at the south lawn of USC school of architecture, LA. The site is closed to Exposition Blvd with a Metro rail going through. The new building is built for USC Jimmy Iovine and Andre Young Academy for Arts, Technology and the Business of Innovation—a new model for training and inspiring young innovators. Based on these context conditions, some problems need to be solved: Problem #1: How to create lots of collective space for students to work together? Problem #2: How to eliminate the effect of noisy traffic? Problem #3: How to preserve trees in the site?

USC Fisher Museum of Art

Site

WE

xpos

Exp

ositio

ition

n Blv

Blvd

d


Problem #1: How to create lots of collective space for students to work together?

Design Strategy #1: The courtyard architecture typology will create a private isolated space inside, surrounded by buildings.

Problem #2: How to eliminate the effect of noisy traffic? Design Strategy #2: The building is divided into three layers, like the rainforest’s structure: canopy layer, understory and forest floor. By emptying the first floor, the second floor will be floating in the air and the basement will be sunken into the ground. In this way, the noise can be blocked.

Problem #3: How to preserve trees? Design Strategy #3: In order to blend landscape into the architecture, the outline of building will be reshaped by the tree locations. Design Strategy #4: In order to diminish the existence of building, the high reflective aluminum materials are adopted to ceiling and columns, introducing the surrounding environment.

Design Strategy #5: To strengthen the ideas of courtyard and floating canopy, curves are introduced to modify the geometry of second floor.


A

B 1

3

14

15

2

20 22 21

6 6

22

19

19

6

18

6

5

18

5

16

17

1 Entrance Lobby 2 Outdoor Gallery 3 Cafe 5 Outdoor Hang Out Lounge 6 Restroom 7 Open Offices 8 Offices 9 Student Services

10’

20’

Ground Floor Plan 1 Entrance Lobby 2 Outdoor Gallery

3 Cafe

Basement Floor Plan 40’

B

A

10 Art Studios 11 Balcony 12 The Garage 13 Lounge 16 Workshop 17 Laboratory 21 Lounge 22 Exterior Work Yard

Ground Floor Plan 0’

4

B

60’

4 Outdoor Theater 5 Outdoor Hang Out Lounge 6 Restroom


East Elevation

A-A Section

A-A Section

West Elevation

South Elevation

B-B Section

North Elevation

0’

0’

10’

20’

40’

60’

0’

10’ 10’

20’ 20’

40’ 40’

60’ 60’


View to West Entrance

View to Courtyard

View from Exterior


BUBBLES


BUBBLES --------Brewery: Grand Central Market The concept idea of this project comes from the Los Angeles city. The urban context of LA is polycentric web and these centers have relationships with each other. In the DTLA, public spaces are scattered and inserted into the urban context with grid pattern. These public spaces can be seen as bubbles because the sphere indicates the potential to sprawl in three dimensional

space. Their relationships to exterior will still exist even though these bubbles have been cut into two pieces. By introducing the lush soap form, I have my design strategy. Each bubble will stand for one relationship between the site and surrounding. When these pieces are taken out, the leftover will become the public space which will influence the interior and exterior.


The site is located in historical district, next to the landmark Grand Central Market in Downtown Los Angeles, facing to Angels Flight which is also a landmark in narrow gauge funicular railway in the Bunker Hill. The site is mainly open to the North, S Hill St. At the west side. There are a parking lot and a narrow alley. Some problems need to be solved: Problem #1: Problem #2: Problem #3: How to transform brewery into public How to deal with the relationship with surrounding, like Grand Cen- How to design the entrance to let space. tral Market and Bunker Hill. visitors get into the building.

.

St Hi ll S

ht lig lF

Gr

An

ge

an

d

Ce

ll

nt

ra

lM

ar

ke

t

Bu

nk

Grand Central Market

St

.

Strategy #3: Place “bubbles” into the site. Each one represent a relationship to exterior. A underneath “bubble” will become a gathering space for visitors. Hi

Strategy #2: The process of making lush soap is like my design strategy. Parks or public space is the colorful soap balls which have been placed inside of “liquid soap”: DTLA urban context. When I take out the selected area, the relationships can be read from beautiful sections.

3r d

er

Strategy #1: Spheres or “bubbles” visualize the characters of urban context of LA which present a pattern with centers and have potentials to sprawl.

W

Bunker Hill

Pa

rk

S

Br oa

dw

ay

ing

Design Process


25 9

4

5

8

3

6 Auditorium 7 Lounge 8 Meeting Room 9 Lecture Room 10 Lobby 11 Beer Museum 12 Courtyard 13 Restroom 14 Grand Central Market 25 Storage

13

13

7 1 Tasting Room 2 Seating Area 3 Library 4 Hops Garden 5 Roof Garden 25 Storage

14

12

6

25

11

2 1

10

0’

20’

40’

60’

80’

Third Floor Plan

Second Floor Plan

Ground Floor Plan


Bird View Exterior Perspective

West elevation

Courtyard

Tasting Room

Pedestrian View

Underneath Entry


5

4

6

1

3

2

2

3 B

C

A

B

B

1

Lobby---Filtering---Light

2

Beer museum---Interaction---Shadows

3

Rain Room---Feel---Water

C

C

4

Lecture space---Listening---Reflection

5

Hops garden---Smell---plants

A

B

6

Libary---Knowledge---Books

C


Portfolio of yuwei ma  
Portfolio of yuwei ma  
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