Page 1

Created by: Hongyan Yuan


Table of Contents

Page

2

Introduction Chapter 1

Define China’s history, people, and language

4

Chapter 2

Describe China’s current political system and economic development

11

Chapter 3

Review the establishment and development of Sino-US relations from the year of 1972

18

Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8

Define China’s festivals

22

Categorize China’s main attractions

27

Describe Chinese food

34

Define conversation starters

41

Discuss tips in living in China

45

Conclusion

49

Resources

50

1


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Please read before you start Welcome to Hongyan Educational and Cultural Exchange Center (HECEC). HECEC serves teachers, students, and other individuals in the US who are interested in China’ history, culture, and who want to go to China for a period of time by providing them different programs. In the past twenty years, it helped thousands of students, scholars, educators go to China. This brochure intends to help you prepare your trip by offering overall information you will need for your trip. It is designed based on former program participants’ responses and new participants’ need. A lot of former program participants benefited from this brochure. There will be much wording, pictures, and difference descriptions between China and the US. Completion of this instruction is crucial for the preparation of your trip, especially when you feel lost and frustrated in preparing for the trip. Please wear comfortable clothes and sit in a comfortable couch, turn on your favorite music as background, with a cup of your favorite coffee, and enjoy the journey!

HECEC

Welcomes you

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Before the instruction, please make sure you: 1. Be able to list some basic facts about China 2. Have strong interests in China 3. Be able to memorize a lot of information in a short time 4. Have travel experience Or go to www.hecec.org for help. ☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻ 2


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Introduction • • • •

Have you ever been to China? What do you know about China? Do you like Chinese food? Have you heard of “Giant Panda”, “the Great Wall”, and “Chairman Mao”? • How many attractions of China do you know? • Did you know that China is a rising super power? Yes, if you decide to go aboard, there are so many interesting things to know about that country, especially China, a country with about 10 million square kilograms of land; 1.3 billion of population, and civilization of over 6000 years.

About the brochure This is a thirty-nine minute reading brochure. It is divided into eight chapters and will cover all information you may be interested in. To help you have an idea and key concepts of the material, there will be a list at the beginning of the instruction that identifies the main objectives of the instruction. In addition, specific objectives will also be presented at the beginning of each chapter. Assessment items will be provided at the end of each training cluster. A lot of relevant pictures and explainations will be included according to the lesson objectives. You will learn how to: • Define China’s history • Describe China’s current political system and economic development • Review the establishment and development of Sino-US relations from the year of 1972 • Define China’s festivals • Categorize China’s main attractions • Describe Chinese food • Define conversation starters • Discuss tips in living in China

3


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Chapter 1 Define China’s history, people, and language Objectives

Define languages spoken in Define China’s population, ethnicities and China minorities

Define China’s history

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Define China’s history

Define China’s history

China is part of Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

China refers to one of the world’s oldest civilization comprising successive states and cultures dating back more than 6,000 years.

China was the world’s most advanced civilization, and the cultural center of East Asia, with an impact lasting to the present day.

Confucius’s Confucianism is the, foundation and cornerstone of traditional Chinese civilization, ideology and culture.

China is the source of many great technical inventions developed throughout world history, including the four great inventions of ancient China: Papermaking, Compass, gunpowder, and printing.

The Chinese Civil War following World War II has resulted in two separate states—People’s Republic of China (PRC) refers to Mainland China, and Republic of China (ROC) refers to Taiwan.

4


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

China’s Four Great Inventions

Cai Lun inventor of papermaking

Compass

Confucius (551-479 BCE) created Confucianism, which is the cornerstone of traditional Chinese civilization and culture. It is a complete ideological system. Confucianism has dominated a feudal society that in essence has lasted 2000 years and for that reason its influence over the history, social structure and the people of China cannot be overlooked.

Gun powder

Printing

Confucius’ sayings: •

it takes many nail to build crib, one screw to fill it

Only the wisest and stupidest of men never change

Our greatest glory is not in never falling but in rising every time we fall.

He who learns but does not think, is lost He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger

When we see men of a contrary character, we should turn inwards and examine ourselves

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

5


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Define China’s population, ethnicities and minorities

Define China’s population, ethnicities and minorities

China has the largest population in the world, with over 1.3 billion people, representing 20.04% of the world population. The demographics of mainland China are characterized by a large population with a relatively small youth cohort which is a result of China’s one-child policy that meant to control of growth of population.

China is a large country noted for its dense population and vast territory. There are 56 ethnicities with Han represent 92% of the population. There are 55 minority ethnic groups. The defining elements of an ethnic group are language, homeland, and social values. 53 minority ethnic groups use spoken languages of their own; 23 minority ethnic groups have their own written languages. Equality, unity and common prosperity are the fundamental objectives of the government in handling the relations between minority ethnic groups. China exercises a policy of regional autonomy for various minority ethnic groups, allowing minority group people living in compact communities to establish selfgovernment and direct their own affairs.

6


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 7 Chapter 8 China’s Population Growth Chart

Chapter 4 Conclusion

URL: http://www.historycentral.com/nationbynation/China/Population.html

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Define languages spoken in China •

Chinese is a family of closely-related but mutually unintelligible languages. These languages are known variously as dialects of Chinese or varieties of Chinese. In all over 1.3 billion people speak one or more varieties of Chinese. All varieties of Chinese belong to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages and each one has its own dialects and sub-dialects, which are more or less mutually intelligible.

Mandarin, as China’s official language, is spoken by more people than any other language: over 1 billion. It is the main language of government, the media and education in China. It is also one of the official languages in the United Nation.

Cantonese is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. It is mainly spoken in parts of southern Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, by Chinese minorities in Southeast Asia and by many overseas Chinese of Guangdong and Hong Kong origin worldwide.

English is the most foreign language in China. Most young Chinese people speak fair English.

Define languages spoken in China

7


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Looking at the population who speak Chinese, Chinese is the most widely spoken languages in the world Language 1. Chinese (Mandarin)

Approx. number of speakers 1,075,000,000

2. English

514,000,000

3. Hindustani1

496,000,000

4. Spanish

425,000,000

5. Russian

275,000,000

6. Arabic

256,000,000

7. Bengali

215,000,000

8. Portuguese

194,000,000

9. Malay-Indonesian

176,000,000

10. French

129,000,000

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

8


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Assessment 1. In the space below, define China’s location and how long has China’s civilization existed.

2. In the space below, define China’s population and the rank in the world.

3. In the space below, define how many ethnicities and minorities does China have. Which nationality has the most population?

4. In the space below, define China’s official language and which language the majority of Chinese use.

5. In the space below, define China’s most important foreign language.

Please refer next page for answers

9


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Answers 1. 2. 3. 4.

China is in Eastern Asia. China’s civilization has existed for over 6000 years. China has 1.3 billion people, rank the first in the world. China has 56 ethnicities, 55 minorities. Han has the most population. Mandarin Chinese is China’s official language. Most of Chinese people speak Mandarin Chinese. 5. English is the most important foreign language in China.

Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 1. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

10


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Chapter 2 Describe China’s current political system and economic development Objectives

Flag of the Communist Party of China

Specify China’s political system

List China’s recent economic development

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Specify China’s Political System • • Flag of Chinese Communist Party

Specify China’s political system

• •

• •

The socialist system led by the working class and based on the alliance of the workers and farmers is the fundamental system of the People’s Republic of China China’s basic political system is multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party. The National People’s Congress (NPC) is the highest authority of state power while local people’s congresses are the local authorities. The head of state is the President of the People’s Republic of China. The term lasts five years and no more than two consecutive terms can be served. Duties include various domestic powers as well as handling foreign affairs. Mao Zedong is the first president. Hu Jintao is China’s current president. Areas heavily populated with ethnic minorities are managed by self-government under national leadership. When needed, the state establishes special administrative regions according to the law enacted by the National People’s Congress, i.e. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

11


Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Mao Zedong’s sayings: • The people, and the people alone, are the motive force in the making of world history. • Letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend is the policy for promoting the progress of the arts and the sciences and a flourishing culture in our land. • Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed About: Hu Jintao • Is currently the Paramount Leader of the People’s Republic of China, holding the titles of President of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, succeeding as the fourth generation leadership of China. • Released the Eight Do’s and Don’ts as the moral codes to be followed by Chinese. It has been widely regarded as one of Hu Jintao's ideological solutions to the moral problems in modern China. ☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

List China’s recent economic development •

• • • • •

Introduction

Chapter 1

Under Deng Xiaoping’s leadership, China started its economic reform in 1978. Deng’theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics was proved a great success. Since economic reform (Open Door Policy) started in China in 1978, there has been a remarkable growth in GDP, to the order of 9.5 percent per year on average. China’s Accession to the WTO in 2001accelerates reform of China's economy, make China’s door even more open. China is the world’s fastest growing major economy. China’s economy is the 4th largest in 2005 with about 18% of the US economy. China’s economy is the second largest in the world when measured by Purchasing Power Parity, with a GDP of US $9.412 trillion in 2005. Chapter 4 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 12


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

GDP Growth Rates of US, Japan, Russia, & PRC 15

10

5

0 1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

-5

-10

-15 US

Introduction

Chapter 1

Japan

Chapter 2

Russia

Chapter 3

PRC

Chapter 4

13

1999


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

China’s Current ‘Place’ in the World Item GDP (PPP-purchasing power parity)

Estimate (2004 est.)

Rank

US$ 7.262 trillion

2

Product of coal, steel and cement

1

Annual GDP growth rate

9.10%

1

Foreign direct investment

US$ 53 billion

1

Exports

US$ 583.1 billion

3

Imports

US$ 552.4 billion

3

Foreign exchange reserve

US$ 609.9 billion

2

Telephones (fixed line in use)

263 million

1

Telephones (mobile)

269 million

1

110 million (2005)

2

Internet users Energy Consumption

2

10

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion 14


Assessment 1. Check the following, who is China’s current president. a. Mao Zedong b. Deng Xiaoping c. Jiang Zemin d. Hu Jintao 2. What is China’s basic political system? True or false: 3. China’s system is called “Socialism with Chinese characteristics”. ____True ___False 4. In terms of economic size, China is among the top ten in the world. ____True ___False 5. Compare to other countries, China’s economic growth rate is very slow. ____ True ____False

6. When did China carry out its economic reform, which has been proved very successful in the following years? Who was the leader?

Please refer next page for answers

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

15


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Answers 1. d. 2. Multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party. 3. True 4. True 5. False 6. 1978, Deng Xiaoping Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 2. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

16


Chapter 3 Review the establishment and development of Sino-US relations from the year of 1972 Objectives

Review of history of the establishment of Sino-US foreign relations in 1972

Recollect ups and downs between Sino-US relations since 1972.

Specify non-government educational and cultural exchange in recent years

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Review of history of the establishment of Sino-US foreign relations in 1972 •

• • Review of history of the establishment of Sino-US foreign relations in 1972 •

In 1971, the US table tennis team went to China, breaking the ices of U.S.-China relations and leading the way to a visit to Beijing by President Richard Nixon. This is called Ping Pang Diplomacy. The 1972 Nixon visit to China was the first step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People’s Republic of China. In 1972, the Shanghai Communiqué was issued by President Nixon and Chairman Mao. The U.S. acknowledged the notion that all Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait maintain that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China. China agreed that Taiwan issue be peaceful settlement. In 1979, the U.S. broke off relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) and established full diplomatic relations with the P.R.C. The two leaders were Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter.

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion 17


☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Recollect ups and downs between Sino-US relations since 1972 •

• Recollect ups and downs between Sino-US relations since 1972 • • •

Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter

Sino-American relations are complex and multifaceted, with the US and China being neither allies nor enemies. At the same time, it is generally acknowledged that the nature of Sino-American relations will be a major factor in determining the state of the world in the 21st century. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the US is suspicious that rising China will be hegemony and threaten US interest. There are also suspicions in China that the US wishes to keep China weak and divided. There are also many stabilizing factors. China and the US are major trade partners. After 911, China and the US have the same interest on the war on terror, which has stabilized relations to some degree. China and the US also have the same interest on preventing nuclear proliferation. The US needs China to play an important on the Six Party Talk to contain North Korea’s unclear weapon test. Taiwan Issue is the most critical and sensitive issue between Sino-US relations. China wants Taiwan back while Taiwan wants to be independent. The US agreed that there was only China and Taiwan was part of China, but Taiwan question muse be settled peacefully; also Taiwan was under the US’s military protection.

Jiang Zemin and Bill Clinton

Hu Jintao and Geroge Bush

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻ Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion 18


Specify non-government educational and cultural exchange in recent years • •

Specify nongovernment educational and cultural exchange in recent years

• • •

There are over 800,000 American people traveling to China annually. In addition, a huge number of Chinese students and business people are going to America each year. US-CHINA Education and Culture Exchange Center committed to develop a needed symbiosis between two nations and to foster cross-cultural understanding between Chinese and Americans. US - China Water Resource Management Program develops a coordinated, sustainable water resource management program between the United States and China. The “Carter Center” of the United States helped to train 9,000 Chinese teachers from 1987 to 1992. The center also helped establish the Beijing Recuperation Center. The Asia Foundation’s China program supports legal development, local governance reform, non-profit sector growth, the rights of women, and constructive U.S.-China relations. US-China Exchange Association promotes exchanges between the USA and China in business, education, culture, and other areas through many conferences, exchange programs and activities. The National Committee on United States-China Relations promotes understanding and cooperation between the United States and Greater China in the belief that sound and productive Sino-American relations serve vital American and world interests. The Center for United States-China Arts Exchange in Columbia University was founded to promote mutual interest in and understanding of the arts of the United States and China and to promote creativity in both countries. The Forum for American/Chinese Exchange at Stanford is dedicated to fostering dialogue among future and current leaders in the United States and China, while exploring issues that define and shape U.S.-China relations. Princeton in Beijing program is a high-quality intensive program in intermediate and advanced Chinese language study for the serious language student.

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

19


☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. When the Sino-US formal foreign relationship was established? Who were the national leaders for both countries at that time?

2. Which of the following terms are related to Sino-US relations? (choose all that apply) a. Ping Pang Diplomacy b. Taiwan Issue c. North Korea and Six Party Talks. d. United Nations 3. List 3 non- governmental educational and cultural exchange organizations.

Please refer next page for answers

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

20


Answers 1. 1979. Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter 2. a. b. c 3. Any three of the following: US-CHINA Education and Culture Exchange Center US - China Water Resource Management Program The “Carter Center” The Asia Foundation’s China program US-China Exchange Association The National Committee on United States-China Relations The Center for United States-China Arts Exchange in Columbia University The Forum for American/Chinese Exchange at Stanford Princeton in Beijing program Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 3. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

21


Chapter 4 Define China’s Festivals Objectives

Name Chinese traditional festivals

Describe the Chinese interpretation of the festivals

Describe what Chinese people eat during each festival

Describe what Chinese people do to celebrate those festivals

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Name Chinese traditional festivals • •

Name Chinese traditional festivals

• •

Boasting rich cultural meaning and a long history, traditional Chinese festivals compose an important and brilliant part of Chinese culture. Most traditional festivals took shape during the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC). From the most prosperous Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907), traditional festivals became more entertaining and more folk customs were developed. Most of the traditional festivals in China are based on the Chinese lunar calendar. Chinese traditional festivals include:

1. Spring Festival(Lunar New Year) 2. Lantern Festival (15th day of 1st lunar month) 3. Qingming Festival(early April , usually 5th April -4th April in Leap Years) 4. Dragon Boat Festival(5th day of 5th lunar month) 5. Mid-Autumn Festival(15th day of 8th lunar month) Introduction

6. Double Ninth Festival(9th day of 9th lunar month) Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

4

Conclusion

22


Describe the Chinese Interpretation of the Festivals •

Describe the Chinese interpretation of the festivals

• • • •

Spring Festival: the most important festival in China. The Spring Festival marks the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year. Lantern Festival: It is closely related to Spring Festival. People began preparing for the Spring Festival about 20 days before. After the Lantern Festival, everything returns to normal. Qingming Festival: Qingming,meaning clear and bright. It is the day for mourning the dead. Dragon Boat Festival: is in commemoration of Qu Yuan, who was minister of the State of Chu and one of China’s earliest poets. Mid-Autumn Festival: one of Chinese most important festivals, traditionally a family reunion day. Double Ninth Festival: ninth was pronounced the same as the word to signify “forever”, Chinese ancestors considered it an auspicious day worth celebration.

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Describe what Chinese people eat during each festival • •

Describe what Chinese people eat during each festival

• • • •

Spring Festival: eating dumplings (Jiaozi). In Chinese pronunciation Jiaozi means midnight or the end and the beginning of time. Lantern Festival: eating Yuanxiao, small dumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour. Qingming Festival: eating only cold food. Dragon Boat Festival: eating Zongzi, a pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves to give it a special flavor. Mid-Autumn Festival: eating moon cake. Double Ninth Festival: no special food.

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻ 23


Describe what Chinese people do to celebrate those festivals •

Describe what Chinese people do to celebrate those festivals

• • • • •

Yuan Xiao

Spring Festival: sending greetings to each other. Chinese children can get red envelope with fortune money from their parents. Lantern Festival: entertainment and beautiful lanterns. Qingming Festival: making sacrifices to ancestors. Dragon Boat Festival: having dragon boat racing. Mid-Autumn Festival: coming out of the house and enjoy the full moon Double Ninth Festival: ascending a height to avoid epidemics.

Zong Zi

New Year

Jiao Zi

Lantern

Happiness arriving

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

24


☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. What is Chinese the most important festival

2. List 3 Chinese traditional festivals. 3. Which of followings is not Chinese traditional festival? a. Spring Festival b. Mid-Autumn Festival c. Dragon Boat Festival d. Christmas 4. What is Chinese interpretation for the Spring Festival? 5. What is Chinese interpretation for the Mid-Autumn Festival?

6. Moon cake is the typical food for which festival? 7. Dumpling is the typical food for which festival? 8. During which festival, Chinese people come out of their house and enjoy the full moon? 9. During which festival, Chinese children can get red envelope with fortune money from their parents?

Please refer next page for answers Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

25


Answers 1. Spring Festival 2. • • • • • • 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Any three of them: Spring Festival Lantern Festival Qingming Festival Dragon Boat Festival Mid-Autumn Festival Double Ninth Festival d. Chinese New Year Family reunion day Mid-Autumn day Spring Festival Mid-Autumn day Spring Festival Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 4. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

Chapter 5 Categorize China’s main attractions 26


Objects

List must-see attractions

Outline other attractions besides must-see

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

List must-see attractions

The Great Wall

The Great Wall is called the “Eighth Wonder of the World” in China. It winds its way like an endless, slender dragon from the yellow sea through five provinces, two autonomous regions, and up into the Gobi Desert. Towers are located at strategic points. The very earliest stages of the building of the wall were in the 5th century BC, but the present course was mainly determined around 220 BC by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first Chinese emperor and the founder of the empire.

Also called the Palace Museum, the Purple Forbidden City or Gugong Museum in Chinese, is located in the center of Beijing, China. The Forbidden City was built between 1406 and 1420 during the Ming Dynasty. It had been the imperial home of 24 emperors of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. From their throne in the Forbidden City, they governed the country by holding court sessions with their ministers, issuing imperial edicts and initiating military expeditions. The Forbidden City is The Forbidden City listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

27


Terracotta Army And The Tomb of Qing Shi Huangdi

The Terracotta Army, literally “military servants” or Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a collection of 8,099 life-size terra cotta figures of warriors and horses located near the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. The figures were discovered in 1974 near Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Construction of this mausoleum began in 246BC and is believed to have taken 700,000 workers and craftsmen 38 years to complete. The First Emperor was buried alongside great amounts of treasure and objects of craftsmanship, as well as a scale replica of the universe complete with gemmed ceilings representing the cosmos, and flowing mercury representing the great earthly bodies of water. Pearls were also placed on the ceilings in the tomb to represent the stars and planets, etc.

Located on the eastern slope of Rattling Sand Mountain (Mingshashan) southeast of Dunhuang County in Gansu Province, the Mogao Grottoes (also known as Thousand Buddha Cave) is one of three noted grottoes in China and also the largest, best preserved and richest treasure house of Buddhist art in the world. Today, 492 caves still stand, containing some 2,100 colored statues and 45,000 square meters of murals. These murals, if joined together, would cover a length of 30 kilometers. The caves vary in size.

Tiananmen Square

Mogao Grottoes

Is the large plaza near the center of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen (literally, Gate of Heavenly Peace) which sits to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City. It has great cultural significance as a symbol because it was the site of several key events in Chinese history. The square is 880 meters south to north and 500 meters east to west, a total area of 440,000 square meters, which makes it the largest open-urban square in the world.

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻ Introduction Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Conclusion Chapter 5

28


Outline other attractions besides must-see

the Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven is a worthwhile visiting place in Beijing. It is a complex of Taoist buildings situated in southeastern urban Beijing, in Xuanwu District. Construction of the complex began in 1420, and was thereafter visited by all subsequent Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties to sacrifice to Heaven. It is regarded as a Taoist temple, although the worship of Heaven, especially by the reigning monarch of the day, pre-dates Taoism. The Temple grounds covers 2.73 km² of parkland, and comprises three main groups of constructions, all built according to strict philosophical requirements.

The Yangzi River is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America. The river is about 6,211 km long and flows from its source in Qinghai Province in western China, eastwards into the East China Sea. It has traditionally been considered a dividing point between northern and southern China, although geographers consider the Qinling-Huai River line to be the official line of geographical division.

Yangzi River

Guilin is one of China’s most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China on the west bank of the Lijiang River (also called the Li River). Its name means “forest of Sweet Osmanthus”, owing to the large number of fragrant Sweet Osmanthus trees located in the city. Its scenery is reputed Guilin Elephant Trunk Hill by many Chinese to be the "finest under heaven". The Summer Palace literally “Garden of Nurtured Harmony” is a palace in Beijing. It is mainly dominated by Longevity Hill (60 meters high) and the Kunming Lake. It covers an expanse of 2.9 square kilometers, three quarters of which is water. In its compact 70,000 square meters of building space, one finds a variety of palaces, gardens, and other classical-style architectural structures. Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

The Summer Palace Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 8 Conclusion

29


The Huang Shan, literally Yellow Mountain, is a mountain range in southern Anhui province in eastern China. The area is very famous for its scenic beauty, which lies in the peculiar shapes of the granite peaks, in the weather-shaped Huang Shan Pine trees, and in views of the clouds from above. The area also has hot springs and natural pools. The Huang Shan are a frequent subject of traditional Chinese paintings and literature. Today, they are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of China's most popular tourist destinations.

Huang Shan

The Mountain Resort of Chengde, located at Chengde City Hebei Province, is the largest imperial garden in modern China. It covers a total area of 564 square kilometers. In the Qing Dynasty, it took 89 years (1703 ~ 1792) to complete. The emperors Kangxi and then Qianlong were in charge of this project. The Mountain Resort, also a summer resort, is an important location of wonderful scenery and pleasant climate. Grand palaces, delicate temples, peculiar mountains, exquisite pavilions and tranquil waters are full of beautiful things.

Shanghai

Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chengde

Shanghai, situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of China and the eighth largest in the world. Widely regarded as the citadel of China’s modern economy, the city also serves as one of the most important cultural, commercial, financial, industrial and communications centers of China. Administratively, Shanghai is a municipality of China that has province-level status. Shanghai is also one of the world’s busiest ports, and became the largest cargo port in the world in 2005.

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

30


Lasa

Naxi People

Hong Kong

Zhouzhuang

Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Famen Temple

Potala Palace

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Heavenly Lake

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

31


☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. Which attraction is called “the Eighth Wonder of the World” in China?

2. List 3 attractions of China.

3. a. b. c. d.

What are Chinese muse-see attractions? the Great Wall the Tiananmen Square the Terre Cotta all of above.

4. List 3 other attractions of China besides must-see.

5. a. b. c. d.

What are Chinese attractions in the following? the Heaven’s Temple the Summer Palace the Yangtze River all of above

Please refer next page for answers Introduction

Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

32


Answers 1. the Great Wall 2.

any three attractions from must-see and besides must-see.

3. d 4. any three of the following: Temple of Heaven; Yangzi River; Guilin; the Summer Palace; Huang Shan; Chengde; Shanghai; Hong Kong; Lasa; Naxi; Famen Temple; Zhou Zhuang; the Heavenly Lake; Potala Palace. 5. d Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 5. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

33


Chapter 6 Describe Chinese Food Objects

List typical American Chinese food

Describe Chinese traditional food and food culture

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

List Typical American Chinese Food • •

• List typical American Chinese food

• •

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

American Chinese cuisine refers to the style of food served by Chinese restaurants in the United States. This type of cooking typically caters to Western tastes, but those exposed only to this variety may not realize that it differs significantly from the cuisine of China. Some restaurants advertise their status by writing “Western food” on their signs in Chinese or by using the term Chinese American in their signage. It alerts those who seek more traditional dishes, while still attracting those who are either unable to read Chinese or are looking for westernized fare. Canadian Chinese cuisine is quite similar to American Chinese cuisine. Currently there are three types of American Chinese restaurants that exist in most areas: sit-down dinning; take-out restaurant; buffet. Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Conclusion

34


Egg roll

An egg roll is made by wrapping a combination of chopped vegetables (often mostly cabbage), meat, and sometimes noodles, in a sheet of dough, then deep frying it. It can be closed or open ended. It was originally eaten in East Asia but has spread throughout the world as a staple of Asian cuisine. It is said by some that the spring roll led to the creation of the egg roll.

Egg drop soup (or egg flower soup) is a Chinese soup of beaten eggs, chicken broth, and boiled water. Condiments such as table salt, black pepper, and green onion are also commonly added. The soup is finished by adding a thin stream of scrambled egg to the boiling broth, creating thin, silken strands of cooked egg that float in the soup.

Egg drop soup

Fried rice is a popular component of American Chinese cuisine. It originated as a home dish from China around 4000 BC, made from cold leftover rice fried with other leftover ingredients. It is often served as the penultimate dish in Chinese banquets (just before dessert). There are dozens of varieties of fried rice, each with their own specific list of ingredients. Fried rice

Chow mein is a stir-fried dish in American Chinese cuisine, consisting of noodles, meat, and cabbage and other vegetables. It is often served as a specific dish at westernized Chinese restaurants with soy sauce and vegetables such as celery, bamboo shoots, and water chestnuts. Crunchy chow mein is a type of fried or baked chow mein sprinkled on American Chinese salad dishes

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chow mein

Chapter 4 Conclusion 35


The fortune cookie is a thin, crisp cookie baked around a piece of paper with words of wisdom or prophecy. The message inside may also include a list of lucky numbers (used by some as lottery numbers) and a Chinese phrase with translation. Despite the conventional wisdom, they were actually invented in California, USA, not China.

Fortune cookie ☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Describe Chinese traditional food and food culture • •

• Describe Chinese traditional food and food culture

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

In China, “food is heaven”, which means food is the most important thing in people’s daily life. Chinese cuisine is widely seen as representing one of the richest and most diverse culinary cuisines and heritages in the world. It originated from different regions of China and has become widespread in many other parts of the world Chopsticks are the primary eating utensil in Chinese culture for solid foods, while soups and other liquids are enjoyed with a wide, flatbottomed spoon (traditionally made of ceramic). Authentic Chinese cuisine makes frequent use of Asian leafy vegetables like bok choy and gai-lan and puts a greater emphasis on fresh meat and live seafood. As a result, authentic cuisine is more pungent than American Chinese food. Traditional Chinese cuisine is much more complicated in ways of cooking than American Chinese food, which tends to be cooked very quickly with lots of oil and salt.

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

36


Hot pot

Hot pot, also known as Steamboat, is a communal dish which originates from Mongolia, but now eaten in a variety of forms throughout East Asia. It consists of a simmering pot of stock at the center of the dining table. While the hot pot is kept simmering, ingredients are placed into the pot and are cooked at the table. Typical hot pot dishes include thinly sliced meat, leafy vegetables, mushrooms, wontons, egg dumplings, and seafood. The cooked food is usually eaten with a dipping sauce. In many areas, hot pot meals are often eaten in the winter.

Jiaozi is widely popular in China, Japan and Korea as well as outside of East Asia. This dumpling consists of a ground meat and/or vegetable filling wrapped into a thinly rolled piece of dough, which is then sealed by crimping. Jiao zi •

Xiaolongbao

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Xiaolongbao (literally “little basket bun”; also known as soup dumpling) is a type of baozi (filled bun or bread-like item) from the Southern provinces of China. Xiaolongbao are traditionally steamed in bamboo baskets, hence the name. It can be filled with hot soup and meat and/or vegetarian fillings, as well as other possibilities. The fillings are wrapped in something like a jiaozi wrapper that turns almost translucent after being steamed. Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

37


Kung Pao chicken

Kung Pao chicken is a classic dish in Sichuan cuisine, originating in the Sichuan Province of central-western China. The dish is named after Ding Baozhen (1820–1886), a late Qing Dynasty official. It uses chicken as its primary ingredient. In this vastly different version, diced chicken is typically mixed with a pre-prepared marinade. The wok is seasoned and then the chilies and Sichuan peppercorns are flash fried to add fragrance to the oil. Then the chicken is stir fried and vegetables, along with peanuts, are added

Dim sum is a Chinese light meal or brunch served with Chinese tea. It is eaten some time from morning to early afternoon with family or friends. Dim sum consists of a wide spectrum of choices, from sweet to salty. It has combinations of meat, vegetables, seafood, and fruit. The various items are usually served in a small steamer basket or on a small plate, depending on the type of dim sum.

Dim sum

Peking duck is a famous duck dish from northeastern China. The dish is mostly prized for the thin, crispy skin with authentic versions of the dish serving mostly the skin and little meat. The history of the Peking Duck can be traced as far back as the Yuan Dynasty (1206 - 1368). By the time of the early 15th century it had become one of the favorite dishes of the imperial Ming family.

Peking duck

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

38


☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. Chinese people use what kind of utensil to eat Chinese food? 2. Are there more different types and more complicated recipes for Chinese food than American food? 3. What is “heaven” for Chinese people in daily life?

4. List 3 typical American Chinese food. 5. Which of the followings are American Chinese foods? a. Spring roll b. Shrimp fried rice c. Egg drop soup d. All of above 6. List 3 typical Chinese foods. 7. Which of the following is not Chinese traditional food? a. Beijing roast duck b. Dim sum c. Steamed dumpling d. Pasta

Please refer next page for answers Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1

Chapter 6

Chapter 2 Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

39


Answers 1. Chopstick 2. yes 3. food 4. list any three 5. d 6. list any three 7. d

Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 6. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Chapter 2

Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

40


Chapter 7 Define conversation starters Objects

你好 Describe main characteristics of Chinese people

Choose whom to start a List some useful Memorize Chinese conversation with greetings words in words to be used in Chinese emergency situations

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Memorize Chinese words to be used in emergency situations • • • •

yellow skin black eyes black hair hard-working

Describe main characteristics of Chinese people • • • Choose whom to start a conversation with

Introduction Chapter 5

Chapter 1 Chapter 6

Most Chinese young people are busy and hard-working. They go to work or school in the daytime. They walk fast on the street. Usually old people have more free time to speak with. Based on your question and level of your Chinese, choose old and not busy people to speak with.

Chapter 2

Chapter 7

Chapter 3 Chapter 8

Chapter 4 Conclusion

41


Writing is the most difficult part in Chinese learning. Other than that, intonation is extremely important in Chinese speaking. Misspronounced words may cause terrible misunderstanding. Please memorize the following three useful greeting words. You will use them everyday when you live in China. You can practice them with Chinese people and speak them better and better. • 你好 Ni Hao ---Hello • 谢谢 Xiexie --- Thank you • 再见 Zai Jian --- Bye-bye

你好 List some useful greetings words in Chinese

When you live in China, you need to memorize some Chinese words to be used in emergency situations. Imagine you are in emergency situations, but nobody around you speaks English. You will have to help yourselves. The easy way is to memorize the following Chinese words. Memorize Chinese words to be used in emergency situations

• • •

I am sick. --- Wo Bing Le 我病了 policeman --- Jing Cha 警察 restroom --- Ce Suo 厕所

Note: 1. Please make notes of these Chinese expressions and bring them with you. 3. Most Chinese young people speak fair English. You may ask their help when you need language help.

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

42


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. Do most of Chinese young people speak fair English?

2. Which of the followings are Chinese people’s characteristic? a. b. c. d.

yellow skin hard-working black eyes all of above

3. Should leaner choose a busy old man to start a conversation with?

4. Translate the following Chinese into English. Ni Hao --Xiexie --Zai Jian --5. Translate the following English into Chinese. I am sick. --policeman --restroom ---

Please refer next page for answers Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

43


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Answers 1. yes 2. d 3. no 4. hello thank you bye-bye 5. wo bing le jing cha ce suo

Before you go to the next chapter, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You have done a great job for Chapter 7. Now, are you ready to move on? Enjoy!

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

44


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Chapter 8 Discuss tips in living in China Objects

Describe price calculation

Describe paying for goods procedure

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻ •

Describe price calculation.

• •

• • • Describe paying for goods procedure

Introduction

Chapter 1

Credit card is not accepted in most restaurants, some shopping malls, and other places. You need to bring enough cash with you are in China. Chinese money has Yuan, Jiao, and Fen. 1 Yuan = 10 Jiao; 1 Jiao = 10 Fen. $1 equals to about 8 Yuan. Food, transportation fee will be about 100 RMB a day. Bring more cash with you for shopping depends on your needs.

There is no shopping tax in China, just pay according to the price tag. In some flee markets, prices are negotiable. It is fun to negotiate the prices with the sellers. Tipping for services is not a tradition in China. You do not need to add tips on the bill, especially in restaurants. The boss of the restaurants will pay them.

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4 45


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Chinese money:

100 Yuan

50 Yuan

10 Yuan

2 Yuan

1 Yuan

2 Jiao

Introduction

5 Jiao

1 Jiao

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Fen

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

46


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻☺☻

Assessment 1. True or false: Do not bring cash for shopping. 2. $50 is roughly equal to ___RMB 3. True or false: Shopping in China needs to pay 6% shopping tax 4. True or false: Eating in China’s restaurants needs to pay 10% tips.

Please refer next page for answers

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

47


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Answers 1. false 2. 400 3. false, no shopping tax 4. false, no services tips Before you turn to next page, please review the material or visit: www.hecec.org for help, and do the assessment again.

No!!! Congratulations! You did a great job! Chapter 8 is the last chapter. You have done all the reading. Now, you process overall knowledge on China trip. Wish you have a wonderful trip to China!

Introduction

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4 48


Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Conclusion

Great! You have completed the reading material. We hope you have enjoyed the learning process and will find it helpful and rewarding. Before close this brochure, please spend a couple of minutes to work on the following check list to verify that you have completed all the chapters. If you find you missed a part, please go back to the material and do the check list again to verify completion of every chapter. Please check all that apply: ___ Can you describe China’s population, year of civilization? ___ Can you define languages spoken in China. What is China’s official language? ___ Can you describe China’s political system and economic development? ___ Can you describe the history of establishment and development of Sino-US relations? ___Can you list three China’s traditional festivals and describe Chinese interpretations of those festivals? ___Can you list three China’s main attractions? ___Can you describe Chinese traditional food and food culture? ___Can you speak three greeting words in Chinese? ___Can you speak three Chinese words used in emergency situations? ___Can you describe price calculation with Chinese currency?

Congratulations! You have done this instruction! Enjoy your trip to China! If more questions, please visit www.hecec.org Or please call: HECEC office in Beijing China 86-10-63435987 HECEC office in Bloomsburg USA 570-389-xxxx

49


Resources: China’s history URL: http://www.historycentral.com/nationbynation/China/Population.html Confucius and Confucius sayings URL: http://www.quotemountain.com/sayings/confucius_sayings/ China’s Four Great Inventions URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_great_inventions_of_ancient_China China’s ethnicities and minorities URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnicities_of_China China’s political system URL: http://www.china.org.cn/english/Political/25060.htm http://www.china.org.cn/e-china/politicalsystem/index.htm China’s economic development URL: http://www.weforum.org/en/events/china/index.htm Mao Zedong and Mao’s sayings: URL: http://www.weforum.org/en/events/china/index.htm China-US relations URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._presidential_election,_1972 Ping Pang Diplomacy URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ping_Pong_Diplomacy China’s traditional festivals URL: http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/Festivals/78131.htm China attractions URL: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/index.htm Chinese food culture URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_cuisine

50

IM-Instructional material  

IM-Instructional material

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you