Issuu on Google+

Yangqianqian HU PORTFOLIO

Apply for MLA Program, University of Florida B.E. in Landscape Architecture, Tongji University, China yangqianqianhu@gmail.com


CONTENTS

RENEWAL OF ISLAND PUTUOSHAN

4

FROM RECONNECTION TO REINTEGRATION

14

MOON LIGHT RIVERBANK

24

OTHER WORKS

32

LANDSCAPE PLANNING AND RESTORATION ZHEJIANG, CHINA

COMMUNITY PARK DESIGN HONOLULU, USA

CLASSICAL CHINESE GARDEN DESIGN SHANGHAI, CHINA


RENEWAL OF ISLAND PUTUOSHAN LANDSCAPE PLANNING AND RESTORATION INSTRUCTOR: TIANQING LUO Sep, 2016~Nov, 2016 / ACADEMIC WORK (GROUP)

Role in group work: Do research and analysis on natural environment and recommend ideas about restoration and recovering SITE Info: An island very famous for Buddism and its temples in Zhoushan, Zhejiang, China, about 1300ha PROJECT OVERVIEW: Island Putuoshan is one of the best tourist destinations among the east sea area. After thousands of years being used as Buddist Holy Land in China, the natural environment is deteriorating and the capacity is very close to the ceiling. This project aims to provide a solution of balance between the needs of tourists and the restoration of landscape. Our group made a lot of efforts including restoration, economy, touring routes, cultural rebirth and market expanding, etc. I mainly took part in the research and analysis on natural environment and recommended ideas about restoration.


Tourist Hot Spot

CONTEXT Island Putuoshan is one of the best tourist destinations among Chinese east sea area. The three temples and two beaches on the island are the most popular spots fot tourists, however, these spots are in the mountains and near the coastline. Human activities are contradicting with natural evolution and succession.

PUJI Temple

FAYU Temple

Thousand-step Beach

HUIJI Temple

Hundred-step Beach

Zhoushan Archipelago


HISTORY AND PRESENT

Visitors arrivals in Island Putuoshan is reaching its environmental capacity. With the increasing of income and development of tourism, more and more visitors come to Putuoshan to take vacation or pray.

Offshore

Intertidal Zone

Coast Hinterland


SITE ANALYSIS [GIS Analysis]

[Terrain] 0

375m

[Landform] Beaches

[Slope]

Mountains

Flat

[Water Flow] Steep

Main

Minor

[Site Issues]

Sewage Overload

Vegetation Damage

Coastline Backward

Increasing Garbage

Sea pollution results from discharging of raw sewage.

Expanding contructive land breaks into the forests.

Beach tourism with few limits influences the intertidal zone.

The local environmental department can't deal with some garbage .

SITE STRATEGY I try to solve the problem of Island Putuoshan from three aspect. Landscape Restoration is the priority. And it will be operated from the three eco-system: offshore, intertidal zone and coastal hinterland. Second, as the arrivals is approaching the highest capacity, visitors control should be considered. Thirdly, in order to keep a sustainable eco-island, tourism redirection is inevitable. Also, the air pollution from the temple's praying should be paid attention to.

1 Landscape Restoration

Offshore Intertidal Zone Coastal Hinterland

Harmony with nature

2

Phone App

Visitors Control

Website

3

Eco-friendly Tourism

Tourism Redirection

Temple Air Pollution Control Expand Market


MASTER PLAN

N

500m

coastline main connection forest restoration area intertidal restoration area artificial reef

[Ecological Sensibility Analysis] Considering human-caused disturbance to nature environment, I listed the following elements to evaluate the ecological sensibiliy of different area on the island. Analytic Hierarchy Process is used as the process to evaluate the weight of each elements, to calculate the intensity of landscape restoration and recovering through GIS.

Analytic Hierarchy Process


LANDSCAPE RESTORATION-OFFSHORE & INTERTIDAL ZONE

STEP 4 RECOVERING

REDUCE HUMAN INFLUENCE CONSERVE SOIL WINDPROOF

STEP 3 SAND VEGETATION RESTORAT

RESIST AND FIX SAND RETAIN SUBSURFACE WATER

RAINFALL

RAINFALL

SURFACE RUNOFF

SUBSURFACE RUNOFF

RESIDENTIAL/AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF

INFILTRATION

UPTAKE

INFILTRATION

UPTAKE

SURFACE RUNO

PESTICIDES PATHOGENS NITROGEN/PHOSPHORUS COMPOUDS

SEDIMENTS

Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino

Pittosporum tobira

Euonymus japonicus Thunb.

Camellia longicaudata


TION

STEP 2 TERRACE MARSH

WEAKEN IMPACT FORCE RETAIN COASTLINE

PROVIDE FISH HABITAT RETAIN NUTRIENTS

OFF

SEA WAVE

MINERAL SUBSTANCE Calystegia soldanella (Linn.) R. Br.

Ixeris repens (L.) A. Gray

Chemopodium acuminatum

STEP 1 ARTIFICIAL REEF

Parapholis incurva (Linn. ) C. E. Hubb.


LANDSCAPE RESTORATION-COASTAL HINTERLAND [Close-to-Nature Forest Strategy] [Existing] There are two forests in the south and north of the island with black pines which were planted by flying seeds in 1960s. However, these two forests are very unstable for the lack of biodiversity.

[Tree]

Cinnamomum camphora

Bambuseae

Ulmus parvifolia

Pistacia chinensis

Celtis sinensis Pers

Liquidambar formosana

[Phase1-Selectively Cutting Down] Trying to form a close-to-nature forest, some of the black pines are cut down in banding style with the gap from 30m to 50m. And the pines which aren't growing well should also be cut down.

[Shrub] [Phase2-Planting] Planting local species after the cutting down. According to the existing natural forest structure, different species should be planted to make a perfect mutualism.

Elaeagnus pungens

height: season: color:

0.8m

May Sep Nov

Hamamelis mollis 6m

height: season: color:

Dec Nov

[Phase3-Recovering] Recovering should last about 10 years. The newly planted trees will be grown up. Compared to the present situation, the forest is with a better biodiversity and more efficient output.

Gardenia jasminoides

height: season: color:

2m

MayJul

Nov

Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. height: season: color:

1.5m

May Sep

Rosa multiflora

height: season: color:

1m

May Sep

Schisandra chinensis

height: season: color:

1.2m

May Jul Oct


VISITORS CONTROL [Social Media]

Wechat Publication: Send notification to visitors to indicate the real-time visitor number of each scenic spot.

Set a limitation to the tickets: Visitors need to book tickets on the website and set a limitation of the tickets to control the number.


FROM RECONNECTION TO REINTEGRATION COMMUNITY PARK DESIGN

INSTRUCTOR: JING CHEN May, 2016 / ASLA 2016 ENTRY WORK (INDIVIDUAL)

SITE Info: A city park in Honolulu, USA which is taken by the homeless as dwellings and few residents visit, about 4ha PROJECT OVERVIEW: This project aims to propose a regenerative strategy for A’ala park, and try to introduce tree houses as transitional dwellings for homeless to live in and reintegrate them into the society through community farming and related activities. The regenerative plan of the A’ala park includes tree house design, community gardenand public gathering area. Towards an enhancing city street connectivity, a convenient pass is the main idea of the site. Since Hawaii is a multiethnic and multicultural society, diverse plants are incorporated in the community gardens. Meanwhile, along with the human services institutes nearby, the homeless corner also inspires everyone to pay attention to the homeless.


CONTEXT

[the United States]

[Hawaii]

[Honolulu]

HOUSING PRICE

COMMUNITY

RENTAL PRICE

[A’ALA PARK]

TOURISM

GOVERNMENT FOOD PRICE

[CHINA TOWN]

[Homeless “occupies” A’ala Park] There are now more than 7000 homeless people in Hawaii -- the second highest per capita rate in the nation. A’ala park is located at the northwest edge of Chinatown Honolulu, Hawaii. Chinatown and A’ala Park were used to be the meeting place for people from all over the world. However, the A’ala park has been taken over by a homeless encampment with shopping carts and simply-built sheds, which led to serious social problems.

HOMELESSNESS IN HONOLULU

[Homeless problem in the United States] *indicates the number of people experiencing homelessness per 10,000 people

DC

(110.8)

HI

(53.7)

NY

(44.7)

OR

(33.3)

MA

NV

(31.3)

CA

(30.8)

(29.8)

WA

AK

(27.5)

(26.5)

VT

(24.3)

CO

FL

(18.6)

Average

ME

(18.0)

(17.8)

(17.7*)

ND

MT

AZ

GA

(14.7)

CT

(10.2)

AL

(8.2)

AR

(13.7)

DE

IA

(10.2)

(9.9)

(8.6)

IL

(10.2)

KY

IN

(8.9)

KS

(8.9)

(11.0)

LA

[Food Price Issue]

7.87 $ Avg (7 $)

2.61 $ Avg

(1.93 $)

(14.6)

(13.8)

MI

(8.8)

NE

MN

(14.0)

ID

(12.0)

(17.6)

(16.7)

MD

(10.6)

MO

NC

(10.7)

(10.7)

NH

NJ

(10.9) (11.3)

NM

PA

(12.6)

MS

(6.6)

OH

(9.6)

OK

(9.7)

(12.1)

WY

TN

PR

(12.7)

RI

(10.5)

SC

(11.1)

SD

(14.2)

(13.9)

(12.1)

TX

(8.8)

UT

(10.3)

WI

VA

(10.5)

WV (9.9)

(8.4)

[Environmental Data]

6.45 $ Avg

5.94 $ Avg

(5.35 $)

(4.86 $)

2.71 $

2.61 $

Avg

(1.56 $)

Avg

(1.93$)

Mild weather makes Honolulu a perfect place for tourism and vacation.


CITY ANALYSIS [Housing Price]

> $1.5M+

< $75K

Also, Honolulu market trends indicate an increase of $42,500 (5%) in median home sales over the past year. The average price per square foot for this same period rose to $610, up from $594.

Liliha Stream

Nuuanu Stream N Hotel Street Honolulu Channel

[Waterway]

[Road]

Nuuanu Stream is in the south of the site, with good waterfront view.

N Hotel Street is in Chinatown. Many of the homeless beg along the street.

]

Not Public Public

Public

[Park] The site is the nearest park from Chinatown and Service Department.

[Neighborhood] The site is in a fairly high density city neighborhood.


SITE ANALYSIS

[Institute for Human Services Inc.]

[Visiting Frequency]*

IHSâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; approach to homelessness balances compassion with fostering kuleana, and competence with evidence-based practices in order to spur thoughtful reflection and assertive action. Our team of 125 employees serve the entire homeless community from veterans to seniors, the chronically homeless to transgender persons. We serve Hawaiiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most vulnerable individuals with respect, taking the time to listen to their stories and offer tailored solutions. Beyond food and shelter, we offer a wide variety of supportive services that allow individuals to reconnect, heal and succeed.

H

R

T

C

*T for TOURISTS C for CITIZENS H for HOMELESS R for RESIDENTS

[Visiting Frequency] H

R

C

H.I.S. House provides transitional shelter to families, single adults, and couples who are homeless but have the motivation and capability, with our assistance, to regain self-sufficiency. Residents plan to stay 120 to 180 days while T they develop a source of permanent income and save money for housing. The shelter offers a home-like environment where families and couples stay in private bedrooms and singles share a bedroom.

[HIS Shelter Homeless]

The Hawaii Public Housing Authority helps provide Hawai`i residents with affordable housing and shelter without discrimination. HPHA efforts focus on developing affordable rental and supportive housing, public housing and the efficient and fair delivery of housing services to the people of Hawaii.

[Human Services Department]

STRATEGY

[REGENERATE]

[Existing]

[Make Traffic Efficient ]

[Expand Communication Space]

[Locate Tree houses for homeless]


[Waena Apartments] The closest residential area near aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ala park with an internal community green land.

[Visiting Frequency] H

R

T

C

[Visiting Frequency] H

R

T C

The Chinatown Historic District is a Chinatown neighborhood of Honolulu, Hawaii known for its Chinese American community, and is one of the oldest Chinatowns in the United States. Sun Yat-Sen who came to Chinatown in 1879 where he was educated planned the Chinese Revolution of 1911. The Downtown Police Substation of the Honolulu Police Department is located in Chinatown. Mayor Jeremy Harris said that he wanted a police station built at that location because of crime had been occurring in that area, and the presence of a police station would deter crime.

[Visiting Frequency] H

R

T

C

[Chinatown]

[RECONNECT]

[REINTEGRATE]

[Reconnect people and the park]

[No discrimination, no fear]


SITE PLAN

Tree-house Area

Coffee Time Homeless Corner

Skatepark (Existing)

Waterscape

Edible Garden

N 50m


PLANTING DESIGN [PLANTING HERBS]

[PLANTING VEGETABLES] papayas, bananas

papayas, bananas

AUTUMN broccoli, cauliflowers cabbage

WINTER carrots

AUTUMN

WINTER calendula

lemongrass

leeks

squash sweet potatoes

SUMMER

SPRING

SUMMER

eggplant peppers

onions potatoes Kai choy Bok Choy Lettuce

SPRING snap peas cucumber green beas& peas

echinacea peppermint sage dill chamomile

lavender oregano

YEAR ROUND

aleo fennel lemon balm

YEAR ROUND

[SPRING]

[SUMMER]

[AUTUMN]

[WINTER]

[ECOLOGY STRATEGY] [BANANA CIRCLE] banana trees

organic matters cassava taro sweet potato lemongrass vetiver citronella

1m 2m

nutrients wet conditions

city grey water

organic matters

fruits and vegetables


[EDIBLE GARDEN]

STRATEGY FOR THE HOMELESS [MASLOWâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS]

[

SELF ACTUALIZATION

Psychological Needs

ESTEEM

BELONGING

SAFETY

Physiological Needs

a

PHYSIOLOGICAL

ACCEPTANCE OF OTHERS

SHELTER

FOOD

AALA PARK

HIS SHELTER HOMELESS

INSTITUTE OF HUMAN SERVICES

[HOMELESS CORNER]

[Temporary Shelter]

[Homeless Care Bus]

[Public Show]


[WEST ENTRANCE]

[TREE HOUSE DESIGN] solar energy pannel

abandoned container In light of the homeless, no matter occasionally or chronically, tree houses served to be a special transitional dwelling for them, which is made of abandoned containers. It has solar energy pannels for energy supporting and movable braces for moving the house. Also, it is composable that it can be used by the family homeless.

stable and retractable braces stable and retractable ladder

Plan-individual

Plan-family


MOON LIGHT RIVERBANK CLASSICAL CHINESE GARDEN DESIGN

INSTRUCTOR: DAIXIN DAI Nov, 2015~Jan, 2016 / ACADEMIC WORK (INDIVIDUAL)

SITE Info: An existing classical chinese garden in campus of Tongji University, Shanghai, China, about 1.5ha PROJECT OVERVIEW: This project aims to propose a regenerative strategy for Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ala park, and try to introduce tree houses for homeless to live in and reintegrate them into the society through community farming and related activities. The regenerative plan of the Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ala park includes tree house design, community garden, riverside fair market and public gathering area. Towards an enhancing biocultural diversity, Plumeria tree (the most popular plant in Hawaii) became the inspiration of the overall layout of this site. Since Hawaii is a multiethnic and multicultural society, diverse plants are incorporated in the community gardens. Meanwhile, riverside fair market will be held regularly.


CONTEXT

dormitory

dormitory

college buildings college buildings

Location: Tongji University, Shanghai. The site of this project is the location of an existing classical garden in Tongji University, near the college of Urban Planning and Architecture, which is designed by a famous architect and professor in 1940s. However, after more than 60 years, there are increasingly more students in campus and the classical garden a need modern translation. The course is intended to practice our skills of designing a new classical garden that is particularly suited for campus. [Freehand Example Sketch]

Research on Chinese classical gardens --The Chinese garden is a landscape garden style which has evolved over three thousand years. It includes both the vast gardens of the Chinese emperors and members of the imperial family, built for pleasure and to impress, and the more intimate gardens created by scholars, poets, former government officials, soldiers and merchants, made for reflection and escape from the outside world. They create an idealized miniature landscape, which is meant to express the harmony that should exist between man and nature. A typical Chinese garden is enclosed by walls and includes one or more ponds, rock works, trees and flowers, and an assortment of halls and pavilions within the garden, connected by winding paths and zig-zag galleries. By moving from structure to structure, visitors can view a series of carefully composed scenes, unrolling like a scroll of landscape paintings.Records of the 21st conference of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, describing Classical Chinese garden design and the gardens of Suzhou China. A Chinese garden was not meant to be seen all at once; the plan of a classical Chinese garden presented the visitor with a series of perfectly composed and framed glimpses of scenery; a view of a pond, or of a rock, or a grove of bamboo, a blossoming tree, or a view of a distant mountain peak or a pagoda. The 16th-century Chinese writer and philosopher Ji Cheng instructed garden builders to "hide the vulgar and the common as far as the eye can see, and include the excellent and the splendid.â&#x20AC;?


[Freehand Anoxometric Drawing]


OTHER WORKS INSTRUCTOR: JING CHEN, CHANGJIAN WANG, HUI LIU

OVERVIEW: I have always been interested in art and creative work. This part includes my works of drawing during art model courses and practices, creative works during art design competitions, travel sketches from my travel journals and photos in my daily life, volunteering experience and photograhpy course. These also inspires my design projects.


[Autumn Leaves Collage] 2015.11 I picked autumn leaves in campus with my friend Ke SUN. We'd like to make life interesting from the landscape around us.

[City Collage] 2015.5 I drew a colored picture of the scenery of rockbund in Shanghai and made a collage of it on a map of Shanghai, trying to express the division between history and modern life.


[Photography] 2015.8 Photos during my volunteering work in Guizhou, my hometown. I lived there for 20 days, made friends with the local and pictured the brilliant village.

[Travel Sketches] 2015.9 A series of travel journal in Xitang, China where I spent 10 days spotting the beauty of the small town.


Yangqianqian HU Apply for MLA Program, University of Florida B.E. in Landscape Architecture, Tongji University, China yangqianqianhu@gmail.com +8615221538893


yqqh_fndkce