YUTING PAN Urban Design Portfolio Selected Work 2016-2017 GSAPP | Columbia University
Table of Content
Urban Design Core Studio Works
POOLING RESOURCES: FARMER CO-OP Water Urbanism Urban Design Studio Spring 2017
Hudson Valley Regional Urban Design Studio Fall 2016
BUSHARE Collective Sharing Economy Urban Design Studio Summer 2016
Elective Course Works 04
REKINDLED BELONGINGNESS Fabrics and Typologies: New York City - Global Fall 2016
I REMEMBER, Interaction & Environment - Visual Studies Fall 2016
LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS Ultrareal - Visual Studies Spring 2017
JORDAN VALLEY REGIONAL ANALYSIS
Analysis of existing centralized water management system based on mega-projects
POOLING RESOURCES: FARMER CO-OP Reclaiming water resources through localized collaborative commons
Spring 2017 Urban Design Core Studio III Water Urbanism with Mengke Wu, Jinbao Liu, Kun Qian
What if a micro-scale, community driven water harvesting infrastructure challenged Jordanâ€™s centralized water management system?
Introduction This project challenges Jordanâ€™s centralized water management system by introducing a localized, community-driven, and micro-scale water harvesting infrastructure as an alternative to mitigate the dependency on the present water distribution system in Jordan. Pooling Resources Concept Localized Water Harvesting & Cooperative Farming Current agricultural practices consume up to 53% of the water available in the country. However, they contribute only 3% to the GDP. This project challenges the notion of water as a commodity to be distributed and controlled by the government, and proposes a move towards a more independent, and localized water commons. With this in mind, the project puts into question the current agricultural practicesâ€™ connection with the current land ownership pattern based on abstract property lines, disconnected from the land, its topography, and past understandings of territory. As a different form of cooperation occurs in this proposal, a self-sustainable agriculture community emerges, transforming the King Abdullah canal into an obsolete piece of infrastructure.
DEIR â€˜ALLA SITE ANALYSIS To test this concept, one strategically located settlement was chosen: Deir â€˜Alla. As a result of the construction of the King Abdullah Canal, this agriculture community has gone through tremendous change. The land reform policy (East Ghor Canal Project Law) was implemented in 1964, informed by the construction of the canal. The contradiction between the land reform policies and the traditional heritage law resulted in the current land fragmentation. The establishment of the Jordan Valley Authority in 1977 authorized the centralized water management in Jordan Valley. Water quota, which decides the amount of water distributed to each farm unit, was paired with certain crop patterns. The centralized water distribution management, based on pressure and price, changes the concept of water from a shared resources into a commodity. The agricultural sector in the Jordan Valley expanded tremendously after the construction of the canal. However, the developments of agriculture in the Valley fragmented the farmland limits further. The current agricultural practices, which are mostly based on mono-agriculture production, have resulted in a dysfunctional agriculture market in which both local farmers and migrant workers can barely make any profit.
DEIR ALLA SITE STRATEGY
Localized Rain Water Harvesting -- Utilizing Existing Topography Towards a localized rain water collection and water independence, the low points of the landscape are identified according to a carefully conducted analysis of the existing topography. The low points that are closer to main roads or existing settlements are selected and transformed into water nodes. Farmer co-ops are established around these nodes. The wadis on site form a gravity-driven, wastewater treatment and irrigation system, operating in parallel to the rainwater harvesting system.
EXPERIMENTAL GREENHOUSE EXISTING HOUSING
MIX PLANTING HYDROPONIC
LIVING CLUSTER WATER NODE
RAINWATER HARVESTING CANAL
PROTOTYPICAL FARMER CO-OP UNIT 8
PRODUCTION FIELD WATER NODE
GREY WATER DIVERSION WADI
EXISTING SITE CONDITION
Under the centralized water management, the farmers in Deir Alla relay on the water distributed by the Jordan Valley Authority, which is delivered several times a week based the crop pattern.
Centered around the necessity to collect water, the first phase proposes new water collection points, introduced at the low points mentioned above. Farmer co-ops are formed around these water collection nodes. Meanwhile, the potential wadis on site are mobilized to divert flows of treated wastewater from Deir ‘Alla. Date palms are cultivated along the wadis. In the future, those will also serve for the construction of the housing units, as they generate fast, renewable building material.
The construction of the farmer co-op starts from the low points through a process of “cut and fill” operations. This will leverage the existing micro-topography on site as new water infrastructure. The greenhouses, an existing typology in this area, will support this shift. As these structures are being established, they will be transformed from being solely agriculture production tools into a water infrastructure system, offering the farmers additional sources to collect water. In addition, these greenhouses may serve for potential upgrades, where hydroponic systems can be introduced.
As the new co-op is being established, new collaborations lead to other means of agriculture. The co-op also facilitates new potential initiatives. For instance, “co-agriculture laboratories” can be formed as a trial to further explore and test different innovative forms of agriculture. A social credits program is introduced based on a virtual currency system, aimed to generate a mechanism to connect the users to education, technology, and other initiatives to empower the community. By implementing these forms of collaboration, this projects aims to gradually form a network of regional water collaboration and a comprehensive agriculture business to truly benefit the agriculture community in the Jordan Valley.
CO-AGRICULTURE LABORATORY 11
Greenhouses occupy 50% to 70% of fa structure allows the potential for rainwat of the greenhouse is flexible, affordable, be altered and adapted to meet different co-op unit, three typolo
1 Bedroom Housing Family 2-4 people 32 m2 + 16 m2
3 Bedroom Housing Family 6-8 people 96 m2 + 32 m2
Family Friendly Housing Cluster
2 Bedroom Housing Family 4-6 people 80 m2 + 16 m2
CO-HOUSING PROTOTYPICAL LAYOUT Co-housing is introduced to improve the living conditions of migrant workers on site. Different housing typologies are introduced to meet the demands of various family structures and lifestyles. The structure of co-housing would be funded by the Jordan Valley Authority, as part of the localized rainwater harvesting system. After the construction of the structure of co-housing, the migrant workers on site can use localized material, for example stones, mud bricks, and dried date leaves to complete the construction of their housing.
CO-FOOD PROCESSING P
As the farmer co-op is implemented, c to enable post-production value-adding various kinds of value-adding processes of agricultural products. It can also link grocery stores, and wholesalers as a way agriculture market.
armland in Deir â€˜Alla. The arch-shaped ter harvesting. Meanwhile, the structure and conducive to bulk production. It can spatial needs. In the prototypical farmer ogies are implemented:
co-hiring programs can be established g processes. Co-Food Processing host s from washing, packaging to processing k the farmer co-ops to local restaurants, y to gradually break the mono-functional
CO-AGRICULTURE LABORATORY PROTOTYPICAL LAYOUT In the last phase, Co-Agricultural Laboratories are established to test other means of agriculture, for example organic farm, aquaponics, etc. Different parties and players, like experts from USAID and Eco-consultants, scholars, researchers and students from the College of Agriculture in the University of Jordan, etc. can get involved. Meanwhile, different programs can be held here, like agriculture research and experimentation programs, internships, and training programs.
VIEW OF CO-HOUSING | LIVING CLUSTER WATER NODE
VIEW OF AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION FIELD
HUDSON VALLY REGIONAL COLLABORATION Analysis of existing hospital competitive & potential of future collaboration
HEALTHWAY HEALWAY Therapeutical Interfaces for Poughkeepsie
Fall 2016 Urban Design Core Studio II Hudson Valley Regional Studio Team Work, with Chu Li, Fu Wang, Ge Zhao Exhibited at Mid-Hudson Heritage Center
Our project seeks to address the imbalance between healthcare system economic insecurity in the city of Poughkeepsie by proposing distributed healthcare infrastructure and therapeutical landscapes across the neighborhood. The new heath care network intends to make Poughkeepsie a health destination and thus have systemic impact at regional scale. As the largest industry in Poughkeepsie, healthcare, especially, hospitals are making huge profits. The Vassar Brothersâ€™ Medical Center is undergoing an expansion project which attracted over half a billion investments, making it the largest construction project in history. However, the neighborhood is excluded from the prosperous industry. The enclave campus designs and the car-targeted neighborhood structure physically segregate hospitals from the neighborhood. In this case, we argue that healthcare institutions ought to shoulder up social responsibility and act as a catalyst for community revitalization and economic development. By dispersing the healthcare related programs, we are also trying to address the psychological perspective of user groups. In hope of alleviating negative connotations of centralized the hospitals, we propose designs that can improvise the medical user experience and increase the interaction with the community.
Phase 1 | Neighborhood Scale
Phase 2 | City Scale
Phase 3 | Regional Scale
Three trans-formative magnets will be established as our therapeutically interfaces offering different types of care based on the surrounding population.
Tactical street interventions will take place along our identified â€œHealwayâ€?. For instance, temporary pop-up plazas, street fitness paths, mile makers, street body metrics.
Following the aforementioned steps, healthcare will become an eminent asset for Poughkeepsie in establishing collaboration with other Mid-Hudson River Region cities.
POUGHKEEPSIE CITY SCALE ANALYSIS 18
Analysis of existing program & proposed design | phasing strategy
CITY SCALE CO-OPERATION & DESIGN STRATEGY 19
Street Fitness Path
eet Main Str
PROPOSED STREET DESIGN STRATEGY
Existing Civic Center
SUBSTANCE ABUSE THERAPY
Pediatric Center Therapy for Seniors Check Up Center
Cafe & Food Truck
After School Program Plaza
After School Program Plaza
HEALTHY LIFESTYLE THERAPY
VIEW OF HEALTH LIFESTYLE INTERFACE multi-generation playground | therapeutic garden
VIEW OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE THERAPY dining hall | urgent care
VIEW OF AQUATIC THERAPY INTERFACE therapeutic horticulture | therapeutic ramp
BUS ARE Bodega
BUSHARE Garden Corner Bodega & Plaza
BUS ARE School
BUSHARE Garden Corner Bodega & Plaza School
PROPOSED BUSHARE COLLECTIVE NETWORK BUSHARE garden | corner bodega plaza | new fresh food & social network
BUS ARE COLLECTIVE
Revamping the Community Food Culture in Bushwick Revamping the Community Food Culture in Bushwick
Summer 2016 Urban Design Core Studio I Sharing Economy Team Work, with Carmelo Ignaccolo, Christoper Chiou, Linshu Huang AECOM URBAN SOS Semi Finalist
Bushwick lacks access to fresh food and small scale recreation spaces. The Bushare Collective proposes a new building regulation policy and a sharing platform to create a sustainable, locally produced fresh-food network. Bushwick is currently served by the cityâ€™s FRESH program, however the incentive caters only to the consumption end of the spectrum. Our proposal tackles the lack of fresh food production by localizing the process. According to our proposed policy change, developers are tasked with providing an aquaponics garden and the necessary programs and equipment associated with the process. In exchange, developers receive an RFA bump equal to garden space provided. Each new development houses a rooftop aquaponics garden coupled with a basement composting center. The garden acts as not only a production center but also a communal gathering space. Passenger and waste/food transfer elevators will supplement the development as well. The nearby bodegas, primarily selling processed food, participate in the program by acting as food waste drop-off points and fresh food vendors. Residents join the Bushare Collective and earn coupons in the form of Bushare points which are used towards the locally produced food at the bodegas. Our Collective creates an ecosystem of recycling and community aimed at a sustainable future.
EXISTING VACANT LOT
EXISTING FOOD MARKET
The neighborhood of Bushwick is located in the northern part of the Brooklyn borough of New York City. It is bounded by Queens to the northeast, Brooklyn neighborhoods Williamsburg to the northwest, East New York to the southeast, Brownsville to the south, and Bedford-Stuyvesant to the southwest. Bushwick has been a predominantly Hispanic neighborhood comprised primarily of Puerto Rican and Dominican immigrants. 32% of the Bushwick population falls under the poverty line, which makes it the 7th most impoverished neighborhood in NYC. Bushwick has a relatively high number of Bodegas. However, the percentage access to locally produced fresh food is relatively low. The lack of affordable fresh food in Bushwick is linked to a lot of health issues, such as high obesity and diabetes rate. On the other hand, the typology of recreation places provided in the neighborhood is limited. There is no block scale recreational space provided to the neighborhood.
Food Retail Expansion to Support Health
Zoning Incentives Map Bushwick Community District 4 Eligible for FRESH program zoning incentives
Existing Code “A developer seeking to utilize the zoning incentives of the FRESH Program must demonstrate that the primary business of the retail space is the sale of food products.”
1 sf of FRESH food store provided by developer
1 sf of Residential Floor Area bonus for developer
1 sf of BUSHARE garden
1 sf of Residential Floor Area bonus for developer
Proposed Code “A developer seeking to utilize the zoning incentives of the FRESH Program must demonstrate that the primary business of the retail space is the sale of food products OR that the primary use of the space is the local production of agriculture.” ALSO “Developers must also provide necessary programs and/or equipment required for the local production of agriculture.”
provided by developer
(BUSHARE garden added to existing school) within 600’ of New Residential
New Residential (BUSHARE garden in new
Existing Community Gardens
(BUSHARE garden added to existing community garden) within 300’ of New Residential
WHAT IS AQUAPONICS?
Aquaponics is the combination of hydroponics (soil less plant farming) and aquaculture (fish farming).
more produce grown in same footprint as terrestrial farming
faster harvesting time compared to soil farming
WHAT IS BUSHARE GARDEN?
A community gathering space providing locally harvested produce through aquaponics.
Exchange food culture among different communities
Enjoy your time with the local community
Become familiar with food nutritional values
PROPOSED BUSHARE COLLECTIVE NETWORK | BUSHARE GARDEN 33
BUSHARE BODEGA CORNER PLAZA
Pr-established Community Public Space
New Community Public Space
Bodega Corner Plaza Vegetable Showcase
VIEW OF NEW BUSHARE BODEGA CORNER PLAZA 34
CHAT Hi Chris ! SCAN ME and ...
Well done, today you have produced ...
FOOD WASTE wallet balance : 18 POINTS
2 LITERS of FOOD WASTE
Hi Carmelo, Iâ€™m going on vacation for a couple weeks and I have a lot of fresh produce in my fridge. Would you be interested in purchasing them? Hi Chris, yes absolutely! I can pick it up at the local Bushare Collective bodega.
Great! I will meet you there tomorrow noon!
Options : 2 lbs fresh vegetables 9
... weigh your food waste
2 lbs season fruit
... so you deserve : 3 POINTS
Thanks for using Bushare !!
my points wallet
BUSHARE members can earn points by composting food waste or selling unused produce.
Members scan th QR code when food waste is dropped off at the bin for composting.
Application analyzes the amount of food waste and members receive points.
Application analyzes the amount of food waste and members receive points.
Members can purchase unused produce from other members at a gr
The smart trash bin weighs the amount of food waste and produces a QR code which can be scanned with a smart phone.
Smart Trash Bin
VIEW OF NEW BUSHARE BODEGA CORNER PLAZA 35
DAY TIME VIEW OF NEW BUSHARE GARDEN community space | cooking class
NIGHT VIEW OF NEW BUSHARE GARDEN community space | view tower
04 REKINDLED BELONGINGNESS
RE-ESTABLISHING TYPOLOGY SPIRITUAL SPACE ORIENTED NEIGHBORHOODS IN HAIDIAN ISLAND Fall 2016 Fabrics and Typologies: New York City- Global Team Work, with Chu Li Instructor: Richard Plunz
The Haidian Island in Haikou witnessed a rich history of culture heritage, eradication and gentrification. Separated from the main terrain of China by the Qiongzhou Strait, the tipping point of Hainan Island has always been an ideal place for immigration in periods of war and chaos. Ever since the Qing Dynasty, people from different areas of China settled in Haidian Island. Upon their arrival, they resided in clusters and built temples and shrines of their own religion. This kind of religious public space tightened the connections between people and provided s spiritual support for the neighborhood. Thus the dwellings on Haidian Island centered around the temples and grew out in the pattern of a shell. With the gentrified development in 2009, this entire piece of unique fabric was eradicated. Albeit more density and economic benefit is achieved through the current model, one can barely find any trace of the once rarefied village patterns. BOBAI
7,000 First under governance First under governance
South Sea LINGAO
CHANGJIANG ASI A
AD1368-1389 Ming war AD1368-1389 Ming war
AD1253 An’nan war AD1253 An’nan war 17,000
Song- Xia war AD1040-1044 Song- AD1040-1044 Xia war
217,000 Qing Dynasty
BRIEF HISTORY OF HAINAN 38
AD1840 Opium war AD1840 Opium war
Our proposal aims at reclaiming the residue of the traditional pattern but at the same time catering the need of density for a more modern community. We scrutinized the layout of the traditional village, and analyzed its dimensions and functions, and reaching the conclusion that while the dimensions of the traditional are human scale, the functions of old housing types are much outdated. Thus we extracted the dimensions of the traditional housing and retrofitted into new patterns that bear modern functions. While a shed for the guard might be a necessity in every house in Qing Dynasty, we are now proposing to turn it into the circulation core. The auxiliary units for each house hold can be shared and enlarged in the contemporary setting, creating more usable and semi-public spaces. The courtyard typology is being preserved for offering green and public spaces. The height and the layout of the housing patterns are all centered around an old temple, targeting at bringing back the spiritual space and support that was once and still should be very important to the neighborhood. The building massing cannot retrieve the profit-oriented development of 2009, but strives to find the balance between the village settings and the increased density of modern society. In additional, commercial spaces and parking are also implanted to adapt to the needs of modern society.
TEMPLES OF HAIDIAN ISLAND 39
EXISTING SITE PLAN-BEFORE 2007
EXISTING SITE AXONOMETRIC - BEFORE 2007
EXISTING SITE PLAN-AFTER 2009
EXISTING SITE AXONOMETRIC - AFTER 2009
ERADICATION OF TRADITIONAL TYPOLOGY 2007-today
PROPOSED SITE PLAN
PROPOSED SITE AXONOMETRIC
PROPOSED HOUSING TYPOLOGY spiritual space oriented neighborhoods 41
05 I REMEMBER, Fall 2016 Visual Studies Interaction & Environment Individual Work Instructor: Tim Gambell, Florian Mewes
The design intents to transform a website into a physical site, through, comparing, incorporating and transforming. “I remember,” is a website, a social network dedicated to memories. The “Ground Zero”, is a site, a memorial site, also dedicated to memories. The new design of “I remember,” is a interactive street installation, dedicated to memories and stories. Two key element of the design is the “memory bubble”and the “memory room”, where people can share their memory and explore memory of the others.
06 LIGHT IN THE DARKNESS Spring 2017 Imagining the Ultrareal Visual Studies Team Work, with Zichang Yan, Mengke Wu Instructor: Phillip Crupi, Joseph Brennan
The design is a church, located in the middle of the desert, emphasizing the contrast between different entities. The contrast between stone and glass panel; man-made pool and the endless desert; the light and shadow.
Yuting Pan's Selected Works from GSAPP | Columbia University | MSAUD 2016-2017