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Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

PAOH MEUNG VAX BANG KUM SON KAING TEEI CARANG CEU PUI DAUX MEUNG VAX KU DAUH.

rldif:]o}qwf:ymifukrf yldof;wj,pmif;pSef:umefuAyf:OAef;rhm plofulef:efG:rldif:]o} ywf:ykdef.

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

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ayj:cfG;Olif,acj;rkefvduf;sv;Oif? cSyf:pmif;sv;Oif wdwf:awj, Olif,wD;pAif:vduf;eh.- aiwamhawm@gmail.com

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aoh Meung Vax bang greem lox tawx plak piang: tawng yung diak koe kawn 23 ngaix hoek 25 ngaix, hawt kum son sang Hawt lox pa tawx Asoyax Me- pui daux hak tiex khawm mu, krax sah sawn daux vawng: khrawm kaux pui ung Man, son sang yuh tix ot daux 2013 num khix 11(Hu sitoe plah (2)

Phan sang tawx pex lai khawm riang in kix dee mhong lox yaox riang meung wa, chix tix tawx hu daux in ~ aiwamhawm@gmail.com

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

2

dauh. Meung Vax mawh pa ot greem hak tiex Man ti dauh, khaw tix hawt lox ah si kah krai kix hu yuh kaing:. (pa sitoe plah (1)

Meung Vax, paoh bang kum son pa sang caw: tix laik kah daux lih khrawh krawm diak kaux pui Meung Vax plak greem ku dauh. Fux cu six daux vawng: Meung Vax tax kuad Ngaox, fux cong shu chi tax kuad Rang, fux cong see ling tax kuad Kloi, tax kuad Run, pu cang daux cub pa yuh krax si toe mai plak praix tax cao Kawx Ang, shu chi daux see fax voe tax Sam Lu, pang kong thing cu reung tax Li Cu Liiex, ceung siiex cu six tax Bo La Kham in hoek laik yam. Ot daux bang kum khix 11 – 23 ngaix plak ngawb, caw tix mawh tax cao Kawx Ang pa viex buan son daux vawng: ngaox lao lox tat daux vawng: son sang lih yuh krax khrawh khrawm son to kaux pui daux hak tiex khawm mu. Hawt lox pa tat Meung Man, ot mee 2014 num khix 3 – 30 ngaix hoek khix 4 – 10 ngaix sang yuh krax kroh khrawm tawng kah diak koe kawn pui daux hak tiex ti bawg. Son sang tawx riang: kah beeih glawm pa tawx Asoyax, Meung Vax kah hoik da rhawm ka, kix tawm guah kaing: yuh ninK. tawx riang: rao kah son khrawm tawng Meung Man to kaux pui daux haktiexMeung rob rom M eun g Man k u

KH. cao thung bung son pa lih khrawm son teei ceu kauxpui daux Me ung Vax.Son sang rian kah kaing:in Meung Vax tom ruahcao ka ing:, caw: tix mawh cao thung bung . Khaix hoik guah plak piang nawh, pa laik daux bang kum plak ngaix kix tom guah cub yuh krax si law sawn. 2013 num khix11– 24 ngaix plak ngawb bang kum kawn yuh daux nyiiex bang kum ting daux veng Pang Kham, kix pa sang mawh cao bung son sang yuh tix tawng ding koe kaux pui Meung Vax an kix lai deeh ngaox lao grawng pa si law tix son lox pa tawx plak piang: daux vawng:.

bun dai ka sang yuh tix mee 2014 num khix 3 – 8 ngaix mee in kah daux nyiiex bang kum ting Meung Vax, cub bun dai da rhawm si voe.

pa ot greem hak tiex Meung Man ti dauh, mai kaud son si voe ngai khaix ngaix kah kaing: ku cau ku blawng, si mie nyiiex gau lai ku dauh sau riang: tix deeh gau lai man, Daux naok krax ot Me- plak piang: hoik deeh ung Vax 25 num, kawn caw mhaing dee yuh phuk lai man yam yuh krax khrawh deeh lih. khrawm kah to kaux pui plak greem ku dauh, num in ang Ot daux bang kum si nyang yuh pa ting, ku cub ngaix an, Y ax Wu Kui Rong tang yuh dee ot dee koe tix. kah ngaox lao son kaing: plak Son sang kieh ex hak cub caw kix bun dai. tiex nyiiex yaong tix mhawm, ot greem lox pa sah sawn Khaix nghiet lox ah si num ting son lien rob rom kah krai ku plak, tax kuad Meung Vax, ku cub ku caw: Ngaox kah kawn tawx nang tang lai yuh krax gau sawn lox ah si kah si diex. yam kuat praix. Hoek kah daux khix 11Ceung kong pu- pu cang 25 ngaix caw tix mawh tax tax Yiien Seung Ping tom kuad Ngaox pa tawx lox ah si viex buan son daux vawng: kah si diex son krax ot phat lox pa tat son sau riang: grawng koe yam in ku plak, gau plak lai man. ngaox lao kaing: pa yuh krax Plak piang: kaut sawn pa sawn cao kaing daux yuh nan, son sang ang phi vawng: son kaing: pa sang

Khaix hoik nghiet lox lai si law plak greem ku cub, tax kuad Kloi - fux cong see ling tom viex buan son daux vawng: ngaox lao grawng kaing: pa sang khaw tix yuh si voe ngai phao. kaoh khaix hoik sah sawn cao kaing daux vawng mai paox, bang kum khrawm Meung V ax kaing: jhaw pa yuh daux 2013 num, plak greem ku cub yuh tix hoik mee si voe 2014 num khix tix mee 20 ngaix, yuh mawh plah lai tawx plak piang daux vawng gaik jhak. Bang kum ting bak tix daux 2014 num khix 2 – 16 ngaix, Bang kum ting son prah kah mawh Meung Vax

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

(Hu sitoe plah (3)

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

(Pa sitoe plah (2)

yuh ku plak. Ot plak bo si ngaix an, pa ot yi ming pu daux hak tiex Man pa yuh pu cang U Khin Yi, viex pa mawh pui yuh kaing: plak greem hoek tix laik gau kah daux bang kum paoh Meung Vax son sang khrawh khrawm yuh tix tawng yung ding koe kawn pui tix, tax kuad ngaox, tax kuad Rang, tax kuad kloi,tax kuad Run, tax Li Cu Liiex in

kix rieb hoek nawh mai kum ngawm mai paox daux nyiiex bang kum cong chang, tax kuad Ngaox viex buan son daux vawng mai cao kaing Meung V ax ah lox rieb hoek toek bleeih. U Khin Yi pu cang kah ah lox laoh lie kah son riep tax kuad Ngaox cao kaing in kix krax hoek bleeih kix, khaix an nawh tom krai lao krax hoek grawng bleeih kix bawg in. krax kum ngawm kix hoik mawh lox mhawm jha wm kha w mai p aox. Plak ngawb ngaix khaix, ot krax hawt hu tax Li Cu Liex, tax kuad Rang cao kaing daux cub pa yuh krax si toe mai plak praix in kix, U Khin Yi pu cang an khan kix tom hu ngawm mai tax kuad Pang cao kaing ting daux vawng Meung Vax daux nyiiex bang kum daux vawng, U Khin Yi pu cang krai lao tax kuad Pang mhong tawng krax hoek grawng bleeih tix mai grawng sang yuh krax khrawh khrawm kah diak kawn pui daux hak tiex Meung Man bawg in. T ax kuad Pang si miang ting ex ka ah lox gaux rhawm ka son krax hoik kix tix kum ngawm mai tawx krax gau sawn kah plak sang yuh in kix, Meung Vax tawx riang: rao kah pa yuh Meung Man

kah plak yuh tix tawng yung diak kawn pui daux hak tiex Meung rob rom Meung Man ku dauh. Khaix hoik kum ngawm kix mai tax kuad Pang, pu cang U Khin Yi an kix tawm laik daux bang kum pa paoh Meung Vax son tawx riang: kah son sang yuh Meung Man tix tawng yuh diak du kawn pui daux hak tiex. Can pa hoek laik daux bang kum pa sang mawh cao thung bung kah kaing bawg in khawm cao kaing daux vawng: tax kuad Ngaox, tax kuad Rang, tax kuad Kloi, tax kuad Run, tax Sam Lu, tax Bo La Kham an khan kix hoek laik yam khawm mu. Bang kum plak ngaix an, mawh tax kuad Ngaox cao bung, mai ngaox lao U Khin Yi in kix tawng yung cao kaing Meung Vax, mai yaog yaw krax hoek son bleeih kix. Plak ngaix si ngaix an, U Khin Yi pu cang pa viex buan son Meung Man krai lao krax sang yuh son khrawh khrawm son yuh tix tawng yung diak koe kawn pui daux hak tiex Meung Man khawm mu, nawh kah ah nin, yaox krax pa yuh Meung V ax son tawx riang ku plak daing gaux rhawm rhi kah. khaix hoik lox krai U Khin Yi, pui dieh taix tawx kix ing. tax kuad

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

Ngaox ngaox lao grawng bang kum plak si ngaix, si mhie: pui ku kaux kawn deeih hoek. Plak ngaix tax kuad Ngaox kah kawn mawh cao bung bang kum, nawh guah sawn son kaing: pa sang lih yuh ku cub son bre tix lih khrawh khrawm diak du kawn pui Meung V ax ku dauh ku dee, si diex kix son dee it dee ngawm tum ku plak, si mie: ca tawx riang: kah kaing yuh Meung Man ka son khrawh khrawm kix tix tawng yung diak koe kawn pui daux hak tiex bawg in. bang kum pa paoh Meung Vax son sang khrawh khrawm diak koe kawn pui daux hak tiex hoik daux grum luah taix pui hun khawm yaog tix uik.5

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

4

VENG MEUNG PHIEN PLUAT BANG GAU LIEN PAU NYAONG.

Taux Lux, vu cuang pu Pao Ai Seung, pa yuh shu ci: Meung Phien Pao Ai Lee:, chi cang Siao Ai Sing, fux shu ci: Nan Sai, Cao Lix Chiux, fux chi cang: Ai Sang khawm cao kaing daux pa sawn plak ma koi, plak priex preem, cao kaing Seet lien pau yaong chi Me- daux Meung Phien ku plak, lien pau yaong khawm mu koe ung Phien tix koe num pui 600 kaux haoh pa hoek mai pluat krax pa gau Kaoh khaix jhawk laik yam an, krax pa yuh kix mhaing cao kaing daux chi mawh fux cu raung Li jing Meung Phien kah cao kaing Sing cao bung . Ka jauh, ot daux lox daux siien Meung Pawk, jauh daux khix 7, kix tawm khrawm rhax pa yuh krax gau sawn an pui daux hak tiex tawx kix yuh kix khawm uik man raoh hak krax gau sawn mai paox, kaoh tiex man, hak tiex vax, man khaix hoik sau kix riang: rao raoh son lien rob rom hoik daux 4 khix bawg yam, daux haok daux rao ma. Khaix hoik ghaok man 2013 num khix 11 – 15 ngaix, krax phauk gau pa yuh kix raoh, tawm mawh pa viex hoik pon tix si dauh kaing si buan son kix pa yuh krax gau sawn bawg in pa krai lao krax daing praok. Ot daux si ngaix kaut rhawm sawn kix khaix mhawm in, plak ngawb 8 taix yuh krax phauk gaud aux (4) na ri:, krax pluat kix grawng khix bawg yam. nawh ah nin, pa gau sawn mai seet lien pau khaix yuh krax phauk gau yaong chi Meung Phien tix daux khix bawg yam, kix hoik koe num sum tix koe cau yuh koe krax lhak haing miex tix ka daux pak ting daux chi. nyao, phauk gau kla daing pa yuh lhiux cang daux bang tauk, hoik kieh kaux hak kix naing 468 Pao Ai Pan, pa yuh brax kua, kieh kix tawng son siien cang daux siien Meung kham krax teek kha, tawng Pawk Li Ai Sang, Li Sam Pan, grawng kha lien rhawm tix. pang kong seex cu raung Li Ai khaix in phao kix sang laik ka Cui, cu cee khaw Cheung daux kaing: jhaw pa yuh, kix ka ang yuh tix pi: krax pa gau sawn, kix sang viex rhawm rhi hu yuh kaing son haok huan Meung Vax. Khaix hoik krai pa viex buan son pa gau an kix krax pa sawn gau tix mai krax kaut, cao kaing khawm pa hoek yam an tawm gaik jhak krax ngaox lao kix krax gau sawn pa tawng yung daux (4) khix bawg yam. Khaix ngaox lao kix krax pa gau sawn ku plak, Pao Ai Pan lhiux cang viex buan

son kix lien ot daux hak tiex krai lox, nawh ah nin, daing gau rhawm ka yaox tix krax pa hoik tawng grawng pa hoik pon pex tix chix daux (4) khix bawg yam in, yuh krax gau sawn ang doh mawh sang yuh naing graing: caox mai pui, mawh sang tang riien: ex hak tiex nyiiex ma tix, son ang kieh pui cax klawng heem jeem rawm khoik. si mie kix nie sau riang: khaix si ngaix, ang yuh tix pi: ka krax pa gau grawng pa chix, sau riang: khaix in si jheeng, yuh tix nhie tawng krax pa lhak grawng pa haing. Li Ai Sang siien cang viex buan son kix pui daux hak tiex cao kaing daux siien Meung Pawk khawm mu ah lox nab yam an. nawh ah nin, kaoh khaix yuh pex krax gau sawn daux (4) khix bawg yam, pex hoik pon tix tawng yung krax pa khaw tix gau sawn khawm mu, daing gau rhawm ka yaox tix pex. khee hawt krax ot diak koe, daux siien tawm mhaing ka cong cang, mhaing ku chi tang koe lien pau yaong, kix kah hoik cu, khaix in phao, si mie paux sau riang:, ang lhat kah tauk mao, yuh tix mawh lien vao son priex hak tiex nyiiex ma, son nyawm kaing: nyawm jhaw kawn rai pui meung daux hak tiex ex Meung Vax. Ot daux bawg yam an, fux siien cang Li Ai Sang, Li Sam Pan, shu chi daux Meung Phien Pao Ai Lhee in kix kah tawx nang lox ah si kah si diex. mhaing kix pa gau bawg in ku kaux sau riang: rao daux kaing: pa yuh khaix ngaix, viex pa gau sawn tix laik daux kaing: pa yuh, ang lhat kah tauk mao son nyawm ot nyawm koe

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

kawn pui daux hak tiex Meung Vax khawm mu. Chi cang daux Meung Phien Shiao Ai Sing ot yam krai nawh lox, si mie pa yaog tix gau an kix ku kaux bre tix priex sawn lox ah si kah si diex cao kaing ka piang tix, sau riang: daux kaing pa yuh si voe ngai. nawh ah nin, pui haoh pui hun mawh miex keeing ex, ex klom nad son sang nyawm kaing: nyawm jhaw kix, bre sau riang: son nyawm ot si u koe kix, luan khaing an, kah khaw kawn bre tix yuh krax grum rhawm mai pa ot praok ex ku cub ku caw, lai nab yam lai haok huan mai paox, sau riang greem krax thung bung plak piang:, daux siien, daux chi, ih rhawm rhi si mau paox, yuh nyiiex yaong dee ot haok huan tau ku kaux ku pui. Ka sang hoik pa yuh kix, cao kaing pa ot kah ka an kix, kawn tawx khawng phak kah pa blon mhawm khaing paox khawm mu, khaix an, kix kawn naix thut riang ang grai mai paox, mai ih priex ngawb mai paox khawm mu.5

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

5

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GUM LOX TA T SON SANG HAOK HUAN KAING GAU KA LAI MAN

L

ai man mawh lai meung heue. Hak tiex vax mawh hak tiex pa viex daux Meung Man tix dah, mawh dee khrawm pui ku ceu tix ot ka heue . Mawh jao krax dee ot dee koe mai: dex mai: meue praix hawx, plak nie kawn pui hak tiex vax mai: cao kaing : glawk mawx glawk an ang chix lai man ang chix lox man, glang bawg yam sum: been yien yawg, a so yax ka hoik sum: tix tawx cawng gau lai man tix blah heue. Kix ka hoik ploi: sara cao gau lai man hoek kaing: yiieh heue. Daux bawg yam pa hoik

luan maw jao koe pa cud pa ang kub ka cub caw giex kaing ping nyia plak lox si diex lox gau ang kub , kaing kraix khrawm ka pui haoh pui hun ang kub, pau pon paoh cawng gau lai man glawk greung daux Pang Sang, cawng gau lai man daux Meung Pawg, daux veng kao daux Meung Mau, cawng an khan kix pon kieh nang pui chix pui laoh lih koe heue. Daux cawng tang dauh kaing gau ka lai man pau mawh ngie ceu kaux pa koe, viang gau kaing: num kawx ang tie chix lai man ang tie chix lox man koe yuh nin, heue. Hoik gau lai man koe kao(10)

(1) jref rmpmud k t"d uxm;aom pmoif a usmif ;rS m jref r m pmoif csdefonf 50%? t*Fvdyfpm? w&kwf pmoif csd ef o nf 25%pD jzpf &rnf / (2) w&k wf pmud k t"d usxm;oif aom pmoif ausmif;rSmw&kwfpmoifcsdef onf 50%? J ref rmpmoif csd ef onf 30%? tjcm;(t*Fvdyf? ]0} bmom oifcsdefonf 20%/ (3) &Gmrsm;wGifzGifhaomnausmif;rsm; bmomuef Y owf jcif ;r&Sd rd rd vl rsd K; pm ayudk t"duxm;oifEdkifonf/ (4) jrefrmpmw&kwf pmoif ausmif;rsm; \ausmif ;yd wf csd ef ES ifh ausmif;zG ifh csdefrsm;udk jrefrmEkdifiH? w&kwfEkdifiH \owfrSwfcsdeftwdkif;jzpfEkdifonf / 4/ ausmif;q&mq&mrrsm;jyóemjynfe,ftwGif;jrefrmpmoifMum;a&; jyefYyGm;ap&efrsm;jym;aomq&mq&m rrsm; vdktyfygonf/ t"duaqmif&GufcsufrSm (1) jynf a xmif pk t pd k ;&e,f p yf a'o zGHYNzdK;a&;XmeES ifh tquf toG,f& NyD;tpdk;&xHrSjref rmpmoifausmif; q&mq&mrrsm;yd k ívT wf ay;vm NyD ;? vcud k jynf axmif pk tpd k ;&u xkwfay;wmjzpfNyD;? ynma&;aumf rwD u aepD p Of c ef Y t yf w m jzpf & rnf/ (2) aocsmppf a q;jcif ; jzif h 'D ES pf t wG if ; rS m a'ocH r sm;jynf wG if ; ok dY avh vmoiMum;NyD ;jyef vmaom ol rsm;ES ifh jynf e,f wG if;jref rmpm oif ausmif ; atmif a omvl i ,f rsm;/ ol wd k Y ud k pmoif a usmif ;rS m jref rmpm oif ausmif;q&mq&mr tjzpf c ef Y t yf E k d i f a tmif B ud K ;pm; &rnf/ (3)c&dkifrsm;?txl;NrdKUe,frsm;? wyfzGJYrsm; onf w nf & S d & ma'oteD ; &S d E k d i f iH a&;jyóemr&Sdaomjref rmpmwwf aomoludk ausmif;q&mtjzpfcefY xm;Ekdifonf/jrefrmpmoifausmif; q&mq&mr\vconf tqif h num haoh ang tie chix ka , Son in caw bre tix deeih keud ka heue. Caw bre thai loh rhawm keud tix, krax tawng krax yung bre kieh ih paox tix , bre yuh kriem kriem kre kre awx. Hak tiex vax mawh nang hak tiex pa viex daux meung man tix dah heue. Pa siao daux lum vax yam in mawh lai hawx kawx, in mawh tix vud tix cu khaing: heue. Khaix in hu si voe daux krax ot krax koe teu rien tix siao lai man heue. Bre keud jhak si voe tix, lai man mawh (lai meung ) grawng gau lai man caw tix giex jhawp mhawm mhiem, heue. Son sang haok huan kaing gau lai man bang kum: bawg (3) son kaing gau lig lai hoik bre tix kum: kawng: ka heue. Kaw mi ti daux vawng hoik bre tix keud sawn dau bang : kum: tix, mai: kix

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

wl w &k wf p moif a usmif ; q&mES if h wef;wljzpf&rnf/ 5/ ausmif;oHk;pmtkyfjyóem'Daemufjrefrmpmausmif;oHk;pmtkyfrsm;onf (1) tpdk;& ewv uaetcrJhjrefrmpm zwf pm? t*F vd yf zwf pmrsm;quf vufyhHydk;ay;oGm;jcif;/ (2) ynma&;pmyH k E S d y f & H k ; uae tcrJ h axmufyHhay;jcif;/ (3) ]0}jynf e ,f t wG i f ; \ vl r I a &; axmuf u l r S K Xmersm;\ ausmif ; oHk;pmtkyfrsm; ulnDay;jcif;/ 6/ ynma&;aumfrwDonfjrefrmpmoifMum; a&;ud k t m;jznf h N yD ; acgif ; aqmif j cif ; ES i f h MuD;Muyfjcif;udkaqmif&Guf&rnf/ Xmersm;ESifh aygif ; pyf N yD ;jref r mpmoif Mum;a&;jyef Y yG m ; rSKvkyfief;udkaumif;atmifaqmif&Guf&rnf/ (1) ynma&;aumf r wD o nf oD ; oefY jrefrmpmoifMum;a&;OD;aqmiftzGJY wnfxm;NyD;]0}jynfe,f\ jref rmpmoif Mum;a&;udk MuD;Muyf nTefMum; ay;&rnf/ (2) jref r mpmpmar;yG J v T m ud k wnD wnf ; jzpf a p&rnf / jynf e ,f wck v H k ; \ jref r mpmoif M um;rS K tajctaeud k w nD w nf ; ppf aq;Ekdifrnf/ (3) jrefrmpmoifausmif;q&mq&mr arG;jrLjcif;ES ifh ppf aq;jcif;pepf udk wnfaxmif&rnf/ þodkYjzifhjrefrm pmausmif ; q&mq&mr\ t&nf taoG;udkjr§ifhwifEkdifrnf/ þqH k ;jzwf csuf onf 2007 ck ES pf 'D Zif bmv 10 &uf ]0}jynf e,f wwd ,tBud rf ynma&;vk y f i ef ; tpnf ; a0;rS m twnf j yK vkdufygonf/ ]0}jynfe,faoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&;ygwD EkdifiHa&;XmeBuD; ynma&;aumfrwD 2007 ckESpf 'DZifbmv 10 &uf si du rhawm grum rhawm ka mai: plih gum lox tat awm in plak greem:1. Daux hak tiex vax, pati, a so yax, daux tab cao kaing: glawk mawx glawk an kieh kaing gau lai man mawh kaing: ting awx. in mawh son sang plih ka pui pa yung pa chix lai man son pon plud ti siao lai man tang: lai hawx heue. 2. Kaw mi ti cao jhawp kaing: plak Seh (Nang pu:) Daux kaung:, daux Veng hak tiex blon ting (theux chi) daux tab an khan kix ka daux pa hoik mhawm gau ka lai man, cawng tang dah pa ang bax nyiang gau lai man kawx, kieh pon gau lai man awx. Khaix hoik uik num 2009 sax kieh pon gau ka lai man 80% son awx. 3. Hak tiex vax mawh dee (Hu sitoe plah (6)

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax. (pa sitoe plah (5)

grum ot pui ku ceu ka heue. Gau lai ku ceu daux cawng gau lai, in hoik khaw mai:dee ot dee koe ex heue. Yam gau lai kie nie, lai man, lai hawx, lai ka la, lai vax, lai la hu bre tix tang guah bawg yam ka heue. (1) Daux cawng pa nie hun gau lai man bawg yam gau 50%, bawg yang gau lai ka la, lai hawx 25%. (2) Daux cawng pa nie hun gau lai hawx bawg yam gau lai 50% bawg yam gau lai man 30%, bawg yam gau lai ka la, lai vax 20%. (3) Cawng pon bo pa gau daux yaong sang gau lai ceu tit pon tix gau, deuh l ai cao tix mawh kaing: ting mai: gau ka ehix heue. (4) Cawng gau lai man cawng gau lai hawx bawg yam paoh cawng. Bawg yam nyeep cawng kie nie, ih bawg yam meung man, ih bawg yam hawx ka chix heue.

4. KAING NU SON PON SARA CAO GAU Daux hak tiex ex son si dah kaing gau ka lui man kied si daing: lo ka sara cao gau tom nie heue, Kaing: ting pa caw tix yuh. 1. Si toe ka a so yax mai:cub caw pa yuh baoh meue praix haok huan, mhaing: kix ploi: sara cao gau lai man,phan mawh riang khix kix, mawh a so y a x meung man cao tawx, dee ot dee sang yuh kix kaing mawh (ciao voe)cubcaw Kuang ping nyia Meung Vax cao pa guah ka heue. 2. Ka daux num in, pui kaoh khaing gau tix lai daux m ung man, mai: pui kaoh khaing gau tix daux cao ex, co ca tix tawx kix yuh sara cao gau awx. 3. Daux kaung, daux Veng hak tiex blon ting, daux tab khan kix,phan mawh pui pa dex hawt baoh deeot ex, phan mawh pui paang yuh kaing hak tiex pontix tawx nawh yuh sara caogau lai heue.

CAO KAING DAUX KAUNG MEUNG PAWK

LIH KUM NGAWM MAI CAO KAING VENG MEUNG PHIEN

Pa viex buan son cao kaing daux keung Meung Pawk yuh krax kum mai cao kaing daux Meung Phien Son sang yuh tix tawng yung krax ot kaing: yuh plak greem ku plak ku vang, tawx krax si diex gau kah piang: kix son thie riang rao plak gau lig lai mhai ce, son krax cong nyiiex ma, yuh kaing: chaw haok huan in kix ku plak, khee nan, pa viex buan

son son: cao kaing daux keung Meung Pawk kix tawm lih plak greem, 2013 num khix 11 – 16 ngaix plak ngawb 10 taix na ri pa yuh siien cang Li Ai Sang, siien cang Li Ai Sang khawm pa viex kiex hawt grawng an kix ku plak ku kaux cao kaing plak greem kix tawm yuh krax kum ngawm mai cao kaing daux Meung Phien ku plak daux nyiiex bang kum cat ra, son sang nghiiet lox

Riang khix Sara cao gau lai man tawx si du awm cao gau lai hawx heue. 5. KAING NU SON PHUK LAI GAU. Phan mawh lai man kie nie, 1. A So yax mai: cub caw pa yuh kaing haok huan meue praix, ca sitoe tix teem: coi joh jhaung kaphuk gau lai man mai: lai ka laheue. 2. Ang teei ngawh ca teem: coi, phuk lai pa yeen daux dee tawk yeen phuk lai daux cub caw ping nyia (cao voe)heue. 3. Cub caw plak teem:gaw joh jhaung poat daux hak tiex vax. Ca teem: gaw ex ka phuk lai gau. 6. Phan mawh cub caw cao giex kaing: ping nyia (cao voe) kie nie, caw tix baox riang rao kaing gau lai man, mai: bre tix giex kuang mhawm mhiem awx. Rom tau mai: dah dee (tang voe) son sang grum mai: si dah haok huan kaing pa gau

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ka lai man caw coca sau riang tix yuh awx. (1) Kaw mi ti plak ping nyia (cao voe)son tang gau lai man nong nong, kix mawh cao pa thuk bung: cao jhak kia ka, son sang grum gau lai man daux hak tiex vax heue. (2) Lai cha wk ca wng kie mawh tix ceu khaing:, Daux hak tiex vax kaing chawk cawng kieh brieb awx. (3) Caw tix kieh been yaog eei liang mai: chawk cheng ka sara cao gau lai man koe heue. Phan yuh, yuh nin cub sara cao gau ka lai man tom chix haok huan lhak haing ka heue. Gum lox tat in mawh gum lox pa hoik tat daux bang kum: bawg (3)yam yuh bang kum: son kaing ping nyia Meung Vax daux 2007 num khix 12.10 ngaix dix. Pati rob rom Meung Vax Dah dee ting kaing haktiex Cub caw plak krax gau sawn. 2007num,khix 12.10 ngaix.

ah si kah mhaing kix ku kum yuh kix, chi cang ai plak. sing kawn guah kaing pa sang yuh kix ku plak, Bang kum mawh Li mhaing pui ku kaux da Ai Sang siien cang cao rhawm tix si voe.5 bung, mhaing kix plak greem ngaox lao krax pa caw grawng pa nu kah daux kaing: yuh tix plak greem khawm mu, yuh tix lai tawng mai kah tau khawm mu ku kaux. Ot daux bang kum, pa ot daux Meung Phien ku cub ku caw: ku nyiiex ku ma kix hoik lai ngaox lao krax cut dee cha tix, kix kah hoik lai si law mai paox son cox nawh mhawm. Li Ai Sang siien cang ah lox laoh lhie kah kix ku kaux son tawx kix riang: rao kah kaing: pa yuh daux siien khawm daux chi , si mhie: kix nhie: sau riang: khaix in, son nyawm ot si u koe kawn rai pau sin. Ot daux bang kum fux siien cang Li Ai Sang, shi chi daux Meung Phien Pao Ai Lhee, chi cang siao ai sing in kix kah kawn tawx lox ah si kah si diex. Ka sang hoik bang

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

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LIH CAO KAING CUB PAU DIAN TIX JHAK KAIG DIANG PLAK GREEM.

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ih cao kaing pa pau diang: jhak plak greem ku diang: Son sang tawx krax si diex gau ka pa ot daux diang: ku plak, kieh kix sau riang: rao ka daux kaing: pa yuh ku plak ku vang:, kieh kix koe krax grum

rhawm mai pa yuh kaing: ka praok tix ku cub. jauh daux 2013 num khix 11 – 8 ngaix, pa yuh fux kuang cang Woe sam raix, pa yuh pang kong: seex cu raung Pao Sai Ka in kix viex pa ot praok pa yuh kaing: lih jhak gaik daux diang:

plak laong khawm mu. Khix 11 – 16 ngaix, kix tawm caw: tix hoek jhak gaik diang: pa ot praok Meung Phien baoh in khawm mu, plak ngaix, ot krax hawt hu chi cang: daux Meung Phien Shiao Ai Sing mai Sam Raix, Sai Ka in kix, kix tawm hu gaik jhak diang sinax ex mai meung hawx mang sing, diang in hoik sawn tix mawh diang ting ka sinax ex meung hawx ti dauh, pui laik lih ka si daing nhie:, Shiao Ai Sing chi cang si mie plak piang: tawx riang: rao yuh kawx meung chiiex hak tiex ex meung man, kieh nyawm pui yaox yam laik lih. Ot yam hoek kix daux diang ku dauh, Sam Raix mai sai ka hoik bre tix si diex gau pa yuh kaing: plak greem ku kaux bre yuh krax grum rhawm mai paox ku plak, yuh kaing: mhawm tau.

Kiex ah nin, kaing: pau diang hoik mawh kaing: tauk kaing: nyab ti grawng, hoik kaing: son kawn pui ti grawng, mawh son sang tieh krax ang mawh son pui ting tu pu rhawm an kix, ang kieh kix yuh kaing: map piang: kawn pui. Kiex kah mhaing pa pau diang: caw tix mawh pa koe krax nap yam, ceep kraung khrai tix tawm mhawm, kham krax tauk kha, yuh kaing: mhawm mhawm.5

KEUT SON PUI CEU EX HU SI VOE

hoik tawx dan ju tix yum ku kaux, tiem daux lai mhai tix een daux jhe cao ex}. Yam koe bawg yam, niet sawg ex gau sawn tix mai: pui lhaong cu yi pinya yuh nin: lox lai ex kawx chix haok huan ku gawng ku lua ku dah ku dee U tax ex ju yax ex dix,chix vax, yuh maix tawng lox lai ex, tawx dan ju tix yuh kaing heue, tan lu ju ex yuh kaing pih kix ang kix chix pai, been cie vax liag. hak tiex vax jhaw son pui ceu ex ceeix ceeix jhaw son Meung Vax ex ku kaux chix krai kix ang kix chix hoik pon haok huan, viang cong cong. krai lao pui ku dah son ang ex lai dah khaix pui, keud, kawn nyawm iak khan kix mawh nan: lox lai vax awm pa mhong ka lox been cie ex, gau son ang pui pon got kheem pieue:, doh keud son pui ceu ex sang baox grai greet hu: daux sawn pui hak tiex lhak haing ka ang ex, priex lox tawm ju tax ju liag, yam koe bawg yam sau: pa fhaig. pui ceu vax hoik lai cao ex. {keut awm tax (Nyi yax ex kix, keut son pui ju khaix riang ex sawg cuyi pinya, krax koe:haoh hun, viang hun kawx Lai) ex krai awm tax Log Pang ex sax, son ang lox lai vax ex awm pa sang dex grai ex si nax ex} kiex hoik mawh sag se son grai greet tix ngaix sax, yuh ex lhak krax haing.! Yam kaoh ex khaing si greem pui ku ceu. pui ceu ex pui ceu ex vax, hoik khrex mawh pui pa si toe taix khaix gang lih, lox lai cao ex hoik hoik lhak haing uik, viang khawm pui ceu ex awm{nyiex caong kix, si toe lox lai ex lih hu dawg koe dix, yam guah ex mawh nan, ang koe pui shiao tix lhang prang tix mu}hoik ku ju pui sax, in mawh kaing pa khaing si ngien rang, been cie lox lai vax. son sang awm krax plih thut kiex lox lai ex ah nin- caw ex kawn nyawm awn ju-tix ex hoik dawg pre uik, lox lai ex haok huan lox lai ex krax haok {ang guah ceu pui, been li, pui koe rhawm ka, phan maix sang hoik grai greet tix bawg dix, son huan hak tiex ex, paw lai tawx son sang nie haok huan meung yaox krax haok huan Meung ang baox grai sau riang gau lai lox lai pui tang ceu ting lhaong ex, gau sawn paox tix lhak Vax hu si voe, paw lai pi awm vax /ah lox vax (yam koe bawg haok huan piang lox lai ex liak. khrak paox tix luan khaing pui mawh maix pui ceu vax tix yam ex ang lhawg, rawg baox kheu in mawh hak tiex ex Ai hai:. yuh ex mawh ox tix pang kaux, sau riang gau lai vax ex, rang tix mu, kaoh khaix hoik ah lox vax ex ang jut ang jai. sang hoek ang tie chix, ngaix in kawn vax. Keut son sang haok huan, tawx tax yiex miex keeing ex to ex hoik it tom sag, pon sax ex cao pawd lai -Nyi Thai sah sang ih pa dix?) kawn nyawm nyawm ot si u:koe kawn rai pui kaux nex nham tix daux naing si nyiex yaong veng Ai Cheung khan kix eue:, yam koe: bawg meung (pau sin) ex awm pui vai, ex Meung Vax tom yaox Chi Pa Pong chuing. yam paw vi kieh luan awh! tang ceu, deeh doh keut mawh krax nyawm ot haok huan in si dee yuhkaing jhaw kaung Meung Pawk Phan maix rug mawh pui ceu ex pui ceu vax, moh ka pui ceu ngaix, son ang ex pi awm pui pa

J

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

8

yj,wD,cgwf,vldwf;zgrf.plrf;rldif:]o}Qwf:ymifukrf Oyf:vSif:se umefuAyf:OAef;rhmplofulef: efG:qkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrfywf:ykdef. vl if yg if qkd if ; rld if :pk rf wk rf ykd ef zmof , oj;- ayj:xkdifyD< 2014.3 vldef oef:xd 30 awj,xkdifoef:xd 10. 4 vldef rj:? awqwf: ymif uA yf : OA ef ; rh m pl of ul ef : ef G : qk d if ; rl d if : pk rf , wkrfywf:ykdef.bof./ tdifeldofvgif;eh.aO acj;pefxkdifrldif:]o}rD:eif,yj;wfG;eh. 1/ rl d if :]o}auj; yA ef rld if : tef bl ,ef G : qkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrf ygwf:wgef;ekdif;bof./ umef uAyf :OA ef;rhmpl of ulef :eh. yAef vl ifyg if qkd if;cyf . Ckd if yef wj,ul ;qmof :cld of :efG :qkd if;rld if:pk rf,wk rf wif : OA if ; bof . / ug yf ; eef s v; tg ef p l of iof;ikef:rldif:]o}auj; pefvDyefpSif:qgrf: sv; awqwf : ymif uA yf :OA ef ;rh m pl of ul ef : ef G :rl d if : ]o}ywf:ykdef. Qgrf:eif,cyf.rhm vlifygif qkdif;rD: eef.bof./ 2/ cgwf,zgwf,tgefplof efG:umef uAyf:OAef;rhm plofulef:?

rldif:]o}qwf:ymifukrf yldof;wj,Oyf:vSif:se vgif;umefuAyf:OAef;rhmplofpldef:efG:rldif:ywf.ykdef./ tdifeldof vlifygifqkdif; qkdif;rldif:pkrf, wk rf rl d if : rmef ; yk d ef z mof , rj:eef .aO ayj: xkdifyD< 2014.3.30 oef: awj,xkdif oef:xd 10.4 vl d e f ? awqwf : ymif u A y f : OA e f ; rhmplofulef: efG:qkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrfywf:ykdef./ ug yf ; yl d of ; eef - rl d of ;oef : xd ( 2325.11. 2013)eef . vl if yg if qk d if ; rl d if :]o} qwf :ymif uk rf yl d of ;wj,Oyf :vS if :se xj,e pg i f ; umef ul ; wD ; pk x k d i f q g r f : sv; cg w f , zg wf,auj,rwD,pmif;pSef:ej;umef uAyf:OA ef;rh m oh.xj;/ tg ef pl of iof ;ik ef :cof rD :-uS rf pl of yof ; yj,wD ,cg wf ,vld wf ;zg rf .pl rf ;rld if :]o} OS of :rd ef , vS if,? uSrf yg if umef wyf.Okd uf:cg wf,vld wf; zg rf . pl rf ;rl d if :]o} qof ;Ok d uf :vl if qof :ql if :wif : ? wIkef:? uSrfplofyof; yj,wD,cgwf,vldwf;zgrf. plrf; sv;zl;erf:efG: wImif:? plofyof;qkrf: pgif;umef wD ;tk yf , uk rf u mef rl d if : yl of , vjcrf : ? Zl ;Cmef ymuf ;vk rf :iof :ik ef : sv; qwf : umef pg if ;umef cmof, rldif:]o}vD:ql:sv.? ugef :pgif ;umef wdwf : awj,eguf ;rld if: qof :auj,tmif:? ug ef :pg if;umef plrf,vlrf; Omrfvl: cof;qof;yAefzl;eif;qkdif;/ tg e f p l o f xj,epg i f ; umef u l ; wD ; wD ; ? ug e f : aq,wgef;? aq,oAif:ul;teftef Ugef:wyf . ugif ul;wyf.qkrf: rj:cof;plrf;qgrf:/ qof : auj,tmif : vl s e acj;pef xk d if tg ef pl of rl d if : ]o} el d of u mef uA yf : OA ef ; rh m pl o f u l e f : qk d i f ; rl d i f : pl r f , wk r f eef . uG j ,J?

Eif,pkdofumefuAyf:OAefrhmplofulef: efG: rl d if :]o}ywf :ykd ef . ayj:awpA wf :vh ;cS yf .vS yf ; vD irf :eef . tg ef pl of rld if :]o}cof ck d ef :cg wf , zg wf,auj,rD,wD, qkrf:wj,uA yf:OAef;rhmplofulef : rl d if :]o}/ auj,rwD , tg ef pl of uA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef : cof e ef . awvh ; bl , yj;wf G ; qk rf :uA yf : OA ef;rhmpl oful ef:efG:qkd if;rldif:pkrf,wkrf qdOif , aO pAwf:Omif;uGj,/ 1/ Cgwf,zgwf,auj,rwD, tgefplofpAwf:umefcgwf,zgwf,oh. auj,rwDtgefplof uAyf:OAef;rhmplof ulef: rldif:]o}ywf:ykdef.rD: (47)auj./ 2/ wg e f ; vd ef Ok d uf : 171 ul ; wyf . qk rf : ul ; aq,oA if : ? aq,oA if : ck d uf . wg ef : awvh ; tof qg rf :vh m:zl ;cof ;yj,wD , tg ef pl of uA yf :OA ef ;rh m pl of ulef :efG :rld if :ywf:ykd ef.aO cof;yj:qgh ;xSrf qkwkrf ul;wyf.qkrf:? ul;xj,epgif;umef sv; tg e f p l o f e f G : yk d e f . wD ; cof qk w k r f y A e f q k r f : tgef,aO? tgefplofuAyf:OAef;rhmsv; zl;Eif; vkrf:cof ckdef:tofrj:wmif,xkdifwD;qkrf:cof;auj, rwD , tg ef pl of uA yf :OA ef;rh mpl of ul ef : rld if :]o}/

Okduf:sv;qwf:umefyhm:wkduf:wgef;vdefOkduf:rhm (2)vD vof :tl d of tg ef pl of vk rf :yg if umef Ok d uf :? wyf.rRuf,? wyf.qkrf: 418 tofykef;zgef:vlif: uA y f : OA ef ; rh m pl of u l e f : ef G : wg e f ; vd ef O k d u f ; rhm(2)sv;aq,oAif:ckduf.wgef:ymifOmif:/ -uS rf yg if u mef Ok d uf : qof ; Ok d uf : wIk ef : ? ug ef : pg i f ; umef z ef , wj, yof : bl o f , vS if , ? uS r f yg if umef O k d uf : sv; qwf : umef y h m :wk d u f : wg e f ; vd ef Okd uf:rh m(3) qof:Okd uf :wqk rf ; tg ef plof wyf.qkrf: 318? pgif;umefyhm:rldif: qgh;xSrftgef pl of uA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef : efG :wg ef ;vd ef Ok d uf : rhm(3)/ 4/ qwf:wrf: wD;uAyf:OAefrhmplofulef:(6)wD;/ Eif ,pk d of vg if ;uA yf :OA ef rh m pl of ul ef : rldif:]o} ayj:awpAwf:vh; ihm;vlrfeef. qSuf ; wrf:wD;uAyf;OAefrhmplofulef:oh. (6)wD; (1) aq,oAif:ckduf.wgef: eifwldif:? (2) aq,wgef;rldif:rfG,? (3) aq,wgef; oAif:uof,? (4) aq,oAif:ckduf.wgef: ymifOmif:? (5) aq,wgef;rldif:yguf.? (6) iof;ikef:Okduf: omef;plif;/ 4/ ykef;zgef:zhm,vlifygifqkdif; rldif:pkrfwkrf sv;zhm, rldif:]o}ykef;zgef:zhm,Vlifygifqkdif; (1) wSyf:wwf:ruf:ref;umefrldif:? (2) qgh;zkduf:zgef. Ogefyef? (3) tguf,ikdef:qIduf, qfG.qhm;? (4) xkuf,yef yyf.wSrf;_urfwSrf;rhm? (5) P;ulef;cofpgwf,wD;uAyf:OAef;rhmplofulef:

3/ zl ; tg ef pl of ul ; xj,epg if ; umef ul ;yk d ef . wD ; awvh;wlnf:qg rf:sq;oAif:? efG :wyf.ugif efG:tld if,qldof :qS uf ;szoh .eef.aO vl if:uA yf : OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef :/ ul ;xj,e pg if ;umef efG:rld if : vl d of aOuA yf :OA ef ;rh m xj,epg if ;umef zfG ref : bof.eef. tgefplofauj,rwD,iof;ikef:cofckdef: zgwf,zhg.yAefqkrf:aO vlif:tgefplofxj,epgif; umef ef G :wyf .qef .wf G ; uA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef : uGj,JqSuf;rSif;oh. rldefeif,yj;wfG:eh.-uSrfzl;erf:efG:wImif:? uSrfygif umefOkduf:sv; qwf:umefyhm:wkduf: wgef;vdefOkduf:rhm(1)qof; qh m:Omrf tg ef pl of wyf .qk rf : 468 sv;pg if ; umef zk uf ,Og rf ;_yj,rh .xld ef ,cld of :cof tof yk ef ; zgef:uAyf:OAef;rhmefG:wgef;vdefOkduf:rhm(1)/ -uSrfqof;Okduf:vlif qof:qlif:wif:? uSrfygifumef

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

qgrf:aq,wgef;_ aq,oAif:/ -ykef;zgef:rldif:]o}(1) tguf,pSif:ulef:? (2) qgh;wSrf;rhmqkdof;ulef:? (3) wmif,seej;umef urf:vkdef:? (4) vlof,pgwf,xkdifwD;uAyf:OAef;rhmplofulef: qgrf:tldif,? omef; ul;wD;/ 5/ acj;bgef:xkdifsv; wSrf;rhmykdef: uAyf:OAef; plofulef:/ (1) umefuAyf:OA ef;rhmplofulef:efG:rldif:]o}eef . awvh;tof qgrf:eif,vlifygif qkdif;cyf.ckdif qd Oif ,seyef eef.bof ./ tef auj,r wD, tgef pl ofuA yf:OA ef;rh mplof ul ef:rldif :]o} cgwf,zgwf,oh. rl,qkrf:qgh;xSrfeef. aw vh;cof;plrf,urf.xSrfyef wArfwD;/ (2) tef awuA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef :efG :rld if:]o} eef . awvh ;tof qgrf:eif, rlyld iftef vl if yg if qk d if ; cyf . ck d if omif : zS ef e ef . ref ;rS ef ;bof ./ rl d of ;wmif ,qImif :pl d ef :/ ul e f : eef . awtrf , vh ; wmif , vl d of (trf,eef)awtrf,vh; wmif,bgrf:/ (3) vg uf :vhm: umef uA yf:OA ef ;rh mpl oful ef :eh .Eif ,pkd of ayj;sr;ul ef :rld if :wif :vh m ayj: cof ;qf G sv;vA yf ;pA ef :av.vj, pk qg rf : eef .? Zh m,vl if yg if qkd if ; awykd ef zmof , efG :pl if :ygh ,OA if ? efG :vd uf ;zkd ef cmof ,bof ./ sw,tof yD < 2013.12vl d ef 1 oef : ? awj,xk d if yD < 2014.3.vl d ef 15 oef :? tof oh .yA ef cmof :bmrf :wj,vl if : Oyf :vS if : qSif;sesv; zkduf:zgef.Ogefse yef

(uGj,Okdyf,tmef,ej; (9) http://www.wskeungwa.blog.com. http://you.video.sina.com.cn wastatenewsagency


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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax. (3) yyf :qImif :pl of pldef:eef. pldef:ekd if;vif awvh ;pA wf :Og if rfG ? rfG ekd if; oh .yef qof ; pl d ef :? rf G ek d if ; oh .wD ;vl if yg if ;qk d if ;aq; wgef;cofuAyf:Odrf:oh./

(Okdyf,rj:wD;ej; (8)

wmif:pk ulef:rldif: P;yg if,qfGvguf:vhm: umef uAyf:OAef;rhplofulef:/ (4) zl ;tg ef pl of sv;zl ;uA yf :OA ef ;rhmpl of ul ef : cof awvh ; yA e f zl ; xrf : ej;pl d e f : wSrf;oh. efG:yyf:qImif: plofpldef:/ (5) ul ef :pmyf ,xmrf :umef rl d if :sv; umef Ok d uf : Cofeef.? Oifoj;sw,ej;pldef:bof. aw vh ; pA wf : cS yf : rh m pl of pl d ef : pmif : ul nf : sv; wSrf;rhm oh.tgif;wD;bl, efG:cSyf:rhmplofpldef:/ Oif o j; yh , sw,ej;pl d ef : ? OA ef ; qk d o f ; qof ;uof, cof ;pl rf ;vh;qg rf:cS yf :rhmpl of pld ef : ayj;sr;vh;bl,/ 6/

omef ; ek d i f ; vk u f , qImif : vif p l d e f : sv; plofulef:/ (1) vifpldef:rD:vhmvif_ plofulef:rD:vhmauj./ (2) qhm: qkygif:uj;pkdof_bdif:qkygif: uj;pkdof/ (3) tj,Omuf;/ (4) ul;qmof:cldof: tefbl,Oof:efG:omef;eef. rD:uj;pldof/ (5) plofulef:qldof:arjvduf;bof.sv;qldof:wkduf: OgefpAef:bl, rD:vhmauj./ 7/ yyf:rhm qImif: plofpldef:/ (1) yyf:wSrf;rhmqImif:plof pldef:eef. awvh ; bdyf:yyf:tef vlifygifqkdif;cof qSuf;yef rj:eef. awvh;wSrf;rhmP;rldefuef/ (2) ul : tof q Imif : pl o f p l d e f : tef p g i f ; umef zhm,plrf;vlrf;cofpAwf:oh.eef./

(uS rfplof yof ;OS of:rd ef,vS if,ckd ef:Oyf:vSif : sevgif ;pef xkdif auj,rwD,iof;ikef :rldif:]o}cof el d of u mef uA yf : OA ef ; rh mpl of ul ef : ef G : qk d if ;rl d if : plrf,wkrf)/ OS of :rd ef ,vS if , Oyf :vS if :seoj;J bg e f . yl d of ; rl d i f : ]o} trf , qmif ; zmwf , tg u f , aOqkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrf,rldif:rmef;sv; ugyf;eef umef uAyf :OA ef;rh mpl of ulef :efG :qkd if;rld if:pk rf ,wkrf eh. ref:yAefumefxkuf,vDpAwf:Omif;sv; xkuf, vDcof;yj:urf.xSrfyefpSif:bl,bof./ bl,wD;efG: rldif: }0}oj;JumefuAyf:OAef;rhmplofulef:eh. urf; erftrf,yh,bmrf;plyf.xlyf:rj:? rldof;ylef.rj: 40 yD <yh meef .bmrf ;pA wf:rj:yg uf ;ekd if ;? bg ef .yld of ; yh,bmrf; pkvguf:vhm:wArfxlef;vD:sv; rldif:]o} awvh ; tof qg rf : eif , vl if yg if qk d if ; cyf . Ck d if yefpSif:aO pAwf:Omif;uGj,qgrf: 0j;eh/ OSof :rd ef,vSif ,Oyf :seoj;Jrld if:]0} pof :cj;bmrf:vAof pl of ymuf; 90 eef. trf,rD : OA e f ; rh m pl o f p l d e f : ? trf , rD : rf G u yf : wl o f b of . / bg ef .yld of ;eef sv; vl of ,ol ef .wmif :ej;uh uh ? olef.wj,vkuf,vmefrldof:ej;aO xkuf,vDcof;yj: ef G : umef u A y f : OA e f ; rh m pl o f p l d e f : ef G : qk d if ; rl d i f : pkrf,wkrfbof./ oef : xd ( 24.11.2013)oh : oef : qldof:zl;wmifwloftefrj:cof;plrf; ymifukrfeef. qS uf ;rS if ;yA ef pj;qk rf :aO tk yf ,uk rf wl d if ,ymif , uef? tgefuef yefwmif:pefxkdifeldofumefuAyf: OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef :eef .bof . ? ck d ef :tg ef uef rj:wmif , sevg if ; pef xk d if ef G : qk rf : zf G qk rf : ref:/ qldof:zl;cof ;pl rf;efG:ymifuk rfeef. rD : zl ;ug ef :? uS rf zl ;ug ef :xj,epg if ;umef ? ug ef : wyf . ug if ? uS rf zl ;ug ef :wyf . qk rf : ? ug ef : aq, wg ef ; uS rf zl ;ug ef :aq,wg ef ;? aq,oA if :ck d uf . wg ef :cof Zl ;eif ;vk rf :? Zl ;erf :ef G :? ug ef : pg if ; umef z h m,pl rf ; vl rf ; sv; tg ef pl of x j,e pgif;umeful;wD; plrf;wif:rlwf: rD:(311)auj./ uSrfplofyof;OSof:rdef,vSif,? uSrfygifumef Okduf: qof:Okduf:vlif qof:qlif:wif:? wmifwlof tgefplofiof;ikef:ul;Omif.Omif. rguf,vmwf;Oyf: vS if:seej;umef wj,imef :wj,pA wf :Omif ;rl d of : ej;/ wg ef;wj,ymif ukrf cg wf,bg wf,umefimef : rldif:]o}ywf:ykdef. yD< 2013 eh. wuf:aw vh; pA w f : P;bof . wl o f ; tg e f e j; yD < 2014.1 vl d ef (20)oef :? pA wf :yA ef vd uf ; aO wmif , xkdifwD;auj,rwD,iof;ikef:cof/

eif,pkdofpAwf:P; umefacj;bldif:tmef: umef auj,Omif ;rld if:]o} bof .wl of;xkd if wD ;sv; uwf : bA e f e d r f O of : eef . ? tof q g r f : eif , acj;omif :zS ef iof ;ik ef:wyf .Okd uf :cg wf ,vld wf ; zg r f . pl r f , rl d i f : ]o}eef . aO ul ; wyf . qk r f : ? ul;wyf.ugif awvh;zkduf:zgef.Ogefumef tef xk uf ,vDOg ef uBif.oh .ul;wD ; efG :cmof:uwf :eh . oj;eh/ ugef:pgif;umefvlifyhm:rldif: bSef,Oldif: yd if ,? rg uf ,vmwf ;uG mrf :Oyf :vS if se acj;wS yf : wwf : auj,rwD , yh m:yd if , nj,vd uf ;vh m:rl d if :]o} wkd uf:Ol ef :OfG,pS if: vg if;umef Og ef vd uf;rmef ; efG :rld if:]o}ul ;wD;/ td if eld of auj,rwD,iof ;ik ef : rl d if :]o} wS uf ,Og ef ,cmof :bmof : ol ef .wj,vk uf , vmef wmif :ej;aOsv; rldif:]o}bl,efG:qkdif ; rldif:plrf,wkrfygwf:wgef;ekdif; ugyf;eef; rkif;rgif: bg ef :xkd if ul ;xj,epg if ;umef ? ul ;aq,wg ef ; aq,oA if :ul ;wD ; ? ul ;wyf .qk rf :sv; pl if :pA ef : efG:rldif:]o} zldrf.xSrfumefpmrf;pAef: vduf;rmef; P;ckdef;bfG,wlof:wgef:ul;wD;/ awj,rj: plofyof;rkuf.qkrf: emif:bdif: rldif:]o} ol,uknf,Ilif, rguf,vmwf;uGmrf: Oyf:vSif: se ej;umefwjimef: rkuf.qkrf:emif:bdif:cof wj,vl of ,cyf .ckd if pA wf :Omif :tg ef ej; ymif uk rf vlifemif:bdif:rldif:]o}yguf;xlef;(2)/ oh m:aO ul ;xj,epg if ;umef wmif ,se iof:vhm:umefimef: wj,vlof,pAwf:Omif ;rldof:ej; bof ./ uS rf pl of yof ;OS of :rd ef ,vS if : ck d ef :Oyf : vSif:wkduf:Olef: Olif,Oif,uGmrf:uGj,../ efG:oef:xd(25) OSof:rdef,vSif:ckdef: Oyf : vS if : seiof : vh m: umef i mef : ? vg if ; bl , Oof:rldif:]o}ul;vgif;vgif;sv; ej;umefwj,pAwf: Omif;rldof:ej;ul;zhm,ul;wmif:/ plofcrf;oef:xd(25)eef. zgif:vlif zh m,vl vgrfulef:cof;_tguf,sv; tA efpSif:ulef : rldif: qkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrfrmef; tl:cdef,bD, pgwf, zS of ymif Omif : yl d of ;wj, rj:Oyf :vS if :seej; Umef pmif ;pS ef : uA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef :efG :qk d if ; rldif:pkrf,wkrfywf:ykdef./ tgefplofiof;ikef: rldif: ]o} rD :-OS of :rd ef,vS if ,? wImif :? qof :ql if : wif:? wIkef:sv;vD:ql:sv. pyf.wgef;wlif. wuf: qkrf:tl:cdef,bD,cof wD;efG:vkrf:ygifumef Okduf: iof;ikef:ymifOmif:/ OS of : rd ef , vS if , wmif wl of tg ef pl of iof ;ik ef :rl d if :]o}ul ;Omif . id ef :vD pyf .wg ef ; qkrf:tl:cdef,bD,rj:zSof/ tl : cd ef , bD , ck d ef ; rg uf , vmwf ; uG m rf : cgyf,qfGidef:qlrf: vgif;tgefplof rldif:]o}rj:pyf.

wg ef ;/ eg uf ;eef . tl :cd ef ,bD , rg uf ;vmwf ; Oyf:vSif:se vgif;tefcofrj:zSofyguf;eh.eh.? yA ef wj,rj:Oyf :vSif :qS if ;se wg ef ;wj,pmif ; pSef:ej;umefuAyf:OAef;rhmplofulef: efG:qkdif;rldif: ywf:ykdef. eh/ oef :xd (26.11.2013)yg wf :ef G (8) rlif:? qkrf:tl:cdef,bD, uGj,plyf.xlyf: plofyof;vlif wymif : wD ; pg i f ; pyf . cS u f , xj,eiof ; ik e f : / tl :cdef ,bD, rg uf,vmwf;Oyf:vSif:se wymif : pk xk d if vg if ;vl if yg if qk d if ;awqwf :ymif uA yf : OA ef rh mpl of ul ef : ef G :qkd if ;rld if :pk rf ,wk rf ywf : ykd ef .sv; ej;umef pmif ;pS ef :umef uA yf :OA ef ; rhmplofulef:wif:ej; ul;vgif;/ pl o f y of ; vl i f w ymif : bd e f : vD p yf . wg ef; qk rf :tl :cd ef bD,rj:zS of ? wymif: rg uf , vmwf ;uG mrf : bk uf .bg if ;yef pS if : vg if ;tl :cd ef , bD , rj:rg u f , vmwf ; Oyf : vS i f : se umef u A y f : OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef : ef G : qk d if ;rl d if :pk rf ,wk rf y wf : yk d ef .sv; rl d if :]o} auj;pef vD yef pS if :qg rf : bl,bof. oj;eh/ oh m:tl:cd ef,bD, tkyf,ukrf qgrf:plofyof ; vlifwymif:bof.auj;? qkrf:cof ckdef:rj:cof;plrf, efG:ymifukrf rldif:]o}Oyf:vSif:? pmif;pSef:ej;umef uA yf:OAef;rhm plofpldef:efG:rldif:]o}/ tl:cdef,bD , wmif wl of vl if yg if qk d if ;rld if :rmef ; rg uf ,vmwf ; Oyf :vS if :se vh m:umef uA yf :OA ef ;rh mpl of ul ef : efG:qkdif;rldif:pkrf,wkrf ul;vgif;bof./ ohm:tl:cdef, bD, rguf,vmwf;Oyf:vSif:se ej;umeful;vgif; vgif ;bof.auj;? qk rf:cof Okdyf,cmof :wmif: rldof : uAif:wkif/ oh m:oef : OS of :rd ef ,vS if , ck d ef :rg uf , vmwf ;uG mrf : Ol if ,Oif ,xk d if auj,rwD ,cyf .ck d if pmif;pS ef:ej;umefuA yf :OAef ;rh mplof ul ef : qef . wf G ; ul ;rl ,ul ;qk rf :? tg ef uef cof ;pl rf ,yef pS if : ej;umef uA yf : OA ef ; rh m pl of ul ef : qk d if ; rl d if : pk rf , wk rf eh . aO pmif ;pS ef : oh . ej;umef w j,vl of , pA wf :Omif ;wD ;zfG wD;ref: eh ? wkd uf :Ol ef :uG j, eif,eh/ cgwf,bgwf,ymifukrfuGj,/ 5

ymif uk rf vl if cg wf ,bg wf , umef i mef : rl d i f : ]o}ywf : yk d e f . eef . awsw, ef G : yD < (2014.2.16)oef : / ymif uk rf vl if rk uf . qk rf : emif :bd if :rl d if :]o} ywf : yk d ef .eef . sw,yD < (2014.3.8)oef :/ auj,rwD , rk uf.qk rf :emif : bd if : cof tof qf G Of G , aO pmif ; pS ef :ej;umef wjimef:oh.xj;wArfwD;/ wg e f ; wj, qwf : ymif p yf . wg e f ; vg if ; irf : bA ef rl d if : ]o} cg yf , cl yf , wA rf ( 25)yD < eef .? bg ef.yldof ;nj:yD < uA yf:OA ef;rhmplof ulef : sv; yD < eh . yh , qmif ; qwf : pA wf : tef b f G , vlif? ugyf;eefayj:xkdif oef:(17.4)vldefrj:? P;qwf:pAwf:tof efG:xj,ezfGxj,eref:/

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

aq,oAif:rldif:zSef yduf:ymifzkduf:Ogef umefOkduf:yfG.omef;

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ugef:aq,wgef;rldif:yguf. vD:thm;Omif: wmif wloftgefplofaq,wgef;ul;Omif. rguf,vmwf; uG mrf:bk uf.bgif;yefpSif :- tdif eldof Okduf:pmefpof : cof ul;auj. cwf :qf G pmrf ;pA ef :rj: cmof :wmif :{4) vld ef eh . vh;rj:pef Ol qof;pA wf :seumef zkduf : Og ef rj:qld of :eh . pl rf ql rf :qg rf :aO bk uf .bg if ; yefpSif:sw.bof./ ugyf;efG:aq,wgef;pof: wSuf; zl;bfG,ulef:vlifqef.eldof ul;Omif.Omif.urf.xSrf Ogef, olef.wlnf:iof:vhm: vgif;bl,Oof:pof:aO yef pS if :pof :ul;vg if;sv; pof :cj;qmif;qwf :ymif sv; xkuf,vDrD :Okduf :yfG.omef;qg rf:ul;aq,oAif:bl , zk d u f : zg e f . Og e f u mef r j: cmof : wmif : {4)aO? eh aO qmif ;wmif , bg ef : xk d if wD ; auj,rwD , rl d of ;eh . bof .wl of ;xkd if wD;vD imrf :bof ./ bl , iof;ikef:yj,wD,cgwf,vldwf;zgrf.plrf;sv; iof;ikef: efG:ymif zkduf :Ogef umefcmof :wmif :{4)vld efrj:eh.? wyf .Okd uf:cg wf,vld wf;zg rf.plrf ;rld if :]o}pof :cofaO? tl w f . bk d ef . vg if ; bmyf , zk d wf , rj:aO cwf : qf G cofqof;auj; pefvDyefpSif:qgrf:sv; qmif;vh; Of G ,pS if :uef rj:ul ;auj.bof . pof :cj;qmif ;vh ; qwf :rD :ymif zkduf .zgef . Ogef umefOdk uf :yfG .omef ; vgif ;pk wmif :arjrj: wif :erf bl ,bof ./ tef rldof;eh.bof./ ugyf;eef rkif;rgif;Okduf:pmefpof: tg ef pl of pof :cof ul ;Omif . Omif . rD :erf . qf G a q, cof tof qf G OfG ,el d of umef tef vh ;pmrf ;pA ef :Og ef wej,vDsv; urf.xSrfyefpSif: efG:ymifOgef rj:ql d of :eef . tof qf G .wk d of : ef G :umef tg ef pl of pof : cj;yg uf ;eh . eh .? pof :cj;wmif wl of Ok d uf :pmef xl of :ej;ul ef :wif :erf aO qg h ;xS rf yfG .yj:vg if ; pof : cof u l ; auj. cg yf , qf G id ef : ql r f : qg rf : bf G , bf G , pl rf ,vl rf,ed rf Oof : ayj;sr;ul ef :rldif :pof :cof rldof : erferf? rkif;rgif:qldof:pof:Okduf:pmeful;auj. tof ej; eh/ qf G OfG ,eld of umef tef pof :vh ;pmrf ;pA ef :rj:eh .? zk d u f : qf G . bd y f : wk d o f : P;ayj:yA e f z l ; arjtg e f uS r f u g e f : aq,wg e f ; vD : Oh m Omif : ? pl of uG j,J ul;auj.aO cof ;yj:qgh ;xS rfumef omef ; zl;erf:efG:aq,oAif:rldif:zSef yof:thm;vldof:ckdef: rldif:]o}ckdef;Omif.rldof:ej;/ rguf,vmwf;uGmrf: bkuf.bgif;yefpSif:Okduf:pmefcofwk d uf : Ol ef : bg ef : xk d if Ok d uf :pmef ul ;auj.rmwf ,rh m ohm:zl;wmifwlof efG:ymifOgefOyf:vSif: wg if :ukdrf :vg if;pk wmif :arj tef zkd uf :zg ef .Ogef wmif , sebof . -Ok d uf : pmef c of Ok d yf ,pA wf : se rj:eef . qof ; uof ,zk d uf : qf G . wk d of :cof ;umef rl d of : tg e f pl of sv;ul ef : wif : erf p ef vg uf : vh m : ej;eh tgefuefwkduf:Olef:yefpSif:uGj,/ umef tef cof pmrf ;pA ef :rj: cmof : wmif :{4)vl d ef eef.uGj,J? ugef:aq,oAif:rldif:zSef OSof:thm;Odif: rg uf,vmwf;uG mrf :wkduf :Olef :bgef :xkdif Okduf :pmef oh m:cofpA wf :se vg if ;umef Og ef bof . ul;auj. rmwf,rhmwgif: uGmif:Oif,Ogef tgefplofauj; - ugef:wyf.qkrf:vlif 468 yof:thm;yef: cofaO cwf :qfGOfG,pSif :eldof ej;umef ykef;zg ef : wmif wl of ef G :wyf .qk rf :cof aO rg uf ,vmwf ;uG mrf : qof ;uof ,wA rf wD ;rdl of :ej;/ OS of :th m;Od if :vmwf ; ojJvh;rj:cof;pl rf;efG:ymifvl if : umef zkduf :zg ef . oj;Jpof :yA ef Okd uf :eh . bl ,yg wf :wg ef;vf G auj; umef s v; pk p ef u mef ql d o f : Ol z k d u f : Og e f ayj;sr;ulef:rldif:wD;eef yAefayj;sr;pof :OAif; rj:cmof : wmif : {4)vl d ef eh . yA ef t ef pl rf , ql rf : bof .?vlof,pA wf:vgif;zgrf.plrf;qrf qfGqgrf :ayj;ar; tofukif,tofrkefqgrf:bl,bof./ vgif;zkduf:Ogef ul ef :rldif :ul;qmof:cldof:? pof:rSuf;ugif;eh. yAefyldof ;

vl d of eef . tg ef pl of cof ck d ef :bk uf . rg yf ,yef Ol : ql d of :Okd uf :pmef tef pA wf :vh;vD efG:ymifOgefeef. wkduf:Olef:yefpSif: qldof:yh, vh;yguf;eh. vlof,cwf:qfGP;vh;rldof:ej;eh/ cgwf, bgwf,ymifukrfuGj,/ 5

son pon sawk tix ngawh lai ngawh sawm yix kawn nyawm iak ku kaux:, krax kha kix rhawm rhi tix, mawh sang kieh kix yix kawn nyawm iak koe krax haok huan-ting lhaong ka cu yi ping nya awm pui tix si ngaix sax, krax kha rhawm tix, tix ngaix hoik tix ngaix, jah plak ngawp hoek plak bo, rug kiet kieh koe rhawm pa ang nieh ang lien heue. nyiex yaong aux viang mawh dee hot ka ku ceu:kawx, aux ang doh chix pi awm kheu mawh dee keh, dee ting lhaong lhak haing aux, dee kieh aux tawng krax kha mawh pa yuh ka mawx, krax piao mawh pa yuh ka mawx. pui hak tiex nyiex yaong aux mawh riang rao ka son aux leeing ju, rhawm keut kix mai krax yuh kix ot

ka daux rhawm jheeng jheeng. hak tiex nyiex yaong aux viang ot piang gawng piang lua dee kha rhawm kha rhi kawx, nawh awm miex keeing aux pa hoik kha rhawm kha rhi tix son aux ku bawg ku yam, lih rawm ngai kheu keut tix {pon sax ex sang luan yuh ka mawx, in ngaix ex sang ih pa tix}nyiex yaong aux {MOH AUX MAIX } leeing ju leeing phan {veng Ai Cheung yaong o:shiang pa nong chuing}!

NYIEX YAONG AUX

A

ux mawh pui ceu vax tix kaux, aux ot {kaung Meung Mau veng Ai Cheung yaong O:Shiang Pa Nong chuing}. nyiex yaong aux ot piang gawng piang lua, mawh dee kha rhawm kha rhi tix ka ku ceu, dee hot ka ku ceu khawm uik! hot ka priex preem ka cu yi pi nya heue. nyiex yaong aux mawh ngie pui ceu vax nong nong, ang koe pui tang ceu:, kheu nan, nyiex yaong aux kawn ot ka daux fhaik kawn cai rhawm ka lox lai cu yi pi nya te te. awm pa laung tix daux kawk jheeng jheeng, ang koe pui pa hoek paoh tix

10

tik si viex kawk an, ang pui pa hoek tix thong bung pa viex daux krax koe heue. nyiex yaong aux si daing hot ka rawm nyaux ngu riang, ot ka daux pa fhaik pa kha rhawm kha rhi tix, ang yaox bawg nyawm ot nyawm koe tix pie tix bawg kawx. kawn rai pau sin keut krax hu tix, tix ngaix haik tix ngaix, keut son sang dee hoek ka daux pa riang:, can pui pa koe: cu yi pi nya khan kix, hoik sau riang rao tix gau sawn yix kawn nyawm ka lox lai cu yi ping nya ku kaux heue. miex keeing yix hoik kham tix saux yum

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

Cao pawd lai<nyi thaisah> nyiex yaong<veng Ai Cheung > <pa nong chuing> Dee yuh kaing jha dee ploi Mhong lox yaox riang kaung Meung Pawk

http://www.wskeungwa.blog.com. http://you.video.sina.com.cn wastatenewsagency


11

sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

肖明亮副主席会见联合国粮食计划署缅甸 项目副主席纪尧姆.多米尼克.玛利先生

意见,在考虑寻求资源经验

问题,表示回去后,将研究

方面,希望能由国际人士继

作出调整计划。

续担任。四、借助平台,使

会见最后,肖明亮和纪

佤邦获得更多的人道支持与

尧姆.多米尼克.玛利先生亲

帮助。希望联合国粮食计划

切握手,为了做好佤邦项目

署,向外界传递佤邦的信

援助工作,都表示将竭尽全

息。

力,做好相关方面的协调和 肖明亮介绍佤邦情况

康讯: 20 13年

佤邦考察表示欢迎,并就9年

10月 29 日上午

来,联合国粮食计划署给予

缅时8点,佤邦

的援助表示了感谢!在谈到

政府副主席肖明亮在对外关

佤邦项目时,肖明亮向玛利

系部会见了来佤邦考察的联 合国粮食计划署缅甸项目副 主席纪尧姆.多米尼克.玛利 先生。两人在粮食援助工作 话题上进行交流,并就佤邦 项目扩大援助范围,深入交 换了意见。

副主席表达了几点愿望: 一、希望联合国粮食计划 署,持续在佤邦开展人道援 助工作;二、对佤邦项目, 希望在原来基础上,扩大援 助地区;三、对明年项目主 管问题,表达了佤邦方面的

肖明亮对玛利副主席来

urÇmY AIDS aeY jrefrmawG yg0ifqifEJT 2013

ဒီဇ င္ဘာ

ရက္ေ န႔မွာက်ေရာက္တ ဲ့

အပါအဝင္

အစိုးရမဟု တ္တဲ့အဖဲြ႔အစည္းေတြက

配合工作。

时,强调了佤邦人民的困难

当天,陪同会见的佤邦

和需求,在得到人道支持与

领导有对外关系部部长赵国

帮助后,表示佤邦将尽力积

安;副部长陈岩国、石磊。

极配合工作。

5

纪尧姆.多米尼克.玛利 副主席感谢肖明亮等佤邦领 导的热情接见,在听取有关 情况后,认为佤邦是本组织 相当注重的一个地区,表示 考察后,将根据实际,做出 力所能及的事。而对明年计 划署主管更换问题,玛利副 主席谈到了当地群众的实际

“သက္ဆိုင္ရာဆရာဝန္ႀကီးေတြက “ကုရာ

ၾကတာပါ။

နတၳိ၊ ေဆးမရွိ။” “မုခ်ေသမည္” - တို႔၊ “ဘယ္သူ

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ မွာ တေန႔မွာ ပွ်မ္းမွ် HIV ပိုး

မျပဳ၊ မိမိမႈ- ကိုယ့္ထိုက္နဲ႔ကိုယ့္ကံ -ခံေပေတာ့” ဆိုတ ဲ့

ကူးစက္ခံေနရသူ လူနာသစ္ ၂၀ ခန္႔ရွိတဲ့အ ေၾကာင္း

ဟာမ်ဳိးေတြ ေပါ့ေနာ္။ မေျပာၾကဖို႔အတြက္ကို အားလံုး

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၊ က်န္းမာေရးဦးစီးဌာန၊ ကမၻာ့က်န္းမာေရး

ေဝဒနာရွ င္

ကို ေမတၱာ ရပ္ခံတာကို က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဖတ္ရ၊ ႐ႈရ ပါတယ္။

အဖဲြ႔တို႔

ကမၻာတဝွမ္းမွာ လုပ္ၾကသလို ထုိင္း -ျမန္မာနယ္စ ပ္၊

ေတြက ေဆးဝါးရဖို႔ ႀကိဳးစားလုပ္ေဆာင္ ႏိုင္ေၾကာင္းနဲ႔

အဲဒါေၾကာင့္မို႔လို႔ အခုလို ဒီ ေန႔ အခမ္းအနားႀကီးမွာ

မ်ားအရသိရပါတယ္။

မဲေဆာက္ၿမိဳ႕မွာေတာ့ ေထာင္ဂဏန္းရွိတဲ့ ျမန္ မာႏိုင္ ငံ

ေဝဒနာရွင္ေတြကို

တက္ေရာက္လာတဲ့သူေတြအားလံုးလည္း

သားေတြဟာ စီတန္းလမ္းေလွ်ာက္မႈေတြ လုပ္ခဲ့သ လို

ေဝဒနာရွင္တစ္ ဦးကေျပာသြားပါတယ္။

(W o r l d A I D S D a y ) ကမၻာ့ A I D S ေန႔က ို

ေဆးဝါးေထာက္ပံ့ေ ပးေနတာျဖစ္ၿပီး ခဲြျခားဆက္ဆံမႈ ေတြ

မလုပ္ ဖ ို႔

ထင္ပါတယ္။

ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕မွာလည္း စီတန္း လမ္းေလွ်ာက္ပဲြ က်င္း ပ ခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ ေရာဂါေဝဒနာရွင္ေတြကို ခဲြျခားဆက္ ဆံ မႈေတြ

ရွိေ နဆဲျဖစ္ၿပီး

အားေပးၾကဖို႔၊

“လူသားအားလံုးဟာ

ညီ တူညီမွ်ပဲလ ို႔

H I V

ကာကြယ္

က်ေနာ္

တုိက္ဖ်က္ေ ရး

HIV/AIDS လွယ္

လာၿပီး

ေတြကို

ျမင္တ ယ္၊

အဲဒီလို လူ

စာရင္း ဇယား

လူနာေတြကို ကူ ညီ

ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ ေပးေနတဲ့ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေ တာ္ ကိုယ္ စား

အတြက္ကို အရမ္းစိတ္ ဝင္စားတဲ့လူ ေတြကိုယ္တုိင္ က ခ်ီတက္ၾကတယ္လို႔

ပူးေပါင္းတြက္ ခ်က္ထားတဲ့

ေဒၚျဖဴျဖဴသင္း

ဦး ေဆာင္တဲ့

ေစာင့္ ေရွာက္ေ ပးေနတဲ့

ေဝဒနာရွ င္

စင္တာမွာေတာ့

ေႏြးေထြးစြာ

ေႂကြးေၾကာ္ေပမယ့္ လက္ေတြ႔မွာ H I V ပိုး ကူးစက္

ေတြကေနၿပီး အဲဒီလို စိတ္ ဓာတ္ ရွိတယ္ဆိုရင္ HIV

လူဦးေရ ပိုမ်ားလာတဲ့အတြက္ ေနရာထိုင္ ခင္းေတာင္

ဆက္ဆံၾကဖို႔ အတြက္ ပညာေပးေဆာင္ ရြက္ေနသူ

ခံရသူေတြအေပၚမွာ ခဲြျခားဆက္ဆံ မႈ ရွိ ေနၾကဆဲပါပဲ။

အေၾကာင္းကို ဂဃနဏ ျဖစ္ ေအာင္ ေလ့လာၿပီးေတာ့

မလံုေလာက္ဘဲျဖစ္ ေနေၾကာင္း၊ ေဆးတိုက္ဖို႔ လူ နာ

ေတြက ဆို ပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာႏုိ င္ငံမွာ ကူးစက္ ခံရသူေတြ

ဒီလိုဘဝမ်ဳိး

တကယ့္

ေတြလည္း အမ်ားအျပား ရွိလာတယ္ လို႔ ဆို ပါတယ္။

ကို ယ္တုိင္ႀကံဳေတြ႔မွ

ကိုယ္ခ်င္း စာ

တုိက္ဖ်က္ေရးလု ပ္ငန္းေတြမွာလည္း

မ်ားျပားလာေနတဲ့ အေၾကာင္းကိုလ ည္း ပညာေပးနဲ႔

တတ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ ေနာက္က်သြားပါၿပီ။ HIV ကူးစက္ခံ

တကယ့္ကို ထိထိေ ရာက္ေရာက္ပူး ေပါင္းပါဝင္ၾကျခင္း

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ မွာ H I V / A I D S

ကာကြယ္တားဆီးေရးေဆာင္ရြက္ေ နသူေတြက ေျပာ

ရသူေတြ အားလံုးရဲ႕ ဆႏၵမွာေတာ့ အားရွိတဲ့ဆက္ ဆံ

အားျဖင့္ ေနာင္အ နာဂတ္မွာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဗမာျပည္ မွာ

ဆံမႈကတဆင့္ ကူးစက္ျခင္း၊ ေသြးသြင္းမႈကတဆင့္

ပါတယ္။ ဒီအေၾကာင္းကို ေတာ့ စံုစ မ္းေမးျမန္းထားတဲ့

မႈမ်ဳိးကို

လည္း

ကူးစက္ျခင္းေတြ

ထုိင္းအေျခစိုက္ ဗီြအိုေအသတင္း ေထာက္မေအးေအး

က်ေနာ္အပါအဝင္ အခု ေရာဂါ ကူးစက္ ခံရသူေတြ

တုိင္းသူျပည္သားေတြရဲ႕ က်န္းမာေရး အဆင့္အတန္း

မာကသတင္းေပးပို႔ထားပါတယ္။

A R V

ေတြ

HIV

ကူးစက္မႈ အမ်ားအျပားရွိေနတဲ့

ထုိင္း-ျမန္မာနယ္ စပ္က

ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ေတာင့္တေနဆဲ ေဆးကို

ရႏုိ င္ေအာင္လို႔

ျဖစ္ ပါတယ္။ ေစာေစာစီး စီး

ေမးျမန္းစံုစ မ္းၾကပါလို႔ က်ေနာ္ အႀကံျပဳလိုပါတယ္။ ”

H I V ပိုမိုၿပီးေတာ့

ပညာရွင္ မ်ားအသင္းက

A I D S ေန႔အထိမ္းအမွတ္ စီတ န္းလမ္းေလွ်ာက္ပဲြက ို

တစ္ဦးျဖစ္တဲ့ ေဒါက္တာလြဏ္းေဆြကလည္း ေဝဒနာ

နယ္စပ္မွာေတာ့ H I V

ရွင္ေတြ ေဝဒနာရွင္ေတြ

အတြက္ မဲေ ဆာက္ေဆး႐ံုႀကီးနဲ႔ မယ္ ေတာ္ေဆးခန္း

ျမင့္ မားလာပါေစလို႔

စိတ္ဓာတ္က်ေစမယ့္

မလုပ္ဖို႔အတြက္ ျပဳလုပ္တဲ့

ဗဟိုအလု ပ္အမႈေဆာင္

ဒီကေန႔

အခမ္းအနားမွာ

ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕၊

မဂၤလာေတာင္ ညြန္႔ၿမိဳ႕နယ္မွာလည္း

နရသူေတြဟာေဆးေသာက္ဖုိ႔ ေသာက္ရတာေတြ ေရွာက္မႈ

ဒီႏွစ္ေဆာင္ပုဒ္ျဖစ္တဲ့ H I V

ေျပာပါတယ္။ 5

ေဆာင္ပု ဒ္ေတြက ို

မရွိေစရ၊ ခဲြျခားႏွိ မ့္ခ်ဆက္ဆံမႈ လံုး ဝမရွိ ေစရ၊ AIDS နဲ႔

မယ္ေတာ္ ေဆးခန္း မွာ

ဆက္စပ္ေသဆံုးမႈ လံုး ဝမရွိ ေစရ - စတဲ့ ေဆာင္ပု ဒ္

ေျပာသြားခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဒါ့အျပင္ ေသြးျဖဴဥတုိ င္းတာတဲ့ စက္ေတြ လည္းအလံုအေလာက္မ ရွိတဲ့အတြက္ ေဝဒနာခံစားေ

ရာဂဏန္းရွိတဲ့ပညာေပးေရး ေဆာင္ရြက္ ေနသူေတြက ကူးစက္ခံရမႈ လံုး ဝ

ေတြနဲ႔

ေႂကြးေၾကာ္ၿပီး

Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့အေၾကာင္းကိုလ ည္း

ပညာေပးေရး ေဆာင္ရြက္ေ နသူေတြက ဆို ပါတယ္။

က်ေနာ္ တို႔

ကမၻာ့ A I D S ေန႔အထိမ္းအမွတ္အျဖစ္ ထိုင္းျမန္မာနယ္စပ္အ ေျခစိုက္ ျမန္မာႏို င္ငံ၊ ေဆး

ေတြနဲ႔ အစိုး ရမဟုတ္တဲ့အဖဲြ႔ေတြ စုေပါင္းၿပီး ကမၻာ ့ က်င္းပခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။

က်ဆင္းၿပီးေတာ့

ဆုေတာင္းေပးရင္းနဲ႔ပ ဲနိဂံုးခ်ဳပ္ပါတယ္။ ”

မဲေဆာက္ၿမိဳ႕မွာေဝဒနာရွ င္

အမ်ားအျပားအပါအဝင္ လူထုအေျချပဳ အဖဲြ႔အစည္း

ျဖစ္ပြားမႈေတြ

ဟာ လိင္ဆ က္

အခ်ိန္ကာလေက်ာ္မ ွ

ရွိေနေၾကာင္း

ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္

လုပ္ေ နတဲ့လူထုအဖဲြ႔အစည္း ေတြကလည္း

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sw, 2011_12_15 oef:~2013.11 vldef? rhm (39) wD;xkuf,tguf,ykdefzmof, - pgif;umefzhm,ykdefcmof, rldif:]o}?

Jah: 2011.12.1 ngaix. ~ 2013 num,khix11. mhai (39). Dee yuh lih - Cub caw yuh si tang Meung Vax.

12

MEUNG VAX YUH KRAX NGAOX LAO SON THIEB THIE KAH SAUX GREEING BRAI(HIV/AIDS)

M

a thix sa khrawm pui yuh krax ngaox lao thieb thie: kah saux khreeing brai ( HIV/ AIDS ) 2013 num,Khix 12 – 1 ngaix, hoik mawh si ngaix ngaox lao piang: meung son saux khreeing brai ( ai cee ping ah hawx kix) 26 bawg yam. son sang nhie: kieh kawn pui tawng tix rien kah ceu saux in, cub caw Ma thix sa kix pa ot hak tiex Meung Vax, kix tawm khrawh khrawm pa yuh si dah pui hun daux veung Pang Kham yuh krax ngaox lao ku si dauh. Jauh khaix hoik tawng yaox pa mawh ka la Mei kawx

kix grawng saux in daux 1981 num, ceu saux in hoik haok huan piang: hak tiex khawm mu, son sang riien kah ceu saux in, lum kam pha tawm tat khix 12 – 1 ngaix mawh si ngaix ngaox lao piang: meung son priex riien ka ceu saux in khawm mu. daux num in lox ting pa ah kix “ si mhie: ceu saux in ang lai koe piang: hak tiex. Ot daux krax pa yuh num in, Meung Vax kah hoik awm pui piang: meung khawm uik, hoik yuh krax ngaox lao kah ku dauh ku dee, thie: krax tawng yung kawn pui kah sau ceu in mai son sang riien kah. hawt pa sawn lu kam pha daux 2012 num, pui pon ceu saux in piang: meung hak tiex koe 230 mheen kaux, hoik dieh khaing si voe in ti yiieh son sam sip sam son, hak tiex Meung Vax kah hoik koe krax dieh miex nyao. Ot daux si ngaix in, krax pa yuh kix jauh tix plak ngawb (8) taix, jauh yuh tix

马蒂莎等卫生组织在邦康举行 “艾滋病 ”防治宣传活动

nyiiex lum si dah Meung Vax, pa viex buan son kah cub Ma thix sa, cao kaing daux lum si dah Meung Vax tax shoeng Cheung T aux, cao kaing daux cub caw bun dai, nax tax la an kix khaix hoik krai kix lox, kix viex pui jhak riang: rao pa yuh mai chawk kix kah grawng, mawx tawng koe riang:, khaix an kix tawm hu daux laih daux che guah dah dee kuan tix ngaox lao pui hu daux krax an kix tawng grawng yung ceu kah

plak saux in kix, si mhie: pui ku kaux yuh tix tawng mai bre riien tix kah khawm mu ku kaux. Plak bo, kix pa yuh kaing: daux Ma thix sa, khawm pa tawx riang: rao an khan kix, kix tawm viex kawn pui tok ten daux pak yiien yawg, si mhie: kawm pui piang: hak tiex brax kua ku kaux, ceu saux pa ang mawh ang meih in kix preet grai ang lai koe.5

群众防治意识,遏制了艾滋病在佤邦 的流行。据联合国艾滋病规划署数据 显示,2012年全球共有230万艾滋病 新感染者,同比减少了33%,缅甸、

部委参加的防治宣传活动,于2013年 佤邦也一样有所下降。 12月1日在邦康举行。

活动从上午缅时8点在佤邦人

自1981年美国发现首例艾滋 民医院会议室开始,有德国人道卫生 病以来,艾滋病以惊人的速度在世界 组织马蒂莎代表、佤邦卫生处处长孙 蔓延,为了控制和有效防止艾滋病流 成德、佤邦妇女协会代表、联邦政府 行,联合国卫生组织决定12月1日为 那达腊代表先后发言,随后通过图片 世界艾滋病防止宣传活动日。今年第 展、有奖问答,组织者分别在老街、 26个活动日主题为“向零迈进”。旨在 新大桥为群众发放了预防传单和安全

防治工作中,动员全社会向零艾滋病 套。 康讯:12月1日,是世 新增感染,零岐视和零死亡努力迈 界第26个“艾滋病”防治 进。 宣传活动日。为号召全

当晚由马蒂莎组织,相关单位 及群众在和平塔点蜡祈祷,为实现向

今年活动中,佤邦和全球100 零迈进的目标,祝愿全社会幸福安

社会积极投入防治工作,由驻佤邦德 多个国家一样,通过广泛开展健康教 康!5 国人道卫生组织马蒂莎主办,佤邦多 育宣传活动,在预防措施上,增强了 Cao pu pliak lai ~ Sam Sang. Sang Kaw. zl;ydef,vduf;]o}~OmrfOmif:/ zl;ydef,wSrf;_ayj.vduf;wh:sv;pmif;cldif; (Editor). Omif,auj:? 佤译/三 木 桑 傣 译/尚. 果

http://www.wskeungwa.blog.com. http://you.video.sina.com.cn wastatenewsagency

2013 11 30 ublication section(39)  

Wa Localnews section 39