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Weekly Newspaper Year Five Issue No. 161 Price 40 Rials 5x5 gazete.pdf




Monday, 3 January 2011

Media for the People






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The Inter-College Debate, the First in Yemen

Yemen Chewers Spend $ 7 Million on Khat a Day


President for Life: Saleh Counting on Amendment to Stay in Power for Life See Page 12

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Yemen slams U.S. for Interfering in Its Affairs; See Page 3

See Page 7

See Page 5

Parliament Agrees for Constitutional Amendments while Opposition Shocked By Hakim Almasmari YEMEN POST STAFF

The General People’s Congress, Yemen’s ruling party, said that the U.S. call for Yemen to delay a vote on constitutional amendments proposed by the party was interference in Yemen’s internal affairs. The call made by the U.S. Department of State harmed Yemen’s sovereignty and was considered as regrettable interference in Yemen’s own matters, the party said. U.S. officials are aware that Yemen’s Parliament acts according to constitutional and legal rules and that the determination of nations can’t be decided through external desires, it said. “The U.S. call, which urged all Yemeni parties to postpone the parliamentary procedure and come back to the negotiating table in the best interest of the Yemeni people, was irresponsible and did not live up to diplomacy norms or wisdom.” Lawmakers should respond to the desire of their people and bear the sense of national responsibility, the party made clear, reaffirming that it has left the door open to dialogue with various political forces. “We also urge to put the interests of the nation above anything else.” The U.S. urged Yemen to postpone a vote on constitutional amendments, calling on the ruling party and opposition to come

back to the table to discuss electoral reforms. Yemeni parties should negotiate necessary reforms and reach an agreement that should be applauded by the people and friends of Yemen, U.S. Department of State said in an urgent call. The call came after the ruling party approved during a meeting chaired by President Saleh new constitutional amendments said to have aimed to further empower

women and implement electoral reforms, mainly improving local governance. The amendments included those giving women additional 44 seats in parliament by increasing the seats in the House of Representatives from 301 to 345 and an amendment to the article 112, cutting the term of office for president from 7 years to five years. However, Washington welcomed reports that Saleh had formed a panel from his party for dialog with the opposition amid the political turmoil that widens as the ruling party insists on arrangements for holding the upcoming parliamentary elections on time. Ruling Party going Ahead with Amendments Parliament voted to start the procedure for constitutional amendments at a time when the opposition continues to protest outside the parliament building. According to sources within the parliament, 160 members of the ruling party voted for the amendments. A committee was formed, headed by the deputy head of parliament Sheikh Himyar Al-Ahmar, to finalize the details of the amendments, therefore, preparing it for final approval within 60 days. A ruling party MP talked to Yemen Post and said, “Most likely within 60 days the

amendments will be passed, and Yemen will enter a new phase of positive change.” He however mentioned that because of international pressure, the government decided to discuss amendments instead of approving them directly, therefore, giving more time for the opposition to reach an agreement with the ruling party. “We are not delaying the amendments, but discussing the specifics, so that when we vote, the amendments are clear and ready.” The amendments will give Saleh a chance to rule for life as the two presidential term condition will be deleted from the constitution. On the other hand, ruling party officials claim that reducing the number of years for each term in presidency from seven years to five is a right step in Yemen’s reform strategy. An opposition MP called the current amendments a coup on the Yemeni revo-

Damascus Street (Hadda), Sana’a, Republic of Yemen Tel: 00967-1-418545/6/7/8 P.O. Box: 16183 Fax: 00967-1-1418549-418564 Website: E-mail:,

Yemen Aims to Achieve Comprehensive Food Security by 2020 Turn to Page 3


Yemeni Authorities Release 460 Houthi Followers from Sana’a and Sa’ada Jails Turn to Page4

Prosecution Orders JMP Leader Released in Yemen

Turn to Page 4

Editorial: Qat Markets in United States! Page 7: Yemen Chewers Spend $ 7 Million on Khat a Day Page 9: Calcium needed for weight problems

lution and called on the people to stand against the oppression of the ruling party. “The ruling party will enter the country to a dark tunnel where it would be difficult to exit.” “We will continue protesting and boycotting parliament session for the sake of reforms and the country.” The opposition Joint Meeting Parties refused the parliament decision and said that such practices will only give Yemen more problems, adding that this strategy will be used to make Saleh the President of Yemen as long as he lives.

(Issue 161) January 3, 2011




(Issue 161) January 3, 2011

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Ministry of Interior Achieves AQAP Announces Responsibility for 94% Crime Control in 2010 49 Attacks in Yemen during 2010 By Fuad Rajeh


The Ministry of Interior website said that the percentage of crime control in Yemen’s provinces was 94 percent during 2010. It stressed that this reflects the great efforts being made by security apparatuses to combat crimes and criminals and to maintain society’s stability and security. The Ministry praised the efforts made by security to succeed the Gulf Cup tournament 2010 that took place in Aden and Abyan. Security statistics recorded a slight increase in crime rates at 1.5 percent; however, the center considered this below the normal and fits into the society’s development and the accelerated

rhythms of life. The Ministry of Interior reported that it faced different challenges in 2010; however, it almost overcame most problems faced in several fields, the most important being combating terrorism and stopping crimes before they happen, especially when fighting Al-Qaeda operatives. During the year, the government carried out several raid on Al-Qaeda targets in Abyan, Sana’a, Shabwa, Marib, and Hadramout, and arrested members of Al-Qaeda. In related news, the Ministry of Interior announced it will continue its efforts to develop police departments in a way that fits into the requirement of the current age and security needs.

By Assma Almasmari

YEMEN POST STAFF Al-Qaeda in Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) claimed responsibility for implementing 49 attacks against Yemeni forces and foreign targets during the second half of the 2010. In a statement posted on the internet, it said that they carried out attacks on Yemeni forces, checkpoints, camps, and military vehicles which resulted in killing and wounding many soldiers and officers in security, military, and

killing only three of the officers. On the other hand, AQAP was also behind the killing of a senior official in Mareb province, as the statement mentioned, and seized general Ali Al-Hsam, the vice manager of the political security in Sa’ada province. They also announced responsibility for firing a rocket on a British embassy car in October 2010, while in the same time denying its responsibility for the bombing of Al-Wahdah Sports Club in Shiekh Othman district, Aden, which killed at least four people, and wounded 14 others on October 11.

intelligence apparatus. It added that they carried out at least 13 military operations targeting security officers and leaders in five provinces, six of them in Abyan, killing at least five security officers, the last being the attack on Ahmed Al-Mesary, the Governor of Abyan and his bodyguards, which killed eight troops and officers, including his brother. According to the same source, AQAP targeted three officers in Hadramout province and two others in Lahj province; however, the attacks resulted in

Yemen Aims to Achieve Comprehensive Food Security by 2020 By Ahmed Bahri YEMEN POST STAFF

Yemen has prepared a draft national food security strategy that aims to achieve three main goals focused on reducing food insecurity by one third by 2020, achieving food security for 90 per cent of the population and reducing child malnutrition by 1 per cent at least a year. The draft strategy, currently at the Council of Ministers, was prepared in cooperation with the Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI. It considers Yemen one of the Arab countries most affected by food insecurity and among ten countries experiencing severe food security worldwide. The current situation prompted

the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation to rush to prepare a better food security strategy aiming to help all Yemeni people get enough food and live in a healthy and productive environment, the strategy says. To translate this strategy into concrete actions, the national food security committee crystallized a number of objectives to ensure the success of the strategy, which warned that if Yemen does not take action, these goals will vanish and the population growth will increase. The committee also held discussions with concerned governmental bodies, the civil society and international partners that identified 18 key measures and 7 priorities based on the current food security situation in the country to implement the seven-axis strategy.

If Yemen succeeds in implementing it, it will be a food-secure country by 2020, the committee suggested. The seven axes of the strategy are: reforming fuel subsidies to boost food security, improving the trade climate to support investments at promising sectors that contribute to consolidating food security, applying policies that aim to limit khat cultivation to support agricultural growth and develop food security risk management, developing the water sector strategy, seeking better general investment and improving services, mainly in rural areas, and organizing highlevel campaigns for family planning, nutrition and women’s empowerment. Regarding the first axis, the government has taken a preliminary step to reform and support fuel

Qatari Effort over Peace in North Yemen Continues


The Qatari panel in charge of following up the implementation of the ceasefire between the government and the Houthi Group is currently continuing its job in northern Yemen, independent media reported. It arrived in the capital Sana’a days ago, the source said, adding that Qatar’s ambassador to the country flew two days ago to Saada to bring Houthi representatives. The panel has met with the representatives of both sides, but no outcomes were disclosed. It is also expected to travel to Ye-































Abu Dhabi
























men’s business capital of Aden to meet with President Saleh. Meanwhile, the spokesman for the Group Muhammad Abdul Salam has said they insist on tackling the issue of Houthi detainees and that the group can’t abandon the issue. The panel, which started its job in August, has paid several visits to the country this year to supervise the implementation of the ceasefire that ended a six-year war in the far north in February. Not much progress was reported when it left the country few months ago because of unknown reasons. In July, the government and the Houthi Group sent delegations to

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subsidies through a hike on fuel prices in 2010. The step could help provide more opportunities to reduce food insecurity because it was perfectly designed to contribute to supporting food security in the country, according to the strategy. “Stopping fuel subsidies will aggravate food security problems, because farmers and people in rural areas are most-affected by the fuels price hike. However, the saving from this process will increase liquidity to finance investments supporting production”. The strategy also said that investments in infrastructure such as those in transport, commerce and construction areas will bridge opening gaps and

Doha where negotiations took place. After Doha talks, reports surfaced the two sides had reached an agreement over the ceasefire. But the details of the deal were not disclosed, triggering fears that the government possibly agreed to the condition of the Houthi for autonomy after its rule expanded to many parts in the far north. Qatar started its mediation between the government and the Houthi Group few years ago, brokering a short-lived deal between the two sides in 2007. The short-lived deal was breached by volatile confrontations until a sixth war erupted in mid-2009.

help reform the agricultural, industrial and service situations to

stimulate medium-term local and foreign investments.

Monitors Welcomed, as Saleh Launches Campaign for Controversial Elections

By Fatik Al-Rodaini

YEMEN POST STAFF President Saleh has called on international organizations to observe the upcoming controversial parliamentary elections planned for April 2011. The announcement was made when he delivered a speech during the launch of the electoral campaign of the ruling party in Yemen’s business capital Aden. We welcome international monitors to observe the upcoming elections as we renew our call for the opposition to live up to the nation level and abandon small matters, he said. From Aden, we launch our campaign to add to other events including those deemed as turning points in Yemen’s history, he said. “I also urge them to avoid obstinacy and useless propaganda because the country does not need speeches. Your country needs your true and helpful deeds.”

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Saleh also criticized the Yemeni Socialist Party, saying:” we have been tackling the remnants and conspiracies of the totalitarian regime for 21 years.” “There is no need to dig the house of wasps and to open ‘fatty files’. We seek tolerance and to turn a new page with which the nation interest should be put above other interests.” The campaign comes amid the continuous protest of the JMP against unilateral moves by the ruling party including voting for and passing the controversial election law and forming the election commission from judges. In recent months, the political turmoil has widened, particularly amid continuous preparations of the ruling party for the upcoming elections expected to be boycotted by the opposition, and the disrupted efforts to hold a national dialog. The JMP has recently said the ruling party is responsible for the current mess, arguing if the elections take place, none can ensure they will not be rigged.

Saleh Forms Panel for Dialog with Opposition By Fuad Rajeh


Yemenis welcomed 2011 with chants of poverty as rates of those living under the poverty line exceed 42% according to a parliament study.

Meeting leaders of the General People’s Congress, President Ali Abdullah Saleh formed a panel from the party’s general committee which will be in charge of holding dialog with the opposition, as the political turmoil in the country widens. The panel members included Shura Chairman Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani and other prominent members of the ruling party. Commenting on the move, Muhammad Al-Qubati, official spokesman for the Joint Meeting Parties JMP, the opposition, said that any serious inclination by the ruling party towards dialog calls for overturning all unilateral and unconstitutional moves the party has recently taken. The opposition boycotted the parliamentary sitting for a fifth successive day in protest against these unilateral moves including voting for and passing the election law and forming an election commission from judges.



(Issue 161) January 3, 2011


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Yemeni Authorities Release 460 Houthi Followers from Sana’a and Sa’ada Jails deal, the spokesman for the Houthis told media outlets. The release came several days after Qatari mediators visited Yemen in a mission to promote the implementation of a Qatari- mediated ceasefire agreement between the Yemeni government and the Houthi rebels. On August 26, the Yemeni government and the Houthis signed an agreement in Doha to cement a fragile ceasefire in northern Yemen that ended sporadic battles since 2004. The agreement set a timetable for implementing previous truce deals, including the 2008 Doha peace agreement and the February 11, 2010 ceasefire deal. Qatar started its mediation between

By Arwa Anesi

YEMEN POST STAFF Hundreds of Houthi followers were released from Yemeni prisons in Sana’a and Sa’ada provinces according to the Qatari mediation between Yemeni government and Houthi rebels. Houthi information bureau, confirmed that 460 prisoners arrived to Sa’ada province after being released by Yemeni government. At least 270 detainees were released from Sana’a prison, while 190 others were released from Sa’ada prison. In return, Houthis returned military equipments seized in confrontations with the government as part of the peace

the government and the Houthi Group few years ago, brokering a short-lived deal between the two sides in 2007. The shortlived deal was breached by volatile confrontations until a sixth war erupted in mid-2009.

Deputies Premier, Seven Ministers Quit for Controversial Elections of the Cabinet today; according to the election law that calls for any senior official who seeks to run in an election to render a resignation three months before candidacy. The deputies were Rashad Al-Alimi, deputy premier for Defense and Security Affairs and Sadiq Abu Ras deputy premier for Internal Affairs. The ministers were Abdul Rahman AlAkwa’a, minister of state, mayor of the

Secretariat Capital, Yahya Al-Shuaibi of Civil Service and Insurance, Hamoud Ubad of Youth and Sports, Mansour AlHawshabi of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ahmed Al-Kuhlani, minister of state for Parliament and Shura Affairs, Nabil AlFaqih of Tourism and Awadh Al-Socotri of Electricity and Energy. The article 60 of the election law stipulates that prime minister and his deputies, ministers and their deputies and

to release him, which the family then paid. Ghalib was arrested at his house in Sana’a after a separatist leader said in a statement that the Joint Meeting Parties JMP provided YR 10 million through Ghalib in support of southern separatists and saboteurs. He was also accused of involvement in the twin attacks against a sports club in Aden ahead of the 20th Gulf soccer championship with the aim to thwart hosting the event. First, the prosecution decided to hold him for two days to complete his investigation, but later it extended the period

to a week. After the statement, the Interior Ministry threatened that opposition leaders were likely to be investigated on charges of conspiracy and involvement in supporting sabotage. In case the statement proves true, such investigations will be inevitable, it said on its website.

By Fuad Rajeh

FOR THE YEMEN POST In a sign that the upcoming controversial parliamentary elections will be held on time despite the current political deadlock and mess in Yemen, two deputiy prime ministers and seven ministers have resigned as they seek to run in the elections. They did not attend the weekly meeting

heads of governmental authorities can run in an election three months after they leave their jobs since the opening of nominations. It also calls for governors, their deputies, judges, directors of ministries and governorates offices, military and security commanders and local executive officials who seek competing for seats in Parliament at their constituencies to resign three months before candidacies.

Prosecution Orders JMP Leader Released in Yemen By Fatik Rodaini

FOR THE YEMEN POST The prosecution ordered to release leader of the Yemeni Socialist Party, one of the opposition coalition parties, Muhammad Ghalib who was arrested days ago for allegedly having links with and financing separatists and saboteurs in the south. He was released due to lack of evidence, prosecutors said. Also, sources close to Ghalib’s family said that the family was informed he was ordered released, but the Criminal Investigative Department asked for bail

Press Release Press Release Press Release

Yemen: video link brings Guantanamo detainees and families closer together

For the first time, families in Yemen and their relatives detained at the US facility in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, have been

able to communicate via video-teleconference, using a new service made available by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The first video-teleconference calls were made some 10 days ago at the ICRC delegation in Sana’a. The latest round of calls, which took place in Aden, in the

south of the country, has just been completed. “This is the first opportunity families in Yemen and their detained relatives in Guantanamo Bay have had to use videoteleconferencing,” explained Nourane Houas of the ICRC’s Sana’a delegation. “So far, 4 families have done so.” The video calls, which can last up to one hour, give the detainees and their families the opportunity not only to speak but also to see each other, in some cases for the first time in almost a decade. “Nothing – not even live video – can replace a face-to-face visit, but a video call is considerably more satisfying than a phone call or written message,” added Ms Houas. A total of 90 Yemeni nationals are currently detained in Guantanamo Bay. Many have until now kept in touch with their families in Yemen through Red Cross messages (brief family messages forwarded by the ICRC) and telephone calls. The ICRC has been working in Yemen since 1962. In cooperation with the Yemen Red Crescent Society, it endeavours to meet the most urgent needs of victims of armed violence in the country, to provide humanitarian assistance on an impartial basis and to visit people deprived of their freedom.

AS&E Get Order with

By The Numbers


Number or ministers in the Yemeni government who resigned from duty in preperation for the 2011 parliamentary elections.

460 Houthi prisoners who were released from prisons by the government in a move to ease tensions between Houthis and the regime.

Yemen Customs

American Science and Engineering, Inc. (AS&E), a worldwide supplier of Xray detection solutions, announced the receipt of an order for Yemen Customs for two of the Company’s top selling Z Backscatter Vans (ZBV) with an exercisable option for two additional ZBV systems. Yemen Customs will use the ZBV systems to screen cargo and vehicles for explosive threats and contraband to fight terrorism at seaports and land border crossings. “We commend the security officials at Yemen Customs for taking steps to increase security measures through the deployment of advanced detection technology,” said Anthony R. Fabiano, President and CEO. “Terror threats pose a constant challenge towards securing seaports and borders. With the ZBV system’s exceptional versatility and detection capability, it is an ideal tool to screen trucks and vehicles for explosive threats, contraband and manifest verification. Its varied operating modes provide maximum maneuverability and flexibility for multiple applications, including port and border, checkpoint and high-threat facility security.” The Z Backscatter Van is a mobile security inspection system designed to screen vehicles and cargo containers for security threats and contraband.

Pakistan wants enhanced economic ties with Yemen Pakistan said that it wants to enhance relations with Yemen in various areas, topped by economic fields via strengthening trade exchange, a statement said. Visiting Pakistani Industries and Production Minister Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani showed keenness to boost investment in Yemen, during the meeting with Prime Minister Ali Mujawar on the sidelines of sixth session of Yemen-Pakistan joint ministerial committee, Yemeni news agency reported. The Yemeni prime minister also expressed his interest to reinforce brotherly relations in various fields, indicating to important role of joint committee in creating integration, mutual partnership in all fields. He also said that a Yemeni-Pakistani businessmen joint council should be established that will assist in advancing bilateral cooperation relations.

Yemen freeing insurgents under peace deal (CNN) -- Yemen is releasing hundreds of jailed insurgents after the president’s directive to free 500 detainees, the country’s embassy in Washington announced Thursday. President Ali Abdul Allah Saleh’s move is a critical part of the February peace agreement between the government and the Houthi rebels in northern Yemen, who have fought for years. Mohammed Albasha, the embassy spokesman, said in a statement that the nation of Qatar brokered the prisoner release, which has been called a “critical component” of the peace agreement. Qatar oversees the cease-fire. In return for the move, the Houthis will surrender weapons seized during fighting.

Yemen should delay proposed constitutional move: U.S.

The United States urged Yemen to hold off on reported plans for a vote as early as Saturday on proposed constitutional changes, calling for the government and opposition to negotiate the electoral reforms. Disagreements over the proposed reforms could add to instability in Yemen, which borders oil giant Saudi Arabia. Yemen is already struggling to quell the resurgent Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula militant group while also trying to cement a truce with Shi’ite rebels to end a civil war in the north and to end a separatist rebellion in the south. The al Qaeda wing claimed responsibility for last December’s botched attempt to bomb a Detroitbound aircraft and for two U.S.-bound parcel bombs intercepted in Britain and Dubai in October.

44 42.8% Seats in parliament that the government has added for female candidates to run in the next elections.

Poverty rate that Yemen has reached according to a new study introduced to parliament.


Social The Inter-College Debate, the First in Yemen (Issue 161) January 3, 2011

Yemeni students can make a valuable presence in any international tournament as they have all the skills that could make them competitive and motivated. They can easily go beyond the age-old regurgitation of facts and actually build a theory, an argument, a passion, and possibly a future, that bears their own view and thump.

By Murad Alazzany Sana’a University


Debate as an art needs to be encouraged in the Islamic world, as it will promote Islam issues and ideas. By participating in international tournaments, they can expose the world to their issues from their perspectives, and not from anyone else’s. In a way or another, they can demolish and fight back those distorted and inaccurate images which have been portrayed in and propagated by the western media.

The Inter-college debate tournament which started on the 2nd of December and ended on the 15th was a competition between five universities namely Sana’a University, Science and Technology, Sheba University, Lebanese University. After going through many contests, Sana’a University Language Team won the final debate round against the Lebanese International University which ranked second. Regardless of who won, the tournament was remarkably amazing and exceptionally successful. Yes, it is not the first but nothing like this has happened in Yemen. It is not exaggerating to say the tournament could be rated as one of the best ever in the country. Some judges and observers stated that they had attended many debating tournaments in many countries in the world, but they never felt the intellectuality of students like this tournament had. The students appear surprisingly eloquent, displaying a great deal of critical thinking and sharpened analysis. Taking part in this competition gives them the chance to get involved in memorable experiences that will linger in their minds forever, and represent a milestone in their life later. The idea behind the concept of organizing a debate competition emerged in a casual meeting between Mr. Fetwi, a project manager in the British council and Dr. Murad Alazzany, a professor in Sana’a University. They decided organizing a debate competition among universities, public and private in Sana’a. After discussing a proposal written up by Dr. Murad Alazzany, a six-member steering committee had been formed to run the tournament. The steering committee is membered by Mr. Fetwi, Dr. Murad Alazzany, Dr. Ibrahim Alkibsi, Dr. Mahmood Akhtar, Mr. Sa’ad Rasam and Mrs. Tagreed. The debate rounds were recorded and will

The art of debate is not the art of truth-seeking rather the art of dexterity of thought and its articulation. It is a theatre of competition, with actors reading someone else’s lines in the most convincing fashion available to them. later to be aired on Saba T.V. this month. A training course for students was organized before they start the debating competition. That course, run by the eminent America Lisa, whose effort helped students to build confidence, therefore, widening their horizons and strengthening their knowledge. The main goal behind organizing the Intercollege Debate was to encourage University students to think ‘outside the box of curricula’ in getting them engaged in issues of direct concern to them and to their future and to think critically about those matters being debated in society. This is seen partially essential for the evolution of society and the present and future well-being of community. Such debating activities give students a chance to meet a wide range of eloquent personalities who displayed different trends in critical thinking and analysis and also the necessary characteristics for successful teamwork. Lastly, debate is viewed as a powerful language learning tool that contributes to increase students’ world knowledge, develop their self-confidence and improve their oral presentation and argumentation, critical thinking, collaboration and information skills. However, we have to bear in mind that the art of debate has nothing to do with ones principles or values, but with presenting logical arguments in a convincing style, and countering those of one’s opponents; with making lengthy speeches interesting and effective, and with approaching subjects from a variety of perspectives. Thus, the art of debate is not the art of truthseeking rather the art of dexterity of thought and its articulation. It is a theatre of competition, with actors reading someone else’s lines in the most convincing fash-

ion available to them. In competitive debating, the audience is the panel of judges, and they decide whether your performance was convincing or otherwise. There were many topics selected to be

the main goal behind organizing the Inter-college Debate was to encourage University students to think ‘outside the box of curricula’ in getting them engaged in issues of direct concern to them and to their future and to think critically about those matters being debated in society. contested arguably in the debate rounds. The rational behind selecting these topics stand on three grounds. The first is that some topics like “Early Marriage” and “Free Trade Agreement” were and are still topics of hot discussion in our parliament and in many other social institutions. Therefore, these topics are brought into the theatre of competition to get them out of political circles into academic ones. That is to be debated academically instead of being debated politically. On the other hand, some of the topics like “polygamy”

and “the war against terrorism” in spite of being sensitive and controversial but have always been hot issues in the western media and arguably the driving force behind the negative image of Islam and Muslims societies in the West. As they are discussed from a single and prevailing perspective which is that of western media, they tend to generalize many negative stereotypes of Islam and Muslims. Therefore, we decided to bring such topics into the debate theatre in order to resist these images which are nothing for us but a travesty. By dividing debating students into two teams, opposers and supporters, we do not mean to praise and criticize our faith and culture at the same time. Rather, it is to get students aware of the means others used to portray them and then to decide how they want to portray themselves to others. In fact, Islam and Muslim’s issues are always topics of hot discussion in most of the debating tournaments. People from all over the world are gathered in order to express their views on them while those who are really influenced and affected are absent and voiceless. Debate as an art needs to be encouraged in the Islamic world. By participating in international tournaments, they can expose the world to their issues from their perspectives, and not from anyone else’s. In a way or another, they can demolish and fight back those distorted and inaccurate images which have been portrayed in and propagated by the western media. It is widely believed that Yemeni students can make a valuable presence in any international tournament as they have all the skills that could make them competitive and motivated. They can easily go beyond the age-old regurgitation of facts and actually build a theory, an argument, a passion, and possibly a future, that bears their own view and thump. The art of debate should be encouraged and promoted not only here in Yemen but all over the Islamic world.

(Issue 161) January 3, 2011

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On the second anniversary of Israel’s threeweek war on Gaza, the pressing question is not if the siege will be lifted any soon, or if hundreds of demolished homes will finally be rebuilt, but whether or not a new aggression is on the verge of breaking out. In the past month tension has escalated along the Israel-Gaza border, ending a yearlong lull. At least 15 Palestinians, most of them fighters belonging to various Islamist groups, have been killed in Israeli air raids. In response, rockets were fired into southern Israel from Gaza. Hamas, which controls the strip, has denounced the Israeli raids but it is believed that it is trying to stop other groups from escalating the situation. Already news reports suggested that a militant group has been behind the recent firing of rockets. Israel, on the other hand, claimed that its forces had thwarted a rocket attack planned by “AlQaeda inspired salafi-Muslim terrorists.” Meanwhile, Israeli Cabinet ministers have issued warnings that the government will not stand for more attacks against its citizens, and Defense Minister Ehud Barak said there are no guarantees that the situation in the Gaza Strip will not deteriorate. Hamas spokesmen responded that they too will not stand for Israeli attacks but hinted that they will honor a truce if their enemy does the same. While it is not clear if war talk reflects genuine intentions on either side to engage each other again, both have used the unofficial cease-fire to prepare for a possible second round. Israel is said to have learned valuable lessons from its 2008-09 incursion into Gaza which inflicted heavy civilian losses among Palestinians and drew condemnations from all over. And Hamas and other groups have not wasted their time as well. Israel claims

that they have acquired advanced weapons including armor-piercing rockets. Of course, the Palestinians will never reach military parity with Israel. If war does break out we could see a repetition of Operation Cast Lead in terms of huge human losses on the Palestinian side, especially among civilians, and use of banned weapons by Israel. There will be heavy resistance and even some qualitative missions against the invading forces, but unless the big powers intervene it could end in disaster for Hamas and its allies. One would have thought that two years after one of the most brutal operations against the Palestinians since 1967, the international community would find ways to ease tensions along the Gaza-Israel borders. It didn’t. The Israeli siege has not been lifted although it had been relaxed a bit. But Hamas and Israel remain on opposite sides and the only line of communication, through a German intermediary, over the release of Gilead Shalit has now been truncated. The political standoff in Gaza has frustrated Hamas, both in Gaza and in Damascus. It is not clear what Khaled Mishaal, the movement’s top political figure, has in mind. He has failed to move forward on the issue of reconciliation with Fatah and the PNA, although he would also hold the latter responsible. And his hope that Europe and the United States would recognize his movement and talk to him has been dashed. Gazans are suffering and they are growing tired as they await promised funds to repay for reconstruction. Unemployment is above 60 percent and the economy is all but shattered. Hamas is feeling the pressure and it is realizing that unless something happens soon, the world will forget about Gaza altogether. A short altercation with Israel may change

all that. But it cannot afford to start a small war unless it has the means to end it. By the same token Israel is also feeling some pressure now that the peace process has waned. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu may still be in charge but he is definitely not happy with his right-wing coalition partners. A skirmish in Gaza may change political realities in Israel and give Netanyahu an excuse to rebuild his coalition in a way that will allow him to have more leeway in the future. President Mahmoud Abbas too is looking for a dramatic change in the political landscape that would end the current impasse. That does not mean that he favors a war on Gaza, but if that ever happens he would be very interested to see his political foes, Hamas, defeated. His sentiments would match those of Egypt and others in the region. The United States too would not move quickly to contain a new conflagration in Gaza. Hamas is allied with Iran, which also supports Hezbollah in Lebanon. To take down one of those allies would be considered a victory for Israel, the United States and Arab moderates. It would also create political space for a new peace initiative and give Abbas and the PNA a life-line. So it all boils down to this: Will we have a big war or a small one in Gaza? Hamas would seize the opportunity of a small aggression to reclaim world attention and sympathy. But a big war would almost certainly destroy it. Israel’s claim that Al-Qaeda is now operating in Gaza would give it the excuse to launch a major offensive, no matter the cost. It is unfortunate that ordinary Palestinians stand to suffer regardless of what the coming few weeks bring. If the truce holds they will have to endure more harsh economic and living conditions. And if war breaks out they stand to pay dearly with their lives. They lose both ways!

Iran struggles to redefine its religious leaders’ roles Mohamad Bazzi

After the disputed re-election of the Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in June 2009, the clerical regime in Tehran consolidated its grip on power and stifled internal challenges. To the outside world, it appeared that Iran was torn by a conflict between Shiite Islam and democracy. But last year’s unrest and violent crackdown in Iran were actually battles in a larger war that has been raging for centuries within Shiism - a struggle over who should rule the faithful, and how. Shiite clerics have long debated their role in politics. The “quietist” school - rooted in the sect’s tradition of seeking to avoid confrontation with powerful rulers - argues against direct engagement in political matters. The more activist school emphasises the martyrdom of one of Shiism’s founding figures, Imam Hussein, who advocated rebellion and confrontation. But even within the activist school, there is a debate over the extent of clerical power. The model of absolute rule that dominates Iran today is just one of several competing doctrines within the Shiite clergy. Wilayat al Faqih, or “guardianship of the jurist”, triumphed under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution. Khomeini’s charisma and political skill overshadowed the more moderate vision of Shiism emanating from the Iraqi city of Najaf. By eclipsing the Najaf school, Khomeini succeeded in combining the role of Shiite theologian with that of political leader. Any long-term change in Iran could be driven by a return to a more traditional interpretation of this concept - one that emphasises rule by consensus, as opposed to an all-powerful leader. A reinterpretation of Wilayat al Faqih could offer a way out of Iran’s crisis: the clergy would keep control over religious and social matters while giving up some

political power. There is ample historical and theological precedent in Shiism to justify such a compromise. In the 7th century, there was a schism within Islam. One camp argued that the Prophet Mohammed’s successor, or caliph, should be chosen from among his closest companions. The other camp insisted that any succession must preserve the Prophet’s bloodline and, therefore, that his rightful heir was his cousin and son-in-law, Imam Ali. Shiism emerged as a movement called Shia Ali, or the Partisans of Ali. He was passed over three times in a row for the caliphate, until the year AD 656, when he became the fourth caliph of Islam. In AD 661, Ali was assassinated by a disgruntled follower while praying at a mosque in southern Iraq. Nineteen years after Ali’s death, his son Hussein led a rebellion against the caliph Yazid in Damascus. Yazid’s troops besieged Hussein and a small band of supporters near the Iraqi town of Karbala. According to Shiite lore, Hussein and his followers were cut off from the water of the Euphrates River; over 10 days, many starved or died from thirst. The violent deaths of Ali and Hussein gave rise to the Shiite cult of martyrdom, and Shiism assumed the role of a “pious opposition” to the Sunni majority. In the early 16th century, the Safavid dynasty established Shiism as the state religion in Iran. As most of the Muslim world fell under the Sunni Ottoman Empire, Shiism became identified with Persia. The Safavid rulers of Iran tried to win legitimacy for their rule from Shiite clerics in Iraq and Lebanon. Until the 19th century, the quietist school of Shiism prevailed: most Shiite clerics steered clear of politics, and Shiites who lived under Ottoman rule in Iraq, Lebanon, and elsewhere did not challenge the dominant Sunni regime. The concept of

Wilayat al Faqih dates back to the early 19th century, but Khomeini reinterpreted it in 1970 while he was exiled in Najaf. In a series of lectures, he grappled with the question of how to create an Islamic state without the Mahdi, the hidden 12th imam whom Shiites regard as infallible and the last rightful successor to the Prophet. Khomeini’s innovation was dismissed by other theologians who argued that absolute authority granted to the supreme leader (rahbar in Farsi) goes against the traditional system for choosing a leader in Shiite society. That system requires the consent of the faithful and a consensus among Shiite clerics in choosing the preeminent religious leader Still, the Islamic Revolution vested Iran with great authority in the Shiite world. Beginning in the 1980s, the Iranian city of Qom eclipsed Najaf as the leading centre of Shiite study, when thousands of Iraqi scholars fled there to escape a crackdown by Saddam Hussein’s regime. With Khomeini’s vision of the faith ascendant, Shiism came to be viewed in many parts of the world as a violent movement extending from Iran to Lebanon. After Khomeini’s death in 1989 and the selection of Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as his successor, the regime in Tehran continued trying to export the ideals of the revolution. Although some scholars in Qom opposed Khomeini’s vision and the authoritarian state, they had to withdraw from public life to avoid a confrontation with the regime. Emboldened by last year’s protests, some dissident clerics spoke out forcefully. One month after the disputed presidential election, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri issued a religious ruling that did not mention Ayatollah Khamenei by name but declared Iran’s leaders no longer fit to rule. Ayatollah Montazeri reiterated an argument he and other clerics had advanced for years: that an Islamic system of gover-

locked political situation in our region. Both the Palestinian Authority and the Arab states that support it have a wide margin of manoeuvrability within which they can effectively function before they need to even think of resorting to the last option, which can be violence. Israel’s intransigence has indeed been primarily responsible for the failure of all peace efforts so far. Yet a closer and indeed a more objective look at the situation may reveal some other shocking factors that have all along been feeding Israeli disrup-

tiveness, defiance and territorial greed. In its dealings with the Arabs, right from the beginning, and let me specifically say from the first formal armistice talks after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, Israel set for itself two firm principles for handling the problem. One was not to talk to the Arab states as one party, the other that the United Nations should be distanced from the conflict as much as conveniently possible. With hindsight, and in light of the troubled events of the last 60 years, one can say with confidence that Israel has succeeded in up-

Violence is not the only alternative to non-peace

Hasan Abu Nimah

If all peace-making efforts were to be finally recognised as failed and dead, would the inevitable outcome be another Palestinian uprising? Is violence going to be the alternative? Many interested observers who rightly fear that resulting hopelessness may threaten an already shaky status quo often ask this question, to which it is rather difficult to respond with much certainty. What may be certain, however, is that violence should not be the only alternative to the dead-


Qat Markets in United States! Entering the qat shop, one would see around 4-5 Yemenis crowding the qat seller asking for qat, but this time it’s not in Sana’a, it’s in America! Astonished I was when I saw bags of qat being distributed in the open in the heart of America. One bag of qat would sell for $30, while Yemeni customers would get the option to buy a full bag or half a bag. Soon after, all would go to the Deewans (qat sitting room) at start chewing. On average, Yemenis in America would chew in groups of 8 or more, and for at least 5 hours. The next day, I headed to a group of senior Yemeni citizens residing in the United States, who say that they chew everyday. According to them, they chew more qat in America than in Yemen. Most of the qat chewed in the United States is planted there, while a small portion of it comes from Kenya via London. Sadly, only Yemenis chew in America while other minorities try to build the future of their younger generations. Parents chew in front of their children, therefore, becoming negative examples for their children in the country of hopes and dreams. Late last year, I met with the Minister of Water and he clearly said that it is impossible to end qat plantation in Yemen. He himself is known to have massive qat farms in Ibb region, while he admits that he would not stop qat plantation in his farms until the government gives him other options. The minister is saying that he wants options from the government in order to stop qat plantation, as if he is not in the government and responsible for this tragic file. He forgets that it is his duty to save Yemen from water depletion. If our leaders are the ones who lack care for the country, how can this country prosper? If they as officials blame one another, who do we blame? It seems like the qat crises will continue to grow for Yemenis, whether they live in Yemen or abroad.

Hakim Almasmari

Email the editor at: nance must rest on the sovereignty of God as well as the consent of those being governed. “The government will not achieve legitimacy without the support of the people,” he wrote. Ultimately, other clerics are bound to modify Khomeini’s vision of an all-powerful leader. Iranians could reach back into Shiite history for the basis of a new political system that remains Islamic and is infused with greater democracy.

holding both principles. Not only has Israel succeeded in fragmenting the Arab states’ position, it also managed, with remarkable success, to dismantle the issues (refugees, borders, settlements, security, water, Jerusalem) in order to divert attention from the one and only problem, the occupation. The 22-member states of the Arab League are supposed to be part of one nation bound by common history, goals, culture, aspirations, interests and future.

Please note that the views and opinions presented on this page are the authors own, and do not necessarily represent those of YEMEN POST.

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Yemen Chewers Spend $ 7 Million on Khat a Day By Arwa Al-Anesi

YEMEN POST STAFF Yemeni people spend about $ 7 million a day on khat, a stimulus tree chewed by 75 per cent of males, compared to 33 per cent of women, an official said. Launching a campaign to raise awareness among school students about the risks of khat sponsored by the Anti-Khat Al-Najat Foundation in Sana’a, advisor to Minister for Public Health and Population Abdul Wahab Al-Anesi said there is a misconception among Yemeni students that khat helps to get higher educational attainment. We are here to correct this misconception and to tell you [the students] frankly that those who chew khat usually don’t do well on exams, he said. The campaign aims to raise awareness among students about khat risks on their

future as well as introducing them to how they can contribute to fi g h t i n g the tree. Khat has many effects on the lives of the Yemeni people, as analysts say that the cultivation of khat trees consumes twice the amount of water used by citizens and occupies the largest part of arable land.

YEMEN POST STAFF President Saleh said that oil revenues are inadequate and half of the daily oil production goes to foreign companies, as he slammed those who make irresponsible statements about the oil wealth and ask

My family gave me values that have sustained me through situations that would challenge any person. My personal relationship with the Lord inspires me in all I do. Kathy Ireland

where it goes. At the end of the 10th conference of navy and coast defence leaders, he revealed that Yemen produces 370000 barrels a day, confirming Yemen’s share from that is only 50 per cent. We signed oil production-sharing agreements calling for giving 50 per cent of the daily production to foreign companies exploring and producing oil in the country, he said, adding:” we should respect these agreements.” “I say to those who ask about our oil wealth that our potential is modest compared to expenditure.” Though the oil production has sharply declined in recent years and that the World Bank has many times warned of oil depletion in the country, Yemen still relies on oil revenues, he said. You used to hear many irresponsible statements about the oil wealth and its distribution,


YR $ Rate YR 213.75 Change +0 .01

Rate YR 282.86 Change +2.56

YR £ Rate YR 331.44 Change -8.92

Source: Central Bank of Yemen

Corn (CBT) +13.00 $629.00

Soybeans (CBT) +27.00 $1,403.00

Light Crude Oil (Barrel) +1.54 $91.38

OPEC caution on output may help bring back $100 oil

Oil has burst above top exporter Saudi Arabia’s preferred $70-$80 range and yet OPEC is unlikely to stop the rally, helping to prepare the way for the market to bound above $100 a barrel. At meetings this month -- a full conference of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries in Quito and talks among Arab oil ministers in Cairo -- oil producers stood by OPEC’s two-year-old set of output curbs. Even prices of $100 -- not far above a 26-month high of $91.88 hit this week -- need not damage the economy and would not mean OPEC should pump more if they resulted from speculation rather than any shortage, ministers and officials have said.

Israeli companies to help build new Palestinian city In recent years, the government has adopted many programmes to limit the cultivation of khat trees amid warnings it is affecting the country’s scarce water resources.

Saleh: 50 per cent of Inadequate Oil Production Goes to Companies By Fuad Rajeh

YR €

but those who make such statements forgot that this wealth is the people’s own and undoubtedly goes to them, he addressed the attendants. For example, Aden and Mukalla cities were just like villages, but they have now become big cities like any regional cities, he said. Oil revenues are spent on necessary defence weapons, requirements of basic services such as education, healthcare, water and infrastructure, and on more than a million and a half state employees, he said. Also, revenues from custom and taxes are insufficient because of the avoidance of the people, he said. “Hopefully, our resources will improve through new oil and minerals discoveries to bring in more revenues that we use in the best interest of the people.” In his speech, Saleh urged the concerned authorities to assume their responsibilities towards those who avoid paying duties, saying taxes should be collected properly. Citizenship requires a person to be concerned about all lawful duties and to stop avoidance, he concluded.

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1.Make yourself stand out. Nancy Michaels, owner of a marketing communications firm in Concord, MA, sends greetings and gifts at odd holidays, like Chinese New Year and the Fourth of July, instead of at Christmas and Hanukkah. 2.Create a memorable title for yourself. The business cards of one husband-and-wife team refer to them as

About 20 Israeli suppliers will help build the first modern Palestinian city in the West Bank, but only after promising they will not use products or services from Israeli settlements, the project’s developer said. The announcement angered the Jewish settlers, who accused the suppliers of caving in to an international boycott of settlement goods and businesses.

Dubai Logistics Company to run Mogadishu airport Dubai-based SKA Air & Logistics has signed a contract with Somalia’s transitional government to take over the running of Mogadishu international airport, an SKA official said Tuesday. “We have not formally taken over at this stage but in few weeks’ time we will be taking over management of the airport,” a company manager who asked not to be identified told AFP. The 10-year contract covers “management of the terminals, security, screening and also passenger security,” he said, without disclosing any financial details.

Saudi & Russia in talks to sign nuke deal: report

Moscow and Riyadh are locked in talks to sign a framework agreement on peaceful nuclear cooperation, a local daily reported on Tuesday quoting the Russian ambassador to the kingdom. “Signing a nuclear agreement between the two countries will open room for (further) cooperation between them,” Oleg Ozerov told al-Watan daily. “We believe that if a final agreement was reached with the Saudi part it will be a start for positive and constructive technical and nuclear cooperation between Riyadh and Moscow,” he added.

“Dad” and “Mom” because their furniture store is named after their children. 3.Write educational articles for trade journals, newspapers, and other publications that reach your audience. They’ll get your name before the public and add to your credibility. 4.Don’t underestimate the market

value of your name. By using their names over and over to promote their talents, Oprah Winfrey and Martha Stewart have turned small businesses into enormous enterprises. 5.Make sure the name of your company is legible. Some logos use such fancy lettering that the company name is unreadable.



(Issue 161) January 3, 2011

Yemen’s Coffee Industry Smells a Market Share By Felice Friedson For the Yemen Post

Of the 18,000 tons of coffee it produces annually, Yemen only exports 4,000 – 6,000 tons, the rest being consumed by Yemenis. That figure is growing, with coffee houses springing up seemingly everywhere, but remains small when compared to Columbia or Brazil, each exporting hundreds of thousands of tons annually.

Yemen, with its rich history and century-old techniques, is unique in that it consumes two-thirds of the coffee it produces. The United States has committed to contribute millions of dollars to boost Yemen’s economy, which is one of the poorest countries in the world and supports a population of 24,000,000 people.

Although coffee is a major industry for Yemen, is still has hurdles to overcome in its quest for a global market share. The Media Line’s Felice Friedson was in Sana’a for the conference and filed this exclusive report. (Sana’a, Yemen) They came from as far away as the United States and New Zealand to attend the Second International Conference on Arabica Naturals: the diplomats; the cuppers; the distributors, consultants and farmers. All in Sana’a to smell the rich aromatic Yemeni coffee and to seek the internationalization of standards for natural coffees. Underwritten by the Small Micro Enterprise Promotion Service (SMEPS), a subsidiary of the Social Fund for Development and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Arabica Naturals Conference was the first to be held in Yemen, with a strong emphasis on showcasing the sweeter side of a country that to westerners, is primarily branded a terrorist haven. SMEPS Executive Director Wesam Qaid, the moving force behind and chairman of the conference, said the meeting -- drawing from groups representing the world’s premier coffee producing nations including Ethiopia, Mexico, Indonesia and New Zealand -- put Yemen back on the coffee map. “Yemen coffee is rich and is 100% taken care of by hand, no machines,” Qaid told The Media Line, explaining what differentiates Yemen’s coffee from other coffee grown elsewhere. The two-day confab, held at Sana’a’s beautiful but heavily-fortified Movenpick Hotel, included workshops on cupping, roasting and espresso, along with professional and trade presentations and coffee exhibitions. Kicking-off the first day of events, Yemen’s Prime Minister Dr. Ali Muhammad Mujawir praised the coffee farmers, asserting “that there is no better coffee than those of Yemen’s mountains; and we thank the farmers who raise the name of Yemen high in the world…[making] coffee an original, national symbol.” Addressing the fact that Yemen’s coffee industry lacks international standing in large part because it does not adhere to a system of grading recognized by coffee producers world-wide, the prime minister raised the industry’s concerns, admonishing that, “We must conform to the international standards of producing coffee. This requires cooperation among governments; and among international and expert officials.” Deputy Prime Minister Abdulkarim Al-Arhabi, who is the managing director of the Social Fund for Development, told participants representing 26 countries including the US, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Eritrea and Lebanon, that, “$1.2 billion has been mobilized in a program to microfinance enterprise industry in Yemen: 90% of which is coming from foreign sources.” Yemen, with its rich history and centuryold techniques, is unique in that it consumes two-thirds of the coffee it produces. The United States has committed to contribute millions of dollars to boost Yemen’s economy, which is one of the poorest countries in the world and supports a population of 24,000,000 people. U.S. Ambassador Gerald Feierstein is one of those who sees the focus on coffee as a welcome diversion from the typical bloodand-mayhem coverage Yemen typically receives. He told The Media Line that most Americans don’t know that Yemen is so closely associated with coffee and “I think if the American people have an opportunity to try it, they’ll also have a great experience with it. It’s a way of showing Yemen in a more positive light.” The earliest written evidence of coffee drinking appears in the mid-15th Century, from the Sufi Yemeni monasteries in southern Arabia. But 21st-Century Yemen today faces several challenging obstacles in its quest to attain a significant global market share. Coffee here is grown in remote areas, on steep mountain sides reaching thousands

“We need dams for water because of the drought.” Qat farmers outnumber coffee farmers by a margin of 680,000 to 110,000. The majority of farms have women tending trees, pruning and picking cherries. of meters in height, restricting farmers’ access and making it physically difficult to reach the growing fields with heavy manure – the natural fertilizer of preference. Qaid explained that chemicals are too difficult to carry into these remote areas. A large percentage of the farms are located on mountains – on open patches of land scattered across mountains and terraces, some shaded by larger trees, and some by clouds according to Nadia Al-Sakkaf, editor-in-chief of The Yemen Times. Speaking to The Media Line, Al-Sakkaf painted a visual image describing “men and women jumping rocks in risky areas.” “Yet,” she

Most Americans don’t know that Yemen is so closely associated with coffee and “I think if the American people have an opportunity to try it, they’ll also have a great experience with it. It’s a way of showing Yemen in a more positive light.” said, “they still feel at home.” Rural areas are home to 70% of Yemen’s population. Of rural dwellers, more than 80% are women because the men -- and particularly the younger men -- have gone to the cities in search of a better life leaving the women to tend the farms, according to Al-Sakkaf. Qaid explained the link between the nation’s agricultural and demographic concerns, saying that, “If we can improve life in rural Yemen, we can limit migration to urban areas. We need to promote economic development.” In the conference exhibition hall, Fatma -all covered in black – manned a table sponsored by the Talouq Womens Association, an organization comprised of 164 female farmers. Fatma expounded on the problems her group is addressing, telling The Media Line that, “We lack the staff to train women on the machinery and a budget for training.” Coffee used to be a source of income for many but because of the drought (coffeegrowing requires a great deal of water); and the lack of marketing strategy, most farmers have given up on traditional farming techniques (trimming trees and shading) and many have left farming altogether. According to Al-Sakkaf, the women, who are increasingly central to the nation’s coffee farming industry, need the support of the international community to open Yemen’s access to the international market. Qaid charged that, “the Yemeni coffee private sector is marketing coffee the same as they marketed coffee 300 and 400 years ago. However, markets have changed.” Dressed in a colorfully appliquéd hejab headcovering and jelbab, the traditional black gown, Amira Al-Hemyari tells The Media Line that as a distributor her company, El Ezzi Industries, cares about the farmers’ needs as well as its bottom line. She says it has alleviated the water shortage by supplying farmers with water storage tanks and has helped their farmers to rid their farms of the harmful Qat plant

which soaks the coffee plant dry. Amira says that the narcotic-like plant, which is farmed as a separate crop – and a lucrative one at that -- “takes a lot of water and gives good profit but kills the land.” But Abd Al-Rahman Mohamed of Musallam Trading disagrees. The water shortage is a natural occurrence, he says. “We need dams for water because of the drought.” Qat farmers outnumber coffee farmers by a margin of 680,000 to 110,000. The majority of farms have women tending trees, pruning and picking cherries. It’s common among small farmers to pick their coffee beans and store them for years, saving them for a rainy day when they are in need of immediate cash. They all work through middlemen and several key distributors who then sell the coffee beans to the local and world markets. The Al-Hamdani and Al-Kbous companies are the two oldest and largest exporters, both of which have been around for more than 100 years. Al-Kbous has one of the largest factories in the Middle East. Hamida Hamden Al-Safi told The Media Line that the firm currently supplies Japan, the US, Canada and the Gulf States through their forty distributors who deal directly with the farmers. The company’s mocha coffee is a source of both corporate and national pride. Al-Safi told The Media Line, “We are trying to keep the Mocha brand for our company. It belongs to Yemen and we don’t want someone stealing it.” CUPPING Mario Fernandez is an expert “cupper” who comes from a line of Mexican coffeegrowers dating back to the 1830s. Fernandez came to Yemen to contribute to two indispensable elements necessary in order for the nation’s coffee trade to prosper: his ancient art and to consult on an international grading system for natural coffees. “Cupping” is a sensory analysis of coffee utilizing the tongue and mouth to identify whether a cup of coffee is good or bad. His presence was timely: “The public needs to be educated about how to prepare coffee,” Fernandez said. “Until last week no one in Yemen knew how to cup.” The cuppers are typically buyers or suppliers of coffee. David Roche, the technical director for the Coffee Quality Institute based in Long Beach, California, explained further: “It’s a slurping technique,” he said. “You vaporize the flavors in your mouth and have an instant reaction. You take note of that specific technique for evaluating coffee. Any country can claim they have the best coffee; there is good and bad in all countries.” The conference was Roche’s second trip to Yemen. Previously, he visited the coffee farms for a first-hand look when he came to the country to teach cupping. He told The Media Line that, “Yemen coffee is unique and has always been high priced. Yemen’s biggest problem is quantity. They fell to almost one-third of their production level of 15 years ago in part because of the better price of other crops such as Qat; the price of coffee on the world market; and the shortage of healthy trees in fields. [In Yemen] the farmers grow it on roof tops and sometimes store it in caves for years. They also need to understand what the consumer wants. Our role is in standardizing the coffee.” The reference to “naturals” means the whole coffee bean is picked and dried with the skin on it. The opposite is “washed,” which one coffee producer described as

“the difference between red wine and white wine.” Yet, there is currently no world-wide system for grading naturals. The “Q System,” implemented by the Coffee Association of America and The Coffee Quality Institute, is geared for top quality coffees and specialty coffees; and not applicable beyond the top ten per cent of the world’s coffees. Of the 18,000 tons of coffee it produces annually, Yemen only exports 4,000 – 6,000 tons, the rest being consumed by Yemenis. That figure is growing, with coffee houses springing up seemingly everywhere, but remains small when compared to Columbia or Brazil, each exporting hundreds of thousands of tons annually. The largest importers of Yemen’s coffee are Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, along with the United States. Europe and Japan follow. In the United States, roughly half the population – an estimated 150 million Americans -- consumes some type of coffee. World-wide, coffee is a $16 billion industry – the second-most traded commodity after petroleum. In 2011, about 135 million 60 kilogram (132 pound) bags of coffee will be produced – some 1.7 billion pounds of coffee. A stop at The Coffee Trader revealed a mix of societies melding around coffee. Dressed in Western-style clothing but wearing a jelbab covering, Susan Coleman, the Wisconsin expatriate who is co-owns the Sana’a café and coffee store stayed busy serving customers. Featuring U.S.-style service and decked-out with Christmas ornaments, the café’s ambiance is distinctly American – until you notice that some of the men are dressed in traditional Yemeni clothing and some of the young women working on their laptops are garbed in floor-length jelbabs, sipping their coffee through a narrow slit in the veil. Meanwhile, at the conference, the coffee

Coffee used to be a source of income for many but because of the drought (coffee-growing requires a great deal of water); and the lack of marketing strategy, most farmers have given up on traditional farming techniques (trimming trees and shading) and many have left farming altogether. competition was the final event. Q-certified cuppers from around the world tasted and rated fruity, spicy and chocolaty coffees. Yemen’s own coffee – featuring a tinge of chocolate and raisin -- took second place to Tanzania’s blueberry and fresh fruit flavors. Ethiopia came in third place.

Calcium needed to assist Weight Loss New research shows that calcium -- three or four daily servings of low-fat dairy products -- can help adjust your body’s fat-burning machinery. Affect of Calcium on body weight and fat? While it’s true that 99% of the 1.2kg of calcium in the average human body goes to make up bone tissue, the remaining 1% is vitally important. Calcium is needed to switch muscles on and off – without it no

By Silvia Yaneva This cosmetic product that every woman have in her handbag adds color to the face and gives a finished look. A swipe of well-chosen lipstick can be all thats needed to transform your look. The lips as well as the eyes are the most important area in your makeup and thats why the lipstick is the most popular makeup product in the world. Nowadays there is a wide range of lipsticks“ numerous shades, textures and brands. Most of the lipsticks contain moisturizing ingredients, vitamins, UV protection, oils, waxes and emollients that apply color and texture to the lips. Keep your lips as smooth as possible before you apply the lipstick - apply a lip balm, Vaseline, honey or lip cream every day to keep your lips hydrated, soft and to avoid chapping. Benefits of applying lipstick: •Adds final touch to your makeup •Nourish and moisturize your lips •Adds color to the lips •Transforms your look •Perfects the shape of your lips •Enhances the beauty of your lips •The fastest and the easiest way to emphasize your look How to apply lipstick properly: Step 1 Exfoliate and moisturize your lips When you exfoliate your face don’t forget to pay attention to the lips. Exfoliate them gently using a toothbrush and a mild exfoliator. Apply a lip balm daily to keep your lips hydrated and soft. Instead of a lip balm you can use petroleum jelly or honey. Step 2 Outline your lips with a lip liner Always apply lip liner prior to applying the lipstick. Outlining the lips with a lip pencil helps to keep the color from bleeding. The lip pencil allows your lipstick or lip gloss to last longer by creating a base for your lipstick. When drawing the lip line you give more definition to your lips

muscular contraction would be possible – and is also vital to the release of neurotransmitter chemicals, such as serotonin, acetylcholine and norepinephrine. Calcium is also an important co-factor for blood clotting and activates numerous enzyme systems in the body. A recent research has hinted at a more intriguing function of calcium in the body. Although it has long been known that all cells require calcium to function and that calcium also regulates the transport of other nutrients in and out of cells, there is growing evidence that calcium plays an important role in the regulation of energy metabolism and body composition and, in certain circumstances, may help reduce body fat and prevent weight gain. The meta-analysis of five studies showed that, the calciumto-protein ratio of the diet was inversely linked to either body mass index (BMI) or weight change – i.e. a high calcium-to-protein ratio predicted a lower BMI or weight loss, and vice versa. In fact, a difference of 1,000mg per day of calcium intake was associated with an average difference in body weight of 8kg! The researchers found that women in the low (less than 600mg per day) calcium group had significantly higher body weight, percentage body fat, total fat mass, BMI, waist circumference and total abdominal adipose (fatty) tissue than those in the other two (medium(600-1,000mg) and high (more than 1,000mg) intake) groups.

How To Apply Lipstick To Stay Put On Longer Properly? and if you use the lip liner properly you can make your lips look bigger and fuller. Use a lip pencil a shade darker than your lipstick color. Start drawing at the centre of your upper lip and slowly move to the centre of the bottom lip. Dont forget to line the corners of your mouth. Step 3 Put on some foundation or powder Applying a dusting of powder or a bit of foundation to the lips helps maximize the lipsticks staying power. The foundation or the powder should be the same shade that you are using for your face. Applying a bit of foundation to your lips creates a perfect base for the lipstick and emphasizes its color. Step 4 Apply the lipstick You can apply lipstick using a lipstick brush or straight from the tube. The lipstick brushes are small, flat brushes“ they can be used for outlining the lips as well as applying the color for a longer lasting lipstick color. I personally think that a lipstick should always be applied with a brush“ the brush maximize the lipsticks staying powder and provides an even application. Run the brush on the lipstick from side to side so that it has enough lipstick on it. Always start the lipstick application at the centre of your lips. Open your mouth slightly and brush on color starting from the centre of your lips to the corners. Always apply the lipstick to the upper lip first, using as little lipstick as possible with a firm and even strokes. Step 5 Blot your lips Always remove the excess color from your lips“ blot your lips with a tissue to absorb the excess color and apply a second layer of the lipstick. Step 6 Add lip shine If you want to add shine to your lips use a lip gloss. Apply it on to the centre of your lips and spread it out to make your lips fuller. Useful Beauty Tips: •The right lipstick can look fantastic on cheeks“ yes, you can use your lipstick as blush, but dont apply it straight from the bullet. Dab it only lightly with your finger, and blend until you achieve a natural color. •If your lips are thin commit drawing your lips with a lip pencil close to your lip color and fill in with lipstick or lip-gloss. Use light shades to make them appear fuller. Using only a lip gloss will also give the illusion of fuller lips. •If your lips are too full blot the entire lip out using a concealer and redraw just within the line with a darker tone of lipstick or lip-gloss.

Barbequed Thai Style Chicken PREP TIME 15 Min COOK TIME 30 Min READY IN 4 Hrs 15 Min INGREDIENTS •1 bunch fresh cilantro with roots •3 cloves garlic, peeled •3 small red hot chile peppers, seeded and chopped •1 teaspoon ground turmeric •1 teaspoon curry powder •1 tablespoon white sugar •1 pinch salt •3 tablespoons fish sauce •1 (3 pound) chicken, cut into pieces •1/4 cup coconut milk DIRECTIONS 1.Cut cilantro roots off at the stem, and mince thoroughly. Set aside a few leaves

for garnish. In a blender or food processor, combine cilantro roots and leaves, garlic, chile peppers, turmeric, curry powder, sugar, and salt. Process to a coarse paste. Pour in fish sauce, and blend until smooth. 2.Place chicken in a large shallow dish. Rub with the cilantro paste. Cover, and marinate in the refrigerator at least 3 hours, or overnight. 3.Preheat grill for high heat. 4.Lightly oil the grill grate. Place chicken on the prepared grill, and brush liberally with coconut milk. Grill chicken 8 to 15 minutes on each side, depending on the size of the pieces. Turn only once, and baste occasionally with coconut cream. Cook until browned and tender, and juices run clear.

Green Girl Struggles With Sleep By Blythe Copeland

Oh, sleep. For many college students, it seems to be a fleeting dream. Between classes, studying, problem sets, papers, rehearsals, meetings, and eating, sleep simply doesn’t fit into our schedules that well. I was talking to one of my best friends the other day, who had a chemistry midterm at 7 a.m. that morning, and she told me that, though she had only gotten five hours of sleep beforehand, after her two-hour exam, she promptly fell back asleep again for three hours. This demonstrates the haphazard sleeping schedule of the college student quite well. She found it funny that she had indeed gotten eight hours of sleep that night; it was just as though she had woken up in the middle of the night and took a twohour chem exam. Not only is it harder and harder for students to get enough sleep as exam season rolls in, but more and more of us are getting stress-induced insomnia, which cuts down on our sleep time tremendously. Plus, dorms aren’t always the best sleep environment–anyone ever have a roommate who stayed up later than you with the lights on, studying or talking to a friend? Makes it difficult to sleep, right? Indeed, college students are ranked towards the top of the list in terms of

When Babies Are Cutting a New Tooth: Tips for Parents on Soothing Infants Through the Discomfort of Teething

Nothing makes parents feel more helpless than seeing their child in pain and being unable to help. You can prepare for your baby’s first tooth by reading advice columns, talking to your pediatrician and getting tips from other parents. Cutting teeth is a normal process, but it can be uncomfortable and some babies will feel it more than others. If your infant is one who experiences problems with teething, you have a number of options for helping him feel better. Teething can be especially tough on parents because the pain seems to worsen at night. It’s probably because there isn’t as much stimulation at bedtime, when things tend to get quiet, so the baby notices sore gums more right when you’re hoping he’ll get to sleep. A painful mouth can interfere with all the body systems, causing babies to refuse food, bite when nursing and gum everything within reach while emitting enough drool to fill a swimming pool. A first tooth is cause for celebration,

sleep-deprivation, most likely due to our irregular sleep patterns. In fact, only 11 percent of college students report having good sleep on a regular basis. Plus, most college students will get a diminished amount of not-so-good sleep during the week and then completely change their sleep patterns over the weekend, “catching up” on the sleep they lost over the week. This messes with the circadian rhythm, making it even harder for you to get a “good” sleep the next night. What is so detrimental about college sleep patterns is that approximately eight hours of good sleep is particularly important for students, because both deep sleep (which takes place early in the night) and dream sleep (later in the night) are required for learning. Sleep-deprivation and changing sleep patterns also lead to a weakened immune system, depression, anxiety and irritability–in addition to taking a toll on your studies. So, what can you do about this problem? Well, first try to set a time to go to bed every night that will ensure you eight hours of sleep. And yes, there will be time to do the rest of your work tomorrow. Sleep is more important. Second, relaxation is key to falling asleep. Rather than stressing about your week and the

Tip#1: Cold or Anything From the Freezer May Help One of the most popular ways of helping infants deal with mouth soreness from teething is to let them chew on cold things. A wet washcloth is ideal because babies like the rough texture and the cold water eases swelling in the gums. Best of all, you can mop up some of the drool before it makes its way all over your shoulder! Other cool items include refrigerated teething rings (check them to make sure your child doesn’t bite holes in them), popsicles (preferably made of juice or low-sugar liquids like frozen herb teas) or chilled vegetables that can be gummed without falling apart and causing choking (whole carrots or parsnips are good for this). Recently, one parent described how he gave his teething daughter the round, marrow filled bones from cooked ribeye steaks. Tip #2: Numbing Gums: Natural or Drugstore Finds You can buy numbing gels at the drugstore, and some parents swear by things like Orajel. But you have to be careful to use only a tiny amount, and some babies don’t like the feeling of having numb places

amount of work you have to do, write it all down in a list and then forget about it. Try reading a book for fun or listening to some classical music before going to bed, and drink a cup of herbal tea with honey. It will do wonders. Also, try not to drink caffeinated beverages in the late afternoon and evening. I happen to have a terrible time sleeping, and my newest discovery for a sleeping aid is a sleep mask. I know, sounds ridiculous, but it works wonders! The Earth Therapeutics Mind/Body Therapy Sleep Mask is a soft, sleep-inducing mask made of non-irritable silk on the outside and cotton on the inside. No scents, no discomfort; the mask simply blocks out distracting visual stimuli and creates a splendid dream world. I love it immensely and I know this may sound strange, but it really helps me sleep better. Note to self: Stop studying. Go to sleep. Lily Berthold-Bond grew up in a chemical-free zone and has struggled her whole life to understand and accept this non-commercial lifestyle. Now a sophomore at Tufts University, she has embraced her green life and hopes to share its possibilities with the rest of her generation.

in their mouths. Rubbing a little clove oil, diluted with a carrier oil, into the gums can also help numb them a little. Frozen things can also help numb the area, and massage can assuage pain by applying downward pressure to counteract the pressure of the uprising tooth. Tip #3: Help Infants Calm Down and De-Stress Sometimes, the stress of teething is worse than the actual physical pain at any one moment. Try soothing your baby with soft music, talking or massage. You can give infants cool, weak chamomile tea, which may help them to sleep while cooling the mouth. Have some yourself, for a little break. Tip #4: Fighting the Pain and Discomfort of Teething When your baby is in pain, you may find yourself weighing the decisions you have to make. Do I let her wail, or is it okay to give her medicine? Some parents give their children baby doses of acetaminophen or ibuprofen to ease the pain, especially at night if the baby has trouble sleeping. Consult with your doctor about dosages.

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Seven bed rooms, Five bath rooms, Two living rooms, Full basement, Kitchen, Eight car driveways, Two baths outside, One laundry room and a Guard’s room. Sana’a, Bait Boa’as, near Fifty Street Contact #: 711146112 Name:Ibrahim Muqbel Hamoud Address:Sana’a Phone Number: 733490067 E-mail:Ibrahimmuqbel@gmail. com Details: Graduated from Sana’a University Faculty of Arts Department of English Experience in business corespondence and computer Technology and printing (Arabic& English)word, Exel and access. Name: Shawke Amen Ahmed Adress: Sana’a Mobile:733409652 Details: Bachelor of accountancy Diploma of secretary

and Excell computer courses in English - good in writing and speaking. Ten years as store keeper -Inventory control and purchasing follow up. Name: Saeed M. Abdullah Address: Sana’a, Yemen Phone Number: 735830525 E-mail: smohammed1977@ Details: Experience in Public Relation, Marketing, Commercial correspondence and Business Development. Fluent in English and two other languages. Name: Ali H. Mohammad

Jobs Address: Sana’a, Yemen Phone no.: 771002635 Details: M.A in English language, Diploma in computer skills, six years experience in Translation, Business correspondence, and public relations. Looking for a job in Sana’a. Name: Justin Stern Address: Old City, Sana’a Phone Number: 735334024 Email: Details: Professional American English teacher with bachelor’s degree in English and Architecture. Available to teach English and help students prepare university applications in oneon-one or school settings. Name: Hamdan Mohammed Al-Nakhlani Address:Sana’a, Baghdad st. Phone Number: 771357087 - 733076558 Email:Hmdanalhaj@yahoo. com Details: Experience in civil defense, computer and disaster management First Aid - rescue - ability of reading, writing & speaking English language use a computer. Name:Mohammed Nasser Masoud Address:Sanaa Phone Number:712295811 Email:mnmasoud1@yahoo. com Details:Bachelor Degree in Eng-



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Cars Rental Hertz Address: Al-Siteen St Phone No.: 440309 Fax No.: 449868 Movenpick: 546 061 Aden +967 2 245 625 hertz-yemen@univer, Europcar Address: Sam City Hotel Building, Sana’a Yemen P.O.Box: 3072 Phone No.: 01-270751 Fax No.: 01-270804 E-Mail: europcar@y. Al-Amoudi TopCar Car Rental Address: 60th Metter Road Sana’a Tel: +967 1 448791 Fax:+967 1 443770

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(Issue 161) January 3, 2011


Yemen Post English Newspaper  

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