CENTRE FOR BRITISH CULTURE, ART AND STUDIES, BUDAPEST
Project Brief This project is to create a centre to promote British culture, art and studies in Budapest. This centre will offer a range of courses on English language as well as workshops and training seminars for teachers. Since culture and language is inseparable, learning about British life and culture will be an integral part of the language courses. Multi-Media and cinemas are essential for supporting facilities. They offer a view into contemporary Britain. In addition, a contemporary British pub is equally important to demonstrate the food culture in Britain today. Art could be seen as another dramatic reflection of oneâ€™s culture. Therefore the exhibition space will display two artistsâ€™ work on the opening. They would be individual series of works interpreting the essence and nature of the new centre.
During the mapping the city exercise, I particularly paid attention to the use of the public space, such as square and gardens. There were a few with impressive scales however, I also received an impression of bleakness and lack of characteristics. As our guide explained, due to the history of communism, people generally consider that public space belongs to on one. Thus it may not get used or taken care of accordingly. In consequence, to create a modern English square as an extension of the culture centre became one of my motifs. In Jan Gehl’s publication of Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space, he suggested that there are three types of outdoor activities, and each one has a very different demand on the physical environment. For example, the ‘optional activities’ is especially dependent on the exterior physical environment; as Larice and Macdonald summed up, ‘a wide range of optional activities will also occur because place and situation now invite people to stop, sit, eat, play and so on.’ In condition, ‘social activities’ happen spontaneously, it is a ‘direct sequence of people moving about and being in the same spaces.’
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SITE PHOTOS & SKETCHES View I
This is the largest surviving section of the medieval stone wall exposed on its south boundary. The party walls of neighboring buildings are built on top of the approximately 6m tall ancient stone wall.
To the east of the site is a playground for the Kindergarten that is situated opposite in a tall 1970â€™s building. The adjacent buildings are a mixture of residential and commercial uses â€“ on the ground floors are mainly shops, cafes and restaurants.
Despite that fact that this area is mainly residential, there is a very limit amount of green space for the public use.
Main pedestrian flow through the site. A key view to Buda from the site.
Potential service route to the site
AVERAGE RAINFALL (mm)
WIND DIRECTION DISTRIBUTION
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SHADOW PLOT SUMMER LEVEL
ORDER OF THE SPACE
A GREEN EXTENSION
3 5 4 3 2
1 Service 2 Social 3 Education 4 Contemplation 5 Relaxation
1 Public Square 2 Terraces 3 Rooftop Garden
1 A Walkway Next to the Medieval Wall 2 A View Towards Buda
Site III is situated on the Pest side of Budapest, where has higher density of residential development and transportation network. In comparison to Buda, Pest has fewer green spaces for public use. Thus my intention is not only to create a centre for language and arts, but also an emphasis on the British garden culture. Moreover, this fascinating garden culture could be realised in two aspects â€” the private gardens and the public garden squares. The following images have shown a conceptual development of the integration architecture and nature. Architecture acts as a rigid base for the nature to gradually grow and expand, eventually inhabit with architecture.
ORTUS, Home of Maudsley Learning Duggan Morris Architects
SOLID & VOID
Allies and Morrison Studios, London
Xi'An Museum Hotel, China
Allies and Morrison Architects
Neri & Hu Design and Research Office
Kengo Kuma & Associates
URBAN & NATURE
Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall Emilio Ambasz & Associates
HARD & SOFT LANDSCAPE
AN ENGLISH SQUARE
Shaw Centre for the Arts, USA
NEO Bankside Landscape, London
Tate Modern Landscape, London
VOGT Landscape Architects
PRIVATE & PUBLIC SPACE
The initial concept is focus on the relationship between the solid mass of the culture centre and the public space donated to public use. The public space is approximately half of the footage of the building. It could be seen as a reflection of the solid mass.
The suggestion here is that the medieval wall should be accessible by the public all the time, thus the mass has recessed a certain distance to create a walkway. In addition with the vertical void in the building, they introduce a better lighting condition on the overshadow side.
FEATURES & FUNCTIONS
The stretching out of the art gallery emphasises the existing medieval wall could also be a piece of art â€“ to appreciate the historical layer on the site.
The stepping down layers of the massing allows more light for the public ground and the surrounding buildings.
The stepping down feature also introduced a secondary circulation through the terraces.
The only continuing vertical slot is reserved for the view towards Buda. In comparison, other openings are irregular to form a contrasting pattern to the surroundings. It implies a foreign culture could be seen alienate yet to bring a lively vibe into the area.
SITE PLAN 1:1000
GROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:200
01 02 03 04
Reception Lounge Pub & Restaurant Art Gallery
UNDERGROUND FLOOR PLAN 1:200
05 06 07 08
Underground Pub Service and Utility Kitchen Auditorium
FIRST FLOOR PLAN 1:200 9
09 10 11 12 13
Language Admin Office Staff Room Teaching Room Student Common Room At Split Level:
13 Administrative Hub
SECOND FLOOR PLAN 1:200
14 15 16 17
Study & Reading Space Teaching Room Teaching Room Terrace At Split Level:
18 Administrative Hub
THIRD FLOOR PLAN 1:200
19 Library Infomation Desj 20 Quiet Reading Space 21 Teaching Room 22 Teaching Room 23 Terrace 27
FOURTH FLOOR PLAN 24 IT Area 25 Reference Book Stacks 26 Quiet Reading Area
FIFTH FLOOR PLAN 27 Rooftop Garden
In Situ Concrete Application: columns and floors
Concrete is a relatively modern material compared to the surrounding buildings which are mainly masonry. It has high thermal mass and provides the required structural supports that based on a grid. Moreover the exposed concrete frame does not require additional cladding, visually it creates a honest and regular frame for the spaces.
Handmade Brick Application: brick wall panels
The brick is a modular material; they can be easily assembled to create different length for the openings. More importantly, handmade red brick has a sense of craftsmanship, which could be associated with a nostalgic Britain. In addition, brick is also an earthy material that is relevant to the gardening context of this design.
1:20 DETAILING 2 1) 350mm CONCRETE SLAB 2) 40mm INSULATION 3) VAPOUR BARRIER 4) 60mm CONCRETE FLOOR 5) DOUBLE GLAZING
1 1) FREE-DRAINING BACKFILL 2) COARSE GRAVEl 3) PERFORATED DRAIN PIPE WITH FILTER FABRIC 4) PROTECTIVE BOARD 5)200mm INSULATION 6) DPM 7) 350mm CONCRETE WALL 8) 150mm HARDCORE 9) 50mm BLINDING 10) 200mm INSULATION 11) DPM 12) 350mm CONCRETE SLAB 13) 40mm INSULATION 14) VAPOUR BARRIER 15) 60mm CONCRETE FLOOR
4 1) CONCRETE STRUCTURAL DECK 2) WATERPROOFING MEMBRANE 3) PROTECTION COURSE 4) ROOT BARRIER 5) THERMAL INSULATION 6) AERATION LAYER 7) MOISTURE RETENTION LAYER 8) DRAINAGE LAYER 9) FILTER FABRIC 10) SOIL
3 1) 350mm CONCRETE SLAB 2) 40mm INSULATION 3) VAPOUR BARRIER 4) 60mm CONCRETE FLOOR 5) BRICK WALL PANEL
NATURAL LIGHTING & VENTILATION
Cross Ventilation Natural Light
The 8m*8m void is designed for two main purposes. Firstly is to bring natural light into the overshadow side of the building. Secondly is to act as an atrium for a certain degree of natural ventilation. The above diagram has shown that cool air being pumped mechanically from the basement floor while hot air arises from each floor then sucked out from the void due to the stack effect.
The rooms are arranged according to the demand of natural lighting and ventilation. For instance the grey colour block is the core service where demands mechanical ventilation, thus it is situated in the centre with no access of natural lighting. Most of the classrooms are lit by north light and have two or three openings for cross ventilation. However, mechanical ventilation also provided towards the further end of the rooms.
Concrete ceiling soffits also act as a good device for heat storage - it absorbs the heat during day time and slowly release at night.
GREEN ROOF & WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM
An idea for recycled water use Rainwater harvesting system is a relatively simple system that can have multiple human and environmental benefits including reduction of water consumption. There are five green roofs/terraces could be used for rainwater harvesting. They will contribute to part of the water usage at the service core. It could also be used to maintain the vegetation on the terraces.
In-Situ columns at 4m*8m grid Load bearing slab
Main circulation core at the entrance Secondary circulation route at the east side of the building, connecting all the terraces
Facades are given a rhythmic pattern by the brick panels at different length, variations also occur from floor to floor Brick panels are sit between the concrete frame however they also recess towards the back to emphasis the embedded regularity created by the frame
Although the façade seems rather irregular, the openings are restrained to three dimensions: 500mm, 1000mm, and 1500mm at width. They are placed according to the demand of sunlight.
Five green spaces are connected by a set of external staircases. They are used for social space as well as rainwater harvesting.
A narrow pathway links the front of the building with the public square at the back. The public square consists a mixture of hard and soft landscape.
A view towards the main entrance of the building, and a glimpse of the walkway along the medieval wall
A view at the east side of the building, and the openness of the public space
Interior view of one of the student break out space
Entrance of the building entrance and the walkway along medieval wall. The walkway is a key piece of landscape which encourages and promotes the experience of a modern building upon a historical layer.
ART WORK DISPLAY The main concept for the art gallery space is that the two artists works are displayed in relevant pairs, since there is a nature of duality existing among the cultures.
Barry Sykes - ARTWORK#1: 'Pages from An Opened Notepad in The Jewish Museum Shop', 2004 Lovas Ilona - One hundred unidentifiable copy, 2004
Barry Sykes - ARTWORK#3: 'Mirror From Somewhere Else' Lovas Ilona - As the sewing thread avoids the key
Lovas Ilona - S.O.S, video installation
Barry Sykes - ARTWORK#2: 'Mirror From Somewhere Else #6' Lovas Ilona - Stacio No. 37